Fire suppression Rak , Fire Simulation Jukka Vaari

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Fire suppression Rak , Fire Simulation Jukka Vaari"

Transcription

1 TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUS VTT OY Fire suppression Rak , Fire Simulation Jukka Vaari

2 What is combustion?

3 What is combustion? Combustion is the exothermic chemical reaction between oxygen and fuel Combustion is associated with Consumption of oxygen and fuel Formation of new chemical compunds (products) Release of heat Soot production Light emission Combustion occurs mostly in the gas phase

4 What is fire extinguishment?

5 Why is the fire extinguished?

6 Why is the fire extinguished?

7 7

8 8

9 9

10 10

11 Question Why can rockets fly in space?

12 Question Why can rockets fly in space?

13 Question How can you extinguish a fire on a space station?

14 Question How can you extinguish a fire on a space station?

15 Question Why can you blow out a candle?

16 Why do you have to blow hard?

17 What is the essential difference?

18 Fuel gasification requires heat HEAT Heating of fuel-air mixture to ignition temperatures Gasification

19 I smell gas but why no explosion?

20 Answer 1: no ignition energy

21 Answer 2: wrong mixture CH 4 + 2O 2 CO 2 + 2H 2 O

22 Mixture and chemical equation Methane combustion is usually written as CH 4 + 2O 2 CO 2 + 2H 2 O Methane stoichiometric combustion in air (21% O 2, 79% N 2 ) CH 4 + 2O N 2 CO 2 + 2H 2 O N 2 Methane combustion in air at lower flammability limit (5% CH 4 ) 0.05CH 4 + (1-0.05)(0.21O N 2 ) products CH 4 + 4O N 2 CO 2 + 2H 2 O +2O N 2 Cold mixture Hot mixture Heating

23 FDS: gas phase extinguishment &REAC parameters CRITICAL_FLAME_TEMPERATURE (default 1427 ºC) AUTO_IGNITION_TEMPERATURE (default 0 ºC)

24 FDS: liquid and solid phase extinguishment What is the pre-requisite for simulating the suppression effect of water on a surface

25 Option 1: an empirical model Fuel mass flux depends on the amount of water on the burning surface (kg/m 2 ) User must supply the parameter E_COEFFICIENT

26 Option 2: pyrolysis model Fuel gasification rate depends on surface temperature Solid phase: Arrhenius kinetics Liquid phase: Clausius-Clapeyron equation & Stefan diffusion Heat transfer between a water droplet on a surface and the surface affects surface temperature and therefore pyrolysis rate

27 Automatic (fire) sprinkler Nozzle with a thermally sensitive sealing device which opens to discharge water for fire fighting

28 Temperature rating and thermal sensitivity Color of the glass bulb indicates activation temperature Thickness of the glass bulb is related to thermal sensitivity

29 Atomization and spray pattern The deflector plate atomizes the water and defines the shape of the spray pattern

30 Hydraulic dimensioning 5000 Density (mm/min) EH1 EH2 Area of sprinkler operation (ft 2 ) LH OH1 93 EUR EUR LH OH3 EUR OH2 EUR OH4 EUR OH1 OH2 HHP1 EUR HHP2 EUR Density (gpm/ft 2 ) HHP3 EUR Increasing risk requires a larger water density over a larger area Area of sprinkler operation (m 2 )

31 Water spray definition in FDS (example) &DEVC XYZ=0.0, 0.0, 2.5 QUANTITY='TIME' SETPOINT=0.0 PROP_ID= MY NOZZLE' / &PROP ID= MY NOZZLE' OFFSET=0.05 PARTICLES_PER_SECOND=5000 PART_ID='WATER DROPLETS' OPERATING_PRESSURE= K_FACTOR= 0.35 PARTICLE_VELOCITY=110.0 SPRAY_ANGLE=0.0, 10.0 / &PART ID='WATER DROPLETS' SPEC_ID='WATER VAPOR DIAMETER=80. GAMMA_D=2.4 / &SPEC ID='WATER VAPOR' /

32 Excercise: suppression of a residential fire Plywood walls Foam slabs Wood crib over a heptane pool Cotton wicks soaked in heptane

33

34 Tasks Examine the input file Room_fire.fds How are the different parts of the fire load described? How is ventilation arranged in the room? Run the case and save the results. Add a residential sprinkler to the input file and run the case (sprinkler definition on the next slide) In the same graph, plot the HRR curves with and without the residential sprinkler. In the same graph, plot sprinkler temperature and gas temperature next to the sprinkler. Why is there a difference? Compare the vertical gas temperature distribution in the simulations. How does the sprinkler affect the possibility of humans evacuating the room? Examine the sprinkler water distribution on the floor and on the walls. What is the operating principle of a residential sprinkler?

35 Residential sprinkler definition Location Activation temperature 68 ºC Thermal sensitivity 36 (m s) 1/2 Conductivity factor 0.25 (m s) 1/2 K factor 71 l/min/bar 1/2 Operating pressure Droplet initial velocity Mid-room, 3 cm below ceiling surface 0.55 bar 10 m/s Droplets per second Spray angle 0-90º Droplet density distribution Angle of maximum density 90º Gaussian Droplet median volume diameter 1000 µm In addition: record the accumulated water mass per unit surface area

Calculating energy changes from burning fuels

Calculating energy changes from burning fuels Calculating energy changes from burning fuels TEACHERS AND TECHNICIANS NOTES Specification reference: C3.3.1 Energy from reactions (a) The relative amounts of energy released when substances burn can be

More information

Impact of non-uniform surface flows on fire suppression of an idealized commodity

Impact of non-uniform surface flows on fire suppression of an idealized commodity Computational Methods in Multiphase Flow VII 207 Impact of non-uniform surface flows on fire suppression of an idealized commodity Y. Xin FM Global, Norwood MA, USA Abstract Sprinkler protection is currently

More information

Watermist State of the Art Technology

Watermist State of the Art Technology Watermist State of the Art Technology IWMA Seminar 19 th January 2014 Dubai, UAE By Alex Palle, VID Fire-Kill, Denmark Agenda: 1) Introduction to VID Fire-Kill. 2) What is a fire. 3) What is Watermist

More information

Reality Check. Essentials of Fire Fighting 6 th Edition Firefighter I. Chapter 5 Fire Behavior. Learning Objective 1

Reality Check. Essentials of Fire Fighting 6 th Edition Firefighter I. Chapter 5 Fire Behavior. Learning Objective 1 Essentials of Fire Fighting 6 th Edition Firefighter I Chapter 5 Fire Behavior Replace with manual graphic on slide master Learning Objective 1 Explain the science of fire as it relates to energy, forms

More information

Theory Comparison between Propane and Methane Combustion inside the Furnace

Theory Comparison between Propane and Methane Combustion inside the Furnace International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology E-ISSN 2277 4106, P-ISSN 2347 5161 2015 INPRESSCO, All Rights Reserved Available at http://inpressco.com/category/ijcet Research Article Theory

More information

Spatially Resolved Spray Scanning System and an Engineering Tool for Evaluating Sprinkler Performance

Spatially Resolved Spray Scanning System and an Engineering Tool for Evaluating Sprinkler Performance Spatially Resolved Spray Scanning System and an Engineering Tool for Evaluating Sprinkler Performance Stephen Jordan SUPDET February 28, 2013 Orlando, FL The Not-so-full-scale Full Scale Test Sitting around

More information

CFD modelling of fire development in metro carriages under different ventilation conditions

CFD modelling of fire development in metro carriages under different ventilation conditions SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden CFD modelling of fire development in metro carriages under different ventilation conditions Ying Zhen Li BRANDFORSK Project 400-131 Fire Research SP Report 2015:86

More information

Sprinkler Identification Numbers (SINs)

Sprinkler Identification Numbers (SINs) Worldwide Contacts www.tyco-fire.com Model 2.8 K-factor Combustible Concealed Space Sprinklers Specific Application, Upright General Description The Model Combustible Concealed Sprinklers are fast response,

More information

THE COMBUSTION OF HYDROCARBONS. I love the smell of napalm in the morning smells like victory!

THE COMBUSTION OF HYDROCARBONS. I love the smell of napalm in the morning smells like victory! THE COMBUSTION OF HYDROCARBONS I love the smell of napalm in the morning smells like victory! Carbon monoxide is a toxic gas that can be produced during the combustion of a carbon-based fuel such as propane.

More information

a difficult challenge when trying to achieve effective coverage within a shallow space. The Model CC1 Combustible

a difficult challenge when trying to achieve effective coverage within a shallow space. The Model CC1 Combustible Worldwide Contacts www.tyco-fire.com Model CC1 2.8 K-factor Combustible Concealed Space Sprinklers Specific Application, Upright General Description The Model CC1 Combustible Concealed Sprinklers are fast

More information

The Suitability of Fire-Field Modelling for Enclosure Fires involving Complex Solid Fuel Loads. STIFF Meeting Sept 2006 Stuart Winter

The Suitability of Fire-Field Modelling for Enclosure Fires involving Complex Solid Fuel Loads. STIFF Meeting Sept 2006 Stuart Winter The Suitability of Fire-Field Modelling for Enclosure Fires involving Complex Solid Fuel Loads STIFF Meeting Sept 2006 Stuart Winter Introduction Two types of solid fuel source: Cars and Wooden Cribs.

More information

WEEKLY SAFETY MEETING All Euramax Subsidiaries. Safety Meeting Contents FLAMMABLE LIQUID SAFETY. Meeting Notice. Leaders Guide.

WEEKLY SAFETY MEETING All Euramax Subsidiaries. Safety Meeting Contents FLAMMABLE LIQUID SAFETY. Meeting Notice. Leaders Guide. Safety Meeting Contents Meeting Notice Leaders Guide Employee Handout Employee Quiz Meeting Sign-In Sheet Employee Puzzle PRIOR TO THE WEEKLY MEETING: - Post the meeting notice by the timeclock - Read

More information

WOOD USE IN NONCOMBUSTIBLE BUILDINGS

WOOD USE IN NONCOMBUSTIBLE BUILDINGS INTRODUCTION The National Building Code of Canada (NBCC) 1 requires that some buildings be of noncombustible construction under its prescriptive requirements. Its use in certain types of buildings such

More information

Char-Gas Has Greater Value Than for Cooking: Example of C2P Char-Gasifiers

Char-Gas Has Greater Value Than for Cooking: Example of C2P Char-Gasifiers Char-Gas Has Greater Value Than for Cooking: Example of C2P Char-Gasifiers A Presentation at the 2017 ETHOS Conference in Seattle-Kirkland, WA, USA 27-29 January 2017 Gary Gilmore Forester in Pennsylvania

More information

1 Exam Prep Prov Module: Thermal and Moisture Protection Questions and Answers

1 Exam Prep Prov Module: Thermal and Moisture Protection Questions and Answers 1 Exam Prep Prov Module: 27203-13 Thermal and Moisture Protection Questions and Answers 1. The R-value is a measure of the ability of a material to. A. Resist the passage of moisture B. Resist heat conduction

More information

COMBUSTION OF LIQUID FUELS COMBUSTION AND FUELS

COMBUSTION OF LIQUID FUELS COMBUSTION AND FUELS COMBUSTION OF LIQUID FUELS PHASES OF LIQUID FUEL BURNING Two phases of liquid fuel burning: a) phase of liquid evaporation, b) phase of vapour burning. Cloud of vapour Droplet of fuel DOMINATING FACTORS

More information

Date of issue: March 22, 2000 Date of revision: April 1, 2017 SAFETY DATA SHEET

Date of issue: March 22, 2000 Date of revision: April 1, 2017 SAFETY DATA SHEET Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, SHINKOLITE, Date of revision: April 1, 2017 Page 1/5 SAFETY DATA SHEET Date of issue: March 22, 2000 Date of revision: April 1, 2017 1. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION

More information

1. Gas Welding C k. br-er1-02.cdr ISF 2002

1. Gas Welding C k. br-er1-02.cdr ISF 2002 1. Gas Welding 3propane 1. Gas Welding 7 Although the oxy- process has been introduced long time ago it is still applied for its flexibility and mobility. Equipment for oxy welding consists of just a few

More information

Material Safety Data Sheet

Material Safety Data Sheet EMERGENCY NUMBERS: Sealed Air Corporation (502) 380-4333 Material Safety Data Sheet Page: 1 of 5 For emergency and general information 8:30am - 5:00pm (Eastern Time), Monday - Friday CHEMTREC (800) 424-9300

More information

Design and Simulation of a Hybrid Entrained-Flow and Fluidized Bed Mild Gasifier Part 2 Case Study and Analysis

Design and Simulation of a Hybrid Entrained-Flow and Fluidized Bed Mild Gasifier Part 2 Case Study and Analysis Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition IMECE2011 November 11-17, 2011, Denver, Colorado, USA IMECE2011-64485 Design and Simulation of a Hybrid Entrained-Flow

More information

Fire Pattern Repeatability: A Study in Uncertainty

Fire Pattern Repeatability: A Study in Uncertainty Fire Pattern Repeatability: A Study in Uncertainty Daniel Madrzykowski National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD., USA Charles Fleischmann, PhD Department of Civil and Natural Resources

More information

11.1.2* Adjacent Hazards or Design Methods. For buildings with two or more adjacent hazards or design methods, the following shall apply:

11.1.2* Adjacent Hazards or Design Methods. For buildings with two or more adjacent hazards or design methods, the following shall apply: 10 of 474 11/7/2013 12:33 PM First Revision No. 260-NFPA 13-2013 [ Section No. 11.1.2 ] 11.1.2* Adjacent Hazards or Design Methods. For buildings with two or more adjacent hazards or design methods, the

More information

The Effect of Air Velocity on Heat Release Rate and Fire Development during Fires in Tunnels

The Effect of Air Velocity on Heat Release Rate and Fire Development during Fires in Tunnels The Effect of Air Velocity on Heat Release Rate and Fire Development during Fires in Tunnels ANDERS LÖNNERMARK and HAUKUR INGASON Fire Technology SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden Box 857 SE-5115

More information

NUMERICAL MODEL FOR PREDICTION OF CRACKS IN CONCRETE STRUCTURES

NUMERICAL MODEL FOR PREDICTION OF CRACKS IN CONCRETE STRUCTURES NUMERICAL MODEL FOR PREDICTION OF CRACKS IN CONCRETE STRUCTURES A. van Beek FEMMASSE B.V., Geldermalsen, The Netherlands B.E.J. Baetens INTRON B.V., Geldermalsen, The Netherlands E. Schlangen INTRON B.V.,

More information

IMO REVIEW OF THE BC CODE, INCLUDING EVALUATION OF PROPERTIES OF SOLID BULK CARGOES. Transport of Wood Pellets. Submitted by Canada and Sweden

IMO REVIEW OF THE BC CODE, INCLUDING EVALUATION OF PROPERTIES OF SOLID BULK CARGOES. Transport of Wood Pellets. Submitted by Canada and Sweden INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANIZATION E IMO SUB-COMMITTEE ON DANGEROUS GOODS, SOLID CARGOES AND CONTAINERS 9th session Agenda item 4 DSC 9/4/3 1 July 2004 Original: ENGLISH REVIEW OF THE BC CODE, INCLUDING

More information

BiologiQ Eco Starch Resin. BiologiQ ESR Resin Compounding, extrusion, injection, forming, film blowing. Headquarters

BiologiQ Eco Starch Resin. BiologiQ ESR Resin Compounding, extrusion, injection, forming, film blowing. Headquarters SECTION 1. PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION Product Name Common Names BiologiQ GS270 BiologiQ Starch Polymer Resin BiologiQ Eco Starch Resin Product Use Manufacturer BiologiQ ESR Resin Compounding, extrusion,

More information

Safety Data Sheet. ThermaSmart PRO sheet

Safety Data Sheet. ThermaSmart PRO sheet Safety Data Sheet ThermaSmart PRO sheet 1. Identification 1.1 Product ThermaSmart PRO sheet 1.2 Company Veerweg 1, P.O. Box 531 5140 AM Waalwijk The Netherlands Tel. +31 (0) 416 567 777 Fax. +31 (0) 416

More information

SPECIFIC APPLICATION MODEL "IC" INTERSTITIAL COMBUSTIBLE CONCEALED SPACE UPRIGHT SPRINKLER GL5608

SPECIFIC APPLICATION MODEL IC INTERSTITIAL COMBUSTIBLE CONCEALED SPACE UPRIGHT SPRINKLER GL5608 4077 Airpark Dr. Standish, MI 48658 989-846-4583 www.globesprinkler.com Technical Support 989-414-2600 techservice@globesprinkler.com SPECIFIC APPLICATION MODEL "IC" INTERSTITIAL COMBUSTIBLE CONCEALED

More information

Technical Bulletin. Open-Cell Spray Polyurethane Foam Equipment Set Up and Processing: (Please Review Technical Data Sheet)

Technical Bulletin. Open-Cell Spray Polyurethane Foam Equipment Set Up and Processing: (Please Review Technical Data Sheet) Open-Cell Spray Polyurethane Foam Equipment Set Up and Processing: (Please Review Technical Data Sheet) ENERTITE NM may be installed in new or retrofit constructions. In either case, the product must be

More information

Use of CFD in the Performance-Based Design for Fire Safety in the Oil and Gas Sector

Use of CFD in the Performance-Based Design for Fire Safety in the Oil and Gas Sector Use of CFD in the Performance-Based Design for Fire Safety in the Oil and Gas Sector Camille Azzi* and Lars Rogstadkjenet camille.azzi@gexcon.com GexCon AS Bergen, Norway ABSTRACT This paper addresses

More information

WOOD & FIRE SAFETY. 3 rd International Scientific Conference

WOOD & FIRE SAFETY. 3 rd International Scientific Conference WOOD & FIRE SAFETY 3 rd International Scientific Conference The High Tatras, Hotel Patria SLOVAK REPUBLIC FUNDAMENTAL THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS DERIVED FROM THE CONE CALORIMETER MEASUREMENTS

More information

The Effect of Polymers on Thermal and Fire Resistance of Insulation

The Effect of Polymers on Thermal and Fire Resistance of Insulation The Effect of Polymers on Thermal and Fire Resistance of Insulation 1 Table of Contents Abstract 2 Introduction 3 Literature Review 3 Research Methodology 7 Data Analysis 8 Conclusion 12 2 Introduction

More information

Foam Vs Fiber. Air Sealing Benefit of Foam in Single Family Residential New Construction. Gary Parsons Fellow, Dow Building Solutions R&D

Foam Vs Fiber. Air Sealing Benefit of Foam in Single Family Residential New Construction. Gary Parsons Fellow, Dow Building Solutions R&D Foam Vs Fiber Air Sealing Benefit of Foam in Single Family Residential New Construction Gary Parsons Fellow, Dow Building Solutions R&D Project TEETH A multi-home, 5 year research project, in partnership

More information

GHS Safety Data Sheet

GHS Safety Data Sheet GHS Safety Data Sheet 1. Identification Product Name: INCI Name: Linowax EB-S-G Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Wax, Blue 1 Lake (CI 42090), Yellow 5 Lake (CI 19140) Product Code: Wax#: 540, 820 Product

More information

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (in accordance with Directive 1907/2006 EC) Revised Date:

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (in accordance with Directive 1907/2006 EC) Revised Date: 1. COMPANY AND PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION Trade Name: Company Name & Address: POLIBARR (Y series) POLİNAS PLASTİK San. ve Tic. A.Ş. Organize Sanayi Bölgesi Cumhuriyet Cad. No: 2-26 45030 MANİSA/TÜRKİYE Tel:

More information

Material Safety Data Sheet

Material Safety Data Sheet Material Safety Data Sheet The manufacturer of this product urges anyone using this product to read the following MSDS information and become aware of the properties associated with this material. Users

More information

IIJTRODUCTION FOAM LIQUIDS AVAILABLE. There are five groups of foam liquids now available in the United Kingdom:

IIJTRODUCTION FOAM LIQUIDS AVAILABLE. There are five groups of foam liquids now available in the United Kingdom: THE FIRE PROTECTION OF FLAMMABLE LIQUID RISKS BY FOAMS J. G. Corrie* The fire-fighting foam liquids available in the United Kingdom are briefly described. The principles to be observed in designing a foam

More information

Impact of minerals and alkali metals on willow combustion properties

Impact of minerals and alkali metals on willow combustion properties 584 Impact of minerals and alkali metals on willow combustion properties L. I. Darvell, 1 P. Hrycko, 2 J. M. Jones, 1* D. J. Nowakowski, 1 M. Pourkashanian 1 and A. Williams. 1 1 Energy & Resources Research

More information

Design of a Small Scale CFB Boiler Combustion Chamber for Laboratory Purposes

Design of a Small Scale CFB Boiler Combustion Chamber for Laboratory Purposes International Journal of Emerging Engineering Research and Technology Volume 3, Issue 9, September, 2015, PP 1-7 ISSN 2349-4395 (Print) & ISSN 2349-4409 (Online) Design of a Small Scale CFB Boiler Combustion

More information

Design Criteria, CPVC Pipe

Design Criteria, CPVC Pipe Worldwide Contacts www.tyco-fire.com Model CC2 4.2 and 5.6 K-factor Combustible Concealed Space Sprinklers Specific Application, Upright General Description The Model CC2 Combustible Concealed Sprinklers

More information

CECEBE Technologies Inc.

CECEBE Technologies Inc. 98.2.8 Improving Furnace-Boiler System in Sulfuric Acid Plants Dr. Gordon M. Cameron and Dr. Dahya Bhaga CECEBE Technologies Inc. 4 Wellesbourne Crescent Toronto, Ontario Canada, M2H 1Y7 Tel: (416) 490-9840

More information

Your Family s Carbon Footprint

Your Family s Carbon Footprint Your Family s Carbon Footprint Key Concepts: Greenhouse Gas Carbon footprint Carbon dioxide Greenhouse gas Greenhouse effect Methane Nitrous oxide WHAT YOU WILL LEARN 1. You will calculate how much carbon

More information

Insulating Exterior Assemblies : Batt, Blown / Spray, Board and Beyond

Insulating Exterior Assemblies : Batt, Blown / Spray, Board and Beyond Insulating Exterior Assemblies : Batt, Blown / Spray, Board and Beyond Batt Fiberglass Mineral Wool Cotton Wool Blown, Sprayed Fiberglass Spray Foam Cellulose Wool Board Polystyrene (XPS, EPS) Polyisocyanurate

More information

FM APPROVED. FIRE PERFORMANCE Differences Between Elastomeric and Polyethylene/Polyolefin Insulations

FM APPROVED. FIRE PERFORMANCE Differences Between Elastomeric and Polyethylene/Polyolefin Insulations FIRE PERFORMANCE Differences Between Elastomeric and Polyethylene/Polyolefin Insulations Why a 5/50 rating alone does not assure fire safety FM APPROVED FIRE PERFORMANCE: A 5/50 RATING DOES NOT ASSURE

More information

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET. Polypropylene

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET. Polypropylene MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Polypropylene (PP) SECTION 1 CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY Chemical Name & Synonyms : Polypropylene (PP) Copolymer Chemical Family : Polyolefin C.A.S. No. : 9010-79-1 Formula

More information

Report on economy of energy carrierbased CHP systems for market implementations

Report on economy of energy carrierbased CHP systems for market implementations www.bioboost.eu Biomass based energy intermediates boosting biofuel production This project has received funding from the European Union s Seventh Programme for research, technological development and

More information

THE BURNING RATE OF ALUMINIUM PARTICLES IN NITROMETHANE IN CYLINDER TESTS

THE BURNING RATE OF ALUMINIUM PARTICLES IN NITROMETHANE IN CYLINDER TESTS THE BURNING RATE OF ALUMINIUM PARTICLES IN NITROMETHANE IN CYLINDER TESTS A M Milne 1, A W Longbottom 1, D J Evans 1, P J Haskins 2, M D Cook 2, R I Briggs 2 1. Fluid Gravity Engineering Ltd, 83 Market

More information

ISOPA. Prüfungsanstalt (MFPA), Leipzig, on a polyurethane. rigid foam insulated roof construction.

ISOPA. Prüfungsanstalt (MFPA), Leipzig, on a polyurethane. rigid foam insulated roof construction. F I R E P E R F O R M A N C E O F P O L Y U R E T H A N E S T E E L D E C K R O O F I N G F I R E P E R F O R M A N C E O F P O L Y U R E T H A N E S T E E L D E C K R O O F I N G has funded a series of

More information

Extended Coverage Sprinklers

Extended Coverage Sprinklers Extended Coverage Sprinklers Agenda Why Extended Coverage History Extended Coverage Products Concept of Extended Coverage Sprinklers Summary 2 WHY EXTENDED COVERAGE? 3 Hazard / Occupancy Classification

More information

Understanding Spray Technology to Optimize Sulfur Burning

Understanding Spray Technology to Optimize Sulfur Burning Understanding Spray Technology to Optimize Sulfur Burning Presenters: Chuck Munro Dan Vidusek About Spraying Systems Co. 75 year nozzle engineering & manufacturing company Leader in spray technology Manufacturing

More information

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 GENERAL Rapid economic growth and industrialisation has led to significant reduction in ambient air quality. There is an ever increasing demand for power and to meet this demand

More information

A LOOK INTO THE 2015 IECC RESIDENTIAL PROVISIONS. Presented by: Shaunna Mozingo, Colorado Code Consulting

A LOOK INTO THE 2015 IECC RESIDENTIAL PROVISIONS. Presented by: Shaunna Mozingo, Colorado Code Consulting A LOOK INTO THE 2015 IECC RESIDENTIAL PROVISIONS Presented by: Shaunna Mozingo, Colorado Code Consulting WHAT CAN WE EXPECT TO SEE? Some consensus on enough is enough for now - No real roll backs, no real

More information

Ignition temperature of solid fuels

Ignition temperature of solid fuels Ignition temperature of solid fuels Introduction Combustion of solid fuels is a complex phenomenon where various stages of the process can be distinguished. A solid fuel when heated up is drying out first

More information

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET MSDS# 1500 SECTION 1 QUADRANT EPP 2120 FAIRMONT AVENUE TELEPHONE NUMBERS: P.O. BOX 14235 PRODUCT INFORMATION(Quadrant EPP ) - READING, PA. 19612-4235 610-320-6600 TRANSPORTATION

More information

Fire Risk Assessment for Ammonia Onshore Export Terminal

Fire Risk Assessment for Ammonia Onshore Export Terminal 4B-2 6th Asia-Oceania Symposium on Fire Science and Technology 17-20, March, 2004, Daegu, Korea Fire Risk Assessment for Ammonia Onshore Export Terminal Yu. N. Shebeko, I. A. Bolodian, V. P. Molchanov,

More information

Wet granulation of blast furnace slag has been

Wet granulation of blast furnace slag has been INBA slag granulation system with environmental control of water and emissions As the demand for granulated BF slag continues to grow and environmental constraints become more severe, improvements to slag

More information

HIGH PILED COMBUSTIBLE STORAGE CITY OF NOVI SUBMITTAL CHECKLIST In Accordance with Chapter 23 of the 2006 International Fire Code

HIGH PILED COMBUSTIBLE STORAGE CITY OF NOVI SUBMITTAL CHECKLIST In Accordance with Chapter 23 of the 2006 International Fire Code Project Name/Tenant: HIGH PILED COMBUSTIBLE STORAGE CITY OF NOVI SUBMITTAL CHECKLIST In Accordance with Chapter 23 of the 2006 International Fire Code Site Address: Applicant: Phone: Bldg/Unit/Suite: A

More information

Automated Methanol dosage using Liquid Flow Controllers: How Nitrogen-Methanol processes for the heat treatment of steel can get more transparent and

Automated Methanol dosage using Liquid Flow Controllers: How Nitrogen-Methanol processes for the heat treatment of steel can get more transparent and : How Nitrogen-Methanol processes for the heat treatment of steel can get more transparent and efficient White Paper Juni 2010 Automated Methanol dosage using Liquid Flow Controllers: How Nitrogen-Methanol

More information

Fire Precautions and Fire Fighting

Fire Precautions and Fire Fighting Organometallics Fire Precautions and Fire Fighting Fire Precautions Preventative fire precautions are particularly important in dealing with metal alkyls and their preparations. Plants in which metal alkyls

More information

CFD simulation of underground coal dust explosions and active explosion barriers

CFD simulation of underground coal dust explosions and active explosion barriers University of Wollongong Research Online Coal Operators' Conference Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences 2010 CFD simulation of underground coal dust explosions and active explosion barriers

More information

NIEMI (ENERGY) CARBON AND THE ENERGY WE USE

NIEMI (ENERGY) CARBON AND THE ENERGY WE USE NIEMI (ENERGY) CARBON AND THE ENERGY WE USE Photograph of the La Cygne Power Plant (Kansas City Power and Light) Photo by Tina M. Niemi June 14, 2007 VERSION #2 1 Lesson #1 Combustion Exploration What

More information

NFPA 30-FLC-SWC Second Revisions Report

NFPA 30-FLC-SWC Second Revisions Report of 44 9/6/2016 1:40 PM Second Revision No. 214-NFPA 30-2016 [ Global Comment ] See attached Word doc for changes to Sections 9.2, 12.2, and 16.2. Supplemental Information File Name 30-GLOBAL_SR_214-EDITED.docx

More information

Purpose: To demonstrate the ability to create a single line foam stream using an in-line eductor and foam nozzle (or attachment).

Purpose: To demonstrate the ability to create a single line foam stream using an in-line eductor and foam nozzle (or attachment). Volume 16, Number 182 Weekly Fire Drill Basic Foam Operation Objective: To perform the proper sequence of steps to safely place an initial foam line in service, using units and staffing of the average

More information

Approval Standard. for. Flammable and Combustible Liquid Storage Buildings

Approval Standard. for. Flammable and Combustible Liquid Storage Buildings Approval Standard for Flammable and Combustible Liquid Storage Buildings Class Number 6049 August 1991 (Effective Date: August 1, 1992) 2002 FM Global Technologies LLC. All rights reserved. Foreword FM

More information

3D Firefighting Controlling the Environment

3D Firefighting Controlling the Environment 3D Firefighting Controlling the Environment Valdivia, Chile January 2010 CFBT-US Not just what and how, but why! In order to extinguish a fire properly, it is necessary for the firemen to approach it for

More information

CFD MODELING FOR DESIGN OF NOX CONTROL SYSTEMS IN TWO UTILITY BOILERS

CFD MODELING FOR DESIGN OF NOX CONTROL SYSTEMS IN TWO UTILITY BOILERS CFD MODELING FOR DESIGN OF NOX CONTROL SYSTEMS IN TWO UTILITY BOILERS James Valentine, Marc Cremer, and Kevin Davis Reaction Engineering International J. J. Letcatvits American Electric Power Scott Vierstra

More information

SAFETY DATA SHEET. Section 1 - CHEMICAL, PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION. Section 2 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

SAFETY DATA SHEET. Section 1 - CHEMICAL, PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION. Section 2 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION SAFETY DATA SHEET Section 1 - CHEMICAL, PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION Supplier Information: American Excelsior Company 850 Avenue H East Arlington, TX 76011 Office Phone #: (817) 385-3500 Chemical

More information

Design and distribution of air nozzles in the biomass boiler assembly

Design and distribution of air nozzles in the biomass boiler assembly TRANSACTIONS OF THE INSTITUTE OF FLUID-FLOW MACHINERY No. 125, 2013, 13 28 KAROL RONEWICZ, TOMASZ TURZYŃSKI, DARIUSZ KARDAŚ Design and distribution of air nozzles in the biomass boiler assembly The Szewalski

More information

View from the Penthouse

View from the Penthouse View from the Penthouse The DNFM Technical News Letter David N. French Metallurgists Ph: 502-955-9847 Fax: 502-957-5441 Web: www.davidnfrench.com In an effort to improve air quality and reduce acidic emissions,

More information

Chemical kinetics study of combustion characteristics of ammonia-air mixtures under high pressure lean conditions

Chemical kinetics study of combustion characteristics of ammonia-air mixtures under high pressure lean conditions Chemical kinetics study of combustion characteristics of ammonia-air mixtures under high pressure lean conditions Hadi Nozari and Arif Karabeyoğlu Department of Mechanical Engineering Koç University İstanbul,

More information

Influence of Water Temperature on Cooling Intensity of Mist Nozzles in Continuous Casting

Influence of Water Temperature on Cooling Intensity of Mist Nozzles in Continuous Casting Influence of Water Temperature on Cooling Intensity of Mist Nozzles in Continuous Casting M. Raudensky (1), M. Hnizdil (1), J. Y. Hwang (2), S. H. Lee (2), S. Y. Kim (2), (1) Brno University of Technology,

More information

System Level Overview of the Hypergolic Gelled Propellant Lab (GPL)

System Level Overview of the Hypergolic Gelled Propellant Lab (GPL) System Level Overview of the Hypergolic Gelled Propellant Lab (GPL) Dr. Timothée L. Pourpoint Dr. Steve Heister Dr. William Anderson Dr. Robert Lucht Dr. Steven Son Purdue University Maurice J. Zucrow

More information

Material Safety Data Sheet according 91/155/EEC Product Name : Edge-Stick 8 cm Kö 135 Date: Revision date:

Material Safety Data Sheet according 91/155/EEC Product Name : Edge-Stick 8 cm Kö 135 Date: Revision date: Date: 30.06.00 Revision date: 19.04.00 1 1. IDENTIFICATION OF THE PREPARATION AND COMPANY. Product name & code : Edge-Stick 8 cm 135008 Standard Colors NAME AND FULL ADDRESS OF COMPANY: Heinrich König

More information

GHS Safety Data Sheet

GHS Safety Data Sheet GHS Safety Data Sheet Cross-Linked Polyethylene Foam All Colors, All Densities 1. Identification Name of the product: Cross-linked Polyethylene (XLPE) foams Synonyms: PE Foam, Cross-Lined Polyethylene,

More information

TLUD-OVEN LOW MASS OVEN POWERED BY TLUD STOVES

TLUD-OVEN LOW MASS OVEN POWERED BY TLUD STOVES TLUD-OVEN LOW MASS OVEN POWERED BY TLUD STOVES Marc AYATS PLANA* (*) Estremera Nova, Bunyola, Illes Balears, Spain www.cuinessolars.jimdo.com marquitusus@hotmail.com ABSTRACT Tested the operation of a

More information

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (in accordance with Directive 1907/2006 EC) Revised Date:

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (in accordance with Directive 1907/2006 EC) Revised Date: 1. COMPANY AND PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION Trade Name: Company Name & Address: POLIKAP (PVDC, PVOH, Acrylic coated), POLISTRIP POLİNAS PLASTİK San. ve Tic. A.Ş. Organize Sanayi Bölgesi Cumhuriyet Cad. No: 2-26

More information

Saving Energy on Electric, Lighting and Water Systems

Saving Energy on Electric, Lighting and Water Systems Sponsored by Nexus Greenhouse Systems Saving Energy on Electric, Lighting and Water Systems Terms & Conditions of Use Proper installation and maintenance of all electronic systems can lead to significant

More information

Code Review for Theaters and Props

Code Review for Theaters and Props Code Review for Theaters and Props I. INTRODUCTION Fire- and Life-Safety Group (FLS) This document was prepared to list the requirements for theaters and props. These requirements are based on the 2007

More information

A NEW APPARATUS FOR FLAME SPREAD EXPERIMENTS

A NEW APPARATUS FOR FLAME SPREAD EXPERIMENTS th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT ) - A NEW APPARATUS FOR FLAME SPREAD EXPERIMENTS Johan Mangs VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland ABSTRACT

More information

Control System Objective

Control System Objective Control System Objective Slide 5-1 s The objectives of a control system may be grouped into the following areas: Economic Incentive Safety Equipment Protection Slide 5-2 Economic Incentive A process parameter

More information

Plant Utilities and Energy Efficiency CH505

Plant Utilities and Energy Efficiency CH505 Plant Utilities and Energy Efficiency CH505 Teaching Scheme Course code CH505 Course Name Plant Utilities and Energy Efficiency Teaching scheme L T P Credit 3 0 0 3 Process Process is simply a method by

More information

Analysis of the corrosion test process for heat exchangers in corrosion test chambers by CFD simulation

Analysis of the corrosion test process for heat exchangers in corrosion test chambers by CFD simulation Analysis of the corrosion test process for heat exchangers in corrosion test chambers by CFD simulation STAR Global Conference, Wien, March 17-19, 2014 R. Stauch, F. Brändle, M. Pfitzer, W. Kühnel MAHLE

More information

Physical description of Forest Fires

Physical description of Forest Fires Physical description of Forest Fires Albert Simeoni UMR 6134 CNRS UMR 6134 Univerità di Corsica BP 52-20250 Corte, France +33 495 450 638 simeoni@univ-corse.fr http://spe.univ-corse.fr 1 Introduction aim

More information

CONTROL VOLUME ANALYSIS USING ENERGY. By Ertanto Vetra

CONTROL VOLUME ANALYSIS USING ENERGY. By Ertanto Vetra CONTROL VOLUME ANALYSIS USING ENERGY 1 By Ertanto Vetra Outlines Mass Balance Energy Balance Steady State and Transient Analysis Applications 2 Conservation of mass Conservation of mass is one of the most

More information

Structure of atmospheric pressure premixed hydrogen-oxygen flame doped with iron pentacarbonyl

Structure of atmospheric pressure premixed hydrogen-oxygen flame doped with iron pentacarbonyl Structure of atmospheric pressure premixed hydrogen-oxygen flame doped with iron pentacarbonyl I.E. Gerasimov, D.A. Knyazkov, A.G. Shmakov, A.A. Paletsky, V.M. Shvartsberg, T.A. Bolshova, O.P. Korobeinichev

More information

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET SECTION 1

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET SECTION 1 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET MSDS# 1700 SECTION 1 QUADRANT EPP 2120 FAIRMONT AVENUE TELEPHONE NUMBERS: P.O. BOX 14235 PRODUCT INFORMATION(Quadrant EPP ) - READING, PA. 19612-4235 610-320-6600 TRANSPORTATION

More information

Material Safety Data Sheet

Material Safety Data Sheet 365 Meadowlands Blvd. 1 Main Street Washington, PA 15301 Grenloch, NJ 08032 Ph: 724 746 6050 Ph: 856 227 0500 Fx: 724 746 9209 Fx: 856 232 1754 Material Safety Data Sheet HYDEX 4101 Natural and Black EMERGENCY

More information

Computer Models For Fire and Smoke

Computer Models For Fire and Smoke Computer Models For Fire and Smoke Model Name: KAMELEON FIREEX KFX Version: KAMELEON FIREEX KFX 2010 Date: August 6 th, 2013 Classification: Very Short Description: Field model KAMELEON FIREEX KFX is an

More information

DIVISION: THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION SECTION: THERMAL INSULATION REPORT HOLDER: DEMILEC (USA) INC.

DIVISION: THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION SECTION: THERMAL INSULATION REPORT HOLDER: DEMILEC (USA) INC. 0 Most Widely Accepted and Trusted ICC ES Evaluation Report ICC ES 000 (800) 423 6587 (562) 699 0543 www.icc es.org ESR 4073 Issued 08/2017 This report is subject to renewal 08/2018. DIVISION: 07 00 00

More information

Convective Loss in Loose-Fill Attic Insulation

Convective Loss in Loose-Fill Attic Insulation Page 1 of 6 search The Magazine Subscribe to Home Energy Back to Contents Page Home Energy Index About Home Energy Home Energy Home Page Back Issues of Home Energy Home Energy Magazine Online May/June

More information

HIEX High-Expansion Foam Generators

HIEX High-Expansion Foam Generators DATA SHEET HIEX High-Expansion Foam Generators Features n UL Listed and CE Marked n FM Approved models available n LNG specific models available n Water-powered so no electrical power is required n Foam

More information

MSDS MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET MAGNESIUM STEARATE. 341 Christian Street, Oxford, CT 06478, USA

MSDS MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET MAGNESIUM STEARATE. 341 Christian Street, Oxford, CT 06478, USA 341 Christian Street, Oxford, CT 06478 USA Tel: (203) 267-6061 Fax: (203) 267-6065 www.naturalsourcing.com info@naturalsourcing.com MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET MSDS MAGNESIUM STEARATE 1. PRODUCT NAME AND

More information

CORK CONCEPT Cork Floor MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet

CORK CONCEPT Cork Floor MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet This Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) applies to all CORKART Cork Floor products in planks or tiles. 1. IDENTIFICATION OF PRODUCT AND COMPANY Trade name: Cork Floors Definition: Tiles for glue down installation,

More information

Modeling and experimental results of heavy oil injection into a high pressure entrained flow gasifier

Modeling and experimental results of heavy oil injection into a high pressure entrained flow gasifier Modeling and experimental results of heavy oil injection into a high pressure entrained flow gasifier André Bader 1, Paul Tischer 1, Peter Seifert 1, Andreas Richter 2, Bernd Meyer 1 Institute of Energy

More information

Experiment 30A ENERGY CONTENT OF FUELS

Experiment 30A ENERGY CONTENT OF FUELS Experiment 30A ENERGY CONTENT OF FUELS FV 12/10/2012 MATERIALS: 12-oz. aluminum beverage can with top cut out and holes on side, thermometer, 100 ml graduated cylinder, 800 ml beaker, long-stem lighter,

More information

General Guidelines on Drop Size Measurement Techniques and Terminology

General Guidelines on Drop Size Measurement Techniques and Terminology General Guidelines on Drop Size Measurement Techniques As presented at the 47th Chemical Processing Industry Exposition, Javits Convention Center, New York, November 1997 Rudolf J. Schick Spray Analysis

More information

DIVISION: THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION SECTION: THERMAL INSULATION SECTION: AIR BARRIERS REPORT HOLDER:

DIVISION: THERMAL AND MOISTURE PROTECTION SECTION: THERMAL INSULATION SECTION: AIR BARRIERS REPORT HOLDER: 0 ICC ES Report ICC ES (800) 423 6587 (562) 699 0543 www.icc es.org 000 Most Widely Accepted and Trusted ESR 2717 Reissued 07/2015 This report is subject to renewal 07/2017. DIVISION: 07 00 00 THERMAL

More information

Optimization of a Dual-Fuel Low-NOx Combustion System for a Tangentially-Fired Utility Boiler Operating at a High Elevation.

Optimization of a Dual-Fuel Low-NOx Combustion System for a Tangentially-Fired Utility Boiler Operating at a High Elevation. Optimization of a Dual-Fuel Low-NOx Combustion System for a Tangentially-Fired Utility Boiler Operating at a High Elevation. by F. McKenty, N. Brais, M. Mifuji, L. Gravel, and Y. Sirois STAR Global Energy

More information

CHAPTER 26 PLASTIC SECTION BC 2601 SECTION BC 2603 GENERAL FOAM PLASTIC INSULATION

CHAPTER 26 PLASTIC SECTION BC 2601 SECTION BC 2603 GENERAL FOAM PLASTIC INSULATION CHAPTER 26 PLASTIC SECTION BC 2601 GENERAL 2601.1 Scope. These provisions shall govern the materials, design, application, construction and installation of foam plastic, foam plastic insulation, plastic

More information

Safety Data Sheet. Revision Date: Product Code: IDENTIFICATION

Safety Data Sheet. Revision Date: Product Code: IDENTIFICATION 1. IDETIFICATIO Product ame Product Code 2000-001 Document ID G2000-001 Revision umber 1 Prior Version Date one Intended Use Industrial Maintenance Coating Restrictions On Use For Industrial Use Only Chemical

More information