Liquefied natural gas. Trust the industry s longest-serving turnkey contractor

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1 Liquefied natural gas Trust the industry s longest-serving turnkey contractor

2 2 Liquefied natural gas

3 A leader in the buoyant LNG market TechnipFMC pioneered base-load LNG plant construction through the first-ever facility in Arzew, Algeria. Some 50 years later, we have completed some 80 Mtpa of LNG capacity. LNG market growth Natural gas is a premium energy source, with high growth driven particularly by the demand for gas-fired power stations. Gas consumption is expected to double by 2030, with production increasingly far from consumption centers. Liquefaction is the most economical solution for delivering natural gas to distant markets. Over the past decade, TechnipFMC has executed many multibillion-dollar EPC contracts with our joint venture partners. Technological and project challenges These exceptional investments call for exceptional talents, and our international teams of engineers are endowed with sound financial, technical, and project management skills. Our experts also have been developing tools and technologies that are now industry standards and contribute to LNG s competitiveness. We are an EPC contractor with significant technology and abundant know-how. Worldwide engineering and procurement TechnipFMC is present throughout the entire gas value chain: onshore and offshore oil and gas field developments, gas processing plants, liquefaction facilities, and marine terminals. Supported by a worldwide network of engineering centers, we are close to our clients and their developments, enabling us to deliver solutions globally and cost-effectively. Liquefied Brochure natural title here gas 35

4 Our credentials are as sound as our experience TechnipFMC s credentials as LNG plant designer, technological solution provider, and EPC contractor whether as partner or JV leader are as sound as our longstanding involvement in the industry. 1st key references: 2000 and beyond 1964 Base load facility Arzew (Algeria) 3 trains Capacity: 1.1 Mtpa 1971 Base load facility Skikda (Algeria) 3 trains Capacity: 2.9 Mtpa 1983 Peak-shaving unit Dynevor Arms (UK) Capacity: 200t/day 1999 Bonny Island (Nigeria) Base project - trains 1 & 2 Capacity: 3.3 Mtpa each 2003 Bonny Island (Nigeria) Nigerian Expansion Project - Train 3 Capacity: 3.3 Mtpa Qatargas debottlenecking (Qatar), Trains 1, 2 & 3 Capacity expanded from 6.4 to 9.5 Mtpa Bonny Island (Nigeria) NLNG Plus - Trains 4 & 5 Capacity : 4.1 Mtpa each 2007 Bonny Island (Nigeria) NLNGSix - Train 6 Capacity: 4.1 Mtpa Qatargas 2 (Qatar) Trains 4 & 5 Capacity : 7.8 Mtpa each RasGas 3 (Qatar) Trains 6 & 7 Capacity 7.8 Mtpa each Qatargas 3 & 4 (Qatar) Trains 6 & 7 Capacity : 7.8 Mtpa each Yemen LNG (Yemen) Trains 1 & 2 Capacity: 3.4 Mtpa each 2011 Ningxia Hanas Natural Gas Company (China) Capacity: 2 x 0.4 Mtpa 2012 Shaanxi LNG Investment & Development Co. (China) Yangling plant Capacity: 1 x 0.5 Mtpa 4 Liquefied natural gas

5 Our large engineering, procurement, and construction management teams allow parallel execution of several LNG projects. Bonny Island Trains 1 to 6 Africa s biggest LNG complex Our relationship with Nigeria LNG Limited (NLNG) spans more than three decades. With our JV partners, Snamprogetti, KBR, and JGC, we have helped establish NLNG as one of the largest LNG producers in Africa and one of the major players in the global natural gas industry. When we designed the first two trains of today s plant in the 1980s, the capacity set a new record through the first-ever use of GE Frame 7 gas turbines. The project also included the first cryogenic hydraulic expansion turbines. We went on to design and build all six trains with our partners, starting with Trains 1 and 2 in the 1990s. The latest, Train 6, was delivered on time at the end of 2007 with an excellent safety record and rapid start-up. These projects provide an overall production capacity for the complex of 22 Mtpa of LNG and 4 Mtpa of LPG and condensate. Qatargas debottlenecking Trains 1, 2, and 3 Increasing plant capacity by removing bottlenecks In 2001, TechnipFMC in a joint venture with Chiyoda received an EPC contract to debottleneck the three existing LNG trains operated by the Qatar Liquefied Gas Company (Qatargas) at the Ras Laffan Industrial site. The contract involved replacing and upgrading key process equipment such as compressors and turbines. Shutdowns were limited to those required for scheduled maintenance. With 50% additional capacity, the project was the largest LNG train increase in the world to-date, and we completed it ahead of schedule. Liquefied natural gas 5

6 The world s largest LNG trains Our engineering resources allowed parallel execution of several brownfield and greenfield LNG projects. Qatargas 2 Trains 4 and 5 Rasgas 3 Trains 6 and 7 Qatargas 3 and 4 Trains 6 and 7 In 2004, following our success in Qatargas Trains 1, 2, and 3 and our effective collaboration with Chiyoda, Qatargas 2 entrusted the Chiyoda/TechnipFMC joint venture (CTJV) with the engineering, procurement, and construction contract for Trains 4 and 5. These two trains, the world s largest, are designed to produce 7.8 Mtpa of LNG each using the Air Products AP-X process. The LNG produced is sold to the U.K. market. The joint venture scope also includes the world s largest-capacity gas reception facilities, gas treatment units, utility systems, and LNG storage and export terminal. Trains 4 and 5 started in In 2005, the Ras Laffan Liquefied Natural Gas Company Limited (3) followed Qatargas 2 by awarding CTJV two 7.8 Mtpa LNG trains. The Rasgas site is adjacent to Qatargas. The LNG produced is exported to U.S. and Asian markets. In 2006, the contract for the Al Khaleej Gas Phase 2 Project (AKG-2), with a capacity of 1,250 MMSCFD, was awarded to CTJV for execution within the Rasgas site. Trains 6 and 7 started up in summer 2009 and in early In 2006, CTJV was awarded a third EPC contract for two more mega-trains within Qatargas. Train 6 delivers 7.8 Mtpa of LNG, primarily to U.S. markets. Train 7 s output also 7.8 Mtpa is sold to North American markets. This contract, the third of the three large LNG projects in Qatar, was final confirmation of clients and project stakeholders confidence in CTJV s unique capabilities. With the delivery of these six trains, we have contributed to Qatar s strategic plan and helped the state become the world s largest supplier of LNG, with total annual production of 77 Mtpa in Liquefied TechnipFMC natural gas

7 Yemen LNG Trains 1 and 2 Mid-scale LNG In late 2005, Yemen LNG Company awarded the Yemgas joint venture, an EPC contract for design and construction of Yemen s first LNG facility. Yemgas is a TechnipFMC-led joint venture shared equally among TechnipFMC, JGC, and KBR. The two trains have a total capacity of 6.7 Mtpa. Train 1 started production in the fall of Train 2 came on stream in early TechnipFMC s extensive resources enabled detailed engineering of these two trains to be executed in parallel with Qatar s 6 x 7.8 Mtpa mega trains. As FEED contractor, EPC joint venture leader, and LNG train designer, we confirmed our return to the first tier of engineering, procurement, and construction contractors in liquefied natural gas. Hanas LNG In late 2011, TechnipFMC delivered the Hanas mid-scale LNG plant on behalf of the Ningxia Hanas Natural Gas Company Ltd. One of the largest facilities of its kind in China, Hanas has two trains with a capacity of 400,000 tons per year each. The LNG is distributed to the Chinese market. Shaanxi Yangling In 2015, TechnipFMC delivered another mid-scale LNG plant, on behalf of Shaanxi LNG Investment & Development Company in the Yangling Demonstration Area, Shaanxi Province, China. The plant has a capacity of 500,000 tons per year. With these contracts, we demonstrated LNG capability from our Kuala Lumpur regional center. LNG receiving terminal Freeport LNG Receiving terminal In 2003, TechnipFMC completed FEED studies on behalf of Freeport LNG Development L.P. for a receiving terminal to be located on Quintana Island, near Freeport, Texas. In early 2005, we received as JV leader the EPC contract for this terminal, whose sendout capacity reaches 1.5 BCF/D of gas. The project was executed by our operating center in Houston. The Freeport Terminal began operating in April Liquefied Brochure natural title here gas 79

8 Extensive know-how in LNG Our strong position in LNG dates to a reputation we earned more than 45 years ago in Algeria, strengthened over the course of process studies we ve performed for pre-feeds and FEEDs and as part of R&D programs. Our expertise is built on involvement in landmark LNG industry projects and cross-fertilization with TechnipFMC s NGL recovery and ethylene programs. Pre-cooled N.G. US Patent 5,421,165 (LNG Nitrogen rejection) Cold box Liquid expander EG GT Nitrogen removal column Fuel gas compression LNG from MCHE LNG to storage To fuel gas system Innovations benefitting the entire LNG industry We pioneered many technological advances currently implemented in modern facilities, such as cryogenic hydraulic turbines for LNG and MR expansion and the split MR scheme introduced during the FEED of the Yemen LNG project in 1997 now routinely applied in trains that use the Air Products C3MR process. LNG nitrogen rejection This technology allows better control of LNG nitrogen content and fuel gas production. It is in service in several plants and has been adopted by a number of other projects currently under construction. 8 Liquefied natural gas

9 High performance exchangers TechnipFMC and Wieland jointly market innovative enhanced heat transfer solutions for LNG and ethylene plants. Exchangers designed by TechnipFMC around enhanced surface tubes supplied by Wieland improve energy efficiency by increasing production capacity, decreasing energy consumption, and reducing CO2 emissions. More than 50 large heat exchangers using this technology are in operation today. Technology for high methane content LNG We have developed other technologies that are finding applications in the next generation of LNG trains. These include improvements to processes for deep extraction of ethane and heavier components (C2+ cuts) to produce lean LNG with high methane content. Cryomax - ERU LNG (ethane recovery) Technip processes in an LNG train With this process, more than 95% of ethane in natural gas can be extracted in a way that is compatible with the liquefaction process. The process can be used as an integrated feature of a new facility or retrofitted to existing trains not initially designed for deep NGL recovery. Air-cooled heat exchangers DIESTA is an innovative new finned-tube technology for air-cooled heat exchangers that we developed along with Kelvion and Wieland. It uses enhanced surfaces to improve plant efficiency and reduce construction costs. In 2015, the three companies received a French-German Economy Award for the innovation. Liquefied natural gas 9

10 Advanced numerical simulation Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and dynamic simulation help reduce our customers investment costs by decreasing design margins compared to less precise methods. CFD used for slug catchers Design validation (vapor/liquid separation) Study of transients Air recirculation studies for air-cooled LNG plants Evaluation of any temperature increase at the inlet of sensitive equipment (air coolers; gas turbines) Optimization of the plot plan for maximum LNG production Compact equipment design Vapor/liquid disengagement in large LNG train propane evaporators Fuel gas mixing drum design validation (including internals details) to ensure proper variation of FG properties during transient phases Liquefied TechnipFMC natural gas

11 Critical piping hydraulics Optimization of pipe routing upstream of critical separators for proper operation of distributors Optimisation of large compressor suction piping layout Dynamic simulation of compressor start-up/shutdown Sizing of anti-surge control valves and hot bypass valves Specification of maximum allowable start-up pressures Process control dynamic simulation Determination of optimum control loop parameters Evaluation of unit behavior during transient conditions Dynamic simulation of cooldown of an LNG piping network Validate LNG storage and loading cooldown procedure Optimize the required cold gas and LNG flows and the sequence duration Operator training simulator With selected partners, TechnipFMC designs and supplies LNG plant operator training simulators We also conduct training sessions Liquefied Brochure natural title here gas 13 11

12 Discover how we can work together to unlock the industry s potential. TechnipFMC.com Philip Hagyard Tel: TechnipFMC - March2017