May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 1

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4 May Volume 26 No.07 Cover Focus Expert View CONTENTS ISSN R.N.I. No / Technology Publications 28 New fluid mapping-while-drilling service SpectraSphere service uniquely enables the understanding of reservoir properties while drilling for improved reservoir characterization, well placement and reduction in overall well construction cost 22 Oil will clearly remain a fuel of choice in the coming decades Special Report 32 Eyes on Asia 48 Technology/Technical Papers 7 11 Mohammad Sanusi Barkindo, Secretary General, OPEC on the current oil market conditions Qingdao McDermott Wuchuan delivers first of kind structures for Yamal LNG project Provenance, a pioneering global sediment provenance solution 30 New salinity system for increased flow assurance and to maximize production 59 First of its kind LNG test bed for marine unveiled 60 Spudding record breaking 63 Relief Well geothermal well Injection Spool 67 A TOTEX approach in water and waste water infrastructure 69 EPINET- ONGC s E&P Transformer 75 Mineral Exploration Industry Oil transfer a vital aspect 82 Saudi s are exploring a variety of promising collaboration opportunities across the fast-growing Asia Keeping up with the time 54 The new age oil for wind turbines The 19th Asia Oil & Gas Conference provided an opportunity for the energy industry leaders from across Asia and beyond to discuss strategic energy issues and the importance of Asia as the fastest growing region for global energy demand Editorial and Advertising Office 15/19, Kalidas Road P.B. No. 271, Dehradun (Uttarakhand) India Tel./Fax : Chairman Editorial Board and Chief Editor Arun Kumar Singhal Director Shrey Singhal Editorial Advisors Satish Kumar Mathur former General Manager (E&S), ONGC Prof (Dr.) Nikolay P. Zapivalov Chairman of Novosibirsk Centre of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and Professor of Novosibirsk University, Russia Dr. Himmat Singh Head of Department - Petroleum Engineering, Chandigarh University former Distinguished Professor, Hydrocarbon Engineering, UPES, former Advisor (R&D), Bharat Petroleum Corp. Limited, former Sr. Dy. Director (Scientist G ), Indian Institute of Petroleum S K Das Former Executive Director, ONGC Publisher Arun Kumar Singhal Advertising Manager Ms. Saroj Circulation Manager Pramil Khanduri Design & Graphics Abhinav Arya Finance Manager Pramod Kumar Regional Coordinator - New Delhi Mukesh Gupta Regional Coordinator - Mumbai J. Chakarborty Regional Coordinator - South East Asia & China Tony Chen W. K. Annual Subscription Rs US $ (inclusive of Postage). Cover Price US$30 25 Rs.300 For details of how to subscribe to Drilling & Exploration World journal and rates for individuals countries Remit all payments in favour of TECHNOLOGY PUBLICATIONS For details of wireline transfer of payment, contact the Publisher. Prepress processing & Printing at Saraswati Press Drilling & Exploration World (DEW) published since 1989 by Technology Publications from Dehradun is an internationally circulated Energy and Oil & Gas journal. The journal holds the distinction of being the only MONTHLY Energy and Oil & Gas journal published from India. All rights reserved in respect of all articles, illustrations, photography etc. published in Drilling & Exploration World (DEW). Reproductions or imitations are expressly forbidden without the permission of the publisher. The opinions expressed by contributors (editorial and advertising) are not necessarily those of the publisher/ editor, who can not accept responsibility for any errors or omissions. While every effort is made to ensure that the contents published in the journal are correct and up-to-date, the Publisher, Editors and Advisors do not accept any responsibility for any error, omissions and factually incorrect statements published. This implies for both editorial and advertising contents. 2 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

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6 From the Editor In recent years, much has been said about the importance of developing renewable energy, especially those sources that come with an environmentally friendly stamp of approval. This need has become even more pressing in the wake of the landmark Paris Agreement on climate change, reached by world leaders in December last year. However, while it is commendable to support green sources of energy that have the potential to help preserve the planet for future generations, one has to be realistic. The fact is, in the overall energy mix, there is only so much that renewables, such as solar, wind power and biofuels, can do to supply the burgeoning levels of efficient, reliable and affordable energy the world requires. That is certainly the case now and one that will see only gradual change in the foreseeable future. All forecasts point to fossil fuels continuing to satisfy the lion s share of global energy demand in the years ahead. Past experience has shown that the energy sector will need to continue to evolve if it is to keep pace with progress and meet future challenges. In fact, such will be the level of global demand, that all sources of energy conventional, unconventional, as well as renewables will likely be required to adequately cover growing consumption levels. The facts are quite profound: by 2040, OPEC predicts global economic growth doubling from today s levels, as the number of people on the planet expands by 1.7 billion. Significantly for the oil sector, which is transportation driven, another 1.2bn people will be behind the wheel of an automobile. Commercial vehicles on the road will double, while air travel will soar. And, in the developing countries, massive potential exists for providing access to modern energy services to billions of people currently without adequate means of heating, cooking and lighting. Translate all these facts into energy demand and unsurprisingly a 50 per cent increase from today s levels is predicted by Of course, these are just forecasts, which are always subject to change, but even if just half of what is expected today becomes a reality, one constant will remain - fossil fuels will continue to be of paramount importance to the world s economic wellbeing. Surely then, their development should be encouraged and nurtured- certainly not held back. The international oil market is quite unique among all the commodity exchanges operating in the world today. It is extremely complex and sensitive to all manner of influence, both internal and external, and will clearly require continued vigilance and close monitoring on a daily basis. As everyone in the industry agrees, fossil fuels will continue to play a leading role in global energy supply in the future. This fact makes what the OPEC and non-opec producers are attempting to do in the market right now even more imperative. Demand for oil and gas will grow considerably in the years ahead so it is vital to have the right conditions in place that support investment in new and existing capacity, which OPEC calculates will amount to some $10 trillion up to 2040 to satisfy burgeoning demand. That requires a market that is stable, predicable and sustainable. The cooperation the industry has been witnessing since the start of the year is the key to the oil market s future success. It just needs what is being done right now to be even bigger and bolder. With everyone pulling in the same direction and putting unity and cooperation before self-interest, the future will take care of itself. And with stability restored, everyone stands to benefit. The oil and gas sector needs to adapt and innovate if it is to survive in a much-changed operating environment. Despite the challenges, there is optimism that the industry was in good shape to meet the challenges created by low oil and gas prices, the need to compete with renewable energy, reduce carbon emissions and cut costs in order to remain relevant is the key. To address these new realities the oil and gas industry is driving new approaches to resource development, cost management and technology. The consolidation of the oil and gas service sector to be more robust and competitive and thus responding to the new realities is also an important aspect that cannot be overlooked. It is therefore crucial that the conventional sources of petroleum, which have served the world well and have proven to be essential for the future welfare of the global economy and mankind in general will continue to play centre stage and not be discriminated against, since there is no realistic alternative for meeting the world s energy needs. For the foreseeable future, renewables, however admirable, will only ever be supplementary, at best. On managing new realities in the oil and gas industry while the mantra is adapt, innovate to thrive the need of the hour is to stay nimble, navigate challenges, and seize opportunities in the evolving energy landscape. AKS Petro-Events Calender June 21-22, 2017, LISBON, Portugal AEGPL Congress June AMSTERDEM, The Netherlands IADC World Drilling Conference & Exhibition July 9-13, 2017, ISTANBUL, Turkey The 22 nd World Petroleum Congress July 11-13, 2017, KL, Malaysia The 16th Oil, Gas and Petrochemical Engineering Exhibition July 12-14, 2017, JAKARTA, Indonesia GasIndonesia Summit & Exhibition July 18-21, 2017, SINGAPORE World Engineers Summit August 21-23, JOHANNESBURG, S.Africa Public Private Partnership-Financing, Projects and Contracts August 24-25, 2017, NEW DELHI, India Pipeline Integrity Management System Conference Cum Exhibition September 5-7, 2017, ABERDEN, UK SPE Offshore Europe Sept , BANGKOK, Thailand Asia Power Week September 27-28, 2017, SINGAPORE Tank Storage Asia October 3-5, 2017, MARRAKECH The 30th World LPG Forum October 9-11, 2017, BAHRAIN, UAE Middle East Process Engineering Conference & Exhibition October 23-27, 2017, SINGAPORE Singapore International Energy Week November 20-21, 2017, KL, Malaysia Asia Petroleum Geoscience Conference & Exhibition (APGCE 2017) December 12-14, 2018, BITEC, Thailand Future Energy Asia 4 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

7 Event Preview Singapore to convene luminary global energy leaders to support low carbon future The Institution of Engineers, Singapore (IES) has announced that the World Engineers Summit Applied Energy Symposium & Forum: Low Carbon Cities & Urban Energy Joint Conference (WES-CUE) 2017 will take place from 18 to 21 July at the Suntec Convention & Exhibition Centre, Singapore. The conference will be a focal point for addressing pressing global issues arising from energy- and carbon- intensive urban development, with a special focus on harnessing engineering innovations to create a sustainable, low carbon future. Rapid urbanisation is elevating energy demand to unprecedented levels. According to the World Bank, cities consume about two-thirds of the world s energy and account for more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions. WES-CUE 2017 will bring together eminent experts, renowned researchers, practitioners and policy makers to share latest research findings and engineering advancements critical for moving cities towards highly energyefficient and sustainable practices. For the first time, the biennial WES series is partnering with the internationally-reputed Applied Energy Symposium and Forum series, to deliver profound and diverse technical content to multidisciplinary engineers and scientists; energy, urban planning and environmental & water specialists; business leaders; academia and policy makers from around the world. The conference technical committee received a record 288 technical paper abstracts from more than 35 countries in response to its call for submissions. WES-CUE 2017 is designed to bring delegates to the forefront of scientific research and facilitate exchange of the latest progress in urban energy systems and policy options. This year s summit will play a major role in helping engineers, business leaders, policy makers and other professionals accelerate the transformation of cities into low carbon urban systems and move the world towards a cleaner, more energy-efficient and resilient future, said Prof S.K. Chou, Co-Chair, WES-CUE 2017 Joint Conference. Prof J. Yan, Co-Chair of WES-CUE 2017, added, Singapore offers an excellent meeting point for the chosen theme of the joint conference. Applied Energy Symposium & Forum: Low Carbon Cities & Urban Energy (CUE) is a platform under the Applied Energy network that focuses on urban energy systems covering topics such as energy supply, distribution and end use; smart eco-cities; urban transportation with efficient energy use and low emissions; microgrid and smart homes; BIPV and renewable energy applications; urban waste to energy; nexus of energy-water; and policy options. WES-CUE 2017 will address a range of critical issues with focus on six key topics: Transport, Building, Industry, Environment, Power Generation & Energy Storage and Urban Planning. Four sustainability thought leaders will kick off the conference as keynote speakers: Ms Jean Venables, Vice President of the World Federation of Engineering Organisations (WFEO) and Chair of Committee on Engineering & Environment (CEE); Prof. Lui Pao Chuen, Advisor, Strategic Planning Division, Ministry Of National Development, Singapore; Dr Liu Thai Ker, Senior Director, RSP Architects Planners & Engineers, Singapore; and Dr Richard E. Rocheleau, Director, Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, University of Hawaii. Pre-event workshop will be on Floating Structures by IStructE to keep delegates abreast of the latest developments, research and challenges and potential future applications in using seaspace for industry, housing and recreational development WiSER Forum will focus on empowering and promoting women leadership in the engineering industry and professional fields ASHRAE Distinguished Lectures Seminar will focus on the integrated design, installation and operation of Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) system and Building Automation System (BAS) to achieve thermal comfort and indoor air quality in high performing buildings. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 5

8 ASEAN can accelerate achievement of Paris Agreement goals Left to right: Mr. Benjamin, Chief Executive, WCA, Mr. Christopher G. Zamora, Manager of ASEAN Plan of ACE, Mr. Alihudin Sitompul, Indonesian Alternate Senior Officials on Energy Leader, Director for Electricity Program Development, Directorate General of Electricity, MEMR K E Y F I N D I N G S Investing in low emissions coal plants in Southeast Asia is one of the most efficient strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the region, according to a new report by the ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) and the World Coal Association (WCA). The report, ASEAN s Energy Equation - the role of low emission coal in driving a sustainable energy future, is a comprehensive costbenefit analysis of climate and energy policies, and sustainable development opportunities that cleaner coal technologies provide to a region that is looking to coal to fuel its growing economy. Climate finance for low emissions coal would reduce emissions equivalent to 1.3 billion Transition to low emissions coal is one of the most efficient strategies for reducing greenhouse gas in the region ASEAN requires 800 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity generation between 2020 and 2035 If ASEAN shifts its coal capacity to a modern fleet (mainly supercritical technology) by 2035, the region would reduce cumulative emissions by 1.3 billion tonnes- equivalent to the annual emissions from China, United States and the EU (top three CO2 contributors) combined. Shift means that new power stations in ASEAN could be CCS ready too. Investment to ensure an efficient coal fleet in Southeast Asia is vital for global climate ambitions. tonnes in the next 20 years, a reduction equivalent to annual emissions from China, the United States and the EU - the top three CO2 emitters- combined. This action is expected to accelerate the achievement of global climate objectives without sacrificing economic and social development needs in the region. WCA Chief Executive, Benjamin Sporton said, It is important to inject realism into the debate on how to reduce emissions across Asia. There is no question that cleaner coal is the lowest cost option among all available low-carbon technologies in ASEAN- a region that is rapidly urbanising and industrialising. Coal is forecast to be an essential News part of ASEAN s economic growth. This reality means that it is only logical that the rapidly industrialising and urbanising economies of Asia that are choosing to use coal do so with the lowest emissions technologies. According to the 4th ASEAN Energy Outlook, ASEAN s energy demand is expected to grow by 2.7 times in the next two decades, and coal continues to be a major contributor in our energy mix (ACE, 2016), notes ACE Executive Director, Dr. Sanjayan Velautham. With about 100 million people without electricity, the delivery of affordable, reliable and sustainable electricity is crucial to ASEAN s predicted economic growth. That s why, we at ACE believe that viable modern coal technologies are essential in ensuring that coal is used in a sustainable way that will balance both the economic needs and climate commitments. The ACE is an intergovernmental organisation within the ASEAN structure that independently represents the 10 ASEAN Member States (AMS) interests in the energy sector. The World Coal Association is the only body acting internationally on behalf of coal, with a mission to demonstrate and gain acceptance for the fundamental role coal plays in achieving a sustainable, lower carbon energy future. The WCA provides a voice for coal in international energy, environment and development forums, and presents the case for coal to key decision-makers. 6 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

9 News Qingdao McDermott Wuchuan delivers first of kind structures for Yamal LNG project McDermott International, Inc. has announced that its joint venture QMW recently delivered the last batch of 247 structures for the Yamal liquefied natural gas (LNG) project, an LNG plant being built northeast of the Yamal Peninsula in Russia. With a total weight of approximately 2,400 tons, the 247 bolt-connected stick-built structures were completed ahead of schedule in less than four months under its final work package. The scope of work included engineering, procurement, fabrication and packing. The structures are small pipe racks, platforms, sleepers and supports installed between process modules to support hookup pipes, cable trays, etc. Construction of the structures began in September 2016 at the QMW fabrication facility in Qingdao, China, and marked the first-time bolted-connected structures were built instead of the usual welded connection structures. The structures were fabricated in QMW s mega-module assembly shop, which features four giant bays that allows all fabrication and assembly to be done inside which increases safety, quality and productivity. We greatly appreciated QMW s excellent performance on this project in terms of safety, quality and on-time delivery, said Ken Kasai, Site Manager of Yamgaz, a joint-venture composed of Technip FMC, JGC and Chiyoda, who are designing and constructing the LNG plant. QMW has now completed two major work packages for Yamgaz, including the recently completed stick-built structures as well as fractionation process modules fabricated and delivered in 2016, ahead of schedule without a single Lost Time Incident and through an innovative sub-modules construction methodology, said Leong Eng Chow, General Manager, QMW. We continues to gain recognition for outstanding quality, health, safety and environmental performance on this project further demonstrating QMW s international competitiveness, reputation and quality performance in the module fabrication market. Located at Sabetta, the Yamal LNG plant is the first LNG development venture in the Arctic with a planned total capacity of 16.5 million tons of LNG per year, and is one of the largest LNG projects in the world. QMW is a joint venture between McDermott and state-owned CSIC and offers integrated Engineering, Procurement and Commissioning solutions for the Floating Production Storage and Offloading ( FPSO ) market and fabrication capabilities through a 111-acre fabrication yard located in the Huangdao District in Qingdao (Shandong Province), China. McDermott is a leading provider of integrated engineering, procurement, construction and installation (EPCI) services for upstream field developments worldwide. The Company delivers fixed and floating production facilities, pipelines and subsea systems from concept to commissioning for complex Offshore and Subsea oil and gas projects to help oil companies safely produce and transport hydrocarbons. First-time construction of bolt-connected stick built structures demonstrates precision capabilities May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 7

10 Stress Engineering Services, Inc., the global leader in consulting engineering services, has been awarded the Offshore Technology Conference (OTC) Spotlight on New Technology Award for its Realtime Fatigue Monitoring System (RFMS). The Spotlight on New Technology Awards a program for OTC exhibitors showcases the latest and most advanced hardware and software technologies that are leading the industry into the future. Winning technologies are selected based on the following four criteria: New and Innovative: less than two years old; original and groundbreaking Proven: through full-scale Realtime Fatigue Monitoring System application or successful prototype testing Broad Interest: broad appeal for the industry Significant Impact: provides significant benefits beyond existing technologies The RFMS was developed to provide field measurements of stress and fatigue on drilling risers, wellheads and other subsea systems in near real-time. The RFMS significantly improves riser integrity management by using measured data and advanced algorithms at strategic locations to reconstruct stress and fatigue damage along the entire riser. It integrates this approach into a fully automated, real-time environment. We are proud to receive this award in recognition of our RFMS tool, which empowers drilling engineers to make informed decisions in adverse environments, leading to increased safety and efficiency of drilling and production operations for the life of the system, said Chuck Miller, Vice President of Stress Engineering. Wärtsilä - ENGIE to develop small scale LNG markets Wärtsilä has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the French multinational energy company ENGIE, to develop solutions and services within the small scale LNG business sector. The cooperation covers four work streams: LNG for ships, LNG distribution in islands and remote areas, LNG to Power solutions, and small scale LNG and bio liquefaction. Both Wärtsilä and ENGIE are committed to working for a low-carbon economy, and shifting the focus towards LNG-solutions is seen as being an important step in this direction. Through this partnership, the two companies will share Wärtsilä's technical expertise and Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) capabilities, along with ENGIE's technical expertise, and experience in natural gas distribution and commercialization. Operation and maintenance services will also be offered. "ENGIE has taken key positions in the small scale LNG market. This agreement with Wärtsilä will help develop innovative small scale LNG solutions with quicker implementation time and enhanced News competitiveness," says Jean-Marc Leroy, ENGIE's MD Gas Chain. "We are excited to be working with ENGIE and developing together more sustainable energy solutions for our customers and society as a whole. This cooperation is an important step towards Wärtsilä's goal of growing our presence in the small to medium scale LNG terminal business," says Alexandre Eykerman, Vice President for LNG Solutions at Wärtsilä. Wärtsilä is currently the EPC contractor for an onshore small scale LNG terminal in Finland, and has successfully delivered several small scale power barges and a biogas liquefaction plant. ENGIE is one of the pioneers in the development of small scale LNG markets and innovative solutions. This includes small liquefaction plants, LNG truck loading, LNG bunkering, LNG fuelling stations, LNG for power applications, and supplying LNG to remote customers. This MoU is a strong incentive to co-develop technical solutions that would enable both Wärtsilä and ENGIE to expand their small scale LNG businesses. 8 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

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12 News Aeroderivative gas turbine for oil and gas industry Using the combined expertise from its acquisitions of Dresser-Rand and Rolls-Royce Energy business, Siemens launches the latest evolution of its gas turbine portfolio the SGT-A35 RB. The unit addresses the need for more cost-effective solutions for the offshore oil and gas industry by increasing the power density of the topside power generating equipment, thus reducing the required space claim. The lightweight, aeroderivative gas turbine can generate up to 38 megawatts (MW) and is integrated into a compact, lightweight Dresser-Rand package, which is up to New gas turbine for oil and gas industry: The rendering shows the lightweight architecture of the SGT-A35 RB gas turbine for offshore applications like floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) applications. Offshore package: The SGT-A35 RB offshore package for floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) applications. 30 percent smaller and lighter than Industrial RB211 predecessors. This combination produces a compelling solution for the challenging requirements of offshore applications, like floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessels. FPSO vessels have become increasingly popular as oil and gas production moves towards deep-sea regions and harsher offshore environments to capture stranded reserves. With higher output and power density than comparable products, the SGT-A35 RB turbine offers several cost-effective solutions for this and other challenging offshore applications. The SGT-A35 RB gas turbine, previously known as the Industrial RB211- GT30, is based on the proven pedigree of the Industrial RB211 and Industrial Trent 60 gas turbines, built with Rolls-Royce Aero Engine technology. This trusted legacy, evolved over 40 years of technological advancements, has more than 800 installations worldwide exceeding 37 million operating hours. The SGT-A35 RB variant introduces a lightweight free-power turbine derived from Rolls-Royce aerospace and marine Trent, as well as Siemens Industrial Trent 60. All rotating components are proven by millions of hours accumulated in flight, as well as industrial and marine service. The SGT-A35 RB gas turbine is available in 34 and 38 MW variants to match a range of application requirements. Both ratings are available for mechanical drive and 60 Hertz or 50 Hertz electrical generation. In this configuration, the gas turbine can directly drive a 2-pole A/C generator without the need for a gearbox. The thermal efficiency of the gas turbine exceeds 40 percent at ISO conditions. The performance is ideal for hot climates and at 30 C, the gas turbine retains more than 90 percent of its ISO power output. The Dresser-Rand package uses fit-for-purpose packaging features and configurable options proven across oil 10 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

13 News Up to 30% smaller footprint and lighter solution for offshore applications Highest power density in this class of turbines and gas applications. Its modular design facilitates easy maintenance and reduces downtime to maximize availability and reduce clients operating expenditures. The package has also been designed to quickly exchange the complete gas turbine and power turbine. Over the years, the Dresser- Rand business has supplied more than 1,000 aeroderivative gas turbine packages to the oil and gas industry. With the highest power density in this class we help offshore operators with a significant challenge, said Judy Marks, head of New Equipment Solutions for the Dresser-Rand business. With gas turbines used as prime movers in offshore installations, project developers can simultaneously reduce capital investment and increase production capacity to achieve desired returns. Sediment provenance data comes in all scales, from whole rock compositions to individual grain analyses. CGG GeoConsulting brings these datasets and tools together under one integrated platform called Provenance (image courtesy of CGG GeoConsulting). Provenance, a pioneering global sediment provenance solution CGG GeoConsulting has launched Provenance, a pioneering global sediment provenance solution, part of Robertson Data & Analytics. A ground-breaking integrated global sediment Provenance an industry-first database help make meaningful interpretations on clastic reservoir distribution and quality at the touch of a button CGG GeoConsulting has announced the launch of Provenance, a ground-breaking integrated global sediment provenance database, tool and knowledge base. Explorers can use the database to help make meaningful interpretations on clastic reservoir distribution and quality. Provenance is an industry-first, global database bringing together public-domain and CGG multi-client sediment provenance data catalogues, to give explorers a quality-controlled dataset at the touch of a button. An integrated platform allows teams to interpret the data in minutes, supported by insights from sediment provenance experts and leading authorities in the international scientific community. Provenance helps geoscience teams optimize their use of sediment provenance data in their exploration workflows. It is designed to reduce lead times for in-house specialists edimentologists and put the data, tools, and understanding in the hands of every member of the geoscience team in order to improve exploration outputs. Mark Weber, Senior Vice President, CGG GeoConsulting, said: CGG is committed to helping clients more fully understand the reservoir, and sediment provenance data has an important contribution to make in this effort. Our Provenance solution will help exploration teams to better understand the distribution and quality of clastic reservoirs and reduce exploration risk. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 11

14 News DIT University goes beyond engineering! Scientific and technological developments are a key to any nation s success. India is one of the topranking countries in the field of basic research. Indian science has progressed to become one of the most powerful instruments of knowledge. Yet in the wake of new demands of economic growth, it is necessary to embark on translating science and technology into developmental needs in all sectors such as infrastructure, agriculture, health, communication and education. The disparity between haves and have-nots, urban and rural areas and exclusion or marginalization of certain groups can give rise to social unrest. It is crucial that more technological innovations are geared towards eliminating these disparities and differences. In our endeavour for global excellence, not even a single citizen should be left. Technology for sustainable and inclusive growth is the need of the hour. And it is where all - L to R: Mr. Avinash Chandra, Mr. Arun Kr.Singhal and Prof.Y.K.Tyagi innovators, technocrats, entrepreneurs and policymakers - have an important role to play. They have to make sure that science and technology do not remain confined to a select few sectors only. Progress and growth of the country will be sustainable only if development for all is the overarching goal. For that, we have to make sure that all strata of the society enjoy the benefits of technological innovation and scientific advancements equally. India is a land of rich diversity, with outstanding talent hidden away even in the remotest areas and minutest villages. Such potential should be discovered and nurtured. It is essential that we continue to move forward in this direction and use technology to create stable employment opportunities, encourage entrepreneurship, and build growth models that allow for the inclusion of women and the disadvantaged. Against this background, India celebrated the National Technology Day on May 11, Technology Day commemorates India s success in using science and technology to address the challenges facing the country. On 11 May 1998, the Pokhran test was conducted. The then Prime Minister of India Mr.Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared India a full-fledged nuclear state after operation Shakti and it made India the 6th country to join the Nuclear Club. Since 1998, India celebrates May 11 every year as the National Technology Day. One of India s premier university imparting education in areas of Science, Engineering, Technology and Management, the DIT University celebrated for the first time the National Technology Day to spread importance of science and awareness about latest Online science quiz competition cum computer/digital technology awareness/ familiarization session for school students as part of National Technology Day 2017 at DITU 12 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

15 News technological developments among students of middle and senior schools. The programme provided a common platform for the students, academicians, researchers and industry experts to share their knowledge about technological developments on every sphere of life. The university also showcased to the students of the visiting schools the various research carried out by them. Mr. Avinash Chandra, Executive Director, ONGC Academy and Mr. Arun Kr.Singhal, Chief Editor, DEW Journal addressed the occasion as invited guests. DIT University also organised an online science quiz competition cum computer/digital technology awareness session on the occasion for the visiting students of the invited schools. The event presided over by Prof. (Dr) S Swaminathan, Pro Vice Chancellor and Prof. (Dr) D.N.Saraf, Professor of Eminence, DIT University. The function was convened by Dr. Y.K.Tyagi, Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department. The Head of Department of Petroleum Engineering Dr.Rajat Jain along with senior professors of different engineering disciplines of the University also participated in the day long function. Reliance commences commercial production of CBM in Sohagpur Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) commenced commercial production from its Coal Bed Methane (CBM) block SP(West) CBM 2001/1 from 24th March 2017 and is currently supplying CBM for commissioning the Shahdol Phulpur Pipeline (SHPPL). The production from RIL s Sohagpur CBM fields will gradually ramp-up in the next months making RIL among the largest unconventional natural gas producers in India. CBM is an environmental friendly natural gas extracted from coal-bed and has become an important source of unconventional gas. RIL was awarded the licence to explore two adjacent CBM blocks SP(West) and SP(East) with an area of 995 in the Round 1 of CBM block bidding by the Government of India in RIL has drilled more than 200 wells connected to two Gas Gathering Stations in the first phase of development. RIL expects to drill wells further and develop associated infrastructure over the next phases of development. Reliance Gas Pipelines Limited (RGPL) a wholly owned subsidiary of RIL, laid a 302 km Shahdol Phulpur Gas Pipeline that connects Sohagpur CBM fields from Shahdol to Hazira-Vijaipur-Jagdishpur (HBJ) pipeline Network of GAIL at Phulpur. With this new pipeline network these CBM Gas fields are now connected with the Indian Gas Grid. State-of-the-art reservoir-oriented seismic processing and imaging CGG has announced the completion of state-of-the-art reservoir-oriented seismic processing and imaging for its Fort Trinidad 3D multi-client surveyin Houston County, East Texas. The datais now available for license. Fort Trinidad is the 104-square-mile eastward continuation of CGG s Rock Ridge East and Bedias Creek Merge surveys. All three have beenacquired and processedto a high specification, using a workflow specifically developed for unconventional plays, to provide superior-quality seismic data for characterization of Cretaceous reservoirs in the Eaglebine, Buda and Georgetown formations. Luc Schlumberger, EVP, Multi- Client & New Ventures, CGG, said: Fort Trinidad extends our East Texas library of technologically advanced multi-client 3D surveys. This library has been processed with the latest imaging techniques to illuminate the stacked pay formations of the Buda-Georgetown Lime play while giving greater insight into fracture density. The map shows location of CGG's Fort Trinidad, Rock Ridge East and Bedias Creek Merge multi-client surveys in East Texas May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 13

16 News The ABB remote service center will provide 24x7 access to information and support on drives installed at customer facilities for predictive maintenance and condition monitoring for all industries including power, cement, oil and gas, metals, food & beverage and many other applications. The new center is the third of its kind in the ABB global footprint and is now fully activated in India. It will support customer installations in India and around the world. In India, 31% of total electrical energy is consumed by industrial motors. Drives control the speed of these motors and hence are a key component of enabling energy efficiency and improving productivity. Benefits of such a remote center include faster identification of potential problems leading to increased uptime of customer assets and ultimately savings in operational costs. This is a reinforcement of our commitment to our nation and customers by establishing a worldclass center using our expertise in digitally enabled technology, said Sanjeev Sharma, CEO & MD, ABB India. We are also pleased to offer the benefits of our digital portfolio to our customers in India and ABB India expands footprint partner them in the next level of their journey to develop a range of future services that will allow customer assets to become digital ready. On the new digitally enabled drives, he added, we are committed to innovating in country for country to make our global technology accessible by developing features that adapt to India's diversity for example in the device interface, this in turn allows us to tap into the geographically dispersed workforce. The new production line ABB India expands footprint with a global service center for energy saving drives with remote digital services and new production line ABB Global Remote Service Center for digitally enabled drives with ABB Ability TM Condition Monitoring solution ABB India: New production line for digitally enabled low voltage drives with cloud and smart phone access and local language device interface manufactures digitally enabled low voltage drives (ACS560 and ACS580 series). The drive information in the cloud can be accessed securely with daily devices like smartphones. Drives are an environmentally friendly option to use energy efficiently while running motors based on their current load instead of running them on full speed continuously. These drives provide multiple energy optimization features, are easily commissioned via smartphone, and include features for uninterrupted operations during power fluctuations. ACS560 has been developed in India for Indian customers, having user interface in Hindi and energy calculator in Indian Rupees. The new drive has application macros for industries like plastic, textile water and pharma, and unique icon based display for quick commissioning fulfilling the requests of Indian customers, said Morten Wierod, Managing Director of ABB s global Drives business unit. ABB recently launched ABB Ability globally with an industry leading portfolio of 180 digital solutions and services. ABB AbilityTM Condition Monitoring for Drives is one of the solutions. According to various reports, due to 14 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

17 News ABB India inaugurated two new facilities today that supports the nation's digital transformation, energy saving technology and rise in industrial productivity In Bengaluru, ABB launched India s first digitalized remote service center for its energy saving drives solutions and added a new production line for digitalized low voltage drives various energy efficiency measures, India now has 10GW less load on the grid during peak hours in the last financial year. The two key measures for driving efficiency have been perform, achieve, trade scheme (PAT) to encourage usage of efficiency measures on shop-floors and the now globally acknowledged Ujala scheme of LED lighting. ABB is a pioneering technology leader in electrification products, robotics and motion, industrial automation and power grids, serving customers in utilities, industry and transport & infrastructure globally. Continuing more than a 125- year history of innovation, ABB today is writing the future of industrial digitalization and driving the Energy and Fourth Industrial Revolutions. ION accelerates development of transformational software to optimize offshore operations ION Geophysical Corporation has announced that Scottish Enterprise (SE) will provide a grant of 522,984 over 15 months to support the Company s 1.5 million software development program, which aims to revolutionize offshore operations management. The SE support will create one job and protect twelve jobs in Scotland, and enable the timely release of technology that will benefit the industry. Today, offshore operations are often managed manually and can be especially complex around busy, congested oil and gas installations. These workflows and operations can greatly benefit from proactive use of intelligent, automated software such as ION s Marlin solution. The announcement came ahead of the OTC next week in Texas, where the company will host a stand in the Scottish Pavilion to promote Marlin. ION s Marlin project is to be undertaken by a wholly owned subsidiary, Concept Systems Ltd. (CSL), an Edinburgh-based software provider developing real-time navigation and data management solutions for the seismic industry. CSL will develop an innovative marine management system that combines temporal project planning with 3D spatial situational awareness across diverse activities to support increased operational efficiency, safer operations and reduced expenditure across oil and gas marine support operations. The Marlin project expands CSL s market from the seismic sector into a broader range of exploration and production operations and potentially also beyond the oil and gas sector. Marlin technology currently exists in a form that can be delivered via a service model. This new project will transform the Marlin solution into a scalable software product that will deliver value across a wide range of oil and gas activities, from use in a single project to an enterprise-wide solution for all assets in a company s portfolio. Development of Marlin is aligned with E&P companies operational need for efficiency, safety and performance. Christopher Usher, EVP & COO, ION s E&P Operations Optimization group, said, We have demonstrated the value that Marlin can deliver to E&P operations via our service model. This process has allowed us to deliver value to our clients on a project basis, but has also helped us identify the need for and requirements of an enterprise software solution to optimize operational planning and execution. The support and funding provided by Scottish Enterprise has been essential to help us develop our solution for this market. Lena Wilson, Chief Executive of Scottish Enterprise, said, ION is a fantastic example of a U.S. company recognising the benefits of Scotland s top talent and effective business environment. We are very pleased to have been able to support the company to get to this stage and wish them every success in achieving their future ambitions. ION is a leading provider of technology-driven solutions to the global oil & gas industry. ION s offerings are designed to help companies reduce risk and optimize assets throughout the E&P lifecycle. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 15

18 Experts ponder on technologies for future energy Dr. Anjan Ray, Director, CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum (CSIR-IIP) A two-day Symposium on Shaping the Energy Future: Challenges & Opportunities (SEFCO-2017) was held at CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum (CSIR-IIP) which focussed on Alternate Energy & Fuels, Catalysis for Energy & Environment, Process Intensification & Engineering and Technologies for Future Energy. The symposium had two plenary lectures and nine invited lectures. The series of lectures was a perfect blending of research and success stories from various stake holders. The range of discussion was vast starting from future energy material to bio and conventional energy and also process intensification for better results. The Symposium was inaugurated by Dr Pushpito K Ghosh, Distinguished Professor, ICT, Mumbai. Prof. Ghosh spoke about the relevance of the topic of the symposium and laid emphasis on reduction of CO2 from environment. The Guest of Honour Prof B Viswanathan, IIT, Madras said that as a scientist we have to look for the future technology and base our research as per needs of the country. Dr. Anjan Ray, Director, IIP shared success stories of various CSIR labs under energy cluster. Dr. Soumendra Banerjee, Honeywell Technology Solutions described the details of Iso-Alkyl process using ionic liquids. Mr. Puneet Kishore talked of the initiatives taken by ONGC Energy Centre towards alternative energy. Mr. Sangeet Jain, Director, Lanza Dr Pushpito K Ghosh (center) along with Prof B Viswanathan (second from right) and Mr. A.K. Jain (second from left) News Tech made a presentation on innovative way of carbon recycling. Mr. G. D. Gupta from Indian Railway Organization for Alternative Fuel shared the various activities initiated by Indian Railway. Mr. A.K. Jain, Senior Scientist, CSIR-IIP said that the country is deficient in energy so we have to develop new methodologies, technologies to increase it. He also talked about IIP s research in waste management and fuels from waste plastic etc. The symposium was envisioned on the global phenomenon of the energy sector passing through a challenging phase amidst growing consumption, stringent environment regulations, need of increased production within the same infrastructure and reduction in carbon emissions. SEFCO-2017 provided a forum for exchange of information, knowledge, experience and networking opportunities in the field of energy efficiency, energy conversion and technologies and alternate fuels for upgrading sources of energy for future generations in this perspective. The poster session had 30 different tiles presented by the researches in the relevant and contemporary topics. Academicians, Scientists, Engineers, Government Organizations, Researchers from Energy Sector and Pioneers such as CSIR-NCL Pune, IIT Bombay, IIT Madras, CURAJ Rajasthan, CSIR- NEIST Assam, IIT Delhi, IndianOil R&D Centre, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, ONGC, Honeywell and LanzaTech attended the Symposium. 16 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

19 News CSIR - IIP bags Technology Development Board National Award CSIR - IIP bags Technology Development Board National Award for Successful Commercialization of Indigenous Technology for Wax Production at Numaligarh Refinery Limited, Assam The President of India, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee awarded prestigious National Award 2017 instituted by Technology Development Board (TDB) to CSIR IIP for successful commercialization of indigenous technology for Wax Production at Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL), Assam, on the occasion of nineteenth National Technology Day function organized by the Ministry of Science and Technology at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi The Wax De-oiling Technology for NRL Wax Plant was developed by Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP), Dehradun. IIP is one the CSIR labs involved in the R&D in the area of petroleum refining and petrochemicals. IIP has developed Wax De-oiling Technology to produce Paraffin Wax and Microcrystalline Wax (MCW) from two waxy petroleum streams namely MVGO & HVGO. Engineers India Limited (EIL) provided engineering inputs in this technology development. Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL), a subsidiary of Bharat Petroleum situated in North-East part of India has set-up a grass root Wax De-oiling Plant with the investment of Rs. 676 crores. This is the 1st wax plant set-up by any petroleum refinery in the country based on indigenously developed technology with the largest investment. The Wax De-oiling Technology was offered to NRL through a joint bid by CSIR-IIP and EIL and the bid succeeded against stiff competition with International Process Licensers Dr. Manoj Srivastava, Principal Scientist, Indian Institute of Petroleum (IIP) (extreme right) recieving award from President of India. After starting the wax production, NRL has captured the wax market in Nepal, Bangaladesh, Thailand and Kenya. Also the refinery s profitability has increased by Rs crores per annum which is equivalent to increase in gross refinery margins by US $ 0.53 per barrel. The key benefit to the nation is it cut down the wax import by 50% which will save the foreign exchange of the order of Rs. 300 crore/annum. based on lower cost and process benefits. The salient feature of this technology which sets it apart from other foreign competitors is low capital cost and low energy intensive process because furnace has been eliminated from the solvent recovery section through application of advanced engineering tool such as Pinch Analysis. There are many societal benefits of setting-up of this wax plant. The paraffin wax and microcrystalline wax are valuable products and has wide range of applications in many industries such as tyres, rubber, candles, adhesives, corrugated board, cosmetics, casting etc. This will definitely encourage small scale entrepreneurs to use waxes as raw material. Setting-up of ancillary medium and small sized plants will also create avenues for generating large scale indirect employment in neighboring areas to the local people in North-East region of India thereby improving their quality of life. Successful commercialization of CSIR IIP-EIL- NRL Wax De-oiling technology at NRL has opened up market for providing know-how for any other new unit that may come up in the country. The CSIR IIP- EIL-NRL Wax Technology also opens up opportunity for export of this indigenous technology, as a commercial reference of this technology is available now. Production of paraffin wax using indigenously developed Solvent De-oiling technology is a great success under the Make in India program propelled by Government of India. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 17

20 News BW Clip4- Fit and Forget four-gas, portable monitor Infrared sensing technology for portable monitor leads to longer operating life, reduced maintenance and fleet-management costs Honeywell has announced the BW Clip4, a new four-gas, portable monitor that once turned on can operate continuously for two years without the need to change sensors or charge batteries, helping customers boost safety compliance and reduce maintenance costs. Ideal for oil and gas, wastewater, heavy manufacturing, confined space and other applications, BW Clip4significantly reduces maintenance costs associated with fleets of portable gas detectors by eliminating repair work and the need to stock additional sensors and spare units. Because it s always on, the BW Clip4 helps drive safety compliance by assuring that workers wearing the device are protected. The BW Clip4operates on a fit and forget cycle simply turn it on once and replace the detector two years later when the unit prompts you to do so, said Ken Schmidt, VP/General manager for Honeywell Industrial Safety. It offers a whole new combination of benefits in multi-gas detection that haven t been possible until now: two years of battery runtime without recharging or changing batteries, small size and ease-of-use, the functionality of a multi-gas detector, and improved safety compliance. Using non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) technology, previously available only in fixed-gas detectors from Honeywell Analytics, the BW Clip4consumes 1,000-times less battery power than a catalytic bead (pellistor) sensor, the traditional technology used to detect flammable gases in a portable device. Other features include: Simultaneous monitoring of H2S, CO, O2 and combustibles (LEL); Real-time display for instant gas readings even in non-alarm conditions, along with current gas concentration level and changes in atmospheric conditions; Simplifies fleet management by generating record and compliance reports automatically (using Honeywell Intellidox instrument management system); and Internal test function alerts users when the product should be replaced. Honeywell Safety and Productivity Solutions (SPS) provides products, software and connected solutions that improve productivity, workplace safety and asset performance for our customers across the globe. We deliver on this promise through industry-leading mobile devices, software, cloud technology and automation solutions, the broadest range of personal protective equipment and gas detection technology, and customengineered sensors, switches and controls. We also manufacture and sell a broad portfolio of footwear for work, play and outdoor activities, including XtraTuf and Muck Boot brand footwear. 18 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

21 News Experts discuss Global Gas/LNG Markets, Pricing, Contracts and Legal issues The 4th Workshop on Global Gas / LNG Markets, Pricing, Contracts & Legal Issues was organised by Resonance Energy on April 27-28, 2017 in New Delhi. DEW Journal was media partner to the event. The workshop was organised in the context of the recent developments in the global LNG markets wherein there have been considerable changes taking place in the global LNG markets - an increase in short-term trading of LNG, buyer contractual flexibility and FOB contracts which have led to almost 30% of LNG being traded under spot and short-term contracts, with trading done by aggregators playing a far more significant role. The basic aim was to bring together the stakeholders on one platform to create a knowledge forum for deliberating the trends in the global and Indian gas/lng markets and strategic preparedness needed to meet the challenges of the changing and dynamic environment. The workshop format enabled detailed presentation and discussion on a particular topic so the participants get an in-depth understanding of the subject. The workshop sessions were handled by eminent speakers sharing their knowledge and experience with the participants. The key themes of the Workshop included: Global Gas / LNG markets and Trends: Shifting Patterns Gas / LNG Pricing Methodologies Gas / LNG Price Trends and Setting a New Normal level LNG contracts understanding the contract structures and trends and legal review Contractual and legal issues International Experience and Indian perspective Gas / LNG Sourcing Indian stakeholders Forum - New THE KEY AREAS DISCUSSED Global Gas/Liquefied Natural Gas markets and Trends: Shifting Patterns Gas/Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Pricing Methodologies Gas/Liquefied Natural Gas Price Trends and Setting a New Normal level Understanding the LNG contract structures, trends and legal review Contractual and legal issues International Experience and Indian perspective Gas / LNG Sourcing Indian stakeholders Forum - New strategy of LNG end users coming together and enhancing bargaining power. Inaugural Session: L to R: Dr. Basudev Mohanty, Member PNGRB; S. Ravishankar, Director, Resonance Energy; Dr. BS Negi, Former Member, PNGRB; Mr. Rajeev Chandok, Director Finance, Natural Fertilisers Limited; Mr. Pankaj Wadhwa, Sr. Vice President Finance, Petronet LNG Ltd. Mr. Anil Joshi, Sr. VP, GSPC LNG addressing the audience. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 19

22 News strategy of LNG end users coming together and enhancing bargaining power. The workshop received a good response from the industry. There was a total participation of 40 senior invitees and delegates including 8 speakers, representing 15 companies. The gathering was welcomed by Mr S.Ravishankar, Director, Resonance Energy. The Inaugural key notes were delivered by Dr Mohanty, Member, PNGRB, Mr Rajiv Chandok, Director -Finance, NFL and Mr Pankaj Wadhwa, Sr VP, Petronet LNG Limited. The key note speakers spoke on the regulatory perspective, consumer perspective and supplier perspective, which set the tone for the business sessions of the workshop. Dr. B.S.Negi, Managing Director, Resonance Energy elaborated on the the various business, policy and legal issues facing the industry and how the programme has been structured to cover all the key aspects of LNG market Dynamics which will be of immense value to the participants. The sessions were well structured and practically oriented delving deep into each of the topics and elicited lot of interest and questions. Some of the key highlights of the business sessions are detailed below. The first session had the theme - Global Gas / LNG markets and Trends: Shifting Patterns -The session was delivered by Mr S.Ravishankar, Director, Resonance Energy and Mr Pankaj Wadhwa, Sr Vice President, Petronet LNG Ltd. The speakers highlighted the major trends in the Global Oil, Gas and LNG markets and how the LNG industry has now embarked on a period of further change, with over 200 MMTPA of new LNG export capacity under construction or under approval process, at a time when the expected rapid LNG demand growth in Asia appears to be slowing. The absorption of this new supply will affect, not only tradeflow patterns, but also pricing dynamics, competition with other gas supply channels and potentially other fuels. Key to this change is US LNG, with buyers becoming more selective about what they want and what terms they are ready to accept. The current trends in Indian LNG market was also discussed during the session. The session on Gas / LNG Pricing Methodologies, was presented by Mr S.Ravishankar, tracing the history of Gas / LNG Mr. Rajeev Mathur, MD, Mahanagar Gas Ltd. addressing the audience pricing worldwide, the indexation methodologies in various markets like US, Europe and Asia, Oil Indexation and its history and also how the price and business cycles have undergone various changes over the years. It was also highlighted that the current downward trend in oil and LNG prices has been continuing for about 3 years since 2014 in the context of the emergence of shale oil and gas from the US and the market is caught in a continued spell od downward trends. The pricing session was followed by a presentation on Gas/ LNG Price Trends and Setting a New Normal level by Mr Rajeev Mathur, MD, Mahanagar Gas Ltd. The session coverage was comprehensive taking the participants through the latest trends in the global LNG markets and the New Normal that is seen in recent times in terms of pricing, contracts and portfolio. The speaker also highlighted the fact that the new LNG suppliers are facing high costs and are reluctant to abandon a business model in which they have confidence but new supplies from US is changing the complexion. Oil indexation is under further attack with US LNG selling at HH indexed pricing formula and now the sellers and buyers are forced to adopt different pricing policies and secure more flexibility in the LNG contracts. The trends in price indexation, contract durations and buyer portfolios in recent years were also discussed. New trends like gas and hybrid indexation, contracts with flexible provisions like price reopener and destination flexibility have come to stay. 20 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

23 News Mr Sumanto Basu, Legal Expert, covered the basics of Gas and LNG contracts with detailed analysis of contractual provisions, traditional and US contracts, portfolio contracts and the changing trends in contracts in terms of negotiation of flexibilities. The session also covered legal issues associated with administering contracts and how negotiation and defining the various key provisions upfront is so important After detailed discussion on markets and prices during first day, the workshop focussed on Contracts and Legal issues on second day. Mr Sumanto Basu, Legal Expert, covered the basics of Gas and LNG contracts with detailed analysis of contractual provisions, traditional and US contracts, portfolio contracts and the changing trends in contracts in terms of negotiation of flexibilities. The session also covered legal issues associated with administering contracts and how negotiation and defining the various key provisions upfront is so important. Dr B.S. Negi presented various case studies in the Gas / LNG contracts and also discussed Acquisition of high-quality broadband WAZ seismic data reveals exploration potential Schlumberger has announced that Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) has signed an agreement to license data from the WesternGeco Campeche wide-azimuth (WAZ) multiclient seismic survey in the Salina del Istmo province of the southern Gulf of Mexico. The agreement also includes collaboration with WesternGeco in the seismic processing phase of the project as well as for future technology collaborations. This multiclient contract is the first of its kind for Pemex in Mexico and provides access to new 3D WAZ seismic data in the province. The data license covers deep and shallow water areas in the basin close to prolific geological trends with wellestablished hydrocarbon systems including the Cantarell and Ku-Maloob- Zaap reservoirs. Jose Antonio Escalera, Vice President, Pemex, said: Participating in this multiclient survey offers a cost-efficient opportunity for Pemex to access new seismic data libraries for this strategic area. Maurice Nessim, President, WesternGeco, Acquisition of high-quality broadband WAZ seismic data over 71,000 km2 of Campeche reveals exploration potential. interesting aspects of India s Qatar and Iran negotiations of the past. This was followed by discussion on India s Sourcing Options which was deliberated by Dr BS. Negi. The discussion also revolved around various technologies like LNG by Road and LNG as a transport fuel, which has immense future potential. The contract is the first of its kind for Pemex in Mexico and provides access to new 3D WAZ seismic data in the province Schlumberger, added: We have invested significantly in new seismic reimaging and 3D acquisition projects in Mexico since CNH issued the first exploration permits for geophysical companies in We look forward to collaborating with Pemex in the seismic processing phase to deliver enhanced subsalt imaging in this geologically complex area. Schlumberger is the world's leading provider of technology for reservoir characterization, drilling, production, and processing to the oil and gas industry. Schlumberger supplies the industry's most comprehensive range of products and services, from exploration through production, and integrated pore-to-pipeline solutions that optimize hydrocarbon recovery to deliver reservoir performance. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 21

24 Expert View The current oil market conditions Mohammad Sanusi Barkindo Secretary General, OPEC Iwill share OPEC s views on the current oil market conditions. In this regard, I feel that it is important to initially take stock as to the current state of the oil market. This includes a brief overview of the historic decisions taken by OPEC and non-opec last year, what has happened to the market since the decisions were agreed, where we are today in terms of the rebalancing process, and perhaps the trickiest question of all: what is potentially ahead of us? In the second half of last year, OPEC embarked on the most extensive consultations among OPEC Member Countries and between OPEC and non- OPEC producing nations, as well as with consumers and the broader international community about the strategic urgency of restoring sustainable oil market stability in a collective manner. These extensive consultations, both formal and informal, across various global capitals, were Oil will clearly remain a fuel of choice in the coming decades 22 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

25 Expert View Encouraging is the rise in energy investments in 2017, which are expected to increase by 7%, with numbers in the US of around $20 billion seen for the first quarter of This is a significant improvement over last year, when the recurrent investment buzz words were cut backs and freezes unparalleled in the history of OPEC. There was a consensus that stability on a sustainable basis had eluded the industry since the summer of 2014, to the detriment of all industry stakeholders. It is easy to appreciate why there was a consensus. The effects of the price crash that began in mid-2014 were unprecedented. Between June 2014 and January 2016 the OPEC Reference Basket price fell by an extraordinary 80%. It is the largest percentage fall in the six episodes of sharp price declines we have observed over the past four decades. It also led to thousands upon thousands of jobs being lost, many projects cancelled or deferred, investments frozen or discontinued, with a dramatic contraction in investments in both 2015 and 2016, and many companies seeing great financial and operational stresses. It was clear to everyone we spoke to that the oil industry could not continue along this path. Moreover, it was not only impacting short-term developments, but the medium- and long-term outlooks too, given the fact that the world will need more oil in the decades ahead. The bleeding had to be stopped. At this juncture, allow me to recall the atmosphere at this Summit back on 21 April In conversations with colleagues that were in attendance I heard expressions of bearish sentiment, a sense of foreboding about the industry s near-term future, and little talk of industry expansion and investment. The prevalent feeling was gloomy and downbeat. There was also no clear direction, despite the efforts made at the Doha-1 meeting in February 2016, between Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela and Russia, and the Doha- 2 meeting in April 2016, with around 20 OPEC and non-opec producers present, as to how the industry might overcome the downturn that had begun in mid-2014, and in turn, rebalance supply and demand. Producers, both OPEC and non-opec, May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 23

26 Expert View had lost their compass and direction! Total OECD commercial oil stocks in April 2016 were around 350 mb above the five-year average, and expectations were for them to continue to rise. They reached 380 mb in July WTI and Brent combined net-long positions were at 620,000 contracts in mid- April, with a pessimistic market outlook among traders for the coming months. WTI and Brent combined netlong positions fell to below 400,000 contracts by mid- August. And the average ICE Brent price in the first four months of 2016 was around $30/b, compared to an average so far in 2017 of $52/b. I think it is important to appreciate what fundamentals might look like today without the decisions taken last year being effectively put into action. The market would no doubt look very different - more unstable, more volatile, and with far less optimism, with continued negative impacts on all stakeholders. The extensive consultations that began in August 2016 were undertaken with commitment, great diligence and rare courage that facilitated flexibility, accommodation and compromise among the respective parties. These eventually led to the landmark decisions taken at the 170th (Extraordinary) Meeting of the OPEC Conference in Algiers, on September 28, 2016, the 171st Ministerial Conference in Vienna on November 30, 2016, and the Declaration of Cooperation between OPEC and non-opec producers in Vienna on December 10, The decisions meant that for the first time in the history of the industry, 13 OPEC nations and 11 non- OPEC participating countries came together as strategic stakeholders, to help rescue and stabilize the global oil industry one that has been vital to the development of modern civilization. The voluntary production adjustments of the 24 producing nations were focused on the urgent need to stimulate the acceleration of the drawdown of the stock overhang, bring the market rebalancing forward and ensure that much needed confidence and investments return to the industry. Following these landmark decisions, it was evident that market optimism began to improve. OPEC s watershed decision in Algiers to agree on a production ceiling of 32.5 to 33 mb/d, the first production adjustment since the Oran Decision of 2008, saw an immediate return of positive sentiment, albeit with some cautious optimism. There was a rise in net long-positions and a narrowing of the contango. The timely decision in Algiers on 28 September 2016, in the spirit of collectiveness and flexibility, with three Member Countries accorded special circumstances, also extended the hand of unity to non-opec producers to broaden the global platform of voluntary production adjustments. It was vintage OPEC at work! Market optimism advanced again following OPEC s decision on November 30. This can be observed by the fact that WTI and Brent combined net-long positions increased from 24 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

27 Expert View close to 500,000 contracts on November 29, 2016, to 763,000 on January 3, This sentiment further improved in the early part of 2017, particularly following the high level of conformity to the voluntary production adjustments seen in January. For this month, OPEC and non-opec nations achieved a conformity level of 86%, which certainly seemed to surprise the market to the upside. WTI and Brent combined netlong positions reach 921,000 contracts on February 21, an additional rise of 21% from January 3. It was a period of lower volatility, and more stability in oil prices. However, despite the expectation of improved levels of conformity in February, which proved to be true, with overall conformity at 94%, we saw a turn in market sentiment in early March, with financial players significantly reducing their net-long positions. It is important to stress that this development was not totally unexpected. The first quarter of every year has a number of seasonal trends that can soften the market. The first quarter is a period when significant levels or refinery throughput in the US is often shut-in. In January and February this year, 1 mb/d of throughput was shut down for maintenance. For these two months, this equates to approximately 60 million barrels. On top of this, in previous months we have also seen rising production from a number of non-opec nations, particularly in the US from tight oil, reflecting expectations for much greater quantities to come from non-opec in For example, in the January 2017 OPEC Monthly Oil Market Report, non-opec supply was anticipated to grow by 120,000 b/d in In the April report, this number had risen to 580,000 b/d, driven mainly by expectations for rising growth in the US, as well as in Canada and Brazil. In the US alone, expectations for 2017 were While it is evident the market rebalancing is now moving forward, and some investments - specifically short-cycle - are returning, it is essential we do not take our eye off our desired goals. We need to see the global stock overhang move closer to its five-year average. We need to see the return of more long-cycle investments, the industry s baseload. And we need to ensure sustainable stability in the years and decades ahead for a decline of 150,000 b/d back in the November 2016 report, while in the April report it is now estimated to grow by 540,000 b/d. In addition, it is important to remember that the fourth quarter of 2016 was a period of significantly rising supplies that were working their way through the market in the early part of Non-OPEC increased its production by around 1.8 mb/d from September to November 2016, and over the same period, OPEC increased its production by about 500,000 b/d. This huge increase of 2.3 mb/d needs to be set against a global demand increase of just 200,000 b/d in the fourth quarter of 2016, compared to the third quarter. However, in recent weeks we have seen positive sentiment return, driven by expectations for further improvement in OPEC and non-opec conformity, which ended up at 98% in March, and signs that the market rebalancing is taking place. Total OECD commercial oil stocks in March fell by 23 mb, the second consecutive monthly drop. The total level is 275 mb above the latest five-year average, compared to 314 mb in February, and 356 mb in the May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 25

28 Expert View same month in It should be noted that across the first quarter of 2017, stocks built by 26 mb, which is much less than the seasonal average of 36 mb, even though refinery maintenance globally was much heavier. It is evident that the global inventory overhang of crude and oil products onshore is declining. Outside of the US, we believe the global trend of destocking is broadly on track. Moreover, we are also seeing numbers from industry stating that crude in floating storage has fallen by over 40 mb since the beginning of the year. The US has evidently not been reflective of the rest of the world, given rising production there in the first quarter of 2017, but even here the market has now witnessed three consecutive weekly crude stock draws as refinery utilization has risen. The improving sentiment was seen in a rise in WTI and Brent combined net-long positions, which reached over 751,000 contracts on April 18, from 670,000 on April 4. Another encouraging sign is the rise in energy investments in 2017, which are expected to increase by 7%, with numbers in the US of around $20 billion seen for the first quarter of This is a significant improvement over last year, when the recurrent investment buzz words were cut backs and freezes. These are all signs of a renewed sense of positive momentum and improving stability in the global oil market. We need to appreciate that the market rebalancing was never going to occur in a linear fashion. There are too many factors at play. Nonetheless, we are heading in the right direction. Slowly, steadily, but surely we are seeing light at the end of the tunnel. Looking ahead, the general expectations for demand growth for crude and oil products in the coming months remain bullish, supported by anticipated firm economic performance across the world, as highlighted in the latest IMF World Economic Outlook, and the expected increase in demand for gasoline over the driving season, mainly in North America and Asia. Additionally, the return of refineries from seasonal maintenance, together with the high conformity observed in the OPEC and non-opec voluntary production adjustments, should enhance market stability and reduce volatility. For OPEC, the focus remains on conformity, which is being analyzed and monitored through a Joint Ministerial Monitoring Committee, the JMMC, and a supporting Joint Technical Committee, the JTC. These are vital for the transparency required to implement these decisions in a full and timely manner, on the core principles of equity and fairness. We remain confident that all 24 participating countries remain steadfast in honouring their commitments to individually achieve the 100 per cent level. This is our firm goal. 26 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

29 Expert View The importance of fast tracking the rebalancing process, and returning market stability, is also vital to the medium- to long-term oil, and the necessary investments required for the world s growing oil and energy future. In the tenth edition of our World Oil Outlook, launched last November, oil demand is expected to reach over 109 million barrels of oil a day by 2040, an increase of over 16 million barrels a day from 2015 levels. This demand growth is driven by developing countries and an expanding transportation sector, with more than one-third of the total increase expected in the road transportation sector, as well as significant growth in petrochemicals. Moreover, as both OPEC and the International Energy Agency agree, there are no expectations for an oil demand peak in the foreseeable future. Oil will clearly remain a fuel of choice in the coming decades. This expansion in demand will obviously require significant investments in new barrels and to accommodate for decline rates from existing fields. Overall, we see oil-related investment requirements of around $10 trillion over the period to The industry needs timely, adequate and sustainable investment to guarantee security of supply to the global community. Finally, I would like to respond to one of the pertinent questions posed by the organisers of this conference, and one that is perhaps apt to end on: What lessons have we learned from the price collapse? Although the jury is still out, we do feel it is appropriate to provide some pointers. The consequences of the decision of oil producers to abdicate their traditional responsibilities related to stability and balance to the vagaries of the market back in November 2014 have been evident for all to see. There is once again widespread recognition that on occasions the market needs to be complemented, in the interests of all stakeholders. And this is not only confined to oil. The market saw the largest percentage price fall in the six episodes of sharp price declines we have observed over the past four decades. The depth and duration of the supply-side led downturn was alarming, and so were the impacts for all stakeholders. OPEC producers are anticipated to forego revenue losses of more than $1 trillion, the industry has seen a sharp two-year contraction in upstream investments of more than $450 billion, in many consuming countries it has led to deflationary pressures, and as the IMF has highlighted, the global economy overall has seen no net positive benefit. The magnitude of these effects has seen growing calls from both producers and consumers to bring forward the market rebalancing, return stability to the market, and ensure the necessary industry investments take place, in a timely fashion. The broad global platform of 24 producing nations from OPEC and non-opec initiated through the Declaration of Cooperation is unparalleled in the history of the oil industry. Given the nature of the downturn, a collective and concerted effort was required. No-one could have acted alone. Looking ahead, as the Declaration of Cooperation underlines, it is vital that we evolve a framework of permanent and sustained cooperation between all participating nations, given the industry s growing complexity and its inter-connected nature. And finally, while it is evident the market rebalancing is now moving forward, and some investments specifically short-cycle are returning, it is essential we do not take our eye off our desired goals. We need to see the global stock overhang move closer to its five-year average. We need to see the return of more long-cycle investments, the industry s baseload. And we need to ensure sustainable stability in the years and decades ahead. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 27

30 Drilling Schlumberger has launched the new SpectraSphere* fluid mapping-while-drilling service. The service is the industry s first to deliver downhole fluid composition during drilling with real-time pressure measurementswhile-drilling. Applicable in a variety of environments, from exploration wells to highly deviated development wells, SpectraSphere lowers risks associated with fluid analysis and sampling operations while enhancing well New fluid mappingwhile-drilling service By taking accurate pressure measurements and analyzing fluids while drilling, the SpectraSphere service enables real-time decisions that help improve geosteering outcomes, guide wells to the ideal trajectory, and access more reserves 28 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

31 Drilling SpectraSphere service uniquely enables the understanding of reservoir properties while drilling for improved reservoir characterization, well placement and reduction in overall well construction cost placement, maximizing reservoir contact and ultimately boosting future production. Understanding the parameters of the reservoir in real time is critical for all our customers during all stages of field development, said Richard Brown, president, Drilling & Measurements, Schlumberger. The SpectraSphere service enables customers to obtain laboratory-quality fluid analysis while drilling, which reduces the overall cost of operations and risks associated with conventional fluid analysis. The SpectraSphere service is the industry s only service to enable real-time fluid mapping by providing critical fluid properties, including fluid composition, fluid typing, fluid fractions and gas/oil ratio while drilling. The reliable characterization of these properties is essential for estimating reserves, optimizing completions, designing surface facilities and meeting production goals. The service has been field tested in the Gulf of Mexico, Middle East, Africa, the North Sea and offshore Malaysia. While developing a field offshore Malaysia, a customer used the new service to acquire formation fluid samples and pressure measurements in a highly deviated wellbore that intersected pressure-depleted zones with increased risk of differential sticking. The customer obtained all fluid samples and pressure measurements in one run, with fluid samples showing less than 1% contamination. The customer completed sampling in two hours per station and eliminated the need to conduct further formation testing in two additional wells, saving three operating days. Schlumberger is the world's leading provider of technology for reservoir characterization, drilling, production, and processing to the oil and gas industry. Schlumberger supplies the industry's most comprehensive range of products and services, from exploration through production, and integrated pore-to-pipeline solutions that optimize hydrocarbon recovery to deliver reservoir performance. * Mark of Schlumberger May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 29

32 Production New salinity system for increased flow assurance and to maximize production 30 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

33 Production Emerson Solutions Automation has launched the Roxar Salinity Measurement System for the sensitive, accurate and realtime measurement of saline water in gas production well streams. Through the new system, operators can instantly identify changes in the flow stream and the smallest amounts of saline water Our new system will provide crucial decision-making information for the operator in identifying production threats; developing effective scale, corrosion and hydrate prevention strategies and improving chemical control; and maximizing oil & gas production and the field s economics - Patrick Babka Vice President and General Manager Roxar, Emerson Automation Solutions at never previously achieved levels of sensitivity. This enables the operator to take immediate remedial action to prevent threats to production, such as scaling, hydrate formation and corrosion. The onset of formation water and its salinity, if not controlled, can lead to well shutdowns and cost producers millions in unplanned shutdown time. The system, which is a key element of the Roxar Subsea Wetgas Meter and is based on microwave (MW) resonance technology, provides quantitative and qualitative real-time salinity measurements in many types of field conditions but, particularly, in the high gas volume fraction (GVF)/ wet gas flows that characterize wet gas fields. With oil & gas wells being produced over a broader range of process conditions and water salinity and conductivity a key operational parameter for reservoir management and flow assurance, the timing for our new salinity system couldn t be better, said Patrick Babka, Vice President and General Manager Roxar at Emerson Automation Solutions. Our new system will provide crucial decision-making information for the operator in identifying production threats; developing effective scale, corrosion and hydrate prevention strategies and improving chemical control; and maximizing oil & gas production and the field s economics. The Roxar Salinity Through the new system, operators can instantly identify changes in the flow stream, take remedial action and maximize oil & gas production Measurement System has been designed as part of the Roxar Subsea Wetgas Meter, which provides individual flow rates of gas, condensate/oil and water. The salinity system consists of a salinity sensor mounted flush with the wall of the meter. The MW resonance technology ensures an instant response to changes to conductivity of the flow stream - in seconds not minutes - and the ability to measure water conductivity down to ± 0.1 S/m and up to 99.99% GVF and sensitivity in the range of ± 0,004 S/m. Small pockets of formation water leaking into the flow can therefore be detected instantaneously rather than in hours and days - something that no other technology has achieved to date. Emerson conducted extensive testing of the new system internally and at the Colorado Experience Engineering Station (CEESI) in the United States based on a leading operator s specifications. In all cases, the system was found to have the high levels of accuracy and sensitivity required. Emerson is a global technology and engineering company providing innovative solutions for customers in industrial, commercial, and residential markets. The Emerson Automation Solutions business helps process, hybrid, and discrete manufacturers maximize production, protect personnel and the environment while optimizing their energy and operating costs. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 31

34 Special Report Eyes on Asia By DEW Correspondent A high level congregation of global industry captains, oil and gas players, government officials, thought leaders, operators, service providers, advisory, research firms and academia formed part of the 19th Asia Oil & Gas Conference (AOGC 2017) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from May 7-9,2017 that addressed new realities confronting the oil and gas industry driving a new approach. The experts provided insights on the state of the oil and gas industry that has gone through structural changes leading to a paradigm shift which unfolds a new era and reality. While AOGC 2017 explored fresh opportunities in the present challenging periods with the theme New Realities-Driving a New Approach. The event saw industry players come up with innovative ideas with the passion to propel the industry in line with the changing times. Against the down-turn witnessed by the industry over the past over two years as a result of geopolitical events and economic volatility, AOGC 2017 came at a critical juncture for the industry where oil and gas players pondered on existing paradigms and move beyond tried and tested conventions. Organised by Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS) Malaysia s fully integrated oil and gas multinational, AOGC a biennial event is renowned as a meeting ground for gauging the next industry s moves, as well as for forging meaningful business connections. The high level networking opportunities with regional industry captains and the strategic insights from global industry players through a rich conference programme are unparalleled in every edition of the meet. The 2017 edition of the AOGC was supported besides the host PETRONAS by Sapura Energy Berhad, Saudi Aramco, Shell, Saudi continues to explore a variety of promising collaboration opportunities across the fastgrowing Asia Mr. Khalid A. Al-Falih, Saudi Arabian Minister of Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources 32 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

35 Special Report The 19th Asia Oil & Gas Conference (AOGC 2017) provided an opportunity for the energy industry leaders from across Asia and beyond to discuss strategic energy issues and the importance of Asia as the fastest growing region for global energy demand Asia poised to play a pivotal role in influencing the world s energy future To monetize stranded gas assets, we have developed the world s first floating LNG facility - the PFLNG SATU Mohd. Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak, the Prime Minister of Malaysia Mitsubishi Corporation, Mubadala Petroleum, Murphy Oil, TechnipFMC and Weststar Aviation Services, among others. DEW Journal was once again nominated Media Supporter to AOGC 2017 by the organizers. Reiterating Saudi commitment to play a bigger role in satisfying Asia s expanding energy needs; the special guest at AOGC 2017, Mr. Khalid Al-Falih, Saudi Arabia s Minister of Energy, Industry & Mineral Resources defined Asian economies as strategically important to the global oil and gas market due to robust growth scenario. For the last 30 years, he said, Asia has been the fastest growing region for global energy demand and that is set to continue, underpinned by economics and demographics. He stressed by 2050, half of the top 20 global economies will be Asia. He said Saudi Arabia attaches special significance to this region and is poised to meet the region s needs. According to experts as governments and the regional energy players band together to focus their efforts on strengthening energy security and accessibility, Asia stands to gain the most in leading reforms and creating opportunities to further sustain the industry. Asia is therefore looked upon to play a pivotal role in influencing the world s energy future moving forward. While the immediate prospects for the industry is challenging there remains a long-term upside of potential growth that would benefit players with the right strategic prowess and foresight according to experts. Global energy demand is expected to double by 2050 contributed by a growing world population and increasing consumption and affluence amongst the population of emerging economies. The industry will also continue to bear heavy responsibility of ensuring the security of energy supplies and supporting economic May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 33

36 Saudi Arabia s growing relations with Asia Mr. Khalid A. Al-Falih, Saudi Arabian Minister of Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources during his address at the 19th Asia Oil & Gas Conference 2017 emphasised the increasing importance of Asia not only for the industry but the world at large. He also spoke of the special significance Saudi Arabia attaches to this region; and a look at the present and future of oil and energy Special Report For the last 30 years, Asia has been the fastest growing region for global energy demand-and that is set to continue, underpinned by economics and demographics, stressed Mr. Khalid A. Al-Falih, Saudi Arabian Minister of Energy, Industry and Mineral Resources while speaking at the AOGC By the middle of this century, Asia s population will grow by another 870 million people. In 2050, half of the top 20 economies will be Asian, according to a recent report by PWC. Furthermore, the two countries set to move up the greatest Vietnam and the Philippines are both members of ASEAN, and both will enter the top 20 global economies, he said. Of course, as economic and population growth sets in, and as living standards rise in the ASEAN region and the rest of Asia, so will energy demand. Almost all expected oil demand growth over the next quarter century is likely to originate in this part of the world, while almost two-thirds of gas demand will also come from the Asian region. As such, the importance of ASEAN and the rest of Asia to the global oil and gas industry cannot be overemphasized, he added. Of course, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Mr. Al-Falih said, L to R: Amin H. Nasser, President and CEO Saudi Aramco; Mr. Khalid A. Falih, Saudi Arabia s Minister; YB Datuk Seri Abdul Rahman Dahlan, Minister in the Prime Minister's Department; and Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin, President & Group CEO PETRONAS upon signing the Share Purchase Agreement allowing Saudi Aramco s equity participation in PETRONAS RAPID project. In addition to its equity stake in RAPID, Aramco is also a partner with Sinopec and ExxonMobil in the Fujian refinery and petrochemicals manufacturing complex in China, a majority shareholder in S-Oil in Korea, and is collaborating with Idemitsu Kosan and Shell in Japan. Saudi Aramco is also working with Pertamina to upgrade the Cilicap Refinery in Indonesia, with the project set to enter the FEED stage in the second half of the year. Saudi Aramco continues to explore a variety of other promising collaboration opportunities across Asia, with India as a prime target enjoys deep, historical bonds with Asia and the Pacific that spam multiple spheres such as diplomatic, security, economic and energy relations, which are rooted in very longstanding cultural and spiritual ties. In the years and decades to come, those relationships will continue to grow, diversity and strengthen as a result of our shared values, common interests, and mutually beneficial opportunities. In fact, the recent visits to the region by His Majesty King Salman are a testament to the Kingdom s desire to take these strategic ties to an even higher plane. Saudi Arabia has made a longterm commitment to Asia, and we are the number one supplier of energy to all the region s major economies a responsibility we take most seriously. Through our energy products, advanced technology, and continuing investments across the value chain, we are determined to play an even bigger role in satisfying Asia s expanding energy demands, he said. As our participation in the PETRONAS Refinery & Petrochemical Integrated Development (RAPID) project here in Malaysia demonstrates, we in Saudi Arabia believe the best way to realize that goal is to cultivate close partnerships with key stakeholders and leading institutions across the region that 34 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

37 Special Report know their markets and whose strengths and capabilities complement our own. And Petronas certainly fits this bill! In addition to its equity stake in RAPID, Aramco is also a partner with Sinopec and ExxonMobil in the Fujian refinery and petrochemicals manufacturing complex in China, a majority shareholder in S-Oil in Korea, and is collaborating with Idemitsu Kosan and Shell in Japan. Aramco is also working with Pertamina to upgrade the Cilicap Refinery in Indonesia, with the project set to enter the FEED stage in the second half of the year, he said. And of course, Saudi Aramco continues to explore a variety of other promising collaboration opportunities across the fastgrowing ASEAN region and elsewhere in Asia, with India being a prime target. Mr. Khalid A. Al-Falih As economic and population growth sets in, and as living standards rise in the ASEAN region and the rest of Asia, so will energy demand. Almost all expected oil demand growth over the next quarter century is likely to originate in this part of the world, while almost two-thirds of gas demand will also come from the Asian region. As such, the importance of ASEAN and the rest of Asia to the global oil and gas industry cannot be overemphasized growth. The industry is also expected to provide responsible stewardship of resources and work with stakeholders to collectively craft the right energy solutions for a changing world. At the same time, industry players must also play a more prominent role in mitigating the impact of climate change, according to experts. In light of the above it was pondered on how efforts may be tuned to achieve the full potential of resources that will involve not only technical solutions, but also incorporate thoughtful management of social and environmental mandates. While the pace at which the oil and gas industry embraces innovative practices is a key to long-term sustainability of the industry, the cut in oil production by OPEC to rebalance the market has also made natural gas and LNG more competitive. Beyond oil and gas, the share of renewable energy in the energy mix is also witnessed. Looking at the current scenario although oil and gas appears continue to remain relevant in the near future, in view of recent COP 21 pledges by nations to reduce global emissions, natural gas and renewables do seem to provide the right solution. The experts felt, the last over two years have been characterised by changes that prompted the industry to make hard calls, shed old habits, and explore new ways to increase efficiency and stay resilient. Talking to DEW Journal, Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin, President & Group CEO, PETRONAS emphasised, in Asia, the future demand is getting complex to predict, it is a very exciting market with enormous growth potential. The way forward is defined by greater collaboration amongst industry players. We ve learned that by consolidating our strengths, we are in a better position to succeed. Earlier inaugurating AOGC 2017, Malaysia s Prime Minister Dato Sri Mohd Najib bin Tun Abdul Razak said: The oil and gas industry continues to be at the leading edge of adopting new technologies to raise efficiency and productivity. With the rise of the Internet of Things, and the increasing use of data analytics and automation, the industry will be able to deliver more energy resources at better prices. With fresh perspectives and insights AOGC will bring to all the participants, and that they will lead to new approaches to pushing innovation to its utmost limit, to producing abundant, cheaper and cleaner sources of energy, the Malaysian Prime Minister said. In conjunction with AOGC 2017, the Malaysian Prime Minister also launched the PETRONAS FLNG (PFLNG) Satu, the world s first floating liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility. Designed for water depths between 70 and 200 metres, the PFLNG Satu has a processing capacity of 1.2 mtpa, and can accommodate 145 crew members on board. The PFLNG Satu is PETRONAS proven technology, adapting a conventionally land-based installation to a floating LNG facility, a gamechanger in today's LNG business landscape. It is a testament P.38 May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 35

38 Special Report Vision 2030 That s in keeping with Saudi Arabia s own development plans for the future. As you might be aware, last year the Kingdom announced its Vision 2030 to provide a blueprint for the social and economic development of Saudi Arabia, he said. The Vision calls for diversification of the national economy to be led by the private sector, the privatization of major Government-owned enterprises, building Saudi Arabia into an international investment powerhouse, and turning the country into a hub for logistics, services, and advanced manufacturing, with particular emphasis on the knowledge industries of the future. We will also turn the Kingdom s young population into a world-class workforce, and promote greater participation of women in the national economy, Mr. Al-Falih said. Vision 2030 also recognizes the role that international cooperation and cross-border investments must play to realize those aspirations. As a result, there is a wide range of attractive business opportunities on offer in the Kingdom for strategic investors around the world. Many of these opportunities will be of interest to companies and organizations throughout the ASEAN region and right across Asia and the Pacific, just like Khazanah, the sovereign wealth fund of Malayisa, which I am proud to note is actively investing in the Kingdom. Long-term Market What I said about Asia in a more global perspective on the oil and energy markets, beginning with a look at longer term trends. The world s economy is likely to more than double in size by 2050, with economic powers as I mentioned continually shifting to developing nations. By then, in fact, six of the seven largest economies in the world in PPP terms will be emerging markets. Likewise, the world s population will continue to grow, requiring ever more energy. As we all know, Mr. Al-Falih said, the global energy environment is in the early stages of a major transformation, with renewables and electric vehicles starting to make progress. But alternatives are starting from a small base, and their future growth is also likely to be slower than many casual observers imagine. Besides the technical and economic hurdles faced by alternatives, affordability is likely to be an issue in many developing economies, considering that alternatives still require subsidies due to their high cost compared to conventional energy sources that are proven, reliable, and supported by a massive system of existing infrastructure. So, in my view, the global energy transition, while certain, will The global energy transition, while certain, will be long and complex. The slowdown of oil and gas investments, driven in part by short-term oversupply and by the unrealistic expectation of alternatives rapid deployment, could lead to energy shortages and supply security concerns. I do not anticipate that oil demand will peak anytime soon be long and complex. In fact, I am concerned that the slowdown of oil and gas investments, driven in part by short-term oversupply and by the unrealistic expectation of alternatives rapid deployment, could lead to energy shortages and supply security concerns. I therefore do not anticipate that oil demand will peak anytime soon. I believe we should continue to work to develop a diversified energy portfolio which encompasses both conventional and new energy sources, giving alternatives the time and space they need in order to effectively, efficiently and economically shoulder a larger burden of world energy demand over time, he said. Present oil market & future direction Let me now turn to the short term status of the global oil market. Despite lingering headwinds, the oil market continues to improve from the conditions we saw early last year, when crude oil inventories were at an all-time high and set to continue rising. The markets, however, have recently been impacted by a combination of low seasonal demand and refinery maintenance in the US, some growth in non-opec supply, and the actions of financial players in the market. All of this has slowed the impact of recent production cuts. I believe the worst is now behind us with multiple leading indicators showing that supplydemand balances are in deficit and the market is moving towards rebalancing. We should expect healthier markets going forward. For us in the Kingdom, there is primarily one metric that we focus on and target as we move forward, and that is global inventories. We 36 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

39 Special Report are pleased that OECD inventories for which reliable and timely data are available have been gradually declining since the middle of last year, with an estimated oil stock draw of 60 million barrels since they peaked last July. Floating storage, for which less data are published, has also declined significantly. Unfortunately, however, the US market where analysts are most focused upon is where inventories have been fluctuating! But we expect US inventories to resume a downward trend driven by increasing refinery inputs, which are underpinned by seasonality and a healthy US products demand that shows signs of continuing to grow in Turning to oil demand in other major markets, we look for China s oil demand growth to match last year s, on the back of a robust transport sector, while India s anticipated annual economic growth of more than seven percent will continue to drive healthy growth. In sum, we expect global oil demand to grow at a rate close to that of last year. On the supply side, short cycle and smaller projects such as shale oil developments and incremental investments are picking up as a result of the price recovery, which is good! However, longer-cycle, more complex and higher cost upstream projects, especially mega investments involving expensive Mohd. Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak Prime Minister of Malaysia on new energy realities Collaboration is the answer! To address the new realities, the oil and gas industry is driving new approaches to resource development, cost management and technology. Abundance of gas discoveries have helped spur the growth of LNG, industry in the Middle East, the Asia Pacific and Australia. The emergence of more producers, increased supplies and competitive gas prices has transformed LNG into an attractive energy resource for emerging economies, and one that also has the benefit of being far less carbon intensive. I strongly believe that industry players can collaborate to support the wider adoption of LNG by offering innovative commercial solutions and technical assistance to nations with a fledgling interest in this sector emphasized Mohd. Najib Bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak, Prime Minister, Malaysia while inaugurating the 19th AOGC Today is a time of great changes and global uncertainities, and the oil and gas industry which is crucial to the global economy has not been exempt from having to face a series of new realitites. There has been the shale revolution, principally in North America but elsewhere as well. There has been increased competition due to advancements in renewable energy resources. In many countries there is strong public pressure to shift to these, and to support the growth of wind and solar power, the Malaysian Prime Minister said in his inaugural address. The International Energy Agency predicts that global energy demand will double by 2050, not least because of a rising global population, and legacy industry players will need to work harder and realign their strategic priorities in order to remain relevant and sustainable in the long run. The Prime Minister of Malaysia (second from left) along with other dignitaries unveiling PFLNG SATU model at the 19th AOGC. PFLNG SATU is world s first floating LNG facility designed to monetize stranded gas assets. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 37

40 Special Report The US market where analysts are most focused upon- is where inventories have been fluctuating! But we expect US inventories to resume a downward trend driven by increasing refinery inputs, which are underpinned by seasonality and a healthy US products demand that shows signs of continuing to grow in 2017 marginal barrels, remain on hold. In fact, global E&P investments worth about one trillion dollars have been deferred or cancelled since the downturn. It is also worth noting that some of the supplies currently coming on-stream and contributing to inventories stem from investments made roughly a decade ago, but this backlog of production projects will soon be depleted. And then we have to deal with the natural decline of the large base of legacy production, which to PETRONAS' innovative solutions to monetise stranded gas molecules to meet the demands of global energy. AOGC 2017 provided an opportunity for the energy industry leaders from across Asia and Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin beyond to discuss strategic energy issues and the importance of Asia as the fastest growing region for global energy demand. Asia-Pacific LNG and the role of natural gas also focused during the deliberations. The CEO Strategic Dialogue a panel comprising some of the energy industry s most influential chief executives from Malaysia, US, India and UAE emphasised on the need for cooperation and flexibility to survive and thrive in today s market conditions. Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin, President & Group CEO, PETRONAS said the new realities facing our industry have settled in, with the 100-dollar oil price seeming like a distant memory. The last two years Mr.B.Ashok L to R: Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin, Mr. Ryan Lance, Mr.B.Ashok, Tan Sri Dato Sri Shahril Shamsuddin, Dr. Bakheet Al Katheeri, and Dr.Fereidun Fesharaki at the session on CEO Strategic Dialogue we see clearly in the North Sea, Mexico, China, and other major producing basins. In fact, conservative estimates predict that we will need to offset 20 million barrels per day in combined demand growth and natural decline over the next five years. That is why I fear, as earlier mentioned, that we are heading into a future of supplydemand imbalances. Finally, turning to our posture with other producing countries, I am pleased that our OPEC and non- OPEC partners who agreed on have been characterized by changes that prompted us to make hard calls, shed old habits, and explore new ways to increase efficiency and stay resilient. Similar to many other organizations, PETRONAS had also implemented farreaching measures in our quest to be a sustainable, merit-based high-performing organization. Amidst wildly fluctuating forecasts, we have learned not to let fear of circumstances paralyze us, and have instead invested time and effort in areas within our control. We have high-graded our business portfolios in pursuing and securing market opportunities. A final investment decision on whether the refinery will be built, which would include a 3m tonnes per year ethylene unit, is due to be made by early The project could involve Saudi Arabian investment. Mr.B.Ashok, Chairman, Indian Oil Corporation Limited presented India s growth story in oil and gas. He stressed India and its dynamic oil and gas sector is now the subject of global interest. He shared Indian Oil Corporation along with its Indian PSU companies Bharat Hindustan Petroleum, Petroleum 38 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

41 Special Report supply cuts are so far exhibiting high levels of adherence to the commitments that were made last December. I would also like to emphasize what I have said in the past, that the producer coalition is determined to do whatever it takes to achieve our target of bringing stock levels back to the five-year average. Based on the consultations I have had with participating members, I am rather confident the agreement will be extended into the second half of the year and possibly beyond. Corporation and Engineers India are preparing to bring online what could be world s largest ever refinery project to be built in one go on India s west coast. The 60 million tonnes a year refinery and a mega petrochemical complex to be set up in two phases on west coast will meet the rising fuel needs of the country. This is a bid to take advantage of both low oil and gas price and spiraling demand for refined products from the fastgrowing Indian market, he said. The mega refinery complex has also generated the world s largest oil producer Saudi Aramco s interest to pick up stake in it which is expected to be built at a cost of over Rs 1.8 trillion. Mr.Ashok also stated, on lines to India s Prime Minister s commitment at COP-21 that India will substantially reduce carbon emissions and greenhouse gas emissions in the coming years migration to BS-IV fuels shows India s resolve to cut down emissions. Indian OMCs have worked in unison to set up refining infrastructure and logistics in record time for the launch of BS-IV grade fuels across the country from April Of course, there are the geopolitical I strongly believe issues many of which could shape markets, that industry players trade flows and relations between countries can collaborate to in ways that we cannot as yet know. support the wider To address these new realities, the oil & adoption of LNG gas industry is driving new approaches to resource development, cost management and technology. The abundance of gas discoveries have helped spur the growth of the LNG, industry in the Middle East, the Asia Pacific and Australia. The emergence of more producers, increased supplies and competitive gas prices has transformed LNG into an attractive energy resource for emerging economies, and one that also has the benefit of being far less carbon intensive. I believe that industry players can collaborate to support the wider adoption of LNG by offering innovative commercial solutions and technical assistance to nations with a fledgling interest in this sector. The oil and gas industry continues to be at the leading edge of adopting new technologies to raise efficiency and productivity. With the rise of the Internet of Things, the increasing use of big data analytics, and automation, the industry will be able to deliver more energy resources at better prices. Indeed, I have witnessed firsthand how the adoption of digital technology by PETRONAS has helped our national oil corporation enhance the efficiency of its global operations, reduce operational cost, and harness data to improve performance, all from its digitallyenabled Integrated Operations centre, the Prime Minister disclosed. Further, a strong oil and gas sector can only function well with the support of a robust services sector, and the consolidation of the oil and gas services sector is crucial. In Malaysia, we have already witnessed a number of service sector players responding to the new realities by reorganizing their structure and strategies to be more robust and competitive, and I hope others will follow suit. Under the Government s Economic Transformation Programme, (ETP), the energy sector is set to register annual growth of 5% up to 2020, transforming Malaysia into a regional oil trading & storage hub, and ensuring long-term energy supply security to the domestic market. The recent USD7 billion investment by Saudi ARAMCO in PETRONAS Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Development, or RAPID, project in Pengerang, Johor, exemplifies Malaysia s ongoing attractiveness as an energy investment destination of choice. This clearly positions the oil and gas industry as one of the biggest drivers of the ETP. This investment also makes Saudi ARAMCO the single largest investor in the country so far. In terms of Malaysia s oil and gas sector, there have been plenty of achievements and successes. For instance: To monetize Malaysia s valuable stranded gas assets, we have developed the world s first floating LNG facility. The PFLNG SATU is a game changer for the industry, bringing together the liquefaction, production, storage and May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 39

42 Special Report the place that will bring on a pretty abundant amount of supply in a less-than $50 (a barrel) world. I wouldn t be surprised if many of our plays work at $30-$40 a barrel. Tan Sri Dato Sri Shahril Shamsuddin, Chief Executive, Mr. Ryan Lance Dr. Bakheet Al Katheeri Tan Sri Dato Sri Shahril Shamsuddin Sapura Energy, Malaysia this year. The next step he added is to usher directly to BS-VI fuels by 1st April, 2020 to be at par with global standards, he said. In three years flat all the refineries in India will switch to BS-VI fuel which will be another record for India he pointed out. He informed OMCs are presently incurring huge expenditure on phase-wise upgradation of fuel quality in the country. India is also vigorously pursuing various other forms of energy such as LNG for industries and transport sector, compressed natural gas (CNG) and AutoLPG for automobiles, and piped natural gas (PNG) for households, besides ethanol and bio-mass to expand the existing energy basket, he added. India he said is actively promoting city gas distribution networks and connecting major cities with green highways, which will have vehicles running on CNG and LNG with adequate re-fuelling stations. Lakhs of households are getting the benefits of piped natural gas (PNG) supplies. All this he said is part of India s focus on clean energy. Mr. Ryan Lance, Chief Executive, ConocoPhillips, US said another key component of the industry s realignment, technological advance, was already making a big difference to companies plans and costs. He cited progress in multilateral wells in the US shale sector where more than one wellbore is drilled from and connected to a single main bore - a good example of how the upstream industry could drive down costs. Just think what that revolution has in emphasized the role of rapid and realistic cost-cutting and restructuring measures to turn companies into more agile competitors that can survive in the world of low cost oil. Sapura has gone through a period of consolidation, during which it slashed staff numbers and renegotiated contracts with contractors. We still have to go through at least another 15 months of really working very hard to make a reasonable return, he said. Meanwhile, on the E&P side, Sapura has been making significant progress, and is working on its first gasfield development, the B15 gas project off Sarawak. Dr. Bakheet Al Katheeri, the recent-appointed Chief Executive, Mubadala Petroleum, UAE said that a low oil price could give his company the opportunity to grow further. Mubadala is already a strategic investor in several Southeast Asian countries, including Malaysia, and has a cooperation agreement with China National Petroleum Corporation. However, the days are gone when Gulf companies expect to rely on the financial reserves of their parent conglomerates. Mubadala Petroleum has undergone a streamlining process along with much of the rest of the industry. A sector that has a duty to supply oil efficiently to the world needs to keep in shape over the long-term plan. It has to be consistent. You practice day in, day out, every day, Mr. Al Katheeri said. Staying fit and healthy needs strong focus and dedication. store in terms of efficiency, cost benefits in ultimate recovery coming from the shale. We are still very early in the stages of understanding what these technologies can do, but it s driving down the breakdown costs, he said. I feel the technology is taking us to L to R: Mr. Shaikh Nawaf al-sabah, Mr. Arnaud Breuillac, Ms. Emeliana Rice-Oxley, Mohammed Anuar Taib and Mr. Bob Davenport at the session on Upstream - Green Shoots for Growth 40 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

43 Special Report As companies doubled down on cutting costs over the past two years, a leaner and more efficient upstream industry has started to emerge. That was one of the key messages from the Upstream session of AOGC 2017 which saw leading industry figures chart new routes for upstream success in a panel appropriately entitled the Green Shoots of Growth. Mr. Shaikh Nawaf al-sabah, Chief Executive, Kuwait Foreign Petroleum Expansion Company kicked off proceedings by underscoring the sheer scale of the disinvestment seen under the lowprice climate. About $1 trillion has been removed as capex from companies development plans, he said, noting this has had an inevitable impact on exploration success. Last year we found onequarter of the barrels we had found in the previous 15 years. That s a huge drop. Similarly, on the development side, some 4.7 bn barrels of oil development projects were sanctioned last year the lowest in 40 years, and a 30% drop from Mohammed Anuar Taib Mr. Bob Davenport offloading processes of LNG to offshore gas fields. We are proud that PETRONAS has developed this technology, which will maintain the company s technical edge as a key global LNG supplier. Another ETP driver in the energy sector is Cost Reduction Alliance 2.0, or CORAL 2.0. This is a long-term industry-wide programme driven by PETRONAS to ensure the sustainability of the country s oil and gas industry by preparing for future challenges through asset and cost optimization, efficiency upgrades and intensifying innovation across operations, the Malaysian Prime Minister said. The current state of the industry demands that we pay more attention to the higher value end, and CORAL 2.0 will help Malaysia s oil and gas industry, especially the upstream sector, to remain competitive. As part of our pursuit of growth that is inclusive and sustainable, the Government places an uncompromising emphasis on managing our environment for future generations. We are committed to adhering to global standards in protection and conservation, such as our pledge to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 45 percent by The talks at the recent COP-22 in Morocco underlined the urgency with which we must act to reduce our carbon footprint. Malaysia is fully committed to the objective of combating climate change, and I believe that oil and gas players are key stakeholders in helping us realize these goals. Firstly, I believe oil and gas companies can help push the technological envelope to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases emitted during their industry s processes. I understand that there have been some strides in the development of CO2 management technologies, including by PETRONAS, and I hope more can be done to achieve a quantum leap in improving and developing these technologies. Secondly, I believe oil and gas companies can help promote the use of natural gas, together with renewable energy, as the cleaner fuel option to sustain economic growth. This is the right time to encourage the adoption of natural gas in new markets as prices have become attractive, aided by the right investment in infrastructure, the Prime Minister added. I am hopeful that companies and governments can form smart partnerships to unlock the full potential of natural gas as a viable option which will make both commercial sense and environment sense, and it is important that we see these two motives as supporting one another, not being in opposition. Mr. Shaikh Nawaf al-sabah Ms. Emeliana Rice-Oxley Malaysia is fully committed to the objective of combating climate change such as our pledge to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 45 percent by 2030 May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 41

44 Special Report The net effect on decline rates in oil and gas wells has been substantial. According to Mr. Shaikh Nawaf, these have doubled to 5% on an annual basis. Mr. Arnaud Breuillac, President E&P, Total spoke of a new reality in which disruption is shaking up the market. Volatility may be bad, he said, but it was inherent to commodities businesses. The industry is a victim of its own success, Mr. Arnaud Breuillac said. The success in developing Md Arif Mahmood Dr. Jeff Brown unconventional resources led to the oil price fall. In this context, less money is going into exploration. In Asia in 2016 there was a 62% decline in licensed areas, a dramatic fall which will have a long-term impact, said Mr. Breuillac. The challenge is how to adapt to the new reality. Mr. Hazil Sham Kassim A new report on Natural Gas: Flipping the Switch Dawn of a new era by Investvine (a news portal) was launched during the 19th AOGC The launch, hosted by Malaysian Gas Association (MGA) was officiated by Datuk Allauddin Hj Anuar, Deputy Director General (Sectoral), Economic Planning Unit of Malaysia. The report takes a look at the current state of the natural gas industry in Southeast Asia region, as well as worldwide, and details The first thing to say is that since we can t control parameters, we need to be good at what we can controloperating costs. At Total, we have been pace setters in the industry, by cutting in half our global opex from just Mr. Abdulaziz Al Judaimi below $10/b in Mohammed Anuar Taib, Chief Executive Upstream, PETRONAS also flagged up the Malaysian giant s relentless focus on driving down costs. At PETRONAS, production costs were close to $10/b in 2014, he said. M Firouz Asnan Last year, this was down to $7.30/b, and it hopes to get to $5/b next year. We are looking more at integrated value, to see what we as an integrated company can do to find additional margin within the interfaces between businesses, he said. And we can see there is plenty to learn from the supply chain and procurement to Natural Gas: Flipping the Switch the benefits of natural gas as compared to other sources, namely coal and oil. It aims at making people familiar with the features and benefits of natural gas as compared to other energy sources, namely coal and oil, deciphering common myths and examining and highlighting the advantages of natural gas in terms of energy efficiency, environmental impact and costs. The report analyzes marketrelated and government-driven factors that influence the extent to which natural gas is used as an energy source for electricity generation and commercial or private consumption, taking into account environmental objectives and goals of countries to become more energy-efficient, particularly in comparison to coal use. The report discusses the future outlook as to where the industry will likely be moving over time, examines technology trends in exploration, emission reduction and environmental protection, as well as ways of supporting existing consumer applications of natural gas for example, as a fuel for vehicles, district cooling, heating or industrial processes. The report also seeks to give inspiration to find new and innovative such applications and delivers suggestions for a sustainable energy policy for the 21st century. Adopting natural gas as the togo fuel for the transportation sector, the largest source of CO2 emissions in Malaysia, would give birth to a great deal of positive side 42 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

45 Special Report reduce costs. The current climate has opened up space for new entrants to the market. Mr. Bob Davenport, Managing Director, EnQuest Plc, Malaysia, a UK-listed upstream operator, highlighted how his company is creating new value from late life assets. The session on refining and oil trading was address by Md Arif Mahmood EVP & CEO Downstream PETRONAS. He spoke on opportunities in a brave new world. Mr. Abdulaziz Al Judaimi, Senior Vice President, Downstream, Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia spoke on driving success through downstream integration. L to R: Mr. Eelco Hoekstra, Md Arif Mahmood, Mr. Abdulaziz Al Judaimi, Dr. Jeff Brown and M Firouz Asnan at the session on Refining & Oil Trading - Opportunities in a Brave New World L to R: Mr. Shigeru Muraki, Mr. Djohardi Angga Kusumah, Ms. Ieda Gomes and Mr. Hazil Sham Kassim at the session on Gas - Accelerating Transition, Fulfiling Potential New report, Natural gas: Flipping the switch, underscores natural gas undisputable role as the cleanest fossil fuel effects for the environment, as well as the greater general socioeconomic good of the country, the report reveals. In the power generation sector, the report highlights that the rise of coal consumption for feedstock into power generation across Malaysia is inconsistent with the goals outlined by Putrajaya to cut CO2 emissions by 45 percent compared to 2005 levels by This report is insightful in highlighting the benefits that natural gas brings; both environmentally and economically, Mr. Hazil Sham Kassim, President, Malaysia Gas Association (MGA) said while speaking on the occasion. Natural gas will continue to be an important energy source for many years to come. Firstly, natural Mr. Eelco Hoekstra Chairman of the Executive Board and CEO Royal Vopak spoke on refining & oil gas is abundant. Secondly, the credentials of natural gas as a clean, efficient and cost effective fuel are indisputable. Thirdly, natural gas will continue to play a critical role in the economic growth of the country, he added. The year 2016 has seen a historic milestone with the conclusion of the Paris Agreement on climate change to arrest carbon emissions in combating global warming. Countries and cities are taking steps towards achieving climate neutrality and a low-carbon energy future, according to Mr. Kassim. MGA, he said believes that this is a start for new conversations to take place on adding further value to this precious natural resource. trading opportunities. Dr. Jeff Brown, President, FGE touched upon downstream oil outlook: winners and losers. The session on Gas covered topics like developing Indonesia gas market by Djohardi Angga Kusumah Gas Power Senior Vice President PT Pertamina (Persero); Opportunities and challenge for LNG by Shigeru Muraki, Executive Advisor Tokyo Gas and Emerging gas markets pricing trends and issues by Ieda Gomes Senior Adviser FGV Energia, OIES. The session on LNG focused on LNG: Changing the game by Mr. Ahmad Adly Alias Vice President, LNG Marketing And Trading, PETRONAS; LNG: changing the game by Mr.Steve Hill Executive Vice May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 43

46 Special Report President, Shell Energy; New paradigms in LNG market Thailand by Mr.Wuttikorn Stithit, Executive Vice President Natural Gas Supply & Trading PTT Public Company Limited. The Petrochemical session covered areas such as unlocking potential through integration and new market by Datuk Sazali Hamzah PETRONAS Vice President & MD/CEO, PETRONAS Chemicals Group Bhd; The global petrochemical industry by Mohammad Alazzaz Director, Sadara Value Park Department Sadara Chemical Company and the new challenges in Petrochemicals: The Contractor Viewpoint by Mr. Fabrizio Di Amato Chairman, Maire Tecnimont Chairman. The session on energy and technology focused views of Mr. Richard Mr. Keisuke Sadamori Dobbs Senior Partner McKinsey & Co. Mr.Dobbs talked about Energy, Technology and other disruptions. Life under COP 21 & Challenges under IMO was touched upon by Mr. Keisuke Sadamori Director of Energy Markets & Security IEA. Mr. Sadamori in his presentation talked about medium term oil market outlook in the Oil Market Report He said due to low investments in 2015 and 16, supply capacity growth will be slower than demand growth, in particular in early 2020s, possibly leading to tight markets. Marginal contribution expected from EV despite its rapid growth. The presentation also focussed on difficulty for low sulphur fuel oil, scrubbers, LNG ships to fill the gap 44 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

47 Special Report coming from the ban on high sulphur fuel oil by the new IMO regulation. Shipping industry would need to bid high prices to draw more diesels away from other uses. Mr. Sadamori touched upon the long term outlook for coal, oil, gas and low-carbon sources in the central scenario of IEA World Energy Outlook, from 2015 to On the sectoral breakdowns for long term oil demand outlook, Mr. Sadamori pointed negative growth in power generation, building and passenger cars, but there will be a continued solid growth in maritime, freight, aviation and petrochemical sectors. EVs contribution to be substantial, but smaller than efficiency improvements, he said. He added, natural gas to face uncertainty coming from competition with coal and renewables in power generation. There is therefore, a continued need for investments for oil and gas sector to compensate for declines in existing fields. Declines from the existing fields are much faster than the decline in demand in 450 ppm scenario, he said. Transforming was discussed by Mr. Wilko Andreas Stark Vice President, Daimler Strategy & Product Strategy and Planning Mercedes-Benz Cars, Daimler AG. Mr. Luq Niazi, IBM Global Managing Director Chemicals & Petroleum Mr. Luq Niazi L to R: Mr. Ahmad Adly Alias, Mr.Steve Hill, Mr.Wuttikorn Stithit and Mr. Adnan Zainal Abidn at the session on LNG: Changing the game L to R: Datuk Sazali Hamzah, Mohammad Alazzaz, Mr. Fabrizio Di Amato and Mr. Akbar Md. Thayoob at the session on Petrochemical - Unlocking Potential through Integration and New Market L to R: Mr. Richard Dobbs, Mr. Keisuke Sadamori, Mr. Wilko Andreas Stark, Mr. Luq Niazi and Mr. Adif Zulkifli at the session on Energy & Technology: The Future is here Industries focused his talk on how digital technologies are transforming the oil and gas industry. Digital Businesses are disrupting virtually every industry and profession and broadly, this is driven by three key shifts (mentioned as under) Mr.Luq said. 1. Data: the world is being disrupted by the sheer amount of data that is available and the potential to harness it beyond traditional analytics. 2. Cloud: the emergence of cloud is transforming IT and business processes into digital services provided both inside and outside of the company. 3. Engagement: mobile and social are transforming individual engagement, creating expectations of security, trust and value in return for personal information. These three forces are combining to generate May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 45

48 Special Report significant transformation in the oil and gas industry that will be adopted at pace over the next five years. Analysts predict Digital Transformation, Data Platforms, Advanced Analytics and Cognitive / AI solutions will have the biggest impact on business performance, he said. Forward-thinking oil and gas leaders have Mr. Ahmad Adly Alias PETRONAS' proven capability in operating a fully integrated liquefied natural gas (LNG) operation is among its greatest strengths. Since the first LNG cargo was delivered to Japan in 1983, it has concluded long-term contracts with customers in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, supplying a significant share of their domestic needs. Over the years there have been a lot of changes in the market and PETRONAS is one that has been very adaptable and progressive to changed market conditions emphasised PETRONAS Vice President of LNG Marketing and Trading, En. Ahmad Adly Alias while talking to DEW on the sidelines of the 19th AOGC. The world is changing and so are we stressed Mr.Alias. Our goal is to provide solutions that are tailor-made for specific needs of the buyers. As one of the world s largest supplier of LNG, PETRONAS remains at the forefront of global LNG supply, poised to meet growing energy demand in both the Pacific and Atlantic Basins already identified the potential of these digital enablers and are building new capabilities to address the current skill gaps they have in their organizations. They understand and are working on initiatives to unlock additional business value through a new level of partnership and interaction between humans and technology, Mr.Luq added. The world is changing and so are we PETRONAS Vice President of LNG Marketing and Trading, En. Ahmad Adly Alias on the company s portfolio of distinctive liquefied natural gas (LNG) solutions Whether it s pricing, contract flexibility, quality or location, we are geared up to meet the buyer s requirements added Mr.Alias. Unlike earlier when it was just supplying gas on a long term contract basis PETRONAS tend to be now more of a solution provider simply keeping in view the changing LNG supply and demand landscape he disclosed. The portfolio of distinctive solutions broadly lie in options for combination of LNG sources from equity and trading volumes; multiple pricing options including various indices, hybrid pricing and tiered pricing; varying duration of contract durations and flexibility in shipping and delivery. With our distinctive solutions, we are not averse to long term traditional contracts as was the practice till now, we do not mind vertical integration of moving in the downstream value chain to add value if that is the means to monetise our gas said Mr. Alias. It may be noted that the next five years appear bring a reshaping of the global gas trade. New LNG supplies are coming online just as demand growth in some major markets weakens, resulting in major shifts in global gas trade patterns. A weak outlook for Japan and Korea the world s top two LNG buyers - means that new supplies will need to find other markets. In a scenario where the traditional LNG demand anchors such as Japan, Korea and Taiwan are seemingly going slow or even cutting back on reviving/signing volumes current levels of LNG are keeping spot trade stimulated, especially to emerging buyers. "We are looking at all the emerging markets as a home for those volumes," Mr. Alias said. Mr.Alias also called for equitable relationship between LNG producers and consumers to ensure the continuity and sustainability of the LNG business. PETRONAS has continuously strengthened its relationships with customers to offer LNG solutions beyond just supply, providing energy solutions and partnerships to meet global energy demand. PETRONAS strong presence in the integrated LNG value chain and diversified LNG market portfolio coupled with it promoting the consumption of LNG beyond the existing market portfolio and LNG as marine fuel is a step ahead. 46 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

49 Special Report Petronas inks MOU with Gas4Sea to promote LNG as marine fuel PETRONAS through its subsidiary PETRONAS LNG Ltd. (PLL) and its shipping affiliate, MISC Berhad (MISC) inked a non-binding Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on 9 May 2017 with Gas4Sea partners, comprising ENGIE S.A. (ENGIE), Mitsubishi Corporation (MC) and Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (NYK) to explore potential collaboration in promoting LNG as the preferred marine fuel. Gas4Sea is a partnership created to jointly promote LNG as the cleaner maritime fuel, by providing LNG bunkering services in the global market. Under the terms of the MoU, the parties will explore ways to collaborate and identify potential business opportunities in relation to LNG bunkering. Signing on behalf of PLL and MISC were PLL Chief Marketing Officer & Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Ezhar Yazid Jaafar and MISC Vice President of LNG Business Unit, Faizul Ismail while Gas4Sea partners were represented by MC General Manager of LNG Bunkering Business Office, Mr. Yuji Toshima, ENGIE Senior Vice President of Business Development Asia, Mr. Denis Bonhomme, and NYK Manager of Fuel Project Team, Mr. Takahiro Nito. Commenting on the MoU, Mr. Ezhar said that the collaboration is expected to enhance PETRONAS strong presence in the integrated LNG value chain and diversified LNG market portfolio. PETRONAS is looking at ways to further promote the consumption of LNG beyond the existing markets portfolios, and advocating LNG as marine fuel is a new frontier for the LNG sector, said Mr. Ezhar. Gas4Sea partners are major players in the energy and global shipping industries. With their world s first purpose built LNG bunkering vessel based in the port of Zeebrugge, they are equipped with a key piece of the LNG bunkering value chain to extend the reach of LNG to fuel the marine transportation sector. In addition, this collaboration will also support the usage of LNG as a fuel of choice for maritime activities, which is in line with PETRONAS effort in helping the industry reduce its carbon footprint, continued Mr. Ezhar. With over 40 years of experience in the oil and gas industry, PETRONAS is recognised as a reliable fully integrated oil and gas multinational with a proven track record in operations spanning the entire hydrocarbon value chain. PETRONAS Group has diversified its LNG supply portfolio in recent years with the addition of Australia Gladstone LNG and PETRONAS First Floating LNG Facility in offshore Sarawak. The partnership ties after the signing of MoU between PETRONAS LNG Ltd and Gas4Sea Analytic, Cognitive, Internet of Things (IoT) and Block chain solutions that understand reason and learn across key processes and value chains are proving the essential building blocks to new levels of capabilities. IBM are working with many Oil and Gas clients, helping them to outthink their current business models through digital technologies to significantly improve business results. From the multiple initiatives we are progressing with clients, we see the greatest potential for value in five main areas: 1. Upstream Subsurface 2. Equipment Reliability 3. Operational Improvements 4. Market Insights and Demand Planning 5. Business Support Services Realizing the potential of digital technologies also requires the formation of new industry partnerships and the development of new ecosystems, embracing new approaches to collaboration and investment ultimately we see the future and next level of enterprise performance being achieved through hybrid digital capabilities brought together from both inside and outside of the company, Mr.Luq informed. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 47

50 Special Report Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS) Malaysia s fully integrated oil and gas multinational manages natural resources in a way that contributes holistically to the wellbeing of society wherever it operates. With business activities that include the exploration, development and production of crude oil and natural gas in Malaysia and overseas; the liquefaction, sale and transportation of LNG; the processing and transmission of natural gas, and the sale of natural gas products; the refining and marketing of petroleum products; the manufacturing and selling of petrochemical products; the trading of crude oil, petroleum, gas and LNG products and petrochemical products; and shipping and logistics relating to LNG, crude oil and petroleum products, the company is keeping up with the time in the present tough market conditions by taking strategic moves on all its business fronts to make sure its leadership. A report by DEW: PETRONAS Chemicals Group Berhad (PCG) progress is a result of its five key projects namely Sabah Ammonia Urea Project, Integrated Aroma Ingredients Complex, 2-Ethylhexanoic Acid Project, Highly Reactive Polyisobutene Project and the Pengerang Integrated Complex Project - Datuk Sazali Humzah Managing Director/ Chief Executive Officer, PETRONAS Chemicals Group Berhad Keeping up with the time To maximize value for Malaysia s natural gas resources, PETRONAS Chemicals Group Berhad (PCG) the leading integrated chemicals producer in Malaysia and one of the largest in South East Asia has achieved phenomenal growth in performance on the operations, commercial and financial fronts during 2016 despite significant decline in Brent crude oil and petchem product prices. It is worth noting that the company has not only battered through the ongoing tough market conditions but ensured that its business practices are in line with globally recognized standards for environmental, social and governance practices. PCG operates a number of world class production sites, which are fully vertically integrated from feedstock to downstream end products. With a total combined production capacity of 10.8 million metric tons per annum (mtpa), it is involved primarily in manufacturing, marketing and selling a diversified range of chemical products, including olefin, polymers, fertilizers, methanol and other basic chemicals and derivative products. Chairman of PCG, Md Arif Mahmood (centre) flanked by Managing Director/CEO of PCG, Datuk Sazali Hamzah and Chief Financial Officer of PCG, Rashidah Alias at the press conference. 48 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

51 Special Report PETRONAS has State-of-the-art Terengganu Gas Terminal launched its state-ofthe art Terengganu Gas Terminal (TGAST) in Kertih on 18 April 2017, the first of such facility to utilize PETRONASowned carbon dioxide (CO2) removal technology expected to give a boost to the development of Malaysia s offshore gas fields with high CO2 content. The facility was launched by PETRONAS President & Group CEO Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin, during his visit to PETRONAS operations in the East Coast region. Datuk Wan Zulkiflee said the TGAST project was not only a testimony of PETRONAS continuous commitment towards adding value to the oil and gas resources found offshore Peninsula Malaysia but also reflected the company s larger cleaner energy commitment in support of Malaysia s environmental agenda to reduce its carbon footprint by He added that TGAST, with the capacity to L to R: TGAST Project Director, Encik Rashid Sainal, PETRONAS President & Group Chief Executive Officer, Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin, PETRONAS Vice President of Group Project Delivery, Encik Zakaria Kasah and PETRONAS Vice President of Malaysia Assets, Development & Production, Encik Jukris Abd Wahab launching the Terengganu Gas Terminal (TGAST) in Kertih, Kuala Terengganu PETRONAS President & Group Chief Executive Officer, Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin was briefed by the TGAST project team at the launching event. process up to 700 mmscfd of gas from the Malaysia- Thailand Joint Development Area (MTJDA) and from the North Malay Basin offshore Terengganu, would help ensure the security and sustainability of supply to PETRONAS customers in Peninsular Malaysia as well as to PETRONAS own facilities in the region, particularly its integrated petrochemical complexes in the East Coast. Datuk Wan Zulkiflee said the launch of TGAST was also a proud moment and achievement for PETRONAS, as it not only utilized the PN-1 Membrane System for CO2 removal developed by PETRONAS and a partner, but also because the project involved more than 80 per cent participation of local contractors. The project was successfully completed four months ahead of schedule. At the launch, TGAST also celebrated 10 million safe man hours without lost-time incident (LTI), and 1,300 incident-free days from the project start date in Apart from the gas terminal, the project also includes compressor units, storage tanks and related infrastructure and the installation of temperature control machinery and safety systems. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 49

52 Special Report Chairman of PCG, Md Arif Mahmood (centre) flanked by Managing Director/CEO of PCG, Datuk Sazali Hamzah and Chief Financial Officer of PCG, Ms. Rashidah Alias at the press conference. PCG achieved its highest plant utilisation rate ever recorded since listing. The Group s plant utilisation rate of 96% far surpasses world class standards and is the result of its continuous efforts in reaching sustainable outstanding plant performance. Correspondingly, its production volume grew by 11% to 9.2 million metric tonnes from 8.3 million metric tonnes, the highest level ever recorded since listing. This achievement is attributed to PCG s reliable plant operation of its top-notch facilities The company s progress is a result of its five key projects namely Sabah Ammonia Urea Project, Integrated Aroma Ingredients Complex, 2- Ethylhexanoic Acid Project, Highly Reactive Polyisobutene Project and the Pengerang Integrated Complex Project according to Datuk Sazali Humzah, Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer of PCG. The Sabah Ammonia Urea Project represents PCG s continuous effort to meet market demands for urea, especially in the South East Asia region. The project will add 1.2 million metric tons per annum (mtpa) of urea production to PCG s existing 1.4 million mtpa capacity, positioning PCG as the second largest urea producer in South East Asia. Currently, both ammonia and urea plants are running at 100% full capacity. As of April 2017, a total of 148,813 tonnes of ammonia and 187,300 tonnes of urea had been produced. Majority of SAMUR Products are exported to Thailand (51%), Australia (25%) and to other ASEAN countries. The Integrated Aroma Ingredients Complex in Gebeng, Pahang is a joint venture project undertaken together with BASF through our associate company, BASF PETRONAS Chemicals Sdn Bhd. Citral, citronellol and L-menthol, are aroma ingredients, to meet the high demand from the rapidly growing fragrance and flavour industries. This project, that is first to use BASF s technology outside Europe, marks PCG s foray into the highly attractive niche and specialty play, which are less affected by cyclicality compared to commodity chemicals. Aroma ingredients are sold to the flavour and fragrance industry, mainly in home and personal care products and in the food industry as well as pharmaceutical applications. The commissioning and start-up process of the Integrated Aroma Ingredients Complex is progressing well to meet the range of 2017 start-up schedule. Are you wanting to test market your product/ technology in the fast emerging Asian and ASEAN market? ADVERTISE IN DEW JOURNAL For details : 50 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

53 Special Report The 2-EHAcid plant in Gebeng Pahang, undertaken together with BASF through our associate company, BASF PETRONAS Chemicals Sdn Bhd is the first of its kind in South East Asia and will benefit from the integration with its current facilities in Gebeng. Product application include as a chemical compound in the production of synthetic lubricants, as well as oil additives and functional fluids like automotive coolants, and other uses in various industries. On specification 2-EHAcid was successfully produced and delivered to overseas customers in late 2016 PCG has sanctioned the development and construction of a new world-scale HR-PIB plant at its associate company, BASF PETRONAS Chemicals Sdn Bhd, to add further value to its existing business at PETRONAS Chemicals MTBE Sdn Bhd in Gebeng, Pahang. Product functions include as intermediate product for the manufacturing of highperformance fuel and lubricant additives. HR-PIB is expected to be commissioned in the fourth quarter of 2017 as planned. The Petrochemical Projects in Pengerang Integrated Complex (PIC), which are scheduled to be operationalised in 2019, are significant growth projects for PCG to broaden its product portfolio and further diversify into derivatives, specialty chemicals and solutions, while expanding PCG s existing production capacity. As at end March 2017, the Pengerang Integrated Complex (PIC) development is around 62% overall project progress. This project is progressing well whereby to date the overall petchem project for polymer and glycol is more than 30% and slightly ahead of schedule. On 18 April 2017, PCG Speaking of what lies ahead for PCG, Datuk Sazali Hamzah shared that the slight recovery of petrochemicals prices in quarter 1 of 2017 is driven by the improvement of the overall energy industry. With global oil & gas sector growth expected to improve slightly, PCG foresees that demand for petrochemicals will remain moderate approved the Final Investment Decision for an isononanol plant at Pengerang Integrated Complex. This is yet another strategy of PCG to grow further in specialty chemicals. Speaking to DEW, Datuk Sazali Hamzah, Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer, PCG said that in 2016, PCG achieved its highest plant utilisation rate ever recorded since listing. The Group s plant utilisation rate of 96% far surpasses world class standards and is the result of its continuous efforts Expansion of LNG portfolio in China PETRONAS is set to expand its liquefied natural gas (LNG) business in China, extending its reach to the country s southern region while looking to expand the volume of supply to its existing buyers. PETRONAS Vice President of LNG Marketing & Trading, Mr. Ahmad Adly Alias said that a liaison office is in Beijing to facilitate LNG business growth in the country. PETRONAS has strong relationship with China in the LNG trade and the prospect for further growth is strong. As an integrated LNG solution provider, the company is in the best position to deliver a reliable and innovative long term LNG solutions to meet China s clean energy demand, he said. Mr. Ahmad Adly was speaking at a recent business reception in Guangzhou, hosted by PETRONAS subsidiary, PETRONAS LNG Ltd. (PLL). PLL s new Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Ezhar Yazid Jaafar was also introduced to about 70 potential partners at the event. PETRONAS first LNG trade to China was in 2006 with a 25-year term supply to Shanghai LNG Company Ltd and expands its market presence in China with the addition of term LNG customers in Southern China. Backed by over 30 years of LNG experience, PETRONAS is recognised as a reliable and flexible LNG supplier, operating from its main supply base in Bintulu, Sarawak. PETRONAS Group has also diversified its LNG supply portfolio in recent years with the addition of Australia Gladstone LNG and the upcoming Floating LNG projects in offshore Sabah and Sarawak. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 51

54 in reaching sustainable outstanding plant performance. Correspondingly, its production volume grew by 11% to 9.2 million metric tonnes from 8.3 million metric tonnes, the highest level ever recorded since listing. This achievement is attributed to PCG s reliable plant operation of its top-notch facilities. Mr. Sazali further elaborated that the Group s commercial excellence efforts have also enabled PCG to gain additional value for its products with the highest sales volume ever recorded at 7.3 million metric tonnes, despite it being a buyers market in Against the bearish environment, PCG continues to drive commercial excellence through better understanding of our customers needs, sustaining and augmenting our market position, as well as enhancing our marketing and sales capability, he said. Speaking of what lies ahead for PCG, Datuk Sazali Hamzah shared that the slight recovery of petrochemicals prices in quarter 1 of 2017 is driven by the improvement of the overall energy industry. With global oil & gas sector growth expected to improve slightly, PCG foresees that demand for petrochemicals will remain moderate. Mr. Sazali said PCG will continue to work on sustaining our world class operational excellence, while keeping health, safety and environment as our utmost priority. We will continue to optimise cost and improve customer experience. And as Southeast Asia remains our key market, we will continue to further expand our presence in this region He also mentioned that PCG will focus on the delivery of all its growth projects to ensure minimum disruption affecting timeline and cost. Key activities such as developing PIC products route-to-market is currently ongoing. The completion of PIC, as well as the current plants that we have, will provide a lot more opportunities to grow in the area of chemicals, derivatives and specialty. Moving forward, PCG is set to stay at the forefront of the industry with the ability, resilience and determination to overcome challenges. We continue to assess further opportunities beyond 2020 in downstream derivatives and specialty chemicals at Pengerang, Kertih, Gebeng and East Malaysia. This is part of our long term business positioning and sustainability he added. Special Report Newly expanded lubricant to meet growing demand The second phase expansion at our Shandong plant adds much-needed production capacity that will help us meet the soaring demand for our products. Naturally, this will also infuse our marketing and sales operations with a major boost of new energy to pull away from the pack. This strategic expansion of our footprint in China reflects the great importance we attach to our local customers here as well as our confidence in PETRONAS prospects for future growth in the Chinese market" - Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin President and Group CEO, PETRONAS PETRONAS Lubricants International (PLI) recently launched the newly expanded lubricant-blending plant in the Weifang Economic Development Zone in Shandong, China, to meet the market s growing demand for premium lubricant products and highquality services. The comprehensive expansion project, which was carried out in phases, saw the upgrade of the plant s production capacity, production lines and storage facilities, bolstering the company's ability to serve the booming Chinese market. PETRONAS President and Group CEO, Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin who officiated the new plant said, The second phase expansion at our Shandong plant adds much-needed production capacity that will help us meet the soaring demand for our products. Naturally, this will also infuse our marketing and sales operations with a major boost of new energy to pull away from the pack. This strategic expansion of our footprint in China reflects the great importance we attach to our local customers here as well as our confidence in PETRONAS prospects for future growth in the Chinese market." The plant s officiating ceremony was also attended by PETRONAS Executive Vice President and CEO of Downstream Business, Md Arif Mahmood; PETRONAS Lubricants International (PLI) Group 52 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

55 Special Report blending plant in China for premium lubricants The plant to have an automated, hitech lubricant blending line as well as additional storage tanks PETRONAS President and Group CEO, Datuk Wan Zulkiflee Wan Ariffin (centre) officiated the opening of PLI s newly expanded lubricant-blending plant in Shandong, China. CEO, Giuseppe D Arrigo and PLI Head of Regional Business (Greater China), Mark Gau. In order to optimize services and offer customers a complete range of premium solutions, PETRONAS has invested RMB600 million (RM 384 million) to expand the plant's footprint to 21,000 square metres to now include an automated, hi-tech lubricant blending line as well as additional storage tanks. The plant s annual output is expected to increase from 45,000 to 150,000 tonnes, covering a wide range of automotive lubricants, antifreeze liquids, industrial lubricants and greases. The expansion also saw an upgrade of the plant's warehouse facilities to enhance capabilities for storage, transportation, local distribution and overseas export. Improving the capabilities of the Shandong Plant not only allows for increased production capacity to satiate consumer demands, it is also testament to PETRONAS commitment to the rapidly developing Chinese market. Aside from lubricants production, PETRONAS is also actively growing its LNG business while looking to expand the LNG volume supply to its existing buyers in the country. The plant s annual output is expected to increase from 45,000 to 150,000 tonnes, covering a wide range of automotive lubricants, anti-freeze liquids, industrial lubricants and greases. The expansion also saw an upgrade of the plant's warehouse facilities to enhance capabilities for storage, transportation, local distribution and overseas export May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 53

56 The new age oil for wind turbines As India increasingly turns to clean energy to power its growing economy, wind energy offer the foundation of Renewable Energy Program in India. The wind energy sector is India s largest and most successful renewable energy. Currently, India has an installed capacity of more than 27 GW of wind energy making it the 4th largest in the world. In 2015, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) announced a 60 GW target for wind power by 2022, and to raise the share of non-fossil fuel power capacity in the power mix to 40 percent by India is also ranked the fourth largest wind energy producer in the world with a potential to grow over a time. Presently India has an installed capacity of 27,509.0 MW of wind energy making 4.3% of total wind energy produced across the globe. Wind energy brings low part running cost, which makes it an ideal source of energy in the long run. But when it comes to wind energy generation, wind turbine lubricants need to last long and offer excellent oxidation and shear stability, all the while protecting India s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has announced a 60 GW target for wind power by 2022, and to raise the share of non-fossil fuel power capacity in the power mix to 40 percent by DEW JOURNAL May 2017 Mr. Glen Sharkowicz and Mr. Shankar Karnik displaying the high performance Mobil Lubricants in New Delhi

57 Over 40,000 wind turbine gearboxes across the world run on Mobil lubricants that maximize equipment productivity under high-stress operating conditions by minimizing unscheduled downtime and maintenance. Known for extending gear and bearing life, the new age synthetic Mobil SHC Gear 320 WT backed by the seven years limited warranty recently demonstrated its world-class quality at Windergy The new age oil can supplement wind turbine efficiency as India targets 60 GW by 2022 with massive wind turbines expansion plans across the country on anvil to meet the National Action Plan on Climate Change target of 15% energy generation from renewable by The Chief Editor DEW Arun Kr.Singhal interacts with Mr. Glen Sharkowicz, Industrial Marketing Manager Asia-Pacific, ExxonMobil Asia-Pacific Private Limited and Mr. Shankar Karnik, General Manager-Industrial, ExxonMobil Lubricants to understand the power behind the Mobil SHC Gear 320 WT oil Advanced Mobil SHC lubricants and greases help unleash wind turbine power. Mobil SHC Gear 320 wind turbine oil is backed by 7 years limited warranty promising extended oil life May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 55

58 Our specially designed synthetic oils and greases provide excellent protection against wear, rust and corrosion adding to improved performance, longevity of equipment - Mr. Glen Sharkowicz key turbine components such as gears from micropitting and main bearings from failure etc. With this background and the need for a quality lubricant to help the industry in harnessing wind energy to the fullest and make higher productivity and sustainability goals Mobil Industrial Lubricants has demonstrated the Mobil SHC Gear 320 WT oil, a fully-synthetic industrial gear lubricant at Windergy 2017 an event jointly organised by the Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers Association and Global Wind Energy Council in Delhi, India from April Supporting the growth of the wind industry Mobil Industrial Lubricants used in over 40,000 wind turbine gearboxes across the world. The products designed to meet the challenges of the wind industry, reduce maintenance and cut a human to an equipment ExxonMobil s wide portfolio of grease, gear oil and hydraulic oils is designed specifically to meet the challenges of equipment in extreme conditions of temperature, load and water contamination. Mobil SHC Gear 320 WT and Mobilgear SHC XMP 320 are gear oils designed to provide protection from wear and corrosion, anti-foaming. The oil remains stable during water contamination and provides minimal unscheduled downtime and maintenance, which leads to longer gear, bearing and oil life Mobil SHC Grease 460 WT, Mobil SHC Grease 102 WT and Mobilith SHC 100 are grease designed for main, pitch, yaw and generator bearings. These grease help in flexible component placement, long re-greasing interval helps control service cost. Help in smooth performance during exceptional high- and low-temperature conditions Mobil SHC 524 and Mobil DTE 10 Excel Series are specially designed hydraulic oils ideal for highpressure and tight-clearance systems. It provides long oil, filter and component life, carry's anti-wear protection and resists deposit formation Fuels & Lubricants interface. What distinguishes the Mobil SHC Gear 320 WT oil from the other products is that it remains stable during water contamination and provides minimal unscheduled downtime and maintenance which leads to longer gear, bearing and oil life. This significant achievement demonstrates how Mobil products are enabling the worldwide wind industry to become efficient even under the most extreme climatic conditions as well as cost competitive. This synthetic wind turbine gearbox oil gives an excellent protection against conventional wear modes such as scuffin while providing a high level of resistance against micro pitting fatigue. Mobil SHC Gear 320 WT wind turbine lubrication maximizes equipment productivity by minimizing unscheduled downtime and maintenance, extends gear and bearing life under high-stress operating conditions. Moreover, the wax-free nature of synthetic fluids and the low coefficient of traction provide excellent low temperature pump ability and very low starting and running torque. Backed by the 7 years limited warranty Mobil SHC 600 Series is an oil designed for ancillary gear boxes. It promotes operational reliability and energy efficiency, longer oil life and has high and low temperature capability Mobiltac 375 NC is an open gear diluent designed to protect gear teeth and machine elements ExxonMobil offers Mobil Serv SM o Mobil Serv SM Lubricant Analysis a mobileenabled used oil analysis service, in India. It also offers application-specific analysis options including hydraulic, gearbox, engine, compressor, powertrain and circulating analysis, among others for a wide range of industries, enabling companies to choose the option that best fits their specific needs. o Mobil Serv SM Engineering Services including Wind Turbine Gearbox Flush and Fill, as well as startup and cleanliness guidance which help support wind farm operators in achieving outstanding equipment protection and long service intervals, resulting in safety, environmental and operating cost benefits 56 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

59 Fuels & Lubricants promise, it offers extended oil life. Mobil s field demonstration with equipment builders has also helped to confirm the results from laboratory tests demonstrating the exceptional performance of Mobil SHC Gear 320 WT advanced wind turbine gear lubricant, and gaining the approval of leading gearbox builders globally. ExxonMobil further showcased Mobil SHC Grease 102 WT and Mobil SHC Grease 460 WT. Mobil SHC Grease 102 WT is a new synthetic grease which protects wind turbine bearings from extreme temperature conditions as high as 120 degrees Celsius to as low as -50 degrees Celsius. Mobil SHC Grease 460 WT is a superior performance lubricant especially suited to exceed the demanding requirements of wind turbine applications at extreme temperatures. It is widely used by all leading builders in India and across the globe for their main bearings. Mobil SHC Grease 460 WT has become the first fill product of choice for many wind turbine builders and component suppliers. Compared to conventional greases the benefits of this synthetic grease include longer grease life, enhanced false brinelling protection and bearing life, wide temperature range of application, and the potential for improved mechanical efficiency. For both the greases, the unique features of synthetic base fluids are combined with high quality lithium complex thickener. The lithium complex thickener contributes excellent adhesion, structural stability and resistance to water. "Wind industry is a growing market with a large number of new entrants tapping this segment. To successfully run operations today requires not only efficiency and productivity but also make sure safety by reducing risks in human to machine interface as well as control and cut environmental impact. Mobil s synthetic lubricants help in Advancing Productivity, which means Mobil lubrication solutions help mitigate potential employee risks arising from direct contact with equipment, helps in reducing carbon footprint, meet the operational goals and enhance competitiveness by increasing efficiency, reliability, and productivity. Our specially designed synthetic oils and greases provide excellent protection against wear, rust and corrosion adding to improved performance, longevity of equipment as well as wind Our gear oils and greases are designed to ensure adequate and optimized performance of wind turbines extend oil drain intervals and reduce overall maintenance costs - Mr. Shankar Karnik turbine productivity, said Mr. Glen Sharkowicz, Industrial Marketing Manager Asia-Pacific at ExxonMobil Asia-Pacific Pte. Limited ExxonMobil offers a wide portfolio of products for the rapidly growing wind industry; it has also been at the forefront of developments in the wind energy sector for over 30 years through experienced field engineers and industry-leading used oil analysis service. They work closely with equipment builders to gain insights into their requirements. The formulators then use these insights to build outstanding lubricants that are well supported by builder approvals. India is the fourth largest wind energy producer in the world. The government has taken various initiatives to grow the sector and we are able to support it through our extensive product portfolio. Our gear oils and greases make sure adequate and optimized performance of wind turbines while preserving the life of the gear box and other critical components, extend oil drain intervals and reduce overall maintenance costs. We are helping the wind industry in India reach higher levels of efficiency and productivity, said Mr. Shankar Karnik, General Manager Industrial, ExxonMobil Lubricants Pvt. Limited. Mobil lubricants help the wind industry increase efficiency, productivity which leads to longevity of assets and longer oil life reduces the frequency of oil change. ExxonMobil scientists and application specialists work with key OEMs to make sure that the product offering provides exceptional performance with the rapidly evolving gear designs and operation. Counting on the technology leadership and application expertise behind Mobil Lubricants reinforce productivity of wind turbines and help OEMs. The term "ExxonMobil" is used for convenience only, and may include ExxonMobil Corporation or any of its affiliates. ExxonMobil, Mobil and Mobil1 are trademarks of ExxonMobil Corporation or one of its subsidiaries. ExxonMobil Lubricants Private Limited is a wholly-owned affiliate of Exxon Mobil Corporation. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 57

60 Eaton unveils highest performing modular surge protection device for complete process reliability Power Management Company Eaton delivers higher levels of surge protection with the launch of a modular device range designed for easy installation, commissioning and replacement. Eaton s new MTL SD Modular range provides comprehensive protection from transient surge events up to 20 ka, the highest level of protection currently available for a modular pluggable device which is coupled with the highest packing density on the market. With over 50 per cent of premature electronic equipment failures being attributed to surge and maintenance failures, Eaton s MTL SD Modular range offers complete cost-effective surge protection to valuable instruments and distributed control systems. The delicate circuits and devices in today s equipment and systems make their susceptibility to transient surge events much greater, said Roger Highton, MTL Process Connectivity Product Line Manager, Eaton. Underestimating the importance of reliable surge protection devices can be extremely costly if the worst should happen. The MTL SD Modular range is unique in offering 20 ka protection with a module width of just 7mm, allowing maximum protection of valuable assets in minimal space. The design of the MTL SD modular device reduces maintenance cost and downtime, as modules can be quickly and easily replaced. The pluggable part is held in place with a simple retention tag and can be removed from its base without de-energising the protected device, saving the user valuable time and complexity. This is achieved using an innovative make before break design to ensure uninterrupted loop operation during replacement. Additionally, the slim-line footprint of the surge module increases the packing density, resulting in saving both space and cost, which potentially reduces the number of cabinets needed. A diagnostic LED option is available to provide a clear, visual indication of a failed module so that engineers can immediately see which module to replace. A portable surge test device is also available, allowing users to simply check the health of each module during routine maintenance. This new modular range inherits the proven reliability of the MTL SD range, increasing system availability in a wide range of industries including oil and gas, chemical, power and water/ News wastewater. With versions available for all process signal types, they are ideal for panel builders, system integrators and engineers looking to protect electrical and electronic assets. The range is fully ATEX/ IECEx certified for use in intrinsically safe applications, is SIL suitable and is designed to meet global standards. Eaton s Crouse-Hinds division offers a range of cable fittings, enclosures, plugs and receptacles, industrial lighting fixtures, signals and alarms, and electronic components designed for the most demanding environments. The Crouse-Hinds business serves customers in the industrial and manufacturing, mining, oil and gas, solar, infrastructure and other markets. MTL products, part of Eaton s Crouse-Hinds series portfolio, provide leading electronic instrumentation and protection capabilities for the process control industries. Key applications include intrinsic safety, fieldbus, industrial networking, surge protection, HMI and visualisation, gas analysis and alarm management. Eaton s electrical business is a global leader with expertise in power distribution and circuit protection; backup power protection; control and automation; lighting and security; structural solutions and wiring devices; solutions for harsh and hazardous environments; and project design services. Eaton is positioned through its global solutions to answer today s most critical electrical power management challenges. 58 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

61 News First of its kind LNG test bed for marine unveiled Caterpillar Marine has announced the unveiling of the first LNG test bed for gas-fuelled engines at its facility in Kiel. The LNG preparation unit comprises of an LNG tank and a gas preparation unit, both in 40 ft container size. Both developed and provided by Marine Service GmbH, Hamburg. The future holds great promise for LNG solutions, and Caterpillar is perfecting the technology at its new Kiel test bed. Caterpillar is already a leader in LNG power with its respected and widely adopted MaKTM branded dual fuel engines, which are capable of running on MDO or NG (natural gas). But there s still a lot to learn about LNG and the engineering required to maximize its potential. With its Kiel location, Caterpillar will improve its understanding of the technology and enhance the service it provides to clients adopting LNG. LNG offers obvious benefits to marine power and it s considered a true future fuel, said Georg Gillert, engineering supervisor for Caterpillar Marine. It burns cleaner than other fuels, emitting low amounts of nitrogen oxide (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), particulate matter and carbon dioxide. When handled properly, LNG offers a clear path to regulation compliance with all current and future standards, stated Gillert. LNG also provides greater energy density than natural gas in its gaseous form, and it s possible to store up to 600 times more LNG than standard natural gas. LNG s clean burning nature has drawn numerous vessel owners, and particularly those with an eye for future compliance. Several marine industries, including cruise lines and chemical / oil tanker operations, have begun fitting their fleets with MaK power, and gasfuelled engine prevalence will only increase over time. Caterpillar s LNG test bed in Kiel is a milestone in LNG development, said Gillert. While LNG is a promising fuel, it does offer unique challenges. LNG has to be kept at extremely low temperatures to prevent it from vaporizing, and this requires additional gas handling components not found in other power systems. New engine and gas handling architecture is needed to take full advantage of LNG s emissions benefits. Customized monitoring and control processes will also be needed to optimize fuel/air composition and safe engine operation. With that in mind, Caterpillar s Kiel test bed will focus on the following: Familiarizing Caterpillar personnel with LNG capabilities. Demonstrating LNG benefits to Caterpillar s clients. Knowledge is power, and it s no different with LNG power. Testing and improving LNG components. Developing LNG plants for actual operations. Facilitate customer training to not only become familiar with LNG, but also teach customers important safety information regarding LNG handling and operational procedures. LNG is exciting and challenging, and with the Kiel location, Caterpillar is ready for everything it has to offer. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 59

62 Technology Innovative drilling solutions for the oil & gas industry Spudding record breaking geothermal well The flagship DAV MX CircSub from Churchill Drilling Tools, an oilfield service company specializing in drilling innovation, was selected for the world s deepest and hottest geothermal borehole in the Iceland Deep Drilling Project (IDDP) on the Reykjanes Peninsula. The IDDP well is earmarked to become an integral part of Iceland s geothermal energy Churchill Drilling Tools, an oilfield service company specialising in drilling innovation has had its flagship DAV MX CircSub selected for the world s deepest and hottest geothermal borehole in the Iceland Deep Drilling Project (IDDP) on the Reykjanes Peninsula. The IDDP well is earmarked to become an integral part of Iceland s geothermal energy production providing clean, renewable energy by using supercritical steam heated by the earth s magma. Drilling took 176 days and involved the deepening of an existing geothermal borehole to a depth of 5km. The IDDP team encountered temperatures of 427 C at a depth of 4659m simultaneously creating the deepest and hottest ever geothermal borehole and encountering supercritical conditions at a shallower depth than anticipated Drilling site at Reykjanes, Iceland 60 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

63 Technology production providing clean, renewable energy by using supercritical steam heated by the earth s magma. Drilling took 176 days and involved the deepening of an existing geothermal borehole to a depth of 5km. The IDDP team encountered temperatures of 427 C at a depth of 4659m simultaneously creating the Illustration of the geothermal process The DAV MX CircSub has robust temperature resistance and experience in HPHT conventional wells. The tool offered a contingency for the Iceland Deep Drilling Project team against pack-off related circulation loss in which the BHA components would be literally cooked if circulation was lost deepest and hottest ever geothermal borehole and encountering supercritical conditions at a shallower depth than anticipated. Samples were taken to surface to ascertain fluid chemistry and the drill presented an unprecedented look into the depths of the earth s crust. The DAV MX CircSub was selected on the recommendation of a major operator and partner in the IDDP product due to its robust temperature resistance and experience in HPHT conventional May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 61

64 Technology wells. The tool offered a contingency for the IDDP team against pack-off related circulation loss in which the bottom hole assembly (BHA) components would be literally cooked if circulation was lost. Mike Churchill, CEO and commercial director said: Churchill was delighted to secure two world firsts on this well. The IDDP well is both the deepest and hottest geothermal well on record and it is a reflection on the DAV MX that it was selected to be run in this string. The tool has a significant case history in HPHT wells and can withstand a good deal of punishment both of which suited the client in this unconventional case. Geothermal wells are a new area for Churchill and it is a market we are looking to expand as our competition in the segment simply cannot match the resilience of the CircSub. Churchill Drilling Tools is a specialist engineering company that provides leading and innovative drilling solutions for the oil and gas industry. From founder Andy Churchill s original designs in 1998 the company has become renowned for the supply of a wide range of simple, reliable and effective rental products. Churchill s presence in the drilling industry is global, with offices located in Houston, Aberdeen and Dubai. Its flagship product, the DAV MX CircSub, is a recognized performance leader and has been successfully run in more than 900 wells. The center pieces of the Churchill range are innovative applications of drop-in dart technology, such as Smart Darts, which help control the next generation of down hole tools that are taking the industry forward in critical areas such as well control, drifting, mud circulation and stuck-pipe recovery. 62 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

65 Technology Relief Well Injection Spool Trendsetter Engineering and Add Energy have combined expertise to provide market leading engineering and hardware support services to the industry s most challenging problems in a nimble and responsive environment. The companies have recently been awarded a contract to supply engineering expertise and access to Trendsetter s patented Relief Well Injection Spool (RWIS) in support of an operators drilling campaign on a newly sanctioned field development. The RWIS has been designed and built to greatly increase the pumping capacity of a single relief well by enabling the ability to pump in excess of 200 bbl per minute of kill mud through a single relief well, utilizing multiple vessels as opposed to the conventional method of multiple relief wells. The RWIS is installed on the relief well wellhead beneath the blowout preventer (BOP) to provide additional flow connections into the wellbore. Using high-pressure flex lines, the inlets enable pumping units from separate floating vessels, in addition to the relief well rig, to deliver a high-rate dynamic kill. Additional benefits generated by this hardware include an increase in redundancy and flexibility of operations by moving the additional required pumps and mud storage to the remote vessels, allowing for The RWIS has been designed and built to greatly increase the pumping capacity of a single relief well by enabling the ability to pump in excess of 200 bbl per minute of kill mud through a single relief well, utilizing multiple vessels as opposed to the conventional method of multiple relief wells. The RWIS is installed on the relief well wellhead beneath the blowout preventer (BOP) to provide additional flow connections into the wellbore. Using highpressure flex lines, the inlets enable pumping units from separate floating vessels, in addition to the relief well rig, to deliver a high-rate dynamic kill RWIS positioned for use on the relief well wellhead beneath the blowout preventer (BOP) May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 63

66 Technology the potential for an off-bottom kill which could provide a faster relief well intercept, thus reducing spill volumes to the environment. A kill operation with two or more relief wells is recognized as being a challenging operation. In the event of multiple relief wells being required to dynamically kill a well, all relief wells will have to successfully locate and intersect the blowing wellbore. The blowing well must be killed through a simultaneous coordinated kill operation. Assuming a blowout where a relief well intervention is the only option and that the kill requirements are expected to be very demanding, the use of the RWIS provides a viable cost effective solution. Brett Morry, Global Technical Director of Trendsetter Engineering commented; We are delighted to have been contracted to support our client in their quest for best in Assuming a blowout where a relief well intervention is the only option and that the kill requirements are expected to be very demanding, the use of the RWIS provides a viable cost effective solution Add Energy and Trendsetter present the first photo of the RWIS class and safe operations. We believe that Add Energy s expert knowledge and experience in well control engineering, in partnership with our patented RWIS equipment will provide well control assurance for this operator if an incident was to occur. Morten Haug Emilsen, Senior Vice President at Add Energy also commented; "We are eager to implement our combined expertise with this client to ensure safe and economic drilling operations. Our recent enhancements in well control technology will now allowfor drilling of prolific reservoirs that maintain single relief well contingency. The RWIS technology has a huge cost saving potential that enables larger completions and optimized casing design. We are pleased with this contract win and to be given the opportunity to provide substantial and unique benefits to our client in safety assurance." Trendsetter Engineering, in business since 1996, is a premier provider of specialized subsea solutions for oil and gas companies across the globe. The engineering company specializes in solving unconventional problems with conventional field proven technology, especially in a crisis environment. Since 1991, Add Energy s Well Control and Blowout Support team have delivered blowout contingency planning and well control engineering services to the oil and gas industry. These services have been provided globally for both onshore and offshore well control projects ranging from small incidents to large scale blowouts like the Montara incident in Australia, and Macondo in GOM. 64 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

67 May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 65

68 DNV GL launches LVRT testing services in India During Windergy 2017 on April 26, 2017 in New Delhi, DNV GL, the world s largest resource of independent energy experts and certification body has officially launched their full suite of LVRT Testing services for the Indian wind market to support grid stability and improve security of supply. The goverment of India has ambitious plans to achieve 175 GW of renewable capacity by 2022, 60 GW being in wind energy, to compliment it s growth plans. Whilst wind energy becomes more of an integral part of the Indian power system, operators of transmission networks have added more stringent requirements for grid connected wind turbines. The News main challenges are the Low Voltage Ride Through (LVRT) capability, the reactive power demand during these voltage dips, and the power recovery after the voltage dip. The LVRT test provides transmission network operators and wind turbine manufacturers with reliable voltage dip capability results. As India aims high to broaden their renewable energy capacity and takes more stringent measures to improve the quality, DNV GL launches its LVRT testing services, following up with the Central Electricity Regulatory Commission s (CERC) mandate to make these tests grid compliant for all operating wind turbines. DNV GL with decades of international accredited measurement experience will now offer a full suite of LVRT Testing services in India, with respect to container design and build, scheduling, forecasting, demand estimation, contingency plans and protection system. This is not limited to other testing services DNV GL can provide like Power Performance Management, Power Quality and Acoustic measurements. Mathias Steck, Executive Vice President Asia Pacific, DNV GL Energy comments, "I am very pleased to see that India is finally making these tests mandatory. With the welcome and ambitious renewable energy targets the current Indian government has set this is an absolute must to ensure grid stability. After successfully commissioning 20,000 LVRT tests on 50 different wind turbines being operated worldwide, and leveraging over 20 years of operating experience in India, DNV GL aims to now support the growing demand for accredited testing services. DNV GL, whose origins go back to 1864, operates globally in more than 100 countries with its 16,000 professionals dedicated to helping their customers make the world safer, smarter and greener. 66 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

69 Engineering A TOTEX approach in water and waste water infrastructure Engineering firms and owner-operators in water and wastewater utilities are constantly looking for better ways to reduce the total cost of infrastructure projects. To meet this end, many are taking a TOTEX (total expenditure) approach to managing and operating their water and wastewater infrastructure assets. As the demand for new infrastructure grows, owner-operators are looking to improve how they manage and mitigate the risk associated with large capital projects. To do this, water and wastewater utilities need to converge the right technology, the right policies and a new, creative method of interaction in order to extend and enhance the life of an asset with asset management at the fore of this strategic process. Connecting IT, OT (operational technology), and ET (engineering technology) is now offering a potential way of reaching this goal. A key driver enforcing a TOTEX approach in water and wastewater utilities is the lack of Aidan Mercer Industry Marketing Director Utilities and Government, Bentley Systems complete and accurate engineering information captured during CAPEX that serves as feed Fig.1 Digital engineering models bring together critical information in a virtual 3D environment. Fig.2 Asset performance monitoring brings together IT and OT with big data analytics. for the OPEX cycle. This is important as owner-operators require information from all phases of the project lifecycle to be useful in the asset management or maintenance management systems when the asset reaches handover. In order to improve data quality and accuracy, an emergence of disruptive technologies is helping to deliver the right information to the right teams, at the right time over the entire project lifecycle. The advent of digital engineering models used during the capital phase of projects have allowed for greater leverage of asset performance modelling, which has provided ways to reduce costs, improve collaboration, and enable asset optimisation for operations. These digital engineering models typically have not had a prominent role in May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 67

70 Engineering operations as of yet. There is a huge amount of information related to assets that can be leveraged at different phases of a project, such as asset specifications, precise geo-coordination, configuration management, cost information, detailed component information, and recommended maintenance and repair information. The ultimate convergence of IT, OT, and ET Engineering data is not the only potential for reducing TOTEX. As OT leverages the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) with operating systems and sensors to produce huge quantities of data, the need to make this data usable and secure is fast becoming main stream in its outreach and adoption. So far, OT data has initiated a convergence with IT systems, which has yet to yield significant gains. At Bentley, we see the critical importance of leveraging the engineering data in order to yield significant gains. Asset management systems that allow a convergence of IT, OT, and ET data will help to bridge the gap between data formats to make infrastructure assets more powerful, efficient, and reliable by exploiting the Big Data potential. Enhanced by the power of the cloud, digital engineering models are evolving toward an upgrade to the IIoT: digital engineering tools that go beyond observing and monitoring the asset s performance to modelling its desired behaviour to produce better outcomes. Fig.3 Asset performance modeling integrates 3D models with IT and OT systems used to model asset performance. Fig.4 Users can utilize 3D meshes as an immersive environment for visual operations. Water and wastewater utilities have been a step ahead of other industries in exploiting the potential for ET and OT data to be better utilised. IIoT and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) software have had a harmonic convergence of their own in enriching the oversight value of data analytics for treatment, distribution, and collection facilities. Engineering departments and the operational control rooms have more reason to interact than ever before, as the common goal about the author of reducing cost and optimising their networks can be realised in real time. Hydraulic modelling generally has been used for long-term planning, while data from the SCADA systems are used heavily in daily operational decisions. Linking these two technologies has ensured barriers are removed, collaboration has improved, and data is shared for mutually beneficial reasons. A TOTEX approach is giving rise to a new breed of digital natives Water and wastewater i n f r a s t r u c t u r e professionals are wellplaced to deliver against CAPEX, OPEX, and TOTEX, by keeping continuity and enhancing collaboration through better work processes and an ultimate convergence of IT, OT, and ET. By leveraging digital engineering models, water infrastructure professionals will act as beacons of light for other industries to follow. Its success will be driven by the mutually beneficial nature of TOTEX, with engineers and architects delivering value and creating a new generation of digital natives to act as flag-bearers for infrastructure improvement and asset longevity to the delight of owner-operators. Aidan Mercer joined Bentley in 2010 and is currently Industry Marketing Director for water and wastewater, electric and gas, communications, and government. He has held various roles in geospatial and utilities marketing with Bentley and previously held various marketing roles in similar high-tech organizations. 68 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

71 Reservoir BEST PAPER AWARDED AT UPES SPE FEST 2017 EPINET- ONGC s E&P Transformer India s largest integrated energy major Oil and Natural Gas Corporation started a data management initiative, EPINET (Exploration and Production Information Network). This E&P transformer of ONGC has been discussed and reviewed in this paper. The paper discusses how EPINET has helped dealing with people, process and technological aspects of the project implementation. The main aim of the initiative has been to make information and data networking stronger in the ENP sector, this was achieved by setting software, empowering the setup sites with manpower and implementing and executing policies for the steady and unhindered flow of information. Presently the EPINET deals with data aggregation, organizing disparate information and providing easy and free excess to information. In short EPINET helps in shifting and upgradation from personalized local databases to integrated worldwide databases. Along with a general introduction the paper even stresses on the challenges, advantages and limitations of this multibillion dollar profitability project of ONGC which aims to improve the speed, and accuracy of business decisions through efficient team work and availability of reliable multidisciplinary data like well completion, logging and production. ONGC has been India s largest oil and natural gas producing company. It remains committed to a vision of evolving into an integrated energy major of international repute. In the industry one of the biggest problems that still remain unresolved is the collection of various data, it computing, distribution, processing and quick decision making, but due to the efforts of ONGC this is no longer a challenge. ONGC has formulaed and undertaken a project called EPINET that has the key to this issue. EPINET is a setup of web enabled industry standard data management system for geophysical and other ENP related data, for use by geophysicist as well as all other geoscientists and engineers across the company. The biggest advantage of EPINET is that all users sitting thousands of miles away can access data easily from the workplace and speedy and accurate decisions from the experience and tutilege of various experts can be taken. There were many reasons behind the emergence of EPINET like previously storage of data was very difficult and the confidential data was stored in unsecure environment. All this led to the loss Shivank Sabharwal Vrinda Joshi Department of Petroleum Engineering, UPES Paper reviewed by: Dr S.K. Nanda, Adjunct Professor, UPES (formerly Executive Director, ONGC), Somnath Banerjee, Industry Fellow, UPES (formerly with Halliburton) and Dr. Pushpa Sharma, Professor, UPES (formerly General Manager, ONGC) of data and making its assessment difficult. Also, even after digital data storage started the same data wasn t available at all. Each person had a separate set of data in separate easily accessible format. All these issues have been resolved using EPINET which has created cloud storage from where all the information is accessible to the company employees. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 69

72 Reservoir WHY EPINET? E&P data is the asset of any oil company and needs preservation till its entire life, for the oil and gas industry, its 50 years. Data searching and management is a time consuming process. Data degrades with time. Hence it needs preservation both in terms of quality and quantity. Risk factor has to be reduced which requires interpretation and reinterpretation with new tools on the old data set available. HISTORY Epinet Phase 1 The project was divided into phases for its implementation setup and execution. The project started in May 1999 and completed in June The main purpose of this phase was to setup the equipments required for the cloud storage of data. Computer systems and data management softwares were acquired and setup via LAN at ONGC s KDM Institute of Petroleum Exploration (KDMIPE) Dehradun and backup of this data was installed at Baroda, Mumbai and Ahmedabad. The employs were trained for the EPINET system and 25 percent of data was transferred to the softwares to check whether the systems are working properly or not. This 25% data included data of well completion, geo laboratory, seismic navigation and data regarding field Fig.1 Phase-1 and Phase-2 Scope; EPINET Sites and Networking reservoir and production. Epinet Phase 2 The phase 2 plan was made via a contract between ONGC and Geo Quest Systems B.V on 29 March 2004 and a deal was put inplace that the decided targets would be achieved by March In this phase, the ONGC personnel were trained through special tailor made modules. To ensure seamless flow of current data in the minimum possible time from the data generating centre to the concerned EPINET site, work flows were designed and implemented. Currently EPINET is managing current as well as legacy E&P data to provide more and more intrinsic Fig.2 Systematic flow of work in a pyramidal structure value to the Geoscientists, as well as top management by making the desired data available in the quickest possible manner. Refer figure 1. TECHNICAL OBJECTIVES Development of a corporate level storage for company s Exploration and Production data. Implementation of a project level database platform at all assests, basins, corporate centers etc. Standardization of new methodology, nomenclatures, quality assurance and data management for all database system. EPINET IT INFRASTRUCTURE Hardware: Sun Microsystems Operating System (OS): Sun Solaris 8 DBMS: RDBMS Oracle 9i Softwares: FINDER LOGDB SEISDB DRILLDB ASSETDB GEOFRAME GEOLOGY GEOFRAME PETROPHYSICS DECISION POINT DATA ACCESS Refer figure 4. METHODOLOGY Data should be captured activity wise at the source point in spreadsheets (Microsoft Excel); geology, drilling, logging and chemistry. Existing network means and practices are to be used for communication 70 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

73 Reservoir of data to base office. Data owners have to validate and authenticate data at base office. Data should then be uploaded into EPINET. Mutiple data entries should be avoided. Existing data should not be affected. EPINET project teams are the custodians of all the E&P data of ONGC. Refer figure 3. EPINET DATA TYPES Geology Seismic Well Log Reservoir Laboratory Lease Drilling Production Physical Assets Geoscientific Reports Seismic sections Log films Cores Fluid samples Well data The well data includes header information, core details, Fig.3 EPINET work flow Fig.4 EPINET Scenerio stratigraphy, well completion, production testing, reservoir rock etc. Before the evolution of EPINET, the data was stored on different data bases and platforms also mapping of common entities with different data sets of various topographies was difficult but now RESULTS AT A GLANCE due to EPINET and the development of uniform naming conventions and standardization the data is stored on Oracle Rdbms in finder. Log data ONGC is the largest operator in India and since the companies inception it has collected various logging data for over thousands of wells in India and abroad. Though an oil and gas company s power is determined by the amount of logging data possesses but managing such a huge data was becoming a tiresome job for ONGC. EIPNET however has changed this scenario. Raw logs as well as spliced edited and ready to use merged logs are managed by ONGC by utilizing Log DB and finder master database technologies of Schlumberger private limited. Seismic data Most of the seismic data was managed during phase 1 and post Fig.5 SEG-Y Trace viewer Fig.6 Well activities setion in drilldb May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 71

74 Reservoir phase 2 activities of the project. However entire 2D/3D seismic stack and migrated data was covered in phase 2 and managed by utilizing SeisDB software from the solution provider. Refer figure 5 and 9. Data loading Data policy was adopted by ONGC according to which data will be uploaded from recent to past. Data may be uploaded on the basis of priority in some cases. Current data however is loaded on the highest priority. Fig.7 Well wise production Drilling Data Around 10,000 wells have been completed by ONGC. Daily reports and other reports are made availabe everyday at different sites, media and formats. These are developed in Drillmis system in IDT, whereas current data is captured through another project by using a module of ICE. A source of drilling data is provided to drilling engineers. Refer figure 6. Production Data Finder at EPINET manages ONGC s production data. Production volumes, work over histories, Well stimulation jobs, Pipe lines, Water injection, Artificial lift, Gas utilization, Value added products, Fluid characteristics, etc are common production data types. Systematic storage is the need of a Production Engineer and its organization. Production extension data model (PDM) manages production data. Refer figure 7 and 11. Fig.8 GIS view CURRENT STATUS All sites of ONGC have been given access to this state of the Fig.9 2D and 3D seismic data 72 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

75 Reservoir Energistics for Implementation of data mining tools to get early return on investment. Fig.10 Data analysed through production data analysis tool FUTURE TRENDS-THE ROAD AHEAD The task of migrating exploration and production information network EPINET finder base to new prosource environment is difficult but a need for the future. Migration odf prosource seismic and logs is already done. The transfer of well database is being done to prosouce. It is also planned that in the upcoming years finder database should have all modules under prosource enterprise integration. Future plans also include storing the interpreted data in prosource environment. art technology. Implementation of the system flow functionalities. Electronic as well as the hard copies of all the ENP data available since inception has been loaded into the system. Establishment of the current data system. FOCUS AREAS Wide range of customization has been carried out as per multi- Fig.11 Contour Map showing surface top disciplinary work flow requirement for various data classes. This needs to be regularized to avail the benefits of implementation of higher versions/upgrades etc. from vendors. The standards entities attributes for EOR, Coal Bed Methane (CBM) and Gravity Magnetic scope need to be defined in the data model in line of ONGC. Lead should be taken by CONCLUDING REMARKS In the present order of E&P world, storage and retrieval of information have become critical for business workflow, and access to the right information at the right time is a key to competitive edge. With the acquisition of everincreasing volumes of G&G data, the result has been an explosion in the size of data that underlies the information, the industry needs for rapid, accurate decision making. The source of data & information retrieved from the system acts as a tool to the MIS for decision making by creating a real framework that ensures accurate and right data analysis, leading to timely and right decision making based on facts. A considerable volume of geophysical data along with other E&P data have been May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 73

76 Reservoir migrated and implemented with state of art technology at all Assets, Basins and Forward bases including the Corporate centre at KDMIPE Dehradun, and other R&D institutes such as IRS, IDT and IOGPT. The final build and deploy activities are being carried out by the EPINET teams across the country. However, technology can only assist in data management and quality control and cannot solve the problems on its own. Technologies are no substitute to good housekeeping. Resources are available to a considerable extent and the teams are devoted at all work centres to perform basic tasks including verifying compliance of standards, cleaning up data, archival of correct data and interpretations. EPINET teams have realized that strict compliance of standards, definitions, codes, procedures etc. is essential to maximize the benefits of technology underlying the EPINET system. With geologists, geophysicists, petro-physicists and reservoir, drilling & production engineers, all looking at the same data models at the same time, immeasurable value to the company will be visible in the near future to obtain new exploration leads. As growth in worldwide demand for oil and gas continues unabated, particularly in developing countries, the upstream E&P industry has launched major initiatives to optimize the search for and production of conventional hydrocarbons a cradle-to-grave mindset that begins with field discovery and extends throughout its lifetime until abandonment. In today s highly price sensitive market situations, the focus has been two-fold: reduce the costs associated with finding, accessing and producing new reserves; and maximize recovery from existing reserves. The implementation and integration of EPINET resource management System, shows that ONGC is focusing, to a much greater extent, on a multidimensional, processbased approach that recognizes the advantages of merging a variety of technologies and disciplines, converging to value-added solutions that overcome problems. Data and information are tremendously valuable assets which, when used correctly, can provide the differentiation needed in a very competitive world. Those companies that embrace change and technology in today s information-centric world will be the winners of tomorrow by Getting right the first time, every time. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS A special thanks to Mr. Sumit Nauriyal, Sr. Programming officer EPINET and Mr. G.K. Rajan Dy.S.G, KDMIPE, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) for encouragement and constant inspiration through out the training period in ONGC which helped in the idea and completion of this paper. The authors express due thanks to Keshava Deva Malviya Institute of Petroleum Exploration (KDMIPE) Campus, Dehradun for providing constant encouragement and support to young minds and also the UPES SPE Student Chapter for providing us an opportunity to exhibit this paper. REFERENCES 1. P.K.Mittal; C.L.Badoni and S. Bhattacharya, KDMIPE, ONGC, Dehradun, India 6th International Conference & Exposition on Petroleum Geophysics Kolkata Naresh Kumar, Sanjay Chakravorty, S. K. Mehta, Tariq Hussain, A. V. Rao, A. V. Satyanarayana & A. K. Tyagi. Current E&P Data Management and Reporting in ONGC - A Step towards Right Time Data Availability & Future Consolidation. 3. P.K. Mittal, ONGC, and D. Chatterjee, Schlumberger; EPINET in ONGC India: Transforming E&P Information into Energy Intelligence, P.K. Mittal, KDM Institute of Petroleum Exploration, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd., Dehradun, India. Setting up of Exploration & Production Information Network in Oil and Natural Gas Corporation. 5. S.F.H Rizvi; EPINET, KDMIPE Campus, Dehradun, Training Programme for EPINET End Users under Programme Code: SP-05, 12th to 16th Dec LINKS REFERRED 10_biennial_form/P064.pdf witsml-standard software.aspx. 74 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

77 Minerals & Metals Mineral Exploration Industry - IV...continued from April 2017 Issue GEOPHYSICAL METHODS Exploration geophysicists use measurements of physical quantities made at or above the ground surface or, more rarely, in boreholes to draw conclusions about concealed geology. For a geophysical technique to be useful in mineral exploration, there must be contrasts in the physical properties of the rocks concerned that are related, directly or indirectly, to the presence of economically significant minerals. Geophysical anomalies, defined as differences from a constant or slowly varying background, may then be recorded. Geophysical methods can be classed as either passive or active. Passive methods include measurements of magnetic and gravity fields, naturally occurring alpha and gamma radiation, and natural electrical fields (static SP and magnetotellurics). All other electrical and electromagnetic techniques, seismic methods, and some downhole methods that use artificial radioactive sources are active. Different geophysical methods are given below: 1. Airborne Surveys: The main virtue of airborne work is the speed with which large areas can be covered. Surveys may be flown either at a constant altitude or at a constant height above the ground. Aircraft are often filled with multiple sensors. Airborne surveys require good navigational control, both at S.L. Sah former Chief Engineer, ONGC the time of survey and later, when the flight paths have to be plotted. Traditionally, the pilot was guided by a navigator equipped with maps or photo-mosaics showing the planned line locations. Tracking cameras were used to record images, either continuously or as overlapping frames, or 35mm film. Fiducial numbers and markers printed on the film provided the essential corss-references between geophysical data, generally recorded on magnetic tape, and flight paths. GPS (global positioning satellites) systems provide accuracy in monitoring aircraft position. Velocities can be estimated with great accuracy, making airborne gravimetry. Survey lines must not only be flown in the right places but at the right heights. Ground clearance is usually measured by radar altimeter. In a detailed survey the radar altimeter data can be combined with GPS estimates of elevation to produce a high resolution digital terrain model (DTM). In the future some airborne surveys, and especially aeromagnetic surveys, may be flown by pilotless drones. 2. Magnetic Surveys: Since magnetite is a very minor constituent of sediments, amagnetic map generally records the distribution of magnetic material in the underlying crystalline basement. The standard instrument is now the high sensitivity cesium vapour magnetometer. The cesium magnetometer provides readings every tenth of a second. Sensors on aircraft are usually housed in specially constructed nonmagnetic booms placed as far from the main aircraft sources of magnetic field as possible. The earth s magnetic field is approximately that of a dipole located at the earth s centre and inclined at about 10 degrees to the spin axis. The practical unit of magnetic field is the nenotesla (nt) or gamma. At the magnetic poles the field is about 60,000 nt and vertical, whereas at the equator it is about 30,000 nt and horizontal. See Fig.29. Diurnal effects are especially important in airborne surveys, which use measuring precisions of the order of 0.1 nt and contour intervals of 5 nt or less. Magnetised bodies produce very different anomalies at different magnetic latitudes, the regional May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 75

78 Minerals & Metals changes in dip being far more important from an interpretation point of view than the regional changes in absolute magnitude. See Fig. 30. Magnetic maps obtained near the poles are therefore more easily interpreted than those obtained elsewhere, the reduction-to-pole (RTP) processing has been developed to convert low and middle latitude maps to their high latitude equivalents. Magnetic anomalies are caused by magnetite, pyrrhotite, and maghemite. Ordinary hematite rarely produces anomalies large enough to be detectable in conventional aeromagnetic surveys. Magnetic field variations over sedimentary basins are often only a few nanotesla in amplitude, but changes of hundreds and even thousand of nanotesla are common in areas of exposed basement, e.g., more than 150,000 nt. Magnetic maps contain a wealth of information about rock types and structural trends that can be interpreted qualitatively. Werner deconvolution and Euler deconvolution generally focus on depth determination. Direct determination of gradients is becoming commonplace, especially in exploration for kimberlites. In airborne installations horizontal gradients can be measured using nose and tail sensors or wingtip sensors. Fig.29 The Earth s magnetic field solid lines are contours of constant dip, dashed lines are contours of constants total filed strength in nt. 3. Gravity Method : The gravity field at the surface of the earth is influenced, to a very minor extent, by density variations in the underlying rocks, e.g., 2.0 Mgm 3 Fig.30 Variations in shape of magnetic anomalies with latitude and orientation. (a-c): The variation with magnetic inclination produced by the body X. (d): The anomaly at the equation with vertical intrusions in low latitudes. (e-f): The variations in the anomaly produced in midlatitudes by an inductively magnetized sheet with varying dip. for soft sediments and coal, 3.0 Mgm 3 for mafic and ultramafic rocks. Orebodies are often denser than their surroundings. Gravity meters must be extremely sensitive. They measure only gravity differences and ore subject to drift, so that surveys involve repeated references to base stations. Gravity tends to increase towards the poles. Gravity also varies with elevation. A Bouguer gravity map is usually a good guide to the effect of subsurface geology on the gravity field, although additional corrections are needed in ragged terrain. The Bell Geospace Full Tensor Gradiometer (FTG) gives comparable results, equivalent roughly to ground stations recorded on a 150m grid, with 0.2 mgal noise. 4. Radiometrics: Natural radioactive decay produces alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays. Gamma rays are more useful in exploration. Gamma ray energies can be measured by spectrometers, allowing different sources of radiation to be identified. Terrestrial radiation may come from the decay of 4 K, which makes up about 0.01 percent of naturally occurring potassium, or from thorium, or uranium. Gamma-ray photons with energies above 2.7 MeV can only be extraterrestrial (usually solar) origin, but a MeV signal is 76 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

79 Minerals & Metals produced by a thorium. The most prominent uranium signal is at 1.76 MeV and the single peak associated with potassium decay is at 1.46 MeV. Three main radioelements in any source can be estimated by analyzing spectra by count rates within windows centred on these three energy levels. Gamma-ray surveys do have geological applications in locating alternation zones in acid and intermediate intrusions and in search for, and evaluation of, phosphate and placer deposits. Another application is in airborne soils mapping, since soils derived from different rocks have different radiometric signatures. False-colour maps, produced by assigning each of the three primary colours to one of the three main radioactive source elements, can supplement magnetic maps as geological mapping tools and may reveal features such as old river channels that have exploration significance. The addition of a gamma-ray sensor to an aeromagnetic system is becoming routine. 5. Resistivity: Rock resistivities very widely but are normally within the range from 0.1 to 1000 ohm-metres. two current and two voltage electrodes are used in arrays which are usually linear. For convenience, current is supplied through the outer electrodes. Power may be provided by motor generators or rechargeable batteries. To reduce polarization effects at the electrodes, and also to compensate for any natural currents and voltages, directions of current flow are reserved periodically, usually at intervals of the order of a second. Voltage electrodes that do not polarize can be made by immersing copper rods in saturated copper sulfate solution contained in porous pots. Contact with the ground is made by solution that leaks through the bases of the pots. For studying lateral variation in resistivity, the Wenner, pole-pole, and gradient arrays are the most convenient. See Fig.31. Wenner traversing, the leading electrode is moved one electrode interval along the line for each new station and each following electrode is moved in the place vacated by its neighbour. Resistivity surveys are also used to investigate interfaces, such as water tables or bedrock surfaces, that are approximately horizontal. More sophisticated computer programs now allow the results obtained from multiple Wenner traverses at different electrode separations along single lines to be inverted to crosssections approximately the actual surface distribution of resistivity. 6. Spontaneous Polarization (SP): Natural currents and natural potentials exist and have exploration significance. Sulfides orebodies may produce negative anomalies of several hundred millivolts. The ore acts as a passive conductor, focusing currents produced by the oxidation-reduction reactions that take place across the water table. For a voltage to be produced, the conductor must straddle the water table and the method requiring only a high-impedance voltmeter, some cables, and pair of non-polarizing electrodes. 7. Induced Polarization (IP): Flow of electric current in a rock mass can parts of it to become electrically polarized. The effect is almost negligible in sandstone, quite marked in clays, and can be very strong at the surfaces of grains of electronic conductors such as graphite and metallic sulfides. If current flow ceases, the polarization Fig.31 Arrays for resistivity and IP surveys: (a) Wenner array, (b) pole-pole array, (c) Schlumberger array, (d) gradiet array, (e) dipole-dipole array. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 77

80 Minerals & Metals cells discharge, causing a brief flow of current in the reverse direction. A square-wave voltage applied to the ground will cause current to flow, but the current waveform will not be perfectly square and will be different in different parts of the subsurface. Its shape in any given area can be monitored by observing the voltage developed between two appropriately placed non-polarising electrodes. The asymmetry of the observed voltage curve implies frequency-dependent phase differences between it and the primary signal. These differences to be measured and plotted as functions of frequency. This is phase IP. Time, frequency, and phrase techniques can be used. IP surveys are also resistivity surveys. IP is important in base metal exploration because it depends on the surface area of the conductive mineral grains. It is especially sensitive to disseminated mineralization. Since both massive and disseminated deposits can be detected, IP is very widely used. 8. Continuous-wave Electromagnetics: Electric currents produce magnetic fields. Voltages are induces in conductors that are exposed to changing magnetic fields, and currents. These induced currents produce secondary magnetic fields. Electromagnetic surveys, which measure these fields, use either continuous, usually sinusoidal, waves (CWEM) or transient (TEM). Electromagnetic method can be used from aircraft. This is used in exploration for massive sulfide orebodies, using transmitter and receiver loops with their planes horizontal and axes vertical. In CWEM surveys, alternating currents are passed through transmitter loops or wires at frequencies that usually lie between 200 and 4000 Hz. There will be phase differences between the primary and secondary fields, and anomalies are normally expressed in terms of amplitudes of the secondary field components that are in-phase and in phasequadrature with the primary field. Almost all airborne systems use multi-coil system. 9. Transient Electromagnetics (TEM): A magnetic field can be suddenly collapsed by cutting off the current producing it, and the magnetic effects of the currents induced in ground conductors by this abrupt change can be observed at times when no primary field exists. In the case of a fixed-wing aircraft, the transmitter coil may extend from the tailplane to the nose via the wingtips. The receiver coil may be mounted in a towed bird. Induced currents attenuate quite rapidly in poorly conductive country rock but can persist for considerable periods in massive sulfide orebodies and often in graphite shales. Signals associated with these currents are observed now with the 256 channels. TEM surveys are equivalent to multi-frequency CWEM surveys. TEM multi-frequency character allows calculation of conductivity-depth plots that can be used in studies of porphyry systems, in detection of stratiform orebodies and kimberlites, and in the development of water resources. 10. Remote Source Methods (VLF and Magnetotellurics): Efforts are made to use virtually all the existing forms of background electromagnetic radiation for geophysical purposes, e.g., military transmissions in the khz range and natural radiation in the 10Hz to 20kHz range produced by thunderstorms called audiofrequency magnetotelluric or AMT. Differences between the phases of various magnetic and electrical components of the waves can be measured and used diagnostically. When using VLF radiation, the magnetic components are generally the most important if the conductors dip steeply, while the electrical components provide information on the conductivites of flat-lying near-surface layers. VLF method is especially useful in locating steeply dipping fracture zones. 11. Seismic Methods: Most orebodies are in igneous and metamorphic rocks lack coherent layering. So seismic method is used in search for offshore placers. Subbottom profiling using a sparker or boomer source and only a single hydrophone detector can allow bedrock depressions, and areas of possible heavy mineral accumulation, to be identified, e.g., subsea resources of bulk minerals are sands and gravels. Where ores occur in sedimentary rocks that have been only gently folded or faulted, seismic surveys can be useful. In the assessment of deposits of industrial mineral, the refraction surveys can be useful. 12. Ground Radar: Ground penetrating radar (GPR) results are displayed as images very similar to those used for seismic reflection work, but penetration is limited to a few tens of metres at the best, and may stop at the water table, which is usually a very strong reflector. In some cases the mapping of the water table helps to indicate that the costs of extracting bulk minerals will increase dramatically at this surface. GPR can also be used onshore to locate river 78 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

81 Minerals & Metals paleochannels beneath overburden and to define favourable locations within them for placer deposits. Sedimentary layering can often be imaged within such channels, and also in sand dunes, which may include beds rich in heavy minerals. 13. Borehole Geophysics: In normal logs, one current and one voltage electrode, a few tens of centimetres apart, are lowered downhole, with the other two at infinity on the surface. The limitations of direct current resistivity in base metal exploration apply downhole and more useful results may be obtained with IP or electromagnetic. Transient (TEM) techniques are now considered the more effective to detect massive sulfides. When conductive ore has been intersected, the mise-a-lamasse method can be used. One current electrode is positioned down the hole and the other is placed on the surface well beyond the area of interest. If the ground were electrically homogenous and its surface flat, equipotentials mapped at the surface using one fixed and one mobile voltage electrode would contour as circles centred above the downhole electrode. If, however, the downhole electrode is placed at an ore intersection, there are departures from this pattern indicating the strike direction and extent of continuous mineralization. Equipotentials are actually diverted away from good conductors that are not in electrical contact with the electrode. This method is a powerful tool for investigating the continuity of mineralisation between intersections in a number of boreholes. 14. Integration of Geological and Geophysical Data: Making good use of data from a variety of very different sources require theoretical knowledge, practical understanding, and a degree of flair and imagination. The most effective way to recognizing correlations is to overlay one set of data on another. Computer-based geographical information system (GIS) offer greater flexibility. Presenting different types of data together on a single map is generally useful if they are shown as separate entities that can still clearly distinguished. Those most useful exploration programs are between geology, air photographs, and magnetic maps. Structural dislocations such as faults and shears are likely to be indicated magnetically and the intersections of magnetic lineaments have been fruitful exploration targets in many areas. Gravity and radiometric data, along with infrared or radar imagery and soils geochemistry, may also help in obtaining the best possible understanding of the geology. Geophysics provides independent information on the third dimension (depth), and may be especially useful in preparing regional crosssection. EXPLORATION GEOCHEMISTRY A geochemical program can be divided into the five phases: (1) planning, (2) sampling, (3) chemical analysis, (4) interpretation, and (5) follow-up. The geologist will start with a knowledge of the elements associated with a particular deposit Table-9. Elemental associations and associated elements (pathfinders) useful in exploration. (After Moon, 2006). May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 79

82 Minerals & Metals type, an idea of the economic size of the deposit to be sought, the mineralogical form of the elements, and the probable size of the elemental anomalies around it. See Table-9. The geochemical response at the surface depends on the type of terrain and especially on the type of material covering the deposit. Elements behave differently in the near-surface environment from that in which the deposit formed. The process of movement away from the primary source is termed secondary dispersion. All elements are present n every rock and soil sample; the concentration will depend on the mode of formation of the rock and the process forming the soil. See Table-10. The material to be sampled will largely be determined by the overburden condition, e.g., density and exact nature of the sample. The best orientation survey is that in which a variety of sampling methods is tested over a prospect or deposit of similar geology to the target and in similar topographical conditions to determine the method which yields the best results. After the orientation survey has been conducted the logistics of the major survey need to be planned. An analysis is precise. At the elevation Table-10. Background concentration of trace elements and utility in geochemical exploration. (After Moon, 2006). stage the analyses must be precise and accurate. Precision is measured by analyzing samples in duplicate whereas accuracy requires the analysis of sample of known composition, a reference material. When laboratory results become available the data should be plotted batch by batch to examine the within and betweenbatch effects. Samples should be collected in non-metallic containers to avoid contamination. Kraft paper bags are best suited for sampling soils and stream sediments. Thick gauge plastic or cloth are preferred for rock samples. All samples should be clearly labeled by pens containing non-metallic ink. Most analysis is aimed at the determination of the elemental concentrations in a sample and usually of trace metals. Most general analysis in developed countries is carried out by inductively coupled plasma emission spectrometry (ICP-ES), often in combination with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP- MS), or X-ray fluorescence (XRF). In less sophisticated environments, high quality analysis can be provided by atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS). Widely used method in industry is neutron activation analysis (NAA). The choice of analytical method will aim at optimizing contrast of the main target element. Once the analytical data have been received from the laboratory and checked for 80 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

83 Minerals & Metals precision and accuracy, a large number of samples will involve the use of statistical analysis on a computer. The object of geochemical exploration is to define significant anomalies. Anomalies are defined by statistically grouping data and comparing these with geology and sampling information. Normally this grouping will be undertaken by computer and a wide variety of statistical packages are available. The best means of statistically grouping data is graphical examination using histograms and box plots (Garrett, 1989). Geologists are used to think in terms of maps and the most useful end product to compare geochemical data with geology and geophysics is to summarize the data in maps form using a gridding or GIS package such as Geosoft Oasis Montaj, Arc View, or MapInfo. If the data reflect the chemistry of an area, such as a catchment, it is best if the whole area is shaded with an appropriate colour or tone, rather than contouring. See Fig.32. A more usual method of presentation if the samples were collected on a grid to present the data as a contour plot using the intervals from a histogram. See Fig.33. The combined analysis and element mapping is used to define areas of interest which need to be investigated in detail, using detailed geology, topography sampling information, and a return to the site. The active sediment in the bed of a Fig.32 Stream sediment survey of part of the Gairlock area, Wester Ross, NW Scotland, which was designed to follow up known mineralization (A), detected further anomalies along strike (B) and disseminated mineralization at C. (After Moon, 2006). Fig.33 Contour plot of Daisy Creek data showing the highest anomalous populations for copper (>128 ppm), lead (>69 ppm), and silver (70.55 ppm). (After Sinclair, 1991). river forms as a result of the passage of elements in solution and in particulate form past of the sampling point. Interpretation of stream sediment data is carried out by comparing the elemental concentrations of catchments. In temperate terrains maximum anomaly/background contrast for trace metals is obtained in the fine fraction of the sediments as this contains the majority of the organic material, clays, and iron and manganese oxides. Usually the size cut-off is taken at 80 mesh or less than 177 m. The most common sample collection method is to take a grab sample of active stream sediment at the chosen location. A number of subsamples should be taken over 20 to 30m along the stream and at depths of 10 to 15cm. Panning in water usually separates discrete minerals with a density of greater than 3. Besides precious metals, panning will detect gossanous fragments enriched in metals, secondary ore minerals such as anglesite, and insoluble minerals such as cassiterite, zircon, chinnabar, baryte, and most gemstones, including diamond. The mobility of each heavy mineral will depend on its stability in water. The numerous small lakes provide an ideal reconnaissance sampling medium as they are accessible from the air. A sample is taken by dropping a heavy sampler into the lake sediment and retrieving it. In areas of residual overburden, overburden sampling is generally employed in areas of exotic overburden. If the chemistry of the near-surface reflects that at depth then sampling soil is safe. If not, then samples of deep overburden must be taken. The type of soil reflects the surface processes but in general the most effective samples are from a zone at around 30cm depth. The usual method of soil collection in temperate terrains is to use a soil hand auger. Continued in June 2017 Issue... May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 81

84 Engineering REELINE floating hoses connected and ready for final installation in Brazil Connecting REELINE hoses with hydraulic wrenches 82 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

85 Engineering Oil transfer a vital aspect The market conditions for the oil and gas industry remain challenging, with many observers arguing that the main theme for 2017 will be continued uncertainty. As such, oil companies are having to find ways to adapt, re-evaluate their current practices, and ensure that their Vincent Lagarrigue, Director, Trelleborg Group Head, Oil & Marine Business operations are as robust as possible to deal with these unpredictable market conditions. Recent research reveals some of the methods that are already being adopted to adapt. A report from Trelleborg s Offshore operation has found that many companies are striving to learn lessons the last few years and future-proof their businesses. Despite the fact that over half of engineers expect installation and commissioning costs to be a major challenge when making shelved projects more viable in the extended low oil price environment, 61% of facilities are willing to spend more on a project upfront to ensure longevity and reduce the need for future upgrades. In another recent survey, over 80% of respondents said that quality was the most important factor in their decision to purchase an oil hose. Interestingly, the next most important factors were ease of installation and relationship with manufacturer. This shows a growing awareness of the value in investing in lifecycle maximisation, despite the prevailing climate of uncertainty. An important part of this transformation is bringing suppliers to the table and tapping into their expertise to see what could be being done differently, and whether the products a company is using are really suited to their operations. As suppliers of oil hoses, we are involved in some of the most technically challenging processes the industry faces oil transfer. These processes need to be maintained for years in even the harshest of environments. By working with our customers to ensure that the environment in which products function is properly analysed in order to select the right product for the job and to maximise its lifespan, a supplier of oil hoses can make a tremendous difference to ensuring cost-effective, safe, and uninterrupted oil transfer. Analysis and discovery The first stage of this collaborative approach is to understand the environment in which the product within the oil supply chain will function. This begins with our R&D team, who are involved in the earliest stage of any project to work with our customers in determining the most appropriate technical solutions for the targeted application and design life. Traditionally, R&D departments may not have been expected to play such an active role. However, it is becoming increasingly vital for them to consult on each project so they can create a truly customised solution that modern-day standards and expectations demand. In our case, we are able to leverage 40 years of expertise in the industry at our facility in Clermont-Ferrand, France, where hundreds of hoses per year are manufactured. This site is also where full scale tests are performed, new materials are developed, and May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 83

86 Engineering innovative components are manufactured. To accurately assess the impact of environmental and situational conditions, Trelleborg s R&D teams use prototypes. These undergo rigorous mechanical and chemical testing, and hydrodynamic analysis to determine material behaviour laws, establishing ageing models for realistic service conditions, as well as a detailed analysis of performance under fatigue in even the most extreme environments. This allows for the creation of high fidelity finite element models (FEM) for each specific hose construction, enabling the rendering of exact hose behaviour under complex load combinations, and compute strains and stresses in any rubber layer or internal reinforcement. Vital factors to consider include the fluid properties of the crude oil, refined products, or condensate to be transferred, including temperature, pressure and viscosity. The necessary standards and their specific requirements must also be considered, such as GMPHOM 2009 or API Spec 17K. Crucially, this work is undertaken whether the project is a new project or a replacement for an existing solution, a complete system, or to be installed as part of an existing system. Consideration of the environmental and operational conditions is also paramount. Equipment can be exposed to the most extreme environments, often facing intense weather conditions; selecting the right hose can ensure the highest safety standards while not compromising on crucial optimised service life. OCIMF estimates that a floating hose string can be subjected to 30,000 wave cycles per day and even more in areas with challenging weather conditions - so it is essential that the environment is modelled accurately. The number of off loadings must also be taken into account, as this will affect the strain that is placed on the hose. Integrating hoses with other installation technology (such as marine breakaway couplings, quick emergency release devices or reeling apparatus) is also essential in ensuring safety. Hoses need to be specifically engineered so they are easy to install with minimal requirements for the management of the integration with other systems. These might be CALM Buoy systems, conventional buoy moorings, or reeling systems. Each different option will place its own demands on the hose and present different potential challenges. The expected service life and maintenance programs are also important factors. It is crucial to determine how often will it be feasible to change and maintain an oil hose, and what the optimum balance between capex versus Opex is in each case. Selecting the right tool for the job Having fully analysed the conditions for a project, we are then able to help customers select the right hose for the job. Trelleborg is the only manufacturer to offer both nippleless and nipple hoses, giving customers the choice of the broadest possible range of options in the market. Choices provided also include single carcass, double carcass with leak detection system, and dual carcass hoses. All hoses are designed, manufactured, and tested in accordance with the GMPHOM 2009 guideline, and API spec 17K standard using fatigue computation can be applied in specific applications. In most cases, the most suitable solution for nonharsh, low cost of extraction environments will be a single or double carcass nipple hose such as Trelleborg s SEALINE offering. The so-called nipple is a metal cylinder with a standard flange at the end of the hose that connects securely to a corresponding Floating hoses REELINE Submarine REELINE Installation of a submarine line 84 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

87 Engineering attachment on another hose, or piece of equipment. This design consists of binding steel wires that are fixed on a nipple, using a standard metallic flange and pipe to connect with the hose body structure. High operational resistance is achieved through a perfect link and adhesion between hose and flange. The major advantage of such a configuration is that it is highly ubiquitous, and can be combined with a range of other attachments. Many sites around the world use this technology, which is certified to GMPHOM 2009 guidelines. Nipple hoses are also often the most affordable solutions, but this doesn t mean they aren t sturdy - they can withstand all but the most extreme environments with ease. Nipple hoses can be used in both floating and submarine offloading configurations. For extremely harsh weather conditions or extended service life, more specialised solutions may be required. In this case, a nippleless technology may be more suited to the task, such as Trelleborg s TRELLINE or KLELINE offerings. The nippleless technology means that there is no stiff metal connector that would reduce flexibility - instead, the flange is embedded in the rubber itself. This design can be optimised for reeling with products such as REELINE, allowing extra space on deck when transporting or handling. The extra flexibility also reduces wear, meaning that service operations of up to 25 years can be achieved. These hoses can be used in both submarine and floating situations, in environments that would be too challenging for a nipple hose. Ensuring maximum lifecycle Perhaps the most significant need for collaboration, and an area that is vital to maintaining the highest safety standards, comes after purchase and installation; maintaining and servicing the equipment. This final aspect of any project is far too important for suppliers to adopt a fire and forget approach; they must be actively involved throughout the product s lifecycle. It is essential that suppliers support projects throughout their execution to ensure that the highest safety standards are upheld, as well as guaranteeing the benefits of proper lifecycle management. This approach includes on-site inspection and testing for Installation - Vertical connection of floating hoses in Angola May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 85

88 requalification, hose maintenance and inspection programs, and on-site repairs to ensure that hoses are not only performing correctly but are meeting the required standards in safety and quality. This can even extend to undertaking specific investigation programs. These may include inspections, tests on site or in the factory such as OCIMF and burst tests, or ageing analysis of the components such as adhesion tests, elastomer property analysis. Suppliers can also choose to engage in training and education programs, disseminating best practices on storage, transportation, and maintenance of hoses. It s also important to ensure that a supplier has global reach that their products are universally available, and that they can be serviced with speed and responsiveness anywhere in the world. These lifecycle support measures ensure that products function at the optimum level for the longest possible safe operational lifespan reducing the amount of time and money spent on maintenance which can contribute to a significant proportion of operating expenditure. A changing mindset The good news is that we are seeing a realization spread through the industry that this approach is the right way to go, as the examples cited above show. Rethinking oil transfer, starting by reevaluating the relationship between purchasers and suppliers, is a vital first step. From the evaluation and design stage, right through to ensuring that each product reaches its maximum lifespan, the knowledge and understanding that suppliers can bring to a business can be a vital asset. Are you making the most of it? about the author Vincent Lagarrigue is Director at Trelleborg Group, heading Oil & Marine Business line which is the leading supplier of innovative and field proven largebore bonded hoses for Crude Oil, Chemicals and LPG marine transfer solutions. His work has been previously focused on the development of new technologies (e.g. cryogenic flexible hosefor LNG offshore transfer systems) as well as on the design of bonded flexible hoses for Oil Offloading Lines (i.e. Trelline OOL). His background comprises a M.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering and a MBA from France. IT & Software Advancing reality modeling Bentley Systems, Inc., a leading global provider of comprehensive software solutions for advancing infrastructure, demonstrated at SPAR 3D new Context Capture offerings for reality modeling that increase joint opportunities in surveying and engineering. Context Capture capabilities now include cloud processing services, amobile app, and photo planning for Bentley s applications. Context Share extends Bentley s Project Wise connected data environment to securelymanage, share, and stream reality meshes, and their input sources, across project teams and applications. Navigator Webis a new web application that delivers high-performance streaming of very large reality meshes through the browser to desktop or mobile devices. For infrastructure project delivery, reality modeling captures the actual context of infrastructure projects through photos and/or scans, creating engineeringready reality meshes for design modeling, analytical modeling, and construction modeling. During asset performance, as-operated reality meshes can serve to immersively geo-coordinate the alignment of these digital engineering models with right-time inputs from connected IoT technologies. Accordingly, reality modeling extends the scope for engineers to add value to include conceptioneering and constructioneering for capital projects, and inspectioneering and productioneering for operating assets. These usecase benefits of continuous surveying in turn provide new value opportunities for surveyors throughout the infrastructure lifecycle. Bureau Veritas, a world leader in testing, inspection, and certification of infrastructure assets. Thomas Daubigny, Bureau Veritas Chief Digital Officer, said, Reality modeling is becoming pivotal in many industries as it fundamentally changes the management of assets, reinventing the handling of inspections, maintenance, and training, while opening doors to brand new services. Bureau Veritas is playing a key role in leveraging digital engineering models, implementing acquisition, and classifying objects based on its expertise on the asset, and ultimately operating the model as a data gatekeeper. The new Bentley Context Capture cloud processing service will 86 DEW JOURNAL May 2017

89 IT & Software provide us the flexibility and power to accelerate the deployment of such innovations to our clients. CEO Greg Bentley said, Last year at SPAR I described what I believed to be the significant potential of reality modeling for improved infrastructure engineering, in particular, from continuous surveying enabled by simple digital photography and UAVs, but that was then based only on our own experience. And there could have been resistance from survey professionals concerned that this more accessible technology might jeopardize their return on investments in laser scanning specialization, for eg. It is gratifying to report now that in the intervening year, reality modeling has gone mainstream globally, supporting projects and assets of every domain and scale in going digital. Additionally, laser scanning is now fully incorporated-where available, and as needed to supplement photography-among hybrid inputs for engineering-ready reality meshes. Our Context Capture and Project Wise Context Share announcements at SPAR complete the reach, in my view, for reality modeling s fidelity, accessibility, scalability, and shareability. In the coming year, our priority at Bentley Systems is to help engineers and surveyor stake full advantage of this breakthrough opportunity to broaden the scope and value of their work in going digital themselves! Bentley s reality modeling advancements comprehensively deliver to surveying and engineering teams: Fidelity: Hybrid processing in Context Capture enables the creation of engineering-ready reality meshes that incorporatethe best of both worlds the versatility and convenience of high-resolution photography, supplemented, where needed, by additional accuracy from laser scanning.the new photo planning capabilities in Bentley s applications empower engineering or survey professionals to easily prescribe the optimal camera positions and flight pathsfor Bentley s reality modeling advancements comprehensively deliver to surveying and engineering teams: Fidelity, Accessibility, Scalability and Shareability to extend the scope of engineering and surveying value Bentley technician capturing a reality mesh using the ContextCapture mobile application. Images courtesy: Bentley UAVs to achieve the required levels of accuracy, in particular,for critical inspection points. Accessibility: The new Context Capture mobile app brings reality capture to every member of a project delivery or asset management team. Combined with the new Context Capture cloud processing service, this delivers 3D reality meshes back to the mobile device, and to office-based professionals, immediately after a set of photos have been taken.the new NavigatorWeb application makes immersive reality modeling accessible through any browser, with progressive levels of detail. Scalability: Context Capture uniquely enables reality modeling to scale from city models to site models to componentnameplates. Users can now take advantage of cloud services inherent parallel computing to speed processing of reality meshes. Scalable mesh technology enables multi-resolution inputs through the new (.3sm) format. Shareability: Project Wise, the collaboration system of choice for the majority of the ENR Top Design Firms, delivers comprehensive work sharing supported by a connected data environment, unifying design and construction teams to enable comprehensive project delivery. Project Wise CONNECT Edition is provisioned by Microsoft s Azure cloud service and supports hybrid environments. The new Project Wise Context Share service adds breakthrough performance in securely streaming reality meshes and their inputs, making it possible to instantly and persistently share fullscale,engineering-ready datasets across a distributed team, whether in the field or in the office.offered through a visa subscription, with charges only for actual use, Project Wise Context Share completes the reach of Bentley s comprehensive reality modeling solution, empowering engineering and surveying professionals to extend the value of their services across all applications and throughout the infrastructure lifecycle. May 2017 DEW JOURNAL 87

90 Technology Scientists discover electric Leopard Marine scientists are discovering that the Leopard electric underwater robotic vehicle from Saab Seaeye- world s leading underwater e-robotics company is particularly suited for complex and varied research projects. These projects range from cod-water coral studies to environmental monitoring, biodiversity research and tsunami warning systems. Tokyo University says that technological advances underwater robotics systems, as found the Leopard, are making a wider range of tasks more possible. Studies in Japan are using the Leopard to examine the biodiversity surrounding hydrothermal vent activity order to protect the inter-connecting ecosystems around mineral extraction sites. They are so using the Leopard to help enhance the tsunami early warning seismographic monitoring system on the sea floor with the installation of 45 kilometres of new sensors and transponders. At Israel s University of Haifa, Chief Engineer, Ben Herzberg, says they chose their 3000m-rated Leopard after evaluating range systems from different manufacturers. We opted for the Leopard, not just because of its technological excellence and because Saab Seaeye is the largest manufacturer of electric robotic systems the word, but also because the universities and scientific users we contacted gave Saab Seaeye the best and most positive feedback. Scientists around the word welcome a resource that s compact enough to ft onto a small research vessel yet has The 3000m rated Leopard is the most powerful electric underwater e-robotic system in the world, making it The Leopard inside its tether management system, ready for studies offshore Japan. Images and data from the Leopard can be examined by scientists aboard the research vessel. the power of a work vehicle. Even when loaded the research equipment, the 3000m rated Leopard can maintain unmatched fight stability in strong currents for precise recording and sampling tasks. Making the possible is the Leopard s advanced icon distributed control architecture and its 11 powerful thrusters, setting it as the most powerful system of its size in the world. The Leopard s precise multi-directional maneuverability has allowed scientists to accurately film along straight lines in turbulent high current seas whilst keeping steady to within 10cm of navigational accuracy. Apart from supreme directional control, scientists particularly like icon s building-block concept that allows more interchangeable tooling and survey sensors to be installed than ever before possible in a vehicle of the Leopard s size. In addition to cameras, sensors and manipulators, samples can be gathered and stored in a recovery skid mounted beneath the Leopard where a sample box with several discrete compartments for samples can be opened and closed hydraulically and a twoline laser on the pan and tilt unit used for size calibration of objects on the seafloor. When scientists operating in remote locations are faced with the risk of multiple equipment damage, they have a better chance of remaining on task as icon will independently manage each intelligent device on the vehicle to keep the vehicle working. 88 DEW JOURNAL May 2017