1 EUROPEAN COMMISSION DIRECTORATE-GENERAL FOR MOBILITY AND TRANSPORT Directorate B Investment, Innovative & Sustainable transport B.4 Sustainable & Intelligent transport M I N U T E S 5 T H M E E T I N G OF T H E E X P E R T G R O U P ON U R B A N M O B I L I T Y WHEN: 27 February 2017, 10:00 16:45 WHERE: Centre Albert Borschette, Rue Froissart 36, meeting room AB 0C CHAIRWOMAN: Ms. Claire Depré, HoU, C3 "Sustainable & Intelligent Transport" PARTICIPANTS: See attendance list enclosed in Annex Registration & coffee Welcome, presentation of agenda items and adoption of the agenda First session: Update of Commission's work on the multimodal travel information service regulation Presentation of C-ITS, automation and urban areas Second Session: EU Urban Agenda and the Urban Mobility Partnership Lunch Break Third session: Introduction to Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning Presentation of the Helsinki SUMP Presentation of the ELTIS Urban Mobility Observatory website Presentation of the Clean Vehicle Directive Fourth session: Introduction to the WHO HEAT tool for cycling and walking Scaling up efforts on low carbon urban mobility Tour de table by participants about the future of the group Any other business Closing Objectives: 1) Update on the latest evolutions as regards EU urban mobility policy - including the EU Urban Agenda and the newly launched Urban Mobility Partnership. 2) Exchange of best practices at national level (Helsinki Sustainable Mobility Plan).
2 3) Inform about relevant tools and programmes for Member States and their cities related to urban mobility like the ELTIS Urban Mobility Observatory website or the WHO HEAT tool (Health Economics Assessment Tool) for cycling and walking. 4) Start a discussion about the expectations about the Expert Group on urban Mobility from the delegates and how the output can be made as useful as possible to the benefit of all participating parties. Opening The chair welcomed the participants. She briefed the audience about the organisatorial changes that have taken place inside DG MOVE since the last meeting, including the creation of the new Unit B4. She underlined that DG MOVE is eager to get input from the delegates about how these meetings should be shaped in the future and to foster synergies, also considering commitments made regarding sustainability and climate change. The proposed agenda was adopted with no AoB points. First session DG MOVE introduced the topic of Urban Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) to the group explaining how technological developments have addressing growing mobility problems over the years and have shaped the latest mobility policies e.g. introduction of traffic lights in 1880 to the launch of the smart phone in Thereafter, DG MOVE gave an overview on the Commission activities on Cooperative ITS which allow vehicles and infrastructure to 'talk' to each other and with other road users. DG MOVE takes a "learning by doing approach" and these activities include (1) the C-ITS Platform which brings together more than 100 stakeholders that work together to build a common vision on the deployment of C-ITS, (2) the European Strategy on C-ITS, (3) the forthcoming C-ITS delegated act of the ITS Directive and (4) the C-ROADS deployment platform gathering large scale deployment initiatives in the Member States, with the support of the Connecting Europe Facility. Specifically on the use and application of C-ITS in urban areas the chair outlined the activities of the dedicated urban working group in the C-ITS Platform and invited Member States to promote this activity to their local authorities. One delegate asked what role cities would play in the deployment of C-ITS systems and if there were any financial implications. DG MOVE replied the roles and responsibilities of the different actors in the deployment of C-ITS is a very important topic which being addressed in the C-ITS Platform - activities such as the installation and maintenance of C-ITS infrastructure and the sharing/management of data are the main activities currently being discussed. Examples of national incentive programmes are currently being explored (i.e. in the Netherlands cities can receive a grant of 50% of infrastructure costs) but a cost-benefit analysis conducted in the C-ITS Platform highlighted that the costs associated were significantly smaller than the benefits that could be recuperated in terms of road safety and traffic efficiency. The second part of Urban ITS presentation concerned the forthcoming delegated regulation of the ITS Directive on EU wide multi-modal travel information service. The Delegated Regulation will be an important enabler for increased modal shift and the promotion of sustainable modes of transport. A market already exists for the delivery of travel information services to end users, but a number of gaps and barriers are still present limiting the full potential of such services. This initiative expects to provide the necessary requirements to 2
3 make EU-wide multimodal travel information services accurate and available across borders. It establishes the specifications necessary to ensure the accessibility, exchange and update of standardised travel and traffic data and distributed journey planning for the provision of multimodal information services in the European Union. The Delegated Regulation intends to provide appropriate framework conditions enabling the co-operation of all the relevant stakeholders along the travel information value chain. DG MOVE highlighted that the draft delegated regulation was developed directly together with experts nominated by Member States and also included a supporting study and an extensive stakeholder consultation. It was indicated that before adoption, the draft final text would be published on line for a period of 4 weeks very soon and then translated into all EU languages (please see the following link). Thereafter, the adopted delegated regulation would then be submitted to Council and Parliament for a period of 2-4 months. One delegate asked what role private service providers would play in the forthcoming delegated regulation. DG MOVE responded that the data requirements would concern those who would be responsible to provide the relevant data for the national access points (i.e. transport operators, transport authorities etc.) but service providers would have to comply with the rules and requirements concerning how the information is presented to the end user. One delegate asked how ticketing fits within the scope of the delegated act and if any further measures in this domain were foreseen. DG MOVE highlighted that a two-step approach to travel information and ticketing had been adopted with the Commission in a first step focusing on addressing the barriers concerned with developing comprehensive, accurate and reliable travel information services in the EU. Integrated ticketing would follow in a subsequent step and later this year a study on access to fare data would be launched which aims to provide further insight on the level of access to fare data in the EU and an analysis on why integrated ticketing is still limited in the EU. Second session The Urban Agenda was introduced by DG REGIO. The initiative was established through the Pact of Amsterdam in May It is an initiative which was proposed by the NL Presidency and then endorsed by the other Member States at an informal meeting of the Ministers responsible for urban matters. It is largely run by Member States and cities where the motivation is the recognition that more than 70 % of people live in cities. It is important to have cities on board to implement EU policy objectives and be sure that our actions respond to cities' needs. This partnership approach is working towards common goals addressing 12 selected topics. One challenge is to develop synergies between the partnerships and to avoid duplication and fragmentation with initiative (e.g. on urban mobility) that already exist. City of Karlsruhe which is one of the coordinators of the partnership on Urban Mobility (PUM) launched in February (the other one being Czech Republic) wanted to inform this forum about the existence of PUM and request the delegates to come forward with ideas. PUM consists of five Member States, seven Cities, three European Organisations and five external stakeholders. The objective is to develop clear and concrete actions on better regulation, better funding and better knowledge exchange in relation to urban mobility. For the coming years more cities, national states and stakeholders should become involved in the discussion. There was a request by City of Karlsruhe that PUM should be invited to this forum on a regular basis to discuss progress and topics of common interest, which was supported 3
4 both by the Commission and by the expert nominated by Member States. It also brought up the question of how this group could be used to reach out to cities in the respective countries. DG MOVE welcome the urban mobility partnership for pushing forward a common agenda on urban mobility and stress the need to build synergies with other initiatives or fora already active in the field of urban mobility (such as CIVITAS or Smart cities). Third session DG MOVE introduced the concept of Sustainable Urban Mobility Planning and informed about the upcoming SUMP conference in Dubrovnik March. Three new EU-funded CIVITAS SUMP capacity-building projects have launched a survey to help them understand cities' needs and barriers when trying to develop a SUMP. MS representatives are encouraged to invite their cities to complete the survey which can be found on the following link. The Helsinki SUMP was presented by Finland. It is a long-term strategic plan with goals and measures for short-term, including municipalities, all transport modes, land use or housing in the Helsinki area. One particularly important aspect was how to deal with land use and the cooperation between land use and housing. The ELTIS Urban Mobility Observatory website was presented by COPA COM. COPA COM informed that the SUMP guidelines are all published online. Member States (MS) are kindly asked to help updating the website, especially concerning the MS profiles under the SUMP section. More detailed information on SUMPs and guidance is provided, including training courses and best practice examples. MS are encouraged to make use of the tool. One delegate asked about certificates for SUMP audits. DG MOVE responded that there is a specific section on auditing of SUMPs on the website but that DG MOVE is not providing any auditing service in itself. The EC also used the occasion to explain the ongoing work of developing indicators for Urban Mobility. DG MOVE gave a presentation of the Clean Vehicle Directive and the status of its revision where the delegates were suggested to take part in ongoing public consultation on the following link. Italy noted that the revision policy consistency with the provisions of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive should be a key principle for the revision of the Directive. DG MOVE also briefly explained the European clean buses deployment initiative. A deployment platform is now being established to bring together public and private partners and facilitate common project development. A new expert group under the Sustainable Transport Forum of DG MOVE will be set up to address procurement policy questions for clean bus deployment. DG MOVE will invite cities and regions to endorse a common declaration of intent that should be launched by Commissioner Bulc and representatives of cities and regions before summer 2017 to kick-start the initiative. Fourth session UITP presented an overview of public transport in clean low carbon urban mobility and what can be done from the national level. Cities with the highest degree of public transport and active modes like walking and cycling have the lowest CO2 emissions (per capita) due to congestion relief, modal shift and the land use factor. Passenger modal shift has the largest potential: if we double the share of public transport by 2025 we will reduce GHG emissions 4
5 by 20 %. At local level the following should be done: better integration between urban planning, public transport, energy and IT; priority to developments of public transport and active modes. UITP noted that individual car transport forms the lion's share of urban transport and should be the first priority for efforts to decarbonise, in particular with regard to alternative fuels deployment. Public transport is already the most efficient means of transporting passengers, and the transition to low-emission mobility needs to take into account costs The national level can enable local level actions, for example by encouraging SUMPs, taxation framework, infrastructure financing and ownership and clean vehicle support. DG MOVE noted the relevance of looking at "total cost of ownership" (of a system) and the benefits of looking at collective transport systems at urban level. Attractiveness and competitiveness can improve with common standards for urban ITS solutions. UITP argued that if you have a backbone that works (core network) of public transports, then it is easier for new players to develop innovative solutions. For procurement different categories of costs have to be considered, such as vehicles, infra, drivers etc. UITP will come back to DG MOVE on the total costs of ownership and a recommendation as to the CVD. One delegate asked for some concrete recommendations on charging stations in cities. DG MOVE informed that substantial guidance is available on how to implement the Alternative fuels infrastructure Directive and there is also a study being finalised on the role of alternative fuels on the TEN-T network. It will be distributed to this group once finalised. Closer information dissemination through e.g. the Sustainable Transport Forum should happen. Health and Environment Alliance presented the WHO HEAT tool (Health Economics Assessment Tool) for cycling and walking which is an online platform tool to help estimate the value of reduced mortality that results from regular walking or cycling, promoted by WHO Europe. One delegate asked whether the tool has already been recognised by the EC, for example in Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) funding for infrastructure as his country had introduced a project integrating cycling into road network but classical costs and benefits were not as high as hoped for. With the HEAT tool this would have been much more prominent. The DG MOVE response was "not yet" as the focus has been on completion of the TEN-T and traditional modes but that it will be looked at for post the 2020 funding. Tour de table The subsequent Tour de table was used for discussing the views among the delegates about the future development of the Expert group. There were many interesting ideas and delegates are encouraged to send their suggestions by to The following suggestions came out of the discussion: The future of the urban mobility package could be put on the agenda. Would also like to see a more cross-sectorial focus with experts involved. More focus in future on urban logistics, public transport and how this is being organised in different cities. The chair agreed that logistics would be a good use case to analyse digitalisation, zero emission and impact on urban planning. The discussions should move from information exchange to discussing topics prepared beforehand. One such topic could be "Which actions in each country exist to support the local level to support sustainable local mobility?" Another suggestion could be "National (management) control measures current and potential". Concerning how 5
6 the national level can support the local level the chair confirmed that this was part of the reason for the establishment of the expert group. One suggestion was that DG MOVE sends out surveys/questions to be answered in advance in preparation for future meetings. Ok with more focus but at the same time the concept should be left a bit open. One topic could be to look closer at monitoring and evaluation of indicators. More focus on everything having to do with best practices. The chair concluded the discussion by affirming that the Expert group might need to focus on a number of prioritised topics during a couple of years. On SUMPs we could maybe bring it back to the CIVITAS network. DG MOVE will discuss internally and get back to the group. Any other business A couple of upcoming presidency events in Malta of relevance to this forum were announced: On 28 March a stakeholder conference on road safety will be organised and on April a conference on urban rail transport will take place. Closing of the session The chair informed the Expert group that one more meeting will take place this year but the date has not been fixed. The delegates of the Expert Group are invited to propose topics of their interest and also let us know if there is something on national level that should be raised at a future meeting. 6