ANNA UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS R CURRICULUM I SEMESTER (FULL TIME) M.E. MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING SEMESTER I


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1 ANNA UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS R CURRICULUM I SEMESTER (FULL TIME) M.E. MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING SEMESTER I SL. COURSE No CODE COURSE TITLE L T P C THEORY 1 MA9222 Numerical Methods and Graph Theory MF9211 Advanced Materials Technology 3 MF9212 Automated Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems 4 MF9213 Advanced Manufacturing Processes 5 E1 Elective I 6 E2 Elective II PRACTICAL 7 MF9214 CIM Lab TOTAL ELECTIVES FOR M.E.MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING SL. COURSE No CODE COURSE TITLE L T P C 1 MF9250 Finite Element Application in Manufacturing 2 MF9251 Fluid Power Automation 3 MF9252 Design for Manufacture and Assembly 4 MF9253 Materials Management & Logistics 5 MF9254 Advances in Casting and Welding Processes 6 MF9255 Metal Cutting Theory and Practice 7 MF9256 Probability & Statistics 8 MF9257 Manufacturing System Simulation 9 MF9258 Optimization Techniques in Engineering 10 MF9259 Industrial Ergonomics 11 MF9260 Polymers and Composite Materials 12 MF9261 NonDestructive Evaluation 13 MF9262 Artificial Intelligence 14 MF9263 Lean Manufacturing system and Implementation 15 MF9264 Quality & Reliability Engineering 16 MF9265 Computer Aided Product Design 17 MF9266 Financial management 18 MF9267 Rapid Manufacturing 19 MF9268 Manufacturing Management 1
2 MA9222 NUMERICAL METHODS AND GRAPH THEORY L T P C To solve some engineering models and problems by using Numerical Analysis and Graph Theoretical concepts. OBJECTIVES: The engineers will have an exposure on various topics such as Systems of Equation, Interpolation and Numerical Integration, Initial and Boundary Value Problems, Fundamentals of Graphs, Graphs Algorithms to understand their applications in engineering problems. UNIT I SYSTEMS OF EQUATIONS 12 Simultaneous linear equations Direct method LU decomposition methods  Gauss elimination, Gauss Jordan methods Iterative methods Jacobi and GaussSeidel methods. UNIT II INTERPOLATION AND INTEGRATION 12 Hermite s interpolation Cubic Spline Interpolation Gaussian Numerical Integration Trapezoidal and Simpson rules NewtonCotes formula Gaussian quadrature cubature. UNIT III NUMERICAL METHODS FOR ODE 12 Single step methods multi step methods Taylor series and Euler methods Runge Kutta method of fourth order Multi step methods AdamsBashforth, Milnes Predictor Corrector methods Boundary value problems by Finite difference method. UNIT IV FUNDAMENTALS OF GRAPHS 12 Graphs sub graphs  Complements Graph isomorphism vertex degree: Eulerian graphs Planar graphs Hamiltonian paths, tree and Cutsets. UNIT V TREES AND ALGORITHMS 12 Kruskal s algorithm Dijkstra s shortest path algorithm, Prim s algorithm Transport Networks. TOTAL : 60 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS: 1. Jain, M.K., Iyengar, S.R.K., and Jain, R.K., Numerical Methods for Scientific & Engineering computation, Wiley Eastern Ltd., Froberg, C.E. Numerical Mathematics, the Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Co., Inc., Grimaldi R.P., Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics, Pearson Education Inc., [ 1. Froberg, C.E. Numerical Mathematics, The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Co., Inc., Jain, M.K., Iyengar, S.R.K., and Jain, R.K., Numerical Methods for Scientific & Engineering computation, Wiley Eastern Ltd., Bondy, J.A. and Murthy, U.S.R., Graph Theory with Applications, Macmillan, 2
3 MF9211 ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY L T P C To impart knowledge on advance concepts of material technology OBJECTIVES: To enlight the PG students on elastic, plastic and fractured behaviour of engineering materials. To train the PG students in selection of metallic and nonmetallic materials for the various engineering applications. UNIT I ELASTIC AND PLASTIC BEHAVIOR 10 Elasticity in metals and polymers Anelastic and viscoelastic behaviour Mechanism of plastic deformation and non metallic shear strength of perfect and real crystals Strengthening mechanisms, work hardening, solid solutioning, grain boundary strengthening, poly phase mixture, precipitation, particle, fibre and dispersion strengthening. Effect of temperature, strain and strain rate on plastic behaviour Super plasticity Deformation of non crystalline materials. UNIT II FRACTURE BEHAVIOUR 10 Griffith s theory, stress intensity factor and fracture toughness Toughening mechanisms Ductile, brittle transition in steel High temperature fracture, creep Larson Miller parameter Deformation and fracture mechanism maps Fatigue, low and high cycle fatigue test, crack initiation and propagation mechanisms and Paris law. Effect of surface and metallurgical parameters on fatigue Fracture of non metallic materials Failure analysis, sources of failure, procedure of failure analysis. UNIT III SELECTION OF MATERIALS 10 Motivation for selection, cost basis and service requirements Selection for mechanical properties, strength, toughness, fatigue and creep Selection for surface durability corrosion and wear resistance Relationship between materials selection and processing Case studies in materials selection with relevance to aero, auto, marine, machinery and nuclear applications Computer aided materials selection. UNIT IV MODERN METALLIC MATERIALS 8 Dual phase steels, High strength low alloy (HSLA) steel, Transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) Steel, Maraging steel, Nitrogen steel Intermetallics, Ni and Ti aluminides smart materials, shape memory alloys Metallic glass and nano crystalline materials. UNIT V NON METALLIC MATERIALS 7 Polymeric materials Formation of polymer structure Production techniques of fibers, foams, adhesives and coating structure, properties and applications of engineering polymers Advanced structural ceramics, WC, TIC, TaC, Al 2 O3, SiC, Si 3 N 4 CBN and diamond properties, processing and applications. 3
4 1. George E.Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy, McGraw Hill, Thomas H. Courtney, Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, (2 nd edition), McGraw Hill, Charles, J.A., Crane, F.A.A. and Fumess, J.A.G., Selection and use of engineering materials, (3 rd edition), ButterworthHeiremann, Flinn, R.A., and Trojan, P.K., Engineering Materials and their Applications, (4 th Edition) Jaico, ASM Hand book, Vol.11, Failure Analysis and Prevention, (10 th Edition), ASM, Ashby M.F., Material Selection in Mechanical Design, 3 rd Edition, Butter Worth MF9212 AUTOMATED AND COMPUTER INTEGRATED L T P C MANUFACTURING SYSTEM To stress the role of computers in production. OBJECTIVE: To teach the role of computers in processing the information knowing across the various stages and various departments in a manufacturing concern. UNIT I INTRODUCTION 6 Introduction to CAD, CAM, CAD/CAM and CIM  Evolution of CIM CIM wheel and cycle Production concepts and mathematical models Simple problems in production models CIM hardware and software Major elements of CIM system Three step process for implementation of CIM Computers in CIM Computer networks for manufacturing The future automated factory Management of CIM Impact of CIM on personnel CIM status. UNIT II AUTOMATED MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS 10 Automated production line system configurations, work part transfer mechanisms Fundamentals of Automated assembly system System configuration, Part delivery at workstations Design for automated assembly Overview of material handling equipments Consideration in material handling system design The 10 principles of Material handling. Conveyor systems Types of conveyors Operations and features. Automated Guided Vehicle system Types of vehicles and AGVs applications Vehicle guidance technology Vehicle management and safety. Storage system performance storage location strategies Conventional storage methods and equipments Automated storage/retrieval system and Carousel storage system Deadlocks in Automated manufacturing systems Petrinet models Applications in Dead lock avoidance. 4
5 UNIT III GROUP TECHNOLOGY AND FMS 10 Part families Visual Parts classification and coding Production flow analysis Grouping of parts and Machines by rank order clustering method Benefits of GT Case studies. FMS Components workstations FMS layout configurations Computer control systems FMS planning and implementation issues Architecture of FMS flow chart showing various operations in FMS Machine cell design Composite part concept, Holier method, Key machine concept Quantitative analysis of FMS Bottleneck model Simple and complicated problems Extended Bottleneck model  sizing the FMS FMS applications, Benefits. UNIT IV PROCESS PLANNING 10 Process planning Activities in process planning, Informations required. From design to process planning classification of manufacturing processes Selection of primary manufacturing processes selecting among casting process, forming process and machining process. Sequencing of operations according to Anteriorities various examples forming of Matrix of Anteriorities case study. Typical process sheet case studies in Manual process planning. Computer Aided Process Planning Process planning module and data base Variant process planning Two stages in VPP Generative process planning Flow chart showing various activities in generative PP Semi generative process planning. UNIT V TYPES OF PROCESS CONTROL AND AUTOMATIC DATA CAPTURE 9 Introduction to process model formulation linear feed back control systems Optimal control Adaptive control Sequence control and PLC. Computer process control Computer process interface Interface hardware Computer process monitoring Direct digital control and Supervisory computer control. Overview of Automatic identification methods Bar code technology Other Automatic data capture technologies. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS 1. Mikell P.Groover, Automation, Production system and Computer integrated Manufacturing, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., Radhakrishnan,P., Subramanian,S., and Raju,V., CAD/CAM/CIM New Age International Publishers, James A.Retrg, Herry W.Kraebber, Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Pearson Education, Asia, Gideon Halevi and Ronald D.Weill, Principles of Process Planning, Chapman Hall, Viswanathan,N., and Narahari,Y., Performance Modeling and Automated Manufacturing Systems, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., Kant Vajpayee,S., Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, Alavudeen and Venkateshwaran, Computer Integrated Manufacturing, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi,
6 MF9213 ADVANCED MANUFACTURING PROCESSES L T P C To expose the students in the art of manufacturing new products due to the development of new materials and processes. The students will totally get a feel of the relevant suitable process while evaluating and deciding. OBJECTIVES: To inform the students about the various alternative manufacturing processes available. To develop an altitude to look for the unconventional manufacturing process to machine To make them to understand and appreciate the latest manufacturing process for micro fabrication and devices. UNIT I NEWER MACHINING PROCESSES  I 9 (Non thermal energy) Abrasive machining water jet machining  ultrasonic machining chemical machining electro chemical machining construction working principle steps  types process parameters derivations problems, merits, demerits and applications. UNIT II NEWER MACHINING PROCESS II 9 Wire cut EDM  Electro chemical machining ECG  Electric discharge machining construction principle types control  circuits tool design merits, demerits & applications. UNIT III NEWER MACHINING PROCESS III 9 Laser beam machining Electron beam machining Plasma arc machining Ion beam machining construction working principle types process parameter derivations problems, merits, demerits and applications. UNIT IV FABRICATION OF MICRO DEVICES 9 Semiconductors films and film depurification Oxidation  diffusion ion implantation etching metallization bonding surface and bulk machining LIGA Process Solid free form fabrication. UNIT V MICROFABRICATION TECHNOLOGY 9 Wafer preparation monolithic processing moulding PCB board hybrid & mcm technology programmable devices & ASIC electronic material and processing. steriolithography SAW devices, Surface Mount Technology, 1. Serope kelpekijian & stevan r. schmid manufacturing process engg material Micro senors Mems & smart devices Julian W.Hardner Brahem T. Smith, Advanced machining I.F.S. UK Jaeger R.C., Introduction to microelectronic fabrication Addison Wesley, Nario Taniguchi Nano technology Oxford University Press Pandey P.C. & Shan HS Modern Machining Processes, Standard Publishing Co., More Madon, Fundamentals of Microfabrication, CRC Press,
7 MF9214 CIM LAB L T P C To impart the knowledge on training the students in the area of CAD/CAM. OBJECTIVE: To teach the students about the drafting of 3D components and analyzing the same using various CAD/CAM softwares. CAM LABORATORY 1. Exercise on CNC Lathe: Plain Turning, Step turning, Taper turning, Threading, Grooving & canned cycle 2. Exercise on CNC Milling Machine: Profile Milling, Mirroring, Scaling & canned cycle. 3. Study of Sensors, Transducers & PLC: Halleffect sensor, Pressure sensors, Strain gauge, PLC, LVDT, Load cell, Angular potentiometer, Torque, Temperature & Optical Transducers. 4. Mini project on any one of the CIM elements is to be done. This can be either a software or hardware simulating a CIM element. At the end of the semester, the students has to submit a mini report and present his work before a Committee. CAD LABORATORY 2D modeling and 3D modeling of components such as 1. Bearing 2. Couplings 3. Gears 4. Sheet metal components 5. Jigs, Fixtures and Die assemblies. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS MF9250 FINITE ELEMENT APPLICATIONS IN MANUFACTURING L T P C To impart knowledge in the area of finite element methods and its application in manufacturing. OBJECTIVE: To study the fundamentals of one dimensional and two dimensional problems using FEA in manufacturing. 7
8 UNIT I INTRODUCTION 6 Fundamentals Initial, boundary and eigen value problems weighted residual, Galerkin and Raleigh Ritz methods  Integration by parts Basics of variational formulation Polynomial and Nodal approximation. UNIT II ONE DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS 10 Steps in FEM Discretization. Interpolation, derivation of elements characteristic matrix, shape function, assembly and imposition of boundary conditionssolution and post processing One dimensional analysis in solid mechanics and heat transfer. UNIT III SHAPE FUNCTIONS AND HIGHER ORDER FORMULATIONS 10 Shape functions for one and two dimensional elements Three noded triangular and four nodded quadrilateral element Global and natural coordinates Non linear analysis Isoparametric elements Jacobian matrices and transformations Basics of two dimensional, plane stress, plane strain and axisymmetric analysis. UNIT IV COMPUTER IMPLEMENTATION 9 Pre Processing, mesh generation, elements connecting, boundary conditions, input of material and processing characteristics Solution and post processing Overview of application packages Development of code for one dimensional analysis and validation UNIT V ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTION PROCESSES 10 FE analysis of metal casting special considerations, latent heat incorporation, gap element Time stepping procedures Crank Nicholson algorithm Prediction of grain structure Basic concepts of plasticity and fracture Solid and flow formulation small incremental deformation formulation Fracture criteria FE analysis of metal cutting, chip separation criteria, incorporation of strain rate dependency FE analysis of welding. 1. Reddy, J.N. An Introduction to the Finite Element Method, McGraw Hill, Rao, S.S., Finite Element method in engineering, Pergammon press, Bathe, K.J., Finite Element procedures in Engineering Analysis, Kobayashi,S, SooikOh and Altan,T, Metal Forming and the Finite Element Methods, Oxford University Press, Lewis R.W.Morgan, K, Thomas, H.R. and Seetharaman, K.N. The Finite Element Method in Heat Transfer Analysis, John Wiley,
9 MF9251 FLUID POWER AUTOMATION L T P C To impart knowledge in the area of hydraulics, pneumatic and fluid power components and its functions. OBJECTIVES: To make the students to learn the basic concepts of hydraulics and pneumatics and their controlling elements in the area of manufacturing process. To train the students in designing the hydraulics and pneumatic circuits using ladder diagram. UNIT I INTRODUCTION 5 Need for Automation, Hydraulic & Pneumatic Comparison ISO symbols for fluid power elements, Hydraulic, pneumatics Selection criteria. UNIT II FLUID POWER GENERATING/UTILIZING ELEMENTS 8 Hydraulic pumps and motor gears, vane, piston pumpsmotorsselection and specificationdrive characteristics Linear actuator Types, mounting details, cushioning power packs construction. Reservoir capacity, heat dissipation, accumulators standard circuit symbols, circuit (flow) analysis. UNIT III CONTROL AND REGULATION ELEMENTS 8 Direction flow and pressure control valvesmethods of actuation, types, sizing of portspressure and temperature compensation, overlapped and underlapped spool valvesoperating characteristicselectro hydraulic servo valvesdifferent typescharacteristics and performance. UNIT IV CIRCUIT DESIGN 10 Typical industrial hydraulic circuitsdesign methodology Ladder diagramcascade, methodtruth tablekarnaugh map methodsequencing circuitscombinational and logic circuit. UNIT V ELECTRO PNEUMATICS & ELECTRONIC CONTROL OF HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CIRCUITS 7 Electrical control of pneumatic and hydraulic circuitsuse of relays, timers, counters, Ladder diagram. Programmable logic control of Hydraulics Pneumatics circuits, PLC ladder diagram for various circuits, motion controllers, use of field busses in circuits. Electronic drive circuits for various Motors. TOTAL:45 PERIODS 1. Antony Esposito, Fluid Power Systems and control PrenticeHall, Herbert R. Merritt, Hydraulic control systems, John Wiley & Sons, Newyork, Dudbey.A.Peace, Basic Fluid Power, Prentice Hall Inc, Peter Rohner, Fluid Power logic circuit design. The Macmillan Press Ltd.,London, E.C.Fitch and J.B.Suryaatmadyn. Introduction to fluid logic, McGraw Hill, W.Bolton, Mechatronics, Electronic control systems in Mechanical and Electrical Engineering Pearson Education, Peter Rohner, Fluid Power Logic Circuit Design, Mcmelan Prem,
10 MF9252 DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURING AND ASSEMBLY L T P C UNIT I TOLERANCE ANALYSIS 8 Introduction Concepts, definitions and relationships of tolerancing Matching design tolerances with appropriate manufacturing process manufacturing process capability metrics Worst care, statistical tolerance Analysis Linear and NonLinear Analysis Sensitivity Analysis Taguchi s Approach to tolerance design. UNIT II TOLERANCE ALLOCATION 8 Tolerance synthesis Computer Aided tolerancing Traditional cost based analysis Taguchi s quality loss function Application of the Quadratic loss function to Tolerancing Principles of selective Assembly Problems. UNIT III GD&T 10 Fundamentals of geometric dimensioning and tolerancing Rules and concepts of GD&T Form controls Datum systems Orientation controls Tolerance of position Concentricity and symmetry controls Run out controls Profile controls. UNIT IV TOLERANCE CHARTING 9 Nature of the tolerance buildup structure and setup of the tolerance chart piece part sketches for tolerance charts Arithmetic ground rules for tolerance charts Determination of Required balance dimensions Determination of Mean working Dimensions Automatic tolerance charting Tolerance charting of Angular surfaces. UNIT V MANUFACTURING GUIDELINES 10 DFM guidelines for casting, weldment design Formed metal components Turned parts Milled, Drilled parts Non metallic parts Computer Aided DFM software Boothroyd and Dewhurst method of DFMA DCS Vis/VSA 3D Dimensional control Statistical tolerance Analysis Software Applications. 1. C.M. Creveling, Tolerance Design A handbook for Developing Optimal Specifications, Addison Wesley, James D. Meadows, Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing, Marcel Dekker Inc., Alex Krulikowski, Fundamentals GD&T, Delmar Thomson Learning, Oliver R. Wade, Tolerance Control in Design and Manufacturing, Industrial Press, NY, James G. Bralla, Handbook of Product Design for Manufacturing, McGraw Hill,
11 MF9253 MATERIALS MANAGEMENT AND LOGISTICS L T P C To introduce to the students the various functions of materials management and logistics OBJECTIVE: To make the students familiar with the various concepts and functions of material management, so that the students will be in a position to manage the materials management department independently. UNIT I INTRODUCTION 6 Introduction to materials management Objectives Functions Operating Cycle Value analysis Make or buy decisions. UNIT II MANAGEMENT OF PURCHASE 7 Purchasing policies and procedures Selection of sources of supply Vendor development Vendor evaluation and rating Methods of purchasing Imports Buyer Seller relationship Negotiations. UNIT III MANAGEMENT OF STORES AND LOGISTICS 12 Stores function Location Layout Stock taking Materials handling Transportation Insurance Codification Inventory pricing stores management safety warehousing Distribution linear programming Traveling Salesman problems Network analysis Logistics Management. UNIT IV MATERIALS PLANNING 10 Forecasting Materials requirements planning Quantity Periodic Deterministic models Finite production. UNIT V INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 10 ABC analysis Aggregate planning Lot size under constraints Just in Time (JIT) system. REFERENCES 1. Lamer Lee and Donald W.Dobler, Purchasing and Material Management, Text and cases, Tata McGraw Hill, Gopalakrishnan.P, Handbook of Materials Management, Prentice Hall of India, Guptha P.K. and Manmohan, Problems in Operations Research, Suttan Chand & Sons, Dr. R. Kesavan, C.Elanchezian and T.SundarSelwyn, Engineering Management Eswar Press Dr.R. Kesavan, C.Elanchezian and B.Vijaya Ramnath, Production Planning and Control, Anuratha Publications, Chennai, G. Reghuram, N. Rangaraj, Logistics and supply chain management cases and concepts, Macmillan India Ltd.,
12 MF9254 ADVANCES IN CASTING AND WELDING PROCESSES L T P C To impart knowledge on basic concepts and advances in casting and welding processes. OBJECTIVES: To study the metallurgical concepts and applications of casting and welding process. To acquire knowledge in CAD of casting and automation of welding process. UNIT I CASTING DESIGN 8 Heat transfer between metal and mould Design considerations in casting Designing for directional solidification and minimum stresses  principles and design of gating and risering UNIT II CASTING METALLURGY 8 Solidification of pure metal and alloys shrinkage in cast metals progressive and directional solidification Degasification of the meltcasting defects Castability of steel, Cast Iron, Al alloys, Babbit alloy and Cu alloy. UNIT III RECENT TRENDS IN CASTING AND FOUNDRY LAYOUT 8 Shell moulding, precision investment casting, CO 2 moulding, centrifugal casting, Die casting, Continuous casting, Counter gravity low pressure casting, Squeeze casting and semisolid processes. Layout of mechanized foundry sand reclamation material handling in foundry pollution control in foundry Computer aided design of casting. UNIT IV WELDING METALLURGY AND DESIGN 10 Heat affected Zone and its characteristics Weldability of steels, cast iron, stainless steel, aluminum, Mg, Cu, Zirconium and titanium alloys Carbon Equivalent of Plain and alloy steels Hydrogen embrittlement Lamellar tearing Residual stress Distortion and its control. Heat transfer and solidification  Analysis of stresses in welded structures pre and post welding heat treatments weld joint design welding defects Testing of weldment. UNIT V RECENT TRENDS IN WELDING 11 Friction welding, friction stir welding explosive welding diffusion bonding high frequency induction welding ultrasonic welding electron beam welding Laser beam welding Plasma welding Electroslag welding narrow gap, hybrid twin wire active TIG Tandem MIG modern brazing and soldering techniques induction, dip resistance, diffusion processes Hot gas, wave and vapour phase soldering. Overview of automation of welding in aerospace, nuclear, surface transport vehicles and under water welding. 12
13 1. ASM Handbook, Vol 15, Casting, ASM Handbook vol.6, welding Brazing & Soldering, Parmer R.S., Welding Engineering and Technology, Khanna Publishers, Srinivasan N.K., Welding Technology, Khanna Tech Publishers, HEINELOPER & ROSENTHAL, Principles of Metal Casting, Tata McGraw Hill, Jain P.L., Principles of Foundry Technology,Tata McGrawHill Publishers, Carrry B., Modern Welding Technology, Prentice Hall Pvt Ltd., IOTROWSKI Robotic welding A guide to selection and application Society of mechanical Engineers, SCHWARIZ, M.M. Source book on innovative welding processes American Society for Metals (OHIO), CORNU.J. Advanced welding systems Volumes I, II and III, JAICO Publishers, LANCASTER.J.F. Metallurgy of welding George Alien & Unwin Publishers, 1980 MF9255 METAL CUTTING THEORY AND PRACTICE L T P C To impart the knowledge and train the students in the area of metal cutting theory and its importance. OBJECTIVE: To make the students familiar with the various principles of metal cutting, cutting tool materials and its wear mechanisms during the machining operation. UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 Need for rational approach to the problem of cutting materialsobservation made in the cutting of metalsbasic mechanism of chip formationthin and thick zone modestypes of chipschip breakerorthogonal Vs oblique cuttingforce velocity relationship for shear plane angle in orthogonal cuttingenergy consideration in machiningreview of Merchant, Lee and Shafter theoriescritical comparison. UNIT II SYSTEM OF TOOL NOMENCLATURE 9 Nomenclature of single point cutting toolsystem of tool nomenclature and conversion of rake anglesnomenclature of multi point tools like drills, millingconventional Vs climb milling, mean cross sectional area of chip in millingspecific cutting pressure. UNIT III THERMAL ASPECTS OF MACHINING 9 Heat distribution in machiningeffects of various parameters on temperaturemethods of temperature measurement in machininghot machiningcutting fluids. UNIT IV TOOL MATERIALS, TOOL LIFE AND TOOL WEAR 9 Essential requirements of tool materialsdevelopment in tool materialsiso specification for inserts and tool holderstool lifeconventional and accelerated tool life testsconcept of mach inability indexeconomics of machining. 13
14 UNIT V WEAR MECHANISMS AND CHATTER IN MACHINING 9 Processing and Machining Measuring Techniques Reasons for failure of cutting tools and forms of wearmechanisms of wearchatter in machiningfactors effecting chatter in machiningtypes of chattermechanism of chatter. REFERENCES TOTAL : 45 PERIODS 1. Shaw.M.C.Metal cutting principles, oxford Clare don press, Bhattacharya.A., Metal Cutting Theory and practice, Central Book Publishers, India, Boothroid D.G. & Knight W.A., Fundamentals of machining and machine tools, Marcel Dekker, Newyork, MF9256 PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS L T P C To introduce the concepts of probability, sampling techniques, estimation to the students. OBJECTIVE: To train the students so that students will be able to design experimental designs and use these concepts for research design. UNIT I1 PROBABILITY THEORY 14 Random variables probability density and distribution functionsmoment generating and characteristic functions Binomial, Poisson, Normal distributions and their applications. UNIT II SAMPLING THEORY 9 Sampling distributions Standard error t, F, Chi square distributions applicatio UNIT III ESTIMATION THEORY 5 Interval estimation for population mean, standard deviation, difference in means, ratio of standard deviations point estimation. UNIT IV TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS AND ANOVA 12 Hypothesis testing Small samples Tests concerning proportion, means, standard deviations Tests based on chi square Non parametric methods Sign test Rank sum test One, two factor modelsdesign of experiments. UNIT V CORRELATION, REGRESSION AND TIME SERIES ANALYSIS 5 Correlation analysis, estimation of regression line Time series analysis Trend analysis cyclical variations Seasonal variations Irregular variations TOTAL : 45 PERIODS 14
15 1. Levin and Rubin, Statistics for Management, Prentice Hall of India, Hooda, Statistics for Business and Economics, Macmillan India, John.E.Freunds, Mathematical statistics with applications, Pierson Educations, Gupta and Kapoor, Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics, Sultanchand, MF9257 MANUFACTURING SYSTEM SIMULATION L T P C To introduce the various concepts of manufacturing system simulation. OBJECTIVES: To model manufacturing systems of different kinds. To make use of simulation languages for manufacturing systems. UNIT I INTRODUCTION 8 Basic concepts of system elements of manufacturing system  concept of simulation simulation as a decision making tool types of simulation MonteCarlo simulation  system modeling types of modeling Limitations and Areas of application of simulation. UNIT II RANDOM NUMBERS 10 Probability and statistical concepts of simulation Pseudo random numbers methods of generating random numbers discrete and continuous distribution testing of random numbers kolmogorovsmirnov test, the ChiSquare test  sampling  simple, random and simulated. UNIT III DESIGN OF SIMULATION EXPERIMENTS 10 Problem formulation data collection and reduction time flow mechanical key variables  logic flow chart starting condition run size experimental design consideration output analysis, interpretation and validation application of simulation in engineering industry. UNIT IV SIMULATION LANGUAGE 9 Comparison and selection of simulation languages  Study of GPSS (Basic blocks only) Generate, Queue, Depart, Size, Release, Advance, Terminate, Transfer, Enter and Leave. UNIT V CASE STUDIES 10 Development of simulation models using GPSS for queuing, production, inventory, maintenance and replacement systems case studies. 15
16 1. Jerry Banks and John S.Carson, Discrete event system simulation, Prentice Hall John H.Mize and J.Grady Cox, Essentials of simulation Prentice hall Geoffrey Gordon System simulation Prentice Hall of India, Jeffrey L.Written, Lonnie D, Bentley and V.M. Barice, System analysis and Design Methods, Galgotia publication, Averill M.Law and W.David Kelton, Simulation Modeling and analysis, McGraw Hill International Editions, Shannon R.E., System simulation, Prentice Hall MF9258 OPTIMISATION TECHNIQUES IN ENGINEERING L T P C To introduce the various optimization techniques and their advancements. OBJECTIVES: To make use of the above techniques while modeling and solving the engineering problems of different fields. UNIT I INTRODUCTION 5 Optimization Historical Development Engineering applications of optimization Statement of an Optimization problem classification of optimization problems. UNIT II CLASSIC OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES 10 Linear programming  Graphical method simplex method dual simplex method revised simplex method duality in LP Parametric Linear programming Goal Programming. UNIT III NONLINEAR PROGRAMMING 9 Introduction Lagrangeon Method KuhnTucker conditions Quadratic programming Separable programming Stochastic programming Geometric programming UNIT IV INTEGER PROGRAMMING AND DYNAMIC PROGRAMMING AND NETWORK TECHNIQUES 12 Integer programming  Cutting plane algorithm, Branch and bound technique, Zeroone implicit enumeration Dynamic Programming Formulation, Various applications using Dynamic Programming. Network Techniques Shortest Path Model Minimum Spanning Tree Problem Maximal flow problem. UNIT V ADVANCES IN SIMULATION 9 Genetic algorithms simulated annealing Neural Network and Fuzzy systems 16
17 1. R. Panneerselvam, Operations Research, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi P.K. Guptha and ManMohan, Problems in Operations Research Sultan chand & Sons, Ravindran, Philips and Solberg, Operations Research Principles and Practice, John Wiley & Sons, Singapore, J.K.Sharma, Operations Research Theory and Applications Macmillan India Ltd., Hamdy A. Taha, Operations Research An Introduction, Prentice Hall of India, 1997 MF9259 INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS L T P C UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9 Concepts of human factors engineering and ergonomics Man machine system and design philosophy Physical work Heat stress manual lifting work posture repetitive motion. UNIT II ANTHROPOMETRY 9 Physical dimensions of the human body as a working machine Motion size relationships Static and dynamic anthropometry Anthropometric aids Design principles Using anthropometric measures for industrial design Procedure for anthropometric design. UNIT III DESIGN OF SYSTEMS 9 Displays Controls Workplace Seating Work process Duration and rest periods Hand tool design Design of visual displays Design for shift work. UNIT IV ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IN DESIGN 10 Temperature Humidity Noise Illumination Vibration Measurement of illumination and contrast use of photometers Recommended illumination levels. The ageing eye Use of indirect (reflected) lighting cost efficiency of illumination special purpose lighting for inspection and quality control Measurement of sound Noise exposure and hearing loss Hearing protectors analysis and reduction of noise Effects of Noise on performance annoyance of noise and interference with communication sources of vibration discomfort. UNIT V WORK PHYSIOLOGY 8 Provision of energy for muscular work Role of oxygen physical exertion Measurement of energy expenditure Respiration Pulse rate and blood pressure during physical work Physical work capacity and its evaluation. 17
18 1. Martin Helander, A guide to the ergonomics of manufacturing, East West press, E.J. McCormic, Human factors in engineering design, McGraw Hill R.S. Bridger Introduction to Ergonomics, McGraw Hill, MF9260 POLYMERS AND COMPOSITE MATERIALS L T P C To impart on types, physical properties and processing of polymer matrix and composites, metal matrix composites and ceramics matrix composites. OBJECTIVES: To study matrix material, particulates and fibres of polymer matrix composites, MMC and ceramic matrix composites. To develop knowledge on processing, interfacial properties and application of computers. UNIT I PROPERTIES OF POLYMERS 8 Chemistry and Classification of Polymers Properties of Thermo plastics Properties of Thermosetting Plastics Applications Merits and Disadvantages. UNIT II PROCESSING OF POLYMERS 9 Extrusion Injection Moulding Blow Moulding Compression and Transfer Moulding Casting Thermo Forming General Machining properties of Plastics Machining Parameters and their effect Joining of Plastics Mechanical Fasteners Thermal bonding Press Fitting. UNIT III INTRODUCTION TO FIBRES AND COMPOSITE MATERIALS 9 Fibres Fabrication, Structure, properties and applications  Glass, Boron, carbon, organic, ceramic and metallic fibers whiskers Matrix materials structure polymers, metals and ceramics Physical and chemical properties UNIT IV PROCESSING OF POLYMER MATRIX COMPOSITES 9 Open mould process, bag moulding, compression moulding with BMC and SMC filament winding pultrusion centrifugal casting injection moulding structure, properties and application of PMC s Carbon Matrix Composites  Interfaces Properties recycling of PMC. UNIT V PROCESSING OF  METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES AND CERAMIC MATRIX COMPOSITES 10 Solid state fabrication techniques diffusion bonding powder metallurgy techniques plasma spray, chemical and physical vapour deposition of matrix on fibres Chemical vapour infiltration Sol gel liquid state fabrication methods infiltration squeeze, 18
19 casting rheo casting compocasting  Interfaces properties application of MMC and ceramic matrix composites. 1. Krishnan K Chawla, Composite Materials Science and Engineering, International Edition, Springer, Harold Belofsky, Plastics, Product Design and Process Engineering, Hanser Publishers, Bera.E and Moet.A, High performance polymers, Hanser Publishers, Rauwendaal,C., Polymer extrusium, Hanser publishers, Rosatao, D.V. Blow moulding HandBook, Hanser Publishers, Seamour, E.B. Modern Plastics Technology, Prentice Hall, Mallick, P.K. and Newman.S., Composite Materials Technology, Hanser Publishers, 2003 MF9261 NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION L T P C To stress the importance of NDT in engineering. OBJECTIVES: To introduce all types of NNDT and their applications in Engineering. UNIT I NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING: AN INTRODUCTION, VISUAL INSPECTION & LIQUID PENETRANT TESTING 6 Introduction to various nondestructive methods, Comparison of Destructive and Non destructive Tests, Visual Inspection, Optical aids used for visual inspection, Applications. Physical principles, procedure for penetrant testing, Penetrant testing materials, Penetrant testing methodswater washable, Post Emulsification methods, Applications UNIT II EDDY CURRENT TESTING & ACOUSTIC EMISSION 10 Principles, Instrumentation for ECT, Absolute, differential probes, Techniques High sensitivity techniques, Multi frequency, Phased array ECT, Applications. Principle of AET, Instrumentation, Applications  testing of metal pressure vessels, Fatigue crack detection in aerospace structures. UNIT III MAGNETIC PARTICLE TESTING & THERMOGRAPHY 10 Principle of MPT, procedure used for testing a component, Equipment used for MPT, Magnetizing techniques, Applications.Principle of Thermography, Infrared Radiometry, Active thermography measurements, Applications Imaging entrapped water under an epoxy coating, Detection of carbon fiber contaminants. UNIT IV ULTRASONIC TESTING & RADIOGRAPHY 10 Principle, Ultrasonic transducers, Ultrasonic Flaw detection Equipment, Modes of display A scan, BScan, C Scan, Applications, Inspection Methods  Normal Incident Pulse 19
20 Echo Inspection, Normal Incident Throughtransmission Testing, Angle Beam Pulse Echo testing, Applications of Normal Beam Inspection in detecting fatigue cracks, Inclusions, Slag, Porosity and Intergranular cracks. Principle of Radiography, Effect of radiation on Film, Radiographic imaging, Inspection Techniques Single wall single image, Double wall Penetration, Multiwall Penetration technique, Real Time Radiography UNIT V CASE STUDIES, COMPARISON AND SELECTION OF NDT METHODS 9 Case studies on defects in cast, rolled, extruded, welded and heat treated components. Comparison and selection of various NDT techniques. Codes, standards, specification and procedures. 1. Baldev Raj, Jeyakumar,T., Thavasimuthu,M., Practical Non Destructive Testing Narosa publishing house, New Delhi, Krautkramer. J., Ultra Sonic Testing of Materials, 1 st Edition, Springer Verlag Publication, New York, Peter J. Shull Non Destructive Evaluation: Theory, Techniques and Application Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, MF9262 ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE L T P C To understand the various types and applications of Fuzzy Logics and Artificial Neural Networks. OBJECTIVE: This course is intended for learning the basic concepts, Operations and Principles of Fuzzy Logic, applications of various Fuzzy Logic systems, architecture and Taxonomy of Neural Networks. This course is also gives the ideas of ANN Architectures, Genetic Algorithms. Meta Heuristic techniques and Applications in Design and Manufacturing. UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO FUZZY LOGIC 8 Basic concepts in Fuzzy Set theory Operations of Fuzzy sets Fuzzy relational equations Propositional, Predicate Logic Inference Fuzzy Logic Principles Fuzzy inference Fuzzy Rule based systems Fuzzification and defuzzification Types. UNIT II FUZZY LOGIC APPLICATIONS 10 Fuzzy logic controllers Principles Various industrial Applications of Fuzzy logic control Adaptive Fuzzy systems Fuzzy Decision making Fuzzy classification Fuzzy pattern Recognition Image Processing applications Fuzzy optimization. 20
21 UNIT III INTRODUCTION TO ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS 7 Fundamentals of Neural networks Neural network architectures Learning methods Taxonomy of Neural Network Architectures Standard back propagation Algorithms Selection of various parameters Variations. UNIT IV OTHER ANN ARCHITECTURES 10 Associative memory Exponential Bidirectional Associative Memory Adaptive Resonance Theory Introduction Adaptive Resonance Theory 1 Adaptive Resonance Theory 2 Applications Kohen Self organizing maps counter propagation networks Industrial Applications. UNIT V RECENT ADVANCES 10 Fundamentals of Genetic Algorithms Hybrid systems Meta heuristic techniques like simulated Annealing, Tabu Search, Ant colony optimization, Perpetual self organizing, Artificial immune systems Applications in Design and Manufacturing. 1. Klir, G.J. Yuan Bo, Fuzzy sets and Fuzzy Logic: Theory and Applications, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., Jacek M. Zurada, Introduction to Artificial Neural Systems Jaico Publishing House, Simon Haykin, Neural Networks A comprehensive foundation, Prentice Hall, 2 nd Edition, Laurene Fausett, Fundamentals of Neural Networks, Architectures, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice Hall, Englewood cliffs, S. Rajasekaran, GA Vijayalakshmi Pai, Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, MF9263 LEAN MANUFACTURING SYSTEM AND IMPLEMENTATION L T P C To introduce the concepts of lean manufacturing system. OBJECTIVES: To study the various tools for lean manufacturing (LM). To apply the above tools to implement LM system in an organization. UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO LEAN MANUFACTURING 7 Conventional Manufacturing versus Lean Manufacturing Principles of Lean Manufacturing Basic elements of lean manufacturing Introduction to LM Tools. UNIT II CELLULAR MANUFACTURING, JIT, TPM 9 Cellular Manufacturing Types of Layout, Principles of Cell layout, Implementation. JIT Principles of JIT and Implementation of Kanban. TPM Pillars of TPM, Principles and implementation of TPM. 21
22 UNIT III SET UP TIME REDUCTION, TQM, 5S, VSM 10 Set up time reduction Definition, philosophies and reduction approaches. TQM Principles and implementation. 5S Principles and implementation  Value stream mapping  Procedure and principles. UNIT IV SIX SIGMA 9 Six Sigma Definition, statistical considerations, variability reduction, design of experiments Six Sigma implementation UNIT V CASE STUDIES 10 Various case studies of implementation of lean manufacturing at industries. 1. Design and Analysis of Lean Production Systems, Ronald G. Askin & Jeffrey B. Goldberg, John Wiley & Sons, Rother M. and Shook J, 1999 Learning to See: Value Stream Mapping to Add Value and Eliminate Muda, Lean Enterprise Institute, Brookline, MA. 3. Mikell P. Groover (2002) Automation, Production Systems and CIM. MF9264 QUALITY AND RELIABILITY ENGINEERING L T P C To expose the students to the various quality control techniques and also to understand the importance and concept of reliability and maintainability in industries. OBJECTIVES: To make the students to understand the various quality control techniques and to construct the various quality control charts for variables and attributes and also the design concepts for reliable system and maintenance aspects in industries. UNIT I QUALITY & STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL 8 Quality Definition Quality Assurance Variation in process Factors process capability control charts variables X, R and X,  Attributes P, C and UChart tolerance design. Establishing and interpreting control charts charts for variables Quality rating Short run SPC. UNIT II ACCEPTANCE SAMPLING 8 Lot by lot sampling types probability of acceptance in single, double, multiple sampling plans OC curves Producer s risk and consumer s risk. AQL, LTPD, AOQL, Concepts standard sampling plans for AQL and LTPD use of standard sampling plans. UNIT III EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN AND TAGUCHI METHOD 9 Fundamentals factorial experiments random design, Latin square design Taguchi method Loss function experiments S/N ratio and performance measure Orthogonal array. 22
23 UNIT IV CONCEPT OF RELIABILITY 9 Definition reliability vs quality, reliability function MTBF, MTTR, availability, bathtub curve time dependent failure models distributions normal, weibull, lognormal Reliability of system and models serial, parallel and combined configuration Markove analysis, load sharing systems, standby systems, covarient models, static models, dynamic models. UNIT V DESIGN FOR RELIABILITY AND MAINTAINABILITY 11 Reliability design process, system effectiveness, economic analysis and life cycle cost, reliability allocation, design methods, parts and material selection, derating, stressstrength and analysis, failure analysis, identification determination of causes, assessments of effects, computation of criticality index, corrective action, system safety analysis of downtime the repair time distribution, stochastic point processes system repair time, reliability under preventive maintenance state dependent system with repair. MTTR mean system down time, repair vs replacement, replacement models, proactive, preventive, predictive maintenance maintainability and availability, optimization techniques for system reliability with redundancy heuristic methods applied to optimal system reliability. 1. Amata Mitra Fundamentals of Quality Control and improvement Pearson Education, Bester field D.H., Quality Control Prentice Hall, Patrick D To connor, Practical Reliability Engineering, JohnWiley and Sons Inc, Charles E Ebling, An Introduction to Reliability and Maintability Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill, David J Smith, Reliability, Maintainability and Risk: Practical Methods for Engineers, Butterworth Dhillon, Engineering Maintainability How to design for reliability and easy maintenance, PHI, MF9265 COMPUTER AIDED PRODUCT DESIGN L T P C To introduce the computer aided modeling and various concepts of product design. OBJECTIVES: To model a product using CAD software. To apply the various design concepts and design tools and techniques while designing a product. 23
24 UNIT I INTRODUCTION 8 Introduction to Engineering Design Various phases of systematic design sequential engineering and concurrent engineering Computer hardware & Peripherals software packages for design and drafting. UNIT II COMPUTER GRAPHICS FUNDAMENTALS AND GEOMETRIC MODEL 8 Computer graphics applications principals of interactive computer graphics 2D 3D transformations projections curves  Geometric Modeling types Wire frame surface and solid modeling Boundary Representation, constructive solid geometry Graphics standards assembly modeling use of software packages UNIT III PRODUCT DESIGN CONCEPTS 9 Understanding customer needs Product function modeling Function trees and function structures Product tear down methods Bench marking Product port folio concept generation and selection. UNIT IV PRODUCT DESIGN TOOLS & TECHNIQUES 12 Product modeling types of product models; product development process tools TRIZ Altshuller s inventive principles Modeling of product metrics Design for reliability design for manufacturability machining, casting, and metal forming design for assembly and disassembly  Design for environment FMEA QFD Poka Yoke  DOE Taguchi method of DOE Quality loss functions Design for product life cycle. UNIT V PRODUCT DATA MANAGEMENT 8 Product Data Management concepts Collaborative product design and commerce Information Acquisition Sourcing factor manufacturing planning factor Customization factor Product life cycle management. TEXT BOOK: 1. Kevin Otto, Kristin Wood, Product Design, Pearson Education, 2000 TOTAL : 45 PERIODS 1. Biren Prasad, Concurrent Engineering Fundamentals Vol.11, Prentice Hall, James G.Bralla, Handbook of Product Design for Manufacturing, McGraw Hill, Ibrahim Zeid, CAD/CAM theory and Practice, Tata McGraw Hill, David F.Rogers.J, Alan Adams, Mathematical Elements for Computer Graphics, McGraw Hill, 1990 MF9266 FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT L T P C To introduce the concepts of financial and various functions of financial management so that the students will be able to handle higher level financial decisions. OBJECTIVES: To train students in various functions of finance such as working capital management, current assets management so that students will be able to make high investment 24
25 decisions when they take up senior managerial positions. UNIT I FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING 8 Accounting principles  Basic records  Preparation and interpretation of profit and loss statement  balance sheet  Fixed assets  Current assets. UNIT II COST ACCOUNTING 12 Elements of cost  cost classification  material cost  labour costs  overheads  cost of a product  costing systems  cost determination  process  costing  Allocation of overheads  Depreciation  methods. UNIT III MANAGEMENT OF WORKING CAPITAL 10 Current assets  Estimation of working capital requirements  Management of accounts receivable  Inventory  Cash  Inventory valuation methods. UNIT IV CAPITAL BUDGETING 8 Significance of capital budgeting  payback period  present value method  accounting rate of return method  Internal rate of return method. UNIT V PROFIT PLANNING AND ANALYSIS 7 Cost  Volume profit relationship Relevant costs in decision making profit management analysis  Break even analysis. 1. Presanna Chandra, Financial Management, Tata McGraw Hill, C.James, Vanhorn, Fundamentals of Financial Management PHI G.B.S. Narang, Production and Costing, Khanna Publishers, R Kesavan, C.Elanchezian, Vijayaramnath, Process Planning and cost estimation, New Age International Publishers, New Delhi RKesavan, C.Elanchezian, Sundar Selwyn, Engineering Economics and Financial Accounting, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi, R Kesavan, C. Elanchezian, B.Vijaramnath, Engineering Economics and Cost Analysis Anuratha Publications, Chennai. MF9267 RAPID MANUFACTURING L T P C To expose the students the importance of concurrent engineering in the present manufacturing and also the need and importance of rapid prototype tooling in manufacturing. 25