1 Environmental Management Plan For Mining of Building Stone & Road Metal Over an extent of 0.56 Ha at Survey No: 493 Kannala Village, Palakurthy Mandal, Peddapally District, Telangana State Applicant Sri P. Venkatesham, R/o Andugulapally Village, Palakurthy Mandal, Peddapally District, Telangana State.
2 1. Introduction The report discusses the management plan for mitigation of adverse environmental impacts and increases the beneficial impacts due to mining of Building Stone & Road Metal. The environmental impacts can be categorized as either primary or secondary. Primary impacts are those, which are attributable directly to the project, secondary impacts are those, which are indirectly induced and typically include the associated investment and changed pattern of social and economic activities by the proposed action. The objective of preparing environment management plan is to define effective measures to control and to mitigate the environmental pollution. This report presents the environment management plan, detailing the environmentally sound technology and the measures needed to mitigate the anticipated environmental impacts due to the project. Sri P. Venkatesham has the quarry lease for Quarry of (Building Stone & Road Metal. over an extent of 0.56 Ha, from by the Deputy Director of Mines & Geology. It is proposed to conduct open cast Semi mechanized method for (Building Stone & Road Metal is 12,000 M3 /annum. within the lease period. 2. Details of Project Table 21: Salient features Site Location Description Details Survey No: 493 Kannala Village, Palakurthy Manadal, Peddapally District, Telangana State. Production Building Stone & Road Metal M3/annum Mine Lease Area 0.56 ha Latitude Longitude N E
3 Top sheet No. 56 N/6 Capital Cost EMP Cost 10 Lakhs 1.0 Lakhs Temperature variation 14 C to 32 C Seismic Zone Water level Nearest railway line Airport Nearest Road Hospital Nearest Town Neatest Habitant & Village Zone-II (Least Active) 9 m BGL Ramagundam at 28 kms From Site Samshabad Airport- 262 Kms From QLA Approach road 0.30 km from QLA Palakurthy at 8.0Kms Palakurthy- 8.0 KM Kannala Village at 1.8 kms NE Nearest Water Bodies Nearest Reserve Forest Historical Places Method of Mining Raginedu Cheruvu at 1.53Kms, Rangapur Cheruvu at 4.5Kms. No Reserve Forest are present with in 5 Kms None within 5 km radius Open Cast Semi Mechanized method 3. Reserves Estimation and Life of Mine 3.1. Geometry of the Deposit Geological traverses in the quarry lease applied area and pits. The study of exposures in the quarry facilitated to access the shape and size of the deposit. The Building stone & Road Metal deposit is occurring as in the form of sheet rock above ground level Method for estimation of reserves Details are discussed in quarry plan in pg. no.9 to 11
4 3.3. Categorization of Reserves As no detailed exploration is conducted by boreholes, only explored resources are considered as proved reserves. Hence, G1 (Proved) scale category as (111) code. No resources are considered under G2 (Probable) as (121) & G3 (Possible) as (122) scale of exploration Total Geological Reserves Details are discussed in quarry plan in pg. no.12 to Production Details It is proposed to produce m 3 of Building Stone & Road Metal during next five years plan period with an average annual production of M3. The 5-year quarrying operation, land usage and production details are as follows Quarrying Programme for the next five years Year wise production is discussed in Quarry plan in page no.12 to 15 and shown in Five Years Working Plan (Plate-V) Land Usage details Land Use Pattern of the quarry area during the next 5 years will be as follows Table 42 : Land usage details S. No. Area proposed In Ha. 1 Mining area Broken To be Broken Overburden /waste dumps Mineral - 3 Mineral storage Infrastructure
5 5 Roads Green belt un used Total Production détails Method of Quarrying Operations The Road Metal in the quarry lease area is exposed on the surface with sheet. Hence, it is proposed to quarry the sheet by open cast, Semi Mechanized method, by developing the benches of 3 M height with 1.5 M bench width. With shallow drilling and blasting. The development of benches in the sheet rock will be 60 o safety slopes Drilling Drill holes of M depth will be drilled in a staggered pattern at 3 m interval : i. Drill hole diameter 100 mm to the depth of 5.5 m ii. Depth and Inclination of drill hole: Generally drilled vertically in an alignment, drilled. iii. Explosive Type: Detonator Fuse, Packed nitrate mixture / anfo with detonators Production schedule The production of road metal continuous throughout year except during monsoon. That is 10 working months, 25 working days per month are considered. The average production of Building Rough Stone & Road Metal & Manufactured Sand is 12, M3 /annum. can be easily achieved in a single shift with sufficient men and machinery. The staff required for the mining operations is as follows.
6 Table 4.3 : Man power requirement S.No. Category No. of Persons 1. Manager 1 2. Mine Supervisor 2 3. Skilled Workers 6 4. Unskilled Workers Machine Operators 1 6. Watch man 1 5. Environmental Management Plan Mining of Road metal involves using heavy machinery and impacts the surrounding environment. In order to reduce the impact, we assessed the possible impacts on surrounding environment and suggested possible preventive measures by categorizing as Air, Noise and Water. The details of the possible causes and measures taken to reduce them are as follows. In addition to these measures a green belt will also be developed to remedy the biomass loss occurring due to the mining process Air pollution management In the process of mining heavy machinery such as excavators, Tippers, etc are used. These result in air pollution at various stages, which are stated as follows 1. Particulate matter generation from the mining process, 2. Particulate matter generation due to hauling, loading & unloading of mined road metal 3. NOx & SOx generation form the consumption of fossil fuels in heavy machinery and transportation vehicles Measures taken to reduce pollution During mining: Particulate matter generation during mining is mainly from drilling holes which can be controlled by covering the drill holes with cloth.
7 Transportation: a. To minimize the particulate mixing in air during hauling the vehicles are never overloaded and covered with a tarpal b. The particulate generation from the vehicular movement is suppressed by sprinkling water twice a day and conducting regular road repairs Additionally the proposed green belt would act as sinks for particulate matter Noise Pollution management The major source of noise pollution is due to i. Drilling, ii. Blasting and iii. Vehicular movements. Regular maintenance of noise generating units (repairing, greasing and minimization vibrations) will be taken to minimize noise levels. During blasting operations the noise level may increase (short time exposures). Blasting will be carried out during daytime to avoid noise intensity to the sur- rounding people at night time. Personal protective equipment like earplugs and other protective devices will be provided to workers those who are working near by the noise generating sources (drill machine operators). But as with distance away from the mining operations, the noise levels will reduce and the anticipated noise levels falls below the day and night residential standard limits set by CPCB (day Leq 55 and night Leq 45 db(a)). Dense vegetation is planned at the periphery of the lease area to minimize the impact of blasting in the surrounding environment Water Pollution Management The ground water table in this belt is below 4m from the surface and since the quarry depth will not reach up to this depth in the near future flooding by ground water is not anticipated. However, during rainy months, there is a possibility of wet conditions developing in the
8 working pit. This will be minimized if not altogether eliminated by adopting simple techniques like digging trenches all round to drain off rainwater and preventing surface run off from entering and flooding working pit. The water from the will be pumped by deploying suitable pumps, if and when required, the mine drainage can be effectively managed and the pit kept dry to keep up the production schedule Green belt development The whole area is occupied by scattered sparse vegetation of thorny trees and small bushes. In the quarry lease area no wild animals are witnessed as per the statements collected from the local population, since 50 years. There will be loss of biomass due to clearing of existing vegetation, but will be compensated by the given afforestation plan. As the site is near to human settlement other than domestic animals no important wild life is found that need to take special attention. Year [Col (1)] Trees at the end of Water needed L/tree Cost for water year [Col (2)] [Col (2)] (KLD) (col.2x15x250days/1000)] [tank of 5 ((col.3/5)x500)] 1st year nd year rd year ,08,000 4th year ,44,000 5th year ,000 Yearly average ,08,000
9 S. No Water Usage Quantity KLD 1 Wet Drilling Water sprinkling on haul roads + dump settling Domestic Use Green Belt development 1.0 Total Environmental Monitoring program The survey of air pollution comprises of the following monitoring aspects; i. Ambient air quality survey ii. Noise Level Monitoring Ambient air quality and noise level Monitoring will be carried out at minimum three stations, one station within mine site and two stations nearby residential areas out- side the mine. Parameters like suspended particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen carbon monoxide and lead will be monitored. The frequency of monitoring is preferably once in three months on 24 hour basis. The samples will be collected in accordance with the procedures given by CPCB Occupational health and safety Health and safety aspects of the mine will be taken care off as per the World Bank (WB) guidelines on open pit mining. The guidelines provide the detailed information on the aspects that are required to be taken into account for maintaining proper health and safety issues. The workers continuously exposed to dust will be provided with some protective devices like dust mask to prevent respiratory disorders. The workers continuously exposed to a high noise will
10 be provided with ear muffs/ earplugs. Green belt in and around the mining area will be developed to attenuate noise and dust impact. The blasting carried out in the mine area will be carefully planned and executed under the supervision of a responsible officer, to avoid any accidents. Drinking water supply for the employees will be provided by the project authority. The standard of the drinking water will be per WHO guidelines. Periodical training programme to inform the employees about their task, associated risk, and safe working practices will be undertaken. Training will also include information on accident prevention, proper control and maintenance of equipment and safe material handling practices. A regular monitoring of the Occupational Health and Safety will reduce the chances of accidents in the mine. Records of job related accidents and illness should be maintained. This information will be reviewed and evaluated to improve the effectiveness of Environmental Health and Safety programme Other management aspects Records will be maintained for the analysis of ambient air quality and noise levels. These records are not only required for the perusal of the Pollution Control Board authorities. The management will maintain the records as per the hazardous waste regulations and EPA regulations and apply for the annual consents for air and water, and renewal of authorization for the storage of hazardous waste as per the Hazardous Waste (Handling & Management) Rules, The records of hazardous waste manifest will be maintained. The format of the same is enclosed in appendix. The mine shall obtain the consent for operation (CFO) as required under section 25/26 of the Water act, 1974 and under section 21/22 of Air Act, 1981, before trial production and commissioning from the State Pollution Control Board. The CFO will be renewed each year by the management. The mine will submit environmental statement every year before September 30. The management ensures that it will comply with all the directions and regulations issued by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, New Delhi, State and Centre Pollution Control Boards. The Consent for Establishment & Consent for Operation will be displayed in a conspicuous location for reference to the inspecting authorities of different departments.
11 5.8. EMP Budget Description Item Capital cost (Rs.) Recurring cost (Rs.) Remarks Air pollution Cloth for protection from dust (21 employees for 6 10/- ) Gunny bags for covering the surface of jackhammer holes Road wetting 1 lit per Sq.mt ) ,260 Once in month for all the staff. - 1,000 As and when needed, Lump sum. Water tanker 400/-(5kld) for - 25, days Plantation on road side - and buffer zone -plus maintenance (60 6,000 22,500 Re-plant the non-surviving plants and cost for watering average is Rs.22,500/- ( Based on water calculation table ) Sub Total - I 6,000 49,760 Water pollution Construction of Garland drains Construction of Siltation tank 17,500 1,000 Maintenance cost 17,500 1,000 Maintenance cost Sub Total - II 35,000 2,000 Noise pollution Maintenance of machinery suitably. PPE's like Ear muffs for 21 employees Rs. 20 each 15, Once in Four months Sub Total - III 15, Total 50,000 53,020
12 Description Item Capital cost (Rs.) Recurring cost (Rs.) Remarks first aid kit 500 Once in year, replace by conducting periodical checkup fire extinguishers 500 hand gloves (key operating personnel) 500 thrice in a year safety shoes 500 twice in a year helmet 1500 once in three years Occupational Safety and Health Training and awareness programs on risk factors during emergencies by the experts 1,000 yearly once create sign boards about the risk and safety precautions. 500 maintenance twice a year Periodical medical checkup and supply of 200 for 21 once in year 4200 Once in a year and supply of medicines for every three months Fencing 34,000 Infrastructure Construction of Roads and maintenance and lightening 10, maintenance once in year especially during monsoon Sub Total - IV 44, Ambient air quality studies - Once in six months - 2 locations - 1,000 Water quality studies - Environmental monitoring Once a year - 2 Locations - 1,000 Will be done through MoEF laboratories Noise studies - Once in six months - 2 Locations - 1,000
13 Vibration studies - Once in year - 1 locations - 1,000 Sub Total - V 4,000 Grand Total 1,00,000 68,220