BIM IN PRACTICE. Legal / Procurement / Collaboration / Outreach. AIA National Seminar Series 6. October/ November Dr.

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1 BIM IN PRACTICE Legal / Procurement / Collaboration / Outreach AIA National Seminar Series 6 October/ November 2012

2 Introduction Chair: BIM and IPD Steering Group

3 Summary Introduction / Background Legal and Procurement aspects of BIM BIM Collaboration The importance of BIM Management Plans BIM Outreach to the industry What BIM means for your Collaborators Open Panel Discussion & audience participation Closing Comments

4 From hand to CAD to BIM Not just a change of media Manual Drafting Machine: Stephen Lau CAD drawing: General Home BIM Housing Project, EYP Architects

5 BIM Uptake across Australia Based on empiric observations

6 Australian BIM Initiatives

7 Dispersing the myth about the silver bullet

8 BIM The Technology Revolution? Looking back in time - RUCAPS

9 BIM - Focus on Policy, Process & People It s not Technology that s holding us back

10 BIM in Practice Papers 20 August 2012

11 BIM & IPD Working Groups Chris Needham (Chair), C3 Consulting Solutions Peter Scuderi (Chair), Arup Bilal Succar (Chair), Change Agents Toby Maple (Chair), HASSELL Stuart Bull, Arup Tom Fussell, Project Services Peter Giangiulio, Sandover Pinder Neil Greenstreet, NATSPEC // Construction Information Clay Hickling, GHD Paul Nunn, CSI Global Services David Sutherland, Fender Katsalidis Richard Barton, AIA Sam Bassilious, Rider Levett Bucknall Warren Birchall, HASSELL Chris Canham, Lend Lease Andrew Chew, Corrs Chambers WG. Fergus Hohnen, Woods Bagot Kiri Parr, Arup Wendy Poulton, Planned Professional Risk Services Philippa Sutton, Laing O'Rourke Claudelle Taylor, Leightons / Nexus Carl Agar, Menco Electrical Scott Beazley, Project Services Paul Berkemeier, AIA Richard Choy, NATSPEC // Construction Information Rosetta Di Giangregorio, RMIT/TAFE Steven Donaghey, Suters Architects Chris Linning, Sydney Opera House Jennifer Macdonald, UTS Rodd Perey, Architectus Jim Plume, UNSW Glenn Cunnington, Humphrey + Edwards John Hainsworth, Arup Belinda Hodkinson, Sinclair Knight Merz Daniel Jürgens, Cox Architecture Peter Liebsch, Grimshaw Darren Tims, Rice Daubney Flavio Yamauti, Hansen Yuncken Point Solutions

12 AIA/Consult Australia 23 Practice Papers in total Documents

13 BIM, Legal and Procurement L1 - BIM and Intellectual Property L2 - Professional Indemnity Insurance L3 - Stakeholders' Responsibilities L4 - Viable Options

14 Intellectual Property Who owns the BIM? Ownership of IP can relate to many things including the documentation output, the underlying geometry, the embedded data in the model/s, workflow processes etc. Who should own IP the creator or the end user? What the model is going to be used for has an impact on ownership. How can IP in models be regulated? Professional Service Agreements Model file formats Design BIMs to Construction BIMs to FM data

15 Professional Indemnity Exclusions Do Professional Indemnity (PI) policies cover BIM? Principally yes Notify your insurer when using BIM Consider project specific policies Check if other consultants are covered Ensure the role of the BIM Coordinator is covered What are the risk factors / exclusions? Agreeing to share risk Operating outside the insured profession Providing warranties Specific Software exclusions

16 Professional Indemnity and Professional Services Agreements The impact on BIM related claims on a firm s PI insurance: Any claims should be minimised in order to avoid that insurers increase their premiums or limit their exposure to BIM claims Single Project Insurance: Start to become common in the US Usually only work for very large projects High excess (1M $) They are not necessarily a complete solution

17 Stakeholders Responsibilities Identifying roles in a BIM context Image: Frank Kunert Who are the BIM authors? What are the individual authors inputs? What are the authors delivering? When do the authors have responsibility and liability for their respective content? Author identification and BIM specification Ideally in a the PSA Strongly aligned to the BMP The legal context to BIM Management Plans.

18 Viable Options Addressing Project Procurement Image: buildipedia Traditional approaches to project procurement (such as design, bid-build) do not necessarily allow project teams to tap into the full potential of collaborating in BIM. For a more collaborative working relationship, there are two very different alternatives to consider: Collaboration an agreement on a single project or across many projects: each party remains liable only for its own work & risks Alliance contracting: each party shares the risk of the other parties' errors

19 BIM Management Plans Regulating the collaborative effort P1 - What is a BIM Management Plan, and why should we use one? P2 - What should be addressed within a BIM Management Plan? P3 - How should you prepare and apply a BIM Management Plan?

20 Prevailing thinking in silos of design professionals from varying background CONTRACTORS CLIENTS ENGINEERS ARCHITECTS Image: Prof. Mark Burry, Dominik Holzer

21 Mapping out specific BIM deliverables Starting to comprehend the deliverables LOD 100 LOD 200 LOD 300 LOD 400 LOD 500

22 BIM Management Plans Regulating the collaborative effort Image: NATSPEC Image: Penn State CIC Research Team Image: AIA/CA BIM Steering Group

23 BIM Management Plans What is it and why should we use one? A BIM Management Plan: sets the scene and helps orchestrate activities and sequence. acknowledges the value of diligent planning, effective communication and genuine collaboration.. Defining Level of Development - Specifying BIM Deliverables Jim Bedrick, FAIA / AEC Process Engineering, James Vandezande, AIA / HOK

24 FM for Healthcare BIM Management Plans What is it and why should we use one? Image: MAAP A good BIM Management Plan should address: Who and what the document is for? Who is involved, and in what capacity? What is sought for the project? What approach will be taken? How will the project be designed/built/managed? How will the project information be developed, exchanged, validated, used and re-used and over what period? What tools (software) and processes (BIM uses) will be used toward this purpose? How will those tools/processes be employed, by whom and when?

25 BIM Management Plans FM for Healthcare How to prepare and apply a BIM Management Plan Image: AIA/Consult Australia For best results in preparing a BIM Management Plan: be iterative be collaborative be structured Prioritise start with a template get buy-in get expert assistance

26 Detailed Design Coordination Advanced adoption of LOD for clarifying BIM deliverables NDY Project Execution Plan Template, LOD 200 / 225 / 250 / 275 Image: E202, LOD and MEA, AIA

27 BIM Outreach O1 - Educating Clients O2 - Architects and Building Designers O3 - Engineers O4 - Contractors/Builders O5 - Quantity Surveyors & Cost Planners O6 - Facilities Managers O7 - Manufacturers and Suppliers

28 Closing the life-cycle loop Information stewardship across various stakeholders Image: Autodesk

29 FM for Healthcare BIM and the Building Lifecycle Cost to the building lifecycle Image AEC Connect after: Marty Chobot, FM Systems & Chuck Mies, Autodesk

30 BIM for Clients What to ask for when requesting BIM There is potential for Clients to benefit from improvements in productivity through the adoption of a more integrated approach to project procurement. It is supported by the adoption of a BIM workflow methodology that mitigates risk and provides cost savings. The adoption of BIM presents a variety of considerations related to the procurement strategy. This is best lead by the Client in order to maximise the impact of potential advantages and savings. Image: NBS (UK)

31 Value of BIM for Owner/Operators A Notional Chart of Life-Cycle Facility Costs after D.Smith, NIBS 2006

32 FM for Healthcare BIM for Architects and Building Designers What does BIM mean for their business? The true value of BIM is achieved when all consultants are involved early and contribute to the shared data set and the subsequent collaborative dialogue. The change in the workflow between disciplines caused by the implementation of BIM can be significant. Detailed Clash detection is a scope of work that falls outside of what may be considered as consultant coordination. If the deliverables are beyond traditional drawing sets contractual agreements need to be defined at the start of a project. BIM projects lead to the creation of new roles or responsibilities. Image: HASSELL

33 FM for Healthcare BIM for Engineers What does BIM mean for their business? Coordinate your design input with other consultants and the contractor Information can be stored in a database and may be viewed in many ways Link your documentation models to your analysis models Focus on the design build the model first, interact with model next, then produce formal documentation Image: Arup

34 BIM for Contractors/Builders From Schedules and Cost to Field BIM FM for Healthcare Interactive visualisation of the project. Overlay design and trade models. Model areas of risk, sensitivity or alternative approaches. Create sequences for rehearsal of the construction activities. Extract quantities for budget estimates. Use Field BIM for setout on site and more Image: Trimble

35 Adelaide Oval, 4D BIM Baulerstone & Robert Bird Group

36 FM for Healthcare BIM for Quantity Surveyors Quantity and Cost extraction from BIMs Utilising the early massing model for Stage A brief stage cost (indicative cost) is beneficial Ask the design teams to assign an elemental cost parameter to all the elements in the BIM for costing as the model progresses through various project stages/phases Get the quantity surveyor involved with the design team early to advise on how to model correctly (no overlapping geometry) so accurate quantities can be derived Image: Mitbrand

37 FM for Healthcare BIM for Facilities Managers Making use of intelligent building data Image: Paul Metz Record Modelling What is needed to form an informational link to where and at what stage? (COBie data drops) Realising the potential value: Building maintenance scheduling Building systems analysis Asset management Space management and tracking Disaster planning From BIM to EIM (Enterprise Information Modelling)

38 FM for Healthcare BIM and the Building Lifecycle Image AEC Connect after: Marty Chobot, FM Systems & Chuck Mies, Autodesk During Design, the Value of BIM sits mostly with the Geometry Contractors see the Value of BIM Very Differently Owners see the Value of BIM Very Differently

39 FM for Healthcare BIM and BIG Data Making use of intelligent building data 1. Central repository of information 2. Easily updateable by multiple users 3. Filtered information and with permission 4. Being able to share information across the enterprise 5. Data to be saved across multiple platforms (ifc, COBie) 6. Different ways to display data across different users 7. Ability to harvest and analyse data 8. Opportunity to collect data once, and use it over and over again + accommodating updates 9. Better information earlier in the O&M planning process, and 10.Continue using that data throughout the entire lifecycle of the asset Image: Lego Infographics

40 The Importance of tagging information Transfer of design intelligence through COBIE COBIE standardises the data expected to be shared with FM and CMMS systems by defining the fields of data that should be exported from a BIM model into other applications. Sean Benson ARCHIBUS (2009) Image: AEC Connect

41 BIM for Facilities Managers From BIM to Enterprise Information Models Image: K.Onuma

42 BIM for Manufacturers Providing their products in a BIM realm Consultants are creatingthe same content across various firms. This is hugely wasteful. Manufacturers should create quality object libraries to represent their products. Image: HASSELL This content needs to be provided free to industry to eliminate duplication of effort & reduce waste. In doing so, manufacturers should adhere to existing industry standards (BIM MEP AUS and ANZRS) for BIM content creation. Access to quality BIM libraries would increase productivity. Consultants & trade contractors could concentrate on delivering sustainable buildings rather than building BIM content.

43 BIM for Manufacturers Providing their products in a BIM realm

44 BIM / IPD Website bim.architecture.com.au

45 BIM / IPD Website bim.architecture.com.au

46 BIM / IPD Website bim.architecture.com.au

47 Thank You