Outline THE GREEN REVOLUTION 12/10/2015

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Outline THE GREEN REVOLUTION 12/10/2015"

Transcription

1 THE GREEN REVOLUTION FAB-465 Lecture 7 Outline History and background of Green Revolution Salient Features Global impact Green Revolution in Pakistan Successes and Failures of GR 1

2 Malthusian Theory of Population Thomas R. Malthus ( ) English economist who first proposed the theory of population Increase in population is exponential whereas increase in food production is only arithmetic Stressed the need to control population growth to avoid disaster How it all started? By 1960 s the world s population was increasing at an alarming 2% per annum Increased urbanization Enhanced yields in Less Developed Countries (LDCs) was needed to feed the growing population 2

3 What is Green Revolution (GR)? Started in 1940 s Technological development to improve crop productivity Assisting developing countries cope with the growing population Effective methods for efficient land utilization When and where? The Green Revolution started in Mexico in 1944 led by Agriculture Scientist Dr. Norman Borlaug Continued to grow and reached the subcontinent in the 1960 s saving the lives of around 1 billion people Dr Borlaug won the Nobel Prize

4 Two major categories of GR The technologies could be classified into two main categories Plant breeding (new improved varieties) Application of modern agriculture techniques (Chemical fertilizers, pesticides, irrigation, mechanization) 4

5 Important Landmarks dwarf wheat varieties developed (miracle seeds) International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre, set by Rockefeller and Mexican Govt., started diffusing seeds to developing countries Rockefeller and Ford Foundation set up International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Philippines IRRI was producing dwarf rice. Green Revolution in developing countries Establishment of Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) Evenson & Gollin,

6 Evenson & Gollin,

7 INCREASE IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION PER CAPITA Principal Beneficiaries of the Green Revolution WHEAT Mexico Egypt Turkey RICE Thailand Vietnam Korea Indonesia BOTH India China Pakistan 7

8 Green Revolution THE GREEN REVOLUTION AND ITS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT Since 1950, high-input agriculture has produced more crops per unit of land. In 1967, fast growing dwarf varieties of rice and wheat were developed for tropics and subtropics. 8

9 Salient features of Green Revolution Grants and loans available to farmers to buy additional seeds, machinery and fertilizers to achieve increased yields and multiple cropping. Dwarf crop varieties Short cropping periods 300% increase of rice yields in the subsequent 40 years. reduction in food prices by 40% and helped to reduce the proportion of hunger from 34% in 1970 to 16% in 2006 Green Revolution: decade of 60s Decade of 60s: Spectacular growth in agriculture took place in two phases: 60-64: Average annual grow rate: 3.7% Main cause: Increase in irrigation facilities, mainly tube-wells B/w 1961 and 1965; new tube-wells were installed. Farm area serviced by tube-wells doubled 9

10 Green Revolution: decade of 60s 1965 to 70: Average annual growth rate was 6.3% Main cause: irrigation was supplemented with: 1. HYV seeds for wheat and rice 2. Chemical fertilizers 3. Pesticides Green revolution was at its peak between Overall: Most important ingredient of the Green Revolution s technology package was availability of water, as and when required. Breeding Factory dfeatures/green-revolution/ 10

11 Green Revolution in Pakistan Green revolution a resounding success as far as production, growth and output are concerned; Wheat production increased by 91% b/w Rice production increased by 141% over the same period. Production of other crops- not related to HYV seeds also increased because of non-seed factors in the technology package. The Green Revolution in Pakistan The idea of capitalistic farming gained popularity: farmers become receptive to price changes and to the improved seed-fertilizer-water technology package Rural activity increased, resulting in an unprecedented surge of prosperity 11

12 Factors behind the Revolution Prime vehicles of change: the massive switch over to HYV s Consumption of fertilizers: three fold increase from thousand tonnes to thousand tonnes ( ) Area covered by plant protection: 1.7 million spray acres to 4.14 million ( ) Tubewells: 58% increase in the area irrigated over the same time span Tractors: 13,764 in 1968 to 27,329 in Impact of the Green Revolution 1. Increase in productivity and avoidance of economic stagnation 2. Direct and Indirect Employment Benefits 3. Impact on Income distribution 4. Impact on Regional Disparities 5. Employment displacing impact 6. Effect on people s diet and nutrition 7. Effect on nature. 12

13 Successes Food security Economic growth Extra crop grown every year Disease resistance More varied diets Reliable harvests on more marginal lands Better social life (housing, better roads etc) million hectares of land was saved from being brought under agriculture production Failures Rich farmers benefitted more Detrimental effects on environment and wildlife Overuse of irrigation (land degradation) HYV more susceptible to pest damage HYV require reliable and controlled water supply Require more mechanization (increased costs) Rural unemployment Increased debts Drop in food prices affect small farmers 13

14 Growing Population and effective land management Need to enhance the overall food supply on the available land Changing patterns of demand (variety of foods) Changes in the agriculture land use as a result Limited land resources due to competition between agriculture and urbanization Depletion of resources Climate Change Rising oil and fuel prices How to feed the world in XI Ethical Choice 14

Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 15

Tropical Horticulture: Lecture 15 Lecture 15 Tropical Agricultural Agricultural development is a key component for the improvement of living standards and economic growth in the tropical world. However, it has been considered more difficult

More information

Video. Growing disparities in incomes among regions. A Degenerating Circle: Poverty, Environment & Economy. Are you able to Apply the Following:

Video. Growing disparities in incomes among regions. A Degenerating Circle: Poverty, Environment & Economy. Are you able to Apply the Following: Managing Biological Resources & Environmental Equality The Business of Hunger Now playing: Kurt Bestor, Sam Cardon Prayer of the Children A man who has bread has many problems, a man without bread has

More information

Page 1 of 26 (www.unapcaem.org)

Page 1 of 26 (www.unapcaem.org) Farm Mechanization in Punjab: Social, Economic and Environmental Implications Gurharminder Singh Sr. Scientific Officer, Punjab State Council for Science & Technology, INDIA Page 1 of 26 () Page 2 of 26

More information

Is there likely to be a population crisis?

Is there likely to be a population crisis? Is there likely to be a population crisis? Thomas Malthus Thomas Malthus (1776-1834) English Economist Wrote An essay on the Principle of Population in 1798 described: a forthcoming population catastrophe

More information

Global Review of Commercialized Transgenic Crops: 2002 Feature: Bt Maize

Global Review of Commercialized Transgenic Crops: 2002 Feature: Bt Maize I S A A A INTERNATIONAL SERVICE FOR THE ACQUISITION OF AGRI-BIOTECH APPLICATIONS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Global Review of Commercialized Transgenic Crops: 2002 Feature: Bt Maize by Clive James Chair, ISAAA Board

More information

Pocket K No. 16. Biotech Crop Highlights in 2016

Pocket K No. 16. Biotech Crop Highlights in 2016 Pocket K No. 16 Biotech Crop Highlights in 2016 In 2016, the 21 st year of commercialization of biotech crops, 185.1 million hectares of biotech crops were planted by ~18 million farmers in 26 countries.

More information

Agricultural Innovation

Agricultural Innovation Agricultural Innovation Sustainable Transformation of innovation in agriculture sector is called development. Agriculture Sector Development means market expansion and poverty alleviation of 70% population

More information

ORGANIC FARMING, FOOD AND PRODUCTS

ORGANIC FARMING, FOOD AND PRODUCTS Facts for Students Organic farms provide us with chemical-free produce and products that are good for us and for our environment. Early farming to modern farming Early farming would have been classified

More information

Sustainable Crop Production Intensification

Sustainable Crop Production Intensification Sustainable Crop Production Intensification Outline Introduction Constraints Increasing food production Sustainable crop production intensification Policies and Technologies Principles Conclusion 2 Introduction

More information

FARM MECHANIZATION. AG ENGG 243 Lecture 1 1

FARM MECHANIZATION. AG ENGG 243 Lecture 1 1 FARM MECHANIZATION Mechanized agriculture is the process of using agricultural machinery to mechanize the work of agriculture, greatly increasing farm worker productivity. The effective mechanization contributes

More information

Cotton Annual 2013 A COLLECTION OF STATISTICS ACROSS 20 KEY AREAS OF AUSTRALIAN COTTON PRODUCTION

Cotton Annual 2013 A COLLECTION OF STATISTICS ACROSS 20 KEY AREAS OF AUSTRALIAN COTTON PRODUCTION Cotton Annual 2013 Suite 4.01 247 Coward Street Mascot NSW 2020 Australia P: +61 2 9669 5222 F: +61 2 9669 5511 talktous@cottonaustralia.com.au www.cottonaustralia.com.au A COLLECTION OF STATISTICS ACROSS

More information

Achim Dobermann. Deputy Director General for Research. International Rice Research Institute

Achim Dobermann. Deputy Director General for Research. International Rice Research Institute Achim Dobermann Deputy Director General for Research International Rice Research Institute Hong Kong s rice bowl 7 million bowls of rice each day H$ 4 million each day spent on rice It takes 290 ha of

More information

Agricultural Population Growth Marginal as Nonagricultural Population Soars

Agricultural Population Growth Marginal as Nonagricultural Population Soars Population (Millions) Agricultural Population Growth Marginal as Nonagricultural Population Soars Sohpie Wenzlau February 19, 2013 T he global agricultural population defined as individuals dependent on

More information

Opportunities and Challenges Facing the Food and Agricultural Sector

Opportunities and Challenges Facing the Food and Agricultural Sector Opportunities and Challenges Facing the Food and Agricultural Sector Jikun Huang Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy Chinese Academy of Sciences Major Changes in Food and Agricultural Economy Demand:

More information

Cotton Annual 2015 AUSTRALIAN COTTON INDUSTRY STATISTICS

Cotton Annual 2015 AUSTRALIAN COTTON INDUSTRY STATISTICS Cotton Annual 2015 Suite 4.01 247 Coward Street Mascot NSW 2020 Australia P: +61 2 9669 5222 F: +61 2 9669 5511 talktous@cottonaustralia.com.au www.cottonaustralia.com.au www.facebook.com/cottonaustralia

More information

THE FUTURE OF GLOBAL MEAT DEMAND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GRAIN MARKET

THE FUTURE OF GLOBAL MEAT DEMAND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GRAIN MARKET 1 THE FUTURE OF GLOBAL MEAT DEMAND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE GRAIN MARKET Mitsui Global Strategic Studies Industrial Studies Dept. II Yukiko Nozaki In the 2000s, the growing demand for meat pushed up the demand

More information

Agriculture: Engine of Rural Economic Growth in Myanmar. Duncan Boughton, Aung Hein and Ben Belton Yangon, December 8, 2015

Agriculture: Engine of Rural Economic Growth in Myanmar. Duncan Boughton, Aung Hein and Ben Belton Yangon, December 8, 2015 Agriculture: Engine of Rural Economic Growth in Myanmar Duncan Boughton, Aung Hein and Ben Belton Yangon, December 8, 2015 Why focus on rural economic growth? Agriculture makes many contributions to the

More information

Methodology. Edelman Berland was commissioned by Syngenta to conduct this global research. 2

Methodology. Edelman Berland was commissioned by Syngenta to conduct this global research. 2 Methodology Edelman Berland was commissioned by Syngenta to conduct this global research. 2 Key findings There is consensus that the need to produce more food for a growing global population in an environmentally

More information

Key Issue 1: Where Did Agriculture Originate?

Key Issue 1: Where Did Agriculture Originate? Revised 2018 NAME: PERIOD: Rubenstein: The Cultural Landscape (12 th edition) Chapter Nine Food and Agriculture (pages 306 thru 347) This is the primary means by which you will be taking notes this year

More information

Rising Food Prices: Causes, Effects, and Actions Needed

Rising Food Prices: Causes, Effects, and Actions Needed Rising Food Prices: Causes, Effects, and Actions Needed Rajul Pandya-Lorch International Food Policy Research Institute 2008 Norman E. Borlaug International Symposium Confronting Crisis: Agriculture and

More information

PRODUCTION, PROCESSING AND IMPORT EXPORT PEPPER (REPORT AT 42 TH CONFERENCE OF EXPORTER) IPC ANNUAL MEETING (Dated 22-26/2011 in Lombok, Indonesia)

PRODUCTION, PROCESSING AND IMPORT EXPORT PEPPER (REPORT AT 42 TH CONFERENCE OF EXPORTER) IPC ANNUAL MEETING (Dated 22-26/2011 in Lombok, Indonesia) Hiệp hội Hồ tiêu Việt Nam Vietnam Pepper Association Head office:135a Pasteur Str., Dist. 3 Hochiminh City Tel: (84) 08 8.237.288 08 8.223.901 / Fax: (84) 08 8.223.901 Email: vpa@peppervietnam.com Website:

More information

Climate Change, Food and Water Security in Bangladesh

Climate Change, Food and Water Security in Bangladesh 12 29 March 2016 Climate Change, Food and Water Security in Bangladesh Haweya Ismail Research Analyst Global Food and Water Crises Research Programme Key Points Bangladesh s geographical location, poverty

More information

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History : Chapter 6 Peasants and Farmers

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History : Chapter 6 Peasants and Farmers NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science History : Chapter 6 Peasants and Farmers Activities Question 1. Draw a timeline from 1650 to 1930 showing the significant agricultural changes which you have

More information

Chapter 10: Agriculture, Biotechnology, & the Future of Food

Chapter 10: Agriculture, Biotechnology, & the Future of Food Chapter 10: Agriculture, Biotechnology, & the Future of Food Terms to know: Genetically engineered crops Transgenic plants Overnutrition Green Revolution Biocontrol Integrated pest management (IPM) Selective

More information

AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY ENHANCEMENT

AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY ENHANCEMENT AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY ENHANCEMENT Presentation at Roundtable Discussion on Agriculture and Water By Dr. Muhammad Jameel Khan Advisor (Agri. Planning) Planning Commission (08-03-2011) NEW

More information

Food Scarcity in Pakistan Causes, Dynamics and Remedies

Food Scarcity in Pakistan Causes, Dynamics and Remedies Food Scarcity in Pakistan Causes, Dynamics and Remedies Abstract. Since the establishment of Pakistan we have been facing food insufficiency. Khyber Pakhtonkhwa has been more adversely affected on account

More information

Climate Change and Global Food Security

Climate Change and Global Food Security Climate Change and Global Food Security Philip Pardey Mark Seeley University of Minnesota The 25th Anniversary Nobel Peace Prize Forum March 9, 2013 Minneapolis, MN Climate and Agriculture Climate matters

More information

January 12, USDA World Supply and Demand Estimates

January 12, USDA World Supply and Demand Estimates January 12, 2017 - USDA World Supply and Demand Estimates Corn This month s U.S. corn outlook is for lower production, reduced feed and residual use, increased corn used to produce ethanol, and smaller

More information

Sustainable development: the role of agriculture

Sustainable development: the role of agriculture Sustainable development: the role of agriculture Prof. Dr Rudy Rabbinge University Professor Sustainable Development & Food Security Chair of the CGIAR Science Council Sustainability Sustainable agriculture

More information

CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fibre and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and raising of domesticated animals. Agriculture

More information

Agricultural Mechanization and Agricultural Engineering Research in Korea

Agricultural Mechanization and Agricultural Engineering Research in Korea Agricultural Mechanization and Agricultural Engineering Research in Korea LEE YOUNG HEE National Institute of Agricultural Engineering Rural Development of Administration Contents Change in agricultural

More information

Sustainability and Global Food Security: Paradox or Necessity?

Sustainability and Global Food Security: Paradox or Necessity? Sustainability and Global Food Security: Paradox or Necessity? Dr. Greg Pillar William S. Lee Associate Professor of Environmental Science and Chemistry Thrive. You can t build a peaceful world on empty

More information

10055/17 MKL/io 1 DGB 1A

10055/17 MKL/io 1 DGB 1A Council of the European Union Brussels, 7 June 2017 (OR. en) 10055/17 AGRI 314 AGRIFIN 57 AGRIORG 54 NOTE From: To: Subject: General Secretariat of the Council Delegations The upcoming European Soya Declaration

More information

Jason Henderson Vice President and Branch Executive Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Omaha Branch April 25, 2012

Jason Henderson Vice President and Branch Executive Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Omaha Branch  April 25, 2012 Jason Henderson Vice President and Branch Executive April 25, 2012 The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City or

More information

Feeding the World Farra Siregar Managing Director, DuPont Vietnam

Feeding the World Farra Siregar Managing Director, DuPont Vietnam Feeding the World Farra Siregar Managing Director, DuPont Vietnam ASEAN Media Forum 27 July 2012 1 The world s population reached 7 billion. By 2050, it will be 9 billion. Vietnam - 90 million in 2012

More information

How Trade Liberalization Can Benefit the Environment (or The Fallacy of Food Miles )

How Trade Liberalization Can Benefit the Environment (or The Fallacy of Food Miles ) How Trade Liberalization Can Benefit the Environment (or The Fallacy of Food Miles ) Robert L. Thompson Gardner Endowed Chair in Agricultural Policy University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 12 May 2008

More information

India, Agriculture and ARD

India, Agriculture and ARD India, Agriculture and ARD Global Conference on Agricultural Research for Development S.K. Datta Deputy Director General Indian Council of Agricultural Research Everything can wait but not agriculture

More information

Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu. 13 (2), May, Custom Hiring Services of Farm Machinery in Punjab: Impact and Policies ABSTRACT

Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu. 13 (2), May, Custom Hiring Services of Farm Machinery in Punjab: Impact and Policies ABSTRACT Indian Res. J. Ext. Edu. 13 (2), May, 2013 45 Custom Hiring Services of Farm Machinery in Punjab: Impact and Policies Sukhpal Singh 1, H S Kingra 2 and Sangeet 3 1. Sr. Economist, 2. Asstt. Farm Economist,

More information

Factors that influence crop selection

Factors that influence crop selection FARMING IN CANADA Factors that influence crop selection Some of the factors that influence crop selection are based on plant disease pressures, soil conditions and land stewardship priorities. Wheat varieties

More information

Indian Soybean meal- Demand /Supply. Pawan Kumar, Consultant, USSEC

Indian Soybean meal- Demand /Supply. Pawan Kumar, Consultant, USSEC Indian Soybean meal- Demand /Supply Pawan Kumar, Consultant, USSEC USSEC INTRODUCTION We Represent U S farmers U S Industry U S Department of Agriculture We work on finding new applications of soy & Implement

More information

China: The Value of Agriculture Education

China: The Value of Agriculture Education Caitlin Andersen, Student Participant Harlan Community High School Harlan, Iowa China: The Value of Agriculture Education For the modern era, China has been called one of the most advanced and urban countries

More information

Chapter 11 Feeding the World

Chapter 11 Feeding the World Chapter 11 Feeding the World HUMAN NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS ARE NOT ALWAYS SATISFIED Undernutrition The condition in which not enough calories are ingested to maintain health. Malnourished Having a diet

More information

The Energy Subsidy in Agriculture

The Energy Subsidy in Agriculture 11.2.1 The Energy Subsidy in Agriculture A great deal of energy, in addition to solar energy, goes into growing, harvesting, processing, and preparing food. These energy inputs include both fossil fuel

More information

CLUB of BOLOGNA. November 15-16, 2014 Bologna EIMA International 2014

CLUB of BOLOGNA. November 15-16, 2014 Bologna EIMA International 2014 CLUB of BOLOGNA 25 th Annual Meeting of the Club of Bologna November 15-16, 2014 Bologna EIMA International 2014 AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE INTENSIFICATION: CONCEPTS AND CASES

More information

Agricultural Development. Dana Boggess Program Officer, Agricultural Development December 18, 2012

Agricultural Development. Dana Boggess Program Officer, Agricultural Development December 18, 2012 Agricultural Development Dana Boggess Program Officer, Agricultural Development December 18, 2012 Why Agriculture? 75% of world s the poor live in rural areas and the majority depend on agriculture for

More information

Chapter 10: Agriculture

Chapter 10: Agriculture Chapter 10: Agriculture Introduction and Case Study (p. 326-328) 1. What is the typical human like? 2. Why does farming vary from place to place? 3. Case Study: Describe the difference between wheat farming

More information

Rising Food Prices in East Asia: Challenges and Policy Options

Rising Food Prices in East Asia: Challenges and Policy Options Rising Food Prices in East Asia: Challenges and Policy Options Luc Christiaensen,, World Bank, presentation at the Managing Vulnerability in East Asia workshop, Bangkok, June 25-26, 26, 2008 Outline Where

More information

Global Agricultural Supply and Demand: Factors contributing to recent increases in food commodity prices

Global Agricultural Supply and Demand: Factors contributing to recent increases in food commodity prices Global Agricultural Supply and Demand: Factors contributing to recent increases in food commodity prices Ron Trostle Economic Research Service U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Markets and Food

More information

Mobile based Agriculture Services for the Millions.. Nokia Life

Mobile based Agriculture Services for the Millions.. Nokia Life Mobile based Agriculture Services for the Millions.. Nokia Life Jawahar Kanjilal, Vice President & Global Head of Nokia Life Bhanu Potta, Global Product Leader - Learning & Knowledge Services for Nokia

More information

Cassava. Lowering food losses on cassava. (Manihot esculenta Grantz.) By Prapit Wongtiem (Thailand)

Cassava. Lowering food losses on cassava. (Manihot esculenta Grantz.) By Prapit Wongtiem (Thailand) Cassava (Manihot esculenta Grantz.) Lowering food losses on cassava By Prapit Wongtiem (Thailand) Situation and trends to the production of cassava. 1. situation of cassava World situation of cassava Situation

More information

CORN: DECLINING WORLD GRAIN STOCKS OFFERS POTENTIAL FOR HIGHER PRICES

CORN: DECLINING WORLD GRAIN STOCKS OFFERS POTENTIAL FOR HIGHER PRICES CORN: DECLINING WORLD GRAIN STOCKS OFFERS POTENTIAL FOR HIGHER PRICES OCTOBER 2000 Darrel Good Summary The 2000 U.S. corn crop is now estimated at 10.192 billion bushels, 755 million (8 percent) larger

More information

Background on U.S. Agricultural Policy: Food Security Objectives and Trade Implications

Background on U.S. Agricultural Policy: Food Security Objectives and Trade Implications Background on U.S. Agricultural Policy: Food Security Objectives and Trade Implications Workshop Post Bali Agricultural and Trade Policy Options: Focus on China 23 October 2014 jason.hafemeister@fas.usda.gov

More information

Champions of the Poor of the Semi-Arid Tropics

Champions of the Poor of the Semi-Arid Tropics ICRISAT and Partners Champions of the Poor of the Semi-Arid Tropics William D. Dar Director General, ICRISAT This presentation The context Our research heartland Major outputs and impacts Moving into the

More information

Chapter 2 How a Gene from Japan Revolutionized the World of Wheat: CIMMYT s Quest for Combining Genes to Mitigate Threats to Global Food Security

Chapter 2 How a Gene from Japan Revolutionized the World of Wheat: CIMMYT s Quest for Combining Genes to Mitigate Threats to Global Food Security Chapter 2 How a Gene from Japan Revolutionized the World of Wheat: CIMMYT s Quest for Combining Genes to Mitigate Threats to Global Food Security Thomas A. Lumpkin In 1935, the work of Japanese scientist

More information

Why Every Farmer Needs a Microscope. by Dr. Mary Lucero Systems Biologist, CEO End-O-Fite Enterprises, LLC

Why Every Farmer Needs a Microscope. by Dr. Mary Lucero Systems Biologist, CEO End-O-Fite Enterprises, LLC Why Every Farmer Needs a Microscope by Dr. Mary Lucero Systems Biologist, CEO End-O-Fite Enterprises, LLC In the 20 th Century, society launched a collective experiment: What would happen if we grew more

More information

Input Subsidy Programs in Asia What lesson can we learn for Africa

Input Subsidy Programs in Asia What lesson can we learn for Africa Input Subsidy Programs in Asia What lesson can we learn for Africa Shahidur Rashid (presenting) Paul A. Dorosh, IFPRI M.K. Mujeri, BIDS INPUT SUBSIDY PROGRAM IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA 16 APRIL 2013 WASHINGTON

More information

Pesticide Use in Developing Countries Development Economics Research Group (DECRG) World Bank

Pesticide Use in Developing Countries Development Economics Research Group (DECRG) World Bank Pesticide Use in Developing Countries Development Economics Research Group (DECRG) World Bank Official Name Socialist Republic of Vietnam Geography Located in Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand,

More information

Two Blades of Grass: The Impact of the Green Revolution

Two Blades of Grass: The Impact of the Green Revolution Two Blades of Grass: The Impact of the Green Revolution Douglas Gollin 1 Casper Worm Hansen 2 Asger M. Wingender 3 Nairobi, July 7, 2017 1 Oxford University 2 University of Copenhagen 3 University of Copenhagen

More information

Climate Change affects Agriculture and vice versa

Climate Change affects Agriculture and vice versa CAAST-Net Plus Workshop on Climate Change and Agriculture 4-6 November 2013, Accra Climate Change affects Agriculture and vice versa Benjamin De Ridder, FAO 5 November 2013 Contents Challenge Climate change

More information

Brief on Sustainable Agriculture

Brief on Sustainable Agriculture Brief on Sustainable Agriculture Menale Kassie and Precious Zikhali Expert Group Meeting on Sustainable Land Management & Agricultural Practices in Africa: Bridging the Gap between Research & Farmers Gothenburg,

More information

Agriculture Commodity Markets & Trends

Agriculture Commodity Markets & Trends Agriculture Commodity Markets & Trends Agenda Short History of Agriculture Commodities US & World Supply and Demand Commodity Prices Continuous Charts What is Contango and Backwardation Barge, Truck and

More information

Biotechnology, Chemistry, and the Nine Billion

Biotechnology, Chemistry, and the Nine Billion Biotechnology, Chemistry, and the Nine Billion L. Val Giddings, Ph.D. Senior Fellow, ITIF 20 September 2011 Chemical Heritage Foundation 315 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA The greatest challenge of

More information

some of the effects of the chemicals used in farming

some of the effects of the chemicals used in farming some of the effects of the chemicals used in farming Today we will: Discover what organic farming is all about Investigate the Advantages & Disadvantages of organic farming Determine any differences between

More information

The World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya. Transforming lives and landscapes

The World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya. Transforming lives and landscapes The World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya Transforming lives and landscapes Statistics Headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya Five regional offices - India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi and Mali, with a programme in Latin

More information

World Agricultural Outlook Board Interagency Commodity Estimates Committee Forecasts. Lockup Briefing July 11, 2014

World Agricultural Outlook Board Interagency Commodity Estimates Committee Forecasts. Lockup Briefing July 11, 2014 World Agricultural Outlook Board Interagency Commodity Estimates Committee Forecasts Lockup Briefing World Wheat Production Country or Region estimate 2014/15 forecast June 11 Million Tons Percent Percent

More information

Lessons from the Green Revolution: Do We Need New Technology to End Hunger?

Lessons from the Green Revolution: Do We Need New Technology to End Hunger? Lessons from the Green Revolution: Do We Need New Technology to End Hunger? by Peter Rosset, Joseph Collins, and Frances Moore Lappé* from Tikkun Magazine vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 52 56 March/April 2000 Faced

More information

International. Wheat Innovation Workshop. Wheat, the most important staple crop. Grégoire Berthe, Céréales Vallée

International. Wheat Innovation Workshop. Wheat, the most important staple crop. Grégoire Berthe, Céréales Vallée International 16 th - 17 th November 2015 Clermont-Ferrand, France Wheat Innovation Workshop Wheat, the most important staple crop Grégoire Berthe, Céréales Vallée Wheat : the future starts today Man s

More information

Unit V Test: Development and Agricultural and Rural Land Use

Unit V Test: Development and Agricultural and Rural Land Use Unit V Test: Development and Agricultural and Rural Land Use Multiple Choice: Select the best answer and mark it on your scantron. You may write on the test (1 point each). 1. The core-periphery model

More information

THE SOUTH AFRICAN GRAIN MARKETS QUARTERLY EARLY WARNING REPORT NO. 02 OF 2013

THE SOUTH AFRICAN GRAIN MARKETS QUARTERLY EARLY WARNING REPORT NO. 02 OF 2013 THE SOUTH AFRICAN GRAIN MARKETS QUARTERLY EARLY WARNING REPORT 1. SUMMARY NO. 02 OF 2013 The domestic closing stocks for maize in the current season are expected to decline by about 40.94% on the back

More information

CSAM IAARD, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE. Regional Forum on Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization, Qingdau, October 2013

CSAM IAARD, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE. Regional Forum on Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization, Qingdau, October 2013 INDONESIA AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION STRATEGY IAARD, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE Regional Forum on Sustainable Agricultural Mechanization, Qingdau, 26-27 October 2013 Regional Forum 2013 (un-csam.org) Page

More information

Industrial Transformation of our Food. Systems. Food First, 2008

Industrial Transformation of our Food. Systems. Food First, 2008 THE AGROFUELS TRANSITION Industrial Transformation of our Food and Fuel Systems Eric Holt-Gimenez Ph D Eric Holt Gimenez, Ph.D., Food First, 2008 The Green Gold Rush 5% of global trans fuel by 2020 From

More information

Food and Nutrition Security: Role of Temperate Fruit Crops

Food and Nutrition Security: Role of Temperate Fruit Crops Food and Nutrition Security: Role of Temperate Fruit Crops Keynote Presentation at the 9 th International Symposium on Temperate Zone Fruits in the Tropics and Subtropics 26-28 March 2013, Chiang Mai,

More information

A research worker studies the growth of barley in a field at the Seibersdorf laboratory of the IAEA. Photo: IAEA/Void

A research worker studies the growth of barley in a field at the Seibersdorf laboratory of the IAEA. Photo: IAEA/Void plants, protein and radiation Nuclear techniques are a closed book to a poor farmer struggling to feed his family and himself. Nevertheless, research workers in many countries are actively attempting to

More information

Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development and Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development

Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development and Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development and Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development Joint Technical Meeting Arab Coordination Group Institutions and The OECD Development Assistance Committee Vienna,

More information

Barriers to Aquaculture Development as a Pathway to Poverty Alleviation and Food Security:

Barriers to Aquaculture Development as a Pathway to Poverty Alleviation and Food Security: partnership. excellence. growth Barriers to Aquaculture Development as a Pathway to Poverty Alleviation and Food Security: Policy Coherence and the Roles and Responsibilities of Development Agencies OECD

More information

Energy, Agriculture and Food Security. Prabhu Pingali Deputy Director, Agriculture Development

Energy, Agriculture and Food Security. Prabhu Pingali Deputy Director, Agriculture Development Energy, Agriculture and Food Security Prabhu Pingali Deputy Director, Agriculture Development Talk to the National Academies Round Table on Science and Technology for Sustainability. Views expressed are

More information

Global Pulse Production and Consumption Trends: The Potential of Pulses to Achieve Feed the Future Food and Nutritional Security Goals

Global Pulse Production and Consumption Trends: The Potential of Pulses to Achieve Feed the Future Food and Nutritional Security Goals Global Pulse Production and Consumption Trends: The Potential of Pulses to Achieve Feed the Future Food and Nutritional Security Goals Mywish Maredia Department of Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics,

More information

PROS AND CONS OF GMO FOODS

PROS AND CONS OF GMO FOODS PROS AND CONS OF GMO FOODS DUNAREA DE JOS UNIVERSITY OF GALATI 1 GMO s... organisms in which the genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination

More information

Associate Professor Nipon Poapongsakorn, a distinguished fellow and former President, Thailand Development Research Institute Foundation (TDRI)

Associate Professor Nipon Poapongsakorn, a distinguished fellow and former President, Thailand Development Research Institute Foundation (TDRI) Associate Professor Nipon Poapongsakorn, a distinguished fellow and former President, Thailand Development Research Institute Foundation (TDRI) Dr. Nipon Poapongsakorn formerly held the position of President

More information

Chapter 9. Agricultural Transformation and Rural Development. Copyright 2009 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved.

Chapter 9. Agricultural Transformation and Rural Development. Copyright 2009 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved. Chapter 9 Agricultural Transformation and Rural Development Copyright 2009 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights reserved. Importance of Agricultural and Rural Development Heavy emphasis in the past on rapid

More information

Department of Agriculture. Eng. M.H.M.A. Bandara Chief Engineer. Country Report. Sri Lanka

Department of Agriculture. Eng. M.H.M.A. Bandara Chief Engineer. Country Report. Sri Lanka Country Report Sri Lanka Eng. M.H.M.A. Bandara Chief Engineer Department of Agriculture Agricultural Background Agricultural based country Arable land area- 1.887 mill ha. 1.0 mill ha. Under permanent

More information

On-Farm Water Management. More Crop Production

On-Farm Water Management. More Crop Production On-Farm Water Management towards More Crop Production Dr. Saeed Nairizi Vice President Hon, ICID Presentation on the Strategy Theme (On-Farm) 61st International Executive Council Meeting, 10 16 October

More information

Assistant Professor; Asian Institute of Technology Vice-President; Asian Association for Agricultural Engineering gmail.

Assistant Professor; Asian Institute of Technology Vice-President; Asian Association for Agricultural Engineering gmail. Dr. Peeyush Soni Assistant Professor; Asian Institute of Technology Vice-President; Asian Association for Agricultural Engineering soni.ait @ gmail.com High Level Multi-Stakeholder Consultation on Sustainable

More information

Indian Pulses Market.

Indian Pulses Market. Indian Pulses Market Indian Pulses Market India is the largest producer, importer and consumer of pulses, accounting for 25% of global production from 35% of global area under pulses. However, the productivity

More information

Agricultural Origins and Regions

Agricultural Origins and Regions Agriculture Agricultural Origins and Regions Origins of agriculture Hunters and gatherers Invention of agriculture Location of agricultural hearths Vegetative planting Seed agriculture Classifying agricultural

More information

IMPO P RT R AN A C N E C E O F G RO R UN U D N W

IMPO P RT R AN A C N E C E O F G RO R UN U D N W Introduction IMPORTANCE OF GROUNDWATER Global Groundwater Situation ACWADAM s database Sources for presentation CGWB, various publications FAO-database Various United Nations publications. UN World Water

More information

Cambodia Perspective on Rice Production and Mechanization in Cambodia The Regional Seminar on Rice Production & Mechanization

Cambodia Perspective on Rice Production and Mechanization in Cambodia The Regional Seminar on Rice Production & Mechanization Cambodia Perspective on Rice Production and Mechanization in Cambodia The Regional Seminar on Rice Production & Mechanization 12-13 December, 2011 Sanya, China saruthchan@hotmail.com Background Location:

More information

Perennial Agriculture: Landscape Resilience for the Future

Perennial Agriculture: Landscape Resilience for the Future Perennial Agriculture: Landscape Resilience for the Future Engage in an Important Shift of agricultural systems. Agricultural systems have to be shifted to achieve sustainability through its multiple functions

More information

Ch Food Resources. wheat, rice and corn provide ~50% of the calories people consume; all three are annuals

Ch Food Resources. wheat, rice and corn provide ~50% of the calories people consume; all three are annuals Ch. 12 - Food Resources How is Food Produced? What Plants and Animals Feed the World? 15 plant and 8 animal species supply 90% of our food wheat, rice and corn provide ~50% of the calories people consume;

More information

World Agricultural Outlook Board Interagency Commodity Estimates Committee Forecasts. Lockup Briefing June 11, 2014

World Agricultural Outlook Board Interagency Commodity Estimates Committee Forecasts. Lockup Briefing June 11, 2014 World Agricultural Outlook Board Interagency Commodity Estimates Committee Forecasts Lockup Briefing World Wheat Production Country or Region 2014/15 Million Tons World 714.0 701.6 0.7-1.7 United States

More information

An Analysis of Cost and Returns of Sugarcane Production in Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu

An Analysis of Cost and Returns of Sugarcane Production in Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu An Analysis of Cost and Returns of Sugarcane Production in Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu *Dr.K.Saravanan M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D Associate Professor of Economics, Kandaswami Kandar s College, Velur-638

More information

Unit F: Effectively Managing Business Transactions. Lesson 1: Understanding Business Expenses

Unit F: Effectively Managing Business Transactions. Lesson 1: Understanding Business Expenses Unit F: Effectively Managing Business Transactions Lesson 1: Understanding Business Expenses 1 Terms Board of Directors Break-Even Quantity Cooperative Fixed Costs Marginal Cost Marketing Cooperative Service

More information

Food & Agricultural Biotechnology CPE Questions

Food & Agricultural Biotechnology CPE Questions Food & Agricultural Biotechnology CPE Questions 1. What genetic traits are expressed by the biotechnology crops that have been introduced? a. insect protection b. herbicide resistance c. virus resistance

More information

STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ASIAN COUNTRIES

STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ASIAN COUNTRIES STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ASIAN COUNTRIES Bhatia, V.K. Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute Library Avenue, Pusa, New Delhi-110012 (INDIA) E-mail: vkbhatia@iasri.res.in

More information

A Balance Sheet of Performance of Large dams in India The case of irrigation and flood control

A Balance Sheet of Performance of Large dams in India The case of irrigation and flood control 1 A Balance Sheet of Performance of Large dams in India The case of irrigation and flood control Over the last 51 years of water resources development in Independent India, the nation has spent over Rs.

More information

PRESENTATION 2 ND WORLD IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE PRIZE WINNER

PRESENTATION 2 ND WORLD IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE PRIZE WINNER PRESENTATION 2 ND WORLD IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE PRIZE WINNER Prof. em. Bart Schultz Prof. em. Land and Water Development, UNESCO-IHE Former Top Advisor Rijkswaterstaat President honoraire International

More information

Agriculture in China - Successes, Challenges, and Prospects. Prof. Zhihao Zheng College of Economics & Management China Agricultural University

Agriculture in China - Successes, Challenges, and Prospects. Prof. Zhihao Zheng College of Economics & Management China Agricultural University Agriculture in China - Successes, Challenges, and Prospects Prof. Zhihao Zheng College of Economics & Management China Agricultural University I. Success 1. For the past three decades (1978-2010), China

More information

Plant Nutrients and Plant Nutrient Markets

Plant Nutrients and Plant Nutrient Markets Plant Nutrients and Plant Nutrient Markets Citi Basic Materials Conference New York, NY November 30, 2015 Andy J. Jung Director, Market and Strategic Analysis The Mosaic Company Presenter: Date: Safe Harbor

More information

Soy Canada SOYBEAN PROCESSING WORKSHOP PRESENTATION NOVEMBER 16, 2017 BRANDON, MANITOBA

Soy Canada SOYBEAN PROCESSING WORKSHOP PRESENTATION NOVEMBER 16, 2017 BRANDON, MANITOBA Soy Canada SOYBEAN PROCESSING WORKSHOP PRESENTATION NOVEMBER 16, 2017 BRANDON, MANITOBA Overview 1) Soy Canada & Mandate 2) Soybean Sector Update & Trends 3) Growth in Western Canada 4) Commodity Soybean

More information