OPERATING INPUTS Units Price Quantity $/Acre Wheat Seed Bu./acre $ $ Custom Harvest Acre $ -

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1 Dryland Wheat Enterprise Budget - Grain and Graze 1000 acres farmed, 160 acres for this budget No Till - Continuous 2008 marketing year price projection Total PRODUCTION Units Price Quantity $/Acre Wheat Bu. $ $ Small Grain Pasture Acre $ $ Other Income Acre $ - 0 $ - Total Receipts $ OPERATING INPUTS Units Price Quantity $/Acre Wheat Seed Bu./acre $ $ Fertilizer Acre $ $ Custom Harvest Acre $ - 0 $ - Pesticide Acre $ $ 4.18 Crop Insurance Acre $ $ 7.00 Annual Operating Capital Dollars 8.50% $ 9.75 Machinery Labor Hrs. $ $ Custom Hire Acre $ - 0 $ - Machinery Fuel, Lube, Repairs Acre $ $ Other Expense Acre $ - 0 $ - Total Operating Costs $ Returns Above Total Operating Costs $ FIXED COSTS Units Rate $/Acre Machinery/Irrigation $/value Interest at Dollars 8.00% $ 8.66 Taxes at Dollars 1.00% $ 1.68 Insurance Dollars 0.60% $ 0.65 Depreciation Dollars $ Land $/acre $ - Interest at Dollars 0.00% $ - Taxes at Dollars 0.00% $ - Total Fixed Costs $ Total Costs (Operating + Fixed) $ Returns Above All Specified Costs $ Garfield County - North-Central OK Owned equipment Owner-Operator Grain Break-Even (B-E) Analysis B-E Yield at $/bu B-E Price at bu./acre Above Operating Costs (Bu.) 21 Above Operating Costs $ 4.77 Above Total Costs (Bu.) 24 Above Total Costs $ 5.46 Break-even yield is the yield needed to cover costs given the expected price, pasture income, and other income such as government payments. Breakeven price is the price needed to cover costs given the expected yield, pasture income, and other income. File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 9/9/2008-1:59 PM

2 You can specify the yield and price for your enterprise or use the default for the area you selected. To view average yields and prices, click on the link below. Reporting Yield Harvest Harvest Sales Weighted Wheat District bu/acre Price ($/bu) Month Information Avg. Price Default North Central $ $ 3.16 Month(s) Your Value $ 7.50 $ estimated harvest price $ 7.50 File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 9/9/2008-2:01 PM

3 The production and usage of small grain forages by stocker producers is common in Oklahoma. If the goals are grain and forage production, the wheat pasture grazing period generally runs from late fall through early March. Stocker producers may also "grazeout" wheat pasture depending on the outlook for wheat yield/prices and stocker prices. Will your wheat pasture be grazed? Will you graze the pasture or lease it out? Yes, grain and winter graze (Nov - March) No, grain only Graze it Lease it Yes, grazeout only (Nov - May) For grain and grazing, estimate the returns to forage from winter grazing by clicking on the button labeled "Determine Winter Grazing Pasture Value". Valuation choices are $/lb of gain, $/head/month, and $/cwt/month. To estimate additional returns from grazeout, click on the "Yes, grazeout only" choice above. Then, click on the "Determine Grazeout Pasture Value" button in the grazeout section below. Percent Grazed Grain and Winter Grazing $/pound of gain Values By Month January 25% Date placed on pasture 11/15/08 February 25% Weight: placed on pasture (Lbs.) 400 March 0% Date removed from pasture 3/5/09 April 0% Weight: removed from pasture (Lbs.) 600 May 0% Stocking Rate (Acres/Hd) 3.00 June 0% Days on Pasture 110 July 0% Calculated Avg. Daily Gain (ADG) 1.82 August 0% Estimated N Requirement (lbs) 19 September 0% Pasture value ($/Acre) $ October 0% Est. Cost of Fertilizer for Pasture $ November 25% Est. Pasture Value less Fertilizer Cost $ 9.57 December 25% For wheat pasture grazeout, click on the button labeled "Determine Grazeout Pasture Value". Valuation choices are $/lb of gain, $/head/month, and $/cwt/month. Percent Grazed Grazeout By Month Values January 0% Date placed on pasture February 0% Weight: placed on pasture (Lbs.) March 40% Date removed from pasture April 40% Weight: removed from pasture (Lbs.) May 20% Stocking Rate (Acres/Hd) June 0% Days on Pasture July 0% Calculated Avg. Daily Gain (ADG) August 0% Estimated N Requirement (lbs) September 0% Pasture value ($/Acre) October 0% Est. Cost of Fertilizer for Pasture November 0% Est. Pasture Value less Fertilizer Cost December 0% File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 6/16/2008-9:17 AM

4 Specify any other income not accounted for in other sections. Include a description, the month the income will be received, and the income per acre. Use the first two lines for government payments. Other Month of Income Income Income per Acre Direct Payment 11 $ - Counter-Cyclical Payment Total Other Income: $ - File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 9/9/2008-2:01 PM

5 A default fertilizer application has been specified but can be modified to match your operation. Double-click anywhere in the fertilizer table yellow cells for a pop-up screen with fertilizer information. Adjust the fertilizer mixes and amounts to approximately meet the nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) requirements. The Fertilizer Calc button may be used to ensure N requirements are met using the fertilizer listed on the first line in the table below. Month to Lbs. Applied Acreage Percent Percent Percent Price Custom App. Fertilizer Fertilizer Apply per Acre Applied N P K per Ton Charge Price/Lb. Anhydrous Ammonia % 0% 0% $ $ - $ Diammonium Phosphate % 46% 0% $ $ - $ Nitrogen 28% (UAN) % 0% 0% $ $ - $ $ - $ - $ - $ - $ - Pounds/acre applied Pounds of N/acre present per soil test results Estimated pounds N, P and K required Fertilizer cost/budget acre Prorated lime cost/budget acre Total cost/budget acre Custom application cost/budget acre $ $ $ $ File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 6/16/2008-9:18 AM

6 Will this crop be harvested using your own equipment or using a custom harvester? Custom Owned Harvest Equipment If custom harvest is to be used, you need to specify the costs. Typical custom harvest costs are specified below in the default values. You can make any necessary changes in the "Your Value" specification. Extra Cost Cost For Per Acre For Yield Charge For Hauling Custom Harvest Charge Over x Bu. Extra Yield Grain Default $ $ 0.16 $ 0.16 Your Value Custom Harvest Per acre charge Extra yield charge Hauling cost Total Custom Cost Total Share Cost Per Acre Cost $ $ 2.14 $ 5.34 $ $ Owned Harvest Machinery Costs If owned harvest equipment is to be used, you need to specify the following costs. Typical harvest equipment costs (combine, hauling grain, etc.) are specified below as default values. Default revisions may be determined by clicking "Combine Cost Estimator" button. You can also make any necessary changes in the "Your Value" column. Your Default Value Variable costs Fuel $ 5.04 Lube $ 0.76 Repairs $ 6.48 Total $ $ Fixed costs Depreciation $ 2.59 Insurance $ 0.13 Taxes $ 0.34 Interest $ 1.67 Total $ 4.72 $ 4.72 Hours of labor 0.12 Labor costs per acre $ 0.97 $ 0.97 Total costs $ $ For additional information, see: CR-205 Oklahoma Farm and Ranch Custom Rates AGEC-240 Machinery Ownership versus Custom Harvest View these and other OSU Publications at: OSU Fact Sheets File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 6/16/2008-9:18 AM

7 Specify any insurance associated with this crop. Include the premium payment month and the cost per acre. A crop insurance discription may be entered if desired. You may be able to access your policy information from your insurance carrier's web site. Contact your insurance agent for more information. If no insurance is desired, enter zero in the Cost of Insurance. Crop Insurance Specification Approved APH yield Yield coverage level Crop price election Value of coverage $ - Month of Expense 6 Cost of Insurance $ 7.00 For more information: OSU Fact Sheets File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 9/9/2008-2:02 PM

8 Parameter Settings - Listed below are typical estimates for labor, fuel, interest rates and other items used in the budget calculations. You can use the defaults or specify values to be used in the "Your Value" column. Your Parameter Settings Default Value Opportunity wage rate charged for labor $ 8.25 Average fuel price (diesel) $ 4.00 Annual operating capital interest rate 8.50% Interest rate charged on machinery loans 8.00% Percent taxes on machinery purchase price 1.00% Percent insurance on machinery average value 0.60% Annual capital month 6 Opportunity interest rate charged on land capital 0.00% Percent ad valorem tax rate on land 0.00% Per acre average value for land $ - Percent of taxes and desired rate of return assigned to wheat 25% File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 6/16/2008-9:19 AM

9 Non-Harvest Machinery Costs Default costs are representative for the farm size/organization and the machinery complement you initially specified, the level of custom service selected, and include non-harvest operations only. Any changes you make in the "Your Value" column will be used instead of the default value. Your Default Value Variable costs ($/acre) Fuel $ Lube $ 4.27 Repairs $ Total $ $ Fixed costs ($/acre) Depreciation $ 9.39 Insurance $ 0.52 Taxes $ 1.34 Interest $ 6.99 Total $ $ Select the appropriate machinery choice: Use Owned Equipment Only Use Custom Work Only Use Owned Equipment and Custom Work Fertilizer Operations Pesticide Operations Planting Operations All Other Operations Owned Custom Hours of labor (Hrs/Acre) 1.12 Tractor #1 (hp) 160 Tractor #2 (hp) 95 Tractor #3 (hp) Labor costs per acre $ 9.26 $ 9.26 Total owned machinery costs $ $ Total custom machinery costs Total machinery costs $ - $ For additional information, see: CR-205 Oklahoma Farm and Ranch Custom Rates PSS-2132 No-till Wheat Production in Oklahoma File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 6/16/2008-9:19 AM

10 Specified monthly field operations, machinery implement, and custom rate costs (see comment box for more information) Machinery Times Custom Cost/per Description Over Cost Operation Offset Disc $ $ 9.67 Chisel $ $ Anhy. App $ $ Sweep Plow - $ - $ 9.33 M.B. Plow $ 6.50 $ Field Cultivator $ 7.75 $ 7.75 Cultipacker - $ - Tandem Disk - $ - $ 8.43 Springtooth - $ - $ 5.63 S. Harrow - $ - $ 6.00 Drill $ 7.95 $ 7.95 Planter - $ - Cultivator - $ - Rotary Hoe - $ - $ 6.00 Sprayer $ 3.92 $ 3.92 S. Shreader - $ - $ Dry Fert. Spdr $ 4.00 $ 4.00 Windrower - $ - Baler - $ - - $ - Operations/Month All Custom Cost $ - $ 3.92 $ - $ - $ - $ - $ $ $ $ - $ - $ - Total $ File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 6/16/2008-9:19 AM

11 The default information is based on the irrigation system and power source selection. To view the line-items for the default calculations, click the Irrigation Details button. Any changes you make in the "Your Value" column will be used instead of the default value. Will this crop be irrigated? Irrigated Type of Irrigation System: CP: 15 psi Drops Pump Power Source: Natural Gas Your Irrigation Costs Default Value Application Efficiency Inches of water required by crop Inches provided by rainfall Inches required from irrigation - Inches required with efficiency - Variable Cost ($/acre) Cost per acre inch of water Percent of cost related to repairs Total $ - Fixed Cost ($/acre) Depreciation Insurance Taxes Interest Total $ - Hours of irrigation labor per acre 0.00 Labor cost per acre $ - Total irrigation costs $ - Your Monthly Water Application Default Value January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - Annual Total: Your gross annual value: File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 6/16/2008-9:19 AM

12 ENTERPRISE BUDGET WORKSHEET NAME: DATE: FIELD: File: WheatIffs Enterprise: Dryland Wheat Enterprise Budget - Grain and Graze Number of acres: 160 Quantity stored: 0.00 bu. Acres Harvested 160 Yield: per acre bu/ac Price: $/bushel $ 7.50 /bu. Percent change in costs 0.00 % Operator's share % Interest rate 8.50 % Error Check 0 Interest Starting Month: January PER UNIT TOTAL JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC << OPERATING RECEIPTS >> Livestock sales: Description unit price quan > - 0 > - 0 > - 0 > Crop sales: Description unit price quan > Wheat bu , , > - - > Government payments (totals) - - > Other farm income (totals) - - > Pasture Lease (totals) - - TOTAL CASH OPERATING RECEIPTS , , << OPERATING EXPENSES >> Custom Hire (machine work) - - Feed Purchased - - Fertilizer, Lime, Chemicals , , , Freight, Trucking - - Fuel, Lubricants , , , , , Insurance , , Labor Hired , Rent - - Repairs, Maintenance , , Seeds, Plants , , Storage, Warehousing - - Supplies - - Taxes Utilities - - Veterinary, Medicine - - Miscellaneous Livestock purchased for resale Description unit price quan > - - > - - TOTAL CASH OPERATING EXPENSES , , ,409 2,120 13,090 6, NET OPERATING (Rec - Exp) ,161 (373) (2,132) ,671 (2,120) (13,090) (6,795) Operating interest expense Net Operating After Interest ,087 (376) (2,150) (18) (18) (18) 36,671 (2,120) (13,090) (6,795) Contribut'n to Other Enterprise , Contribut'n of Other Enterprise Net after contribution , (1,243) (18) (18) (18) 36,671 (2,120) (13,090) (6,795) Land or Other Fixed Charges , Net After Other Charges , (1,519) (293) (293) (293) 36,396 (2,396) (13,365) (7,070) (275) File name: Wheat OSU Agricultural Economics Enterprise Budget Software 9/9/2008-2:03 PM

Total PRODUCTION Units Price Quantity $/Acre Pecans Lbs. $ $ 1, Other Income Acre $ - Total Receipts $ 1,160.00

Total PRODUCTION Units Price Quantity $/Acre Pecans Lbs. $ $ 1, Other Income Acre $ - Total Receipts $ 1,160.00 Irrigated Improved Pecan Enterprise Budget 40 acres farmed. Total PRODUCTION Units Price Quantity $/Acre Pecans Lbs. $ 1.16 1000 $ 1,160.00 Other Income Acre 0 Total Receipts $ 1,160.00 OPERATING INPUTS

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