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1 Slide 1 / 76 1 In the periodic table, the elements are arranged in Slide 2 / 76 2 lements exhibit similar physical and chemical properties. alphabetical order order of increasing atomic number order of increasing metallic properties with similar chemical symbols with similar atomic masses in the same period of the periodic table order of increasing neutron content reverse alphabetical order on opposite sides of the periodic table in the same group of the periodic table Slide 3 / 76 Slide 4 / 76 3 The element is the most similar to strontium in chemical and physical properties. 4 Which pair of elements would you expect to exhibit the greatest similarity in their physical and chemical properties? Li t H, Li Ru s, a a a, Si Na Ga, Ge, O Slide 5 / 76 5 Which pair of elements would you expect to exhibit the greatest similarity in their physical and chemical properties? Slide 6 / 76 6 Which one of the following is a nonmetal? W Sr Os F, r Ir, N S Li, a H, He Si, s

2 7 Of the following, contains the greatest number of electrons. Slide 7 / 76 Slide 8 / 76 8 Which one of the following is most likely to lose electrons when forming an ion? P 3+ F P N P 2- P 3- u S P 2+ O Slide 9 / 76 9 Which pair of elements below should be the most similar in chemical properties? Slide 10 / n element in the upper right corner of the periodic table is either a metal or metalloid and O is definitely a metal and s r and Ne is either a metalloid or a non-metal is definitely a non-metal K and Kr is definitely a metalloid s and He Slide 11 / n element that appears in the lower left corner of the periodic table is Slide 12 / lements in the same group of the periodic table typically have similar mass numbers either a metal or metalloid definitely a metal similar physical properties only similar chemical properties only either a metalloid or a non-metal definitely a non-metal definitely a metalloid similar atomic masses similar physical and chemical properties

3 Slide 13 / Potassium is a and chlorine is a 14 Lithium is a and magnesium is a Slide 14 / 76 metal, nonmetal nonmetal, metal metal, metal nonmetal, nonmetal metal, metalloid metal, metal metalloid, nonmetal metal, metalloid nonmetal, metal metalloid, metalloid 15 are found uncombined, as monatomic species in nature. Slide 15 / 76 Slide 16 / metals tend to electrons and cations tend to electrons. gain, gain Noble gases lose, lose halcogens gain, gain lkali metals gain, gain lkaline earth metals neither, they keep their electrons Halogens 17 nions tend to have a charge and cations tend to have a charge. Slide 17 / nions tend to be and cations tend to be Slide 18 / 76 metals, metals positive, positive nonmetals, nonmetals negative, negative metals, nonmetals positive, negative negative, positive nonmetals, metals metalloids, metalloids neither, they are both neutral

4 Slide 19 / Which species below is the nitride ion? Na + NO 3- NO 2- Slide 20 / When a metal and a nonmetal react, the tends to lose electrons and the tends to gain electrons. NH 4+ N 3- metal, metal nonmetal, nonmetal metal, nonmetal nonmetal, metal None of the above, these elements share electrons. Slide 21 / typically form ions with a 2+ charge. Slide 22 / Sodium forms an ion with a charge of lkaline earth metals Halogens halcogens lkali metals Transition metals Slide 23 / luminum forms an ion with a charge of Slide 24 / alcium forms an ion with a charge of

5 Slide 25 / arium forms an ion with a charge of Slide 26 / romine forms an ion with a charge of Slide 27 / Fluorine forms an ion with a charge of Slide 28 / Iodine forms an ion with a charge of Slide 29 / Oxygen forms an ion with a charge of Slide 30 / Sulfur forms an ion with a charge of

6 Slide 31 / How many electrons does the l 3+ ion possess? Slide 32 / Predict the charge of the most stable ion of P? Slide 33 / Predict the charge of the most stable ion of S? Slide 34 / What group in the periodic table would the fictitious element X be found? lkaline earth metals Halogens halcogens lkali metals Transition metals 35 Which of the following compounds would you expect to be ionic? Slide 35 / Which of the following compounds would you expect to be ionic? Slide 36 / 76 SF6 H2O H2O O2 O2 Srl2 NH3 SO2 ao H2S

7 Slide 37 / 76 Slide 38 / Which pair of elements is most likely to form an ionic compound with each other? 38 Of the choices below, which one is not an ionic compound? Pl5 barium, chlorine rl6 calcium, sodium Rbl oxygen, fluorine Pbl2 sulfur, carbon Nal nitrogen, hydrogen Slide 39 / 76 Slide 40 / What is the formula of the compound formed between strontium ions and nitrogen ions? SrN 40 Magnesium reacts with a certain element to form a compound with the general formula MgX. What would the most likely formula be for the compound formed between Lithium and element X? Sr3N2 Sr2N3 SrN2 SrN3 Li 2 X LiX 2 L i2 X 3 Li 2 X 2 LiX Slide 41 / 76 Slide 42 / The charge on the manganese in the salt Mnl 3 is luminum reacts with a certain nonmetallic element to form a compound with the general formula lx. lement X is a diatomic gas at room temperature. lement X must be sulfur fluorine romine nitrogen oxygen

8 Slide 43 / Predict the empirical formula of the ionic compound that forms from alcium and fluorine. Slide 44 / Predict the empirical formula of the ionic compound that forms from magnesium and fluorine. af Mg2F3 a2f MgF af2 Mg2F a2f3 Mg3F2 a3f2 MgF2 Slide 45 / Predict the empirical formula of the ionic compound that forms from magnesium and oxygen. Slide 46 / Predict the empirical formula of the ionic compound that forms from aluminum and oxygen. Mg2O lo MgO l3o2 MgO2 l2o3 Mg2O2 lo2 Mg3O2 l2o Slide 47 / The correct name for SrO is Slide 48 / The correct name for K 2 S is strontium oxide potassium sulfate strontium hydroxide potassium disulfide strontium peroxide potassium bisulfide strontium monoxide potassium sulfide strontium dioxide dipotassium sulfate

9 Slide 49 / 76 Slide 50 / The correct name for l 2 O 3 is 50 The correct name for ah 2 is aluminum oxide hydrocalcium dialuminum oxide calcium dihydride dialuminum trioxide calcium hydroxide aluminum hydroxide calcium dihydroxide aluminum trioxide calcium hydride 51 The correct name of the compound Na 3 N is Slide 51 / 76 Slide 52 / The ions a 2+ and PO 4 3- form a salt with the formula sodium nitride apo4 sodium azide a2(po4)3 sodium trinitride a2po4 sodium(iii) nitride a(po4)2 trisodium nitride a3(po4)2 Slide 53 / The correct formula of iron (III) bromide is Slide 54 / Magnesium and oxygen form an ionic compound with the formula Fer2 Fer3 MgO Fer Mg2O Fe3r3 MgO2 Fe3r Mg2O2 Mg2O3

10 Slide 55 / The formula of ammonium carbonate is Slide 56 / The correct name for Mg(lO 3 ) 2 is (NH4)2O3 magnesium chlorate NH4O2 manganese chlorate (NH3)2O4 magnesium chloroxide (NH3)2O3 magnesium perchlorate N2(O3)3 manganese perchlorate Slide 57 / What is the correct formula for ammonium sulfide? 58 Which formula/name pair is incorrect? Slide 58 / 76 NH4SO3 (NH4)2SO4 (NH4)2S NH3S N2S3 Mn(NO2)2 manganese(ii) nitrite Mg(NO3)2 magnesium nitrate Mn(NO3)2 manganese(ii) nitrate Mg3N2 magnesium nitrite Mg(MnO4)2 magnesium permanganate 59 Which formula/name pair is incorrect? Slide 59 / 76 Slide 60 / Which one of the following compounds is chromium (III) oxide? FeSO4 iron(ii) sulfate Fe2(SO3)3 iron(iii) sulfite FeS iron(ii) sulfide FeSO3 iron(ii) sulfite Fe2(SO4)3 iron(iii) sulfide r2o3 ro3 r3o2 r3o r2o4

11 Slide 61 / Which one of the following compounds is copper(i) chloride? Slide 62 / The correct name for MgF 2 is manganese difluoride ul magnesium difluoride ul2 monomagnesium difluoride u2l manganese bifluoride u2l3 magnesium fluoride u3l2 Slide 63 / lement M reacts with fluorine to form an ionic compound with the formula MF 3. The M-ion has 18 electrons. lement M is Slide 64 / When calcium reacts with sulfur the compound formed is a2s2 a3s2 as P as2 Sc a2s3 r a r Slide 65 / hromium and chlorine form an ionic compound whose formula is rl 3. The name of this compound is chromium chlorine chromium(iii) chloride monochromium trichloride chromium(iii) trichloride chromic trichloride Slide 66 / The formula for aluminum hydroxide is loh l3oh l2(oh)3 l(oh)3 l2o3

12 67 The name of the ionic compound (NH 4 ) 3 PO 4 is Slide 67 / 76 Slide 68 / Which metal is capable of forming more than one cation? ammonium phosphate Li tetrammonium phosphate a nitrogen hydrogen phosphate Sr ammonia phosphide l triammonium phosphate Sn Slide 69 / The correct name for u(n) 2 is Slide 70 / The correct name for Na 2 O 2 is. opper (I) cyanide sodium oxide opper cyanate sodium dioxide opper carbonate disodium oxide opper(ii) cyanide sodium peroxide opper (I) nitride disodium dioxide Slide 71 / arium reacts with a polyatomic ion to form a compound with the general formula a 3 (X) 2. What would be the most likely formula for the compound formed between sodium and the polyatomic ion X? Slide 72 / luminum reacts with a certain nonmetallic element to form a compound with the general formula l 2 X 3. lement X must be from Group of the Periodic Table of lements. NaX Na2X Na2X2 Na3X N3X2 3 (13) 4 (14) 5 (15) 6 (16) 7 (17)

13 Slide 73 / The formula for a salt is Xr. The X-ion in this salt has 46 electrons. The metal X is. Slide 74 / The charge on the iron ion in the salt Fe 2 O 3 is +1 g Pd d u s Slide 75 / 76 Slide 76 / Which metal is not required to have its charge specified in the names of ionic compounds it forms? Mn Fe u a Pb

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