FINANCING IMPLEMENTATION OF WATER-RELATED SDGS 12 DECEMBER 2017, YANGON, MYANMAR

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1 FINANCING IMPLEMENTATION OF WATER-RELATED SDGS 12 DECEMBER 2017, YANGON, MYANMAR

2 *EGM can contribute to understanding of mechanisms of effective implementation of water-and sanitation-related SDGs and discuss the issues and solutions, related to financing of SDG 6 and the enhanced role of RCM in guiding the work of UN-Water 21 st Governing Council Meeting of Asia Pacific Water Forum, Singapore 31 July Sub Regional Workshop on Urban Water and Sanitation in South and South West Asia 9-10 Aug, Kathmandu SDG WEEK 3 rd APWS 8 th WWF 3rd Asia Pacific Water Summit 5-8 Sept, UNCC Dec, Myanmar March, Brazil 27Nov- 3 Dec, UNCC JULY 2017 AUGUST 2017 SEPTEMBER 2017 NOVEMBER 2017 DECEMBER 2017 MARCH 2018 Decision of GC on prep events and documentation, coordination, including two ToRs for two consultants of ESCAP and FAO, concept notes for up-coming 5 events Sessions objective is on local implementation of the 2030 agenda, specifically SDG 6 and 11, to address water scarcity and sanitation issues in the context of growing urbanization. (ESCAP and Government of Nepal) Report from the meeting 1. Side Event on Impactful investments to water- efficient infrastructure through strengthening IWRM processes and networking of practitioners - (TBC) ( NARBO, ESCAP & Partner org.) Report from the meeting 2. Expert group meeting of UN Water* at SDG week Report with recommendations By Consultant 2 supported by the UN-Water 4. Thematic session on Financing implementation of water related SDGs (ESCAP- led, APWF, Myanmar) Regional Report and Discussion Paper for (ESCAP led) session at 8 th WWF Discussion paper and Report by Consultant1, supported by 8 th WWF Secretariat 5. Theme title: Water and Development Topic title: Water Food Energy Nexus (FAO led, ESCAP) ESCAP contributes to the Discussion paper and the Report (FAO-led)

3 Statistics: SDG 6 Progress in Asia-Pacific SDG 6.1: 94% population have access to improved clean drinking water (2015) SDG 6.2: 65% population use improved sanitation facilities (2015) SDG 6.3: 70-90% wastewater is untreated in some countries ( ); Singapore is the only country that achieves 100% treated wastewater (2013) SDG 6.4: 13% total freshwater withdrawals on average in the upper middle income economies; no data in low and lower middle economies (2005) SDG 6.5: Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) Indicators are well utilized in some countries, such as Japan and Singapore. Project-based examples: Mekong River and Aral Sea Basin management Ref: AQUASTAT database, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); OECD data; MDG Indicators database.

4 Conceptual Framework of Key Factors Affecting Implementation of Water-Related SDGs

5 Financing to Mimic the Water Cycle Precipitation water acquisition Investing In the Water Cycle 3. Long-term recovery/recycle 2. Medium Water-Cycle Loop Disposal of treated wastewater for downstream users Freshwater Savings & Storage in healthy ecosystems and human infrastructure Recycled Water Surface Water & Groundwater Distribution Efficient Urban Water Use Wastewater Treatment

6 CASE STUDIES ON IMPACTFUL INVESTMENTS IN WATER EFFICIENT INFRASTRUCTURES China Meeting the Wastewater Challenge in the People s Republic of China: The government with the ADB, private companies and communities to find innovative and cost-effective ways to turn wastewater into clean, usable water. The Xiajin Wastewater Treatment Plant processes 600 million tons of wastewater each year. India Smart City Concept: Installation of E-Toilets, automated/ self-cleaning toilets having remote monitoring, tracking of the water quality facility and advanced leak detection. Remote Waste water recycling and SCADA, smart metering. Water ATMs for communities with 24/7 safe water access. Solid Waste Management RFID tracking of vehicles, Bio-methanation, Waste to-energy, decentralized waste processing Bangladesh Dhaka Water Supply Network: improve the service delivery and the capacity, sustainable nonrevenue water reduction strategy, improved monitoring, and increased in-house capacity for DMA management; Introduction of technologies for DMA management, including use of supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system, Viet Nam CO2 Reduction Potential in Viet Nam due to water efficient infrastructure the development of water infrastructure, and envisioning a society in which water saving equipment's with the latest high-efficiency flush toilet bowls and showers are installed measuring water / time of usage, temperature and electricity consumption of pumps, A CO2 reduction potential of approximately 16,000 tco2/year is expected and use of MRV methodology. Japan 1.Johkasou: DEWATS offering primary secondary and tertiary treatment for domestic wastewater of individual houses ensuring effective BOD levels of below 20 mg/l. eliminating pathogens. With capacity of 5 to 5000 people. 2.Wastewater Reuse: the treated wastewater is further treated at the Saitama Shintoshin Purification Plant using a combination of bio filtration and ozonization processes with separate piping system for water supply and treated wastewater saving 250,000 cubic meters (m3) of freshwater yearly, amounting to 104 million (approximately $939,000) Australia Water Trading using advanced Remote Sensing Services : Efficient water allocation as market based price acts as an incentive for users to allocate resources from low value activities to high value activities and increasing demand, depending on the historical, political, legal, and economic context of a community, entitlements sharing and tradable ownership.

7 Regional Policy: Lessons Learned Ref: analytical products of ESCAP Attract impactful investments and ensure collaborative partnerships Enable regulated market opportunities for natural capital Implement smart budget appraisals Implement declining operational subsidies for wastewater management

8 Collaborative Actionable Strategies A focus on countries with special needs (CSN) in two phases: Action 1: capacity building of networks Action 2: implementation of financing schemes in pilot cities

9 QUESTIONS TO THE SESSION Regional Programme on SDG 6 Strategies? Who could initiate and lead the startups at city levels? Partnership of Govt with Investors for impact investment schemes? Who should initiate the pilot programme and calculate impact in 3D? Another proposal: we need to ensure on the water accounting to align statistics at city and national levels Integrated Monitoring of Water-Related SDGs: what role do you expect from ESCAP? How can we empower the regional coordination mechanisms (RCM) in providing directions to UN-Water and empower APWF, NARBO and other network of practitioners?