Prehospital providers

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1 Table A3: Post-crash response by country/area Provider training and certification Country/Area Universal access telephone number Trauma registry National assessment of emergency care system Prehospital providers Formal certification pathway Nurses Post graduate courses in emergency and trauma care Emergency medicine Specialist doctors Trauma surgery Estimated % road traffic crash victims with permanent For disability Afghanistan National, single number None No No No Yes Yes Albania National, single number Subnational No Yes Yes Yes No Angola National, multiple numbers National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Antigua and Barbuda National, single number - No No No No No Argentina Partial coverage Some facilities No Armenia National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes Australia National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes No 15 Austria National, single number National No Yes No Yes Yes Azerbaijan National, single number National No No No Yes Yes 3 Bangladesh Partial coverage None No No No Yes Yes 2.4 Barbados National, multiple numbers National No Yes No Yes Yes Belarus National, single number None No No No Yes Yes Belgium National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes 25 a Belize National, single number None No No No No No Benin National, single number Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes Yes Bhutan National, single number None No Yes No Yes Yes Bolivia (Plurinational StatePartial coverage Subnational No No Yes Yes No

2 Bosnia and Herzegovina National, single number None Yes Yes No Yes Yes Botswana National, multiple numbers None No - Yes Yes No Brazil National, single number None No No Yes Yes Yes 23.5 Bulgaria National, single number None No Yes Yes Yes Yes Burkina Faso National, single number Some facilities Yes No - - No Burundi None National No No No No Yes Cabo Verde National, multiple numbers Some facilities No No No - - Cambodia National, multiple numbers National No No Yes Yes Yes 15 Cameroon National, single number Some facilities Yes No No No No Canada Partial coverage Subnational No - Yes Yes Yes Central African Republic - Some facilities No - Yes - - Chad - Some facilities No Yes No No Yes Chile National, single number National No No Yes Yes Yes China National, single number National Yes Yes No No No Colombia Partial coverage National No Yes Yes Yes Yes 5 Comoros None None No No No No No Congo Partial coverage None No No No No No Cook Islands National, single number National No No No No No Costa Rica National, single number Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes Yes Côte d Ivoire Partial coverage Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes Yes Croatia National, single number None No Yes No Yes Yes Cuba National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes Cyprus National, multiple numbers Subnational Yes Yes Yes No No

3 Czechia National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Democratic Republic of th Partial coverage Some facilities Yes No No No Yes 40 Denmark National, single number National Yes - Yes No No Dominica National, single number None No No No No No Dominican Republic Partial coverage National Yes Yes No Yes No Ecuador National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Egypt National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes No El Salvador National, multiple numbers National Yes No No No No Equatorial Guinea National, multiple numbers National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Eritrea Partial coverage Some facilities No No No No No Estonia National, single number None No No Yes Yes Yes Ethiopia National, single number Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes Yes Fiji National, multiple numbers None No No No Yes No Finland National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 4 France National, single number Subnational No Gabon Partial coverage Some facilities No Yes No Yes No Gambia None Subnational No No No No No Georgia National, single number None No Yes No Yes Yes Germany National, single number Some facilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Ghana National, single number Some facilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Greece National, single number Some facilities No Yes Yes No No Grenada National, single number None No No No No No Guatemala National, multiple numbers Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes Yes

4 Guinea None Subnational No No No No No Guinea-Bissau National, single number Some facilities No No No No No Guyana Partial coverage None No Yes Yes Yes No Honduras National, single number Some facilities No Yes Hungary National, single number None No Yes Yes Yes Yes Iceland National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes No India Partial coverage Some facilities No Yes No Yes Yes Indonesia Partial coverage None No Yes Yes Yes Yes Iran (Islamic Republic of) National, single number Subnational Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 5.8 Iraq National, single number Some facilities Yes Yes No Yes Yes Ireland National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes No Israel National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes Italy National, single number Subnational No Yes No Yes Yes 2.5 Jamaica National, single number Some facilities No No Yes Yes No 1.65 Japan National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes Jordan National, single number None No Yes Yes Yes Yes Kazakhstan National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes 5 Kenya National, single number Some facilities No No Yes No No Kiribati National, multiple numbers National No Yes Yes Yes Yes Kuwait National, single number None No Yes Yes Yes No Kyrgyzstan National, single number None Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Lao People s Democratic RPartial coverage None No Yes Yes Yes Yes Latvia National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

5 Lebanon National, multiple numbers None No No Yes Yes Yes Lesotho None None No Yes No No No Liberia National, single number None No - No No No Libya National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Lithuania National, single number National No No Yes Yes Yes Luxembourg National, single number Some facilities No No Yes No No Madagascar None None No No Yes Yes Yes Malawi Partial coverage Some facilities No No No No No Malaysia National, single number None No Yes Yes Yes Yes Maldives Partial coverage None No No No No No Mali Partial coverage Some facilities No No No No No Malta National, single number National Yes Yes No Yes Yes Mauritania - None No No No No No Mauritius National, single number Subnational Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Mexico National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 16.4 Micronesia (Federated StaNational, multiple numbers None No No No - - Mongolia National, single number National No No Yes Yes Yes Montenegro National, single number National Yes Yes No Yes Yes Morocco National, single number None No No No Yes Yes Mozambique National, multiple numbers Some facilities No No No Yes No Myanmar National, multiple numbers National No No Yes Yes Yes Namibia National, multiple numbers National Yes Yes - No No 18 Nepal Partial coverage Some facilities No No No No No

6 Netherlands National, single number National No No Yes Yes Yes 4-7 New Zealand National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes No Niger National, single number Some facilities No Yes Yes No No Nigeria National, single number Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes Yes Norway National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Oman National, single number Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes Yes Pakistan National, multiple numbers Subnational No No No No No Panama National, single number Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes No Papua New Guinea Partial coverage Some facilities No Yes No Yes Yes Paraguay National, single number National No No No Yes Yes Peru Partial coverage National No No Yes Yes Yes 3.1 Philippines National, single number National No No Yes Yes Yes Poland National, single number None No No Yes Yes Yes Portugal National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes No Qatar National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 Republic of Korea National, single number Subnational Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Republic of Moldova National, multiple numbers Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes Yes Romania National, single number None Yes Yes Yes Yes No 20.9 Russian Federation National, single number Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes Yes Rwanda National, single number None No Saint Lucia National, single number - No Yes No No No Samoa National, multiple numbers None No No No No No San Marino National, multiple numbers None Yes Yes Yes No No

7 Sao Tome and Principe National, single number National No No No No No Saudi Arabia National, single number Subnational No Yes Yes Yes Yes Senegal Partial coverage Some facilities No No No Yes Yes Serbia National, multiple numbers Some facilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Seychelles National, single number None No Yes No No No Singapore National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes Slovakia National, single number None No Yes Yes Yes Yes Slovenia National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes Solomon Islands National, single number Some facilities No No No Yes No Somalia None None No No No No No South Africa National, multiple numbers National No Yes Yes Yes Yes South Sudan National, single number Some facilities No No No No No Spain National, single number Some facilities No Yes No No Yes 2.1/1000 inhabitants Sri Lanka Partial coverage Some facilities No No No Yes Yes Sudan National, multiple numbers Subnational No No No Yes No 19 Suriname Partial coverage Some facilities No No No Yes No Eswatini National, multiple numbers None No Yes No No No Sweden National, single number National No No Yes Yes No 17 Switzerland National, single number National No No Yes Yes Yes Syrian Arab Republic Partial coverage Subnational No Yes Yes Yes Yes Tajikistan National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes Thailand National, single number Some facilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 4.6 b The former Yugoslav RepuNational, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 11.5

8 Timor-Leste National, single number National No Yes Yes No Yes Togo National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes 47 Tonga National, multiple numbers None No No No No No Trinidad and Tobago National, multiple numbers Some facilities No No Yes Yes No Tunisia National, multiple numbers None Yes No Yes Yes Yes Turkey National, single number Some facilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Turkmenistan National, single number Some facilities No Yes Yes Yes Yes Uganda National, multiple numbers Some facilities Yes No No Yes No 2.8 Ukraine National, single number None No Yes Yes Yes No United Arab Emirates National, single number Subnational No Yes No Yes No United Kingdom National, single number Subnational No Yes Yes Yes Yes United Republic of TanzanNone Subnational No No Yes Yes Yes United States of America National, single number National Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Uruguay National, single number National No No No Yes Yes Uzbekistan National, single number - Vanuatu National, single number National No No Yes No No Venezuela (Bolivarian Rep National, single number National No Yes Yes Yes Yes Viet Nam Partial coverage National No No Yes Yes Yes West Bank and Gaza Strip National, single number None No No Yes Yes Yes 1 Zimbabwe National, multiple numbers None No Yes No No No % of all hospitalized MAIS3+ victims incur a long-term disability as a result of the crash 4.6 % of admitted patients Estimated