WindEnergy Hamburg September 2018

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1 August Cruise industry: Chinese builders are entering the market 10 Maritime Agenda 20: India aspires to reach international standard 40 Safety review: Shipping losses continue to decline 44 THE INTERNATIONAL PUBLICATION FOR OFFSHORE & MARINE TECHNOLOGY WindEnergy Hamburg September 2018 Running in parallel The world s leading expo for wind energy in co-operation with

2 Persönliche Ausgabe,, DVV Media Group GmbH SPI Autorenbeleg, Hamburg, Kd.Nr.: , Abo-Nr Weitergabe an Dritte urheberrechtlich untersagt.

3 COMMENT Dr.-Ing. Silke Sadowski Editor in Chief An impressive evolution While contracting activity for newbuildings remains at a historic low, the offshore wind industry as the youngest maritime market is experiencing robust growth and eventful times. Offshore wind has long since become an international market and, with eleven member states playing an active role, Europe is certainly the market leader. According to WindEurope, formerly the European Wind Energy Association, 2016 saw a record level of investment, reaching EUR 18.2 billion in the financing of 4.9 GW of new capacity. This trend continued in the first half of 2017: 18 projects producing a total power of 1.3 GW were installed. By 2020, offshore wind is projected to have grown to an installed capacity of 24.6 GW. This likely expansion provides a large and long-term market potential in Europe. Further cost reduction and a post-2020 agenda are today s main challenges. In terms of cost reduction, enormous improvements have been seen over the past few years. The optimisation of processes, structures and logistics has resulted in an increase in efficiency of both installation and operation. The average rated capacity of turbines commissioned in 2016 was 4.8 MW, 15.4% larger than 2015, and the first 8 MW turbines have now been installed, reflecting the rapid pace of technological development. Beside this, digitalisation is one of the key words which makes condition-based maintenance feasible and wind park operation much more economical. Some of the technological aspects and developments are reflected in this issue s Offshore & Marine Technology section. The article on page 28 describes how Dong cuts cost by shifting from a fixed schedule to condition-based maintenance using intelligent data infrastructure. Further pieces on page 26 and 27 present innovative offshore vessels for both installation and service, as well as new offshore wind concepts. Meanwhile, some positive signs can also be noticed in the shipbuilding sector. The most important driver is certainly still the global cruise industry with impressive growth continuing unabated. While this remains a viable market for European shipbuilders, Chinese shipyards are making concerted efforts to enter this attractive sector (see article on page 10). The high significance of minimising the environmental impact of cruise vessels is shown, using ships of the Carnival Corporation as examples, on pages 12 and 14. We also take a look at the maritime industry in India (page 40) and feature latest in safety and security as well as trends and developments in digitalisation in our Ship Operation section, starting on page 42.

4 CONTENT AUGUST 2017 Shipbuilding & Equipment Cruise & Yachts 10 Chinese builders are entering the market 12 Innovative technology for the protection of the environment 14 Costa Cruises presents new edition of sustainability report 15 Quark Expeditions announces hybrid expedition vessel Auxiliary Systems 16 Flexible installation of connectors in marine hydraulics Propulsion & Manoeuvring Technology 18 First installation of rigid sail and solar power system will pave the way for 2018 sea trials Shipbuilding & Equipment Smart Ships 20 An intelligent ship is electric Offshore & Marine Technology Subsea Engineering 24 Enhancing safety in subsea lifting Industry News 29 MARIN tests floating island 29 Joined forces for 3D motioncompensated cranes 29 Addressing issues of the industry 30 Splash zone coatings launched 30 Drone technology to improve hull maintenance REINTJES Service Ship Operation Shipping & Port Industry in India 40 India aspires to reach international standard Safety & Security 42 Insuring cyber risk 44 Shipping losses continue to decline 46 First cyber safe notation Digital Ship 48 Digital initiatives to ensure smooth shipping Industry News 50 Autonomous maritime ecosystem introduced roadmaps to autonomous shipping 365 days availability worldwide 88 & more individual maintenance concepts 24 hours to get on-site support by an extensively trained service engineer 4 weeks to receive all gear components manufactured in highest quality DVV REINTJES Media GmbH Group Eugen-Reintjes-Straße GmbH Hameln Service Hotline /

5 In Focus: Offshore Wind 26 NG-20000X design with telescopic leg crane introduced 26 Renewables service vessel launched 27 Floating wind turbine design approved 27 LiDAR buoys ordered for Chinese wind farms 28 Condition-based maintenance The Specialists for Filters in Marine and Industry For over 30 years, the specialist FIL-TEC RIxEn GmbH has been involved with improvement, manufacture, service and sales of filters and filter replacement parts for marine and industrial applications. Thanks to our technically sophisticated management systems and flexibility when it comes to special orders, we can respond effectively and at short notice with customised solutions. FIL-TEC RIxEn GmbH QUALITY MADE IN GERMANY Regulars 3 Comment 6 News & Facts 31 Buyer s Guide 51 Imprint This issue of Ship&Offshore contains supplements from Rotterdam Ahoy, Rotterdam, and DVV Media Group, Hamburg 50 Osterrade 26 D Hamburg Phone: +49 (0) Fax: +49 (0)

6 SAL Heavy Lift back in German hands The ice-breaker L Astrolabe will be delivered in September Hybrid icebreaker completed L Astrolabe Completion of the newly built icebreaker L Astrolabe, due for September delivery in Réunion Island, a French department in the Indian Ocean, was celebrated recently at a ceremony in Concarneau, France. Built by the Piriou Group, the vessel will carry out a range of operations in the Antartic Ocean and will take on the functions of two ships, a logistics vessel of the same name, which previously shipped supplies to the French Antarctic base in the Adelie Land, and the patrol vessel Albatros, retired in 2015, which undertook sovereignty and patrol missions in the southern oceans. Sketch of the new vessel for Brittany Ferries New vessel for Brittany Ferries FSG Brittany Ferries has confirmed order for a new LNGpowered ferry at Germany s Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft (FSG) for deployment on the company s busiest English Channel crossing between Portsmouth and Caen. Named Honfleur, the 187m-long and 31m-wide ferry will be the company s first new ship since the Armorique was delivered 6 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 The new 72m-long logistics and patrol vessel L Astrolabe was designed by Marine Assistance, developed by Finland s Aker Arctic and is Ice Breaker 5 classified. It can operate in ice of thickness up to 0.8m and can undertake missions lasting 35 days at 12 knots. A helideck, 35-tonne crane and aft gantry provide operational flexibility and the scope to undertake one-off scientic missions. The L Astrolabe has been built in an unusual partnership between the Austral and Antarctic French Territories (TAAF), the French Polar Institute Paul-Emile Victor, and the French Navy. in The Honfleur is costing about GBP 175 million and will have capacity for up to 1,680 passengers in 257 cabins. The ferry will operate alongside the company s Mont St Michel on three daily return sailings. Due for delivery in June 2019, the Honfleur will replace the Normandie, which will be redeployed on the Portsmouth to Le Havre route. Ritz Carlton enters luxury cruise market New order Barreras Shipyard in Spain has won an order to build a 298-passenger cruise ship of 24,000gt for US hotel group Ritz Carlton. Ritz-Carlton, part of the Marriott International hotel group, has announced its expansion into cruise shipping with a new concept of smaller vessels. Barreras said a contract was signed for the first ship, with options for a second and Harren & Partner Bremenbased Harren & Partner has bought SAL Heavy Lift from Japan s K Line which has owned the 27-year-old company since With a head office in the Altes Land region just outside Hamburg, SAL Heavy Lift and its offshore subsidiary SAL Offshore specialise in heavy-lift and project cargoes, and plant installations for the oil and gas and renewable energy sectors respectively. The acquisition strengthens Harren & Partner s presence in the super heavy-lift market. The company already owns Combi Lift which operates multi-purpose vessels from around 300-tonne crane capacity. Now, it will also have a range of heavy-lift units including some high-end DP2 offshore construction vessels with combined crane capacity of up to 2,000 tonnes. third. Miami-based Ritz-Carlton Yacht expects to take delivery of the first ship in late The first vessel will be 190m long and have 149 suites, each with its own private balcony. The yacht will also feature two large 138m 2 suites, with modern craftsmanship and interior finishes jointly designed by Ritz-Carlton and leading cruise ship design firm, Tillberg Design of Sweden. Animation of the luxury cruise vessel

7 INDUSTRY NEWS & FACTS Disney confirms order for third vessel Meyer Werft Disney Cruise Line has announced that it is to build a third LNG-powered vessel at Germany s Meyer Werft for delivery in 2022, increasing the company s fleet to seven vessels. The latest order follows two earlier contracts for LNG-powered vessels that Disney has signed at the shipyard, due for completion in 2021 and The three latest ships are about 135,000gt, designed with some 1,250 staterooms and therefore slightly larger than the most recent Disney Cruise Line vessels, the Disney Dream and the Disney Fantasy, delivered in 2011 and 2012 respectively. Details of the New Tier III compliance guide DNV GL An updated compliance brochure has been issued by DNV GL to provide guidance on best practices for the design of ships intended to comply with IMO NOx Tier III requirements. Ship operators should consider carefully the various technologies for compliance, the classification society recommends, and depending on a vessel s likely operating profile, the best compliance option will depend on a variety of factors. These are likely to include trading pattern, engine size and speed. The guide examines various compliance options including selective catalytic reduction, exhaust gas recirculation, alternative fuels, engine modifications, direct water injection, fuel-water emulsion, and intake air humidification. Installing NOx Tier III-compliant technology can offer benefits beyond simply achieving compliance with emissions regulations, DNV GL says. In 2012 Meyer Werft delivered the Disney Fantasy new vessels have not yet been released, but their capacity will almost double the size of Disney Cruise Line s existing fleet which was originally established in 1998 with a clear family orientation. The cruise line is part of the Disney Parks and Resorts Group which owns and operates a range of vacation venues in countries including the United States, China, France and Japan. Nor Lines LNG-powered vessel Kvitbjørn was delivered in August 2015 Samskip snaps up Nor Lines Acquisition Rotterdam-headquartered Samskip is to take over Stavanger-based Nor Lines in a move that will strengthen its presence in the north European shipping, transport and logistics business. Subject to approval by Norway s competition authorities, Samskip will pay the mother company DSD Group an undisclosed sum for Nor Lines which has an average annual turnover of around EUR 110 million. The acquisition will include the Norwegian company s terminal activities nationwide, its warehousing and haulage services, and five out of seven multipurpose vessels which will be transferred under a time charter arrangement. Samskip will also assume responsibility for 170 employees in 14 Norwegian locations. Samskip s Norwegian activities have recently undergone significant expansion through internal growth and several acquisitions. The company ships around 90,000 TEU a year between Norway and northern Europe, a volume that is likely to increase significantly should the takeover go ahead. Samskip also owns a half share in Bergenbased Silver Sea AS which operates a fleet of 14 reefer vessels. > IN BRIEF Joint venture Norway s Fosen Yard has formed a joint venture with Chinese yard Hantong Shipbuilding to cooperate in building cruise ships, RoRo passenger ferries and RoRo cargo vessels. MoU A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by Qatar Gas Transport Company Ltd (Nakilat) and Norway s Höegh LNG paves the way for the two companies to cooperate on pursuing opportunities in the floating storage regasification unit (FSRU) business. Alliance ExxonMobil, Eagle LNG Partners LLC and Crowley Maritime have agreed to cooperate on the development of LNG bunkering infrastructure in North America so that the necessary storage facilities and technical support can be made available for ship operators to re-fuel with gas reliably and safely. Optimising service The tube bending machine manufacturer Schwarze-Robitec is expanding its branch office in the United States. The North American service and distribution team moves to Grand Rapids (Michigan). In addition to its new premises, Schwarze-Robitec operates a spare parts warehouse for its high-quality bending machines. Acquisition Marine electronics company Navico is to acquire marine monitoring and control system provider Naviop TM which will provide a framework for integrating data from boats equipped with Simrad, Lowrance and B&G marine electronics, all brands within the Navico group. A multifunction display will provide a hub for complete system control and information. Letter of intent Philly Shipyard in the US said it has signed a letter of intent with an American shipping company about building two container ships of 3,700 TEU. Partner of the Year Brombach + Gess has received the Partner of the Year award from Neptun Yard which belongs to the Meyer Werft Group. Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 7

8 INDUSTRY NEWS & FACTS Final upgrades to VOS Start New CEO The VOS Start at the Damen Shiprepair Oranjewerf DP2 vessel The VOS Start, an 80m-long subsea support, walk-to-work vessel built in China and owned by Vroon BV, has been completed at Damen Wärtsilä The technology group Wärtsilä has been contracted to provide the engines and the complete propulsion package, including the control system, for two new fishing trawlers being built for Murmansk, Russia-based Nord Pilgrim Ltd. The ships are to be constructed at the PJSC Vyborg shipyard in Russia. The 80m-long trawlers will be reinforced to Ice3 class, enabling them to extend their fishing operations in the Barents Sea and North Atlantic. 8 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 Shiprepair Oranjewerf in Amsterdam. Final works on board the DP2 vessel included installation of a motion-compensated gangway by Barge Master Rendering of the fishing trawler to be built at the PJSC Vyborg shipyard in Russia Power for two fishing trawlers Because of the challenging conditions, the reliability and efficiency of the propulsion arrangement was considered a key factor in the award of the contracts to Wärtsilä. The engines are compliant with IMO s current Tier II regulations. For each ship, the company will supply one eight-cylinder Wärtsilä 32 main engine, one Wärtsilä gearbox, one Wärtsilä controllable pitch propeller system, one transverse thruster system, and a Wärtsilä ProTouch propulsion control system. and Bosch Rexroth, the extended installation of a Kongsberg referencing system including a windfarm module, and an active heave-compensated crane from SMST. The VOS Start is the fourth in a series of vessels which Vroon is building in China. They have all been brought to Oranjewerf for completion following construction at Fujian Southeast Shipbuilding, but this vessel has been the most complex so far because of the walk-to-work gangway. A number of other companies were involved in the ship s preparation for charter. These included Niron Staal Amsterdam, Norway s Kongsberg and the British company H2M. Janne Luukkonen MV Werften The management team of MV Werften has been strengthened with the appointment of Janne Luukkonen as director of project management reporting directly to the CEO. Luukkonen, 47, is a naval architect. His most recent position was on the Meyer Werft management team at the company s Turku shipyard in Finland. Liquefied gas barge delivered in the US The ATB Harvest was recently delivered Harvest The first liquefied ammonia transport barge to be built in the US for Jones Act trade since 1982 has been delivered by the Vigor group. The Harvest, an articulated tug barge (ATB) classed by ABS, will transport up to 22,000 tonnes of anhydrous ammonia, an ingredient in phosphatebased fertiliser, for Tampa Port Services LLC, a subsidiary of The Mosaic Company, a producer of concentrated phosphate and potash. The delivery of this ATB represents a landmark achievement for all of the project stakeholders as well as the US shipbuilding industry, said ABS Americas Division president Jamie Smith. The first-of-its-kind in over three decades, the Harvest will help reshape the US fleet and support safer trading in US waters.

9 SH12-02E Following further developments of its design, Hrönn will now be a mono-hulled vessel with a length of 37m Rendering: Bourbon Offshore MOU on automated OSV prototype ASL French marine offshore services company Bourbon has entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Automated Ships Ltd (ASL) to support the building of a new type of autonomous, fully automated vessel for offshore operations. The planned prototype, named the Hrönn project, will be a lightduty, offshore utility ship to serve the offshore energy, hydrographic survey, scientific, and offshore fish-farming industries. Development work will be carried out in cooperation with the project s primary technology partner, Norwegian group Kongsberg. GDD ramps up engine division with new strategic partner Alliance Following the goahead from Germany s antitrust authorities, Bremerhaven s German Dry Docks AG (GDD) has set up a strategic alliance with MWB Marine Services GmbH. Aiming to strengthen and expand activity in engine repair and maintenance, GDD now has partnerships with MWB Motorenwerke Bremerhaven at its Kaiserhafen site in the north German city, and Zeppelin Power Systems GmbH & Co KG (ZPS) in Hamburg. MWB Marine Services will undertake and develop services for third-party engine manufacturers, including an expansion in the spare parts business. The previous GDD division Bourbon will use its experience in building and operating a standardised fleet to provide detailed input to the development and design of the Hrönn project. In the second phase of the project, Bourbon and ASL will join forces to search for finance for construction of the prototype. The Hrönn vessel will also be used to control remotely operated vehicles and autonomous underwater vehicles, and operate as a support ship and standby vessel. It will be able to provide firefighting support for an offshore platform, working in conjunction with manned vessels. will specialise in manufacturerindependent maintenance and repair services for engines and generators as well as the sale of spare parts of certain engine and component manufacturers. The new set up will also provide strategic benefits for ZPS, an official partner of Caterpillar for Cat and MaK engines. The company already works closely with GDD in the service of engines and drive systems from the ZPS portfolio, particularly in the servicing of river cruise ships. Recently, there has been more cooperation between the two companies with rising demand for scrubber installations, ballast water treatment systems, and dual-fuel engine conversions. PC Control: Scalable control technology for the shipbuilding industry. For the shipbuilding industry Beckhoff offers scalable control technology ranging from Industrial PCs and Embedded PCs to the small controller with integrated interface to the I/O level. The Beckhoff Bus Terminal system enables the connection of the sensor/actuator level in all systems of a ship. Over 400 different Bus Terminals cover the complete range of signal types. Bus Couplers are available for all relevant bus systems for the open and bus-neutral I/O system: from Ethernet and EtherCAT to PROFIBUS.

10 SHIPBUILDING & EQUIPMENT CRUISE & YACHTS The MSC Meraviglia called at Valletta Cruise Port, Malta, on its maiden voyage Chinese builders are entering the market OVERVIEW While European cruise ship builders continue to process their well-filled orderbooks and even receive new contracts, shipyards in China are expanding into the buoyant cruise ship sector. However, the market is still bringing viable business to Europe with a clear focus on smaller luxury ships and expedition vessels as well as environmentally friendly LNG propulsion systems. European builder Meyer Werft in Germany, Meyer Turku in Finland, Italy s Fincantieri and France s STX shipyard in Saint Nazaire remain undoubtedly the global leaders in the construction of complex cruise vessels and mega-yachts. As the Asian tourism market, especially in China, has also discovered the cruise segment, it is no surprise that Chinese builders are now also seeking a slice of the cake. Currently there are six confirmed cruise ship orders at Chinese yards and there are thought to be ten related options. Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri and its partner China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC) have signed a binding memorandum of agreement with US cruise group Carnival Corporation to build two cruise ships worth USD 1.5 billion. Carnival s Chinese joint venture will operate the ships and 10 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 the agreement includes an option to build four more ships. The design of the ships, which will be delivered from 2023 onwards, will be tailored for the specific tastes of the Chinese travellers, the companies said. Under the latest agreement, Carnival Corporation will also provide onsite supervision and support during ship construction. Initially, the joint venture partners plan to launch their new cruise brand with ships purchased from Carnival s existing fleet. Under the new agreement, however, the companies would then add new Chinese-built cruise ships to accelerate growth in the country s cruise market and meet rising demand for cruising from Chinese and Asian travellers. Miami-based cruise operator SunStone Ships said it has reached an agreement with Chinese yard China Merchants In-

11 dustry Holdings (CMIH) for construction of up to ten expedition cruise vessels. Under the framework agreement signed between the parties, China Merchants will construct four expedition ships for SunStone with options for six more vessels. They will have 80 to 95 passenger cabins. The vessels will be 104m long, 18.2m wide, have a draught of 5.1m, and speed of 15 knots. They will have Ice Class 1A Polar Code PC 6 notation from classification society Bureau Veritas. China Merchants has hired Norway s Ulstein Design & Solutions for the supply of the vessel s design and equipment package, as well as supervision for the building of the ships, while Finland-based Mäkinen will establish a cabin assembly plant and interior workshop at the shipyard s facilities and will be responsible for all interior spaces on the newbuildings. LNG-powered vessels Out of the close to 84 vessels [1] currently on order, eleven will be powered by LNG both in ports and at sea. Miami-based Carnival Corporation & plc is leading the way with a total of seven LNG-powered vessels: > Two vessels for its brand Costa Cruises to be built at Meyer Turku in Finland and scheduled for delivery in 2019 and 2021; > Two vessels for AIDA Cruises to be built at Meyer Werft in Papenburg, Germany, and scheduled for delivery in 2019 and 2021; > Two vessels for Carnival Cruise Line to be built at Meyer Turku and scheduled for delivery in 2020 and 2022; > One vessel for Carnival s British unit P&O Cruises UK to be built in Papenburg and scheduled for delivery in Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd (RCCL) has two LNG-powered vessels on order. The Icon-class ships will be built at Meyer Turku, with deliveries scheduled between 2022 and The Swiss cruise company MSC Cruises recently confirmed a contract for two firm and two option 200,000gt LNG-powered World-class cruise vessels. They will be built at STX France s Saint-Nazaire shipyard and will be delivered in 2022 and Revised shareholder structure of STX France About twelve French companies have expressed interest in buying a minority shareholding in French yard STX France, which is scheduled to be sold to Italian yard Fincantieri. The companies are subcontractors of the Saint-Nazaire-based yard operated by STX France, said Bruno Retailleau, president of the Regional Council of the French area Pays de la Loire, a region around the yard. The current sale plan envisages Italy s state-run Fincantieri having control over the industrial process but without taking a majority shareholding in its French rival yard. But it is hoped French companies will also have the possibility of acquiring shareholdings which would keep STX France under French control. Retailleau said he has asked French finance minister Bruno Lemaire to hold a meeting with representatives of the possible French buyers. In April, Fincantieri signed a non-binding agreement to buy 48% of STX France in a deal that should also see Italian investor Fundazione CR Trieste acquire another 7% while Ulstein Design & Solutions is to supply the design and equipment package for the SunStone vessels French naval DCNS takes 12%. The agreement was signed after months-long talks with the French Government, which has a 33% blocking shareholding in STX France. But in early June, France s newly elected president Emmanuel Macron asked for a revised shareholder structure for STX France. References [1] (August 2017) DEVELOPMENTS FOR FUTURE SHIP DESIGN COMPOSITE SLIDING ROOF Weight saving, durability, easy maintenance, transparency and innovative lightweight construction in composite material. Scan here to learn more: (Or go directly to our website to watch the clip) SYSTEM PARTNER PANORAMIC LOGGIA WINDOW New cabin type: the former balcony area becomes a permanent part of the cabins. Scan here to learn more: (Or go directly to our website to watch the clip) IDEAS IN GLASS OUR PORTFOLIO Glued Glassfacade Wind shields, balustrades and partitions Panoramic retractable glass roof Fire-resistant glazing Sliding window integrated into the facade Glass sliding door integrated into the facade Skylights which can be opened Glass dome Special Glass DUROmare marine glazing Brombach + Gess marine glazing - Ideas in Glass Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 11

12 SHIPBUILDING & EQUIPMENT XXXXXXXXX CRUISE & YACHTS AIDAperla is the latest addition to AIDA Cruises fleet Innovative technology for the protection of the environment AIDAperla Following delivery of the AIDAperla to AIDA Cruises at the end of April, the vessel was christened in Palma de Mallorca in late June. Built at Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd, Nagasaki, and the the sister vessel of the AIDAprima, delivered in May 2016, the AIDAperla is the second cruise ship equipped with a dual-fuel engine for the use of liquid natural gas (LNG) while docked in port, with two shore-side power connections and a comprehensive system for the after-treatment of exhaust gases. After AIDAprima, AIDAperla is the second cruise ship in the world that, thanks to a dual-fuel engine, can produce energy on board from LNG while docked, equivalent to about 40% of its operating time. The vessel is further equipped with an exhaust gas cleaning system of compact design which makes it possible to accommodate all relevant treatment processes. NOx is chemically bound in a catalytic converter, and soot and fuel residues are precipitated in a filter. The SOx is removed in a scrubber without any chemicals being added. With this filter technology, emissions from soot particles, NOx and SOx can be reduced by 90-99%. Carbon monoxide emissions are reduced by 70% and emissions of unburned hydrocarbons by 85%, AIDA Cruises said in a statement. Hydrodynamic optimisation and MALS technology In addition to reducing emissions, increased efficiency is a key factor in environmentally friendly ship operation. Compared with AIDAstella, the newest ship of the last AIDAdiva generation, AIDAperla uses around 20% less propulsive power per person on board thanks to different measures. Hydrodynamic optimisation of AIDAperla makes the most important contribution to this. Through its design with a perpendicular bow and optimised hull lines, propulsive power can be reduced according to the speed-length ratio principle. 12 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 Like the AIDAprima, AIDAperla is equipped with the innovative MALS (Mitsubishi Air Lubrication System) technology. This allows the ship to glide over a carpet of air bubbles, which considerably reduces friction and saves energy used for propulsion. Modern pod drives also lower fuel consumption. Heat recovery and absorption chillers Thanks to efficient energy recovery technology and the intelligent distribution and use of waste heat, the energy efficiency of hotel and restaurant operations is said to have increased significantly: > The laundry on board is equipped with a tunnel washer which only uses 2.5 litres of water per kilogram of laundry; > Modern absorption chillers convert waste heat that is not needed elsewhere on board into refrigerant for air conditioners. This means that excess heat is used efficiently to reduce the demand for electrical energy. After the propulsion machinery, air conditioners are the largest energy consumers on board; > The refrigerant on board AIDAperla is also generated in a resource-saving fashion directly from cooling seawater. As a result, air conditioning compressors only need to be switched on at high air and water temperatures;

13 > Air conditioners in the staterooms and in public areas are controlled by local and intelligent fan coils; > AIDA Cruises consistently relies on the use of LED technology and efficient dimmer systems in the staterooms and public areas; > All standard electric motors on board AIDAperla feature the highest energy efficiency class, IE3 Premium Efficiency. This enables, for example, energy to be fed back into the onboard network during operation of the elevators; > Frequency-controlled motors, as well as speed-controlled pumps and fans, ensure that only the exact amount of power that is actually needed is called upon; > Waste heat is optimally utilised through double waste-heat boilers, so that oil-fired auxiliary boilers can largely be dispensed with; > All waste heat, including that from the engine cooling water, is routed through a central waste-heat distribution system to the onboard consumers with the highest energy needs at any given time. The available energy can be efficiently and specifically exploited through the central distribution and intelligent-needs management system; > With state-of-the-art osmosis technology, the fresh water on board AIDAperla is produced from seawater in an energyefficient manner; > Waste is separated, compressed, and recycled wherever possible according to the latest standards. Presentation of new leisure craft NEW FRONTIERS Following the July launch of its latest up-market leisure craft, New Frontiers, Damen Shipyards Group will be showing off the new vessel at the Monaco Yacht Show in September. The 55m-long yacht support vessel will provide customers with more flexibility, the company claims, offering scope to take a weekend diving trip away from a superyacht, for example, or linking two locations at once by helicopter. The vessel shares its semi-displacement Damen Sea Axe platform with earlier yacht support designs, but offers a range of new features. These include an owner s suite on the main deck and three other suites accommodating six guests, lounge and dining space of about 30m 2, a sun deck of about 50m 2, and an adventure centre aft with a store for diving and sport equipment. Guest areas have been designed to limit noise and vibration. The vessel, which has a speed of 20 knots and a range of 5,000 nautical miles, has a main deck area totalling 240m 2 which incorporates standard fittings for modular tender cradles and containers, and a helipad. The vessel is technically ready for A-frame installation to launch and retrieve submersibles. Accommodation is available for four support The New Frontiers will be introduced in Monaco staff including pilots and security personnel. The vessel on its way to Singapore All ships in the current AIDA fleet already operate at a particularly economical level and use an average of only three litres of fuel per person on board for every 100km. This has been confirmed by the classification society DNV GL in an independent study. On board AIDAperla, this value has been reduced even further, the German cruise operator said. PERFECTION FROM THE BIGGEST PROJECT TO THE SMALLEST DETAIL IEC MARINE AND OFFSHORE CABLES NEK 606 OFFSHORE CABLES FLEXIBLE CABLES INDUSTRIAL CABLES OPTICAL FIBRE CABLES We provide the perfect connection for your business. Connect with us at Helkama Bica Oy, Lakimiehenkatu 4, Kaarina tel , Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 13

14 SHIPBUILDING & EQUIPMENT CRUISE & YACHTS Costa Cruises presents new edition of sustainability report ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION Costa Cruises has published a new edition of its annual Sustainability Report, called Sea You Tomorrow Rotta verso il futuro (On course for the future), The document sets out the Italian cruise shipping company s strategic plan for sustainability, describing the main projects and the results achieved in The report is divided into three sections: Sea, You and Tomorrow, addressing the issues concerning environmental protection, the creation of shared values and responsible innovation. SEA Respect for the environment The projects Costa has developed in this section concentrate on reducing emissions, improving energy efficiency, rationalising water resources and recycling waste. The following results were achieved: 14 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 > A 3% reduction in fuel consumption per passenger per day compared with 2015; > A 5% decrease in the carbon footprint compared with 2015; > A 9% reduction in SOx and a 4% reduction in NOx and PMs compared with the previous year; > 100% of the differentiated waste collection processed on board; > A 9.5% decrease in waste produced per passenger per day; > 393 tonnes of aluminium have been collected and sent for recycling over the last ten years; > 62% of water requirements are produced on board. YOU Sustainable tourism models Central to Costa s strategy for sustainable development is the promotion of an enterprise and tourism model capable of ensuring economic development and opportunities for growth in the places Marine and Offshore Doors Made in Germany. Established in 1919 A-, B-, C- and H-class doors Only the best should be standard. Hinged and sliding doors with and without glass. Podszuck GmbH Klausdorfer Weg Kiel Germany Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) visited by its ships, while enhancing their identity, culture and natural heritage. A tangible example of value creation in this sense is the launch of a new itinerary in the Indian Ocean, with destinations in India, the Maldives and Sri Lanka. This choice has contributed to the development of significant skills in the reception sector, through the creation of new professional profiles such as tourist guides and escorts. Further evidence of the economic impact can be seen in Savona, Costa Cruises home port in Italy. The study carried out with the support of PwC, a management consultancy, quantified the economic contribution that Costa activities bring to the city s GDP every year as approximately EUR 38 million. The effects in terms of employment are similarly important, with a total of 661 jobs created and direct expenditure of EUR 96 per cruise passenger disembarking from Costa ships. An integral part of the development process is the identification of new destinations and cultural sites to add to the land tour excursion programmes. In 2016 Costa Cruises introduced 150 new excursions, concentrating in particular on promoting Italy s hidden treasures, destinations that are of great interest on an artistic and cultural level, albeit outside the main international tourism flows. TOMORROW LNG-powered vessels Costa s latest newbuildings, which will join the fleet in 2019 and 2021 respectively, will run on LNG (liquefied natural gas), which will lead to a substantial reduction in emissions such as CO 2, NOx, SOx and particulates. The presence of the new ships will require significant infrastructural development to accommodate and service them, but provides an exciting long-term opportunity to promote LNG as a clean source of fuel for shipping. The report is available at

15 Quark Expeditions announces hybrid expedition vessel ANTARTICA SEASON A new expedition cruise vessel, World Explorer, is currently under construction at West Sea Shipyard in Viana do Castelo, Portugal, for cruise company Mystic Cruises. The ice-strengthened 9,300gt vessel, with capacity for 200 passengers and a crew of 110, will have a speed of 16 knots and is due for delivery in October The 126m-long World Explorer is likely to be the first in a series of ocean-going expedition cruise ships built for Mystic Cruises, a company within the Mystic Invest group that also controls river cruise operator Douro Azul and Germany s Nicko Cruises. The vessel will feature luxury suites, an outdoor running track, a dedicated spa area, lecture theatre, library, and outdoor deck space for sight-seeing across the polar landscape. On delivery, the ship is due to embark on an inaugural Antarctic season from November 2018 to March 2019, chartered to Quark Expeditions, a polar cruise specialist. From then on, until the next Antarctic season when it is understood the vessel is chartered again to Quark, the World Explorer will be deployed on itineraries that include visits to small and exclusive ports around the world which are not accessible to larger cruise ships. The vessel is to be fitted with a range of eco-friendly equipment supplied by Rolls- The World Explorer will offer tours to Antarctica Royce. The package will include two Bergen C25:33L8P main engines and a Bergen C25:33L6P auxiliary dual generator. These connect to a low voltage AFE SAVe- CUBE electrical system which allows the engines to operate at variable speeds and optimal efficiency for the power required. The company will also provide an automation and control system, a Promas propulsion system with controllable pitch propellers integrated with two flap rudders, steering gears and tunnel thrusters. Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 15

16 SHIPBUILDING & EQUIPMENT AUXILIARY SYSTEMS Flexible installation of connectors in marine hydraulics STAUFF Ships are home to numerous hydraulic systems with extensive pipework networks. A versatile mobile machine is now available for installing cutting ring connectors into the lines, writes Jochen Straub from Germany s Walter Stauffenberg GmbH & Co KG (Stauff), a developer, manufacturer and supplier of pipework equipment and hydraulic components. Compact and completely mobile: the new mobile installation machine in the Stauff Press range is ideal for use on site Photos: Walter Stauffenberg GmbH & Co KG Steering gear and loading systems, flaps and gates, stabilisers and winches are just a few of many applications for hydraulic systems in shipping. There are also diverse other fluid systems, e.g., for the supply of cooling and heat, ballast water distribution, sprinkler systems and other supply lines. 16 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 Diverse tube connector systems When installing the right tubes, different connection elements also need to be fitted. Tube connectors that comply with ISO or DIN 2353, with metallic sealing or soft-sealing double-edged cutting rings, are commonly used for this. Tube forming systems can be used to overcome particularly challenging requirements. The range of materials used is equally wide: stainless steel connectors are used outdoors, where salt-water resistance is required; while steel connectors with suitable surface coatings and, in some cases, special alloys, such as copper-nickel-iron, which offer increased resistance for tubes carrying salt water, are used in internal spaces. Typically, in marine construction, there are also many connectors across a large area and a wide range of different tube diameters and wall thicknesses. Some of the tubes are very thin-walled and the clearance between the lines is very small. Mobile manual installation machine In these conditions, there are only two serious possibilities for installing or repairing line systems on site: purely manual installation in situ with two wrenches, or the use of the new installation machine from the Stauff Press range, with product designation SPR-PRC-H-M. The machine can be used practically anywhere and is ideal for the pressure-controlled installation of all common cutting ring models to the ends of tubes made of steel, stainless steel and other materials up to an outer diameter of 42mm (light series) or 38mm (heavy series). The mobile unit takes pressure off installation personnel, at the same time guaranteeing high-quality reproducible assembly results even with different tube diameters and materials. Lightweight with stand-alone energy supply The machine boasts two key features that enable it to be used as a mobile unit in shipyards and on ships. The machine is compact in design and along with accessories and other installation tools is carried in a transportation case on rollers. It weighs less than 7 kg (including battery), which also simplifies its use on site. The machine can be used as a manual tool, installed on a tripod or fitted with a table mounting. An external power supply is not required because, as a stand-alone system, the machine obtains its power from an efficient lithium-ion battery which can typically carry out more than 200 installation procedures without recharging, depending on the diameter of the tubes. A replacement battery is included in the service case as standard. There is also room for the charging unit. The machine, which Stauff launched at the Hannover Messe 2017, works on the principle of pressure-controlled installation. The setting parameters recommended for the individual diameters of the steel / steel material combinations are practically printed directly on the machine and are therefore always to hand. The values can also be adapted for other materials and material combinations, on request, and easily entered using the setting wheel on the ma-

17 High-quality tube connectors can be installed accurately and repeatedly even in compact conditions the NEW ROV HOOK chine. The installation results are visually checked and evaluated using the clearly visible raised material in front of the first cutting edge of the ring as is usually the case with cutting ring connectors. As users require only a few seconds to change the tool and alter the installation parameters using the setting wheel, tube connectors of different sizes, series and materials can be efficiently installed, ensuring safety and reliability. Compared with purely manual installation, the use of the machine offers the benefit that personnel can work more quickly and under less pressure. There is also a significantly lower risk of incorrect or over- or under-tightening, with the resulting risk of leakages, and machine-assisted installation Everything on board: the machine with accessories and replacement battery comes in a service case on rollers of cutting rings delivers improved process reliability. These properties make the new installation machine ideal for flexible use on ships, in shipyards and on offshore plants. It is also ideal for the series installation of smaller quantities and for applications in service vehicles and in the workshops of hydraulic repair and maintenance service providers. unique COST EFFICIENCY in SUBSEA LIFTING challenges. NO SHEDDING OF LOADS NO SNAGGING PATENTED MECHANISM SAVES TIME & COSTS SINGLE-HANDED OPERATION DEVELOPED FOR THE MARKET BY THE MARKET

18 SHIPBUILDING & EQUIPMENT PROPULSION & MANOEUVRING TECHNOLOGY First installation of rigid sail and solar power system will pave the way for 2018 sea trials MRE A feasibility study involving several large bulk carriers is currently underway to identify the most suitable vessel for sea trials of the Aquarius Marine Renewable Energy (MRE) system, developed by Eco Marine Power (EMP) of Fukuoka, Japan. The company, which is now cooperating in the project with Japanese shipowner Hisafuku Kisen K.K. of Onomichi, is preparing for the first shipboard installation of an integrated rigid sail and solar power system using EMP s patented technologies, including the Energy Sail. Aquarius MRE is an advanced integrated system of rigid sails, marine-grade solar panels, energy storage modules and marine computers that will enable ships to tap into renewable energy by harnessing power from wind and sun. The rigid sails used by Aquarius MRE are based on EMP s EnergySail technology. These renewable energy devices will be used to supplement power requirements both when ships are underway and when they are at anchor or in harbour. Each Energy- Sail can be configured with a mix of sensors, photovoltaic panels or other power generation devices. Several bulk carriers are currently being assessed to identify the most suitable vessel on which to conduct sea trials, likely New service to support effcient lube oil feed rates OPTIMISATION Total Lubmarine is launching a new service to assist ship operators in the management of lube oil feed rates for the latest generation of two-stroke marine diesel engines. The move comes in response to customers who are facing a wider mix of marine fuels and require a more sophisticated approach to long-term engine maintenance through continuous monitoring. The system is specifically designed to provide a constant picture of an engine s condition, early warnings of excessive corrosion and wear, and guidance on the correct lube oil feed rates. 18 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 Several bulk carriers are currently being assessed for sea trials, such as the Belgrano to take place next year. The vessels are the 81,870dwt Belgrano, the Nord Gemini of the same size, and the 55,486dwt Bulk Chile. For each ship, an estimate of the propulsive power that could be provided by an EnergySail array will be prepared Total Lubmarine engineers will regularly analyse drain and system oil samples whilst lube oil will go through Total Lubmarine s Diagomar Plus laboratory tests to check on residual base number, kinematic viscosity, insolubles, water content, particle quantification index, iron and other metal content, and oxidation. This service goes well beyond spot testing and allows each customer to anticipate any future problems as well as create a unique engine-specific lubricant strategy under the guidance of our skilled engineers, explained Total Lubmarine s according to the routes on which they operate. Following ship selection, a trial configuration incorporating all the elements of Aquarius MRE will be installed and evaluated over a period of approximately twelve to 18 months. OEM relationship manager, Nikolaos Kotakis. All OEM guidelines recommend careful engine monitoring, and our sophisticated intelligence-led approach allows for the most prudent management of two-stroke marine engines, he continued. Modern engines are particularly sensitive to corrosive wear, and both under- and over-lubrication can cause expensive damage. We believe that our new service will be a significant step forward for customers needing better engine monitoring support and lube oil consumption advice.

19 Two-technology combination offers design and operating benefits PROPULSIVE EFFICIENCY Finland s Steerprop, a specialist in azimuth propulsion, and The Switch, a Yaskawa Electric Corporation company which focuses on drive train technology, have joined forces to launch the Steerprop CRP ECO LM propulsor which features contra-rotating propellers and permanent magnet (PM) technology to produce new levels of efficiency, economy and through-life running costs. The propulsor uses a vertical PM motor, developed by The Switch and located inside a ship s hull, thereby simplifying installation and maintenance. The PM machine is already in serial production and has been well tried and tested in the harsh conditions prevailing around some of the world s largest wind turbines. Meanwhile Steerprop s contra-rotating propellers have an established track record in hydrodynamic efficiency, cutting fuel consumption by up to 25% compared with traditional electric single-screw alternatives. The CRP ECO LM unit has been designed for operation in harsh conditions and has Rolls-Royce introduces V-line version of B33:45 engine MODULARISED DESIGN Rolls-Royce has unveiled a more powerful V-line option in its Bergen B33:45 engine range. A V12 configuration is now available and will be followed by a V16 and a V20, making the engine suitable for a wide range of marine and industrial applications. The company suggests that the V12 engine, which delivers 7.2 MW of power, is potentially suitable for ships including large fishing vessels, heavy-lift and construction units, drilling rigs, cruise vessels and conventional cargo ships and tankers. Thor Humerfelt, head of Engineering at Rolls-Royce Bergen, said: This V-engine series completes the B33:45 engine family and gives our customers freedom to select their optimum power choice in the range between 3.6 MW and up to 12 MW. This will give them an excellent opportunity to reduce life-cycle costs. Steerprop s CRP ECO LM propulsor featuring permanent magnet technology from The Switch received the highest ice classification. The contra-rotating propellers are lightly loaded and provide lower noise and vibration, and improved comfort on board. The V12 configuration of the B33:45 engine By integrating The Switch s PM motor into our solution, we create a compact unit with enhanced efficiency throughout the speed range, said Hannu Jukola, senior sales manager at Steerprop. This delivers tangible benefits for all maritime stakeholders. Speaking for The Switch, business development manager Mika Koli commented: By combining their unit with our PM motor, which gives optimal efficiency throughout the entire speed range, we can take vessel energy, emissions, and cost savings to the next level. The PM motor and all auxiliary electric systems and instrumentation are situated inside the vessel hull, ensuring ease of maintenance and reliability. We believe the unit sets a new benchmark for efficiency, simplicity, and reliable, predictable marine performance. The Switch has been active in marine business since 2013 and acquired Wärtsilä Drives in Norway last November. Part of the EUR 3.3 billion Yaskawa Electric Corporation, the company is targeting 200% growth in the marine sector over the next five years. The engine series has been designed as a modular system which provides 600 kw per cylinder. Rolls-Royce claims that the entire range offers industry-leading fuel consumption and emission figures, both for mechanical propulsion and electrical generation. The basic design, it says, was developed after feedback from operators which highlighted priorities including good fuel consumption, low emissions, high power output per cylinder, and lower weight and cost. Both the in-line and V-series engines are designed to operate for up to 30,000 hours between major overhauls. The V12 engine can be used for propulsion with fixed or controllable-pitch propellers, or as a generator set. It produces invisible smoke at low load and already complies with Tier II NOx requirements as well as Tier III with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system. Variable inlet valve timing improves fuel economy and premium transient response, and the engine series has been designed to provide effective part-load performance and torque at lower loads, Rolls-Royce claims. At 750 rpm, the fuel consumption at 100% load is 176 g/kwh. Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 19

20 SHIPBUILDING & EQUIPMENT SMART SHIPS An intelligent ship is electric DIGITALISATION At a recent meeting in Helsinki, executives from ABB s Marine & Ports Business Unit gave an insight into the company s current and future activities in the areas of digitalisation and smart shipping. After the launch of ABB Ability TM, a digital portfolio comprising more than 180 systems and services, earlier this year, Juha Koskela, managing director of ABB Marine & Ports; Guido Jouret, the company s chief digital officer and Mikko Lepistö, senior vice president of Digital Solutions in the Marine & Ports unit, explained how digitalisation will drive changes in the maritime industry. One main topic was the gradual development of smart shipping and autonomous vessels. The trends in automation and robotics combined with artificial intelligence will enable autonomous shipping in the future, said Koskela in his opening remarks. There are five steps to achieve autonomous operation: > Isolated operations; > Connected operations; > Collaborative operations; > Remote operations; > Autonomous operations. Simulation platform for creating future ships MOU Rolls-Royce, The Norwegian University of Technology Science (NTNU), research organisation SINTEF Ocean, and classification society DNV GL have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the aim of creating an open source digital platform for the development of new ships. The platform will allow the creation of digital twins, a digital copy of a real ship, including its systems, that synthesises the information available about the ship in a digital world. This allows any aspect of an asset to be explored through a digital interface, creating a virtual test bench to assess the safety and performance of a vessel and its systems, both before its construction and through its lifecycle, the project partners noted. 20 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 The ships of the future will be digital, electric and connected, according to Lepistö, Shipping will not change overnight. It will transform gradually and follow a certain technology adoption rate. We are currently moving from connected operation to collaborative operations where the parties start to cooperate based on a same data-driven technology backbone. In order for digitalisation to take place and more remote operation to happen, the power train and machinery also has to evolve. Getting the full potential of digitalisation, you cannot only look at the digital part, you have to look at the holistic picture. Part of the holistic picture is the power train of a ship. Lepistö compared an electric power train with a mechanical power train, showing that due to the fact that electric ships are more efficient, better connected and more flexible, electric ships are the only natural platform for more intelligent, digital and automated ships. As the functionality of electric ships is created with software and not mechanically connected parts, remote diagnostics is made easier and prescriptive. Although it may take a while before ships become fully automated, We are entering a new era with the accelerated uptake of more IT technology in shipping. Digitalisation of information flows will have a positive impact on safety and environmental performance. By creating ships and ship technology in a virtual environment, new ideas and technology can be realised and tested in a shorter time frame. A platform like this could form the basis for future class services, said Remi Eriksen, Group President and CEO of DNV GL. Hans Petter Hildre, Professor and chairman at the NTNU, added: A simulation-based way of working lets us easily test multiple concepts before a final solution is selected. In addition, re-using digital models along the entire value chain will contribute to reducing costs. there will be a lot of different means to make the operation easier, he said. ABB Ability collaborative operations Jouret gave a few more insights and updates on ABB Ability. We believe that the digital opportunity is here and that is transforming the industry, not only the products [ ] but also business models, he said. ABB s digital systems across a range of applications are built on Microsoft s Azure platform. This means that the company s domain knowledge is being turned into software offerings which ABB customers can access through the world s largest and most advanced digital platform. The platform ABB Ability is currently connected to 700 vessels and collects the following data every day: > 3,100 signals from remote diagnostics; > Six critical alarms; > 40 technical questions; > 220k nautical miles added to voyage data; > 1,500 signals on energy consumption; > Various signals on sea conditions (waves, wind, currents, water depths, etc.). The project partners intend to open the platform to other parties, with some core aspects built on an open source framework enabling designers, equipment and system manufacturers, yards, shipowners, operators, research institutes and academia to work together to co-create and innovate together. The platform is also designed to serve as a model library for different ship concepts, where ideas can be made generally available or kept part of projects with limited access. Following the signing of the MoU, the project partners are now working to form a steering group that will define and govern the development of the core platform system and its deployment.

21 Ship Efficiency th International Conference Hamburg September 2017 Is the maritime industry already on track? We invite you to attend the sixth conference on one of the key issues for future shipping: ship efficiency. The German Society for Maritime Technology, STG, launched this series of conferences to provide a platform for maritime leaders to exchange interdisciplinary ideas and expertise on questions related to Ship Efficiency. To register and to be kept updated on programme details and speakers, go to Please register soon as the capacity of the conference room is limited. During the conference there will be an exhibition in the field of energy saving where leaders of the maritime industry will present innovative products and services. The STG is very much pleased to confirm the following presentations up to now: Ship efficiency in a more and more regulated environment The Path to Ship Efficiency Wolfram Guntermann, Hapag-Lloyd AG, Germany New environmental Regulation and a broader view on impacts for efficient shipping Matthias Wiese, DNV GL, Germany Significance of environmental policy for the transport by sea Speaker to be announced Ship Efficiency in Port/Efficient Shore Power Supply Gunter Bonz, EUROGATE Container Terminal Hamburg GmbH, Germany Hybrid approaches for onboard power generation and propulsion drives Kay Tigges, Siemens AG, Germany The road towards autonomous shipping Oskar Levander, Rolls-Royce Marine, Finland Panel discussion: Unmanned and autonomous ships between desire and reality Recognized experts from the marine industry and leading shipping companies will give their views Moderator: Hermann J. Klein, STG, Germany Antony J. Firmin, Hapag-Lloyd AG, Germany Carlos Jahn, Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics and Services CML, Germany Oskar Levander, Rolls-Royce Marine, Finland Pierre Sames, DNV GL, Norway Conference dinner speech Achim Wehrmann, Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure, Germany How to save fuel costs on different ship types Fuel Consumption Measurement in IMO and EU Ship Fuel Consumption Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) Andreas Maier, KRAL AG, Austria Energy efficiency improvements for PCTC vessels, present and future Martin v. Sydow, Wallenius Marine, Sweden Operational profile optimization and energy saving device study on a container ship Jinbao Wang, MARIC, China Fleet Performance Program - a must to survive for bulk carrier and container ship owners Bart Rombouts, CMB Group, Belgium Fuel Savings on Tankers (Speaker and final title to be announced) Efficient Design and Operation of Cruise Vessels Sebastian Sala, Carnival Maritime GmbH, Germany Conference Language: Venue: Special Hotel Rates: English Hotel Hafen Hamburg If booked prior to August 10 at Hotel Hafen Hamburg (Ship Efficiency ) Please quote booking code (in parentheses above) when booking. For booking and rate, see September Registration and welcome Presentations Panel discussion Conference dinner with keynote speaker September Presentations Farewell Buffet Conference Fees: If booked prior Full fee to September 6 Participants STG-Members Members of affiliated societies* Students/Pensioners *see registration ( The conference fee includes proceedings on a CD, admittance at all technical sessions, lunches and refreshments, conference dinner and farewell buffet. After this conference: You are invited to attend the first workshop (free of charge) of the German funded research project ProEis Influence of the ship s hull design on the propulsion efficiency and the loads on the propeller induced by ice (see The German Society for Maritime Technology Schiffbautechnische Gesellschaft e.v.

22 SHIPBUILDING & EQUIPMENT INDUSTRY NEWS Asia s first ballast water treatment system wins USCG approval BALCLOR China s SunRui Marine Environment Engineering Company Ltd has become the world s fourth and Asia s first ballast water treatment manufacturer to receive type approval for its system from the United States Coast Guard (USCG). A subsidiary of China Shipbuilding Industry Company Limited, SunRui s BalClor system is based on three separate treatment technologies filtration, electrochlorination and neutralisation. Classification society DNV GL, one of the USCG s five independent accredited laboratories, worked with SunRui on tests which took a total of about three years. According to general manager Fu Hongtian, the company plans to continue developing equipment for preventing marine and air pollution and has adopted DNV GL as its classification partner. Early this year, Sun- Rui applied for type approval of a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for NOx reductions, and DNV GL will soon attend emission tests on this equipment. The Chinese company is also working on a scrubber for SOx treatment and will seek suitable approvals from DNV GL in the near future. The classification society has been involved in the testing of all four of the USCG typeapproved systems and of the 45 manufacturers which have declared their intention to submit systems for USCG type approval, DNV GL is handling 25 of them. New thermal camera for long-range imaging The Flir M500 multi-sensor maritime camera SITUATIONAL AWARENESS Flir Systems Inc has unveiled a new cooled thermal camera in its M-Series range which, it says, will provide improved awareness, imaging and target identification capabilitites for master mariners and other seagoing personnel. The Flir M500 multi-sensor maritime camera has been designed to identify very small temperature variations, thus giving greater detail and enhanced image clarity. This, the company says, will provide navigation officers with the ability to detect targets more than 15km away, navigate narrow waterways, and confidently avoid hazards both day and night. The M500, which has an infrared resolution of 640 x 512 and a 14-times optical zoom lens, provides early detection of vessels, key landmarks, and navigation aids. Equipped with active gyro-stabilisation for steady imagery in rough seas, the camera also has a video tracking function to monitor selected moving or stationary targets. Grégoire Outters, vice president and general manager of Flir Maritime, commented on the new camera. The Flir M500 multi-sensor camera is Flir s most technologically advanced M-Series camera to date. Its cooled thermal camera and superior image quality enables professional captains to discern obstacles and navigation aids with much greater detail, providing them with improved situational awareness and safer navigation around the clock. First responders will appreciate the long-range target detection, stabilisation, and video tracing for exceptional precision on water. The Flir M500 will be available worldwide through the company s established dealer network from September this year. New product range from UK refrigeration specialist 22 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 CUSTOMER SERVICE Birkenhead-based Flynn Refrigeration has redefined its main product lines as a result of growing customer demand and a steadily increasing range of refrigeration and air conditioning products. The family-owned UK specialist has now grouped the components it handles for marine and industrial clients around the world into 18 core product categories sourced from more than 45 manufacturers. They include Bitzer, Danfoss, Compair and Ingersoll Rand and comprise refrigeration spares, compressors, refrigeration engineering services, air dryers and electric motors. Alex Flynn, managing director, explained that the reorganisation would benefit customers, the company s agents and representatives overseas, as well as Flynn Refrigeration s sales team in the UK. Our extensive product range allows us to effectively respond to the needs of businesses across a wide variety of markets, he said. We ve now made it even easier for those customers to understand the full scope of the parts and services available, and to recognise the key manufacturers we work with. The reorganisation of our product range and publication of a new brochure has allowed us to highlight our ISO 9001 and ISO accreditation, Flynn continued. In redefining our range, we ve also recognised the important of highlighting the fact that our original manufacturer spares and quality replacement parts both conform to the same standareds. This means customer receive the same quality assurance regardless of budget implications.

23 Self-lubricating bearing material certified With a load capacity of 140 MPa (dynamic) and 230 MPa (static), the composite deva.tex 552 Marine is able to match the load rating of many metallic materials, while offering no corrosion, less weight, lower friction and wear-rates Photo: 2017 Federal-Mogul LLC STAR-CCM+: Discover better designs, faster. DEVA.TEX 552 MARINE Federal-Mogul Powertrain has announced the certification of its premium self-lubricating deva. tex 552 Marine bearing material by DNV GL. deva.tex 552 Marine is constructed using a composite that will not corrode, reduces weight, lowers friction and slows wear-rates while still matching the load rates of many metallic materials. As the marine industry seeks lower and more consistent friction levels from self-lubricated bearings, deva.tex 552 moves away from traditional metal bearings towards composite materials, the company said. deva.tex 552 Marine is part of the Federal- Mogul DEVA product family, which offers high performance, self-lubricating bearing materials suitable for translatory, rotational and oscillating movements where conventional lubrication is not possible for submerged applications. Developed for circumstances in which high load capacity and good durability are required, deva.tex 552 Marine protects against underwater swell and offers maximum long-term dimensional stability. The deva.tex materials are glass fibre-reinforced composites, using a cross-winding technology. The base material delivers high strength, while the sliding layer contains non-abrasive fibres and solid lubricants that ensure excellent tribological properties, even in damp environments or under edge loading conditions. The solid lubricants used within the matrix provide very low coefficients of friction and wear rates in both wet and dry running conditions. Freedom to Innovate - Apply CFD at full scale under real operating conditions.

24 OFFSHORE & MARINE TECHNOLOGY SUBSEA ENGINEERING Enhancing safety in subsea lifting ROV HOOKS The German chain manufacturer RUD Ketten, in cooperation with leading subsea engineering, construction and service company Subsea 7, has recently developed a new hook to be operated by ROVs (remotely operated vehicle) for safe subsea lifting operations. Particularly during drilling, field development and production, all equipment that is used underwater needs to be transported, handled, installed and when required, removed for maintenance, repair and replacement. Equipment and tools need to be moved down to the seabed and lifted back to the surface when the work is done, RUD Ketten notes. All this requires the use of adequate, reliable and safe rigging equipment, such as slings, hooks, and lifting attachments (shackles, eyebolts, pad eyes, etc.). Usually, a hook is the immediate connection between the crane s side-sling and the load. Thus, hooks play an important and decisive role in ensuring the success of any subsea lifting/lowering operation. The new ROV hook has an innovative outwards opening, automatically closing and locking safety latch, featuring a patented operating mechanism with only two moving parts. The simple but reliable functionality is based on the leveraging principle of rigid body physics to translate the movement of a trigger, when it is pressed or pulled by a lanyard into the opening of the hook s gate, explained David Jaramillo, manager of business development at RUD Ketten and head of the project. All main parts are manufactured of forged steel, with a safety factor of 4:1 with respect to its working load limit (WLL), 100% crack-tested and 24 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 The new ROV hook withstanding a dynamic loading of more than 20,000 load cycles according to European Standard EN The hook will be initially available as a 10-tonne WLL capacity hook. Other sizes are planned and will be developed based on further demand from the market. Background of the development The two most common incident types involving hooks in the offshore industry are snagging of hooks and unintentional release of rigging from the hooks (shedding). With more subsea operations now requiring equipment to be moved and installed on the seabed, the number of incidents relating to hooks has also increased. The snagging of hooks and accidental load detachment has been well-documented and, for this reason, the use of the single point hook, including the ROV snap hook was identified as a significant hazard to diving operations. The International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA) therefore recommends using self-locking or safety hooks instead of single point hooks [1]. This has long been established practice for diver operations. Historically, there is a lack of other types of hook for diver-less operations that are as quick and easy for ROV use, and this has meant that the ROV snap hook continues to be commonly used. Alternative solutions There are certainly alternatives to the ROV snap hook, all of which generally work well for rigging release type operations. These include the ROV shackle and other proprietary type shackles and self-locking hooks. However, in most cases the speed and ease of use of the simple ROV snap hook are sacrificed to increase safety. The attachment of rigging using ROVs has always been a challenge and it is this issue that motivated Subsea 7 and RUD to work together to design a product that meets both the operational safety and speed of use requirements that are currently missing from the market. The speed of use requirement is important because vessel operating costs are high and any time saved on critical path ROV operations will make a significant impact. Over an extended period, this can potentially accrue to a large cost saving. In addition to the safety aspects and speed of use, one of the most important requirements was that the new design is operationally robust and reliable. According to RUD Ketten and Subsea 7, which provided the user requirements and validated the design at all stages, the new hook comes with the following benefits: > It eliminates the risk of snagging and accidental rigging; > The outer profile is smooth with no protruding hook nose; > The safety latch intermeshes with the hook nose; > The safety latch automatically closes when the ROV releases the trigger or releases the operating lanyard; > The safety latch is securely locked in closed position; > The hook can be operated by all commonly used ROV manipulators, including the grabber; > The hook safety latch opening and closing can be operated by a single ROV manipulator; > The hook can be approached at inclined angles up to 30 from the ideal gripping position perpendicular to hook flat side; > The hook design minimises the time the ROV takes to carry out the attachment/ detachment operation; > Easy maintenance: the optional release lanyard is a consumable item and can be easily replaced by the deck crew without disassembling the hook trigger/gate mechanism. The new ROV hook will be launched at this year s SPE Offshore Europe in Aberdeen early in September. References [1] IMCA AODC 018 Rev 1 Dec 1995


26 OFFSHORE & MARINE TECHNOLOGY OFFSHORE WIND NG-20000X design with telescopic leg crane introduced GUSTOMSC Dutch design and engineering company GustoMSC has developed the self-propelled jack-up design NG-20000X for the installation of next-generation wind turbine components and foundations. Characterised by a high variable load and large water-depth capability, the NG X is equipped with the GustoMSC integrated telescopic leg crane, enabling the installation of heavy foundations, and when the boom is fully extended it reaches adequate lifting height and capacity to install large wind turbine components. As the company noted, the offshore wind market has developed rapidly over the past few years. Wind turbines currently in the design and testing process will require a new approach to handle their increasing weight and installation height of turbines that may well go beyond 10 MW in capacity. Key to the new approach is to stop the spiraling trend of growing crane weights due to the increasing requirements related to the heavy foundations and high installation heights, and to stay close to the proven design technology at the same time. By scaling up the jack-up design and jacking system and solving the challenging crane requirements in an innovative manner, the NG-20000X represents the next generation wind turbine installation jack-up in all its facets, said Jan-Mark Meeuwisse, commercial director at GustoMSC. Illustration of the new self-propelled jack-up design NG-20000X A key feature is the combination of high hoisting height for wind turbine installation and heavy load capability for foundation installation. To combine these two extreme requirements, GustoMSC has developed the telescopic leg crane. By introducing a telescopic boom that features a very high hook height when extended (1,250 tonnes at 160m) and offers an increased hoisting capacity when retracted (2,500 tonnes at 120m), it is possible to break the cycle of extremely long protruding booms and increasing crane weights, resulting in a more economic crane design and increased variable load available for operations. The telescopic leg crane has been designed on Renewables service vessel launched 3315 Damen has launched the renewables service vessel (RSV) 3315 a new type that has been developed in close cooperation with Scottish company Delta Marine. The first in the new series was recently officially named Voe Vanguard in a ceremony at Damen Shipyards Hardinxveld. After that, the RSV was off to its first offshore windfarm, the Walney Extension project. The Damen RSV 3315 is based on the Multicat design. The vessel can undertake all duties normally expected of a Multicat but has the addition of a spacious, unobstructed deck, DP2 and dedicated fourpoint mooring. The 33m-long vessel has a 42-tonne bollard pull. 26 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 Delta Marine and Damen adapted the traditional Multicat design by moving the wheelhouse forward and leaving the aft deck open. Additionally, it was important to make sure the vessel was under the 500-tonne mark to keep the costs down, both companies noted. The RSV Voe Vanguard the basis of its successful predecessors, the GustoMSC leg encircling crane designs. The NG-20000X design benefits from the proven VSD jacking system and a large unobstructed deck area. The huge variable load capacity of 16,500 tonnes enables the contractor to make a round trip carrying six complete sets of wind turbine components with a turbine weight of 1,000 tonnes, or carrying seven pieces of 900-tonne jacket foundations, optimising the cost per installed turbine or foundation. Additionally, by further balancing out the jack-up design with an optimised leg design, the overall performance of the unit is improved, GustoMSC said. The vessel is diesel electric, and has four azimuths, with a large stern thruster. It is also very flexible, with a shallow draught of only 2.6m. The two aft azimuths can swing up into the hull and we can easily switch from DP1 to DP2 mode, David McNaugthan, Delta Marine s general manager said. In addition, Voe Vanguard has two powerful cranes, one of which has a capacity of 15 tonnes with an outreach of 20m. The vessel offers accommodation for a crew of up to 18 people. Delta Marine took delivery of its first Damen vessel twelve years ago and the Shetland-based company now has four Damen Multicat vessels in its fleet, and manages one more.

27 Floating wind turbine design approved BUREAU VERITAS DCNS Energies has received preliminary design approval from classification society Bureau Veritas (BV) for its floating offshore wind turbine foundation which is based on a semi-submersible floater. The approval was provided as part of the General Electric and DCNS Energies Sea Reed project, a floating offshore wind turbine development likely to be used in France and the United States. The floating foundation has been designed to be cost-competitive, capable of mass production, easy towing and installation, and adaptable to site conditions. The preliminary approval means that the design is feasible, achievable, and contains no technological show-stoppers which could prevent commercial development. As well as the technical specification, BV engineers have therefore made sure that the design is suitable for all stages of the transport to site, installation and commissioning phases. Floating offshore wind turbines Source: DCNS Energies - GE LiDAR buoys ordered for Chinese wind farms IWES Germany s Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology (IWES) is to supply two measuring buoys for the Zhangpu and Changle offshore wind farms under construction off the coast of China s Fujian province. The buoys, ordered from Fraunhofer IWES by China s Titan Technologies Corporation (TTC), will be the first floating units based on light detection and ranging (LiDAR) technology to be deployed in China, and will be used to produce accurate measurements of electricity yields at the two wind farms which are being developed by the China Three Gorges Corporation (CTG). Titan Technologies Corporation has been engaged by CTG to measure the electricity yields and to complete the installation work, servicing and data evaluation at the two wind farms which will have a total capacity of 4 GW. Comprehensive feedback based on the specific operational conditions at the wind farms will contribute to Fraunhofer s understanding of varying environmental loads including, for example, typhoons. Fraunhofer IWES LiDAR buoys, which measure wind speed 200m above the water, are proving popular for offshore measuring, most recently for wind farms planned in Scotland s Firth of Forth. They are noted for their accuracy and reliability even in strong seas, thanks to correction algorithms developed by researchers at Fraunhofer IWES, which eliminate buoy movements from the measurements. The buoys passed LiDAR buoys will be deployed in China Matthieu de Tugny, COO, senior vice president and head of offshore at Bureau Veritas, said: We are seeing increasing interest in floating offshore wind turbine technology as demand for wind power increases. The turbines can be fabricated onshore, installed in deep water and on variable sea floor topographies. Because of their low environmental impact during installation and application in deeper waters, we can see that demand for them will grow. Thierry Kalanquin, CEO of DCNS Energies, welcomed the approval from BV, saying: The certification granted by an independent and reputable international certification agency proves the maturity and seriousness of our solution. It also validates our system in the short-term for our ongoing projects in France and in the United States, but also in the mid- and long-term for our future commercial farm projects all around the world. In the short-term, a new floating wind facility is being developed between the islands of Groix and Belle-Ile off the coast of Brittany. Four 6-MW turbines are to be installed on a steel and concrete version of DCNS Energies floating foundation. BV has been awarded full certification of the facility which is expected to be commissioned in the Carbon Trust s tests for floating LiDAR devices, surpassing accuracy requirements. We have been working with Fraunhofer for years and appreciate their proven, highly deployable solutions for complex operational conditions, commented John Feng, chairman of TTC. Paving the way for CTG s vision of reliable offshore wind energy for China is an exciting and honourable assignment to which we contribute years of wind energy experience, he said. Speaking for Fraunhofer IWES, Bernhard Lange, head of Wind Farm Planning and Operation, said: We welcome the order from Titan Technologies Corporation and believe that CTG s decision to use two Li- DAR buoys could set an example in China. China s offshore wind energy sector is developing fast and more than 25 GW of wind power are likely to come on stream annually over the next ten years, according to figures released recently from researchers at MAKE Consulting, an energy analyst. In its China Wind Power Outlook 2017 report, the firm predicted a compound annual growth rate of 24% in grid-connected offshore capacity over the next ten years. Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 27

28 OFFSHORE & MARINE TECHNOLOGY OFFSHORE WIND Condition-based maintenance of offshore turbines DATA INFRASTRUCTURE The Danish energy company Dong Energy says it aims to expand its offshore wind turbine capacity from approximately 3.5 GW in European waters today to 6.5 GW requiring an estimated 1,500 turbines by Since maintenance of offshore turbines is approximately 15 times more expensive than onshore servicing, and Dong also wanted to mitigate the accident frequency, the company turned to US-based OSIsoft to shift from a fixed schedule to conditionbased maintenance. Application of scalable, open data infrastructure On offshore wind farms, any equipment breakdown is disruptive and often expensive to repair. In the turbines themselves, for example, a leak in the converter cooling system can cause a drop in fluid pressure, which in turn can prompt an automated shutdown of the unit. By detecting pressure loss early, maintenance crews can be dispatched before extensive damage occurs, thereby avoiding expensive downtime. Data management provider OSIsoft s experience working with offshore oil rigs on condition-based maintenance programmes helped support Dong Energy in using data analytics to understand how to do the necessary servicing required by offshore wind turbines and their components at the right time and the lowest cost, according to Michael Kanello, technology analyst at OSIsoft. Dong Energy took the data that was available from its wind turbine generators and moved it into OSIsoft s scalable, open data infrastructure, called PI. The energy company also moved that data into its asset management system so that its managers could create work orders. In addition, the data was used to establish a map that provided a visual status of the wind turbines. Integrating its data into the three technologies allowed Dong s wind farm Maintenance of offshore turbines is more complex than onshore servicing managers to have a clear picture of what was happening at a particular facility, and drill down into a specific wind turbine to see the work flow status on that machine, Kanello said. Dong Energy saved EUR 20 million per year as a result of that integration initiative, he added. quality media for maritime experts

29 OFFSHORE & MARINE TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY NEWS MARIN tests floating island BLUE FUTURE The Maritime Research Institute Netherlands (MARIN) has conducted the first tests of a floating island, using both computer simulation as well as model tests at its 40m x 40m offshore basin in which wind, waves and currents can be simulated to scale. The floating island is a part of the Blue Future movement which aims to ensure that the world s seas and oceans, which cover 70% of the earth s surface, are used sustainably. The island is made up of 87 floating triangles that are connected to form a flexible floating structure up to 5km across. As the world s population continues to grow, artificial islands may well prove essential to provide extra space for developing, generating, storing and maintaining energy, for example, loading and transhipping cargo in coastal areas, aquaculture, and housing and recreational spaces close to water. Animation of the floating island Olaf Waals is project manager and concept developer. As sea level rises, cities become overcrowded and more activities are carried out at sea, raising the dikes and reclaiming land from the seas is perhaps no longer an effective solution, he said. An innovative alternative that fits with the Dutch maritime tradition is floating ports and cities. Joined forces for 3D motion-compensated cranes TTS COLIBRI TM TTS Group and Ulstein have joined forces in providing 3D motioncompensated cranes to the offshore industry. The collaboration has resulted in the contract for a TTS Colibri TM motion-compensated crane for a newly built offshore wind SOV project for Louis Dreyfus Armateurs. Delivery is planned for the second quarter of The new product combines TTS s competences in crane design and manufacturing with Ulstein s expertise in innovative motion technology and analysis. Two aspects make the TTS Colibri unique compared with other solutions in the market, said Gilbert Rezette, managing director of Ulstein Equipment, a Dutch Artist s impression of the new TTS Colibri TM motion-compensated crane subsidiary of Ulstein Group. First of all, our inhouse developed Colibri system is a stand-alone add-on device to a standard offshore crane. It adds functionality, while the crane maintains its functionality as a full-fledged offshore crane including deepwater subsea capabilities. But what makes this system truly unique is its groundbreaking anti-sway technology, which also allows to mitigate wind induced motions which act directly on the load. The TTS Colibri crane will come in a range of three different sizes: 1 tonne, 3 tonnes and 7 tonnes. The first contract is for a 1-tonne version, where the crane itself still has its capability to lift 3 tonnes with a 10-tonne retrofit option. Joining forces has enabled both our companies to offer a serious and commercially very attractive alternative in this market segment, said Carl Herland, sales manager at TTS Offshore Solutions, a subsidiary of TTS Group. Moreover, the Colibri technology is also suitable for retrofitting existing cranes, making it a viable solution for upgrading cranes already in service. Hence, it offers shipowners the possibility to create more flexibility for their existing fleet. There are, of course, major design challenges including ensuring sufficient strength and safety to withstand winds and currents. This, in turn, raises questions on how best to connect the island s components and secure the structure to the seabed. Since the island is flexible, some movement is inevitable and this could have an impact both on its people and the systems required for habitation including roads and municipal infrastructure. Waals also pointed to ecological issues. Such a large floating structure would inevitably have an impact on the surrounding water and there would be challenges with the provision of energy, fresh water, raw materials and waste management. However, floating ports and cities could provide an answer to rising sea levels and overcrowded port cities in the future. Addressing issues of the industry OFFSHORE ENERGY This year s Offshore Energy Exhibition & Conference (OEEC) will take place from October 9th to 11th at the Amsterdam RAI. Organiser Navingo expects over 12,000 offshore professionals from around 100 nationalities, and over 650 companies from the offshore industry exhibiting at the show. The tenth edition of the show will once again put oil and gas, offshore wind and marine engineering in the spotlight. The programme includes eight technical sessions, held in breakfast or lunch format. The topics range from Global Business Opportunities, to Smart Maintenance Solutions for Offshore Installation and Decommissioning. The dedicated Offshore Wind Conference will be held on October 9th and 10th as part of OEEC, including speakers from Van Oord, DONG, Bladt Industries, and Siemens Gamesa. On October 11th, the Marine Energy Event will take place in partnership with DMEC and EWA, including speakers from EMEC, Bureau Veritas, Twin Valleys and DMEC. More information can be found at Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 29

30 OFFSHORE & MARINE TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRY NEWS Splash zone coatings launched Drone technology to improve hull maintenance REDUCED MAINTENANCE Hempel has recently unveiled two new coatings developed specifically to protect the splash zones of offshore assets. These surfaces are just above the waterline and are therefore constantly exposed to the dual action of atmospheric and salt water corrosion as well as potential physical damage around areas such as boat landings, for example. Hempadur Multistrength and will revolutionise the way in which the splash zone is protected, Hempel claims. Unlike most coatings used for this purpose, the two new products are almost solvent-free and contain a much higher percentage of reactive diluents rather than conventional solvents. This aids the cross-linking process, a chemical reaction which hardens the coating and strengthens its resistance to corrosion. The Hempadur products are also reinforced with glass flakes to improve water resistance and strengthen them against physical impact. Revealing a high solids ratio of 99%, the company also points out that the low volatile organic compound content of the coatings makes them environmentally more friendly than conventional products. The two Hempadur products provide identical protection, Hempel explains, but at different film thicknesses. This gives customers a choice of splash zone product and seeks to avoid the possibility of solvent entrapment which can result in poor appearance and sagging. Commenting on the new products, Hempel s Oil & Gas Segment manager Simon Daly said: Prolonging the life of an offshore asset and reducing maintenance costs are key requirements for many of our customers. Longer life also results in not having to put maintenance painting personnel in potentially hazardous situations. We are bringing a different technology approach to the market that delivers enhanced protection with minimal environmental impact. Hempel has significant experience in developing protective coatings for the oil and gas, and offshore wind industries. The company is currently refreshing and expanding its product portfolio in this sector. 30 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 UNDERWATER SURVEYS A compact underwater drone weighing only 7 kg could transform the costly and often dangerous process of underwater hull inspections. The aptly named Blueye Pioneer has been developed by Trondheim-based Blueye Robotics, a company that has developed out of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology s Centre for Autonomous Marine Operations and Systems (NTNU AMOS). The drone has several advantages over traditional underwater inspection procedures which either rely on divers or remotely operated vehicles (ROVs). These include the fact that the dangerous diving process is no longer necessary; the drone measures only 45cm by 35cm by 25cm and can easily be manoeuvred remotely by anyone capable of using a smartphone or tablet; and real-time video is transmitted via a thin umbilical to the surface and thence wirelessly to the operator on board or ashore. Besides these plus points, there is another big advantage. Each drone system is likely to cost USD 4,000-5,000 and therefore it would be quite economically and physically possible to deploy several systems on the hull inspection of a large vessel. This would be safer, faster and more effective and could The drone can operate in both shallow and deep waters significantly reduce vessel downtime in certain circumstances. In-water hull inspections are likely to be required more regularly to check the condition of hulls, propellers and rudders, and to survey spaces prone to fouling including sea chests and thruster tunnels. More underwater security checks are also likely to be required on some vessels in the future. The drone, fitted with powerful thrusters, has been developed by subsea experts accustomed to the often harsh conditions prevailing in Norwegian offshore waters. It can operate in strong currents and dive to 150m. We are providing vessels crews with an industrial drone that can be operated by anyone capable of using a smartphone or a tablet PC, said Erik Dyrkoren, CEO of Blueye Robotics. By providing easy and cost-efficient access to what is below the waterline, we also give them the opportunity to address potential hull issues before they become a problem. Combined with lower than usual capex, we believe this drone can make hull inspections more frequent and less problematic. FSRUs a better bet than LNG carriers, says Drewry ANALYSIS Floating storage and regasification units are likely to give a better return than LNG carriers, according to Londonbased shipping consultancy Drewry. Despite a decline in rates since from around USD ,000 a day to around USD 100,000 Drewry calculates the rate of return on a USD 250 million FSRU over 20 years to be 16% at this rate level. This compares with a return of 13% on a new LNG carrier costing USD185 million and deployed on a long-term charter at USD 70,000 a day. Drewry notes that the size of the global FSRU fleet has increased at a compound annual growth rate of 21% over the last five years. There are now 24 FSRUs in operation with total import capacity of 82 million tonnes per annum (mtpa). A further 74 mtpa of import capacity is either under construction or in the planning stage, according to the analyst. The number of FSRUs is growing rapidly because of advantages over land-based terminals including lower cost, shorter time to commissioning and more flexibility with regard to location. However, new entrants have arrived in the FSRU sector, leading to a softening in day rates. These are also under pressure because owners of old LNG carriers are active in the market, looking for conversion opportunities.

31 Buyer s Guide Buyerś Guide The Buyer s Guide serves as market review and source of supply listing. Clearly arranged according to references, you find the offers of international shipbuilding and supporting industry in the following 17 columns. 1 Shipyards Page II Ship s operation systems 10 2 Propulsion plants 11 3 Engine 4 Corrosion Deck equipment 12 Construction + components Page III consulting 13 Cargo handling protection Page III technology 5 Ship s equipment 14 Alarm + safety equipment 6 Hydraulic + pneumatic 15 Port construction 7 Onboard power supplies Measurement + control devices Navigation + communication Page II Page IV Page V Page V Page VI Page VI Offshore + ocean technology Maritime services Buyer s Guide Information Page VII Page VII Page VII Page VII Page VIII Page VIII Page IX I

32 Buyerś Guide 2.02 GEARS REINTJES GmbH Eugen-Reintjes-Str. 7 D Hameln Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) RUDDERS + RUDDER SYSTEMS Wendenstraße 130 D Hamburg Tel.: Fax: Shipyards Propulsion systems with power ratings from 250 up to 30,000 kw Rudders and Steering Gears - High-Tech Manoeuvring Equipment REPAIRS + CONVERSIONS 2.03 COUPLINGS + BRAKES 2.07 MANOEUVRING AIDS II Dockstraße 19 D Bremerhaven Tel. +49 (471) Fax +49 (471) Repairs and Conversions Place your ad campaign with confidence Your representative for Singapore / Indonesia / Malaysia / Vietnam: John Bodill Phone: +65 / Mobile: +65 / Propulsion plants 2.01 ENGINES Dockstraße 19 D Bremerhaven Tel. +49 (471) Fax +49 (471) Installation of exhaust gas treatment systems Kloska Energie- und Motorentechnik GmbH Industriestraße 7 D Meppen Tel.: +49(0) Fax: Gas/Diesel Engines and Combined Heating Plants (CHP) Service KTMS Kloska Technical Marine Sales GmbH Kloska Technical Marine Sales GmbH Marlowring Hamburg Tel.:+49(0) Fax: Spare Parts and Components for Auxiliary and Main Engines For further information please visit: R+W Antriebselemente GmbH Alexander Wiegand Straße 8 D Klingenberg / Germany Fon: +49 (0) Fax: +49 (0) Couplings, seawater resistent 2.04 SHAFT + SHAFT SYSTEMS Am Altendeich 83 D Glückstadt Tel. +49(0) Fax +49(0)4124) Internet: Fixed and Controlable Pitch Propellers, Shaft Gears, Gearboxes PROPELLERS ANDRITZ HYDRO GmbH Escher-Wyss-Weg 1 D Ravensburg Tel. +49(0) Fax +49(0) Controllable Pitch Propellers Am Altendeich 83 D Glückstadt Tel. +49(0) Fax +49(0)4124) Internet: Fixed and Controlable Pitch Propellers, Shaft Gears, Gearboxes SCHOTTEL Sales and Service Mainzer Str. 99 D Spay / Rhein Tel (0) 2628 / 6 10 Fax + 49 (0) 2628 / Controllable-pitch propeller systems, Shaft lines Jastram GmbH & CO. KG Billwerder Billdeich 603 D Hamburg Tel Fax Internet: Transverse Thrusters, Rudder Propellers, Azimuth Grid Thrusters, Electric Drives 2.09 EXHAUST SYSTEMS Hug Engineering AG Im Geren 14 CH 8352 Elsau Phone Fax Exhaust Gas Purification Systems Diesel Particulate Filters / SCR Catalysts 2.13 SERVICE + SPARE PARTS B MAC UZUSHIO ELECTRIC U BEMAC UZUSHIO ELECTRIC see Nippon Diesel Service GmbH Gärtnerstrasse 81G D Halstenbek Tel Fax spare parts for main and auxiliary engines HUDONG HEAVY MACHINERY CO., LTD DAEYANG see Nippon Diesel Service GmbH Hudong Heavy Machinery see Nippon Diesel Service GmbH Kloska Energie- und Motorentechnik GmbH Industriestraße 7 D Meppen Tel.: +49(0) Fax: Diesel- and Gas Engines, Combined Heating Plants (CHP), Service JAPAN ENGINE CORPORATION see Nippon Diesel Service GmbH

33 Nippon Diesel Service GmbH Hermann-Blohm-Str Hamburg/Germany MITSUBISHI DIESEL/TURBOCHARGER see Nippon Diesel Service GmbH NIPP N DIESEL SERVICE GMBH Our reliability. Your move. Phone: Fax: After Sales Service. Spare Parts Laser Cladding. Technical Assistance MARK VAN SCHAICK MARINE SERVICES Nieuwe Waterwegstraat HE Schiedam, Netherlands Harbourno. 535 Port of Rotterdam Tel Fax Crankshaftrepair (max. length 12 m), Repair of Engine- and Industrial parts, Connectingrods and Camshafts, In Situ Machining, Laser Cladding TAIKO KIKAI INDUSTRIES CO., LTD see Nippon Diesel Service GmbH YANMAR DIESEL see Nippon Diesel Service GmbH Place your ad campaign with confidence Your representative for The Netherlands / Belgium / Italy: Antony Stein Phone: +44 / For further information please visit: 3 Engine components 3.01 HEAT EXCHANGERS E. Prang & Co. Apparatebau GmbH & Co. KG Am Böttcherberg D Bergisch Gladbach Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Tube Bundle Heat Exchanger Design and New Construction Replacement and Overhauling Utermoehlestrasse 11 D Hildesheim Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Maintenance and optimisation of plate heat exchangers, separators and fresh water generators 3.02 GUIDE + ROLLER BEARINGS Kloska Energie- und Motorentechnik GmbH Industriestraße 7 D Meppen Tel.: +49(0) Fax: Guide Bearing Stock and Production PAN-METALLGESELLSCHAFT Baumgärtner GmbH & Co. KG Am Oberen Luisenpark 3 D Mannheim / Germany Phone: +49 (0) since 1931 Special bronzes for plain bearings and sliding plates Self lubricating plain bearings 3.03 PISTONS + CYLINDER LINERS Gärtnerstrasse 81G D Halstenbek Tel Fax Vertretung von: DAROS Piston Rings for 2-stroke Diesel Engines 3.05 STARTERS DÜSTERLOH Fluidtechnik GmbH Abteilung Pneumatik Starter Im Vogelsang 105 D Hattingen Tel Fax Air Starters for Diesel and Gas Engines up to kw Neuenhauser Kompressorenbau GmbH Hans-Voshaar-Str. 5 D Neuenhaus Tel. +49(0) Fax +49(0) TDI TurboTwin Compressed air starter for Diesel and Gas engines up to 300 l displacement 3.07 FILTERS Boll & Kirch Filterbau GmbH Siemensstraße D-Kerpen Phone Fax: Automatic, Duplex and Simplex Filters for Lubricating Oil, Fuel and Sea Water FIL-TEC Rixen GmbH Osterrade 26 D Hamburg Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Filter spare parts and accessories, bilge water elements, maintenance, repair and service. Schleifbachweg 45 D Öhringen Phone: Automatic, single and duplex filters for lubricating oil, fuel, hydraulic and cooling water simplex, duplex and back-flushing filters + special systems for lubricating oil, fuel and heavy oil Griffin Group International Pte Ltd. No.1 Bukit Batok Crescent #07-06 WCEGA Plaza Singapore Main line: Fax: Website: Fuel Filter/ Water Separator Specialist HYDAC INTERNATIONAL GMBH Industriestraße D Sulzbach/Saar Telefon +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Fluid management for heavy diesel engines 3.08 SEPARATORS Utermoehlestrasse 11 D Hildesheim Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Maintenance and optimisation of plate heat exchangers, separators and fresh water generators 3.09 FUEL TREATMENT PLANTS Tarpenring Hamburg Phone: Fax: Fuel treatment systems Filter/water separators 4 Corrosion protection 4.01 PAINTINGS International Farbenwerke GmbH Bereich Schiffsfarben Sachsenkamp 5 D Hamburg Tel. (040) Fax (040) Internet: Marine Coatings III Buyerś Guide

34 Buyerś Guide 4.02 COATINGS Utermoehlestrasse 11 D Hildesheim Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Pfleiderer Deutschland GmbH Tel.: +49 (0) / Internet: Wood-based materials for decorative ship interior fitting Water Treatment EC-CONFORMITY MARINE EQUIPMENT DIRECTIVE Ocean Clean GmbH Zum Kühlhaus 5 D Rostock Tel.: +49(0) Fax: Oily Water Separator Surface protection of components Schwepper Beschlag GmbH & Co. KG Velberter Straße 83 D Heiligenhaus Tel Fax Lock and Hardware Concepts for Ship & Yachtbuilders 5.11 BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT Boll & Kirch Filterbau GmbH Siemensstraße D-Kerpen Tel.: Fax: Ballastwasseraufbereitung Ballast Water Treatment IV 5 Ships equipment 5.03 REFRIGERATION HVAC Gärtnerstrasse 81G D Halstenbek Tel Fax OPTIMISING ENVIRONMENT AT SEA AND LAND Your specialist for HVAC&R solutions at home and abroad Freudenberg Filtration Technologies SE & Co. KG Tel.+49 (0)6201/ Fax +49 (0)6201/ Weinheim / Germany Filters for intake air filtration of gas turbines, turbo chargers and HVAC systems KNAACK & JAHN Marine Piping Systems and Fire Protection Stenzelring Hamburg Air conditioning and refrigeration 5.06 FURNITURE + INTERIOR FITTINGS Kurt Lautenschlager GmbH & Co. KG Schmiedestraße 8 D Ottersberg Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) KULA Maritime: your partner for A-, B- and C-doors, furniture, walls and ceilings 5.07 SHIP S DOORS + WINDOWS Steel Doors - Fire Doors - Ship Doors Established in 1919 Podszuck GmbH Klausdorfer Weg Kiel Germany Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) A-, B-, C- and H-class doors Talweg 11 D Seevetal Tel Fax Internet: glare protection sun protection and black-outs 5.09 WASTE DISPOSAL SYSTEMS MARTIN Membrane Systems AG Von-Thünen-Str Brüsewitz bei Schwerin / Germany Phone: +49 (0) / Advanced Wastewater Treatment Technologies for Vessels & Offshore Installations Water Treatment EC-CONFORMITY MARINE EQUIPMENT DIRECTIVE Ocean Clean GmbH Zum Kühlhaus 5 D Rostock Tel.: +49(0) Fax: Membrane Supported Biological Sewage Treatment Plants 5.10 OIL SEPARATION Tarpenring 31 D Hamburg Phone: Fax: Bilge water separators 15ppm; 5ppm; 1ppm residual oil content Oil treatment systems HYDAC INTERNATIONAL GMBH Industriestraße D Sulzbach/Saar Telefon +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Ballast Water Management KNAACK & JAHN Marine Piping Systems and Fire Protection Uffelnsweg Hamburg Ballast Water Treatment Water Treatment EC-CONFORMITY MARINE EQUIPMENT DIRECTIVE Ocean Clean GmbH Zum Kühlhaus 5 D Rostock Tel.: +49(0) Fax: BIO-SEA by BIO-UV Ballast Water Treatment Systems 5.12 YACHT EQUIPMENT Veinland GmbH Pappelallee 19 D Seddiner See OT Neuseddin, Germany Tel.: Fax: D Sonar System Forward Looking Sonar System 5.16 REFUELLING SYSTEMS Alfons Haar Maschinenbau GmbH & Co. KG Fangdieckstraße 67 D Hamburg Tel. +49 (40) Fax +49 (40) On board helicopter and boat refuelling systems for aviation fuel, petrol and diesel

35 5.17 OTHER MARINE EQUIPMENT Gärtnerstrasse 81G D Halstenbek Tel Fax spare parts for turbochargers, filters, separators, pumps, boilers and E-motors Crane Process Flow Technologies GmbH Heerdter Lohweg Duesseldorf Germany Tel.: Fax: Air Operated Diaphragm Pumps Peristaltic Pumps STRAUB Werke AG Rohrkupplungen Straubstrasse 13 CH Wangs Tel Fax STRAUB pipe couplings and pipe system solutions Buyerś Guide 6.02 COMPRESSORS Neuenhauser Kompressorenbau GmbH Hans-Voshaar-Str. 5 D Neuenhaus Tel. +49(0) Fax +49(0) REMOTE CONTROLLED VALVE SYSTEMS 6 Hydraulic + pneumatic 6.01 PUMPS von-thünen-str. 7 D Bremen Tel Fax Internet: Ship Centrifugal Pumps KRACHT GmbH Gewerbestr. 20 D Werdohl Tel. +49(0) Fax +49(0) Gear Pumps Flow Measurement Hydraulics KRAL AG, 6890 Lustenau, Austria Tel.: +43/55 77/ , KRAL Screw Pumps for Low Sulfur Fuels. Magnetic Coupled Pumps. Bilge and ballast ejectors/eductors Leistritz Pumpen GmbH Markgrafenstr D Nuremberg Phone: Screwpumps & Systems Air- and water-cooled compressors, air receivers with valve head, bulk head penetrations Sauer Compressors J.P. Sauer & Sohn Maschinenbau GmbH P.O. Box 92 13, Kiel/Germany PHONE FAX Wasser- und luftgekühlte Kompressoren Water- and air-cooled compressors Water- and air-cooled compressors 6.04 VALVES RITAG Ritterhuder Armaturen GmbH & Co. Armaturenwerk KG Industriepark Heilshorn Sachsenring 30 D Osterholz-Scharmbeck Tel Fax Wafer Type Check Valves, Wafer Type Duo Check Valves, Special Valves 6.05 PIPING SYSTEMS aquatherm GmbH Biggen 5 D Attendorn Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) aquatherm green pipe for shipbuilding - Approval by GL, RINA + BV KNAACK & JAHN Marine Piping Systems and Fire Protection Uffelnsweg Hamburg New building, conversion, repair Wilhelm Sander Fertigung GmbH Zum Panrepel Bremen Tel.: Fax: Valves Actuators Remote Control Systems Automation 24/7 Service 7 Onboard power supplies 7.05 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS SAB Bröckskes GmbH & Co. KG Grefrather Straße b D Viersen Tel / Fax: / Your ad in the right place Your representative: Carolin Ritz Phone: +49 (0) For further information please visit: Flexible Kabel und Leitungen, Kabelkonfektion und Thermotechnik V

36 Buyerś Guide VI 8 Measurement + control devices 8.01 ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEMS AVAT Automation GmbH Derendinger Straße 40 D Tübingen Tel: Fax: Gas & Dual-Fuel Engine Control Systems, Cylinder Pressure & Knock Monitoring, NOx Estimator 8.02 PRESSURE MONITORING JUMO GmbH & Co. KG Moritz-Juchheim-Straße Fulda Tel.: Fax: JUMO is one of the leading manufacturers for sensor and automation technology. VEGA Grieshaber KG Am Hohenstein 113 D Schiltach Tel. +49(0) Fax +49(0) Pressure and differential pressure transmitters 8.04 LEVEL MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS Barksdale GmbH Dorn-Assenheimer Strasse 27 D Reichelsheim Tel: +49 (0) Fax: +49 (0) Sensors & Switches to control Pressure, Temperature, Level, Flow Official member of the Honeywell Enraf Tanksystem Service Network for your annual UTI shore services Gärtnerstrasse 81G D Halstenbek Tel Fax Inspection, Verification, Repair, Calibration, Certification of your UTI s strictly according to makers specifications and your instructions. JUMO GmbH & Co. KG Moritz-Juchheim-Straße Fulda Tel.: Fax: JUMO is one of the leading manufacturers for sensor and automation technology. VEGA Grieshaber KG Am Hohenstein 113 D Schiltach Tel. +49(0) Fax +49(0) Level sensors for all solids & liquids WEKA AG Schürlistrasse 8 CH Bäretswil, Schweiz Tel Fax Reliable level measurement of liquids despite extreme conditions 8.05 FLOW MEASUREMENT of Companies GmbH & Co. KG Gärtnerstrasse 81G D Halstenbek Tel Fax ensuring vessel performance optimization by monitoring fuel consumption and performance, Bunker management, ODME systems KRACHT GmbH Gewerbestr. 20 D Werdohl Tel. +49(0) Fax +49(0) Gear Pumps Flow Measurement Hydraulics KRAL AG, 6890 Lustenau, Austria Tel.: +43/55 77/ , Fuel Consumption and Lube Oil Measurement for Diesel Engines TEST KITS Kloska Energie- und Motorentechnik GmbH Industriestraße 7 D Meppen Tel.: +49(0) Fax: Oil / Water / Fuel Test Kits Engine Diagnostic Martechnic GmbH Adlerhorst 4 D Hamburg Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Internet: Partner of Test kits, autom. monitoring systems, sampling devices, ultrasonic cleaning 8.11 TANK LEVEL GAUGING SYSTEMS Honeywell Marine SAS 4, rue Jean-Marie Tjibaou, Bourges France Tel: +33 (0) , Fax: +33 (0) Honeywell Marine SAS offers full automated tank gauging solutions for cargo, ballast and service tanks including monitoring of temperature and inert gas. The company has the capability to offer complete system engineering, equipment, installation, commissioning and support solutions anywhere in the world. German agent: C. Bindemann Group of Companies GmbH & Co. KG, Tel AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT Bachmann electronic GmbH Kreuzäckerweg Feldkirch, Austria Tel. +43 / / Fax +43 / / Automation solutions for ships and offshore installations NORIS Group GmbH Muggenhofer Str Nuremberg / Germany Phone: +49 (0) Fax: +49 (0) Mail: Monitoring & remote control of propulsion machinery, sensors, control devices, indicators 9 Navigation + communication 9.04 NAVIGATION SYSTEMS Am Lunedeich 131 D Bremerhaven Tel Fax Professional Compasses/ Electronic Compasses NMEA Heading/ Anemometer/ Sextants repair - compass adjustment - on-board service Gerhard D. WEMPE KG Geschäftsbereich Chronometerwerke Steinstraße 23 D Hamburg Tel.: + 49 (0) Fax: + 49 (0) Manufacturer of finest marine chronometers, clocks and electrical clock systems

37 10 Ship s operation systems FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS Veinland GmbH Pappelallee 19 D Seddiner See OT Neuseddin, Germany Tel.: Fax: ISM Software System Performance Indicator Monitor 11 Deck equipment CRANES d-i davit international-hische Gmbh Sandstr. 20 D Sulingen Tel. +49 (0) Internet: Cranes, davits and free-fall systems Global Davit GmbH Graf-Zeppelin-Ring 2 D Bassum Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Internet: Survival- and Deck Equipment TANK CLEANING SYSTEMS Gärtnerstrasse 81G D Halstenbek Tel Fax Portable and fix installed, tank cleaning machines, engineered in Sweden 12 Construction + consulting CONSULTING ENGINEERS Baltec Offshore GmbH Glindhorn 13 D Lübeck Telefon: Design and engineering of light weight and green ships. Ferries, CTVs and sailing ships. S.M.I.L.E. Engineering GmbH Winkel 2 D Heikendorf Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Internet: Basic Design - Detailed Design - Outfitting CAD/CAM - Technical Documentation S.M.I.L.E. FEM GmbH Winkel 2 D Heikendorf Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Internet: Finite Element Analysis Explicit Dynamics - CFD Naval Architecture - Mechanical Engeneering - Industrial Plants Offshore Wind - Offshore Oil & Gas - Consulting - Management SEA2ICE LTD. & CO. KG Am Kaiserkai Hamburg, Germany Tel Houston Advice, concepts and concept/design reviews for offshore systems in ice and/or open waters 14 Alarm + safety equipment LIFEBOATS + DAVITS d-i davit international-hische Gmbh Sandstr. 20 D Sulingen Tel. +49 (0) Internet: Cranes, davits and free-fall systems Fr. Fassmer GmbH & Co.KG Industriestr. 2 D Berne/Germany Tel. +49 (0) 4406/ Fax +49 (0) 4406/ Boats & Davits - Safety is our mission Global Davit GmbH Graf-Zeppelin-Ring 2 D Bassum Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Internet: Survival- and Deck Equipment FIRE PROTECTION KNAACK & JAHN Marine Piping Systems and Fire Protection Uffelnsweg Hamburg Fire protection: water, gas, foam SEARCHLIGHTS Make sure your ad counts Your representative for Germany / Austria / Switzerland: Florian Visser Phone: +49 (0) For further information please visit: Talweg 11 D Seevetal Tel Fax Internet: UV- and whitelight searchlights ACOUSTIC SIGNAL EQUIPMENT Talweg 11 D Seevetal Tel Fax Internet: Acoustic Hailing Devices - non-lethal piracy defense, long distance communication VII Buyerś Guide

38 Buyerś Guide 16 Offshore + ocean technology SUBSEA TECHNOLOGY Baltic Taucherei- und Bergungsbetrieb Rostock GmbH Alter Hafen Süd 3 D Rostock Tel.: +49 (0) Fax: +49 (0) Diving Salvage & Average Service Hydraulic Engineering Maritime Services 17 Maritime services ARCTIC + POLAR TECHNOLOGY SEA2ICE LTD. & CO. KG Am Kaiserkai Hamburg, Germany Tel Houston Advice, concepts and concept/design reviews for offshore systems in ice and/or open waters VIII Your ad in the right place Your representative for Singapore / Indonesia / Malaysia / Vietnam: John Bodill Phone: +65 / Mobile: +65 / For further information please visit: Place your ad campaign with confidence Your representative for UK / Ireland: Bernard Steel Phone: +44 / / For further information please visit: DATA + MEASUREMENTS TECHNOLOGY GEO Ingenieurservice Nord-Ost GmbH & Co. KG Gewerbegebiet 18 D Sundhagen/Miltzow Tel.: Hydrographic Survey Engineering Survey Offshore Service Positioning Service Supervision GIS Place your ad campaign with confidence Your representative for The Netherlands / Belgium / Italy: Antony Stein Phone: +44 / For further information please visit: PROFESSIONAL COMMERCIAL DIVER Hydrex NV Haven Antwerp / Belgium Tel Fax Hydrex provides fast on site repair solutions to underwater problems encountered by ships. NORDSEETAUCHER GmbH Bramkampweg 9 D Ammersbek Tel. +49 (0) Fax +49 (0) Internet: Offshore Inshore Nuclear Deep Tunneling Underwater Wet Welding CONSULTING Deutscher Wetterdienst Bernhard-Nocht-Str. 76 D Hamburg Tel: +49 (0) Internet: Maritime weather briefing Weather forecasts on board quality media for maritime experts

39 18 Buyer s Guide Information Buyer s Guide Buyerś Guide The Buyer s Guide provides a market overview and an index of supply sources. Every entry in the Buyer s Guide includes your company logo (4 colour), address and communications data plus a concise description of products or services offered. Publishing Target regions Issues Central Europe Worldwide Select China, Iran, GreenTech January February March March April April / China May May July July / Special GreenTech August August / Russia September September October November November December / China Buyer s Guide Premium online entry 1 Werften Shipyards 1.06 REPARATUREN + UMBAUTEN REPAIRS + CONVERSIONS Dockstraße 19 D Bremerhaven Tel. +49 (471) Fax +49 (471) Reparaturen - Umbauten - Klassearbe + Buyer s Guide print entry For further information please contact: Carolin Ritz Phone: +49/40/ Price per keyword per issue Size I H 30 / B 58 mm Size II H 40 / B 58 mm 1 Keyword 95, 125, 2 Keywords each 90, each 120, 3 Keywords each 85, each 115, 4 Keywords each 80, each 110, 5 Keywords each 75, each 105, from 6 Keywords each 70, each 100, Minimum time span for your booking is one year in one target region. Each target region can be booked individually. For bookings in several regions, we offer the following rebate off the total price: Two target regions/year: 10% Three target regions/year: 20% Buyer s Guide Online The premium online entry, including an active link, logo and , is free of charge for all customers of the Buyer s Guide print issue. IX

40 SHIP OPERATION SHIPPING & PORT INDUSTRY IN INDIA The Port of Cochin in India India aspires to reach international standard MARITIME AGENDA 2020 With the aid of the Maritime Agenda, the Indian Government is seeking to increase the country s port capacity to 3.2 billion tonnes and to bring its port services up to international standards by Six new major ports on the east and west coasts are planned. The plan aims for a significant increase in India s share of international shipbuilding, as freelance journalist Dirk Ruppik reports. 40 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 India has a coastline of roughly 7,500km. With 13 major ports and about 200 minor ones, the republic is in 16th place in the ranking of maritime nations. The importance of the sector for the country s economy is clear considering that, according to the Ministry of Shipping, 95% of India s trade by volume (70% of its commercial value) is transported by sea. During the current twelfth five-year plan (FYP: ), a total of some EUR 24 billion (INR 180,626) is being invested in the port sector. The major ports are Chennai, Ennore and Tuticorin (Tamil Nadu), Cochin (Kerala), Kandla (Gujarat), Kolkata (West Bengal), the port of Mumbai and the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (Maharashtra), Mormugao (Goa), New Mangalore (Karnataka), Paradip (Odisha), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) and Port Blair (Andaman and Nicobar Islands). These ports account for 75% of the country s entire cargo volume. Infrastructure is India s Achilles heel When it comes to infrastructure, China is decades ahead of India. Like China, development in India has been relatively non-homogeneous. Underdeveloped regions such as northern India s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh (200 million people), exist adjacent to regions like Bangalore and New Delhi with their concentrations of high-tech and infrastructure. In the context of an infrastructure investment plan unveiled by former prime minister Manmohan Singh in June 2012 (in the twelfth FYP), the grand design was to invest one trillion US dollars (roughly EUR 800 billion) in the construction of two ports at Dugarajapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and Sagar in West Bengal, three airports in Kerala, Goa and on the edge of Mumbai, and in power stations with a total output of 18 GW

41 by the end of There were also plans to extend the road network by 9,500km and to build a railway corridor. Also included in the programme was the expansion of existing ports and airports, the railway network and coal production. The idea was for half of the investment sum to be forthcoming from the private sector. Maritime programmes The Government is working hard to overhaul the country s maritime sector and to bring it up to date. Between 2005 and 2012, in the context of the National Maritime Development Programme (NMDP), 276 projects worth some USD 12 billion (EUR 10.5 billion) were identified, in the course of which port capacity was to be developed or upgraded, shipping channels deepened, improvements made to intermodal connections between ports and land-based transport systems, and the upgrading of port infrastructure at selected ports. In January 2011, the Government ditched the NMDP in favour of the more comprehensive Maritime Agenda , aiming for a substantial boost in port capacity and an improvement in performance standards to compete more effectively. The original aim was to increase port capacity to 3.2 billion tonnes by There were also ambitious plans to expand the country s coastal trade and find ways to ensure the smooth operation of multi-modal transport. Six new major ports are to be built on the east and west coasts. The plan is to develop Mumbai ( JNPT), Kochi, Chennai and Visakhapatnam into hub ports. The depth of the water in port areas will not be less than 17m for hub ports or less than 14m for major ports. The shipbuilding industry is to be granted infrastructure status, thereby improving transport options. India s share of international shipbuilding activity is to rise, according to the Maritime Agenda, and significant capital investment has been allocated for these developments. It is in this context that the expansion of Cochin Shipyard is planned. The Agenda planned to inject INR 2,780 billion (roughly EUR 38 billion) into the maritime sector. The lion s share of the finance would go to the private sector, the plan envisaged, with about 40% channelled to major ports. Massive expansion of handling capacity and boost in efficiency According to the Maritime Agenda, in order to keep pace with India s economic growth, the Government, working with the private sector, needed to create additional port capacity of 3.2 billion tonnes to be able to handle trade growth estimated 2.5 billion tonnes of cargo over the next few years. Port productivity had to improve dramatically, according to the plan. According to the Indian news and media website Firstpost, the ambitious Sagarmala project is intended to result in the construction of six new major ports. The National Perspective Plan (NPP) mentions the ports of Sagar in West Bengal, Paradip Outer Harbour in Odisha, Enayam in Tamil Nadu, Vadhavan in Maharashtra, Machilipatnam or Vodarevu in Andhra Pradesh and Cuddalore or Shikazhi in Tamil Nadu. The detailed plans for the ports are still being drafted. Vadhavan currently accounts for 40% of the country s entire container volume. More than four million tonnes of cargo are presently handled there every year. In the new port, this could rise by a factor of more than ten to over million tonnes. The Paradip Outer Harbour project will make it possible to ship coal along the coast to power plants in southern and western India. It is estimated that the new port could have an annual capacity of about 175 million tonnes. The planned port in Sagar is intended to provide backup to the ports of Kolkata and Haldia. The first phase will consist of the creation of eight berths with a depth of 15m. According to the chairman of the Kolkata port trust R. P. S. Kahlon, following completion of the second phase and a further eight berths, Sagar could be able to handle 50 million tonnes of bulk goods and container cargo. Enayam in Tamil Nadu is to be expanded into an international hub to attract direct cargoes to India which are currently shipped via Singapore, Malaysia and Sri Lanka (15% of India s total handling volume). The port will also make it possible to reduce passage times to Africa, the EU and the Middle East by five to six days. Another goal is to tap into cargo flows from Bangladesh and Myanmar to the EU, Africa and the US. The other two proposed ports in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu are intended for the handling of coal and cement. Whether the planned port in Durgarajapatnam will ever be built is still unclear, as there are concerns over its potential financial viability because the ports of Krishnapatnam and Chennai are located nearby. Under the plan, the ports could increase cargo handling capacity by more than 460 million tonnes a year. However, the Government envisages that port capacity could rise by another 980 million tonnes when additional planned capacity is added. India is also continuing work on the construction of a new shipping channel (Sethusamudram Canal) between India and Sri Lanka with the aim of shortening the sea route to Indian ports and reducing costs. Indian shipbuilding industry to increase market share According to the Maritime Agenda, there are 27 shipyards in India, eight of which are state-owned and 19 in private ownership. To date the republic has had the capacity to build ships of up to only 110,000dwt, which has meant that Indian shipyards have not been able to compete effectively with major shipbuilding nations like China (37% market share) and South Korea (35%). Four key areas of deficiency have been identified manufacturing, technology, resources and training. Another challenge is the lack of state subsidies. However, the Government has set out its vision, intending to support the development of a robust and financially secure shipbuilding and repair industry that meets international standards. The Government believes that India s rich resource base and rapidly growing population makes effective multi-modal transport, particularly shipping, essential. Ship repair is another key focus. The Government aims to support shipyards targeting the maintenance and repair sector so that they can compete effectively with other facilities in neighbouring regions. These include world-class yards in Dubai, Qatar, Bahrain and Singapore. There are also plans to improve research and development and construction skills. According to Marine Link, a Government subsidy programme was initiated extending ten years from The overall value amounts to INR 40 billion (EUR 544 million). In the process, Indian shipyards will initially receive 20% of the contract or real market price by way of subsidy for every ship to be built. The subsidy level will then fall by 3% every three years until the figure of 11% is reached by As of 2025, the Government intends to buy ships only from Indian shipyards. Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 41

42 SHIP OPERATION SAFETY & SECURITY Insuring cyber risk DIGITALISATION Shipping is a constantly evolving industry and with technology developing at a rapid rate the maritime industry is no stranger to a raft of worldwide trends such as globalisation, digitalisation, increased interconnectivity, and automation. These global innovations are having a significant impact on the marine insurance sector, going well beyond traditional underwriting expertise, writes Lars Lange, secretary-general at the International Union of Marine Insurance (IUMI). The move to increased digitalisation in ships and logistics means that there is now a heavy reliance on high levels of data flow which is exposing the industry to potential cyber attacks. With vessels continuing to increase in size, the idea of hackers breaching the systems of a VLCC, capesize bulker or 20,000-TEU container ship is now a real possibility and the results could be catastrophic. Loss of life, personal injury, pollution, damage to property, business interruption, production downtime, loss of data and reputational damage are just some of the ways insurance providers could be affected by a successful cyber attack. As marine insurers, IUMI s role is to protect its clients against the perils of the sea. The recent Petya ransomware attack on shipping giant A.P. Moller-Maersk is just one example of the impact and damage that can be caused. This major strike on Maersk s core business IT systems affected its computer servers across Europe and India at the end of June and weeks after the initial attack, the company was still recovering. Maersk is one of the biggest shipping companies in the world with a fleet of more than 600 vessels. Unquestionably, its cyber security measures were top-level but even so, its systems were still compromised. So how can marine insurers and underwriters assist the maritime industry to protect itself more effectively against this emerging risk? IUMI is investing in educating and informing its members on key trade issues by taking an active role in industry initiatives aimed at enhancing safety at sea. It is using its accumulated knowledge and expertise through partnerships with a variety of other organisations to ensure accurate risk assessment of cyber issues and to identify and implement best practice solutions. 42 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 As an active member of the joint industry working group spearheaded by BIMCO, IUMI is part of the group that has recently published a second edition of The Guidelines on Cyber Security Onboard Ships (see box). This new version includes information on insurance issues, as well as a new subchapter examining a shipowner s insurance coverage following a cyber incident. This is an important part of the risk assessment which shipowners should now take into consideration. Within these Guidelines it is stated that the term cyber, when related to insurance, spans a variety of definitions and scenarios and it is important to distinguish between them to understand fully how the insurance cover is affected. Significantly, insurers generally understand that there is no systemic risk to ships arising from a cyber incident and that the impact of an incident is expected to be confined to a single ship. Other members of this industry working group included Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA), International Chamber of Shipping (ICS), International Association of Dry Cargo Shipowners (Intercargo), International Association of Independent Tanker Owners (Intertanko), and Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF). On this issue, IUMI is also working closely with the classification societies as marine underwriters rely strongly on the judgement of class about a ship s condition and quality, as well as design approvals. Underwriters and class have always enjoyed a close collaboration, particularly in enhancing the safety of shipping in general. The International Association of Classification Societies (IACS) introduced a cyber panel in In addition, IACS formed a Joint Working Group on Cyber Systems with industry stakeholders supporting the cyber panel in its work. IUMI was invited to participate in this working group. The initiative was created to enhance the Association s ability to address cyber safety concerns while supporting the protection of human life, property and the marine environment. A new bilateral body has also been created recently the IACS IUMI Technical Cooperation Group where issues such as cyber safety and the future of autonomous shipping are discussed, giving even stronger collaboration between classification societies and marine insurers. Alongside all of this, we are also engaged in the transparent lobbying of the cyber risk threat. At the International Maritime Organization s (IMO) Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) 98 Meeting in June, it was considered that cyber risk management onboard ships should become part of the ISM Code. Accordingly, it would be part of the ship s mandatory Safety Management System. Currently, IUMI members have to rely on a shipowner s voluntary efforts to perform a proper risk assessment (based on the rules and guidelines developed by industry associations). But it is anticipated that this new IMO initiative will deliver a much better risk assessment, as long as the industry s interests in appropriate risk assessment procedures are duly taken into account. The BIMCO Guidelines of Cyber Security Onboard Ships have also been aligned with the IMO s recommendations. Cyber risk also represents new business opportunities for marine insurers. The emerging risk has created new demand for intelligent and innovative insurance products tailored specifically for individual clients. Similarly, the entire concept of digitalisation is a positive step for the shipping industry as it allows for more efficient and cost-

43 effective operations, as well as increasing safety at sea. IUMI members are keeping abreast of this fast-moving issue and are already working on insuring cyber. A number of its member associations, such as Gesamtverband der Deutschen Versicherungswirtschaft ev (GDV the German insurance association), already have unbinding recommendations for general insurance conditions for cyber risks in place. IUMI s involvement with these industry initiatives is to prepare marine underwriters more effectively by giving them knowledge and expertise to deal with this emerging risk which, after all, has to become insurable. A joint industry group headed by BIMCO has released the second edition of The Guidelines on Cyber Security Onboard Ships. The latest edition, available to download free of charge, incorporates additional information on insurance issues, the effective segregation of networks, practical advice on communications and managing the ship-to-shore interface, and ensuring safe systems during port calls. The industry group has expanded with two new members the Oil Companies International Marine Forum (OCIMF) and the International Union of Marine Insurance (IUMI). They join the existing group which, besides BIMCO, consists of the Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA), the International Chamber of Shipping, Intercargo and Intertanko. The second edition has been aligned with the recommendations given in the International Maritime Organization s Guidelines on cyber risk management which were adopted in June The chapters on Contingency Planning and Responding to and Recovering from Cyber Incidents have been rewritten to reflect the fact that the There is certainly a mixed response within the market on how best to insure cyber. Some marine insurers, for example, want to address the accumulation risk that automatically comes with a cyber attack and which is likely to have much wider ramifications. What can be said for sure is that each situation must be assessed individually and policies tailored to the client s specific needs. Marine insurers are service providers and collectively with other industry organisations are working together to address this issue. From an underwriter s perspective, the job is to identify and quantify the risk and then offer an insurance solution that is comprehensive and offers good value-for-money. > UPDATED CYBER SECURITY GUIDELINES NOW AVAILABLE guidelines are aimed specifically at ships and the remote conditions prevailing if a ship s defences have been breached. Importantly, the subchapter on insurance looks at coverage after a cyber incident. This is a priority for ship operators because cyber risks and possible resulting damage are not necessarily covered in either hull and machinery, or P&I insurance policies. This has become an important risk assessment priority, therefore. Angus Frew, BIMCO secretary general and CEO, commented: Cyber security is certainly a hot topic for all of us now, and this latest guidance includes valuable information, applying a risk-based approach to all of the areas of concern, highlighting how an individual s unwitting actions might expose their organisation. In the light of recent events, we urge everyone across the industry to download it it s available free of charge and to consider the risk cyber crime may pose to their ships and operations. Ignorance is no longer an option, as we are all rapidly realising. The Guidelines on Cyber Security Onboard Ships can be downloaded at June July Publishing: Order: TOPICS AUTOMATION, MEASUREMENT & CONTROL TECHNOLOGY GREEN SHIP TECHNOLOGY SALVAGE & TOWING WORKBOATS NAVIGATION & COMMUNICATION, FLEETMANAGEMENT EUROPORT EDITION: EXHIBITORS PREVIEWS USA FEATURE EVENTS EUROPORT 2017, ROTTERDAM, THE NETHERLANDS, SPS IPC DRIVES, NUREMBERG, GERMANY, INTERNATIONAL WORK BOAT SHOW, NEW ORLEANS, USA, To advertise please contact: Florian Visser - Phone: / DVV Media Group N o 7 Nor-Shipping 2017: The international maritime industry meets in Oslo 22 Offshore wind: Joint design of service operation vessels 44 Smart shipping: Preparing the industry for the digital age 72 THE INTERNATIONAL PUBLICATION FOR OFFSHORE & MARINE TECHNOLOGY THE NAVIGATION COMPANY

44 SHIP OPERATION SAFETY & SECURITY Shipping losses continue to decline SAFETY REVIEW Large shipping losses have declined by 50% over the past decade, largely driven by development of a more robust safety culture by shipowners, according to Allianz Global Corporate & Specialty SE s (AGCS) fifth annual Safety & Shipping Review Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 There were 85 total losses reported in 2016, down 16% compared with 2015 (101 losses). Last year set new safety records in the sector with the lowest number of losses in the past ten years, preliminary figures show. The number of shipping incidents (casualties) also declined slightly year-on-year, by 4% with 2,611 reported, according to the review, which analy ses reported shipping losses over 100gt. While the long-term downward loss trend is encouraging, there can be no room for complacency, said Baptiste Ossena, global product leader of Hull & Marine Liabilities at AGCS. The shipping sector is being buffeted by a number of interconnected risks at a time of inherent economic challenges. Environmental scrutiny is increasing, with record fines for vessel pollution. Political risk is more evident, with activity in hotspots such as Yemen and the South China Sea having the potential to affect vessel routes. The threat of offshore cyberattacks is also significant. A perfect storm of increasing regulatory pressure combined with narrowing margins and new risks is gathering, said Ossena. More than a quarter of shipping losses in 2016 (23) occurred in the South China, Indochina, Indonesia and Philippines region the top hotspot for the last decade. Figures remained stable but were still almost double the East Mediterranean and Black Sea region (12), which was the next highest. Losses were up in the Japan, South Korea and North China; East African Coast; South Atlantic and East Coast South America; and Canadian Arctic and Alaska maritime regions. Cargo vessels (30) accounted for more than a third of all vessels lost. Passenger ferry losses increased slightly (8), driven by activities in the Mediterranean and South-East Asia. Standards remain an issue in some parts of Asia with bad weather, poor maintenance, weak enforcement of regulations and overcrowding contributing to loss activity. The most common cause of global shipping losses remains foundering (sinking), accounting for over half of all losses in 2016, with bad weather often a factor. Meanwhile, over a third of shipping casualties during 2016 were caused by machinery damage. This was also responsible for driving a 16% uptick in incidents in the East Mediterranean and Black Sea region (563), enough to see it replace the British Isles, which includes the North Sea, the English Channel, and the Bay of Biscay, as the top incident location over the past decade. Piracy incidents around the globe and shipping incidents in Arctic Circle waters declined year-on-year. However, risk challenges remain, such as the rise in crew kidnappings in parts of Asia and West Africa and the impact of an expected increase in polar transits. Bankruptcies are rising The collapse of one of the world s largest shipping companies, Hanjin Shipping, over the past year exposed the perilous state of some sectors of the industry. Bankruptcies are rising and when debt levels are high and earnings are low, shipowners often seek to make cost savings on maintenance budgets, training and crewing levels, all of which can spike loss activity. Crew negligence and inadequate vessel maintenance are two potential areas of increasing risk, particularly if shipowners opt to recruit crew with less experience and training, or choose to stretch maintenance work to the longest possible intervals in order to save money, said Duncan Southcott, global head of Marine Claims at AGCS. According to AGCS, negligence and poor maintenance is already one of the top causes of liability loss in the shipping sector and an increase in maintenance-related claims is clearly evident. Implementing rigorous inspection and maintenance regimes is crucial. Technology drives safety improvements Safety-enhancing technologies are already having a favourable impact from electronic navigational tools through to shorebased monitoring of machinery and even crew welfare. Technology has the potential to reduce significantly both the impact of human error, which AGCS analysis shows accounted for approximately 75% of the value of almost 15,000 marine liability insurance claims over five years equivalent to more than USD 1.6 billion and machinery breakdowns. For example, telematics is already successfully deployed in the automotive sector, improving driver behaviour. The shipping sector could also benefit. Insurers such as AGCS are in the early stages of working with shipowners to utilise voyage data recorder (VDR) analysis to improve safety. VDR data is already used in accident investigation, but there are also important lessons to be learned from analysing everyday operations, as well as crew behaviour and decision-making in near-misses, said Captain Rahul Khanna, head of Marine Risk Consulting at AGCS. The issue of over-reliance on technology is a pressing concern and incidents continue to result, particularly around navigation. Crews and officers must understand the shortcomings and limitations of technology, said Khanna. Sometimes replacing common- sense decisions with digital inferences is not such a good idea. However, technology can also be used to improve crew welfare. For example, offshore health problems may be difficult to address due to location. In response, AGCS, together with Allianz Worldwide Care and Allianz Global Assistance, is now offering crew 24/7 access to medical advice through a dedicated App and onboard equipment. Such innovative telemedicine assistance services can help vessels to make more informed decisions about a crew member s health, potentially reducing the need to make costly route deviations, said Ossena. The threat of cyber attacks continues to be significant. Most attacks to date have been aimed at breaching corporate security rather than taking control of a vessel. The shipping sector doesn t have a particularly heightened risk awareness when it >

45 The premium information service of Ship & Offshore E-Paper: Every Thursday by Test now! Your advantage at a glance Keep an eye on the shipbuilding market! Brief reports on developments in the worldwide shipbuilding industry International correspondents network Prospects and orders Inside reports about current trends and developments Maritime Archives: Get full access and find specialist articles from Schiff&Hafen and Ship&Offshore since 2010 App for Smartphone & Tablet: All editions available on your mobile devices Test New Ships now for 3 weeks!

46 SHIP OPERATION SAFETY & SECURITY comes to cyber. As no major incident due to a cyber attack has taken place yet, many in the industry are still complacent about the risks, said Khanna [1]. As many as 80% of offshore security breaches are estimated to be a result of human error. IT security should not be put on the back burner. If hackers were able to take control of a large container ship on a strategically important route they could block transits for a long period of time, causing significant economic damage. Other risk topics identified in the review include: First cyber safe notation LLOYD S REGISTER The 28,100dwt LPG carrier Trammo Dietlin is the first of three ships to be awarded Lloyd s Register s (LR) new Cyber (AL-SAFE) notation. Built by Hyundai Heavy Industries in conjunction with Alpha Ori Technology for South Korean owner Global United Gas Carriers, the ships will operate in an autonomous mode for certain key functions. This is the first real example of the digital transformation under way in shipping, the classification society claims. Alpha Ori Technology has supplied several systems for the vessels, enabling them to operate with various levels of automation. The aim has been to minimise human error and ensure that the ships run safely and more efficiently in autonomous mode. The systems enable more efficient operation by the crew, acknowledged by LR which provided independent assurance of the cyber-enabled features and applied descriptive notation to certify them as safe. Features of the navigation, cargo and machinery systems have been certified AL2, meaning that systems provide on- and off-ship decision support for operators. Operating data from the vessels is therefore available to shipboard personnel and shore-based support staff, with instant access to system information for monitoring and diagnostics through the cloud. The Air Handling Unit has been certified AL3 which means that the system operates autonomously, but with an active human in the loop. Operational data from fire and gas systems, cargo management 46 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 Trammo Dietlin is the first ship to be awarded the notation Cyber (AL-SAFE) and navigational positioning systems are used to adjust the unit s operating parameters automatically. This ensures that a safe and comfortable environment is maintained within the accommodation space at all times. Tatsuya Okamoto, speaking on behalf of Global United Gas Carriers, said: We wish to thank the Alpha Ori team for delivering the SMARTShip technology to our vessel, the Trammo Dietlin, and Lloyd s Register for the assessment and assigned class notation of Cyber (AL-SAFE). It was a matter of great pride for Global United > Structural integrity of vessels: this remains an issue in the wake of a number of incidents and losses resulting from breaches in recent years, particularly concerning vessels that have been converted; > Fires at sea: the recent number of fires on container ships has raised questions about whether safety systems have kept pace with the increase in vessel size. Inaccurately labelled cargo can exacerbate the issue; > The potential for a USD 4 billion loss: larger vessels, the rising cost of wreck removal, environmental sensitivities and greater liability and regulation means such a scenario may no longer be unlikely; > Autonomous shipping could be operating on fixed regional routes in the near future. Safety considerations will be crucial to development with concerns about collisions and challenges around regulatory and liability issues. References [1] This report was written before the recent ransomware attack which disrupted the operations of several major transport companies, including AP Moller-Maersk and FedEx. that its vessel was the first ship in the world to achieve this autonomous level of certification. LR s Marine & Offshore director, Nick Brown, added: LR s innovation, consultancy and assurance teams have performed exceptionally as part of this dynamic project, working with an entirely new product to us and our clients. From this point, the degree of autonomy on cyber-enabled ships will only grow and comprise more and more functions and reach higher and higher levels, and thanks to LR s procedures, this will be achieved safely.

47 SHIP OPERATION DIGITAL SHIP Plug and play fleet performance monitoring launched NAPA FLEET INTELLIGENCE NAPA, a maritime software, services and data analysis provider, has launched a new concept in ship performance monitoring. The new web service, NAPA Fleet Intelligence, offers quick and easy access to high-accuracy performance monitoring for any vessel, regardless of ownership or charterer, the Finnish company said at this year s Nor-Shipping in Oslo. For charterers and cash-strapped owners, it will deliver simple, transparent, affordable and accurate efficiency data to drive competitiveness and profitability with no installation requirements and zero disruption to operations. Available through a scaling subscription depending on the number of ships for which customers require data. NAPA Fleet Intelligence delivers voyage-by-voyage analysis of fuel efficiency for any conventionally powered vessel dating back to January It combines vessel design information with remote-sensored data such as AIS, chart data and real-time environmental data, incorporating algorithms and hydrodynamic calculations developed by NAPA s in-house ship operations data and analytics experts, and based on detailed ship performance models for each vessel type. The final report shows voyage-by-voyage data on the route taken, speed profile and fuel efficiency, as well as what the optimised speed profile would have been so that customers can make the next voyage more efficient. NAPA Fleet Intelligence reports have been verified against real-life ship performance data collected by NAPA s onboard vessel performance monitoring systems, and accuracy was found to average around 95%. This level of accuracy will help owners, operators and charterers to assess fleet efficiency quickly and make confident, informed decisions on how to improve it further. The data received can be used for a variety of functions; for instance, tracking fuel consumption, evaluating a ship s operational performance, or assessing the effect of environmental conditions. Naoki Mizutani, executive vice president of NAPA Shipping Solutions, said: Charterers, shipowners and managers have to resolve dozens of conflicting priorities on a daily basis. Productivity, efficient operations, transparency and close scrutiny of costs are more important than ever. Yet, for owners with limited liquid assets and charterers with shortterm contracts, it is neither easy nor costeffective to install and implement on-board performance monitoring. By ensuring highly accurate ship efficiency data is accessible with a very low barrier to entry, requiring only a web browser and a subscription, NAPA Fleet Intelligence will democratise the use of ship performance data across the industry. We see this as a game changer, making the shift to data-driven business decisions possible for any maritime business, which is in line with our mission to improve the safety and efficiency of the whole industry.

48 SHIP OPERATION DIGITAL SHIP Screenshot of a just-in-time arrival scenario Source: STM Digital initiatives to ensure smooth shipping STANDARDISATION Digital measures in the form of sensors and connections, for example, can be found almost everywhere on board a new ship. However, the maritime industry has so far focused on improving its own processes rather than the entire supply chain. Initiatives such as blockchain are able to deliver business value to various parties, writes Ulf Siwe, Swedish Maritime Administration, communications officer for the EU project Sea Traffic Management (STM) Validation Standardisation is one of the main keys to modern society. Industry production needs standard measurements, the national railways needs standard times and the internet is based on standard protocols. The two main ways of developing standards are through committees or by industry itself. In the end, new standards are ratified by a trustworthy international organisation. One example is the new route plan exchange format RTZ, a standard for maritime routes. It took only two years from idea to acceptance. Two factors that affected this unusually fast outcome were: > Industry participants, who would use the standard, actually defined the standard; > Timing; the work was completed just in time to be included as part of a review of the existing standard. The RTZ standard paves the way for many new open services for shipping. Some examples of information that can be imported from machine to machine instead of being entered manually include no-go areas, pilot routes, ice routes, and weather routes. Open services that will appear are enhanced monitoring, route cross-check and improved area management. A lot of this work is done within the Sea Traffic Management (STM) [1] concept. 48 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 Furthermore, BIMCO is working to help standardise ship reporting, not just the receiving side as it is done in many singlewindows initiatives, but in a ship-to-shore context. With one standard for ships, system manufacturers can automate much of the data collection, and thereby reduce the administrative burden on captains, ship managers, offices and agents. Another initiative is being led by the International Harbour Masters Association which is heading a task force to make common definitions of all functional terms for a port call. The group will work together with the STM project to develop existing logistics standards to meet the shipping industry s needs, especially the requirements of the maritime transportation hub, the port. A deployment of existing standards for basic port information, e.g., location, depth, pollard positions, would help shipping lines to plan port calls and raise efficiency by transporting more cargo per port call. Information sharing Increased transparency in any system or process automatically leads to greater efficiency across the entire system. This has been demonstrated repeatedly, and one notable example is stock levels in the manufacturing industry. The information is shared with subcontractors who can adapt production and transport schedules to deliver parts just-in-time, thereby reducing capital tied up in stock, while at the same time making sure that the main manufacturer never runs out of parts. One fear in the shipping industry, however, is the sharing of information which is seen as a risk because competitors might get an information advantage. As in the manufacturing example, shared information stays with the partners of an operation. Ports are a good example in which information sharing and transparency would make a big difference. If five different parties involved in a port call were to be asked about the expected departure time of a ship, there are most likely five different answers, none of which matches the actual departure time. All guesses are based on the planning of the different parties. If the port staff could develop a mechanism to share expectations, their plans could merge in time and they would be in a position to make a common decision. How detailed must information be in order to reap the benefits? It is actually enough to share the planned start and end time of the parties own actions in the port call. And only with the parties involved in that port call, it is not public data. The information owner controls who will be able to see the data. Those responsible do not have to share any details of how they are planning and

49 performing their task. Any competitive edge stays with the party. One of the key elements in the port call is the ship. Knowing that all other stakeholders share a plan makes it possible to adjust arrival time and arrive just-in-time and, as a result, save a lot of fuel. Information sharing like this will make the whole maritime transport system more predictable. Blockchain So far, blockchain data has shown that it is impossible to manipulate and thus is a builder of trust. Security is perhaps the biggest advantage that blockchain brings to the table. The replicated digital ledger involves advanced cryptology, which makes it extremely costly to hack. Not just one data record needs to be changed, but also all the connections from the start of the whole systems in all the replicated blockchain databases across the world, simultaneously. Security is an enabler for trusted transactions. But there are two other important aspects. One is information sharing the blockchain is about the information owner making data available to appointed stakeholders through keys. Blockchain is not the solution to everything but it is extremely useful for information that is static, i.e., the information is given once and then remains useful over a longer time. It is not a relevant solution for sharing real-time information. The data would be outdated before the blockchain security measures, validation and replication, took place. The current initiatives with blockchain in the maritime arena are goods documents and maritime certificates. Source: Vestas The second advantage, which is often overlooked, is standardisation. All data in a blockchain must have the same format. That format has the potential to become a de-facto standard for that type of information. The setup of a new blockchain is thus a delicate thing. However, when it comes to the development and governance of a blockchain, there is a challenge. All members of a blockchain govern it, and all changes should be decided based on consensus. What happens if the community does not agree? One thing that has happened on several occasions is that the blockchain splits into two versions with the same history and historic ledger but different futures; a so-called hard fork. Both forks work effectively but the benefits of standardisation start to fade away. Phenomena like a repeatedly splitting blockchain i.e., many competing blockchains doing the same thing in slightly different ways, would mean that a trustworthy governing body might need a role to play in future maritime blockchains. Just-in-time arrivals The just-in-time concept has been used in the manufacturing industry to minimise lead time and stock for a long time. Dependable and predictable logistics is a key component in the just-in-time manufacturing processes. The lack of predictability has so far prevented shipping from playing its part. Ships spend a lot of time at anchor. The charter contract stipulates an arrival time at the destination port regardless of whether the port is ready to handle the ship or not. One attempt to change this and let ships Offshore Maritime Weather Forecasts Special advice and forecasts Our Offshore support General weather situation, text and graphics Tabulated forecasts for any position or route Forecasts for all important weather elements in high resolution Wind forecasts at different levels On request individual advice by qualified meteorologists Update twice a day slow down to save fuel and reduce emissions is the virtual arrival clause which was introduced in The ship operator and charterer split the savings. The ship is said to have arrived according to the stipulated time in the contract and the waiting compensation demurrage is not affected. However, the virtual arrival scheme works best for bulk carriers with only one charterer. When many shippers have cargoes on one vessel, it becomes complicated to calculate who gets what. To facilitate just-in-time arrivals, better data from ships is required. Ships are thus no longer required to anchor and wait for the first available berth. More ports will start giving slot times to all kinds of ships. Planning and re-planning in ports will become easier when all parties involved in a port call interact and share information. Ports will become more predictable as a result, and more transparent so that shipping lines can plan more effectively as well. But there is still the question of the contract. One solution, which BIMCO, the main supplier of standard contracts, is investigating, is to involve terminals more in the contracts. If a container ship were delayed due to the port not being ready, the terminal might get lower penalties if the ship were to slow down and save fuel as a result of receiving early and accurate information. As a result, the cargo owners would receive better rates. References [1] STM is a concept inspired by air traffic management, which has been developed by the MONALISA projects, part of the EU s Motorways of the Seas initiative, to use information sharing as a base for safety and efficiency improving services to assist all maritime actors. STM Validation is an ongoing project using 300 ships and 13 ports to validate the benefits of the standard route and the synchronised port. Deutscher Wetterdienst Postfach Hamburg Internet: Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 49

50 SHIP OPERATION INDUSTRY NEWS The shared vision for the ecosystem partners is to enable fully remote-controlled vessels in the Baltic Sea Timeline for autonomous shipping Autonomous maritime ecosystem introduced roadmaps to autonomous shipping Fleet connectivity on a monthly fee 50 Ship & Offshore 2017 Nº 5 ONE SEA Various players from the maritime and IT industries have teamed up to develop a system of autonomous ships. The shared vision for the ecosystem partners is to enable fully remote-controlled vessels in the Baltic Sea in three years and to achieve autonomous commercial maritime traffic by The founding partners in the One Sea Autonomous Maritime Ecosystem are ABB, Cargotec (MacGregor and Kalmar), Ericsson, Meyer Turku, Rolls-Royce, Tieto and Wärtsilä. The association of Finnish Marine Industries supports the work, and the Finnish funding agency Tekes has invested in the ecosystem. The leader of One Sea is DIMECC. Our One Sea ecosystem is the natural next step in the digital transformation of the marine industry. Several new business initiatives in the autonomous maritime traffic have already been started and can be expected in the future. The companies and organisations collaborating in One Sea are forerunners in their respective fields and the fact that our ecosystem is industry-driven separates it from many of the more or less academic exercises. One Sea ensures a well-researched, tested and highly capable autonomous shipping network, said Harri Kulmala CEO of DIMECC (Digital, Internet, Materials & Engineering Co-Creation). The effort to create products and develop software and solutions to enable autonomous traffic has already been started in the participating companies. In order to promote autonomous traffic around the globe, the One Sea ecosystem has taken upon itself to introduce roadmaps towards an autonomous maritime future. The roadmaps include a timeline towards 2025, major themes to be AGILEPLANS TM Rhode Island-based KVH Industries Inc has launched AgilePlans TM, a low-cost, flexible and scalable satellite communications system available by monthly subscription without capital expenditure or long-term commitment. Part of the company s Connectivity-as-a-Service offering, subscriptions start at USD 499 a month and include hardware, connectivity, installation at selected ports, entertainment, training and global support. Commenting on the all-inclusive AgilePlans service, KVH s chief executive Martin Kits van Heyningen said: Ship operators know they can drive efficiency when they bring fast and reliable broadband on board, and with the AgilePlans service, they will be able to get the benefits from day one. As we approach the tenth anniversary of our mini-vsat Broadband service, this is one more way we are innovating for our customers, particularly in the crucial areas of connectivity and business flexibility. His comments come at an important time. Some experts believe that ship operators, whilst recognising the value of connectivity and all that it can provide, are put off by the complexity and comparative expense of satellite communications. The fact that AgilePlans requires no initial capital outlay, the system s flexibility, and the inclusion of crew content and elearning for shipboard personnel are likely to have broad appeal. investigated, and levels of maritime autonomy. All aim to minimise accidents, decrease the environmental footprint of marine traffic, and advance possibilities for efficiency improvement and new commercial ventures. The roadmaps have been created by the representatives of the companies involved in the ecosystem and verified by national as well as international advisory boards. The expected timeline for autonomous maritime traffic shows that the regulators will have to increase the pace at which new regulations are approved, the involved parties said. The technologies are advancing at such a speed that the rules and regulations risk becoming obsolete. Fortunately, forward thinking national and international units are doing their best to enable autonomous traffic even within such a short timeline, they noted. One ship operator has already placed an order and is in no doubt of AgilePlans value. Oliver Clauser, Nautic/IT, of Reederei Köpping GmbH & Co, KG, technical manager on behalf of a ship portfolio managed by the Ernst Russ Group, said: KVH s subscription programme provides the advanced communications solution we need for our vessels, and includes all the factors we consider critical for our operations a high-performing satellite communications system, the data consumption we anticipate for crew welfare, and remote access to the ships IT systems. The low investment cost was a deciding factor as well, given that KVH provides not only the equipment itself, but the installation and maintenance.

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