1 LNG INFRASTRUCTURE AND INSTALLATIONS George Pratikakis General Director Naval Architecture Progress (NAP) Poseidon Med Stakeholders Conference (19 th November 2015 Zappeion Athens)
2 ACTIVITY 3: LNG INFRASTRUCTURE AND INSTALLATION ACTIVITY 1 : LNG Network, Supply and Demand ACTIVITY 2 : Legislation and Regulatory Framework ACTIVITY 3 : LNG Infrastructure and Installation ACTIVITY 4 : Integrated Maritime Supply Chain for LNG ACTIVITY 5 : Risk Assessment ACTIVITY 6 : Sustainable Financing ACTIVITY 7 : Social & Private Awareness and Dissemination ACTIVITY 8 : Management and Coordination Activities
3 LNG INFRASTRUCTURE AND INSTALLATION Activity 3 identifies, addresses and analyses the following: The needs for LNG infrastructure in the ports of Piraeus and Limassol. On-shore facilities and mobile means in order to bridge the basic infrastructure with the supply network and complete the total LNG value chain for POSEIDON-MED. The necessary technical steps for the retrofit of the vessels that will participate in the study. Different types of vessels candidate for LNG retrofit as well as the selection process for final candidate vessels.
4 LNG INFRASTRUCTURE AND INSTALLATION
5 PORT INSTALLATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE NEEDS An LNG port infrastructure consists of: Fixed terminals, Bunker ships, and Tank trucks The following recommendations are made as regards to logistical aspects on suitable bunkering solutions: Ship-to-ship (STS) bunkering Truck-to-ship (TTS) bunkering, and Terminal to a ship via a pipeline (TPS)
6 TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REQUIRED INFRASTRUCTURE FOR BUNKERING Port of Piraeus LNG Import Terminal: The existing Revithoussa LNG Terminal shall be used as import terminal. Port Land Infrastructures: No land infrastructure (i.e. LNG land tanks, distribution pipelines etc) is foreseen. The LNG movements will be carried out by using specialized LNG Bunkering Tanker Vessels. Port of Limassol, Port of La Spezia LNG Import: To be done by using LNG Feeder Tankers from Piraeus. Port Land Infrastructures: Land infrastructure (i.e. LNG land tanks, distribution pipelines, LNG Trucks etc) is foreseen. Ports of Patras, Herakleion, Thessaloniki LNG Import: To be done by using LNG Feeder Tankers from Piraeus. Port Land Infrastructures: Land infrastructure (i.e. LNG land tanks, distribution pipelines, LNG Trucks etc) for each of the above Ports, are only initially addressed.
7 TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE REQUIRED INFRASTRUCTURE FOR BUNKERING
8 PORT INSTALLATIONS: PORT OF PIRAEUS Is one of the largest ports in Europe in terms of passenger & cargo transportation. Bunkering location Ship Repair Zone Very close to LNG import terminal
9 PORT INSTALLATIONS: PORT OF LIMASSOL Strategic position The only EU Port in Easternmost Med Sea Provide services to passenger & cargo ships Bunkering location Very close to future LNG import terminal Vasilikos
10 LNG BUNKERING INFRASTRUCTURE PORT STORAGE FACILITIES For Piraeus port, no dedicated port storage facilities are considered, any LNG Cargo movements shall be carried out through Revithoussa LNG Terminal via bunker vessels and LNG trucks. For Limassol port, any LNG Cargo movements shall be carried out through Vassilikos LNG Terminal via bunker vessels and LNG trucks. For La Spezia port, any LNG Cargo movements shall be carried out through Panigaglia LNG Terminal via bunker vessels and LNG trucks. Revithoussa LNG Terminal Vasilikos LNG Terminal Panigaglia LNG
11 LNG BUNKER VESSELS AND FEEDERS LNG BUNKER VESSELS AND FEEDERS The role of the Bunkering vessels is very important, since they are the link between the LNG processing and storage facility and the end-users, which are the LNG fueled ships. Each LNG Bunkering Vessel is a down scale version of large LNG carriers. Thus, they present the same complex and state-of-the-art systems and they require the same high levels of safe operation. The POSEIDON MED project, evaluates the need of different capacities Bunker Vessels, for three main roles: o o o Typical Port Bunkering Feeding Greek Ports Feeding Ports in Cyprus, Croatia & Italy.
12 LNG BUNKER VESSELS AND FEEDERS The final selected capacities based on the demand study are the following: o o o 500m 3 & 1.000m 3 for Port Bunkering 5.000m m 3 for internal Greek Ports feeding m m 3 for international ports feeding Design aspects Currently, the Project Team is cooperating with Yards and Design Offices that they are specialized on such kind of vessels. All relevant subjects are under further evaluation from both technical and financial point of view. The following brief descriptions and General Arrangement Plans are examples of such bunkering vessels.
13 LNG BUNKER VESSELS AND FEEDERS LNG BUNKERING VESSEL OF 500m 3
14 LNG BUNKER VESSELS AND FEEDERS LNG BUNKERING VESSEL OF 1.000m 3
15 LNG BUNKER VESSELS AND FEEDERS LNG BUNKERING VESSEL OF 7.000m 3
16 LNG BUNKER VESSELS AND FEEDERS Conversion Projects to LNG Bunkering Barges Example The concept is to take an existing vessel and to convert it to LNG Bunker Barge. The most suitable candidate vessel is the open type car ferry, because of its flexibility to afford a conversion which will lead to a low budget (compared to a new-built) LNG Bunker Vessel. As an example, the following Greek Open type ferry can be converted to LNG Bunkering Vessel of 400m 3 LNG capacity. The concept design has concluded that this conversion is financially and technically feasible.
17 LNG BUNKER VESSELS AND FEEDERS Hull strengthening LNG systems & Offloading Additional FF equipment Additional Deck machinery
18 LNG DELIVERY TANK TRUCKS LNG delivery tank trucks are regulated by the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR). ADR sets out the requirements for the classification, packaging, labeling and certification of dangerous goods. Specific standards & directives have been set up to be used by the equipment manufactures for Cryogenic Vehicles. (standard EN Part 2: Design, fabrication, inspection and testing and comply with Directives 2010/35/EU and 2014/34/EU). Typical examples of LNG delivery tank trucks are as follows:
19 LNG DELIVERY TANK TRUCKS Examples LNG TRAILERS: 8 BAR The 53,400 litre LNG Trailer (8 Bar) is a perlite & vacuum-insulated unit suitable for the transportation of up to 20,000kg of LNG. & The 58,000 litre LNG Trailer (8 Bar) is a super-insulated vacuum-unit suitable for the transportation of up to 21,000kg of LNG. Specifications Design & Approvals Working Pressure: 8.0Bar Design Temperature: -196oC to +50oC Design code: AS1210
20 VESSEL INSTALLATIONS Sub-Activity 3.2: Vessel installations infrastructure needs Study of the necessary technical steps for the retrofit of the vessels participating in this project. Various modifications required on board makes the technical investigation challenging and unique. Cost effect, applied regulation, retrofit time as well as technical constraints such as stability, payload, endurance, lack of space and weight will also be addressed. Location of LNG storage tanks (outside or inside) as well as type of tanks will be evaluated as they impact on the final cost calculation. Six (6) distinct and representative type of vessels will be identified as potential clients for LNG retrofit.
21 LNG RETROFIT CANDIDATE SHIPS Selection Criteria of Vessels: Age. New-built or young age: 1-7 years for Cargo ships 1-17 years for Ferries Engine. LNG Retrofit kit or Re-engine? a very straightforward reason. Size. Counts! For economies of scale Data. Availability of Technical documentation.
22 LNG RETROFIT CANDIDATE SHIPS Candidate Vessels: Modern Ro/Pax Ferry : SUPERFAST I Modern Cruise Ferry : FESTOS PALACE Modern Pure Car Carrier : NEPTUNE GALENE High Speed Passenger ferry : HIGHSPEED 6 Converted Car Ferry : ARIADNE Typical Cargo Vessel : MARINE LEGEND I The first two vessels have been selected in order to be used as pilot cases for developing the full documentation required for the retrofit according to the regulations in force.
27 CANDIDATE VESSELS Engineering Approach For the selected vessels, the following concept design sequence is applied in close coordination with the Ship Owner, Engine Manufacturer & LNG System Suppliers: 1. Route Analysis (speed, schedules, current bunkering status), initial capacity calculation 2. Feedback from LNG Ship Systems Suppliers, in form of a questionnaire 3. Consultation with the Main Engine Manufacturer 4. Reference to IGF Code (currently as draft version) 5. Initial General Arrangement of the LNG infrastructure onboard 6. Initial Weight Balance calculations weights in, weights out 7. Initial Stability Calculations for Full Load Departure & Arrival
28 CANDIDATE VESSELS 8. If the stability results are positive, the single line piping diagrams are identified. If not, a new loop of design & calculations is executed. 9. Following conclusion on the GA, the Bunker Stations are identified, together with the single line piping diagrams. 10. New Safety measures onboard are identified 11. The single line LNG Flow Diagram is formulated 12. The concept design is submitted to LR for assessment, together with the completion of the GR-Notation Form 13. Coordination with Ship Owner based on inputs from LR, initial financial calculations of the retrofit (NPV, Recap Period etc)
29 SUB-ACTIVITY 3.3 Sub-Activity 3.3: Infrastructure and Vessel Economic Feasibility Study Port economic feasibility: Port of Piraeus Port of Limassol Satellite Ports Economic feasibility of Vessels Financial inputs of the LNG retrofit designs have been provided for further analysis Details for the sub-activity are addressed in Activity 6 of the programme.
30 CONCLUDING REMARKS 1. Activity 3 is well progressing. 2. The Port Infrastructure needs are clarified, based on the feasibility study results and on relevant HAZID reports for the ports of Piraeus and Limassol. 3. The Bunker Vessels have been identified based on capacity; concept designs are concluded. 4. The selection of candidate ships for LNG retrofit is concluded. 5. The initial LNG retrofit approach on six (6) vessels is almost finalised. 6. The concept retrofit design on two of the candidate ships is about to be concluded.
31 Thank you! 19th November 2015 George N. Pratikakis General Director, NAP T: (+30) E: