CASE LAW FOR COMMISSIONERS

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1 CASE LAW FOR COMMISSIONERS November 2014

2 CASE LAW FOR COMMISSIONERS Third Edition November

3 INDEX 1 RELEVANCE OF LRA AND LABOUR CASE LAW 1.1 The right to fair labour practice NEHAWU v University of Cape Town & others (2003) ILJ 95 (CC) Sidumo and another v Rustenburg Platinum Mines Ltd & others (2007) 28 ILJ 2405 (CC) [2007] 12 BLLR 1097 (CC) 1.2 Determining fairness National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa v Vetsak Co-Operative Ltd and others 1996 (4) SA 577 (A); ILJ 455 (A) Sidumo and another v Rustenburg Platinum Mines Ltd & others (2007) 28 ILJ 2405 (CC);[2007] 12 BLLR 1097 (CC) Fidelity Cash Management Services v CCMA and others [2008] 3 BLLR 197 (LAC) 1.3 Binding effect of precedents Gcaba v Minister of Safety & Security & others (2010) 31 ILJ 296 (CC); [2009] 12 BLLR 680 (CC) Robin Consolidated Industries Ltd v Commissioner for Inland Revenue 1997 (3) SA 654 (SCA) Le Roux v CCMA & others [2000] 6 BLLR 680 (LC); Maarten & others v Rubin NO & others [2001] 2 BLLR 162 (LC) at 168F 1.4 Deviation from previous judgments Daniels v Campbell NO & others 2004 (5) SA 331 (CC) 2

4 2 COMMENCEMENT AND TEMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT 2.1 Existence of employment relationship Wyeth SA (Pty) Ltd v Manqele & others (2005) 26 ILJ 749 (LAC) Phera v Education Labour Relations Council and others (201) 33 ILJ 2839 (LAC) Bayat v Durban Institute of Technology (2006) 27 ILJ 188 (CCMA) 2.2 Deemed employment under section 198A of the LRAA of Deemed employment under section 198B 2.4 Resignation Lottering & others v Stellenbosch Municipality (2010) 31 ILJ 2923 (LC) African National Congress v Municipal Manager, George Local Municipality & others [2010] 3 BLLR 221 (SCA) Moloi v Mac Steel Service Centre (VRN Reef) [2014] 2 BLLR 117 (MEIBC) CEPPWAWU & another v Glass Aluminum 2000 CC [2002] 5 BLLR 399 (LAC) Solidarity and another v Public Health and Social Development Sectorial Bargaining Council and others [2013] 4 BLLR 362 (LAC) Mafika v SA Broadcasting Corporation Ltd [2010] 5 BLLT 542 (LC) Quinn v Singlehurst Hydraulics (SA) Ltd [2005] 6 BLLR Amazwi Power Products (Pty) Ltd v Turn bull [2008] 9 BLLR 817 (LAC) 2.5 Retirement Rubin Sportswear v SACTWU & others (2004) 15 ILJ 1671 (LAC) Cash Paymaster Services (Pty) Ltd v Browne (2006) 27 ILJ 281 (LAC) SA Metal & Machinery Co (Pty) Ltd Gamaroff [2010] 2 BLLR 136 (LAC) Hibbert v ARB Electrical Wholesalers (Pty) Ltd (2013) 34 ILJ 1190 (LC) Schweitzer v Waco Distributors (a div of Voltex (Pty) Ltd [1999] 2 BLLR 188 (LC) Botha v Du Toit Very & Partners [2006] 1 BLLR 1 (LC) 3

5 2.5.7 Kirsten and Southern Cross Manufacturing Co Ltd t/a Southern Cross Industries (2006) 27 ILJ 271 (CCMA) 2.6 Liquidations Van Zyl No & others v CCMA and others (2012) 33 ILJ 2471 (LC) 2.7 Business Rescue NUMSA obo 4 Members v Motheo Steel Engineering CC (Case Number: METS3334) 4

6 3 JURISDICTION 3.1 General Gcaba v Minister of Safety & Security & others (2010) 31 ILJ 296 (CC); [2009] 12 BLLR 680 (CC) and SA Maritime Safety Authority v McKenzie [2010] 5 BLLR 488 (SCA) Makhanya v University of Zululand (218/08) [2009] ZASCA 69 (29 May 2009); (2009) 8 BLLR (SCA) 3.2 Territorial jurisdiction Astral Operations Ltd v Parry (2008) 29 ILJ 2668 (LAC) MEC Africa (Pty) v CCMA & others (2014) ILJ 745 (LC) 3.3 Jurisdiction limited to certain parties not independent contractors Code of Good Practice: Who is an Employee? 3.4 Determining whether a dispute is an unfair labour practice or not Apollo Tyres SA (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others [2013] 5 BLLR 434 (LAC);(2013) 34 ILJ 1120 (LAC) SARS v Ntshintshi & others [2013] 9 BLLR 923 (LC); (2014) 35 ILJ 255 (LC) 3.5 Unfair labour practice jurisdiction limited to an existing employment relationship Sithole v Nogwaza NO & others (1999) 20 ILJ 2710 (LC); [1999] 12 BLLR 1348 (LC) Velinov v University of KwaZulu-Natal & others (2006) 27 ILJ 177 (LC) MEC for Tourism, Environmental & Economic Affairs, Free State v Nondumo & others [2005] 10 BLLR 974 (LC) 3.6 Unfair labour practices perpetrated against an employer NEWU v CCMA & others (2004) 2 BLLR 165 (LC) 3.7 Jurisdiction limited to certain parties illegal workers not excluded Kylie v CCMA and others (2010) 31 ILJ 1600 (LAC) Discovery Health Ltd v CCMA & others (2000)5 BLLR 578 (LC) 3.8 Jurisdictional limitations - Nature of dispute 5

7 3.8.1 De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd v CCMA & others [2000] 5 BLLR 578 (LC) 3.9 Short time SACTWU obo Ndlangisa & others v Prowood Clothing [2005] 9 BALR 936 (NBCCMI) 3.10 Upgrading of salary scales Ntlabezo & Others v MEC for Education, Eastern Cape & Others [2002] 3 BLLR 274 (Tk) 3.11 Equal pay for equal work Louw v Golden Arrow Bus Services (Pty) Ltd [2000] 3 BLLR 311 (LC) Ntai & others v South African Breweries Ltd (2001) 22 ILJ 214 (LC) Heysen v Armstrong Hydraulics (Pty) Ltd [2000] 12 BLLR 1444 (LC) NUMSA and others v Gabriel (Pty) Ltd (2002) 23 ILJ 2088 (LC) Transport and General Workers Union v Bayete Security Holdings 1999 (4) BLLR 401 (LC) 3.12 Victimisation 3.13 Settlement agreements Dell v HPD Construction [2010] 6 BLLR 626 (LC);Molaba v Emfuleni Local Municipality & others [2009] JOL (LC) South African Post Office Ltd v Communication Workers Union obo Permanent Part-Time Employees [2013] 12 BLLR 1203 (LAC) Goci v Metropolitan Health Corporate (Pty) Ltd (C10738/2010) ;[2010] ZALCCT 25 (7 December 2010) and Communication Workers Union obo Segakweng v South African Post Office Ltd [2014] 2 BALR 172 (CCMA) 3.14 Jurisdiction when there is a settlement agreement Hodges v Urban Task Force Investments CC and others (JR840/12) [2013] ZALCHB 295 (7 November 2013) Cook4Life CC v CCMA and others (2013) 34 ILJ 2018 (LC) National Education Health & Allied Workers Union obo Nkoana v South African Nursing Council [2013] 4 BALR 420 (CCMA) 6

8 Mohale v Net 1 Applied t/a Cash Paymaster Services Northern (Pty) Ltd [2013] 2 BLLR 199 (LC) CTP LTD t/a Caxton Newspapers Division v Mphaphuli N.O and others (JR501/13) [2014] ZALCJHB 398 (14 October 2014) 3.15 Authorization to enter into the agreement Fakude & others v Kwikot (Pty) (2013) 34 ILJ 2024 (LC) 3.16 Public policy Barkhuizen v Napier 2007 (5) SA 323 (CC) 3.17 Duress Experian SA (Pty) Ltd Haynes and another (2013) 34 ILJ 529 (GSJ) and Arend & another v Astra Furnishers (Pty) Ltd 1974 (1) SA 1298 (C) and BOE Bank Bpk v Van Zyl 2002 (5) SA 165 (C ) and Medscheme Holdings (Pty ) Ltd & another v Bhamjee 2005 (5) SA 339 (SCA) Rambado v EZ Shuttle (Pty) Ltd (2012) 33 ILJ (CCMA ) and Makiwane v International Healthcare Distributors (2003) 24 ILJ 2150 (LC) Ulster v Standard Bank of South Africa Ltd (C647/2012) [2013] 3.18 Mistaken impression Concor Projects (Pty) Ltd t/a Concor Open Cast Mining v CCMA & others [2014] 6 BLLR 534 (LAC) 3.19 Misrepresentation Novick & another v Comair Holdings & others 1979 (2) SA 116 (W) and Ferguson v Basil Read (Pty) Ltd (2013) 34 ILJ 1163 (LC); [2013] 3 BLLR 274 (LC) 3.20 When arbitration has to be requested and what is the time limit Ceramic Industries Ltd v CCMA & another [2005] 12 BLLR 1235 (LC) De Vries v Lionel Murray Schwormstedt & Low 92001) 22 ILJ 1150 (LC) Indoor Amusements (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others (2004) 25 ILJ 2205 (LC) SATAWU obo Members v SAA (Pty) Ltd and others (JA54/13) [2014] ZALAC 40 (14 August 2014) and Nehawu obo Mofokeng and others v Charlotte Theron Children s Home (JA35/03)[2004] ZALAC (9 July 2004) 7

9 3.21 Effect of certificates of outcome Fidelity Guards Holdings (Pty) Ltd v Epstein and others [2000] 12 BLLR 1389 (LAC); (2000) 21 ILJ 2382 (LAC) Velinov v University of KwaZulu-Natal & others (2006) 27 ILJ 177 (LC) EOH Abantu (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others (2008) 29 (ILJ) 2588 (LC) Bombardier Transportation (Pty) Ltd v Lungile Mtiya NO & others [2010] 8 BLLR 840 (LC) Avgold - Target Division v CCMA & others (2010) ILJ 924 (LC); [2010] 2 BLLR 149 (LC) 3.22 Whether employment relationship should be proved at conciliation EOH Abantu (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others (2010) 31 ILJ 937 (LC); [2010] 2 BLLR 172 (LC) Dempster v Kahn NO & Others (1998) 19 ILJ 1475 (IC) Bombardier Transportation (Pty) Ltd v Lungile Mtiya NO & others [2010] 8 BLLR 840 (LC) 3.23 Effect of a premature referral of a dismissal dispute Avgold - Target Division v CCMA & others (2010) ILJ 924 (LC); [2010] 2 BLLR 149 (LC) 3.24 Powers of the arbitrator Shoredits Construction (Pty) Ltd v Pienaar NO and others 1995 (16) ILJ 390 at Reunert Industries (Pty) Limited t/a Reutech Defence Industries v Naicker and others [1997] 12 BLLR 1632 (LC) Filta-Matix (Pty) Ltd v Freudenberg (1998) 1 SA 606 (SCA) Cusa v Tao Ying Metal Industries and others (2008) 29 ILJ 2461 (CC) Equity Aviation Services Pty (Ltd) v CCMA & others (2008) 29 ILJ 2507 (CC) NUMSA obo Sinuko v Powertech Transformers (DPM) and others (CA16/2012) [2012] ZALAC 34; [2014] 2 BLLR 133 (LAC); (2014) 35 ILJ 954 (LAC) (2 December 2013) 3.25 Section 147 discretion Section 147(3) Pankana CC t/a R & W Transport Components v Dreyer NO & others (2012) 33 ILJ 692 (LC) 8

10 Magic Company v CCMA & others (2005) 26 ILJ 271 (LC) When may CCMA assume jurisdiction SACTWU obo Stinise v Dakbor Clothing (Pty) Ltd & others (2007) ILJ 1318 (LC) NBCRFI v Carlbank Mining Contracts (Pty) Ltd & another JOL (LAC) 3.26 Belated allegation that union activities was reason for dismissal Evan Gordon Enterprises (Pty) Ltd v Phetla NO & others (2012) 33 ILJ 229 (LC)

11 4 REPRESENTATION 4.1 Legal representation CCMA & others v Law Society Northern Provinces (005/13) [2013] ZASCA 118 dated 20 September Nertherburn Engneering cc t/a Nethernburn Ceramic v Mudau & others [2009] 30 ILJ 269 (LAC) 4.2 Factors to consider in determining whether legal representation should be allowed NUM & Mohlalisi v CCMA and others ZALAC [JA90/2013] Vaal Toyota (Nigel) v MIBCO and others [2002] 10 BLLR 936 (LAC) 4.3 Reviewable irregularities SA Post Office v Govender & others (2003) 18 ILJ 1733 (LC) Coyler v Essack (1997) 18 ILJ 1382 (LC) Commuter Handling Services (Pty ) Ltd v Mokoena & others [2002] 9 BLLR 843 (LC) SASOL Infrachem v Daniel and others [2014] ZALAC 52 (21 October 2014) 4.4 Fellow member of employers organisation AHI Employers Organisation obo Members v CCMA; AHI Employers Organisation obo Members & Others v CCMA & Others [2012] ZALCJH (1 February 2012) NUM obo Mabote v CCMA and others [2013] 10 BLLR 1020 (LC) Bidvest Food Services (Pty) Ltd v NUMSA obo others [2014] ZALCCT 58 (31 October 2014) TGWU v Coin Security Group (Pty) Ltd [2001] 4 BLLR 458 (LC) County Fair Food (Pty) Ltd v CCMA [2003] 2 BLLR 134 (LAC) 4.5 Legal representation for jurisdictional objections Shell SA Energy (Pty) Ltd v National Bargaining Council for the Chemical Industry & others (2013) 34 ILJ 1490 (LAC) 10

12 5 CONCILIATION 5.1 Impact of categorisation of dispute on certificate of non-resolution and referral National Union of Metal Workers of SA & others v Driveline Technologies (Pty) Ltd (2000) 21 ILJ 142 (LAC) Goldfields Mining SA (Pty) Ltd (Kloof Gold Mine) v CCMA and others [2010] 2 BLLR 149 (LC) Parliament of Republic of South Africa v Charlton [2010] 10 BLLR 1024 (LAC) and Wardlaw v Supreme Moundings (Pty) Ltd (2007) 28 ILJ 1042 (LAC) Ingo Strautmann v Silver Meadows Trading 99 (Pty) Ltd t/a Mugg and Bean Suncoast (unreported Case No D412/07) Bombardier Transportation (Pty) Ltd v Mtiya NO & others [2010] 8 BLLR 840 (LC) 5.2 Dismissal at conciliation not empowered Premier Gauteng & another v Ramabulana N.O & others (2008) 29 ILJ 1099 (LAC) 5.3 Telephonic conciliation permissible GIWUSA on behalf of Heyneke v Klein Karoo Kooperasie Bpk (2005) 26 ILJ 1083 (LC) 5.4 Commissioner s powers at conciliation Kasipersad v CCMA & others [2003] 2 BLLR 187 (LC) Bombardier Transportation (Pty) Ltd v Mtiya NO & others [2010] 8 BLLR 840 (LC) 11

13 6 CON-ARB 6.1 Effect of neither party objecting to con-arb Pioneer Foods (Pty) Ltd t/a Sasko Milling & Baking (Duens Bakery) v CCMA & Others [2011] 8 BLLR 771 (LC) and Keerom Casa Hotel v Heinrichs and another [1999] 1 BLLR 27 (LC) 6.2 Effect of an objection to con-arb Ceramic Industries Ltd v CCMA & Another [2005] 12 BLLR 1235 (LC) Modikwa Platinum Mine (Pty) Ltd v CCMA and Others [2012] 6 BLLR 578 (LC) 12

14 7 ARBITRATION 7.1 Duties of Commissioners Sidumo and Another v Rustenburg Platinum Mines Ltd and Others (2007) 28 ILJ 2405 (CC) Kobe and Another v CCMA and Others (JR2014/11) [2014] ZALCJHB 118 (Handed down on 10 March 2014) Land Bank v Nowosenetz NO and others (JR3392/10) [2013] ZALCJHB (handed down on 2 November 2010) Raswiswi v CCMA and others (2011) 32 ILJ 2186 (LC) Anglo Operations Ltd (Kriel Colliery) v CCMA & others [2014] 7 BLLR 719 (LC) Scholtz v Maseko NO & Others [2000] 9 BLLR 1111 (LC) Mabitsela v Department of Local Government & Housing & Others [2012] 8 BLLR 790 (LC) Klaasen v CCMA & Others [2005] 10 BLLR 964 (LC) Jansen v CCMA and Others (JR297/2009) [2014] ZALCJHB 76 (handed down on 20 March 2014) Threewaterskloof Municipality v SALGBC (Western Cape Division) and others [2010] 11 BLLR 1216 (LC) Cash Paymaster Services Northwest (Pty) Ltd v Paul Shabangu NO & others [2009] 5 BLLR 415 (LC) Edcon Ltd v Pillemer No & Others [2008] 5 BLLR 391 (LAC) Goldfields Mining SA (Pty) Ltd (Kloof Gold Mine) v CCMA and others (JA2/2012) [2013] ZALAC28; [2014] 1 BLLR 20 (LAC); (2014) 35 ILJ 943 (LAC) Chabalala v MEIBC and others (JR2963/2011) [2013] ZALAC JHB Impact of merit rulings on succeeding Commissioner Sondolo IT (Pty) Ltd v Howes & others [2009] 5 BLLR 499 (LC) 7.3 Functus Officio PT Operational Services (Pty) Ltd v Retail and Allied Workers Union obo Ngwetsana [2013] 3 BLLR 225 (LAC) 7.4 Absolution from the instance 13

15 7.4.1 Joubert v Legal Aid South Africa, (2011) 32 ILJ 1921 (LC) and Minister of Safety and Security v Madisha & Others [2009] 1 BLLR 80 (LC) and Claude Neon Lights (Pty) Ltd v Daniel 1976 (4) SA 403 (A)) 7.5 Postponements The Only Professional Modern Autobody cc t/a Modern Collission Centre v MISA obo P J Gouws and 2 others (JR2811/2010 and J2215/10) (Delivered 14 June 2012); Voster v CCMA and Others (2002) 23 ILJ 1899 (LC) Coin Security Group (Pty) Ltd v Mshengu and Others 2001 (22) ILJ 910 (LC) Northern Province Development Corporation v CCMA and Others (2001) 22 ILJ Second application for postponment Intersite Property Management Services v Khululekile Mchuba & Others (JR 1343/2011) [2013] ZALCJHB 217 (handed down on 13 August 2013); Western Cape Southern Suburbs Real Estate (Pty) Ltd t/a Seeff Properties v CCMA and others 2009 (30) ILJ 2158 (LC) 7.7 Finding a party in contempt Bargaining Council for the Clothing Manufacturing Industry & Another v Prinsloo [2007] 9 BLLR 825 (LC) Ciro Beverage Solutions (Pty) Ltd v SA Transport & Allied Workers Union & others (2014) 35 ILJ 1275 (LC) Fakie NO v CCII Systems (Pty) Ltd 2006 (4) SA 326 (SCA) 7.8 Costs South African Airways Technical (SOC) Ltd v SATAWU and Another (2014) 35 ILJ 1638 (LC) (8 November 2013) and NUM v East Rand Gold and Uranium Co Ltd (1991) 12 ILJ 1221 (A) Wallis v Thorpe and Another [2010] 31 ILJ 1254 (LC) Public Servant Association of SA on behalf of Khan v Tsabadi NO and others [2012] 33 ILJ 2117 (LC) 7.9 Withdrawals Ncaphayi v CCMA & others (2011) 32 ILJ 402 (LC) Kgobokoe v CCMA & others (2012) 33 ILJ 235 (LC) 14

16 7.9.1 SAMWU and Others v CCMA and another (J2448/13) [2013] ZALCJHB 303 (21 November 2013) 15

17 8 EVIDENCE 8.1 Balance of probability Govan v Skidmore 1952 (1) SA 732 (N) 8.2 Evaluating evidence - relevance admissibility and weight Stellenbosch Farmers Winery Group Ltd and Another v Martell & Kie SA and Others 2003 (1) SA 11 (SCA) and The Director General: Department of Public Works: Limpopo v Sello Jermia Tselane (JR948/09, in Northam Platinum LTD v Fganyago NO & Others [2009] JOL (LC) and Gwala v Commissioner for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration and Others (D296/11) [2013] ZALCD 11 (14 May 2013) Sasol Mining (Pty) Ltd v Ngqeleni NO & Others (2011) 32 ILJ (LC) BANDA v GPSSBC and another (JR3272/2009) ZALCJHB (26 February 2014) and Standerton Mills (Pty) Ltd v Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration and Others Moodley v Illovo Gledhow and others (2004) 25 ILJ 1462 (LC). 8.3 Failure to call a witness Bargaining Council for the Furniture Manufacturing Industry, KwaZulu Natal v UKD Marketing CC and Others (2013) 34 ILJ 96 (LAC) Tshishonga v Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development and Another (2007) 28 ILJ 196 (LC) De Beer v Trudon (Pty) Ltd (1994) 15 ILJ 1057 (LAC) and Food and Allied Workers Union and Others v Amalgamated Beverage Industries Ltd (1994) 15 ILJ 1057 (LAC) 8.4 Types of evidence General HEARSAY EVIDENCE Matsekoleng v Shoprite Checkers [2013] 2 BLLR 130 (LAC) Southern Sun Hotels (Pty) Ltd v SA Commercial Catering & Allied Works Union and Another (2000) 21 ILJ 1315 (LAC) Swiss South Africa (Pty) Ltd v Louw NO and others (2006) 27 ILJ 395 (LC) Sisonke Partnership t/a International Healthcare Distributors v National Bargaining Council for Chemical Industry & Others (JA51/10)[2013] ZALAC 16 (19 July 2013) 16

18 8.4.6 NUMSA obo ADAM v Volkswagen South Africa (Pty) Ltd [2002] 9 BALR 967 (CCMA) NUMSA obo Mnisi v First National Battery [2007] 10 BALR907 (NBCCI) CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE Duncan Manufacturing v MEIBC and others [2010] ZALC 131 (7 September 2010) and Komape v Spoornet (Pty) Ltd and Others [2008] ZALC 72 EXPERT WITNESS IO Tech Manufacturing (Pty) Ltd and others v Gallager Group Ltd and another [2014] 2 ALL SA 134 (SCA) DOCUMENTARY EVIDENCE Botha v S [2010] 2 ALL 116 (SCA) Trend Finance (Pty) Ltd and another v Commissioner for SARS and another [2005] 4 All SA 657 (C) 8.5 Parol evidence rule Kingswood Golf Estate (Pty) Ltd v Witts-Hewinson and another [2014] 2 ALL SA 35 (SCA) Denel (Pty) Ltd v Gerber [2005] 9 BLLR 849 (LAC) 8.6 Piercing the coprorate veil Bargaining Council for the Furniture Manufacturing Industry, KwaZulu Natal v UKD Marketing CC and others (2013) 34 ILJ 96 (LAC) and Cape Pacific Ltd v Lubner Controlling Investments (Pty) Ltd 1995 (4) SA 790 (A) Bargaining Council for the Furniture Manufacturing Industry, KwaZulu Natal v UKD Marketing CC and Others (2013) 34 ILJ 96 (LAC) Esterhuizen v Million-Air Services CC (in liquidation) & others (2007) 28 ILJ 1251 (LC) 8.7 POLYGRAPH TEST See chapter 24 17

19 9 RESCISSION 9.1 Rescission of certified awards Tony Gois t/a Shakespeare s Pub v Van Zyl & others (2003) 24 ILJ 2302 (LC) 9.2 Grounds for rescission Shoprite Checkers (Pty) Limited v CCMA and others (2007) 28 ILJ 2246 (LAC) Northern Training Trust v Maake & Others (2006) 27 ILJ 828 (LC) Ceramic Industries Ltd v CCMA & Others (2005) 12 BLLR 1235 (LC) Professional Transport Workers Union v Malema and Others (JA67/12) [2014] ZALAC Northern Province Government Association v CCMA and Others (2001) 5 BLLR 539 (LC) MM Steel Construction CC v Steel Engineering and Allied Workers Union of SA and Others (1994) 15 ILJ 1310 (LAC) Lumka and Associates v Maqubela (2004) 25 ILJ 2326 (LAC) 9.3 Application must fall within the ambit of Section Builders Trade Depot v CCMA & others [2012] 4 BLLR 343 (LC) 9.4 Service by fax Northern Province Local Government Association v CCMA & Others (2001) 5 BLLR 539 (LC) Edgars Consolidated Stores (Pty) Ltd v Kalanda & others [2007] 7 BLLR 632 (LC) Inzuzu I.T. Consulting (Pty) Limited v CCMA & others (2010) 12 BLLR 1288 (LC) 18

20 10 CONDONATION 10.1 Rule 9 of the CCMA Rules 10.2 Melane v Santam Insurance Co Ltd 1962 (4) SA 531 (A) at 532B-E;and SA Broadcasting Corporation v Commission for Conciliation, Mediation & Arbitration & others (2003) 24 ILJ 999 (LC) 10.3 Moila v Shai NO & Others (2007) 28 ILJ 1028 (LAC) 10.4 Independent Municipal & Allied Trade Union obo Zungu v SA Local Government Bargaining Council & others (2010) 31 ILJ 1413 (LC) 10.5 Chemical Energy Paper Printing Wood & Allied Workers Union & others v Metal Box t/a MB Glass (2005) 26 ILJ 92 (LC) 10.6 Arnott v Kunene Solutions & Services (Pty) Ltd (2002) 23 ILJ 1367 (LC) 10.7 PPWAWU & others v AF Dreyer & Co (Pty) Ltd [1997] 9 BLLR 1141 (LAC) 10.8 South African Post Office Ltd v CCMA & others [2012] 1 BLLR 30 (LAC) 10.9 Algoa Bus Company v SATAWU & others [2010] 2 BLLR 149 (LC) NEHAWU & others v Vanderbijlpark Society for the Aged [2011] 7 BLLR 690 (LC) Anglo Platinum Ltd v Mmapitsa & others [2011] 11 BLLR 1048 (LC) 19

21 11 UNFAIR DISMISSAL GENERAL FIXED TERM CONTRACTS 11.1 Termination of fixed term contract Denel (Pty) Ltd v Gerber [2005] 9 BLLR 849 (LAC) Sindane v Prestige Cleaning Services (2010) 31 ILJ 733 (LC) Fidelity Supercare Cleaning (Pty) Ltd v Busakwe NO and Others [2010] 3 BLLR 260 (LC) Laas v Blue Disa Trading 310 cc [2014] 9 BALR 917 (CCMA) Buthelezi v Municipal Demarcation Board [2005] 2 BLLR 115 (LAC) PSA obo Mbiza v Office of the Presidency (2014) 3 BLLR 275 (LC) Independent Municipal And Allied Trade Union and others v City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality and others [2014] 6 BLLR 545 (LAC) 11.2 Dismissal demanded by client of tes Nape v INTCS Corporate Solutions (Pty) Ltd [2010] 8 BLLR 852 (LC) Mnguni v Imperial Truck System (Pty) Ltd t/a Imperial Distribution (2002) 23 ILJ 492 (LC) NUMSA obo Daki v Colven Associates [2006] BALR877 (MEIBC) Jonas v Quest Staffing Solutions [2003] BALR 811 CCMA 11.3 Constructive dismissal Strategic Liquor Service v Mvumbi NO and others (2009) 30 ILJ (CC) Pretoria Society for the Care of the Retarded v Loots (1997) 18 ILJ 981 (LAC Albany Bakeries Ltd v Van Wyk & Others [2011] JOL (LAC) Motshegoa v Police and Prisons Civil Rights Union [2014] 8 BALR 808 (CCMA) Bothma v Fisher Incorporated Attorneys [2012] 5 BALR 475 (CCMA) 11.4 Constructive Dismissal not necessarily unfair Moser Industries (Pty) Ltd v Venn [1997] 11 BLLR 1402 (LAC) 20

22 DISMISSAL WITHOUT PRIOR WRITTEN WARNINGS 11.5 Progressive discipline Gcwensha v Commission for Conciliation, Mediation & Arbitration & others (2006) 27 ILJ 927 (LAC) Timothy v Nampak Corrugated Containers (Pty) Ltd [201] 8 BLLR (LAC) THE APPRORIATE REMEDY FOR UNFAIR DISMISSAL 11.6 Factors to consider Dr. D.C. Kemp t/a Centralmed v Rawlins (2009) 30 ILJ 2677 (LAC) Nyavhane v Voice on One [2004] 11 BALR 1419 (CCMA) 11.7 Providing adequate reasons for amount Mohlakoana v Commissioner, Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration and Another [2010] 10 BLLR 1061 (LC); (2010) 31 ILJ 2688 (LC) 11.8 Patrimonial loss Lakomski v TTS Tool Technic Systems (Pty) Ltd (2007) 28 ILJ 2775 (LC) Nape v INTCS Corporate Solutions (Pty) Ltd (2010) ILJ 2120 (LC) 11.9 Compensation for procedural unfairness Johnson & Johnson (Pty) Ltd v Chemical Workers Industrial Union (1999) 20 ILJ 89 (LAC) Dismissal to compel acceptance of a demand NUMSA & others v Fry s Metals (Pty) Ltd (2005) 26 ILJ 689 (SCA) Solidarity obo Wehncke v Surf4Cars (Pty) Ltd (2011) 32 ILJ 3037 (LC) 21

23 12 DISMSSAL FOR MISCONDUCT - PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS 12.1 General CCMA Guidelines: Misconduct Arbitrations 12.2 Minimum requirement for procedural fairness Avril Elizabeth Home for the Mentally Handicapped v CCMA and others (2006) 27 ILJ 1644 (LC); [2006] 9 BLLR 833 (LC) Nitrophoska (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others [2011] 8 BLLR 765 (LC) 12.3 Disciplinary action against shop steward (item 4(2) of the code of good practice) BIFAWU & another v Mutual and Federal Insurance Company Ltd [2006] 2 BLLR 118 (LAC) POPCRU obo Masemola & others v Minister of Correctional Services (2010) 31 ILJ 412 (LC) NCBAWU v Masinga & others [2000] 2 BLLR 171 (LC) 12.4 Legal representation at disciplinary enquiries MEC: Department of Finance, Economic Affairs and Tourism: Northern Province v Mahumani [2005] 2 BLLR 173 (SCA) Hamata & another v Chairperson Peninsula Technikon Internal Disciplinary Committee & others 2002 (5) SA 449 (SCA) Van Eyk v Minister of Correctional Services & others [2005] 6 BLLR 638 (EC) and Majola v MEC, Department of Public Works, Northern Province & others [2004] 1 BLLR 54 (LC) 13 DISMSSAL FOR MISCONDUCT SUBSTANTIVE FAIRNESS 13.1 Reason for dismissal Fidelity Cash Management Services v Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration and others [2008] 3 BLLR 197 (LAC) 13.2 Second enquiry / changing the chairperson s decision BMW (SA) (Pty) Ltd v Van der Walt (2000) 21 ILJ 113 (LAC) Branford v Metrorail Services (Durban) & others (2003) 24 ILJ 2269 (LAC): [2004] 3 BLLR 199 (LAC) 22

24 Factors to consider in determining if a second enquiry would be fair Greater Letaba Local Municipality v Mankgabe NO & others [2008] 3 BLLR 229 (LC) and SARS v CCMA and Others [2014] 1 BLLR 44 (LAC) Cape Town City Council v Masitho &others (2000) 21 ILJ 1957 (LAC) MEC for Finance, Kwazulu Natal and another v Dorkin No & another [2008] 6 BLLR 540 (LAC) Samson v CCMA [2009] 11 BLLR 1119 (LC) Solidarity/MWU on behalf of Van Staden v Highveld Steel & Vanadium & another (2005) 26 ILJ 2045 (LC) SACCAWU & others v Irvin & Johnson Ltd (1999) 20 ILJ 2302 (LAC); [1999] 8 BLLR 741 (LAC) Cape Town City Council v Masitho & others (2000) 21 ILJ 1957 (LAC) 13.3 Reinstatment Nel v Oudtshoorn Municipality & another (2013) 34 ILJ 1737 (SCA) and Myers v National Commissioner of South African Police Service [2014] 5 BLLR 461 (LC) Eskom Holdings Ltd v Fipaza & others (2013) 34 ILJ 549 (LAC) 14 DISMISSAL FOR POOR WORK PERFORMANCE Pernod Ricard SA (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others (2011) 32 ILJ 119 (LC) Gostelow v Datakor Holdings (Pty) Ltd t/a Corporate Copilith (1993) 14 ILJ 171 (IC) Smuts v Adair [1999] 4 BLLR 392 (LC) Boss Logistics v Phopi & Others (2010) 31 ILJ 1644 (LC) Eskom v Mokoena [1997] 8 BLLR 965 (LAC) 14.2 Poor performance standards for senior managers Somyo v Ross Poultry Breeders (PTY) Ltd [1997] 7 BLLR 862 (LAC) Palace Engineering (Pty) Ltd v Ngcobo and others [2014] 6 BLLR 557 (LAC) 23

25 15 DISMISSAL FOR OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS 15.1 Retrenchment section 189 & 189 a NEHAWU & Others v University of Pretoria [2006] 27 ILJ 117 (LAC) At what stage must the parties consult? National Union of Mineworkers v Anglo American Platinum LTD & Others [2012] 12 BLLR 1252 (LC) General Food Industries (Pty) Ltd v FAWU & Others (2004) 25 ILJ 1260 (LAC) NUMSA & Others v SA Five Engineering & Others [2005] 1 BLLR 53 (LC) Enterprise Food (Pty) Ltd v Allen & Others [2004] 7 BLLR 659 (LAC) Porter Motor Group v Karachi (2002) 23 ILJ 348 (LAC) General Food Industries Ltd t/a Blue Ribbon Bakeries v FAWU & Others [2004] 9 BLLR 849 (LAC) Country Fair Foods (Pty) Ltd v OCGAWU & Others [2003] 7 BLLR 647 (LAC) 15.2 Who to consult Zero Appliances (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & Others [2007] 7 BLLR 683 (LC); Baloyi v M&P Manufacturing (Pty) Ltd [2001] 4 BLLR 389 (LAC);Maluleke & others v Johnson Tiles (Pty) Ltd [2008] 11 BLLR 1065 (LC) 15.3 Leading evidence regarding procedural fairness in cases where section 189a applies Broll Property Group (Pty) Ltd v Du Pont & others (2006) 27 ILJ 269 (LAC) Watts v Fidelity Corporate Services (Pty) Ltd [2007] 6 BLLR 579 (LC) 15.4 Single retrenchments Nape v INTCS Corporate Solutions (Pty) Ltd [2010] 8 BLLR 852 (LC) Bracks N.O. & another v Rand Water & another (2010) 31 ILJ 897 (LAC); [2010] 8 BLLR 795 (LAC) 15.5 Fair and objective selection criteria Van Rooyen & Others v Blue Financial Services (SA) Pty Ltd [2010] 10 BLLR 1119 (LC) 24

26 Screenex Wire Weaving Manufacturing (Pty) Ltd v Jafter Ngema & others JA 49/07 (LAC) handed down on the 2nd of September Foodgro (A division of Leisurenet) Ltd v Keil [1999] 9 BLLR 875 (LAC) Super Group Supply Chain Partners v Dlamini & another [2013] 3 BLLR 255 (LAC) CWIU v Lennon Ltd [1994] 10 BLLR 1 (LAC) 15.6 Notice of retrenchment NUMSA v General Motors of South Africa (Pty) Ltd [2007] BLLR 914 (LC) 15.7 Substantive fairness CWIU & Others v Latex Surgical Products (Pty) Ltd [2006] 2 BLLR 142 (LAC) BMD Knitting Mills (Pty) Ltd v SACTWU [2001] 7 BLLR 705 (LAC) Van Rensburg v Austen Safe Company [1998] 1 BLLR 86 (LC) FAWU obo Kapesi & Others v Premier Foods Ltd t/a Blue Ribbon Salt Rivier [2010] 9 BLLR 903 (LC) NUMSA & Others v Dorbyl Ltd & Another [2004] 9 BLLR 914 (LC) SACWU v Afrox Ltd [1999] 10 BLLR 1005 (LAC) 15.8 Remedies for unfair retrenchment Mamabolo & Others v Manchu Consulting CC [1996] 6 BLLR 562 (LC). 16 SEVERANCE PAY 16.1 Severance pay more than statutory minimum Telkom (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others [2004] 8 BLLR 844 (LC) 16.2 Retrenchment at alleged normal retirement age Kirsten v Southern Cross Manufacturing Co Ltd t/a Southern Cross Industries (2006) 27 ILJ 2471 (CCMA) Severance pay entitlement 25

27 Irvin & Johnson Ltd v CCMA & others [2006] 7 BLLR 613 (LAC) Kruse v Gijima AST (Pty) Ltd [2010] 7 BLLR 722 (LC) Fidelity Supercare Cleaning (Pty) Ltd v Busakwe N.O & others [2010] 3 BLLR 260 (LC) Burman Katz Attorney v Brand NO & Others [2001] 2 BLLR 125 (LC) Kitchin v Tiger Oats Ltd [1996] 9 BLLR 1084 (LAC) Freshmark (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & Others [2003] 6 BLLR 521 (LAC) Astrapak Manufacturing Holdings (Pty) Ltd t/a East Rand Plastics v CEPPWAWU [2013] 12 BLLR 1194 (LAC) Sayles v Tartan Steel CC [2000] 2 BLLR 161 (LAC) 16.4 Severance pay and s197 transfer Pama & Others v CCMA & Others [2001] 9 BLLR 1079 (LC) MISA / SAMWU obo Members v Madikor Drie (Pty) Ltd [2006] 1 BLLR 12 (LC) AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd v Roos [2007] 10 BLLR 291 (LAC) 16.5 Calculation of severance pay Telkom (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & Others [2004] 8 BLLR 844 (LC) SATU obo Van As & others v Kohler Flexible Packaging (Cape) a division of Kohler Packaging Ltd [2002] 7 BLLR 605 (LAC) 16.6 Voluntary severance package University of the North v Franks & others [2002] 8 BLLR 701 (LAC) MAADA v MEC of the Northern Provinces for Finance & Expenditure & others [2003] 5 BLLR (LAC) 17 SECTION 197 TRANSFERS 17.1 Premature termination 26

28 Buthelezi v Municipal Demarcation Board (2004) 25 ILJ 2317 (LAC) Fedlife Assurance Ltd v Wolfaardt 2002 (1) SA 49 (SCA); (2001) 22 ILJ 2407 (SCA) Public Servant Association obo Mbiza v Office of the Presidency and others [2014] 3 BLLR 275 (LC) 17.2 Reasonable expectation and claim for permanent employment University of Pretoria v CCMA & others [2012] 2 BLLR 164 (LAC) 17.3 Reasonable expectation of renewal University of Cape Town v Thomas auf der Heyde [2001] 12 BLLR 1316 (LAC) SA Rugby Player Association v SA Rugby (Pty) Ltd (2008) 29 ILJ 2218 (LAC) MEC for the Department of Finance, Eastern Cape v De Milander & others [2011] 9 BLLR 893 (LC) Joseph v University of Limpopo & others [2011] 12 BLLR 1166 (LAC) 17.4 Remedies for dismissal disputes related to fixed term contracts Public Servant Association obo Mbiza v Office of the Presidency and others [2014] 3 BLLR 275 (LC) 18 SECTION 197 TRANSFERS 18.1 General application of section NEHAWU v University of Cape Town and Others [2003] 2 BLLR 154 (CC) Aviation Union of SA & another v SA Airways (Pty) Ltd & others (2011) 32 ILJ 2861 (CC) 18.2 When is a business transferred as a going concern? Transport and Allied Workers Union of SA v Transnet and Others (J175/2011) ZALCJHB (Delivered on 20 June 2013) Pointies Panel Beaters Partnership v NUMSA & others [2009] 2 BLLR 99 (LAC) Schutte & Others v Powerplus Performance (Pty) Ltd & Another (1999) 20 ILJ 665 (LC) 18.3 Second generation transfers 27

29 SAMWU and Others v Rand Airport Management Company (Pty) Ltd & Others (2005) 26 ILJ 67 (LAC) COSAWU obo Members v Zikhethele Trading (Pty) Ltd (2005) 26 ILJ 1056 (LC) and Zikhethele Trading (Pty) Ltd v COSAWU obo Members & Others [2008] 2 BLLR 163 (LAC) Aviation Union of SA & another v SA Airways (Pty) Ltd & others (2011) 32 ILJ 2861 (CC) 18.4 Automatically unfair dismissals related to section Douglas & others v Gauteng MEC for Health [2008] 5 BLLR 401 (LC) Business & Design Software (Pty) Ltd & Another v Van der Velde [2009] 8 BLLR 746 (LAC) 18.5 Liability of the old and the new employer Anglo Office Supplies (Pty) Ltd v Lotz (2008) 29 ILJ 953 (LAC) 18.6 Consultation and s197 transfer Irvin & Johnson Ltd v CCMA & Others [2002] 12 BLLR 194 (LC) Jenkin v Khumbula Media Connexions (Pty) Ltd [2010] 12 BLLR 1295 (LC) Kruger v Jigsaw Holdings Ltd & Others [2006] 7 BLLR 670 (LC) Forecourt Express (Pty) Ltd v SATAWU & Others [2007] 2 BLLR 101 (LAC) 19 PROMOTION 19.1 Meaning Mashegoane & Another v University of the North [1998] 1 BLLR 73 (LC) at 76 and Jele v Premier of the Province of KwaZulu-Natal & others (2003) ILJ 1392 (LC) at Relevant considerations in deciding fairness City of Cape Town v SA Municipal Workers Union on behalf of Sylvester & others (2013) 34 ILJ 1156 (LC); [2013] 3 BLLR 267 (LC) and Aries v CCMA & others (2006) 27 ILJ 2324 (LC) De Nysschen v General Public Service Sectoral Bargaining Council & others (2007) 28 ILJ 375 (LC) 28

30 Noonan v Safety and Security Sectorial Bargaining Council and Others [2012] 33 ILJ 2597 (LAC) 19.3 When should other candidates be joined National Commissioner of the SAPS v Safety & Security Sectoral Bargaining Council & others [2005] 8 BLLR 808 (LC) Gordon v Department of Health: KwaZulu-Natal [2008] (29) ILJ 2535 (SCA) 19.4 Polygraph results as selection criterion Sedibeng Local Municipality v SALGBC & others (JR1559/09) [2012] ZALCJHB 45; [2012] 9 BLLR 923 (LC); 2013 (1) SA 395 (LC); (2013) 64 ILJ 166 (LC) (31 May 2012) 19.5 Upgrading Minister of Labour v Mathibeli & others (2013) 34 ILJ 1548 (LC) 20 DEMOTION 20.1 Meaning Section 186(2) (a) Nxele v Chief Deputy Commissioner, Corporate Services, Department of Correctional Services & others (2008) 29 ILJ 2708 (LAC) SA Police Services v Salukazana & others (2010) 31 ILJ 2465 (LC) Van Der Riet v Leisurenet Ltd t/a Health and Racquet Club [1998] 5 BLLR 471 (LAC) 21 Training MITUSA & other v Transnet Ltd & others [2002] BLLR 1023 (LAC) Eskom v Marshall & Others [2003] 1 BLLR 12 (LC) at par Benefits Apollo Tyres South Africa (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & Others (2013) 34 ILJ 1120 (LAC) Protekon (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others [2005] 7 BLLR 703 (LC) 29

31 South African Post Office Ltd v Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration and others [2012] 11 BLLR 1183 (LC) IMATU obo Vorster v Umhlatuze Municipality [2011] 9 BLLR 882 (LC) 23 UNFAIR SUSPENSION 23.1 Pending a disciplinary enquiry Koka v Director-General: Provincial Administration North West Government (1997) 7 BLLR 874 (LC) SAPU & another v National Commissioner of the South African Police Service & another (2006) 1 BLLR 42 (LC) Sappi Forests (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others [2009] 3 BLLR 254 (LC); and Ndlovu v Transnet Ltd t/a Portnet [1997] 7 BLLR 887 (LC), Ngwenya v Premier of Kwazulu-Natal [2001] 8 BLLR 924 (LC); Minister of Labour v GPSSBC & others [2007] 5 BLLR 467(LC) MEC for Education: North West Provincial Government v Errol Randal Gradwell (2012) 8 BLLR 747 (LAC) Gradwell case above POPCRU obo Masemola & others v Minister of Correctional Services (2010) 31 ILJ 412 (LC) and Mogothle v Premier of the Northwest Province & another (2009) ILJ 605 (LC); and Lebu v Maquassi Hills Local Municipality (2012) 4 BLLR 411 (LC ) SAPO Ltd v Jansen Van Vuuren NO & others (2008) 8 BLLR 798 (LC) and Minister of Labour v General Public Service Sectoral Bargaining Council and others (2007) 5 BLLR 461 (LC) County Fair v CCMA & Others [1998] 6 BLLR 577 (LC) and South African Breweries Ltd (Beer Division) v Woolfrey & Others (1999) 5 BLLR 525 (LC)) Mayaba v Commission for Conciliation Mediation And Arbitration and Another (J2204/2014) [2014] ZALCJHB 364 (19 September 2014) 24 OCCUPATIONAL DETRIMENT AND RELEVANT CONSIDERATIONS IN DETERMINING COMPENSATION 24.1 Provisions of the Protected Disclosure Act What constitutes disclosure? Protection 30

32 The Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development & another v Tshishonga [2009] 9 BLLR 862 (LAC) Xakaza v Ekurhuleni Metro Municipality and others [2013] 7 BLLR 731 (LC) Van Alphen v Rheinmetall Denel Munition (Pty) Ltd (2013) 34 ILJ 3314 (LC) Johannes Izak Beaurain v Martin and others (C16/2012) ZALC (delivered March 2014) 25 MISCONDUCT SPECIFIC OFFENCES (VIOLATIONS) 25.1 Absence without leave (awol) Khulani Fidelity Services Group v CCMA and Others [2009] 7 BLLR 664 (LC) SACWU v Dyasi [2001] 7 BLLR 731 (LAC) SA Broadcasting Corporation v CCMA & others (2002) 23 ILJ 1549 (LAC) Mofokeng v KSB Pump (2003) 24 ILJ 1756 (BCA) 25.2 Dismissal based on suspicion Mbanjwa v Shoprite Checkers (Pty) Ltd and others (DA4/11) [2013] ZALAC 129 (7 November 2013) Supervening impossibility of performance Moeketsi v Spilkin Optometrist [2012] JOL (CCMA) Mamabolo v Protea Coin Group (Pty) Ltd [2011] 10 BALR 104 (CCMA) 25.4 Absence without leave Imprisoned employees Lebowa Platinum Mines Ltd v CCMA & Others[2002] 5 BLLR Trident Steel (Pty) Ltd v Commission for Conciliation, Mediation & Arbitration & others (2005) 26 ILJ 1519 (LC) Eskom Ltd v CCMA & others [2008] JOL22274 (LC) National Union of Mineworkers & another v Samancor Ltd (Turbatse Ferrochrome) & other (2011) 32 ILJ 1618 (SCA); and Samancor Tubatse Ferrochrome v MEIBC & others (2010) BLLR 824 (LAC) 31

33 NUM & another v CCMA & others [2009] 8 BLLR 777 (LC) 25.5 Dismissal for incapacity IMATU obo Strydom v Witzenburg Municipality and Others [2012] 7 BLLR 660 (LAC) National Union of Mineworkers v Libanon Gold Mining co Ltd (1994) 15 ILJ 585 (LAC) A-B v SA Breweries Ltd (2001) 22 ILJ 495 (CCMA) 25.6 Under the influence of alcohol / drugs Marko Shanya v Trojan Truck systems (Pty) Ltd [2014] (CCMA) Tanker Services (Pty) Ltd v Magudulela [1997] 12 BLLR 1552 (LAC) Tosca Labs v CCMA & others [2012] 5 BLLR 529 (LC) Transnet Freight Rail v Transnet Bargaining Council & Others [2011] 6 BLLR 594 (LC) 25.7 Derogative and racist remarks Crown Chickens (Pty) Ltd t/a Rocklands Poultry v Kapp and others (2002) 23 ILJ (LAC) Labour Court in Custance v South African Local Government Bargaining Council & Others (2003) 24 ILJ (LC) Modikwa Mining Personnel Services (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & Others [2012] ZALCJHB (Handed down 29 June 2012); and Specialized Belting & Hose (Pty) Ltd v Sello NO & Others [2009] 7 BLLR 704 (LC) and also JAMAFO Nero v Pick n Pay (2007) 28 ILJ 588 (CCMA) Solidarity/MWU on behalf of Van Staden v Highveld Steel & Vanadium & another (2005) 26 ILJ 2045 (LC) Sedick & Another v Krisray (Pty) Ltd [2011] 8 BALR 879 (CCMA) 25.8 UNAUTHORISED REMOVAL OF EMPLOYER S PROPERTY UNAUTHORISED EATING IN A SUPERMARKET Shoprite Checkers (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others [2008] 12 BLLR 1211 (LAC) Shoprite Checkers (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others [2008] 9 BLLR 838 (LAC) CONCEALMENT & DISHONESTY 32

34 Rainbow Farms (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & Others [2011] 5 BLLR 451 (LAC) Woolworths (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & Others [2011] 10 BLLR 936 (LAC); Miyambo v CCMA & others (2010) 31 ILJ 2031 (LAC); De Beer Consolidated Mines Ltd v CCMA & Others [2000] 9 BLLR 995 (LAC) and to Shoprite Checkers (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & Others [2008] 9 BLLR 838 (LAC); Toyota South Africa Motors (Pty) Ltd v Radebe & Others [2000] 3 BLLR 243 (LAC) and Hulett Aluminum (Pty) Ltd v MEIBC & Others [2008] 3 BLLR 241 (LC) Sleeping while working impermissible hours and dishonestly receiving payment for such hours Boardman Brothers (Natal) (Pty) Ltd v CWIU [1998] 7 BLLR 655 (A) Derivative misconduct Foschini Group v Maidi & others (2010) 31 ILJ 1787 (LAC) FAWU obo Kapesi & others v Premier Foods t/a Blue Ribbon Salt River [2010] 9 BLLR 903 (LC) SAGAWU obo Cingo & another v Pep SA Ltd t/a Pep Stores [2004] 10 BALR 1262 (LC) Chauke & others v Lee Service Centre t/a Leeson Motors (1998) 19 ILJ 1441 (LAC) FEDCRAW v Snip Trading (Pty) Ltd [2001] BALR 669 (P) Failure to undergo polygraph test DHL Supply Chain (Pty) Ltd v NBCRFLI and others [2014] 9 BLLR 860 (LAC) (13 May 2014) FAWU obo Kapesi and Others v Premier Foods t/a Blue Ribbon Salt River (2012) 33 ILJ 1779 (LAC) SATAWU and Others v Khulani Fidelity Security Services (Pty) Ltd (2011) (LAC) Truworths Ltd v CCMA (2009) 30 ILJ 677 (LC) National Union of Mineworkers & others v Coin Security Group (Pty) Ltd t/a Protea Coin Group (2011) 32 ILJ137 (LC); and Fidelity Cash Management Services v Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration and others [2008] 3 BLLR 197 (LAC) Insubordination Wasteman Group v South African Municipal Workers Union [2012] 8 BLLR 778 (LAC) 33

35 25.13 Failure to disclose previous dismissal ESKOM Holdings Ltd v Fipzaz & others (2013) 34 ILJ 549 (LAC) ABSA Bank Ltd v Fouche 2003 (1) SA 176 (SCA) Failure to attend a disciplinary enquiry Old Mutual Life Assurance Co SA Ltd v Gumbi [2007] 4 ALL SA 866 (SCA) (17 May 2007) Fidelity Cash Management Service v CCMA & others [2008] 3 BLLR 197 (LAC) 26 TAX DEDUCTIONS FROM AMOUNTS DUE IN TERMS OF SETTLEMENT AGREEMENTS AND AWARDS Eckhard v Filpro Industrial Filters (Pty) Ltd (1999) 20 ILJ 2043 (LC) 26.2 Shellard Media (Pty) Ltd v Barnard [2002] 11 BLLR 1359 (LC) 26.3 Motor Industry Staff Association & Another v Club Motors, a Division of Barlow Motor Investments (Pty) Ltd (2003) 24 ILJ 421 (LC); and LSRC & Associates v Blom (2011) 32 ILJ 2685 (LC) 26.4 Penny v 600 SA Holdings (Pty) Ltd (2003) 24 ILJ 967 (LC) 26.5 Naidoo v The Careways (Pty) Ltd and Another [2014] 1 BLLR 69 (LC) 27 STATUTORY MONIES 27.1 Consolidation of disputes Section 74 of the BCEA of Calculation: for purposes of determining if an employee is earning below the threshold (section 6(3) of the bcea) Mondi Packaging (Pty) Ltd v Department of Labour & Others (2008) 29 ILJ 371 (LC) 27.3 Calculation for severance pay Zietsman & others v Transnet Ltd (2008) 29 ILJ 779 (LC) 34

36 27.4 Calculation of outstanding statutory amounts WHAT AMOUNTS TO INCLUDE WHAT AMOUNT IS EXCLUDED VALUE OF PAYMENT IN KIND (SCHEDULE TO SECTION 35(5)) 27.5 Calculating leave pay LEAVE PAY-WHEN PAYABLE AND LIMIT Jooste v Kohler Packaging Ltd (2004) 25 ILJ 121 (LC) LEAVE PAY AGREEMENT TO PAY LEAVE PAY ON A MONTHLY BASIS AND NOT AT THE TIME LEAVE IS TAKEN Minny & another v Smart Plan CC (2010) 31 ILJ 675 (LC) 27.6 Calculating notice pay SABC v CCMA & Others [2002] 8 BLLR 693 (LAC) When is there no obligation to pay notice pay? 28 ORGANISATIONAL RIGHTS 28.1 Jurisdictional requirements SA Commercial Catering and Allied Workers Union v Specialty Stores Ltd (1998) 19 ILJ 557 (LAC); [1998] 4 BLLR 352 (LAC) PEREMPTORY REQUIREMENTS Health & Hygiene Services v Seedat NO & others [1999] 11 BLLR 1153 (LC) 28.2 What constitutes a workplace SA Commercial Catering and Allied Workers Union v Specialty Stores Ltd (1998) 19 ILJ 557 (LAC) Definition of workplace in section 213 of the LRA 28.3 More than one place of work 35

37 Chamber of Mines of south Africa acting in its own name and obo Harmony Gold Mining Company Ltd and another v Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union and others [2014] 3 BLLR 258 (LC) FAGWU obo Miya & 95 others v Capital Contracting Services (unreported);ocgawu v Woolworths (Pty) Ltd (1997) 7 BALR 813 (CCMA);OCGWU & another v Total SA (Pty) Ltd (1999) 20 ILJ 2176 (CCMA);SABAWU v Mr Price, unreported Case No GAJB ;DICHAWU obo Members v Mr Price, unreported Case No: GAJB 20440/ Workplace at the premises of a tes, client of tes or client 28.5 Qualifying for organisational rights Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union obo Members v Sibanye Gold Driefontein Mine [2014] 8 BALR 794 (CCMA) SIGNIFICANT INTEREST - Amendments in terms of the LRAA of Solidarity v Mercedes Benz of SA (Pty) Ltd [2011] 11 BALR 1216 (CCMA) Factors to consider in awarding organizational rights MOST REPRESENTATIVE TRADE UNION - Amendments in terms of the LRAA of Transnet Soc Ltd v National Transport Movement and others [2014] 1 BLLR 98 (LC), and National Union of Mineworkers of SA and others v Bader Bop (Pty) Ltd (2003) 24 ILJ 305 (CC) 28.6 Relevant considerations when settling Transport Action Retail & General Workers Union and Blue Waters Hotel (2012) 33 ILJ 2514 (CCMA) Edgars Consolidated Stores Ltd v FEDCRAW [2004] 7 BLLR 649 (LAC) 29 ENFORCEMENT OF AWARDS/ ORDERS 29.1 The effect of certification of an award Chillibush Communications (Pty) Ltd v Gericke and others (2010) 31 ILJ 1350 (LC) MIBCO v Osborne & others [2003] 6 BLLR 573 (LC) Molaetsa v Meyer & another (2007) 28 ILJ 2600 (LC) Robor (Pty) Ltd (Tube Division) v Joubert & others (2009) 30 ILJ 2779 (LC) 36

38 29.2 Set - off Rank Sharp South Africa (Pty) Ltd v Kleinman (2012) 33 ILJ 2937 (LC) 30 SECTION 188A ARBITRATIONS 30.1 Effect of an agreement in terms of section 188a of the lra SATAWU & others v MSC Depots (Pty) Ltd & others (2013) 34 ILJ 706 (LC) 30.2 Competent finding In Mudau v MEIBC & others (2013) 34 ILJ 663 (LC) 30.3 Process limited to the allegations levelled 31 REVIEW TEST 31.1 Review Sidumo and another v Rustenburg Platinum Mines Ltd and others [2007] 12 BLLR 1097 (CC) Southern Sun Hotel Interests (Pty) ltd v CCMA (2010) 31 ILJ 452 (LC) Herholdt v Nedbank Ltd (2013) 34 ILJ 2795 (SCA) National Union of Mineworkers & another v Samancor Ltd (Tubatse Ferrochrome) and others 6 (2011) 32 ILJ 1618 (SCA) Gold Fields Mining South Africa (Pty) Ltd (Kloof Gold Mine) v Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration and others [2014] 1 BLLR 20 (LAC); and Derivo (Pty) Ltd v Commissioner for conciliation Mediation and Arbitration and others [2014] 10 BLLR 1000 (LC)] Matsekoleng v Shoprite Checkers (Pty) Ltd [2013] 2 BLLR 130 (LAC) Public Servants Association obo its members v National Prosecuting Authority and another [2012] 8 BLLR 765 (LAC) Afrox Healthcare Ltd v Commission for Conciliation Mediation and Arbitration & others [2012] 7 BLLR 649 (LAC) 37

39 32 DEMARCATIONS 32.1 Relevant consideration Coin Security (Pty) Ltd v CCMA & others [2005] 7 BLLR 672 (LC) Food & Allied Workers Union v Ferucci t/a Rosendal Poultry Farm (1992) 13 ILJ 1271 (IC) 32.2 Method to be used CONSULTING NEDLAC IMPORTANCE AND RELEVANCE OF NEDLAC S IMPUTS South African Municipal Workers Union v Syntell (Pty) Ltd & Others [2013] 2 BLLR 207 (LC) 33 COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS 33.1 Binding powers of unions Section 200 (1) of the LRA Section 23 (1) (d) of the LRA Fakude & others v Kwikot (Pty) Ltd (2013) 34 ILJ 2024 (LC) 34 DISCRIMINATION 34.1 What is unfair discrimination Harsken v Lane NO and Others 1997 (11) BCLR 1489 (CC) HOSPERSA obo Venter v SA Nursing Council (2006) 6 BLLR 558 (LC) Prinsloo v Van der Linde and Another (1997) 3 SA 1012 (CC) 34.2 Grounds for discrimination Kadiaka v Amalgamated Beverage Industries (1999) 20 ILJ 373 (LC) Zabala v Gold Reef City (2009)1 BLLR 94 (LC) 38

40 Wallace v Du Toit (2006)8 BLLR 757 (LC) Association of Professional Teachers v Minister of Education 91995) 9 BLLR (IC) SATAWU on behalf of Dlamini and Transnet Freight Rail (2009) 30 ILJ 1692 (LAC) IMATU & another v City of Cape Town ( BLLR 1084 (LC) Harmse v City of Cape Town (2003) 6 BLLR 557 (LC) 34.3 Equal pay for work of equal value Mangena & Others v Fila South Africa (Pty) Ltd & Others (2009) 12 BLLR 1224 (LC) Ntai & Others v South African Breweries Ltd (2001)2 BLLR 186 (LC) TGWU & another v Bayete Security Holdings (1999)4 BLLR 401 (LC) 34.4 Sexual harassment Ntsabo V Real Security CC (2004) 1 BLLR 58 (LC) Nicorique Francoise Bandat v De Kock and Another (JS 832/2013) [2014] ZALACJHB 342 (2 September 2014) Potgieter v National Commissioner of the South African Police Service (2009) 2 BLLR 144 (LC) Hapwood v Spanjaard Ltd (1996) 2 BLLR 187 (IC) 34.5 Medical testing Hoffmann v South African Airways (2000) 12 BLLR 1365 (CC) Irvin v Johnson Ltd v Trawler & Line Fishing Union & Others (2008) 4 BLLR 379 (LC) Joy Mining Machinery a division of Harnischfeger (South Africa) (Pty) Limited v National Union of Metal Workers of South Africa (NUMSA) and Others (J 158/02) [2002] ZALC 7 (31 January 2002) 34.6 When to refer the dispute SATAWU obo Members v South African Airways (Pty) Ltd and Others (JA 54/13) [2014] ZALAC 40 (14 August 2014) 39

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