Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

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1 Introduction Workshop Vietnam s special report on "Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation" (SREX Viet Nam) Introduction to Vietnam s special report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation Prof. PhD. Tran Thuc Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change Hanoi, May 07, 2015

2 Full report (9 Chapters, 451 pages) Summary for Policy Maker (28 pages, words) 63 authors/ co-authors 14 reviewers Start: 17/8/2012 Finish: 22/01/2015

3 THE INITIAL Hanoi, August 17, 2012

4 ANNOUNCEMENT Hanoi, January 22,

5 Basis for reporting Viet Nam special report on managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance climate change adaptation (SREX Vietnam) was prepared based on the framework of Special Report of Intergovernmental Panel on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change (SREX, IPCC, 2012a). Similarly, a summary report was made based on SREX summary report s framework (IPCC, 2012b).

6 Purposes of the report SREX Vietnam analyzing the Vietnam s circumstances, which: Analyzes and evaluates the extreme events, their impacts on Vietnam s natural environment, social-economic and sustainable development. Assesses the altering of extreme weather events in the future due to climate change (CC). Interaction between the climate, environment and peoples, aiming at promoting adaptation to CC and natural disaster risks and extreme events control in Vietnam.

7 Contributed to the Report Tran Thuc (IMHEN) Chief Editor Koos Neefjes (UNDP) Ta Thi Thanh Huong, Nguyen Van Thang, Mai Trong Nhuan, Le Quang Tri, Le Dinh Thanh, Huynh Thi Lan Huong, Vo Thanh Son, Nguyen Thi Hien Thuan, Le Nguyen Tuong Commentators To Van Truong Le Bac Huynh The report cites: IMHEN and UNDP, 2015: Viet Nam special report on managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance climate change adaptation [T.Thuc, Koos N., T.T.T. Huong, N.V. Thang, M.T. Nhuan, L.Q. Tri, L.D. Thanh, H.T. L. Huong, V.T. Son, N.T.H. Thuan, L.N. Tuong], Publishing House of Natural Resources Environment and Cartography, Hanoi

8 Một số các tác giả

9 Organizations of expertise 1) UNDP 2) Institution of Meterology, Hydrology, and Environment (IMHEN) 3) Vietnam Social Sciences Academy 4) National Institute for Science and Technology Policy and Strategy Studies 5) Hanoi National University 6) Department of Meteorology, Hydrology and Climate Change 7) National Hydro-Meteorological Service 8) Natural Sciences University 9) Hue University 10) Can Tho University 11) Water Resources University 12) Institute of Marine Environment and Resources 13) Center for Hydrometeorology and Environment Sciences and Technology 14) Center for Sustainable Development of Water Resources and Climate Change Adaptation 15) Greenid 16) Center for Resources & Environment Studies 17) Center for Social Development Studies 18) International Tropenbos in Vietnam 19) Care International in Vietnam 20) Climate Change Working Group of NGOs

10 Financiers for report preparation 1. UNDP. 2. IMHEM. 3. UNDP Policy Advisory Team (PAT). 4. IMHEN-UNDP, Strengthening National Capacities to Respond to Climate Change in Viet Nam, Reducing Vulnerability and Controlling Green House Gases (GHG) Emissions (CBCC). 5. DMHCC-UNDP Capacity Building for Implementation of National Climate Change Strategy Project (CBICS)

11 Chapter authors Chapter 1. Koos Neefjes, Tran Thuc, Ta Thi Thanh Huong. Commentators: Le Nguyen Tuong, To Van Truong. Chapter 2. Ta Thi Thanh Huong, Koos Neefjes, Bach Tan Sinh. Commentators: Tran Thuc, Le Bac Huynh. Chapter 3. Nguyen Van Thang, Mai Van Khiem, Nguyen Van Hiep, Nguyen Dang Mau, Tran Dinh Trong, Vu Van Thang, Hoang Duc Cuong, Nguyen Xuan Hien, Tran Van Tra, Truong Duc Tri. Commentators: Nguyen Duc Ngu, Nguyen Van Tuyen. Chapter 4. Mai Trong Nhuan, Phan Van Tan, Le Quang Tri, Truong Viet Dzung, Do Cong Thung, Le Van Thang, Tran Mạnh Lieu, Nguyen Tien Giang, Do Minh Duc, Ngo Duc Thanh, Nguyen Thi Thu Ha, Le Anh Tuan, Nguyen Hieu Trung, Dang Kieu Nhan. Commentators: Truong Quang Học, Jenty Kirsch-Wood, Pamela McElwee Chapter 5. Le Quang Tri, Le Anh Tuan, Nguyen Hieu Trung, Dang Kieu Nhan, Van Phạm Dang Tri, Nguyen Thanh Bình, Dao Trong Tu, Lam Thiị Thu Suu, Nguy Thi Khanh, Dinh Diep Anh Tuan. Commentators: Dao Xuan Học, Ian Wilderspin, Michael R. DiGregorio.

12 Contributors to the report Chapter 6. Le Dinh Thanh, Ngo Le Long, Nguyen Mai Dang, Tran Thanh Tung Commentators: Dao Xuan Học, Jenty Kirsch-Wood, Ian Wilderspin Chapter 7. Huynh Thi Lan Huong, Tran Thuc, Do Tien Anh, Nguyen Hoang Thuy, Dao Minh Trang, Le Nguyen Tuong, Bao Thạnh, Truong Duc Tri. Commentators: Le Huu Ti Chapter 8. Võ Thanh Sơn, Nguyen Chu Hoi, Tran Huu Nghi, Bui Cong Quang, Nguyen Danh Sơn, Le Van Thang, Hoang Van Thang, Le Anh Tuan, Nghiêm Phuong Tuyen. Commentators: Truong Quang Học, Dao Xuan Học, Pamela McElwee Chapter 9. Nguyen Thi Hien Thuận, Tran Thuc, Ngo Thi Van Anh, Nguyen Xuan Hien, Phan Manh Tuan, Ha Thi Quynh Nga, Tran Thanh Thuy, Nguyen Van Dai, Nguyen Le Giang, Dang Thu Phuong, Dang Quang Thinh, Tran Van Tra, Cao Hoang Hai. Commentators: Le Huu Ti, Vu Minh Hai

13 Chapter 1: CC: New trends on disaster risks, hazards exposure, vulnerability and resilience 1. Definition Relations between CC adaptation and DRM. CC adaptation and DRM procedures. 2. Extreme events, extreme impacts, natural disasters Extreme events identified by physical characteristics. Extreme impacts. 3. Disaster management, DR, risk sharing CC makes DRM more complex. CC takes part in DRM. DRM and CC adaptation. KHÍ HẬU 4. Coping and Adaptation Biến đổi tự nhiên BĐKH do con người gây ra sự kiện khí hậu / thời tiết cực đoan RỦI RO THIÊN TAI Tình trạng dễ bị tổn thương Mức độ phơi bày trước hiểm họa Thiên tai PHÁT TRIỂN Quản lý rủi ro thiên tai Thích ứng với BĐKH Phát thải khí nhà kính

14 Chapter 2: The decisive factors of climate risks: Exposures to hazards and vulnerability Analyzing and evaluate the climate risk decisive factors, specifically theà level of exposures to hazards and the vulnerability, new trends and interactions between elements 1) Determinants of risks. 2) Determinants of vulnerability. 3) The capacity to cope with and adapt to. 4) New trends of vulnerability and exposure: Environmental, social, economic, interdisciplinary factors, interactions and integration of the factors. 5) Identification, assessment and communication on DE. 6) Cumulative Risks. Environ mental Social Econo mic Geography, context, location Settlement, development models Adaptation measures Demography Education, health, welfare Social relations Institution and governance National: Socio-economic development Community: livelihoods and personal and family stuff Interdi sciplin ary and integra tive

15 Chapter 3: The changes of Climate Extremes (CE) and impacts on naturally phisical environment 1) Weather and climate related disasters. 2) Data and CE analysis method. 3) Changes of some climate extremes. Temperatures, rain, other extremes. 4) Transformation of large-scale circulations affecting CE. Monsoons, storms and tropical depression, El Nino and Southern oscillation. 5. Impacts on the natural environment conditions. Heat, drought, heavy rain, flooding, hoarfrost, freezing, extreme sea level. ( o C/10 năm) Tmax ( o C/10 năm) Tmin

16 Chapter 4: The changes in impacts of CE and natural disasters to ecological system and livelihoods 1) Relations between CE, disasters and hazards exposure and Climate mutation (CM) of natural-social phenomena Cơ sở lí luận The nature of relationship between CE, natural disasters and hazards exposure and CM of natural-social system in Vietnam. Level of exposure, CE impacts, natural disaster, CM of natural-social system in Vietnam. 2) Impacts of CC, CE to natural-social system in Vietnam Water Resources. The natural ecosystems. Food systems, food security. Residential sites, infrastructure and tourism. Health, life safety, welfare

17 Chapter 5: EC risk management at local level Presentation: Importance of the State Companies, Socio-Tầm institutions and local communities in DRM. Each locality was exposed and vulnerable for certain disasters. These disasters are not identical in nature, intensity and frequency in each locality. Therefore DRM also varies locally. Focusing on 3 topics: 1) How to manage the current disaster risks 2) Impacts of CE to security, people at the local level 3) Possibilities of resilience, adaptation, and mitigation of DRM and CE at the local level.

18 Chapter 6: System for Disaster Risks and CE Management in Vietnam 1) DRM and CE system in Vietnam. 2) Integration of DRM and CC adaptation in the plans and policies. 3) Legal documents, institutions and finance. 4) Methods and tools used in practice. 5) Link DRM VN system with challenges related to CC. Số lượng văn bản quy phạm pháp luật về phòng chống thiên tai hiện nay Luật Pháp lệnh Nghị định Chỉ thị Quyết định Thông tư Thông tư liên tịch

19 Chapter 7: Risk management at international level and integration at different levels DRM & CC adaptation principles DR MANAGEMENT ADAPTATION Institution and international organizations on DRM & CC adaptation Barriers & Opportunities in DRM & CC adaptation Proposing on institutions and policies to integrate with DRM & CC adaptation AADMER AGREMENT ESCAP COMMITTEE WMO IPCC AWGCC GNDR

20 Chapter 8: Towards a future with sustainability and resilience Considering DRM relationship to sustainable development and mutual impact between the present time and the future. Evaluation of aspects related to environmental resources, social and sustainable development; analyzing the relationship between DRM, CC adaptation and emissions reduction. Identifying solutions and plans to cope with CE in the future. Emphasize the synergies between DRM and CC adaptation, which aims to build a sustainable society in the future.

21 Chapter 9: Case studies Case studies Objective: Analyze the extreme case studies to provide information, raise the awareness and learn lessons. Lessons learnt Scope: Case studies are categorized including: storm, flood, flash flood, urban flood, drought, hot wave, cold spell, intrusion. Content: Provide basic information on phenomenon, impact, damage and adaptive measure, finally lesson learnt.

22 Conclusion remark 1) This is one of the VPCC s achievements. 2) The most in-depth report on DRM and extremes aiming at promote CC adaptation. 3) One scientific product which comes from the existing studies, not a brand-new one, for the first time. 4) Engaging about 60 scientists specializing in climate, disasters, environment, natural resources, social science and CC, voluntarily contributing to science.