SECTION-3: AGRICULTURE AND ALLIED ACTIVITIES

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1 Agriculture and Allied Activities 121 SECTION-3: AGRICULTURE AND ALLIED ACTIVITIES The agriculture situation in India has been presented with the help of a number of Tables highlighting India s share in World Agriculture, Land Use, Inputs, Crop Production, Crop Insurance, Livestock, Storage, Marketing, Exports, Wasteland Development and Afforestation. 3.1: Data on the geographical area, arable land, area under irrigation, crop production and livestock details and use of modern inputs in agriculture are incorporated for both India and the World for the year (a), (b) & (c): The component-wise budget estimates under broad Agricultural Sector are included for the years to Plan-wise share of public sector outlays and expenditure for to are presented. 3.3: Statistics on land use classification in terms of fallow land, net area sown, irrigated area, etc., are given for the years , , , , , , , to : Selected indicators of land use for some years during to are presented. 3.5: Distribution of operational holdings and area operated for all Social Groups for and are given. Source of data is the quinquennial Census of Agriculture. An Operational Holding is defined in Agricultural Census as: All land which is used wholly or partly for agriculture production and is operated as one technical unit by one person alone or with others, without regard to the title, size or location. The holdings are classified into five major groups according to size viz., marginal (below one hectare), small (between 1-2 hectares), semi-medium (2-4 hectares), medium (4-10 hectares) and large (10 hectares and above). 3.6 (a & b): The number of operational holdings across five farm size groups in respect of each State and UT for the years and is indicated. 3.7 (a & b): Size of area operated according to landholding size groups in respect of each State and UT are presented for the years and (a & b): Average size of operational holdings by major farm size groups in respect of each State and UT are presented for the years and : The extents of rainfed area for States during are given. 3.10: This Table contains data on Ceiling on Landholdings. 3.11: The estimates of irrigation potential created under Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) to are presented. 3.12: Data on the net area irrigated according to source in respect of each State and UT during are included. 3.13: State-wise coverage of irrigated area under principal crops during is shown. 3.14: The extent of irrigated area both in absolute and percentage terms for different crops for some selected periods i,e , , , , to are presented. 3.15: This Table shows gross cropped area across different crops during and : The quantum of breeder and foundation seeds produced and also the seeds distributed during to are presented (a to d): Average gross cropped area, gross area under crop, harvested value and quantity produced for agricultural households reporting cultivation as major for selected crops are given in these Tables.

2 122 Rural Development Statistics 3.17: Provides data on production, imports and consumption of chemical fertilisers for each year during to : Data on consumption of electricity for agricultural purposes from to are presented in this Table. 3.19: Shown in this table are the production levels of principal crops for , and for each year during the period to : This Table includes data on area, production and yield rates for each crop under foodgrains, pulses, oilseeds, sugarcane, cotton, jute, mesta and other plantation crops for the years , and & 3.22: The tables contain data on the net availability of rice, wheat, cereals, gram, and pulses for the years 1951 to 2015 per day and per year. 3.23: The table provides information on the per capita availability of edible oil, vanaspati, sugar and cloth for the period to : The progress made under National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS) during the period to is depicted. The broad aspects covered in this Table include the number of farmers covered, the area covered, the sum insured, the premium income and value of the total claims. 3.25: Category-wise size of the total livestock for the years 1992, 1997, 2003, 2007 and 2012 are given in this Table & 3.27: The data on production of livestock and fish in different years covering the period to and State-wise data for the years to are presented (a) to 3.41 (a & b): 3.28: The trends in production of marine and inland fish in India are shown for different plan periods and also for individual years during the period of to : The State-wise data on total fish production for individual years during the period of to are given. 3.30: Growth Storage Capacity by Central Warehousing System (CWS) from 2005-to 2016 are shown. 3.31: Foodgrain storage capacity available with FCI during 2009 to 2016 is given in this Table. 3.32: Data on Cover and Plinth (CAP) storage capacity available with FCI during 2009 to 2016 are included. 3.33: State-wise storage capacity available with FCI (as on ) is indicated. 3.34: State-wise procurement particulars of Rice and Wheat for the period of to are presented. 3.35: The minimum support prices for Paddy, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi, Maize, etc., are shown for different years during to : Information about the quantity and value of exports of principal crops / commodities during the years to are presented in this Table. Wasteland Development Data on State-wise forest area, size of total and government wastelands, projects for development of wastelands are given in these Tables & 3.43: These Tables show that the State-wise funds released during to under Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) & 3.45: These Tables are related to Watershed Development Component of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana sanctioned projects as on 2016.

3 Agriculture and Allied Activities 123 Highlights l l l l l l l l India s advantage in world agriculture is evident from its share in production of pulses, tea, sugar and jute. While it accounts for a high proportion of global livestock, its share in otal milk production was highest at 18.7 per cent. The public sector outlays in agriculture during the last decade indicate increased emphasis on crop husbandry, animal husbandry and strengthening of cooperatives. The declining trends in public sector outlays on Food, Storage and Warehousing and Agriculture Research and Education are disturbing unless the private sector enters into these areas on a large scale to bridge the demand supply gap. The area under forest cover expanded considerably until and thereafter stabilised but it is still well below the desired level of one-third of the geographical area. The fallow land which is about 25 million hectares provides an opportunity for promotion of millets and crops for enhancing productivity of ruminants. The near stabilisation of net sown area around 141 million hectares suggests that future growth of agriculture depends upon the cropping intensity and productivity of major crops. Nearly 45 per cent of the gross cropped area has been receiving irrigation and lack of assured irrigation is one of the determinants of low productivity of crops. One of the measures undertaken towards achieving this goal is utilisation of the irrigation potential created which helps in realisation of benefits from the investments made. The Indian agriculture is small-holder agriculture as 85 per cent of the holdings are small in size and their share in total operated area is about 44 per cent. Besides enhancing productivity of these tiny holdings, occupational diversification is essential for sustainable growth of the rural economy. Distribution of surplus land (above the ceiling limit) to the landless poor is one of the important programmes for reducing socio-economic inequality. The gap between area declared surplus and land distributed brings out clearly the lack of total commitment by the State in implementing the programme. Distribution of government wastelands is another related measure. To achieve the four per cent growth rate in agriculture, provision of quality and adequate quantum of inputs such as quality seeds, fertilisers and electricity have been the key concerns of the policy. However, the progress is a way behind the requirement. With over 86 million hectares of the area under agriculture rainfed, the crop insurance is one of alternatives to minimise the risks. To achieve high growth of agriculture as well as food security, price support policies coupled with market regulation, storage, procurement and distribution are envisaged. However, the benefits of procurement could not be reaped to the desired extent by backward and poverty stricken States such as Bihar, due to lack of infrastructure and weak institutions. The per capita net availability of foodgrains which is a major source of nutrients has been declining though fluctuating in a narrow band after attaining the peak level in Given the inequalities in the distribution of grains, these trends would explain the prevalence of high levels of malnutrition among low income groups. Perhaps, they also indicate the shifts in consumption basket from foodgrains to nonfoodgrain food items (milk, eggs and fish, etc.).

4 124 Rural Development Statistics l l There has been remarkable progress in the production of milk since It is growing at the rate of 2.46 million tonnes per annum in 90s and further increased to 3.58 million tonnes per year in the last decade ( to ). The share of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra in total production was about 54.0 per cent in The output of eggs has gone up significantly and the rate of increase per year was 1.5 billion eggs in 90s and 2.64 billion eggs in the last decade. States of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Punjab, Maharashtra and West Bengal are the major producers. Five States viz., Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh together account for nearly 59 per cent of the estimated net irrigated area of about 66.1 million hectares in Nearly three-fifths of the net irrigated area is being served by tubewells and other wells. Tanks as a source of irrigation are mainly found in Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. In Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh, about 98.7, 92.5 and 77.2 per cent of areas under total foodgrains was under irrigation in

5 Agriculture and Allied Activities 125 3: AGRICULTURE AND ALLIED ACTIVITIES A. GENERAL Table 3.1: India s Position in World Agriculture in 2014 Item India World % Share India s Rank 1. Area (Million Hectares) Total Area Seventh Land Area Seventh Arable Land Second 2. Population* (Million) Total Second Rural First 3. Economically Active Population* (Million) Total Second Agriculture Second 4. Crop Production (Million Tonnes) (A) Total Cereals Third Wheat Second Rice (Paddy) Second Total Pulses First (B) Oilseeds Groundnut (in shell) Second Rapeseed Third 5. Fruits and Vegetables (Million Tonnes) (A) Vegetables and Melons Second (B) Fruits excluding Melons Second (C) Potatoes Second (D) Onion (Dry) Second 6. Commercial Crops (Million Tonnes) (A) Sugarcane Second (B) Tea Second (C) Coffee (green) Sixth (D) Jute & Jute like Fibres First (E) Cotton (lint) Second (F) Tobacco Leaves Third 7. Livestock (Million Heads) (A) Cattle Second (B) Buffaloes First (C) Camels Twelfth (D) Sheep Third (E) Goats Second (F) Chicken Seventh 8. Animal Products (A) Total Milk (000 MT) First (B) Eggs Total (000 MT) Third (C) Total Meat (000 MT) Sixth Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, 2016.

6 126 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.2 (a): Agriculture Sector - Plan Outlays (` in Crore) S. No. Sector (#) (#) (#) (#) (#) (#) BE AE BE AE BE AE BE AE BE AE BE RE (#) 1 Crop Husbandry Horticulture NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 3 Soil and Water Conservation NA 4 Animal Husbandry Dairy Development Fisheries Forestry and Wildlife Plantation Food Storage and Warehousing Agriculture, Research and Edn Agricultural Financial Inst. NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 12 Cooperation NA 13 Other Agricultural Programmes Total NA: Not Available. BE: Budget Estimates RE: Revised Estimates AE: Advanced Estimates. Notes: Totals may not tally due to rounding of the figures. #: For Centre only, as figures for States and UTs are not available sub-head-wise. Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, 2016.

7 Agriculture and Allied Activities 127 Table 3.2 (b): Plan wise Share of Public Sector Outlays and Expenditure under Agriculture and Allied Activities Five Year Plan / Annual Plan Percentage Share of Agriculture and Allied Activities to Total Plan Outlays Actual Expenditure Ninth Plan ( ) Tenth Plan ( ) Eleventh Plan ( ) Annual Plan ( ) Annual Plan ( ) Annual Plan ( ) Annual Plan ( ) Annual Plan ( ) Twelfth Plan ( ) * 4.7 N.A Annual Plan ( ) Annual Plan ( ) Annual Plan ( ) # Annual Plan ( ) # 2.0 N.A Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Pocket Book of Agricultural Statistics Table 3.2 (c): Budget Estimate, Revised Estimate and Actual Expenditure (Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare) Year Budget Estimate Revised Estimate Actual Expenditure (1) (2) (3) (4) NA Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, 2016.

8 128 Rural Development Statistics B. LAND Table 3.3 Land Use in India for Selected Years (Million Hectares) S. No. Classification (P) (P) (P) (P) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) I. Geographical Area II. Reporting Area for Land Use (1 to 5) Forests (14.2) (18.1) (21.0) (22.2) (22.2) (22.8) (23.27) (22.29) (22.28) (23.34) 2. Not Available for Cultivation (A+B) (A) Area Under Non- Agricultural Uses (3.3) (5.0) (5.4) (6.4) (6.9) (7.8) (8.59) (8.56) (8.62) (8.74) (B) Barren and Un-Culturable Land (13.4) (12.0) (9.3) (6.6) (6.4) (5.8) (5.59) (5.60) (5.55) (5.51) 3. Other Uncultivated Land Excluding Fallow Land (A+B+C) (A) Permanent Pastures and Other Grazing Lands (2.3) (4.7) (4.4) (3.9) (3.7) (3.6) (3.37) (3.37) (3.35) (3.33) (B) Land under Miscellaneous Trees (7.0) (1.5) (1.4) (1.2) (1.3) (1.1) (1.05) (1.03) (1.03) (1.04) (Contd...)

9 Agriculture and Allied Activities 129 Table 3.3: (Contd.) S. No. Classification (P) (P) (P) (P) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12) Crops and Groves not included in Net Area Sown (C) Culturable Wasteland Fallow Lands (A+B) (A) Fallow Land other than Current Fallows (6.1) (3.7) (2.9) (3.3) (3.2) (3.3) (3.36) (3.47) (3.59) (3.47) (B) Current Fallows (3.8) (3.9) (3.7) (4.9) (4.5) (4.9) (4.6) (4.72) (4.97) (4.60) 5. Net Area Sown (6-7) (41.8) (44.6) (46.2) (46.0) (46.9) (46.3) (46.04) (45.86) (45.51) (45.95) 6. Total Cropped Area (Gross Cropped Area) Area sown more than once Cropping Intensity * III. Net Irrigated Area IV. Gross Irrigated Area (8.1) (6.4) (5.8) (5.5) (4.9) (4.4) (4.14) (4.13) (4.11) (4.02) Notes: Figures in parentheses indicate percentages to Reported Area * Cropping intensity is percentage of the gross cropped area to the net area sown P: Provisional Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, 2016.

10 130 Rural Development Statistics Year Table 3.4: Selected Categories of Land Use to (Million Hectares) Net Area Sown Total Cropped Area Area Sown more than once(3-2) Net Irrigated Area Gross Irrigated Area Area Irrigated more than once (6-5) (Contd...)

11 Year Net Area Sown Total Cropped Area Table 3.4: (Contd...) Area Sown more than once(3-2) Agriculture and Allied Activities 131 Net Irrigated Area Gross Irrigated Area Area Irrigated more than once (6-5) (P) (P) (P) (P) (P) (P) (P) (P) (P) (P) P: Provisional Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, 2016.

12 132 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.5: Distribution of Operational Holdings - All India No. of Holdings: ( 000 Number) Area Operated: ( 000 Hectares) Average Size: (Hectares) Category of Holdings Number of Holdings Area Operated Average Size of Holdings Marginal (Less than 1 hectare) (64.8) (67.04) (20.2) (22.25) Small (1.0 to 2.0 hectares) (18.5) (17.93) (20.9) (22.07) Semi-Medium (2.0 to 4.0 hectares) (10.9) (10.05) (23.9) (23.59) Medium (4.0 to 10.0 hectares) (4.5) (4.25) (23.1) (21.18) Large (10.0 hectares and above) (0.8) (0.73) (11.8) (10.92) All Holdings (100.0) (100.0) (100.0) (100.0) Note: Figures in parentheses indicate the percentages to respective column total. Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Census

13 Agriculture and Allied Activities 133 Table 3.6 (a): Number of Operational Holdings by Farm Size Group, ( 000 Number) State/UT Marginal Small Semi- Medium Medium Large All Holdings Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Neg Goa Neg. 58 Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Neg. 151 Meghalaya Neg. 209 Mizoram Neg. 92 Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal A & N Islands Neg. 12 Chandigarh Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. 1 Dadra & Nagar Neg. 15 Haveli Daman & Diu 8 Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. 8 Delhi Neg. 20 Lakshadweep 10 Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. 10 Puducherry Neg. Neg. 33 Total Neg.: Negligible. Note: Marginal = 0-1 Hectare; Small = 1-2 Hectares; Semi-medium = 2-4 Hectares; Medium = 4-10 Hectares; Large = 10 and above Hectares. Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Census

14 134 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.6 (b): Number of Operational Holdings by Farm Size Group, ( 000 Number) State/UT Marginal Small Semi-Medium Medium Large All Holdings Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand NA NA NA NA NA NA Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal A & N Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total Note: Marginal = 0-1 Hectare; Small = 1-2 Hectares; Semi-medium = 2-4 Hectares; Medium = 4-10 Hectares; Large = 10 and above Hectares. Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, 2011.

15 Table 3.7 (a): Area Operated by Size Group, Agriculture and Allied Activities 135 (Thousand Hectares) State/UT Marginal Small Semi- Medium Medium Large All Holdings Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Neg Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Neg. 172 Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal A & N Islands Chandigarh Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. 1 Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu 2 1 Neg. Neg. Neg. 3 Delhi Lakshadweep 2 Neg. Neg. Neg. Neg. 3 Puducherry Total Note: Marginal = 0-1 Hectares; Small = 1-2 Hectares; Semi-medium = 2-4 Hectares; Medium = 4-10 Hectares; Large = 10 and above Hectares. Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Census

16 136 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.7 (b): Area Operated by Size Group, (Thousand Hectares) State/UT Marginal Small Semi- Medium Medium Large All Holdings Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand NA NA NA NA NA NA Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal A & N Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry Total Note: Marginal = 0-1 Hectares; Small = 1-2 Hectares; Semi-medium = 2-4 Hectares; Medium = 4-10 Hectares; Large = 10 and above Hectares. Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, 2011.

17 Agriculture and Allied Activities 137 Table 3.8 (a): State-wise Average Size of Operational Holdings by Major Farm Size Groups (Hectares) State/UT Marginal Small Semi-Medium Medium Large All Holdings Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal A & N Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Census

18 138 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.8 (b): State-wise Average Size of Operational Holdings by Major Farm Size Groups (Hectares) State/UT Marginal Small Semi- Medium Medium Large All Holdings Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand NA NA NA NA NA NA Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal A & N Islands Chandigarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Lakshadweep Puducherry All-India Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2010

19 Agriculture and Allied Activities 139 Table 3.9: Extent of Rainfed Area - State-wise (Area in Million Hectares) S.No. State/UT Rainfed Area 1. Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Total Source: GOI, Ministry of Rural Development, Annual Report

20 140 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.10: Ceiling on Landholdings (2016) Area: in Acres S. Irrigated Land Irrigated Land State No. with two crops with one crop Dryland As recommended in 1972 National Guidelines Proposed in Agenda Notes 1985 of Regional Ministers Conference 1. Andhra Pradesh 10 to to to Assam Bihar 15 to to Gujarat 10 to to to Haryana Himachal Pradesh to Jammu & Kashmir 9 to to to Karnataka 10 to to Kerala 12 to to to Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Mizoram Nil Nil Nil 14. Odisha to Punjab Rajasthan to Tamil Nadu Sikkim Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman & Nicobar Islands Nil Nil Nil Note: 1. The actual limits for lands in Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh are higher due to classification of land 2. The actual ceiling limits in Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan are higher due to hilly terrain and desert lands Acre= Hectare Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2016.

21 Agriculture and Allied Activities 141 C. IRRIGATION Table 3.11: Potential Created under Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) to (Thousand Hectares) S. No. State Potential created under AIBP Upto March Andhra Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra (Contd...)

22 142 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.11: (Contd...) S. No. State Potential created under AIBP Upto March Manipur Meghalaya Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal Total Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2016.

23 Agriculture and Allied Activities 143 Table 3.12: Net Irrigated Area Source-wise and State-wise ( ) (Thousand Hectares) State/Union Territory Canals Wells Tanks Government Private Total Tube Wells Other Wells Other Soures Total Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat** Haryana Himachal Pradesh** Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra** Manipur ** Meghalaya Mizoram (Contd...)

24 144 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.12: (Contd...) State/Union Territory Canals Wells Tanks Government Private Total Tube Wells Other Wells Other Soures Total Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim** Tamil Nadu Tripura** Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh** West Bengal ** Source: GOI, C S O, Statistical Year Book 2016.

25 Agriculture and Allied Activities 145 Table 3.13: State-wise Coverage of Irrigated Area under Principal Crops During (Provisional) (%) State/UT Rice Jowar Bajra Maize Wheat Barley Total Cereals Gram Tur or Arhar Total Pulses Total Foodgrains Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam** Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat** Haryana Himachal Pradesh** Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra** Manipur** Meghalaya Mizoram (Contd...)

26 146 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.13: (Contd.) State/UT Rice Jowar Bajra Maize Wheat Barley Total Cereals Gram Tur or Arhar Total Pulses Total Foodgrains Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim** Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura** Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal** All India (Contd...)

27 Agriculture and Allied Activities 147 Table 3.13: (Contd.) State/UT Sugarcane Groundnut Rapeseed & Mustard Soyabean Sunflower Total Oil Seeds Cotton Tobacco Total Area under All Crops Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam** Bihar Chhattisgarh Goa Gujarat** Haryana Himachal Pradesh** Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra** Manipur** Meghalaya Mizoram (Contd...)

28 148 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.13: (Contd.) State/UT Sugarcane Groundnut Rapeseed & Mustard Soyabean Sunflower Total Oil Seeds Cotton Tobacco Total Area under All Crops Nagaland Odisha Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim** Tamil Nadu Telangana Tripura** Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal** All India * Provisional ** The figures related to irrigated area (Part-II) are either estimated based on the data for the latest available year received from the State/ UT or are estimated/taken from Agriculture Census. Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, 2016.

29 Agriculture and Allied Activities 149 Table 3.14: Irrigated Area Under Different Crops (For selected years) (Million Hectares) S.No. Crop / Item Rice 14.3 (38.4) 2. Jowar 0.6 (3.6) 3. Bajra 0.5 (4.0) 4. Maize 0.9 (15.9) 5. Wheat 9.9 (54.3) 6. Barley 1.3 (52.0) 7. Total Cereals 28.1 (27.6) 8. Total Pulses 2.0 (8.8) 9. Total Foodgrains 30.1 (24.1) 10. Oilseeds 1.1 (7.4) 11. Cotton 1.4 (17.3) 12. Sugarcane 1.9 (72.4) 16.4 (40.8) 0.8 (4.7) 0.6 (5.5) 1.2 (20.1) 15.6 (70.0) 0.9 (50.6) 35.8 (34.1) 2.0 (9.0) 37.8 (29.7) 2.3 (14.5) 2.1 (27.3) 2.4 (81.3) 19.4 (45.5) 0.8 (5.6) 0.5 (5.1) 1.2 (19.7) 19.5 (81.1) 0.5 (54.5) 42.3 (41.0) 2.6 (10.5) 44.9 (35.1) 5.8 (22.9) 2.5 (32.9) 3.4 (86.9) 25.0 (56.7) 0.7 (8.3) 0.9 (8.8) 1.7 (22.5) 24.1 (90.2) 0.4 (69.0) 53.0 (52.9) 3.5 (14.4) 56.0 (45.5) 8.5 (28.0) 3.1 (36.4) 4.3 (93.2) 25.2 (57.8) 0.7 (8.0) 0.9 (9.0) 1.7 (22.2) 25.6 (90.5) 0.5 (71.0) 54.7 (54.3) 3.7 (15.6) 57.9 (46.9) 8.3 (28.8) 3.3 (35.9) 4.8 (93.4) 25.2 (57.8) 0.7 (8.6) 1.0 (10.3) 2.0 (24.4) 26.0 (91.0) 0.5 (72.2) 55.0 (55.0) 3.9 (15.8) 59.4 (47.3) 7.8 (27.0) 3.3 (37.1) 4.8 (94.0) 26.5 (58.7) 0.7 (8.9) 0.8 (9.4) 2.0 (25.2) 25.5 (91.3) 0.5 (75.1) 56.2 (55.9) 3.8 (16.0) 60.0 (48.3) 8.2 (27.1) 3.3 (35.3) 4.5 (93.7) Notes: (1) Figures in parentheses represent the percentage of irrigated area to total area under the crop (2) Irrigated area under oilseeds denotes the area under groundnut, rapeseed and mustard, linseed, sesamum and others. Source: GOI, C S O, Statistical Year Book 2016.

30 150 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.15: Distribution of Gross Cropped Area across Different Crops During to Crop * * * * Rice Jowar Bajra Maize Ragi Wheat Barley Other Cereals and Millets Coarse Cereals Total Cereals Gram Tur Other Pulses Total Pulses Total Foodgrains Sugarcane Condiments and Spices Total Fruits Potatoes Onions Total Vegetables Groundnut Sesamum Rapeseed and Mustard Linseed Other Oilseeds Total Oilseeds Cotton Jute Mesta Total Fibres Tobacco Other Crops Gross Cropped Area * : Provisional Source : GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, (%)

31 Agriculture and Allied Activities 151 D. AGRICULTURAL INPUTS Table 3.16: Production and Distribution of Agricultural Inputs Seeds to Year Production of Breeder Seeds (Thousand Qtls) Production of Foundation Seeds (Lakh Qtls) Distribution of Certified/ Quality Seeds (Lakh Qtls) Qtls: 100 Kgs. *: Anticipated Source: GOI, Ministry of Agriculture, Annual Report

32 152 Rural Development Statistics Table 3.16 (a): Average gross cropped area (ha.),gross area under crop (ha.) harvested value (`) and quantity production (kg.) for agricultural households reporting cultivation as major for selected crops during the period July December 2012 Crop Number per 1000 agricultural households reporting Average per household reporting cultivation of crop as major Gross cropped area (0.000 ha.) Gross area (0.000 ha.) under the crop# Harvested quantity produced (kg.) Harvested crop Value of (`) Total production Yield rate ( Kg./ha.) of harvested crop# Estimated number of households reporting cultivation of crop (00) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) Paddy Jowar Bajra Maize Ragi Arhar(tur) Urad Moong Sugarcane Potato Groundnut Coconut Soyabean Cotton Jute All crops X X X *Total value of production includes value of harvested crop, pre-harvested sale and value of by-products Source: NSSO, Key Indicators of Situation of Agricultural Household in India, 70 th Round, Jan- Dec, 2013.