cr\ . I TEIAS.. CONSULTING SERVICES FOR REVISION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REPORT AND PREPARATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR

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1 Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized... ~/ cr\. TC.Si:..l E1294 v2 TEAS.. TURKEY POWER TRANMSSON CORPO~~1;~tf f'e?9t~ct{) CONSULTNG SERVCES FOR REVSON OF ENVRONMENTAL MPACT ASSESSMENT REPORT AND PREPARATON OF ENVRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR 380 kv KARABGA - CAN - SOMA ENERGY TRANSMSSON LNE PROJECT SUPPLEMENTAL REPORT (ANSWERS OF THE QUESTONS RASED BY THE WORLD BANK) WTH THE ENVRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN (EMP) #/L3 ~ encon ENCON ENVRONMENTAL CONSULTANCY CO. June, 2007

2 380 kv KARABGA - CAN - SOMA ENERGY TRANSMSSON LNE PROJECT TABLE OF CONTENTS SUPPLEMENTAL REPORT FOR ENVRONMENTAL MPACT ASSESSMENT ntroduction Responses to the General Questions Executive Summary Responses to the Specific Technical nformation and Clarifications APPENDX A - ENVRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN 1. PURPOSE AND SCOPE ORGANZATONS AND AGENCES RESPONSBLE FOR EMP MPLEMENTATON PROJECT DESCRPTON Nature of the nvestment Description of the Project Activities Location of the Project Residential Areas Protection Areas Land Use General Topography and Stratigraphy of the Region Fault Zone and Seismicity Socio-economic Structure MTGATON PLAN Air Quality Management Plan Cultural and Historical Assets Management Plan Noise Management Plan Water and Wastewater Management Plan Waste Management Soil and Vegetation Management Plan Environmental Health and Safety Management Plan (ncluding Electro Magnetic Area Effect) Roe-deer Management Plan Migrating Birds Management Plan Reptile Management Plan Decommissioning Management Plan MONTORNG PLAN Objectives Environmental Monitoring Emergency Action Plan SCHEDULE NSTTUTONAL ARRANGEMENT 65

3 8. CONSULTATON WTH LOCAL NGOS AND PROJECT AFFECTED GROUPS 8.1. Canakkale Province Public Participation Meeting 8.2. Balrkesir Province Public Participation Meeting 8.3. Manisa Province Public Participation Meeting 9. COMMU NTY RELATON PLAN 9.1. Scope 9.2. Objectives 9.3. dentification of Relevant Stakeholders 9.4. Community Relation Activities ABBREVATONS CRP CRR ECSEE EA EMA EMP ETL EU NRC KHGM MoEF NCDC NGO ROW TEAS TK TPS TS TSE WHO Community Relation Plan Community Relations Representative Energy Community of South East Europe Environmental mpact Assessment Electromagnetic Area Environmental Management Plan Energy Transmission Line European Union Non-onization Radiation Committee General Directorate of Rural Services Ministry of Environment and Forestry National Charge Distribution Center Non Governmental Organization Right of Way Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation General Directorate of Turkish Coal Thermal Power Station Transformer Station Turkish Standards nstitute World Health Organization

4 380 kv KARABGA - CAN - SOMA ENERGY TRANSMSSON LNE PROJECT SUPPLEMENTAL REPORT FOR ENVRONMENTAL MPACT ASSESSMENT (EA) NTRODUCTON The EA report was prepared and submitted to MoEF and get an "EA Positive" decision on February 14, The EA report for the Karabiga - Can - Soma line was reviewed by the World Bank and was found to be generally of reasonable quality. However, some additional information and clarifications were requested in order to ensure full compliance with Environmental Safeguard Policy (OP 4.01) of the World Bank. n order to provide the necessary information and to fulfill the gaps an additional contract was signed for the environmental consultancy services of this project including the submission of the following reports: i) Draft EMP ii) Supplemental Report iii) Final EMP (as an annex to this report) This supplemental report provides answers for the questions asked in the 'World Bank Comments" and the report includes a detailed Environmental Management Plan, which covers most of the clarifications. Responses to the General Questions General introductory discussion of how the project relates to the overall scope of Turkey's energy program. This should also explain that this line has been included into the Project after the Project was approved, and that while a large portion of the original project focused on underground cables. this line is an overhead line. The countries of South East Europe, including Turkey, and the European Commission are cooperating to develop a regional energy market, the Energy Community of South East Europe (ECSEE), and integrate the same into the internal energy market of the European Union. The objective of the Project is to support the implementation of the investment programs of the Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation (TEAS), which includes: a) creation of a market management system for the management of the electricity market; b) strengthening supervisory control and data acquisition and energy management system, to enable TEAS operate more efficiently; and, c) provision of transmission grid, strengthening and expansion for overall stability. Eligible ECSEE Project Components include significant investments in power generation transmission and distribution, and technical assistance. nvestments will ensure that ECSEE Regional Members meet the integration requirements of UCTE - the Union for the Coordination of Transmission of Electricity in Europe; nvestments shall upgrade the capabilities of transmission system operators of ECSEE Regional Members so that they can implement policy decisions to assure the regional security of supply. This includes: a) upgrading load dispatch and real-time system stability and control capabilities; b) upgrading infrastructures/systems for electricity market administration; and, c) removal of critical bottlenecks in transmission networks and sub-stations; nvestment to restore operational capacity/flexibility of critical generation facilities that provide ancillary services; nvestment in retrofits of critical generation and/or transmission facilities to

5 assure environmental compliance; Metering and/or telecommunications programs designed to enhance revenue realization and/or coordination, and communications capabilities of distribution utilities so that they can effectively participate in the regional power market; and a wide range of technical assistance, for institutional/systems development, and project preparation and implementation, to support ECSEE Regional Members in energy market design and implementation assistance, inter alia, to ensure full compliance with the ECSEE frameworkieu directives and compatibility of market designs for the supply of balancing services. One of the components of the ECSEE program was installing a new 380 kv underground cable to strengthen the transmission network in zmir. However, that component of the ECSEE program was cancelled and the budget allocated for that component (underground cable for zmir) was transferred to 380 kv Karabiga - Can Soma Energy Transmission Line Project (overhead line project). nclude an English language map that is easily readable which identifies the project location and geographic context as well as nearest population centers and Ramsar site borders clearly indicated. Project route, nearest settlements and Ramsar site borders (Manyas Lake and Uluabat Lake are the only Ramsar sites in that region of Turkey) are shown in Figure 1. The Manyas Lake and Uluabat Lake are approximately 55 km and 98 km away from the project route, respectively. The Supplemental report should include a revised Environmental Management Plan (EMP) in which the Mitigation Plan and Monitoring Plan are consistent. Thus. each item identified in the Mitigation Plan (e.g. noise during construction) should have a counterpart in the Monitoring Plan (e.g. noise measurements during construction). (A suggested format for the EMP mitigation and monitoring plans is included at Attachment AJ. The final EMP Report, including the consistent Mitigation and Monitoring Plan prepared according to the given format, is enclosed as an annex to this report. The EMP should include details on the decommissioning phase as well. n addition to the construction and operation phases the mitigation and monitoring issues are discussed for the decommissioning phase as well in the final EMP Report, "Decommissioning Management Plan". nclude an Executive Summary of the EA based upon Chapter 10. "Conclusions". Executive Summary: The 380 kv Karabiga - Can - Soma Thermal Power Station energy transmission line project is planned to start from Kiyi Gemi Transformer Station (TS), that is located at the Degirmencik village, and end at Soma Thermal Power Station, Soma. t is planned that the economical life of the project will be 30 years. The project, that would ensure to meet the existing energy need of the provinces Canakkale, Balikesir and Manisa and would form an infrastructure for the future investments, has importance especially for the region. All the works for the establishment of the project would be performed along a route that has a width of 50 m and 526 towers are planned to be fixed for the energy line that would be established.

6 ~"' f '''' ,.,-,V. -~ (. J,# " '.; / ~ ". ~, ""'- '".t /": ' '" ( ",. /.. j 6 'r" ', : P" -/ / _.. ~,..- -,:-,.. ~i.. ~ _".. ' r. ',( ', ':1,' - ',.:. -~" ",... ~ ~-t' ".f,, t/'...,~ ~~...,~..' 1"" ~ ~.,,:' r'ljj." t:""...:,,- (;";- :(!" -"" ".. '.',\ ~, ~. ~ J" '," '..... l ~':"~ ' ~'J' r '. ~ ' / ',' r, ; J''';'''' ". '.,l : r ~,.. oj, ' :., ~' f~ ","..J /'.1. L' /'. " 'f J.,.".. ' ' ~;-,...,.,. ; -".. r ; ~"" ','.,4 : ',... or: ; ~ f ~,.f' ' ", i ' ''' V > ~,. ' J~ ' " (,. J ', # " J...t.,: :;:~.J;,J.'...r,;.:::. ~., ;... '~ 1 ~ ' rr,,, '. (y<'.~ J J,{';;',f :,, ~., t J.J'!.f, 1 "~ ~ /:'. -." ". '".J /,'6~f~'~~~,'"."",:- rc<a.v; )0,.- ;., ' 17.,,,, '. j : ;. (0-0/',', 1,,., r l." j i'. ', "" f ';J.' '{f'' ''. " ;'7~.1..' ' fl V CALKOY-KALET8P ~J'J.~ '. ~1.",.".-~..., '... P,ffFr.\...flf"',,'{1ii. -'~' "!,;'.4'-r rw., " ' "'' : r "T-' '/.. ~ /", ' '~'~' f,.,.... -'... ;~1.,'/ f......,:. ',, - ".''''' ' '.,'.i",,--. i l.1 ( ~. rj'.~ J./u/f ; '.... '.. J..," 'J. "/ ' ".. ~::. ft.. '. ' ~ '~ " -, " ' ".!.. 1,,'.J 'JF'. '.',,<' ~\J r, _or, J.,':.A; #6~. ;'/ /' 1... ~' ~:..t )';.~:, ~;:., f :~ ; r,. '. ~., ~,r. -1"'~.. _'.'. 'd"jt";j,1#..,j,/ i'.. ~"f.. '.;: f i.' ; ' :.:.,. :, ' J" r..",. ' t: "" ".,. " f '.1 ~ " -:""'",., ;.. / ".,, ; ',... al',.. ;'....,. ~', : Lt :_~ "..'~ i :;~d(j"' f..;~ ". :J J..., r~ :, ~ ~. (J!,t,. ~r,......'_',,,d..,,;...',.6 i,." ;,...- ~""..4!";,,~. ) r"~..;::...,t.'..~j,, J. " ~~ V,:,' P t /'/ i :r; 'j / ~.-'<.J ''-..~. f.~ ".. :._, \ 'r,~ ',," 'r.. '... '( 11'!.,, :."",:,V ~.';'..,','(';.:" '.f~~''''' -,- }'~l- ; ~...r./"r. ~.' 'f., - 1- ', r./~. //, ', :" r', ~.. ~.' ~. '8 i... ( ', ' " ~ "' ~ ~..! ~f ~. (; ~' - :/r ) ". 1-,'. ;', /..! ~J~.', 11 ;'J ' t, ;'11' F. 1'~-';1/, ~l '...!l ~ " '....,,..,,.: ~..'. '.', _ J ", 4' ''/ ' _ ' oj J~ ' "'' ; ; w.. ~.,. 0) 0) ~ ~,..,,.., P"",....,...,... M M ~ ~ _ Vv'LD LFE DEVELOPMENT AREA _ RAMSAR STES * PROTECTED AREAS ~ o _C=:J_c::::=J' km Figure 1. Protected Areas in the Vicinity of the Right of Way of 380 kv Karabiga Can Soma Energy Transmission Line t) M SEmEMENTS

7 For the determination of the potential impacts arising from the project, a 5 km corridor was investigated within the scope of the environmental impact assessment studies. The probable effects of every sort of activities on environment, positive or negative, could exist according to the environmental properties and the properties of the project. The effects of an energy transmission line can be observed at the construction and operation phases. The environmental effects those would be caused by the construction phase of the project have similar property with building works. The environmental effects of energy transmission lines are caused by the activities like liquids caused by the construction works, solid wastes, emission, cutting trees, those coincide to the feet of the towers, stripping the soil and digging hollows for the feet of the towers, in general. The construction of the energy transmission lines covers the survey and project studies, the processes of land preparation, assembly and wiring phases respectively. During all the construction works the construction machinery could only use the construction corridor, the existing roads and the service roads that would be constructed, if needed. The construction works would be limited by the areas, that the towers would be installed; the worksite/depot areas and the service roads and signs would be used to define the natural and archaeological sites and/or the construction corridor. The required information and education would be given to the workers not to give harm to these areas. Permanent paint would not be used on rocks or plants for signing purposes. The towers would be installed away from the water ways, cultural and historical areas as far as possible. The total amount of excavation would be 56,808 m 3 for installing 526 towers in the project. During digging hollows for the feet of the towers the topsoil would be grazed and stored, after that the excavation works would start. The materials that were extracted during the excavation processes would be used for tilling processes and leveling the land. So any excavation waste would not exist during the project. The topsoil that would be stored separately from the excavation material would be spread uniformly to the area that it had been stripped. By this way it is aimed not to affect the agricultural activities negatively around the feet of the towers especially at the areas that are in the agricultural fields. n this matter the principles of Turkish Regulation on Excavation Construction and Demolition Wastes, which was put into force after being published in the Official Gazette dated 18 March 2004 and no 25406, would be followed. The solid wastes that would exist during the construction of the project would be limited by domestic solid wastes of the personnel, package wastes and construction wastes. The domestic solid wastes would be collected to the suitable containers and it would be ensured to taken by the related municipality at specific intervals. The construction wastes would be collected in the yellow colored temporary accumulation containers and the type of the wastes would be written on them. These wastes would not be mixed with domestic or hazardous wastes. The wastes would be ensured to taken by the municipality or sent to a licensed recycle or disposal plant by a licensed transportation company. n addition for not to create risk in the human and environment points of view, the hazardous wastes would be collected at an impermeable area, labeled as they are visible and warning boards would be hanged. The hazardous wastes would be sent to the licensed recycle or disposal plant periodically. The domestic wastewater would be collected to watertight, closed, ventilated septic tanks, which are going to be placed at a suitable place in the worksite area. The septic tanks would be suitable to the Turkish Water Pollution Control Regulation (Official Gazette dated 31 December 2004 and No.25687) and to the Turkish Regulation on Pit Opening Where Sewer System Construction is not Applicable (Official Gazette dated 19

8 March 1971 and no ). The wastewater that is accumulated at the septic tanks would be collected by the nearest municipality periodically. Since the most important purpose of the grounding process is to protect people and fauna species from electric shock, grounding is a legal obligation. n the grounding process of the energy transmission lines that are within the scope of the project the principles of the Turkish Regulation on Grounding in Electricity Facilities dated 21 August 2001 and No: would be followed. n the construction phase of the line, the existing roads would be used as far as possible. At the places, where opening the service roads are inevitable, it would be kept away from the protected areas. Service roads will not be constructed very close to surface bodies and areas with erosion risk. During the construction works the dust formation would be decreased by watering during the processes like digging, filling, grazing, leveling the soil. The topsoil and excavation clamps, those would be formed during digging each hollow, would be pressed and these clamps would be also watered with the whole area (The topsoil would be pressed lightly for not to destroy the structure of the soil). The loading-unloading processes would be performed without winnowing and a speed limit would be applied to the trucks. n addition, it would be ensured that the used machinery would be new and well kept as far as possible and the personnel, that would work at the processes, that would create compact dust, would use dust masks. Besides during the construction and operation period of the project, the principles that are determined in the Turkish ndustrial Originated Air Pollution Control Regulation, that is published at the Official Gazette dated 07 October 2004 and No: 25606, would be followed. The noise, which would occur due to the works from the preparation of the field until the end of the construction activities, would be caused by the machinery essentially. The noise levels created by the construction equipment will be lower than the nationavinternational standards (70 dba - in the construction sites). The people living in the population center around would be informed about the duration of the construction works and no works would be performed between 22:00 and 06:00. f nighttime construction is necessary, the local public would be notified at least one week in advance km of the route of the project passes through a forest area km of this area is determined as destroyed forest area and the rest km is determined as forest area. Within the scope of the construction works it would be necessary to cut the trees at the forest areas, that the tower feet would be installed. Along the route approximately 4624 trees would be cut. Ministry of Environmental and Forestry determined that they have no objection for the passage of the project through the forest areas, at the opinion letters those came from the Canakkale, Balikesir and Manisa Regional Directorates of Forestry. No endemic species were recorded during the flora fauna/fauna studies. The most important species that exist in the Manisa-Soma Sifadag Wild Life Development Area, which is in the project survey corridor, but out of the impact area, is roe-deer. n the construction phase, in spite of being outside of the impact area, to minimize the effects over Capreolu5 capreolu5 (roe-deer) and the other mammal species, those exist in the Development Area (Manisa Province), no service roads would be constructed, the workers would be informed by the contractor firm, machines and personnel would not go out of the construction area and the precautions would be regularly applied for not to exceed the limit value of the noise and dust production at the reproduction season (Julyend of August). Besides, in the operation phase bird repellents would be installed on the wires to prevent the birds from perching on the electric towers.

9 n the operation phase of the project discussed, maintenance works would be performed at every 6 months. Since the agricultural activity under the line could be continued and the growing up of the trees would be allowed up to a specified length, the effect over the land usage would decrease at this stage. Two passenger cars would be used at most for the maintenance of the line, the emission amount due to the exhausts of these cars would be negligible. The usable material, which would be left after the maintenance and repair works, would be sent to the material depots to transport them to the transformer station, that needs them. The material that could not be used anymore (torn wires, broken insulators etc.) would be sold as scrap or sent to a licensed recycle or disposal plant of construction wastes. The main risk in the operation phase of the project would be the risks that would caused by working with electricity and at a high place during the maintenance works that would be performed in every 6 months. Beside this, there would be a 'fire risk due to the electricity. As stated above, the transmission line would be constructed according to the fire safety principles of Turkish Electrical High Voltage Plants Regulation, which is published in the Official Gazette dated 30 November 2000 and no , would be controlled regularly and the required maintenance, repair and renewal works would be performed. The energy transmission line discussed would create an electromagnetic field around after it starts to operate. The high intensity electromagnetic field could have negative effects on human health. But, since the electromagnetic field of the electricity transmission lines having a frequency of Hz has a low intensity, it is not expected to have a negative effect on human health or for other living organisms. Consequently the most important effects of the project in the operation phase would be the difference in the usage of the areas, where the tower feet are located, and their visual effect. According to the Competency Certification Communique dated , after the EA period observation studies should be performed in the starting and construction phases of the project. For the 380 kv Karabiga - Can - Soma TPS Energy Transmission Line Project, The Observation Reports of The Final EA Report would be filled by performing observations once a six (6) month and presented to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. nclude a legible English language documentation of the public consultation. which contains, as a minimum. the information indicated in Section D of Attachment A. The public participation procedure conducted during the EA phase of the 380 kv Karabiga-Can-Soma ETL project were detailed in the "Consultation with Local NGOs And Project Affected Groups" Chapter of the final EMP report. This chapter includes, the public participation activities including the announcement, informatory brochures, participation meeting, general questions raised during the meetings, answers provided, etc. Responses to the Specific Technical nformation and Clarifications 1) Provide a more legible English language map to replace Figure kv Karabiga-Can-Soma Energy Transmission Line and Map of Transmission System of the Region is provided in Figure 2 (revised version of Figure 1.1 of the EA report dated February 2005).

10 i! MARMARA DENlzi ENERJ TESSLER TRANSMSSON LNES AND POVllER PLANTS mfall Ad. SANTRAlLARPOWER PlANTS """ TRANSFORMATORSTASYONLARv,suBSTATh)NS ~~~~~UCTlON 10 OlCEK : SCALE "'E""" 8J.~.- -~ """"". U$A~",...: - Figure kv Karabiga-Can-Soma Energy Transmission Line and Map of Transmission System of the Region "'" 7

11 2) Update Table 11.1 by adding a column indicating the population for each residential area indicated The table presented in Chapter "LOCATON OF THE PROJECT STE", Section 11.1 of the EA report (dated February 2005) "The Projection of the Une Route on the Land Usage Map, The Distance From The Residential Areas" was revised by additional information regarding the population results of the nearby residential sites and the following table was structured (Table 1). Table 1. The Residential Areas within the Survey Area Km Residential Area Direction Distance to The Census Date Population (village or quarter district) Route (m) Degirmencik Biga west 1, Beyoba Parish Biga west 250 NA NA Eskibalikli, Billa west Karacaali, BiQa east Baliklicesme' Billa west 2, Goktepe, Billa east 1, Gundogdu 'Biga west 1, Danisment' Biga west 1, Cihadiye, Biga west 1, Yanic/ Blga west 2, Celtik, Siga west 1, Hacilar Can east i Altikulac Can east 2, Yeniceri Can west 2, Maltepe, Can east 2, Comakli Can east 2, Yaykin, Can east Sameteli, Yenice west Calkov Yenice northeast , Cinarcik Yenice south 1, Asagikaraasik Venice north Davutkoy, Yenice north Nevruz f Yenice northeast Cakiroba, Venice northeast Yenice District west 1, , S~an' Yen ice northeast Namaz1)ah / Yen ice southwest 1, Saskoz, Yenice northeast 2, Gundogdu' Venice northeast Kayatepe / Yenice southwest Bayatlar, Yenice southwest Korukov, Yen ce northeast Boynanlar' Venice southwest Alliparmak 'Yenice northeast NA NA Hasanlar Yen ice southwest NA NA Alancik Yenice southwest Pinar Quarter Salva northeast 900 NA NA Diboba Quarter Salva northeast NA NA Hacivusuflar Quarter' Salva southwest Yaylacik' Balva southwest 2, Bengiler, Salya northeast Cigdem, Balva southwest 2, Salya Haciisalar Parish' southwest 1,400 NA NA Habipler' Balya southwest 2, Kasikci, Balya northeast , Goktepe, Salva northeast i Medrese Salya northeast 1, Akbas Salva southwest 1, Gomenic Balva northeast 2, Kocabuk Balya southwest Soganbuku'lvrindi northeast 1, , Akcal vrindi northeast Akcaloren 'vrindi northeast KirazkQjl'lvrindi northeast 2,

12 Km Residential Area Direction Distance to The Census Date Population (village or quarter district) Route (m) Komureu lvrindi southwest 750 NA NA Buyukfindik lvrindi southwest 1, Yaren lvrindi northeast 2, Erdel vrindi east Ada Quarter lvrindi east 1,250 NA NA, Kueukfindik lvrindi west 1, Alikose Quarter lvrindi west 700 NA NA Cukuroba lvrindi west 2, lsadere Savastepe southwest Eyerei / Savastepe southwest 1, neirli Quarter Savastepe southwest 2, Pinarli Quarter Savastepe southwest 1,000 NA NA Beykoy Savastepe northeast Kurukabaagae Savastepe southwest 750 NA NA Akpinar Savastepe northeast _ vastepe east 1,250 NA NA 1 "'"'ov Ciftlikderel Savastepe southwest 2, Cali Quarter Savastepe east 1,000 NA NA Karacalar Savastepe east Savastepe District east 1, , Kurudere Savastepe west 1, i Karacam / Soma west 2, Kiziloren Soma southeast 2, Kumkoy / Soma west ! Hecizl Soma west 1, Kueukisiklar Soma west 2,500 NA NA Beyee/Soma east 1, Hatunkoy / Soma southwest 1, Fatih Quarter Soma southwest 1,250 NA NA stasyon Quarter / Soma southwest 800 NA NA Menderes Quarter Soma southwest 250 NA NA Ataturk Quarter / Soma southwest 1,500 NA NA Linyit Quarter / Soma southwest 1,500 NA NA Yeni Quarter Soma southwest 1,250 NA NA Soma District southwest 2, ,038 NA: Not available No recorded data 3) ndicate if any access roads would be constructed and provide their location of the above mentioned map n the construction of 380 kv Karabiga - Can - Soma TPS Energy Transmission Line the existing roads, shown in Figure 3, would be used as far as possible. As it can be seen from Figure 3, that part of Turkey is built by road network. n the vicinity of the project route, there are highways, and more than 2-lane roads, which are shown in the figure as primary roads (highways, and more than 2-lane roads) and secondary roads (2-lane and 1-lane). Therefore, it can be said that access during the construction and operation pohases of tehe project will not create an important problem. Additionally, the project is parallel to the existing 154 kv Balikesir Can Energy Transmission Line, it would be possible to use the service roads those were constructed before as well. The important points in case of constructing service road is inevitable are explained below. No roads would be constructed in the Wild Life Development zone and cultural areas determined on the project route. Drainage canals would be constructed at the sides of the service roads and by this way the sediment transportation to the streams would be prevented. The service roads would be watered when they are used and by this way the dust production would be prevented. Roads would not be constructed very close to surface water bodies. t should cover the minimum surface area as far as possible t would be kept away from the areas those have visual worth. t would be abstained from cutting trees.

13 g '"! - PRMARY ROADS -SECONDARY ROADS SETTLEMENTS -PROJECT ROUTE SUGGESTED CAMP STES ,kin Figure 3. Road Network of the Project Area and the Suggested Camp Sites

14 t would be kept away from the areas, where the topography and geological structure are not suitable. nstead of cleaning the plant cover completely at the areas those would not be used again by constructing the service roads, pruning method would be used. By this method, at which the plants are pruned from 0-10 cm from the ground, removing the roots is prevented and the return of the area to its former condition is faster. At the private property areas it would be came to an agreement with the owner of the area and the works would be periormed to return the area to its former condition if necessary. The erosion formation would be minimized. For this reason the suriace flow diversion canals would be used at the areas, at which the service roads would be constructed. n the operation phase the roads those would not be used anymore would be closed. For this reason the compressed soil would be swelled and planted by using a seed mixture that is suitable to the natural plant cover of the area if necessary (at the areas those have high erosion risk and have visual worth etc.). f necessary the construction areas (e.g. tower areas, service roads) would be returned to their former condition according to the demand of the local governments, field owners. The method that is used to return the area to its former condition includes returning the compressed soil to its natural contour or making it suitable to the topography and inseminating if necessary and constructing drainage canals and/or ducts to prevent erosion. 4) Verify whether the line will be used to evacuate electricity the Soma Thermal Power Station. f this is the case, then verify whether the Power Station is in full compliance with all Turkish environmental regulations Soma Thermal Power-Station, which started to work in the second half of 1950's, is one of the first thermal energy producing facilities of Turkey. Annually 8,000 tones of coal is recently being used in the power-station, that has a power of 1,034 MW. After the construction works, the energy transmission line would be connected to the existing Soma Transformer Station. n this respect, 380/154 kv energy is conducted at the Soma Transformer Station that the line would be connected to. The Karabiga-Can-Soma line not only evacuated energy from the Soma Power Station but also supplies to this station according to the overall electricity load in the line. As a whole, the Karabiga-Can-Soma transmission line is a part of the National Electricity Network. This energy transfer mechanism is on-line controlled by the National Charge Distribution Center (NCDC) continuously. There are totally 24 licensed areas in Soma, 10 being survey licensed and 14 being operating licensed. These licenses belong to the General Directorate of Turkish Coal (TK). Production activities are being conducted in four of the sites that have operating licenses. 5) Provide details of the names/designations of the protected areas and areas of cultural significance and their distance (km) from the transmission line Right of Way (ROW) The protected areas in the Vicinity of the right of way of 380 kv Karabiga-Can Soma Energy Transmission Line is shown in Figure 1. As it can be seen in the Figure 1, there exist various protected areas (national parks, natural parks, archeological sites, etc.) in that region, however when the distances to right of way is taken into consideration it can be seen that the Karabiga-Can-Soma ETL project will not have any effect on any

15 important area. The distances of the protected areas mentioned in the EA report (dated February 2005) are given below: Table 2. Protected Areas in the Vicinity of the Project Area and Their Approximate Distances to the ROW Province Protected Areas Distance to ROW (closest distance is shown)i Balikesir Canakkale Manisa Kazdagi National Park Kuscenneti National Park Ayvalik slands Natural Park Gurgen Mountain Nature Protection Area Davutkoy Ancient Settlement (1"' degree archeological site) Davutkoy Tumulus and Graveyard (1 st degree natural and archeological site) Calkoy-Kaletepe (1 st degree natural and archeological site) 40km 55km 80km 15 km 0.5km 1.7 km 0.7 km* Gelibolu Historical National Park 38km Troya Historical National Park Spil Mountain National Park Soma-Sifadag Wildlife Development Area Uyucek Tepe Tumulus (Protected Archeological Site/Mound) 76km 75km 300m 0.2km *: The original route of the transmission line defined by TEAS was passing through the Kaletepe archeological site, however it was suggested in the EA report (dated February 2005) to move the project right of way 0.7 km west of the protected site and that alternative route was approved by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. 6) nclude the specific impacts associated with the construction activities (e.g. dust, noise, etc.) in the EMP. The specific impacts related to construction activities for the project are provided in details in "Mitigation Plan" of the EMP report. The construction activities, mitigation measures and related monitoring plan are summarized in Mitigation Plan (Table) and Monitoring Plan (Table) of the EMP report. 7) Describe the nature of the maintenance works to be performed every six months After the transmission line is put into operation, maintenance works will be performed along the line route in specified periods of the year (anticipated that in every six months). The maintenance of the transmission lines are performed by the line maintenance crews and the material that are used by these crews and their properties are given in Table 3, below (This table is the same with Table V.9 of the EA report, dated February 2005). i! nsulators will be renewed in case of breaking the insulator, and wires will be repaired in case of elongation above the limit of tolerance or breaking of the wires. The usable material, that would be left after the maintenance and repair works, would be sent to the material depots to transport them to the transformer station, that needs them. The material, that could not be used anymore (torn wires, broken insulators etc.) would be sold as scrap or sent to a licensed recycle or disposal plant of construction wastes.

16 Table 3. The Maintenance Material of the Transmission Lines Material Property Number of Units Aluminum Ladder Aluminum 1 Grounding Cable Braided Copper Line Rifle Metal - Braided 1 Copper Helmet Fiberglass 1 Unit/Person Wrench Set Metal 2 Sets Safety Belt Braided Linen 1 Unit/Person Hand hack Metal 1 Unitfor 1.5, 3, 6 Tons each Triphor Metal 1 Unit for 1.5, 3, 6 Tons each Pulley Metal 1 Unit for 1.5, 3, 6 Tons each Snatch Metal At least 4 Units for 300, 477, 795, 954,1272 MCM Conductors, at least 2 Units for 50,70,96 mm 2 Protection Wires Hydraulic Press Metal 1 Unit for Each Crew Hydraulic Scissors Metal 1 Unit for Each Crew Tree Cut Motor Metal 1 Unit for Each Crew Axe Metal At Least 2 Units First-Aid Stretcher Metal Linen Fabric 1 Line Vehicle Metal 1 i Preparation of the annual health and safety trainings for the TEAS personnel (including the maintenance crew) is under the responsibility of Directorate of Training and Operational Safety of TEAS. The number of trainings in a year is not fixed, however the trainings are conducted for each new staff group. The scope of the trainings was defined according to the professionalism of the new staff (electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, technician, etc.). n addition to the trainings, Directorate of Training and Operational Safety of TEAS published a booklet including the principles of health and safety, personnel protective equipment, related regulations, objectives of the trainings, etc., and this booklet is distributed to all of the technical personnel in the General Directorate of TEl AS. 8) Provide details about the design factors used to insure mechanical inteqritv of the transmission towers under earthquake conditions to be experienced alonq the ROW. Verify the desiqn is adequate for the specific ROW proposed for the transmission line in question Seismic regions in Turkey are classified in Turkish Seismic Regions Map of Turkish Earthquake Research Department of Ministry of Public Works. Turkish seismic regions are graded according to the acceleration values as below. 1. Degree seismic region: expected acceleration value higher than 0.40 g 2. Degree seismic region: expected acceleration value between 0.40 g and 0.30 g 3. Degree seismic region: expected acceleration value between 0.30 g and 0.20 g 4. Degree seismic region: expected acceleration value between 0.20 g and 0.10 g 5. Degree seismic region: expected acceleration value lower than 0.10 g The project area starts from Canakkale Province Siga District and after Can and Venice it passes through vrindi, Salya and Savastepe Districts of Balikesir and ends at Manisa Province Soma District. The region has a wide range from the stratigraphic point of view and a distribution from Paleozoic to Tertiary can be observed. The region that is very affluent in faulting is inside the 1 st degree seismic zone.

17 According to the "Specification for Structures to be Built in Disaster Areas" regulation dated , No ; in Turkey, structures are designed according to the Effective Ground Acceleration Coefficient (Ao) befitted to seismic zone. The seismic zones and the corresponding Ground Acceleration Coefficients are provided in the table below. Table 4. Seismic Zones and the Corresponding Ground Acceleration Coefficients (Specification for Structures to be Built in Disaster Areas, 1997) Seismic Zone ~! Therefore, all construction works of TEAS, especially transmission tower installation activities, will be performed in compliance with this regulation. 9) Provide statistics on Turkish transmission tower failure rates durinq earthquake conditions According to the researches of TEAS and National Charge Distribution Center (NCDC) up to this time none of the transmission lines of TEAS has been fallen down. As an example, during the earthquake occurred in 1999 (one of the largest earthquakes in Turkey), there was an electricity cut, but with the intensive efforts of NCDC and its local directorates, Turkey is supplied energy in short time (5 hours) by progressive stages except for the DCs of which equipments suffered. There was not a permanent damage in the energy transmission lines in this earthquake, the damage was occurred only in the transformers. 10) Provide detail on transmission line shut-down procedures under conditions of dam failure. National Charge Distribution Center (NCDC), which is designated as the brain of Turkey's electrical system, is established in Ankara (Golbasi). There are 8 local directorates of NCDC (Erzurum, Keban, Adana, Ankara, Adapazan, stanbul, zmir, and Samsun). NCDC calculates the Turkey's consumption of electricity in the basis of hourly, daily, monthly and annually and allows the utilization of electricity that the public and private sector produce, by compensation system. All power stations in Turkey, the production and transmission units of these stations are located in the electronic panel in the middle of the center. This panel is followed for 24 hours. f the production units in the station are out of service, green light exists; if in operation, red light exists. n case of a failure in the production unit of any station, indicators in the panel give signals instantaneously. Therefore, all modification, cutoff, problems are detected and through this center, local directorates are informed and necessary precautions are taken immediately. The overall coordination is managed by the NCDC. The Turkish energy transmission system is based on an automatically locking mechanism. n case of any problems in the transmission lines (all of the lines of TEAS in Turkey), the problematic line is locked by the system and the energy transmission is managed through other systems. As discussed before, this distribution management is done automatically and monitored by NCDC.

18 11) Please indicate the routing and identify any migratory bird routes on the English language map. nclude the specific environmental mitigation and monitoring for this issue in the EMP. Specify the time of the year bird migrations occur. From the beginning of September, some soaring raptor species, which are in the Middle Europe and North Europe, migrate to Anatolia by passing the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles in transit and using the thermal air streams. The migration routes of birds in Turkey are shown in Figure 4. The reason why they use thermal air streams during the migration is because they migrate in considerably high levels and generally they do not stop off as long as they do not find an available wetland and/or plateau. During the performed observations, raptor species that migrate by this method are shown below (Table 5): Table 5. Migrating Raptor Birds Observed in the Project Area Species Common name (Turkish) Common name (English) Circaetus gaflicus yllan kartah short-toed eagle Circus cyaneus gokdelice hen harrier Buteo rufinus klzll ~ahin lang-legged buzzard Buteo buteo $ahin buzzard Neophron percnotjferus beyaz akbaba eqyptian vulture Pemis apivorus ancll honey buzzard Falco tinnunculus kerkenez kestrel Fa/co biarmicus blylkll dog an lanner Fa/co subbuteo del ice doqan hobby There is not an official study or an exact map related to migration points of these raptors from the Dardanelles, route that they follow, and their flight altitude. However, during the performed observations, it is seen that among the species defined above, Buteo buteo and Pernis apivorus pass in transit from the regions of Dardanelles near to Marmara Sea, in the first week of September, in noontime, as groups in 10-20, at approximately m altitude by soaring. During the ornithological studies performed along the said line, any observation related to transit migrations of these species in groups, is not recorded. According to observations performed before, it is thought that these raptors go towards Manyas and Uluabat wetlands (approximately 200 km eastern of the transmission line) after passing the Dardanelles. According to performed observations and previous information, this situation can be assessed, as the transmission line is not on the main bird migration way. However, in order to be on the safe side, the height of the towers of the energy transmission line that would be constructed is 30 m. The height of the electrical wires between the towers is changing between m depending on the topography. According to the knowledge and observations about the raptor migrations given above, this case would not cause any problems from the flying altitude of the raptors ( m) during migration point of view. n addition, some mechanical measures should be taken in order to prevent especially perching and nesting of raptors to towers in transmission line. These measures can be installing frightening balloons and spiky bird repellents (see answer 22).

19 i ~, \ ~-..f' w'..! ~ ~,...' :: ~'!\:: ~.--. _... _.,..t'.,.'.,'..~ a... '.,.".,... _, -.t., ~ NTERNATONALL Y MPORTANT CLASS 'A' WETLANDS OTHER WETlANDS WTH NTERNATONAL MPORTANCE Figure 4 Migration Routes of Birds in Turkey 16

20 12) nclude in the EMP exactly what measures will be taken to restore soil porosity after being compressed by construction machinery Topsoil having an average depth of 20 cm would be excavated with pickaxes and the soil would be ventilated. The land would be restored to its original conditions. Details of these activities are dealt in "Soil Management Plan" of the EMP report. 13) dentify all the National Parks, Natural Parks, Nature Protection Areas etc. by name and their borders on the map as well as the ROW of the transmission line in particular, the Manisa-Soma Sifadag Wildlife Protection Site (home to the roedeer) Areas under protection are classified in various ways and protection status of each area is different in Turkey. Table 6 summarizes the types of protected areas, Definition / Protection Target, level of protection and relevant regulatory base. Table 6. Migrating Raptor Birds Observed in the Project Area Type of Area Definition Protection Target Level of Protection Regulatory Base First Degree Natural A site specified for preservation No activity that will effect/damage Conservation of Cultural and Protected Site for public benefit due to public interest, rarity, specific characteristics, aesthetic value and or scientific value. vegetation, topography and landscape is allowed. Natural Assets Law (No: 2863); July 21, 1983 Principal Resolutions of the High Committee of Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets November 5,1999 (Decision No: 659). Second Degree A site with some degree of No construction activities except Conservation of Cultural and Natural Protected Site protection status, which may be used for development, subject to sufficient, controls being in place to protect the site. touristic facilities with touristic investment or operation licences and ancillary facilities. Also, public benefit projects only. Natural Assets Law (No: 2863); July 21, 1983 Principal Resolutions of the High Committee of Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets November 5, 1999 (Decision No: 659). Third Degree Natural A site of lower protection status, Can be used for development Conservation of Cultural and Protected Site which may, under certain circumstances, be used for development. considering the potential and use of the region. Natural Assets Law (No: 2863); July 21, 1983 Principal Resolutions of the High Committee of Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets November 5, 1999 (Decision No: 659). National Parks Natural Parks Natural areas with protection, recreation and touristic sites having national and international rare natural and cultural resource values regarding scientific and aesthetic view Natural sites appropriate for public recreation with vegetation and wildlife characteristics Plans, projects and investments of governmental agencies and organizations are allowed (with permission of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Construction of touristic facilities are allowed for public use at the national and natural parks outside the touristic region, area and centers (with the permission of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) National Parks Law (No: 2873); August 09, 1983 National Parks Law (No: 2873); August 09, 1983

21 Type of Area Nature Protection Area Definition Protection Tar et Rare, under threatened ecosystems and species and natural sites containing special assets that should be necessarily protected (used for scientific and educational purposes) Level of Protection Used for only scientific and educational purposes (These studies may include the scientific investigations to obtain detailed information about the protected site or to define the mitigation measures for the protection of these sites.) Regulato National Parks Law (No: 2873); August 09, 1983 Natural Asset Natural sites protected within the scope of national parks principles, with natural characteristics and scientific values Plans, projects and investments of governmental agencies and organizations are allowed (with the permission of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) National Parks Law (No: 2873); August 09,1983 Wildlife Protection and Development Area A site specified for preservation and continuity together with flora and fauna due to wildlife characteristics Construction of touristic facilities are allowed for public use at the national and natural parks outside the touristic region, area and centers (with permission of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural. Affairs No activities except the ones stated in the management and approved plans. Projects with public benefit are allowed. Facilities which have adverse effects on these sites, although not located within the boundaries of the protected site, are not allowed. f exists, no discharge without treatment is allowed. No solid waste disposavstorage facilities are allowed at the rotection sites. nland Hunting Law (No:4915); July 01, 2003 Regulation on Wildlife Protection and Development Areas (No: 25637); November 8, 2004 The Authority for the Ecologically important sites All facilities to be constructed Decree with Force of Law on Protection of Special sensitive to environmental within the boundaries of this site the Establishment of the Areas (APSA) pollution and disturbance with historical and natural assets are dependent on the permission and monitoring of the Authority for the Protection of Special Areas. Allowable facilities are determined according to the issues stated in the Decree with Force of Law on the Establishment of the Authority for the Protection of S ecial Areas. Authority for the Protection of Special Areas (No: 383); October 19, 1989 Within the investigation corridor (2.5 km right and 2.5 km left of the route) for Karabiga-Can-Soma energy transmission line there are no protected natural areas except Manisa-Soma Sifadag Wild Life Development Site, and the most important species that exists in the field is "roe-deer". The borders of the wild life development area can be seen in Figure 1. The field starts from Yagcili Town at the north and extends towards Dededagi Hill and Daztepe Ridges at the south. The area is located 300 m east of the planned project route. At the same time this area is determined as the area in which hunting is forbidden by Central Hunting Commission.

22 n the construction phase, in spite of being outside of the impact area, to minimize the effects over Capreolus capreolus (roe-deer) and the other mammal species, those exist in the Wild Life Development Site (Manisa Province), no service roads would be constructed, the workers would be informed by the contractor firm, machines and personnel would not go out of the construction area and the precautions would be regularly applied for not to exceed the limit value of the noise and dust production at the reproduction season (July-end of August). 14) Provide copies (and English language translations) of addrovals from all authorities responsible for protecting cultural heritage artifacts and sites According to the cultural inventories that were prepared by Ministry of Culture and Tourism, General Directorate of Cultural Assets and Museums, all the cultural assets in the vicinity of the project area were reviewed and the list of them are provided in Table 2 above. As it was noted before, the original route of the transmission line defined by TEAS was passing through the Kaletepe archeological site, however it was suggested in the EA report (dated February 2005) to move the project right of way 0.7 km west of the protected site and that alternative route was approved by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Although, the other listed cultural assets are far away from the right of way some mitigation measures will be taken in case of observing any cultural asset during the construction works, the construction will be immediately stopped, the excavation area is surrounded by a protection band and the Directorate of Cultural and Natural Assets Conservation Committee of the Province will be informed and the progress given in the EMP report will be followed. 15) ndicate in the EMP the extent (in meters) to which the transmission towers would be raised where the Calabrian pine forest are dense. Also. indicate on the map exactly Savastepe-Danisment, and Goktaslar regions) As it was stated in the EA Report (dated February 2005), 141 plant species, which are at species and subspecies level, are determined in the project area and in the investigation corridor. None of these plants are endemic for our country. Only raising the transmission towers a few meters at Can - Yen ice, Venice - Balikesir, Komurculer - Buyuk findik, Savastepe - Danisment and Goktaslar regions (regions can be seen in Figure 1), where the Pinus brutia (Calabrian pine) forests are very dense, would prevent the damage given to the forest formation at these places. According to the field observations and to the information gathered by Forestry Directorate of Balikesir (Savastepe) the Calabrian pines have an average height of m at that region. Therefore, it can be suggested that the transmission towers should be raised at least 2 m more in these forest areas. 16) Verify the faunal studies conducted in the daytime (Section V.2.10) are sufficient and that there is no inherent bias by not making observations at night-indicate if this is standard field ecology survey procedure Detailed observations of fauna species were conducted via field and literature surveys and meetings performed with the local community in order to expose the faunal condition of the project route. During the field surveys, it was also made use of the

23 habitats, which are suitable for the animal species' choices and the nest-young-footprint (especially in defining the birds and the macro mammiferous species), excrement-food waste (especially in defining mammals), derm-antler-turtle shell and bone residues. These studies were conducted mostly during the day time, however during night hours sounds of some fauna species were recorded, some excrements of the species were observed and the species were identified. Ornithological observations and bird census performed during the field studies were continued according to the methodology accepted by EU (Bibby, C.J., Burgess, N.D and Hill, D.A Bird Census Techniques, Academic Press Ltd., London) from the cockcrow till sundown by taking the times that the birds can be observed intensively into consideration. Ornithological studies have been continued after the sunset via night traps especially for the determination of the mammals, and by this way, diurnal and nocturnal bird species, namely Asio otus (long-eared owl) and Athena noctua (little owl) were determined. 17) nclude in EMP measures to protect reptile species during the construction phase During the construction works, the situation that reptiles (especially snake species, which can not climb up to steep hollows, and lizards) may fall down to excavations and cannot climb up is to be discussed. n order to prevent this situation, excavation works and installing the transmission towers should be done during the daytime; therefore, any hollow should not be left. They have already been disturbed during the construction works; therefore they do not come to the construction site. However, during the closing of hollows, it is necessary to put barriers that prevent the reptiles and mechanical measures should be taken. 18) Provide details of mitigation measures specified in the Central Hunting Commission agreements According to the Decision Of Central Hunt Commission (Date and No of ssued Official Gazette: /26201) for Hunting Period, "n accordance with the first article of 4th clause of law, wild animals mentioned in the appendix List 1, which is the addition of this decision, are protected by the Ministry. Hunting, keeping alive or dead, and moving the wild animals, which are mentioned in the list, is forbidden". Fauna species of the project area are compared with the List 1 of the Central Hunt Commission Circular and the following species were determined: Mammals Species Erinaceus conca/or, 1838 Myotis myotis (Borkhausen, 1797) Sciurus vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1758) Dryomys nitedu/a (Pallas, 1779) Capreo/us capreo/us (Linnaeus, 1758) Common name (English) Eastern European hedgehog Large mouse-eared bat Eurasian red squirrel Forest dormouse Roe deer

24 Reptiles Species Common name (English) Cyrtopodion kotschyi Steindachner, 1870 Kotschy's Gecko Lacerta parva Boulenger, 1887 Dwarf Rock Lizard Lacerta trllineata Bedriaga, 1886 Lacerta viridis (Laurenti, 1768) Ophisops elegans Menetries, 1832 Coluber schmidti Nikolsky, 1909 Coronel/a austriaca Laurenti, 1768 Eirenis modestus (Martin, 1838) Natrix natrix (Linnaeus, 1758) Natrix tessel/ata (Laurenti, 1768) Birds Balkan Green Lizard Green Lizard Snake-eyed Lizard Large Whip Snake Smooth Snake Asia Minor Dwarf Snake Grass Snake Dice Snake Common name Species Common name (English) Species (English) Ciconia ciconia white stork Saxicola rubetra whinchat Pernis apivorus honey buzzard Saxicola torquata stonechat Neophron percnopterus egyptian vulture Oenanthe isabellina isabelline wheather Circaetus gallicus short-toed eagle Oenanthe oenanthe wheather Circus cyaneus hen harrier Oenanthe hispanica black-eared wheather Buteo buteo Buzzard Cettia cetti cetti's warbler Buteo rutinus lang-legged buzzard Acrocephalus scirpaceus read warbler Falco tinnunculus kestrel Hippolais pallida olivceous warbler Falco subbuteo hobby Hippolais olivetorum olive-tree warbler Falco biarmicus lanner Sylvia cantil/ans subalpine warbler Tringa(Actitis) hypoleucos comman sandpiper Sylvia hortensis orphean warbler Cuculus canorus cuckoo Sylvia atricapilla blackcap Tyto alba bam owl Phylloscopus collybita chiff chaff Athena noctua little owl Regulus regulus goldencrest Asiootus long-eared owl Muscicapa striata spotted flycatcher Apusapus swift Ficedula semitorquata semi-collored flycatcher Apus (Tachymarptis) melba alpine swift Ficedula albicollis collored flycatcher Merops apiaster beeather Ficedula hypoleuca pied flycatcher Coracias garrulus roller Panurus biarmicus bearded tit Upupa epops hoope Parus ater coal tit Picus viridis green woodpecker Parus caeruleus blue tit Dendrocopus major great-spotted woodpecker Parus major great tit Dendrocopus syriacus syrian woodpecker Sitta europaea nuthatch Dendrocopus minor lesser-spotted woodpecker Sitta neumayer rock nuthatch Calandrella brachydactyla short-toed lark Oriolus oriolus golden oriole Riparia riparia sand martin Lanius col/urlo red-backed shrike Hirundo rustica swallow Lanius minor lesser gray shrike Delichon urbica house martin Lanius excubitor great gray shrike Anthus campestris twany pipit Lanius senator woodchat shrike Anthus pratensis meadow pipit Carduelis chloris greenfinch Anthus cervinus red-throated pipit Carduelis carduelis goldfinch MotaciJa flava spp yellow wagtail Carduelis cannabina linnet Motacilla alba pied wagtail Loxia curvirostra crossbill Troglodytes troglodytes wren Coccothraustes coccothraustes hawfinch Erithacus rubecula robin Emberiza cia rock bunting Luscinia megarynchos nigtingale Emberiza caesia cretzschmar bunting Luscinia svecica bluethroat Emberlza pusilla lithe bunting rania gutturalis white-throated robin Emberiza melanocephala black-headed bunting Phoenicurus ochruros black redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus redstart

25 19) dentify the names of the streams that will be crossed by the transmission line and indicate them on the map. Their width and flow rate at the crossing point during the construction period should also be noted. Are there any aguatic species of ecological interest As explained in Chapter V.2.4 of the EA report (dated February 2005) there are a lot of continuous and ephemeral streams those cut the line or flow parallel. The list of the surface waters is given in Table 7 below. As it can be seen from the table, most of the streams are ephemeral and the other streams are not in the list of major streams flowing through Turkey. The average flows of the continuous streams presented in Table 7 are between 0.5 and 4 m 3 ts and the width of the largest stream is approximately m. Since the approximate distance between towers of the energy transmission line will be 300 m, cutting narrow streams will not create any impacts on the surface water bodies. However, in order to be on the safe side, construction works are conducted during dry seasons of the year and all mitigation measures for the protection of surface waters and aquatic species will be taken by the construction contractor. The tower feet would be placed away from these surface waters as far as possible and it would be kept away from the 'flood beds. During excavation no inflammable, explosive, hazardous or toxic material would be used, only the work machinery and digging implements etc. would be used. The towers would be placed far from the continuous and discontinuous streams, which flows parallel or cut the route, as far as possible and no digging would be performed in watery places. The material that would be formed during excavation would be used for filling processes and for leveling the area. For this reason there would be no excavation waste of the project. Therefore, no dumping will be conducted near surface water bodies. Besides, as explained in Chapter V.1.14 in the areas those have erosion risk drainage canals would be constructed at the sides of the service roads and by this way the sediment transportation to the streams would be prevented. When the aquatic species in the rivers of three provinces (Canakkale, Balikesir, Manisa) are investigated it was observed that none of the species are endemic and most of the species are not falling under the UCN Red List categories. Among the species, only Scardinus erythrophtha/amus (common name: rudd), Ruti/us ruti/us (common name: roach) and Chondrostoma nasus (common name: nase) are given in UCN list. However, the risk category of the species is defined by the UCN list as LRllc (low risk/least concern). Table 7. The Surtace Waters Located At The Project Area The Name of The Surface Water Km that The Surface Water Cuts The Line The Km and The Direction that The Surface Water Flows Parallel Soauksu Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Salihkahve Stream Km Dutluk Stream Km Km KemerCreek Km Km Kocaboaaz Stream Km ,east 8aglik Stream Km KocaCreek Km , Km Km and Km Canbogazi Stream Km Km Km , west Tekke Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Kavak Stream (ephemeral stream) Km33+4oo Maden Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Km , east Karamislar Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Gozem Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Kocaburun Stream (ephemeral stream) Km and Km

26 The Name of The Surface Water Km that The Surface Water Cuts The Line The Km and The Direction that The Surface Water Flows Parallel Erputluk Stream (ephemeral stream) Km and Km Can Creek Km Adaburun Stream Km Cukur Stream Km r Kanli Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Karaaydin Stream Km Km Km , north Akpinar Stream - - Km Kizik Stream (ephemeral stream) Km i Sarp Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Bicki Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Kurt Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Ufak Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Ayval Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Patlak Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Sirma Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Yalama Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Salman Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Doseme Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Katman Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Olucak Stream (ephemeral stream) - - Km Camdere Stream (ephemeral stream) - - Km Camtarla Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Comren Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Gumuslu Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Guraen Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Camdere Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Armutlubogazi Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Akyar Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Kanarya Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Sarlak Stream (ephemeral stream) Km ~eam (ephemeral stream) Km urdek Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Cataloluk Stream - Km Km Kovanlik Stream - Km Km Dede Stream Km Kizilcikli Stream Km Citalan Stream Km Km , West nce Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Yagcili Dere Km Sazlik Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Pinarcik Stream Km Km Kumkoy Stream Km Km Yenipinar Stream (ephemeral stream) Km Havizli Stream (ephemeral stream) Km ) Specify the Turkish design criteria for the minimal distance tower feet may be placed near a water body. f there are no Turkish criteria, what distance will be used and are these consistent with international criteria? What is the flood incidence used in Turkey (e.g. one in ten year flood)? Regarding placement of tower feet, there do not exist any limit according to Turkish regulations. When the international best practices about this issue is investigated, it can be suggested that tower feet and camp of workers should be located at least 100 feet (approximately 30 meters) away from the river/water body. During the design/feasibility studies of the energy transmission lines (installation of towers, wiring, etc.) 1 ~O-year 2-hr storm event is modeled. By the results of the modeling the 1'ood plains in the area is determined. f it becomes necessary to locate transmission line structures within floodplains, they would be designed and constructed so as not to impede the flow of any waterway or create any hazards during a flood event. Construction activity within floodplains could result in erosion and sedimentation impacts, especially if flooding occurred during the construction period. Support structures and maintenance

27 access routes in the floodplain would not be located in obvious flood channels and thus should not significantly affect flooding. Careful installation of structures should eliminate the possibility of significant scour. 21) Please indicate (in meters) the criteria for placement of access roads. How far away from various defined areas (e.g. population centers, surface water bodies, etc.) As mentioned in Answer 3, mostly the existing roads will be used during the construction and operation phases of 380 kv Karabiga - Can - Soma TPS Energy Transmission Line. However, if opening of an access road is inevitable then the important points (again listed in Answer 3) will be taken into consideration. There are not any Turkish criteria for the construction of access roads in Turkey, however some restrictions were defined by various laws and regulations. Such as; the access roads should not pass through the protected areas, if roads will be placed near surface water bodies and in flood plains necessary precautions against erosion risk should be taken, etc. 22) Please provide details in the EMP of the specific type of bird repellants that would be used, where on the transmission line they would be installed and the interval distance between them (e.g. between 73 to 97 km at 50 meter intervals) Some mechanical measures should be taken in order to prevent especially perching and nesting of raptors to towers in transmission line. Firstly, along the line route especially in open lands, e.g. agricultural and valley areas, where raptors try to find food, frightening balloons (see Terror eyes) could be placed in 100 m intervals. Specifications of the terror eyes are given in the EMP Report "Migrating Birds Management Plan". Ornithological monitoring will be continued after the line is in operation. By this way, problematic points of the line for birds will be determined and for removing the birds, sonic and ultrasonic bird repelling devices will be placed to the problematic points. Together with this, spiky apparatus (see bird repellent), which prevent perching and nesting to towers, will be used. Terror eyes Bird repellent

28 23) Please provide details in EMP as to the specific procedures to be followed according to Turkish regulation regarding "chance find" of culturally significant artifacts n case of coinciding any cultural asset during the construction works, the construction is immediately stopped, the excavation area is surrounded by a protection band and the Directorate of Cultural and Natural Assets Conservation Committee of the Province is informed immediately. The archeology experts of the Directorate pay a visit to the site and give a final decision about the following progress of the construction works. For taking the necessary measures in case of chance find cultural assets, Construction Contractor and TEAS are responsible. Detailed information on this subject is given in "Cultural and Historical Assets Management Plan" of the EMP Report.. 24) Provide a discussion criteria used to site worker construction camps, where they would receive water, how would sewage and garbage be managed, and indicate on the map the approximate locations of these camps Generally it will not be preferred to install worker construction camps for the energy transmission line projects, which are passing nearby settlements. nstead of this, workers will be settled in the nearest settlements. Since there are a lot of population centers along the project route, the house would be rented in the population centers in the close vicinity for the stay of the workers as far as possible. By taking into consideration that, workers will have a necessity for campsites for some of the places during the project right of way, some suitable campsites are also suggested. The suggested worker construction camps can be seen in Figure 3. The water need would be met by the city networks at the places those are inside the boundaries of the municipalities or by providing from the nearest municipality and transporting by a tanker to the area at the places those are outside of the boundaries of the municipalities. The wastewaters those would be formed during the construction of the energy transmission line and sourced from the worker camps would have domestic characteristic in general. f houses were rented for the workers in the nearby settlements, domestic wastewaters would be connected to the sewer system of the village/district. f establishing a worksite is needed, the wastewater would be collected to the impermeable, closed and ventilated septic tanks those would be placed at a suitable place in the worksite area. The septic tanks would be appropriate to Turkish Water Pollution Control Regulation (dated 31 December 2004 and No Official Gazette) and the Regulation on Pit Opening Where Sewer System Construction is not Applicable (dated 19 March 1971 and no Official Gazette). The wastewater collected in the septic tanks would be taken by the nearest municipality regularly. The declarations that the wastewaters collected in the septic tanks would be taken by Soma, Biga, vrindi and Venice Municipalities are presented in Appendix A of the EA Report (dated February 2005).

29 The solid wastes produced by the construction workers and the construction wastes would be collected separately and it would be ensured to be taken by the municipality or a licensed recycle plant. The declarations that the solid wastes collected in the camp sites would be taken by Soma, Biga, vrindi and Venice Municipalities are presented in Appendix A of the EA Report (dated February 2005). 25) Elaborate on the principles established for the waste materials Within the coverage of the project, the total excavation amount for 526 towers would be 56,808 m3. The topsoil would be grazed and stored during digging hollows for the tower feet and after that the construction works would be started. The material that would be formed during excavation would be used for filling processes and for leveling the area. For this reason there would be no excavation waste of the project. The topsoil, that would be stored separately from the excavation material, would be spread uniformly to the area that it had been grazed. For this reason, there would be a temporary effect during the construction works. n this matter the principles of Regulation on Excavation, Construction and Demolition Wastes, that became valid after published at the Official Gazette dated 18 March 2004 and No , would be followed. The excavation material formed during the grazing and excavation processes performed within the coverage of the project, as explained would be used for filling processes and smoothing the area. The striped topsoil would be spread to the area after finishing the filling processes. Consequently there would be no excavation wastes in the construction phase and the solid wastes would be only the domestic solid wastes, packing wastes and construction wastes. Approximately 30 people would work during the construction of the project. The daily solid waste of one people is assumed as 0.7 kg. Therefore, 30 people x 0.7 kg day =21 kg day domestic solid waste will be generated. Waste shall be systematically collected and all types of solid wastes will be separated for recycling or re-use (lumber, scrap metal, etc.) or proper handling and disposal. No solid waste shall be disposed of or buried on the site. llegal dumping, either at the construction camp, along public roads or in the surrounding areas, or into the river shall not be allowed. The domestic solid wastes would be collected to suitable containers in the worksite area and it would be ensured to taken by the related municipality regularly. Letters taken by Soma Municipality, Directorate of Public Works, (dated ), Biga Municipality, Directorate of nfrastructural Works, (dated ), vrindi Municipality (dated ), Venice Municipality, (dated ), indicate that solid wastes produced in the project site in the site will be collected by charging fee. The construction wastes would be collected in yellow colored temporary collection containers and the waste types would be written on them. These wastes would not be mixed with the domestic or hazardous wastes. These wastes those would not be used by the contractor firm would be ensured to taken by the municipality or they would be sent to a licensed recycle or disposal plant by a licensed transportation firm. All correspondence related to this subject would be performed by the contractor firm. The usable packing wastes would be separated and the rest would be sold to the recycle plant.

30 No solid wastes that are not biologically degradable would be kept in the project area. The pruned plant stems, branches etc. would be spread to the areas to create habitat (at the places, which have no fire risk). According to the demands of the field owners or local community these plant stems could be discarded with the other solid wastes. About this subject the principles of the Turkish Package and Package Wastes Control Regulation, that became valid after published at the Official Gazette dated 30 July 2004 and no , the principles of Turkish Regulation on Excavation, Construction and Demolition Wastes (Official Gazette dated 18 March 2004 and no ), the principles of Turkish Solid Waste Control Regulation (Official Gazette dated 14 March 1991 and no ), and the adjustments (Official Gazette dated 03 March 1991 and no , dated 22 February 1992 and no , dated 02 November 1994 and no , dated 15 September 1998 and no and dated 18 August 1999 and no ), and the principles of Turkish Soil Pollution Control Regulation published in the Official Gazette dated 10 December 2001 and no would be followed. Operation Phase: After the commission of the energy transmission line, the maintenance crews would perform the maintenance of the route every six months by traveling along the line route. At most 2 carriages would be used for the maintenance of the line and the emission due to the exhausts of these vehicles would be at an unimportant level. The usable material, that would be left after the maintenance and repair works, would be sent to the material depots to transport them to the transformer station, that needs them. The material, that could not be used anymore (torn wires, broken insulators etc.) would be sold as scrap or sent to a licensed recycle or disposal plant of construction wastes. Hazardous Waste Management Plan Another subject that should be dealt with in this chapter is the hazardous wastes of the project. The wastes due to the material like oil, paint etc, that would be used for construction activities, and the materials like tin, barrel etc, that are contaminated by oil are in the category of hazardous waste. However, within the scope of the project this type of waste would exist at very limited amount. n the project the precautions below would be taken to prevent the risks of the hazardous wastes for the people and the environment. Within the scope of the project experts and personnel that have knowledge about hazardous wastes would be employed and using protection equipment by the personnel would be ensured at all the works related to this type of wastes. The hazardous wastes would be collected in an impermeable area, labeled, as visible and warning boards would be hanged. The field discussed would be whether closed or the top would be covered to protect effectively from rain and the sun. All the hazardous wastes would be collected at the containers; those would be placed in this area. Mixing of the different types of the wastes would be prevented. Waste oil containers would be red in color and "waste oil" label would be placed on them. Mixing of the other materials like water, petrol, fuel-oil, paint, detergent, solvent, antifreeze, engine oil etc. to these containers would be prevented. The hazardous wastes would be send to a licensed recycle or disposal plant periodically. The same application would be applied to all kinds of materials (oil, paint tins, barrels etc.), which have polluted or contaminated with this wastes, this wastes would not be fixed with solid wastes. Transportation of the wastes to the disposal plant would be arranged by a licensed transporter.

31 n case of any pouring or contamination, the poured material would be cleaned by using absorbents like sand, wood-shavings etc. and it would be sent to the licensed disposal plant with other hazardous wastes. n this matter, Turkish Hazardous Waste Control Regulation dated 27 August 1995, Turkish Waste Oil Control Regulation dated 21 January 2004 and The Soil Pollution Control Regulation, which became valid after being published in the Official Gazette dated 10 December 2001 and no , would be followed. For taking the above-listed mitigation activities, Construction Contractor, TEAS, and Municipalities are responsible during the construction phase. 26) ndicate in the EMP that all construction machinerv would be required to meet EU standards for noise and that construction activity would only be conducted durinq daytime (if nighttime construction is necessarv. specify in the EMP that the local public would be notified at least one week in advance) The equipment used for the construction and operation activities will comply with the EU noise standards and during the activities the impact of the created noise levels will not exceed the limits determined under the Turkish Noise Control Regulation in the nearest settlements. Details on noise issues are presented in "Noise Management Plan" of the EMP Report. The people living in the population center around would be informed about the duration of the construction works and no works would be performed between 22:00 and 06:00. f nighttime construction is necessary, the local public would be notified at least one week in advance. For taking the mitigation activities (regarding noise issues) listed in the EMP, Construction Contractor and TEAS are responsible during the construction phase. 27) ndicate the specific type of worker equipment included in the Turkish Labor Law that will be used in the project The protective equipment for workers are detailed in "Environmental Health and Safety Management Plan" of the EMP Report. For taking the necessary mitigation activities, regarding the labor safety Construction Contractor and TEAS are responsible during the construction and operation phase. Safety And Health At Work Material List is prepared by Department of Training and Health and Safety of TEAS according to the Regulations related to Labor Law and Safety numbered as A) Head Protectors a) Helmets used in industrial activities (mine, construction sites, and other industrial areas), b) Protection of hair and head (caps, bonnets, hairnets, with or without visor), c) Protective cap (bonnets made of normal fabric or proof fabric, caps, sailor cap etc.)

32 B) Ear Protectors a) Ear plugs or similar equipment b) Fully acoustic helmets c) Earlaps concordant to industrial helmets d) Ear protectors having closed-circuit communication receiver e) Ear protectors equipped with internal communication C) Eye and Face Protectors a) Glasses b) Protective glasses (as diver glasses) c) X-ray glasses, laser glasses, ultra-violet, infrared, visible radiation glasses d) Face covers e) Masks and helmets for arc welding (masks held with hand, masks attached to head or protective caps) D) Respiration System Protectors a) Gas, dust, and radioactive dust filtered masks b) Respiration equipment with air feeder c) Respiration equipment having welding mask d) Diver equipment e) Diving suit E) Hand and Arm Protectors a) Special protective gloves: Against machines (being punctured, cut, vibration etc.) Against chemicals Against electric and heat b) One fingered gloves c) Finger covers d) Armlets e) Wrist protectors for heavy works (wristband) f) Mittens g) Protective gloves,. F) Foot and Leg Protectors a) Normal shoes, boots, long boots, security boots b) Shoes untied easily c) Finger protective shoes d) Shoes and shoe covers resistant to heat e) Boots and leggings resistant to heat f) Thermal shoe and boot covers g) Shoes and boots resistant to vibration h) Antistatic shoe and boot covers i) solated shoe and boot covers j) Protective boots for chain saw operators k) Wood based shoes ) Portable top shoe protectors m) Knee guards n) Leggings 0) Portable inner soles (resistant to heat, puncturing, sweat proof) p) Portable pins (for ice, snow and sliding surfaces)

33 G) Skin Protectors a) Protective creams b) Salves H) Body and Abdominal Region Protectors a) Protective vest, coat, and aprons to protect against machines (against puncturing, cutting, and bouncing melted metals) b) Protective vest, coat, and aprons to protect against chemicals c) Heater vests d) Lifeguard vests e) Protective aprons against X-rays f) Body belts ) Body Protectors. a) Equipment used for falls Preventive equipment for falling (with all appliances) Breaking equipment that absorb kinetic energy (with all. appliances) Equipment that hold body in space (parachute belt) b) Protective clothes Protective business cloth (double and jump suit) Protective clothe against machines (against puncturing, cutting etc.) Protective clothe against chemicals Protective clothe against infrared radiation and bouncing melted metals Clothe resistant to heat Thermal clothe Protective clothe against radioactive waste Dust proof clothe Gas proof clothe Cloth with fluorescent material and reflector, and its appliances (Arm ties, gloves etc.) Protective covers 28) Please indicate the Turkish (or EU) standards for electric and magnetic field strengths at the edge of the ROWand demonstrate (by calculation) that the tower height designs are sufficient to insure compliance with these standards The exposure limit values for EMAs those are caused by the transmission lines in Turkey are determined by the standard namely "Exposure of People to Electromagnetic Fields - Low Frequencies (0 Hz - 10Hz)" that is in the TS ENV dated 01 April 1996 and no CS edition of Turkish Standards nstitute (TSE). These values which are also the same with the European Union Standards are given in Table 8.

34 Table 8. The Umit Values Detennined by Turkish Standards nstitute About Exposure to EMAs The Reference Values of Exposure to 50 Hz Electromagnetic Field Exposure Conditions Electric Field (kvlm) Magnetic Field Worlceno 30 t(hour) S BOE(kVlm)* 16 G (16,000 mg)** : Community G (6,400 mg)*", t: time (hour), E: Electric field intensity (kvlm); Electric field intensity (kvlm) x exposure time (hour), should not pass the value of SO for full time. 250 G is acceptable for arms and legs. **"* 100 G is acceptable for arms and legs. TEAS, 2001 The standards those were prepared by accepted by Non-onizing Radiation Committee (lnrc) 01' nternational Radiation Protection Association (RPA) and accepted by United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) are presented in Table 9. WHO) Table 9. The Umit Values Detennined About Exposure to EMAs by Non-onizing Radiation Committee (accepted by The Reference Values of Exposure to Hz Electromagnetic Field Exposure Conditions Electric Field (kvlm) Magnetic Field Worlceno Full time 10 5 G (5,000 mg) Short time' G (50,000 mg) Organs (Ann, leg etc.) G (250,000 mg) Community 24 hour/day 5 1 G (1,000 mg) A few hours a day G (10,000 mg) * For the fields at kvlm level, field intensity (kvlm) x exposure time (hour), for full time should not pass the value SO. The magnetic field intensity that the whole bodyis exposed to two hours a dayshould not pass 50 G. TEAS.2001 n addition to the limit values, a comprehensive study about EMAs those are caused by high voltage energy transmission lines was performed by TEAS and TUBTAK National Metrology nstitute in According to the results of the measurements taken in this study, the EMA intensities caused by the 380 kv transmission lines are between 1 and 3 kv/m (for electric field) and between 35 and 60 mg (for magnetic field). When these values are compared with the standards given above, it can be observed that the values are much more lower than the limit values determined by WHO and TSE. For this reason, the electric and magnetic fields caused by the 380 kv Karabiga - Can - Soma TPS Energy Transmission Line would be unimportant. t should also be noted here that, in Turkey, the tower heights are designed in order to satisfy EMA value being below 10 kv/m even in worst conditions. 29) When completing the attached form for the EMP, kindly be as guantitative as possible regarding distances, limit values (for dust. noise, electric/magnetic fields) etc. Quantitative values are included in the Mitigation Plan and Monitoring Plan given in the EMP Report.

35 iii. APPENDX A ENVRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR 380 KV KARABGA-CAN-SOMA ENERGY TRANSMSSON LNE PROJECT

36 380 kv KARABGA - CAN - SOMA ENERGY TRANSMSSON LNE PROJECT ENVRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PLAN (EMP) - FNAL REPORT 1. PURPOSE AND SCOPE Electric power transmission is the bulk transfer of electricity from one place to another. Typically, power transmission occurs between a power generation facility and a substation located in close proximity to consumers. Power distribution refers to the delivery of electricity from a substation to consumers located in residential, commercial, and industrial areas. Project development and construction activities typically include access road construction or upgrade, site preparation and development, removal of select vegetation, if any, and the grading and excavation of soils for the installation of structural foundations and site utilities. These activities are typical of industrial development projects and depend upon a number of factors, including topography, hydrology, and desired site layout, among others. The 380 kv Karabiga - Can - Soma Thermal Power-Station energy transmission line project is planned to start from Kiyi Gemi Transformer Station (TS), that is located at the Degirmencik village, and end at Soma Thermal Power-Station, Soma. t is planned that the economical life of the project will be 30 years. The project, that would ensure to meet the existing energy need of the provinces Canakkale, Balikesir and Manisa and would form an infrastructure for the future investments, has importance especially for the region. All the works for the establishment of the project will be performed along a route that has a width of 50 m and 526 towers are planned to be fixed for the energy line that will be established. After the installation of the towers, the transmission line is integrated into the national energy system of the country and the operation phase of the transmission line starts. Operational activities may include maintenance of access to the transmission lines, towers and substations (e.g. low-impact trails or new improved access roads) and vegetation management. Upgrades and maintenance for existing infrastructure are a consideration throughout the life cycle of the project. Power transmission and distribution facilities are decommissioned when they are obsolete, damaged (e.g. by corrosion) or replaced due to increased power demand. Many power facilities are replaced with new or updated equipment at the same site or right-ofway. For the 380 kv Karabiga - Can - Soma Thermal Power-Station energy transmission line project an EA report was prepared and submitted to Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) and received an "EA Positive" decision on February 14, n addition to the EA Report, preparation of an Environmental Management Plan was found to be necessary for a better implementation of the mitigation measures and monitoring activities in practical. The Environmental Management Plan (EMP) covers mitigation measures for significant adverse environmental impacts and describes the monitoring and institutional requirements necessary to implement this EMP. Mitigation and monitoring activities are considered for different phases of the project as: Construction Operation DecommisSioning

37 n the following sections, mitigation and monitoring plans and relevant environmental coordination requirements are presented. 2. ORGANZATONS AND AGENCES RESPONSBLE FOR EMP MPLEMENTATON The key organizations for the implementation of EMP will be the Turkish Electricity Transmission Corporation (TEAS). n addition to this, during different phases of the project different parties (construction contractor, Provincial Directorate of Environment and Forestry, etc.) will be responsible for most of the issues. The Mitigating Table summarizes the principle roles and responsibilities of the organizations and agencies responsible for the implementation of the relevant measures given in this EMP. Moreover, the Monitoring Table defines the responsible authorities for the monitoring activities of the planned project during construction, operation and decommissioning phases. t is recommended that the tender dossiers for the construction should include environmental obligations the constructor(s) has to fulfill. These consist of: EMP specification included in the EA report; Environmental and health and safety related obligations, which additionally may arise as part of any necessary permit (from e.g. Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF), Ministry of Health, etc.); Other environmental considerations, which may arise in the meantime. 3. PROJECT DESCRPTON 3.1. Nature of the nvestment Establishing and operating an energy transmission line (ETL), that passes through Biga, Can and Venice, Districts of Canakkale Province, Balya, vrindi and Savastepe, the Districts of Balikesir, Soma, District of Manisa, has 380 kv with single circuit conductor of and approximately 158 km long, is planned in the project. After the completion of the environmental impact assessment and ensuring the financial resource from World Bank, the line, that is planned to be constructed by TEAS, will have an economic life of 30 years. The frequently occurring failures and the incapacity in meeting the electric need of the existing 154 kv energy transmission line, that transports electric between Biga, District of Canakkale and Soma, District of Manisa, causes economical losses at the region. n addition, as it is defined at the Electric Market Customer Services Regulation, that is published at the Official Gazette dated 25 September 2002 and no , the juridical person, who undertakes the distribution action, should serve as to offer enough, good quality and continuous electrical energy to all customers, and besides, should ensure good quality and continuous electrical energy to people, that are served, except the special reasons of force majeure or programmed cuttings. For these reasons, a new 380 kv energy transmission line is taken into agenda in addition to the existing 154 kv energy transmission line for not to cause environmental and economical losses. The project became important on account of preventing the faults and the cuttings and avoiding the local economical loss. The 380 kv Karabiga - Can - Soma Thermal Power-Station (TPS) ETL Project is planned to start from Kiyi Gemi Transformer Station (TS), that is located at the Degirmencik Village, and end at Soma Thermal Power-Station, that is located at the Soma District.

38 t is planned to develop/strengthen the existing Kiyi Gemi TS, which the line will be connected to, after the construction phase of the project is finished. The line, that ends at 1,084 MW Soma TPS, is important on account of ensuring continuous energy to customers all around Turkey, especially West Anatolia and the foundation of the project will influence the regional economy and indirectly the Turkish economy positively. The project, that will ensure to meet the existing energy demand of the three provinces and form the substructure for the future investments, has a special importance Description of the Project Activities The works for constructing the energy transmission line can be defined as the infrafitting, the upperfitting and the wiring of the towers. At the infrafitting, the base of the towers will be placed into four hollows and concreted after putting iron bars around the base of the tower for fixing. The infrastructure needed for earthing is prepared at this phase. At the upperfitting, after placing the base of the towers to the hollows, electric tower will be constructed by bolting the galvanized steel pylons to each other. After the construction of the tower, the insulators will be fixed to these pylons. For the wiring process a wiring machine will be used, during wiring, protection wires will be wired from the tower of the towers for protection from thunderbolts, various bird repellents will be attached to the towers for keeping the birds away from the energy transmission line. Firstly, the land use on the transmission line route will be changed at the areas that the towers will be installed during the construction work. The construction work will be concentrated especially in the areas that the towers will be installed, so the destruction of the 50 m corridor along the route is not under discussion. Sut during wiring, which is the last phase of the line construction, the works will be performed for a short period of time inside this corridor. Totally 526 towers are planned to be installed along the route and 200 m 2 of area for the towers and 400 m 2 of area for the angle point is needed. Therefore, approximately 11 ha of area will be used along the route during the construction works in total. Since, there will be no inconvenience to continue the agricultural activities at the fields under the wires, there will be no change in the land use of the fields during the operation phase Location of the Project Residential Areas The route of the project, that is about 158 km long, passes through 3 provinces (Canakkale, Salikesir and Manisa), Siga, Can and Venice, Districts of Canakkale Province, Salya, vrindi and Savastepe Districts of Salikesir and Soma District of Manisa. The list of the residential areas that are close to the project route is given in Table A.1.

39 Table A.1. Nearest Residential Areas to the Project Site LKm Residential Area Direction Distance to The Census Date Population (village or guarter district) Route em) Be~oba Parish BiQa west NA NA Degirmencik BiQa west 1, Eskibalikli Biga west Karacaali Biga east BaJiklicesme Biga west 2, Goktepe Biga east 1, i 19+tiGundogdu Biga west 1, Danisment Biga west 1, Cihadiye Biga west 1, Yanic Biga west 2, Celtik BiQa west 1, Hacilar Can east Altikulac Can east 2, Yeniceri Can west 2, i Maltepe Can east 2, Comakli Can east 2, Yaykin Can east Sameteli Yen ice west Calk0:i Venice northeast 1, , Cinarcik Venice south 1, Asagikaraasik Yenice north 2, Davutkoy Yen ice north 2, ! Nevruz Venice northeast Cakiroba Venice northeast 2, Venice District west 1, , Seyvan Venice northeast Namazgah Venice ~west 1, Baskoz Venice east 2, Gundogdu Venice northeast Kayatepe Venice 1, Bayatlar Venice 2, Korukoy Venice northeast 1, Boynanlar Venice southwest Altiparmak Venice northeast 1,500 NA NA Hasanlar Venice southwest 1,500 NA NA Alancik Venice southwest Pinar Quarter Balya northeast 900 NA NA Diboba Quarter Bal~a northeast 1,500 NA NA i Haciyusuflar Quarter Balya southwest Yaylacik Balya southwest 2, Bengiler Balya northeast Cigdem Bal~a southwest 2, Haciisalar Parish Balya southwest 1,400 NA NA Habipler Balya southwest 2, Kasikci Balya northeast i Goktepe 1~lya northeast Medrese Balya northeast 1, Akbas Bal'la southwest 1, Gomenic Balya northeast 2, Kocabuk Salya southwest ! Soganbuku lvrindi northeast 1, ,038 ll Akcal vrindi northeast 1, Akcaloren lvrindi northeast Kirazkoy lvrindi northeast 2, Komurcu vrindi 750 NA NA Buyukfindik lvrindi southwest 1, Yaren lvrindi northeast 2, Erdel/lvrindi east Ada Quarter lvrindi east 1,250 NA NA i Kucukfindik vrindi west 1, Alikose Quarter lvrindi west 700 NA NA Cukuroba vrindi west 2, sadere Savastepe southwest Eyerci Savastape southwest 1, ncirli Quarter Savastepe southwest 2, Pinarli Quarter Savastepe southwest 1,000 NA NA Beykoy Savastepe northeast Kurukabaagac Savastepe southwest 750 NA NA

40 Km Residential Area Direction Distance to The Census Date Population (village or quarter district) Route (mt Ak[1inar Savaste[1e northeast i Koledere Savaste[1e east 1,250 NA NA Ciftlikderel Savastepe southwest 2, Cali Quarter Savastepe east 1,000 NA NA i Karacalar Savastepe east Savastepe District east 1, ,355 i Kurudere Savastepe west 1, Karacam Soma west 2, Kiziloren Soma southeast 2, Kumkoy Soma west Heciz Soma west 1, Kucukisiklar Soma west 2,500 NA NA Be~cel Soma east 1, Hatunkoy Soma southwest 1, Fatih Quarter Soma southwest 1,250 NA NA stasyon Quarter Soma southwest 800 NA NA Menderes Quarter Soma southwest 250 NA NA Ataturk Quarter Soma southwest 1,500 NA NA Linyit Quarter Soma southwest 1,500 NA NA Yeni Quarter Soma southwest 1,250 NA NA Soma District southwest 2, ,038 NA: Not available - No recorded data Protection Areas Areas under protection are classified in various ways and protection status of each area is different in Turkey. Table A.2 summarizes the types of protected areas, Definition Protection Target, level of protection and relevant regulatory base. Table A.2. Classification of Protected Areas in Turkey Type of Area Definition Protection Target Level of Protection Regulatory Base First Degree Natural A site specified for preservation No activity that will effect/damage Conservation of Cultural and Protected Site for public benefit due to public vegetation, topography and Natural Assets Law (No: interest, rarity, specific landscape is allowed. 2863); July 21,1983 characteristics, aesthetic value and or scientific value. Principal Resolutions of the High Committee of Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets i November 5,1999 (DeCision. No: 659). Second Degree A site with some degree of No construction activities except Conservation of Cultural and Natural Protected Site protection status, which may be touristic facilities with touristic Natural Assets Law (No: used for development, subject to investment or operation licences 2863); July 21,1983 sufficient, controls being in place and ancillary facilities. Also, to protect the site. public benefit projects only. PrinCipal Resolutions of the High Committee of Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets November 5, 1999 (Decision i No: 659). Third Degree Natural A site of lower protection status, Can be used for development Conservation of Cultural and Protected Site which may, under certain considering the potential and use Natural Assets Law (No: circumstances, be used for of the region. 2863); July 21,1983 National Parks development. Natural areas with protection, recreation and touristic sites having national and international rare natural and cultural Principal Resolutions of the High Committee of Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets November 5, 1999 (Decision No: 659). Plans, projects and investments National Parks Law of governmental agencies and (No: 2873); August 09, 1983 organizations are allowed (with permission of Ministry of i resource values regarding Agriculture and Rural Affairs)! i scientific and aesthetic view L

41 l! iii li iii. ~ T e of Area Definition Protection Tar et Level of Protection Natural Parks Natural sites appropriate for Construction of touristic facilities National Parks Law public recreation with vegetation are allowed for public use at the (No: 2873); August 09, 1983 and wildlife characteristics i national and natural parks outside the touristic region, area and centers (with the permission of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Nature Protection Area Natural Asset Wildlife Protection and Development Area The Authority for the Protection of Special Areas (APSA) L Rare, under threatened ecosystems and species and natural sites containing special assets that should be necessarily protected (used for scientific and educational purposes) Natural sites protected within the scope of national parks principles, with natural characteristics and scientific values A site specified for preservation and continuity together with flora and fauna due to wildlife characteristics Ecologically important sites sensitive to environmental pollution and disturbance with historical and natural assets Used for only scientific and educational purposes (These studies may include the scientific investigations to obtain detailed information about the protected site or to define the mitigation measures for the protection of these sites.) Plans, projects and investments of governmental agencies and organizations are allowed (with the permission of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs) Construction of touristic facilities are allowed for public use at the national and natural parks outside the touristic region. area and centers (with permission of ' Ministry of Agriculture and Rural! Affairs No activities except the ones stated in the management and approved plans. Projects with public benefit are allowed. Facilities which have adverse effects on these sites. although not located within the boundaries of the protected site, are not allowed. f exists. no discharge without treatment is allowed. No solid waste disposavstorage facilities are allowed at the rotection sites. All facilities to be constructed within the boundaries of this site are dependent on the permission and monitoring of the Authority for the Protection of Special Areas. Allowable facilities are determined according to the issues stated in the Decree with Force of Law on the Establishment of the Authority for the Protection of S ecial Areas. National Parks Law (No: 2873); August 09, 1983 National Parks Law (No: 2873); August 09, 1983 nland Hunting Law (No:4915); July Regulation on Wildlife Protection and Development Areas (No: 25637); November 8, 2004 Decree with Force of Law on the Establishment of the Authority for the Protection of Special Areas (No: 383); October Within the investigation corridor (2.5 km right and 2.5 km left of the route) for Karabiga Can-Soma energy transmission line, there are no protected natural areas except Manisa Soma Sifadag Wild Life Development Site, and the most important species that exists in the field is "roe-deer". The borders of the wild life development area can be seen in Figure A.1. The field starts from Yagcili Town at the north and extends towards Dededagi Hill and Daztepe Ridges at the south. The area is located 300 m east of the planned project route. At the same time this area is determined as the area in which hunting is forbidden by Central Hunting Commission.

42 t;l... j., ? ' -' ;.-, ~,. i.. /.. '.i.~-.;,./r,t" 1 "'",. ''(' : '# ", l' ~ l.'... ;'. _:',.r:.::.; ; r.,'. ~..,(. ;.. f t -.:. '~. " ".P.'" ' /.. _..; ( ;:. ; :~~, :"./, 1 ",,' if' t. j.,,~. ". '.J/. /. '!",),; -!.. " ", ' #,-, -,.,;; ~'Ot'" -:-, rf.'r --,,. rf~ :-r-' ''"... ~..,:..! '.1 /, ~t..1,; ~', f!j p. '~:,"...;';,!. ~._,.h '. :- ~"j'... ;:f:' /' " ;~/ f. r.'r'; ~. '. 'J~'~; g: -"...; _... J..., /., '. ~. r ' ",,'~., (.',~ r',' /,, ) '.. ~ ~. t 'i 't.! ' (!",l '; ~ 'l f "1 " --,P'~ /; " ""'1'.,.',. ',1/.'"./ ".../,,,: ~~ :.1 t :.. ~ _,~,..'- f~ ' ~fl CALKOV.fCALET8PS.:;~;'...' ".....,,-!._"... r. _...,..,".f>', r ' '.,.,1 f ' (. '~ l " "",Of','~i,: '.'. 'r /.'.\ '~/ ';: -.,...., T... : ;.!v'? ~:~ :" ;'.~.~'~'..:;. ~,' 'f ; 11 ',... t1j-'t r'.. ).' ;, ~-",,.. ~'.-.. '.. ~ :~ "',. ', ',r,: t~'".:.;:: ;;~{~.., ( ~r ;",',: ;,, - '.. ' :.r, ; :.' " ;~...#" ~P, ~ ;.'.~,. /.." ~/..,,: "~\r,.tf ,Jr.p jv /, :'j)" ' / ,.;.,... t',.!.:t" ' :- ";,.,.P. r.. (- - /J::~' ' ~ '." /.:'" r.~" f' /.A ~f ~." ') ~ -. rt~ ~S, lid ~A~'.,;,; -'. ~,-r.,-; P" :-,,';.- ". : ", ;'1 ~" '( ~. ~,.....!!.~.,~.,,01',. ij _.,.,..- r '~ '. (..t.", J" ~ ~ l' - Q) Q) M M ':t ':t r r,.., M M ':t '"... ':t _ VVlLD LFE DEVELOPMENT AREA _ RAMSAR STES * n M PROTECTED AREAS SEffiEMENTS ':t ':t o C=:J_c:::J' km Figure A.1. Protected Areas and Bird Migration Route in the Vicinity of the Right of Way of 380 kv Karabiga-Can-Soma Energy Transmission Line n M

43 n the construction phase, in spite of being outside of the impact area, to minimize the effects over Capreolus capreolus (roe-deer) and the other mammal species, those exist in the Wild Life Development Site (Manisa Province), no service roads will be constructed inside the protected area, the workers will be informed and trained by the contractor company, machines and personnel will not go out of the construction area and the precautions will be regularly applied for not to exceed the limit value of the noise and dust production at the reproduction season (July-end of August) of the roe-deers. According to the cultural inventories that were prepared by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, General Directorate of Cultural Assets and Museums, all the cultural assets in the vicinity of the project area were reviewed and the list of them are provided in Table A.3 below. Table A.3. Cultural Assets in the Vicinity of the Project Area Province Protected Areas Distance to ROW (closest distance is shown) Balikeslr Davutkoy Ancient Settlement (1"' degree archeological site) Davutkoy Tumulus and Graveyard (1 st degree natural and archeological site) Calkoy-Kaletepe (1"' degree natural and archeological site) 0.5km 1.7km 0.7 km* Uyucek Tepe Tumulus Manisa 0.2km (Protected Archeological Site/Mound).. *: The onglnal route of the transmission line defined by TEAS was passing through the Kaletepe archeological site, however it was suggested in the EA report (dated February 2005) to move the project right of way 0.7 km west of the protected site and that alternative route was approved by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. As it was noted before, the original route of the transmission line defined by TEAS was passing through the Kaletepe archeological site, however it was suggested in the EA report (dated February 2005) to move the project right of way 0.7 km west of the protected site and that alternative route was approved by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Although, the other listed cultural assets are far away from the right of way, some mitigation measures will be taken in case of observing any cultural asset during the construction works Land Use The land use conditions and the soil properties of the project route are determined according to the Land Use Maps of General Directorate of Rural Services (KHGM) dated 1998 and The agricultural areas, forests, and the nonagricultural areas like shrubberies, pastures, population centers and water surfaces, are the basic field usage types in the project area. On the route the basic land use type is agriculture. The share of agriculture in the existing land use is 49.84%. Along the project route it is seen that the land use capability of the agricultural areas, at which the rain-fed and irrigated agriculture are performed, the vineyards and the olive groves are Class,,, V, V and V generally. There are eight soil capability classes (soil productivity decrease from Class to Class V) in Turkish regulations. The first four classes have the ability to grow up well the culture plants and meadow-pasture plants by a well soil control. At the other classes growing needs more work and even at Class V fields in spite of taking products with

44 effective and expensive improvement works, the products taken cannot meet the investments. t is seen that the irrigated agriculture is performed at the fields, those have Class and usage capability, and the rain-fed agriculture is performed at all types of usage capability. The olive groves are present at. Class agricultural soils, but the vineyards are seen at the fields, those have Class and Class V usage capability. At the 5 km corridor that is defined as survey corridor, in general the defined uses of the fields are irrigated agriculture at the alluvial soil. These are noncalcareous brown forest soil, noncalcareous brown soil, red Mediterranean soil, brown forest soil and red brown Mediterranean soil (KHGM, 1999 /alb/c). The percentages of the shrubberies, forests, pastures, agricultural areas, settlement, surface water and the undefined areas in the 5 km survey area at the right and left of the route, are 22.13%, 18.22%, 3.79%, 49.84%, 3.33%, 0.65% and 2.03% respectively. As it was stated in the EA Report (dated February 2005), 141 plant species, which are at species and subspecies level, are determined in the project area and in the investigation corridor. None of these plants are endemic for our country. Only raising the transmission towers a few meters at Can - Venice, Yen ice - Balikesir, Komurculer - Buyuk findik, Savastepe - Danisment and Goktaslar regions, where the Pinus brutia (Calabrian pine) forests are very dense, will prevent the damage given to the forest formation at these places. According to the field observations and to the information gathered by Forestry Directorate of Balikesir (Savastepe) the Calabrian pines have an average height of m at that region. Therefore, it can be suggested that the transmission towers should be raised at least 2 m more in these forest areas. All of the 50 m construction corridor, in which the construction works will be performed, will not be adversely affected during construction. The most important effect is expected at the projection of the tower feet. The works performed in the regions, which have high erosion risk, could increase the erosion class or erosion rate. For this reason after the construction works, the 50 m corridor will be taken to its former condition to prevent the increase in erosion rate. There will be compress on the soil due to the machinery and people loads at the areas that have empty soil surface without vegetation. At this type of areas the soil will be loosen and will be left in a porous structure. This loosening works will be performed perpendicular to the slope of the area. By this way the absorption of the surface water by the soil more easily will be ensured, the surface flow speed will decrease and the sediment transportation will slow down General Topography and Stratigraphy of the Region The region has an altitude between m from the topographic point of view. The topography is variable and the altitude increases in south direction. The general topographic view of the project line and the close vicinity is presented in Figure A.2.

45 Figure A.2. The General Topographic View of the Project Line and the Close Vicinity The region is generally formed by Paleozoic and Mesozoic units (around Can). These are followed inharmonious by Eocene aged units. Eocene flysch is formed by conglomerate, sandstone, and limestone lithologies from top to bottom. n the region Neogene is represented with terrestrial facies. Usually formations are seen as phyroclastic and as in the semi-layers containing ash. n Neogene region, clay marls are at the below, decomposed limestones with clay are above these and also marl with gray clay and yellow sandstone are at the south of the region and at the top there are limestones with... clay and marls..... Formations, containing sand gravel and sometimes blocks, passing through others laterally or vertically are named as Quaternary aged. n the region Quaternary represented with conglomerate. Metamorphic rocks are seen between Karabiga - Lapseki in the region and are formed with kinds of gneiss, amphibolite, schists, quartz, metaconglomerate, metagraywache, marble and semi crystallized limestones. These metamorphic rocks, which are named as old foundations, mostly are cut by aplitic dike, granite and granodiorite. The metamorphics, which exist at the north of Can, are formed of kinds of gneisses, schist and crystallized limestones lenses Fault Zone and Seismicity Especially east and southeast of Can is inside the impact area of the fault zones. Can - Biga Fault Zone, Sarikoy Fault Zone, Venice - Gonen Fault and Manyas Fault that is a long fault zone, are present at this area. Beside these at the east a branch of North Anatolian Fault is located at the northwest of the area that the line passes. Seismic regions in Turkey are classified in Turkish Seismic Regions Map of Turkish Earthquake Research Department of Ministry of Public Works. Turkish seismic regions are graded according to the acceleration values as below.

46 1. Degree seismic region: expected acceleration value higher than 0.40 g 2. Degree seismic region: expected acceleration value between 0.40 g and 0.30 g 3. Degree seismic region: expected acceleration value between 0.30 g and 0.20 g 4. Degree seismic region: expected acceleration value between 0.20 g and 0.10 g 5. Degree seismic region: expected acceleration value lower than 0.10 g The project area starts from Canakkale Province Biga District and after Can and Venice it passes through vrindi, Balya and Savastepe Districts of Balikesir and ends at Manisa Province Soma District. The region has a wide range from the stratigraphic point of view and a distribution from Paleozoic to Tertiary can be observed. The region that is very affluent in faulting is inside the 1 st degree seismic zone. According to the "Specification for Structures to be Built in Disaster Areas" regulation dated , No ; in Turkey, structures are designed according to the Effective Ground Acceleration Coefficient (Ao) befitted to seismic zone. The seismic zones and the corresponding Ground Acceleration Coefficients are provided in the table below. Table A.4. Seismic Zones and the Corresponding Ground Acceleration Coefficients (Specification for Structures to be Built in Disaster Areas, 1997) Seismic Zone A;; Therefore, all construction works of TEAS, especially transmission tower installation activities, will be performed in compliance with this regulation. 3.3.S. Socio-economic Structure n Bahkesir, Canakkale and Manisa Provinces most of the population is working in public service, trades and production industry. On the other hand, most of the villagers of three provinces are generally performing agricultural activities and/or livestock breeding. The importance of agriculture increases because the industry mainly depends on agriculture in the Bahkesir and Canakkale. n Manisa, people are generally working in Organized ndustry Regions and Small ndustrial Estates in the province. 4. MTGATON PLAN n this chapter, mitigation measures are determined by taking all the environmental aspects of the project into consideration. n the below table, important points included in the project area investigation corridor are summarized...

47 Table A.S. mportant Points Along the nvestigation Corridor (5 km) of the Project Area Km River Crossing Cultural Heritage Protection Zone Bird Migration Roads 0 10 X X X X X i X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X A number of impacts are unavoidable, some can be minimized and some losses can be replaced. Thus, mitigation measures may take different forms. The mitigation activities required to avoid or reduce the adverse environmental impacts of the project are presented in this section. The proposed mitigation measures for each phase of project development are outlined in the sections below. n the context of mitigation planning, construction phase covers the construction of the project in accordance with the final project design, using proper management means, implementing the action plans already prepared, improving and detailing these plans when necessary, sustaining cooperation and coordination between the responsible stakeholders and the public. n the following sections mitigation measures are presented addressing the various impacts Air Quality Management Plan Adverse air quality impacts, such as dust, that could affect the health of construction workers and be a nuisance for nearby settlements will be mitigated as described below. From this perspective, an emissions and dust control plan will be implemented and the mitigation measures listed in Article 7 of the Turkish Air Pollution Control Regulation will be fully complied. Fugitive dust from site disturbances and emissions from vehicles have the potential to negatively affect air quality in the vicinity of the construction sites and access roads. TEAS and/or its construction sub-contractor shall implement prevention methods to control dust resulting from construction related activities.

48 Watering will be performed in the construction areas and on the roads which are used by the construction vehicles in order to prevent the dust formation, At the temporary storage areas material shall be graded, moistened and compacted to prevent the material from being carried away by wind. Wetting the material will depend on the seasonal conditions to maintain its optimum moisture level, Dust generation during excavations and fills will be significantly prevented by wetting the material. Loading and unloading will be carried out with care and without scattering, While traveling to and from the site, and on public roads trucks carrying earth material will be covered with canvas and there will be a speed limit for trucks (50 km/hour in Turkey), Tires of the trucks will be cleaned where necessary to prevent dirt being carried onto the roads, The machinery and vehicles shall be inspected with regard to their exhaust systems and emission levels and adjusted to comply with Turkish Air Quality Regulation and standards, and to protect the health of the workers. Dust masks will be used, when needed and the ndustrial Originated Air Pollution Control Regulation will be obeyed. n addition to these, in order to prevent adverse air quality effects originated from motor vehicles, regarding the "Reduction of Exhaust Emissions Originated from Motor Vehicles" regulation into consideration, exhaust emission measurements are applied to vehicles and stickers are given. This process is under the responsibility of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry. Stickers of the vehicles, which will be in operation in the construction phase, will be controlled and vehicles will not be allowed to operate without sticker Cultural and Historical Assets Management Plan The Ministry of Culture and the Directorate of Balikesir or Canakkale or Manisa Cultural and Natural Wealth Preservation Committee will be immediately informed about any archeological finds during the construction phase according to the location of the findings. n such a case, construction in the discovery area will be stopped till the experts from the Cultural and Natural Wealth Preservation Committee reach the site and examine the finds and decide about any necessary actions. For the preservation of those assets necessary actions will be guided and taken by this Committee and then construction activities will continue accordingly. n addition, close vicinity of the areas, which have cultural properties, will not be selected as a work-site. 4.3 Noise Management Plan Based on the noise modeling studies for construction activities it was estimated that even under the worst case assumptions the noise generated will be within the allowable limits (70 dba limit for construction works and 75 dba limit for road construction works) at the nearest settlements. n order to be on the safe side, the following is a summary of the noise control measures that will be applied to stationary and mobile equipment: Construction equipment and vehicles will comply with the European Directive for Equipment used outdoors EURO and the Turkish Noise Control Regulations for the exterior sound level,

49 The construction machines those make loud noise (generator etc.) will be placed far from the population centers and their noise levels will be reduced by a portable screen, Silencing equipment will be used including enclosures, mufflers and other noise reducing features. People living in the population centers around will be informed about the duration of the construction works and no works will be performed between 22:00 and 06:00. f nighttime construction is necessary, the local public will be notified at least one week in advance. All construction workers shall be provided with adequate hearing protection to be used in the areas with noise levels of 85 db or more. Workers will be trained and instructed accordingly. f necessary, ear protectors will be used by the construction workers 4.4. Water and Wastewater Management Plan. M The impact on water quality will be due to wastewaters from construction activities, domestic uses and irrigation run-offs. Thus, a water and wastewater management plan will have to be prepared for its implementation during construction for minimizing the potential adverse environmental impacts from wastewater discharges. For the accommodation of the workers, either nearest settlements will be used or new campsites will be established according to the conditions of the area. f campsites are installed, drinking water will be provided from the population centers in the close vicinity. f workers accommodate in the settlements, domestic wastewaters (estimated that 4.5 m 3 /day wastewater will be produced if 30 workers work) will be collected by the sewer system of the settlement. f establishing a worksite is needed, the wastewater will be collected to the impermeable, closed and aerated septic tanks those will be placed at a suitable place in the worksite area. The septic tanks will be appropriate to Water Pollution Control Regulation (dated 31 December 2004 and No Official Gazette) and the Regulation on Pit Opening Where Sewer System Construction is not Applicable (dated 19 March 1971 and no Official Gazette). The wastewater collected in the septic tanks with a volume of m 3 (3.5 m x 3.5 m x 3 m) will be taken by the nearest municipality regularly. Regarding this issue official letters were obtained from the relevant municipalities. Letters taken by Soma Municipality, Directorate of Public Works, (dated ), Biga Municipality, Directorate of nfrastructural Works, (dated ), vrindi Municipality (dated ), Yen ice Municipality, (dated ), indicate that wastewaters produced in the project site in the septic tanks will be collected via sewage trucks by charging fee. Besides drinking water supply and wastewater collection, impacts on surface water bodies are another concern for the transmission line projects. Regarding placement of tower feet, there do not exist any limit according to Turkish regulations. When the international best practices about this issue is investigated, it can be suggested that tower feet and camp of workers should be located at least 100 feet (approximately 30 meters) away from the river/water body. n addition, if it would be necessary to construct service roads, they will be 30 m far from the surface water bodies. n addition, waste/dump storage will not be done near the water bodies. Most of the streams in the region are ephemeral and the other streams are not in the list of major streams flowing through Turkey. The average flows of the continuous streams are between 0.5 and 4 m 3 /s and the width of the largest stream is approximately m.

50 Since the approximate distance between towers of the energy transmission line will be 300 m, cutting narrow streams will not create any impacts on the surface water bodies. During the design/feasibility studies of the energy transmission lines (installation of towers, wiring, etc.) 100-year 2-hr storm event is modeled. By the results of the modeling the flood plains in the area is determined. f it becomes necessary to locate transmission line structures within floodplains, they will be designed and constructed so as not to impede the flow of any waterway or create any hazards during a flood event. Construction activity within floodplains could result in erosion and sedimentation impacts, especially if flooding occurred during the construction period. Support structures and maintenance access routes in the floodplain will not be located in obvious flood channels and thus should not significantly affect flooding. Careful installation of structures should eliminate the possibility of significant scour. However, in order to be on the safe side, construction works are conducted during dry seasons of the year and all mitigation measures for the protection of surface waters and aquatic species will be taken by the construction contractor. n addition, waste/dump storage will not be done especially near the water bodies Waste Management Solid Waste Management Plan Within the coverage of the project, the total excavation amount for 526 towers will be 56,808 m 3 The topsoil will be grazed and stored during digging hollows for the tower feet and after that the construction works will be started. The material that will be formed during excavation will be used for filling processes and for leveling the area. For this reason there will be no excavation waste of the project. The topsoil, that will be stored separately from the excavation material, will be spread uniformly to the area that it had been grazed. For this reason, there will be a temporary effect during the construction works. n this matter the principles of Regulation on Excavation, Construction and Demolition Wastes, that became valid after published at the Official Gazette dated 18 March 2004 and No , will be followed. The excavation material formed during the grazing and excavation processes performed within the coverage of the project, as explained will be used for filling processes and smoothing the area. The striped topsoil will be spread to the area after finishing the tilling processes. Consequently there will be no excavation wastes in the construction phase and the solid wastes will be only the domestic solid wastes (daily solid waste of one people is assumed as 0.7 kg. Therefore, 30 people x 0.7 kg / day =21 kg / day domestic solid waste will be generated), packing wastes and construction wastes. Wastes will be systematically collected and all types of solid wastes will be separated for recycling or re-use (lumber, scrap metal, etc.) or proper handling and disposal. Wastes such as oil, dye etc. will be collected separately in leak proof, metal and labeled containers and it will be ensured to be taken by the licensed recycle plant, No solid waste will be disposed of or buried on the site. llegal dumping, either at the construction camp, along public roads or in the surrounding areas, or into the river shall not be allowed. The domestic solid wastes will be collected to suitable containers in the worksite area and it will be ensured to be taken by the related municipality regularly. Letters taken by Soma Municipality, Directorate of Public Works, (dated ), Biga

51 . Municipality, Directorate of nfrastructural Works, (dated ), vrindi Municipality (dated ), Venice Municipality, (dated ), indicate that solid wastes produced in the project site in the site will be collected by charging fee. The construction wastes will be collected in yellow colored temporary collection containers and the waste types will be written on them. These wastes will not be mixed with the domestic or hazardous wastes. Wastes that will not be used by the contractor company will be taken by the municipality or they will be sent to a licensed recycle or disposal plant by a licensed transportation company. All correspondence related to this subject will be performed by the contractor company. The usable packing wastes will be separated and the rest will be sold to the recycle plant. No solid wastes that are not biologically degradable will be kept in the project area. The pruned plant stems, branches etc. will be spread to the areas to create habitat (at the places, which have no fire risk). According to the demands of the field owners or local community these plant stems could be discarded with the other solid wastes. About this subject the principles of the Package and Package Wastes Control Regulation, that became valid after published at the Official Gazette dated 30 July 2004 and no , the principles of Regulation on Excavation, Construction and Demolition Wastes (Official Gazette dated 18 March 2004 and no ), the principles of Solid Waste Control Regulation (Official Gazette dated 14 March 1991 and no ), and the adjustments (Official Gazette dated 03 March 1991 and no , dated 22 February 1992 and no , dated 02 November 1994 and no , dated 15 September 1998 and no and dated 18 August 1999 and no ), and the principles of Soil Pollution Control Regulation published in the Official Gazette dated 10 December 2001 and no will be followed. After the commission of the energy transmission line, the maintenance crews will perform the maintenance of the route every six months by traveling along the line route. At most 2 carriages will be used for the maintenance of the line and the emission due to the exhausts of these vehicles will be at an unimportant level. The usable material, that will be left after the maintenance and repair works, will be sent to the material depots to transport them to the transformer station, that needs them. The material that could not be used anymore (torn wires, broken insulators etc.) will be sold as scrap or sent to a licensed recycle or disposal plant of construction wastes. Hazardous Waste Management Plan Another subject that should be dealt with in this section is the hazardous wastes of the project. The wastes due to the material like oil, paint etc, which will be used for construction activities and the materials like tin, barrel etc, which are contaminated by oil are in the category of hazardous waste. However, within the scope of the project this type of waste will exist at very limited amount. n the project the precautions below will be taken to prevent the risks of the hazardous wastes for the people and the environment. Within the scope of the project experts and personnel that have knowledge about hazardous wastes will be employed and using protection equipment by the personnel will be ensured at all the works related to this type of wastes. The hazardous wastes will be collected in an impermeable area, labeled, as visible and warning boards will be hanged. The field discussed will be whether closed or the top will be covered to protect effectively from rain and the sun. All the hazardous

52 wastes will be collected at the containers; those will be placed in this area. Mixing of the different types of the wastes will be prevented. Waste oil containers will be red in color and ''waste oil" label will be placed on them. Mixing of the other materials like water, petrol, fuel-oil, paint, detergent, solvent, antifreeze, engine oil etc. to these containers will be prevented. The hazardous wastes will be send to a licensed recycle or disposal plant periodically. The same application will be applied to a/ kinds of materials (oil, paint tins, barrels etc.), which have polluted or contaminated with this wastes, this wastes will not be fixed with solid wastes. Transportation of the wastes to the disposal plant will be arranged by a licensed transporter. n case of any pouring or contamination, the poured material will be cleaned by using absorbents like sand, wood-shavings etc. and it will be sent to the licensed disposal plant with other hazardous wastes. n this matter, Hazardous Waste Control Regulation dated 27 August 1995, Waste Oil Control Regulation dated 21 January 2004 and Soil Pollution Control Regulation, which became valid after being published in the Official Gazette dated 10 December 2001 and no , will be followed Soil and Vegetation Management Plan... During the construction phase, mitigation measures for soil management are as follows, t will be kept away from the flood plains while constructing the tower feet. To prevent the transportation of the sediments to the streams, drainage canals will be built near the service roads at the areas, which have erosion risk. Topsoil will be stripped and stored while openning hollows for the tower feet. Excavation soil will be used for filling and leveling the field and no excavation wastes will be formed. New habitats will be formed by spreading back the pruned vegetative structure to the areas, those have no fire risk. No solid waste and liquid waste will be discharged to the soil surface. Pesticide will not be used in any phase During the refilling, upper part of the bump will be filled approximately 1.5 m in order to estimate the collapse (compression) amount of soil. Affected areas will be restored approximately near to its contours. Surface should be left rough. Thus, moisture-keeping capacity of soil increases and the suitable environment is provided for the sprout of the seeds. f found necessary the following procedure will be conducted for seeding purposes: Seed beds and appropriate cultivation points will then be prepared for subsequent seeding and replantation activities. During replantation, selective removal of tall-growing tree species and the encouragement of low-growing grasses and shrubs will be the common approach for vegetation management. The success of the replantation will be ensured by follow-up monitoring after sowing. Following days after sowing germination rate and the success of seeding will be monitored and in the case that the seeds are observed to fail recolonising, factors preventing germination and growth of the plants will be found and improvements (e.g. erosion control by mulching, fertilizer addition, etc.) and reseeding will be applied as soon as possible. Once a sustainable vegetation cover of native dominant species has itself established, no further seeding will be required.

53 i During replacement of topsoil, fine grading and contouring of the soil will be accomplished to provide final conditions in accordance with the undisturbed lands in the surrounding environment. Soil, which has been compacted during placement will be plowed and left in a rough condition. n this way, both the humidity content of the soil will be increased, and an appropriate ambience will be formed for the vegetation improvement and reduction of erosion risk. As a conclusion, topsoil having an average depth of 20 cm will be excavated with pickaxes and the soil will be aerated. The land will be restored to its original conditions n addition to the above listed mitigation activities Regulation on Excavation, Construction and Demolition Wastes will be totally obeyed Environmental Health and Safety Management Plan (ncluding Electro Magnetic Area Effect) This plan will be in accordance with the Turkish Legislation related to Occupational Health.. and Safety Management, as well as Environmental Management. Workers shall be selected from the workforce and given additional training in occupational health and first aid to form teams of three personnel at each work.. site. These workers shall be under the supervision of the person responsible for occupational health and safety. - On-site medical facilities shall be designed for construction phase to cater for primary health care needs of personnel. - Appropriate health and safety signs such as "Danger", "Entrance Prohibited", etc. to comply with Regulation on Worker's Health and Work Safety shall be placed in proper places... All necessary precautions shall be taken to ensure that fires are not started as a result of construction activities on site. Uncontrolled fires shall not be permitted on or off site. Smoking shall not be permitted in those areas where there is a fire hazard. Such areas shall include the workshop and fuel storage areas and any areas where there is a potential risk of fire. All necessary precautions shall be taken to prevent fires or spills at the fuel store. No smoking shall be allowed inside the stores and within the storage area. t shall be ensured that there is adequate and appropriate fire-fighting equipment at the construction site. All equipment shall be maintained in good operating order. t shall be ensured that all sub-contractors and construction workers are aware of the procedures to be followed in the event of a fire. To prevent the fire risk, the dimensions of the devices, the possibilities of the maneuverings of the machinery and vehicles and the probability of breaking of the lines will be taken into consideration in drawing the boundaries of the working field. Personal protective equipments for workers shall be provided, when necessary to minimize health and safety risks.

54 Safety And Health At Work Material List Every work place will provide a material list and according to the type of work, materials will be provided by chief of that workplace in the rules of "safety and health at work". n addition, the chief of work place will also provide safety materials needed for specific works. This material list is prepared by Department of Training and Health and Safety of TEAS according to the Regulations related to Labor Law and Safety numbered as ) Head Protectors a) Helmets used in industrial activities (mine, construction sites, and other industrial areas), b) Protection of hair and head (caps, bonnets, hairnets, with or without visor), c) Protective cap (bonnets made of normal fabric or proof fabric, caps, sailor cap etc.)... 2) Ear Protectors a) Ear plugs or similar equipment b) Fully acoustic helmets c) Earlaps concordant to industrial helmets d) Ear protectors having closed-circuit communication receiver e) Ear protectors equipped with internal communication 3) Eye and Face Protectors a) Glasses b) Protective glasses (as diver glasses) c) X-ray glasses, laser glasses, ultra-violet, infrared, visible radiation glasses d) Face covers e) Masks and helmets for arc welding (masks held with hand, masks attached to head or protective caps).,.,.. 4) Respiration System Protectors a) Gas, dust, and radioactive dust filtered masks b) Respiration equipment with air feeder c) Respiration equipment having welding mask d) Diver equipment e) Diving suit 5) Hand and Arm Protectors a) Special protective gloves: Against machines (being punctured, cut, vibration etc.) Against chemicals Against electric and heat b) One fingered gloves c) Finger covers d) Armlets e) Wrist protectors for heavy works (wristband) f) Mittens g) Protective gloves

55 6) Foot and Leg Protectors a) Normal shoes, boots, long boots, security boots b) Shoes untied easily c) Finger protective shoes d) Shoes and shoe covers resistant to heat e) Boots and leggings resistant to heat f) Thermal shoe and boot covers g) Shoes and boots resistant to vibration h) Antistatic shoe and boot covers i) solated shoe and boot covers j) Protective boots for chain saw operators k) Wood based shoes } Portable top shoe protectors m) Knee guards n) Leggings 0) Portable inner soles (resistant to heat, puncturing, sweat proof) p) Portable pins (for ice, snow and sliding surfaces) 7) Skin Protectors a) Protective creams b) Salves 8) Body and Abdominal Region Protectors a) Protective vest, coat, and aprons to protect against machines (against puncturing, cutting, and bouncing melted metals) b) Protective vest, coat, and aprons to protect against chemicals c) Heater vests d) Lifeguard vests e) Protective aprons against X-rays f) Body belts 9) Body Protectors a) Equipment used for falls Preventive equipment for falling (with all appliances) Breaking equipment that absorb kinetic energy (with all appliances) Equipment that hold body in space (parachute belt) b) Protective clothes Protective business cloth (double and jump suit) Protective clothe against machines (against puncturing, cutting etc.) Protective clothe against chemicals Protective clothe against infrared radiation and bouncing melted metals Clothe resistant to heat Thermal clothe Protective clothe against radioactive waste Dust proof clothe Gas proof clothe Cloth with fluorescent material and reflector, and its appliances (Arm ties, gloves etc.) Protective covers

56 i... Preparation of the annual health and safety trainings for the TEAS personnel (including the maintenance crew) is under the responsibility of Directorate of Training and Operational Safety of TEAS. The number of trainings in a year is not fixed, however the trainings are conducted for each new staff group. The scope of the trainings was defined according to the professionalism of the new staff (electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, technician, etc.). n addition to the trainings, Directorate of Training and Operational Safety of TEAS published a booklet including the principles of health and safety, personnel protective equipment, related regulations, objectives of the trainings, etc., and this booklet is distributed to all of the technical personnel in the General Directorate of TEAS. During the operation phase, especially for the fire risk, corona effect, and electromagnetic field following mitigation measures are taken, The teams, which will perform the maintenance of the line, will be formed by the people, who have an education about subjects like fighting against fire, working at a high place and first-aid, t will be obeyed to the Regulation on Occupational Health and Safety, Regulation on Health and Safety Signs, Regulation on Personal Protective Equipment and Regulation on Health Plants, growing close to the line and have a possibility of creating danger, will be determined and pruning work will be performed. The line, that will be constructed according to the fire safety principles determined in the Regulation on Electricity Powered Current Facilities, will be controlled regularly and the necessary maintenance, repair and renewal works will be performed. Limit value, which was determined at the standard of Turkish Standards nstitute named as "Expose of People to Electromagnetic Fields - Low Frequencies (0 Hz 10kHz)" will not be exceeded. Another important point regarding health and safety is the risk of electromagnetic area (EMA) sourced from the 380 kv transmission lines. Although there is public and scientific concern over the potential health effects associated with exposure to EMA (not only high voltage power lines and substations, but also from everyday household uses of electricity), there is no empirical data demonstrating adverse health effects from exposure to typical EMF levels from power transmissions lines and equipment. However, while the evidence of adverse health risks is weak, it is still sufficient to warrant limited concern. The exposure limit values for EMAs those are caused by the transmission lines in Turkey are determined by the standard namely "Exposure of People to Electromagnetic Fields Low Frequencies (0 Hz - 10Hz)" that is in the TS ENV dated 01 April 1996 and no CS edition of Turkish Standards nstitute (TSE). These values, which are also the same with the European Union Standards, are given in Table A.6. Table A.6. The Limit Values Determined by Turkish Standards nstitute About Exposure to EMAs The Reference Values of Exposure to 50 Hz Electromagnetic Field Exposure Conditions Electric Field (kv/m) Magnetic Field Workers 30 t(hour) S 801E(kVlm)* 16 G (16,000 mg)*' Community G (6,400 mg)*" * t; ume (hour), E: Electric field intensity (kvlm); Electric flfjld intensity (kvlm) x exposure time (hour), should not pass the value of 80 for full time G is acceptable for arms and legs. * G is acceptable for arms and legs. TEAS,2001

57 The standards those were prepared by accepted by nternational Commission on Non onizing Radiation Protection (CNRP) and accepted by United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) are presented in Table A.7. Table A.7. The Limit Values Determined AOOut Exposure to EMAs by ntemational Commission on Non-onizing Radiation Protection (accepted by WHO) The Reference Values of Exposure to Hz Electromagnetic Field Exl!(lsure Conditions Electric Field {kvlm} Magnetic Field WorkelS! Full time 10 5G 5,OOOmG) i Shorttime* 30 50G 50,OOOmG) Organs (Arm, leg etc.). 250G 250,OOOmG) L::. Community i 24 hour/day 5 1 G (1,000 mg) A few hours a day G 10,000 mg) For the fields at to-so kvlm level, field intensity (kvlm) x exposure time (hour), for full time should not pass the value BO. The magnetic field intensity that the whole body is exposed to two hours a day should not pass 50 G. TEAS, n addition to the limit values, a comprehensive study about EMAs those are caused by high voltage energy transmission lines was performed by TEAS and TUBTAK National Metrology nstitute in According to the results of the measurements taken in this study, the EMA intensities caused by the 380 kv transmission lines are between 1 and 3 kv/m (for electric field) and between 35 and 60 mg (for magnetic field). When these values are compared with the standards given above, it can be observed that the values are much more lower than the limit values determined by WHO and TSE. For this reason, the electric and magnetic fields caused by the 380 kv Karabiga - Can - Soma TPS Energy Transmission Line will be unimportant. t should also be noted here that, in Turkey, the tower heights are designed in order to satisfy EMA value being below 10 kv/m even in worst conditions. n addition, in order to be on the safer side, installation of transmission lines or other high voltage equipment above or adjacent to residential properties or other locations intended for highly frequent human occupancy, (e.g. schools or offices), will be avoided; For taking the above mitigation activities, Construction Contractor and TEAS are responsible during the construction and operation phase Roe-deer Management Plan As it was stated before, there is Soma-Sifadag Wildlife Development Area close to the right of way of the planned transmission line project. The area was determined as a special zone since roe deers are protected at that region. The wild life development area is protected via the Terrestrial Hunting law. According to the No Terrestrial Hunting law and Central Hunting Commission Decisions, affecting the wild life negatively is strictly forbidden. n addition, people who are hunting more than the pre-determined amount and out of hunting period, and people who are not obeying the rules that will be established by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, are also amerced with administrative fine. n addition, poisoning the game animal and/or its habitat is strictly forbidden (high fines, or penalty of imprisonment, etc.) according to the No Terrestrial Hunting law and Central Hunting Commission Decisions. f arrested, hunting certificates are canceled and not given again.

58 n accordance with the fifth paragraph of Article 4, the judgment of Environment Law numbered as 2872, dated , is applied for the human activities that lead to adverse impacts on wild life and ecosystem because of releasing/disposing wastes into wildlife protection and improvement areas. n addition to the enforcement of the above mentioned law, in order to protect roe-deers from potential impacts of the proposed project, although the wild life development area is 300 m far away from the ROW, following measures will be taken: no service roads will be constructed inside the protected area the workers will be trained about the importance of the roe-deers and about the Terrestrial Hunting Law personnel and construction/operation equipment will not be allowed to enter the.. protected area precautions will be regularly applied for not to exceed the limit value of the noise and dust production especially at the reproduction season (July-end of August) Migrating Birds Management Plan From the beginning of September, some soaring raptor species, which are in the Middle Europe and North Europe, migrate to Anatolia by passing the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles in transit and using the thermal air streams. The migration routes of birds in Turkey are shown in Figure A.1. The reason why they use thermal air streams during the migration is because they migrate in considerably high levels and generally they do not stop off as long as they do not find an available wetland and/or plateau. During the performed observations, raptor species that migrate by this method are shown below in Table A.8. Table A.S. Migrating Raptor Birds Observed in the Project Area i Species Common name (Turkish) Common name (English) Circaetus gallicus yllan kartall short-toed eagle Circus cyaneus gok delice hen harrier Buteo rufinus klzll sahin lang legged buzzard i Buteo buteo sahin buzzard Neophron percnopterus beyaz akbaba egyptian vulture Pernis apivorus aricil honey buzzard Falco tinnunculus kerkenez kestrel Falco biannicus blylkll dogan lanner Falco subbuteo delicedogan hobby There is not an official study or an exact map related to migration points of these raptors from the Dardanelles, route that they follow, and their flight altitude. However, during the performed observations, it is seen that among the species defined above, Buteo buteo and Pernis apivorus pass in transit from the regions of Dardanelles near to Marmara Sea, in the first week of September, in noontime, as groups in 10-20, at approximately m altitude by soaring.

59 During the ornithological studies performed along the said line, any observation related to transit migrations of these species in groups, is not recorded. According to observations performed before, it is thought that these raptors go towards Manyas and Uluabat wetlands (approximately 200 km eastern of the transmission line) after passing the Dardanelles. According to performed observations and previous information, this situation can be assessed, as the transmission line is not on the main bird migration way. However, in order to be on the safe side, the height of the towers of the energy transmission line that will be constructed is 30 m. The height of the electrical wires between the towers is changing between m depending on the topography. According to the knowledge and observations about the raptor migrations given above, this case will not cause any problems from the flying altitude of the raptors ( m) during migration point of view. n addition, some mechanical measures should be taken in order to prevent especially perching and nesting of raptors to towers in transmission line. For instance, along the line route especially in open lands, e.g. agricultural and valley areas, where raptors try to find food, frightening balloons (see Terror eyes) could be placed in 100 m intervals. Ornithological monitoring will be continued after the line is in operation. By this way, problematic points of the line for birds will be determined and for removing the birds, sonic and ultrasonic bird repelling devices will be placed to the problematic points. Together with this, spiky apparatus (see bird repellent and marker device), which prevent perching and nesting to towers, will be used. Terror eyes Bird repellent Properties of the terror eyes are as follows: made of brilliantly colored heavy-duty vinyl, have a diameter of cm, totally realistic and scary predator, these eyes produce holographic effects, constantly moving and changing as if they are 'following' infesting birds, harmless to birds and ecologically safe.

60 4.10. Reptile Management Plan During the construction works, the situation that reptiles (especially snake species, which can not climb up to steep hollows, and lizards) may fall down to excavations and cannot climb up is to be discussed. n order to prevent this situation, excavation works and installing the transmission towers should be done during the daytime; therefore, any hollow should not be left. However, if any hollow should be left during nighttime, it is necessary to put barriers that prevent reptiles from falling down. n addition, before filling, the hollows opened for tower feet will be controlled in case of any reptile species fell into the hollow. t should also be noted that, reptiles have already been disturbed during the construction works; therefore it is estimated that they will not come to the construction site Decommissioning Management Plan n Turkey, when the economical life of a transmission line is finished, generally the capacities of the lines are increased by renewing activities. f this energy transmission line is renewed, it is dealt within the context of EA Regulation and the procedure is carried out according to EA process. f the energy transmission line will not be renewed but decommissioned, all towers are taken out and the land will be restored. The anticipated impacts during tower dismantling and restoring the land will be similar to the impacts in construction phase. The main impacts are listed as follows, Dust, noise and excavation material formation during tower dismantling and excavating the tower feet, Noise and dust formation originated by construction equipments and vehicles, Exhaust emissions originated by construction vehicles and equipments, Limited amount of wastewater and solid waste formation originated by personnel, Formation of reusable or junk material, Soil compression caused by the heavy vehicles or the erosion risk in the areas without surface cover and that have steep slopes, Wear, rupture, crash etc. in flora Noise and dust formation due to land rehabilitation activities During the decommissioning phase, similar mitigation measures to construction phase measures will be taken. During decommissioning, for air quality management: all the mitigation measures (watering will be performed, speed of the trucks will be limited) determined for the construction phase are also valid for this phase and it will be obeyed to the ndustrial Originated Air Pollution Control Regulation; for noise management: the continuous work-site noise will be ensured to be under 70 dba, portable folding screen will be used if necessary; for water quality management: during the dismantling works, water collected in the septic tanks, will be emptied by the nearest municipality; for waste management: all the mitigation measures determined for the construction phase will be taken; for soil management: soil compression caused by the heavy vehicles will be prevented by the land improvement that will be performed after the construction works through aeration of soil, the service roads, those will not be needed after closing down the line, will be closed according to necessities, after the construction works completed, in the areas that have steep slope and have not surface cover, surface soil from excavation will be spread on the disturbed areas in order to facilitate temporary and permanent seeding (if needed) and provide stability and erosion control.

61 5. MONTORNG PLAN 5.1. Objectives Monitoring is an important part of environmental management and coordination. n this regard, monitoring activities will provide information on: the changes in the environmental conditions by the commencement of the project, the actual level of impacts previously estimated, the level of compliance with the mitigation plan and success of the mitigation activities to reduce the adverse impacts to acceptable levels. By using the information collected through monitoring, environmental management plan can be improved when necessary (e.g. adapting mitigation measures to changing situations), throughout project construction and operation to ensure that the anticipated impacts are mitigated. While the impact assessment attempts to encompass all relevant potential impacts to identify their significance and include appropriate responses for these impacts, still unanticipated impacts may arise, which can be managed or mitigated before they become a problem using the information obtained through monitoring. Thus, monitoring will serve the aim of ensuring the implementation of the mitigation plans and optimizing environmental protection through good practice at all stages of the project. Some of the monitoring requirements for construction and operation phases of the project were already identified during the engineering design studies. During project construction and operation, monitoring will be a part of ensuring compliance with all relevant legislation, contract requirements and effective implementation of mitigation measures. n this section, the monitoring activities to be performed during construction and/or operation phases are described Environmental Monitoring Construction Phase During the construction phase of the project, TEAS and Related Local Directorates will monitor dust formation due to the movement and exhaust of the construction machinery visually at the construction areas and the route of the trucks. The frequency of the monitoring will be in a monthly basis and during the study, obeying the ndustrial Originated Air Pollution Control Regulation will be monitored. Cultural and historical assets determined in the right of way and/or coincided during construction will be monitored along the 50 m construction corridor on the route. An archaeologist that will be employed by the contractor company, in the construction phase, will monitor these assets. Monitoring will be performed in case of coinciding a cultural asset and during the study obeying the Cultural and Natural Assets Protection Law will be taken as a base. The institute that controls the monitoring study is Provincial Culture and Museum Directorate. -~, TEAS and Related Local Directorates of MoEF will control the monitoring of noise level due to Construction Machinery, around the population centers and construction areas. Portable noise pressure level meter will achieve measurement of the noise level and it will be performed visually for the usage of the protective equipment. The frequency of the monitoring will be monthly at the construction areas. Additionally, according to the complaints of the community at the population centers monitoring will also be performed. Noise Control Regulation, Assessment and Management of Environmental Noise

62 Regulation and the Regulation on Occupational Health and Safety Rules will be taken into consideration during the study at all times. Furthermore, wastewater of the work-sites will be monitored at the construction areas (downstream of the septic tanks) by analyzing at the laboratories of local community health institution by sampling. Monitoring will be performed in a monthly basis and under the responsibility of TEAS and Municipalities. During the study, obeying the Water Pollution Control Regulation and the Regulation on Pit Opening where Sewer System Construction is not Applicable will be ensured. ill Separation of solid wastes to recycle and reuse and disposal to the solid waste disposal site of the municipality will be monitored visually at the construction and work-site areas in each week. Solid Wastes Control Regulation and the Soil Pollution Control Regulation will be taken into consideration during the study. TEAS, Municipalities, and Related Local Directorates of MoEF are the institutes that control the study. n addition to these, storing the excavated material and the stripped soil suitably, territorial habitat deterioration and/or loss will be monitored visually at the construction and worksite areas, and this study is under the control of TEAS and Related Local Directorates of MoEF. The frequency of the monitoring study will be in a monthly basis. This parameter will be monitored in order to prevent the formation of excavation waste and the loss of surface soil. Flora and Fauna in terms of deterioration in the floristic structure and loss of agricultural products will be monitored weekly and according to the complaints of the community at the population centers. This monitoring study will be performed visually at the construction area and construction corridor. Meetings with farmers will also be achieved. This parameter will be monitored to trim the plants in the proper form and protect the root. n addition, prevention of loss of agricultural product and covering the economic loss are aimed. TEAS and Related Local Directorates of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs are the responsible parties in this study. Flora and Fauna in terms of protection of the fauna species will also be monitored daily on the wires along the route and at the Wild life development field by placing bird repellents at the required places along the route of the line. At the reproduction period of the roedeers (July-end of August) no service roads will be constructed, the workers will be informed by the contractor company and no vehicles and personnel will leave the construction area, the precautions, which are determined not to pass the limit values in noise and dust formation, will be applied regularly. Study will be achieved in order to prevent the nesting of the birds to the wires and not to disturb the roe-deers at their reproduction period. TEAS is the responsible institute for the monitoring study. Grounding and health and safety issues in terms of the risk of erosion, flood and fire will be monitored visually at the construction areas. The frequency of the measurements will be in a daily basis. Aim of the study is to comply with the Occupational Health and Safety Regulation and to monitor workers protective equipment. TEAS is the responsible party for the control of the study. Finally, areas those have importance in visual aspects or have cultural property will be monitored visually at the construction areas. Study will be performed in each month under the control of TEAS. Returning the landscape to its original view (before construction) is the aim of the study.

63 Operation Phase During the operation phase, health and safety issues will be monitored visually along the line route once a six-month (during the maintenance periods of TEAS). Occupational Health and Safety Regulation and monitoring workers protective equipment are the targets of this study. TEAS has the responsibility of controlling the study. Because of the fire risk, conditions of vegetation species (control of the plants, which get close to the line and have a possibility of creating danger) will be monitored once a six month along the line route by the controls of control groups and/or Related Local Directories of Forestry Management. TEAS is the responsible party for the study.... n order to obey the fire security principles determined at Regulation on Electricity Powered Current Facilities, to repair the damaged and the worn parts, to minimize the accident risk and to prevent the cutoffs, Regular Technical Controls of the Line, the Repair and the Renewal Works will be monitored once a six-month along the line route by technical tests and standard maintenance works performed by control groups. TEAS is responsible for this monitoring study. Ornithological monitoring will be continued after the line is in operation. By this way, problematic points of the line for birds will be determined and for removing the birds, sonic and ultrasonic bird repelling devices will be placed to the problematic points. Together with this, spiky apparatus (see bird repellent and marker device), which prevent perching and nesting to towers, will be used. Decommissioning Phase n Turkey, when the economical life of a transmission line is finished, generally the capacities of the lines are increased by renewing activities. f this energy transmission line is renewed, it is dealt within the context of EA Regulation and the procedure is carried out according to EA process. f the energy transmission line will not be renewed but decommissioned, all towers are taken out and the land will be restored. The anticipated impacts during tower dismantling and restoring the land will be similar to the impacts in construction phase. During the decommissioning phase, soil and vegetation will be monitored in order to check the conditions of the land structure after improvement and status of the seeds. This study will be performed 1 month after the decommissioning and visually at the footprints of the towers. TEAS has the control of this monitoring study. Dust formation due to the movement and exhaust of the construction machinery will be monitored visually at the dismantling area and the route of the trucks, and meetings will be performed in closer settlements by TEAS and Related Local Directorates of Forestry Management. Monitoring will be performed during the dismantling period when needed and upon complaint obeying the ndustrial Originated Air Pollution Control Regulation. TEAS and Related Local Directorates of Forestry Management will control the monitoring of noise level due to construction machinery at closer settlements and dismantling area. Portable noise pressure level meter will achieve measurement of the noise level and it will be performed visually for the usage of the protective equipment. n addition, meetings will be done in closer settlements. The frequency of the monitoring will be monthly at the dismantling areas. Additionally, according to the complaints of the community at the population centers monitoring will also be performed. Noise Control Regulation,

64 Assessment and Management of Environmental Noise Regulation and the Regulation on Occupational Health and Safety Rules will be taken into consideration during the study at all times. Furthermore, wastewater of the work-sites will be monitored at the dismantling area (downstream of the septic tanks) visually. Monitoring will be performed in a monthly basis and under the responsibility of TEAS and Municipalities. During the study, obeying the Water Pollution Control Regulation and the Regulation on Pit Opening where Sewer System Construction is not Applicable will be ensured. Solid wastes at the dismantling areas and work-sites will be monitored visually in each week. Solid Wastes Control Regulation and the Soil Pollution Control Regulation will be taken into consideration during the study. TEAS, Municipalities and Related Local Directorates of Forestry Management are the institutes that control the study. Finally, soil and vegetation will be monitored visually along the line route in order to prevent vegetation loss and develop habitat. This study is again under the responsibility of TEAS Emergency Action Plan The emergency action plans, that aim to minimize the damages and dangers by acting according to a program at an unexpected condition during the construction and the operation phases of the project, are the programs, that the necessary studies performed in accidents and the division of labor are defined. The Emergency Action Plan covers the construction and the operation stages of the project. n this plan, it is noticeable that the necessary studies and many precautions, which should be taken, are the subjects, which should be taken care in the usual daily programs before any negative event happens. Besides, within the scope of the emergency action plan the company that had undertaken the construction works, and the corporation, that will perform the maintenance and repair of the line during the operation phase, has the most important responsibility. The contractor company should develop this plan, which should be made more detailed and updated. Also the corporation, that will be responsible from the maintenance and repair works during the operation phase, should make the plan more detailed and mature according to the changing conditions. At all the studies, which will be performed within the scope of the plan discussed, it will be obeyed to the following laws and regulations. '" Regulations on Occupational Health and Safety Labor Law Regulation on Occupational Health and Safety Regulation on Health and Safety ssues for Construction Works Regulation on Personal Protective Equipment Regulation on Health and Safety Requirements for the Operation of Work Equipment Regulation on Basics and Methods of Workers Health and Safety Training Regulation on Health and Safety Signs

65 Regulations on Environment.. '"' Environmental Law Regulation on Excavation, Construction and Demolition Wastes Solid Waste Control Regulation Soil Pollution Control Regulation Water Pollution Control Regulation Regulation on Pit Opening where Sewer System Construction is not Applicable ndustrial Originated Air Pollution Control Regulation Waste Oil Control Regulation Hazardous Waste Control Regulation Harmful Chemical Substances and Products Control Regulation Noise Control Regulation Medical Waste Control Regulation Regulation on Construction in Catastrophe Region Regulation on Environmental mpact Assessment Environmental Auditing Regulation Packaging and Packaging Waste Control Regulation Regulations on Electricity Regulation on Electricity Powered Current Facilities Regulation on Grounding in Electricity Facilities Regulation on Projects for Electricity Energy Facilities Construction Accidents Due to Working at High Places ssues that will be taken into Consideration Required education should be given to the personnel before start working. Subjects like who will work at where and do what daily etc. should be announced to the workers by the contractor company at a detailed work program. By this way who is where and doing what will be known at an emergency. A coordinator that will be determined by the contractor company before, should be employed at the work-site to make sure that the personnel use all the required protective devices and equipment suitably. Before starting to work, personal protective equipment (especially safety belt and helmet) should be used. t should be taken care for the protective devices and equipment used to be left as well-kept and ready to use all the time. Works will be stopped at the unsuitable climate conditions. t will be ensured that at least two people will work at the places where the communication is not possible. The communication devices, like radio etc. should be made to be present to inform the team coordinator at any emergency. All teams at the working group should report the daily developments before and after the work and at the end of the day the working personnel, materials and devices used should be counted, the devices and equipment, those need maintenance or renewal, should be determined and the required works should be performed about this subject. A person, who is well educated about health, should be present at the work-site and the first-aid bag should be kept as ready to use.

66 Accidents Caused by the Construction Machinery ssues that will be taken into Consideration Education should be given to the personnel, that will operate the construction vehicles, by the contractor company, it will be paid attention for the personnel, that will be selected for this job, to be competent in physical and psychological aspects. Dimensions of the vehicles and equipment, those will be used, should be taken into consideration in drawing the boundaries of the working fields. At the works, those are performed by the excavation and loading vehicles, it should be taken care in stowing the material suitably and safely. A person, outside of the vehicle, should take on the required control work by ensuring the communication with the operator of the vehicle while the loading and unloading works are performed at the working place. Entrance of the foreigners to the construction area should be prevented and the vehicles should not be left as working when they are not in use. At a probable accident all the working vehicles should be stopped and it should be interfered by the personnel, who is well educated about health and present at the area. Accidents Caused by Dangerous Wastes ssues that will be taken into Consideration The experts and personnel, those have knowledge about dangerous wastes, will be employed in the project and it will be taken care for the personnel to use protective equipment at all the works about this kind of wastes. Dangerous wastes will be collected at an impermeable area, labeled and the warning boards will be hanged. The field discussed would be whether closed or the top would be covered to protect effectively from rain and the sun. All the dangerous wastes will be collected at the containers; those will be placed in this area. Mixing of the different types of the wastes will be prevented. Waste oil containers will be red in color and "waste oil" label will be placed on them. Mixing of the other materials like water, petrol, fuel oil, paint, detergent, solvent, antifreeze, engine oil etc. to these containers will be prevented. Dangerous wastes will be sent to a licensed recycle or disposal plant periodically. Same application will be applied to all kinds of materials (oil, paint tins, barrels etc.) that have polluted or contaminated with these wastes. Wastes will be transported to disposal plants via licensed trucks. n case of any pouring or contamination, the poured material will be cleaned by using absorbents like sand, wood-shavings etc. and it will be sent to the licensed disposal plant with other dangerous wastes. Risks Due to gnorance, Carelessness and nexperience ssues that will be taken into consideration: All types of protective materials and equipment, those will be needed for the work, will be given with a protocol to each person and team and the usage of this equipment will be explained. Works will be performed according to the daily work program and without informing the authorized person no work, which is not in the program, will be started.

67 Without taking sufficient safety precautions, works should not be started. Personnel should not leave his work place without permission. Related employees and the team chief/coordinator will be responsible from the usage, cleaning and protection of the protective equipment, which was given and informed how to use. At the work place it will certainly be obeyed to the warning and danger boards. n spite of taking all safety precautions, if the result of any work is suspicious due to unusual causes, the nearest competent authority will be informed. Accidents Caused by the Poor Quality, Oldness or being Uncontrolled of the Used Material and/or Equipment ssues that will be taken into consideration: The protective devices and equipment will be suitable to TSE (Turkish Standards nstitute), TSEK (Quality Compliance Certificate) or international standards. At the works, which will be done by using equipment, it will be taken care of being suitable and safe to perform that work by those vehicles, materials and instruments. The counting and controls of all the vehicle and equipment, which were taken at the start of the work, will be performed at the end of a workday. All devices and equipment, those need maintenance or renewal should be determined and the required works should be performed about this subject. t will be taken care of the periodical maintenance of the vehicles, it will be ensured to perform the maintenance works on time and the vehicles, which are out of order and defective, will not be used. Grounding, Health and Safety ssues that will be taken into consideration: Regulation on Grounding in Electricity Facilities will be followed, All necessary protective equipment will be given to the employees, Suitable boards like "Attention", "No Entrance" etc. will be placed, Educations about the subjects like fighting against fire, working at a high place and first-aid will be organized for the personnel, Regulation on Occupational Health and Safety, Regulation on Health and Safety Signs, Regulation on Personal Protective Equipment and Regulation on Health and Safety Requirements for the Operation of Work Equipment will be followed. Operation Accidents Due to the Natural Disasters ssues that will be taken into Consideration At any problems due to natural disasters, firstly the energy of the transmission lines will be cut. Programs/action plans, those had been prepared in detail for the cases like this, will be prepared, controlled and updated regularly by the local governments, the associations, which are responsible from transmission and distribution of energy, and the related people.

68 Fire Risk By determining the person/people, who will control the situation and perform the necessary coordination and orientation at an emergency, a chart of division of labor will be prepared. All the equipment and devices, those are needed for urgent interference, should be ready to use at any moment. ssues that will be taken into consideration: The line, that will be constructed according to the fire safety principles determined in the Regulation on Electricity Powered Current Facilities, will be controlled regularly, the necessary maintenance, repair and renewal works will be performed. To prevent the fire risk, the dimensions of the devices, the possibilities of the maneuvering of the machinery and vehicles and the probability of breaking of the lines will be taken into consideration in drawing the boundaries of the working field. During a fire, the energy will be cut firstly. Before cutting the electric current, watery fire extinguishers will not be used. No action, that could cause a fire, will be performed; fire brigade and the related people will be informed in case of a fire. Dry chemical dusty fire extinguishers will be used. Plants, growing closer to the line and have a possibility of creating danger, will be determined and pruning work will be performed once a six month. Risks Due to the Maintenance Works ssues that will be taken into consideration: Teams, which will perform the maintenance of the line, will be formed by the people, who have an education about subjects like fighting against fire, working at a high place and first-aid. The working personnel will dress up according to their jobs. There should be at least two people in the maintenance team in case of the communication is not possible. Maintenance works will be performed by the supervision of an authorized chief and by taking safety precautions. Decommissioning ssues of the decommissioning phase, is the same with the construction phase. 6. SCHEDULE Scheduling of the activities related to the minimization of the environmental impacts and the monitoring are given as "Start-Finish Dates" in the Mitigation and Monitoring Tables of this report. Moreover, according to the Competency Certification Communique dated , after the EA period monitoring studies should be performed in the starting and construction phases of the project. For the 380 kv Karabiga - Can - Soma TPS Energy Transmission Line Project, The Monitoring Reports of The Final EA Report will be filled by performing monitoring once a six (6) month and presented to Ministry of Environment and Forestry.

69 7. NSTTUTONAL ARRANGEMENT This section outlines institutional arrangements that are required for effective implementation and supervision of the EMP. This section also outlines the responsibilities for the various activities defined in the EMP. Some of the key legal and institutional considerations with respect to this EMP are: Legal framework for environmental protection: The framework for protection and management of resources is affected by the project robust, and supported by enforcement measures. Responsibilities for environmental management These are clearly defined in relation to the resources affected by the project, and adequately resourced. Responsibilities for implementing mitigation measures: These are clearly defined for environmental and social mitigation measures, and adequately resourced. Legal basis for mitigation: The project legal documents help to ensure that borrowers implement mitigation measures. nstitutional Coordination ii.. The responsible sides, which are related to the precautions and the monitoring activities to minimize the environmental impacts, are presented in the mitigating and monitoring tables; those are related to the precautions and the monitoring plans. The environmental precautions, which will be taken in the construction phase, will be performed by the construction contractor coordinated with TEAS or their consultants. The monitoring activities will be performed by the personnel or the consultants and by the local authorities at some stages. Collecting monitoring data is the responsibility of TEAS or the consultants of these institutions essentially, and the local authorities, if needed. The data discussed, will be sent to the related units of TEAS and Ministry of Environment and Forestry by periodic (for example 6 months) reports, which will be prepared by personnel or consultants. The monitoring data will be collected at General Directorate of TEAS. The analysis of these data will be performed by the experts, who are related to the project and the necessary environmental subjects; those should be adapted, of TEAS or the consultants of these institutions. The analysis performed and the results obtained will let to evaluate the effect of the taken precautions on the expected negative effects. According to these results, the environmental mitigations plan will be changed or revised if needed. The decisions (changing the precautions, which will be taken to minimize the environmental impacts, the revisions of the precautions and the monitoring plans, informing the related authority etc.) related to the results obtained at the stages discussed above will be taken by TEAS. Decision Making The decisions related to the EMP such as modification of mitigation measures, revision of mitigation or monitoring plans, informing the relevant authorities will be undertaken by TEAS. With respect to these aspects, MoEF will inform TEAS about their opinions and requirements, and TEAS and MoEF may cooperate on these issues. Then, the necessary actions will be performed by the related parties with the notification and instructions of these responsible parties.

70 The recipients of such information, at minimum, should be: those responsible for ensuring that the mitigation measures are implemented in accordance with the schedule identified in the EMP, and those responsible for effecting response mechanisms to unplanned releases and breaches of monitoring thresholds, again in a timely manner. 8. CONSULTATON WTH LOCAL NGOS AND PROJECT AFFECTED GROUPS For the 380 kv Energy Transmission Line Project, that passes through Canakkale, Balikesir and Manisa Provinces, to inform the local residents and to take their opinions/recommendations, Public Participation Meetings were performed at December 2004 in accordance with the judgments of Environmental mpact Assessment Regulation, that is published in the Official Gazette dated 16 December 2003 and no After the dates of the public participation meetings were determined by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, newspaper advertisements were given 3 days in advance to national (Posta Gazetesi) and local newspapers (Manisa Haber, Canakkale Olay, Balikesir Ekspres). After the advertisement issues, relevant Governorate, District Governorate and municipalities were informed about the location and dates of the participation meetings. n addition, an announcement letter was prepared and sent to all of the villages, which are in the impact area of the proposed project. The announcements were sticked in the Headman's offices for a long-term awareness. The public participation meeting in 3 provinces were chaired and moderated by the representatives of the Provincial Directorate of Environment and Forestry. An introductory speech was given by the Directorate representative about the general issues of the proposed project and the objectives of the participation meetings. Following this, the consultant presented the predicted impacts of the project and the proposed mitigation measures by using PowerPoint slides. A photograph taken during one of the public participation meetings of this project is given in Figure A.3. The slides were prepared in a non-technical language and supported with maps, figures, etc. n addition, informatory brochures about the project impacts, mitigation measures, and other important issues such as EMA effect were distributed among the participants (Figure A.4 and A.5). After the presentation, questions were held by the participants and answers were given either by the project owner or the consultant.

71 .. Figure A.3. Public Participation Meeting Held in Canakkale Province The names of the participants, questions and relevant answers were recorded by the Provincial Directorate of Environment and Forestry representatives and signed. n the meetings, those were performed at each province, it can be said that the anxieties of the regional community are similar in general. n addition when it is evaluated in general, the environmental impacts of the project are more limited than the many other activities especially in the operation phase and this considerably affects the interest of the community in the meetings. n the meetings performed at each province since agricultural production is the most important source of living, most of the questions of the local community are about the agricultural anxieties.

72

73 ". ~.. e ::l J:; ~ Xl c= O a; E ~ c:: 0 'a 0 '0 1: ('d a..2 :0 ::l a. Q) :S '0 Q) 01 ('d a. "t:l c:: 0 (.) Q) (J) - :a or; c(!! : en i:i:

74 g.. i.. ~ ~ ~! > t Z e i B ~ ' J ~ q i ~! C; 8 0 u > u ~ o,...

75 1 ~ H ECTRC AND MAGNETC FELDS OUE TO ENERGY TRANSMSSON _ ~ldr6. though invitibe ani...,~. EMF can be f,loduced by 'lt8 ~~ human 8CvtiM related 10 eedrcty. E.ioM... Caused by '<Oage Cft'ennce and gels ~~higher VOage. The magniude of 1he eedrie...i~'-oted by kilovolt per meier (kv/m) ('f;.~. Vm). The magnilude decreases rapidly as 110m 1he souroe. siooe the eedrie field is?c. c.~~~ by he f\08llors in he sunoonding area ~r_eic.) is the broe applied by moving Charged chatged pal1ides. Cireular and!gtic field is ~ by he current the wirbt and cabe8 and its magmude increasing CUrerl Though f8dudng as llce, cannot be screened by most magniuted is notsd by Gauss (G) {lg = Few..,~ the definilely-safe uposure limits l(...~ '-, by some counllies and intemationa... The magnitudes of the typical electric anc ~1d produced by enegy r.nsmission lines. 1h... the EMFs ~ by some home appianc:$! "!~hour uposure limits accepted by 'e Uni8c... Health Organization (WHO) and 'e TU!W!t...'~ _ shown in the!able below. ~!.~.~ from this!able. he magnetic field caused b\...,...,. ~ lines is comparable 10!hOse caused by lh has ~ idenliied a the sronges environment ani undemeah the enerm _ '.;c,.".,.~".",.,)ines. But eecric fields ani ab$ortlec rapidly ir ~~magnilude of the fields loll-150m lftay from lh...,~ 10 the normal magniuces of that de nat...going tlrough. Besides, tluiding walls &aeer ~.,. electric fields massively. CMid by the Ee:trc!... be llanllmltted long dfatanc:es by high -===::~~~ ;,.-,l.tootes of eedrie and magnetic fields. in rneauremens made by TEAS and 8gnilule of the magnetic field cauhd enely transmission lines varies between 35 magniude olhe eecric field ~ by 'e ~n Vm. ~ both ~ field magnitudes decrease 8pidly as 1M. ha EMF's can constitjje. is he 8Ubjed of for the last 30 years. Aough. up 1D,.,- _ ~ 110 dewy PRMl efeds on health."",mean a EMFs have no effect at all. icrc 'd t... sle-a"... (mg) , SO _ c,~_ O~2O , Figure A.5. (b) Second Page of the EMA Brochure 71

76 The first one of the meetings was performed in Canakkale Province, Can District, Hacilar Village on 01 December The participation was very high especially on account of the number of village headman. The questions about expropriation phase of the project formed the meeting agenda. The questions that were asked about ensuring the losses and the authorized corporation and the competent authority that will be applied for, for this subject, were answered by the representatives of the consultancy company, who prepared the EA Report, and TEAS. The second meeting was performed in Balikesir Province, vrindi District, Soganbuku Village on 02 December n the meeting, the doubts about electromagnetic field were taken into agenda and detailed answers were given by the representatives of TEAS. Another subject, which was discussed during the meeting, was the reluctance of the people about the passage of the towers through the agricultural fields of the village, because of the difficulties in agricultural activities at the agricultural fields after the towers are placed. About this subject it is defined by TEAS that the agricultural works will not be performed in the reaping period and the damaged products are paid by the contractor company, in addition it is stated that the price of the tower places are paid to the people entitled. The third meeting was performed in Manisa Province, Soma District, Heciz Village on 03 December n this meeting, unlike the other meetings, the wish for employing the unqualified workers from the region was mentioned. n spite of not being within the scope of the meeting, the problems of the regional community related to TEDAS had importance in the meeting and the reluctance about the passage of the towers through the agricultural fields was declared by the local community. Non Governmental Organizations were also invited to the meetings. South Marmara Natural and Cultural Environment Protection Society from Balikesir Province, Environmental Volunteers Society from Canakkale Province and Manisa Representation of Environmental and Cultural Assets Protection and Presentation Foundation (CEKUL) from Manisa Province were informed about the meetings. But they did not participated in the participation of community meetings Canakkale Province Public Participation Meeting Public Participation Meeting was achieved under the chairmanship of Unsal Onder who is the assistant manager of EA and Planning Department of Province Environment and Forestry Directorate, in Can, a district of Canakkale, in Hacilar Village in a village tea house on the date at am within the context of Karabiga - Can - Soma energy transmission line project with 380 kw which is planned to be constructed in Canakkale, Balikesir and Manisa provinces by TEAS General Directorate. A notice in connection with the pointed meeting is put in the national and local newspaper. The company that prepared the EA report gave detailed information in connection with the activities in the project. Opinions and suggestions were taken. Generally, the questions asked by the villagers of this meeting were related to their advantages and disadvantages due to the proposed project, especially about expropriation issues. n addition, a question was raised regarding the forest fire risk and the precautions. Satisfactory answers were given to the questions.

77 List of Participants Name From.... Muhittin Merdin Yeniceri Village smail Can Hacilar Village Mustafa Kalem Maltepe Village smetozcan Yeniceri Village Cevdet Eris Biga Cihadiye Village Nur Sefa Turhan Biga Cihadiye Village Kerim Sert Yeniceri Village Rasit Eris Biga Cihadiye Village Ozcan Klrtllh Biga Goktepe Village MehmetGuz Hacilar Village Huseyin Ozbek Hacilar Village Hakan Cetin Hacilar Village Ali Kacar Maltepe Village Arzu Gencer Encon Environmental Consultancy Okan Bilkay Encon Environmental Consultancy Saban Kaya Yeniceri Village Headman A. ihsan Cagliyan Yenice Gundogdu Village Headman B. sa Karagoz Yenice Bayatlar Village Sebahattin Erdinc Maltepe Village Salih Aydin Maltepe Village Metin Yaklt Kayatepe Village Headman Huseyin Bozkurt TEAS Canakkale Exploitation Management Mustafa Gokharman TEAS General Directorate Representative Erdinc Durmus Encon Environmental Consultancy Semsettin Gul Hacilar Village 8.2. Bahkesir Province Public Participation Meeting By TEAS General Directorate, for the "Karabiga-Can-Soma Energy Transmission Line" project that planned to be constructed in the boundaries of Canakkale, Balikesir and Manisa provinces, compliance with the 9th clause of EA Regulation, meeting in connection with the public information and taking their opinion, was achieved on the date at am in vrindi district, Soganbuku Village, in village tea house. Meeting was started with giving information by the project owner and the company that prepared the report in connection with the activity and than opinions of public were taken. Generally, the questions asked by the villagers of this meeting were related to the expropriation issues. n addition, a question was raised regarding the magnetic field impact on the crops and animals in the villages. Mitigation measures for electromagnetic field impact (towers are designed high enough to reduce the EMA impact, etc.) were explained by the representatives of the TEAS and the environmental consultant, and villagers were satisfied with the answers.

78 List of Participants Name Ercan Kayahan Sabri Yllmaz Erkan Yllmaz Serin Eryllmaz Bahattin Saygl Veli Acar Polat Akbas Mustafa Ceyhun Cafer Akyol Ercan Kaplan Hikmet Akdan Yakup Saygl Selim Bozbey Kamil Artug Kadir Demirbas Yuksel Eryllmaz Mustafa Dalklran Kamil Dalklran Gursel Erydmaz Metin Kafoglu Mesut Narin Ozan Kayahan Arif Zeybek Rebil Dirik Yusuf Gulmez Arzu Gencer Okan Bilkay Erdinc Durmus Gunnur Berk Turgay Arasan Mustafa Gokharman From Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Gomenic Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Vii/age Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Vii/age Soganbuku Village TEAS Akcal Village Soganbuku Village Soganbuku Village TEAS Baikesir TEAS Baikesir Encon Environmental Consultancy Encon Environmental Consultancy Encon Environmental Consultancy Province Environment and Forestry Directorate Province Environment and Forestry Directorate TEAS General Directorate 8.3. Manisa Province Public Participation Meeting Meeting was started with the opening speech of Yahya Gungor, manager of EA Planning Department, as of meeting time at am. Company representatives who prepared the EA report were given permission to inform public about activity. Company representatives of ENCON started to presentation with a slide show related to activity. ENCON representative performed detailed explanation about the environmental effects and stages of activity. Generally, the questions asked by the villagers of this meeting were related to the job opportunities and expropriation issues. n addition, a question was raised regarding the electricity cuts in the region. The objective of the proposed project was explained by the

79 TEAS representatives and it was stated that the electricity cuts are tried to be stopped via this project. Satisfactory answers were given to the questions. List of Participants ' Name Occupation Yahya Gungor EA and Planning Director Sevgi Ylldmm City and Region Planning zzet Ates SEAS Director Rebil Dirik TEAS Mustafa Gokharman TEAS General Director Erdinc Durmus ENCON Environmental Consultancy Okan Bilkay ENCON Environmental Consultancy Mustafa sik Headman of Heciz Village Arzu Gencer ENCON Environmental Consultancy M. EminAksu Retired Halit Kum Retired NazifYllmaz Farmer Ali Sen Farmer Ali Aydogan mam Huseyin Sen Retired Erol Kum Worker Sadlk Sirkecioglu TEAS Facility and Control Engineer BekirYarac Heciz Village Mehmet Ali Kaya Heciz Village rfan Klran Heciz Village Fevzi Akarsu HecizVillage 9. COMMUNTY RELATON PLAN This energy transmission line project will not have very important environmental and social impacts (can be classified as a Category B project), therefore it is not anticipated that the affected communities in the proposed route will have objections or significant grievances. However, a Community Relation Plan (CRP) is prepared for protecting the rights of the project affected people (PAP). The main objective of the CRP is to build positive, transparent and non-dependent relations among the project, the local settlements and stakeholders. Within this context, the CRP has been prepared to aim for the successful and problem-free realization of 380 kv Karabiga Can - Soma Energy Transmission Line Project. mplementation of the community relation plan is critically important for carrying out the project in a socially peaceful environment. The public participation activities in the project area have already been started by the experts of TEAS in December The community relation activities will progressively continue in the preconstruction, the expropriation and construction phases of the project. n addition, for the community relation plan and activities to be implemented throughout the project, sufficient appropriation must be allocated from the budget. The implementation of the activities listed in this CRP will be under the responsibility 01 TEAS through a Community Relations Representative (CRR) from the local directorates of TEAS (Operation Group Directorate) in the provinces (Canakkale, Bahkesir, Manisa).

80 9.1. Scope Community relation activities cover all activities, starting from preconstruction and expropriation phases up to the end of construction phase Objectives The Community Relation Plan is intended to build healthy relations between stakeholders and project-affected communities. The overarching objective of CRP is to build positive, non-dependent relations between the project and the surrounding communities. These relationships should be based on open communication and mutual respect. Efforts to establish good relations are consistent with the philosophy that the project staff and workers (including the contract workers) are guests in the project area and local residents are their hosts. The objectives of the Community Relations Plan are: Establish an open dialogue with the project affected communities and stakeholders, Maximize positive social impacts of the project and prevent or mitigate any adverse social impacts, Dissemination of information to the public directly or via press conferences, meetings, brochures, leaflets etc. Provide all information in a language understandable to all stakeholders, Monitor the project affected community concerns and information requirements, Maintain open communications between the project owner and project area residents, i.e. the project affected persons (the PAPs) and other stakeholders, Provide community relations, contact channels through which all relevant parties can receive information on the project and probable adverse environmental and social impacts, Provide all stakeholders including the PAPs, involved agencies, local and state officials, the media, local and national as well as global nongovernmental organizations with accurate, timely information and progress reports through all available means, specifically, by means of issuing press releases, distributing brochures and leaflets that contain factual information about the project to all stakeholders, holding news conferences and community meetings etc, Ensure that all PAPs and relevant stakeholders attend all public meetings organized by involved agencies, Employ local labor for the construction phase and ensure a fair and transparent recruitment process, Give priority to the project affected communities in local employment, Encourage and assist subcontractors to employ local labor and services, Develop and support community development projects, Respond and record all inquiries and written correspondences apropos of various aspects of the project phases and impacts, Receive and record all incoming grievances, concerns and feedbacks regarding the project, Whenever any reaction, conflict or controversy arises in connection with issues related to the project impacts, try to appease them through open communication, Whenever positive or negative views about the project take place on the media, follow the course of news from beginning to end, and see whether there is a real attempt to pervert the course of news with respect to the ultimate implication relevant to progress of the project (via Ajans Press),