Ohio Maritime Study. Ohio Transportation Engineering Conference (OTEC) October 10, 2017 Columbus, OH

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1 Ohio Maritime Study Ohio Transportation Engineering Conference (OTEC) October 10, 2017 Columbus, OH

2 Presentation Map Context the Great Lakes Region Ohio Maritime Transportation Study What Overview Comes of Ohio s Next? Maritime System - Lake Erie Maritime System Issues & Needs -Lake Erie What Comes Next? 2

3 The Great Lakes Region Today Megaregion and continental hub: 107 million inhabitants, 51 million jobs, $5.8 trillion in annual economic activity, $1.3 trillion in global merchandise trade Source: CPCS for the Council of the Great Lakes Region 3

4 The US and Canadian regions of the Great Lakes trade more with each other ($216B), than with any other country in the world. Top 5 export markets of the Great Lakes ($ s) Mexico 60 China 52 UK 33 Germany 19 Japan 18 Source: CPCS for the Council of the Great Lakes Region Sources: CPCS analysis based on data from US Census Bureau and Statistics Canada 4

5 The Region s economic activity is enabled by its multimodal transportation systems. Maritime is a key component of this system. Source: CPCS for the Council of the Great Lakes Region

6 Presentation Map Context the Great Lakes Region Ohio Maritime Transportation Study Overview of Ohio s Maritime System - Lake Erie Maritime System Issues & Needs -Lake Erie What Comes Next? 6

7 Ohio Maritime Study Objective: How to best leverage Ohio s MTS to enable Ohio s economic competitiveness and growth. 1. What assets and services comprise Ohio s Maritime Transportation System (MTS)? 2. Who are the existing and potential users of Ohio s MTS and what are their needs? 3. What should be the State of Ohio s role in the MTS? 7

8 Six (of Seven) Working Papers Submitted 8

9 Presentation Map Context the Great Lakes Region Ohio Maritime Transportation Study Overview of Ohio s Maritime System Lake Erie Maritime System Issues & Needs -Lake Erie What Comes Next? 9

10 Ohio s Maritime Transportation System: By the Numbers 2major waterways: Lake Erie and the Ohio River 736 navigable miles of waterway coastal miles along Lake Erie river miles along Ohio s portion of the Ohio River 8 principal ports on Lake Erie, incl. Cleveland and Toledo 162 commercial docks, the majority of which are along the Ohio River 9 locks and dams on the Ohio portion of the Ohio River 10

11 Bulk commodities comprise over 95% of traffic by volume Others Chemical Fertilizers (million tons) Chemicals excl. Fertilizers Primary Non-Metal Products Primary Metal Products Lake 42% Petroleum Products Food and Food Products River 58% Unknown & Not Elsewhere Classified Iron Ore, Iron, & Steel Scrap Sand, Gravel, Shells, Clay, Undetermined River Lake Coal, Lignite, and Coal Coke Source: CPCS Analysis of WCSC Data Notes: Flows carried between Ohio and Pennsylvania, Illinois, Minnesota, or Indiana can either transit on the Great Lakes or on the Ohio River. These flows are categorized as Undetermined. We have requested more detailed data from the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) to refine these figures 11

12 Total traffic on Ohio s MTS has declined from 120M tons in 2001 to 83M tons in 2015, in large part due to decline in coal and iron ore shipments 140 Internal Receiving Shipping Million tons Source: CPCS analysis of WCSC data, flows having both an origin and a destination within Ohio are considered as being Internal. 12

13 Lake Erie s MTS is part of the broader Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway System 13

14 Ohio Maritime Transportation System Assets 14

15 Typical Vessels Using the Great Lakes Typical Straight Deck (left) and Self-Unloading (right) Bulkers Source: shipspotting, Jeff Cameron Typical Tug/Barge Unit Source: shipspotting, rburdick27 Typical Multipurpose Salty Source: shipspotting, Sam Draye Source: boatnerd photo by Ron Beaupré 15

16 2015 data per USACE Tons million Value - $3.6 billion 16

17 17

18 The use of Ohio s MTS is directly related to the productivity of Ohio s key industrial sectors Ohio s freight reliant industries produced $238 billion of GDP in 2014, or close to 40 percent of Ohio s GDP These industrial sectors account for close to 2 million jobs, or about 35 percent of total employment in the State 18

19 Maritime System Commodities are tied to KeyOhioIndustries Top Ohio Maritime System Commodities Primary Sector Coal, Lignite, and Coal Coke Sand Gravel, Shells, Clay, Salt and Slag Iron Ore, Iron, and Steel Scrap Food and Food Products Primary Metals Petroleum Products Construction and Civil Works Utilities and Energy Manufacturing Petroleum and Chemicals Agriculture 19

20 Billions of dollars in economic activity, and hundreds of thousands of jobs rely on Ohio s MTS Sectors Reliant on MTS Construction & Civil Works Utilities and Energy Sector GDP / Jobs (% of Ohio freight reliant sectors) GDP: $24 billion (11%) Jobs: 238,000 (12%) GDP: $19 billion (7%) Jobs: 21,000 (1%) Examples of Ohio MTS Traffic (not comprehensive) Limestone, other construction rocks and minerals, cement, asphalt, steel and rebar Coal, oil, frac sand, barite, pipe, drilling supplies Primary Metals Heavy Manufacturing Petroleum, Chemical and Plastics Manufacturing GDP: $5.6 billion (2%) Jobs: 40,000 (2%) GDP: $37 billion (16%) Jobs: 305,000 (16%) GDP: $33 billion (14%) Jobs: 100,000 (6%) Metal ore (e.g. iron ore), scrap metal, steel (coils, pig iron, slabs, blooms), aluminium Steel coils, coiled wire rod, steel plates and shapes, aluminum, chemicals, petroleum products, minerals and alloys Chemicals, plastics, petroleum and coal products, rubber products Source: CPCS analysis Notes: GDP data is for 2014 (Bureau of Economic Analysis Regional Data), Jobs data is for 2015 (Bureau of Labor Statistics State Employment Data) The agricultural, forestry, and mining sectors are among other important users of Ohio s MTS, though these sectors contribute relatively less to Ohio s economy in terms of GDP and jobs (despite the higher share of Ohio MTS traffic generated by these sectors). 20

21 The Steel Industry Ohio s steel plants are responsible for more than 12% of the nation s value-added output for steel products from purchased steel Photo Source: Thomas Ondrey, The Plain Dealer Statement source: Iron and Steel Industry Concentration in Ohio. Ohio Development Services Agency. January 2016

22 Other Key Great Lakes Cargo Project Cargo Grain Aggregates Source: Boatnerd 22 Photo Source: Midwest Terminals

23 Presentation Map Context the Great Lakes Region Ohio Maritime Transportation System Overview of Ohio s Maritime System - Lake Erie Maritime System Issues & Needs -Lake Erie What Comes Next? 23

24 Big Picture: Traffic from many bulk sectors (e.g. coal, iron ore) are in structural decline, dragging down total MTS volumes. But niche opportunities are also emerging. Ohio MTS Traffic -Total Millions of Tons ( ) Ohio MTS Traffic -Total Millions of Tons (2015) Manufactured Goods Lumber, Logs, Wood Chips Non-Ferrous Ores and Scrap Chemical Fertilizers Chemicals excl. Fertilizers Internal Receiving Shipping Arrows represent long term structural trends, niche opportunities. Horizontal arrows represents growth at pace of economy Structural trends, niche opportunities Primary Non-Metal Products Primary Metal Products Petroleum Products Food and Food Products Unknown & Not Elsewhere Classified Iron Ore, Iron, & Steel Scrap Sand, Gravel, Shells, Clay, Coal, Lignite, and Coal Coke Million tons Source: CPCS analysis of US Army Corps of Engineers Waterborne Commerce data Source: CPCS analysis of WCSC data, flows having both an origin and a destination within Ohio are considered as being Internal. 24

25 There few capacity limitations on the Lake Erie component of Ohio s MTS But, there are capability limits to handling different types of cargo at specific ports and terminals and a range of other physical and operating constraints: Landside oversize/overweight cargo access limitations Last mile rail connections and other landside access issues On-dock capabilities and capacities (cranes) Draft issues at certain Lake Erie facilities 25

26 Many of the constraints to competitiveness of the MTS are institutional Examples include: Fees and charges (pilotage, and other fees, Seaway tolls, etc.) Seasonality of Great Lakes/Seaway System Institutional barriers to improved modal connectivity Limited recognition and integration of MTS in State and regional transportation and economic development plans Insufficient funds or funding mechanisms to address aging infrastructure The role of the State of Ohio is largely limited to broader transportation policy and planning efforts and making targeted MTS-related investments (connectors, cranes, etc.) 26

27 Presentation Map Context the Great Lakes Region Ohio Maritime Transportation Study Overview of Ohio s Maritime System - Lake Erie Maritime System Issues & Needs -Lake Erie What Comes Next? 27

28 Development of a Ohio Maritime Strategy What should be the State of Ohio s role in the maritime transportation system? 28

29 Key takeaway for Ohio Maritime Transportation Study The low-cost maritime transportation option provided by Ohio s MTS remains critical to enabling the competitiveness of many of Ohio s key economic sectors without which Ohio s economy would suffer. Bottom Line: The maritime option in Ohio needs to be protected and made as competitive as possible. Near term focus should be on enabling better connectivity where maritime provides a competitive advantage and is in line with market needs. 29

30 Q&A Marc-Andre Roy Partner, Vice President (North America) T: x

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