Integrated nutrient management and continuous cropping for a decade on soil properties in a terraced land

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Integrated nutrient management and continuous cropping for a decade on soil properties in a terraced land"

Transcription

1 An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 9 Issue 1 June, 2014 e ISSN Open Access Research Article Integrated nutrient management and continuous cropping for a decade on soil properties in a terraced land MANOJ DUTTA AND ROBA SANGTAM MEMBERS OF RESEARCH FORUM : Corresponding author : MANOJ DUTTA, Department of Soil Conservation, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema Campus, MEDZIPHEMA (NAGALAND) INDIA Co-authors : ROBA SANGTAM, Department of Soil Conservation, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development, Nagaland University, Medziphema Campus, MEDZIPHEMA (NAGALAND) INDIA Received : ; Revised : ; Accepted : Summary The effect of integrated nutrient management practices on some important soil properties on terraced land under continuous cultivation after a decade were studied in a field experiment conducted on the experimental farm of the School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development under rainfed conditions. Twelve treatments involving N, P and K (NPK) fertilizers, FYM, poultry litter, forest litter incorporated and burned, Azospirillum and Zn either alone or in combinations were applied for 10 years and rice crop cultivated continuously. The organic C content, available K, WHC and per cent aggregation increased significantly in all the treatments whereas, CEC and MWD increased significantly in all the treatments except ½ N+ PK and forest litter burned+ ½ FYM over control. The rate of build up of available N, P and K in various nutrient management practices was estimated to be 0.97 to kg N ha -1 yr -1 with an average of kg N ha -1 yr -1, 0.07 to 1.60 kg P ha -1 yr -1 with an average of 0.75 kg P ha -1 yr -1 and 2.4 to 8.2 kg K ha -1 yr -1 with an average of 4.7 kg K ha -1 yr -1, respectively. Addition of FYM, poultry litter and forest litter with NPK increased 8.4, 16.7 and 7.6 per cent in aggregates >0.25 mm, respectively as compared to NPK alone. Key words : Nutrient management, Soil properties, Terraced land How to cite this article : Dutta, Manoj and Sangtam, Roba (2014). Integrated nutrient management and continuous cropping for a decade on soil properties in a terraced land. Asian J. Soil Sci., 9(1):. Introduction Soil and water conservation technique like bench terracing is generally employed to protect the hill slopes against depletion or deterioration caused by natural or man induced factors and to improve the productivity of natural resources on sustainable basis. Soil organic matter is a management sensitive soil property and an important soil quality determinant as it affects soil fertility and plant growth conditions as well as environment quality parameters by influencing a number of physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil. The combined application of organic manures and chemical fertilizers generally produces higher crop yields than when each is applied alone. The integrated nutrient management helps in restoring and sustaining soil fertility and crop productivity by optimizing the physical, chemical and biological environment of soils and brining economy and efficiency in fertilizers applications (Nayyar and Sudhir, 2012). Very little information is available on the effect of integrated nutrient management practices and continuous cropping on important soil properties on terraced land in acid soils of Nagaland. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of integrated nutrient management practices and continuous cropping for a decade on some important soil properties such as organic carbon, ph, cation exchange capacity, available macro nutrients, bulk density, water holding capacity, per cent aggregation and mean weight diameter in a terraced land under rainfed conditions of Nagaland. Resource and Research Methods A hill slope (22%) was bench terraced in 2001 at the institutional farm. Three bench terraces, 26.0 m long and 3.5 m HIND AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING INSTITUTE

2 MANOJ DUTTA AND ROBA SANGTAM wide were constructed manually. A field experiment on these terraces was established in 2001 and has been maintained since then. The soil samples collected in Kharif 2010 after ten years of integrated nutrient management and continuous cultivation of upland rice forms the basis of this investigation. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with twelve treatments and replicated thrice in plots of 2.0 x 3.0 m 2 size separated by a bund of 15 cm. A border of 25 cm along the riser was left. During each year, the plots were manually prepared to ensure good seedbed. The recommended dose of 60 kg N, 60 kg P 2 O 5 and 40 kg K 2 O ha -1 for rice was applied for NPK. The farmyard manure (FYM), poultry litter and forest litter was 10.0 t ha -1, 3.3 t ha -1 and 5.0 t ha -1, respectively. For ½ N (30 kg ha -1 ) through FYM, poultry litter and forest litter, calculated amounts of these organic sources containing 0.5, 1.5 and 0.1 per cent N, respectively were applied (6.0, 2.0 and 30.0 t ha -1, respectively) to the soil. Zinc (Zn) was 10 kg ha -1 in the form of ZnSO 4.7 H 2 O as basal dose. Azospirillum was used as seed 20 g kg -1 of seed. For forest litter burned+ ½ FYM treatment that resembles farmers practice in Nagaland, forest 5.0 t ha -1 was evenly spread on the soil surface and burned. The ash was incorporated thoroughly in the soil. The FYM, ½ FYM, poultry litter and forest litter were applied one month before sowing in all treatments and mixed well in the soil. Upland rice variety Teke (landrace) was sown with a spacing of 20 cm row to row using a seed rate of 75 kg ha -1. Soil samples from individual plots were collected after the harvest of rice crop and air dried at room temperature. Two third of each samples were ground to pass through 2 mm sieve and stored for analysis. The remaining portion of soil samples was preserved for analysis of specific soil properties. Undisturbed core soil samples were also collected for determination of bulk density of the soil. Organic carbon was determined by the wet digestion method of Walkley and Black as described by Jackson (1973). Soil ph was determined in 1:2.5 soil water suspension using glass electrode ph meter (Jackson, 1973). The cation exchange capacity (CEC) of the soil was determined by NH 3 distillation method (Jackson, 1973). The available N content of the soil was estimated by alkaline permanganate method of Subbiah and Asija (1956). The available P in soil was extracted by Bray s method No. 1 (Brays and Kurtz, 1945) and the P content of the extract was estimated colorimetrically (Jackson, 1973). The available K was extracted from the soil with neutral normal ammonium acetate (Jackson, 1973) and estimated flame photometrically. Bulk density of the soil was determined by core method (Bodman, 1942). Water holding capacity (WHC) was determined as per the procedure outlined by Piper (1966). Aggregate stability in terms of mean weight diameter (MWD) and per cent macro-aggregates were calculated by using the equation given by Van Bavel (1949). The statistical analysis of the data was done as per procedure outlined by Gomez and Gomez (1984). Research Findings and Discussion The findings of the present study as well as relevant discussion have been presented under following heads : Organic carbon : The organic C content in soil ranged from 1.7 in control to 3.0 per cent in ½ N+ PK+ ½ N forest litter with an average of 2.5 per cent (Table 1). The addition of fertilizers, FYM, poultry litter, forest litter and Azospirillum in different combinations for ten years caused a significant increase in organic C content in all the treatments over control. The organic C content in ½N+ PK+ ½N forest litter treatment was significantly higher than all the other treatments. The organic C content in NPK+ FYM showed a significant increase over NPK. The organic C content in ½N+ PK+ ½N Poultry litter was also significantly higher than ½N+ PK treatment. The increase in organic carbon content in soil on addition organic sources has been reported by Laxminarayana and Patiram (2006). The increase in organic C in different nutrient management practices ranged from 0.6 to 1.3 per cent with an average of 0.9 per cent. ph : The ph of the soil ranged from 4.3 to 4.9 with an average of 4.5 (Table 1). The highest ph value was recorded in forest litter burned+ ½ FYM treatment and lowest was recorded in NPK and ½N+ PK+ Azospirillum treatments. The ph in forest litter burned+ ½ FYM and ½N+ PK+ ½N forest litter treatments showed a significant increase over control, while, ph in NPK, ½N+ PK+ Azospirillum and NPK + poultry litter treatments showed a significant decrease as compared to control. The ph in NPK+ forest litter, NPK+ FYM and NPK+ FYM+ Zn treatments showed a significant increase over NPK. Substituting ½ N through FYM, poultry litter or forest litter also brought about a significant increase in ph over NPK. The significant decrease in soil ph on addition of NPK fertilizer alone by 0.3 units over control are in accordance with those reported by Humtsoe and Chauhan (2005). Integrated application of NPK with FYM or forest litter and substituting ½ N through FYM, poultry litter or forest litter also brought about a significant increase of 0.2 to 0.5 units in soil ph as compared to NPK. Similar results are expected when large quantity of organic residues added to the soil to add sufficient Ca and Mg, and other bases to the soil. The basic cations neutralize the acidity producing cations in the soil and increase soil ph. Cation exchange capacity (CEC) : The cation exchange capacity of the soil varied from 18.0 to 24.6 cmol (p + ) kg -1 with an average of 21.7 cmol (p + ) kg -1 (Table 1). The addition of fertilizers, FYM, poultry litter, forest litter and Azospirillum in different combinations caused HIND AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING INSTITUTE 108 Asian J. Soil Sci., (June, 2014) 9 (1) :

3 INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT & CONTINUOUS CROPPING FOR A DECADE ON SOIL PROPERTIES IN A TERRACED LAND a significant increase in CEC of all the treatments except in ½N + PK and forest litter burned+ ½ FYM treatments over control. The highest CEC was recorded in NPK+ FYM+ Zn and lowest was recorded in control. The CEC in NPK+ FYM+ Zn, NPK+ poultry litter, NPK+ FYM and NPK+ forest litter showed a significant increase over NPK. The CEC in ½N+ PK+ Azospirillum, ½N+ PK+ ½N poultry litter and ½N +PK + ½N forest litter also showed a significant increase over NPK. The CEC and organic C content showed similar trend and were significantly correlated (r = 0.76, p > 0.01, n = 36). The increase in CEC in different treatments over control varied from 0.9 to 6.6 cmol (p + ) kg -1 (4.7 to 36.4%) with an average of 4.1 cmol (p + ) kg -1 (22.5%). The increase in CEC in NPK+ FYM+ Zn, NPK+ Poultry litter, NPK+ forest litter and NPK+ FYM over NPK was 20.4, 17.3, 15.2 and 13.1%, respectively. The increase in humus content on decomposition of added organic sources may be responsible for increase in the negative charge on the organic colloid of the soil, which in turn would contribute to increase in CEC of the soil. Selvi et al. (2003) reported that application of NPK fertilizers along with FYM or organic residues caused significant increase in CEC of soil. Available N : The available N content in the soil ranged from to kg ha -1 with an average of kg ha -1 (Table 2). The continuous application of fertilizer, FYM, poultry litter, forest litter and Azospirillum in different combinations for a decade caused a significant increase in available N in all the treatments except in forest litter burned + ½ FYM. Among different treatments, highest available N was recorded in NPK+ poultry litter treatment and lowest was recorded in control. The available N in NPK+ FYM, NPK+ poultry litter and NPK+ FYM+ Zn treatments showed a significant increase over NPK and NPK + forest litter treatments. Substituting ½ N through poultry litter or forest litter also resulted in a significant increase in available N as compared to NPK. The significant increase in available N content in soil on addition of organic and inorganic fertilizers was also reported by Bajpai et al. (2006). The significant increase in available N content in NPK + poultry litter, NPK + FYM and NPK + FYM + Zn over NPK + forest litter and NPK might be due to the variations in the build up of the available N constituents in these treatments. Imtilemla et al. (2009) observed that addition of fertilizer alone or in combinations with FYM, poultry litter, forest litter and also with Azospirillum resulted in an increase in available N content in the soil on terraced land under continuous cultivation of rice for five years. The combine effect of the processes of transformation of N added through fertilizers and organic sources, mineralization of native organic N compound and loss of N from soil including crop removal may be responsible for the increase in available N pool in these treatments. After ten years of continuous cultivation the rate of built up of available N in various nutrient management practices was estimated to be 0.97 to kg N ha -1 yr -1 with an average of kg ha -1 yr -1. These findings are in agreement with those reported by Humtsoe and Chauhan (2005). The accumulation of available N in different treatments after ten years of integrated nutrient management practices brought about a change in N fertility status from medium to high in NPK+ FYM, NPK+ FYM+ Zn and NPK+ poultry litter treatments. Available P : The available P content in soil ranged from 4.0 to 20.0 kg ha -1 with an average of 10.9 kg ha -1 (Table 2). The addition of fertilizer, FYM, poultry litter, forest litter and Azospirillum in different combinations continuously for 10 ten years caused a significant increase in available P content in all the treatments except in forest litter burned + ½ FYM over control. The highest available P was recorded in NPK+ FYM treatment and lowest was recorded in control. The available P in NPK+ FYM, Table 1 : Effect of integrated nutrient management practices on organic C, ph and CEC in soil Treatments Organic C (%) ph CEC [cmol (p + ) kg -1 ] T 1 -Control T 2-½N + PK T 3-NPK T 4 -NPK + FYM T 5-½N + PK + ½N FYM T 6-NPK + poultry litter T 7 -½N + PK + ½N poultry litter T 8-NPK + forest litter T 9-½N + PK + ½N forest litter T 10 -½N + PK + Azospirillum T 11-NPK + FYM + Zn T 12-Forest litter burned+ ½ FYM SEm ± C.D. (P=0.05) HIND AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING INSTITUTE 109 Asian J. Soil Sci., (June, 2014) 9 (1) :

4 MANOJ DUTTA AND ROBA SANGTAM NPK+ FYM+ Zn and NPK+ poultry litter was significantly higher than NPK. The available P in ½N+ PK+ ½N FYM and ½N+ PK+ ½N poultry litter was also significantly higher than NPK. The higher available P in these treatments might be due to additional P input through poultry litter and FYM. Singh et al. (2008) also reported that available P content of surface soil increased appreciably with the application of manures along with fertilizers as compared to sole application of NPK fertilizers. After ten years of continuous cultivation and nutrient management the rate of build up of available P in different nutrient management practices was estimated to be 0.07 to 1.6 kg P ha -1 yr -1 with an average of 0.75 kg ha -1 yr -1. These results corroborate the findings of Humtsoe and Chauhan (2005) who reported a build up of 1.67, 1.47 and 1.30 kg available P ha -1 yr -1 in NPK, NPK+ FYM and NPK+ FYM+ lime treatments, respectively. Imtilemla et al. (2009) also estimated the rate of build up of available P ranging from 0.1 to 2.9 kg P ha -1 yr -1 with an average of 1.2 kg P ha -1 yr -1 after five years of continuous rice cultivation and nutrient management on terraced land. The accumulation of available P in different treatments after ten years brought about a change in P fertility status from low to medium in NPK+ FYM, NPK+ FYM+ Zn, NPK+ poultry litter, ½N+ PK+ ½N FYM and ½N+ PK+ ½N poultry litter treatments. The increase in available P may be ascribed to the combined effect of the processes of transformation of added P through fertilizers and organic sources, mineralization of native and added organic P and loss of P from soil including crop removal. Part of added fertilizer P that is not used by the crop would accumulate in soil in various forms to contribute with varying degree towards different forms of P including available P pool in the soil. Available K : The available K content in the soil varied from to kg ha -1 with an average of kg ha -1 (Table 2). The continuous application of fertilizers, FYM, poultry litter, forest litter and Azospirillum in different combinations caused a significant increase in available K content in all the treatments. The available K in NPK+ FYM, NPK + poultry litter, ½N+ PK+ ½N poultry litter, ½N+ PK+ ½N forest litter and NPK+ FYM+ Zn was significantly higher than NPK. The significant increase in available K in these treatments was perhaps related to the input and uptake of K in these treatments. These results corroborate the findings of other workers (Humtsoe and Chauhan, 2005; Singh et al., 2006). The increase in available K content in soil in different nutrient management practices ranged from 24.0 to 82.1 kg ha -1 with an average of 47.4 kg ha -1. After ten years of continuous cultivation the rate of build up of available K in various nutrient management practices was estimated to be 2.4 to 8.2 kg K ha -1 yr -1 with an average of 4.7 kg K ha -1 yr -1. A similar trend of available K build up was also reported by Humtsoe and Chauhan (2005). Imtilemla et al. (2009) also estimated the rate of build up of available K ranged from 3.1 to 15.2 kg K ha -1 yr -1 with an average of 7.5 kg K ha -1 yr -1 after five years of continuous cultivation and nutrient management on terraced land. The increase in available K may be due to combined effect of addition of K through fertilizers and organic sources, weathering of K minerals and loss of K from soil including crop removal. Bulk density : The bulk density of soil ranged from 1.04 to 1.34 g cm -3 with an average of 1.23 g cm -3 (Table 3). After ten years of nutrient management and continuous cropping the bulk density in NPK+ FYM, NPK+ forest litter and NPK+ FYM+ Zn showed a significant decrease over NPK. The bulk density in ½N+ PK+ ½N forest litter, ½N+ PK+ ½N FYM and ½N+ PK+ ½N poultry litter was significantly lower as compared to NPK treatment. The decrease in bulk density over control in different nutrient management practices ranged from 3.0 to 22.4 per cent with an Table 2 : Effect of integrated nutrient management practices on available macronutrients in soil Treatments Available N (kg ha- 1 ) Available P (kg ha- 1 ) Available K (kg ha- 1 ) T 1-Control T 2-½ N + PK T 3-NPK T 4-NPK + FYM T 5-½ N + PK + ½ N FYM T 6-NPK + poultry litter T 7-½ N + PK + ½ N poultry litter T 8-NPK + forest litter T 9-½ N + PK + ½ N forest litter T 10-½ N + PK + Azospirillum T 11-NPK + FYM + Zn T 12-Forest litter burned + ½ FYM SEm ± C.D. (P=0.05) HIND AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING INSTITUTE 110 Asian J. Soil Sci., (June, 2014) 9 (1) :

5 INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT & CONTINUOUS CROPPING FOR A DECADE ON SOIL PROPERTIES IN A TERRACED LAND average of 9.2 per cent. The significant decrease in bulk density in NPK+ FYM, NPK+ forest litter and NPK+ FYM+ Zn over NPK was 6.2, 12.3 and 5.4 per cent, respectively. The decrease in bulk density in ½N+ PK+ ½N forest litter, ½N+ PK+ ½N FYM and ½N+ PK+ ½N poultry litter over NPK was 20.0, 6.2 and 3.8 per cent, respectively. Bajpai et al. (2006) also reported significant reduction in bulk density with the application of green manure, FYM or crop residue. Water holding capacity (WHC) : The WHC of the soil ranged from 34.8 to 41.9 per cent with an average of 38.1 per cent (Table 3). The addition of fertilizers, FYM, poultry litter, forest litter and Azospirillum in different combinations for ten years caused a significant increase in WHC of all the treatments over control. The WHC in NPK+ FYM, NPK+ poultry litter, NPK+ forest litter and NPK+ FYM+ Zn increased significantly as compared to NPK. The WHC in ½N+ PK + ½N FYM, ½N + PK+ ½N poultry litter and½n+ PK+ ½N forest litter also increased significantly over NPK and ½N + PK treatments. The WHC and organic carbon content showed similar trend and were significantly correlated (r = 0.83, p > 0.01, n = 36). Addition of NPK+ forest litter, NPK+ FYM, NPK+ FYM+ Zn and NPK + poultry litter caused significant increase of 13.6, 8.6, 7.2 and 3.9 per cent, respectively in WHC as compared to addition of NPK alone. This increase in water holding capacity of the soil might be related to both the increase in organic matter content and improvement in its physical properties of the soil. Singh et al. (2006) also reported that the application of organic manures either alone or in combinations with inorganic fertilizers progressively improved the water holding capacity of the soil. Per cent aggregation : The aggregates > 0.25 mm of the soil varied from 51.9 to 73.4 per cent with an average of 65.8 per cent (Table 3). The per cent aggregates> 0.25 mm in all the treatments showed a significant increase over control. The addition of fertilizers, FYM, poultry litter, forest litter and Azospirillum in all combinations continuously for ten years caused a significant increase in aggregates > 0.25 mm of soil of as compared to control. Addition of NPK with FYM, poultry litter and forest litter caused a significant increase in per cent aggregates > 0.25 mm as compared to NPK. Substituting ½ N through poultry litter, forest litter or FYM also brought about a significant increase in per cent aggregates > 0.25 mm over NPK. The increase in per cent aggregates in NPK+ poultry litter, NPK+ FYM+ Zn, NPK+ FYM and NPK+ forest litter over NPK was 16.7, 11.8, 8.4 and 7.6 per cent, respectively. The higher per cent aggregation in these treatments might be because of higher organic matter content in these treatments that together with clay and other soil constituents favour particle aggregation. Selvi et al. (2003) reported that application of FYM along with NPK fertilizers caused significant increase in the water stable aggregates. The per cent aggregates and organic C content showed similar trend and were significantly correlated (r = 0.88, p > 0.01, n = 36). Similar trend was also observed by Pramanik and Chakraborty (2007). Mean weight diameter (MWD) : The MWD of the soil ranged from 1.3 to 2.6 mm with an average of 2.1 mm (Table 3). The MWD of soil in all the treatments showed a significant increase over control except in ½N+ PK and forest litter burned+ ½ FYM treatments. Addition of NPK with FYM, poultry litter and forest litter caused a significant increase in MWD as compared to NPK alone. Substituting ½ N through poultry litter, forest litter or FYM also resulted in a significant build up in MWD as compared to NPK. The higher MWD in these integrated Table 3 : Effect of integrated nutrient management practices on bulk density, water holding capacity (WHC), per cent aggregation and mean weight diameter (MWD) in soil Treatments Bulk density (gcm -3 ) WHC (%) Aggregates > 0.25 mm (%) MWD (cm) T 1-Control T 2-½N + PK T 3-NPK T 4-NPK + FYM T 5-½N + PK + ½N FYM T 6-NPK + poultry litter T 7-½N + PK + ½N poultry litter T 8-NPK + forest litter T 9-½N + PK + ½N forest litter T 10-½N+ PK + Azospirillum T 11-NPK + FYM + Zn T 12-Forest litter burned + ½ FYM SEm ± CD (P=0.05) HIND AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING INSTITUTE 111 Asian J. Soil Sci., (June, 2014) 9 (1) :

6 MANOJ DUTTA AND ROBA SANGTAM treatments might be due to higher per cent aggregates in these treatments as compared to NPK. The significant increase in MWD in NPK+ FYM, NPK+ poultry litter, NPK+ forest litter and NPK+ FYM+ Zn was 41.2, 52.9, 21.5 and 41.2 per cent higher over NPK. The MWD and organic C content showed similar trend and were significantly correlated (r = 0.77, p > 0.01, n = 36). Gupta Choudhry et al. (2010) also recorded a strong relationship between soil organic carbon and MWD. Literature Cited Bajpai, R.K., Chitale, Shrikant, Upadhyay, S.K. and Urkurkar, J.S. (2006). Long term studies on soil physico-chemical properties and productivity of rice-wheat system as influenced by INM in Inceptisol of Chhattisgarh. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 54 (1) : Bodman, G.D. (1942). Monogram for rapid calculation of soil density, water content and total porosity relationship. Indian J. Agron., 20 : Bray, R.H. and Kurtz, L.T. (1945). Determination of total, organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Sci., 59 (1) : Gomez, K.A. and Gomez, A.A. (1984). Statistical procedures for agricultural research (2 nd Ed.). John Wiley & Sons, INC., UK. Gupta Choudhry, S., Bandyopadhyay, P.K., Mallick, S. and Sarkar, S. (2010). Soil aggregation as affected by cultivation under low and upland situations. J. Indian Soc Soil Sci., 58 (4) : Humtsoe, M. and Chauhan, B.S. (2005). Long term effect of nutrient management practices on soil fertility determinants on terraces land. Indian Agric., 49 (1-2) : Imtilemla, Chauhan, B.S. and Dutta, Manoj. (2009). Effect of continuous cultivation and nutrient management on available N, P and K content and yield of upland rice (Oryza sativa L.) on terraced 9 of Excellence land. Indian Agric., 53 (1-2) : Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil chemical analysis, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., NEW DELHI (INDIA). Laxminarayana, K. and Patiram (2006). Effect of integrated use of inorganic, biological and organic manures on rice productivity and soil fertility in ultisols of Mizoram. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 54 (2) : Nayyar, V.K. and Sudhir, K. (2012). Soil fertility management. In: Fundamentals of soil science, Published by Indian Society of Soil Science, New Delhi, India, pp Piper, C.S. (1966). Soil and plant analysis. Hans Publishers, Bombay, M.S. (INDIA). Pramanik, S. and Chakraborty, P.B. (2007). Soil quality under different land uses in a micro-watershed of Sunderban in West Bengal. Indian J. Soil Cons., 35 (3) : Selvi, D., Santhy, P. and Dhakshinamoorthy, M. (2003). Efficiency of long term integrated plant nutrient management on important soil properties of an Inceptisol. Madras Agric. J., 90 (10-12) : Singh, F., Kumar, R. and Pal, S. (2008). Integrated nutrient management in rice-wheat cropping system for sustainable productivity. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 56 (2) : Singh, Surendra, Singh, R.N., Prasad, Janardan and Singh, B.P. (2006). Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield and uptake of nutrients by rice and soil fertility in rainfed uplands. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 54 (3) : Subbiah, B.V. and Asija, G.L. (1956). A rapid procedure for the determination of available nitrogen in soils. Curr. Sci., 25 : Van Bavel, C.H.M. (1949). Mean weight diameter of soil aggregates as a structural index of aggregation. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 14 : t h Year HIND AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND TRAINING INSTITUTE 112 Asian J. Soil Sci., (June, 2014) 9 (1) :

Impacts of Different Management Practices on Physico-Chemical Properties of Soil in Mid-Hill, Sub-Humid Zone-II of Himachal Pradesh

Impacts of Different Management Practices on Physico-Chemical Properties of Soil in Mid-Hill, Sub-Humid Zone-II of Himachal Pradesh Current World Environment Vol. 10(3), 934-940 (2015) Impacts of Different Management Practices on Physico-Chemical Properties of Soil in Mid-Hill, Sub-Humid Zone-II of Himachal Pradesh TANVI KAPOOR 1 *,

More information

INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT EFFECT IN RICE-RICE SEQUEN- TIAL CROP PING SYS TEM ON SOIL FER TIL ITY AND CROP PRO DUC TIV ITY

INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT EFFECT IN RICE-RICE SEQUEN- TIAL CROP PING SYS TEM ON SOIL FER TIL ITY AND CROP PRO DUC TIV ITY Progressive Research 8 (Special) : 325-329 (2013) Society for Sci. Dev. in Agric. and Tech. INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT EFFECT IN RICE-RICE SEQUEN- TIAL CROP PING SYS TEM ON SOIL FER TIL ITY AND CROP

More information

NSave Nature to Survive

NSave Nature to Survive ISSN: 0974-0376 NSave Nature to Survive : Special issue, Vol. VI: 385-390: 2014 AN INTERNATIONAL QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES www.theecoscan.in EFFECT OF INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT ON

More information

Effect of Integrated nutrient management (INM) on soil properties, yield and economics of rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Effect of Integrated nutrient management (INM) on soil properties, yield and economics of rice (Oryza sativa L.) 2017 RELS ISSN: 0974-4908 http://rels.comxa.com Res. Environ. Life Sci. rel_sci@yahoo.com 10(7) 640-644 (2017) on soil properties, yield and economics of rice (Oryza sativa L.) Abhishek Tiwari, Ankit Tiwari*,

More information

Effect of INM Modules and Different Cultural Practices on Properties of Silty Clay Loam Soil

Effect of INM Modules and Different Cultural Practices on Properties of Silty Clay Loam Soil International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 7 Number 01 (2018) Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.079

More information

Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management and Mulching on Growth and Yield of Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] in Clay Loam Soil

Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management and Mulching on Growth and Yield of Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] in Clay Loam Soil Current World Environment Vol. 10(2), 710-714 (2015) Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management and Mulching on Growth and Yield of Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] in Clay Loam Soil R.C. JAIN Rafi Ahmed

More information

RAKESH KUMAR* ICAR RC NEH Region Nagaland Centre Jharnapani , Nagaland, India

RAKESH KUMAR* ICAR RC NEH Region Nagaland Centre Jharnapani , Nagaland, India Bangladesh J. Bot. 46(1): 67-71, 2017 (March) PRODUCTION POTENTIAL, QUALITY AND NUTRIENT UPTAKE OF LINSEED AS INFLUENCED BY FERTILITY LEVELS AND SEEDING RATES UNDER THE FOOT HILL CONDITION OF NAGALAND

More information

Anil Kumar, Neeraj Kumar, S.K. Singhal, Vinay Singh 1 and V. K. Sharma

Anil Kumar, Neeraj Kumar, S.K. Singhal, Vinay Singh 1 and V. K. Sharma Agric. Sci. Digest., 33 (4) : 304-308, 2013 DOI- 10.5958/j.0976-0547.33.4.030 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CENTRE www.arccjournals.com / indianjournals.com SOIL PHOSPHORUS FRACTIONS IN A TYPIC HAPLUSTEPT

More information

Received: 28 th July-2014 Revised: 9 th Sept-2014 Accepted: 10 th Sept-2014 Research article

Received: 28 th July-2014 Revised: 9 th Sept-2014 Accepted: 10 th Sept-2014 Research article Received: 28 th July-2014 Revised: 9 th Sept-2014 Accepted: 10 th Sept-2014 Research article CORRELATION STUDIES BETWEEN PHYSICO-CHEMICAL, CHEMICAL AND NUTRIENT UPTAKES OF PADDY IN PHOSPHORUS RICH VERTISOLS

More information

Long-term effect of manure and fertilizers on the physical and chemical properties of an alfisol under semi-arid rainfed conditions

Long-term effect of manure and fertilizers on the physical and chemical properties of an alfisol under semi-arid rainfed conditions International Journal of Agricultural Sciences ISSN: 2167-0447 Vol. 3 (4), pp. 500-505, June, 2013. Available online at www.internationalscholarsjournals.org International Scholars Journals Full Length

More information

Effect of Long Term Fertilizer Experiment on Pore Space, Nutrient Content and Uptake Status of Rice Cropping System

Effect of Long Term Fertilizer Experiment on Pore Space, Nutrient Content and Uptake Status of Rice Cropping System Available online at www.ijpab.com Reddy et al Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 5 (4): 1064-1071 (2017) ISSN: 2320 7051 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.5652 ISSN: 2320 7051 Int. J. Pure App. Biosci.

More information

Fractions of phosphorus as influenced by organic and inorganic sources of nutrients under different cropping systems in Vertisol

Fractions of phosphorus as influenced by organic and inorganic sources of nutrients under different cropping systems in Vertisol An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 9 Issue 1 June, 2014 e ISSN 0976 7231 Open Access www.researchjournal.co.in Research Article Fractions of phosphorus as influenced by organic and inorganic sources

More information

AGRES An International e. Journal (2017) Vol. 6, Issue 3: ISSN :

AGRES An International e. Journal (2017) Vol. 6, Issue 3: ISSN : EFFECT OF FERTILIZER GRADIENTS AND SOIL DEPTH ON PHYSICO- CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOILS IN WHEAT KRISHNA CHAITANYA, A.; PATRA, S. K.; PATRA, P.K. AND PAL, S.K. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRY AND SOIL

More information

Participatory Appraisal of Integrated Plant Nutrient Supply System in Semi-Temperate Rice and Maize Based Cropping Systems of Jammu and Kashmir, India

Participatory Appraisal of Integrated Plant Nutrient Supply System in Semi-Temperate Rice and Maize Based Cropping Systems of Jammu and Kashmir, India www.thaiagj.org Thai Journal of Agricultural Science 2009, 42(3): 125-131 Participatory Appraisal of Integrated Plant Nutrient Supply System in Semi-Temperate Rice and Maize Based Cropping Systems of Jammu

More information

3. MATERIALS AND METHODS

3. MATERIALS AND METHODS 41 3. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present study entitled, Long-term effect of integrated nutrient management on dynamics of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in rice-wheat system was undertaken in an ongoing

More information

Usage of imbalanced fertilizers badly

Usage of imbalanced fertilizers badly Influence of Long Term Fertilizer Application on Soil Phosphatase Enzyme Activity and Nutrient Availability in Rice Rice Cropping System M. Srilatha *, Palli Chandrasekhar Rao, S.H.K. Sharma and K. Bhanu

More information

NITROGEN IN SEMI ARID CONDITION

NITROGEN IN SEMI ARID CONDITION Indian J. Agric. Res.., 46 (3) : 262-268, 2012 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CENTRE www.ar.arccjour ccjournals.com / indianjournals.com nals.com IMPACT OF INTEGRATED TED USE OF FERTILIZER AND ENRICHED

More information

IJIRST International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology Volume 1 Issue 11 April 2015 ISSN (online):

IJIRST International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology Volume 1 Issue 11 April 2015 ISSN (online): IJIRST International Journal for Innovative Research in Science & Technology Volume 1 Issue 11 April 2015 ISSN (online): 2349-6010 Influence of Integrated Nutrient Management Practices on Yield and Yield

More information

Effect of Fertility Levels and Biofertilizers on Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil under Blackgram (Vigna mungo L.)

Effect of Fertility Levels and Biofertilizers on Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil under Blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 3 (2017) pp. 223-228 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.023

More information

Quality Traits of Scented Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Variety Influenced by Different Nutrient Packages in Chattisgarh

Quality Traits of Scented Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Variety Influenced by Different Nutrient Packages in Chattisgarh International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 7 Number 02 (2018) Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.702.427

More information

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2018) 7(1):

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2018) 7(1): International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 7 Number 01 (2018) Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.291

More information

Integrated Nutrient Management for Yield and Economics of Maize (Zea mays L.) In-Rice-Gingelly-Maize Cropping System through Integrated Farming System

Integrated Nutrient Management for Yield and Economics of Maize (Zea mays L.) In-Rice-Gingelly-Maize Cropping System through Integrated Farming System International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 11 (2017) pp. 2745-2750 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.324

More information

Studies on sulphate releasing characteristics of acid soils under Jhum cultivation in Nagaland

Studies on sulphate releasing characteristics of acid soils under Jhum cultivation in Nagaland 2018; SP1: 435-440 E-ISSN: 2278-4136 P-ISSN: 2349-8234 JPP 2018; SP1: 435-440 Kevineituo Bier Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, School of Agricultural Sciences and Rural Development,

More information

Sorghum Yield and Nutrient Uptake under Long Term Nutrient Management Practices in Sorghum-Sunflower Cropping System in an Alfisol

Sorghum Yield and Nutrient Uptake under Long Term Nutrient Management Practices in Sorghum-Sunflower Cropping System in an Alfisol International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology Citation: IJAEB: 8(4): 899-906 December 2015 DOI Number: 10.5958/2230-732X.2015.00102.3 2015 New Delhi Publishers. All rights reserved

More information

1256 Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) for hirsutum cotton under cotton- wheat cropping system in canal command area of North West Rajasthan, India

1256 Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) for hirsutum cotton under cotton- wheat cropping system in canal command area of North West Rajasthan, India 1256 Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) for hirsutum cotton under cotton- wheat cropping system in canal command area of North West Rajasthan, India Dr. Prem lal Nehra Sr., Rajasthan Agricultural University,

More information

Department of Soil Science, CCS Hayrna Agril. University, Hisar ,India Received : Accepted :

Department of Soil Science, CCS Hayrna Agril. University, Hisar ,India Received : Accepted : Indian J. Agric. Res.., 46 (2) : 161-166, 2012 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CENTRE www.ar.arccjour ccjournals.com / indianjournals.com nals.com LONG - TERM EFFECT OF ORGANIC MATERIALS AND FERTILIZERS

More information

International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, June, 2010, Vol. 6 Issue 2 :

International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, June, 2010, Vol. 6 Issue 2 : RESEARCH PAPER International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, June, 2010, Vol. 6 Issue 2 : 433-438 Influence of green manure and different organic sources of nutrients on yield and soil chemical properties

More information

ORGANIC NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT IN CHILLIES BENGAL GRAM BABY CORN SEQUENCE

ORGANIC NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT IN CHILLIES BENGAL GRAM BABY CORN SEQUENCE Int. J. Agrl.Sc Sc. & Vet.Med. Med. 2013 2013 P M Shanmugam and K Siddeswaran, 2013 Research Paper ISSN 2320-3730 www.ijasvm.com Vol. 1, No. 3, August 2013 2013 Meghana Publications. All Rights Reserved

More information

Response of Integrated Nutrient Management on Nutrient Uptake, Economics and Nutrient Status of Soil in Bold Seeded Summer Groundnut

Response of Integrated Nutrient Management on Nutrient Uptake, Economics and Nutrient Status of Soil in Bold Seeded Summer Groundnut International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 7 Number 01 (2018) Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.019

More information

An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 7 Issue 1 June,

An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 7 Issue 1 June, An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 7 Issue 1 June, 2012 Research Article Integrated nutrient management practices on soil NPK nutrient balance under organic cultivation of chickpea (Cicer arietinum

More information

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the principal cereal

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the principal cereal Production Potential of Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Varieties under Different Nitrogen Levels M. Srilatha*, S.H.K. Sharma, K. Bhanu Rekha and A. Varaprasad Regional Agricultural Research Station, Jagtial, Karimnagar

More information

Influence of Green Manure and Potassium Nutrition on Soil Potassium Fractions and Yield of Rice Crop

Influence of Green Manure and Potassium Nutrition on Soil Potassium Fractions and Yield of Rice Crop International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 11 (2017) pp. 13-23 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.002

More information

Productivity enhancement of soybean as influenced by integerated nutrient and other agronomic interventions in sub - humid Punjab, India

Productivity enhancement of soybean as influenced by integerated nutrient and other agronomic interventions in sub - humid Punjab, India Legume Research, 39 (5) 2016 : 768-773 Print ISSN:0250-5371 / Online ISSN:0976-0571 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CENTRE www.arccjournals.com/www.legumeresearch.in Productivity enhancement of soybean

More information

Integrated nutrient management in transplanted rice(oryza sativa L.)

Integrated nutrient management in transplanted rice(oryza sativa L.) RESEARCH PAPER International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, January to June, 21, Vol. 6 Issue 1 : 295-299 Integrated nutrient management in transplanted rice(oryza sativa L.) ABSTRACT H.M. VIRDIA* AND

More information

NITROGEN DINAMICS IN RICE AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF CROP GROWTH UNDER RICE-WHEAT CROPPING SYSTEM

NITROGEN DINAMICS IN RICE AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF CROP GROWTH UNDER RICE-WHEAT CROPPING SYSTEM NITROGEN DINAMICS IN RICE AT DIFFERENT STAGES OF CROP GROWTH UNDER RICE-WHEAT CROPPING SYSTEM Hrusikesh Patro*, S.C. Swain, S.C. Mohapatra 1, Lingaraj Patro 2, B.S. Mohapatra and Ajay Kumar 3 1. Krishi

More information

EFFECT OF NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES ON PHOSPHORUS AVAILABILITY IN BASMATI-WHEAT SYSTEM

EFFECT OF NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES ON PHOSPHORUS AVAILABILITY IN BASMATI-WHEAT SYSTEM International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 3, No 4, 2014, 1602 1608 ISSN 2278-3687 (O) EFFECT OF NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES ON PHOSPHORUS AVAILABILITY IN BASMATI-WHEAT SYSTEM

More information

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT SOURCES OF NUTRITION AND IRRIGATION LEVELS ON YIELD, NUTRIENT UPTAKE AND NUTRIENT USE EFFICIENCY OF WHEAT

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT SOURCES OF NUTRITION AND IRRIGATION LEVELS ON YIELD, NUTRIENT UPTAKE AND NUTRIENT USE EFFICIENCY OF WHEAT Int. J. LifeSc. Bt & Pharm. Res. 2012 Parvinder Kumar and R K Pannu, 2012 Research Paper ISSN 2250-3137 www.ijlbpr.com Vol. 1, No. 4, October 2012 2012 IJLBPR. All Rights Reserved EFFECT OF DIFFERENT SOURCES

More information

P.L. Patil, H.B.P. Pulakeshi and G.S. Dasog

P.L. Patil, H.B.P. Pulakeshi and G.S. Dasog 232 Agro-Informatics and Precision Agriculture Proceedings of 2012 AIPA (AIPA 2012, INDIA 2012) IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL FERTILITY CONSTRAINTS BY GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) TECHNIQUE AND RESPONSE

More information

Effect of integrated nutrient management on soil properties under cottonchickpea cropping sequence in vertisols of Deccan plateau of India

Effect of integrated nutrient management on soil properties under cottonchickpea cropping sequence in vertisols of Deccan plateau of India Indian J. Agric. Res., 49 (3) 2015: 207-214 Print ISSN:0367-8245 / Online ISSN:0976-058X AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CENTRE www.arccjournals.com/www.ijarjournal.com Effect of integrated nutrient

More information

ABSTRACT Field experiment was conducted during and on deep black soil. Results revealed

ABSTRACT Field experiment was conducted during and on deep black soil. Results revealed Agric. Sci. Digest, 32 (2) : 117-122, 2012 Vol. 32, No. 2, 2012 117 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CENTRE www.ar.arccjour ccjournals.com / indianjournals.com nals.com SOIL FERTILITY AND YIELD OF SUGARCANE

More information

GLOBAL SYMPOSIUM ON SOIL ORGANIC CARBON, Rome, Italy, March2017

GLOBAL SYMPOSIUM ON SOIL ORGANIC CARBON, Rome, Italy, March2017 GLOBAL SYMPOSIUM ON SOIL ORGANIC CARBON, Rome, Italy, 21-23 March2017 Long-term fertilization impacts on temperature sensitivity of soil organic carbon decomposition under wheat based cropping systems

More information

Effects of Long-term Jute-Rice- Wheat Cropping System on Crop Yields and Soil Fertility

Effects of Long-term Jute-Rice- Wheat Cropping System on Crop Yields and Soil Fertility Effects of Long-term Jute-Rice- Wheat Cropping System on Crop Yields and Soil Fertility M Saha, A R Saha, B C Mandal, and P K Ray Abstract Changes in soil properties and crop productivity as affected by

More information

Production potential realization and quality enhancement of mung bean through integrated nutrient management

Production potential realization and quality enhancement of mung bean through integrated nutrient management Journal of Crop and Weed, 0():87-9(04) Production potential realization and quality enhancement of mung bean through integrated nutrient management N. C. BANIK AND K. SENGUPTA Dept. of Agronomy Bidhan

More information

Soil Characteristics of Kumbhi Block under Lakhimpur (Kheri) District of Uttar Pradesh, India

Soil Characteristics of Kumbhi Block under Lakhimpur (Kheri) District of Uttar Pradesh, India International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 4 (2017) pp. 110-115 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.013

More information

Department of Soil Science, H.P.Agricultural University, Palampur (H.P.), India

Department of Soil Science, H.P.Agricultural University, Palampur (H.P.), India Scientific registration no : 24 Symposium no : 13A Presentation : poster Efficient and economic fertilization of rainfed maizewheat system for its specific yield through soil testing and integrated nutrient

More information

Effect of INM practices on nutrient uptake and seed yield in safflower

Effect of INM practices on nutrient uptake and seed yield in safflower Available online at www.scholarsresearchlibrary.com Annals of Biological Research, 2013, 4 (7):222-226 (http://scholarsresearchlibrary.com/archive.html) ISSN 0976-1233 CODEN (USA): ABRNBW Effect of INM

More information

Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 80 (2000)

Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 80 (2000) Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 80 (2000) 267 275 Integrated nutrient management and waste recycling for restoring soil fertility and productivity in Japanese mint and mustard sequence in Uttar

More information

Tropentag 2007, October 9-11, 2007 Witzenhausen, Germany,

Tropentag 2007, October 9-11, 2007 Witzenhausen, Germany, 1 Influence of Small scale Irrigation on Selected Soil Chemical Properties Fite 1* Getaneh, Abdenna Deressa 2 and Wakene Negassa 3 1 Wollega University, Faculty of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ethiopia

More information

Evaluation of maize fertilizer mixture performance on post harvest soil fertility

Evaluation of maize fertilizer mixture performance on post harvest soil fertility An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 11 Issue 1 June, 2016 e ISSN 0976 7231 Visit us : www.researchjournal.co.in Research Article DOI : 10.15740/HAS/AJSS/11.1/ Evaluation of maize fertilizer mixture

More information

Efficiency of microbial population in rhizosphere at different growth stages of paddy in Vertisol of Chhattisgarh

Efficiency of microbial population in rhizosphere at different growth stages of paddy in Vertisol of Chhattisgarh An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 7 Issue 2 December, 2012 Research Article Efficiency of microbial population in rhizosphere at different growth stages of paddy in Vertisol of Chhattisgarh RAKESH

More information

Department of agronomy, forages and grassland management CSK, HPKV, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, INDIA

Department of agronomy, forages and grassland management CSK, HPKV, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, INDIA International Journal of Research in BioSciences Vol. 2 Issue 3, pp. (53-59), July 2013 Available online at http://www.ijrbs.in ISSN 2319-2844 Research Paper Effect of integrated nutrient management and

More information

EFFECT OF ORGANIC FARMING ON DRY FODDER YIELD, GRAIN YIELD, NET RETURNS AND SOIL SFERTILITY IN MUNG BEAN- WHEAT (TALL) PRODUCTION SYSTEM

EFFECT OF ORGANIC FARMING ON DRY FODDER YIELD, GRAIN YIELD, NET RETURNS AND SOIL SFERTILITY IN MUNG BEAN- WHEAT (TALL) PRODUCTION SYSTEM Forage Res., 38 (3) : pp. 177-181 (2012) http://forageresearch.in EFFECT OF ORGANIC FARMING ON DRY FODDER YIELD, GRAIN YIELD, NET RETURNS AND SOIL SFERTILITY IN MUNG BEAN- WHEAT (TALL) PRODUCTION SYSTEM

More information

Long-Term Effect of Manures and Fertilizers on Nutrient Status under Cotton Mono-Cropping in Vertisol

Long-Term Effect of Manures and Fertilizers on Nutrient Status under Cotton Mono-Cropping in Vertisol International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 7 (2017) pp. 2084-2094 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.607.246

More information

Nutrient use efficiency as influenced by FYM, N and P management in Urdbean-Wheat cropping system

Nutrient use efficiency as influenced by FYM, N and P management in Urdbean-Wheat cropping system IBIMA Publishing Research in Agriculture and Agronomy http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/agri/agri.html Vol. 2016 (2016), Article ID 998551, 9 pages DOI: 10.5171/2016.998551 Research Article Nutrient

More information

Effect of different dose of fertilizer application on growth parameter of chilli and uptake and micronutrient concentration after harvest of the crop

Effect of different dose of fertilizer application on growth parameter of chilli and uptake and micronutrient concentration after harvest of the crop An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 12 Issue 1 June, 2017 25-29 e ISSN 0976 7231 Visit us : www.researchjournal.co.in Research Article DOI : 10.15740/HAS/AJSS/12.1/25-29 Effect of different dose of

More information

Effect of Organic, Inorganic Source of Nutrients and Azospirillum on Yield and Quality of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.)

Effect of Organic, Inorganic Source of Nutrients and Azospirillum on Yield and Quality of Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 2 (2017) pp. 966-970 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.602.109

More information

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2018; 7(3): Saraswathi, Y Vishawanath Shetty and M Dinesh Kumar

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2018; 7(3): Saraswathi, Y Vishawanath Shetty and M Dinesh Kumar 208; 7(3): 366-3665 E-ISSN: 2278-436 P-ISSN: 2349-8234 JPP 208; 7(3): 366-3665 Received: 2-03-208 Accepted: 25-04-208 Saraswathi Y Vishawanath Shetty M Dinesh Kumar Department of Agronomy, UAHS, Shimoga,

More information

Impact of Fertigation and Target Yield Levels on Soil Microbial Biomass and Cane Yield of Ratoon Sugarcane

Impact of Fertigation and Target Yield Levels on Soil Microbial Biomass and Cane Yield of Ratoon Sugarcane International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 4 (2017) pp. 1718-1722 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.206

More information

Yield and Economics of Aerobic Paddy with Application of Zinc, Iron and Microbial Inoculants. Yogesh, T.C., Viswanath, A.P. and Thimmegowda, P.

Yield and Economics of Aerobic Paddy with Application of Zinc, Iron and Microbial Inoculants. Yogesh, T.C., Viswanath, A.P. and Thimmegowda, P. E-ISSN: 2278 179X JECET; December 12- February 2013; Vol.2.No.1, 100-104. Journal of Environmental Science, Computer Science and Engineering & Technology An International Peer Review E-3 Journal of Sciences

More information

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY FOR ORGANIC ARBOREUM COTTON S. Jaffar Basha* 1, A. Sitharama Sarma 2 and Y. Rama Reddy 3

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY FOR ORGANIC ARBOREUM COTTON S. Jaffar Basha* 1, A. Sitharama Sarma 2 and Y. Rama Reddy 3 International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 6, No 4, 2017, 2508 2512 ISSN 2278-3687 (O) 2277-663X (P) PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY FOR ORGANIC ARBOREUM COTTON S. Jaffar Basha* 1, A. Sitharama

More information

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2017) 6(4):

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2017) 6(4): International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 4 (2017) pp. 477-482 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.604.056

More information

Nutrient use Efficiency as Influenced by FYM, N and P Management in Urdbean-Wheat Cropping System

Nutrient use Efficiency as Influenced by FYM, N and P Management in Urdbean-Wheat Cropping System IBIMA Publishing Research in Agriculture and Agronomy http://www.ibimapublishing.com/journals/agri/agri.html Vol. 2016 (2016), Article ID 998551, 9 pages DOI: 10.5171/2016.998551 Research Article Nutrient

More information

Effect of FYM, biofertilizers and zinc on yield and micronutrients uptake in maize

Effect of FYM, biofertilizers and zinc on yield and micronutrients uptake in maize An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 9 Issue 1 June, 2014 e ISSN 0976 7231 Open Access www.researchjournal.co.in Research Article Effect of FYM, biofertilizers and zinc on yield and micronutrients uptake

More information

EFFECT OF LIME AND PHOSPHORUS ON YIELD AND NUTRIENTS UPTAKE BY MAIZE IN MOUNTAIN ACIDIC SOIL OF HIMACAHAL PRADESH

EFFECT OF LIME AND PHOSPHORUS ON YIELD AND NUTRIENTS UPTAKE BY MAIZE IN MOUNTAIN ACIDIC SOIL OF HIMACAHAL PRADESH Ann. Agric. Res. New Series Vol. 27 (3) : 277-282 Lime and (2006) phosphorus interaction 277 EFFECT OF LIME AND PHOSPHORUS ON YIELD AND NUTRIENTS UPTAKE BY MAIZE IN MOUNTAIN ACIDIC SOIL OF HIMACAHAL PRADESH

More information

Nutrient Management for Improving Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] Productivity in Acidic Soil of Northeast India

Nutrient Management for Improving Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] Productivity in Acidic Soil of Northeast India Indian Journal of Hill Farming 27(1):37-41 Available online at www.kiran.nic.in Nutrient Management for Improving Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] Productivity in Acidic Soil of Northeast India A.K.

More information

Impact of Different Sources of Organic Nutrients on Chemical Composition of S-36 Mulberry and Soil under Irrigated Condition

Impact of Different Sources of Organic Nutrients on Chemical Composition of S-36 Mulberry and Soil under Irrigated Condition International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 7 Number 01 (2018) Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.269

More information

Residual Effect of Applied Vermicompost and NPK to Rice on Growth and Yield of Succeeding Wheat and Chemical Properties of Soil

Residual Effect of Applied Vermicompost and NPK to Rice on Growth and Yield of Succeeding Wheat and Chemical Properties of Soil International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 11 (2017) pp. 1087-1098 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.611.128

More information

Long Term Influence of Organic and Inorganic Fertilization on Soil Enzyme Activities in Calcareous Soil under Rice Wheat Cropping System

Long Term Influence of Organic and Inorganic Fertilization on Soil Enzyme Activities in Calcareous Soil under Rice Wheat Cropping System International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 9 (2017) pp. 2868-2872 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.352

More information

Nutrient management in direct seeded rice and its residual effect on uptake, translocation and recovery of nutrients in rainfed lentil

Nutrient management in direct seeded rice and its residual effect on uptake, translocation and recovery of nutrients in rainfed lentil An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 8 Issue 2 December, 2013 Research Article Nutrient management in direct seeded rice and its residual effect on uptake, translocation and recovery of nutrients in

More information

TOTAL PRODUCTIVITY, NUTRIENT UPTAKE AND ECONOMICS OF RICE-WHEAT CROPPING SYSTEM AS INFLUENCED BY Crotalaria juncea GREEN MANURING

TOTAL PRODUCTIVITY, NUTRIENT UPTAKE AND ECONOMICS OF RICE-WHEAT CROPPING SYSTEM AS INFLUENCED BY Crotalaria juncea GREEN MANURING TOTAL PRODUCTIVITY, NUTRIENT UPTAKE AND ECONOMICS OF RICE-WHEAT CROPPING SYSTEM AS INFLUENCED BY Crotalaria juncea GREEN MANURING H.K.Patro* 1, Ajay Kumar 2, D. K. Shukla 3 and B. S.Mahapatra 4 1. AICRP

More information

STUDIES ON INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT FOR TISSUE CULTURED GRAND NAINE BANANA

STUDIES ON INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT FOR TISSUE CULTURED GRAND NAINE BANANA ['ldian J. Agric. Res., 43 (2) : 107-112,2009 AGRICULTURAl. RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CI::NTRE www.arccjournals.ccm/indianjournals.com STUDIES ON INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT FOR TISSUE CULTURED GRAND NAINE

More information

EFFECT OF INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT ON GROWTH CHARACTERISTIC OF KHARIF MAIZE

EFFECT OF INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT ON GROWTH CHARACTERISTIC OF KHARIF MAIZE EFFECT OF INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT ON GROWTH CHARACTERISTIC OF KHARIF MAIZE Madane K. T., M. S. Narale and D. M.Sawant Asst. Prof. Department of Agronomy, Shriram College of Agriculture, Paniv Received:

More information

Effect of Long-Term Fertilization on Yield Attributing Character and Economics of Maize in Maize-Wheat Cropping System

Effect of Long-Term Fertilization on Yield Attributing Character and Economics of Maize in Maize-Wheat Cropping System Research Article Effect of Long-Term Fertilization on Yield Attributing Character and Economics of Maize in Maize-Wheat Cropping System Shusma Manjhi, R.P. Manjhi* and Birendra Kumar Department of Agronomy,

More information

Impact of Land Configuration, Seed Rate and Fertilizer Doses on Growth and Yield of Blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper]

Impact of Land Configuration, Seed Rate and Fertilizer Doses on Growth and Yield of Blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] Impact of Land Configuration, Seed Rate and Fertilizer Doses on Growth and Yield of Blackgram [Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper] S. Krishnaprabu Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agronomy, Annamalai University,

More information

Effect of Wheat Residue Management and Fertilizer Levels on Growth and Yield of Fodder Maize (Zea mays L.)

Effect of Wheat Residue Management and Fertilizer Levels on Growth and Yield of Fodder Maize (Zea mays L.) International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 10 (2017) pp. 25-29 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.004

More information

Yield and Economics of Maize as Influenced by Cropping Sequences, Rates and Frequency of FYM Application

Yield and Economics of Maize as Influenced by Cropping Sequences, Rates and Frequency of FYM Application Available online at www.ijpab.com Bhat et al Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 6 (1): 580-585 (2018) ISSN: 2320 7051 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.6030 ISSN: 2320 7051 Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 6 (1):

More information

TRASH AND GREEN MULCH EFFECTS ON SOIL N AND P AVAILABILITY. RITA DAHIYA and R.S. MALIK. C C S Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar , India

TRASH AND GREEN MULCH EFFECTS ON SOIL N AND P AVAILABILITY. RITA DAHIYA and R.S. MALIK. C C S Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar , India TRASH AND GREEN MULCH EFFECTS ON SOIL N AND P AVAILABILITY RITA DAHIYA and R.S. MALIK C C S Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar- 125 004, India ABSTRACT Interest in the use of organic materials as mulch

More information

Influence of irrigation schedules and integrated nutrient management on Growth, yield and Quality of Rabi maize (Zea mays L.)

Influence of irrigation schedules and integrated nutrient management on Growth, yield and Quality of Rabi maize (Zea mays L.) Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2014) 3(12): 828832 ISSN: 23197706 Volume 3 Number 12 (2014) pp. 828832 http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article Influence of irrigation schedules and integrated nutrient

More information

Dynamics of soil biological fertility as influenced by organic and inorganic inputs under soybean in vertisol

Dynamics of soil biological fertility as influenced by organic and inorganic inputs under soybean in vertisol An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 7 Issue 1 June, 2012 Research Article Dynamics of soil biological fertility as influenced by organic and inorganic inputs under soybean in vertisol RITU THAKARE

More information

WEED MANAGEMENT IN AEROBIC RICE UNDER SOUTH GUJARAT CONDITIONS USADADIA, V. P.; PATEL, P. B.; *BAVALGAVE, V. G. AND PATIL, V. A.

WEED MANAGEMENT IN AEROBIC RICE UNDER SOUTH GUJARAT CONDITIONS USADADIA, V. P.; PATEL, P. B.; *BAVALGAVE, V. G. AND PATIL, V. A. WEED MANAGEMENT IN AEROBIC RICE UNDER SOUTH GUJARAT CONDITIONS USADADIA, V. P.; PATEL, P. B.; *BAVALGAVE, V. G. AND PATIL, V. A. MAIN RICE RESEARCH CENTRE NAVSARI AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY NAVSARI - 396

More information

Assessment of Soil Sample by Analysising Chemical Properties of Soil in Korba District of Chhattisgarh, India

Assessment of Soil Sample by Analysising Chemical Properties of Soil in Korba District of Chhattisgarh, India Research Journal of Chemical and Environmental Sciences Res J. Chem. Environ. Sci. Vol 5 [4] August 217: 76-81 Online ISSN 2321-14 CODEN: RJCEA2 [USA] Academy for Environment and Life Sciences, INDIA Website:

More information

Photo 1. Typical vertisol that is used for cereal production (Ethiopia 2012). Photo by IPI.

Photo 1. Typical vertisol that is used for cereal production (Ethiopia 2012). Photo by IPI. Research Findings Photo 1. Typical vertisol that is used for cereal production (Ethiopia 2012). Photo by IPI. Potassium Response in Vertisols in Long-Term Fertilizer Experiment in India Singh, M. (1),

More information

Effect of Quinchlorac on Grassy Weeds in Transplanted Rice

Effect of Quinchlorac on Grassy Weeds in Transplanted Rice International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 8 (2017) pp. 3773-3778 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.456

More information

Effect of Phosphorous Nutrition through Foliar and Irrigation on Budgeting of Primary Macro Nutrients in Drip Fertigated Maize

Effect of Phosphorous Nutrition through Foliar and Irrigation on Budgeting of Primary Macro Nutrients in Drip Fertigated Maize Available online at www.ijpab.com Harshitha et al Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 6 (): 028-032 (208) ISSN: 2320 705 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/0.8782/2320-705.6007 ISSN: 2320 705 Int. J. Pure App. Biosci. 6 ():

More information

Effect of foliar nutrition of urea and diammonium phosphate on seed yield and economics of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under rainfed situation

Effect of foliar nutrition of urea and diammonium phosphate on seed yield and economics of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under rainfed situation International Journal of Agricultural Sciences Volume 12 Issue 1 January, 2016 101-105 e ISSN 0976 5670 DOI:10.15740/HAS/IJAS/12.1/101-105 Visit us : www.researchjournal.co.in RESEARCH PAPER Effect of

More information

Effect of Different Level of N P K and Gypsum on Soil Properties and Yield of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) var. Jyoti

Effect of Different Level of N P K and Gypsum on Soil Properties and Yield of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) var. Jyoti International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 6 (2017) pp. 984-991 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.606.115

More information

Effect of Seed Bed and Different Sources of Nitrogen on Growth and Yield of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)

Effect of Seed Bed and Different Sources of Nitrogen on Growth and Yield of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 8 (2017) pp. 748-752 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.095

More information

Effect of anilofos and pendimethalin on the mineralization of carbon and nitrogen in a Haplustept soil of West Bengal

Effect of anilofos and pendimethalin on the mineralization of carbon and nitrogen in a Haplustept soil of West Bengal Journal of Crop and Weed, 5(1): 206-212 (2009) Effect of anilofos and pendimethalin on the mineralization of carbon and nitrogen in a Haplustept soil of West Bengal S. NONGTHOMBAM, H. NAYEK AND A. C. DAS

More information

Improving Use Efficiency of Inputs by Drip Irrigation in Bt Cotton

Improving Use Efficiency of Inputs by Drip Irrigation in Bt Cotton International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 7 Number 03 (2018) Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.703.419

More information

Effect of fertilizer levels on soil nutrient status at different growth stages and yield of Bt and non-bt cotton

Effect of fertilizer levels on soil nutrient status at different growth stages and yield of Bt and non-bt cotton An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 10 Issue 1 June 2015 93-98 e ISSN 0976 7231 Visit us : www.researchjournal.co.in Research Article DOI : 10.15740/HAS/AJSS/10.1/93-98 Effect of fertilizer levels

More information

Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management in Rice on Nitrogen Availability, L-asparaginase and L-glutaminase Activity in Acidic Soil

Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management in Rice on Nitrogen Availability, L-asparaginase and L-glutaminase Activity in Acidic Soil International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 9 (2017) pp. 3777-3783 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.609.466

More information

Forms of soil phosphorus and depth wise distribution under organic and inorganic nutrient management in a Vertisol planted rice

Forms of soil phosphorus and depth wise distribution under organic and inorganic nutrient management in a Vertisol planted rice An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 10 Issue 1 June, 2015 47-54 e ISSN 0976 7231 Visit us : www.researchjournal.co.in Research Article DOI : 10.15740/HAS/AJSS/10.1/47-54 Forms of soil phosphorus and

More information

Soil potassium dynamics under intensive rice cropping in TBP command area of north Karnataka

Soil potassium dynamics under intensive rice cropping in TBP command area of north Karnataka An Asian Journal of Soil Science Volume 8 Issue 2 December, 2013 319-324 Research Article Soil potassium dynamics under intensive rice cropping in TBP command area of north Karnataka Received : 16.08.2013;

More information

Influence of industrial wastes on growth, yield and yield attributing characters of rice

Influence of industrial wastes on growth, yield and yield attributing characters of rice ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY IN INDIA Volume 2 Issue (1&2); (April & October, 2011); Page : 32-36 RESEARCH ARTICLE Received: may, 2011; Revised : Aug., 2011;Accepted: sep.., 2011 Influence of industrial

More information

Effect of Land Configuration, Irrigation and INM on Quality, Nutrient Content and Uptake of Indian Bean (var. GNIB-21)

Effect of Land Configuration, Irrigation and INM on Quality, Nutrient Content and Uptake of Indian Bean (var. GNIB-21) International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 6 Number 8 (2017) pp. 527-537 Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.608.068

More information

Reshmi Sarkar and S. Kar Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur , West Bengal, India

Reshmi Sarkar and S. Kar Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur , West Bengal, India RESPONSE OF WHEAT TO WETLAND AND DRYLAND RICE TILLAGE, CROP RESIDUE INCORPORATION AND RATE OF FERTILIZER N APPLICATION IN RICE-WHEAT ROTATION ON COARSE ALFISOL OF EASTERN INDIA Reshmi Sarkar and S. Kar

More information

Individual and combined effect of p and k on yield and nutrient uptake of hybrid rice under IPNS in an alluvial soils of Assam

Individual and combined effect of p and k on yield and nutrient uptake of hybrid rice under IPNS in an alluvial soils of Assam 2018; 7(3): 1119-1123 E-ISSN: 2278-4136 P-ISSN: 2349-8234 JPP 2018; 7(3): 1119-1123 Received: 04-03-2018 Accepted: 08-04-2018 Namrata Kashyap KN Das Bipul Deka Marami Dutta Anjali Basumatary Correspondence

More information

Scientific registration n o : 285 Symposium n o : 13B Presentation: Poster. BHUIYAN Nurul I (1), SAHA Pranesh K (2) INTRODUCTION

Scientific registration n o : 285 Symposium n o : 13B Presentation: Poster. BHUIYAN Nurul I (1), SAHA Pranesh K (2) INTRODUCTION Scientific registration n o : 285 Symposium n o : 13B Presentation: Poster Effect of P-Fertilization on Ripening, Yield and P- Nutrition of Rice Under Different Levels of Soil P Effet de la fertilisation

More information

EFFECT OF MOISTURE CONSERVATION PRACTICES, PHOSPHORUS LEVELS AND BACTERIAL INOCULATION ON GROWTH, YIELD AND ECONOMICS OF CHICKPEA (CICER ARIETINUM L.

EFFECT OF MOISTURE CONSERVATION PRACTICES, PHOSPHORUS LEVELS AND BACTERIAL INOCULATION ON GROWTH, YIELD AND ECONOMICS OF CHICKPEA (CICER ARIETINUM L. Legume Res., 29 (1) : 68-72, 2006 EFFECT OF MOISTURE CONSERVATION PRACTICES, PHOSPHORUS LEVELS AND BACTERIAL INOCULATION ON GROWTH, YIELD AND ECONOMICS OF CHICKPEA (CICER ARIETINUM L.) L.R. Meena 1, R.K.

More information

Leaf litter amendment in forest soil and their effect on the yield quality of red amaranth

Leaf litter amendment in forest soil and their effect on the yield quality of red amaranth J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 8(2): 221 226, 2010 ISSN 1810-3030 Leaf litter amendment in forest soil and their effect on the yield quality of red amaranth U. K. Sarkar 1, B. K. Saha 1, C. Goswami 2 and M.

More information