Annex 30 Thermal Energy Storage for Cost-Effective Energy Management and CO 2 Mitigation

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1 DLR.de Chart 1 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Annex 30 Thermal Energy Storage for Cost-Effective Energy Management and CO 2 Mitigation Antje Seitz Expert Workshop Lleida April 26, 2017

2 DLR.de Chart 2 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Annex 30 Objectives and Outcome The general objective is to bring forward the implementation of thermal energy storage technologies and evaluate their potential in regard to CO 2 mitigation and Cost-effective thermal management. The outcome will be a methodology to evaluate and quantify the benefit of integration of thermal energy storage systems into processes to Increase efficiency, Gain flexibility, and Enhance the use of renewable energies that will be applied to several realized applications.

3 DLR.de Chart 3 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Annex 30 Participants 15 active countries Members: BE, CA, CHN, DE, DK, ES, FR, IT, JP, NL, SWE, TUR, UK Observers: A, CH 22 participating institutions Interested parties from 2 countries: KZ, US Duration: 07/2015 until 07/2018

4 DLR.de Chart 4 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > with integrated thermal storage system Gaseous reactant Thermal Energy Storage System Heat transfer fluid (HTF)

5 DLR.de Chart 5 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > separate locations

6 DLR.de Chart 6 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Temperature level High Medium Low

7 DLR.de Chart 7 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Heat/cold and electricity Source Sink Heat/cold and electricity

8 DLR.de Chart 8 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Thermal Energy Storage System Heat or cold Thermal Energy Storage System

9 DLR.de Chart 9 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Thermal Energy Storage System Storage Technology Sensible Latent Heat Thermochemical Thermal Energy Storage System

10 DLR.de Chart 10 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Thermal Energy Storage System Storage concept Thermal Energy Storage System Heat transfer fluid (HTF)

11 DLR.de Chart 11 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Thermal Energy Storage System System levels/boundary Thermal Energy Storage System

12 DLR.de Chart 12 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Thermal Energy Storage System System cost Material Container Heat transfer unit Balance-of-plant components Thermal Energy Storage System

13 DLR.de Chart 13 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > with integrated thermal storage Thermal Energy Storage System

14 DLR.de Chart 14 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Application and benefit Application + Energy efficiency + Flexibility = Product Quality Thermal Energy Storage System

15 DLR.de Chart 15 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Performance of TES system in a specific application Application requirements Technical + economic parameters Performance analysis Thermal Energy Storage System

16 DLR.de Chart 16 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Stakeholder perspective on key performance indicators Application requirements + Energy efficiency + Flexibility = Product Quality Technical + economic parameters Performance analysis Benefits Thermal Energy Storage System

17 DLR.de Chart 17 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Annex 30 Overall Structure

18 DLR.de Slide 18 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Subtask 1 Analysis Maike Johnson (DLR) Collect processes Determine process requirements Develop methodology for process analysis Assess possibilities for integration of thermal energy storage systems Investigate identification of generic processes

19 DLR.de Slide 19 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > processes have been collected Source: ZAE Bayern Source: heig-vd

20 DLR.de Slide 20 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Subtask 2 Technical Parameters Subtask 3 Economic Parameters Luisa Cabeza (UdL) Yukitaka Kato (Tokyo Institute of Techn.) Thermal Storage System Justin Chiu (KTH) Definition of levels for thermal storage Definition of technical parameters on module and system level Extend methodology from Annex 29 on bottomup calculation of cost Collect data from participants

21 DLR.de Slide 21 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Definition of levels within the thermal energy storage unit Material A material is the substance or mixture of substances which is used for storing heat Component A component is any element of a module or a system that can be actuated to perform an action or any element that has a crucial role in the system performance Module A module is a set of interacting components fulfilling a specific task inside the whole TES system System Complex whole formed by components and modules It is described by its own structure and purpose Its purpose is to absorb, store and release heat

22 DLR.de Slide 22 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Definition of technical and economic parameters System Energy Storage Capacity [kwh] Usable heat stored by a module Storage material + components cccccccccccccccccccc EEEECC mmmmmm = EEDD mmmmmm mm mmmmmm + mm ii ccpp ii TT llllllllll ii Issues under discussion Which components are considered? Which T is used? Temperature level of calculation (operation vs. storagee, i.e. does the sensible part make sense in thermochemical applications)? System Energy Density [kwh/m 3 ] System Cost per installed power [ /kw] or capacity / energy delivered [ /kwh]

23 DLR.de Slide 23 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Build upon bottom-up approach from Annex 29 Source: Christoph Rathgeber et al.

24 DLR.de Slide 24 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Subtask 4 Case Studies Richard Gurnter (ZAE) Application Collect realized examples of applications with integrated thermal energy storage systems Collect data on technical/economic parameters Cluster application case studies

25 DLR.de Slide 25 > Annex 30 > A. Seitz Introduction > Application case studies Storage properties Type sensible sensibel sensible sensible sensibel sensibel sensible/latent latent sensible sensible sensible sensible sensible Operating Method short term (daily) seasonal short term short term short term short term (daily) (daily) (daily) (daily) unknown short term seasonal seasonal seasonal seasonal seasonal Storage Material water water bitumen bitumen+water thermal oil + salt hydrate water rock PCM solid/liquid solid liquid liquid liquid liquid Heat Transfer Fluid liquid water thermal oil thermal oil thermal oil water water liquid/gas liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid Operating Temperature 50 C-100 C 10 C-90 C 160 C-200 C 70 C-90 C 100 C-250 C 20 C - 60 C 20 C-60 C 100 C-350 C 50 C-100 C 10 C-89 C 50 C-100 C 10 C-89 C 50 C-100 C Volume 100m³ 5700m³ 70m³ >100m³ 150m³ 35 m³ 5m³ 19000m³ 60000m³ m³ 75000m³ m³ Thermal Capacity >10MWh >10MWh <1MWh <1MWh 1-10MWh kwh 340kWh 1-10MWh >10MWh 5500MWh >10MWh 6000MWh >10MWh Thermal Power <1MW 1-10MW 350kW <1MW 1-10MW max. 580 kw <1MW 1-10MW 1-10MW >10MW >10MW >10MW >10MW Commissioning Measurement Data available? under construction planning phase planning phase 2015 under construction yes yes yes yes yes yes no yes yes yes yes 2017 yes unknown Storage Location Germany Germany Switzerland Switzerland Germany Germany Sweden Germany Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark Storage properties Type sensible/latent latent chemical sensibel short term short term short term Operating Method short term (daily) (daily) (daily) (daily) Storage Material solid/liquid solid/liquid gas/solid thermal oil + rock Heat Transfer Fluid thermal oil thermal oil liquid/gas thermal oil Operating Temperature 40 C-380 C 100 C-200 C 200 C-300 C 100 C-200 C Volume <1m³ <1m³ <1m³ 0,6m³ Thermal Capacity 1-10MWh <1MWh <1MWh 60kWh Thermal Power <1MW <1MW <1MW 100kW Commissioning planning phase 2016 Measurement Data available? yes yes yes yes Storage Location Spain Spain Japan Germany Pilot/industrial-scale 13 applications collected located in 4 different countries 8 different institutes/companies Lab-scale 4 applications collected located in 3 different countries 3 different institutes

26 DLR.de Slide 26 > Annex 30 > A. Seitz Introduction > Application case studies analysis of data Storage technology (sensible, latent heat, thermochemical) Status of development (lab-scale, pilot-scale, commercial) Storage period (short term seasonal) Storage volume (1 m 3 > m 3 ) Temperature range (20 ºC 550 ºC) Measurement data will be available in 90 % of the case studies

27 DLR.de Slide 27 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Subtask 5 Key Performance Indicators Antje Seitz (DLR) Luisa Cabeza (UdL) Methodology Develop methodology for definition of performance indicators Identify key performance indicators for the specific applications taking stakeholder perspective into account Evaluate KPIs for application cases being collected in ST4

28 DLR.de Chart 28 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Methodology of evluation System Parameter Application Performance Indicator Stakeholder Perspective Key Performance Indicator Storage capacity Power level Temp levels Efficiency Size CAPEX OPEX

29 DLR.de Slide 29 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Applications under evaluation Pit storage for district heating Flat-bottom tank storage for district heating Lab-scale PCM storage for cooling Packed bed storage for solar assisted cooling in food industry Thermochemical storage for solar assisted cooling Dual media sensible storage for industrial processes PCM and TCM for storage in industrial processes High temperature PCM and TCM for CSP plants High and low temperature TCM for vehicle application

30 DLR.de Slide 30 > Joint Workshop > A. Seitz Annex 30 > Thank you for your attention 4 th Expert Meeting in Lleida April 24+25, 2017

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