ECONOMICS OF TASAR SILK. Suresh Rai

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "ECONOMICS OF TASAR SILK. Suresh Rai"

Transcription

1 ECONOMICS OF TASAR SILK Suresh Rai Assistant Director Central Tasar Research and Training Institute Central Silk Board, Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India P.O. Nagri, Ranchi Jharkhand

2

3 INTRODUCTION India is the second largest producer of silk in the world. All four kinds of silk, namely Mulberry, Tasar, Eri, and Muga are produced in the country. Annual silk production of the country is about 15,000 MT and foreign exchange earnings from silk goods exports is over Rs crore During the year , total production in India was recorded tones with an increase of 4.88 % over previous year (16500 tones). Mulberry Raw Silk Production during was tones compared to the production of tones in the year , indicating an increase of 5.6%.

4 Production of Vanya silk, viz; Tasar, Eri, and Muga raw silk during were 308, 1442 and 110 tons respectively over corresponding figure of 322, 1448 and 110 tons in the year , indicating a decrease of 4.3% in tasar and 0.4% in Eri, while no change in the production of Muga raw silk. Over all Vanya silk has decreased by 1.06 % during over previous year Specially, Tasar culture is practiced by 1 lahk 40 thousand tribal families in the state of Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, U.P. and Maharastra It gives gainful employment and attractive income to the tribal. However for silk yarn and fabric production non tribal are involved. Approx. 1 lakh tasar handlooms are working at present to produce tasar silk and allied mixed silk fabrics to feed to our internal market as well as for exports.

5 Tasar silk has greater commercial importance specially in exports. Traditional markets for tasar silk export are Singapore, Hong Kong, United Arab Emrates, Taiwan, and Saudi Arabia whereas non traditional markets are U.S.A, United Germany, Canada, Japan, France, Switerland, UK, Netherlands, Italy, Spain, New Zealand, Australia and Czechoslovakia. The Silk export earning of Rs crore has been achieved during the year , indicating an increase of 9.7% over the previous year (Rs crore). The provisional quantum of import of raw silk into the country was recorded 8334 MT during the year in comparison to 7948 MT for the year , indicating an increase of 5.0 %

6 Tasar Rearing, Reeling and Weaving Centres Sl. No States Bihar Jharkhand Orissa West Bengal Chattisgarh M.P Maharastra A.P. Uttar Pradesh Tasar Silkworm Rearing areas Bhabhua, Rohtas, Nawada, Jamui, Banka and Munger Singhbhum, Santhal Praganas, Dumka, Giridih, Hazaribgh, Ranchi, palamau, and Dhanbad Mayurbhanj, Sundergarh, Keonjhar, Balasore, Cuttack and Dhenkanal district Midnapore, Purulia and Birbhum district Raigarh, Bilaspur, Korba, Surguja, Jashpur and Bastar Bhandara, and Chandrapur Adilabad, Waeangal, Karimnagar and Godavari area Mirzapur, Rabartsganj Reeling and Weaving areas Bhagalpur, Gaya, Banka, Raxaul, Nawada Bhagaiya, Kharsawa (Saraikela), Chaibasa, Puraini, Katoria Gopalpur, Fakirpur, Nuapatna Tantipara, Raghunathpur, Bishnupur Chapa, Seoni, Chhuri, Raigarh Bhandara, Andelgaon Kosgi, hakeempet, pathureddyapalli Varanasi, Dudhi,

7 State-wise approximate number of families engaged in rearing reeling, spinning & weaving Sl. No States No. of Tribal families engaged in tasar rearing No. families involved in Reeling, Spinning & weaving ( in lakh) (in Lakh) 1. Jharkhand / Bihar Orissa West Bengal Chattisgarh / M.P Maharastra A.P Uttar Pradesh Total

8 Present status of Tasar Raw silk production with special reference to Bihar It was observed that Tasar Raw Silk contributes 16% in Vanya silk and 1.78% in total raw silk production during in India which is comparatively lower than State wise progress Tasar Raw Silk during indicates that Jharkhand was the highest producer and contributes 31.17% followed by Chhattisgarh (29.22%) and West Bengal (11.04%) respectively. Bihar was leading state in Tasar silk production in India before division in Nov 2000 and its share was recorded approx. 50% Presently 95 % tasar cocoon producing areas are with Jharkhand state which covers 90% tribal population and better forest position and climatic condition. The production statistics of Tasar cocoons and Raw silk of Bihar state during to shows that production was more or less in static position but during , it was registered 14 MT Raw silk and 14,489 Kahan cocoon production which is highest till date.

9 Bihar has placed at 7 th rank among tasar producing states in India and its contribution was recorded 5%. Main Tasar cocoon producing areas are namely viz; Bhabhua, Rohtas, Nawada, Jamui, Banka and Munger. There are two Tasar Pilot project centers and 12 Tasar seed supply sub stations in Bihar. Presently the Annual Target of Production & Supply of Seed of each TPPCs is 4000 dfls and each TSSSSs is 5000 dfls. SGSY Project has been launched in Banka and Jamui in Bihar for development of Tasar and Eri culture. It has shown positive and significant achievement in comparison to Jharkhand state during and There are several other schemes of NGO PRADAN, MORD, DOS are working in the state for the development of silk industry and aims to provide employment to the people who are landless or marginal farmers and young educated persons.

10 Handloom is one of the major labour intensive cottage industry engaging 3.7 lakh weavers in the state. Foreign exchange is also being earned through export of handloom products. Since several Presently Bihar has major avenue to exhilarate the handloom sector so that cocoon and raw silk produced by neighboring state Jharkhand will be best utilized by Weavers in the state. In Bihar approx. 22,600 handlooms and 45,500 weavers are working directly or indirectly in reeling, spinning and weaving of silk related fabrics in different clusters. Bhagalpur is one of the prominent cluster for this avocation.

11 India - Raw Silk Production (MT) during to Year Mulberry Non-Mulberry Total Silk Tasar Eri Muga Total

12 State AP Bihar Chattisgarh Jharkhand M.P. Maharastra Orissa U.P. Uttranchal State-wise Tasar Raw Silk Production (MT) during to West Bengal Year

13 Silk Import (quantity in tons) and Export (value crore Rs.) Year Quantity (tons) Import Growth Index (base year ) Value (Crore Rs.) Export Growth Index (base year )

14 Trend in Growth Index of Non-Mulberry Silk in India Growth Index Tasar Eri Muga Year

15 Tasar Raw Silk Production in Bihar Value (tons) Year

16 Percentage Contribution of major tasar silk producing states Values (%) Year CHG JHK ORS WB

17 Trend in Growth Index of Silk Import (quantity MT) and Export (value crore Rs.) Index Year Import Export

18 Existing System of Marketing Cocoons and Raw Silk The cocoons and raw silk are the intermediaries of Vanya silks. These intermediary products are largely marketed through the Mahajans irrespective of type of Vanya silk, state or presence of Govt agencies. Various systems that prevail in Tasar sector are as follows: Tasar sector: In Chhattisgarh and the adjoining states like, Jharkhand, MP, Bihar and West Bengal, the cocoon producers sell their produce to Mahajans through contract or forward sale agreement or take their produce to the weekly haats for sale. Mahajans generally supply cocoons to weaver-cum-reeler groups and collect the weaved fabric from them by paying conversion charges. The cocoon produces, reelers / spinners and weavers are paid bare minimum prices of produce / conversion cost.

19 In Orissa, marketing of tasar cocoon and silk yarns is monitored by SERIFED, an apex society (A Govt. of Orissa undertaking) by involving Tasar Rearers Coop. Societies and Reelers & Weavers Coop. Societies placed at the potential cocoon producing clusters, and other right price of the cocoons / yarn to the farmers / reelers / weavers fixed by the SERIFED. In Andhra Pradesh cocoons are marketed through SERIFED and auction in cocoon markets. In North Indian States like, U.P., Himachal Pradesh, Uttranchal and J&K, the volume of the Vanya silk is not very significant and as such they are marketed through DOSs or NGOs involved with the Vanya silks production. Besides, CSB has also established Tasar Raw Material Bank (TRMB) at Chaibasa in Jharkhand with a mandate to procure cocoons from the adjoining states of Orissa, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and west Bengal and providing necessary interventions in marketing of cocoons and yarn to minimize exploitation by the Mahajans/ Middlemen.

20 SUGGESTION There is an urgent need for increasing the systematic food plantations with the involvement of forest departments in the state. Improvement in the down stream multiplication of basic seed both in terms of quantity and hygiene so as meet the rearers requirements at appropriate time. Product development is likely to provide better returns to the actual producers by increasing the demand for quality silk. The low cost, highly productive reeling and spinning machinery developed by CSB need to be popularized adequately.

21 Handlooms sector in the state should be strengthen because it has rich and diverse cultural heritage, high employment potential, low capital investment, high value addition and potential for export/foreign exchange earnings Government would ensure better targeting in various programme for welfare of waever families such as Health programmes, Worshed cum housing, thrift fund, Insurance etc. Regional Handloom Weavers Cooperative Unions and Primary Weavers Co-operative societies will be reactivated and strengthened for increased quality production of handloom goods.

22 ECONOMICS OF RAISING AND MAINTENANCE OF TASAR FOOD PLANT General information Food plant / species used : Arjun (Terminalia arjuna ) Asan (Terminalia tomentosa) Spacing (cm) : 4 x 4 for Arjun 6 x 6 for Asan No. of plants per hectare : 6724 for Arjun 2989 for Asan

23 S. N Operations/ phases Preparations of saplings Plantation Maintenance during II and III year Maintenance during IV to X year Economics of maintaining one hectare plantation Labour component (Supposed to be met by family ) Arjun Asan Material component Arjun Asan Arjun Total Asan This is evident from the various costing details that the major expenditure is on the labour component,which is supposed to be met mainly with family labour.

24 Economics of leaf production S. N. A B C Parameters No. of plants per ha Planting cost 5% of planting cost Arjun Asan Remarks Taking the average life of plant of approx 20 yrs D Per year maintenance cost E Annual expenditure (C+D) F Leaf production in Kg (After 4 yrs) 3.5 Kg/plant 5 K g/plant G Leaf cost Rs / Kg (Rs) 0.59* 0.89 *This cost is with the wages of the engaged labourers.this cost will come down substantially in proportion to the family labour used.

25 S. N ECONOMICS OF TASAR REARING IN T.ARJUNA PLANTATION PER HECTARE PER CROP Particulars/ expenditure Cost of 450 Rs. 1/- per dfl. Material cost for Chawki garden and rearing Material cost on maintaining the plantation & late age rearing Total Material cost for maintaining Chawki garden, rearing and plantation (2 + 3 ) Production of cocoons Sale value of cocoons: Rs per cocoon Net profit ( 6-4) Cost on conventional technique (Rs.) cocoon / dfl cocoon / dfl Wages: man days 80 man days per 100 dfls man days man days per 100 dfls). Approx wage is Rs Cost on improved technique (Rs.) 450

26 NORMS No. of plants In one hectare of economic plantation T. Arjuna (4 x4 ) = Rearing capacity of dfls in one hectare of Arjun plantation = 450 dfls. No. of chawki plants in two chawki gardens to cover by two nets = 70 Plants in each garden. Calculation is based on 4 year s old T. arjuna plantation of 4 x4 spacing. Improved technique: Chawki rearing on chawki garden at 4 x4 spacing young age silkworm rearing under nylon net followed by late age rearing on regular economic plantation. Production norms: 200 eggs / dfls, 80% hatching, production of cocoons: 1. conventional Method 50 cocoons/dfls, 2. Improved technique 65 cocoons/dfls.

27 Economics of Tasar Silk Yarn / hectare plantation Sl. No. Particulars Improved CTR&TI, Pedalcum-motor operated Reeling-cum-twisting machine Charkha 1 Machine utilised Reeling machine (Cost Rs /- approx) 50% subsidies Tasar Reeling Machine (Cost Rs approx) 50% subsidies 2 Space required 6 x 5 6 x 5 3 Cocoon required per day 200 nos 500 nos 4 No. of working hrs/day 8 hrs. 8 hrs 5 Cocoons required / month (30 days working) 6000 nos nos. 6 Market price / cocoon Re Re Cost of chemicals required for month for cocoon cooking Rs Rs

28 8. Manpower utilized 1 person / machine 2 persons per chakha 9. Production of silk yarn / day 200 gms / day 500 gms / day 10. Production silk yarn / month 6.00 kg./ month kg / month 11. Employment generation 120 working days 78 working days 12. Prevailing market rate of reeled tasar silk yarn Rs /- per kg. Rs. 1600/- per kg. 13. Cost of reeled yarn produced / month Rs x 6.00 = Rs Rs x = Rs Earning per month Rs (Revenue from silk sale) Rs. 300 (Cost of chemicals) = Rs Rs Rs.500 = Rs Earning after processing 24,000 tasar cocoons Rs. 40,800 (in 120 working days by one person) Rs. 30, 550 ( in 78 working days by two person)

29

SILK INDUSTRY: NEED TO BECOME COMPETITIVE. the commercially known varieties of silk. Varieties

SILK INDUSTRY: NEED TO BECOME COMPETITIVE. the commercially known varieties of silk. Varieties By: Dr Vigneshwara Varmudy SILK INDUSTRY: NEED TO BECOME COMPETITIVE India has tremendous unexploited potential for silk development. It s time the country moves from home- or cottage-based production

More information

Livelihood Opportunities Through Sericulture a Model of Gharghoda Tribal Block, Raigarh Dist

Livelihood Opportunities Through Sericulture a Model of Gharghoda Tribal Block, Raigarh Dist American Journal of Environmental Science 9 (4): 343-347, 2013 ISSN: 1553-345X 2013 Science Publication doi:10.3844/ajessp.2013.343.347 Published Online 9 (4) 2013 (http://www.thescipub.com/ajes.toc) Livelihood

More information

annual report CHAPTER XV TEXTILES IN NORTH EASTERN REGION

annual report CHAPTER XV TEXTILES IN NORTH EASTERN REGION annual report 2007-08 CHAPTER XV TEXTILES IN NORTH EASTERN REGION 209 210 ministry of textiles annual report 2007-08 CHAPTER XV TEXTILES IN NORTH EASTERN REGION Shawls traditionally produced in North-Eastern

More information

09. The National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP)

09. The National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP) 09. The National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP) The National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP) is a dynamic instrument of introducing major changes in the Agricultural Research and Extension

More information

Presentation on Rural Roads: Changing Scenario & Challenges Ahead

Presentation on Rural Roads: Changing Scenario & Challenges Ahead Presentation on Rural Roads: Changing Scenario & Challenges Ahead By: N C Solanki Director (Projects-I) National Rural Roads Development Agency Ministry of Rural Development 1 Government of India Status

More information

International Journal of Commerce and Business Management. Volume 5 Issue 2 October,

International Journal of Commerce and Business Management. Volume 5 Issue 2 October, IJCBM Volume 5 Issue 2 October, 2012 159-163 International Journal of Commerce and Business Management RESEA RCH PAPER Growth trends in area, production and export of onion from India -An economic analysis

More information

Sericulture An Ideal Enterprise for Sustainable Income in Erode District of Tamil Nadu

Sericulture An Ideal Enterprise for Sustainable Income in Erode District of Tamil Nadu ================================================================== Language in India www.languageinindia.com ISSN 1930-2940 Vol. 14:9 September 2014 ==================================================================

More information

ORGANIC SERICULTURE FOR BIVOLTINE PRODUCTION

ORGANIC SERICULTURE FOR BIVOLTINE PRODUCTION ORGANIC SERICULTURE FOR BIVOLTINE PRODUCTION B.N. Susheelamma Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute, Mysore - 570 008, India. Need of Sericulture Industry The soil biological management

More information

SCENARIO OF GOAT SECTOR: MAHARASHTRA STATE (INDIA)

SCENARIO OF GOAT SECTOR: MAHARASHTRA STATE (INDIA) SCENARIO OF GOAT SECTOR: MAHARASHTRA STATE (INDIA) Goat keeping is spread over all parts of the state. On goat rearing approximately 48 lakhs families are engaged. Goat rearing is highly preferred occupation

More information

SMALL HYDRO PROGRAMME IN INDIA

SMALL HYDRO PROGRAMME IN INDIA SMALL HYDRO PROGRAMME IN INDIA Bhuwanesh Kumar Bhatt Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Hydropower represents use of water resources towards inflation free energy due to absence of fuel cost with mature

More information

The organizations and companies dealing with sericulture development in Bulgaria are the Sericulture Experiment Station in Vratza, Agricultural

The organizations and companies dealing with sericulture development in Bulgaria are the Sericulture Experiment Station in Vratza, Agricultural The organizations and companies dealing with sericulture development in Bulgaria are the Sericulture Experiment Station in Vratza, Agricultural University in Plovdiv, Thracian University in Stara Zagora,

More information

S E A S O N A L COMMODITY INSIGHT

S E A S O N A L COMMODITY INSIGHT S E A S O N A L COMMODITY INSIGHT 09 th February 2015 Rice (Non - Basmati) Domestic Scenario India is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China, contributing to about 21.45 per cent

More information

COTTON AND MAN-MADE FIBRE FILAMENT YARN INDUSTRY

COTTON AND MAN-MADE FIBRE FILAMENT YARN INDUSTRY ANNUAL REPORT 2003-04 CHAPTER-VI COTTON AND MAN-MADE FIBRE FILAMENT YARN INDUSTRY COTTON Production and Consumption Cotton is one of the major crops cultivated in India. It accounts for more than 75 %

More information

Economics of muga culture - a case study in Coochbehar district of West Bengal

Economics of muga culture - a case study in Coochbehar district of West Bengal Journal of Crop and Weed 6(1): 17-21(2010) Economics of muga culture - a case study in Coochbehar district of West Bengal C. PANDEY, K. K. DAS AND T. N. ROY Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty

More information

ASSESSMENT OF THE VOLUMETRIC ATTRIBUTES OF ERI SILKWORM (PHILOSAMIA RICINI) REARED ON DIFFERENT HOST PLANTS

ASSESSMENT OF THE VOLUMETRIC ATTRIBUTES OF ERI SILKWORM (PHILOSAMIA RICINI) REARED ON DIFFERENT HOST PLANTS ASSESSMENT OF THE VOLUMETRIC ATTRIBUTES OF ERI SILKWORM (PHILOSAMIA RICINI) REARED ON DIFFERENT HOST PLANTS Rajesh Kumar and V. Elangovan Department of Applied Animal Sciences Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar

More information

CHAPTER II DEVELOPMENT OF DAIRY IN ANDHRA PRADESH

CHAPTER II DEVELOPMENT OF DAIRY IN ANDHRA PRADESH CHAPTER II DEVELOPMENT OF DAIRY IN ANDHRA PRADESH 42 DEVELOPMENT OF DAIRY IN ANDHRA PRADESH Introduction Bovines play a very important role in the development of rural economy of India. This is particularly

More information

Regional Pattern of Agricultural Growth and Rural Employment in India: Have Small Farmers Benefitted?

Regional Pattern of Agricultural Growth and Rural Employment in India: Have Small Farmers Benefitted? Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 26 (Conference Number) 2013 pp 1-11 Regional Pattern of Agricultural Growth and Rural Employment in India: Have Small Farmers Benefitted? M.L. Nithyashree* and

More information

Progress and Potential of Horticulture in India

Progress and Potential of Horticulture in India Ind. Jn. of Agri.Econ. Vol.63, No.3, July-Sept. 2008 SUBJECT I TRIGGERING AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH HORTICULTURE CROPS Progress and Potential of Horticulture in India Ramesh Chand, S.S. Raju and

More information

A Balance Sheet of Performance of Large dams in India The case of irrigation and flood control

A Balance Sheet of Performance of Large dams in India The case of irrigation and flood control 1 A Balance Sheet of Performance of Large dams in India The case of irrigation and flood control Over the last 51 years of water resources development in Independent India, the nation has spent over Rs.

More information

Issues in Infrastructure for Export of Rice from India

Issues in Infrastructure for Export of Rice from India INDIAN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AHMEDABAD INDIA Issues in Infrastructure for Export of Rice from India G. Raghuram V. N. Asopa July 2008 The main objective of the working paper series of the IIMA is to

More information

Edible Oil Refinery Units & Oil Processing Industries wwith Employment Opportunities in Nagpur

Edible Oil Refinery Units & Oil Processing Industries wwith Employment Opportunities in Nagpur Edible Oil Refinery Units & Oil Processing Industries wwith Employment Opportunities in Nagpur Dr. Raju G. Shrirame Head, Department of Economics Jeevan Vikas Mahavidyalaya, Thugaondeo Abstract : Maharashtra

More information

Production and Marketing of Mushrooms: Global and National Scenario

Production and Marketing of Mushrooms: Global and National Scenario 3 Production and Marketing of Mushrooms: Global and National Scenario G.C. Wakchaure Marketing is getting the right product, to the right people, at the right price, at the right time and in the right

More information

Export- Import Bank: Big Push to Indian Exports after Liberalization (A Study on Emergent Global Share of Indian Textile Industry)

Export- Import Bank: Big Push to Indian Exports after Liberalization (A Study on Emergent Global Share of Indian Textile Industry) Global Journal of Finance and Management. ISSN 0975-6477 Volume 6, Number 7 (2014), pp. 685-690 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com Export- Import Bank: Big Push to Indian Exports

More information

MANGANESE ORE, CHROME ORE, FERRO ALLOYS

MANGANESE ORE, CHROME ORE, FERRO ALLOYS MANGANESE ORE, CHROME ORE, FERRO ALLOYS GLOBAL STEEL PRODUCTION In 2011 World Crude Steel Production reached 1527 million tonnes and showed a growth of 6.8% over 2010 and China remained the World s largest

More information

JICA s Support to India (Forestry Sector)

JICA s Support to India (Forestry Sector) JICA s Support to India (Forestry Sector) January 6, 2015 JICA India office 1 Introduction of JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency President: Akihiko Tanaka Establishment: August 1974 and Reorganized

More information

Status of Poverty in India A State wise Analysis

Status of Poverty in India A State wise Analysis Status of Poverty in India A State wise Analysis Dr Waheeda Sunny Thomas Faculty Economics, SEMCOM, Gujarat, India ABSTRACT First millennium development goal is to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.

More information

Indian Poultry Market Update

Indian Poultry Market Update Indian Poultry Market Update Billion Indian Poultry Market Overview 2 1,100 1,000 900 Indian Poultry Market by Value; 2010-16 900 1,000 800 700 600 500 400 Source: Company Reports 470 2010 2013 2016 Exports

More information

LANGUAGE IN INDIA Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow Volume 12 : 5 May 2012 ISSN

LANGUAGE IN INDIA Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow Volume 12 : 5 May 2012 ISSN LANGUAGE IN INDIA Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow Volume ISSN 1930-2940 Managing Editor: M. S. Thirumalai, Ph.D. Editors: B. Mallikarjun, Ph.D. Sam Mohanlal, Ph.D. B. A. Sharada, Ph.D.

More information

NABARD Consultancy Services Private Limited (An ISO 9001:2008 Company) A Wholly owned subsidiary of NABARD

NABARD Consultancy Services Private Limited (An ISO 9001:2008 Company) A Wholly owned subsidiary of NABARD NABARD Consultancy Services Private Limited (An ISO 9001:2008 Company) A Wholly owned subsidiary of NABARD NABARD Consultancy Services Private Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of NABARD, invites online

More information

WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN CARP CULTURE ACTIVITIES IN INDIA

WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN CARP CULTURE ACTIVITIES IN INDIA WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN CARP CULTURE ACTIVITIES IN INDIA M. C. Nandeesha Fisheries College and Research Institute Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Tuticorin 628 008, Tamil Nadu, India.

More information

8 th Annual General Meeting of Seedsmen Association of Bengal September 10, 2014 ICC, Kolkata

8 th Annual General Meeting of Seedsmen Association of Bengal September 10, 2014 ICC, Kolkata West Bengal a New Destination for Hybrid Vegetable Seed Production 8 th Annual General Meeting of Seedsmen Association of Bengal September 10, 2014 ICC, Kolkata Partha R DasGupta * * Formerly, advisor

More information

Indian Pulses Market.

Indian Pulses Market. Indian Pulses Market Indian Pulses Market India is the largest producer, importer and consumer of pulses, accounting for 25% of global production from 35% of global area under pulses. However, the productivity

More information

Project Proposal. Establishment of Seed Processing Infrastructure Facilities for Vegetable Crops

Project Proposal. Establishment of Seed Processing Infrastructure Facilities for Vegetable Crops 123 Project Proposal on Establishment of Seed Processing Infrastructure Facilities for Vegetable Crops Under National Horticulture Mission Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh By M/s ------------------------------------------------------------------

More information

Rural Livelihoods Approach and Health and Nutrition

Rural Livelihoods Approach and Health and Nutrition Rural Livelihoods Approach and Health and Nutrition Overview of the Rural Livelihoods Portfolio Leveraging Institutional platforms of the poor to deliver livelihood outcomes Specific Investments in Financial

More information

CDM and NAMA in India

CDM and NAMA in India CDM and NAMA in India looking back (1) and looking forward (2) Mumbai, 8 th of October 2014 Enrico Rubertus Project Director GIZ New Delhi Seite 1 Background The first commitment period of Kyoto Protocol

More information

Draft Questionnaire on Cotton Value Chain in India from Environmental Sustainability Perspectives

Draft Questionnaire on Cotton Value Chain in India from Environmental Sustainability Perspectives Draft Questionnaire on Cotton Value Chain in India from Environmental Sustainability Perspectives This questionnaire will be executed to a sample of cotton farmers in three villages (in the state of Andhra

More information

An Analysis of Cost and Returns of Sugarcane Production in Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu

An Analysis of Cost and Returns of Sugarcane Production in Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu An Analysis of Cost and Returns of Sugarcane Production in Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu *Dr.K.Saravanan M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D Associate Professor of Economics, Kandaswami Kandar s College, Velur-638

More information

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING: EVOLUTION AND GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING: EVOLUTION AND GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES CHAPTER 2 AGRICULTURAL MARKETING: EVOLUTION AND GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES 2. AGRICULTURAL MARKETING IN INDIA India is an agricultural country and one third population depends on the agricultural sector directly

More information

AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE EXPORTED QUANTITY OF VEGETABLES FROM BANGLADESH

AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE EXPORTED QUANTITY OF VEGETABLES FROM BANGLADESH Bangladesh J. Agric. Econs XXVII, 2 (2004) 45-56 AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF THE EXPORTED QUANTITY OF VEGETABLES FROM BANGLADESH S. Majumder M. K. Saha M. A. Akbar ABSTRACT This paper analyses the marketing

More information

RAW MATERIALS

RAW MATERIALS RAW MATERIALS General The major Raw Materials required for production of Pellets by the Grate chain technology are graded Iron Ore fines and Bentonite. Coke/H.S.D./L.D.O. is being used as a Fuel. IRON

More information

India. India Grain Voluntary Update - October 2017

India. India Grain Voluntary Update - October 2017 THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary - Public Date: 10/3/2017 GAIN Report Number:

More information

PRICE SPREAD AND EFFICIENCY OF MARKETING OF TOMATO IN RAJASTHAN

PRICE SPREAD AND EFFICIENCY OF MARKETING OF TOMATO IN RAJASTHAN Indian J. Agric. Res.., 48 (4) 294-300, 2014 doi:10.5958/0976-058x.2014.00663.5 AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATION CENTRE www.arccjournals.com PRICE SPREAD AND EFFICIENCY OF MARKETING OF TOMATO IN RAJASTHAN

More information

Degree Course Attended Institution Year of Passing Post Graduate Diploma in Forest IIFM, Bhopal. 2000

Degree Course Attended Institution Year of Passing Post Graduate Diploma in Forest IIFM, Bhopal. 2000 Swapnil Shekhar Designation: Director Evaluations and Chief Operating Officer, Sambodhi Research & Communications Pvt. Ltd. Education Degree Course Attended Institution Year of Passing Post Graduate Diploma

More information

Evaluation of some promising strains of Eri Silkworm, Samia ricini in climatic condition of Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra

Evaluation of some promising strains of Eri Silkworm, Samia ricini in climatic condition of Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra Indian J. Applied & Pure Bio. Vol. 29(2), 247-253 (2014). Evaluation of some promising strains of Eri Silkworm, Samia ricini in climatic condition of Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra Lokesh N Wankhade*,

More information

6. LAND RESOURCES : AGRICULTURE

6. LAND RESOURCES : AGRICULTURE 6. LAND RESOURCES : AGRICULTURE 38 MT EDUCARE LTD. Q.1 (A) Choose the correct alternative from the brackets and rewrite the statements : 1. India ranks... in the world regarding area under cultivation.

More information

Introduction. Forest Cover. Land Use Pattern Of The State. Recorded forest Area in Jharkhand (Area in km 2 )

Introduction. Forest Cover. Land Use Pattern Of The State. Recorded forest Area in Jharkhand (Area in km 2 ) Introduction The geographical area of the state is 79,714 Km2 which accounts for 2.42% of the country s area. The state falls between 22000 N 24037 N latitude and 83015 E 87001 E longitude. The important

More information

Farmer Suicides in India: Levels and Trends across Major States,

Farmer Suicides in India: Levels and Trends across Major States, University of Massachusetts - Amherst ScholarWorks@UMass Amherst Economics Department Working Paper Series Economics 2016 Farmer Suicides in India: Levels and Trends across Major States, 1995-2011 Deepankar

More information

Ch-2 SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY

Ch-2 SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY Ch-2 SECTORS OF THE INDIAN ECONOMY 1. What are the different sectors of an economy? Or How are economic activities classified on the basis of the nature of the activity? i. Primary Sector: When we produce

More information

Agricultural Innovation

Agricultural Innovation Agricultural Innovation Sustainable Transformation of innovation in agriculture sector is called development. Agriculture Sector Development means market expansion and poverty alleviation of 70% population

More information

Apart from the marvelous mulberry silk,

Apart from the marvelous mulberry silk, Research Paper : Studies on the performance of castor genotypes on rearing cocoon of eri silkworm International Journal of Plant Protection (October, 2010), Vol. 3 No. 2 : 219-224 See end of the article

More information

Status of use of Modern Implements, Farm Machinery and Hand Tools in Indian agriculture

Status of use of Modern Implements, Farm Machinery and Hand Tools in Indian agriculture Status of use of Modern Implements, Farm Machinery and Hand Tools in Indian agriculture Indranil Biswas and Bikramjit Sinha National Institute of Science Technology and Development Studies (NISTADS), Council

More information

Cost Analysis Study of Mango Fruit Processing Industry in Southern India

Cost Analysis Study of Mango Fruit Processing Industry in Southern India Serials Publications Cost Analysis Study of Mango Fruit Processing Industry in Southern India National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) Rating : 3. 03 Cost Analysis Study of Mango Fruit Processing

More information

Role of Renewable Energy in Combating Climate Change by

Role of Renewable Energy in Combating Climate Change by Role of Renewable Energy in Combating Climate Change by Ramesh Kumar Jalan, Ph.D. Resource Person & Moderator Climate Change Community, Solution Exchange, United Nations Development Programme 55, Lodhi

More information

Growth and Trends of Pulse Production in India

Growth and Trends of Pulse Production in India Journal of Food Legumes 26 (1&2): 86-92, 2013 Growth and Trends of Pulse Production in India M. K. SHARMA, B.V.S. SISODIA and KANHAIYA LAL 1 Department of Agricultural Statistics, N. D. University of Agriculture

More information

CHRONIC POVERTY AND SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED GROUPS: ANALYSIS OF CAUSES AND REMEDIES. Sukhadeo Thorat Motilal Mahamallik

CHRONIC POVERTY AND SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED GROUPS: ANALYSIS OF CAUSES AND REMEDIES. Sukhadeo Thorat Motilal Mahamallik WORKING PAPER CHRONIC POVERTY AND SOCIALLY DISADVANTAGED GROUPS: ANALYSIS OF CAUSES AND REMEDIES Sukhadeo Thorat Motilal Mahamallik Working Paper 33 CPRC-IIPA Chronic Poverty Research Centre Indian Institite

More information

Commercial Crops in South Asia

Commercial Crops in South Asia Commercial Crops in South Asia Lecture 5 Cotton & Sugarcane Ambrish Dhaka MA Course, 07 Economic and Political Geography of South Asia IS 59 N Cotton Area (Ha) - Rankings Yield (ha) - Rankings Production

More information

FOOD PROCESSING REDUCES THE DISTANCE BETWEEN FARM AND FORK SHRI NARENDRA MODI HONOURABLE PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA

FOOD PROCESSING REDUCES THE DISTANCE BETWEEN FARM AND FORK SHRI NARENDRA MODI HONOURABLE PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA FOOD PROCESSING REDUCES THE DISTANCE BETWEEN FARM AND FORK SMT. HARSIMRAT KAUR BADAL Minister of Food Processing Industries SADHVI NIRANJAN JYOTI MOS for Food Processing Industries SHRI NARENDRA MODI HONOURABLE

More information

CHAPTER 8 MINERAL AND POWER RESOURCES

CHAPTER 8 MINERAL AND POWER RESOURCES CHAPTER 8 MINERAL AND POWER RESOURCES We learn about the following in this chapter: Introduction to the minerals of India and their importance Distribution and production of the major minerals of India

More information

Agricultural Productivity and Productivity Regions in West Bengal

Agricultural Productivity and Productivity Regions in West Bengal ISSN. 0972-8406 The NEHU Journal, Vol XIII, No. 2, July-December 2015, pp-49-61 49 Agricultural Productivity and Productivity Regions in West Bengal Introduction NASIM AKTAR* Abstract The green revolution

More information

Confederation of Indian Industry. Opportunities in. Fisheries. Sector in India. Ministry of Food Processing Industries. Government of India

Confederation of Indian Industry. Opportunities in. Fisheries. Sector in India. Ministry of Food Processing Industries. Government of India Confederation of Indian Industry Opportunities in Fisheries Sector in India Ministry of Food Processing Industries Government of India Advantage India One of the fastest growing economies in the world

More information

Operational Problems of Handloom Weavers in Andhra Pradesh State A Study of SPSR Nellore District

Operational Problems of Handloom Weavers in Andhra Pradesh State A Study of SPSR Nellore District Operational Problems of Handloom Weavers in Andhra Pradesh State A Study of SPSR Nellore District Makam Satyanarayana Research Scholar, VS University, Nellore. Dr. S.Suja Nair Research Supervisor & Assoc.

More information

(A) RUBBER PLANTATION DEVELOPMENT SCHEME:-

(A) RUBBER PLANTATION DEVELOPMENT SCHEME:- No.5/4/2007-Plant-C (Pt.) Government of India Ministry of Commerce and Industry Department of Commerce New Delhi, dated the 20 th March, 2008. To The Chairman, Rubber Board, Kottayam, Kerala. Subject:-

More information

INDIVIDUAL QUICK FREEZING OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

INDIVIDUAL QUICK FREEZING OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES INDIVIDUAL QUICK FREEZING OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 1. Introduction Frozen fruits and vegetables are the most common forms of processed fruits and vegetables preferred in the international market today.

More information

Production and Market Arrivals Pattern of Paddy in APMC Bangarpet Karnataka: A Trend Analysis

Production and Market Arrivals Pattern of Paddy in APMC Bangarpet Karnataka: A Trend Analysis Trends in Biosciences 8(9), Print : ISSN 0974-8, 2183-2191, 2015 Production and Market Arrivals Pattern of Paddy in APMC Bangarpet Karnataka: A Trend Analysis SYED RIZWAN AHMED*, T.N. VENKATA REDDY**,

More information

Chapter 5: Supply Section 3

Chapter 5: Supply Section 3 Chapter 5: Supply Section 3 Objectives 1. Explain how factors such as input costs create changes in supply. 2. Identify three ways that the government can influence the supply of goods. 3. Analyze other

More information

Towards Sustainable Mining Industries in India Challenges

Towards Sustainable Mining Industries in India Challenges Towards Sustainable Mining Industries in India Challenges 1. Introduction Dr. Sukumar Devotta Director National Environmental Engineering Research Institute Nagpur 440020 director@neeri.res.in The mining

More information

In Search of Ways to Sustainability of Smallholder Farming

In Search of Ways to Sustainability of Smallholder Farming In Search of Ways to Sustainability of Smallholder Farming AGRO BIHAR 2014 Agriculture at the Crossroads: Issues and Challenges Related to Inputs, Farmer Education, Agriculture Produce Marketing, Post

More information

AN ANALYSIS OF AGRICULURAL SCHEMES RUN BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA FOR FARMERS: A CASE STUDY OF DISTRICT SIRSA

AN ANALYSIS OF AGRICULURAL SCHEMES RUN BY GOVERNMENT OF INDIA FOR FARMERS: A CASE STUDY OF DISTRICT SIRSA International Journal of Research in Social Sciences Vol. 7 Issue 5, May 17, ISSN: 2249-2496 Impact Factor: 7.81 Journal Homepage: Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Refereed Open Access International Journal

More information

Training Farmers for Mechanization

Training Farmers for Mechanization Training Farmers for Mechanization Girja Sharan Effective utilization of farm machinery requires more than transfer of information. New skills have to be built among farmers, especially those introducing

More information

PROJECT INFORMATION DOCUMENT (PID) APPRAISAL STAGE

PROJECT INFORMATION DOCUMENT (PID) APPRAISAL STAGE Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Public Disclosure Authorized Project Name PROJECT INFORMATION DOCUMENT (PID) APPRAISAL STAGE National Rural Livelihoods

More information

MARGINAL COSTING CATEGORY A CHAPTER HIGH MARKS COVERAGE IN EXAM

MARGINAL COSTING CATEGORY A CHAPTER HIGH MARKS COVERAGE IN EXAM 1 MARGINAL COSTING CATEGORY A CHAPTER HIGH MARKS COVERAGE IN EXAM Question 1 Arnav Ltd. manufacture and sales its product R-9. The following figures have been collected from cost records of last year for

More information

Production of fresh and dry fruits, a district wise analysis in Jammu and Kashmir

Production of fresh and dry fruits, a district wise analysis in Jammu and Kashmir 2017; 3(7): 336-340 ISSN Print: 2394-7500 ISSN Online: 2394-5869 Impact Factor: 5.2 IJAR 2017; 3(7): 336-340 www.allresearchjournal.com Received: 28-05-2017 Accepted: 29-06-2017 Asst. Lect. Department

More information

Good Practices 6: April 2014

Good Practices 6: April 2014 Good Practices 6: April 2014 BEE KEEPING IN CHAMBAL REGION OF MADHYA PRADESH The Chambal region of Madhya Pradesh, India has an abundant availability of flora that provides nectar and pollen to honey bees

More information

COTTON DEVELOPMENT TRUST

COTTON DEVELOPMENT TRUST COTTON DEVELOPMENT TRUST COUNTRY REPORT TO THE 65 TH ICAC PLENARY MEETING, 11 TH 15 TH SEPTEMBER, 2006 GOIANIA, BRAZIL, ZAMBIA 1. Introduction The Zambian economy has historically been dependent on copper

More information

IMPACT OF INTEGRATED CHAWKI REARING TECHNOLOGY ON COCOON PRODUCTION IN MUGA SILKWORM ANTHERAEA ASSAMENSIS HELFER

IMPACT OF INTEGRATED CHAWKI REARING TECHNOLOGY ON COCOON PRODUCTION IN MUGA SILKWORM ANTHERAEA ASSAMENSIS HELFER 402 IMPACT OF INTEGRATED CHAWKI REARING TECHNOLOGY ON COCOON PRODUCTION IN MUGA SILKWORM ANTHERAEA ASSAMENSIS HELFER D. Goswami, N. Ibotombi Singh*, Mustaq Ahmed, M. D. Senapati and K. Giridhar * Central

More information

Impact of Integrated Chawki Rearing Technology on Cocoon Production of Muga Silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer

Impact of Integrated Chawki Rearing Technology on Cocoon Production of Muga Silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer ISSN No. (Print): 0975-1130 ISSN No. (Online): 2249-3239 Impact of Integrated Chawki Rearing Technology on Cocoon Production of Muga Silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer D. Goswami, N.I. Singh, Mustaq

More information

CONTRACT FARMING MODEL

CONTRACT FARMING MODEL CONTRACT FARMING MODEL CONTRACT FARMING: What is it and why use it? CHALLENGE: Smallholder farmers face a range of issues at the farm level: they produce limited quantities of low-quality supply, lack

More information

7. REFER VANS (Refrigerated Transport):

7. REFER VANS (Refrigerated Transport): 7. REFER VANS (Refrigerated Transport) This component refers to Reefer Trucks vehicle road transport with fixed insulated carriage body equipped with active refrigeration designed for temperature controlled

More information

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA DEPARTMENT OF ATOMIC ENERGY RAJYA SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO : 740 TO BE ANSWERED ON 04/03/2010 SHARE IN ATOMIC ENERGY PRODUCTION

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA DEPARTMENT OF ATOMIC ENERGY RAJYA SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO : 740 TO BE ANSWERED ON 04/03/2010 SHARE IN ATOMIC ENERGY PRODUCTION 740 SHRI PARIMAL NATHWANI: GOVERNMENT OF INDIA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO : 740 TO BE ED ON 04/03/2010 SHARE IN ATOMIC ENERGY PRODUCTION the share of atomic energy in India s total production; in what manner

More information

Behaviour of Market Arrivals and Prices of Selected Vegetable Crops: A Study of Four Metropolitan Markets

Behaviour of Market Arrivals and Prices of Selected Vegetable Crops: A Study of Four Metropolitan Markets Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 18 July-December 2005 pp 271-290 Behaviour of Market Arrivals and Prices of Selected Vegetable Crops: A Study of Four Metropolitan Markets Virender Kumar 1,

More information

IMPO P RT R AN A C N E C E O F G RO R UN U D N W

IMPO P RT R AN A C N E C E O F G RO R UN U D N W Introduction IMPORTANCE OF GROUNDWATER Global Groundwater Situation ACWADAM s database Sources for presentation CGWB, various publications FAO-database Various United Nations publications. UN World Water

More information

Chapter 2 People as Resource

Chapter 2 People as Resource Chapter 2 People as Resource 1. What is meant by human capital? When does population become human capital? Human capital is the stock of skill and productive knowledge embodied in people of a country.

More information

PRODUCTION AND TRADE POLICIES AFFECTING THE COTTON INDUSTRY

PRODUCTION AND TRADE POLICIES AFFECTING THE COTTON INDUSTRY Discover Natural Fibres Initiative INTERNATIONAL COTTON ADVISORY COMMITTEE PRODUCTION AND TRADE POLICIES AFFECTING THE COTTON INDUSTRY October 2012 PRODUCTION AND TRADE POLICIES AFFECTING THE COTTON INDUSTRY

More information

Resource use efficiency in Alphonso mango production in Sindhudurg district (M.S.)

Resource use efficiency in Alphonso mango production in Sindhudurg district (M.S.) 28 Internat. J. agric. Sci. Vol.3 1 January 2007 : 28-34 Resource use efficiency in Alphonso mango production in Sindhudurg district (M.) A. Wagale, J.M. Talathi*, V.G. Naik and D.B. Malave Department

More information

Milk Marketing Chains in Bihar: Implications for Dairy Farmers and Traders

Milk Marketing Chains in Bihar: Implications for Dairy Farmers and Traders Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 23 (Conference Number) 2010 pp 469-477 Milk Marketing Chains in Bihar: Implications for Dairy Farmers and Traders Anjani Kumar National Centre for Agricultural

More information

A STUDY OF SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES: MARKETING STRATEGIES

A STUDY OF SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES: MARKETING STRATEGIES A STUDY OF SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES: MARKETING STRATEGIES ABSTRACT S.N. ARJUN KUMAR* *Head of Department, Department of Business Management, Palamuru University, Mahabubnagar, Andhra Pradesh, India. Marketing

More information

Poverty and Agrarian Distress in Orissa

Poverty and Agrarian Distress in Orissa WP-2009-006 Poverty and Agrarian Distress in Orissa Srijit Mishra Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai September 2009 http://www.igidr.ac.in/pdf/publication/wp-2009-006.pdf Poverty and

More information

PILOT PROJECT FOR REVIVAL OF SISAL FIBRE PRODUCTION BY THE SOIL CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT. Preface

PILOT PROJECT FOR REVIVAL OF SISAL FIBRE PRODUCTION BY THE SOIL CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT. Preface PILOT PROJECT FOR REVIVAL OF SISAL FIBRE PRODUCTION BY THE SOIL CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT Preface The Jammu and Kashmir Soil Conservation Department had been producing sisal fibre at its Birpur Soil Conservation

More information

TEXTILE SECTOR AN OVERVIEW

TEXTILE SECTOR AN OVERVIEW TEXTILE SECTOR AN OVERVIEW October 2017 Textile Value Chain Home Textile Cotton Ginning Spinning Weaving Processing & Finishing Garments Cotton Dynamics World Production India China United States Pakistan

More information

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 4/1/2015

More information

Supply Side Constrains in Production of Pulses in India: A Case Study of Lentil

Supply Side Constrains in Production of Pulses in India: A Case Study of Lentil Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 23 January-June 2010 pp 129-136 Supply Side Constrains in Production of Pulses in India: A Case Study of Lentil A. Amarender Reddy a and G.P. Reddy b a Administrative

More information

Fertilizer Sector Subsidy in India. Vijay Laxmi Pandey Suresh Babu

Fertilizer Sector Subsidy in India. Vijay Laxmi Pandey Suresh Babu Fertilizer Sector Subsidy in India Vijay Laxmi Pandey Suresh Babu Indian Agriculture Net area sown : 141 Mha Cropping intensity : 139.5 Smallholders - 67% holdings < 1ha Number of operational holding 138

More information

Capacity Building Scheme

Capacity Building Scheme Capacity Building Scheme NeGP Round Table Conference 29 th- 31 st July 2009 By Krishnan, Principal Consultant, PMU, DIT, GOI Contents 1 2 3 4 Background - Capacity Building Scheme Current Status of Activities

More information

ROLE OF DAIRY CO-OPERATIVES IN RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NORTH BIHAR

ROLE OF DAIRY CO-OPERATIVES IN RURAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NORTH BIHAR Inspira-Journal of Commerce, Economics & Computer Science (JCECS) 299 ISSN : 2395-7069 (Print), General Impact Factor : 2.0546, Volume 03, No. 03, July-Sept., 2017, pp. 299-304 ROLE OF DAIRY CO-OPERATIVES

More information

LIST OF TABLES LIST OF MAPS

LIST OF TABLES LIST OF MAPS TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 INTRODUCTION... 1 1.1 GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES... 1 1.2 FOREST... 1 1.3 DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS... 1 1.4 GENERAL CLIMATIC FEATURES... 2 1.5 SOILS OF CHHATTISGARH... 2 1.6 GENERAL AGRICULTURE

More information

AEIJMR Vol 3 Issue 10 October 2015 ISSN

AEIJMR Vol 3 Issue 10 October 2015 ISSN A Study on the Problems of Small Rubber Growers with Special Reference to Kodanchery Panchayath, Kozhikode District *Dr. N. Shanmugavadivu **K.R.Kavitha Assistant Professor of Commerce (CA), Department

More information

Project on developing income generation skills through capacity building

Project on developing income generation skills through capacity building PROJECT PROPOSAL On Project on developing income generation skills through capacity building Fo r De p rive d Se c tio n o f Villag e rs Live in g Ne ar Fo re st By Bir Budhu Vikas Kendra Vill.-Raghu Toli

More information

By Dr. S.M. Hassan. Department of Agriculture Andhra Pradesh

By Dr. S.M. Hassan. Department of Agriculture Andhra Pradesh By Dr. S.M. Hassan Department of Agriculture Andhra Pradesh 1 SRI in Andhra Pradesh SRI was introduced by ANGRAU in Andhra Pradesh during Kharif 2003 ANGRAU also brought out Farmer s experiences and data

More information

COTTON PRODUCTION AND RESEARCH IN ETHIOPIAN

COTTON PRODUCTION AND RESEARCH IN ETHIOPIAN COTTON PRODUCTION AND RESEARCH IN ETHIOPIAN BY ABRAHAM G.HIWET (AGRONOMIST) I. INTRODUCTION Cotton is one of the oldest cultivated fiber crops in Ethiopia G. herbaceum,, race acerifolium Berger (99) >9%

More information

Trends and Patterns of Urbanization in India: A State Level Analysis

Trends and Patterns of Urbanization in India: A State Level Analysis International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention ISSN (Online): 2319 7722, ISSN (Print): 2319 7714 Volume 3 Issue 6ǁ June. 2014ǁ PP.09-17 Trends and Patterns of Urbanization in India: A

More information