Environmental Resources: Renewable & Non-Renewable Resources & Energy

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1 Directions: Fill in the blanks. Renewable Resources & Energy Segment 1. Renewable Resources Are significant resources which can be replenished and reused to reduce negative environmental Are used as a method of recovery and an for the use of non-renewable resources 2. Renewable Resources & Energy Include: biogas biomass biodiesel solid wastes wood and wood wastes geothermal power hydropower plants and animals power wind power 3. Biogas Is a energy source derived from animal waste Is primarily utilized by with large cattle operations 4. Biogas Is utilized as an energy source through processes which release reliable and usable energy in the form of a Is generally 60 to 70 percent methane 5. Biogas Is primarily used for on-site and heating by producers with large operations Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 1

2 6. Biogas Has the following advantages: naturally produces smaller physical footprints, which reduces greenhouse gas emissions decreases soil and water produces revenue-generating opportunities Has the following disadvantages or issues: becomes somewhat unstable, making it prone to explosions difficult to enhance the of biogas systems contains impurities which can be corrosive to metal parts 7. Biomass Is a term used to various sources of renewable energy coming from solid and forms of matter 8. Biomass Has the following advantages: contains no harmful emissions, therefore it is considered a clean energy comes from living sources, therefore products are reduces the dependency on fossil fuels Has the following disadvantages or issues: can be costly are considered when compared to fossil fuels consumes more fuel and requires more land 9. Biomass Includes ethanol wastes wood and wood wastes Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 2

3 10. Biodiesel Is a renewable and clean-burning energy source derived from various which include: animal fats cooking oil soybean oil Emits lower levels of gases when burned, in comparison to traditional fuel sources such as oil and coal 11. Biodiesel Is relatively small in production on a scale, with many groups promoting its continued development 12. Biodiesel Is primarily utilized for fuel with the intention of production being the replacement of environmentally fossil fuels which produce high levels of greenhouse gases 13. Ethanol Is a renewable energy source derived from food crops such as corn and Is created through the process of Resource Report: Fermentation is the process of converting sugars to gases, acids or alcohol. 14. Ethanol Emits levels of greenhouse gases when burned, in comparison to traditional fuel sources such as and coal 15. Ethanol Is primarily used as an in various vehicle fuels such as gasoline Is usually mixed with refined non-renewable oils to reduce the environmental impact of high emissions Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 3

4 16. Solid Wastes Are sources of renewable energy derived from various materials such as yard and food waste yard waste includes compostable materials such as and grass clippings food waste includes materials such as cooking and trap grease 17. Solid Wastes Are relatively in production, with few processing nationwide 18. Solid Wastes Are primarily used as clean sources for and heating Are converted into electricity by burning Generate a cleaner renewable energy from the gases when they are burned 19. Wood & Wood Wastes Are resources harvested from for various uses which can be replenished over time Are often used more frequently in less-industrialized 20. Wood & Wood Wastes Are primarily used as reusable resources, with some power plants functioning as wood-burning facilities to heat for electricity 21. Wood & Wood Wastes Can be reused and repurposed for various means including: burning clothing paper shelter tools Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 4

5 22. Geothermal Power Is a source of energy coming from the of steam and hot water the earth's surface 23. Geothermal Power Is a largely source of energy with few existing in the United States 24. Geothermal Power Can be harvested through deep for a variety of uses including: electricity heating industrial processes Resource Report: Geothermal Energy can be used to melt snow on icy roads. 25. Geothermal Power Has the following advantages: allows for significant savings reduces the reliance on fossil fuels does not create any pollution, therefore it helps in creating a clean environment Has the following disadvantages or issues: includes high installation costs is not considered a wide spread source of energy, therefore the unavailability of equipment, staff and training creates a to the installation is suited to particular regions 26. Hydropower Is a source of energy generated from flowing rivers and other bodies of Is the most form of renewable energy in the United States Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 5

6 27. Hydropower Utilizes dams to store water and controls its release to spin a large and generate electricity Alters the natural flow of rivers and changes the landscape, hurting in many instances 28. Hydropower Is primarily utilized for electricity, with a reduction of use in recent years due to environmental Has the to supply entire cities and towns with electricity 29. Hydropower Has the following advantages: is fueled by water, therefore it is a clean source of energy is a source of energy which allows each state to produce their own energy is produced at a constant rate Has the following disadvantages or issues: can create a disturbance of surrounding has high installation costs affects the amount, quality and temperature of water flowing in streams 30. Solar Power Is a renewable energy source generated from the capture of the light by a system of or mirrors 31. Solar Power Utilizes specialized power cells known as cells which convert sunlight directly into electricity Is abundant and inexpensive to use, producing exceptionally low levels of pollution relative to the amount of generated Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 6

7 32. Solar Power Is used for electricity Can be used throughout the United States, but is primarily used in the southwest where sunlight is abundant year round and is low 33. Solar Power Has the following advantages: helps to slow or stop global warming is a sustainable form of energy consumption and saves money requires little Has the following disadvantages or issues: the production of energy once the sun goes down requires the use of large areas of land includes the costly installation of panels 34. Wind Power Is a renewable energy source generated from the energy created by Resource Report: Kinetic energy is the energy a source possesses due to movement 35. Wind Power Is harnessed through the use of spinning erected in windy areas, sending energy to a generator for storage and use Can be used on and off land with new technologies developing turbines specifically for use 36. Wind Power Is primarily used for the generation of electricity Possesses fewer threats to the environment than energy sources, but does pose to bird and bat populations Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 7

8 37. Wind Power Has the following advantages: is a clean and domestic source of energy is considered is considered cost effective Has the following disadvantages or issues: includes the of wind consists of land destruction and possible threats to wildlife produces noise pollution Segment 1. Are resources and energy available for a time span, only being after long periods of time or never at all 2. Include: fuels coal natural gas oil minerals and metal nuclear power 3. Fossil Fuels Is a term used to describe various sources of non-renewable energy formed under the earth s surface of years ago Are the major energy source being used in the world today Provide energy for our and drive the nation s economy Resource Report: The nation s economy and most of its infrastructure revolve around fossil fuels. Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 8

9 4. Fossil Fuels Provide the following: air conditioning heat fuel for energy for production Resource Report: Fossil fuels formed more than 200 million years ago. 5. Fossil Fuels Have the following advantages: provides for greater availability with improvements in and extraction produces a large amount of energy and allows for reduced costs are composed of of carbon and hydrogen; therefore they are very stable 6. Fossil Fuels Have the following disadvantages or issues: creates dangers and damage when mining produces greenhouse gases and environmental pollution are considered unsustainable produces rain causes damage to the water when crude oil is spilled during transportation 7. Fossil Fuels Include: natural gas (petroleum) 8. Coal Is a combustible non-renewable energy source composed of rock Is the most abundant fossil in the United States Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 9

10 9. Coal Is divided into four varieties anthracite possesses the highest heating value of all varieties most abundant coal found in the United States lignite possesses the lowest energy content has a lower heating value than anthracite and bituminous coal 10. Coal Is primarily used for generation of electricity Creates over of electricity used in the United States annually Developed over millions years from the remains of plants 11. Natural Gas Is a non-renewable energy source often found other fossil fuels which formed millions of years ago 12. Natural Gas Has a smaller on the environment than and oil 13. Natural Gas Is primarily used for and heating Provides approximately one-fourth of all used in the United States 14. Oil (Petroleum) Is a non-renewable energy source Was formed millions of years ago from the remains of plants and animals Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 10

11 15. Oil (Petroleum) Can be derived from many sources, including underground, shale, minerals and sands Provides more than of the energy used in transportation worldwide 16. Oil (Petroleum) Is primarily used for as a vehicle fuel, but can be used for and electricity 17. Minerals & Metal Ores Solid resources composed of various materials usually found beneath the earth s Are often seen as to humans for a variety of reasons 18. Minerals & Metal Ores Unlike many other non-renewable resources, are usually not a source of energy Are used for a variety of purposes including: construction health 19. Minerals & Metal Ores Include: aluminum gold magnesium silicon silver zinc Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 11

12 20. Minerals & Metal Ores Have the following advantages: is considered a valuable revenue when creates useful products to enhance lives increases job opportunities Have the following disadvantages or issues: creates waste materials creates environmental and land depredation produces significant dust and noise pollution 21. Nuclear Power Is a non-renewable source of energy generated through nuclear which heat water into, spinning turbines and harnessing the energy in the process 22. Nuclear Power Creates more than of electrical use in the United States, with greater numbers in several countries Resource Report: Over two-thirds of electrical use in France come from nuclear power. 23. Nuclear Power Is primarily used for electricity Poses a threat to local areas and habitat if containing nuclear supplies become and release the contents of reactors 24. Nuclear Power Has the following advantages: has lower greenhouse gas is considered to be very powerful and efficient has relatively low costs Has the following disadvantages or issues: creates waste, nuclear accidents and nuclear radiation creates impacts human and aquatic life is considered to be a scarce resource Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 12

13 The Importance of Resource Preservation Segment 1. Resource Preservation Is the and management of non-renewable and renewable resources Must accompany of renewable resources and nonrenewable sources and energy if sustainable use is desired 2. Resource Preservation Is important because overuse or of resources can lead to negative factors impacting various environments, including: death of plants and wildlife loss of pollution reduction of water quality 3. Use of Resources Impact various factors within the environment, including: air and climate energy land, forests and ecosystems water 4. Air & Climate Are important for maintaining the and productivity of various environments Are by the use of all renewable and non-renewable energy sources 5. Air & Climate Are most heavily impacted by the use of 6. Air & Climate Can be damaged by the release of gas from fossil fuel production which may reduce air quality or damage the layer Resource Report: The Ozone layer is composed for molecules which protect the earth from the sun Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 13

14 7. Biodiversity Is the variety of living within a certain region Is impacted by the use of most renewable and non-renewable resources, with the impact varying by and level of resource use 8. Biodiversity Is most heavily impacted by wood and wood wastes,, wind power, fossils fuels, and metal ores 9. Biodiversity Is often impacted by the of various species for example: different species of fish have been removed from traditional locations through the diversion of water due to hydropower use 10. Energy Is the most utilized from renewable and nonrenewable resources Is impacted by the use of all non-renewable and renewable resources, as energy is needed to utilize or develop all forms of natural resources 11. Energy Is most heavily by the use of fossil fuels, as they valuable reserves of energy from the environment 12. Energy Overuse, such as the over-drilling of oil often leads to environmental damages if not properly for example: unrestricted oil drilling in the Gulf of Mexico would effectively reduce the energy potential of the area, with leaks in underwater damaging aquatic life Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 14

15 13. Land, Forests & Ecosystems Are valuable for various non- renewable and renewable resources and energy Are impacted by all forms of non-renewable resource use, with renewable resources such as hydropower and also having small impacts 14. Land, Forests & Ecosystems Are most heavily impacted by the use of fossil fuels, and metal 15. Land, Forests & Ecosystems Overuse may lead to impacts on the environment for example: the removal of large amounts of forests in South America s Amazon have led to reductions of native species and reduced air quality 16. Water Is a resource for all components of life on earth Is impacted by most of non-renewable resource and renewable resource and energy use 17. Water Is most impacted by the use of fossil fuels, minerals and metal ores and 18. Water Can be by the mining of minerals and metal ores for example: the mining of various minerals and metal ores can expose water to contaminants such as metals, and salts Accompanies: Environmental Resources: Renewable & 15