The potential and challenges of drop in biofuels

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The potential and challenges of drop in biofuels"

Transcription

1 The potential and challenges of drop in biofuels OH OH H O H H OH H HO OH H OH - O 2 H H H H H O H H H C C C C H OH H H H H H HO OH Carbohydrate Hydrocarbon Petroleum-like biofuel H OH Sergios Karatzos, Jim McMillan and Jack Saddler International Energy Agency Bioenergy Task 39 (liquid biofuels) Forest Products Biotechnology/Bioenergy (FPB/B)

2 OVERVIEW Definition Commissioned Task 39 drop in biofuel report Role of Hydrogen in drop in biofuels Role of Hydrogen in petroleum industry TECHNOLOGIES

3 Definition of a drop-in biofuel Bioethanol: Biogenic ethyl alcohol Biodiesel: Fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) Drop in Biofuels: Liquid bio-hydrocarbons that are functionally equivalent to petroleum fuels and as such compatible with existing petroleum infrastructure. Examples: Hydrotreated Vegetable Oils (HVO) Hydrotreated Pyrolysis Oils (HPO) Fischer Tropsch Liquids (FT liquids) 3

4 Oxygen Challenge Oxygen is present in biomass in the form of hydroxyls, esters, and ethers Can oxidize fuel components, reactors and pipeline metallurgy to cause corrosion Oxygen content reduces energy density CH 3 Ethanol Biodiesel (fatty acid methyl ester) 4

5 The Hydrogen-Oxygen dilemma Drop-in biofuels is a loose term referring to liquid biofuels containing low or no oxygen content Deoxygenation requires hydrogen inputs or oxidizing/burning of feedstock carbon High H/C eff ratio feedstocks such as lipids are well suited for drop-in biofuel production 5

6 What will determine the success of drop in biofuels? Drop-in biofuel technologies complexity and hydrogen demand Commercialization challenges such as capital, yield and refinery insertion Crude oil is becoming increasingly hydrogen deficient ( heavier and sourer ) 6

7 Million barrels per day Crude oil quality declining Purvin & Gertz forecast for world crude oil quality (Source: data from EIA) Heavy Sour Light Sour Light Sweet Sour = High Sulfur 7

8 Future competition for Hydrogen inputs Heavy oil processing e.g. Venezuela and Alberta Ammonia industry Drop-in biofuels? 8

9 Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking Hydrotreating (Removes sulfur impurities as H 2 S) Hydrocracking (breaks heavy oil to lighter molecules) Heavy crude molecule Gasoline range molecule Diesel range molecule 9

10 million barrels per day US Hydrotreating capacity Rapid increase in H 2 consumption in US refineries Source EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2006

11 Natural gas: Where H 2 comes from 90 % of commercial H 2 comes from steam reforming natural gas CO 2 Steam reforming CH 4 H 2 ENERGY INTENSIVE PROCESS!! 11

12 Role of H 2 in upgrading petroleum and drop-in biofuels Petroleum Increasing Sulfur content Increasing heavy oil needs cracking Drop-in Biofuels No Sulfur High Oxygen content of feedstock needs hydrogenation Both require Hydrogen for upgrading to finished fuels Hydrogen will likely come from Natural Gas 12

13 OVERVIEW Definition Commissioned Task 39 drop in biofuel report Role of Hydrogen in drop in biofuels Role of Hydrogen in petroleum industry TECHNOLOGIES

14 The commercialization potential of Drop in Biofuel platforms and their H 2 dependence Oleochemical (HVO, algae) Thermochemical (Pyrolysis - HPO, Gasification FT-liquids) Biochemical (Advanced Fermentation) Hybrid platforms (e.g. Virent, Zeachem, Lanzatech) 14

15 Technology pathways to drop-in sugar crop hydrolysis sugars fermentation Oleo Sun photons, water, CO 2 and nutrients Biomass fiber Thermo Bio Hydroprocessing CONVENTIONAL INTERMEDIATES Higher alcohols (e.g. Gevo) Isoprenoids (e.g. Amyris) gasification pyrolysis animal digestion oilseed crop syngas biooil lipids catalytic conversion upgrading FT liquids (e.g. CHOREN) HPO (e.g. ENSYN) Blending Autotrophic algae LEGEND materials processes drop-in fuel 15

16 Commercial drop-in biofuel companies All based on oleochemical Neste Oil facility, Rotterdam Neste Oil: 630,000,000 gallons diesel from palm oil Dynamic Fuels: 75,000,000 gallons diesel from animal fat 16

17 Many examples of commercial biofuel flights Virtually all based on oleochemical US Navy: Sept 2011 Solazyme algae oil and palm oil Continental Airlines: Nov 2011 Solazyme algae oil Alaska Airlines: Jan 2012 tallow and algae Lufthansa: July 2011 Jatropha, Camelina Finnair: July 2011 Used Cooking Oils Many more 17

18 Fischer Tropsch Hydrocracking Hydro treatment 1 Hydro treatment 2 Thermochemical drop-in biofuel platforms INTER- MEDIATES CATALYTIC UPGRADING Gases 500 C No O 2 Pyrolysis oil HPO Gasoline Biomass Jet 900 C some O 2 Gasification Syngas FT liquids Diesel Forest Products Biotechnology/Bioenergy (FPB/B) 18

19 Example of pyrolysis drop in facility: KiOR 13,000,000 gallons per year in Mississippi (in operation) H 2 19

20 Forest BtL Oy and Choren s Carbo-V 34,000,000 gallons per year of Gasification FT liquids by 2016 (Finland) CO 2 H 2 H 2 Pretreat. Gasification conditioning FT Hydrocracking Sundrop biofuels 50 MGPY 20

21 Fischer Tropsch Hydro treatment 1 Hydro treatment 2 Hydrocracking Drop in biofuels leveraging on Oil refineries OLEOCHEMICAL Lipids OIL REFINERY Gases THERMOCHEMICAL Pyrolysis oil HPO Gasoline Jet Biomass Gasification Syngas FT liquids Diesel over the fence H 2 Forest Products Biotechnology/Bioenergy (FPB/B) 21

22 Challenges of hydrocracking biofeed: The Haldor Topsoe experience Higher Hydrogen consumption requirements more than doubled when just 5% of feed was replaced with biofeed! Presence of oxygenated gases such as CO and H 2 O Heterogeneity of feedstock (Catalyst design challenges) Source: Haldor Topsoe,

23 Major upscaling challenges for each platform Pyrolysis Hydrogen Hydrotreating catalyst Gasification Capital / scale Feedstock /yields HVO oleochemical Feedstock Refinery insertion challenges Sources: Jones et al. 2009; Swanson et al. 2010; Pearlson et al

24 Biochemical: Sugar fermentation to drop-in SUGAR FERMENTATION Modified algae, bacteria or yeast Target molecule Long alcohols Aliphatic chains Major advantages Pure and functionalized product streams suitable for value added markets Major challenges Volumetric productivity about 10x lower than ethanol Recovery challenges: e.g. recovery from fermentation broth and intracellular expression Sugar feedstock highly oxidized (H/C = 0) 24

25 Summary Oleochemical: commercial now and less H 2 -dependent with considerable potential for growth (feedstock challenges?) Thermochemical well suited for long term drop-in biofuels H 2 and catalyst challenges (Pyrolysis), Scale challenges (Gasification) Leveraging on oil refineries: more challenging than expected Biochemical drop-in products more valuable in rapidly growing chemicals markets Accessing cheap/renewable Hydrogen will be a key challenge for both drop-in biofuels and crude oil of decreasing quality 25

26 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS International Energy Agency Bioenergy Task 39 colleagues Forest Products Biotechnology/Bioenergy (FPB/B)

The Potential and Challenges of Drop-in Biofuels

The Potential and Challenges of Drop-in Biofuels IEA Bioenergy The Potential and Challenges of Drop-in Biofuels A Report by IEA Bioenergy Task 39 AUTHORS: Sergios Karatzos University of British Columbia, Canada James D. McMillan National Renewable Energy

More information

Biomass and Biofuels. Biomass

Biomass and Biofuels. Biomass and Biofuels Prof. Tony Bridgwater BioEnergy Research Group Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET AV Bridgwater 2008 Energy crops Agricultural and forestry wastes Industrial & consumer wastes 2 Why convert

More information

Biofuels Research Opportunities in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

Biofuels Research Opportunities in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass University of Massachusetts Amherst ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst Conference on Cellulosic Biofuels September 2008 Biofuels Research Opportunities in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass Douglas Elliott PNL,

More information

Innovation Technology Outlook of Advanced Biofuels

Innovation Technology Outlook of Advanced Biofuels Innovation Technology Outlook of Advanced Biofuels production and deployment in the next three decades Shunichi NAKADA IITC-IRENA Ecuador, November 2015 Contents 1. Why advanced Biofuel? 2. Framework of

More information

Routes to Higher Hydrocarbons BIO, Pacific Rim Summit

Routes to Higher Hydrocarbons BIO, Pacific Rim Summit Routes to Higher Hydrocarbons BIO, Pacific Rim Summit Thomas D. Foust, Ph.D., P.E. Director, National Advanced Fuels Consortium NREL Bioenergy Center December 9, 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the

More information

Sustainable Transportation: Overview of Bio-Fuels Systems

Sustainable Transportation: Overview of Bio-Fuels Systems Sustainable Transportation: Overview of Bio-Fuels Systems Terry Surles, surles@hawaii.edu University of Hawaii and Neil Rossmeissl DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 7, 2014 1 Bioenergy

More information

Biofuels: Trends, Specifications, Biomass Conversion, and GHG Assessments

Biofuels: Trends, Specifications, Biomass Conversion, and GHG Assessments Biofuels: Trends, Specifications, Biomass Conversion, and GHG Assessments 6 th International Symposium on Fuels and Lubricants New Delhi, India March 9-12, 2008 S. Kent Hoekman, Ph.D. Desert Research Institute

More information

Prospects for the Development of Drop-in Liquid Biofuels (especially Gasoline) from Sustainable Feedstocks

Prospects for the Development of Drop-in Liquid Biofuels (especially Gasoline) from Sustainable Feedstocks Prospects for the Development of Drop-in Liquid Biofuels (especially Gasoline) from Sustainable Feedstocks Reinhard Seiser Andrew Burke Session 1: Biofuel and Biomethane Transportation Fuels - Setting

More information

Biorefineries for Eco-efficient Processing of Biomass Classification and Assessment of Biorefinery Systems

Biorefineries for Eco-efficient Processing of Biomass Classification and Assessment of Biorefinery Systems IEA Bioenergy Task 42 on Biorefineries Biorefineries for Eco-efficient Processing of Biomass Classification and Assessment of Biorefinery Systems G. Jungmeier, J. Pucker Joanneum Research, Graz, Austria

More information

Sulfur speciation and partitioning during thermochemical conversion of cellulosic biomass to biofuel

Sulfur speciation and partitioning during thermochemical conversion of cellulosic biomass to biofuel Sulfur speciation and partitioning during thermochemical conversion of cellulosic biomass to biofuel Singfoong Cheah Daniel Carpenter Calvin Feik Shealyn Malone National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden,

More information

Possible Role of a Biorefinery s Syngas Platform in a Biobased Economy Assessment in IEA Bioenergy Task 42 Biorefining

Possible Role of a Biorefinery s Syngas Platform in a Biobased Economy Assessment in IEA Bioenergy Task 42 Biorefining Possible Role of a Biorefinery s Syngas Platform in a Biobased Economy Assessment in IEA Bioenergy Task 42 Biorefining G. Jungmeier 1, R. Van Ree 2, E. de Jong 3, H. Jørgensen 4, P. Walsh 4, M. Wellisch

More information

Module 1d. The Bioenergy Chain. new technologies HTU, supercritical gasification, pyrolysis importance of energy condensed bio-fuels

Module 1d. The Bioenergy Chain. new technologies HTU, supercritical gasification, pyrolysis importance of energy condensed bio-fuels Module 1d The Bioenergy Chain Overview presentation introduction conversion-technologies combustion gasification anaerobe digestion bio transport fuels new technologies HTU, supercritical gasification,

More information

Thrust 2: Utilization of Petroleum Refinery Technology for Biofuel Production. Prof. Chunshan Song, Penn State Douglas C.

Thrust 2: Utilization of Petroleum Refinery Technology for Biofuel Production. Prof. Chunshan Song, Penn State Douglas C. Thrust 2: Utilization of Petroleum Refinery Technology for Biofuel Production Prof. Chunshan Song, Penn State Douglas C. Elliott, PNNL Utilization of Petroleum Refining Technologies for Biofuels Production

More information

An NSF Perspective on. Next Generation Hydrocarbon Biofuels:

An NSF Perspective on. Next Generation Hydrocarbon Biofuels: An NSF Perspective on Next Generation Hydrocarbon Biofuels: Implications on Land and Water Use Atibaia, Brazil John R. Regalbuto Catalysis and Biocatalysis Program Directorate for Engineering National

More information

Pyrolysis and Gasification

Pyrolysis and Gasification Pyrolysis and Gasification of Biomass Tony Bridgwater Bioenergy Research Group Aston University, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK Biomass, conversion and products Starch & sugars Residues Biological conversion Ethanol;

More information

Biofuels. Letizia Bua

Biofuels. Letizia Bua Biofuels Letizia Bua Biofuels What is a biofuel? What the European Community says about it? How we can produce it? (Technology options) eni and renewable energy 2 What is a biofuel? interesting! Life cycle

More information

Biofuel Sources and Emerging Technologies. The Future of Biofuels in Minnesota Minnesota Environmental Initiative November 13, 2008

Biofuel Sources and Emerging Technologies. The Future of Biofuels in Minnesota Minnesota Environmental Initiative November 13, 2008 Biofuel Sources and Emerging Technologies The Future of Biofuels in Minnesota Minnesota Environmental Initiative November 13, 2008 Overview: 1.Agricultural Research Station NWROC 2.Serve as Living Lab

More information

Biofuels and Biorefineries

Biofuels and Biorefineries Biofuels and Biorefineries Stella Bezergianni, Angelos Lappas, and Iacovos Vasalos Laboratory of Environmental Fuels and Hydrocarbons (LEFH) (www.cperi.certh.gr) Center of Research & Technology Hellas

More information

Advanced biofuels. 1. What are advanced biofuels?

Advanced biofuels. 1. What are advanced biofuels? TM Advanced biofuels In the debate on climate change and reduction of greenhouse gases emissions, first, second or even third generation biofuels are frequently mentioned. The use of the concept of different

More information

Pilot Scale Biorefinery for Sustainable Fuels from Biomass via Integrated Pyrolysis and Catalytic Hydroconversion

Pilot Scale Biorefinery for Sustainable Fuels from Biomass via Integrated Pyrolysis and Catalytic Hydroconversion 8 th Task Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 4 6 October, 2010 Pilot Scale Biorefinery for Sustainable Fuels Biomass via Integrated and Catalytic Hydroconversion Steve Lupton UOP LLC, A Honeywell Company IEA

More information

Challenge 2: Fargione et al; Land Use Change Penalty. CO 2 debt is created when land is cleared

Challenge 2: Fargione et al; Land Use Change Penalty. CO 2 debt is created when land is cleared Green Gasoline at NSF ACS Green Chemistry and Engineering Conference University Park, MD John R. Regalbuto Catalysis and Biocatalysis Program Directorate for Engineering National Science Foundation June

More information

Hydrocarbon Drop-In Biofuels Engine Research Center University of Wisconsin-Madison June 8, 2011

Hydrocarbon Drop-In Biofuels Engine Research Center University of Wisconsin-Madison June 8, 2011 PNNL-SA-77610 Hydrocarbon Drop-In Biofuels Engine Research Center University of Wisconsin-Madison June 8, 2011 John Holladay Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PO Box 999, MSIN: P8-60, Richland, WA

More information

Biomass. The latter is not a new concept, homes and industries were, at one time, heated and powered by wood.

Biomass. The latter is not a new concept, homes and industries were, at one time, heated and powered by wood. Biomass Energy Content Biomass Conversion of Biomass in Energy Thermochemical Processes Extraction Processes Biological Processes Waste to Energy Mechanical Biological Treatment (MBT) Biofuels Biomass

More information

The Roadway to Partial Petroleum Replacement with Biomass-Derived Fuels-A Report Along the Way

The Roadway to Partial Petroleum Replacement with Biomass-Derived Fuels-A Report Along the Way The Roadway to Partial Petroleum Replacement with Biomass-Derived Fuels-A Report Along the Way George J. Antos National Science Foundation MIT-Endicott House Symposium August 24, 2010 Justification for

More information

Second Generation Biofuels: Economic and Policy Issues

Second Generation Biofuels: Economic and Policy Issues Second Generation Biofuels: Economic and Policy Issues Wally Tyner With Input from Farzad Taheripour March 27, 2012 Presentation Outline New data on global land use change Sources of uncertainty for second

More information

Conversion of Bio-oil to Hydrocarbons Via a Low Hydrogen Route Philip H. Steele and Sathish K. Tanneru

Conversion of Bio-oil to Hydrocarbons Via a Low Hydrogen Route Philip H. Steele and Sathish K. Tanneru Conversion of Bio-oil to Hydrocarbons Via a Low Hydrogen Route Philip H. Steele and Sathish K. Tanneru Forest Products Department Mississippi State University 1 Pyrolysis auger reactor: MSU has developed

More information

Sugar Industry Restructuring by Implementing Biorefinery Technology

Sugar Industry Restructuring by Implementing Biorefinery Technology Sugar Industry Restructuring by Implementing Biorefinery Technology Dr. Maurizio Cocchi THE BIOREFINERY CONCEPT Biorefinery approach Integration of biomass conversion processes and technologies to produce

More information

Fast Pyrolysis: Pathway to Unlocking Value from Forest Product Residuals. Randal Goodfellow March 15 th, 2011

Fast Pyrolysis: Pathway to Unlocking Value from Forest Product Residuals. Randal Goodfellow March 15 th, 2011 Fast Pyrolysis: Pathway to Unlocking Value from Forest Product Residuals Randal Goodfellow March 15 th, 2011 Envergent Envergent Technologies Technologies 2009 2009 Agenda Introduction Rapid Thermal Processing

More information

Production of Heating and Transportation Fuels via Fast Pyrolysis of biomass

Production of Heating and Transportation Fuels via Fast Pyrolysis of biomass Production of Heating and Transportation Fuels via Fast Pyrolysis of biomass Sanjeev K. Gajjela and Philip H. Steele Department of Forest Products College of Forest Resources Mississippi State University

More information

Department of Energy Priorities and Goals

Department of Energy Priorities and Goals Department of Energy Priorities and Goals "Developing the next generation of biofuels is key to our effort to end our dependence on foreign oil and address the climate crisis --while creating millions

More information

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for

NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy operated by the Alliance for Upgrading of Bio-oil oil for Fuel Production 13 th Annual Green Chemistry & Engineering Conference Luc Moens, Ph.D June 25, 2009 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy ffice of

More information

DOE Activities on Biofuels Sustainability Issues. Zia Haq

DOE Activities on Biofuels Sustainability Issues. Zia Haq DOE Activities on Biofuels Sustainability Issues Zia Haq Coordinating Research Council, October 22, 2009 Introduction: Department of Energy Biomass Program The Biomass Program (OBP) at the DOE works closely

More information

Pyrolysis Oil: Heat, Electricity, Green. and Chemicals Too. September 13 th, 2010

Pyrolysis Oil: Heat, Electricity, Green. and Chemicals Too. September 13 th, 2010 Pyrolysis Oil: Heat, Electricity, Green Transportation Fuel, and Chemicals Too September 13 th, 2010 1 Agenda Ensyn and Fast Pyrolysis Pathways of Biomass to Stationary and Transportation Fuels The Joint

More information

Valerie Reed Ph.D. Acting Program Manager Office of Biomass Programs Department of Energy. 1 Office of the Biomass Program eere.energy.

Valerie Reed Ph.D. Acting Program Manager Office of Biomass Programs Department of Energy. 1 Office of the Biomass Program eere.energy. Valerie Reed Ph.D. Acting Program Manager Office of Biomass Programs Department of Energy 1 Office of the Biomass Program eere.energy.gov Program Focus U.S. Department of Energy Biomass Program Cellulosic

More information

Future U.S. Biofuels and Biomass Demand Uncertainty Reigns. Wally Tyner

Future U.S. Biofuels and Biomass Demand Uncertainty Reigns. Wally Tyner Agricultural Outlook Forum Presented: February 24-25, 2011 U.S. Department of Agriculture Future U.S. Biofuels and Biomass Demand Uncertainty Reigns Wally Tyner Future U.S. Biofuels and Biomass Demand

More information

Nuclear Hydrogen for Production of Liquid Hydrocarbon Transport Fuels

Nuclear Hydrogen for Production of Liquid Hydrocarbon Transport Fuels Nuclear Hydrogen for Production of Liquid Hydrocarbon Transport Fuels Charles W. Forsberg Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 Email: forsbergcw@ornl.gov Abstract Liquid fuels (gasoline,

More information

Sustainable biofuels for aviation. Berta Matas Güell, Senior Researcher SINTEF Energy Research, Brussels office

Sustainable biofuels for aviation. Berta Matas Güell, Senior Researcher SINTEF Energy Research, Brussels office Sustainable biofuels for aviation Berta Matas Güell, Senior Researcher SINTEF Energy Research, Brussels office Sustainable jetfuel for aviation Nordic perspectives on the use of advanced jetfuel for aviation

More information

Global Warming. Department of Chemical Engineering

Global Warming. Department of Chemical Engineering Global Warming How Can Biofuels Help? Clint Williford Department of Chemical Engineering Introduction ti Greenhouse emissions Reducing growth of GHG emissions Biofuels Why and why now? What they are? How

More information

UNIT 5. Biomass energy

UNIT 5. Biomass energy UNIT 5 1 Biomass energy SYLLABUS 5.1 Types of Biomass Energy Sources 5.2 Energy content in biomass of different types 5.3 Types of Biomass conversion processes 5.4 Biogas production 2 WHAT IS BIOMASS?

More information

Biofuels A policy driven logistics and business challenge

Biofuels A policy driven logistics and business challenge Biofuels 2020 A policy driven logistics and business challenge Research and Innovation, Position Paper 02-2010 This is DNV DNV is a global provider of services for managing risk. Established in 1864, DNV

More information

Advisor. Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests New Delhi

Advisor. Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests New Delhi Biofuels Sustainable Production and Use Dr G.V. Subrahmanyam Advisor Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests New Delhi Need for Bioenergy Economic growth Increasing population - 1.6 % p.a.

More information

Woody Biomass to Energy Workshop September 14, UC Cooperative Extension Oroville, California

Woody Biomass to Energy Workshop September 14, UC Cooperative Extension Oroville, California Biofuels Woody Biomass to Energy Workshop September 14, 2010 UC Cooperative Extension Oroville, California Rob Williams Biological and Agricultural Engineering California Biomass Collaborative University

More information

We accept the challenge!

We accept the challenge! Synthesis Gas Generation for Transportation Fuel Production Gasification Technologies Conference 2014, October 26-29 Washington, DC Andras I. Horvath / ANDRITZ Oy, Niels R. Udengaard /Haldor Topsoe Inc.

More information

What role for advanced biofuels in Canada? A Q&A of policy impacts and options

What role for advanced biofuels in Canada? A Q&A of policy impacts and options What role for advanced biofuels in Canada? A Q&A of policy impacts and options Prepared 2017-03-1 TABLE OF CONTENTS Table of Contents List of abbreviations... 3 Introduction... 4 Who are we?... 4 What

More information

Biorefineries. International status quo and future directions. Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree

Biorefineries. International status quo and future directions. Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree Biorefineries International status quo and future directions Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree Contents 1. Biobased Economy 2. Biorefineries - Definition 3. Biorefineries - Categories 4. Biorefineries - Objective

More information

The Biorefinery Complexity Index

The Biorefinery Complexity Index The Biorefinery Complexity Index Gerfried Jungmeier 1 with contributions from: Rene van Ree 2, Henning Jørgensen 3, Ed de Jong 4, Heinz Stichnothe 5, Maria Wellisch 6 1 Contact: JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft

More information

Bitumen Upgrader Residue Conversion to Incremental Synthetic Fuels Products

Bitumen Upgrader Residue Conversion to Incremental Synthetic Fuels Products Bitumen Upgrader Residue Conversion to Incremental Synthetic Fuels Products Technical Paper Expander Energy Inc. Jan Wagner, P.Eng. Steve Kresnyak, P.Eng. Final Issue June 19, 2013 Introduction During

More information

Commercial developments with advanced biofuels

Commercial developments with advanced biofuels Commercial developments with advanced biofuels Presentation at Bioenergy Australia VBN Meeting 23 May 2014, by Colin Stucley Director, Enecon Pty Ltd Over 40 bioenergy studies, reports & projects since

More information

Techno economic and Market Analysis of Pathways from Syngas to Fuels and Chemicals

Techno economic and Market Analysis of Pathways from Syngas to Fuels and Chemicals Techno economic and Market Analysis of Pathways from Syngas to Fuels and Chemicals Michael Talmadge, Abhijit Dutta & Richard Bain IEA Bioenergy, Task 33 / IEA IETS Workshop on System and Integration Aspects

More information

Biofuels/Biomass. Dr. Jennifer Curtis, Interim Director. Florida Energy Systems Consortium

Biofuels/Biomass. Dr. Jennifer Curtis, Interim Director. Florida Energy Systems Consortium Biofuels/Biomass Dr. Jennifer Curtis, Interim Director Florida Energy Systems Consortium http://www.floridaenergy.ufl.edu/ Current Status Renewable Energy Renewable Fuel Standard - 36 billion gallons by

More information

Sustainable Biofuels A Small Step towards Carbon Management

Sustainable Biofuels A Small Step towards Carbon Management Energy Technology Division Sustainable Biofuels A Small Step towards Carbon Management Raghubir Gupta and David Dayton Energy Technology Division RTI International Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 April

More information

The ARK Reformer. Animal Litter. Synthetic Crude Oil Synthesis Gas (SynGas) Fertilizer Biomass. Solid Waste. Waste to Fuel

The ARK Reformer. Animal Litter. Synthetic Crude Oil Synthesis Gas (SynGas) Fertilizer Biomass. Solid Waste. Waste to Fuel ARK Power Dynamics The ARK Reformer Waste is a Resource in the Wrong Place. Input: Output: Animal Litter Solid Waste Synthetic Crude Oil Synthesis Gas (SynGas) Fertilizer Biomass Waste to Fuel ARK Produces

More information

Biofuels Presentation. Alex, Lizzy, Ogie, Matt, and Kathryn October 3, 2011

Biofuels Presentation. Alex, Lizzy, Ogie, Matt, and Kathryn October 3, 2011 22.033 Biofuels Presentation Alex, Lizzy, Ogie, Matt, and Kathryn October 3, 2011 1 Overview Our Goal House of Quality Comparison of Biomass Sources Possible Uses & Processes Comparison of Inputs Comparison

More information

Biofuels: What, When and How

Biofuels: What, When and How Biofuels: What, When and How Arvind M Lali & Annamma A. Odaneth Institute of Chemical Technology Mumbai, India Biofuels : Need or Interest Energy security High energy dependence on politically unstable

More information

Transportation fuels from biomass via fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing

Transportation fuels from biomass via fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing Transportation fuels from biomass via fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing Douglas C. Elliott, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Biomass is a renewable source of carbon, which could provide a means to

More information

BIO Pacific Rim Summit Biotechnology Industry Organization. Industrial Biotechnology & Bioenergy San Diego, CA. December 8, 2014

BIO Pacific Rim Summit Biotechnology Industry Organization. Industrial Biotechnology & Bioenergy San Diego, CA. December 8, 2014 BIO Pacific Rim Summit Biotechnology Industry Organization Industrial Biotechnology & Bioenergy San Diego, CA. December 8, 2014 History Why Business and Government Systems? Roadmap Drivers and Vision --

More information

Commercial-scale cellulosic biofuels projects in the United States. Summary Report

Commercial-scale cellulosic biofuels projects in the United States. Summary Report Commercial-scale cellulosic biofuels projects in the United States Summary Report Tristan R. Brown and Robert C. Brown Bioeconomy Institute Iowa State University Ames, IA March 11, 2013 Although no commercial-scale

More information

Hydrogen from Renewable Fuels by Autothermal Reforming: Alcohols, Carbohydrates, and Biodiesel

Hydrogen from Renewable Fuels by Autothermal Reforming: Alcohols, Carbohydrates, and Biodiesel Hydrogen from Renewable Fuels by Autothermal Reforming: Alcohols, Carbohydrates, and Biodiesel Lanny D. Schmidt Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science University of Minnesota Minneapolis

More information

2010 Biomass Program Priorities

2010 Biomass Program Priorities The Renewable Fuel Standard and Cellulosic Biofuels: Prospects and Challenges Biomass Program Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Department of Energy Dr. Valerie Sarisky-Reed, Lead Platform R&D 2010

More information

The best approach for the conversion job; biological thermochemical or both?

The best approach for the conversion job; biological thermochemical or both? Engineering Conferences International ECI Digital Archives BioEnergy IV: Innovations in Biomass Conversion for Heat, Power, Fuels and Chemicals Proceedings Spring 6-12-2013 The best approach for the conversion

More information

Thermal Conversion of Animal Manure to Biofuel. Outline. Biorefinery approaches

Thermal Conversion of Animal Manure to Biofuel. Outline. Biorefinery approaches Thermal Conversion of Animal Manure to Biofuel Samy Sadaka, Ph.D., P.E., P. Eng. Assistant Professor - Extension Engineer University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture - Cooperative Extension Service

More information

Overview on biofuel technologies: feedstocks and processes development

Overview on biofuel technologies: feedstocks and processes development Overview on biofuel technologies: feedstocks and processes development by David Chiaramonti ITALY 1. Introduction: renewable energy and bioenergy current scenario Bioenergy has hystorically been a major

More information

FT-GTL UNLOCKS VALUE FROM NATURAL GAS

FT-GTL UNLOCKS VALUE FROM NATURAL GAS FT-GTL UNLOCKS VALUE FROM NATURAL GAS Doug Miller Michael Goff Black & Veatch Corporation Ken Agee Emerging Fuels Technology April 2017 Introduction An estimated 147 billion cubic meters of gas was flared

More information

Alternative Fuels Considerations on Land Use Impacts and complementarity/competition for feedstocks

Alternative Fuels Considerations on Land Use Impacts and complementarity/competition for feedstocks Alternative Fuels Considerations on Land Use Impacts and complementarity/competition for feedstocks Air Transport Net Forum Greening and independence from fossil fuels Frankfurt 08/10/12 Laura Lonza Scientific

More information

Overview of Renewable Energy Technologies: Transforming Our Energy Economy

Overview of Renewable Energy Technologies: Transforming Our Energy Economy Overview of Renewable Energy Technologies: Transforming Our Energy Economy Robert M. Margolis National Renewable Energy Laboratory 32 nd Annual IAEE International Conference San Francisco, CA June 22,

More information

Commercialization of Reliable Syngas Production for Fuel & Chemical Synthesis

Commercialization of Reliable Syngas Production for Fuel & Chemical Synthesis SynGas Technology, LLC Elk River, Minnesota USA www.syngastechnology.com Contact: Chris Goralski, CEO cgoralski@syngastechnology.com or Duane Goetsch, CTO dgoetsch@syngastechnology.com Commercialization

More information

International Bioenergy & Bioproducts Conference DOE Biomass Program. Valri Lightner, Deployment Team Lead

International Bioenergy & Bioproducts Conference DOE Biomass Program. Valri Lightner, Deployment Team Lead International Bioenergy & Bioproducts Conference DOE Biomass Program Valri Lightner, Deployment Team Lead October 14, 2009 2009 Program Priorities Science & Discovery Connecting basic and applied bioscience

More information

100% Biobased PET: A Sustainable Approach to Fiber, Film, and Bottles.

100% Biobased PET: A Sustainable Approach to Fiber, Film, and Bottles. 100% Biobased PET: A Sustainable Approach to Fiber, Film, and Bottles. Greg Keenan, Virent Inc. - Vice President Business Development & Engineering 5th Annual Renewable Energy and Advanced Biofuels Summit

More information

Conversion of Biomass Particles

Conversion of Biomass Particles Conversion of Biomass Particles Prof.dr.ir. Gerrit Brem Energy Technology (CTW) 4th of March 2015, Enschede Contents of the lecture Conversion of Biomass Particles Introduction on Sustainable Energy Energy

More information

ENABLING SYNTHESIS OF BIOBASED CHEMICALS & FUELS

ENABLING SYNTHESIS OF BIOBASED CHEMICALS & FUELS ENABLING SYNTHESIS OF BIOBASED CHEMICALS & FUELS CATALYTIC BIOBASED SYNGAS TECHNOLOGY TAR FREE NITROGEN FREE MODULAR LOW COST CIRCULAR APPROACH-ZERO WASTE CIRCULAR-BIOBASED-SUSTAINABLE 2 By 2050, we need

More information

ABENGOA BIOENERGY NEW TECHNOLOGIES

ABENGOA BIOENERGY NEW TECHNOLOGIES ABENGOA BIOENERGY NEW TECHNOLOGIES From research and demonstration to the first commercialization plant: Abengoa Bioenergy s experience in 2nd generation bioethanol November, 2012 Carmen Millan Chacartegui

More information

FLATE Hillsborough Community College - Brandon (813)

FLATE Hillsborough Community College - Brandon (813) The Florida Advanced Technological Education (FLATE) Center wishes to make available, for educational and noncommercial purposes only, materials relevant to the EST1830 Introduction to Alternative/Renewable

More information

Chapter 2 Catalytic Production of Liquid Hydrocarbon Transportation Fuels

Chapter 2 Catalytic Production of Liquid Hydrocarbon Transportation Fuels Chapter 2 Catalytic Production of Liquid Hydrocarbon Transportation Fuels Juan Carlos Serrano-Ruiz and James A. Dumesic Abstract Lignocellulosic biomass resources are abundant worldwide and have the potential

More information

Changing US Crude Oil Imports are Driving Refinery Upgrades, Creating Opportunities

Changing US Crude Oil Imports are Driving Refinery Upgrades, Creating Opportunities 1 Changing US Crude Oil Imports are Driving Refinery Upgrades, Creating Opportunities Christopher Buehler, Ph.D., P.E. Praveen Gunaseelan, Ph.D. Crude Oil Quality Association October 22, 2009 Meeting Houston,

More information

Future Opportunities for Biomass Fuels and Power

Future Opportunities for Biomass Fuels and Power Future Opportunities for Biomass Fuels and Power Dr. Richard L. Bain, Principal Engineer Biorefinery Analysis & Exploratory Research Group National Bioenergy Center SmallWood 2006 Richmond, VA May 16,

More information

Report Abstract Biomass Gasification PERP06/07S5 April 2009

Report Abstract Biomass Gasification PERP06/07S5 April 2009 PERP/PERP ABSTRACTS 2009 Report Abstract Biomass Gasification PERP06/07S5 April 2009 Report Abstract Biomass Gasification PERP06/07S5 April 2009 The ChemSystems Process Evaluation/Research Planning (PERP)

More information

Bioenergy Research at University of Surrey

Bioenergy Research at University of Surrey SUPERGEN Researchers Day 6 th May 2016 Bioenergy Research at University of Surrey Dr. Siddharth Gadkari Research Fellow Department of Chemical and Process Engineering University of Surrey, Guildford Development

More information

Gasification of bagasse to Syngas and Advanced Liquid Biofuel Production

Gasification of bagasse to Syngas and Advanced Liquid Biofuel Production Gasification of bagasse to Syngas and Advanced Liquid Biofuel Production Prof. Dr. Rubens Maciel Filho School of Chemical Engineering Laboratory of Optimization, Design and Advanced Process Control-LOPCA

More information

GTL. and Edited and Revised 2016 by H M Fahmy

GTL. and Edited and Revised 2016 by H M Fahmy GTL Taken Partly from the Internet and Edited and Revised 2016 by H M Fahmy STEPS TO GET OIL FROM SEA OR EARTH SEISMIC SHOOTING SEISMIC INTERPRETATION ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES PREPARATION OF RIG DRILLING OIL

More information

Integrated Florida Bio-Energy Production with Carbon Capture and Sequestration

Integrated Florida Bio-Energy Production with Carbon Capture and Sequestration UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA Integrated Florida Bio-Energy Production with Carbon Capture and Sequestration PI: Ali T. Raissi Co-PI: Nazim Muradov Research Team: Amit Gujar, Jong Baik, Nathaniel Garceau

More information

20. September 2012 Trieste, CEI Meeting

20. September 2012 Trieste, CEI Meeting S. Miertus International Centre for Applied Research and Sustainable Technology Bratislava, Slovakia & Trieste, Italy E-mail: director@icarst.org 20. September 2012 Trieste, CEI Meeting Fossil fuel depletion

More information

Technical background on the LanzaTech Process

Technical background on the LanzaTech Process Technical background on the LanzaTech Process Introduction LanzaTech s gas fermentation process is a new approach to reduce CO 2 emissions while producing low carbon liquid fuels and chemicals. The technology

More information

Building a Cleaner Energy Bridge to the Future

Building a Cleaner Energy Bridge to the Future Building a Cleaner Energy Bridge to the Future George Philippidis, Ph.D. Energy Director Applied Research Center (ARC) Nov. 9, 2010 USA Power Generation Nuclear 20% Renewables (4%) Hydro (6%) Gas 24% Coal

More information

Enabling Extended Catalyst Lifetime in Fixed Bed Hydrotreating of Bio-Oil

Enabling Extended Catalyst Lifetime in Fixed Bed Hydrotreating of Bio-Oil Enabling Extended Catalyst Lifetime in Fixed Bed Hydrotreating of Bio-Oil Alan Zacher, Mariefel Olarte, Doug Elliott Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, WA, USA 6 September 2013 PNNL-SA-97972

More information

Module 3b. Bioenergy end-use and applications

Module 3b. Bioenergy end-use and applications Module 3b Bioenergy end-use and applications Outline Solids, gas, liquids Electricity, heat, power, CHP Prime movers Small scale rural and urban usage Modern industrial usage slide 2/24 1 Biofuels Solid

More information

Algae What will it take? Vinod Khosla Khosla Ventures October 2008

Algae What will it take? Vinod Khosla Khosla Ventures October 2008 Algae What will it take? Vinod Khosla Khosla Ventures October 2008 1 agenda The Innovation Handbook Key Criteria Black Swans 2 not your niche markets anymore! Main Tech The Markets You Think Of Engines

More information

Renewable Jet Fuels. Carbon War Room. September 2014

Renewable Jet Fuels. Carbon War Room. September 2014 Renewable Jet Fuels Carbon War Room September 2014 Contents I. Introduction to Renewable Jet Fuel and Leading Companies II. Overview of the RJF Forward Access Model 2 Carbon War Room Policy The Market

More information

Biotechnology: New Tools for Sustainable Biofuels Production

Biotechnology: New Tools for Sustainable Biofuels Production Biotechnology: New Tools for Sustainable Biofuels Production Brent Erickson Executive Vice President Industrial and Environmental Section Some Industrial and Environmental Section Members Global Energy

More information

IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Liquid Biofuels from Biomass

IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Liquid Biofuels from Biomass A REVIEW FROM A MARKET BARRIER PERSPECTIVE Prepared For: IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Liquid Biofuels from Biomass Prepared By Consultants Inc. 11657 Summit Crescent Delta, BC Canada, V4E 2Z2 Date: October 12,

More information

Integrating Biocrudes into Bitumen Upgrading and Petroleum Refining via Co-processing

Integrating Biocrudes into Bitumen Upgrading and Petroleum Refining via Co-processing Integrating Biocrudes into Bitumen Upgrading and Petroleum Refining via Co-processing Jinwen Chen, Anton Alvarez-Majmutov, Rafal Gieleciak CanmetENERGY, Natural Resources Canada One Oil Patch Drive, Devon,

More information

Biomass for Energy and Fuel

Biomass for Energy and Fuel Biomass for Energy and Fuel Reference: Donald L. Klass, Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels and Chemicals, Academic Press, 1998. http://www.energy.kth.se/compedu/webcompedu/media/lectu re_notes/s1b11c2.pdf

More information

Biogas Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass

Biogas Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Biogas Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass Dr. Ram Chandra Scientist, Energy Bioscience Overseas Fellow Centre for Rural Development & Technology Indian Institute of Technology Delhi 1 Biomass to Energy

More information

Waste as a valuable resource for making high-grade biofuels

Waste as a valuable resource for making high-grade biofuels Advanced Biofuels Gothenburg, September 2018 Alex Miles Director, Commercial Development (Europe) Waste as a valuable resource for making high-grade biofuels Enerkem at a glance Biofuels and renewable

More information

Catalytic Conversion of Renewable Plant Sugars to Fungible Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels Using the BioForming Process

Catalytic Conversion of Renewable Plant Sugars to Fungible Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels Using the BioForming Process Catalytic Conversion of Renewable Plant Sugars to Fungible Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels Using the BioForming Process TAPPI, IBBC Session 3: Conversion Pathways Memphis, TN October 15, 2009 Andrew Held, Director

More information

Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels

Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels HAROLD SCHOBERT The Pennsylvania State University and North-West University CAMBRID GE UNIVERSITY PRESS Contents Preface page xv Acknowledgments xvii Acknowledgments

More information

Alternate Energy Research and Technology Challenges in the New Millennium

Alternate Energy Research and Technology Challenges in the New Millennium Alternate Energy Research and Technology Challenges in the New Millennium 4 th Indo-US Roundtable Meeting NIAS, Bangalore, India 21-23 Sept, 2010 B. B. Rath, rath@nrl.navy.mil Naval Research Laboratory

More information

What is Bioenergy? William Robinson B9 Solutions Limited

What is Bioenergy? William Robinson B9 Solutions Limited What is Bioenergy? William Robinson B9 Solutions Limited Contents Introduction Defining Bioenergy Biomass Fuels Energy Conversion Technologies Conclusion Introduction William Robinson B9 employee for nearly

More information

Industrial development: Biofuels for transportation

Industrial development: Biofuels for transportation Industrial development: Biofuels for transportation Dr ir Robert Bakker Projectleader Biofuels Wageningen UR Biobased products robert.bakker@wur.nl Overview presentation Biofuels: what are they? Why using

More information

Second Generation Biofuels: Technologies, Potential, and Economics

Second Generation Biofuels: Technologies, Potential, and Economics Second Generation Biofuels: Technologies, Potential, and Economics Charles E. Wyman Ford Motor Company Chair in Environmental Engineering Center for Environmental Research and Technology and Chemical and

More information

Bio-based raw materials

Bio-based raw materials Renewable fuels and biofuels in a petroleum refinery Sound judgement of process environment, logistics and product properties is needed to process fossil and bio-derived raw materials on a single site

More information