1 S.S.C. MAHESH TUTORIALS Test - III Batch : SB Marks : 0 Date : GEOGRAPHY Chapter :,5,6,7,8,9, ECONOMICS Chapter :,,5 Time : hr. Q.. (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : (i) Farming in which farm produce is just enough to satisfy food requirement of the farming is called... farming. (traditional, modern, subsistence, intensive) (ii) Katha is prepared from... tree. (Sal, Khair, Sheesham, Haldu) Q.. (B) Match the Columns : Column A Column B (i) Fertile land (a) Animal rearing (ii) Pasture land (b) Mining (c) Agriculture Q.. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any ) (i) Forest conservation is the need of the day. (ii) Minerals are important natural resources. (iii) Natural gas is an important fuel in India. Q.. (B) Write short notes : (Any ) (i) Plantation farming. (ii) Buffalo resources. (iii) Mica. Q.. (A) Draw a divided rectangle with the following details : Types of electricity Uses of electricity Residential 5% Commercial 8% Industrial 5% Farming % Others 8%
2 Q.. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any ) (i) Copper Producing area in Rajasthan (Text book pg 6 (ii) Leading state in sea fishing. (iii) Jute producing area in West Bengal. (iv) Atomic energy centre in Uttar Pradesh. Q.. Answer the following in detail : (Any ) (i) What efforts have been made by the government to increase the fish production in India? (ii) What are the features of intensive farming? (iii) State the measures for conservation of plants and animals. Q.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Economic development means... in real national income. (increase, decrease, stability) (ii)... is an exception to the Consumer Protection Act. (Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Karnataka) Q.6. Answer in or sentences each : (Any ) (i) Give any one characteristic of developing economy. (ii) What is a defect? (iii) What is the basic objective of PDS? Q.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any ) (i) Explain any five factors leading to consumers exploitation. (ii) Explain Targeted Public Distribution System. 6 Best Of Luck
3 S.S.C. MAHESH TUTORIALS Test - III Batch : SB GEOGRAPHY Chapter :,5,6,7,8,9, Marks : 0 Date : ECONOMICS Chapter :,,5 Time : hr. MODEL ANSWER PAPER A.. (i) (ii) (A) Fill in the blanks choosing the appropriate alternatives from those given in the brackets : Farming in which farm produce is just enough to satisfy food requirement of the farming is called subsistence farming. Katha is prepared from Khair tree. A.. (B) Match the Columns : Column A Column B (i) Fertile land Agriculture (ii) Pasture land Animal rearing A.. (A) Give geographical reasons : (Any ) (i). Due to irrational cutting of trees there is a danger of extinction of several plant and animal species.. Cover of vegetation in the forests is declining leading to problems of soil erosion, floods, formation of barren lands and problems of ecological imbalance.. Although it is possible to grow trees, their growth requires a long time.. Therefore, forest conservation is the need of the day for maintaining ecological balance. (ii). Minerals are naturally occurring substances having a definite chemical composition and structure and are formed due to inorganic processes.. These are used for the manufacture of machines, production of medicines and also for agricultural activities.. The growth and development of industries depends upon the availability of mineral resources.. Thus minerals are important natural resources. (iii) The use of natural gas should increase in India because. Natural gas reserves are large in India and thus its availability is more.. More over it is less polluting fuel as compared to other conventional fuels.
4 The strain on the conventional fuel wood will be reduced if we are successful in supplying natural gas to the rural areas.. This will also help in protecting the forests from destruction by man and so, ecological balance can be maintained. A.. (B) Write short notes : (Any ) (i) Major crops like tea, coffee, rubber, spices and coconut are cultivated in plantation farming.. The farms of plantation farming are called plantations or estates. The size of the plantation farms in India is about 0 hectares. In West Bengal, some estates are about 00 hectares in size.. Only one crop is cultivated in plantation farming. Tea plantations are found in Assam, Meghalaya, West Bengal etc. Coffee plantations are in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Rubber plantations are in the states of Kerala, Tripura and Tamil Nadu.. Plantation agriculture requires a large amount of capital.. Most of the products of plantation agriculture are exported. Plantation crop products have an important place in Indian economy. (ii). India has the highest buffalo population in the world. 57 % of the world s buffaloes are found in India.. 60 % of the milk production in India comes from buffaloes.. The famous breeds of buffaloes in India are Jaffrabadi and Mahesana from Gujarat, Niliravi from Punjab, Murha from Haryana, Bhadwari from Uttar Pradesh, Nagpuri from Maharashtra.. She buffaloes give us milk where as the male buffaloes are used as draught force and for agricultural work. 5. The buffalo population is high in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Punjab. (iii). Mica is a non metallic mineral which has insulating properties. It is used in electrical and electronic industries as an insulating material.. Mica is also used in production of medicines, paints etc.. Mica reserves are very large in India and most of the production of mica comes from Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan. 5. Demand for mica has decreased due to the use of artificial substitutes such as plastics which are much cheaper.
5 A.. (A) Draw a divided rectangle with the following details : SCALE : cm = 0 % Index Residential Commercial Industrial Farming TYPES OF USES OF ELECTRICITY Others 5% 8% 5% % 8% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 00%
6 A.. (B) Mark the following on the outline map of India : (Any ) INDIA Jhunjhunu Alwar Narora Maharashtra.. Copper Producing area in Rajasthan Jhunjhunu and Alwar Leading state in sea fishing. Jute producing area in West Bengal. Atomic energy centre in Uttar Pradesh A.. Answer the following in detail : (Any ) (i). Due to encouragement offered by the government, modern and wellequipped boats are being utilized.. In order to improve fishing occupation, the National Fish Seedlings Programme has been set up.. Fishermen are provided with well-equipped boats, modern nylon nets, cold storage facilities, loans and government subsidies.. Fish breeding has been developed by planting fish seedlings in tanks, lakes, reservoirs and other water bodies. 5. This has helped in increasing fish production and India has become exporter of fish.
7 (ii) (iii) 6. Food requirement of the growing population is met with fish products to some extent. (Use stencil) Intensive farming is practised in the areas of dense population and where cultivable land is limited. To get high production intensive labour, high yielding varieties of crops, fertilizers, insecticides and irrigation is used. The features of intensive farming are :. Farms are fragmented into small parts which are divided among a number of inheritors. Besides the farms are bunded which reduces the farm size.. In this type of farming, animals are domesticated. These animals are used for various farming operations. Besides, milk, meat, eggs are obtained as supplementary products from them.. Farming operations are based on animals and human efforts. Because of dense population manpower is available. Due to the small size of farms use of machines is very difficult. Being labour based agriculture, people get employment.. Food grains, fruits, vegetables, oil-seeds are cultivated 5. Rice is grown where the climate is hot and humid and in heavy rainfall areas. Wheat is grown in low rainfall areas. 6. Intensive agriculture is practised in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Yield per hectare is high in intensive type of farming. (Use stencil) In order to prevent extinction of plant and animal species they are being conserved. Following are the measures undertaken :. Protected areas are therefore being developed in our country.. National parks and sanctuaries are protected by law. Tree cutting and hunting is strictly not allowed.. The national parks are restricted from cattle grazing and other traditional occupations. India has 9 national parks and about 500 sanctuaries.. They play a vital role in the protection and conservation of natural habitats and their biodiversity. 5. Certain projects are undertaken to protect animal species and provide natural environment for the animals. 6. Tiger project, elephant project and save barasingha project are examples of such efforts. 7. Outside their natural habitat animals and plants are conserved in the zoos and botanical gardens. 8. For the conservation of plant species certain government measures like encouraging fruit farming, controlling conflagration of forest, implementing tree adoption system etc. are also being undertaken. Thus by developing sanctuaries and adopting programmes like Van- Mahotsav, animals and plants are being conserved.
8 A.5. Fill in the blanks with appropriate alternative : (i) Economic development means increase in real national income. (ii) Jammu and Kashmir is an exception to the Consumer Protection Act. A.6. Answer in or sentences each : (Any ) (i) (i) A developing economy like India has Low Per Capita Income as compared to developed economies. (ii) For eg. in 00 : The per capita income of India was $ 50 and on the other hand the per capita income of Switzerland was about 75 times, U.S.A. was 7 times and that of Germany was 8 times more than the per capita income of India. (ii) Defect means any fault, imperfection or short coming in the quality, quantity, potency, purity or standard which is required to be maintained by any law or as is claimed by the trader in relation to any goods. (iii) (i) The basic objective of P.D.S. is to provide essential consumer goods at cheap and subsidised prices to the consumer. (ii) Besides this, the other important objective is to maintain the minimum nutritional status of the population. A.7. Answer in 5 or 6 sentences each : (Any ) (i) Following factors lead to consumers exploitation : (i) High prices : a) Sometimes artificial shortage of commodities is created in the market. b) The consumers are forced to buy them at higher prices. (ii) Poor quality of goods and services : a) In order to earn greater profit, manufacturers increase the quantity but neglect the quality of production. b) Adulterated material used in production, endangers the health of consumers. (iii) Lack of knowledge : a) Consumers do not get full information about the quality, quantity, potency, purity and standard of the products. b) So, they are compelled to buy unknown substitutes. (iv) Misleading advertisements : a) Sometimes false claims made by advertisements can mislead consumers. b) The manufacturers through such advertisements create artificial demand for undesirable goods. (v) Intangible services : a) Services are intangible and cannot be seen, touched, heard or tasted, before buying them. b) So consumers are often cheated while purchasing services.
9 (ii) (i) In 997, a dual pricing structure was introduced under the Public Distribution system called as the Targeted Public Distribution System. (ii) The P.D.S prices for Below Poverty Line families (BPL) were 50% of the market prices. (iii) On the contrary, P.D.S prices for Above Poverty Line (APL) families were very close to market prices. (iv) There was no incentive for the Above Poverty Line (APL) families to buy from the P.D.S. (v) As a result, their purchase from P.D.S reduced and the stock of food grains with the government piled up. (vi) To solve this problem the government has reduced the P.D.S price by 0% for Above Poverty Line (APL) families in July 00.