# Direction of Trade and Export Competitiveness of Chillies in India

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

2 268 Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 29 (No.2) July-December 2016 share in global trade is in spices. The country exported 2,40,000 tonnes of chillies worth ` crore during (Spice Board of India, 2014). The present study has analysed the export competitiveness and direction of chilli export from India. Data and Methodology To study export performance of chillies, the data on export pertaining to the period to were used and to work out trade direction, data from to were used. The statistical techniques used were Markov chain analysis to study direction of trade and, nominal protection co-efficient (NPC) to assess export competitiveness. Markov Chain Analysis Markov chain analysis is based on the estimation of the transitional probability matrix P. The element P ij of this matrix indicates the probability that exports will switch from the country i to the country j with time. The diagonal element P ii measures the probability that the export share of a country will be retained. Hence, examination of diagonal element indicates the loyalty of an importing country to a particular country s exports. In the context of the current application, the average exports to a particular country was considered to be a random variable which depended only on its past exports to that country and which can be denoted as Equation (1): r E jt = E it-1 P ij + e jt i=1 (1) where, E jt = Exports from India to the j th country during the year t, E it-1 = Exports to the i th country during the year t-1, e jt = The error-term which is statistically independent of E it-1, and r = Number of importing countries. The transitional probabilities P ij, which can be arranged in a (c r) matrix, have the following properties O < P ij < 1 (2) r P ij = 1 for all i i=1 (3) Thus, the expected export shares of each country during period t were obtained by multiplying the exports to these countries in the previous period (t-1) with the transition probability matrix. The transition probability matrix was estimated in the linear programming (LP) framework by the method referred to as Minimization of Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD), the LP formulation is stated as: Min O P* + Ie (4) Subject to, XP* + V = Y GP* = 1 P* > 0 where, P* is a vector of the probabilities P ij, O is a vector of zeros, I is an appropriately dimensional vector of areas, e is the vector of absolute errors ( U ), Y is the vector of exports to each country, X is a block diagonal matrix of lagged values of Y, V is the vector of errors, and G is a grouping matrix to add the row elements of P arranged in P*, to unity. The nominal protection coefficient (NPC) was computed as the ratio of domestic price P D and global price P R of red chilli. The domestic price used in this computation could either be the procurement price or the farm gate price, while the world reference price is the international price adjusted for transportation cost, packing cost, port clearing charge, insurance, etc. Symbolically, NPC= P D /P R (5) If NPC is greater than one, then the commodity is protected, compared to the situation that what would prevail under free trade and if NPC is less than one the commodity is not protected. The NPC helps in measuring the divergence of domestic price of international price and thus determines the degree of protection of the commodities in question. Results and Discussion Table 1 presents transitional probabilities depicting broad changes in the direction of trade. The period considered for analysis was to The major countries considered for the analysis were Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, USA, Pakistan and UAE and the remaining chillies-importing countries were grouped as others.

4 270 Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 29 (No.2) July-December 2016 Table 2. Actual and estimated shares of chilli export from India to different countries, to (in tonnes) Year Malaysia Sri Lanka Bangladesh USA Pakistan UAE Others Actual Predicted Actual Predicted Actual Predicted Actual Predicted Actual Predicted Actual Predicted Actual Predicted (21.03) (21.26) (18.76) (22.03) (0.41) (12.81) (19.88) (11.78) (0.10) (0.26) (3.57) (7.72) (36.25) (24.14) (2.30) (29.27) (24.37) (14.64) (0.59) (18.88) (14.65) (8.76) (0.49) (0.38) (7.72) (7.93) (49.88) (20.14) (29.27) (19.04) (14.64) (15.62) (19.07) (10.07) (8.76) (8.88) (0.17) (12.29) (7.93) (8.00) (20.14) (26.11) (24.78) (21.60) (14.12) (16.15) (16.59) (10.43) (9.43) (8.40) (5.43) (10.69) (7.57) (8.95) (22.09) (23.79) (21.60) (22.33) (20.10) (17.05) (1.02) (13.21) (8.40) (8.70) (11.90) (0.66) (10.01) (11.39) (26.96) (26.65) (22.33) (20.79) (17.05) (14.20) (13.81) (13.64) (8.70) (8.36) (0.08) (8.90) (11.39) (8.63) (26.65) (25.48) (20.10) (24.83) (14.20) (14.70) (13.64) (11.90) (7.23) (7.16) (10.71) (8.79) (8.63) (10.39) (25.48) (22.23) Note: The figures within the parentheses indicate percentages to total exports of chilli.

5 Bhavani Devi et al. : Direction of Trade and Export Competitiveness of Chillies in India 271 Table 3. Projected export of Indian chilli to major importing countries: to (in tonnes) Year/Country Malaysia Sri Lanka Bangladesh USA Pakistan UAE Others (24.83) (14.70) (11.90) (7.16) (8.79) (10.39) (22.23) (21.66) (15.44) (11.81) (7.84) (7.67) (25.06) (22.66) (14.97) (12.72) (7.75) (7.61) (24.11) (22.41) (15.08) (12.26) (7.77) (8.19) (24.18) (22.57) (15.19) (12.25) (7.77) (7.90) (24.11) (22.40) (15.17) (12.29) (7.80) (7.89) (10.18) (24.27) Note: The figures within the parentheses indicate percentages to total exports from per cent in to 7.23 per cent in The predicted proportion also showed a decrease from to 7.16 per cent. The actual export to Pakistan and UAE increased in absolute and relative percentages to the total export from India during to and projections for have suggested a decreasing trend. With respect to others, the actual and predicted export shares showed a decrease from to 25.0 per cent and from to per cent between and and the estimation for suggested an increase to per cent. Export Competitiveness The global competitiveness of chilli was evaluated using nominal protection co-efficient (NPC) (Gulati et al., 1994), which is a measure of actual divergence or distortion between any given commodity s domestic price and international (border) price. The underlying rationale is that such divergence represents the presence of market interventions such as taxes, subsidies and other policy instruments (Appleyard, 1987). The chilli being a dominant commodity of India s export basket, NPC was calculated under exportable hypothesis, when the domestic good competes at a foreign port. The NPC value less than one indicates global competitiveness of the commodity under consideration; the NPC value less than 0.5 denotes high competitiveness and from 0.5 to 1.0 shows moderate competitiveness. The commodity is not competitive for export, if NPC value exceeds unity. Under the exportable hypothesis, the estimated NPCs varied from 0.46 to 0.69 during the period to indicating that Indian red chilli was globally price competitive (Table 4). Export Competitiveness of Indian Red Chilli visà-vis Chinese Red Chilli A product has to be competitive in the international market to sustain and increase its exports. Apart from competitive pricing, factors like quality, timely shipment, honoring export commitments, regularity of supply, etc. also play an important role in capturing international markets. The analysis of export competitiveness in general showed that chilli is competitive for export to other countries, as evident from the nominal protection coefficients (NPCs). Therefore, the export competitiveness of chilli needs to be exploited by India through proper planning and development of suitable infrastructure. In chilli, the nominal protection coefficient (Table 4) was less than one from to , indicating its high export competitiveness. The export competitiveness of Indian red chilli visa-vis Chinese red chilli indicated that red chilli was globally price competitive for three years of the five year period studied. (Table 5).

6 272 Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 29 (No.2) July-December 2016 Table 4. Nominal protection coefficients (NPC values) of red chilli under exportable hypothesis Particulars Wholesale price of red chilli in Guntur market (`/q) 4,767 4,525 3,505 3,825 6,500 AMC cess 1% (`/q) Transport from cold storage/market yard (`/q) Repacking in 25 kg bags (`) New gunny bags cost (`) Loading (`) Lorry to Chennai (`/q) Margin 5% (`) Total (`/q) 5,548 5,291 4,218 4,564 7,400 Ocean freight /THC BL charges to New York (`/q) Wharfage charges, fumigation/survey, spices board fee, health certificate, phyto fees (`/q) Handling/customs, SB processing, cargo inspection, loading mamool, MOT charges, GSP certification, etc. (`/q) Total (`/q) 6,067 5,810 4,737 5,083 7,919 Service tax (10.3%) Landed price at New York 6,692 6,409 5,225 5,607 8,735 Exchange rate (`/US\$) Landed price at New York (US\$) FOB at New York (US\$/q) NPC Table 5. Export competitiveness of Indian red chilli visà-vis Chinese red chilli: to Years Indian FOB Chinese FOB NPC price (US\$/q) price (in US\$/q) Conclusions The direction of trade in Indian chillies, studied by Markov chain analysis, has shown USA to be the most stable market, followed by UAE and Sri Lanka. The countries like Malaysia, Bangladesh and Pakistan have been found highly unstable importers of Indian chilli. A higher demand of chillies in the overseas markets helps to fetch a better price, thereby providing more profits to farmers. The computation of nominal protection coefficients has indicated that chilli is competitive for exports to several countries and India should encash this competitive advantage by developing modern infrastructure. References Appleyard, D. (1987) Comparative Advantage of Agricultural Production Systems and its Implications in Pakistan. Economic and Social Development Paper No. 68. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome, Italy. 103p. Atkin, M. and Blandford, D. (1982) Structural changes in import shares of apples in UK. European Journal of Agricultural Economics, 9(1): Gulati, A., Sharma, K., Das, S. and Chhabra, V. (1994) Export Competitiveness of Selected Agricultural Commodities. National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi. 140 p. Rajur, B.C. and Patil, B.L. (2013) Export performance of chilli - An analysis. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science, 26(2): Spices Board (2014) Monthly Export Statistics. Ministry of Commerce, Government of India, Revised received: June, 2016; Accepted: October, 2016

### International Journal of Commerce and Business Management. Volume 5 Issue 2 October,

IJCBM Volume 5 Issue 2 October, 2012 159-163 International Journal of Commerce and Business Management RESEA RCH PAPER Growth trends in area, production and export of onion from India -An economic analysis

### Export Potentiality of Major Fruits of India- An Economic Analysis

Export Potentiality of Major Fruits of India- An Economic Analysis Unim Mathias Ushunde, Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, India. Suresh S. Patil Department of Agricultural

### GROUNDNUT PRICES LIKELY TO BE AROUND Rs. 4800/q AT HARVEST

GROUNDNUT PRICES LIKELY TO BE AROUND Rs. 4800/q AT HARVEST India is the second largest producer of groundnut in the world. On the global front, China leads in production, making up some 42 per cent of

### Indian Pulses Market.

Indian Pulses Market Indian Pulses Market India is the largest producer, importer and consumer of pulses, accounting for 25% of global production from 35% of global area under pulses. However, the productivity

### Trade Competitiveness of Cash Crops in Post-WTO Period in Andhra Pradesh

Artha Vijnana Vol. LIV, No. 4, December 2012, pp. 475-490 Trade Competitiveness of Cash Crops in Post-WTO Period in Andhra Pradesh G P Reddy, Usha Rani, Y E Prasad and A Amarender Reddy In Andhra Pradesh,

### Progress and Potential of Horticulture in India

Ind. Jn. of Agri.Econ. Vol.63, No.3, July-Sept. 2008 SUBJECT I TRIGGERING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH HORTICULTURE CROPS Progress and Potential of Horticulture in India Ramesh Chand, S.S. Raju and

### A Statistical Analysis on Instability and Seasonal Component in the Price Series of Major Domestic Groundnut Markets in India

International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-776 Volume 6 Number 11 (217) pp. 815-823 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/1.2546/ijcmas.217.611.96

### An Analysis of Cost and Returns of Sugarcane Production in Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu

An Analysis of Cost and Returns of Sugarcane Production in Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu *Dr.K.Saravanan M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D Associate Professor of Economics, Kandaswami Kandar s College, Velur-638

### COTTON AND MAN-MADE FIBRE FILAMENT YARN INDUSTRY

ANNUAL REPORT 2003-04 CHAPTER-VI COTTON AND MAN-MADE FIBRE FILAMENT YARN INDUSTRY COTTON Production and Consumption Cotton is one of the major crops cultivated in India. It accounts for more than 75 %

### Confederation of Indian Industry. Opportunities in. Fisheries. Sector in India. Ministry of Food Processing Industries. Government of India

Confederation of Indian Industry Opportunities in Fisheries Sector in India Ministry of Food Processing Industries Government of India Advantage India One of the fastest growing economies in the world

### Regional Pattern of Agricultural Growth and Rural Employment in India: Have Small Farmers Benefitted?

Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 26 (Conference Number) 2013 pp 1-11 Regional Pattern of Agricultural Growth and Rural Employment in India: Have Small Farmers Benefitted? M.L. Nithyashree* and

### Production and Market Arrivals Pattern of Paddy in APMC Bangarpet Karnataka: A Trend Analysis

Trends in Biosciences 8(9), Print : ISSN 0974-8, 2183-2191, 2015 Production and Market Arrivals Pattern of Paddy in APMC Bangarpet Karnataka: A Trend Analysis SYED RIZWAN AHMED*, T.N. VENKATA REDDY**,

### Constraints faced by the farmers in adoption of Integrated crop Management in Chilli crop in Telangana

Available online at www.ijpab.com Sowjanya and Kumari Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 5 (4): 1135-1140 (2017) ISSN: 2320 7051 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5662 ISSN: 2320 7051 Int. J. Pure App.

### Economic implications of land degradation on sustainability and food security in India

Agropedology 23, 13(2), 19-27 Economic implications of land degradation on sustainability and food security in India A. K. VASISHT, R. P. SINGH AND V. C. MATHUR Division of Agricultural Economics, Indian

### S E A S O N A L COMMODITY INSIGHT

S E A S O N A L COMMODITY INSIGHT 09 th February 2015 Rice (Non - Basmati) Domestic Scenario India is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China, contributing to about 21.45 per cent

### ECONOMICS OF GROWTH AND INSTABILITY: FRUIT CROPS OF INDIA

Raj. J. Extn. Edu. 20 : 128-132, 2012 ECONOMICS OF GROWTH AND INSTABILITY: FRUIT CROPS OF INDIA Kailash Chand Bairwa*, Rajesh Sharma** and Taresh Kumar*** ABSTRACT The role of fruit crops should not be

### Cost Analysis Study of Mango Fruit Processing Industry in Southern India

Serials Publications Cost Analysis Study of Mango Fruit Processing Industry in Southern India National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) Rating : 3. 03 Cost Analysis Study of Mango Fruit Processing

### Value Chain Analysis of Coconut in Orissa

Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 23 (Conference Number) 2010 pp 411-418 Value Chain Analysis of Coconut in Orissa Niraj Kumar a * and Sanjeev Kapoor b a Rural Management Division, Xavier Institute

### IMPO P RT R AN A C N E C E O F G RO R UN U D N W

Introduction IMPORTANCE OF GROUNDWATER Global Groundwater Situation ACWADAM s database Sources for presentation CGWB, various publications FAO-database Various United Nations publications. UN World Water

### CH2356 Energy Engineering Wind Power. Dr. M. Subramanian

CH2356 Energy Engineering Wind Power Dr. M. Subramanian Associate Professor Department of Chemical Engineering Sri Sivasubramaniya Nadar College of Engineering Kalavakkam 603 110, Kanchipuram(Dist) Tamil

### AN OVERVIEW OF TOMATO ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. Ayesha Tahir, Hassnain Shah, Muhammad Sharif, Waqar Akhtar and Nadeem Akmal*

Pakistan J. Agric. Res. Vol. 25 No. 4, 2012 AN OVERVIEW OF TOMATO ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS Ayesha Tahir, Hassnain Shah, Muhammad Sharif, Waqar Akhtar and Nadeem Akmal* ABSTRACT:- This

### Issues in Infrastructure for Export of Rice from India

INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AHMEDABAD INDIA Issues in Infrastructure for Export of Rice from India G. Raghuram V. N. Asopa July 2008 The main objective of the working paper series of the IIMA is to

### Behaviour of Market Arrivals and Prices of Selected Vegetable Crops: A Study of Four Metropolitan Markets

Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 18 July-December 2005 pp 271-290 Behaviour of Market Arrivals and Prices of Selected Vegetable Crops: A Study of Four Metropolitan Markets Virender Kumar 1,

### Jabs International Pvt. Ltd.

1 Cumin 1 Global Cumin Production Cumin's Global Cumin Seed production is around 200-215 thousand tons. India is the leading in terms of cumin seed production and consumption. India, Syria and Turkey contributing

### Factors responsible for the performance of cooperative sugar factories in North-Eastern Karnataka

Factors responsible for the performance of cooperative sugar factories in North-Eastern Karnataka Yasmeen*, Suresh S. Patil and N. Vijaykumar Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture,

### Output and Employment Growth in Registered Manufacturing Industries in India: Testing Kaldor s Hypothesis

Output and Employment Growth in Registered Manufacturing Industries in India: Testing Kaldor s Hypothesis Dr. Panchanan Das Taki Government College West Bengal This paper carries out GMM estimation in

### Food Sector Fruits & Vegetables

Food Sector Fruits & Vegetables Sector overview and Industry Structure Trade Statistics Market Size Top companies present in the market Key players Distribution Channels Regulatory Framework Manufacturing

### Estimation of agricultural resource inequality in India using Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient approach

ISSN: 2347-3215 Volume 3 Number 4 (April-2015) pp. 174-184 www.ijcrar.com Estimation of agricultural resource inequality in India using Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient approach Mada Melkamu 1 * and Richard

### 1 What are three cropping seasons of India? Explain any one in brief. 2 Discuss three main impacts of globalization on Indian agriculture.

1 What are three cropping seasons of India? Explain any one in brief. 2 Discuss three main impacts of globalization on Indian agriculture. 3.Distinguish between rabi and kharif season? 4. What is Horticulture?

### Abstract. Introduction. PS Fumicover An effort in reducing losses in stored grains at farm levels. A.V. Dhuri 1

9 th International Working Conference on Stored Product Protection PS6-15 6184 Fumicover An effort in reducing losses in stored grains at farm levels A.V. Dhuri 1 Abstract In India estimated losses due

### PRICE SPREAD AND EFFICIENCY OF MARKETING OF TOMATO IN RAJASTHAN

Indian J. Agric. Res.., 48 (4) 294-300, 2014 doi:10.5958/0976-058x.2014.00663.5 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CENTRE www.arccjournals.com PRICE SPREAD AND EFFICIENCY OF MARKETING OF TOMATO IN RAJASTHAN

### INTRA AND INTER CLUSTER STUDIES FOR QUANTITATIVE TRAITS IN GARLIC (Allium sativum L)

SAARC J. Agri., 11(2): 61-67 (2013) INTRA AND INTER CLUSTER STUDIES FOR QUANTITATIVE TRAITS IN GARLIC (Allium sativum L) R. K. Singh *, B. K. Dubey and R. P. Gupta National Horticultural Research and Development

### Production Networks and Regional Integration: Role of Economic Corridor Case Study of India s Trade in P&C with Southeast Asia

Production Networks and Regional Integration: Role of Economic Corridor Case Study of India s Trade in P&C with Southeast Asia Prabir De RIS, New Delhi ARTNeT Research Workshop: Trade and Investment for

### Growth and Trends of Pulse Production in India

Journal of Food Legumes 26 (1&2): 86-92, 2013 Growth and Trends of Pulse Production in India M. K. SHARMA, B.V.S. SISODIA and KANHAIYA LAL 1 Department of Agricultural Statistics, N. D. University of Agriculture

### LIBERSALISATION AND POLICIES OF FOOD SECURITY: THE INDIAN EXPERIENCE

LIBERSALISATION AND POLICIES OF FOOD SECURITY: THE INDIAN EXPERIENCE A background note for presentation at the Meeting of the Ethiopian Economic Association, January 3-5, Addis Ababa Madhura Swaminathan,

### 6. LAND RESOURCES : AGRICULTURE

6. LAND RESOURCES : AGRICULTURE 38 MT EDUCARE LTD. Q.1 (A) Choose the correct alternative from the brackets and rewrite the statements : 1. India ranks... in the world regarding area under cultivation.

### Supply Chain Management and Indian Fresh Produce Supply Chain: Opportunities and Challenges

Supply Chain Management and Indian Fresh Produce Supply Chain: Opportunities and Challenges By Surendra P. Singh¹ B.K. Sikka² And Ashutosh Singh³ A paper prepared for presentation at the International

### Labour Demand and Labour-saving Options: A Case of Groundnut Crop in India

Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 24 (Conference Number) 2011 pp 423-428 Labour Demand and Labour-saving Options: A Case of Groundnut Crop in India G. Govindaraj* and A.P. Mishra Directorate

### A STUDY ON EXPORTS CHANNELS OF MANGO PRODUCTS: THE ROLE OF AGRI EXPORT ZONE (AEZ) IN CHITTOOR DISTRICT

International Journal of Sales & Marketing Management Research and Development (IJSMMRD); ISSN(P): 2249-6939; ISSN(E): 2249-8044 Vol. 4, Issue 4, Aug 2014, 33-40 TJPRC Pvt. Ltd. A STUDY ON EXPORTS CHANNELS

### Indian Poultry Market Update

Indian Poultry Market Update Billion Indian Poultry Market Overview 2 1,100 1,000 900 Indian Poultry Market by Value; 2010-16 900 1,000 800 700 600 500 400 Source: Company Reports 470 2010 2013 2016 Exports

### Status of Poverty in India A State wise Analysis

Status of Poverty in India A State wise Analysis Dr Waheeda Sunny Thomas Faculty Economics, SEMCOM, Gujarat, India ABSTRACT First millennium development goal is to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.

### Farmer Suicides in India: Levels and Trends across Major States,

University of Massachusetts - Amherst ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst Economics Department Working Paper Series Economics 2016 Farmer Suicides in India: Levels and Trends across Major States, 1995-2011 Deepankar

### AGRICULTURAL MARKETING: EVOLUTION AND GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES

CHAPTER 2 AGRICULTURAL MARKETING: EVOLUTION AND GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES 2. AGRICULTURAL MARKETING IN INDIA India is an agricultural country and one third population depends on the agricultural sector directly

International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-776 Volume 6 Number 9 (17) pp. 1217-1229 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/1.546/ijcmas.17.69.148

### Economic efficiency of improved red gram variety (BRG-2) in Karnataka: a DEA analysis

Economic of improved red gram variety (BRG-2) in Karnataka: a DEA analysis K. Suresh 1 and M.G. Chandrakanth 2 1 Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture Bheemarayanagudi, UAS, Raichur,

### An economic analysis of production of sugarcane under different method of irrigation in Durg division of Chhattisgarh

2018; 6(1): 1389-1393 P-ISSN: 2349 8528 E-ISSN: 2321 4902 IJCS 2018; 6(1): 1389-1393 2018 IJCS Received: 20-11-2017 Accepted: 21-12-2017 Umesh Jaiswal Jayant Nishad AK Koshta Professor, Department of Vijay

### measuring the true intensity of the poverty-problem. 3

Rural Poverty and Agricultural Performance in India by Montek S. Ahluwalia * (World Bank Reprint Series : Number Sixty; Reprinted from the Journal of Development Studies, 1977) This paper examines time

### LANGUAGE IN INDIA Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow Volume 12 : 5 May 2012 ISSN

LANGUAGE IN INDIA Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow Volume ISSN 1930-2940 Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D. Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D. Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D. B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.

### PRODUCTION AND TRADE POLICIES AFFECTING THE COTTON INDUSTRY

Discover Natural Fibres Initiative INTERNATIONAL COTTON ADVISORY COMMITTEE PRODUCTION AND TRADE POLICIES AFFECTING THE COTTON INDUSTRY October 2012 PRODUCTION AND TRADE POLICIES AFFECTING THE COTTON INDUSTRY

### ATTITUDE OF BANANA FARMERS TOWARDS CONTRACT FARMING IN SOUTH GUJARAT, INDIA

Indian J. Agric. Res.., 45 (4) : 331-335, 2011 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CENTRE www.arccjournals.com / indianjournals.com ATTITUDE OF BANANA FARMERS TOWARDS CONTRACT FARMING IN SOUTH GUJARAT,

### Agricultural Equipment India

Agricultural Equipment India January 2015 Executive Summary Market Overview Global agricultural equipment market is expected to grow at a CAGR of x% through to to reach INR yy bn in Huge demand from Asia

### Socio-Economic Impact Assessment of Integrated Crop Management in Chilli Growing Areas in Telangana, India

International Journal of Economic Plants 2015, 1(2):069-074 Full Research Article Socio-Economic Impact Assessment of Integrated Crop Management in Chilli Growing Areas in Telangana, India Salla Sowjanya

### Production and Marketing of Mushrooms: Global and National Scenario

3 Production and Marketing of Mushrooms: Global and National Scenario G.C. Wakchaure Marketing is getting the right product, to the right people, at the right price, at the right time and in the right

### Trends and Patterns of Urbanization in India: A State Level Analysis

International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention ISSN (Online): 2319 7722, ISSN (Print): 2319 7714 Volume 3 Issue 6ǁ June. 2014ǁ PP.09-17 Trends and Patterns of Urbanization in India: A

### EXPORT OF INDIAN RICE: A CASE STUDY

Agriculture and Rural Development in India Some Emerging Issues Published by Global Vision Publishing House Editors Dr. Anirudh Bharati Dr. S.D. Chamola EXPORT OF INDIAN RICE: A CASE STUDY Pardeep Gupta*

### EFFECTS OF UNILATERAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION IN SOUTH ASIAN COUNTRIES: Applications of CGE Models of Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka

ESCAP SOUTH AND SOUTH-WEST ASIA OFFICE EFFECTS OF UNILATERAL TRADE LIBERALIZATION IN SOUTH ASIAN COUNTRIES: Applications of CGE Models of Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka Selim Raihan DEVELOPMENT

### The Impact of India s Cotton Yield on U.S. and World Cotton Markets

The Impact of India s Cotton Yield on U.S. and World Cotton Markets Suwen Pan, Mark Welch, Samarendu Mohanty, and Mohamadou Fadiga * Briefing Paper CERI-BP06-03 November 2006 Cotton Economics Research

### CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY POLICY

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY POLICY OBJECTIVE Trent Limited outlines its Corporate social responsibility policy that integrates economic progress and social commitment. It aspires to always fuse its

### Commercial Crops in South Asia

Commercial Crops in South Asia Lecture 5 Cotton & Sugarcane Ambrish Dhaka MA Course, 07 Economic and Political Geography of South Asia IS 59 N Cotton Area (Ha) - Rankings Yield (ha) - Rankings Production

### Grapenet. Traceability System for Indian Grapes Exported to the European Market. A case study

Grapenet Traceability System for Indian Grapes Exported to the European Market A case study Customer: Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) Ministry of Commerce,

### ANALYZING THE COST AND RETURNS OF URBAN MILK PRODUCTION IN TAMIL NADU

ANALYZING THE COST AND RETURNS OF URBAN MILK PRODUCTION IN TAMIL NADU *Serma Saravana Pandian A., Shilpa Shree J., Boopathy Raja M. and Vetrivel D. Department of Animal Husbandry Economics Madras Veterinary

### CURRENT SITUATION AND MEDIUM-TERM OUTLOOK FOR TROPICAL FRUITS

CURRENT SITUATION AND MEDIUM-TERM OUTLOOK FOR TROPICAL FRUITS Prepared by the Sugar and Beverages Group Raw Materials, Tropical and Horticultural Products Service Commodities and Trade Division Food and

### Insights from ESCAP s Trade Process Analysis Database (Version 1.0; )

Brief No. 11, September 2014 Insights from ESCAP s Trade Process Analysis Database (Version 1.0; 2009-2014) Trade facilitation has become a crucial area of focus for countries seeking continuous growth

### Livestock sector development and implications for rural poverty alleviation in India

Livestock Research for Rural Development 19 (2) 2007 Guidelines to authors LRRD News Citation of this paper Livestock sector development and implications for rural poverty alleviation in India Jabir Ali

### Proposal for Improving the Business Environment in Lao PDR - Based on a JETRO survey on business needs -

Proposal for Improving the Business Environment in Lao PDR - Based on a JETRO survey on business needs - July 4, 2015 Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) Promote Good Connectivity with Neighboring

ASIAN JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT RESEARCH Online Open Access publishing platform for Management Research Copyright 2010 All rights reserved Integrated Publishing association Review Article ISSN 2229 3795 Emerging

### Factors Influencing Economic Viability of Marginal and Small Farmers in Punjab 1

Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 22 July-December 2009 pp 269-279 Factors Influencing Economic Viability of Marginal and Small Farmers in Punjab 1 Mandeep Singh*, A.S. Bhullar and A.S. Joshi

### FOOD PROCESSING REDUCES THE DISTANCE BETWEEN FARM AND FORK SHRI NARENDRA MODI HONOURABLE PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA

FOOD PROCESSING REDUCES THE DISTANCE BETWEEN FARM AND FORK SMT. HARSIMRAT KAUR BADAL Minister of Food Processing Industries SADHVI NIRANJAN JYOTI MOS for Food Processing Industries SHRI NARENDRA MODI HONOURABLE

### International Journal of Commerce and Business Management. Volume 8 Issue 1 April, RESEARCH PAPER

IJCBM e ISSN 0976 7940 International Journal of Commerce and Business Management Volume 8 Issue 1 April, 2015 17-22 DOI: 10.15740/HAS/IJCBM/8.1/17-22 Visit us : www.researchjournal.co.in RESEARCH PAPER

### Cellulosic Ethanol Emerging Opportunities in India Feb 2015

Cellulosic Ethanol Emerging Opportunities in India Feb 2015 Safe Harbor Statement This presentation and its related comments contain forwardlooking statements, including financial expectations. Forward-looking

### Ahila. D M.Phil Scholar, Department of Commerce, Sree Saraswathi Thyagaraja College, Pollachi, Tamil Nadu, India.

Consumer Behaviour on Aavin Milk and Dairy Products in Pollachi Taluk of Tamil Nadu Ahila. D M.Phil Scholar, Department of Commerce, Sree Saraswathi Thyagaraja College, Pollachi, Tamil Nadu, India. ahila.logu@gmail.com

### India - Reforming Farm Support Policies for Grains

India - Reforming Farm Support Policies for Grains Shikha Jha and P.V. Srinivasan Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR) General A. Vaidya Marg, Goregaon (East), Mumbai 400 065, India

### Country Resource Assessments: Support for Livestock and Agro-Industrial Waste Program Development

Country Resource Assessments: Support for Livestock and Agro-Industrial Waste Program Development M2M Expo 2010 in India Miguel Franco, PA Consulting Group for Kurt Roos, Director, Agricultural Methane

### India. India Grain Voluntary Update - October 2017

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary - Public Date: 10/3/2017 GAIN Report Number:

### Cost of cultivation of sugarcane crop in Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh

IJF CI International Journal of Forestry and Crop Improvement Volume 6 Issue 1 June, 2015 41-48 Visit us : www.researchjournal.co.in e ISSN-2230-9411 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.15740/HAS/IJFCI/6.1/41-48

### Impact of WTO on Potato Export from India

Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 18 July-December 2005 pp 291-304 Research Note Impact of WTO on Potato Export from India Nalini Ranjan Kumar 1, B.P. Singh 1, S.M. Paul Khurana 2 and N.K. Pandey

### Department of Hydrology A Unique School for Hydrological Education in India (Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee)

Department of Hydrology A Unique School for Hydrological Education in India (Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee) Dr D S Arya Professor & Head Department of Hydrology, Indian Institute of Technology

### A Brief on National Agricultural Market

www.swaniti.in A Brief on National Agricultural Market The share of agriculture in the GDP of India has reduced from 30% in 1990-91 to less than 14% in 2014-15, however 52% of total workforce is still

### STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ASIAN COUNTRIES

STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ASIAN COUNTRIES Bhatia, V.K. Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute Library Avenue, Pusa, New Delhi-110012 (INDIA) E-mail: vkbhatia@iasri.res.in

### Role of Market Yard Infrastructure Facilities on Agricultural Producers: A Case Study of Kurnool Market Yard

International Journal of Managerial Studies and Research (IJMSR) Volume 3, Issue 9, September 2015, PP 137-141 ISSN 2349-0330 (Print) & ISSN 2349-0349 (Online) www.arcjournals.org Role of Market Yard Infrastructure

### B. Dayakar Rao*, Deep Narayan Mukherjee and Vilas A. Tonapi. ICAR-Indian Institute of Millets Research, Hyderabad , Telangana.

Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 30 (Conference Number) 2017 pp 183-191 DOI: 10.5958/0974-0279.2017.00033.7 Strategies for Doubling Farmers Income in Nutri-Cereals by 2022: Impact of Reduction

### 31 ST INTERNATIONAL FERRO-ALLOYS CONFERENCE

PAST,PRESENT & FUTURE ANIL SHAH PRESIDENT NI-MET METALS INC. 31 ST INTERNATIONAL FERRO-ALLOYS CONFERENCE 8-10 TH NOVEMBER, 2015, ISTANBUL,TURKEY 31 ST INTERNATIONAL FERRO-ALLOYS CONFERENCE 8-10 TH NOVEMBER,

### Cold Chain: Opportunities in India- YES Bank- Dutch Embassy Collaborative Study

Cold Chain: Opportunities in India- YES Bank- Dutch Embassy Collaborative Study Cold Chain is essential in qualitative post-harvest management and farm to fork food security and food quality by efficiently

### OUTLOOK AND TRENDS OF INDIAN RUBBER INDUSTRY

OUTLOOK AND TRENDS OF INDIAN RUBBER INDUSTRY INDIA AT A GLANCE Population (2016) 1.324 Billion (China 1.379 & USA 323.1 Million) Major International Ports 28 (Other Domestic Airports -132) Sea Ports of

### Dynamics of Labour Demand and its Determinants in Punjab Agriculture

Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 26 (No.2) July-December 2013 pp 267-273 Dynamics of Labour Demand and its Determinants in Punjab Agriculture Y. Latika Devi, Jasdev Singh*, Kamal Vatta and Sanjay

### Export and Sales of. Rhodes Grass Hay. May 22, 2016 Rhodes Grass Workshop. Fraz Shafique Director, Training Pakistan Private Limited

Export and Sales of 1 Rhodes Grass Hay May 22, 2016 Rhodes Grass Workshop Fraz Shafique Director, Training Pakistan Private Limited 2 OUR NETWORK Indusland Enterprises & GGW General Trading LLC (Dubai-based

### A Study of Madras Export Processing Zone (MEPZ) Towards Infrastructure & Policy Initiatives

A Study of Madras Export Processing Zone (MEPZ) Towards Infrastructure & Policy Initiatives Umesh Kumar Shukla Research Scholar, Faculty of Management Studies, Sathyabama University, Jeppiaar Nagar, Rajiv

### MICRO ANALYSIS OF YIELD GAP AND PROFITABILITY IN PULSES AND CEREALS

Legume Res., 37 (5) : 532-536, 2014 doi:10.5958/0976-0571.2014.00671.7 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CENTRE www.arccjournals.com/www.legumeresearch.in MICRO ANALYSIS OF YIELD GAP AND PROFITABILITY

### PLACE OF SUPPLY - GST

PLACE OF SUPPLY - GST Place of Supply (POS) in GST In GST, the concept of a place of supply has been made relevant not only for the supply of services but also for the transaction of goods. In this article,

### Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development. Analysis of Rice Production Instability in Southeast Asian Countries

Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development journal homepage: http://aessweb.com/journal-detail.php?id=5005 Analysis of Rice Production Instability in Southeast Asian Countries Mamma Sawaneh Department

### WORKSHOP: TRANSPORTING YOUR PRODUCTS TO OVERSEAS MARKETS WHAT EXPORTERS NEED TO KNOW Aug. 24, 2017 Kingston, Jamaica

WORKSHOP: TRANSPORTING YOUR PRODUCTS TO OVERSEAS MARKETS WHAT EXPORTERS NEED TO KNOW Aug. 24, 2017 Kingston, Jamaica PRESENTER: BEVERLY JOHNSON MANAGING DIRECTOR JAMAICA, United Kingdom & Canada ENSURING

### Agriculture Commodity Markets & Trends

Agriculture Commodity Markets & Trends Agenda Short History of Agriculture Commodities US & World Supply and Demand Commodity Prices Continuous Charts What is Contango and Backwardation Barge, Truck and

### TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF SHRIMP FARMERS IN BANGLADESH: A STOCHASTIC FRONTIER PRODUCTION FUNCTION ANALYSIS

Bangladesh J. Agric. Econs. XXV, 2(2002) 15-31 TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF SHRIMP FARMERS IN BANGLADESH: A STOCHASTIC FRONTIER PRODUCTION FUNCTION ANALYSIS M. H. A. Rashid John-ren Chen ABSTRACT This study

The International Trade Centre And its technical assistance in the field of TBT and SPS A presentation to: UNDESA Workshop By: Khemraj RAMFUL, Senior Adviser, Export Quality Management Date: 6 November

### Government of India s Perspective and Initiatives on Integration of Future Smart Food in Rice-Fallows

Government of India s Perspective and Initiatives on Integration of Future Smart Food in Rice-Fallows Dr. B. Rajender, Joint Secretary (Crops & Oilseeds) Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers

### INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES Volume 4, No 5, Copyright by the authors - Licensee IPA- Under Creative Commons license 3.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES Volume 4, No 5, 2014 Copyright by the authors - Licensee IPA- Under Creative Commons license 3.0 Research article ISSN 0976 4402 A statistical analysis and

### Trade Competitiveness and Impact of Food Safety Regulations on Market Access of India s Horticultural Trade

Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 28 (No.2) July-December 2015 pp 301-309 DOI: 10.5958/0974-0279.2016.00009.4 Trade Competitiveness and Impact of Food Safety Regulations on Market Access of India