Gardening Tips fresh food.. community.. land.. food security. Stewardship. People. learning. living.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Gardening Tips fresh food.. community.. land.. food security. Stewardship. People. learning. living."

Transcription

1 Gardening Tips mountain ROOTS.. Gardening Tips fresh food.. community.. land.. food security. Stewardship. People. learning. living. June 2012 Systems by Oscar Meza-Montano What is? Drip irrigation, also known as trickle irrigation, micro irrigation, or localized irrigation, is the slow, precise application of water and nutrients directly to plant root zones in a predetermined pattern using a point source. Water to drips slowly to the roots of plants, either onto the soil surface or directly onto the root zone, through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters. Designs can be customized to meet specific needs while maintaining an optimum moisture level within the root zones, efficiently conserving water that might otherwise be lost to non-growth areas, runoff, sun or wind, and providing the proper balance of water and air needed for successful plant growth. Drip irrigation is used by farms, commercial greenhouses, and residential gardeners, and may be critical for cities and municipalities that face water restrictions while aspiring to maintain or expand their green areas. Our experience indicates drip irrigation is the most efficient method of irrigating. While sprinkler systems are around 75-85% efficient, drip systems typically are 90% or higher. What that means is much less wasted water! For this reason drip is the preferred method of irrigation in the desert or low water capacity regions. But drip irrigation has other benefits which make it useful almost anywhere. It is easy to install, easy to design, can be very inexpensive, and can reduce disease problems associated with high levels of moisture on some plants. Drip irrigation is ideal for home gardening, backyards, greenhouses, green roofs, row and vegetable crops, including tomatoes, corn, melons, peppers, strawberries, eggplants, zucchinis, lettuces, greens, carrots, herbs and more. A Brief History Of Systems Heda Irrigation has been used since ancient times when buried clay pots were filled with water, which would gradually seep into the grass. In Afghanistan in 1866, researchers began experimenting with irrigation using clay pipe to create combination irrigation and drainage systems. In 1913, E.B. House at Colorado State University succeeded in applying water to the root zone of plants without raising the water table. Perforated pipe was introduced in Germany in the 1920s. The impact sprinkler was invented in the

2 .. Gardening Tips fresh food.. community. land. land. food. food security. Stewardship. People. People. learning. living. living. mountain ROOTS Gardening Tips Drip 1930 s. Use of plastic tubing developed in Australia, and was refined in Israel in the 1950 s. The United States developed the first drip tape, called Dew Hose, in the 1960 s. Beginning in 1989, Jain irrigation helped pioneer effective water-management through drip irrigation in India. Jain irrigation also introduced the `Integrated System Approach, One-Stop-Shop for Farmers, and `Infrastructure Status to & Farm as Industry. The real boom of the drip irrigation systems was in the 80 s with the update of machinery for structured plastics. The 80's saw drip irrigation making the transition into commercial landscape, with mixed success. Modern drip irrigation has arguably become the world's most valued innovation in agriculture. Subsurface (SDI) uses permanently or temporarily buried dripper line or drip tape located at or below the plant roots. It is becoming popular for row crop irrigation, especially in areas where water supplies are limited or recycled water is used for irrigation. Drip irrigation may also use devices called micro-spray heads, which spray water in a small area, instead of dripping emitters. These are generally used on tree and vine crops with wider root zones. Careful study of all the relevant factors like land topography, soil, water, crop and agro-climatic conditions are needed to determine the most suitable drip irrigation system and components to be used in a specific installation In today's market, however, drip irrigation is well trusted and used extensively in agriculture, and is actively utilized in commercial landscape and residential garden sites, providing a possible solution to some of our water management problems. A Low-Cost, Hybrid, Small-Scale Alternative Drip irrigation provides farmers the most efficient way to grow crops in water scarce areas, but historically has been too expensive for small-plot farmers. Valves, filters, emitters, pressure regulators make the drip irrigation systems both complicated and expensive. My father, Oscar E Meza-Celis, was an enthusiast researcher and creative investigator In Acapulco, Mexico in the early 70 s. My father used his experience in hydroponic and gravity irrigation, started to develop several substantial changes in the drip irrigation systems with the goal of lowering the cost and making the irrigation system more accessible to Mexican farmers. His research resulted in the unique, cheap, and most versatile drip irrigation system in the world: OSMECEL. OSMECEL Systems, is a hybrid drip irrigation system using gravity and low pressure water and voiding the use of valves, pressure regulators, emitters, connectors, filters and at the same time. The system uses technique called fertigation, or fertilization-irrigation, which provides all the nutrients necessary for the plant to grow and have

3 high quality yields. With OSMECEL irrigation system, you can grow inside your home, in your backyard, or over many acres of land. After first approaching manufacturers of commercial drip irrigation systems, OSMECEL developed its own design for small farmers. OSMECEL lowered the cost of drip systems by replacing conventional emitters with holes and micro tubes, shifting water distribution lines extending to crops, and customizing system layouts for small plots. Development of a hanging plastic water storage container further lowered the cost for a household garden kit covering from a single plant pot to 20 square meters (215 square feet). In fact, any plot under.4 hectare (one acre) can benefit from these systems, but their modular design allows for expansion above that. They provide water savings of percent, greatly reduce labor, and accurately deliver fertilizers. This makes cultivation during the dry season possible, with resulting yield increases of up to 30 percent. Try this at Home: Left: Use a straight pin to poke tiny holes all over repurposed 2L soda bottles or gallon milk jugs and bury them between your plants. Right: Place a 5-gallon bucket or larger on an elevated base. Connect to spaghetti tubing found at garden supply stores. Water Conservation with Irrigation At the present time and as long as water is inexpensive, irrigation inefficiency and over-watering may be overlooked. Once water supply is low due to a drought and water restrictions are applied, the inefficiencies of a poorly designed and installed irrigation system quickly become apparent. For an irrigation system to be successful, it must include proper design, correct installation, the right component selection, the proper layout, and equally important, appropriate maintenance.

4 Conventional irrigation systems using sprinklers or bubblers are rated in gallons per minute (GPM) -- a popup sprinkler used on a lawn may use from 1 to 3 GPM (gallons per minute), or 60 to 180 GPH (gallons per hour). Drip irrigation flow rates are in the range of 1-4 gallons per hour (GPH), and micro sprinklers may be rated from 5 to 45 GPH (gallons per hour). With conventional watering systems, water may be lost through runoff, low system uniformity and high rate of evaporation, blown away by wind or wasted on non-growth areas. Using drip irrigation water is absorbed slowly into the soil and directly into the root zone. No water is wasted on nongrowth areas. By placing the drip emitters just at the plant root zone you can water using much less water and with better efficiency. This irrigation method allows the water to move deeper into the soil, encouraging deeper root growth. In addition, the low flow of drip system enables watering of large areas using a single water source. Advantages and Benefits of System Water Efficiency: Drip irrigation systems allow you an efficient watering by supplying water where it is needed - at the very roots of the plants. As a result, water is not wasted on leaves or soil. This significantly reduces the chances for evaporation and run off. Both are common with traditional irrigation systems where the water is often supplied at a rate greater than the soil can absorb it. Ease of Installation: Low-pressure systems can be installed without special tools or glue, and with limited knowledge, making the installation a very simple process. In fact, most components of a drip system can be moved or reused. Low Pressure: Most drip systems operate at about 15 to 30 PSI (pounds per square inch), while the average home has water pressures of anywhere from 40 PSI to 80 PSI. Consequently, with a drip system, you will not notice a drop in pressure when the system is operating. Reduced Pest Problems and Weed Growth: Watering only the roots of your plants with drip irrigation cuts down on water-borne pests and fungal diseases that spread by water movement, as well as the germination of weeds in the area between your plants. When water is applied using a conventional sprinkler, everything gets wet. Since a home drip irrigation system applies water to the root zone of your plants, the spaces in between plants remain dry. This greatly inhibits weed seed germination. If the soil remains dry, most seeds will not germinate. Landscape maintenance takes less time with a home drip irrigation system. Versatility: Low volume irrigation systems are designed for placement in both new and existing landscape areas, and are ideal for installation on difficult terrain such as on slopes, in oddly shaped areas, and on windy sites. You have many options with drip irrigation tubing, fittings, and emitters.

5 It is a versatile watering system which can easily be installed on hillsides or flat terrains. A drip irrigation system is the perfect irrigation method for oddly shaped landscapes and windy areas. Existing sprinkler systems can be retrofit with drip irrigation with very little effort. Root Zone - Less plant stress: One benefit of a drip irrigation system is the creation of a totally new and more favorable root zone environment because of the maintenance of a relatively constant soil moisture level. This has important implications for plant water requirements, tolerance and control of disease. When plants get deep, consistent watering, they thrive. Inefficient, shallow watering can contribute to plant stress. Promote healthy growth and disease resistance plants in your home garden with a drip irrigation system. Economy: Investing in a low volume irrigation system can save you money and significantly lower your water use. Once a drip irrigation system is installed, you will use less water to irrigate. If your home is on a well, you will notice a severe drop in your pumping costs. You will no longer need to hand watering your garden. Automate your home drip irrigation system with an irrigation controller and eliminate the need to pay someone to while are on vacation. With the reduction of plant disease and unwanted weeds, your gardening labor and maintenance costs will also drop considerably Disadvantages of No serious introduction to drip irrigation would be complete without a look at the disadvantages associated with its use: The drip tubing can be susceptible to damage from rodents, and household pets unless you place it underground. A filter is required to guard against sand, organic material, and algae clogging the small water passages of the micro drip lines. Each drip line creates a wetted area around each plant, so watering is more critical in replacing the water used by the plant to avoid stress. My father and I are investigating the development of OSMECEL drip irrigation system for green houses, home gardening and green roofs because we believe the future of gardening is here. Subterranean drip irrigation systems are our next goal and Gunnison and Crested Butte will be the first place to install our pilot projects. Oscar S. Meza-Montano grew up in Acapulco, Mexico where he worked with his father to develop the low-tech, low-cost OSMECEL

6 irrigation system. He spent several years in Telluride, and now lives in Gunnison, where he is a small business owner and board member for Mountain Roots. foodproject.org

Introduction to Surface Irrigation

Introduction to Surface Irrigation Introduction to Surface Irrigation Kabul, Afghanistan February 2011 7 This watershed rehabilitation and restoration training was prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) team of Jon Fripp

More information

Lift irrigation Using man or Animal power Using Mechanical or Electrical Power Flow irrigation a)inundation Irrigation b) Perennial Irrigation Direct

Lift irrigation Using man or Animal power Using Mechanical or Electrical Power Flow irrigation a)inundation Irrigation b) Perennial Irrigation Direct Lift irrigation Using man or Animal power Using Mechanical or Electrical Power Flow irrigation a)inundation Irrigation b) Perennial Irrigation Direct irrigation Storage irrigation a)flow irrigation system:

More information

Agricultural Irrigation Assessment Form

Agricultural Irrigation Assessment Form 900 East Quincy, San Antonio, Texas 78215 Agricultural Irrigation Assessment Form All Irrigation Permit Holders must demonstrate their irrigation efficiency by completing an Agricultural Irrigation Assessment

More information

COMMERCIAL HYDROPONIC AGRICULTURE

COMMERCIAL HYDROPONIC AGRICULTURE COMMERCIAL HYDROPONIC AGRICULTURE Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) for Off Season Cropping CONTENTS CURRENT SCENARIO CEA OVERVIEW HYDROPONICS PROPOSAL CURRENT SCENARIO DEMAND FACTORS SUPPLY FACTORS

More information

SOIL AND THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE

SOIL AND THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE GEOLOGY 408/508 SOIL AND THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE CHAPTER 6 Brady & Weil, Rev. 14th ed. THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE (FIGURE 6.2) WATER BALANCE EQUATION Watershed - an area of land drained by a single stream system

More information

Irrigation Systems. Lawrence J. Schwankl and Terry L. Prichard

Irrigation Systems. Lawrence J. Schwankl and Terry L. Prichard Irrigation Systems Lawrence J. Schwankl and Terry L. Prichard An orchard irrigation system should be able to efficiently meet tree water demands. Efficient irrigation means that most of the applied water

More information

Land Treatment of Sewage Effluent in Florida 1

Land Treatment of Sewage Effluent in Florida 1 AE27 Land Treatment of Sewage Effluent in Florida 1 Allen R. Overman 2 Abstract During the last 20 years, land application has gained acceptance as an alternative method for sewage treatment. Experience

More information

VERTICAL BAG FARMS. Big Solutions for Small Holder Farmers. Big solutions For small holder farmers

VERTICAL BAG FARMS. Big Solutions for Small Holder Farmers.  Big solutions For small holder farmers VERTICAL BAG FARMS Big solutions For small holder farmers Big Solutions for Small Holder Farmers Realipm www.realipm.com Realipm VERTICAL BAG FARMS Revolutionary vertical bag farming improve food security

More information

Model Layout/Components of a Drip Irrigation System

Model Layout/Components of a Drip Irrigation System Dept. of Agril. Engg, BAU Lecture Note No. 7 FNRM-121 (Hydrology, Soil and Water Conservation) Instructor- Dr. M. Job First Year Semester II Dated: 15 th July &08 th Aug Drip Irrigation: It can be defined

More information

Florida Crystals Drip Irrigation Project Design and Pricing Assumptions Including Experimental Design Considerations

Florida Crystals Drip Irrigation Project Design and Pricing Assumptions Including Experimental Design Considerations Florida Crystals Drip Irrigation Project Design and Pricing Assumptions Including Experimental Design Considerations The project intention is to test drip irrigation on approximately 160 acres in Martin

More information

SSTI is installed cm below the surface for residential/commercial applications and cm for agricultural applications.

SSTI is installed cm below the surface for residential/commercial applications and cm for agricultural applications. 1 Introduction Subsurface Textile Irrigation (SSTI) is a technology designed specifically for subsurface irrigation in all soil textures from desert sands to heavy clays. Use of SSTI will significantly

More information

Tulare Farm Equipment Show 2007

Tulare Farm Equipment Show 2007 Tulare Farm Equipment Show 2007 Drip and Micro-Sprinkler Flow Paths With David Dunn And Chris Cannella History of Micro Irrigation First Experiments were in Germany, 1860 First experiments in the United

More information

Simplifying Micro-Irrigation System Design with AquaFlow 3.2 Design Assist Software

Simplifying Micro-Irrigation System Design with AquaFlow 3.2 Design Assist Software Simplifying Micro-Irrigation System Design with AquaFlow 3.2 Design Assist Software Inge Bisconer, Technical Marketing and Sales Manager, CID, CLIA Toro Micro-Irrigation, El Cajon, CA Inge.bisconer@toro.com

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE...V CONTRIBUTORS... VI I. MICROIRRIGATION THEORY AND DESIGN PRINCIPLES CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION...1

TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE...V CONTRIBUTORS... VI I. MICROIRRIGATION THEORY AND DESIGN PRINCIPLES CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION...1 XI TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE...V CONTRIBUTORS... VI I. MICROIRRIGATION THEORY AND DESIGN PRINCIPLES CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION...1 1.1. DEFINITION... 1 1.2. HISTORY AND CURRENT STATUS... 2 1.2.1. Early History

More information

Drip irrigation, also known as micro irrigation

Drip irrigation, also known as micro irrigation What Is Drip Irrigation? Conserve Water And Irrigate Intelligently Drip irrigation, also known as micro irrigation or trickle irrigation, is a remarkable water technology first developed decades ago. Today,

More information

Ag Water Energy Center at Fresno State

Ag Water Energy Center at Fresno State Water Use Efficiency for Grapes and Almonds Presented by the (CIT) California State University, Fresno Ag Water Energy Center at Fresno State The Designers and Managers of the Program: Water and Energy

More information

by Inge Bisconer Watering Success

by Inge Bisconer Watering Success As featured in Reprinted with permission of American Nurseryman by Inge Bisconer Watering for Success Growers increasingly recognize that water management is a key element to the success of their operation.

More information

Orchard Irrigation Determining the Application Rate & Uniformity of a Microirrigation System

Orchard Irrigation Determining the Application Rate & Uniformity of a Microirrigation System Orchard Irrigation Determining the Application Rate & Uniformity of a Microirrigation System Larry Schwankl UC Cooperative Extension 559-646-6569 e-mail: schwankl@uckac.edu Determining the application

More information

Series 86X Mini Compact- No Bridge Mini Sprinklers

Series 86X Mini Compact- No Bridge Mini Sprinklers Series 86X Mini Compact- No Bridge Mini Sprinklers These emitters are the most advanced and time proven mini sprinklers with unique patented mechanism, firm construction without a bridge for even distribution

More information

Grower Information Sheet. Water Wheel Transplanter

Grower Information Sheet. Water Wheel Transplanter Grower Information Sheet Water Wheel Transplanter Date: 2/27/12 Farm Name: Crossroads Community Farm Address: 4144 County Road J, Cross Plains, WI 53528 Contact Info: Mike Noltnerwyss, (608)798-0219, crossroadscommunityfarm@gmail.com

More information

Bioreactor Landfill Design

Bioreactor Landfill Design Bioreactor Landfill Design Timothy Townsend, PhD, PE Department of Environmental Engineering Sciences University of Florida ttown@ufl.edu Bioreactor Landfill Design Modern landfill design entails many

More information

IRRIGATION. on the farm

IRRIGATION. on the farm IRRIGATION on the farm OBJECTIVES Student will learn... optimal times to irrigate during different stages of plant development types of small farm/permaculture irrigation systems different sources of water

More information

IRRIGATION WATER MANAGEMENT OPTIONS FOR ALFALFA ABSTRACT

IRRIGATION WATER MANAGEMENT OPTIONS FOR ALFALFA ABSTRACT IRRIGATION WATER MANAGEMENT OPTIONS FOR ALFALFA Larry Schwankl 1, Dan Putnam 2, Khaled Bali 3, and Daniele Zaccaria 4 ABSTRACT All types of irrigation systems, including border strip flood systems, various

More information

Graywater Irrigation Primer

Graywater Irrigation Primer Graywater Irrigation Primer Some Background In Texas, graywater is defined as untreated, non toilet, household water including water from bathroom sinks, showers and baths. Implied in this definition is

More information

SOP 21: Evaluation of design and operation of a micro-sprinkler system

SOP 21: Evaluation of design and operation of a micro-sprinkler system SOP 21: Evaluation of design and operation of a micro-sprinkler system Updated 7/28/14 Estimated completion time: 8 hours Materials and equipment needed: 1. Data sheet 2. Clipboard 3. Sharpie pen 4. Flags

More information

9/7/2015. Preventative Biological Cultural Mechanical Chemical. Angela R. Post

9/7/2015. Preventative Biological Cultural Mechanical Chemical. Angela R. Post Angela R. Post Preventative Biological Cultural Mechanical Chemical Preventative excluding new weeds by careful selection of soil or other inputs and keeping areas sanitary such that weeds are not introduced

More information

TRAINING OBJECTIVES. Irrigation may not be your job but it can have a big effect on it!

TRAINING OBJECTIVES. Irrigation may not be your job but it can have a big effect on it! FLORIDA-FRIENDLY BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES FOR PROTECTION OF WATER RESOURCES BY THE GREEN INDUSTRIES GREEN INDUSTRIES BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (GI-BMP) MODULE 4: IRRIGATION 6/2016 TRAINING OBJECTIVES

More information

Factors to Consider in Selecting a Farm Irrigation System

Factors to Consider in Selecting a Farm Irrigation System Cooperative Extension Service The University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences PDF Factors to Consider in Selecting a Farm Irrigation System Contents Kerry Harrison, Extension

More information

Irrigation can increase the production of

Irrigation can increase the production of B-6150 5/04 Irrigation of Forage Crops Juan Enciso, Dana Porter, Guy Fipps and Paul Colaizzi* Irrigation can increase the production of forages where rainfall is limited. In planning an irrigation system

More information

Contents: Purpose and objective Water and energy conservation 1 1

Contents: Purpose and objective Water and energy conservation 1 1 1 Chapter 1 Contents: 652.0100 Purpose and objective 1 1 652.0101 Water and energy conservation 1 1 652.0102 Soil conservation, water quality, and pollution abatement 1 2 652.0103 Using the guide 1 3 (a)

More information

Calculating Recommended Fertilizer Rates for Vegetables Grown in Raised-Bed, Mulched Cultural Systems 1

Calculating Recommended Fertilizer Rates for Vegetables Grown in Raised-Bed, Mulched Cultural Systems 1 SL 303 Calculating Recommended Fertilizer Rates for Vegetables Grown in Raised-Bed, Mulched Cultural Systems 1 George Hochmuth and Edward Hanlon Cover photo. Tomatoes growing in a mulched, raised bed system

More information

Low Pressure Drip/Micro System Design Analysis of Potential Rebate

Low Pressure Drip/Micro System Design Analysis of Potential Rebate Low Pressure Drip/Micro System Design Analysis of Potential Rebate Prepared by: Dr. Charles Burt, ITRC Dr. Dan Howes, ITRC Drip/micro irrigation systems are often referred to as low pressure systems because

More information

Adding Value with Horticulture Farming

Adding Value with Horticulture Farming Adding Value with Horticulture Farming Patrick Byers Regional Horticulture Specialist University of Missouri Extension 417-881-8909 byerspl@missouri.edu Outline Introduction Inventory your resources Determine

More information

Saving Energy on Electric, Lighting and Water Systems

Saving Energy on Electric, Lighting and Water Systems Sponsored by Nexus Greenhouse Systems Saving Energy on Electric, Lighting and Water Systems Terms & Conditions of Use Proper installation and maintenance of all electronic systems can lead to significant

More information

Field Evaluations of Irrigation Systems: Solid Set or Portable Sprinkler Systems 1

Field Evaluations of Irrigation Systems: Solid Set or Portable Sprinkler Systems 1 Bulletin 266 Field Evaluations of Irrigation Systems: Solid Set or Portable Sprinkler Systems 1 A.G. Smajstrla, B.J. Boman, G.A. Clark, D.Z. Haman, D.J. Pitts and F.S. Zazueta 2 Introduction This bulletin

More information

Best Value Drip Irrigation Products High Quality Yet Affordable

Best Value Drip Irrigation Products High Quality Yet Affordable Best Value Drip Irrigation Products High Quality Yet Affordable Right Choice of Every Farmer Driptech offers affordable drip irrigation solutions ; innovative novel high performance drip irrigation system

More information

ONSITE SEWAGE SYSTEMS*

ONSITE SEWAGE SYSTEMS* GENERAL DESCRIPTIONS OF COMMON TYPES OF ONSITE SEWAGE SYSTEMS* *Some of the systems described are not permitted for new construction under the current code in Wisconsin. See individual descriptions for

More information

Irrigation Systems CEU 257. Continuing Education from the American Society of Plumbing Engineers. March ASPE.

Irrigation Systems CEU 257. Continuing Education from the American Society of Plumbing Engineers. March ASPE. Irrigation Systems Continuing Education from the American Society of Plumbing Engineers March 2018 ASPE.ORG/ReadLearnEarn CEU 257 READ, LEARN, EARN Note: In determining your answers to the CE questions,

More information

Domestic water- Drinking water Industrial and Commercial Irrigation. Cleaning and flushing Fire fighting

Domestic water- Drinking water Industrial and Commercial Irrigation. Cleaning and flushing Fire fighting Water saving measures and management Dr. Hafez Q. Shaheen Assosiate Professor, An-Najah National University, Nablus, West Bank Water uses and consumption Domestic water- Drinking water Industrial and Commercial

More information

LAT IS ALL we sell in agriculture. Whether

LAT IS ALL we sell in agriculture. Whether B-6152 6-04 Grain Sorghum Irrigation Leon New* LAT IS ALL we sell in agriculture. Whether the enterprise ER is corn, cattle, cauliflower, cotton, or grain sorghum water is essential for its production

More information

1. PRECISION SOIL PREPARATION

1. PRECISION SOIL PREPARATION Technical 1 1. PRECISION SOIL PREPARATION LESS IS MORE Soil preparation is the first step before growing a crop. The ultimate objective is to produce a firm and weed-free seedbed for rapid germination

More information

Season Extension: Using Row Covers and Plasticulture to Produce an Earlier Harvest and Greater Yields

Season Extension: Using Row Covers and Plasticulture to Produce an Earlier Harvest and Greater Yields Season Extension: Using Row Covers and Plasticulture to Produce an Earlier Harvest and Greater Yields Table of Contents 1.0 Summary 2.0 Materials and Methods 3.0 Results 4.0 Conclusions and Discussion

More information

Placement and Interpretation of Soil Moisture Sensors for Irrigated Cotton Production in Humid Regions SITE SELECTION IN A FIELD OBJECTIVE

Placement and Interpretation of Soil Moisture Sensors for Irrigated Cotton Production in Humid Regions SITE SELECTION IN A FIELD OBJECTIVE Brian Leib, University of Tennessee Jose Payero, Clemson University Lyle Pringle, Mississippi State University James Bordovsky, Texas A&M University Wesley Porter, University of Georgia Ed Barnes, Cotton

More information

Living Produce. Environmentally Controlled Vertical Agriculture

Living Produce. Environmentally Controlled Vertical Agriculture Living Produce Environmentally Controlled Vertical Agriculture Vertical Farming How it Started Roof Top Farms Roof Top Farms Slopes and Undulations The First Sloped Roof : The Green Living Wall panels

More information

Strawberry: Drip Irrigation and Fertigation

Strawberry: Drip Irrigation and Fertigation Strawberry: Drip Irrigation and Fertigation Erick D. Smith The University of Georgia Dept. of Horticulture, Tifton Campus January 10, 2014 SE RFVC Strawberry Educational Session Rm 205 Water Irrigation

More information

3.8 Effluent distribution and irrigation systems. Managing effluent for irrigation. Systems for land application. Recycling irrigation tailwater

3.8 Effluent distribution and irrigation systems. Managing effluent for irrigation. Systems for land application. Recycling irrigation tailwater 3.8 Effluent distribution and irrigation systems The uniformity of land application (or distribution) of effluent depends on the type of system used to transport and deliver dairy effluent to the land

More information

Constructing a Block and Fence Growing Bench for use with a Capillary Mat Irrigation System for Greenhouse Plant Production

Constructing a Block and Fence Growing Bench for use with a Capillary Mat Irrigation System for Greenhouse Plant Production EXTENSION Know how. Know now. EC303 Constructing a Block and Fence Growing Bench for use with a Capillary Mat Irrigation System for Greenhouse Plant Production Stacy A. Adams, Associate Professor of Practice

More information

Run-off & Soil Sealing

Run-off & Soil Sealing Prevent Run-off & Soil Sealing Matching soil infiltration rates by spreading out your sprinkler pattern over a larger surface. made in usa Tight Soils Tight soils are a challenge for growers who depend

More information

Drip Irrigation: An Introduction

Drip Irrigation: An Introduction Sustainable Agriculture Techniques EM 8782 Revised October 2006 $1.50 Drip Irrigation: An Introduction C. Shock Drip irrigation tubing used to irrigate wine grapes. Clint Shock, superintendent, Malheur

More information

33. Fate of pesticides in soil and plant.

33. Fate of pesticides in soil and plant. 33. Fate of pesticides in soil and plant. What Happens to Pesticides When a pesticide is released into the environment many things happen to it. Sometimes what happens is beneficial. For example, the leaching

More information

Here s How It Works Our Injectors are Great For:

Here s How It Works Our Injectors are Great For: www.dosatronusa.com Here s How It Works Dosatron water-powered dosers are volumetric, they compensate for flow and pressure changes providing consistent, repeatable results. Water-powered Foolproof operation

More information

Irrigation Efficiency, Uniformity & Crop Response. System performance evaluation

Irrigation Efficiency, Uniformity & Crop Response. System performance evaluation Irrigation Efficiency, Uniformity & Crop Response System performance evaluation Email: fcasselss@csufresno.edu Crop Water Stress Conference February 23, 2016 Florence Cassel S. Bill Green Assessing Irrigation

More information

COMPARISON OF SOIL PENETRANTS

COMPARISON OF SOIL PENETRANTS COMPARISON OF SOIL PENETRANTS Any properly formulated penetrant can only provide a lowering of the evaporation rate of water and allow the water to penetrate the soil and reach field capacity more easily.

More information

TOOLS FOR BETTER IRRIGATION. Room December

TOOLS FOR BETTER IRRIGATION. Room December TOOLS FOR BETTER IRRIGATION Room 308-309 December 6 2017 CEUs New Process Certified Crop Advisor (CCA) Sign in and out of each session you attend. Pickup verification sheet at conclusion of each session.

More information

Monitoring soil moisture helps refine irrigation management

Monitoring soil moisture helps refine irrigation management Enviroscan soil moisture sensors like the one shown, that monitor on a continuous basis, provide more information that can be valuable. Monitoring soil moisture helps refine irrigation management Blaine

More information

Water Resource Protection and Enhancement. Recommended Practices

Water Resource Protection and Enhancement. Recommended Practices Water Resource Protection and Enhancement Cranberry growers manage water on bogs to ensure sufficient moisture and adequate drainage for optimum plant growth. Water management practices on cranberry bogs

More information

K. MANJULA, SA (BIO), HINDUPUR, ANANTAPUR (DT) PROJECT WORK NAME OF THE PROJECT: FORMER BASED INTERVENTIONS FOR SUTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

K. MANJULA, SA (BIO), HINDUPUR, ANANTAPUR (DT) PROJECT WORK NAME OF THE PROJECT: FORMER BASED INTERVENTIONS FOR SUTAINABLE AGRICULTURE PROJECT WORK CLASS: X CLASS SUBJET: BIOLOGY NAM E OF THE LESSON: NATURAL RESOURCES NAME OF THE PROJECT: FORMER BASED INTERVENTIONS FOR SUTAINABLE AGRICULTURE STRATEGY: GROUP GROUP LEADER: GROUP MEMBERS

More information

A Green Solutions Company TM ENGINEERED PRODUCTS

A Green Solutions Company TM ENGINEERED PRODUCTS A Green Solutions Company ENGINEERED PRODUCTS A Green Solutions Company Table of Contents The World Leader EZ-FLO Injection systems has proudly offered premium grade injectors, fertilizing products, and

More information

SUGAR CANE INCREASING SUGAR CANE YIELDS THROUGH EFFICIENT IRRIGATION SOLUTIONS. HigH er yields... lower cost... precision application

SUGAR CANE INCREASING SUGAR CANE YIELDS THROUGH EFFICIENT IRRIGATION SOLUTIONS. HigH er yields... lower cost... precision application SUGAR CANE INCREASING SUGAR CANE YIELDS THROUGH EFFICIENT IRRIGATION SOLUTIONS HigH er yields... lower cost... precision application Why irrigate? Getting the correct amount of water on your sugar cane

More information

Irrigation Scheduling for Urban and Small Farms

Irrigation Scheduling for Urban and Small Farms Irrigation Scheduling for Urban and Small Farms Urban and Small Farm Workshop February 18, 2015 Presentation by L. Niel Allen Extension Irrigation Engineer n.allen@usu.edu http://extension.usu.edu/irrigation/

More information

Evaluating Center Pivot Drag line Drip Irrigation Systems

Evaluating Center Pivot Drag line Drip Irrigation Systems Evaluating Center Pivot Drag line Drip Irrigation Systems Charles Swanson Extension Program Specialist Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service College Station, Texas Dr. Guy Fipps, PE Extension Agricultural

More information

IRRIGATION DESIGN & MAINTENANCE FOR MAXIMUM EFFCIENCY

IRRIGATION DESIGN & MAINTENANCE FOR MAXIMUM EFFCIENCY IRRIGATION DESIGN & MAINTENANCE FOR MAXIMUM EFFCIENCY Donald D. Franklin CID, CLIA, don.franklin@hunterindustries.com (916) 899-9437 What Are The Goals Of Irrigation Design? Provide adequate soil moisture

More information

DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEM.

DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEM. DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEM. 4/25/2018 DUBI SEGAL ISRAEL - ARID AND SEMI-ARID REGION. 2 4/25/2018 2 Ein Yahav Negev 1959 Arava 1979 1999 2013 GLOBAL LEADER WITH BROAD AND DIVERSE GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE 28 SUBSIDIARIES

More information

Introduction to Tomatoes!

Introduction to Tomatoes! Introduction to Tomatoes! Missouri Tomato School Joplin, MO August 14, 2017 Dr. Richard G. Snyder Professor & Vegetable Specialist In The Beginning Tomato plants originated in Central and South America

More information

Abstract: Technical advancements have eliminated the single greatest limitation of Center Pivots.

Abstract: Technical advancements have eliminated the single greatest limitation of Center Pivots. Lowering Average Application Rate (AAR) Expands Potential of Center Pivots Jon R. Johnston President, Irrigation Accessories Co. IACO PO Box 820118, Vancouver WA 98662 jon@boombacks.com Abstract: Technical

More information

DRIP IRRIGATION STUDIES IN ALFALFA KEARNEY AG. CENTER

DRIP IRRIGATION STUDIES IN ALFALFA KEARNEY AG. CENTER DRIP IRRIGATION STUDIES IN ALFALFA KEARNEY AG. CENTER Daniel Putnam - Department of Plant Sciences, UCD; dhputnam@ucdavis.edu Umair Gull, Department of Plant Sciences, UCD ugull@ucdavis.edu Ali Montazar

More information

Requirements and Irrigation Scheduling

Requirements and Irrigation Scheduling Pecan Water Requirements and Irrigation Scheduling Lenny Wells, University of Georgia Department of Horticulture Water has more of an effect on pecan production than does any other environmental factor.

More information

Agri-Inject.com. Fluid injection technology systems for precise control over what happens on your course. Product Guide 1. Agri-Inject.

Agri-Inject.com. Fluid injection technology systems for precise control over what happens on your course. Product Guide 1. Agri-Inject. Fluid injection technology systems for precise control over what happens on your course. Product Guide 1 Your irrigation system should do more than just water your course. Agri-Inject makes that happen.

More information

BENEFITS FROM IMPROVING FLOOD IRRIGATION EFFICIENCY

BENEFITS FROM IMPROVING FLOOD IRRIGATION EFFICIENCY BENEFITS FROM IMPROVING FLOOD IRRIGATION EFFICIENCY Report of Progress 544 Agricultural Experiment Station Kansas State University, Manhattan Walter R. Woods, Director BENEFITS FROM IMPROVING FLOOD IRRIGATION

More information

A5 PC Series Pressure Compensating Ag Dripline

A5 PC Series Pressure Compensating Ag Dripline A5 PC Series Pressure Compensating Ag Dripline Rain Bird engineers leveraged over years of irrigation expertise to develop this reliable, durable, and high performing pressure compensating heavy wall dripline.

More information

A top issue: Quality. Manual of Tomato and Eggplant Field Production

A top issue: Quality. Manual of Tomato and Eggplant Field Production Manual of Tomato and Eggplant Field Production A top issue: Quality Hector Valenzuela, Ph.D Vegetable Crops Extension Specialist CTAHR, Univ. Hawaii at Manoa Hector@hawaii.edu t. 808-967-7903 http://www2.hawaii.edu/~hector/

More information

Profitable Specialty Crop Farming

Profitable Specialty Crop Farming Profitable Specialty Crop Farming Patrick Byers Regional Horticulture Specialist University of Missouri Extension 417-859-2044 byerspl@missouri.edu Upcoming Programs of Interest FSMA trainings, 1/29 (Springfield),

More information

first flush water diverters water quality first downspout, post/wall mounted and in-ground diverters

first flush water diverters water quality first downspout, post/wall mounted and in-ground diverters water quality first downspout, post/wall mounted and in-ground diverters Available in kit form just add PVC pipe Simple, effective and easy to install Includes Slow Release Control Valve - empties after

More information

OPERATING CONTROLLED DRAINAGE AND SUBIRRIGATION SYSTEMS

OPERATING CONTROLLED DRAINAGE AND SUBIRRIGATION SYSTEMS OPERATING CONTROLLED DRAINAGE AND SUBIRRIGATION SYSTEMS Prepared by: Robert Evans, Extension Specialist and Wayne Skaggs,William Neal Reynolds Professor Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering

More information

Erosion control, irrigation and fertiliser management and blueberry production: Grower interviews. Geoff Kaine

Erosion control, irrigation and fertiliser management and blueberry production: Grower interviews. Geoff Kaine Erosion control, irrigation and fertiliser management and blueberry production: Grower interviews Geoff Kaine Author Dr Geoff Kaine Geoff Kaine Research Hauturu, Waikato, New Zealand April 2017 Acknowledgements

More information

Fertilizer Management for Plant Health and Environmental Water Quality Protection

Fertilizer Management for Plant Health and Environmental Water Quality Protection Fertilizer Management for Plant Health and Environmental Water Quality Protection Florida and California are different but we share some problems, and solutions Nitrogen and phosphorus management for horticultural

More information

Shock Chlorination of Irrigation Wells to Reduce Iron-Related Bacteria and Emitter Clogging ABSTRACT

Shock Chlorination of Irrigation Wells to Reduce Iron-Related Bacteria and Emitter Clogging ABSTRACT Shock Chlorination of Irrigation Wells to Reduce Iron-Related Bacteria and Emitter Clogging Michael Clubb 1 and Jos. C. Henggeler 2 ABSTRACT A test was undertaken to evaluate what effect super chlorinating

More information

Irrigating Efficiently: tools, tips & techniques. Steve Castagnoli, OSU Extension Service

Irrigating Efficiently: tools, tips & techniques. Steve Castagnoli, OSU Extension Service Irrigating Efficiently: tools, tips & techniques Steve Castagnoli, OSU Extension Service Tonight s class: Why plants need water When plants need water How much water plants need Soil as a reservoir of

More information

Whole Soil Fertility Step-by-Step

Whole Soil Fertility Step-by-Step Whole Soil Fertility Step-by-Step A guide to using the whole soil fertility worksheet What the soil needs Our first step is to estimate plant and soil needs. For this, we use 1. Plant nitrogen requirements

More information

ANOTHER SCI: A SYSTEM OF CARROT INTENSIFICATION Mark Fulford November 2014

ANOTHER SCI: A SYSTEM OF CARROT INTENSIFICATION Mark Fulford November 2014 ANOTHER SCI: A SYSTEM OF CARROT INTENSIFICATION Mark Fulford November 2014 On our Teltane Farm in Monroe, Maine, USA, we have begun adapting System of Crop Intensification (SCI) ideas to our carrot production,

More information

Soil Management analyzed via 18 interrelated criteria including:

Soil Management analyzed via 18 interrelated criteria including: Soil Management analyzed via 18 interrelated criteria including: original and seasonal land clearing methods land preparation soil protection quality enhancement soil water management Eastern Caribbean

More information

Irrigation Scheduling: Checkbook Method

Irrigation Scheduling: Checkbook Method Know how. Know now. EC709 Irrigation Scheduling: Checkbook Method Steven R. Melvin, Extension Educator C. Dean Yonts, Extension Irrigation Specialist Irrigation scheduling helps determine when and how

More information

IRRIGATION OF APPLES. rotator technology. Handy Pocket Guide. save water, save energy and do a better job of irrigating.

IRRIGATION OF APPLES. rotator technology. Handy Pocket Guide. save water, save energy and do a better job of irrigating. Handy Pocket Guide rotator technology save water, save energy and do a better job of irrigating. IRRIGATION OF APPLES Copyright 2008 Nelson Irrigation Corporation 1 R5 9-29 GPH 34-110 LPH R10.3-1.1 GPM

More information

CONVERTING FROM GRAVITY FLOW

CONVERTING FROM GRAVITY FLOW CONVERTING FROM GRAVITY FLOW SELECTION GUIDE FOR FLOOD IRRIGATORS INEFFICIENCIES OF FLOOD IRRIGATION Uneven application Excess water runoff High labor demand RUNOFF IN FLOOD IRRIGATED FIELD Converting

More information

Tillage Practices and Sugar Beet Yields 1

Tillage Practices and Sugar Beet Yields 1 Tillage Practices and Sugar Beet Yields 1 R. L. COOK 2 Sugar beets produce the highest yields on the dark-colored soils which have been brought under cultivation recently. Over a period of years, growers

More information

Ponds. Pond A water impoundment made by excavating a pit, or constructing a dam or an embankment.

Ponds. Pond A water impoundment made by excavating a pit, or constructing a dam or an embankment. POND SITE SELECTION AND CONSTRUCTION Uses, Planning, & Design David Krietemeyer Area Engineer USDA-NRCS June 20, 2008 Uses Considerations for Location of Commonly Used Terms Pond A water impoundment made

More information

December Underground-localized Irrigation of Trees, Shrubs, Vegetables, landscaping and Plants in containers

December Underground-localized Irrigation of Trees, Shrubs, Vegetables, landscaping and Plants in containers The Buried Diffuser A real innovation for an efficient irrigation December 2012 Underground-localized Irrigation of Trees, Shrubs, Vegetables, landscaping and Plants in containers Anticipated Irrigation

More information

Florida farmers work hard every day to keep this precious land green.

Florida farmers work hard every day to keep this precious land green. Florida farmers work hard every day to keep this precious land green. Learn how Florida farmers protect, conserve and manage the land that provides food, fiber and foliage for our everyday lives. Written

More information

SOP 14 Distribution uniformity evaluation for micro-sprinklers. Updated 7/28/14. Materials needed:

SOP 14 Distribution uniformity evaluation for micro-sprinklers. Updated 7/28/14. Materials needed: SOP 1 Distribution uniformity evaluation for micro-sprinklers Updated 7/8/1 Materials needed: 1. GPS or measuring wheel. Clip board. Data sheet. Sharpie pen. 1 ft tape measure 6. Flags 7. 0, 0.-L water

More information

Agronomic and soil quality trends after five years of different tillage and crop rotations across Iowa

Agronomic and soil quality trends after five years of different tillage and crop rotations across Iowa 21 Integrated Crop Management Conference - Iowa State University 185 Agronomic and soil quality trends after five years of different tillage and crop rotations across Iowa Mahdi Al-Kaisi, associate professor

More information

Briefing note: Water conservation measures in the domestic sector prepared by the NTUA

Briefing note: Water conservation measures in the domestic sector prepared by the NTUA Briefing note: Water conservation measures in the domestic sector prepared by the NTUA Water conservation is often associated with curtailment of water use and doing less with less water, typically during

More information

Water Usage and Papaya Growth in Double-Row Systems Established During the Dry Season

Water Usage and Papaya Growth in Double-Row Systems Established During the Dry Season Water Usage and Papaya Growth in Double-Row Systems Established During the Dry Season Thomas W. Zimmerman Research Associate Professor Biotechnology & Agroforestry March 31, 28 Water Resources Research

More information

Valley. Water Application RELIABLE DURABLE PRECISE ADVANCED RESPONSIVE

Valley. Water Application RELIABLE DURABLE PRECISE ADVANCED RESPONSIVE Valley Water Application RELIABLE DURABLE PRECISE ADVANCED RESPONSIVE Choosing the Rig ht Sprinkler Package Deciding on the correct water application solution is vital to your pivot s performance. The

More information

Basic Irrigation Design

Basic Irrigation Design Basic Irrigation Design Basic Irrigation Design Table of Contents Introduction............................ii Terminology...........................iii System Diagram.........................1 Hydraulics..............................2

More information

Chapter 3. Principles and Practices of Irrigation Management for Vegetables

Chapter 3. Principles and Practices of Irrigation Management for Vegetables Chapter 3. Principles and Practices of Irrigation Management for Vegetables E. H. Simonne and M. D. Dukes 2009-2010 This section contains basic information on vegetable water use and irrigation management,

More information

Greenhouse Tomato Production. Mary Peet North Carolina State University

Greenhouse Tomato Production. Mary Peet North Carolina State University Greenhouse Tomato Production Mary Peet North Carolina State University Topics (mostly tomatoes) Statistics Pro s and Cons Decisions Production cycle for tomatoes Greenhouse types Greenhouse costs How Many

More information

FOOD FROM FISH POOP?!

FOOD FROM FISH POOP?! LESSON SUMMARY: Students will learn about aquaponic systems and how to grow nutritious food from live fish by-products AN AQUAPONICS FACILITY GROWING TOMATOES ACKNOWLEDGMENT This guide was created with

More information

Advanced Agriculture

Advanced Agriculture Advanced Agriculture What are the benefits? Ultra Efficient Water & Energy Savings Organic, Fresh, Clean & Local Increased Yield in Extreme Conditions What do we do? We use aeroponic technologies We grow

More information

Uniformity of Sprinkler and Microirrigation Systems for Nurseries 1

Uniformity of Sprinkler and Microirrigation Systems for Nurseries 1 BUL321 Uniformity of Sprinkler and Microirrigation Systems for Nurseries 1 D.Z. Haman, A.G. Smajstrla and D.J. Pitts 2 Nursery production in Florida requires irrigation. The majority of the systems found

More information

SPECIALTYSALESCO.com. Sumner, Georgia. Innovative products and technology for the new age of agriculture.

SPECIALTYSALESCO.com. Sumner, Georgia. Innovative products and technology for the new age of agriculture. SPECIALTYSALESCO.com Sumner, Georgia Innovative products and technology for the new age of agriculture. specialtysalesco.com NG Plus Planters twin row planting system Monosem is the original, patented,

More information