Michigan Biomass Inventory

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1 Michigan Biomass Inventory Steve A. Miller, PE Dr. Steven I. Safferman, PE Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Michigan State University

2 Iowa

3 New Jersey Direct combustion for power Stand-alone rankine cycle plant Small-scale rankine cycle CHP (combined heat and power) plant Biomass co-firing with coal Thermo-chemical conversion Stand -alone BIGCC (Biomass Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle) plant Small-scale gasification-ic engine CHP plant Stand-alone Pyrolysis plant Thermo chemical for transport fuels Biomass-to-liquids plant (Fischer Tropsch) Dilute acid hydrolysis for biofuels production Fermentation for Transport fuels Corn-ethanol dry mill Cellulosic ethanol plant Anaerobic Digestion for Power Food waste anaerobic digester with IC engine CHP plant/landfill gas with microturbine AD for transport fuel CNG or LNG (landfill gas or compressed natural gas) Physio chemical conversion Transesterfication biodiesel

4 National Renewable Energy Laboratory GIS project Crop residues Woody residues Methane emissions from landfills Methane emissions from manure management Methane emissions from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs Dedicated energy crops

5 National Renewable Energy Laboratory GIS project

6 Michigan Biomass Inventory Inventory to support of renewable energy development Grant from Michigan Department of Labor and Economic Growth to MSU November 2008 July 2009 Building on Project GREEEN funding

7 Objective Develop a biomass renewable energy inventory to: Identify sites of residual biomass and land that can produce high energy value biomass, Determine gross energy theoretically available from the biomass Estimate energy requirements in processing biomass Calculate the estimated theoretical energy balance so that amount and nature of the available energy can be estimated Identify constraints that may substantially impact feasibility of processing biomass at selected location

8 Making Data Available Online mapping and analyses is being developed Incorporate the best available statewide GIS base layer data available, provided by Remote Sensing and GIS Research and Outreach Services (RS&GIS), Michigan State University Simple User Interface (UI) that is accessible to users not familiar with GIS software

9 Identify Sites of Residual Biomass (from Project GREEEN) Animal manure (beef and dairy cattle, swine, turkey, chicken) Food processors Wastewater treatment plants Ethanol facilities Landfills

10

11 Land that can produce High Energy Value Biomass Biomass produced from idle land (for growing switch grass or other energy crops) Corn stover Straw Sugar beet pulp

12

13 Identify Constraints Factors that may substantially impact feasibility of processing biomass at selected location Examples - Limited water resources - Transportation network - Unique natural features - Access to natural gas or electric grid

14 Determine Gross Energy Theoretically Available from the Biomass Centralized anaerobic digestion Gasification Burners Catalyzed fermentation

15 Estimate Energy Requirements in Processing Biomass Developing energy conversion algorithms for each source of biomass Energy associated with biomass cultivation, harvesting, and transportation Qualitatively estimate energy associated with the bioenergy product as well as energy lost as heat

16 Biogas Potential of Various Feedstocks Dana M Kirk, ADREC, 02/10/09 Kestutis Navickas Bioplin Tehnologija in Okolje,

17 = +

18 Protocol Flowchart of Anaerobic Digestion of Food and Animal Wastes Food solid waste Food wastewater Manure Adequate ph buffer and enough nutrients 1. Analysis (Nutrients and ph buffer) Deficient of Nutrients or ph buffer 2. Blending 3. Energy production from anaerobic digestion (Theoretic calculation and experimental results) Energy revenue 4. Energy balance check E>0 E<=0 From Screening co-digestion of food waste water with manure for biogas production ; Biofuels, Bioproducts, & Biorefining; Dec 23, 2008; Liu et al

19 Calculate the Estimated Theoretical Energy Balance Developing energy conversion algorithms for each source of biomass Energy associated with biomass cultivation, harvesting, and transportation The energy associated with the bioenergy product as well as energy lost as heat

20 Making Data Available Site will allow the user to examine the energy that can be produced from a selected site on the map Using data from the site and other user input information, a rough energy balance will be conducted to enable the estimation of the usable energy available

21 Questions???

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