Selection of Robinia pseudoacacia var. monophylla for increased feeding value in the Mediterranean environment

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Selection of Robinia pseudoacacia var. monophylla for increased feeding value in the Mediterranean environment"

Transcription

1 Selection of Robinia pseudoacacia var. monophylla for increased feeding value in the Mediterranean environment O. DINI PAPANASTASI AND T.G. PAPACHRISTOU National Agricultural Research Foundation, Forest Research Institute, GR Vassilika Thessaloniki, Greece Summary Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is a leguminous tree cut back to produce fodder of high feeding value for domestic and wild animals. With appropriate selection programmes this can be further improved and a trial was carried out in order to evaluate clones and open-pollinated families of black locust for CP and NDF contents in summer (July) and autumn (October). The following material was included in the test: rooted cuttings of twelve trees selected in northern Greece within seven open-pollinated families of Robinia pseudoacacia var. monophylla (or unifolia), rooted cuttings of a single very productive tree of the same variety, rooted cuttings of the clone-variety umbraculifera, seedlings of the seven open-pollinated families, seedlings from a bulked mixture of seeds representing the mean population and seedlings of common black locust. It was found that seasonal changes in CP and NDF values were much lower in clones than in families. CP content was higher in clones than in families during October. Two of the most promising clones of Robinia pseudoacacia var. monophylla with an increased feeding value in autumn should be further tested before they are introduced into livestock production systems of the Mediterranean environment. Keywords: browse, clone selection, fodder plants, nutritive value. Introduction Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is a nitrogen-fixing leguminous tree, native to southeastern North America, which has become naturalised in the temperate regions of Europe and Asia. It has several botanical varieties including one with few leaflets per compound leaf (monophylla or unifolia) and an umbrella-shaped variety (umbraculifera) (Keresztesi, 1988). It is a multi-purpose species suitable for wood production, fuel, land reclamation, beekeeping and forage (Barrett et al., 1990). Its use for forage is becoming a prominent practice in several parts of the world due to its high feeding value for domestic and wild animals. The main characteristics of black locust are its relatively high CP and low lignin contents, making it a comparable feed to alfalfa (Medicago sativa, L.) (Barrett et al., 1990). For this reason, it is an important fodder for ruminants during the long and dry summer Grasslands and Woody Plants in Europe 51

2 O. Dini Papanastasi and T.G. Papachristou period of the Mediterranean environment when herbaceous species are dormant and other woody species are less nutritious (Papachristou & Papanastasis, 1994). As in all plant species, however, CP in black locust decreases and lignin increases as the growing season progresses thus resulting in reduced digestibility of its foliage towards the end of the summer beginning of autumn (Khosla et al., 1992; Papachristou & Papanastasis, 1994). In this paper, the results are reported of a breeding programme aimed at selecting cultivars which maintain a high CP content in their foliage for a longer period in the summer and therefore filling up the seasonal nutritional gap of the Mediterranean environment more efficiently. Materials and methods The experiment was carried out on the Forest Research Institute farm, 20 km NE of the city of Thessaloniki, northern Greece (40º 35 north latitude and 22º 58 east longitude). Soils of the study area are sandy loams, derived from deposits of the tertiary period, fairly deep (1-2 m) and alkaline (ph 7.7). Climate is semi-arid Mediterranean with 416 mm longterm mean annual rainfall, 31.7ºC mean maximum air temperature in July and 0.2ºC mean minimum in January (Tsiontsis, 1995). The trial was carried out in order to test various selections (clones) and open-pollinated families of black locust for CP and NDF contents at two stages of maturity. The following material was included in the test: (A) rooted cuttings of twelve trees selected within seven open-pollinated families of R. pseudoacacia var. monophylla in northern Greece, (B) rooted cuttings of a single very productive tree of the same variety (Strymon selection), (C) rooted cuttings of the clone - variety umbraculifera, (D) seedlings of the seven open pollinated families, (E) seedlings from a bulked mixture of seeds representing the mean population and (F) seedlings of common black locust. The selection criteria for the twelve trees were growth performance and production of a dense, rich and fresh foliage in early November (Dini-Papanastasi, 1997). All plants both rooted cuttings and seedlings were one year old and planted at a spacing of 2.5 m x 2.5 m (30 rows of 14 plants each) on April 21, 1994, with border plants all around the trial. The clones and families were represented by varying numbers of ramets and seedlings, respectively, and for this reason a completely randomised design with unequal samples was employed (Fasoulas, 1979). The nutritional quality of the plants was determined at two stages of maturity in 1995: mature leaves at the end of July and senescent leaves at the end of October. At least three forage samples, consisting of compound leaves were collected by hand from representative plants of each one of the plant categories (A-F). As far as possible the sample plants used were common for both sampling times. Samples were analyzed for nitrogen (N) using the macro-kjeldahl procedure (AOAC, 1990) and crude protein (CP) calculated as Nx6.25. Neutral detergent fibre (NDF) was assessed by the Goering & Van Soest method (1970). The t-test was used to detect differences of CP and NDF in clones and families between the two-maturity stages and also differences of CP and NDF in the two maturity stages between clones and families. CP and NDF data were also subjected to one-way analysis of variance to compare all clones and families; if differences were significant, the means were compared with the Duncan test at the 0.05 level. 52 Grassland Science in Europe

3 Selection of Robinia pseudoacacia var. monophylla for increased feeding value in the Mediterranean environment Results and discussion As expected, CP decreased and NDF increased from July to October but CP of clones decreased less (4%) than of families (11%) between the two periods, only the latter reduction being significant (Table 1). Similarly, NDF increased less in the clones (8%) than in families (18%), both increases being significant. These findings are in agreement with those reported by Papachristou & Papanastasis (1994) indicating the potential of Robinia as a source of nutrients throughout its growing period. Table 1. Comparison between crude protein content (DM basis, g kg -1 ) and neutral detergent fibre (NDF; DM basis, g kg -1 ) in July and October for Robinia clones and open-pollinated families with t-values. CP NDF July October t-value P July October t-value P Clones Families Statistically significant differences (P 0.05). Comparing maturity stages, CP and NDF values did not differ significantly between clones and families in July (Table 2). In October, however, there were significant differences between clones and families for CP content, clones being 8% higher. There were no significant differences for NDF values between the two groups of improved material. Table 2. Comparison between Robinia clones and open-pollinated families for crude protein content (DM basis, g kg -1 ) and neutral detergent fibre (NDF; DM basis, g kg -1 ) at two maturity stages (July and October) with t-values. July October Clones Families t-value P Clones Families t-value P CP NDF Statistically significant differences (P 0.05). Table 3 shows the CP and NDF values of the individual clones and families. CP ranged from to g kg -1 and NDF from to g kg -1 in July, with no significant differences. In October, the variation among the various selections was much higher and resulted in significant differences with CP values ranging from 140 to 206 g kg -1 and NDF values from to g kg -1. The Robinia browse in both periods had higher CP levels than those suggested for goat and sheep maintenance (63 g for goats, LW: 40 kg, NRC, Grasslands and Woody Plants in Europe 53

4 O. Dini Papanastasi and T.G. Papachristou 1981; 90 g for sheep, LW: 50 kg, NRC, 1985). This protein is of high digestibility and therefore available to animals (Papachristou, 1999). Table 3. Crude protein content (CP; DM basis, g kg -1 ) and neutral detergent fibre (NDF; DM basis, g kg -1 ) of 14 Robinia clones and 9 open-pollinated families at two stages of maturity (July and October). July October Plant categories CP NDF CP NDF Clones R. p. var. monophylla (12 selected trees) 1. A-8A(4) 178.6a a 157.8bc 348.1bcd 2. A-8A(7) 185.9a 312.1a 158.1bc 300.2d 3. A-8A(9) 166.3a 305.1a 186.8ab 361.8bcd 4. B-2B(8) 167.4a 297.5a C-2B(13) 184.5a 327.0a 167.3abc 319.1cd 6. A-2B(15) 174.1a 287.5a 149.3c 308.2d 7. A-A(7) 179.8a 296.0a 163.0bc 320.7cd 8. B-A(13) 171.3a 369.5a 206.0a 282.0d 9. A-7B(6) 173.2a 316.4a 162.4bc 366.8abcd 10. A-B(3) 164.0a 322.4a 179.2abc 349.6bcd 11. B-3A(7) 182.7a 308.9a B-6A(8) 173.1a 300.4a 180.9abc 278.9d (B) R. p. var. monophylla 172.4a 332.1a 159.1bc 398.1ab (Strymon selection) (C) R. p. var. umbraculifera 181.2a 360.9a 165.2abc 392.7abc Open pollinated families (D) R. p. var. monophylla (7 families) 1. 8A a 289.4a 144.5c 354.7bcd 2. 2B a 314.4a 204.8a 405.1ab 3. A a 286.5a 147.3c 293.8d 4. 7B a 298.8a 159.0bc 322.8cd 5. B a 308.7a 164.3bc 402.5ab 6. 3A a 311.4a 145.5c 442.7a 7. 6A a 339.0a 160.2bc 406.0ab (E) C 0 mean population 172.1a 322.9a 141.7c 300.0d (F) R. pseudoacacia (common) 175.7a 328.7a 140.0c 384.6abc 1 Means in the same column with different letter are significantly different (P 0.05). 54 Grassland Science in Europe

5 Selection of Robinia pseudoacacia var. monophylla for increased feeding value in the Mediterranean environment The results suggest that individual clones can be selected for increased CP and decreased NDF levels in October for use in animal production systems. Table 3 shows that clone B-A(13) has a very high CP level and a relatively low NDF content (below the clones mean) and therefore it can be a priority candidate for selection. Another promising clone is B-6A(8). Both clones were also had the highest CP contents during October 1994 (Dini- Papanastasi, 1997). Further testing in wider environmental conditions for several years is required to confirm their value for animal feeding before they are introduced into livestock production systems. Conclusions 1. Seasonal changes in CP and NDF values were much lower in clones than in families. 2. CP content was higher in clones than in families during October. 3. Clones B-A(13) and B-6A(8) of R. pseudoacacia var. monophylla were found to be the most promising ones for increased feeding value in early autumn and are recommended for further testing before they are introduced into livestock production systems of the Mediterranean environment. Acknowledgements This research was financed by the Greek Ministry of Agriculture and by the CAMAR programme of the European Commission ( CT ). References AOAC, Official methods of Analysis, 15 th ed Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 746 pp. Washington, DC. Barrett R.P., T. Mebrahtu & J.W. Hanover, Black locust: A multi-purpose tree species for temperate climates. In: Advances in New Crops. J. Janick & J.E. Simon (eds.). pp Timber Press, Portland, OR. Dini - Papanastasi, O., Inheritance of traits of Robinia pseudoacacia L. and their relation with biomass production. PhD Thesis, 152 pp. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece. Fasoulas, A., Elements of Experimental Statistics. 255 pp. Thessaloniki, Greece. Goering, H.K. & P.J. Van Soest, Forage Fiber Analysis. ARS, USDA Agricultural Handbook No 379, 20 pp. Keresztesi, B., The Black Locust. Forestry Monograph-Series of the Agricultural Science Department of the Hungarian Academy of Science. B. Keresztesi (ed.). 197 pp. Budapest. Khosla, P.K., O.P. Toky, R.P. Bisht & S. Hamidullah, Leaf dynamics and protein content of six important fodder trees of the Western Himalayas. Agroforestry Systems, 19: NRC, Nutrient Requirements of Goats: Angora, Dairy and Meat Goats in Temperate and Tropical Countries. No pp. National Academy Press, Washington, DC. Grasslands and Woody Plants in Europe 55

6 O. Dini Papanastasi and T.G. Papachristou NRC, Nutrient Requirements of Domestic Animals. No 5. Nutrient Requirements of Sheep. 99 pp. National Academy of Sciences. National Research Council, Washington, DC. Papachristou, T.G., Assessing the value of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) browse for animal feeding. In: Grasslands and Woody Plants in Europe. International Occasional Symposium of the European Grassland Federation, Thessaloniki, Greece, May, 1999 (in this volume). Papachristou, T.G. & V.P. Papanastasis, Forage value of Mediterranean deciduous woody fodder species and its implication to management of silvo-pastoral systems for goats. Agroforestry Systems, 27: Tsiontsis, A., Meteorological data of the Forest Meteorological Stations of Northern Greece. Forest Research Institute Bulletin. Thessaloniki, Greece. 56 Grassland Science in Europe

Effects of cutting frequency on productivity of eleven woody fodder plants

Effects of cutting frequency on productivity of eleven woody fodder plants Effects of cutting frequency on productivity of eleven woody fodder plants Platis P.D., Dini-Papanastasi O., Papachristou T.G. in Etienne M. (ed.). Dynamics and sustainability of Mediterranean pastoral

More information

Effect of Location, Season, and Variety on Yield and Quality of Forage Oat

Effect of Location, Season, and Variety on Yield and Quality of Forage Oat 0 AsianAust. J. Anim. Sci. Vol. 1, No. : 0 July 2006 www.ajas.info Effect of Location, Season, and Variety on Yield and Quality of Forage Oat J. D. Kim, S. G. Kim, S. J. Abuel, C. H. Kwon*, C. N. Shin

More information

The University of Queensland, Australia; 2. ILRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 3. Central Queensland University, Australia.

The University of Queensland, Australia; 2. ILRI, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 3. Central Queensland University, Australia. Effect of Variety and Location on Seed and Straw Yields and Nutritive Value of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Straw in Crop-Livestock Systems of Ethiopia Mesfin Dejene 1, Rob Dixon 1, Alan Duncan

More information

Selection of promising black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) cultivars in Hungary

Selection of promising black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) cultivars in Hungary JOURNAL OF FOREST SCIENCE, 63, 2017 (8): 339 343 doi: 10.17221/23/2017-JFS Selection of promising black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) cultivars in Hungary Károly RÉDEI 1,2, Imre CSIHA 3, János RÁSÓ

More information

Efficacy of Grazing Stockpiled Perennial Forages for Winter Maintenance of Beef Cows

Efficacy of Grazing Stockpiled Perennial Forages for Winter Maintenance of Beef Cows Efficacy of Grazing Stockpiled Perennial Forages for Winter Maintenance of Beef Cows A. S. Leaflet R1350 Andrew C. Hitz, graduate research assistant, James R. Russell, professor of animal science, Dennis

More information

No-till Dryland Cover Crops as a Forage Option for Beef Cattle

No-till Dryland Cover Crops as a Forage Option for Beef Cattle No-till Dryland Cover Crops as a Forage Option for Beef Cattle Karla H. Jenkins University of Nebraska Panhandle Research and Extension Center, Scottsbluff, NE Forage crops can enhance the sustainability

More information

System Report: Olive Agroforestry in Kassandra, Chalkidiki, Greece

System Report: Olive Agroforestry in Kassandra, Chalkidiki, Greece System Report: Olive Agroforestry in Kassandra, Chalkidiki, Greece Project name AGFORWARD (613520) Work-package 3: Agroforestry for High Value Tree Systems Specific group Olives intercropped in Chalkidiki,

More information

EFFECT OF HARVESTING STAGE AND NUTRIENT LEVELS ON NUTRITIVE VALUES OF NATURAL PASTURE IN CENTRAL HIGHLANDS OF ETHIOPIA

EFFECT OF HARVESTING STAGE AND NUTRIENT LEVELS ON NUTRITIVE VALUES OF NATURAL PASTURE IN CENTRAL HIGHLANDS OF ETHIOPIA EFFECT OF HARVESTING STAGE AND NUTRIENT LEVELS ON NUTRITIVE VALUES OF NATURAL PASTURE IN CENTRAL HIGHLANDS OF ETHIOPIA KITABA A., TAMIR, B. Abstract The effect of harvesting stage and nutrient levels on

More information

Protocol for Study: Effect of feeding Moringa oleifera leaves and green stems to dairy cows on milk production and composition

Protocol for Study: Effect of feeding Moringa oleifera leaves and green stems to dairy cows on milk production and composition Balbir Mathur President, Trees for Life 3006 W. St. Louis, Wichita, KS, 67203-5129 (316) 945-6929 www.treesforlife.org Protocol for Study: Effect of feeding Moringa oleifera leaves and green stems to dairy

More information

HIGH YIELDING AND DISEASE RESISTANT ELEPHANT GRASS SUITABLE FOR INTENSIVE SMALLHOLDER DAIRY FARMERS IN KENYA. A.B. Orodho

HIGH YIELDING AND DISEASE RESISTANT ELEPHANT GRASS SUITABLE FOR INTENSIVE SMALLHOLDER DAIRY FARMERS IN KENYA. A.B. Orodho HIGH YIELDING AND DISEASE RESISTANT ELEPHANT GRASS ID # 09-52 SUITABLE FOR INTENSIVE SMALLHOLDER DAIRY FARMERS IN KENYA A.B. Orodho KARI Regional Research entre, P.O. box 169, Kakamega, Kari-kk@Swiftkisumu.com

More information

Survey of Silage Crop Nutritive Value in New Mexico and West Texas

Survey of Silage Crop Nutritive Value in New Mexico and West Texas Survey of Silage Crop Nutritive Value in New Mexico and West Texas Circular 665 Mark A. Marsalis, G. Robert Hagevoort, and Leonard M. Lauriault 1 Cooperative Extension Service College of Agricultural,

More information

The Effective Fibre Source for Livestock

The Effective Fibre Source for Livestock Australian oaten hay The Effective Fibre Source for Livestock Inside: Oaten Hay 2-5 Feed Analysis 5 Story 6 How Oat Hay is produced 6 Bale Sizes 7 Contact Details 8 Oaten Hay (Avena Sativa) is an annual

More information

Comparative Nutritional Quality of Winter Crops for Silage

Comparative Nutritional Quality of Winter Crops for Silage Publication DASC-9P Comparative Nutritional Quality of Winter Crops for Silage G. Ferreira, Assistant Professor, Dairy Science, Virginia Tech A.N. Brown, Ph.D. Candidate, Dairy Science, Virginia Tech W.E.

More information

Research and Development Protocol for the Olive Agroforestry in Kassandra, Chalkidiki, Greece

Research and Development Protocol for the Olive Agroforestry in Kassandra, Chalkidiki, Greece Research and Development Protocol for the Olive Agroforestry in Kassandra, Chalkidiki, Greece Project name AGFORWARD (613520) Work-package Specific group 3: Agroforestry for High Value Trees Olives intercropped

More information

Hay Quality. Bringing information and education into the communities of the Granite State

Hay Quality. Bringing information and education into the communities of the Granite State Bringing information and education into the communities of the Granite State Hay Quality Carl Majewski, UNH Extension Field Specialist, Food & Agriculture The state of maturity at harvest plays a major

More information

Nutritive Value of the Crop Residues from bt-corn Hybrids and Their Effects on Performance of Grazing Beef Cows

Nutritive Value of the Crop Residues from bt-corn Hybrids and Their Effects on Performance of Grazing Beef Cows 2 Beef Research Report Iowa State University Nutritive Value of the Crop Residues from bt-corn Hybrids and Their Effects on Performance of Grazing Beef Cows A.S. Leaflet R1723 J. R. Russell, professor

More information

PRODUCTION, DEFOLIATION AND STORAGE OF CASSAVA LEAVES AS DRY SEASON FORAGE FOR SMALL RUMINANTS IN SMALLHOLDER CROP LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEM.

PRODUCTION, DEFOLIATION AND STORAGE OF CASSAVA LEAVES AS DRY SEASON FORAGE FOR SMALL RUMINANTS IN SMALLHOLDER CROP LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEM. PRODUCTION, DEFOLIATION AND STORAGE OF CASSAVA LEAVES AS DRY SEASON FORAGE FOR SMALL RUMINANTS IN SMALLHOLDER CROP LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION SYSTEM. FASAE O.A., ADU I.F., AINA A.B.J., ELEMO K.A. Abstract Experiments

More information

AGRONOMIC EVALUATION OF ALFALFA CULTIVARS IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL, BRASIL. (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brasil,

AGRONOMIC EVALUATION OF ALFALFA CULTIVARS IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL, BRASIL. (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Brasil, ID # 13-10 AGRONOMIC EVALUATION OF ALFALFA CULTIVARS IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL, BRASIL J.C. de Saibro 1, R. Battisti and T.M.S. Freitas 1 Dept. Forage Crops & Agrometeorology (DFCA), Universidade Federal do

More information

Forage yield and crude protein content of lucerne cultivars established in the Ebro Middle Valley. Preliminary results

Forage yield and crude protein content of lucerne cultivars established in the Ebro Middle Valley. Preliminary results Forage yield and crude protein content of lucerne cultivars established in the Ebro Middle Valley. Preliminary results Andueza D., Muñoz F., Maisterra A., Delgado I. in Delgado I. (ed.), Lloveras J. (ed.).

More information

Predicting Alfalfa Quality

Predicting Alfalfa Quality Predicting Alfalfa Quality Using the Mean Stage by Count Method 1 Richard J. Roseberg, Associate Professor Introduction The first seasonal alfalfa cutting typically accounts for 35-40% of the annual yield

More information

What Hay Is Right For Your Livestock. Tom Gallagher Capital Area Agriculture Horticulture Program Livestock Specialist

What Hay Is Right For Your Livestock. Tom Gallagher Capital Area Agriculture Horticulture Program Livestock Specialist What Hay Is Right For Your Livestock Tom Gallagher Capital Area Agriculture Horticulture Program Livestock Specialist What Have We Learned So Far? Renovate fields Establish new stands Maintain existing

More information

2013 Small Grain Forage Trial: Nitrogen Fertility x Harvest Date

2013 Small Grain Forage Trial: Nitrogen Fertility x Harvest Date 213 Small Grain Forage Trial: Nitrogen Fertility x Harvest Date Dr. Heather Darby, UVM Extension Agronomist Susan Monahan, Conner Burke, Erica Cummings, and Hannah Harwood UVM Extension Crops and Soils

More information

Cereal Silage Options for Western Canada

Cereal Silage Options for Western Canada Cereal Silage Options for Western Canada James H. Helm and Donald F. Salmon Alberta Agriculture, Food & Rural Development, Field Crop Development Centre, 5030-50 Street, Lacombe, AB T4L 1W8 E-mail: james.helm@gov.ab.ca

More information

(Ipomoea aquatica), and on soil fertility, of

(Ipomoea aquatica), and on soil fertility, of Livestock Research for Rural Development 17 (10) 2005 Guidelines to authors LRRD News Citation of this paper Effect on yield and composition of water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica), and on soil fertility,

More information

Quality and Quantity Evaluations of Shade Grown Forages

Quality and Quantity Evaluations of Shade Grown Forages Quality and Quantity Evaluations of Shade Grown Forages K.P. Ladyman1, M.S. Kerleyl, R.L. Kallenbachl, H.E. Garrett1, J.W. Van SambeeF, and N.E. Navarrete-TindaU1 'hkiversity of Missouri-Columbia 2U;SDA

More information

A Comparison of Techniques for Estimating Forage Digestion

A Comparison of Techniques for Estimating Forage Digestion University of Wyoming Annual Animal Science Research Report 2 Nutrition A Comparison of Techniques for Estimating Forage Digestion Eric J. Scholljegerdes, Graduate Assistant Venerand Nayigihugu, Research

More information

The value of oats in ruminant diets. Jon Moorby Aberystwyth University

The value of oats in ruminant diets. Jon Moorby Aberystwyth University The value of oats in ruminant diets Jon Moorby Aberystwyth University Outline How do oats compare with other cereals for feeding? How productive are ruminants when oats are fed? Potential to improve the

More information

Low-input, high-quality legume hays for north Queensland.

Low-input, high-quality legume hays for north Queensland. Low-input, high-quality legume hays for north Queensland. Kendrick Cox 1, Mark Keating 1, Steven Dayes 1 and Chris Gardiner 2 1 DEEDI, PO Box 1054, Mareeba, Q4880. www.deedi.qld.gov.au Email kendrick.cox@deedi.qld.gov.au

More information

A guiding manual for the utilization of cultivated oatvetch and tree Lucerne fodder in the Africa RISING sites of the Ethiopian highlands

A guiding manual for the utilization of cultivated oatvetch and tree Lucerne fodder in the Africa RISING sites of the Ethiopian highlands A guiding manual f the utilization of cultivated oatvetch and tree Lucerne fodder in the Africa RISING sites of the Ethiopian highlands Melkamu Bezabih, Kindu Mekonnen, Aberra Adie and Peter Thne Produced

More information

Calibre BMR Forage Sorghum

Calibre BMR Forage Sorghum Calibre BMR Forage Sorghum Sorghum bicolor x sudanese Early to mid maturing, Brown Mid Rib sorghum x Sudan grass hybrid 12 gene BMR now delivering new high quality in the forage market Low Lignin = highly

More information

Low Lignin Trait in Alfalfa What are the Possibilities?

Low Lignin Trait in Alfalfa What are the Possibilities? Low Lignin Trait in Alfalfa What are the Possibilities? Dan Putnam, PhD Department of Plant Sciences UC Davis and UCCE Are we just producing Stuff that cows eat? Or specific nutrients that produce a result

More information

What is Silvopasture? John Fike Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences Virginia Tech

What is Silvopasture? John Fike Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences Virginia Tech What is Silvopasture? John Fike Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences Virginia Tech What is Silvopasture? John Fike Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences Virginia Tech Forest farming Riparian buffer strips

More information

Phosphorous (and Nitrogen) Management on Dairy Farms

Phosphorous (and Nitrogen) Management on Dairy Farms Whatcom Dairy Seminar 15 Nov. 2012, Lynden WA Phosphorous (and Nitrogen) Management on Dairy Farms Shabtai Bittman Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Agassiz, BC, Why are we concerned about phosphorus in

More information

EVALUATION OF Centrosema rotundifolium FOR SAND-SOIL SAVANNAS IN EASTERN VENEZUELA. Stuttgart, Germany. Abstract

EVALUATION OF Centrosema rotundifolium FOR SAND-SOIL SAVANNAS IN EASTERN VENEZUELA. Stuttgart, Germany. Abstract ID # 14-08 EVALUATION OF Centrosema rotundifolium FOR SAND-SOIL SAVANNAS IN EASTERN VENEZUELA I. Rodríguez 1, R. Schultze-Kraft 2 and S. González 1 1 Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (FONAIAP),

More information

FORAGE PRODUCTION AND SOIL RECLAMATION USING SALINE DRAINAGE WATER. Stephen Kaffka, Jim Oster, Dennis Corwin 1 INTRODUCTION

FORAGE PRODUCTION AND SOIL RECLAMATION USING SALINE DRAINAGE WATER. Stephen Kaffka, Jim Oster, Dennis Corwin 1 INTRODUCTION FORAGE PRODUCTION AND SOIL RECLAMATION USING SALINE DRAINAGE WATER Stephen Kaffka, Jim Oster, Dennis Corwin 1 INTRODUCTION In semi-arid or arid locations, salinity can become a problem for farmers who

More information

PRODUCING THE BEST ALFALFA OR GRASS HAY FOR HORSES. Bill Schurg 1

PRODUCING THE BEST ALFALFA OR GRASS HAY FOR HORSES. Bill Schurg 1 PRODUCING THE BEST ALFALFA OR GRASS HAY FOR HORSES Bill Schurg 1 Horse owners today are a more sophisticated group. They have more information at their disposal and demand the highest quality forage available.

More information

2016 Vermont Organic Silage Corn Performance Trial

2016 Vermont Organic Silage Corn Performance Trial 2016 Vermont Organic Silage Corn Performance Trial Dr. Heather Darby, UVM Extension Agronomist Nate Brigham, Julija Cubins, Abha Gupta, and Sara Ziegler UVM Extension Crop and Soil Technicians 802-524-6501

More information

FORAGE SYSTEMS TO REDUCE THE WINTER FEEDING PERIOD. Gerald W. Evers

FORAGE SYSTEMS TO REDUCE THE WINTER FEEDING PERIOD. Gerald W. Evers Proceedings: Adjusting to High Fuel and Fertilizer Prices Research Center Technical Report No. 2008-01 FORAGE SYSTEMS TO REDUCE THE WINTER FEEDING PERIOD Gerald W. Evers Livestock require some form of

More information

1 st ALFALFA SYMPOSIUM

1 st ALFALFA SYMPOSIUM 1 st ALFALFA SYMPOSIUM 8 February 2017 Châlons-en-Champagne By : Khalid M. Alaqeel NADEC Saudi Arabia 1 Khalid M. Alaqeel General Manager Dairy Farms at NADEC Saudi Arabia Bsc Agriculture Animal Production

More information

Preliminary Evaluation of White Lupin (Lupinus albus L.) as a Forage Crop in the Mid-Atlantic Region of the United States of America

Preliminary Evaluation of White Lupin (Lupinus albus L.) as a Forage Crop in the Mid-Atlantic Region of the United States of America Preliminary Evaluation of White Lupin (Lupinus albus L.) as a Forage Crop in the Mid-Atlantic Region of the United States of America Harbans L. Bhardwaj Agricultural Research Station, Virginia State University

More information

Key words: Grass-legume mixture ratios, forage yield and nutritive value, soil water depletion, water use efficiency

Key words: Grass-legume mixture ratios, forage yield and nutritive value, soil water depletion, water use efficiency GRASS, LEGUMES, AND GRASS-LEGUME MIXTURES: YIELD, NUTRITIVE VALUE, AND SOIL WATER USE Albert T. Adjesiwor and M. Anowarul Islam 1 ABSTRACT Forages play a major role in Wyoming s economy. However, forage

More information

Introduction- Project Background

Introduction- Project Background Roundup Ready Alfalfa Update 24 th Kentucky Alfalfa Conference February 26 th, 2004 Daniel O. Foor Product Manager, Monsanto ROUNDUP*READY ALFALFA IS NOT APPROVED FOR SALE OR DISTRIBUTION IN THE U.S. ROUNDUP

More information

Environmental Impacts on Forage Quality

Environmental Impacts on Forage Quality Environmental Impacts on Forage Quality Everett D. Thomas Oak Point Agronomics Ltd. 82 Dake Circle, Hammond, NY 13646 Phone: (518) 570-7408 Email: ethomas@oakpointny.com Farmers spend considerable time

More information

Yield and nutritive value of tropical forage legumes grown in semi-arid parts of Zimbabwe

Yield and nutritive value of tropical forage legumes grown in semi-arid parts of Zimbabwe Tropical Grasslands (2001) Volume 35, 168 174 168 Yield and nutritive value of tropical forage legumes grown in semi-arid parts of Zimbabwe R.M. JINGURA, S. SIBANDA AND H. HAMUDIKUWANDA University of Zimbabwe,

More information

Oat Hay Variety Trial R.L. Dovel, J. Rainey, and G. Chilcote 1

Oat Hay Variety Trial R.L. Dovel, J. Rainey, and G. Chilcote 1 Oat Hay Variety Trial R.L. Dovel, J. Rainey, and G. Chilcote 1 Introduction Oat hay is an important commodity in the Klamath Basin. An increasing acreage of oat hay is being produced in the basin. Oat

More information

ABSTRACT SEEDING RATE EXPERIMENT

ABSTRACT SEEDING RATE EXPERIMENT IMPLICATIONS OF SEEDING RATES AND SEED COATING WITH IMPROVED ALFALFA VARIETIES Glenn E. Shewmaker, Maggie H. Hopwood, and Ron L. Roemer 1 ABSTRACT Recommendations for alfalfa seeding rates vary from 8

More information

ESTABLISHMENT OF TANZANIA GRASS PASTURE USING MILLET AS A COMPANION CROP. Abstract

ESTABLISHMENT OF TANZANIA GRASS PASTURE USING MILLET AS A COMPANION CROP. Abstract ESTABLISHMENT OF TANZANIA GRASS PASTURE USING MILLET AS A COMPANION CROP ID # 09-33 J.C. Pinto 1, M.C. Maia 1, I.F. de Andrade 1, I.P.A. dos Santos 1, E.R.P. Bomfim 1 and K.R. Soares 1 1 Departamento de

More information

Silvopasture: Trees, Livestock, and Forages: Working Together for Profits & More! John Fike, Virginia Tech Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences

Silvopasture: Trees, Livestock, and Forages: Working Together for Profits & More! John Fike, Virginia Tech Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences Silvopasture: Trees, Livestock, and Forages: Working Together for Profits & More! John Fike, Virginia Tech Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences Agroforestry Practices Outline Silvopastures: What are we

More information

BENEFITS OF COMPOSTED MANURE

BENEFITS OF COMPOSTED MANURE Using Dairy Manure Compost for Specialty Forages J. Muir, T. Butler, and M. McFarland Dairy Compost Utilization Specialty forages are those that do not have a wide application in animal production systems

More information

LEAF BLADE SELECTION BY SHEEP IN KLEINGRASS (Panicum coloratum L.) PASTURES WITH DIFFERENT DEFERMENT PERIODS

LEAF BLADE SELECTION BY SHEEP IN KLEINGRASS (Panicum coloratum L.) PASTURES WITH DIFFERENT DEFERMENT PERIODS ID # 22-24 LEAF BLADE SELECTION BY SHEEP IN KLEINGRASS (Panicum coloratum L.) PASTURES WITH DIFFERENT DEFERMENT PERIODS P. Sierra 1, M.S. Cid 2,3, M.A. Brizuela 2,4 and C. Ferri 5 1 Fac. Cs. Ex. y Nat.,

More information

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is considered to be one of the most important

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is considered to be one of the most important PERIODICUM BIOLOGORUM UDC 57:61 VOL. 110, No 4, 311 315, 2008 CODEN PDBIAD ISSN 0031-5362 Original scientific paper Variability and relationships of important alfalfa germplasm agronomic traits MARIJANA

More information

I ntroduction. Oat Hay Variety Trial R.L. Dovel, J. Rainey, and G. Chilcote'

I ntroduction. Oat Hay Variety Trial R.L. Dovel, J. Rainey, and G. Chilcote' Oat Hay Variety Trial R.L. Dovel, J. Rainey, and G. Chilcote' I ntroduction Oat hay is an important commodity in the Klamath Basin. An increasing acreage of oat hay is being produced in the basin. Oat

More information

Strategic Grazing of Alfalfa by Sheep in California s Central Valley

Strategic Grazing of Alfalfa by Sheep in California s Central Valley Strategic Grazing of Alfalfa by Sheep in California s Central Valley M.P. Doran 1, L. Hazeltine 2, R.F. Long 1 and D.H. Putnam 1 1 University of California Cooperative Extension, 2 Sheep producer, Winters,

More information

William C. Templeton, Jr. President, Grassland Advisory Services, Inc. 800 Brook Hill Drive, Lexington, KY 40502

William C. Templeton, Jr. President, Grassland Advisory Services, Inc. 800 Brook Hill Drive, Lexington, KY 40502 - 23 - EVALUATING HAY QUALITY William C. Templeton, Jr. President, Grassland Advisory Services, Inc. 800 Brook Hill Drive, Lexington, KY 40502 One of the frustrations to nutritionists interested in the

More information

Plantation Forestry: A Global Look

Plantation Forestry: A Global Look Plantation Forestry: A Global Look Forest Area: 3,952,025,000 ha Woodland Area: 1,375,829,000 ha Annual World Wood Removal + + 620,138,943 m 3 wood (USDA 2008) 620,138,943 m 3 wood (USDA 2008) 620,138,943

More information

2015 Pasture Productivity Trial

2015 Pasture Productivity Trial 2015 Pasture Productivity Trial Dr. Heather Darby, UVM Extension Agronomist Abha Gupta, Lily Calderwood, Erica Cummings, Julian Post, and Sara Ziegler UVM Extension Crops and Soils Technicians 802-524-6501

More information

SELECTIVITY AND PALATABILITY OF TREE FODDERS IN SHEEP AND GOAT FED BY CAFETERIA METHOD

SELECTIVITY AND PALATABILITY OF TREE FODDERS IN SHEEP AND GOAT FED BY CAFETERIA METHOD International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 3, No 5, 2014, 1767 1771 ISSN 2278-3687 (O) SELECTIVITY AND PALATABILITY OF TREE FODDERS IN SHEEP AND GOAT FED BY CAFETERIA METHOD S.

More information

Small Grains, Sorghum/Sudan, Alfalfa

Small Grains, Sorghum/Sudan, Alfalfa Simple Comparisons of Forage Quality vs. Stage of Growth Small Grains, Sorghum/Sudan, Alfalfa Calvin Trostle, Ph.D. Mark Marsalis, Ph.D. Extension Agronomy State Forage Specialist Texas A&M AgriLife Lubbock

More information

Impacts of Bale Grazing on Herbage Production, Forage Quality and Soil Health in South-central North Dakota

Impacts of Bale Grazing on Herbage Production, Forage Quality and Soil Health in South-central North Dakota Impacts of Bale Grazing on Herbage Production, Forage Quality and Soil Health in South-central North Dakota Fara Brummer, Kevin Sedivec, Mary Berg, Chris Augustin, Penny Nester, Sheldon Gerhardt, Jackie

More information

FEEDING HORSES WHEN FEED IS SHORT R.J. (Bob) Coleman Ph.D. PAS

FEEDING HORSES WHEN FEED IS SHORT R.J. (Bob) Coleman Ph.D. PAS FEEDING HORSES WHEN FEED IS SHORT R.J. (Bob) Coleman Ph.D. PAS University of Kentucky Feeding programs for horses should be based on quality forage. However, when Mother Nature does not cooperate as in

More information

Fodder quality and its impact on animal value chains in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Germany

Fodder quality and its impact on animal value chains in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Germany Fodder quality and its impact on animal value chains in Faisalabad, Pakistan Supervisors: Sami-Ul-Allah Ph D scholar Prof. Dr. Michael Wachendorf Prof. Dr. Asif Ali ICDD Graduate School, University of

More information

LIGHT VS HEAVY WEIGHT STEERS GRAZING OLD WORLD BLUESTEM AT THREE STOCKING RATES. II. NUTRITIVE VALUE, FORAGE INTAKE, AND GRAZING TIME.

LIGHT VS HEAVY WEIGHT STEERS GRAZING OLD WORLD BLUESTEM AT THREE STOCKING RATES. II. NUTRITIVE VALUE, FORAGE INTAKE, AND GRAZING TIME. 1999 Animal Science Research Report Authors: C.J. Ackerman, H.T. Purvis II, G.W. Horn, S.I. Paisley, R.R. Reuter, J.N. Carter and T.N. Bodine LIGHT VS HEAVY WEIGHT STEERS GRAZING OLD WORLD BLUESTEM AT

More information

Livestock production in

Livestock production in Forage Facts Growing Forage Legumes in Maine Bulletin #2261 Livestock production in Maine, whether dairy, beef or sheep, depends on forage crops. Some forages are grown as hay, some as silage, and others

More information

Influence of Sesbania Rostrata on Soil Properties and Yield of Onion

Influence of Sesbania Rostrata on Soil Properties and Yield of Onion International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 9, September 2014 1 Influence of Sesbania Rostrata on Soil Properties and Yield of Onion Loganathan, P. Department of Bio

More information

Forage, feed and supplements, Forages Hay and Processed Forage

Forage, feed and supplements, Forages Hay and Processed Forage Alberta Forages High quality forages and feed are essential for Alberta's livestock industries. Their use results in the production of high quality meat, fish and dairy products. Forage, feed and supplements,

More information

Economics of Grain Supplementation for Organic Dairy Cows

Economics of Grain Supplementation for Organic Dairy Cows Economics of Grain Supplementation for Organic Dairy Cows Bradley J. Heins University of Minnesota West Central Research and Outreach Center Morris, MN Rotational Grazing Seasonal management Seasonal diseases

More information

Kulvir S. Bangarwa Professor Department of Forestry CCS Haryana Agricultural University Hisar , India

Kulvir S. Bangarwa Professor Department of Forestry CCS Haryana Agricultural University Hisar , India Production Potential, Market fluctuations and Present Status of Exotic Poplar in India Kulvir S. Bangarwa Professor Department of Forestry CCS Haryana Agricultural University Hisar-125 004, India Email:

More information

2 A Summary of Varietal Studies

2 A Summary of Varietal Studies August 2000 Circular Number 138 Cool-season Forage Crop Production on North Louisiana Coastal Plain Soil: 2 A Summary of Varietal Studies on Annual Ryegrass, Cereal Rye, Tall Fescue, and Bromegrass M.M.

More information

Effect of Hydroponic Barley Fodder on Awassi Lambs Performance

Effect of Hydroponic Barley Fodder on Awassi Lambs Performance Effect of Hydroponic Barley Fodder on Awassi Lambs Performance Mysaa Ata Department of Animal Production and Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Jerash University, Jerash 26150, Jordan. Abstract The objective

More information

AAFC-SPARC long term grazing and forage production on reestablished

AAFC-SPARC long term grazing and forage production on reestablished AAFC-SPARC long term grazing and forage production on reestablished native grasslands in Southern Saskatchewan A.D. Iwaasa 1 & M.P. Schelleberg 1 Research Scientist Grazing/Ruminant Nutrition 2012 native

More information

Incorporating Annual Forages into Crop-Forage-Livestock Systems

Incorporating Annual Forages into Crop-Forage-Livestock Systems Incorporating Annual Forages into Crop-Forage-Livestock Systems Daren D. Redfearn 1, Robert B. Mitchell 2, Jay Parsons 3, Mary E. Drewnoski 4 1 University of Nebraska, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture;

More information

Extensive livestock farming in Morocco: from marginal territories to major social and environmental roles

Extensive livestock farming in Morocco: from marginal territories to major social and environmental roles Extensive livestock farming in Morocco: from marginal territories to major social and environmental roles Dr. SRAÏRI Mohamed Taher Hassan II Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine Institute Rabat, 10 101, MOROCCO

More information

2015 Cool Season Annual Forage Mixtures Trial

2015 Cool Season Annual Forage Mixtures Trial 2015 Cool Season Annual Forage Mixtures Trial Dr. Heather Darby, UVM Extension Agronomist Sara Ziegler, Lily Calderwood, Erica Cummings, Abha Gupta, and Julian Post UVM Extension Crops and Soils Technicians

More information

Winter Forage Program Benefitted Small-Scale Goat Producers

Winter Forage Program Benefitted Small-Scale Goat Producers American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences Original Research Paper Winter Forage Program Benefitted Small-Scale Goat Producers 1 Uma Karki and 2 Lila Bahadur Karki 1 Agricultural and Environmental

More information

Rebecca J. Barlow, Janice F. Dyer, John S. Kush, and John C. Gilbert

Rebecca J. Barlow, Janice F. Dyer, John S. Kush, and John C. Gilbert Rebecca J. Barlow, Janice F. Dyer, John S. Kush, and John C. Gilbert Alabama Cooperative Extension System and Longleaf Pine Stand Dynamics Laboratory, Auburn University School of Forestry and Wildlife

More information

The World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya. Transforming lives and landscapes

The World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya. Transforming lives and landscapes The World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya Transforming lives and landscapes Statistics Headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya Five regional offices - India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi and Mali, with a programme in Latin

More information

Response of newly released cotton varieties to plant spacing and density, under rain-fed conditions, at Damazin. Osama M. A.

Response of newly released cotton varieties to plant spacing and density, under rain-fed conditions, at Damazin. Osama M. A. Response of newly released cotton varieties to plant spacing and density, under rain-fed conditions, at Damazin Osama M. A. Elhassan Abstract: Field experiments were conducted during 26-21 cropping seasons,

More information

USING TITHONIA AS A FERTILISER

USING TITHONIA AS A FERTILISER USING TITHONIA AS A FERTILISER Compiled by RESCAP WHAT IS TITHONIA? Tithonia was initially introduced from Central America as an ornamental. It is now a common flower that grows along roads and on waste

More information

VARIATION IN WOOD PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF EUCALYPTUS PELLITA GROWING IN SEEDLING SEED ORCHARD IN PLEIHARI, SOUTH KALIMANTAN

VARIATION IN WOOD PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF EUCALYPTUS PELLITA GROWING IN SEEDLING SEED ORCHARD IN PLEIHARI, SOUTH KALIMANTAN VARIATION IN WOOD PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF EUCALYPTUS PELLITA GROWING IN SEEDLING SEED ORCHARD IN PLEIHARI, SOUTH KALIMANTAN 1 2 Siti Susilawati and Sri Noegroho Marsoem ABSTRACT This study shows an effort

More information

Cassava Planting for Biomass Production and Soil Quality in the Cassava + Maize Intercropping System

Cassava Planting for Biomass Production and Soil Quality in the Cassava + Maize Intercropping System Journal of Advanced Agricultural Technologies Vol. 3, No. 2, June 2016 Cassava Planting for Biomass Production and Soil Quality in the Cassava + Maize Intercropping System Wani H. Utomo1, Erwin I. Wisnubroto2,

More information

Chemical composition, dry matter production and yield dynamics of tropical grasses mixed with perennial forage legumes

Chemical composition, dry matter production and yield dynamics of tropical grasses mixed with perennial forage legumes Tropical Grasslands (006) Volume 40, 50 56 50 Chemical composition, dry matter production and yield dynamics of tropical grasses mixed with perennial forage legumes Z. TESSEMA AND R.M.T. BAARS Department

More information

Animal Agriculture Journal, Vol. 2. No. 1, 2013, p Online at :

Animal Agriculture Journal, Vol. 2. No. 1, 2013, p Online at : Animal Agriculture Journal, Vol. 2. No. 1, 2013, p 428 438 Online at : http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/aaj GROWTH AND PRODUCTION OF LESSER DUCKWEED (Lemna minor) IN DIFFERENT MANURE SOLUTIONS

More information

Tasmanian Pasture Guide. Our business is growing yours

Tasmanian Pasture Guide. Our business is growing yours Tasmanian Pasture Guide Our business is growing yours Contents Research and Development 4 GRASSES Annual Ryegrass Atomic 5 Fantastic 6 Short Term Ryegrass Awesome 7 Denver 8 Perennial Ryegrass Munch 9

More information

Research and Development Protocol for Olive Agroforestry in Molos, Central Greece

Research and Development Protocol for Olive Agroforestry in Molos, Central Greece Research and Development Protocol for Olive Agroforestry in Molos, Central Greece Project name AGFORWARD (613520) Work-package Specific group Milestone Date of report 26 March 2015 Authors 3: Agroforestry

More information

Geremew Awas*, Teshome Abdisa, Kasaye Tolesa and Amenti Chali. Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box, 35 Ziway, Ethiopia.

Geremew Awas*, Teshome Abdisa, Kasaye Tolesa and Amenti Chali. Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box, 35 Ziway, Ethiopia. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry Vol. 2(1) pp. 007-011, January, 2010 Available online http://www.academicjournals.org/jhf ISSN 2006-9782 2010 Academic Journals Full Length Research Paper Effect of

More information

EFFECT OF PLANT POPULATION ON MAIZE HYBRIDS

EFFECT OF PLANT POPULATION ON MAIZE HYBRIDS EFFECT OF PLANT POPULATION ON MAIZE HYBRIDS Sikandar Azam 1, Murad Ali 2, Mohammad Amin 3, Shahida Bibi 4 and Muhammad Arif 1 1 Department of Agronomy, NWFP Agricultural University, Peshawar, Pakistan

More information

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CANOPY CLOSURE AND PASTURE PRODUCTION IN DECIDUOUS TREE BASED TEMPERATE SILVOPASTORAL SYSTEMS. Abstract

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CANOPY CLOSURE AND PASTURE PRODUCTION IN DECIDUOUS TREE BASED TEMPERATE SILVOPASTORAL SYSTEMS. Abstract ID#18-03 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CANOPY CLOSURE AND PASTURE PRODUCTION IN DECIDUOUS TREE BASED TEMPERATE SILVOPASTORAL SYSTEMS N. R. Devkota, A. J. Wall, P. D. Kemp, and J. Hodgson Institute of Natural Resources,

More information

2016 Georgia Grazing School: Southern Forages: Yield, distribution, and quality

2016 Georgia Grazing School: Southern Forages: Yield, distribution, and quality Yield, Distribution, and Quality Yield, Distribution, and Quality Grassland Conservationist USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service Understand these so that forages can be managed according to their

More information

Vikas Kumar and Maharaj Singh ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh), India.

Vikas Kumar and Maharaj Singh ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh), India. Plant Archives Vol. 17 No. 1, 2017 pp. 527-531 ISSN 0972-5210 AN ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF QUALITY SEED PRODUCTION OF AN IMPORTANT LEGUMINOUS FODDER CROP - COWPEA [VIGNA UNGUICULATA (L) WALP] IN BUNDELKHAND

More information

Forage and Grain Yield Potential of Non-Irrigated Spring Grains in the Klamath Basin, 2010

Forage and Grain Yield Potential of Non-Irrigated Spring Grains in the Klamath Basin, 2010 Forage and Grain Yield Potential of Non-Irrigated Spring Grains in the Klamath Basin, 2010 Richard J. Roseberg and Rachel A. Bentley 1 Introduction Concerns were raised about loss of soil from wind erosion

More information

DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARD METHODS TO ESTIMATE MANURE PRODUCTION AND NUTRIENT CHARACTERISTICS FROM DAIRY CATTLE

DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARD METHODS TO ESTIMATE MANURE PRODUCTION AND NUTRIENT CHARACTERISTICS FROM DAIRY CATTLE This is not a peer-reviewed article. Pp. 263-268 in the Ninth International Animal, Agricultural and Food Processing Wastes Proceedings of the 12-15 October 2003 Symposium (Research Triangle Park, North

More information

EVALUATION OF BRASSICAS FOR FALL FORAGE. Luis Villalobos and Joe Brummer 1 ABSTRACT

EVALUATION OF BRASSICAS FOR FALL FORAGE. Luis Villalobos and Joe Brummer 1 ABSTRACT EVALUATION OF BRASSICAS FOR FALL FORAGE Luis Villalobos and Joe Brummer 1 ABSTRACT Various species and varieties of brassicas were evaluated for their potential to extend the grazing season and provide

More information

oxide and methane emissions from manure

oxide and methane emissions from manure Current knowledge and challenges for measurement and estimation of nitrous oxide and methane emissions from manure Todd Rosenstock World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) 24.9.2012 Nairobi, Kenya Overview of

More information

COMPARISON OF QUALITY AND PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENT SILAGE MAKING METHODS OF BARLEY CULTIVATED IN THE PADDY AFTER RICE HARVEST

COMPARISON OF QUALITY AND PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENT SILAGE MAKING METHODS OF BARLEY CULTIVATED IN THE PADDY AFTER RICE HARVEST ID #21-30 COMPARISON OF QUALITY AND PRODUCTION BY DIFFERENT SILAGE MAKING METHODS OF BARLEY CULTIVATED IN THE PADDY AFTER RICE HARVEST J.S. Shin¹, E.B. Yoon² and M.S. Park 3 ¹ International Technical Cooperation

More information

Hay Yield and Quality of Sudangrass and Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrid Varieties Grown for Export from Western Arizona

Hay Yield and Quality of Sudangrass and Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrid Varieties Grown for Export from Western Arizona and Quality of Sudangrass and Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrid Varieties Grown for Export from Western Arizona Item Type text; Article Authors Knowles, Tim C.; Ottman, Michael J.; Lloyd, Jim; Quist, Aron Publisher

More information

The implementation of some regenerative practices to improve the sustainability of latxa dairy sheep system LIFE REGEN FARMING - LIFE12 ENV/ES/232

The implementation of some regenerative practices to improve the sustainability of latxa dairy sheep system LIFE REGEN FARMING - LIFE12 ENV/ES/232 The implementation of some regenerative practices to improve the sustainability of latxa dairy sheep system LIFE REGEN FARMING - LIFE12 ENV/ES/232 Mandaluniz, N.; Pascual, A.; Arranz, J.; Ruiz, R. NEIKER-Tecnalia,

More information

Forage yield and nutritive value of natural pastures at varying levels of maturity in North West Lowlands of Ethiopia

Forage yield and nutritive value of natural pastures at varying levels of maturity in North West Lowlands of Ethiopia World Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 1 (3), pp. 106-112, April 2013 Available online at http://wsrjournals.org/journal/wjas ISSN 2329-9312 2013 World Science Research Journals Full Length Research

More information

Growth and Yield of Organic Rice as Affected by Rice Straw and Organic Fertilizer

Growth and Yield of Organic Rice as Affected by Rice Straw and Organic Fertilizer Research article erd Growth and Yield of Organic Rice as Affected by Rice Straw and Organic Fertilizer ANAN POLTHANEE Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand E-mail:panan@kku.ac.th

More information

OKLAHOMA PANHANDLE LIMITED IRRIGATION SORGHUM SILAGE PERFORMANCE TRIAL, 2007

OKLAHOMA PANHANDLE LIMITED IRRIGATION SORGHUM SILAGE PERFORMANCE TRIAL, 2007 OKLAHOMA PANHANDLE LIMITED IRRIGATION SORGHUM SILAGE PERFORMANCE TRIAL, 2007 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY CROPS OKLAHOMA COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE DEPARTMENT OF PLANT AND SOIL SCIENCES DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL

More information