1 On your computer, smartphone or tablet, go NOW to and fill out the questionnaire. The Enjoyment of Employment Doug Kalish, PhD UCI,CGU March 2014 v6
2 Times have changed When I was a grad student, leaving academia was an admission of failure for many. Today, most of the opportunities are in industry.
4 Late realization The jobs where I was happiest weren t necessarily the ones where I was being paid the most.
5 Components of workplace happiness Meaning Does your work have a purpose? Engagement Does the job make good use of your talent and skills? Accomplishment Do you achieve goals that are fulfilling and recognized? Relationships Do you have good relationships with your supervisors and colleagues? Positive Emotions Are you optimistic about your job? Ronald Riggio, Cutting-Edge Leadership
6 Business cultures The business culture and the people you work with have more impact on your job satisfaction than your salary If you are a cooperative, conflict-adverse person at a competitive, confrontational company (or vice versa), you will be miserable Most people don t find out about the culture until it is too late
7 Today s talk Different business cultures and how to recognize them Matching your work personality to the culture Developing a plan to enter the job market
8 What defines the culture? Management attitude: an aggressive, hard-driving, abusive boss communicates to the rest of the organization that this behavior is not just acceptable, but encouraged Markets served: banks have different cultures from breweries Stage of life: startups will not have the roles, policies and procedures as compared to established companies Regulations: the government keeps a close eye on businesses like financial institutions or hospitals so that deviations from the rules can't be tolerated Finances: cash-starved startups vs. any of the highflying social networking companies Etc.
9 Cultural stereotypes (From Charles Handy, Understanding Organizations, 1976) Power Culture Role Culture Task Culture Person Culture + Academic Culture
10 Power culture Power is concentrated among a few people Relationships matter more than titles Few rules and not much bureaucracy Common in fashion, film, and publishing and early stage startups with charismatic leaders Do you make relationships easily, like less-structured environments and don t mind politics?
11 Role culture Power comes from your title or role Highly-structured organizations Policies and procedures are formalized (ritualized interactions) Innovation and independence discouraged Do you like well-defined jobs with explicit expectations?
12 Task (or team) culture Teams are formed to take advantage of individuals expertise Skills are highly valued; incompetence is not well tolerated Independence, innovation, critical thinking and team skills are essential Demanding timeframes and challenges Do you like to solve problems in unstructured environments with changing objectives?
13 Person culture The expertise of individuals is more valuable than the organization Power derives from how much business you generate Can be a loose collection of practices with shared and/or dedicated resources Do you want to be (or work with) a lawyer, accountant or VC in a small practice?
14 Academic culture Power derives from your ability to argue, your credentials, and your results, probably in that order Your reputation outside the organization may count for more than your reputation inside the organization Frequently oriented toward technologies, not products or markets Transition to a product-based company may be difficult Which is more important to you: interesting research or a stable job?
15 Shamrock Organization A core of qualified professionals working in a Task Culture Contracted specialists in non-core areas like advertising, human resources, information technology, etc., operating in a Person or Role Culture Part-time, seasonal and temporary workers to fill the gaps working in Role Culture
16 Culture questions What s the relationship of the company to its customers and employees? Is innovation an opportunity or a threat? How are decisions made? Who makes them? Do the company leaders provide strong, consistent and unified leadership? Does the company tolerate, or even encourage, political infighting? Does the company encourage questions about its mission, strategy and tactics? How are disputes between employees and departments resolved? Is the company investing in its employees with training and promotion programs?
17 What s the right organization for me?
19 Individual Contributor You are creative and entrepreneurial You are self-motivated, but achievement, recognition and success are your most powerful rewards You want an environment that provides the resources you need to achieve your vision, without interference from other people You want to make an impact - on technology, society, finance, etc. Vacation, benefits and retirement packages are for other people Corporate cultures that are attractive to you are: Power cultures Academic cultures Person cultures
20 Motivated Apprentice You are looking for a path - not to stardom, but to a stable and secure job with good benefits. In general, Apprentices: are willing to work hard as long as the task is well-defined realize that there is a lot to learn to become a valued employee are looking for the traditional rewards: benefits, vacation, healthcare, and retirement don't count on stock options and bonuses as much as straight salary want fair compensation relative to the people with more or fewer skills A corporate Role Culture is most consistent with your personality.
21 Team Player For the Team Player, working with a smart, fun group is the best part of the job. You want to team up with others who have different skills to solve problems. Team Players: are looking for a cooperative, not competitive, environment take pride in their work don't need as much individual recognition as long as long as everyone on the team is pulling their weight feel that work should be an enjoyable, social activity, not something you do alone in your cubicle all day value some stability and structure, but a good team can rise to any challenge You'll probably be attracted to companies that have a Task Culture, but Role Cultures might also work if the projects are interesting and the people are fun.
22 Challenge Seeker If you are looking for challenge at work, you probably seek challenge in other parts of your life as well. Change and adventure are what motivate you and you tend to: look for exciting, and even anxiety-producing situations be confident in your abilities to tackle the problems enjoy the success (and relief) of a challenge well-handled get bored with routine want to be rewarded and recognized individually for your contributions to the project manage your own career by seeking out challenging projects and acquiring new skills want to understand the problem and any constraints and then want to be left to invent a solution Look for companies with a Task Culture or Academic Culture, but you might fit in with a Person Culture, too.
23 Looking for Balance Frankly, work is not the most important thing for you. It's one of many priorities which might include family, personal or spiritual development, or athletics. You need: an understanding employer who appreciates that you'll do a good job, but the job isn't your life flexibility in how and when you work (like from home, or four 10-hour days a week) a place where the people are nice and not going to put a lot of pressure on you as long as you do your job a boss who understands that you may be comfortable doing the same job for a long time without needing to get promoted You'll probably be comfortable in an organization with a Role Culture, or in a Person Culture with an understanding and flexible boss.
24 Minimally Committed You are working because you have to, not because you want to. Work is just a pain, but you need the money. You are looking for: a job that makes minimal demands on you - your time, your emotion, and your intellect the most money you can get for the least you can do a boss who isn't going to hassle you all the time a job where you'll be left alone to do what you have to do You probably won't be happy anywhere except in a Role Culture, where the job is well-defined and expectations are explicit.
25 How others scored 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Individual Contributor Motivated Apprentice Team Player Challenge Seeker Looking for Balance Minimally Committed
26 Remember The best job for you may not be in Research. Law, Management, Grant writing, Policy, Communications, Sales Support, Product Marketing, Research Administration, Education, Public Relations, Project management, Brand management, Recruiting, Training, Fund Raising, Grant administration, Health and Safety Operations, Laboratory design, Compliance, IP management, Journalism, Regulatory Affairs,
27 The transition to industry: You need a plan When should you start looking for a job? TODAY!
28 What you need to get a job The right skills A professional presence The right contacts A strong recommendation Evidence that you can make the cultural transition from academia to industry
30 There are good jobs out there and someone is getting them. It might as well be you!
31 Stay in touch Register and comment at dougsguides.com Like dougsguides on FB on Twitter Connect with Doug Kalish on LinkedIn Get these slides at and follow the links
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