Levels & trends in agricultural spending & investment

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Levels & trends in agricultural spending & investment"

Transcription

1 Preliminary estimates of Levels & trends in agricultural spending & investment background work for The State of Food & Agriculture 2012 Sarah K. Lowder Economist Agricultural Development Economics Division, ESA

2 Contents of presentation Key messages of the report regarding levels and trends in Agricultural Capital stock (FAOSTAT & National Accounts) Government expenditures on Agricultural R & D (IFPRI ASTI) Government expenditures on Agriculture (IFPRI SPEED) Official development assistance to Agriculture(OECD CRS) Foreign direct investment in Agriculture(UNCTAD) Relative size of various types of investment Your advice

3 Trillion USD Agricultural Development Economics Division Capital Stock (FAO) inventories-based estimates On-farm agricultural capital stock has increased over time... Figure 1: Agricultural capital stock, constant 2005 dollars Low and middle-income countries High income countries Source: Authors calculations using FAO, 2011.

4 Capital Stock (FAO) inventories-based estimates Figure 2: Rates of growth in agricultural capital stock, 1980s Source: Authors calculations using FAO, But growth has slowed since the 1980s both globally and in the lowand middle-income countries. In high income countries the rate of change has become negative (probably due to underreporting and other data issues).

5 Capital Stock (FAO) inventories-based estimates The trend has varied among the low and middle income country regional groupings Figure 3: Rates of growth in agricultural capital stock, 1980s Source: Authors calculations using FAO, 2011.

6 Capital Stock (FAO) inventories-based estimates Table 1: Level and growth of agricultural capital stock *ECA annual rate of growth for Region Average ACS per person employed in agriculture, (USD 2005 constant) Compounded annual rate of growth (based on USD 2005 constant), Agricultural capital stock Population active in agriculture ACS per person active in agriculture World 4, High-income countries 63, Low & middle-income countries 2, East Asia and the Pacific 1, Of which: China EAP excluding China 2, Europe and Central Asia* 18, Latin America & Caribbean 15, Middle East and North Africa 9, South Asia 1, Of which: India South Asia excluding India 4, Sub-Saharan Africa 2, Source: Authors calculations using FAO, ACS per ag worker has decreased in the low- and middleincome regions since 1980 This is due to decreases in Sub- Saharan Africa and parts of South Asia, regions which already suffer from low capital-labour ratios.

7 Capital Stock (FAO) inventories-based estimates ACS per worker was lowest in EAP, followed by South Asia and Sub- Saharan Africa; it has not increased in those regions. It is by far the largest in ECA and LAC, with MENA also showing large per capita levels of ACS; it is in these regions that it has increased. Figure 4: Levels of Agricultural Capital Stock per agricultural worker, Source: Author s calculations using FAO, 2011.

8 Government Expenditures on Agricultural R & D Table 2. Public agricultural R&D spending, 1981, 1991 & As share of agricultural GDP Low and middle income countries (108) 54% 54% 55% High income (32) 153% 211% 237% Total (140) 91% 98% 97% Per ag worker Subtotal (108) High income (32) Total (140) Note: Table excludes 31 Eastern European and former Soviet Union states, because of data unavailability. Low and middle income regions spend less than high income countries in absolute terms. The difference is even more pronounced when we consider per capita terms or as a share of agricultural GDP. Sources: Beintema and Stads (2010), China from Chen, Zang and Flaherty (2011); Sub- Saharan Africa from Beintema and Stads AgGDP from World Bank (various years)

9 Million 2005 PPP dollars Agricultural Development Economics Division Government Expenditures on Agricultural R & D Figure 5: Levels of government spending on agricultural R & D, In all low and middle 4,500 income country regions 4,000 government spending 3,500 on Ag R & D increased 3,000 2,500 (increase was slight in S Asia, excluding India) 2,000 1,500 1, Sub-Saharan Africa East Asia & Pacific, minus China China Latin America & Caribbean South Asia, minus India India Sources: Beintema and Stads (2010), China from Chen, Zang and Flaherty (2011); Sub-Saharan Africa from Beintema and Stads AgGDP from World Bank (various years)

10 Government Expenditures on Agriculture For 67 countries, agricultural spending has increased in total levels and per worker, but the share has declined. Figure 6: Levels of government spending on agriculture, Source: Authors calculations using IFPRI, Statistics of Public Expenditure for Economic Development (SPEED)

11 Government Expenditures on Agriculture (cont d) Agricultural spending per person active in agriculture has increased in all low and middle income regions except SSA. Table 3: Levels and per capita measure of agricultural expenditure (low and middle income countries) Region Total agriculture expenditure Expenditure on agriculture per worker (USD (2005 USD PPP, billion) 2005 PPP) East Asia and Pacific (8) Europe and Central Asia (9)* * Latin America & the Caribbean (11) Middle East and North Africa (7) South Asia (7) Sub-saharan Africa (12) country total Source: Authors calculations using IFPRI, Statistics of Public Expenditure for Economic Development (SPEED)

12 Growth in ACS per worker, (%) Figure : Agricultural expenditure and growth in ACS per worker, Agricultural Development Economics Division Government Expenditures on Agriculture (cont d) Figure 7: Growth in ACS per worker and agricultural expenditure per agricultural worker, GHA UGA BGD MMR ZWE ETH NPL PAK MWI NGA PNG IND BRA GTM CHN IDN KGZ MDA TURMDV EGY DOM LKA PHL FJI URY SLV THA MAR PAN MEX ARG LSO BTN SWZ IRN AZE VUT KAZ YEMCRI VCT RUS SYR ROU MUS JORTUN LTU BLR Countries with higher levels of agricultural expenditures per worker have seen more significant increases in ACS per worker. BOL ZMB -2 KEN BWA Agricultural expenditure per worker, average (USD PPP log) Source: Authors calculations using FAO, 2011 and IFPRI, Statistics of Public Expenditure for Economic Development (SPEED)

13 Government Expenditures on Agriculture (cont d) The agricultural share of public expenditure has decreased; this decrease often coincides with the decline of the sector in the economy. Table 4: Agricultural shares of and AOI of government expenditures (low and middle income countries) Regions Share in Government expenditure Agricultural orientation index of public expenditure Source: Authors calculations using IFPRI, Statistics of Public Expenditure for Economic Development (SPEED) East Asia and Pacific (8) 11% 9% 7% 7% Europe and Central Asia (9)* 0% 1% 3% 2% Latin America & the Caribbean (11) 7% 4% 4% 2% Middle East and North Africa (7) 5% 5% 4% 3% South Asia (7) 7% 7% 5% 5% Sub-saharan Africa (12) 6% 6% 4% 4% country average 7% 5% 5% 4%

14 Official Development Assistance to Agriculture Levels of ODA commitments to agriculture were largest during the 1980s. They decreased in the 1990s, increased sharply in recent years (through 2009), but remain lower than in 1980s. ODA per ag worker, the ag share of ODA and AOI for ODA all show similar trends at the global level. Figure 8: Levels of ODA to agriculture, by region, Source: Authors calculations using OECD, CRS.

15 Foreign Direct Investment (UNCTAD) Figure 9: FDI inflows to the food, beverage and tobacco sector as well as to Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, 1980 to 2008 (billion USD current prices) Foreign direct investments in agriculture have increased rapidly in the most recent years, but remain of marginal importance as a contributor to total agricultural investments. Furthermore, our analysis suggests that the increase may be less than previously reported. Source: Authors calculations using UNCTAD, 2011.

16 Relative size of investments Most investment in agriculture is financed from private, domestic resources. ODA and probably FDI are the smallest sources of investment, with government investment being much larger and private investment being by far the largest. Figure 10: Relative size of private, governmental, ODA and foreign direct investments in agriculture in 54 low and middle income countries (billions constant 2005 dollars), Private Gov't ODA FDI?* Note: * For this country grouping we can not estimate FDI, but judging from available data for other countries it would likely be very small. Source: Authors calculations using FAO, 2011; IFPRI, 2010;OECD, 2010 and UNCTAD,

17 Billions of dollars Private Gov't ODA Private Gov't ODA Private Gov't ODA Private Gov't ODA Private Gov't ODA Private Gov't ODA Private Gov't ODA Agricultural Development Economics Division Relative size of investments This result does, however, vary somewhat among country groupings. Figure 11: Relative size of private, governmental and foreign donor investments in agriculture (billions constant 2005 dollars), by country grouping, See in particular EAP, HI and SSA EAP (9) ECA (9) HI (12) LAC (11) MENA (7) S. Asia (7) SSA (11) Source: Authors calculations using FAO, 2011; IFPRI, 2010 and OECD, 2010.

18 Your advice Do the following messages make sense? Are they helpful for FAO work? In low and middle income countries as a whole domestic private investment is larger than government investment in agriculture, ODA invested is very small in comparison and FDI is likely to be the smallest source of investment There is inter-regional variation: Government investment is far smaller than private investment in the 11 SSA countries; ODA is nearly at the level of government investment However this is not the case for EAP where government investment is almost as large as private investment In the HI countries (12) we see that government investment is larger than private investment

19 Thank you!

20 Supplementary slides

21 Table 1: Comparison among key international datasets on foreign, domestic, private and public spending on agriculture Domestic Foreign Public Private Government Expenditures Official Development Foreign Direct Investment Assistance (ODA) IFPRI SPEED OECD CRS UNCTAD Financial Times FDI Markets Average annual amount low & middle income 160 billion ( ) 7 billion ( ) 3 billion ( ) 7 billion ( ) high income countries na na 1.5 billion ( ) 10 billion ( ) Global trend levels Increase from Increased from 1980 to At peak in 1980s; decreased during 90s & increased in recent years. Remains lower than in the 80s. shares Decreased from 1980 to per economically active in Increased from 1980 to agriculture agricultural orientation index Neither increased not decreased Definition of sector Same as above. Decreased since 1980s Increased from 1990 to 2007; largely as result of increase in number of countries reporting. Increased from Agriculture, forestry & fisheries Agriculture, forestry & fisheries Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries & Hunting Increased from Q1 & Q Primary agriculture as well as food processing and business services. Time span Country coverage low & middle income in most recent years destination countries high income countries na na 36 in most recent years destination countries Monetary units Constant 2005 dollars, PPP Constant 2005 dollars Current US Dollars Current US Dollars

22 Definition of agricultural capital stock (ACS) ACS data include crops & animal husbandry. They exclude forestry & fisheries. Four types of capital are included: Land Development Livestock Machinery & (Fixed assets & inventory) equipment Structures for livestock Arable land Cattle and buffalo Tractors Animals Permanent crop land Sheep Harvesters Poultry Irrigated land Goats Milking machines Plantation crops Pigs Hand tools Horse Camels Mules Poultry

23 Functional classification of government expenditures on agriculture Administration of agricultural affairs Conservation, reclamation or expansion of arable land Agrarian reform and land settlement Supervision and regulation of the agricultural industry Construction or operation of flood control, irrigation and drainage systems Efforts to stabilize or improve farm prices and incomes Extension services or veterinary, pest control, crop inspection and crop grading services Production and dissemination of general information, technical documentation and statistics on agricultural affairs and services Compensation, grants, loans or subsidies to farmers in connection with agricultural activities, including allowing land to remain uncultivated Source: (IMF, 2002; IFPRI, 2010)

24 Economic classification of public expenditures Expenses 1. Compensation of employees 2. Subsidies 3. Social benefits 4. Use of goods and services 5. Interest 6. Grants 7. Consumption of fixed capital 8. Other Categories of non-financial assets ( capital ) Fixed assets a) Buildings and structures b) Machinery and equipment c) Other fixed assets Inventories a) Strategic stocks b) Other inventories Non-produced assets a) Land b) Subsoil assets c) Other naturally occurring assets d) Intangible nonproduced assets Valuables

25 Capital share of government expenditures on agriculture Country (Source study) Capital share of agricultural expenditures Year Ghana 53% 2007 Kenya 28% Mozambique 84% 2007 Nigeria 36% 2005 Tanzania 9% Uganda 22% Zambia 24% 2000 Laos 84% Philippines 26% 2005 Vietnam 75% early 2000s Honduras 66% 2006 Simple average 46% Sources: Public expenditure reviews mainly authored by or for the World Bank.

26 ODA to agriculture by project category Agricultural crops & livestock Forestry Fisheries policy & administrative management policy & administrative management policy & administrative management agricultural development forestry development fisheries development land resources fuelwood/charcoal water resources inputs food crop production industrial crops/export crops livestock agrarian reform agricultural alternative development extension education/training education/training education/training research research research agricultural services services services plant & post-harvest protection & pest control financial services cooperatives livestock/veterinary services Source: OECD, 2010

27 Flow : Official Development Assistance Sector: 310: III.1. Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing Amount: Commitments (current USD millions) Purpose code ALL : Agricultural policy and administrative management : Agricultural development : Agricultural land resources : Agricultural water resources : Agricultural inputs : Food crop production : Industrial crops/export crops : Livestock : Agrarian reform : Agricultural alternative development : Agricultural extension : Agricultural education/training : Agricultural research : Agricultural services : Plant and post-harvest protection and pest control : Agricultural financial services : Agricultural co-operatives : Livestock/veterinary services : Forestry policy and administrative management : Forestry development : Fuelwood/charcoal : Forestry education/training : Forestry research : Forestry services : Fishing policy and administrative management : Fishery development : Fishery education/training : Fishery research : Fishery services ODA to agriculture by project category

28 FDI to agriculture and food and beverages (correspond to ISIC Revision 3) Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting Agriculture, hunting and related service activities Growing of crops, market gardening and horticulture Farming of animals Mixed farming (growing crops combined with farming livestock) Agricultural and animal husbandry service activities, except veterinary activities Hunting, trapping and game propagation including related service activities Forestry, logging and related service activities Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms; service activities Food and beverages, including tobacco Production, processing and preservation of meat, fish, fruit, vegetables, oils and fats Manufacture of dairy products grain mill products, starches and starch products, and prepared animal feeds other food products beverages tobacco products Source: UNCTAD World Investment Report

29 ISIC Rev. 3

30 Figure ODA Commitments to agriculture per person active in agriculture by region, Agricultural Development Economics Division Ratio Official Development Assistance to Agriculture (OECD) Shares and AOI show similar trends, except the increasing trend shown by 54 countries in recent years holds for SSA and MENA, but not the other regions Figure : Agricultural Share of ODA by region, Figure : AOI by region, Asia ECA LAC MENA 2 1 SSA World * ECA Source: Authors calculations based on OECD, CRS database.

31 Figure ODA Commitments to agriculture per person active in agriculture by region, Agricultural Development Economics Division Official Development Assistance to Agriculture (OECD) Replace with global infoper capita trend is the same as that of levels, in all regions except E Asia * ECA Source: Authors calculations based on OECD, CRS database.

Level, trend and sources of financing for investment in agriculture. A review and analysis of available sources of data

Level, trend and sources of financing for investment in agriculture. A review and analysis of available sources of data Level, trend and sources of financing for investment in agriculture A review and analysis of available sources of data 2 The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product

More information

Financial resource flows to agriculture A review of data on government spending, official development assistance and foreign direct investment

Financial resource flows to agriculture A review of data on government spending, official development assistance and foreign direct investment Financial resource flows to agriculture A review of data on government spending, official development assistance and foreign direct investment Sarah K. Lowder and Brian Carisma ESA Working paper No. 11-19

More information

FAO Statistical Initiatives in Measuring Investment in Agriculture: Global Investment dataset and Country Investment profiles

FAO Statistical Initiatives in Measuring Investment in Agriculture: Global Investment dataset and Country Investment profiles FAO Statistical Initiatives in Measuring Investment in Agriculture: Global Investment dataset and Country Investment profiles Recent advances in Economic Statistics Sangita Dubey & Erdgin Mane Statistics

More information

Measuring Aid to Agriculture

Measuring Aid to Agriculture Measuring Aid to Agriculture Statistics presented in this note relate to official development assistance (ODA) for the agricultural sector including forestry and fishing. The DAC statistical definition

More information

Rural Poverty and Agricultural Water Development in Sub-Saharan Africa

Rural Poverty and Agricultural Water Development in Sub-Saharan Africa CHAPTER 1 Rural Poverty and Agricultural Water Development in Sub-Saharan Africa 1.1 The Millennium Development Goals, Agricultural Growth, and Rural Poverty In 2, the Millennium Declaration committed

More information

Time for Africa. Capturing the African meat and poultry investment opportunity

Time for Africa. Capturing the African meat and poultry investment opportunity Time for Africa Capturing the African meat and poultry investment opportunity Nan-Dirk Mulder, 4 October 2017 Rabobank: The world s leading global F&A bank Rabobank group global presence Rabobank in Africa

More information

How Trade Liberalization Can Benefit the Environment (or The Fallacy of Food Miles )

How Trade Liberalization Can Benefit the Environment (or The Fallacy of Food Miles ) How Trade Liberalization Can Benefit the Environment (or The Fallacy of Food Miles ) Robert L. Thompson Gardner Endowed Chair in Agricultural Policy University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 12 May 2008

More information

Urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)

Urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) Urbanization in SubSaharan Africa (SSA) Vernon Henderson: Brown University Mark Roberts, Uwe Deichmann: World Bank Adam Storeygard: Tufts University May 2013 Literature s claim: Africa is different Urbanization

More information

Table 1. U.S. Agricultural Exports as a Share of Production, 1992

Table 1. U.S. Agricultural Exports as a Share of Production, 1992 Export markets are important to U.S. agriculture, absorbing a substantial portion of total production of many important commodities. During the last two decades there have been periods of expansion and

More information

Promoting Agricultural Mechanization in SSA Seminar on Private sector development and roles of the public sector

Promoting Agricultural Mechanization in SSA Seminar on Private sector development and roles of the public sector Promoting Agricultural Mechanization in SSA Seminar on Private sector development and roles of the public sector CARD General Meeting IV 7th November, 2011 Kampala TOKIDA, Kunihiro Senior Advisor, Japan

More information

Key messages of chapter 3

Key messages of chapter 3 Key messages of chapter 3 With GHG emissions along livestock supply chains estimated at 7.1 gigatonnes CO 2 -eq per annum, representing 14.5 percent of all human-induced emissions, the livestock sector

More information

Agriculture in China - Successes, Challenges, and Prospects. Prof. Zhihao Zheng College of Economics & Management China Agricultural University

Agriculture in China - Successes, Challenges, and Prospects. Prof. Zhihao Zheng College of Economics & Management China Agricultural University Agriculture in China - Successes, Challenges, and Prospects Prof. Zhihao Zheng College of Economics & Management China Agricultural University I. Success 1. For the past three decades (1978-2010), China

More information

Agriculture in A changing world. Dr. Agnes M. Kalibata Minister of State in charge of Agriculture (Rwanda)

Agriculture in A changing world. Dr. Agnes M. Kalibata Minister of State in charge of Agriculture (Rwanda) Agriculture in A changing world Dr. Agnes M. Kalibata Minister of State in charge of Agriculture (Rwanda) Characteristics of Agriculture in Africa Largest contributor to GDP (32%) Main source of income

More information

Agricultural Population Growth Marginal as Nonagricultural Population Soars

Agricultural Population Growth Marginal as Nonagricultural Population Soars Population (Millions) Agricultural Population Growth Marginal as Nonagricultural Population Soars Sohpie Wenzlau February 19, 2013 T he global agricultural population defined as individuals dependent on

More information

GROWTH, STRUCTURAL TRANSFORMATION AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN AFRICA

GROWTH, STRUCTURAL TRANSFORMATION AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN AFRICA GROWTH, STRUCTURAL TRANSFORMATION AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN AFRICA Johannesburg November 2014 Francisco H. G. Ferreira Chief Economist, Africa Region The World Bank OUTLINE 1. Current economic performance

More information

India Perspectives. Post-2015 Development Agenda. Food Security

India Perspectives. Post-2015 Development Agenda. Food Security India Perspectives Post-2015 Development Agenda Food Security SPEAKERS AND CONTRIBUTORS Mark Rosegrant Director, Environment and Production Technology Division, International Food Policy Research Institute

More information

A 6th Meeting of the AC on S&T, Wageningen, November 12-16,

A 6th Meeting of the AC on S&T, Wageningen, November 12-16, How innovative is your agriculture? A framework for designing an agricultural innovation indicator system David J. Spielman and Regina Birner International Food Policy Research Institute Overview Purpose

More information

ASIA AND PACIFIC COMMISSION ON AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS. TWENTY-SIXTH SESSION Thimphu, Bhutan, February 2016 Agenda Item 8

ASIA AND PACIFIC COMMISSION ON AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS. TWENTY-SIXTH SESSION Thimphu, Bhutan, February 2016 Agenda Item 8 APCAS/16/8.1 ASIA AND PACIFIC COMMISSION ON AGRICULTURAL STATISTICS TWENTY-SIXTH SESSION Thimphu, Bhutan, 15-19 February 216 Agenda Item 8 Macro-Economic Statistics for Agriculture: New FAO Global Databases

More information

Producer price index 1998/99 to 2002/03 (July to June) / / / / /03 Year

Producer price index 1998/99 to 2002/03 (July to June) / / / / /03 Year Economic review for the 12 months that ended on 30 June 2003 Volume of agricultural production During 2002/03, the estimated total volume of agricultural production was 3 % lower than during 2001/02. As

More information

Global Economic Prospects, 2007

Global Economic Prospects, 2007 Global Economic Prospects, 2007 Managing the Next Wave of Globalization Richard Newfarmer and Paul Brenton World Bank February, 2007 Strong growth in developing economies 7.0 Real GDP annual percent change

More information

China at a Glance. A Statistical Overview of China s Food and Agriculture. Fred Gale

China at a Glance. A Statistical Overview of China s Food and Agriculture. Fred Gale China at a Glance A Statistical Overview of China s Food and Agriculture Fred Gale The United States and China are at very different stages of development and have quite different resource endowments that

More information

The FAO-UNIDO Agro-Industry Project Potential Next Steps

The FAO-UNIDO Agro-Industry Project Potential Next Steps The FAO-UNIDO Agro-Industry Project Potential Next Steps Sangita Dubey FAO, Statistics Division (ESS) FAO-UNIDO Expert Group Meeting on Agro-Industry Measurement 22-23 November 2015 Project Content Description:

More information

Can Data Revolution Improve Food Security? Evidence from ICT technologies

Can Data Revolution Improve Food Security? Evidence from ICT technologies Can Data Revolution Improve Food Security? Evidence from ICT technologies Maximo Torero m.torero@cgiar.org International Food Policy Research Institute Brussels Policy Briefing No. 40 Data: the next revolution

More information

David Coady, Stefania Fabrizio, Mumtaz Hussain, Baoping Shang, and Younes Zouhar

David Coady, Stefania Fabrizio, Mumtaz Hussain, Baoping Shang, and Younes Zouhar ENERGY SUBSIDY REFORM: LESSONS AND IMPLICATIONS CHAPTER 2. DEFINING AND MEASURING ENERGY SUBSIDIES David Coady, Stefania Fabrizio, Mumtaz Hussain, Baoping Shang, and Younes Zouhar Definition and Measurement

More information

OPPORTUNITIES WITHIN THE AGRICULTURE SECTOR

OPPORTUNITIES WITHIN THE AGRICULTURE SECTOR OPPORTUNITIES WITHIN THE AGRICULTURE SECTOR KAZAKHSTAN November 2016 Business Sweden, Kazakhstan IN THE LAST THREE YEARS THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR GREW BY 37 PERCENT GDP COMPOSITION BY SECTOR SEGMENTATION

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE: AGRICULTURAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS

CLIMATE CHANGE: AGRICULTURAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS CLIMATE CHANGE: AGRICULTURAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS Intersessional Meeting of the Intergovernmental Group on Tea Agricultural Development Economics (ESA) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

More information

Information was retrieved from CIA World Factbook in August https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/index.

Information was retrieved from CIA World Factbook in August https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/index. Information was retrieved from CIA World Factbook in August 2013. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/index.html UK has a Mixed economic system. It s actually closer to a Market

More information

Underappreciated Facts about African Agriculture:

Underappreciated Facts about African Agriculture: Underappreciated Facts about African Agriculture: Implications for Poverty Reduction and Agricultural Growth Strategies T.S Jayne with colleagues at Michigan State University ICRAF / Nairobi March 20,

More information

Chapter 9: Economic Geography, Agriculture and Primary Activities

Chapter 9: Economic Geography, Agriculture and Primary Activities Chapter 9: Economic Geography, Agriculture and Primary Activities Oil tanker indicating increasing economic interdependence Categories of Activities Primary Activities: related to harvesting or extracting

More information

POVERTY AND FOOD INSECURITY: GLOBAL ESTIMATES. Nanak Kakwani

POVERTY AND FOOD INSECURITY: GLOBAL ESTIMATES. Nanak Kakwani POVERTY AND FOOD INSECURITY: GLOBAL ESTIMATES Nanak Kakwani e-mail: n.kakwani@unsw.edu.au Sustainable Development Goals Goal 1: End Poverty in All Forms Everywhere. Goal 2: End Hunger, Achieve Food Security

More information

Country Brief KENYA. Republic of Kenya. Financial support provided by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

Country Brief KENYA. Republic of Kenya. Financial support provided by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Country Brief KENYA Republic of Kenya Financial support provided by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Growing economy, population and increasing urbanization Kenya will face

More information

Sustainability and Global Food Security: Paradox or Necessity?

Sustainability and Global Food Security: Paradox or Necessity? Sustainability and Global Food Security: Paradox or Necessity? Dr. Greg Pillar William S. Lee Associate Professor of Environmental Science and Chemistry Thrive. You can t build a peaceful world on empty

More information

An Analysis of Historical Trends in the Farmgate Report. Brigid A. Doherty and John C. McKissick (1) Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development

An Analysis of Historical Trends in the Farmgate Report. Brigid A. Doherty and John C. McKissick (1) Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development An Analysis of Historical Trends in the Farmgate Report Brigid A. Doherty and John C. McKissick (1) Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development The University of Georgia CR-00-13 August 2000 Each

More information

UN List of Industrial Products

UN List of Industrial Products UN List of Industrial Products United Nations Statistics Division Workshop on Classifications, Montevideo, Uruguay, 14-18 March 2005 25/04/2005 1 History UN list of industrial products was developed in

More information

2. Change in the livestock sector

2. Change in the livestock sector 9 2. Change in the livestock sector Rapid growth and technological innovation have led to profound structural changes in the livestock sector, including: a move from smallholder mixed farms towards large-scale

More information

STATISTICS ON WORLD PRODUCTION, EXPORT, IMPORT, PRICES AND UTILIZATION OF RICE: REPORT COMPILED BY: IQRA JUNEJO

STATISTICS ON WORLD PRODUCTION, EXPORT, IMPORT, PRICES AND UTILIZATION OF RICE: REPORT COMPILED BY: IQRA JUNEJO STATISTICS ON WORLD PRODUCTION, EXPORT, IMPORT, PRICES AND UTILIZATION OF RICE: REPORT COMPILED BY: IQRA JUNEJO 1 TABLE OF CONTENT S:NO CONTENT PAGE # 1 Acknowledgement 3 2 Rice sector of Pakistan 4 3

More information

Mozambique s Natural Resource Boom. What potential impacts on the competitiveness of Mozambique s Agriculture industry?

Mozambique s Natural Resource Boom. What potential impacts on the competitiveness of Mozambique s Agriculture industry? Mozambique s Natural Resource Boom What potential impacts on the competitiveness of Mozambique s Agriculture industry? October 2014 Agriculture is an important contributor to Mozambique s economy Top food

More information

Agriculture, Food and GHGs

Agriculture, Food and GHGs Agriculture, Food and GHGs P A U L M C K I E R N A N C L I M A T E C H A N G E D I V I S I O N D E P A R T M E N T O F A G R I C U L T U R E, F O O D A N D T H E M A R I N E 9 TH O C T O B E R 2 0 1 3

More information

( ) Page: 1/10 NOTIFICATION

( ) Page: 1/10 NOTIFICATION 20 September 2016 (16-4994) Page: 1/10 Committee on Agriculture Original: Spanish NOTIFICATION The following submission, dated 12 September 2016, is being circulated at the request of the delegation of

More information

DEVELOPED COUNTRIES SUPPORT TO THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES OF EAST AFRICA: THE CASE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY

DEVELOPED COUNTRIES SUPPORT TO THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES OF EAST AFRICA: THE CASE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY Development Challenges of the Least Developed Countries Tracking the International Commitments DEVELOPED COUNTRIES SUPPORT TO THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES OF EAST AFRICA: THE CASE

More information

Economic Growth and Development

Economic Growth and Development Economic Growth and Development International Food Policy Research Institute 2020 Brief 1, August 1994 by Rajul Pandya-Lorch Developing countries as a group have experienced rapid economic growth in the

More information

Prepared by: Agricultural Marketing Services Division Minnesota Department of Agriculture 90 West Plato Boulevard St.

Prepared by: Agricultural Marketing Services Division Minnesota Department of Agriculture 90 West Plato Boulevard St. KANDIYOHI COUNTY LIVESTOCK INDUSTRY ECONOMIC IMPACTS Prepared by: Agricultural Marketing Services Division Minnesota Department of Agriculture 90 West Plato Boulevard St. Paul, MN 55107 www.mda.state.mn.us

More information

David Laborde, Livia Bizikova, Tess Lallement and Carin Smaller. November 2016

David Laborde, Livia Bizikova, Tess Lallement and Carin Smaller. November 2016 ENDING ENDING HUNGER: HUNGER: WHAT WHAT WOULD WOULD IT IT COST? COST? David Laborde, Livia Bizikova, Tess Lallement and Carin Smaller November 2016 THE METHODOLOGY 5 CATEGORIES OF SPENDING Category I:

More information

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH AND BRIDGING THE GAP FOR SMALL-FAMILY FARMS

SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH AND BRIDGING THE GAP FOR SMALL-FAMILY FARMS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH AND BRIDGING THE GAP FOR SMALL-FAMILY FARMS Interagency Report to the Mexican G20 Presidency With contributions by Bioversity, CGIAR Consortium, FAO, IFAD,

More information

Linking Commercial and Development Opportunities in the Global Marketplace. Carol Kitchen SVP and General Manager, Global Ingredients

Linking Commercial and Development Opportunities in the Global Marketplace. Carol Kitchen SVP and General Manager, Global Ingredients Linking Commercial and Development Opportunities in the Global Marketplace Carol Kitchen SVP and General Manager, Global Ingredients Land O Lakes #210 on the Fortune 500 2 nd Largest U.S. Ag Cooperative

More information

Economic Contributions of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Food Industries in Polk County, Florida

Economic Contributions of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Food Industries in Polk County, Florida Economic Contributions of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Food Industries in Polk County, Florida Sponsored Project Report to Polk County, Florida Farm Bureau Alan W. Hodges, Ph.D., Extension Scientist

More information

Summary. Scope. 1 Summary 27

Summary. Scope. 1 Summary 27 1 Summary 27 Summary The objective of the Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics is to compile a manageable portion of the available statistics relating to agriculture and food. The main part of the yearbook

More information

sustainability ISSN

sustainability ISSN Sustainability 2011, 3, 363-395; doi:10.3390/su3020363 Article OPEN ACCESS sustainability ISSN 2071-1050 www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability Demand and Supply Structure for Food in Asia Kanichiro Matsumura

More information

CIRCLES June 18, Richard Berkland VALMONT IRRIGATION Valleyirrigation.com

CIRCLES June 18, Richard Berkland VALMONT IRRIGATION Valleyirrigation.com CIRCLES June 18, 2014 Richard Berkland VALMONT IRRIGATION Valleyirrigation.com 1 Pivot development in Western U.S. 2 Hectares Irrigated by Method - USA Source: 1998, 2003, 2008 Farm and Ranch Irrigation

More information

Global Pulse Production and Consumption Trends: The Potential of Pulses to Achieve Feed the Future Food and Nutritional Security Goals

Global Pulse Production and Consumption Trends: The Potential of Pulses to Achieve Feed the Future Food and Nutritional Security Goals Global Pulse Production and Consumption Trends: The Potential of Pulses to Achieve Feed the Future Food and Nutritional Security Goals Mywish Maredia Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics,

More information

The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, health and the environment

The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, health and the environment The global livestock sector: Trends, drivers and implications for society, health and the environment Timothy Robinson, William Wint, Giulia Conchedda, Giuseppina Cinardi, Thomas Van Boeckel, Michael Macleod,

More information

Agriculture in Hungary, 2010 (Agricultural census) Preliminary data (1) (Based on processing 12.5% of questionnaires.)

Agriculture in Hungary, 2010 (Agricultural census) Preliminary data (1) (Based on processing 12.5% of questionnaires.) December 2013 Agriculture in Hungary, 2010 (Agricultural census) Preliminary data (1) (Based on processing 12.5% of questionnaires.) Contents Introduction...2 Summary...3 Number of holdings...4 Type of

More information

Shifting Ground: Food and Agricultural R&D Spending Worldwide, *

Shifting Ground: Food and Agricultural R&D Spending Worldwide, * Shifting Ground: Food and Agricultural R&D Spending Worldwide, 1960-2011* Philip G. Pardey 1, Connie Chan-Kang 1, Jason M. Beddow 1 and Steven P. Dehmer 2 September 2, 2016 1 International Science and

More information

CONTRACT FARMING IN VIETNAM

CONTRACT FARMING IN VIETNAM CONTRACT FARMING IN VIETNAM Nguyen Ha Hue National Institute of Agricultural Planning and Projection, Ministry of Agriculture and Development, Vietnam CONTENTS 1. BACKGROUND 2. OVERVIEW OF CONTRACT FARMING

More information

Seventh Multi-year Expert Meeting on Commodities and Development April 2015 Geneva

Seventh Multi-year Expert Meeting on Commodities and Development April 2015 Geneva Seventh Multi-year Expert Meeting on Commodities and Development 15-16 April 2015 Geneva Recent Developments in Global Commodity Markets By Georges Rapsomanikis Senior Economist in the Trade and Markets

More information

Demand vs Supply of Food in India - Futuristic Projection

Demand vs Supply of Food in India - Futuristic Projection Published Online on 22 December 2016 Proc Indian Natn Sci Acad 82 No. 5 December 2016 pp. 1579-1586 Printed in India. DOI: 10.16943/ptinsa /2016/48889 Demand vs Supply of Food in India - Futuristic Projection

More information

DARHRD AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS KEY TRENDS. By Nienke M. Beintema, Tedros Okubay, and Thomas Debass INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS

DARHRD AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS KEY TRENDS. By Nienke M. Beintema, Tedros Okubay, and Thomas Debass INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS DARHRD ASTI Country Brief No. 2 February 23 ERITREA By Nienke M. Beintema, Tedros Okubay, and Thomas Debass Since attaining independence from Ethiopia in

More information

Global Perspectives on Agricultural Injury Prevention: Case Study China

Global Perspectives on Agricultural Injury Prevention: Case Study China Global Perspectives on Agricultural Injury Prevention: Case Study China Lorann Stallones, MPH, PhD, FACE Professor, Department of Psychology Colorado State University After 3 days, you need water or you'll

More information

CORN: DECLINING WORLD GRAIN STOCKS OFFERS POTENTIAL FOR HIGHER PRICES

CORN: DECLINING WORLD GRAIN STOCKS OFFERS POTENTIAL FOR HIGHER PRICES CORN: DECLINING WORLD GRAIN STOCKS OFFERS POTENTIAL FOR HIGHER PRICES OCTOBER 2000 Darrel Good Summary The 2000 U.S. corn crop is now estimated at 10.192 billion bushels, 755 million (8 percent) larger

More information

Water and Sanitation Program

Water and Sanitation Program Water and Sanitation Program Discussion Session B Medium Term Sub-sectoral Strategies Jae So, Program Manager WSP Council Meeting London, England June 12, 2008 Strategic Framework 10 year Strategic Operational

More information

Organic Agriculture Worldwide: Key results from the survey on organic agriculture worldwide 2012 Part 1: Global data and survey background

Organic Agriculture Worldwide: Key results from the survey on organic agriculture worldwide 2012 Part 1: Global data and survey background Organic Agriculture Worldwide: Key results from the survey on organic agriculture worldwide 2012 Part 1: Global data and survey background Available online at: http://www.organic-world.net/yearbook-2012-presentations.html

More information

SENEGAL. Public agricultural research and development (R&D) in RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN PUBLIC AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH

SENEGAL. Public agricultural research and development (R&D) in RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN PUBLIC AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH Senegalese Agricultural Research Institute SENEGAL RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN PUBLIC AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH Gert-Jan Stads and Louis Sène Country Note February 21 LONG-TERM INVESTMENT AND CAPACITY TRENDS IN

More information

A global meat industry outlook

A global meat industry outlook A global meat industry outlook Capturing business opportunities in a fast changing world Copenhagen Nan-Dirk Mulder, 18 February 2017 Rabobank international introduction and global network of branches

More information

Unappreciated Facts about Staple Food Markets: The Potential for Win-Win Outcomes for Governments, Farmers, Consumers and the Private Sector

Unappreciated Facts about Staple Food Markets: The Potential for Win-Win Outcomes for Governments, Farmers, Consumers and the Private Sector Unappreciated Facts about Staple Food Markets: The Potential for Win-Win Outcomes for Governments, Farmers, Consumers and the Private Sector T.S. Jayne and colleagues Michigan State University Presented

More information

Agriculture: farm income recovers

Agriculture: farm income recovers Agriculture: farm income recovers Farm earnings rose substantially last year, breaking a four-year slide. The index of prices received by farmers averaged a record 209 (1967=100). That was 14 percent over

More information

The Role of Agriculture in Nigeria s Economic Growth A General Equilibrium Analysis (Paper in progress) Marinos Tsigas and Simeon Ehui

The Role of Agriculture in Nigeria s Economic Growth A General Equilibrium Analysis (Paper in progress) Marinos Tsigas and Simeon Ehui 16 May 2006 The Role of Agriculture in Nigeria s Economic Growth A General Equilibrium Analysis (Paper in progress) Marinos Tsigas and Simeon Ehui Introduction Nigeria faces serious poverty challenges.

More information

Executive summary. Butter prices at record levels

Executive summary. Butter prices at record levels June 2017 Executive summary Butter prices at record levels South African milk production growth disappointed in the first five months of 2017. Total production during this period is marginally lower than

More information

EXPORT POTENTIAL OF FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN INDIA

EXPORT POTENTIAL OF FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN INDIA EXPORT POTENTIAL OF FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN INDIA Saraswati Assistant Professor, Department of Economics ARSD College, University of Delhi, India Abstract Food processing sector covers activities such

More information

Danish Agriculture & Food Council. Landbrug & Fødevarer

Danish Agriculture & Food Council. Landbrug & Fødevarer Danish Agriculture & Food Council Landbrug & Fødevarer Danish Agriculture & Food Council Represents the Danish food and farming industry: Farmers Food processors and the agricultural supply industry Agribusiness

More information

Agriculture and Climate Change

Agriculture and Climate Change Agriculture and Climate Change Katherine Killebrew, Professor Alison Cullen & Professor C. Leigh Anderson Prepared for the Agricultural Policy and Statistics Team of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

More information

The Performances and Challenges of Growth and Transformation Plan I in Ethiopia: the Case of Economic Growth and Social Development, Part I

The Performances and Challenges of Growth and Transformation Plan I in Ethiopia: the Case of Economic Growth and Social Development, Part I The Performances and Challenges of Growth and Transformation Plan I in Ethiopia: the Case of Economic Growth and Social Development, Part I By Teshome Adugna (PhD) 1 1. Introduction September 27, 2015

More information

SOUTH AFRICA - Agricultural Survey Main Results

SOUTH AFRICA - Agricultural Survey Main Results SOUTH AFRICA - Agricultural Survey 2000 - Main Results Number and area of holdings ( farming operations) Number of holdings Area (ha) Total 1 093 000 315 128 000 Former RSA (Rep. of South Africa) 150 000

More information

CLUB of BOLOGNA. November 15-16, 2014 Bologna EIMA International 2014

CLUB of BOLOGNA. November 15-16, 2014 Bologna EIMA International 2014 CLUB of BOLOGNA 25 th Annual Meeting of the Club of Bologna November 15-16, 2014 Bologna EIMA International 2014 AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE INTENSIFICATION: CONCEPTS AND CASES

More information

Country Profile: Food Security Indicators

Country Profile: Food Security Indicators Country Profile: Food Security Indicars I. FOOD DEPRIVATION AND CONSUMPTION INDICATORS Food Deprivation Proportion of undernourishment 47 35 29 16-6.2-3.8-11.6 Number of undernourished millions 19.6 15.4

More information

Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda Kym Anderson and Will Martin

Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda Kym Anderson and Will Martin Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda Kym Anderson and Will Martin Development Research Group The World Bank Washington DC Kanderson@worldbank.org Why try to reduce sensitive agric

More information

Country Profile: Food Security Indicators

Country Profile: Food Security Indicators Country Profile: Food Security Indicars I. FOOD DEPRIVATION AND CONSUMPTION INDICATORS Food Deprivation Proportion of undernourishment - - - - na na na Number of undernourished millions ns ns ns ns na

More information

China's Economic Ties with Southeast Asia

China's Economic Ties with Southeast Asia Vol. 7 No. 18 ISSN 2233-9140 China's Economic Ties with Southeast Asia OH Yoon Ah Research Fellow, Southeast Asia and Oceania Team, Department of Asia-Pacific (yaoh@kiep.go.kr) I. Introduction In the past

More information

Agricultural Research, Innovation, Productivity, and Poverty

Agricultural Research, Innovation, Productivity, and Poverty Agricultural Research, Innovation, Productivity, and Poverty Julian M. Alston University of California, Davis OECD Global Forum on Agriculture 29-30 November 2010 University of California Agricultural

More information

Delaware Department of Transportation Agriculture Supply Chain Study: Transportation Supply Chain Analysis ihs.com

Delaware Department of Transportation Agriculture Supply Chain Study: Transportation Supply Chain Analysis ihs.com IHS TRANSPORTATION CONSULTING Delaware Department of Transportation Agriculture Supply Chain Study: Transportation Supply Chain Analysis ihs.com Overview of Findings Delmarva Freight Summit June 24 th,

More information

Predicting future factors in meat supply and demand

Predicting future factors in meat supply and demand New perspectives Predicting future factors in meat supply and demand Nan-Dirk Mulder, Rabobank International Contents Section 1: Section 2: Short term outlook Long term outlook Rabobank International Rabobank:

More information

Chain for Sustainable Livestock Production is timely especially

Chain for Sustainable Livestock Production is timely especially SPEECH BY THE CABINET SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES MR. WILLY BETT, EGH, DURING THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF THE 1 ST NATIONAL FODDER AGRIBUISNESSS CONFERENCE HELD AT SAROVA WOODLANDS

More information

Unit 3. The primary sector

Unit 3. The primary sector Unit 3. The primary sector - Economic activities devoted to obtaining resources directly from nature. Agrarian space - Agrarian space: land where agrarian activities are undertaken - Rural space: non urban

More information

Water Security for Sustainable Development: The challenge of Scarcity in the Middle East & North Africa

Water Security for Sustainable Development: The challenge of Scarcity in the Middle East & North Africa Water Security for Sustainable Development: The challenge of Scarcity in the Middle East & North Africa Shawki Barghouti Director General International Center for Biosaline Agriculture 1 water scarcity

More information

SMALLHOLDER DAIRY PRODUCTION

SMALLHOLDER DAIRY PRODUCTION AGRICULTURE INVESTMENT NOTE SMALLHOLDER DAIRY PRODUCTION Smallholder dairy production is common in many parts of the developing world, providing an important source of nutrition and income to millions

More information

Global Food Security and Trade

Global Food Security and Trade Food Security and Trade in the Asia-Pacific ifi & LAC Region Brazil's Role in Global Food Security and Trade Marcos S. Jank Agribusiness and bioenergy leading expert Former CEO of the Brazilian Sugarcane

More information

The Reality of the Agriculture Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. The Reality of the Agriculture Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi

The Reality of the Agriculture Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. The Reality of the Agriculture Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi The Reality of the Agriculture Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi The Reality of the Agriculture Sector in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi Executive Summary: The agriculture, livestock and fish sector forms a

More information

GTAP Research Memorandum No. 28

GTAP Research Memorandum No. 28 Development of the GTAP Land Use Data Base for 2011 By Luis Peña-Lévano Farzad Taheripour Wallace E. Tyner GTAP Research Memorandum No. 28 June 2015 Development of the GTAP Land Use Data Base for 2011

More information

Country Profile: Food Security Indicators

Country Profile: Food Security Indicators Country Profile: Food Security Indicars I. FOOD DEPRIVATION AND CONSUMPTION INDICATORS Food Deprivation Proportion of undernourishment - - - - na na na Number of undernourished millions ns ns ns ns na

More information

Assessing strategies for efficient and effective nutrient management

Assessing strategies for efficient and effective nutrient management Assessing strategies for efficient and effective nutrient management Robert Norton, Regional Director, International Plant Nutrition Institute, Australia and New Zealand; rnorton@ipni.net http://anz.ipni.net

More information

WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK Dr. Fatih Birol Chief Economist Head, Economic Analysis Division

WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK Dr. Fatih Birol Chief Economist Head, Economic Analysis Division WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK 2002 Dr. Fatih Birol Chief Economist Head, Economic Analysis Division World Energy Outlook Series World Energy Outlook 1998 World Energy Outlook - 1999 Insights: Looking at Energy

More information

Growth, Inequality and Poverty Reduction in Africa

Growth, Inequality and Poverty Reduction in Africa Growth, Inequality and Poverty Reduction in Africa Francisco H. G. Ferreira The World Bank and IZA OUTLINE I. An African growth profile II. Effects on poverty, mediated by inequality III. Four key policy

More information

Understanding Productivity Differences

Understanding Productivity Differences Understanding Productivity Differences Daron Acemoglu Charles P. Kindleberger Professor of Economics Massachusetts Institute of Technology The Wealth of Nations Tremendous growth in income per capita in

More information

Barriers to Aquaculture Development as a Pathway to Poverty Alleviation and Food Security:

Barriers to Aquaculture Development as a Pathway to Poverty Alleviation and Food Security: partnership. excellence. growth Barriers to Aquaculture Development as a Pathway to Poverty Alleviation and Food Security: Policy Coherence and the Roles and Responsibilities of Development Agencies OECD

More information

Geography and Agricultural Productivity: Cross-Country Evidence from Micro Plot-Level Data

Geography and Agricultural Productivity: Cross-Country Evidence from Micro Plot-Level Data Geography and Agricultural Productivity: Cross-Country Evidence from Micro Plot-Level Data Tasso Adamopoulos York University Diego Restuccia University of Toronto & NBER January 2017 Abstract What accounts

More information

Present Situation and Future Prospect of Chicken Meat Production and Consumption in Asia -A Study of Selected Nine Countries

Present Situation and Future Prospect of Chicken Meat Production and Consumption in Asia -A Study of Selected Nine Countries Present Situation and Future Prospect of Chicken Meat Production and Consumption in Asia -A Study of Selected Nine Countries Arunasiri IDDAMALGODA, Michio SUGIYAMA, Katsuyuki OGURI, Katsumi ARAHATA and

More information

The Game of Trading Jobs for Emissions

The Game of Trading Jobs for Emissions The Game of Trading Jobs for Emissions I. Arto, J. M. Rueda-Cantuche, E. Dietzenbacher, V. Andreoni, I. Mongelli, A. Genty and A. Villanueva Groningen, April 24-26, 2012 Joint Research Centre The European

More information

Rural Economy: Driver of Growth and Poverty Alleviation. Review of Cross-country Experiences. By Rashid Faruqee Senior Policy Advisor MINFAL

Rural Economy: Driver of Growth and Poverty Alleviation. Review of Cross-country Experiences. By Rashid Faruqee Senior Policy Advisor MINFAL Rural Economy: Driver of Growth and Poverty Alleviation Review of Cross-country Experiences By Rashid Faruqee Senior Policy Advisor MINFAL 1 Plan of Presentation 1. Key Definitions Sources of Growth Driver

More information

Lao PDR Country Paper Current Status of Agriculture Mechanization and Marketing

Lao PDR Country Paper Current Status of Agriculture Mechanization and Marketing Lao PDR Country Paper Current Status of Agriculture Mechanization and Marketing The 2nd Regional Forum on Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization - Enabling Environment for Custom Hiring of Agricultural

More information

Unit V Test: Development and Agricultural and Rural Land Use

Unit V Test: Development and Agricultural and Rural Land Use Unit V Test: Development and Agricultural and Rural Land Use Multiple Choice: Select the best answer and mark it on your scantron. You may write on the test (1 point each). 1. The core-periphery model

More information

Contribution of the Forestry Sector to National Economies,

Contribution of the Forestry Sector to National Economies, Forest Finance Working Paper FSFM/ACC/09 Contribution of the Forestry Sector to National Economies, 1990-2011 Photo credits: Cover top left: FAO/Steve Midgley; cover top right: FAO/Arvydas Lebedys; cover

More information