1 Design and Implementation of National School Feeding Programmes: Practical Lessons XV Global Child Nutrition Forum Costa do Sauipe, Bahia, Brazil May 2013 Bibi Boitshepo Giyose NEPAD Senior Advisor: Food and Nutrition Security
2 The New Partnership for Africa s Development (NEPAD): Practical lessons from the field and a continental perspective Based on work by AU-NEPAD and partners WFP, UNHLTF, PCD, GCNF, WB, BMGF African Member States.
3 Absence of evidence is no evidence of absence - Nutrition - School Feeding (HGSF)
4 Key message: Food security and sound nutrition are the foundations of: Survival Health Productivity National economic growth HGSF has a lot to contribute and make a difference! Win-Win!
5 Key Pillars/Objectives of NEPAD HGSF Education and child development Nutrition Health Food Security Agricultural production and productivity Socio-economic development Cultural preservation and promotion All interlinked value chain for HGSF and nutrition
6 Some Lessons in the design and implementation Political will and REAL commitment National policy not government of the day A strong multisectoral coordination clarity of roles, contribution and accountability Clarity of objectives/benefits of programme and prioritization Multi-initiative/multi-programme approach leverage synergies and resources Agenda setting by locals/countries for sustainability etc. Have drivers and champions Human and technical capacity Strong monitoring and evaluation corrective measures along the way Creating and accessing platforms for sharing lessons an learning Strong advocacy
7 Linking agriculture to school feeding In 2003 African governments included nationally sourced school feeding in Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) That same year, NEPAD, in collaboration with WFP and the Millennium Hunger Task Force launched a pilot Home Grown School Feeding and Health Programme. 12 countries invited to pilot programme. Concept: harness structured demand from school food provision Win-win for farmers and school children
8 2005 UN World Summit Outcome Given the need to accelerate progress immediately in countries, we resolve to urgently identify and implement country-led initiatives that promise immediate and durable improvements in the lives of people, In this regard, we will take such actions as the expansion of local school meal programs, using home-grown foods where possible
9 NEPAD - Agriculture Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) A common framework/tool for the restoration of African agriculture in supporting a growth & development agenda
10 Why CAADP Framework to enable/stimulate/facilitate countries and the continent to achieve The MDGs Food and Nutritional Security Increased Income and Poverty alleviation Sustainable socio-economic growth 10% Public Expenditure allocation to Agriculture (by 2008) 6% Annual Agriculture Productivity growth rate (by 2015)
11 Opportunities/potentials NEPAD FNS Flagship Programmes 1. Home Grown School Feeding 2. Reduction of Micronutrient Malnutrition Food Fortification (including Bio-fortification) 3. Infant, young child and maternal nutrition 4. Dietary diversity horticulture, fisheries and livestock Promotion of nutrient rich foods including traditional and indigenous foods Policy Development/Reviews and Advocacy Capacity Development
12 Objective of the HGSFP The overall objective of the HGSFP is to: Improve poor children s nutrition and education Act as a vehicle for promoting local development and fighting food & nutrition insecurity and disease Link local small producers to markets (schools) and stimulate agriculture production and development Main purpose of HGSF is to Increase enrolment Promote regular school attendance and retention Improve children s learning capacity, and learning outcomes Enhance gender equality
13 Opportunities for HGSF Links AU NEPAD Key Programmes Country Investment Plans (under review to ensure adequate nutrition and HGSF integration) UN/Partner Initiatives and Movements e.g. Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN), REACH, 1000 Days etc. Cost of Hunger in Africa Study (COHA) Africa Day for Food and Nutrition Security
14 Key CAADP Country Investment Priorities Common investment areas Food and Nutrition Security Sustainable land and water management Value Chain Promotion and Market Access Science and technology applied in food and agriculture Enhanced institutional capacities and coordination Source 7 th CAADP PP 2011 Yaoundé, Cameroon report
15 Initial Brief of Results of Pilot Studies February 2012
16 12 INITIAL PARTICIPATING COUNTRIES 4 Pilot Countries Egypt Swaziland Ethiopia Uganda 8 Roll-out Countries Burkina Faso Ghana Botswana Malawi Mauritania Rwanda Kenya Cameroon WESTERN SAHARA GAMBIA GUINEA- BISSAU SENEGAL MAURITANIA SIERRA LEONE GUINEA LIBERIA BENIN MALI BURKINA FASO GHANA ALGERIA TOGO BENIN SAO TOME & PRINCIPE EQUATORIAL GUINEA NIGER NIGERIA CAMEROON GABON LIBYA CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC l ANGOLA CHAD ZAMBIA South Africa EGYPT SUDAN SOUTH SUDAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO RWANDA BURUNDI ZIMBABWE NAMIBIA BOTSWANA This map was produced as a reference aid only. The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations UGANDA KENYA TANZANIA LESOTHO ETHIOPIA SWAZILAND COMOROS MAURITIUS
17 THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC COST OF CHILD Ethiopia Swaziland Egypt Uganda Country UNDERNUTRITION IN PILOT COUNTRIES 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Losses in Local Currency Losses in USD Egypt EGP 20.2 billion $3.7 billion Ethiopia ETB 55.9 billion $4.7 billion Swaziland SZL 644 million $76 million Uganda UGX 1.8 trillion $899 million Health Education Productivity 20,0% 15,0% 10,0% 5,0% 0,0% Total Costs as % of GDP 16,5% 5,6% 2,6% 1,9% Ethiopia Uganda Swaziland Egypt
18 Initial Key Findings and Policy Implications Undernutrition places an extremely high burden on health systems and families through requirements for hospitalization and intensive care. Nutrition is a major factor for dropouts in countries with poor educational achievement levels. Addressing child undernutrition will facilitate Africa s transitions to a more urbanized society. The loss of human capital due to the impact of undernutrition on child mortality rates generates the highest costs to society.
19 NEPAD and Partnership for Child Development (PCD) NEPAD and PCD work together in promoting Home Grown School Feeding Programmes Other partners include the WFP, World Bank (interest by FAO and others) In 2011, NEPAD and PCD jointly commissioned case studies for Botswana, Namibia and South Africa school feeding programmes national coverage, fully funded by the government. The transition study by WFP -
20 Further Lessons - HGSF Countries struggling with financing competing priorities Capacities are fairly weak Many countries still have no comprehensive policies Major challenges with procurement and standards Good Side We have formidable Champions! HGSF - It can be done successfully! 35 countries
21 Thank You! CAADP Website: NEPAD Website: AU Website: Most documents are posted here!