1 Overview of Changes Made to CMAQ & System Performance Measures Presented by: Jason Pavluchuk Association for Commuter Transportation
2 Agenda CMAQ Overview Changes Made by FAST ACT 2013 Guidance Performance Measures Background Overview of System Performance Measures Overview of CMAQ Performance Measures
3 FAST Act CMAQ Few programmatic changes made to CMAQ Makes two eligibility changes 1. Clarifies eligibility of port related freight operations (so long as emission reductions are attained) 2. Makes installation of vehicle to infrastructure communication installation eligible FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2018 FY 2019 FY 2020 Total FY16-20 CMAQ Obligations $2.27b $2.31b $2.36b $2.40b $2.45b $2.50b $12.02b % Increase 1.8% 2.1% 1.9% 1.8% 2.0% Maintains that carpool/vanpool projects are still eligible for 100% Federal share (all other projects have a maximum of 80% Federal Share) 3
4 CMAQ 2013 Guidance What is Guidance? Questions to ask yourself is it capital or operating Vanpool projects Understand difference between Capital costs & Operating Costs Capital acquisition including third party contract should be transferred to FTA 4
5 CMAQ 2013 Guidance Operating costs limited to 3 years (third year may last three years**) Marketing & Outreach are not subject to operating limit Vanpool projects Understand difference between Capital costs & Operating Costs Capital acquisition including third party contract should be transferred to FTA 5
6 CMAQ 2013 Guidance Vanpool projects Understand difference between Capital costs & Operating Costs Capital acquisition including third party contract should be transferred to FTA carpooling and vanpooling activities may be supported with up to 100 percent Federal funding 6
7 CMAQ 2013 Guidance Marketing & Outreach are not subject to operating limit 7
8 CMAQ 2013 Guidance 8
9 FAST Act CMAQ Post Authorization CMAQ Issues Need DOT to create clear and definitive guidance and practices o What one FHWA State office allows under CMAQ, another does not. There is a need for consistency in rulings. Clarify difference between operations/labor and education/outreach o Operations/Labor are only eligible to receive CMAQ funding for up to 5 years. Education & Outreach have no limitations. Clarity & consistency needs to be made when it comes to whether labor associated with education & outreach is subject to limitation 9
10 FAST Act CMAQ Post Authorization CMAQ Issues Clarify use of CMAQ funds for incentives o Some FHWA state offices allow CMAQ funds to be used for commuter incentives, while others do not. Clarity & consistency needs to be set on the question. Amend CMAQ guidance related to vanpools o Current guidance refers to leasing of vanpools. Vanpool arrangements between the public and private sector are contract for service agreements, not leases. 10
11 Background Section 150 of MAP-21 Requires State DOTs and Metropolitan Planning Organizations to demonstrate progress towards national performance metrics The Secretary is required to establish performance measures and standards within 18 months of passage of MAP-21 (Jan 6, 2014) MAP-21 specifically limits the rulemaking process to measure only the performance measures listed by the section
12 Background What are we Measuring? State of Good Repair -- Condition of Pavement & Bridges on the National Highway System Highway Safety Serious injuries and fatalities per vehicle mile travelled The number of serious injuries and fatalities Performance of the Interstate System-National Highway System Congestion Mitigation & Air Quality Program Traffic congestion On-road mobile source emissions National Freight Movement
13 Background Why is this important? Requires State DOTs and MPOs to: Focus on problems and develop projects to address those problems Track and monitor progression of stated targets and goals Project selection must be based on achieving goals Thus, Holds decision makers accountable Places value on results over politics BUT WE MUST GET METRICS RIGHT
14 We Made Our Voices Heard
15 Final Rule Major Changes made in Final Rule Changed focus of reliability from percentage of mileage to percentage of impacted travelers Dropped Peak Hour travel time measure Added Greenhouse Gas measure (ON HOLD) Changes delay measure to person hours of delay Adds modal share measure Commits to revisiting measures in 2018
16 Final Rule Three measures are established for assessing the performance of the NHS under the NHPP. Two measures assess reliability: (1) Percent of Person-Miles Traveled on the Interstate System That Are Reliable (the Interstate Travel Time Reliability measure); and (2) Percent of Person-Miles Traveled on the Non-Interstate NHS That Are Reliable (the Non- Interstate NHS Travel Time Reliability measure). Together they are the Travel Time Reliability measures. Both of these measures assess Level of Travel Time Reliability (LOTTR), defined as the ratio of the 80th percentile travel time to a normal travel time (50th percentile). Data are derived from the travel time data set using either the National Performance Management Research Data Set (NPMRDS) or equivalent. (3) Percent Change in Tailpipe CO 2 Emissions on the NHS from the Calendar Year 2017, assesses environmental performance. This measure is calculated using data on fuel use and VMT.
17 Final Rule Three measures are established under the CMAQ program (the CMAQ measures) including two measures for traffic congestion: (1) Annual Hours of Peak-Hour Excessive Delay Per Capita (the PHED measure); and Data for this measure is derived from the travel time data set of NPMRDS. (2) Percent of Non-SOV Travel The second measure is a new measure developed to recognize the role of lower-emissions modes in meeting air quality goals. State DOTs and MPOs have three options for providing data for this measure. (3)Total Emissions Reduction. This measure uses data from the CMAQ Public Access System to calculate total emission reductions for applicable criteria pollutants or precursors.
18 Final Rule Measuring Non-SOV Travel American Community Survey data A second option is for State DOTs or MPOs to use local surveys to estimate the percentage of non-sov travel occurring in the urbanized areas. These surveys may focus on either household or work travel and must be conducted within the 2 years before the start of the performance period and be updated on at least a biennial frequency. A third option is for State DOTs and MPOs to estimate the percent of non-sov travel based on volume measurements of actual use of each transportation mode, including but not limited to cars, bicycles, pedestrian travel, travel avoided by telework, and onroad bus transit. Use or development of the third option is encouraged by FHWA as it will provide the most accurate data for future use.
19 Timeline Targets 1 st Reported October 1, 2018 State Reports Progress October 1, 2020 FHWA Assess progress August 15, 2022