Page 70 Monday December 8, 2014

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1 replication and Monday December 8, 0 Notebook check 8: Page 69, DNA Technology Introduction Worksheet. The process by which a foreign gene is replicated by insertion into a bacterium is called genetic engineering.. A(n) vector is an agent that is used to carry a DNA fragment isolated from one cell into another cell.. Small, circular forms of bacterial DNA molecules that can replicate independently of the main bacterial chromosomes are called plasmid.. Splicing DNA from two different organisms produces a new DNA segment called recombinant DNA. 5. A large number of genetically identical cells grown from a single cell are called clones. 6. The process of allowing cells to reproduce in order to obtain a large number of identical cells is called cloning,

2 replication and Monday December 8, 0 Notebook check 8: Page 69, DNA Technology Introduction Worksheet 7. Bacterial enzymes that cut DNA segments into shorter pieces are called restriction enzymes. 8. Enzymes that cleave DNA at specific sequences, generating a set of small fragments of DNA, are called restriction enzymes. 9. A technique known as gel electrophoresis can be used to separate molecules in a mixture by subjecting them to an electrical field within a gel. 0. The name of the scientific program that has worked to construct maps of human chromosomes and determine the DNA sequences of those chromosomes is the human genome project.. The entire collection of genes within the cells of a human is referred to as the human genome.. The insulin is produced by genetic engineering to treat diabetes.,

3 replication and Monday December 8, 0 Notebook check 8: Page 69, DNA Technology Introduction Worksheet. Defensive s that combat specific pathogens and stop their growth before they can cause disease are called antibodies.. Crop plants have recently been developed that are resistant to the chemical glyphosate a powerful weed killer. 5. A(n) electric shock was used to fuse mammary cells from one sheep with egg cells without nuclei from a different sheep.,

4 replication and Learning goal: Describe the molecular basis of DNA replication and Learning scale: a and list multiple of s. Student s self-evaluation: Complete at home or at the end of class, use the --- Learning scale (two to three sentences). Homework: none. Explain the role of DNA, RNA and codons in. List multiple of s. Explain the transfer of genetic information from DNA to RNA to through a series of codons. Including the role of mrna, trna, rrna. Monday December 8, 0 Determine how the alteration a nucleotide affects codons and the subsequent translation and transcription of genetic information and the potential problems due to improper s. Types, the inputs, alter outputs, trace steps Types, DNA, inputs RNA, and, outputs C.R. equation DNA, RNA, C.R. purpose

5 replication and Page 7 Monday December 8, 0 Complete a visual story line to summarize the four basic steps of genetic engineering. Use the following vocabulary a. Restriction enzyme b. Sticky end c. Gene d. Recombinant DNA e. Plasmid DNA f. Bacteria (or Bacterium) g. Plasmid h. Stanley Cohen and Herb Boyer (what role did these people play in the genetic engineering?) i. Escherichia coli (or e-coli) **Use Figure on page 9 as a reference,