Kenya Forest Service Conservancy Map

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1 Kenya Forest Service Conservancy Map i

2 Forest Cover Map ii

3 BOARD OF THE KENYA FOREST SERVICE Prof Richard Musangi, Phd, Ebs Chairman Mrs Margaret Gitonga Vice Chairman Mr. D. K. Mbugua, Director Mr. M. A. M. Wa-Mwachai PS, Ministry of Forestry & Wildlife Mr. Joseph Mang ira Member Mr. Jaswant Singh Member Mr. E. A. Ochieng Member Mrs Fatuma Sichale Member Dr. Joseph Ole Nakuro Member Major (rtd) Ing ollan Nawose Member Mr. Mugambi Nyaga Rep, Ministry of Local Government Mr. John Oling a Rep Ministry of Finance Eng. P. L. Ombogo Rep Ministry of Water & Irrigation Dr. Ayub Macharia Ag. Director General, National Environmental Management Dr. Ben Chikamai Director, Kenya Forestry Research Institute Dr. Julius Kipngetich Director, Kenya Wildlife Service iii

4 TABLE OF CONTENTS Kenya Forest Service Conservancy Map i Forest Cover Map ii BOARD OF THE KENYA FOREST SERVICE iii TOP MANAGEMENT TEAM 1 CHAIRMAN S STATEMENT 2 DIRECTOR S STATEMENT 3 Mandate, Vision, Mission and Core Values 5 Mandate 5 Vision Statement 5 Mission Statement 5 Value Statement 5 Core Values and Behaviors 5 Corporate Governance Statement 6 Service Delivery Charter 7 Mkataba wa Huduma Zinazotolewa na Shirika la Uhifadhi Misitu Kenya 9 CHAPTER ONE: NATURAL FOREST MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAMME 1.1 Biodiversity Provisional Forests Boundary alignment Services to other sectors Community Participation Forest Fire Management 15 CHAPTER TWO: PLANTATION DEVELOPMENT AND ENTERPRISE 2.1 Plantation establishment Silvicultural Operations Sawmill and wood recovery Revenue collection Forest Plantation Management Inventory Timber imports Felling plans 20 CHAPTER THREE: FARM AND DRYLAND FORESTRY EXTENSION SERVICE 3.1 Farm Forestry Seedlings production Registration of private forests as an incentive to farmers Awareness creation on Farm Forestry Rules Promote Agroforestry in farmlands and schools Establishment of Farmer field schools Establishment of commercial forests Capacity building for farmers on tree growing and management Tree planting in schools Establish parks and arboreta Drylands forestry Rehabilitation of degraded areas Urban Tree planting areas 27 iv

5 3.2.3 Roadside Tree Planting River bank and wetlands rehabilitation Biomass Energy Promoting Forest Related Enterprises Prosopis species management Tree Resource Surveys Create networks between tree growers, markets and financial institutions 32 CHAPTER FOUR: ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE (ENCOM) 4.1 Forest Operations Forest Fire Protection 35 CHAPTER FIVE: KENYA FORESTRY COLLEGE 5.1 Technical courses Short Course Programme School of Paramilitary Training Upgrade of ICT facilities Masaita Forest Block College Farm 38 SUCCESS STORIES OR CASE STUDIES DOCUMENTED DURING THE YEAR 39 CHAPTER SIX: HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT 6.1 Staff recruitment Staff and capacity enhancement Staff Welfare Mainstreaming Physically Challenged persons facilities Prevention of alcohol and drug abuse 44 CHAPTER SEVEN: ADMINISTRATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT 7.1 Infrastructure System improvement Forest Road 48 WORK ENVIRONMENT IMPROVEMENT 50 CHAPTER EIGHT: PROJECTS 1) Support to Community Based Farm Forestry Enterprises in Semi Arid Areas in Kenya (SCBFFE) 52 2) Kenya Natural Resources Management Project (NRM) 52 3) Green Zones Development Support Project (GZDSP) 52 4) Reduced Emissions from Forest Degradation and Desertification (REDD+) 52 5) Miti Mingi Maisha Bora Project 52 6) Mt Elgon Regional Ecosystem Conservation Program (MERECP) 53 7) Mt.Kenya East Pilot Project. (MKEPP) 53 8) Forest Preservation Programme 53 9) Kazi Kwa Vijana Programme 54 10) National Forest Facility Programme 54 11) Tree Biotechnology project 54 FINANCIAL REPORT 55 Contacts for the Forest Conservancy Offices 65 Editorial Team 66 KENYA FOREST SERVICE ORGANIZATION CHART 67 v

6 vi

7 TOP MANAGEMENT TEAM David K. Mbugua Director Emilio N. Mugo Senior Deputy Director Esau O. Omolo Deputy Director, ForestConservation & Management Julius Olayo Deputy Director, Human Resources and Administration Monica Kalenda Deputy Director, Forest Ext Services Lucy Kiboi Deputy Director, Corporate Services Con. (Rtd) John Kimani Deputy Director Enforcement & Compliance Simiyu B. Wasike Deputy Director, Plantation & Enterprise Prof Donald Ogweno Deputy Director /Principal, Kenya Forestry College Anastasia Muasya Deputy Director, Finance and Accounts Lucy Kusewa Head, Internal Audit Charles Ngunjiri Ag. Head, Corporate Communications Sam Owino Ag. Corporation Secretary Alex Musungu Head, Supply Chain Management Robinson Kirubi Head, Information Communication Technology 1

8 CHAIRMAN S STATEMENT I want to congratulate the second board for their appointment and appreciate their acceptance for taking up the duties with diligence. The task of this board is well articulated in Forest Act 2005 and has also been elaborated following the promulgation on 28th August 2010 of the Constitution of Kenya. The people of Kenya expect clear guidance on how they shall achieve 10% Forest cover as required in the constitution. The service has developed various policies, strategies and guidelines that will be shared with the stakeholders on the constitutional requirements. Following the largely successful institutional transformation into a semi autonomous agency, KFS has reached a new level of maturity as the delinking process nears completion. This has added considerable pressure on the expectation of KFS performance. At Prof. Richard Musangi this critical time it is incumbent on the second Board to steer the service towards attainment of these expectations. In line with this, the board will ensure that the Service has put in place the necessary structures, systems and procedures to meet the challenges. The Board will have as its core agenda now and in the medium term as follows: ensure the completion of the ISO certification process in order to keep in pace with the best practices in the world and improve the service delivery, Improve the image of the Service by institutionalizing Branding, this will improve the positioning of the agency in the country. The board will also facilitate the final phase of recruitment to meet the human resource requirements of the service. In addition it will set up and operationalize the Forest Management and Conservation Fund to enhance resource mobilization for forestry sector activities and also put in place other fund raising strategies to support the increased scope of forestry in Kenya. This report gives an insight into activities undertaken by the Service during the reporting year, with an aim of keeping our valued clients and stakeholders well informed. I wish you good reading and hope you will find our report enlightening and insightful. I call upon you to continue supporting the Service in order to help manage our forest resources prudently for the sake of the future generations. Prof. Richard Musangi Chairman, KFS Board 2

9 DIRECTOR S STATEMENT It is another year that we invite you to celebrate our successes as outlined in the report. The second KFS Board of Management ably took up their mandate and have steered the Service to new heights. The Service endures to enhance conservation through sustainable management and utilization of forest and allied resources for environmental stability and socio economic development. Through integrated efforts by stakeholders the Service realized the following achievements. Increasing tree cover During the year, over 186,655 hectares of degraded forest areas were put under rehabilitation programme through enrichment planting as well as protection for natural regeneration. Over 128 million tree seedlings Mr. D. K. Mbugua were produced for on farm planting which translates to about 100,000 hectares of farm forests. In addition a further 5,219 hectares were put under industrial plantation forests. The process of recovery and rehabilitation of Mau Forest continued with the zonation of the remaining areas that will be recovered. All the recovered land has been put under rehabilitation. The completion of the Karura Forest fence project was a major milestone in forest protection. Karura is now an ecosystem feature in Nairobi with large numbers of visitors sampling nature at its best. Various stakeholders have started to take advantage of the provisions of the Forest Act 2005 on provisional forests with over 22,000 ha of forest in Tana River having been declared as a provisional forest. This has spurred interest among other stakeholders who wish to benefit from this opportunity. Revenue generation The Service has continuously improved its revenue generation capacity since its inception. This has seen the revenue grow to over Kshs billion during the year compared to Kshs billion during 2009/10 financial year. The Service will work to broaden its revenue base in order to make it a self sustaining entity. Service delivery improvement A competence development plan was developed to guide the service in improving the skills and knowledge of the employees so as to increase on their output. Training for over 1,600 staff took place at various levels. During the year several milestones were achieved on the ISO 9001:2008 quality management system, these included sensitization to 83% of the staff, the documentation of procedures training of internal system auditors and conducting the first internal systems audit. 3

10 Forest Sector Reforms During the year a comprehensive review of the Forest Act (2005) and the Forest Policy started. This is in order to ensure conformity with the Constitution of Kenya promulgated in August Capacity Enhancement During the year, 347 staff were recruited into the Service, bringing the total to over 700 staff members. Most of the recruited staff were deployed mostly to the field offices. In order to enhance the protection of the forests, 206 foresters and 76 Forest Guard inspectors underwent Basic Paramilitary Training at the Kenya Forest College in Londiani. The service continued to renew its vehicle fleet with an additional 16 vehicles procured. Over 100 desktop computers and printers were supplied to all the zonal offices in the county. This has significantly improved the communication and reporting capacity in the Service. Infrastructural development The Service continues to improve the state of its facilities. Construction of buildings that were started in the previous year are at an advance stage of completion. These included a forest information centre at KFS headquarters; and a conference facility at Kenya Forestry College (KFC) in Londiani and four resource centres in Kakamega, Nakuru, Nyeri and Embu. The KFS supported administration block construction at Chepkoilel campus, Moi University is also nearing completion. In 2012/13, the Service will conduct the mid term review of the first strategic plan, 2009/2014, the institution will be ISO certified and the Service will complete the final phases of staff recruitment. The Service will strive to finalise the review of the Forest Act (2005) and Forest policy in order to be in harmony with the Constitution of Kenya and other national policies. Further effort will be dedicated towards implementation of various programmes aimed at increasing benefits from non traditional forest products and service, these include ecotourism, carbon trade, non wood forests products and nature based enterprises. In addition, we will pursue interventions aimed at conserving the forests in order to ensure constant supply of forests products and reducing effects of climate change.. The Service in partnership with all stakeholders will continue in its efforts of achieving the 10% forest cover. We thank the people of this country for the massive support they are giving the forest sector and look forward to an even more positive engagement in the future. Enjoy the reading. D.K. Mbugua Director, Kenya Forest Service 4

11 Mandate, Vision, Mission and Core Values Mandate To conserve, develop and sustainably manage forestry resources. Vision Statement To be a leading organization of excellence in sustainable forest management and conservation globally Mission Statement To enhance conservation through sustainable management and utilization of forest and allied resources for environmental stability and socio economic development Value Statement We provide services to protect maintain and expand Kenyan forests to ensure productivity, sustainability and profitability of natural resource base for the benefit of all Kenyans Core Values and Behaviors Kenya Forest Service will be guided by the following values:- Scientific principles and professionalism Integrity and ethics Pursuit of partnerships Team work Prudent management of resources Sensitivity to gender and equity Pursuit of meritocracy, creativity and innovation 5

12 Corporate Governance Statement The KFS is a body corporate established under the Forest Act The board of management is responsible for the corporate governance of the Service in the sustainable management and conservation of forests and allied resources. Good corporate governance is a fundamental part of the culture and practices of the Service. In its corporate governance function, the Service takes cognizance of the vital role played by its stakeholders. The KFS Board comprises of sixteen members, eight of whom are ex-officio officials representing various government ministries and agencies while the other eight are drawn from the public and private sector. The Director, who is the chief executive officer and head of the Service is appointed by the board in consultation with the minister and is responsible for the day to day management of the institution. The Board through the Director guides the operations of the Service. The Director is assisted by KFS management and the forest conservancy committees in collaboration with the private sector and the communities. For efficient management of the Service, the Forests Act 2005 provides for the formation of the sub-committees of the board to expedite the business. Currently, the Board has put in place four main Committees namely: Human Resources and Administration; Technical, Planning and Development; Finance and the Audit Committees. 6

13 Service Delivery Charter Preamble The Kenya Forest service and its staff is committed to provide high quality services to all our clients with dignity, professionalism and within the shortest time possible. Programme Service Rendered Client Requirement User Charges Waiting Time Water Easement Authority Application for easement form WRMA 002. Copy of form WRMA 004 One topographical map of the area showing route of the pipeline. Application free (New proposed as per FSGO for execution 21 days upon receiving documents Way leave authorization Map showing the route of the way leave. Application letter -Compensation of the tree removed as per FSGO 30 days upon applications Authorization for mining Prospecting in forest areas Application letter Map showing area being applied for Copy of application for exclusive prospecting license from mines and geology(form 6) Receipt for payment at provincial commission (subject to EMCA requirements) -Annual fee as per FSGO Application Fee 30 days upon applications Natural Forest Conservation Services Base transmission/ receiver station license Application letter Drawings of the site and design drawing of the mast Charges as per FSGO 30 days upon applications Ecotourism licenses Expression of interest letter in response for advertised sites/ facilities Prospectus (both technical/ financial) Bidding Proposal Free -Bid documents KHz 5, days 60 days Total 90 days Forest area camping Payment of number of days to forest officer in charge of station As per FSGO Up to 1 hour Application letter Aquaculture/Mali culture licenses Map of the site Drawing/designs subject to EMCA As per FSGO 30 Days Nature based enterprises licenses Application letter Map of the site As per FSGO 30 Days 7

14 Forest Extension Services Sale of seedlings Provision of Forest Extension information in office Technology transfer Certificate of origin Visit our nurseries As stipulated on Field office notice board Up to 30 minutes Visit our office Free Immediately Request Free 1 week Request free Free 1 day Movement permit Certificate of origin Fee as per FSGO 1 day Sale of minor Application Fee charges forest produce 1day Felling area Application/Pre-qualification Royalty allocation 30 days Sales inventory Felling plan - 30 days Allocation of harvesting area Felling plan Royalty 30 days Forest Plantation and Enterprise Services Access to felling plan Timber import permit Timber export permit Application Fee as per FSGO 1 week Application Fee as per FSGO 1week Application Fee as per FSGO 1 week Technical support Application Free Up to 30 days Timber tender award Timber License Annual operation license Quotation Royalty 1 week Application letter Application letter License fee as per FSGO License fee as per FSGO 1 week 1 week FSGO means Forest Service General Order (Has list of prices of services provided by KFS within the current financial year) WE ARE ALL COMITTED TO COURTESY AND EXCELLENCE IN SERVICE DELIVERY Any service that does not conform to the above standards or an officer who does not live up to the commitment to courtesy and excellence in service delivery should be reported to the Director Kenya Forest service or any other Senior Officer of the Service. HUDUMA BORA NI HAKI YAKO Contact: P. O. Box 30513, Nairobi, Tel Website: 8

15 Mkataba wa Huduma Zinazotolewa na Shirika la Uhifadhi Misitu Kenya Utangulizi Shirika la Uhifadhi Misitu Kenya na wafanya kazi wake wataajibika kutoa huduma ya hali ya juu kwa wateja na hadhi, taaluma na ndani ya muda mfupi uwezekanavyo. Ratiba Huduma Zinazotolewa Mahitaji Ya Wateja Malipo Yakutoza Watumizi Muda Wa Kusubiri Ruhusa ya kupitisha maji -Fomu ya maombi ya kupitisha maji WRMA 002 -Nakala ya Fomu WRMA 004 -ramani ya eneo la kuoyesha njia ya bomba -Maombi huru (mwezi mapendekezo kama FSGO kwa ajili ya utekelezaji) -Siku 20 na moja kutoka kupokelewa kwa hati Huduma Za Kuhifadhi Misitu Ruhusa ya kupitisha nyaya za stima - ramani inayoonyesha vile njia ya nyaya za stima zitapita. -Barua ya maombi -Fidia ya mti kuodolewa kwa mujibu wa FSGO Siku 30 kutoka ombi itolewe -Barua ya maombi Ruhusa ya kutafuta au kuchimbua madini katika maeneo ya misitu Leseni ya kujenga stesheni ya kusambasa habari ama mawasiliano Cheti cha kutekeleza miradi ya utalii wa kimazingira- Ruhusa ya kupiga kambi msituni Leseni za biashara za mali asili Cheti cha ufugaji/ukulima wa samaki msituni -Michoro ya eneo linalokusudiwa kutumiwa. -Nakala ya maombi ya leseni ya kipekee ya utafutaji madini kutoka Idara ya Giologia na Madini (fomu 6) -barua ya maombi -Michoro ya tovuti (eneo) na michoro ya miundo ya mlingoti (mast). -Maelezo ya barua ya riba katika jibu kwa tovuti kutangazwa/vifaa-( prospectus) Nakala ya kuonyesha uwezo wa kiufundi na kifedha Malipo ya idadi ya siku kwa ofisa msimamizi ya kituo -Barua ya maombi -Ramani ya tovuti (eneo) -Barua ya maombi -Ramani ya tovuti (eneo) -Michora/miuondo kulingana mahitaji ya EMCA -Ada ya mwaka kwa mujibu wa FSGO -Ada ya maombi -Malipo kama kwa FSGO -Pendekezo huru -Jitahada hati 5,000 -Kwa kiwango kama kwa FSGO Siku 30 kutoka ombi itolewe Siku 30 kutoka ombi itolewe -Siku 30 - siku 60 - jumla siku 90 Hadi Saa 1 Kama kwa FSGO Siku 30 Kama kwa FSGO Siku 30 9

16 Huduma za Upanuzio wa Misitu Huduma za Misitu na Biashara Ununuzi wa miche Tembelea shamba zetu Kama ilivyoelezewa kwenye ilani ya shamba Mawaidha kuhusu upandaji Tembelea ofisi zetu Bure mara na utunzaji wa miti Usambazaji wa technologia Ombi Bure Wiki 1 Cheti cha kuoyesha miti na Ombi huru Bure Siku 1 bidhaa za miti zilipotoka Cheti cha kusafirisha mbao Hati ya asili Malipo kama kwa FSGO Siku 1 Mauzo ya bidhaa ndogo Maombi Ada mashataka Siku 1 ndogo za misitu Kupewa mahali pa kukata Maombi /kabla ya kufuzu Ada mashataka Siku 30 miti Kibali cha kuagiza bidhaa za mbao kutoka nchi za nje Kibali cha kuuza miti/mbao nje ya nchi Kupewa kandarazi/tenda za mbao Leseni ya mwaka ya kuendeleza kazi msituni Kupata ratiba ya mpangilio wa uvunaji wa miti Maombi Ada kwa mujibu wa FSGO Wiki 1 Maombi Ada kwa mujibu Wiki 1 wa FSGO Nukuu Ada mashataka Wiki 1 Barua ya maombi Kama ada ya Wiki 1 leseni kwa FSGO Mpago wa kukata Ada mashataka Siku 30 Leseni ya uuzaji wa mbao Barua ya maombi Kama ada ya leseni kwa FSGO Wiki 1 Msaada wa kiufundi Maombi Ada huru Hadi siku 30 FSGO Toleo la shirika la misiti linalo orodhesha bei za huduma mbalimbali kila mwaka wa fedha. Sisi wote in kosa kwa heshima na ubora katika utoagi wa huduma. Huduma yoyote ambayo haina wafanane na viwango juu au ofisa ambaye hawezi kuishi juu ya ahadi ya wema na ubora katika utoaji wa huduma lazima taarifa kwa mkurugenzi wa huduma Kenya misitu au mwandamizi yoyote ya huduma. HUDUMA BORA NI HAKI YAKO Contact: P. O. Box 30513, Nairobi, Tel Website: 10

17 NATURAL FOREST MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROGRAMME 11

18 Natural forest or indigenous forests are forests which have come about by natural regeneration of trees. These types of forests are important in conservation of biological diversity, regulation of water supplies, climate change mitigation, and habitat for wildlife and provide a wide variety of non-wood products such as honey, mushrooms, fruits, silk, and medicinal herbs. Natural forests also provide utility products such as fuel wood. The objective is to increase forest cover and achieve sustainable conservation and management of our indigenous forests. During the year under review, various key achievements were attained as shown below: Biodiversity Biodiversity conservation interventions are necessary for the restoration of degraded biodiversity areas as well as the preservation of close canopy forests. These include: Establishing and strengthening a network for the protection of biodiversity hotspots, Biodiversity monitoring, Alternative means of livelihood, Development and implementation of models for habitat restoration. In addition the following achievements were realized; Training of 50 KFS staff on monitoring, reporting, verification and carbon business in collaboration with partners. Training of over five field staff on important Bird Areas in conjunction with Nature Kenya and Birdlife Africa was conducted. This aimed at empowering small groups to reverse the devastating effects of deforestation, drought and famine through tree planting and sustainable agriculture. KFS collaborated with the University of Helsinki to protect and conserve the unique Taita Hills and protect the endemic trees species found only in the eastern arc mountain forests In collaboration with other stakeholders, the Service formulated the National Strategy for protection and conservation of key deltas in Kenya. Promotion of conservation and regeneration of bamboo growing in all water catchment areas for soil and water conservation, currently there is 142,000ha of bamboo. The Service has continued to identify and conserve endangered tree species using various legal measures. Sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata) and Prunus Africana have been given legal protection from exploitation. In 2010, the organization issued a total of 56 research permits authorizing research on various forest reserves. Permits were also issued to students from local institutions to conduct short term research projects while ongoing research work contributed to forestry governance. During 2010/11, the business plan for ecotourism development was finalized. The service licensed a total of 7 sites namely Cruzeiro Safaris Limited, Kiboko Highway Motel, Rwathia Distributors Limited, Oreteti Makrian Conservancy Company and Meru Forest Environmental Conservation and Protection Community Association, Masai Mara Sopa Limited and Ol Tome Safaris limited. These sites are found in Central Highlands and Eastern Conservancies. Over the reporting period 4 forest blocks currently administered under the Government Lands Act Cap 280 of the laws of Kenya and in the sub-category of un-alienated government lands were surveyed and the boundary plans drawn. The total area surveyed was 110, ha located in Tana River Forest Zone. 12

19 1.2 Provisional Forests Under section 26 (1) of the Forests Act 2005 the service in consultation with the proprietor of Kipini Wildlife and Botanical Conservancy declared 22,016.4 ha of the conservancy into Kipini Provisional Forest. The area is now co managed by both the Service and the proprietor. 1.3 Boundary alignment To secure our forests, km of the forest boundaries were re-aligned in various forests country wide. 1.4 Services to other sectors The service provided support to the energy, water, telecommunications and tourism sectors through processing authorities for way leave 1.5 Community Participation The Forest Act 2005 recognizes the participation of communities in sustainable management and conservation of forests through Community Forest Associations (CFA). Towards this end, a total of 12 participatory forest management plans were prepared and approved. Another 2 sites were licensed for concession in Ngare Ndare and Kibwezi forest stations. The Service has also negotiated and signed 15 management agreements with various CFAs for co-management of natural forests. Forest Management Plan Launch - Castle and Kangaita Forests The Service enhanced stakeholder participation by promoting nature based enterprises. A total of 110 nature - based enterprises in fish farming, water easement, bee keeping, poultry keeping, bakery, bio gas, rabbit rearing sericulture, weaving and spinning, sustainable charcoal production, herbal medicine, processing nature rub body ointments, processing mondia whitei and tour guiding and honey processing were developed. 13

20 During the year under review, a total of 186,655.4 ha of degraded natural forests were rehabilitated out of which 9,626.4 ha was through enrichment planting while 177,029.7 ha were put under protection for natural regeneration. This brought the total area restored to 415,904 ha over the last four (4) years. Cumulative progress in the rehabilitation of natural forest Year 2006/ / / / /11 Rehabilitated Area (ha) 20,900 40,900 70, , ,904 Rehabilitation of degraded sites in Natural Forest- Kericho District Community Participation in tree planting in a degraded site 14

21 1.6 Forest Fire Management Forest fires caused significant forest degradation and deforestation leading to loss of biodiversity, critical water catchments function and general forest degradation. A total of 6,815.7 ha comprising plantations, indigenous forests, shrubs and grasslands were decimated. The Service constructed an additional fire watch tower and maintained 738 km firebreaks. The conservation of forest reserves contributes to the overall goal of ensuring adequate availability of water in the right quantity and quality. Consequently the following activities were undertaken during the period under review: Developed a memorandum of understanding with the Water Resources Management Authority for collaboration in water resources management and use. Developed the guideline for water abstraction from state forests, A total of 44 water easements were processed using this guideline during the year. Implemented the forest ecosystem and riverine protection component of the Transboundary Water for Biodiversity and Human Health Project for Mara River Basin. Participated in the development of Strategic Environmental Assessment for Mara River Basin 15

22 PLANTATION DEVELOPMENT AND ENTERPRISE 16

23 Plantation forest is a type of forest established through planting and or seeding in the process of afforestation or reforestation for commercial purposes. The overall objective of the programme is to maintain and enhance productivity of industrial forest plantation and increase efficiency in wood utilization for wealth and employment creation. The major undertakings include seedling production, silvicultural operations, survey of young plantations, implementation of forest plantation management inventory, implementation of management felling plans. 2.1 Plantation establishment About 14 million seedlings were produced over the period. In addition 5,219 ha of industrial forest plantations were established. This was achieved through the use of Plantation Establishment and Livelihood Improvement Scheme (PELIS) in 4,000ha with a resultant cost reduction of Kshs. 67 million. The rest of the area was established using the conventional planting system. Seedlings production and Industrial plantation establishment per Conservancy No Conservancy Seedlings Production Plantation Establishment (ha) 1. North Rift 4,176,913 1, Central Highlands 3,816,417 1, Mau 2,287,218 1, Eastern 894, Nyanza 855, Western 500, Nairobi 198, Coast 396, Total 13,127,394 5, CFA tree nursery 17

24 2.2 Silvicultural Operations Various silvicultural operations were carried out during the period as detailed in the table below. Silvilcultural operations done during the year: No Activity Unit Achievements 1. Replanting Ha Beating up Ha st pruning Ha 1, nd pruning Ha 1, rd pruning Ha Other pruning Ha Coppice reduction Ha Thinning operations Ha Respacing Ha Fire break/boundary cleaning Ha Fire patrol/ fire fighting Ha Survey and mapping of young plantations Ha 2, Game moat, Electric fence maintenance Km PELIS farmers weeding young plantation of Cypress 18

25 2.3 Sawmill and wood recovery A countrywide survey was done on 118 sawmills to find out the level of wood recovery and this may help in determining the training needs of the timber industry. It was established that timber recovery was at 30% in most cases which is well below the minimum recommendation of 40% and above. Most of the sawmill managers had inadequate management skills. The country now has a total of 633 pre-qualified sawmillers spread all over the country. This includes 30 large sawmills, 65 medium sawmills and 538 small sawmillers. An Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) survey was done in Shimba Hills Kwale in order to determine the effect of removing exotic pinus trees. A recommendation for development of a management plan was made. 2.4 Revenue collection Plantation forest is the major source of internal funds for the service. A total of 3, ha of forest plantation with a total volume of 398, m 3 of timber were harvested yielding revenue amounting to Kshs. 858,409, In addition integrated harvesting from Eucalyptus plantations totaling to ha was done resulting to revenue of Kshs. 6,706, Further there were also incidental sales of plantation materials arising from clearing of way leaves for various projects, and extraction of fallen materials from the forest. Revenue collection from major licensees and other sawmills A. Company Area (ha) Volume ( m 3 ) Revenue ( Kshs.) RAI Ply Ltd , ,050, Tim Sales Ltd , ,016, Comply , ,776, Pan Paper Mills , ,195, Homaline , ,673, Timber from other mills 2, , ,696, Sub-total 3, , ,409, B. Other Sales Poles , ,144, Timber and fuelwood materials , ,562, from way leave and fallen materials Sub-total , ,706, Grand Total 3, , ,116, Forest Plantation Management Inventory In an effort to improve the management of industrial forest plantations the service completed a comprehensive forest plantation inventory covering the whole plantation forest ecosystem. The final exercise covered a total of 12, ha. This forest plantation data includes volume, age classes, over mature plantations and area occupied per various tree species. An analysis of the data revealed that about 41,296 ha of plantation forest area was unstoked (30%), of the stoked area 54% is under Cypress species, 23% pine, 15% Eucalyptus species while only 8% 19

26 had other plantation tree species such as Vitex, Mexican spp etc. The pulpwood area has a total plantation area of 31,022 ha out of which 13,776 ha are unstoked. The plantation forest inventory was carried out during the period. It was established that the total industrial forest plantation area was 135,869 ha with 41,298ha still unstocked. 2.6 Timber imports To supplement locally produced timber a total of 29, 100 m 3 of softwood timber was imported from Malawi and Tanzania and 5, 900 m 3 of hardwood from Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Southern Sudan. The country also imported 32,520 power transmission poles from South Africa, Uganda and Tanzania, while 30,000 ton of wattle bark came from Tanzania. The cost of importing the forest materials resulted to a total expenditure of Kshs. 987, 242,832 during the period. Timber imports by category Forest Product Units Quantity Value (Kshs.) Country of origin Cypress and Pine timber m 3 29, ,550,000 Tanzania, Malawi Hardwood timber m 3 5, ,846,154 DRC and Southern Sudan (Ocotea Usambarensis) Power transmission poles No. 32,520 97,755,120 South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda Wattle bark ton 30,000 91,558 Tanzania Total value of import 987,242, Felling plans Five felling plans for RAI Ply, Timsales, COMPLY, Homaline and Pan Paper were prepared and implemented. 20

27 FARM AND DRYLAND FORESTRY EXTENSION SERVICE 21

28 The main objective of the forest extension service is to promote farm and dryland forestry inorder to increase tree cover for sustained timber, woodfuel, non-wood forest products and provide environmental conservation. The purpose is to enhance the contribution of the Forest Sector to improve rural livelihoods through the provision of Forest Extension Services and to augment the contribution of the forest sector to national economy by promoting sustainable land management systems on farms and rangelands. The main activities include provision of extension services for tree planting on farms, promoting sustainable management of forests and woodland in ASAL areas for sustainable provision of wood fuel, non wood forest products and efficient energy production and utilization 3.1 Farm Forestry This is the practice of managing trees on farms whether singly, in rows, lines, boundaries, woodlots or private forest. It is through this type of forest practice that the impunities of attaining the 10% tree cover in the country lies Seedlings production During the reporting period, 2010/11, over 128 million exotic and indigenous tree seedlings were raised, 8% by the Service and 92% by private nurseries.(see table below) Seedlings production by source and area Area Source Number produced High potential areas KFS 8,895,435 Farmers and others 107,509,723 Drylands KFS 2,023,324 Private entrepreneurship 10,318,771 Total 128,747,253 There has been a momentous increase in the number of seedlings produced during the year compared to the preceding years as shown in the figure below. This is a direction towards the realization of the constitutional requirement of at least 10% of the land being under forest and tree cover by the year

29 Trends in seedlings production over the years Registration of private forests as an incentive to farmers A total of 207 private forest land owners applied for registration with the Service. Upon registration, the owner shall receive from the service such benefits as technical advice and loans subject to availability of funds Awareness creation on Farm Forestry Rules Farm Forestry Rules came into existence in In order to make the rules operational a total of 1,277 farmers were sensitized on these Rules so as to promote and maintain farm forest cover of at least 10 per cent on their farms. The objective and purpose of these rules is to promote the establishment and sustainable management of farm forestry for the purposes of conserving water, soil and biodiversity; protecting riverbanks, shorelines, riparian and wetland areas; sustainable production of wood, charcoal and non wood products; providing fruits and fodder; and carbon sequestration and other environmental services Promote Agroforestry in farmlands and schools Agroforestry is an integrated approach of using the interactive benefits from combining trees and shrubs with crops and/or livestock. The integration can be either in a spatial mixture or in a temporal sequence. There are normally both ecological and economic interactions between woody and non-woody components in Agroforestry. Knowledge, careful selection of species and good management of trees and crops are needed to optimize the production and positive effects within the system and to minimize negative competitive effects. A total of 50,287,805 agroforesry tree seedlings were planted during the year. 23

30 3.1.5 Establishment of Farmer field schools Farm Forestry Field Schools (FFFS) is a methodology adopted by KFS to enhance capacity building for farmers on appropriate Agroforestry technologies. During the year under review 71 schools were established and atotal of 30 FFFS graduated Establishment of commercial forests Commercial tree planting as an investment offers both economic gains as well as environmental services. A total of 10,407 ha of woodlots were established with high potential areas realizing 7,375 ha while 3,032 ha were established in the ASALs. In the high and medium potential areas, Eucalyptus grandis, Eucalyptus saligna, Grevillea robusta and Cassuarina equisetifolia were most popular species while in the drylands Melia volkensii, Eucalyptus camandulensis, Azadirachta indica and Acacia spps were the most preferred species. Commercial Casuarina woodlot in Malindi During the last four years, there has been a significant increase in commercial forest establishment as shown in the figure below; Trend in establishment of commercial forests 24

31 3.1.7 Capacity building for farmers on tree growing and management Depending on the final use, trees are managed using different techniques. During the period 59,051 farmers and other stakeholders were capacity built on various tree management techniques. Farmer training session in Makueni Tree planting in schools Schools and institutions provide a good entry point in disseminating tree planting technologies. KFS is promoting the adopt-a-tree approach to tree planting in schools where each student or pupil is expected to plant at least one tree and manage it as her/his own project until they graduate from the school. By so doing, it is expected that the students will take the same initiative to their homes and hence plant more trees. During the year, a total of 1,607 schools participated in the activity with each school planting an average of 500 seedlings. Promoting school tree planting in Oyugis, Homa Bay County 25

32 3.1.9 Establish parks and arboreta Establishing parks and arboreta in urban centres promotes tree planting in urban areas. Urban trees contribute to beautification of towns as well as providing shade, clean air, and shelter for birds and animals. During the year, a total of 41parks and arboreta were established. The Michuki Park along Nairobi river Drylands forestry The vision of dryland forestry is to take lead in the provision of Drylands Forestry Extension and enhance sustainable Dryland Forestry related services that will contribute towards improved livelihoods for the ASAL communities Rehabilitation of degraded areas Revitalizing degraded areas in both farm and drylands is an important activity aimed at restoring their original status. This is done through tree planting, protection for natural regeneration and construction of soil conservation structures. During the year, 8,015 ha were rehabilitated in various parts of the country. 26

33 Rehabilitation of degraded area in Voi, Taita Taveta County Urban Tree planting areas Urban and peri-urban trees are of significance especially in contribution towards aesthetic value, environmental amelioration and conservation, education, research and productive values. Some of the tree species recommended for urban areas include Palm trees, Jacaranda mimosifolia, Bahunia variegata, Cassia spectabilis, Polyalthia longifolia,and Araucaria cunninghamiana. A total number of 586 cities, towns and centres benefited from this approach. Urban trees in Garissa town. 27

34 3.2.3 Roadside Tree Planting Trees planted along the roads contribute to scenery beautification, shade provision as well as harboring birds and wildlife. During the year, a total of 564km was planted with trees in various Forest Zones. Roadside tree planting in Tana River County River bank and wetlands rehabilitation It is paramount to conserve our river banks and wetlands so as to maintain and access enough clean water to our local communities. During the year a total of 221km were planted with trees in various Zones. Greening of river banks and wetlands ensures protection of the riverline and controls soil erosion. Riverline rehabilitation in Makueni County 28

35 3.2.5 Biomass Energy Biomass energy offers an efficient, accountable and sustainable source of energy that creates a positive impact on its clientele. In order to ensure sustainability in the supply of biomass energy, there is need to develop and adopt appropriate technologies which minimize wastage and improve efficiency for domestic and industrial utilization. During the year, a total of 5,022 households were sensitized on use of improved charcoal kilns and energy saving devices. In addition biogas energy was promoted in two secondary schools namely; St Agatha high school in Mokwo Keiyo County, and Ituru High school in Thika, Kiambu County as well as Githimu self help group in Embu/ Mbeere County. To streamline the charcoal industry which was being perceived as illegal trade, charcoal rules and regulations have been formulated to promote and guide the functions of sustainable charcoal production. That is establishing sustainable charcoal forest plantations, and use of improved charcoal kilns to increase the recovery rate. An awareness creation of 3,830 people was done during the year. Improved Ceramic Jikos in Nakuru County Use of biogas in St Agatha in Keiyo County 29

36 3.2.6 Promoting Forest Related Enterprises In order to ensure the communities are empowered economically, The Service promotes among other activities forest related enterprises. There was a positive achievement of 1,706 enterprises promoted during the year under review country wide. Promoting bee keeping in Nakuru County Prosopis species management Prosopis juliflora (locally known as Mathenge ) was established in the dryland to mitigate the adverse environmental effects associated with such areas. Through effective management and utilization the tree species is supporting the livelihood of the local communities. Measures to utilize the species through Charcoal production, poles, timber and pod products have been tested and is promising and attempts are now being made to upscale the technologies. Other measures include extract of appropriate proteins for use in processing animal feeds and food for human consumption. The photo below shows recent innovations for extracting proteins for processing animal concentrate feeds from prosopsis feeds. 30

37 Prosopsis pods Milling machine in Garrisa County Presentation of AESA in Kericho County Tree Resource Surveys The main objective of tree resource survey is to develop baseline data which enable the Service to quantify the progress realized in pursuit to conserve, develop and sustainably manage forest resources. A total of 47 tree resource surveys were carried out in various Forest zones including Mwingi, Malindi, Kilifi Teso and Busia 31

38 Tree resource survey in Baringo County Create networks between tree growers, markets and financial institutions Linking tree growers to markets and financial institutions is an incentive to our farmers and hence promotes tree growing. The main challenge to the farmers is to access credit for purposes of tree establishment and management. A total of 38 networks were created during the year. 32

39 ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE (ENCOM) 33

40 A key strategy in forest management and conservation is to protect the existing forest resources and prevent occurrence of illegal and unnecessary activities. Forest destruction is occasioned by human, wildlife, pest and diseases, fires and natural calamities. The objective of this programme is to contribute to sustainable forest conservation and management, through Security and protection of forest resources. During the period under review the Service achieved the following:- Forest rangers successfully participated in Promulgation of the new Constitution, Mashujaa and Madaraka day parade. The Service enhanced community partnership by identifying, training and deploying Community Scouts for forest protection and conservation. 12 scouts were deployed. The Service improved its protection function by procuring new security equipment, materials, uniforms and communication equipment. Rangers participating in a national celebration 4.1 Forest Operations Various forest protection operations were carried out to maintain the intergrity of the forest. 34

41 Table below shows the details of achievements Number of vehicles impounded 41 Number of vehicles forfeited to the Service 1 Number of culprits arrested and prosecuted 262 Number of structures demolished 197 Tons of various timber species recovered 48 Number of power saws impounded 12 Number of cedar posts,doors and door frames recovered 9,817 Number of heads of cattle and donkeys impounded 153 Tons of sandalwood intercepted and recovered 41 Number of bags of charcoal recovered 498 Number of donkey drawn carts impounded 12 Area under narcotics destroyed in Chogoria and Homa Hills Forests 2.15ha Number of mangrove poles recovered at Mida creek in the Coast Forest Fire Protection Over the period a total of 6, Ha were affected by forest fire outbreaks. Main causes of fire outbreak include arsonists, charcoal burners, honey hunters, preparation of farms by adjacent communities and electric faults. All the fires were successfully controlled. Details of the affected areas are shown in the table below Forest protection operations. No Conservancy Incidences Area burnt (Ha) Affected vegetation. 1. Western 4 20 Grass, shrubs, indigenous tree, and blue gum. 2. Mau Grass, bamboo, indigenous tree, and shrubs. 3. North Rift Mixed indigenous tree, grass, shrubs, and plantations. 4. Nairobi 5 15 Undergrowth in indigenous forest, grass and shrubs. 5. Eastern 11 1, Indigenous trees, plantations, moorland, grass, shrubs, ferns and dry fallen material. 6. Coast 3 27 Casuarinas, grass, shrubs, eucalyptus, and indigenous trees. 7. Nyanza 2 40 Indigenous, grass and shrubs. 8. Central Highlands 10 3,835 Grass, shrubs, blue gum, ferns, cypress and indigenous trees. 9. Ewaso North 1 20 Indigenous trees, grass and shrubs. Total Area (Ha) 6, During the period a total of 250 officers were trained to enhance their fire control skills. In addition one fire tower was erected and maintenance of all existing towers was enhanced. 35

42 KENYA FORESTRY COLLEGE 36

43 The college aim is to develop human resources for forest sector development in the country. It mainly offers course at the technical level attaining diploma and certificate grades. In addition the college offers paramilitary courses targeting the enforcement and protection arms of KFS and related agencies such as Local Authorities. 5.1 Technical courses During the year under review the following achievement were attained in the technical training cadre. Students admitted during the year Course Students trained Diploma 59 Certificate 91 Total Short Course Programme Further to the above courses the college offered short term programs to enhance efficiency in management and achieved the following during the report period:- Short Course Programme Course Duration (Weeks) Number trained Biodiversity and Ecology 3 30 Tree Nursery Management 2 25 Driving School of Paramilitary Training The core mandate of the School is to train and equip officers and rangers of the service with requisite skills for protection and security of forests and allied resources. The School successfully conducted training for the Service and County Councils personnel as follows 37

44 Paramilitary Training No Course Title Period of Training weeks No. of Trainees 1 Basic Recruits paramilitary Course for County 8 45 Council rangers 2 Junior officers Command Course for KFS Inspectors Foresters Basic Paramilitary Induction course Junior Commanders Course for County Councils officers 5 Basic Recruits Paramilitary Course for County Council rangers 6 Basic Recruits Paramilitary course for County Council rangers Upgrade of ICT facilities The college established a 60-computer laboratory. The college (website www. kenyaforestcollege.org) was completed together with the LAN Masaita Forest Block Masaita forest block which is part of West Mau Forest Complex is managed by the college as part of the training. It has an area of 4,152 Ha which is divided into 13 compartments for purposes of management. Details of achievements in management of Masaita Forest Block Criteria category Unit Achievement Seedling production No. 428,519 Rehabilitation of degraded Natural forest Ha 65 Boundary maintenance Km 3 Establishment of industrial plantation (Pinus patula, Cuppressus Ha 145 lusitanica and Eucalyptus grandis) Forest road improvement Km 15 Plantation maintenance (Pruning, marking for thinning ) Ha College Farm As part of the sustainability strategy the college has started its own farm to provide its food requirements; the College put 10 ha under maize, 2 ha under vegetables and potatoes and herd of 18 cattle to supplement the milk requirements. 1 LAN- Local Area Network 38

45 SUCCESS STORIES OR CASE STUDIES DOCUMENTED DURING THE YEAR 1 Promotion of Energy Saving Technologies (Liners) Case study of the Mt. Kenya Gathiuru Community Forest Association in Nyeri County The Mt. Kenya Gathiuru CFA is located in Kieni East Division, Gathiuru Forest Station, Nyeri Forest Zone. It has 4,000 members comprising of 1,500 male and 2,500 female. Green Zones Development Support Project provided the CFA with a grant of Kshs. 300,000 to purchase clay liners for constructing energy saving stoves at members houses. The CFA contributed Kshs. 27,000 to support the same activity and a total of 752 liners were purchased and distributed to members. The main objective of this initiative was to improve the living standard of the group members and increase environmental conservation by reducing fuelwood consumption, improve health by reducing smoke which leads to high risks of respiratory diseases. A study carried out on the beneficiaries indicates that less fuelwood requirement at household level was realized from the use of energy saving stoves. Members pointed out that before the adoption of the technology; they were using approximately four head loads of fuelwood from the forest in a month at a total cost of Kshs. 1,000. Through the adoption of the technology, only one and half head loads of fuelwood are required in one month costing only Kshs. 375, thus saving Kshs. 625 per month per household. This translates to Kshs. 470,000 monthly savings from the 752 households. Such savings benefit the community in improving their living standards by e.g. paying for school fees, domestic expenses, medical and improved hygiene among others. It also eases pressure from the forest for supply of fuelwood. 2 Promotion of Energy Saving Technologies (Biogas energy) Case study of St. Agatha Mokwo Secondary School in Elgeyo-Marakwet County St. Agatha Mokwo Girls Secondary school is a boarding school located at Kaptarakwa near Penon forest station in Keiyo Forest Zone. The school has a student population of 525 and also hosts athletes on training during school holidays. On average, the school has been spending Kshs. 100,000 to purchase 50 stacks of fuelwood direct from the forest per term for cooking. In the laboratories, the school has been using six 13kg gas cylinders per term at a unit cost of Kshs. 2,800 primarily for class practical work. However, students were being restricted in terms of time spent in the labs due to high costs of the gas. The situation has been changed by the intervention of the Service. The Service provided to the school a grant of Kshs. 324,000 to construct a 50m3 biogas plant in its endeavour to promote energy saving technologies. The school, as the beneficiary, contributed Kshs. 37,900 (10%) towards the project. The project started functioning on September 1, 2011 producing enough gas to supply all laboratories, the kitchen and the dining hall. With the functioning of the biogas plant, the school has made the following savings per term The school no longer buys laboratory gas thus makes a saving of Kshs. 16,800. By moving away from use of firewood to gas in the kitchen, only half of the fuel wood requirement is used to cook food stuffs which require more heat. A saving of Kshs. 50,000 is made on purchase of fuelwood. The biogas is also used to light the dining hall and kitchen thus making some saving on electricity bill. On environmental impact, there is going to be less destruction of the forest resources and reduction in emission of green house gases. There will be improved health of staff working in the kitchen as a result of reduced smoke which leads to high risks of respiratory diseases. 39

46 The project has had a multiplier effect. The neighboring primary school is proposing to construct a biogas plant through CDF. The Mokuo School Principal has already adopted the technology at her home and other teachers are making enquiries on the same. 3 Cost benefit analysis of PELIS KFS undertook a case study on the cost benefit analysis of Plantation Establishment and Livelihood improvement system (PELIS) focusing on the tangible benefits and found out that farmers benefit from growing of food crops in the forest at a rate of Kshs. 59,000 per ha per year, while KFS make cost savings of Kshs. 19,000 per ha for the duration of four years the farmer is using forest land. The study revealed that payment of shamba rent was positively correlated with a high percentage of seedling survival in the PELIS plots. Pine plantation pruned by farmers under the PELIS. A team of officers from Plantation and Enterprise Division evaluated all zones where PELIS is undertaken and made a report on the performance of PELIS with reference to site preparation, availability of tree planting stock, record keeping, weeding, pruning and tree planting. The results showed that tree survival was negatively affected by draught in some zones and that the calendar of events need not be static due to climate change effects. The report revealed an acute shortage of labour for the intense forest plantation operations, poor forest road system and non performance of pruning and non commercial thinning due low budget allocation. 40

47 HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT 41

48 The key objective is to provide policy direction in HR management, advice on appropriate organizational structure, initiate and coordinate HR and administrative functions to improve service delivery. To ensure that the organization retain and improve the human resources that they have, the service introduced performance management and review instruments for staff performance appraisal. 6.1 Staff recruitment As a result of the reform exercise, the service closely examined the manpower requirements. In order to meet the identified needs the Service recruited an additional 348 staff for positions in the Zonal, Conservancy and Headquarters levels. 6.2 Staff and capacity enhancement A competence development plan was developed to guide the service in improving the skills and knowledge of the employees so as to increase on their output. Several capacity-building activities were undertaken as tabulated below. Trainings undertaken Course Title Institution No. MSC Various Universities 5 NDC NDC College Karen 2 Senior management course KIA 20 Defensive driving and First Aid course Kenya Institute of Building Technology 7 Sensitization awareness on HIV/Aids Servers of Health and Environment 600 Basic fire training NCC Fire 250 Senior Foresters Basic Paramilitary induction Course KFS Staff 206 Leadership dynamics for senior women managers KIA 2 Project planning and management Kenya Global Development Learning Centre 6 Gender and disability mainstreaming Sensitization Ministry of Gender 147 Forest Guard Inspectors Paramilitary Induction Course KFC-SPMTC 76 FFS master trainers FAO 17 Bamboo development for developing countries China N/A 3 Staff induction KFS Human Resources Division

49 Forester paramilitary training at KFC Londiani 6.3 Staff Welfare Prevention of HIV infection The Service recognizes the importance of a healthy workforce for increased productivity and quality service delivery. It is against this backdrop that the Service has put in place several measures to ensure proper care for those infected and protection of its entire staff from the HIV/ Aids scourge. During the year, a KFS HIV/Aids workplace policy was developed and 11 HIV/ Aids prevention units were established as a way of mainstreaming HIV/ Aids. The Service also carried out an HIV/Aids Baseline Survey. As a preventive measure, the Service continued to advocate safe sex through condom use, by placing condom dispensers at strategic points accessible to members of staff. Two HIV/Aids sensitization workshops were conducted. Condom dispenser at the KFS Headquarters 43

50 6.4 Mainstreaming Physically Challenged persons facilities The Service is concerned about the level access to Physically Challenged persons. To enhance facilitation the service preserved a special parking space. Physically Challenged persons Parking Information Education Communication (IEC) materials on disability mainstreaming from the National Council for Persons with Disabilities were distributed to the staff members throughout the year as a way of sensitization. 6.5 Prevention of alcohol and drug abuse Work place policy on alcohol and drug abuse was developed during the year. The intentions are to sensitize the staff on the dangers of alcohol and drugs besides ways and means of abstaining from drug and substance abuse. Various sensitization workshops on drug and alcohol abuse were carried out in different Zones particularly in Kwale, Kilifi, Malindi and Wundanyi and also in Western Conservancy. 44

51 ADMINISTRATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT 45

52 The Service since its inception four years ago started the institutional reform program as a way of streamlining forest management. This has so far seen the development of new systems and setting up of new physical infrastructures as well as rehabilitation of the old ones to match the current age technology. As a result of the reforms, engagement of stakeholders has been identified as a necessary prerequisite for success. 7.1 Infrastructure In order to enahance the working environment the Service has developed the necessary infrastructure such as information and resource centres in the headquarters, Embu, Nyeri, Kakamega and Nakuru as well as a hospitality centre at the KFC Construction of the information resource centre going on at the Headquarters. 46

53 Resource center built in Nakuru. As part of the drive to modernize the facilities of the Service, establishment of the open office system was adopted. Open office in the Headquarters 47

54 7.2 System improvement In addition the following achievements were made during the period. The service introduced HRIS to help in maintaining the Organization s disaggregated data that helps the Organization in easy Management of Human Resources. The service introduced a car tracking system that made it easier for the administration to monitor its fleet at the Conservancies right at the headquarters. To prevent unaccountability among its staff, the service introduced electronic fuel cards that are not time consuming. Owing to this a total of Kshs 802, was saved as a means of cost reduction in the year. Mobility is key for the success of forestry operations since the terrains are rough and distances long. In an effort to ease mobility problems especially in the field, the Service acquired 15 new vehicles. The vehicles were distributed to the field stations with a few being allocated to the headquarter offices. 7.3 Forest Road Forest Roads are classified as minor roads in the Kenya transport system. There is an estimated 7,000kms of such roads in the forests that are managed and maintained by the Service. The Service for the past four years has been implementing a roads rehabilitation programme. During the year, a total of km of roads were rehabilitated including bridge construction in different areas as shown in the table below. Forest roads improvement Activity Unit Achievement Road improvement Km Road maintenance Km Culvert opening Lines 704 Culvert installation Lines 154 Culvert manufactured No 1353 Bridge construction No 1 48

55 Commissioning of the Malagat Bridge by the Director, KFS Malagat Bridge 49

56 WORK ENVIRONMENT IMPROVEMENT In order to improve the working environment, the Service conducted a work environment survey to inform the strategy. In order to ensure economic delivery of services, the institution outsourced cleaning services and sunk a borehole.. The Service also improved access to the headquarters and erected a secure gate to the facilities. Capped Borehole unit at the Service headquarters Completed Gate at the KFS headquarters 50

57 PROJECTS 51

58 1) Support to Community Based Farm Forestry Enterprises in Semi Arid Areas in Kenya (SCBFFE) This is a four year project that started in May 2010 and will end in It is a Japan and Kenya Government Technical Corporation. The focus of the project is on improving the livelihood security of households using the farm forestry enterprises in the dry zones of Eastern Kenya region. Project Objectives: To provide support to poor farmers in semi arid areas of Kenya in achieving sustainable improved livelihoods through farm forestry enterprises and supporting activities as well as strengthening socio-economic Farmer field Schools (FFS) networks Project area: Tharaka, Mbeere, Kitui forest Zones 2) Kenya Natural Resources Management Project (NRM) This is a six year project that started in 2007 and will run until This project is funded by the World Bank and Government of Kenya. The project supports implementation of legal and institutional framework for water and forest resources management Project Objective: To enhance institutional capacity of the Government to improve governance and the management of water and forest resources in a sustainable and participatory manner. Project Area: Upper Tana River Catchment-Aberdare ranges, Nzoia river catchment in Western Kenya Project Components; i. Water Resource Management and Irrigation ii. Management of Forest Resources. iii. Livelihood Investments in the Upper Tana catchment iv. Management and Monitoring and Evaluation. 3) Green Zones Development Support Project (GZDSP) This is development cooperation between the Government of Kenya and Africa Development Bank. The main purpose of the project is to contribute to poverty reduction and to improve forest cover for water and biodiversity conservation. The project started in 2006 and will end on December 31st 2013 Project Objective: To promote forest regeneration and conservation for environment protection, and to improve rural livelihoods and incomes of communities living adjacent to the forests. Project Area: Upper Eastern, Central, Rift Valley and Western Provinces 4) Reduced Emissions from Forest Degradation and Desertification (REDD+) Climate change is a global phenomenal that is affecting all countries. The effects from impacts of climate change can be very disastrous and may delay various development aspects such as agriculture, environment conservation, water availability etc. The Service is a focal point for the REDD+ process and prepared a Readiness Plan proposal for implementation to mitigate the impact and adapt to some of the changes. Project Objective: Formulation of REDD+ readiness package Project Area: National 5) Miti Mingi Maisha Bora Project MMMB programme is cooperation between the Government of Finland and the GoK. The project provides Support to Forest sector Reform in Kenya. The programme has four components, each of which is managed by a component manager under the overall direction of the Programme Manager. A significant character of this programme, which draws inspiration from the Paris Declaration on aid effectiveness (2005), is that the partner agencies (principally 52

59 the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife (MFW), and the KFS are in the front seat in terms of deciding what to do and how best to do it. Project Objective: A reduction in poverty through ensuring that the forest sector contributes effectively and sustainably to improving the lives of the poor, restoring the environment, and aiding the economic recovery and growth of Kenya, within the context of Vision 2030 Implementation Phase Programmes purpose is improved forest and woodland management and utilization practices and a transformation of policy and institutional arrangements to serve the needs of multiple stakeholders Project specific objectives: MFW capacity established to deliver coherent and integrated policy frameworks for an effective, coordinated and regulated forest sector. KFS capacity established to deliver efficient management operations for the supply of quality forestry products and services. Sustainable management of plantations and indigenous forests with active participation of communities and private sector. Increased income to farmers and communities through production, processing and marketing of wood and non-wood products. Project Area: National programme 6) Mt Elgon Regional Ecosystem Conservation Program (MERECP) This is a cross border initiative under the EAC that is designed to improve the Mt Elgon ecosystem. It is a one year initiative that ended in December Project Objectives: To plan for and sustainably conserve the Mt Elgon Ecosystem. Project Area: Mt Elgon Ecosystem (Mt Elgon and Trans Nzoia Forest Zones) 7) Mt.Kenya East Pilot Project. (MKEPP) This is an IFAD and GoK pilot project in Eastern Kenya This project uses a two-pronged approach to environmental conservation by addressing firstly the causes and secondly the impacts of environmental degradation. Since reducing anthropogenic threats and maintaining the ecological integrity of the protected areas depends on addressing poverty in the agricultural areas, the project has adopted the integrated ecosystem approach in its implementation. Project Objectives: To reduce poverty through improved food security and improving levels of income of farmers, particularly rural women. Project Area: Districts around Mt.Kenya- Kirinyaga, Embu, Meru, Nyeri, Chuka, Nanyuki, Naromoru 8) Forest Preservation Programme This project is a Japan and Kenya Government Cooperation project. It is operational in Kenya with specific emphasis on the Mau forest. The project is providing infrastructural support to enable KFS tackle both forest destruction and climate change. This is a one year programme that will end in Project Objectives: To provide infrastructure support for climate change and forest preservation in Kenya. Project Area: National 9) Kazi Kwa Vijana Programme This is a national programme whose objectives is to create wealth for the youth. In the forest 53

60 sector the youths were engaged to undertake seedlings production, tree planting, forest maintenance and road improvement country wide. 10) National Forest Facility Programme The project, supported by FAO covered a 5 year period starting form 2007 and ended in December The main objective was to support paternership between KFS and other stakeholders in forest management and conservation. The project activities involved preparation of forest rules, exchange visits, training and participatory forest management. 11) Tree Biotechnology project The project is founded on a partnership between KFS and Camicore Company of South Africa. The main purpose is technology transfer in improved tree variety production especially the Eucalyptus grandis and camaundulensis. The projects enhances availability of superior varieties of seedlings through cloning and selection and multiplication of quality seeds from high performing mother trees. The Service is also collaborating with Ministry and other Government agencies and is implementing forest components in projects that are mainstreamed in those institutions. 54

61 FINANCIAL REPORT BOARD OF MANAGEMENT REPORT The Board of Management submitted their report and the financial statements for the financial year which ended 30th June 2011, which show the results and state of affairs of KFS. During the period under review KFS operated under Government Performance Contracting where specific targets were set on Financial, Customer, Internal Process and Learning and Growth perspectives. The board is keen on fast tracking a number of initiatives that are being undertaken to realize key stakeholders expectations. The entire KFS community, conservationists, employers, suppliers, and the Government at large are all keen to evaluate us more so in the coming years. Background Information The KFS was established by an act of Parliament, as a body corporate under the Forest Act 2005, and gazetted in Kenya Gazette Supplement No 88 (Act No 7) dated 29th November Commencement Date Appointment of the Board of Management The board was appointed by The Minister through The Kenya Gazette notice number 1,189 dated 06th February Core Activities Sustainably manage natural forest for social economic and environmental benefits Increase productivity of industrial forest plantations and enhance efficiency in wood utilisation Create awareness in forest value values and products Promote farm forestry, dry lands forestry and commercial tree farming Promote efficient utilisation and marketing of tree of forest products Protection of forestry resources and KFS properties Develop and maintain essential infrastructure for effective forest management and protection Statement of Board of Management It s the responsibility of the Board of management to prepare financial statements that give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of KFS as at the end of the financial year and of its surplus or deficit for that year. The Board ensures that KFS maintains proper accounting records which disclose, with reasonable accuracy the financial position, performance and change in the financial position of KFS. The Board is also responsible for safeguarding the assets of KFS. The Board accepts responsibility for the financial statements, which have been prepared using appropriate accounting policies supported by reasonable and prudent judgement and estimates, in conformity with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS s). The Board is of the opinion that this financial statement gives a true and fair view of the state of the financial affairs of KFS as at 30th June The Board further confirms the completeness of the accounting records maintained by KFS, which have been relied upon in the preparation of the financial statements, as well as on the adequacy of the internal financial controls system. The Board regularly meets to monitor KFS s financial performance. Specific reviews of management performance, operational issues and future planning are undertaken through Board Committees which make suitable recommendations to the Main Board. Signed:.... Director, KFS Chairman-KFS Board 55

62 KENYA FOREST SERVICE STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION AS AT 30TH JUNE / /2010 Note Non Current Asset Kshs. Kshs. Restated Property, Plant & Equipment 2 1,234,652, ,370,565 Intangible Asset 2 40,640,865 25,322,418 1,275,292, ,692,983 Current Assets Trade & Other receivables 3 654,363, ,027,921 Inventory/Stores 19,334,000 Investments 4 782,138, ,094,727 Cash & Cash Equivalents 5 711,652, ,188,546 2,148,155,323 1,902,645,194 Total Assets 3,423,448,320 2,601,338,177 Accumulated Fund and Liabilities Capital Reserves 270,138, ,467,546 Revenue Reserves 2,377,492,700 1,567,189,411 Revaluation Reserve 569,521, ,521,522 Total Accumulated Fund 3,217,152,881 2,355,178,479 Current Liabilities Trade & other payables 6 206,295, ,159,698 Accumulated Fund and Liabilities 3,423,448,320 2,601,338,177 56

63 KENYA FOREST SERVICE STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30TH JUNE / /2010 Income Kshs Kshs Revenue 1,148,898,401 1,059,513,127 GOK Subventions 2,060,177,020 2,452,208,777 International Development Assistance (IDA) 344,096, ,194,625 African Development Bank (ADB) 182,377, ,600,000 Government of Finland 177,222,344 0 Partner Donations 7,688,953 16,253,661 Interest Income 11,635,379 13,440,520 Total Income 3,932,095,990 3,916,210,710 Expenditure Personnel Emoluments 2,078,987,981 2,119,335,424 Board Expenses 27,296,681 16,088,313 Finance Costs 2,496,566 1,925,482 Other Administrative Costs 1,125,852, ,103,359 Depreciation Expenses 94,937,548 81,889,568 Total Expenditures 3,329,571,476 3,115,342,145 Excess of Income over Expenditures 602,524, ,868,565 KENYA FOREST SERVICE STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN CAPITAL FUNDS AND RESERVES FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30TH JUNE 2011 Balance b/f As at Additions for the Year Surplus/Deficit for the year Balance C/F as at Capital Revaluation Revenue Reserves Total Funds Reserves Kshs. Kshs. Kshs. Kshs. 218,467, ,521,522 1,567,189,411 2,355,178,479 51,671, ,778, ,449, ,524, ,524, ,138, ,521,522 2,377,492,700 3,217,152,881 57

64 KENYA FOREST SERVICE STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30TH JUNE / /2010 Notes Kshs. Kshs. Cash Flows from operating activities Net operating Surplus 602,524, ,868,565 Adjustment Depreciation 94,937,548 81,889,568 Increase in Trade and other receivables 163,664,077 (759,541,210) Increase in Inventories/Stores 19,334,000 (19,334,000) Increase in trade and other payables (39,864,260) 95,022,304 Net Cash generated from operating activities 840,595, ,905,227 Cash Flows from investing activities Purchase/Sale of investments (410,043,904) (357,669,485) Purchase/Sale of fixed assets (576,600,014) (103,817,110) Net cash used in investing activities (986,643,918) (461,486,595) Cash Flows from Financing activities Development Grants Received 164,512, ,817,110 Net increase in cash & cash equivalents 18,464, ,764,258 Cash & cash equivalents at the beginning of 693,188, ,952,805 the period Cash & cash equivalents at the end of the period 711,652, ,188,547 58

65 12. NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30th JUNE ACCOUNTING POLICIES: a) Basis of Preparation The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with IFRS, which are Standards and Interpretations adopted by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB). The standards comprise:- - IFRS - International Accounting Standards. (IAS) - Interpretations originated by the International Financial Reporting Interpretation Committee (IFRIC) The statements have been prepared on the historical cost basis of accounting and the relevant disclosure requirements have been complied with. b) Comparison. KFS is preparing these financial statements for the third year and comparative figures are as shown. c) Accounting Period. The statements have been prepared from the month of July 2010 to June 2011, and consolidate the financial transactions of KFS and projects funded by its partners. d) Revenue Recognition Grants and other receipts are recognized as income when received. Those of revenue nature are credited to income and those of capital nature are credited to capital fund. e) Expenses This comprises of personnel emoluments, administrative expenses and depreciation charges accrued by KFS in discharge of its duties during the period under review. f) Employees. In the year under review, KFS had a total of 5,224 employees, 628 directly engaged by KFS, and 4,596 on secondment from the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife. g) Currency The financial statements are presented in Kenya shillings (Kshs.) h) Domicile KFS is established under the Forest Act 2005 and is domiciled in Kenya with its headquarters at Karura, Nairobi. 59

66 NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 2. Non Current Assets and Depreciation Are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is calculated on straight-line basis at annual rates estimated to write off the carrying values of the assets over the expected useful life. The annual depreciation rates in use are: i Buildings 5% ii Plants, Machinery and Tractors 10% iii Office/ House Furniture 20% iv Office /House Equipment 20% v Motor Vehicles 25% vi Roads/Airstrips 12.5% vii Fences 12.5% viii Computers 33.3% viii Aircrafts 7% ix) Intangible Assets 20% Depreciation is charged from the date of acquisition of the asset. No depreciation is charged when assets get boarded for disposal. Legal Notice number 151 of 2008 issued by the Honorable Minister of Forestry & Wildlife, and published in the Kenya Gazette Supplement number 82 of 28th November 2008 vested all the former Forestry departments assets to Kenya Forestry Service, with effect from 1st February KFS is in the process of having all its forests surveyed, demarcated and valued with the aim of acquiring titles to the forests. The asset register is therefore being updated. 2010/2011 Kshs. Cost B/F 698,692,983 Adjustment 698,692,983 Additions 349,945,396 Revaluation Disposals Costs b/d 1,048,638,379 Less: Accumulated Depreciation /Amortization 94,937,548 Net Book Value 1,275,292,997 60

67 KENYA FOREST SERVICE PROPERTY, PLANT & EQUIPMENT Cost/ Valuation NBV As at Adjustment Total as at Buildings Motor Veh&Cycles Office Furniture Office & Other Equip Household & Institu Appliances Work In Progress Computers &Other Ict Equipment Plant & Machinery Intangible Asset Kshs. Kshs. Kshs. Kshs. Kshs. Kshs. Kshs. Kshs. Kshs. Kshs. 520,505, ,747,588 5,684,917 6,974,780 2,114,879 15,378,935 12,660, ,949 25,322, ,692, ,505, ,747,588 5,684,917 6,974,780 2,114,879 15,378,935 12,660, ,949 25,322, ,692,983 Totals Additions (cost) Revaluation Disposal Total as at Depreciation/ Amortization 9,604,798 45,415,680 9,349,176 11,500,422 75, ,954,032 37,038,781 2,905,060 4,101, ,945, ,110, ,163,268 15,034,093 18,475,202 2,190, ,332,967 49,699,606 3,208,009 29,424,028 1,048,638,379 Adjustment 80,567, ,049,200 6,346,540 5,055,226 (586,337) 82,295, ,187 11,216,837 1,048,638,379 Total as at 30-80,567, ,049,200 6,346,540 5,055,226 (586,337) 82,295, ,187 11,216,837 1,048,638, Charge for the 25,032,629 35,429,449 2,131,086 1,919, ,887 29,821, ,691 94,937,548 year As at 30th June 25,032,629 35,429,449 2,131,086 1,919, ,887 29,821, ,691 94,937, NBV 30th June 585,644, ,783,019 19,249,547 21,610,988 1,173, ,332, ,173,616 3,683,505 40,640,865 1,275,292, NBV 30th June 520,505, ,747,588 5,684,917 6,974,780 2,114,879 15,378,935 12,660, ,949 25,322, ,692, NOTE : The Work in Progress relates to construction of Information Centres. These are expected to be completed within the year 2011/12 and capitalized The adjustment on Furniture and Computers has been done to move routine maintenance expenses erroneously capitalized. 61

68 NOTES TO THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 2010/ / Trade & other receivable Kshs. Kshs. Temporary & Standing Imprest 43,041, ,806,430 Salary Advances -443, ,087 Project Advances 69,120 69,120 Payments & Contributions 100, ,000 Trade Debtors & Receivables 363,048, ,061,102 Suppliers Prepayements 50,718,741 1,895,781 Other Receivables 197,828, ,686, ,363, ,027, Investments Kshs. 782,138,632 Investments relate to:-staff gratuity (23,064,658.90) pegged at 31% of basic salaries for senior staff cadres paid by KFS. These monies have been remitted by KFS and invested with Co-op Trust Investment Services Ltd. A fixed deposit-fdr of 409,073, has been invested with Equity bank for six months due for maturity on 24th of August 2011 at 5% interest rate. Kshs. 350,000, invested at KCB fixed account for a period of six months due to mature on 18th of November 2011 at 5% interest rate. 4. Cash & Cash Equivalents. Consist of cash on hand and balances with banks. 2010/ /2010 Kshs. Kshs. Bank balances 709,612, ,253,262 Petty cash balances 2,040, ,935,284 Total 711,652, ,188,546 62

69 5. Trade & other payables 2010/ /2010 Kshs. Kshs. Value Added Tax Payable 4,860,117 3,654,804 Withholding Tax Payable 1,478, ,684 Salary Clearance Accounts 92,767,618 99,659,970 Refundable Deposits 5,788,898 1,039,493 Trade Creditors 95,617, ,108,991 Staff Pension 368, ,527 Staff Gratuity 2,914,367 21,172,424 Provision for Audit Fee 2,500,000 2,300,000 KCB Sarit 0 13,984, ,295, ,159, Revenues 2010/ /2010 Income Kshs. Kshs. Revenue 1,148,898,401 1,059,513,127 GOK Subventions 2,060,177,020 2,452,208,777 International Development Assistance ( IDA) 344,096, ,194,625 African Development Bank (ADB) 182,377, ,600,000 Government of Finland 177,222,344 0 Partner Donations 7,688,953 16,253,661 Interest Income 11,635,379 13,440,520 Total Income 3,932,095,990 3,916,210,710 63

70 7. Personnel Emoluments 2010/ /2010 Kshs. Kshs. Basic Salaries 1,175,302,091 1,043,605,604 Temporary Employees 0 56,931 Casual Labour 326,465, ,244,948 Acting Allowance 721, ,235 Transfer Allowance 4,850,398 6,848,260 Commuting Allowance 93,922,334 6,764,486 Hardship Allowance 13,716,043 13,474,523 Medical Allowance 39,665,163 47,755,729 Special Duty Allowance 534, ,849 Leave Allowance 26,739,494 21,806,261 Extraneous Allowance 106,342, ,710,468 Telephone Allowance 4,930,000 4,334,748 Refund of Medical Expenses - Inpatient 0 0 Refund of Medical Expenses - Ex-Gratia 342, ,088 Staff Medical Insurance 29,043,984 10,775,629 House Allowance 214,245, ,795,270 Non Practice Allowance 60, ,000 Entertainment Allowance 120,000 12,000 Instructor s Allowance 994,999 1,298,334 Arrears Pay 0 4,194 Contributions to National Social S 4,132,300 6,063,200 Staff Pension- KFS Contributions 29,797,536 4,368,204 Staff Gratuity 7,062,136 14,973,465 2,078,987,981 2,122,467, Capital Funds 2010/ /2010 Kshs. Kshs. Capital Funds B/F 218,467, ,650,436 Assets Addition for the year 51,671, ,817,110 Balance C/F 270,138, ,467,546 64

71 Contacts for the Forest Conservancy Offices Conservancy Nairobi Central Highlands Eastern Ewaso North North Eastern Coast North Rift Mau Nyanza Western Headquarters Contacts P. O. Box , Nairobi Ngong Forest Tel: P. O. Box 28, Nyeri Nyeri Tel: / P. O. Box 2, Embu Embu Tel: / P. O. Box 141, Isiolo Isiolo Tel: P. O. Box 89, Garissa Garissa Tel: P. O. Box 80078, Mombasa Mombasa Tel: P. O. Box 41, Eldoret Eldoret Tel: P. O. Box 281, Nakuru Nakuru Tel: P. O. Box 1048, Kisumu Kisumu Tel: P. O. Box 460, Kakamega Kakamega Tel: / HUDUMA BORA NI HAKI YAKO Kenya Forest Service Contact: P. O. Box 30513, Nairobi. Tel: Website: 65

72 Editorial Team From left standing: Ezekiel Korir, Duncan Ouma, Jenniffer Wachira, Esther W. Kiahiu, James N. Wainaina, Kenneth Muskiton, Anne Kaari, Benedict Omondi. From left sitting: Nicodemus Mwatika, Peter Owino, Vincent Anyanga. 66

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