Kharif Bajra. Kharif Cotton

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1 Gujarat By the end of first week of September, 2005 crops are in moderately satisfactory to satisfactory condition. In some areas crops were affected due to flood. So far Gujarat region received excess and Saurashtra and Kutch region received normal rain in the monsoon season. Kharif rice is at active tillering / vegetative stage. Kharif cotton is at vegetative / square formation stage. Kharif bajra and Kharif maize are at flowering / grain formation, Kharif groundnut is at flowering / pegging, and Sugarcane are at vegetative / cane development stage. Kharif rice The crop is at active tillering / vegetative stage. In some areas crops affected by flood are now recovering. At tillering stage give supplementary dose of 32 kg / ha for early verities, 40 kg / ha for medium and 48 kg / ha for late ripening varieties. Perform application on a non-rainy day in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. There is chance of attack of Stem borrer, Leaf folder, Green leaf hopper, Brown plant hopper, Blast, Leaf spot, Bacterial leaf blight, Brown spot, Sheath blight during this month. Keep close watch for these insects and diseases. Apply carbofuran 25kg / ha, or cartap hydrochloride 20kg / ha for control of stem borer. To control the sucking pests spray 12ml or 5ml or 10 ml in 10 liter of water. Perform application on a non-rainy day in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. Undertake intercultural operation to keep the field weed free. Maintain 4 5 cm water in the timely transplanted rice field as these crops are at tillering stage.

2 Kharif Cotton Kharif Bajra The crop is at vegetative (local) / square formation (hybrid) stage. In some areas crops affected by flood are now recovering. Undertake intercultural operation to keep the field weed free. Apply remaining dose of nitrogen to hybrid cotton. Perform application on a non-rainy day in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. There is chance of attack of Spodopterea, Spotted boll worm, Pink boll worm, Leaf curl virus and Angular leaf spot during this month. There are chances of occurrences of sucking pests (aphids, jassids, thrips) on the crop. To control sucking pests like Aphids, Jassides, thrips and Heliothis release of Chrysoperia eggs or first in star / ha twice at the interval of 15 days. For monitoring and management of the boll warms and Heliothis hang pheromone traps. Change the lures at an interval of 15 days. Destoy trapped moths every day. For control of boll warms release parasite 1.5 lakhs / ha 5-6 times as per requirement depending upon infestation found in the fields. For control of white fly spray nim 4 litre / ha as per requirement. For control of top shoot borer spray endosulphan 35% 2litre / ha or quinaphos 25% 2litre / ha. Perform application of chemicals on a non-rainy day in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. As dry spells continues for last three weeks in most of the districts of the state, apply irrigation to bring the soil to its field capacity. Perform application of irrigation in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli depending on rainfall situation as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. The crop is at flowering / grain formation stage in Gujarat State. In some areas crops affected by flood are now recovering. Undertake intercultural operation to keep the field weed free. Apply remaining dose of 40 kg nitrogen / ha. Perform application on a non-rainy day in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. As dry spells continues for last three weeks in most of the districts of the state, apply irrigation to bring the soil to its field capacity. Perform application of irrigation in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli depending on rainfall situation as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas.

3 Kharif Groundnut Kharif Maize The crop is at flowering / pegging stage in South Gujarat and Saurashtra & Kutch region. In some areas crops affected by flood are now recovering. Undertake intercultural operation to keep the field weed free. There is chance of attack of Helicoverpa, Jassids, Spodoptera, Leaf miner, Aphids and Thrips during this month. Keep close watch for these insects and diseases and apply recommended plant protection measures if required. If crop appears yellowish, make a mixture of 100 gm Hirakasi (Ferous sulphate) + 10 gm lemon arck (citric acid) dissolved in 10 litres of water and make a solution in 500 litres of water and spray over the crop of 1 ha area. As dry spells continues for last three weeks in most of the districts of the state, apply irrigation to bring the soil to its field capacity. Perform application of irrigation in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli depending on rainfall situation as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. The crop is at flowering / garin formation stage in North & Middle Gujrat region. In some areas crops affected by flood are now recovering. Undertake intercultural operation to keep the field weed free. There is chance of attack of Stem borer, Aphids, Spodoptera and Green hopper during this month. Keep close watch for these insects and diseases and apply recommended plant protection measures if required. Apply remaining dose of 25 kg nitrogen / ha to the crop. Perform application on a non-rainy day in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. As dry spells continues for last three weeks in most of the districts of the state, apply irrigation to bring the soil to its field capacity. Perform application of irrigation in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli depending on rainfall situation as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas.

4 Sugarcane Castor The crop is at vegetative / cane development stage in South Gujarat region and in satisfactory condition. Heavy earthing up operation may be done. Remove 25% bottom leaves at 6 8 months after sowing for more production of cane and to increase percentage of sugar. Apply remaining 4 th dose of 87.5 kg/ha. Perform application on a non-rainy day in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. There is chance of attack of Top shoot borer, Mealy bug, Pyrilla, White fly, Red rot, Ring spot during this month. For controlling top shoot borer collect and destroy dead hearts & eggs masses. Release Tricogramina 1.0 to 1.5 lakh / ha and apply carbofuran 33 kg / ha or phorate 10 kg / ha in soil. For controlling white fly clip the infested leaves and spray endosulphan 0.07% or monocrotophos 0.05% as per requirement. For control of Pyrilla 1 lakhs eggs (each group of 250 eggs) and 2000 pupae of soil parasites is needed for 1 ha area. Perform application of chemicals on a non-rainy day in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. As dry spells continues for last three weeks in most of the districts of the state, apply irrigation to bring the soil to its field capacity. Perform application of irrigation in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli depending on rainfall situation as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. This is the time for sowing / seedling / early vegetative of castor. Prepare the land by two ploughing and Continue sowing of hybrid castor. Perform the operation on a non-rainy day in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. Apply 10 tonnes of FYM or 1 tonne of castor cake. Select varieties from GAUCH 1, GCH 2, 4, 5. Before sowing apply recommended dose of 40 kg N / ha as basal. As dry spells continues for last three weeks in most of the districts of the state, apply irrigation wherever crops are at vegetative stage to bring the soil to its field capacity. Perform application of irrigation in South Gujarat region and Dadra Nagar Haveli depending on rainfall situation as moderate to rather heavy rain / thunder showers are likely to occur at a few places over these areas. Haryana By the end of first week of September 2005, the crop situation of the State is satisfactory. So far the State has received deficient rainfall during monsoon season. Sugarcane crop is at active vegetative stage. Cotton is at boll formation, Groundnut, and pulses

5 are at vegetative stage, bajra at grain formation and rice is at active tillering/ vegetative stage. Rice Sugarcane (late and early) The crop is at active tillering/vegetative stage and in satisfactory condition. Low incidence of Leaf folder, termite, Stem borer, grasshopper, sheath blight is reported below ETL in some districts. To control leaf folder, root weevil spray 560 ml of hostathion 40EC and 3 kg of thimet / foratox per acre. As subdued monsoon conditions are prevailing and likely to continue and prevailing weather condition may favour incidence of pest and diseases, farmers are advised to take adequate plant protection measures to check attack of pest / disease. As dry spells continue during last four weeks in most of the districts in the state and as light to moderate rain/thundershowers is likely to occur at a few places., irrigate the field to maintain 5 7 cm standing water. Do not allow the weeds to grow in the field. To control root weevil apply 10kg Sevin 4G per acre. Intercultural operation for both the early and timely transplanted crops may be carried out with paddy-weeder to keep the field weed free. Where paddy weedier cant be run, hand weeding may be done. The crop is at active vegetative stage and in satisfactory condition. There is chance of occurrence of attack of Top shoot borer, mealy bug, pyrilla, white fly, red rot, ring spot. Low incidence of black bug, top borer, grasshopper, termite, pyrilla and shoot borer is reported below ETL in some pockets. If insect population crosses ETL, apply recommended plant protection measures. Earthing up of the crop should be done. Prop up the crop by the trash twist method to save it from lodging. As subdued monsoon conditions are prevailing and likely to continue and prevailing weather condition may favour incidence of pest and diseases, farmers are advised to take adequate plant protection measures to check attack of pest / disease. As dry spells continue during last four weeks in most of the districts in the state and as light to moderate rain/thundershowers is likely to occur at a few places, irrigate the field to bring the soil to its field capacity

6 Irrigated Cotton The crop is at boll formation stage and in satisfactory condition. Undertake intercultural operation. There is chance of occurrence of attack of Spodoptera, spotted boll worm, pink boll worm, leaf curl virus, angular leaf spot Low incidence of jassid, white fly, Spotted bollworm, pink bollworm, leaf curl virus and termite is reported below E.T.L in some districts. As subdued monsoon conditions are prevailing and likely to continue and prevailing weather condition may favour incidence of jassid, bollworm and other leaf eating caterpillars, farmers are advised to take adequate plant protection measures to check attack of pest / disease. To control Jassid and Spotted bollworm except Helicoverpa spray 900 g Carbaryl 50 WP or 900ml fenitrothion 50EC in 200 liters of water per acre. One or two hoeing may be given to control weeds and to conserve moisture. For hand hoeing use of wheel hoe is recommended As dry spells continue during last four weeks in most of the districts in the state and as light to moderate rain/thundershowers is likely to occur at a few places, irrigate the field to bring the soil to its field capacity Groundnut Pulses The crop is at vegetative stage and in satisfactory condition. Spray of two growth regulators namely Indol acetic acid (IAA) and Ethrel to be given to increase yield. IAA be given dose rate half gm/acre dissolved in small quantity of alcohol mixed in 100 litre water followed by spray of Ethrel 6ml in 100 litre water 7-10 days after first spray. Give one or two hoeing to control weeds. Weeds can also be controlled by spraying of Basal 2 litre dissolved in 200 liters of water per acre. As subdued monsoon conditions are prevailing and likely to continue and prevailing weather condition may favour incidence of pest and diseases, farmers are advised to take adequate plant protection measures to check attack of pest / disease. As dry spells continue during last four weeks in most of the districts in the state and as light to moderate rain/thundershowers is likely to occur at a few places, irrigate the field to bring the soil to its field capacity. The crop is at vegetative stage and in satisfactory condition. Give one or two hoeing to control weeds. As subdued monsoon conditions are prevailing and likely to continue and prevailing weather condition may favour incidence of pest and diseases, farmers are advised to take adequate plant protection measures to check attack of pest / disease. To control the attack mosaic virus rogue out infected plant as and when visible. Give one or two hoeing to control weeds. As dry spells continue during last four weeks in most of the districts in the state and as light to moderate rain/thundershowers is likely to occur at a few places, irrigate the field to bring the soil to its field capacity..occur at a few places, irrigate the field to bring the soil to its field capacity.

7 Bajra The crop is at grain formation stage and in satisfactory condition. Give one or two hand hoeing for intercultural and to remove weeds. Thinning and gap filling should be done by keeping a distance of 15 cm plant to pant in rows. Apply 27 kg urea per acre in irrigated hybrid bajra. Thorough rouging of downy mildew infected plants is to be done at pre -seedling stage. The rouged out plant should be destroyed. Rouged out Ergot infected earhead if seen in the field. Spray 400ml cumin in 200 litres of water in boot stage to control smut and ergot diseases of bajra. As dry spells continue during last three weeks in most of the districts in the state and light to moderate rain/thundershowers is likely to occur at isolated places for next three days, irrigate the field to bring the soil to its field capacity. Himachal Pradesh By the end of first week of September 2005, the crop situation of the State is satisfactory. So far the state has received deficient rainfall during monsoon season. Apple and other fruit crops are at maturity / harvesting stage. Rice is at active vegetative / panicle initiation stage and maize is at tasseling / silking / cob formation stage. Maize Apple The crop is at tasseling / silking / cob formation stage and in satisfactory condition. There is chance of occurrence of attack of Green hopper, leaf blight, smut during this month. Keep close watch for these insects and diseases and apply recommended plant protection measures if required. If Bacterial stalk rot disease is noticed, then: Apply judicious doses of nitrogen and potassic fertilizers. Avoid application of heavy nitrogen fertilizer. Drench maize field with Klorocin 15 kg/ha at initial appearance of disease. Since dry spell is prevailing, the farmers are advised to do mulching. Remove weeds from the fields. The crop is at maturity / harvesting stage and in satisfactory condition. There is chance of attack of Wooly aphid, leaf curl virus, aphid, powdery mildew, san jose scale, scab and caterpillars during this month. Keep close watch for these insects and diseases and apply recommended plant protection measures if required. Spray recommended dose of Malathion per 200 litre of water days before harvesting if caterpillars are seen. Continue harvesting of matured fruits.

8 Rice Bitter Gourd The crop is at active vegetative / panicle initiation stage and in satisfactory condition. There is chance of attack of Stem borer, leaf folder, green leaf hopper, brown plant hopper, blast, leaf spot, bacterial leaf blight, brown spot and sheath blight during this month. Paddy crop is strongly influenced by water supply. Maintain 4 5 cm of standing water in the rice field. Remove weeds from the fields. Use paddy weeder or perform hand weeding for controlling weeds. If Stem borer is noticed, then: Apply carbofuran (Furadan 3G) by broadcasting in 3-4 cm deep standing 1 kg/ha (a.i.), if necessary. Spray 1000 ml endosulphan (Thiodan 35EC) or 500 ml methyl parathion (Metacid 50EC) in 500 litre water / ha. Repeat after 45 days. Apply insecticides only if 5 per cent or more plants are infested. The nymphs and adults of leaf hoppers cause heavy damage to this crop by sucking the sap from various parts of the plant during August-September. Spray 1250 ml Chloropyriphos 20EC (0.05%) per 500 L water / ha on appearance of pest. The crop is at vegetative stage and in satisfactory condition. Remove weeds from the fields. Keep watch for pest and diseases. Cauliflower Pulses (Mash / Moong) Tomato The crop is at transplanting / early vegetative stage. Prepare and transplant the seedlings in the main field. Spray METCO 0.25% or 250 g per 100 litre of water if leaf spot disease is noticed. The crop is at pod formation stage and in satisfactory condition. Remove weeds from the fields. Keep watch for pest and diseases. In case of attack of caterpillars spray 1000 ml endosulphan (Thiodan 35EC) in 500 litre water / ha. The crop is at early vegetative / vegetative stage and in satisfactory condition. Remove weeds from the fields. Keep watch for pest and diseases. Jammu & Kashmir By the end of first week of September 2005, the crop situation of the State is satisfactory. So far, the state received normal rainfall during monsoon season. Vegetable crops are at sowing/ flowering/ fruiting/ harvesting stages. Rice is at flowering/ grain

9 filling stage. Maize is at cob filling stage. Kharif pulses are at flowering stage. There are chances of rainfall at many places in Jammu division and isolated rainfall in Kashmir division for the next two days and there is a probability of 10-30% wet spells and chances of 5mm assured rainfall only in the State for the next week. Under these circumstances, apply irrigation to the crop depending up on the stored soil moisture availability in Kashmir division. Postpone irrigation in Jammu division. Maize The crop is at cob filling stage and in satisfactory condition. Protect the cobs from bird damage. Rice Rice is at flowering/grain formation stage and in satisfactory condition. Monitor the crop for pests and diseases. Kharif vegetables Kharif Pulses This is the time for sowing / transplanting of vegetables. Early sown vegetable crops are at vegetative / flowering / fruiting / harvesting stages and in satisfactory condition. Continue weeding and hoeing in Kashmir division. Postpone the operation in Jammu division. Sowing / Transplanting of tomato, brinjal, chillies, Capcicum to be continued by utilizing the realized monsoon showers in Kashmir division. Postpone sowing in Jammu division.. Continue sowing of seeds like cabbage, kale, knol-khol, cauliflower, carrot, radish, beans (bush type) in Kashmir division. Postpone sowing in Jammu division. Harvest seed crops of carrot, garlic and onion wherever it has matured, covering the heaps with tarpaulin for protection. Seed extraction of tomato and cucumber may be continued The crops are at flowering stage and in satisfactory condition. Monitor the crops for pests and diseases attack. Karnataka By the end of first week of September 2005, the crop situation is satisfactory. Sugarcane is at harvesting stage and jowar is at maturity/harvesting stage and groundnut is at early maturity stage, maize is early maturity and cotton is at boll development stage.

10 Jowar Maize and Sunflower Maize is at early maturity and sunflower is at seed formation /early maturity stage and in satisfactory condition. Postpone plant protection as rain/thundershowers likely to occur at most places over Coastal Postpone irrigation as rain/thundershowers likely to occur at most places over Coastal Drain out excess rain water from low lying areas wherever flooded. Cotton Sugarcane Jowar is at maturity/harvesting stage and in satisfactory condition. Postpone plant protection as rain/thundershowers likely to occur at most places over Coastal Postpone irrigation as rain/thundershowers likely to occur at most places over Coastal Drain out excess rain water from low lying areas wherever flooded. PPP Postpone harvesting of crop as as rain/thundershowers likely to occur at most places over Coastal PPp00 The crop is at early harvesting stage and in moderately satisfactory condition. Incidence of white wooly aphid is reported. Postpone release of predators like Dipha sp. for biological control of pests as rain/thundershowers likely to occur at most places over Coastal Karnataka and at many places over Interior Karnataka. Drain out excess rain water from low lying areas wherever flooded. Postpone irrigation as the crop is at early harvesting stage. Cotton is at boll development stage and in satisfactory condition. Incidences of sucking pests are reported. Postpone plant protection as rain/thundershowers likely to occur at most places over Coastal Postpone irrigation as rain/thundershowers likely to occur at most places over Coastal Drain out excess rain water from low lying areas wherever flooded.

11 Groundnut Rice Groundnut is at early maturity stage. Incidences of sucking pests are reported. Monitor the incidences of sucking pests Postpone irrigation as the crop is at early maturity stage.. Postpone plant protection as rain/thundershowers likely to occur at most places over Coastal Drain out excess rain water from low lying areas wherever flooded. The crop is at tillering stage and in satisfactory condition. Maintain 5-7 cm water level in the rice field. Drain out excess rain water from low lying areas wherever flooded. Kerala By the end of first week of September 2005, the crop situation of the State is satisfactory to mostly satisfactory. So far, the State has received normal rainfall during monsoon season. Spices are at active vegetative stage. Virippu rice is at panicle initiation/ milky stage. Direct sown rice crop is at maturity stage. Rubber is at tapping stage. Attack of pest and disease is reported in virippu rice and coconut. There was excess rainfall in most of the districts during last week and there are chances of rainfall at most places in the State for the next two days. There is also 50-60% probability of wet spells in the State and chances of mm assured rainfall in southern Kerala and north central Kerala and adjoining areas. Under these circumstances, postpone irrigation to the crop. Spices (Pepper) The crop is at active vegetative stage and in mostly satisfactory condition. There is chance of mild occurrence of Wilt and Pollu disease during this month. Monitor the crop for the pest and disease. Apply fertilizers after spells of rain. Nursery preparation for new planting may be continued after spells of rain.

12 Viruppu Rice Arecanut Viruppu rice is at panicle initiation/milky stage. Direct sown crop is at maturity stage. Due to heavy monsoon rainfall, the crop is affected severely in some of the districts. There is a chance of mild occurrence of stem borer, rice blast, green leaf hopper, leaf miner, Brown spot, rice Hispa during this month. Attack of leaf folder and rice bug are reported. Postpone spraying chemicals to control the pests as there are chances of rainfall for the next two days. Spray 2 ml in 1 lit of water against leaf folder and 400 ml or 600 gm in 200 litre of water/acre against rice bug after current spells of rain. The crop is at actively growing stage and in mostly satisfactory condition. Intercultural operation, harvesting, processing, sowing of seed nuts and new planting may be continued after spells of rain. Apply fertilizers after spells of rain. Rubber The crop is at tapping stage and in mostly satisfactory condition. Continue tapping from matured plants after spells of rain. New planting and weeding may be continued after spells of rain. Budding of stock seedlings for planting material production may be continued. Coconut The crop is at actively growing stage and in mostly satisfactory condition. Attack of red palm weevil, rhinoceros beetle, bud rot and mahali disease is reported. Postpone spraying chemicals as there are chances of rainfall for the next two days. To control red palm weevil and rhinoceros beetle, fill the leaf axils with Sevidol 8 25gm with 200gm fine sand and to control bud rot and mahali diseases, spray 1% Bordeaux mixture after spells of rain. Intercultural operation, harvesting, processing, sowing of seed nuts and new planting may be continued after spells of rain. Application of fertilizers may be continued after spells of rain. New planting, fertilizer application, intercropping may be continued after spells of rain.

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