Table A10. Separate vulnerable road users On existing roads. Promote investment in public transportation. Conducted by an independent assessor

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1 Table A10 SAFER MOBILITY BY COUNTRY / AREA Country/area Vehicles There are policies that Road audits Number of registered vehicles walking and cycling investment in public transportation Separate vulnerable road users from highspeed traffic On new roads On existing roads Conducted by an independent assessor Afghanistan No Yes No Yes Yes No Albania Yes Yes Subnational Yes Yes No Andorra Subnational Yes Yes Yes Yes Angola No No Yes Yes Yes Argentina Subnational Yes Subnational Yes Yes Yes Armenia No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Australia Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial No Austria Yes Yes Subnational Yes Partial Yes Azerbaijan No No No Yes Yes No Bahamas No No No Yes Yes No Bahrain No No No Yes Yes No Bangladesh No Yes Subnational Yes Yes No Barbados No No No Yes Partial No Belarus No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Belgium Yes Yes Subnational No No Belize No No No Yes Yes Yes Benin No Yes Yes No Partial Yes Bhutan No Yes No No No Bolivia (Plurinational State of) No No No No Yes No Bosnia and Herzegovina No No No Yes Yes Yes Botswana No No No No No Brazil Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Brunei Darussalam No Subnational No Yes Partial No Bulgaria Subnational Subnational Subnational Yes Partial No Burkina Faso No Subnational Yes Yes Yes Yes Burundi a No No No Yes Partial Cambodia No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Cameroon No No Yes No Partial Yes Canada Subnational Subnational Subnational No Yes Yes Cape Verde No No No Yes Partial No Central African Republic No No No Yes No Chad No No No No Yes Yes Chile Yes Yes Subnational Yes Yes No China No Subnational Subnational Yes No Colombia Subnational Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Comoros No No No No No Congo No No No No Cook Islands No No No Yes Costa Rica No No Yes Yes Partial Yes Côte d'ivoire No No Subnational Yes Partial Yes Croatia Subnational Subnational Subnational Yes Partial Cuba Subnational Subnational Subnational Yes Yes Yes Cyprus b Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial No Czech Republic Yes Subnational Subnational Yes Partial Yes Democratic People's Republic of Korea Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Democratic Republic of the Congo No No No Yes Partial Yes Denmark No No No Yes Partial Yes Dominica No No No Yes Yes No 296

2 Vehicle standards Legislation for imported new cars requires Signatory to World Forum on Harmonization of vehicle standards New cars subjected to New Car Assessment Programme Front and rear seat-belts Airbags Anti-lock Braking System Electronic Stability Control Demerit/Penalty Point System in Place Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes No No No No Yes No No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No Yes 297

3 Country/area Vehicles There are policies that Road audits Number of registered vehicles walking and cycling investment in public transportation Separate vulnerable road users from highspeed traffic On new roads On existing roads Conducted by an independent assessor Dominican Republic No Yes No Yes No No Ecuador Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Egypt No Yes No Yes Yes No El Salvador c No No No Yes Partial Yes Equatorial Guinea No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Estonia Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial No Ethiopia Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Fiji No No No Yes Partial No Finland d Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes France Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Gabon No No Yes Yes No Gambia No No Yes Partial No Georgia Subnational Subnational Subnational Yes Yes Yes Germany Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Ghana No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Greece No Yes No Yes Guatemala Subnational Subnational No No No Guinea No No No Yes Partial No Guinea-Bissau No No No No No Guyana No No No Yes Partial No Honduras No No No Yes No Hungary Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Iceland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes India Yes Yes Subnational Yes Partial Yes Indonesia Yes Yes Subnational Yes Partial No Iran (Islamic Republic of) Yes Yes Subnational Yes Partial No Iraq No Yes No Yes No Ireland No Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Israel Yes Yes Yes No No Italy Subnational Subnational Subnational Yes Yes Yes Jamaica Yes Yes Yes No No Japan Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Jordan Subnational Yes Subnational Yes Partial Kazakhstan Yes Yes Yes Kenya No Yes No Yes Yes No Kiribati No No Yes Yes No Kuwait No Yes No Yes Yes No Kyrgyzstan No Subnational No Yes Yes Yes Lao People's Democratic Republic Subnational Yes No Yes Partial Yes Latvia No No No Yes Partial No Lebanon No No No Yes Partial Yes Lesotho No No No Yes Yes Yes Liberia No No No Yes Yes No Lithuania Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial No Luxembourg Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial Yes Madagascar No Subnational No Yes Partial No Malawi No No Yes Yes Partial Yes Malaysia Subnational Yes Yes Yes Partial Maldives No No No No No Mali No No Yes Yes Partial Yes Malta No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Marshall Islands No No No No Partial No 298

4 Vehicle standards Legislation for imported new cars requires Signatory to World Forum on Harmonization of vehicle standards New cars subjected to New Car Assessment Programme Front and rear seat-belts Airbags Anti-lock Braking System Electronic Stability Control Demerit/Penalty Point System in Place No No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No No No No No No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 299

5 Country/area Vehicles There are policies that Road audits Number of registered vehicles walking and cycling investment in public transportation Separate vulnerable road users from highspeed traffic On new roads On existing roads Conducted by an independent assessor Mauritania No Yes No Yes Yes No Mauritius No No No Yes Yes Yes Mexico Subnational Yes Subnational No Yes No Micronesia (Federated States of) Subnational Subnational No Yes No Mongolia Subnational Yes No Yes Partial Yes Montenegro No No No Yes Yes Yes Morocco No Yes Yes No Yes No Mozambique No No No Yes Yes No Myanmar No Yes Subnational Yes Yes No Namibia Yes No Yes Yes Partial Yes Nepal No No No Yes Partial Netherlands Yes Yes Yes No Yes No New Zealand Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Nicaragua No Yes No No No Niger No Yes No No Partial Yes Nigeria No Yes No Yes Partial Yes Niue 848 No No No No No Norway Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Oman No Subnational No Yes Partial Yes Pakistan No Subnational Subnational Yes No Palau No No No Yes Yes Yes Panama No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Papua New Guinea No No No No No Paraguay No No No Yes Yes Peru Subnational Subnational Subnational No Partial Yes Philippines Yes Yes Subnational Yes No Poland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Portugal Subnational Subnational Subnational Yes Partial Yes Qatar Yes Yes Partial No Republic of Korea Yes Yes Yes Yes Republic of Moldova No No No Yes Yes No Romania Subnational Subnational Russian Federation No Yes Subnational Yes Yes Yes Rwanda No No No Yes Partial Yes Saint Kitts and Nevis No No No Yes Partial No Saint Lucia No No No Yes No Saint Vincent and the Grenadines No No No Yes Partial No Samoa Subnational Yes Yes Yes San Marino No No Yes Yes Yes No Sao Tome and Principe No No No Yes Yes Yes Saudi Arabia No Yes No Yes Yes No Senegal No Yes No No No Serbia No Yes Yes No No Yes Seychelles Subnational No No Yes Yes No Sierra Leone No No No No No Singapore Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Slovakia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Slovenia Yes Yes Yes Yes No Solomon Islands No No No No No South Africa Subnational Yes Yes No Partial No Spain Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 300

6 Vehicle standards Legislation for imported new cars requires Signatory to World Forum on Harmonization of vehicle standards New cars subjected to New Car Assessment Programme Front and rear seat-belts Airbags Anti-lock Braking System Electronic Stability Control Demerit/Penalty Point System in Place Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No No Yes No Yes No Yes No No Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes 301

7 Country/area Vehicles There are policies that Road audits Number of registered vehicles walking and cycling investment in public transportation Separate vulnerable road users from highspeed traffic On new roads On existing roads Conducted by an independent assessor Sri Lanka No Yes No No No Sudan No No No Yes Yes No Suriname No No No No Yes No Swaziland No No No Yes Yes No Sweden Yes Yes Yes Yes Partial No Switzerland Yes Yes Subnational No No Syrian Arab Republic Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Tajikistan Yes Subnational No Yes Yes Yes Thailand No Yes No No No No The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Subnational Yes No Yes Yes Yes Timor-Leste No No No Yes Partial No Togo No Yes Subnational No No Tonga No No No Yes Partial Yes Trinidad and Tobago No No No Yes Tunisia No Yes No Yes Partial Yes Turkey Subnational Yes No Yes Yes No Uganda No No No Yes Yes No Ukraine No Yes No Yes Yes Yes United Arab Emirates Subnational Yes Subnational Yes Yes Yes United Kingdom Yes Yes Subnational Yes Yes No United Republic of Tanzania No No Yes Yes No United States of America Yes Yes Subnational No Yes No Uruguay No Subnational Subnational No Yes No Uzbekistan No Yes Yes Vanuatu Subnational No Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) No Yes No Yes No Viet Nam Subnational Yes Yes Yes Yes No West Bank and Gaza Strip e No No No Yes Partial Yes Yemen No Yes No Yes Yes No Zambia f No No No No No Zimbabwe No No Yes Yes Yes No a Civilian vehicles. b Trailers are not included. c Up to July d Includes trailers. e Non-member area. f Number does not include vehicles registered to the Government of the Republic of Zambia (GRZ). g Subnational. 302

8 Vehicle standards Legislation for imported new cars requires Signatory to World Forum on Harmonization of vehicle standards New cars subjected to New Car Assessment Programme Front and rear seat-belts Airbags Anti-lock Braking System Electronic Stability Control Demerit/Penalty Point System in Place No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No No No No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No No No Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No g Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No Yes No No No No Yes Yes Yes No 303