6. LAND RESOURCES : AGRICULTURE

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1 6. LAND RESOURCES : AGRICULTURE 38

2 MT EDUCARE LTD. Q.1 (A) Choose the correct alternative from the brackets and rewrite the statements : 1. India ranks... in the world regarding area under cultivation. (first, second, third, fourth) 2. Out of the total population, about... percent of the people are engaged in Agriculture. (45, 71, 49, 65) 3. Agricultural products valuing upto... percent contribute to exports of the Nation. (20, 17, 14, 15) 4. Farming in which farm produce is just enough to satisfy food requirement of the farming is called... farming. (traditional, modern, subsistence, intensive) 5. Shifting cultivation in different areas have different local names. E.g. Jhum in North East India,... in Kerala. (Dungar, Podu, Kumri, Bewar) 6. Farming which is entirely dependent on rainfall is called...farming. (monsoon, dry, intensive, plantation) farming is practiced in the areas of dense population and where cultivable land is limited. (Plantation, Intensive, Dry, Monsoon) 8. Only... crop is cultivated in plantation farming. (one, two, three, four) 9. An agricultural activity which is practiced with protection and conservation of resources is called... agriculture. (modern, traditional, sustainable, shifting) 10. India ranks... in the world in production of rice. (Sept. 10) (third, fourth, first, second) 11. About... percent of the total cultivated area of the nation is under rice Cultivation. (54, 44, 24, 34) 12. Out of the total production of foodgrains, production of rice is... percent. (22, 49, 50, 42) 13. Rice is cultivated in areas having annual average rainfall of... cm. (150, 125, 140, 170) 14. Wheat is the... major crop in India. (first, second, third, fourth) 15. The highest quantity of wheat in the country is in... (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh) state has the highest area under jowar in India. (Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka) are grown in dry climatic region in India. (Rice, Pulses, Wheat, Cotton) 18. India ranks first in the production of... in the world. (coffee, tea, wheat, rubber) 19. Madhya Pradesh produces... percent of the total pulses in the country. (24, 34, 44, 54) 20. India is a major producer of... in the world. (cotton, coffee, jute, wheat) 39

3 MT EDUCARE LTD. 21. India ranks... in the production of tea in the world. (first, second, third, fourth) 22. Out of the total tea production in the world, about... percent is produced in India. (54, 26, 37, 27) state has the highest production of rubber. (Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujurat, Andhra Pradesh) ranks first in the production of sugarcane in India. (Gujarat, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra) is a natural resource. (Sept. 09) (Buildings, Climate, Science, Means of Transport) state has the highest production of groundnut. (March 11) (Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu) Q.1 (B) Match the following : 1. A Column B Column (i) Jhum (a) Madhya Pradesh (ii) Kumri (b) Orissa (iii) Bewar (c) North East India (d) Kerala Ans :- (i c), (ii d), (iii a) 2. A Column B Column (i) Rice (a) Madhya Pradesh (ii) Wheat (b) West Bengal (iii) Jowar (c) Uttar Pradesh (d) Maharashtra Ans :- (i b), (ii c), (iii d) 3. A Column B Column (Sept. 08) (i) Micro irrigation (a) Controls ventilation (ii) Bio technology (b) Sprinkle irrigation (iii) Polyhouse (c) Traditional agriculture (d) Organisms are used Ans :- (i b ), (ii d ), (iii a ) 4. A Column B Column (i) Tea (a) Karnataka (ii) Coffee (b) Assam (iii) Rubber (c) Maharashtra (d) Kerala Ans :- (i b), (ii a), (iii d) 40

4 MT EDUCARE LTD. Q.2 (A) Give geographical reasons : 1. The production is low in shifting cultivation. Ans. 1. Shifting Cultivation is a very primitive type of farming. 2. It is practised by some communities from the remote mountainous and forest regions. 3. After a piece of land is selected, the land is cleared and the vegetation thereupon is burnt, the potash content in the soil increases but organic materials are lost. 4. Good quality seeds, crop protection methods and modern implements are not used. Hence crop production is low. 2. In sedentary subsistence farming the crop yield per hectare is very Low. Ans. 1. This method of farming is primitive. Land is ploughed with the simple implements like wooden ploughs, spades, hoes etc 2. Machinery is not used. This types of farming is dependant on human labour. 3. The farm size is small. Cattle are used for farming operations. 4. Fertilizers are not used. Hence, crop production is just enough to satisfy the needs of a farmer. 3. A large number of people get employment in intensive farming. Ans. 1. Intensive farming is practised in the areas of dense population and where cultivable land is limited. 2. Farms are fragmented into small parts which are divided among number of inheritors. Besides, the farms are bunded which reduces the farm size. 3. Due to the small size of farms use of machines is very difficult. Farming operations are based on animals and human efforts. 4. Because of dense population manpower is available. Being labour based agriculture, people get employment. Hence, a large number of people depend on this type of agriculture. 4. The size of the farms is small in India. Ans. 1. Density of population is very high in India, whereas the area under cultivation is limited. 2. Due to dense population manpower is available and farming operation are based on animals and human efforts. 3. In India, farms are fragmented into small parts which are divided among a number of inheritors. 4. Besides, the farms are bunded which reduces the farm size. 5. Intensive agriculture is done in densely populated regions. Ans. 1. In India farms are fragmented into small parts which are divided among a number of inheritors. Besides, the farms are bunded which reduces the farm size. 2. Farming operations are based on animals and human efforts. Due to the small size of farms use of machines is very difficult. 3. Because of dense population manpower is available and people get employment. 4. So intensive farming is practicedo in the areas of dense population, where cultivable land is limited. 41

5 MT EDUCARE LTD. 6. Wheat production increased significantly after the Green Revolution. Ans. 1. Wheat is cultivated in areas with mean annual rainfall of 75 cm. and fertile soil. It is cultivated in the Rabi season. 2. The highest quantity of wheat in the country is in Uttar Pradesh and it is followed by Punjab and Haryana where wheat is produced on a large scale. 3. There is a significant increase in the production of wheat after green revolution. Improved seeds, proper application of fertilizers and irrigation facilities are utilized. 4. So, wheat production increased significantly after green revolution. 7. India exports coffee on a large scale. Ans. 1. Coffee plantations are in South Indian states of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It is produced on a large scale on the mountain ranges of Nilgiri. 2. Indian coffee is good for its taste and flavour, therefore it has a great demand in the world market. 3. For this reason, India exports coffee on a large scale. 8. India exports spices on a large scale. Ans. 1. In India various spices are being grown since ancient times. 2. Hot and humid climate is required for most of these crops. These crops are cultivated in the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra. 3. Spices add to taste and flavour, therefore it has a great demand in world market. 4. Hence, India exports spices on a large scale to get foreign exchange. 9. Government maintains reserved storage of food grains. Ans. 1. Out of the total production of foodgrains some quantity of foodgrains is stored as reserve food. 2. Such reserves are of great use for the people when the production decreases during adverse conditions like droughts, floods or other calamities in any part of the country. 3. To avoid scarcity of food, government in the country maintains reserved storage of foodgrains. It is called as food security. Q.2 (B) Write Short notes : 1. Traditional and modern agriculture. Ans. 1. Traditional as well as modern methods of agriculture are found in India. 2. In the undeveloped and remote areas traditional methods of agriculture are still in practice. 3. In developing areas modern methods of agriculture are practised. 4. During the pre-independence period traditional agriculture was being done on a large scale. 5. However, after independence, implementation of new schemes has increased the use of modern agricultural methods. 42

6 MT EDUCARE LTD. 2. Subsistence farming. Ans. 1. Farming in which farm produce is just enough to satisfy food requirement of the farmer is called subsistence farming. 2. It includes shifting cultivation and sedentary subsistence farming. 3. Shifting cultivation. Ans. 1. Shifting cultivation is a very primitive type of farming. It is practised by some communities from the remote mountainous and forest regions. 2. When fertility of land decreases, people move in search of new piece of land. This is the main feature of shifting cultivation. 3. After the piece of land is selected, the land is cleared and vegetation thereupon is burnt. Due to this, potash content in the soil increases but the organic materials are lost. 4. Good quality seeds, crop protection methods and modern implements are not used. Hence crop production is low. 5. Cutting of trees, soil erosion, floods, low production and unstable life are the main problems of this type of agriculture. 6. Shifting cultivation causes degradation of environment. Hence, there are some restrictions on practising this type of farming. 7. Shifting cultivation in different areas have different local names. e.g. Jhum in North east India, Kumri in Kerala, Bewar in Madhya Pradesh, Podu and Dungar in Orissa. 8. Major crops like rice, corn, jowar, bajra, ragi, chillies, oil-seeds etc. are cultivated. 4. Sedentary subsistence farming. Ans. In sedentary subsistence farming farmers settle at one place permanently and cultivate the land. 1. This method of farming is primitive. Land is ploughed with simple implements like wooden ploughs, spades, hoes etc. 2. The farm size is small. Cattles are used for farming operations. 3. Machinery is not used. This types of farming is dependant on human labour. 4. Fertilizers are not used. Hence, crop production is just enough to satisfy the needs of a farmer. 5. Dry farming. Ans. 1. Farming which is entirely dependant on rainfall is called dry farming. 2. Rain water percolates in the land, such moist land is used for crop cultivation. 3. Rain water percolates in the soil. It is used for growing kharif and rabi crops. 4. Jowar, bajra, groundnuts etc. is grown in kharif season. Soyabean, sunflower, etc. are grown in Rabi season. 5. This type of farming is practised in the interior parts of India. Such farming is found in low rainfall areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, etc. 43

7 MT EDUCARE LTD. 6. Intensive farming. Ans. 1. Intensive farming is practised in the areas of dense population and where cultivable land is limited. 2. Farms are fragmented into small parts which are divided among a number of inheritors. Besides the farms are bunded which reduces the farm size. 3. In this type of farming, animals are domesticated. These animals are used for various farming operations. Besides, milk, meat, eggs are obtained as supplementary products from them. 4. Farming operations are based on animals and human efforts. Because of dense population manpower is available. Due to the small size of farms use of machines is very difficult. Being labour based agriculture, people get employment. 5. Food grains, fruits vegetables and oilseeds are grown. It is practised Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. 7. Plantation farming. Ans. Refer Q Problems of plantation farming. Ans. 1. Most of the plantations are on hill slopes, therefore soil erosion takes place at large scale. 2. Plantations are developed after cutting trees, therefore environment is degraded. 3. Conflicts between owners and labourers adversely affect production of agriculture. 9. Sustainable agricuture. Ans. Sustainable agriculture is a modern concept. An agricultural activity which is practised with protection and conservation of resources is called sustainable agriculture. Its main objectives are as follows : 1. Maintain environmental balance. 2. Achieve socio-economic equality. 3. Get economic benefits. Farmers, labourers, consumers, planners and other related aspects are an integral part of this agriculture. This type of agriculture does not cause harm to human health and environment and resources are preserved in good quality for the use of future generations. It is practised in some parts of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra. 10. Micro - irrigation. Ans. 1. The system of micro-irrigation has led to efficient use of water which is required for crops. 2. Drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation are two important methods of micro-irrigation. 3. This technique has benefitted horticulture, floriculture and agro-forestry to a great extent. 44

8 MT EDUCARE LTD. 4. Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra etc. are the states in India which have promoted this technology. 11. Polyhouse. Ans. 1. A protective shade made of polythene used for growing high value agricultural products is called polyhouse. 2. It is semi-circular, square or elongated in shape. 3. Temperature, humidity, ventilation of air are controlled by equipments fixed in the polyhouse. 4. Crops grown in the polyhouse are protected from intense heat, bright sunlight, strong winds, hailstones and cold waves. 5. Polyhouses are used in floriculture and nurseries. 12. Bio-technology. Ans. 1. Certain organisms are used to obtain better quality of production to control pests and diseases of crops and to increase production. 2. This technique is called bio-technology. 3. In recent times, progressive farmers are using bio-technology for farming. 4. It is modern concept which has benefited the farmers to a great extent. 13. Rice production in India. Ans. Refer Q Wheat. Ans. Refer Q Pulses. Ans. 1. Pulses are grown in dry climatic region in India. These crops provide nitrogen to the soil. 2. Pulses are a source of proteins in the diet of the people. 3. Madhya Pradesh is the leading pulses producing state in India. It produces 24 percent of the total pulses in the country. 4. It is followed by the states of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. 16. Cotton. Ans. 1. In India cotton is cultivated in areas having mean annual rainfall of 60 to 85 cm. and black regur Soil. 2. Hot, dry climate, bright sunlight and clear skies are also favourable factors for cultivation of cotton. 3. Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh produce about 65 per cent of the total cotton in the country. 4. India produces mainly short and medium staple cotton. 17. Tea. Ans. Refer Q Food security. Ans. 1. Out of the total production of foodgrains some quantity of foodgrains is stored as reserve food. 2. Such reserves are of great use for the people when the production decreases during adverse conditions like droughts, floods or other calamities in any part of the country. 45

9 MT EDUCARE LTD. 3. To avoid scarcity of food government in the country maintains reserved storage of food grains. It is called as food security. Q.3 Answer the following in detail : 1. What are the features / characteristics of Indian agriculture? (March 08 11, Sept. 09) Ans. India is an agricultural country. It holds an important place in Indian economy. The features of Indian agriculture are - 1. Employment generating sector : Indian agriculture is based on human labour. Hence, it provides employment in agricultural occupations on a large scale. Out of the total population, about 65 percent of the people are engaged in this occupation. 2. Rainfall-based agriculture : Indian agriculture is dependent mainly on monsoon rains. Area under irrigation is very limited. Agricultural production is affected due to uncertain nature of the rainfall. 3. Crop diversity : Several varieties of crops are grown in India in different seasons and at different places throughout the year. Foodgrains, pulses, fibre crops, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables as well as beverage crops are cultivated. 4. Traditional and modern agriculture : Traditional as well as modern methods of agriculture are found in India. In the undeveloped and remote areas traditional methods of agriculture are still in practice. In developing areas modern methods of agriculture are practiced. During the pre-independence period traditional agriculture was being done on a large scale. However, after independence, implementation of new schemes had increased the use of modern agricultural methods. 5. Size of farms : Due to fragmentation of land, size of farms has decreased. Therefore, use of machines becomes difficult. 6. Relations with industrial sector : Due to changing policies in Indian agriculture, co-ordination between agriculture and industries is increasing. Similarly, due to modern means of transport and marketing facilities, relations between agriculture and industries have strengthened. 7. Significance of agricultural products in export : Agricultural products have importance in export trade of India. Agricultural products valuing upto 14 percent contribute to exports of the nation. 2. Explain the features of shifting cultivation. Ans. Shifting cultivation is a very primitive type of farming. It is practised by some communities from the remote mountainous and forest regions. The features of shifting cultivation are - 46

10 MT EDUCARE LTD. 1. When fertility of land decreases, people move in search of new piece of land. This is the main feature of shifting cultivation. 2. After the piece of land is selected, the land is cleared and vegetation thereupon is burnt. Due to this, potash content in the soil increases but the organic materials are lost. 3. Shifting cultivation in different areas have different local names. e.g. Jhum in North east India, Kumri in Kerala, Bewar in Madhya Pradesh, Podu and Dungar in Orissa. 4. Major crops like rice, corn, jowar, bajra, ragi, chillies, oil-seeds etc. are cultivated. 5. Good quality seeds, crop protection methods and modern implements are not used. Hence crop production is low. 6. Cutting of trees, soil erosion, floods, low production and unstable life are the main problems of this type of agriculture. 7. Shifting cultivation causes degradation of environment. Hence, there are some restrictions on practising this type of farming. (Use stencil) 3. What are the features of sedentary subsistence farming? Ans. In sedentary subsistence farming farmers settle at one place permanently and cultivate the land. 1. This method of farming is primitive. Land is ploughed with simple implements like wooden ploughs, spades, hoes etc. 2. The farm size is small. Cattle are used for farming operations. 3. Machinery is not used. This types of farming is dependant on human labour. 4. Fertilizers are not used. Hence, crop production is just enough to satisfy the needs of a farmer. 5. The main crops cultivated are jowar, bajra, maize, sesame, pulses, cotton and vegetables. The crop yield per hectare is very low. Due to this type of farming sedentary life of human beings began. 4. What are the features of intensive farming? Ans. Intensive farming is practised in the areas of dense population and where cultivable land is limited. To get high production intensive labour, high yielding varieties of crops, fertilizers, insecticides and irrigation is used. The features of intensive farming are : 1. Farms are fragmented into small parts which are divided among a number of inheritors. Besides the farms are bunded which reduces the farm size. 2. In this type of farming, animals are domesticated. These animals are used for various farming operations. Besides, milk, meat, eggs are obtained as supplementary products from them. 3. Farming operations are based on animals and human efforts. Because of dense population manpower is available. Due to the small size of farms use of machines is very difficult. Being labour based agriculture, people get employment. 4. Food grains, fruits, vegetables, oil-seeds are cultivated 47

11 MT EDUCARE LTD. 5. Rice is grown where the climate is hot and humid and in heavy rainfall areas. Wheat is grown in low rainfall areas. 6. Intensive agriculture is practised in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Yield per hectare is high in intensive type of farming. (Use stencil) 5. What are the features of plantation farming? Ans. Major crops like tea, coffee, rubber, spices and coconut are cultivated in plantation farming. 1. The farms of plantation farming are called plantations or estates. The size of the plantation farms in India is about 40 hectares. In West Bengal, some estates are about 200 hectares in size. 2. Only one crop is cultivated in plantation farming. Tea plantations are found in Assam, Meghalaya, West Bengal etc. Coffee plantations are in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Rubber plantations are in the states of Kerala, Tripura and Tamil Nadu. 3. Plantation agriculture requires a large amount of capital. 4. Most of the products of plantation agriculture are exported. Plantation crop products have an important place in Indian economy. (Use stencil) 6. State the features which are important while considering technological and institutional impact. Ans. The following features are important while considering technological and institutional impact : Micro - irrigation : a) The system of micro-irrigation has led to efficient use of water which is required for crops. b) Drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation are two important methods of micro-irrigation. c) This technique has benefited horticulture, floriculture and agroforestry to a great extent. Bio-technology : a) Certain organisms are used to obtain better quality of production to control pests and diseases of crops and to increase production. b) This technique is called bio-technology. c) In recent times, progressive farmers are using bio-technology for farming. Polyhouse : a) A protective shade made of polythene used for growing high value agricultural products is called polyhouse. b) It is semi-circular, square or elongated in shape. c) Temperature, humidity, ventilation of air are controlled by equipments fixed in the polyhouse. d) Crops grown in the polyhouse are protected from intense heat, bright sunlight, strong winds, hailstones and cold waves. e ) Polyhouses are used in floriculture and nurseries. 48

12 MT EDUCARE LTD. Modern implements and machines : a) Traditional, old farm implements and machines have been improved to increase efficiency in farming. b) Use of tractors, sowing machines, harvesters and sprayers has increased. Warehouses and processing technique : a) Most of the agro based products are seasonal and perishable. These can be made available throughout the year if they are carefully stored or processed. b) Foodgrains can be stored in modern warehouses. c) Cold storage and refrigeration facilities are important for perishable products like milk, fruits and meat. 7. Write about production of oil seeds in India. Ans. 1. Groundnuts, sesame, sunflower, safflower, mustard, soyabean, linseed are main oil-seed crops. 2. These crops occupy about 12 percent of the total food cropped area of the country. 3. Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh produce 60 per cent of the total oil-seeds of the country. 4. Groundnut is the principal oil-seed crop. Highest production of groundnut is taken in Gujarat followed by Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. 5. Soyabean is produced on a large scale in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. 6. Production of sunflower is mainly from Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. (Use stencil) 8. Write in detail about wheat crop of India and show the main producing regions in the outline map of India. (March 11) Ans. 1. Wheat is the second major crop in India. It is cultivated in the rabi season. 2. It requires cool and dry climate. 3. Wheat is cultivated in areas with mean annual rainfall of 75 cm. and fertile soil. 4. The highest quantity of wheat in the country is in Uttar Pradesh. Out of the total production of wheat about 35 percent is produced only in Uttar Pradesh. 5. This is followed by the states of Punjab and Haryana where production of wheat is on large scale. 6. Wheat production in India has mainly increased after the Green Revolution. Major wheat production area 9. In the outline map of India show the main rice producingstates and give information about rice production in India. (Sept. 10) Ans. 1. Rice is the main grain crop of India. India ranks second in the world in production of rice. 49

13 MT EDUCARE LTD. 2. About 34 percent of the total cultivated area of the nation is under rice cultivation. 3. Out of the total production of foodgrains, production of rice is 42 percent. 4. Rice is cultivated in areas having annual average rainfall of 125 cm. and average temperature of 23 degree celsius. 5. Major rice cultivating areas are north-east India, eastern and western coastal regions and river basin of Ganga. 6. West Bengal, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are the major rice producing states. 10. Write in detail about tea production in India. 1. India ranks first in the production of tea in the world. 2. Out of the total tea production in the world, about 27 percent tea is produced in India. 3. A hot, humid climate and well drained soils of mountainous slope are suitable for tea plantation. 4. Tea plantations are found on the hill slopes of Assam, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. 5. Tea grown in the Brahmaputra valley of Assam and Darjeeling in West Bengal is famous in the world for its taste, flavour and colour. Q.4 (A) Read the following graph and answers the question : Bales (in Lakhs) (1 Bale = 170 K.G.) Year What kind of graph is this? Ans Simple bar graph. 2. What is the production of cotton in ? Ans. Approximately 120 bales (in Lakhs). 50

14 MT EDUCARE LTD. 3. What is the difference in the total production of cotton between the years and ? Ans. Approximately 20 bales (in Lakhs). 4. What is the total production of cotton in ? Ans. Approximately 192 bales (in Lakhs). 5. What is the production of cotton in ? Ans. Approximately 172 bales (in Lakhs). (B) 1. Mark the following in a political map of India. INDIA Cotton producing area in Maharashtra Tea producing area in Assam 3 Coffee producing area in South Tea producing area in West Bengal Wheat producing area. 51

15 MT EDUCARE LTD. 2. INDIA N States in north-eastern India having shifting cultivation (Any two states in north east). The leading sugarcane producing state in India. (Uttar Pradesh) States having plantation agriculture in South. (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu) Sugarcane producing area in Maharashtra. Jute producing area in West Bengal 52

16 MT EDUCARE LTD. Major Crop Percentage Rainfall Temperature /Type Climate Soil Leading State Rice In India area 34% Prod. 42 % 125cm c/kharif Hot and Humid Alluvial West Bengal Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu etc Wheat 75cm. Rabi Cool and Dry Alluvial Uttar Pradesh 35%, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar etc. Jowar In Maharashtra Area 50% Prod. 52% 45cm. Kharif/Rabi Hot and Dry Black Regur Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu etc. Tea 27% India Hot and Humid Well drained Assam, West Bengal Himachal Pradesh, Kerala. Cotton cm. Kharif Hot and Dry Black Regur Gujarat, Maharashtra, 65% Andhra Pradesh } Karnataka Himachal Pradesh Kerala. 53

17 MT EDUCARE LTD. Pulses Madhya pradesh (24%) Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra etc. Oil Seeds 12% (Land under cultivation), Groundnut Rice, Jute Wheat, Sugarcane Pulses Groundnuts Jowar Coffee Tea Gujarat - Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu. Soyabean Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan. Sunflower Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra. Jute West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa. Coffee Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu Rubber Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu Sugarcane Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu etc. Spices Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra. Spices, Rubber Leading State West Bengal Uttar Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Gujarat Maharashtra Karnataka Assam Kerala POLYHOUSE 54

18 Std. : SSC Marks : 20 CHAPTER 6 : LAND RESOURCES : AGRICULTURE (SET A) Duration : 1 hr. Q.1. [A] Choose the correct alternatives and rewrite the complete sentences : 3 (i) Only... crop is cultivated in plantation farming. (one, two, three, four) (ii) The highest quantity of wheat in the country is in... (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh) (iii) India ranks first in the production of... in the world. (coffee, tea, wheat, rubber) Q.1. (B) Match the following : 3 A Column B Column (i) Micro irrigation (a) Controls ventilation (ii) Bio technology (b) Sprinkle irrigation (iii) Polyhouse (c) Traditional agriculture (d) Organisms are used Q.2. (A) Give geogaphical reasons : 4 (i) The production is low in shifting cultivation. (ii) Intensive agriculture is done in densely populated regions. Q.2. (B) Write Short Notes : 4 (i) Dry farming. (ii) Polyhouse. Q.3. Answer the following in detail : 6 (i) What are the features / characteristics of Indian agriculture? (ii) Explain the features of shifting cultivation. Best Of Luck

19 Std. : SSC Marks : 20 CHAPTER 6 : LAND RESOURCES : AGRICULTURE (SET B) Duration : 1 hr. Q.1. [ A] Choose the correct alternatives and rewrite the complete sentences : 3 (i) Farming which is entirely dependent on rainfall is called... farming. (Monsoon, Dry, Intensive, Plantation) (ii) Only... crop is cultivated in plantation farming. (One, Two, Three, Four) (iii) Out of the total population, about... per cent of the people are engaged in Agriculture. (45, 71, 49, 65) Q.1. [B] Match the following : 3 A Column B Column (i) Jhum (a) Madhya Pradesh (ii) Kumri (b) Orissa (iii) Bewar (c) North East India (d) Kerala Q.2. [A] Give scientific reasons : (Any 2) 4 (i) The Production is low in Shifting Cultivation. (ii) The size of the farms is small in India. (iii) Wheat production increased significantly after the Green Revolution. Q.2. [B] Write short notes : (Any 3) 6 (i) Dry Farming (ii) Plantation Farming (iii) Micro - Irrigation (iv) Polyhouse Q.3. Answer the following : (Any 1) 4 (i) What are the features / characteristics of Indian agriculture? (ii) Explain the features of shifting cultivatiion. Best Of Luck

20 Std. : SSC Marks : 20 CHAPTER 6 : LAND RESOURCES : AGRICULTURE (SET C) Duration : 1 hr. Q.1. [A] Choose the correct alternatives and rewrite the complete sentences : 3 (i) India ranks... in the world in production of rice. (Third, Fourth, First, Second) (ii) The highest quantity of wheat in the country is in.... (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh) (iii)... state has the highest production of rubber. (Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujurat, Andhra Pradesh) Q. 1. (B) Match the following : 3 A Column B Column (i) Micro irrigation (a) Controls ventilation (ii) Bio technology (b) Sprinkle irrigation (iii) Polyhouse (c) Traditional agriculture (d) Organisms are used Q.2. [A] Give scientific reasons : (Any 3) 6 (i) Wheat production increased significantly after the Green Revolution. (ii) India exports spices on a large scale. (iii) Government maintains reserved storage of food grains. (iv) The size of the farms is small in India. Q.2. [B] Write short notes : (Any 2) 4 (i) Wheat (ii) Tea (iii) Rice Production in India Q.3. Answer the following : (Any 1) 4 (i) Write about production of Oil Seeds in India. (ii) State the features which are important while considering technological and institutional impact. Best Of Luck

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