# MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS

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1 MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS 5-1. d 5-2. c 5-3. a 5-4. b 5-5. b 5-6. a 5-7. a 5-8. e 5-9. a b c e d Direct materials \$ 17,500 Direct labor 10,000 Applied overhead (\$5 500 DLH) 2,500 Total job cost \$30,000 Number of units 1,000 Unit cost \$

2 5-14. c b b d e d a c 5-5

4 CE Predetermined Plantwide Overhead Rate = \$590,000/131,200 DLH = \$4.50 per direct labor hour* * Rounded 2. Overhead Applied in June = \$ ,400 = \$51, Overhead Variance = Applied Overhead Actual Overhead = \$51,300 \$56,360 = \$5,060 underapplied CE Since the predetermined overhead rate is not given, it must be calculated from BWIP amounts using either Job 44 or Job 45. Using Job 44, Predetermined Overhead Rate = Applied Overhead Direct Labor Cost = \$780/\$1,200 = or 65.0% (The predetermined overhead rate using Job 45 is identical.) 2. Job 44 Job 45 Job 46 Job 47 Beginning balance, June 1 \$ 7,080 \$ 6,450 \$ 0 \$ 0 Direct materials 2,500 7,110 1,800 1,700 Direct labor 800 6, Applied overhead 520 4, Total, June 30 \$10,900 \$24,120 \$3,285 \$2, By the end of June, Jobs 44, 45, and 47 have been transferred out of Work in Process. Thus, the ending balance in Work in Process consists of Job 46. Work in process, June 30 \$3,285 While three jobs (44, 45, and 47) were transferred out of Work in Process and into Finished Goods during June, only two jobs remain (Jobs 44 and 47). Finished goods, June 1 \$ 0 Job 44 10,900 Job 47 2,624 Finished goods, June 30 \$ 13, One job, Job 45, was sold during June. Cost of goods sold \$ 24,

5 CE Allocation ratios for S1 based on number of employees: Cutting = 63/( ) = 0.30 Sewing = 147/( ) = 0.70 Allocation ratios for S2 based on number of maintenance hours: Cutting = 16,000/(16, ,000) = 0.80 Sewing = 4,000/(16, ,000) = Support Departments Producing Departments Allocate: S1 S2 Cutting Sewing Direct costs \$ 180,000 \$ 150,000 \$122,000 \$ 90,500 S1 (180,000) 54, ,000 S2 (150,000) 120,000 30,000 Total \$ 0 \$ 0 \$296,000 \$246,500 CE Allocation ratios for S1 based on number of employees: S2 = 30/( ) = Cutting = 63/( ) = Sewing = 147/( ) = Allocation ratios for S2 based on number of maintenance hours: Cutting = 16,000/(16, ,000) = Sewing = 4,000/(16, ,000) = Support Departments Producing Departments Allocate: S1 S2 Cutting Sewing Direct costs \$ 180,000 \$ 150,000 \$122,000 \$ 90,500 S1 (180,000) 22,500 47, ,250 S2 (172,500) 138,000 34,500 Total \$ 0 \$ 0 \$307,250 \$235,

6 EXERCISES E 5-29 a. Hospital services job order b. Custom cabinet making job order c. Toy manufacturing process d. Soft-drink bottling process e. Airplane manufacturing (e.g., 767s) job order f. Personal computer assembly process g. Furniture making process h. Custom furniture making job order i. Dental services job order j. Paper manufacturing process k. Nut and bolt manufacturing process l. Auto repair job order m. Architectural services job order n. Landscape design services job order o. Flashlight manufacturing process E 5-30 a. Auto manufacturing a shop that builds autos from scratch (the way Rolls Royce used to build cars, or a car that can be built from kits) would use job-order costing. Large automobile manufacturers use process costing. (While the customer may think the car is being built to order when selecting among options, actually, the manufacturer waits until enough of the same orders are received to build a run of virtually identical cars.) b. Dental services basic dental services use job-order costing, but denturists (who make only dentures) can use process costing. (It is important to recognize that while the dentures themselves are uniquely shaped to fit each patient, the costs involved do not differ from patient to patient.) c. Auto repair a general automobile repair shop uses job-order costing. However, a shop devoted to only one type of service or repair (e.g., oil change) can use process costing yet price the cost of the number of quarts of oil used for each customer. d. Costume making a small tailor shop would use job-order costing. However, a large costume manufacturer that sews a certain number of costume designs would use process costing. 5-9

8 E Ending Balance = Beginning Balance + Prime Costs + Applied Overhead \$1,921 = \$1,235 + \$560 + Applied Overhead Applied Overhead = \$1,921 \$1,235 \$560 = \$ Direct Materials = 3 Direct Labor Prime Cost = Direct Materials + Direct Labor \$560 = (3 Direct Labor) + Direct Labor Direct Labor = \$560/4 = \$140 Direct Materials = 3 Direct Labor = 3(\$140) = \$ Applied Overhead = Direct Labor Overhead Rate \$126 = \$140 Overhead Rate Overhead Rate = \$126/\$140 = 0.90, or 90% E Materials requisition form 2. Time ticket 3. Mileage log 4. Job-order cost sheet E Job 93 Direct Labor Hours = \$2,160/\$18 = 120 DLH Job 94 Direct Labor Hours = \$5,400/\$18 = 300 DLH Job 95 Direct Labor Hours = \$2,610/\$18 = 145 DLH Job 96 Direct Labor Hours = \$900/\$18 = 50 DLH 2. August applied overhead for: Job 93 = 120 DLH \$8 = \$960 Job 94 = 300 DLH \$8 = \$2,400 Job 95 = 145 DLH \$8 = \$1,160 Job 96 = 50 DLH \$8 = \$ Job 93 Job 94 Job 95 Job 96 Beginning balance \$ 8,750 \$ 7,300 \$ 0 \$ 0 Direct materials 950 4,500 3,300 1,300 Direct labor 2,160 5,400 2, Applied overhead 960 2,400 1, Total \$12,820 \$19,600 \$7,070 \$2, Work in Process, August 31, consists of unfinished jobs: Job 94 \$19,600 Job 95 7,070 Job 96 2,600 Total \$29,

9 E 5-36 (Continued) 5. Price of Job 93 = \$12,820 + (0.40 \$12,820) = \$17, Jagjit could treat the acquisition and use of the bulldozer as a separate department and create a departmental overhead rate for it based on the hours used. That is, the overhead rate would be the total budgeted cost of the bulldozer (depreciation, fuel, maintenance, and so on) divided by the anticipated annual hours of use. In this way, only the jobs requiring the use of the heavier equipment would be charged for it. E 5-37 Job 877 Job 878 Job 879 Job Beginning balance \$18,640 \$ 0 \$ 0 \$ 0 Direct materials 14,460 6,000 3,500 1,800 Direct labor 14,800 8,500 1,750 2, Applied overhead in October for: Job 877 = \$14, = \$11,840 Job 878 = \$8, = \$6,800 Job 879 = \$1, = \$1,400 Job 880 = \$2, = \$1, Work in Process, October 31: Job 878* \$21,300 Job 879** 6,650 Job 880*** 5,670 Total \$33,620 * \$6,000 + \$8,500 + \$6,800 = \$21,300 ** \$3,500 + \$1,750 + \$1,400 = \$6,650 *** \$1,800 + \$2,150 + \$1,720 = \$5, Cost of Job 877 = \$18,640 + \$14,460 + \$14,800 + \$11,840 = \$59,740 Price of Job 877 = \$59,740 + (0.50 \$59,740) = \$89,610 E Balance in Work in Process (all incomplete jobs): Job 303 \$ 780 Job Job Job 309 1,200 Job Total \$3,

10 E 5-38 (Continued) 2. Balance in Finished Goods (all jobs completed but not sold): Beginning balance (Job 300) \$ 300 Job 301 1,600 Job 304 2,300 Job 305 4,150 Total \$8, Cost of Goods Sold = Job Job 307 = \$1,240 + \$710 = \$1,950 E Job 106 Job 107 Job 108 Balance, July 1 \$21,310 \$ 6,250 \$ 0 Direct materials 10,450 12,300 16,150 Direct labor 16,000 12,200 24,000 Applied overhead 8,000 4,800 16,000 Total \$55,760 \$35,550 \$56, Work in Process, July 31 = Job 107 = \$35, Finished Goods: Beginning balance \$ 49,000 Job 108 (transferred in) 56,150 Job 102 (sold) (25,600) Ending balance, July 31 \$ 79, Cost of Goods Sold = Job Job 106 = \$25,600 + \$55,760 = \$81, Sales [\$81,360 + (0.30 \$81,360)] \$105,768 Cost of goods sold. 81,360 Gross margin \$ 24,408 Less: Variable marketing expenses (0.05 \$105,768) \$5,288 Fixed marketing expenses 2,000 Administrative expenses 4,800 12,088 Operating income \$ 12,

11 E 5-40 Job 213: 1. Number of Units = Total Manufacturing Cost Unit Cost = \$855/\$8.55 = 100 units 2. Total Sales Revenue = Price per Unit Number of Units = \$ units = \$1, Direct Labor Hours, Department 1 = Overhead Applied, Department 1 \$6 = \$90/\$6 = 15 DLH Direct Labor Cost, Department 1 = 15 direct labor hours \$10 = \$ Overhead Applied, Department 2 = 25 machine hours \$8 = \$200 Job 214: 1. Price per Unit = Total Sales Revenue Number of Units = \$4,375/350 units = \$ Direct Labor Hours, Department 1 = Direct Labor Cost, Department 1 \$10 = \$700/\$10 = 70 DLH Overhead Applied, Department 1 = Direct Labor Hours, Department 1 \$6 = 70 DLH \$6 = \$ Materials Used in Production = Total Manufacturing Cost Direct Labor Cost, Department 1 Direct Labor Cost, Department 2 Overhead Applied, Department 1 Overhead Applied, Department 2 = \$3,073 \$700 \$100 \$420 \$400 = \$1,

12 E 5-40 (Continued) 4. Unit Cost = Total Manufacturing Cost Number of Units = \$3,073/350 units = \$8.78 Job 217: 1. Machine Hours, Department 2 = = \$160/\$8 = 20 mhrs 2. Total Manufacturing Cost = Unit Cost Number of Units = \$ units = \$3, Direct Labor Cost, Department 2 = Total Manufacturing Cost Materials Used in Production Direct Labor Cost, Department 1 Overhead Applied, Department 1 Overhead Applied, Department 2 = \$3,948 \$488 \$2,000 \$1,200 \$160 = \$100 Job 225: 1. Number of Units = Total Sales Revenue Price per Unit = \$1,150/\$5 = 230 units 2. Unit Cost = Total Manufacturing Cost Number of Units = \$575/230 units = \$2.50 Overhead Applied, Department 2 Overhead Rate 3. Machine Hours, Department 2 = Overhead Applied, Department 2 Overhead Rate = \$0/\$8 = 0 mhrs 5-15

13 E Direct materials.. \$12,000 Direct labor: Department A... \$8,100 Department B... 2,160 10,260 Overhead (\$ DLH)... 5,700 Total manufacturing costs \$27, Unit Cost = \$27,960/1,000 units = \$ Direct materials \$12,000 Direct labor: Department A... \$8,100 Department B... 2,160 10,260 Overhead: Department A (\$3 450) 1,350 Department B (\$7 800) 5,600 Total manufacturing costs \$29, Unit Cost = \$29,210/1,000 units = \$29.21 E Job 39 Job 40 Job 41 Job 42 Job 43 Balance, April 1 \$ 540 \$3,400 \$2,990 \$ 0 \$ 0 Direct materials ,500 6,900 Direct labor ,500 3,000 Applied overhead ,750 3,300 Total cost \$2,290 \$5,220 \$4,394 \$8,750 \$13, Ending Balance in Work in Process = Job 39 + Job 42 = \$2,290 + \$8,750 = \$11,040 Cost of Goods Sold for April = Job 40 + Job 41 + Job 43 = \$5,220 + \$4,394 + \$13,200 = \$22, Ensign Landscape Design Income Statement For the Month Ended April 30 Sales [\$22,814 + (0.30 \$22,814)] \$29,658 Cost of goods sold ,814 Gross margin.... \$ 6,844 Less: Selling and administrative expenses. 4,575 Operating income.... \$ 2,

14 E Journal Date Account & Explanation Debit Credit a. Raw Materials 29,670 Accounts Payable 29,670 b. Work in Process 24,500 Raw Materials 24,500 c. Work in Process 32,400 Wages Payable 32,400 d. Overhead Control 17,880 Various Payables 17,880 e. Work in Process 8,640 Overhead Control 8,640 Total Direct Labor Hours = \$32,400/\$18 = 1,800 DLH Applied Overhead = 1,800 DLH \$4.80 = \$8,640 f. Finished Goods 50,020 Work in Process 50,020 g. Cost of Goods Sold 53,040 Finished Goods 53,040 Accounts Receivable 74,256 Sales Revenue 74, Job 58 Job 59 Job 60 Direct materials... \$ 9,200 \$ 8,900 \$ 6,400 Direct labor. 14,400 10,800 7,200 Applied overhead 3,840 2,880 1,920 Total cost \$27,440 \$22,580 \$15, Raw Materials: Beginning balance \$ 2,300 Purchases... 29,670 Direct materials.. (24,500) Ending balance \$ 7,

15 E 5-43 (Continued) 4. Work in Process: Beginning balance \$ 0 Direct materials 24,500 Direct labor 32,400 Applied overhead 8,640 Jobs completed: Job 58 \$27,440 Job ,580 (50,020) Ending balance \$ 15, Finished Goods: Beginning balance \$ 25,600 Jobs transferred in: Job 58. \$27,440 Job 59 22,580 50,020 Jobs sold: Job 57 \$25,600 Job ,440 \$(53,040) Ending balance \$ 22,580 E Allocation ratios for Power based on number of machine hours: Battery = 7,000/(7, ,000) = Small Motors = 1,000/(7, ,000) = Allocation ratios for General Factory based on square footage: Battery = 5,000/(5, ,000) = Small Motors = 15,000/(5, ,000) = Support Departments Operating Divisions General Small Power Factory Battery Motors Direct costs \$160,000 \$430,000 \$163,000 \$ 84,600 Allocate: Power (160,000) 140,000 20,000 General Factory (430,000) 107, ,500 Total \$ 0 \$ 0 \$410,500 \$427, Battery Overhead Rate = \$410,500/18,000 DLH = \$22.81 Small Motors Overhead Rate = \$427,100/60,000 DLH = \$

16 E Allocation ratios for General Factory based on square footage: Power = 1,000/(1, , ,000) = Battery = 5,000/(1, , ,000) = Small Motors = 15,000/(1, , ,000) = Allocation ratios for Power based on number of machine hours: Power = 7,000/(7, ,000) = Small Motors = 1,000/(7, ,000) = Support Departments General Operating Divisions Small Power Factory Battery Motors Direct costs \$ 160,000 \$ 430,000 \$163,000 \$ 84,600 Allocate: Power 20,468 (430,000) 102, ,149 General Factory* (180,468) 157,910 22,559 Total \$ 0 \$ (430,000) \$423,293 \$414,308 * Totals for Battery and Small Motors do not add to the total for General Factory due to rounding. Because all support department cost must be transferred to the producing departments, the company will just live with the increase in cost transferred out. 3. Battery Overhead Rate = \$423,293/18,000 DLH = \$23.52 Small Motors Overhead Rate = \$414,308/60,000 DLH = \$

17 PROBLEMS P Overhead Rate = \$789,000/100,000 DLH = \$7.89 per DLH 2. Job 741 Job 742 Job 743 Job 744 Job 745 Balance, July 1 \$ 29,870 \$ 55,215 \$27,880 \$ 0 \$ 0 Direct materials 25,500 39,800 14,450 13,600 8,420 Direct labor 61,300 48,500 28,700 24,500 21,300 Applied overhead 31,560 26,826 15,622 12,624 11,046 Total cost \$148,230 \$170,341 \$86,652 \$50,724 \$40, Ending Balance in Work in Process = Job Job Job 745 = \$170,341 + \$50,724 + \$40,766 = \$261, Cost of Goods Sold = Job Job 743 = \$148,230 + \$86,652 = \$234,882 P Cost of Alban job: Professional time (85 hours \$120) \$10,200 Mileage (510 \$0.50) 255 Photographs 120 Total \$10, Overhead is included in the rate for professional time. This is easier for professionals than to calculate a separate overhead rate and charge it to clients. In effect, Spade Millhone charges a conversion cost rate, not a labor rate, to its clients. 5-20

18 P 5-47 (Continued) 3. Answers may vary. The following is one example. Rex Spade Mileage Log Beginning Ending Total Date Client Mileage Mileage Destination Miles 7/8 Alban 56,780 56,815 Ofc. to claimant #1, 35 to Dr. Phony, to claimant #2, to ofc. 7/9 Alban 56,815 56,903 Ofc. to claimant #3, 88 to claimant #4, to ofc. 7/10 Alban 56,903 57,078 Ofc. to witness #3, 175 to client, to ofc. 7/11 Alban 57,078 57,290 Ofc. to claimant #2, 212 to claimant #4, to ofc. Note: Separate mileage logs are kept by Rex Spade and Victoria Millhone. Then, relevant amounts are transferred to cost sheets (or folders) for each client. 5-21

19 P Overhead Rate = \$374/\$440 = times direct labor cost (This rate was calculated using information from the Carter job; however, the Pelham and Tillson jobs would give the same answer.) 2. Carter Pellham Tillson Jasper Dashell Beginning WIP \$1,024 \$1,910 \$3,621 \$ 0 \$ 0 Direct materials , Direct labor , Applied overhead , Total \$2,179 \$2,830 \$4,835 \$6,195 \$634 Note: This is just one way of setting up the job-order cost sheets. You might prefer to keep the details on the materials, labor, and overhead in beginning inventory costs. 3. Since the Tillson and Jasper jobs were completed, the others must still be in process. Therefore, the ending balance in Work in Process is the sum of the costs of the Carter, Pelham, and Dashell jobs. Carter \$2,179 Pellham 2,830 Dashell 634 Ending WIP \$5,643 Cost of Goods Sold = Tillson Job + Jasper Job = \$4,835 + \$6,195 = \$11, Pavlovich Prosthetics Company Income Statement For the Month Ended January 31 Sales (1.30 \$11,030) \$14,339 Cost of goods sold 11,030 Gross margin \$ 3,309 Marketing and administrative expenses 2,635 Operating income \$

20 P OH Rate = \$108,000/18,000 mhrs = \$6.00 per machine hour 2. Department A: \$75,000/10,000 mhrs = \$7.500 per machine hour Department B: \$33,000/8,000 mhrs = \$4.125 per machine hour 3. Job 73 Job 74 Plantwide: Plantwide: 70 mhrs \$6.00 = \$ mhrs \$6.00 = \$420 Departmental: Departmental: 20 mhrs \$7.500 \$ mhrs \$7.500 \$ mhrs \$ mhrs \$ \$ \$ Department A appears to be more overhead intensive, so jobs spending more time in Department A ought to receive more overhead. Thus, departmental rates provide more accuracy. 4. Plantwide rate: \$135,000/18,000 mhrs = \$7.50 Department B: \$60,000/8,000 mhrs = \$7.50 Job 73 Job 74 Plantwide: Plantwide: 70 mhrs \$7.50 = \$ mhrs \$7.50 = \$525 Departmental: Departmental: 20 mhrs \$7.50 \$ mhrs \$7.50 \$ mhrs \$ mhrs \$ \$ \$ Assuming that machine hours is a good cost driver, the departmental rates reveal that overhead consumption is the same in each department. In this case, there is no need for departmental rates, and a plantwide rate is sufficient. 5-23

21 P Overhead Rate = \$432,000/8,000 mhrs = \$54.00 per machine hour Job 1 Job 2 Direct materials \$ 6,725 \$ 9,340 Direct labor. 1,800 3,100 Overhead (\$ machine hours) 10,800 10,800 Total manufacturing cost \$19,325 \$23,240 Plus 35% markup 6,764 8,134 Bid price \$26,089 \$31, Welding Overhead Rate = \$220,000/5,000 mhrs = \$44.00 per machine hour Assembly Overhead Rate = \$62,000/10,000 dlhrs = \$6.20 direct labor hour Finishing Overhead Rate = \$150,000/2,000 mhrs = \$75.00 per machine hour Job 1 Job 2 Direct materials... \$ 6,725 \$ 9,340 Direct labor 1,800 3,100 Overhead: Welding (\$ ); (\$ ) 2,200 2,200 Assembly (\$ ); (\$ ) Finishing (\$ ); (\$ ) 6,750 9,375 Total manufacturing cost \$17,847 \$24,139 Plus 35% markup 6,246 8,449 Bid price. \$24,093 \$32,

22 P Jan s Job Ed s Job Materials. \$ 50 \$ 75 Direct labor Applied overhead: 0.20 (\$50 + \$60) (\$75 + \$120) Total... \$132 \$ Since Jan s job is more like the jobs Steve is used to doing, her costs are likely to be more accurate. Clearly, Steve is unsure just how to cost Ed s job. If he expects to get more use from the tools he buys for Ed s job, then he can absorb them into his overhead rate. If not, perhaps they should be added to the cost of Ed s job as a part of materials. P Job 64: Direct materials. Direct labor. Overhead (\$ DLH) Total cost. \$ 3,560 6,720 4,510 \$14,790 Unit Cost = \$14,790/50 units = \$ Ending Work in Process = Cost of Job 65 = \$785 + \$9,328 + (\$ DLH) = \$16, Date Journal Account & Explanation Debit Credit Finished Goods Work in Process 14,790 14,790 Cost of Goods Sold 14,790 Finished Goods 14,790 Accounts Receivable 25,883 Sales Revenue 25,883 (1.75 \$14,790) = \$25,

23 P Journal Date Account & Explanation Debit Credit a. Raw Materials 4,610 Accounts Payable 4,610 b. Work in Process 4,800 Raw Materials 4,800 c. Work in Process [\$14 (65 DLH + 90 DLH)] 2,170 Wages Payable 2,170 d. Work in Process (\$ DLH) 961 Overhead Control 961 e. Overhead Control 973 Cash Job 518 Job 519 Direct materials \$3,170 Direct materials \$1,630 Direct labor 910 Direct labor 1,260 Applied overhead 403 Applied overhead 558 Total \$4,483 Total \$3,448 Journal Date Account & Explanation Debit Credit f. Finished Goods 4,483 Work in Process 4,483 g. Cost of Goods Sold 2,770 Finished Goods 2,770 Accounts Receivable 3,463 Sales 3,

26 P Journal Date Account & Explanation Debit Credit a. Raw Materials 42,630 Accounts Payable 42,630 b. Work in Process 27,000 Raw Materials 27,000 c. Work in Process 26,320 Wages Payable 26,320 d. Overhead Control 19,950 Cash 19,950 e. Work in Process [(\$26,320/\$14) \$10] 18,800 Overhead Control 18, Job 703: Beginning balance, WIP \$10,000 Direct materials 12,500 Direct labor (\$ DLH) 10,920 Overhead applied (\$ DLH) 7,800 Total \$41,220 Job 704: Direct materials \$14,500 Direct labor (\$14 1,100 DLH) 15,400 Overhead applied (\$10 1,100 DLH) 11,000 Total \$40,

27 P 5-56 (Continued) 3. Journal Date Account & Explanation Debit Credit f. Finished Goods 41,220 Work in Process 41,220 h. Cost of Goods Sold 6,240 Finished Goods 6,240 Accounts Receivable 8,112 Sales 8, a. Raw Materials: Beginning balance \$ 6,070 Add: Purchases 42,630 Less: Materials requisitioned (27,000) Ending balance \$ 21,700 b. Work in Process: Beginning balance \$ 10,000 Add: Materials requisitioned 27,000 Direct labor 26,320 Overhead applied 18,800 Less: Jobs completed (41,220) Ending balance \$ 40,900 c. Finished Goods: Beginning balance \$ 6,240 Add: Jobs completed 41,220 Less: Jobs sold (6,240) Ending balance \$41,

28 P Direct method: Proportion of: Laboratory Pathology Number of samples Transactions processed Direct costs \$345,000 \$456,000 Delivery: ( \$240,000) 144,000 ( \$240,000) 96,000 Accounting: (0.65 \$270,000) 175,500 (0.35 \$270,000) 94,500 Total \$664,500 \$646, Delivery Accounting Laboratory Pathology Transactions Number of samples Direct costs \$ 240,000 \$270,000 \$345,000 \$456,000 Accounting: ( \$270,000) 13,500 (13,500) ( \$270,000) (166,725) 166,725 ( \$270,000) (89,775) 89,775 Delivery: ( \$253,500) (152,100) 152,100 ( \$253,500) (101,400) 101,400 Total \$ 0 \$ 0 \$663,825 \$647,175 P a. Direct method: Drilling Assembly Machine hours Kilowatt-hours Maintenance: (0.80 \$320,000) \$256,000 (0.20 \$320,000) \$ 64,000 Power: (0.10 \$400,000) 40,000 (0.90 \$400,000) 360,000 Direct costs 163,000 90,000 Total \$459,000 \$514,

29 P 5-58 (Continued) Drilling: \$459,000/30,000 mhrs = \$15.30 per machine hour Assembly: \$514,000/40,000 DLH = \$12.85 per direct labor hour Prime costs \$1, Drilling (\$ mhrs) Assembly (\$ DLH) Total cost \$2, Markup (15%) Bid price \$2, b. Sequential method: Allocate Power first, then Maintenance Maintenance Power Drilling Assembly Machine hours Kilowatt-hours Direct costs \$320,000 \$400,000 \$163,000 \$ 90,000 Power: (0.10 \$400,000) 40,000 (40,000) (0.09 \$400,000) (36,000) 36,000 (0.81 \$400,000) (324,000) 324,000 Maintenance: (0.80 \$360,000) (288,000) 288,000 (0.20 \$360,000) (72,000) 72,000 Total \$ 0 \$ 0 \$487,000 \$486,000 Drilling: \$487,000/30,000 mhrs = \$16.23 per machine hour Assembly: \$486,000/40,000 DLH = \$12.15 per direct labor hour Prime costs \$1, Drilling (\$ mhrs) Assembly (\$ DLH) Total cost \$2, Markup (15%) Bid price \$2, The sequential method is the more accurate because it considers some of the support department interactions. 5-32

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