IRISH CATTLE BREEDING FEDERATION

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1 IRISH CATTLE BREEDING FEDERATION Information system technology for integrated animal identification, traceability and breeding the example of the Irish cattle sector. Brian Wickham (PhD) Chief Executive, ICBF. Tuesday 6 th December. Workshop on "Animal identification and recording systems for traceability and livestock development in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. 5-7 December Santiago (Chile). Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd 2011 Content 1. Industry 2. Organisation & Structures 3. Databases a. Handheld computers b. Web access 4. Example of success 5. Summary Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

2 Our Cattle Industry 1 million dairy cows Export of manufactured products Good margins 38% mated to beef bulls 0.9 million suckler cows Many small herds (<10 cows) and few large herds Calves: 22% replacements 16% live exports to mostly EU countries 62% slaughtered in Ireland mostly for export as cuts Poor margins Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd ORGANISATION & STRUCTURES Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

3 Organisation & Structure Function Organisation Responsible 1 Regulated Diseases (eg. BSE, TB, FMD ) Department of Agriculture Food & the Marine (DAF) 2 Beef Quality Assurance DAF 3 Other Diseases Animal Health Ireland (AHI) 4 Cattle Breeding Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd (ICBF) Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd DAF (Department of Agriculture Food & the Marine) Policy advice and development Representation in international and national negotiations. Development and implementation of schemes in support of Agriculture, Food, Fisheries, Forestry and Rural Environment. Monitoring and controlling aspects of Food Safety. Control and audit of public expenditure under its control. Regulation of the agriculture, fisheries, and food industries through national and EU legislation. Monitoring and controlling animal and plant health and animal welfare. Monitoring and direction of State Bodies engaged in - research training and advice - market development and promotion- industry regulation and development- commercial activities. Direct provision of support services to Agriculture, Fisheries, Food and Forestry. Annual budget 3,000 million. Source: Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd html

4 Irish Cattle Breeding Federation (ICBF) Board Shares DAFF - 1 AI - 3 MR - 3 HB - 3 AI -18% MR - 18% HB - 18% FO - 6 FO - 46% Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd Annual budget 5 million. Animal Health Ireland (AHI) AHI is an industry-led, not-for-profit partnership between livestock producers, processors, animal health advisors and government. Diseases and conditions of livestock that are endemic in Ireland but which are not currently subject to regulation. Information infrastructure provided by ICBF. BVD, Johnes, IBR, Mastitis, Annual budget 1 million. Ref: Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

5 DATABASES Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd Cattle (Beef & Dairy) Herds Live Animal Exporters & Importers Movements Births Deaths MART (Animal Sales) DAF Database Slaughter Factories ICBF Database Births, Movements, Deaths for ICBF Herds. Herd Books Milk Recording Beef Recording Artificial Insem. Cattle (Beef & Dairy) Herds Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

6 Control of Cattle regulated (Beef & Dairy) diseases Herds (FMD, TB, Brucellosis, BSE, ) Movements Births Beef quality assurance Farmer payments Price reporting, Live Animal Exporters & Importers MART (Animal Sales) DAF Database ICBF Database Herd Books Milk Recording Beef Recording Artificial Insem. Reproduction, Farm Management, Advisory) Cattle (Beef & Dairy) Herds Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd Births, Movements, Deaths Deaths Slaughter Factories Cattle Breeding (Herd Books, Milk Recording, Beef Recording, Artificial Insemination, Genetic Evaluation, Breeding Schemes) Farm Management Information (Genetics, Control of non-regulated diseases Genetic Evaluations Beef & Dairy Herds Milk Recording Artificial Insem. Herd Books DAF (Births, Movements, Deaths) Laboratories ICBF Database HerdPlus Animal Events Discussion Groups Advisors Beef & Dairy Herds Marts Veterinarians Milk Factories Meat Factories Key: Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd Data Information Services

7 B. Breed, region, trait combination. International Database (SLU) Genetic Evaluations Interbeef Beef Cattle rds Milk Recording Artificial Insem. base Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd HerdPlus rds Genetic Evaluations USA Genetic Evaluations Canada Genetic Evaluations France Interbull / Interbeef Genetic Evaluations Genetic Evaluations Interbull Dairy Cattle Dairy Herds Milk Recording Artificial Insem. Herd Books DAF (Births F Database Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd HerdPlus Animal Events Dairy Herds

8 2.00 Calf births registered Million Animal events birth registrations Pedigree registrations AWRBS Scheme Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd TECHNOLOGY Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

9 Technology Handheld Computers ICBF Database Mobile phone connection All animals in Multiple herds Updated with movements Data validation at collection point Database updated Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd Handheld Computers for Recording Technician Artificial Inseminations Before: Paper based Slow processing High level of identification errors After: Electronic with printed receipt left on farm ID validation on farm Accurate record in database at end of each day Same cost Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

10 Technology Web Access Before: Small number of access points to database Higher cost for information distribution Higher cost for data collection Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd After: Large number of access points Easy change management Lower cost of information distribution Lower cost of data collection OUTCOME ONE EXAMPLE Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

11 Holstein EBI ( ) MILK Kg Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd EBI ( ) Holstein Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

12 Holstein Survival (%) 1.0 EBI ( ) Calving interval (days) Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd EBI ( ) Holstein EBI ( ) Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

13 SUMMARY Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd Animal breeding is a unique and powerful tool for improving the profitability of cattle farming. Irish animal breeding has been transformed through a unique partnership between farmers, the breeding industry and DAF. The national identification and traceability system adopted by Ireland has greatly facilitated Irish cattle breeding. Continued investment in cattle breeding will give excellent returns. The model established relies heavily on international cooperation and collaboration. Membership and full participation in the activities of ICAR and Interbull are fundamental to the achievements in Ireland cattle breeding. Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

14 IRISH CATTLE BREEDING FEDERATION Irish Cattle Breeding Federation Soc. Ltd

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