Bioeconomy Opportunities Best in Class James Gaffey, Biorefinery Specialist, AgriForValor Design for the Bioeconomy, Teagasc, Ashtown, Dublin

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1 Bioeconomy Opportunities Best in Class James Gaffey, Biorefinery Specialist, AgriForValor Design for the Bioeconomy, Teagasc, Ashtown, Dublin

2 60% Agricultural EU Bioeconomy worth 2 Trillion supporting 22 Million Jobs Preserve existing jobs and create new ones in biotech, biorefining Support rural development, reindustrialization and competiveness in a changing world National bioeconomy strategy mentioned in 2016 Action Plan for Jobs Irish Bioeconomy Association established in 2016 Innovative research community and strong food and pharma sectors 2 nd highest percentage of land devoted to agriculture Growing Forestry Sector 10.5% Forestry 2

3 Adding Value in the Bioeconomy The Bioeconomy encompasses the production of biomass and it s conversion into value added products, such as food, feed, bio-based products (fine chemicals/functional materials) and bioenergy (fuels). Cascade Approach Extract highest value products first + energy from residues 3

4 Straw 1.3 million tonnes per annum Used in Animal bedding/compost Source of sugars and lignin Breakthroughs metabolic engineering of enzymes and yeasts Potential uses: bioenergy, biofuels, platform biochemcials, insulation material etc. 4

5 Beta Renewables, Crescentino, Italy Worlds first cellulosic ethanol plant 60,000 tons pa 5

6 Wheat straw, Rice straw, Giant reed grass Ethanol as fuel or platform chemical (ethylene) 6

7 Bioplastics Bioplastics are partly/fully biobased and/or biodegradable Primarily based on first generation feedstocks E.g. Natureworks, Futerro Companies looking towards next generation bioplastics and platform chemicals e.g. From whey and lignocellulose e.g. GF Biochemicals, Corbion, Avantium, Reverdia Bioplastics per annum (even higher with correct policy) 7

8 Natureworks, PLA Production Plant (Maize) Blair, Nebraska, 140,000 tons pa Used in 3D printing filament, branded products, packaging, cups etc 8

9 Dairy Residues 40% whey discarded within the EU Rich in protein, lactose and minerals Ireland c200,000 MT of butter AND cheese Potential applications include; foods, bioactives, fuels, biochemicals, textiles and even edible bioplastic packaging! -> Truly Circular Have your cake and eat the wrapper too 9

10 On-farm Residues Cattle slurry/manure, pig slurry, poultry litter, dairy sludge etc. 37 Million tonnes annually Current uses: mostly landspread Potential uses: Bioenergy, Liquid biofuels (biocrude), marketable fertilizers 10

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12 Grass Biorefinery 1.7 million tonnes + Smaller Scale (<10,000MT) Fresh grass v/s Silage (impacts continuity of supply and array of products) Fibres to composites, insulation material, feed Grass juice to coagulated protein or amino acids and lactic acid Biofabrik, Germany 12

13 Grass silage provided by seven local farmers, biogas digestate supplied to same farmers as fertilizer Biowert Green Biorefinery, Germany Grass silage to biocomposites, grass eco-insulation, amino acids and biogas Eco-Insulation installed by same supplier farmers during winter months AD with process residues supplemented by manure from supplier IT Tralee farmers and James food waste Gaffey from nearby town

14 Meat By-products 500,000+ tonnes raw ABP (Tallow, Meat and Bone Meal, Blood) Rich source of protein, minerals and vitamins Current uses: soap, animal feed additive, energy for cement kilns Potential uses in biodiesel, platform chemicals, bioactives, dietary supplement and biopolymers and medical applications 14

15 Bioeconomy Hubs Potential for industrial symbiosis Circular and collective approach R&D innovations central E.g. Flanders Biobased Valley (BE), Pomacle Bazancourt (FR) Port of Ghent - largest bio-ethanol and biodiesel production site in Europe, 2million tons biomass storage capacity 15

16 Pomacle Bazancourt, France Wheat and sugar production 1st and 2nd Gen biofuels, biochemcials, developing more value-added products (ARD Research) Co-operatively run model (agricultural) >1000 Direct Jobs 16

17 Adding value to wood residues 1 million+ tonnes underutilized wood Sawdust, woodchips, bark,brash, thinnings, stumps Current uses: bioenergy, bark mulch Potential use; biofuels, biomaterials, food additives, pharma, biochemicals, furanics, aromatics, carbon fibres NREL lab, USA. Converting lignin to carbon fibres 17

18 Booregaard, Norway Wood Biorefineries Microfibrillated Cellulose (Exilva Plant) Ethanol, Speciality Cellulose, Bio-Vanillin, Lignin performance chemicals (Bali Plant) 18

19 Eco-Construction Materials Sources include wood processing residues, forestry residues, hemp, grass, straw Eco-Decking Eco-insulation Resists the flow of heat, less heat will leave in winter and enter in summer Increased energy efficiency, low carbon footprint, improved air quality 19

20 ISOBIO, Cambridge, UK Straw to insulation material with improved thermal insulation and lower embodied energy 20

21 Conclusions Strong fundamentals for bioeconomy development in Ireland Cascading use is the future energy + products not either/or Opportunities for new synergies, new value chains and new jobs Independence and security through locally/rurally sourced bioenergy and biobased products (increase exports) Increased sustainability, resource efficiency, reduced emissions Still an opportunity to become leaders in the bioeconomy -> Time to join the dots 21

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