INITIATIVES OF THE MINISTRY UNDER MGNREGA FOR ADDRESSING THE DESERTIFICATION, LAND DEGRADATION & DROUGHT(DLDD) CHALLENGE

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1 INITIATIVES OF THE MINISTRY UNDER MGNREGA FOR ADDRESSING THE DESERTIFICATION, LAND DEGRADATION & DROUGHT(DLDD) CHALLENGE Presented by G.N. Sharma, Irrigation & Soil Engineering Expert, MGNREGA Division, MoRD, New Delhi

2 THE CORE OBJECTIVES OF THE MGNREGA ARE: Providing one hundred days of unskilled manual work as a guaranteed employment in a financial year to every household in rural areas as per demand, resulting in creation of productive assets of prescribed quality and durability; Strengthening the livelihood resources base of the poor; Proactively ensuring social presence,and Strengthening Panchayat Raj institution.

3 MORE THAN 60 % WORKS UNDER MGNREGA ARE ON NRM TO MITIGATE DLDD IN INDIA, SUCH AS: PUBLIC WORKS (i) Water conservation and water harvesting structures to augment and improve groundwater with special focus on recharging ground water including drinking water sources; (ii) Watershed management works resulting in a comprehensive treatment of a watershed; (iv) Renovation of traditional water bodies including desilting of irrigation tanks and other water bodies; (v) Afforestation, tree plantation and horticulture in common and forest lands, road margins, canal bunds, tank foreshores and coastal belts duly providing right to usufruct to the households covered in Paragraph 5; and (vi) Land development works in common land.

4 MORE THAN 60 % WORKS UNDER MGNREGA ARE ON NRM TO MITIGATE DLDD IN INDIA, SUCH AS: COMMUNITY ASSETS OR INDIVIDUAL ASSETS (i) Improving productivity of lands of households specified in Paragraph 5 through land development and by providing suitable infrastructure for irrigation including dug wells, farm ponds and other water harvesting structures; (ii) Improving livelihoods through horticulture, sericulture, plantation, and farm forestry; (iii) Development of fallow or waste lands of households defined in Paragraph 5 to bring it under cultivation;

5 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WORKS UNDER MGNREGA Earthen Bunding Check Dam Farm Ponds Percolation Tank

6 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WORKS UNDER MGNREGA

7 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WORKS UNDER MGNREGA

8 TO ENSURE MITIGATION OF DESERTIFICATION, LAND DEGRADATION & DROUGHT UNDER MGNREGA: PARA 4 IN SUB PARA (1) IN SCHEDULE-1 OF MGNREGA RECENTLY ADDED THAT: To ensure that at least 60% of the works to be taken up in a district in terms of cost shall be for creation of productive asset directly linked to agriculture and allied activities through development of land, water and trees.

9 Highest Priority to Natural Resource Management works in Choice of Works under NREGA Land Development, 22.95, 13% Rural Sanitation, 19.42, 11% Any other works, 4.86, 3% Rural Connectivity, 30.31, 18% Works on individual lands, 22.22, 13% Water Conservation, 72.25, 42% 6

10 NRM ON THE LAND OF VULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS UNDER MGNREGA: That Individual assets are on land owned by: Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, nomadic tribes, denotified tribes, other families below the poverty line, women-headed households, physically handicapped headed households, beneficiaries of land reforms, the beneficiaries under the Indira Awaas Yojana, beneficiaries under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (2 of 2007), and after exhausting the above categories, on lands of the small or marginal farmers. subject to the condition that such households shall have a job card with at least one member willing to work on the project undertaken on their land or homestead.

11 GUIDELINES FOR CONVERGENCE OF NRM WORKS UNDER MGNREGA WITH OTHER ON GOING SCHEMES FOR GAP FILLING AND VALUE ADDITION SUCH AS: Joint convergence guidelines between: MGNREGS & Green India Mission of MOEF & CC MGNREGS & Schemes of the Ministry of Environment & Forest MGNREGS & Programmes of MOA for Development of Agriculture and Allied sector. Rubber Plantation through Convergence of MGNREGS & Schemes of Rubber Board, Ministry of Commerce & Industry

12 GUIDELINES FOR CONVERGENCE OF NRM WORKS UNDER MGNREGA WITH OTHER ON GOING SCHEMES FOR GAP FILLING AND VALUE ADDITION SUCH AS: Watershed Management works taken up independently under MGNREGA or in convergence with IWMP MGNREGS with Catalytic Development Programmes of Ministry of Textiles Coconut plantation through convergence of MGNREGS & Expansion of Area under coconut (AEP) scheme of Coconut Development Board, MOA

13 LINE OF ACTION INITIATED ON.. ACTION PLAN FOR CONVERGENCE OF IWMP & MGNREGS FOR ACHIEVING THE GOALS OF PMKSY IN RAINFED AREAS WATERSHED APPROACH WITH WATER BUDGETING STATE CONVERGENCE PLANS STRESS ON PARTICIPATORY PLANNING (IPPE) LIVELIHOOD IMPROVEMENT THROUGH SERICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, PLANTATION AND FARM FORESTRY GREENING PLAN UNDER MGNREGA COMMAND AREA APPROACH IN IRRIGATED AREAS TO MITIGATE WATER LOGGING AND SALINITY AND EFFICIENT USE OF WATER MINISTRY HAS PREPARED TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL (MGNREGA) AND IMPARTING TRAINING TO TECHNICAL PERSONNEL UP TO THE GRASS ROOT LEVEL ON MGNREGA WORKS, INCLUDING NRM.

14 ROADSIDE TREE PLANTATION CARRIED OUT IN YEAR : TOTAL LENGTH PLANTED 0.23 lakh Km. TOTAL PLANTS PLANTED 53.4 lakh

15 GREENING PLAN UNDER MGNREGA FOR (Plan as per the type of Plantation for ) Main States/UT contributing Plan for Roadside Tree Plantation for Total length in km No. of plants proposed to be planted No. of HHs to whom trees would be allotted 89, Bihar 2. Telangana 2,67,66, West Bengal 4. Andhra Pradesh 94, Chhattisgarh Plan for Horticulture Extent/Area proposed (ha.) 1,27, Bihar No. of beneficiaries 4,23, Tripura 3. Nagaland Total Plants proposed 8,70,01,505

16 Plan as per the type of Plantation for Main States/UT contributing Plan for Bund Plantation Plan for Block Plantation Area proposed in hectare 1,59,490 No. of beneficiaries identified 1,48,000 No. of Plants proposed 6,53,65,000 Area proposed in hectares 54,493.8 No. of beneficiaries identified 4,739 No. of Plant proposed 11,81,45, Telangana 2. Andhra Pradesh 3. Karnataka 1. Telangana 2. Andhra Pradesh 3. Tamil Nadu TOTAL PLANNED PLANTATION IN : Cr

17 MGNREGA SAMEEKSHA: Natural resource regeneration & sustainable development Rise in GW Impact in soil quality Improved irrigation & change in cropping pattern Reduction in vulnerability of production system to climate variability through water security Impact on agriculture productivity Enhanced wage earning & livelihood security Inclusive growth, etc.

18 THANKS