Exam 01 - ECON Friday, October 1st

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1 Name: ID: A Exam 01 - ECON Friday, October 1st 1. Demand is said to be inelastic if the a. quantity demanded changes proportionately the same as price. b. quantity demanded changes proportionately less than price. c. quantity demanded changes proportionately more than price. d. price changes proportionately more than income. 2. Suppose that a tax is placed on books. If the buyers pay the majority of the tax, then we know that the a. demand is more inelastic than the supply. b. government has required that sellers remit the tax payments. c. supply is more inelastic than the demand. d. government has required that buyers remit the tax payments. Table 3 Price Quantity Demanded Quantity Supplied \$ \$ \$ \$ \$ Refer to Table 3. If the price were \$4, a a. shortage of 40 units would exist and price would tend to rise. b. shortage of 25 units would exist and price would tend to rise. c. surplus of 15 units would exist and price would tend to fall. d. surplus of 25 units would exist and price would tend to fall. 4. Suppose the demand for nachos increases. What will happen to producer surplus in the market for nachos? a. It may increase, decrease, or remain unchanged. b. It increases. c. It remains unchanged. d. It decreases. 5. The unique point at which the supply and demand curves intersect is called a. market harmony. b. coincidence. c. equilibrium. d. equivalence. 6. The opportunity cost of an item is a. usually less than the dollar value of the item. b. the number of hours needed to earn money to buy the item. c. what you give up to get that item. d. the dollar value of the item. 1

2 7. A rightward shift of a supply curve is called a. an increase in quantity supplied. b. an increase in supply. c. a decrease in quantity supplied. d. a decrease in supply. 8. Total surplus a. is the sum of consumer and producer surplus. b. is the to value to buyers minus the cost to sellers. c. can be used to measure a market s efficiency. 9. Soup is an inferior good if a. the demand for soup falls when the price of a substitute for soup rises. b. the demand for soup falls when income rises. c. the demand curve for soup slopes upward. d. the demand for soup rises when the price of soup falls. 10. An increase in demand is represented by a. a leftward shift of a demand curve. b. a movement upward and to the left along a demand curve. c. a movement downward and to the right along a demand curve. d. a rightward shift of a demand curve. 11. A price floor is a. a source of inefficiency in a market. b. often imposed when sellers of a good are successful in their attempts to convince the government that the market outcome is unfair without a price floor. c. a legal minimum on the price at which a good can be sold. Table 4 Price Quantity Demanded Quantity Supplied \$ \$ \$2 8 4 \$3 6 6 \$4 4 8 \$ \$ Refer to Table 4. Which of the following price floors would be binding in this market? a. \$4 b. \$3 c. \$1 d. \$2 2

3 Figure Refer to Figure 4. The movement from point A to point B on the graph shows a. a decrease in quantity demanded. b. an increase in demand. c. an increase in quantity demanded. d. a decrease in demand. 14. For a good that is a necessity, demand a. tends to be inelastic. b. cannot be represented by a demand curve in the usual way. c. has unit elasticity. d. tends to be elastic. 15. Which of the following phrases best captures the notion of efficiency? a. equitable outcome b. equal distribution c. absolute fairness d. minimum waste 16. Total revenue a. increases as price increases, as long as demand is elastic. b. remains unchanged as price increases when demand is unit elastic. c. decreases as price increases, as long as demand is inelastic. d. always increases as price increases. 17. Producer surplus is a. the opportunity cost of production minus the cost of producing goods that go unsold. b. always a negative number for sellers in a competitive market. c. measured using the demand curve for a good. d. the amount a seller is paid minus the cost of production. 3

4 18. A shortage results when a. a nonbinding price ceiling is imposed on a market. b. a binding price ceiling is removed from a market. c. a binding price ceiling is imposed on a market. d. a nonbinding price ceiling is removed from a market. 19. An example of a price floor is a. the regulation of gasoline prices in the U.S. in the 1970s. b. any restriction on price that leads to a shortage. c. rent control. d. the minimum wage. Figure 3 Bintu s Production Possibilities Frontier Juba s Production Possibilities Frontier 20. Refer to Figure 3. Bintu has a comparative advantage in the production of a. cups and Juba has a comparative advantage in the production of bowls. b. bowls and Juba has a comparative advantage in the production of cups. c. neither good and Juba has a comparative advantage in the production of both goods. d. both goods and Juba has a comparative advantage in the production of neither good. 21. Refer to Figure 3. Suppose Juba is willing to trade one bowl to Bintu for every two cups that Bintu makes and sends to Juba. Which of the following combinations of bowls and cups could Bintu then consume, assuming Bintu specializes in making cups and Juba specializes in making bowls? a. 2 bowls and 4 cups b. 4 bowls and 1 cup c. 3 bowls and 3 cups d. 1 bowl and 7 cups 4

5 22. Any point on a country's production possibilities frontier represents a combination of two goods that an economy a. can produce using some portion, but not all, of its resources and technology. b. can produce using all available resources and technology. c. will never be able to produce. d. may be able to produce in the future with more resources and/or superior technology. 23. When a tax is placed on the buyers of cell phones, a. the size of the cell phone market and the effective price received by sellers both increase. b. the size of the cell phone market decreases, but the effective price received by sellers increases. c. the size of the cell phone market and the effective price received by sellers both decrease. d. the size of the cell phone market increases, but the effective price received by sellers decreases. 24. If a nonbinding price floor is imposed on a market, then a. the quantity sold in the market will decrease. b. the quantity sold in the market will stay the same. c. the price in the market will increase. d. the price in the market will decrease. Figure Refer to Figure 6. Suppose a tax of \$2 per unit is imposed on this market. How much will sellers receive per unit after the tax is imposed? a. between \$3 and \$5 b. \$3 c. between \$5 and \$7 d. \$7 5

6 Figure Refer to Figure 5. Sellers total revenue would increase if the price a. decreased from \$18 to \$16. b. decreased from \$16 to \$15. c. increased from \$6 to \$ The price elasticity of demand for a good measures the willingness of a. firms to produce more of a good as price rises. b. consumers to buy less of the good as price rises. c. consumers to avoid monopolistic markets in favor of competitive markets. d. firms to cater to the tastes of consumers. 28. On a graph, the area below a demand curve and above the price measures a. willingness to pay. b. consumer surplus. c. producer surplus. d. deadweight loss. 29. Which of the following is not held constant in a demand schedule? a. expectations b. price c. tastes d. income 30. If goods A and B are complements, then an increase in the price of good A will result in a. no difference in the quantity sold of either good. b. less of good B being sold. c. more of good B being sold. d. more of good A being sold. 6

7 31. The principle that "people face tradeoffs" applies to a. families. b. societies. c. individuals. Table 5 This table refers to five possible buyers' willingness to pay for a case of Vanilla Coke. Buyer Willingness To Pay David \$8.50 Laura \$7.00 Megan \$5.50 Mallory \$4.00 Audrey \$ Refer to Table 5. If the price of Vanilla Coke is \$6.90, who will purchase the good? a. David and Laura b. Megan, Mallory and Audrey c. all five individuals d. David, Laura and Megan Table 2 Assume that Sardi and Tinaka can switch between producing corn and producing pork at a constant rate. Minutes Needed to Make 1 Bushel of Corn Pound of Pork Sardi Tinaka Refer to Table 2. Which of the following combinations of corn and pork could Sardi produce in one 8-hour day? a. 9 bushels of corn and 25 pounds of pork b. 24 bushels of corn and 40 pounds of pork c. 6 bushels of corn and 35 pounds of pork d. 15 bushels of corn and 20 pounds of pork 34. The production possibilities frontier is used to illustrate some basic economic ideas, including a. economic growth. b. opportunity cost. c. scarcity. 35. An increase in the price of a good will a. increase quantity demanded. b. increase demand. c. decrease quantity demanded. d. decrease demand. 7

8 36. Trade can make everybody better off because it a. requires some workers in an economy to be retrained. b. allows people to specialize according to comparative advantage. c. reduces competition among domestic companies. d. increases cooperation among nations. Figure Refer to Figure 1. This economy has the ability to produce at which point(s)? a. C, F, G b. A, B, D c. A, B d. A, B, C, F, G Table 1 Production Possibilities for Batterland Pancakes Waffles Refer to Table 1. What is the opportunity cost to Batterland of increasing the production of pancakes from 150 to 300? a. 325 waffles b. 150 waffles c. 75 waffles d. 250 waffles 8

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