Truck Management ` Strategies in Los Angeles

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1 Truck Management ` Strategies in Los Angeles Susan Bok, AICP Senior Transportation Planner Los Angeles Department of Transportation NACTO Chicago Workshop May 11-12, 2009

2 Context

3 Population Downtown LA Rail yards LAX Ports Source: SCAG Los Angeles has a regional population of over 10 million and growing Freight movement facilities are located in or near population centers

4 Freight Rail Downtown LA Rail Yards Inland Empire Rail Yards Alameda Corridor Railroads Ports Source: SCAG Union Pacific and BNSF operate mainline railroads serving the Ports, Downtown railyards and other inter-modal facilities

5 Warehouses and Distribution Centers Downtown LA Inland Empire Inland Empire Ports Regional decline in manufacturing has been offset by increased outsourcing Results in greater demand for warehouses and distribution centers, especially on cheaper land (Inland Empire)

6 Ports Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach are fifth busiest ports complex in the world 15.7 million container units moved in 2007, but declining LA s ports are nation s primary freight gateway - move 40% of nation s imported container units; 35% of total container units 76% of container units move on- and off-port by truck; on-dock rail moves only 24% of units; near/off-dock rail moves 18% of units

7 Air Cargo Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) is second largest air cargo hub in US 2 million tons of air cargo moved annually Most all air cargo moves by truck to and from LAX LAX is surrounded by residential areas Residential Areas Residential Areas LAX

8 All of this means a LOT of truck traffic in LA LA freeways carry 350,000 trucks & 7 million truck miles daily, much of it port-generated 75% of truck tonnage moves less than 50 miles Region s daily truck miles are projected to more than double by 2030

9 including trucks in & near residential areas Trucks often pass through or near residential areas en route to intermodal facilities, distribution centers and manufacturers Gentrification of Downtown industrial areas new residential condo projects near manufacturing and distribution centers Safety, air pollution, vibration and noise impacts on residents Truck impacts on roadway surfaces: 1 truck = 10,000 cars

10 Downtown LA Residential Areas Source: LADOT Residential areas, de facto truck routes, and truck problem locations adjacent to Downtown LA

11 Residential Area Residential Area LAX Source: LADOT Residential areas, de facto truck routes and truck problem locations adjacent to LAX

12 Residential Area Residential Area Port of Los Angeles Source: LADOT Residential areas, de facto truck routes, and truck problem locations adjacent to Port of Los Angeles

13 as well as trucks on freeways Source: Port of Los Angeles I-710 provides primary freeway access to the Ports of LA & Long Beach

14 Community Responses Residential communities near intermodal facilities are organized and fighting successfully against freight movement-related activities East LA residents have been fighting truck movement through their neighborhoods for years Community opposition to ALL environmental documents for capital improvement projects at the ports Residents and environmental activists want: Stop or cap on port trade Port funding of health costs No highway improvements until emissions are reduced

15 Strategies

16 Regional Strategies SCAG (MPO) Draft 2008 Regional Transportation Plan $5 Billion for clean technology truck lanes on I-710 Freeway $18 Billion for High Speed Rail Transport between ports and inland rail yards $13 Billion for freight rail investments Projects reduce air emissions & improve mobility Environmental Justice component addresses social equity and community impacts issues, but is it enough?

17 2035 High Speed Rail Transport System

18 Source: SCAG 2035 Freight Rail Improvements

19 2035 Rail/Roadway Grade Separation Projects

20 Regional Strategies Caltrans Environmental Justice Grant to 5 Southern California counties: Creating Balance between Goods Movement & Burdens on Local Communities Supplement to 2007 Multi-County Goods Movement Action Plan Goal: Identify best practices and/or solutions that support community based approaches to addressing the disproportional impact of goods movement on local communities.

21 Port Strategies San Pedro Bay Ports Clean Air Action Plan most aggressive plan in US to reduce port-generated air pollution. Expected to reduce port-generated PM emissions by 47%, NOx emissions by 45% and SOx by 52%. Grow green. Ban on terminal access for older diesel engine drayage trucks - expected to cut PM and NOx emissions by 80% by 2012 Container unit fees to fund truck switch-out program to cleaner, short-haul diesel trucks PierPass - extended hours of terminal operation to reduce truck congestion at/near ports

22 Port Strategies Replace older diesel engines in harbor craft (e.g., tugboats, ferries) Increase on-dock and near-dock rail Highway improvements to improve truck circulation and access Container fees (statewide) Empty container management Intelligent Transportation Systems Alternative/zero emissions conveyance technologies

23 Source: Port of Los Angeles

24 Source: Port of Los Angeles

25 What about PierPASS? PierPASS started in 2005 and created nighttime and Saturday shifts at the ports More than 9 million truck trips were diverted from peak daytime traffic at the ports between Off peak shifts handle an average of 68,000 truck trips weekly, or about 40% of all container moves at the ports That also means more trucks driving near/thru residential areas at night and on Saturdays

26 Information on PierPASS - Website: Address: PierPASS Inc. 100 Ocean Gate, Suite 600 Long Beach, CA Customer Service Numbers: (from inside the United States) (from outside the United States)

27 Expanded on-dock rail is expected to reduce truck miles/day and air emissions, somewhat

28 City Strategies Truck routing signage Initial community efforts in East LA to restrict truck access to freeway ramps in residential areas was rejected by Caltrans City set up signage routing trucks to ramps in industrial area away from narrow streets in residential neighborhoods Program successful, but trucks still move through residential areas between freeways and rail yards Next step - prohibit trucks on arterials between freeways and rail yards?

29 This truck will have to turn Truck Routing Signage in East LA

30 City Strategies LADOT Goods Movement Improvement Program Program established in mid-1990 s in response to economic recession 75+ problem locations for truck circulation and access identified $5+ million in outside discretionary funding secured for highway improvements; several projects underway Typology of truck movement problems & accident factors useful in planning and operational analyses Every problem location corrected improves traffic safety and reduces traffic congestion and vehicle emissions

31 Truck Routes LAX High Incident Accident Locations Ports

32 LA City Truck Movement Project Applications 2007 LA COUNTY TIP DISCRETIONARY FUNDING I-110 Fwy/C St. Interchange Improvements South Wilmington (Fries Ave.) Grade Separation CITY OF LOS ANGELES Roxford St. Widening at Sepulveda Bl. Brazil St. & San Fernando Rd. Railroad Crossing Improvements Daly St. & Main St. Intersection Improvements Navy Way Connector Ramp To Westbound Seaside Ave. I-110/SR 47 Interchange & John S. Gibson/ I-110 Northbound Ramp Access Olympic Bl. & Mateo St. Goods Movement Improvements - Phase II

33 Visual Enhancement Strategies California Style


35 Thank you! Susan Bok Los Angeles Department of Transportation