LNG supply Chain From the LNG receiving terminal to the LNG truck TrainMoS II

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1 LNG supply Chain From the LNG receiving terminal to the LNG truck TrainMoS II Madrid, November 4 th 2015 Jesus Losada Maseda (Project Manager) Laurent Moriceau (European Affairs)

2 Index: Company presentation LNG global trade LNG liquefaction facilities LNG import terminals LNG vessels LNG market LNG Terminal description and operation LNG unloading/loading arms LNG store Tanks Truck loading station

3 Company Presentation

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5 LNG global trade

6 Supply Distance between production and demand is continuously growing because of : Fall in Production (Europe) Increase in demand (Asia excl. Japan) New discoveries (US, Australia, Middle East) Distribution of proved reserves in 1994, 2004 and 2014 (percentage) Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2015

7 Supply chain As a consequence, LNG accounts now for 33% of total world gas trades (2014)

8 Liquefaction typical scheme LNG, when gas production meets the demand Joule-Thomson valves Source: Oil and Gas Journal

9 Liquefaction facilities Distribution of liquefaction plants in the World Figures into brackets stands for start up order

10 LNG qualities Source GIIGNL 2015

11 Volume and Costs Australia, is the future big player followed by US, But the scale effect is not working FLNG the growing trend to mitigate cost escalation to catch up offshore fields to mitigate early depletion risk CAPEX Source: IGU World Energy Report 2015

12 FLNG the new trend LNG production alternatives FLNG, different approaches for a same concept

13 LNG import terminals Distribution of LNG receiving plants in the World Figures stands for start up order Source : IGU World LNG report 2015

14 LNG import facilities size and activities There is twice as much regasification capacity as liquefaction as in many cases LNG is used as a last resort fuel during peak shaving US import terminals are converted into export terminals (brownfield) Capex for conventional onshore terminal is 200$/tons Capex can drop to 100$/tons for floating solutions based on existing vessel. Source: IGU World Energy Report 2015

15 LNG import terminal conventional solutions LNG receiving terminal alternatives. Onshore m 3 LNG terminal at Mugardos, Spain m 3 LNG terminal at Sodegaura, Japan 500 m 3 LNG terminal at Hirtshals, Denmark

16 LNG import terminals, the floating alternative LNG receiving terminal alternatives. Offhore FSRU (double jetty) FSRU (single jetty) FSU FSRU (buoy)

17 LNG shipping in the sixties 1964, first commercial LNG shipment from Arzew (Algeria) to Canvey IsLand (UK) aboard the Methane Princess Source:

18 LNG carriers containment Moss vs. Membrane Sloshing->Moss Compacity->Membrane Thermal Insulation->Membrane Pressure resistance ->Moss

19 LNG carriers containment Source:

20 LNG carriers propulsion New tendency, low pressure gas combined with a few high pressure diesel through a 4-stroke cycle Heavy ends are returned to tank! Competing technology, natural higher efficiency of a two stroke motor underpinned by BOG pressurization requirement Marginally applied for new build, usually combined with Moss tank solution. Dual fuel burner inside a boiler Initially installed aboard Qmax but likely to be replaced by slow speed dual fuel diesels engine ME-GI

21 LNG Terminal description and operation

22 LNG FLEET AND TERMINALS EVOLUTION 2015 Source:

23 LNG FLEET AND TERMINALS EVOLUTION Coral Methane Lenght: 117 m Cargo capacity: m 3 Pionner knutsen Lenght: 69 m Cargo capacity: m 3 LNG supply vessel projected by Reganosa

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25 Source:

26 Source:

27 LNG TERMINAL DESCRIPTION

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34 LNG Terminal description and operation Main equipment description

35 LNG TERMINAL DESCRIPTION LNG UNLOADING ARMS Main characteristics; Size: 16 Flow: 4,000 m3/h of LNG per arm Normal Operation pressure: Maximum operation pressure: 4-5 bar(g) 18.5 bar(g)

36 LNG TERMINAL DESCRIPTION LNG UNLOADING ARMS Source:

37 LNG TERMINAL DESCRIPTION LNG UNLOADING ARMS Source:

38 LNG TERMINAL DESCRIPTION LNG TANKS

39 LNG TERMINAL DESCRIPTION LNG TANKS Source:

40 LNG TERMINAL DESCRIPTION LNG TANKS Source:

41 LNG TERMINAL DESCRIPTION LNG TRUCK LOADING STATION

42 LNG TERMINAL DESCRIPTION LNG TRUCK LOADING STATION

43 LNG TERMINAL DESCRIPTION LNG TRUCK LOADING STATION Relations between actors and parts of truck loading and transportation of LNG in Spain SL-ATR Energy trading company Gas System Manager ADR Truck company Sale Contract SL-ATR Loader Client

44 MANY THANKS Jesús Losada Maseda: Laurent Moriceau: