The outlook for port development in the Mediterranean Meda Ports & Shipping Summit

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1 The outlook for port development in the Mediterranean Meda Ports & Shipping Summit

2 The role of Mediterranean ports in a sustainable and more efficient logistics MTEU Evolution of major East-West routes Transpacific Europe-Asia Transatlantic 0 Source: UNCTAD, Review of maritime transport *Drewry Maritime Research 2017 (2016 Data) Advantages of Mediterranean ports: Reduction of navigation days, CO 2 &NOx emissions. Reduction of emissions up to 20% aprox in the Far East-Europe route Reduction of logistics costs Slows steaming: better transit time through the Mediterranean Reduction of congestion in Northern European infrastructures Take advantage of the Mediterranean and North and West African potential Improved infrastructures to berth the biggest containerships.

3 The role of Mediterranean ports in a sustainable and more efficient logistics % Northern range % Southern range Port traffic (M TEU) Rotterdam 9,7 1 Rotterdam 13,73 2 Hamburg 8,9 2 Antwerp 10,45 3 Antwerp 7,0 3 Hamburg 8,86 4 Bremerhaven 4,4 4 Bremerhaven 5,51 5 Algeciras 3,2 5 Valencia 4,83 6 Gioa Tauro 2,9 6 Algeciras 4,39 7 Port Said 2,7 7 Piraeus 4,15 8 Valencia 2,6 8 Tanger Med 3,31 9 Barcelona 2,3 9 Marsaxlokk 3,15 10 Le Havre 2,1 10 Barcelona 3,00

4 Worldwide Regional National Barcelona is taking advantage of this new role Leading international brands have theirs distribution centers in Barcelona IKEA Ikea located its Southern European logistics centre in Valls (Tarragona) with an investment of 46 M. AMAZON Amazon is building a new logistics center of m2 in El Prat de Llobregat (Barcelona). The center will be part of its European network and is scheduled to open in autumn INDITEX From its logistics center in Tordera (Barcelona) distributes some of its brands worldwide. Schneider Electric Schneider Electric has built an integrated logistics centre in Sant Boi del Llobregat (greater area of Barcelona). Decathlon In ZAL Barcelona they have their logistics center for stock management & for sport materials delivery to their warehouses and shops in Spain. SEAT HONDA Logistics Nissan Their factories are in Barcelona from where they distribute their cars by road, rail and sea, all over the world. Factory & logistics center in Santa Perpetua de la Mogoda (Barcelona) for distributing Spain & Portugal & Morocco LIDL Logistics platform for the Iberian Peninsula in Moncada i Reixac (Barcelona) MAZDA Car imports from Japan through the Port of Barcelona to be distributed to other Mediterranean countries. MANGO New logistics centre in Barcelona with m2 of warehouses handling 80% of the company s internationals flows. The proximity to the port was a decisive factor in choosing the location of our new logistics park. Port of Barcelona traffic MTEU est (+4) 2.24 (+14%) 3 (+32%) 3.3 (+15%)

5 New transport routes: Threat or opportunity? One Road & One Belt Artic Route Less distance Arctic Route Less distance Suez Route Similar distances Bigger capacity in Panama & Suez Canal The Suez canal will still be the main Europe/ Med - Asia trade route for decades

6 Unstable market in the shipping business Freight & connectivity volatility Fuel price volatility Inland transport involvement Environmental considerations Bigger vessels Overcapacity in terminals and vessels (Asia-Europe trade line). Under construction additional worldwide port capacity for 450 M TEU Concentration (The Alliance, Ocean Alliance & 2M) Shipping lines under stress (Hanjin bankruptancy) Slow steaming Less bunker costs, less carbon footprint, longer shipping times & more ships on service

7 The BRI: a new turning point or the confirmation of the Mediterranean central role? Main investments in ports by Chinese companies Fuente: Estudio Impacto OBOR en el PdB. Martina Fontanet Dic China controls 10% of the capacity of European ports

8 Transport between Asia and Western Europe Maritime Rail Air + vs Capacity Operability Supply chain reliability Costs Speed Environment Suitable for Mid Section Products: too heavy and not very high value to be transported by air requiring faster transit times

9 The Mediterranean ports mission To contribute to the competitiveness of the customers of the Port by providing efficient services responding to their needs for maritime transport, land transport and logistics services 1. Competitiveness of shippers, industries, logistics operators & shipping lines. 2. Attraction of new industries & distribution centers.

10 The impact of logistics costs on the price of products Logistics costs in relation to annual turnover Source: European Logistics Association Logistics costs include all costs of maritime transport (port passage, sea freight), land transport and inventory costs

11 E-commerce

12 Trends on supply chain Smart Port Physical Internet Operative efficience Security Alternative fuels Drons Platooning Mobile systems Non-intrusive inspection л-containers IT systems Automation of terminals Sensorisation and telemetry Piggyback transport (ferroutage) Augmented reality Smart roads Synchromodality Encapsulation Internet of Things (IoT) Autonomous driving Construction methods Big data Control of emissions AGV 3D printing Robots Open data

13 Competitive logistics chain through the Port of Barcelona Saturday Sunday Monday 08:00 Container ship arrives at the Port of Barcelona. Containers are unloaded and transferred to the train (Sunday 01:00) 06:00 Cargo train leaves the port destination Madrid 16:00 Cargo train arrives to Azuqueca intermodal terminal (Guadalajara, Madrid) 18:00 Trucks pick up containers and transport them from the terminal to the nearby distribution centre 10:00 From the distribution center the pieces of clothing are shipped throughout the world Updated April 2018