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1 PORTS November 2017

2 Table of Content Executive Summary...3 Advantage India Market Overview...7 Porters Five Forces Framework...16 Recent Trends and Strategies Growth Drivers and Opportunities Case Studies Key Industry Organisations...35 Useful Information

3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Increasing trade activities and private participation in port infrastructure set to support port infrastructure activity In FY17, cargo capacity in India is estimated to have increased to 2,493.1 MMT from 1,806.8 MMT in FY15. The Maritime Agenda has a 2020 target of 3,130 MT of port capacity Total cargo capacity in India (MMT) FY15 FY17 E India has 12 major ports. By FY17, cargo capacity at major ports grew to 1,065 MMT in FY17, from in FY16 implying a CAGR of per cent. The average turnaround time of major ports improved to 3.44 days in FY17 from 4.01 days in FY15 In FY17, 12 major ports in India handled (Million Tonnes) of cargo, showing a CAGR of 6.79 per cent. In FY18*, major ports in India have handled MMT of cargo traffic. Notes: E Estimates,MMT - Million Metric Tonnes, FY18* - till September 2017 Source: Ministry of Shipping Cargo capacity at major ports (MMT) FY16 FY17 Cargo traffic at major ports (MMT) FY16 FY17 FY18* 3

4 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY India s 200 non-major ports are strategically located on the world s shipping routes During FY17* major and non-major ports had handled total throughput of around 837 Million Tonnes (MT) Cargo capacity at non-major ports (MMT) T Trade to boost demand for containers In FY18 (till September 2017), container demand in India (for major ports) increased 6.67 per cent year-on-year to 4,515 TEUs. Infrastructural development to increase demand for iron and steel In FY18 (till September 2017), iron ore traffic at major ports increased per cent year-on-year to 21.7 million tonnes Container demand in India 8.2 FY16 Iron ore traffic 21 FY17 E 228 Notes: E Estimates, TEU Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit, MMT - Million Metric Tonnes, FY17* - till December 2016, T - target Source: Ministry of Shipping FY15 FY17 4

5 ADVANTAGE INDIA IT and ITeS

6 ADVANTAGE INDIA Traffic at major and non-major ports increased 4.6 per cent year-on-year in FY17*. During FY , 12 major ports in India handled (Million Tonnes) of cargo, showing a growth of 6.79 per cent in comparison to the same time during previous year. In FY18 (till September 2017), traffic increased 3.24 per cent yearon-year Total investment in Indian ports by 2020 is expected to reach US$ billion. Non-major ports are set to benefit from strong growth in India s external trade Special Economic Zones are being developed in close proximity to several ports comprising coal-based power plants, steel plants and oil refineries ADVANTAGE INDIA India has a coastline which is more than 7,517 km long, interspersed with more than 200 ports Most cargo ships that sail between East Asia and America, Europe and Africa pass through Indian territorial waters India is the largest importer of thermal coal in the world The government initiated NMDP, an initiative to develop the maritime sector; the planned outlay is US$ 11.8 billion FDI of 100 per cent under the automatic route and a 10n year tax holiday for enterprises engaged in ports Plans to create port capacity of around 3200 MMT to handle the expected traffic of about 2500 MMT by 2020 Note: FY Indian Financial Year (April March), NMDP National Maritime Development Programme, FDI Foreign Direct Investment, US$ US Dollar, E Estimated, MMT Million Metric Tonnes, CAGR Compound Annual Growth Rate, * till December 2016 Source: Report of the Task force on Financing Plan for, Government of India 6

7 IT and ITeS MARKET OVERVIEW

8 CATEGORIES OF PORTS IN INDIA in India (2016) Major Non-major (minor) There are 12 major ports in the country; 6 on the Eastern coast and 6 on the Western coast Major ports are under the jurisdiction of the Government of India and are governed by the Major Port Trusts Act 1963, except Ennore port, which is administered under the Companies Act 1956 India has about 200 non-major ports of which one-third are operational Non-major ports come under the jurisdiction of the respective state Governments Maritime Boards (GMB) Source: Ministry of Shipping 8

9 MAJOR PORTS IN INDIA Kandla Kolkata Mumbai JNPT Paradip Visakhapatnam Mormugao New Mangalore Ennore Chennai Cochin Note: JNPT Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust 9

10 CARGO TRAFFIC IS ON THE RISE (1/2) Cargo traffic at major ports in India: Cargo traffic at major ports (MMT) Stood at MMT in FY17, growing at a CAGR of 4.02 per cent from FY07-FY CAGR 4.02% During FY , 12 major ports in India handled (Million Tonnes) of cargo, showing a growth of 6.79 per cent in comparison to the same time during previous year. 600 In March 2017, 16 new cargo scanners were installed across major ports in India. In the 1st phase, 5 of the 13 major ports i.e. Kamarajar (Ennore), New Mangalore, JNPT, Kolkata and Vizag will receive the scanners, which should be operational in the next six months In FY18 (till September 2017), major ports have handled million tonnes of traffic FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 Note: MMT Million Metric Tonnes, CAGR Compound Annual Growth Rate, FY Indian Financial Year (April March), E Estimated, Aranca Research Source: Ministry of Shipping 10

11 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 E FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 E % 71.8% 71.3% 66% 64.4% 61.3% 58.4% 57.1% 55.2% 56.5% 53.6% % 28.2% 28.7% 34.0% 35.6% 38.7% 41.6% 42.9% 44.8% 43.5% 46.4% CARGO TRAFFIC IS ON THE RISE (2/2) Percentage share of ports Cargo traffic at non-major ports (MMT) 120% 900 CAGR 15.9% 100% % % % % 200 0% Major Non-major Non-major ports are evolving faster than major ports: Non-major ports are gaining shares and a major chunk of traffic has shifted from major ports to non-major ports. The contribution of non-major port s traffic to total traffic rose to 42.5 per cent in FY17 (till December 2016) from 28.6 per cent in FY07. Cargo traffic at non-major ports Stood at MMT in FY16 and estimated to MMT in FY17*. Cargo traffic has expanded at a CAGR of 10.7 per cent during FY07 16 and is expected to grow annually at 15.9 per cent during FY07-17 Cargo traffic in 2017 at non-major ports is estimated to reach MMT Note: MMT Million Metric Tonnes, CAGR Compound Annual Growth Rate, FY Indian Financial Year (April March), E Estimated. * till December 2016 Source: Ministry of Shipping 11

12 CARGO PROFILE AT MAJOR PORTS IN INDIA (1/2) Cargo at major ports in FY16 Cargo at major ports in FY18 1 Solid Liquid (petroleum, oil and lubricants) Container Solid Liquid (petroleum, oil and lubricants) Container Share: 46.4% Share: 33.3% Share: 20.3% Share: 41.42% Share: 38.36% Share: 20.22% Iron ore Share: 2.1% Iron ore Share: 16.06% Coal Share: 22.7% Coal Share: 48.90% Fertilizer Share: 2.6% Fertilizer Share: 5.67% Other cargo Share: 18.9% Other cargo Share: 29.37% Note: Other cargo includes Fertiliser Raw Material (dry) and food-grains; FY Data from April September 2017 Source: Ministry of Shipping 12

13 CARGO PROFILE AT MAJOR PORTS IN INDIA (2/2) Between FY07 17, cargo traffic grew at CAGR 3.4 per cent Cargo traffic at major ports (MMT) Over FY07 16, CAGR in the volume of different segments was as follows Solid cargo was 2 per cent Liquid cargo was 3.1 per cent Container cargo was 6 per cent Cargo traffic during FY17 for solid, liquid and container cargo was , and MMT, respectively During April-October 2016, cargo traffic at 12 major ports in the country was reported at MT, showing a growth of 6.27 per cent over the same period during the previous year During April September 2017, traffic handled by major Indian ports increased 3.24 per cent year-on-year FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 Solid Liquid Container Note: E estimate, Other cargo in Solid includes fertiliser raw material (dry) and food-grains; 1 - Data from April December 2016 Source: Ministry of Shipping; Indian Association (IPA), 13

14 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY INCREASE IN CAPACITY OVER THE YEARS Capacity at major ports grew to 1,065 MMT in FY17, implying a CAGR of 7.75 per cent since FY07 Capacity and utilisation at major ports (MMT) Utilisation rates of major ports in India such as JNPT port, Kandla port, Ennore port, etc., are much above the world s average % In November 2016, 12 Major were identified under Sagarmala project, for cargo handling till The objective of this project is to promote port led development and to provide infrastructure to quickly transport goods to and from ports, with higher efficiency and at lower cost. Indian Port Rail Corporation Ltd. (IPRCL), plans to conduct rail infrastructure expansion and modernisation work for JNPT, Kandla Port and Haldia Dock Complex in April Similar works have already started for Kolkata, Vishakhapatnam, Tuticorin, Mangalore and Chennai ports. Germany s Deutsche Bahn Engineering and Consulting plans to form a JV with Indian Port Rail Corp. Ltd (IPRCL) with an aim to connect Indian ports with railways. Germany and India are working on projects worth US$14.87 billion being implemented by IPRCL % 80.0% 60.0% 40.0% 20.0% In May 2017, the government of India laid the foundation stone for various projects of the Kandla port. The construction of the Chabahar port will further encourage the growth of the Kandla port. The port has been renamed as Deendayal Port Trust Kandla % Note: MMT Million Metric Tonnes, Source: Ministry of Shipping; Indian Association (IPA), 14

15 DROP IN TURNAROUND TIME Average turnaround time is influenced by factors such as type of cargo, parcel size and entrance channel Average turnaround time for major ports (in days) The average turnaround time improved to 3.44 days in FY17 from 4.01 days in FY FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 Note: Turnaround time Total time spent by a ship from entry into port until departure Source: Ministry of Shipping, Indian Port Association 15

16 Porter s Five Force Framework Analysis Threat of Substitutes Low With rising demand for port infrastructure due to growing imports (crude, coal) and containerisation, the threat of substitute products to remain weak Bargaining Power of Suppliers Medium Considerable capacities to be added going forward. However, demand to continue to remain strong Competitive Rivalry Low Increasing trade activities brought by rising imports of commodities like coal and crude to generate higher business and limit overall competition as most ports handle specific geographies Bargaining Power of Buyers Medium Imports to continue to remain strong led by strong demand. However considerable port capacities to be added going forward Positive Impact Neutral Impact Negative Impact Threat of New Entrants Medium 100 per cent FDI under automatic route and income tax exemption (10 years) is attracting foreign players. However, higher capital expenditure acts as a barrier Source: PricewaterhouseCoopers, Techopak 16

17 IT and ITeS RECENT TRENDS AND STRATEGIES

18 NOTABLE TRENDS Increasing private participation Strong growth potential, favourable investment climate and sops provided by state governments have encouraged domestic and foreign private players to enter the Indian ports sector. In addition to the development of ports and terminals, the private sector has extensively participated in port logistics services SEZs are being developed in close proximity to several ports, thereby providing strategic advantage to industries within these zones. Plants being set up include Coal-based power plants to take advantage of imported coal Setting up of portbased SEZs Steel plants and edible oil refineries Development of SEZs in Mundra, Krishnapatnam, Rewas and few others is underway Government has announced plans to develop 14 CEZs (coastal economic zones) in a phased manner for port-led development in all the 9 maritime states by advancing efforts to develop 1 new port, each on the east and the west coast` Focus on draft depth to operate on Green energy All the greenfield ports are being developed at shores with natural deep drafts and the existing ports are investing on improving their draft depth. Higher draft depth is required to accommodate large sized vessels. Due to the cost and time advantage associated with the large sized vehicles, much of the traffic is shifting to large vessels from smaller ones, especially in coal transportation Government of India is targeting to make the country the first in the world to operate all 12 major domestic government ports on renewable energy. The government plans to install almost 200 MW wind and solar power generation capacity by 2019 at the ports. The energy capacity could be ramped up to 500 MW in future years. Note: SEZ Special Economic Zone, PPP Public-Private Partnership Source: Ministry of Shipping 18

19 NOTABLE TRENDS Terminalisation: Focus on terminals that deal with a particular type of cargo Specialist terminalbased ports This is useful for handling specific cargo such as LNG that requires specific equipment and hence high capital costs. Forming specialist terminals for such cargo result in optimal use of resources and increased efficiencies Examples of specialist terminals: ICTT in Cochin, LNG terminal in Dahej Port Sanitation The Haldia Port of West Bengal was rated as the cleanest port among all the major ports in the 1st ever ranking by the Ministry of Shipping. The ranking of major 13 Indian ports was conducted by the Quality Council of India (QCI) during the 'Swachhta Pakhwada. To promote private investments, the government has reformed the organisational model of seaports Landlord port model From: A service port model where the port authority offers all the services To: A landlord port model where the port authority acts as a regulator and landlord while port operations are carried out by private companies Major ports following landlord port model: JNPT, Chennai, Visakhapatnam and Tuticorin Rising traffic at non major ports With the increasing private participation in establishing minor ports. Cargo traffic handled by the minor ports are outpacing cargo traffic at major ports. Coastal Economic Zones The Government of India is planning to build 14 CEZs in the country to boost manufacturing and jobs. In November 2017, the first mega CEZ at the Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Maharashtra has been cleared. Note: ICTT International Container Transshipment Terminal, LNG Liquefied Natural Gas, MMT Million Metric Tonnes Source: Aranca Research 19

20 STRATEGIES ADOPTED Allied activities Adani group, largest private port operator in India, is now venturing into providing allied services like dredging. Its dredgers which were being used only at its own ports in the past have now started taking work from other ports Container train operations Adani group has also ventured into the container railway business becoming the largest private link in the country. It conducts operations on a pan-india basis operating 6 container rakes Modernising Pan-India presence Port authorities are modernising and upgrading port facilities to meet the needs of the port users in competitive environment After having a strong advantage on India s West coast, Adani and Special Economic Zone Ltd (APSEZ) is looking to strengthen its position by winning the bid of a new container terminal at Ennore port located on the east coast. Furthermore Adani has acquired Dharma Port to replicate its development and growth on the eastern coast Essar Ltd as a part of it strategic move to increase its potential on the east coast has won the contract for the modernisation of 3 ports at Visakhapatnam Essar Ltd., a leading port operator, plans to build a port in Gujarat with investments worth US$1.49 billion. For the same, the company has signed a MoU with Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) Geographic diversification Geographic diversification as in the case of Adani group acquiring coal mines (Australia and Indonesia) and setting up coal terminal in Australia to take the benefit of increasing coal imports in India As of April 2017, Adani is planning to expand and open a multi purpose port on Carey Island in Malaysia, as an extension of the Port Klang. A MoU was signed between APSEZ and MMC Port Holdings Sdn Bhd, a wholly-owned unit of MMC Corporation Berhad Source: Company website 20

21 GROWTH DRIVERS AND OPPORTUNITIES IT and ITeS

22 SECTOR BENEFITS FROM STRONG DEMAND, PRIVATE PARTICIPATION Policy support Growing demand Innovation Increasing investments Increasing trade activities resulting in container traffic National Maritime Development Programme and National Maritime Agenda Expanding port development and distribution facilities in India Increasing investments in building ports and related activities Inviting Driving Resulting Rising demand for coal and other commodities FDI of up to 100 per cent under the automatic route Use of modern technology Private equity supporting private port developers Growing crude imports by the country Various sops and incentives for private players to build ports Providing support to global projects from India Increasing investments by foreign players 22

23 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY INDIA S PORTS ARE BENEFITTING FROM STRONG GROWTH IN EXTERNAL TRADE India s total external trade have grown to US$ 416 billion in FY17 1, implying a CAGR of 4 per cent done since FY09 Average turnaround time for major ports (in days) handle almost 95 per cent of trade volumes; thus rising trade has contributed significantly to cargo traffic Increasing trade is translating into higher demand for containerisation due to their efficiency During FY07 17, container traffic rose to MMT, implying a CAGR of 5.9 per cent During FY17, container traffic stood at MMT CAGR 3.28% 1 Exports Container traffic at major ports (MMT) Notes: MMT Million Metric Tonnes 1: Data available for April - December 2016 CAGR: For Imports from FY09-16 Source: Ministry of Commerce, Indian Association 23

24 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY PORTS TO BENEFIT FROM GROWING CRUDE IMPORTS A consequence of strong GDP growth has been rising energy demand; the country currently meets about 75 per cent of total crude oil demand by imports 250 Crude imports (MMT) India s crude imports touched MMT in FY17, implying a CAGR of 6.7 per cent over FY Private ports have been especially good at attracting crude import traffic POL have been the major contributors to total traffic at ports and contributed 33.3 per cent in FY16 POL traffic at both major and non-major ports added up to MMT in FY16, implying a CAGR of 5 per cent over FY POL traffic in FY17 reached MMT POL traffic (MMT) 40000% 35000% 30000% 25000% 20000% 15000% 10000% 5000% 0% CAGR 5% 2 Major Non-major Notes: MMT Million Metric Tonnes POL Petroleum, Oil, and Lubricants, 2 - Figures from April December 2016 Source: Handbook of Indian Statistics (RBI), Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell, Ministry of Shipping 24

25 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY INCREASING COAL IMPORTS SET TO DRIVE RISING CARGO TRAFFIC India is the largest importer of thermal coal in the world and this is expected to grow due to increased demand for power Coal imports (MMT) With growing demand for power, coal imports reached to be Mte in FY17. A major chunk of this import is transported by sea Increasing coal imports are set to drive coal cargo traffic upwards at both major and non-major ports CAGR 15.57% Coal cargo traffic has grown at a CAGR of 15.5 per cent over FY07 16 to reach MMT Total coal handled by India s 12 major ports jumped to million tonnes in FY16 from million tonnes in FY15 Thermal coal imports through the ports leaped 13.3 per cent to 98.7 million tonnes, while shipments of coking coal, used in making steel, reached to million tonnes 300 Coal cargo traffic (MMT) CAGR 15.5% In FY16, the coal traffic by minor ports reached MMT Major Non-major Note: MMT Million Metric Tonnes FY17 1 : Data available for April - December 2016 POL Petroleum, Oil, and Lubricants, 2 - Figures from April December 2016 Source: Ministry of Coal, Ministry of Shipping 25

26 NATIONAL MARITIME AGENDA Increasing capacity To create a port capacity of around 3,200 MT to handle the expected traffic of about 2,500 MT by 2020 Increasing investments Proposed investments in major ports by 2020 are expected to total US$ 18.6 billion, while those in non-major ports would be US$ 28.5 billion. The government is also working to float a specialised Maritime Finance Corporation with the equity of ports and financial institutions to fund the Port projects World-class infrastructure To implement full mechanisation of cargo handling and movement at ports, thereby bringing Indian ports on par with the best international ports in terms of performance and capacity Landlord ports Major ports have been working towards implementing Landlord port concept duly limiting their role to maintenance of channels and basic infrastructure leaving the development, operation, management, of terminal and cargo handling facilities to the private sector Strategically building ports To develop 2 major ports (1 each on East and West coast) to promote trade as well as 2 hub ports (1 each on the West coast and the East coast) Mumbai (JNPT), Kochi, Chennai and Visakhapatnam Master plans for 142 capacity expansion projects worth Rs 91,434 crore (US$ billion) have been prepared by the Government of India under the Sagarmala programme. Bringing ports under regulator To establish a port regulator for all ports in order to set, monitor and regulate service levels, technical and performance standards Source: Ministry of Shipping 26

27 FAVOURABLE POLICIES ASSISTING THE PRIVATE SECTOR De-licensing and tax holidays Price flexibility Model Concession Agreement (MCA) Major Port Authorities Act, 2016 The government has allowed FDI of up to 100 per cent under the automatic route for projects related to the construction and maintenance of ports and harbours A 10-year tax holiday to enterprises engaged in the business of developing, maintaining, and operating ports, inland waterways and inland ports Private ports enjoy price flexibility, as the government allows non-major ports to determine their own tariffs in consultation with the State Maritime Boards; at major ports, tariffs are regulated by the Tariff Authority for Major (TAMP) An MCA has been finalised to bring transparency and uniformity to contractual agreements that major ports would enter into with selected bidders for projects under the Build, Operate and Transfer (BOT) model As on September 2016, the Ministry of Shipping proposed a new model concession agreement (MCA) to attract more private sector investments in the development of port infrastructure across the country. Primary focus of the scheme is to allow future public-private partnership operators to fix tariffs. With the implementation of this policy, port authorities will get the power to lease land for port-related use for up to 40 years and for non-port related use up to 20 years The system for security clearance for ports being streamline and made faster Favourable system Assistance from Weather Expansion of existing framework to attract participation from the private sector for development of infrastructure facilities such as dredging, road infrastructure, creation of SEZ and development of integrated parking zones in the port area In June 2017, India Meteorological department has forecast an above normal monsoon before schedule in the central and north India. After the onset in May end, the southwest monsoon is to make steady progress over the west coast, southern peninsular India and to the east and northeast. Note: FDI Foreign Direct Investment Source: Ministry of Shipping 27

28 STRONG PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN PORTS PROJECTS (1/2) Private investment Greenfield projects Private terminals 39 Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects are operational at a cost of around US$ million and capacity of Million Tonnes Per Annum (MTPA). 32 PPP projects at an estimated cost of around US$ Million and capacity Million Tonnes Per Annum (MTPA) awarded and are under implementation. 144 business agreements with investments worth US$ billion were signed at Maritime India Summit In September 2016, the National Green Tribunal has given nod for construction of multi-crore Vizhinjam International Seaport Ltd (VISL). The port is being developed by Adani Group in collaboration with Kerala Government. Two mega port projects in Colachel in Tamil Nadu and Dahanu in Maharashtra with an initial investment of US$ 2.3 billion has been introduced and are being awaited for approval under PPP model in FY16. The Central Government is planning to setup logistic hubs near seaports with the help of private sector players, to augment exports from the country. In January 2017, a new container service, operated by K Line, commenced operations between CITPL (Chennai International Container Terminals Pvt. Ltd) at Chennai port and the Far East. In May 2017, DP World has agreed to develop Indian port projects and plans to sign an MoU with the National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF), the Indian wealth fund. The projects worth US$ 1.3 billion include the development of Sagarmala and Bharatmala projects. Note: PPP Public Private Partnership Source: Ministry of Shipping 28

29 STRONG PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN PORTS PROJECTS (2/2) Terminals in major ports with private sector involvement Port agency Estimated cost (US$ million) Key private sector companies they developed Container terminal, Ennore Ennore LNG terminal, Cochin Cochin Port Trust Container terminal, NSICT JNPT Oil jetty related facilities (Vadinar) Third container terminal (Mumbai) Crude oil handling facility (Cochin) Kandla Port Trust JNPT Cochin Port Trust Maersk PandO Dubai International PSA Singapore Adani Maersk JNPT (Mumbai) JNPT, (Mumbai and Chennai) (Cochin and Vishakhapatnam) Tuticorin Mundra Pipavav ICTT at Vallarpadam (Cochin) Cochin Port Trust Navyuga Engineering Company Ltd Krishnapatnam Construction of SPM captive berth (Paradip) Development of second container terminal (Chennai) Paradip Port Trust Chennai Port Trust DVS Raju group JSW Marg Gangavaram Jaigarh Karaikal Note: NSICT Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal, Mumbai, ICTT International Container Transshipment Terminal, SPM Single Point Mooring Source: Indian Association 29

30 OPPORTUNITIES Increasing Scope for Private Ship repair facilities at ports Port support services With rising demand for port infrastructure due to growing imports (crude, coal) and containerisation, public ports (major ports) will fall short of meeting demand This provides private ports with an opportunity to serve the spill-off demand from major ports and increase their capacities in line with forecasted new demand. Cochin Port Trust (CPT) announced measures to increase its revenue by generating higher container traffic and increasing the number of passenger liners. CPT is also planning to setup a small industrial port at the southern end of Willingdon Island to boost business. Dry docks are necessary to provide ship repair facilities. Out of all major ports, Kolkata has 5 dry docks, Mumbai and Visakhapatnam have 2; the rest have 1 or no dock at all Given the positive outlook for cargo traffic and the resulting increase in number of vessels visiting ports, demand for ship repair services will go up. This will provide opportunities to build new dry docks and setup ancillary repair facilities. Operation and maintenance services such as pilotage, dredging, harbouring and provision of marine assets such as barges and dredgers are expected to increase in coming years Increasing investments and cargo traffic point to a healthy outlook for port support services These include Operation and Maintenance (OandM) services like pilotage, harbouring and provision of marine assets like barges and dredgers. JNPT in Navi Mumbai signed an agreement with Development Bank of Singapore and State Bank of India, for external commercial borrowing worth US$ 400 million for expansion of road network connecting the port. Note: OandM Operations and Maintenance Source: Ministry of Shipping 30

31 CASE STUDIES IT and ITeS

32 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY MUNDRA: THE LARGEST PRIVATE PORT IN INDIA Mundra Port and Special Economic Zone Ltd was renamed as Adani and Special Economic Zone Ltd Net sales (US$ million) It is the largest private port in India in terms of volume Net Sales (FY16): US$ million Operating profit (FY16): US$ million The port handled MMT of cargo during FY17. Has the world s largest fully mechanised coal terminal with a capacity of 60 MTPA Handles the 2nd highest container traffic in India During FY08 16, total revenue rose to US$ million, implying a CAGR of 25 per cent 600 Adani Group plans to convert the Dhamra Port, in Odisha, into country's biggest seaport with industrial park, and set up LNG and LPG terminals there by Dhamra Port is expected to have 35 berths having 315 million tonnes capacity Source: Ministry of Shipping 32

33 JNPT: MAJOR PORT WITH THE LARGEST CONTAINER CAPACITY Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) has the 3rd highest cargo traffic and the highest container traffic in the country Cargo profile of JNPT (FY17) Total traffic handled at JNPT for FY17 was million tonnes and million tonnes during April September It is a container-focused port and having container traffic of million tonnes in FY17 Handled 4.5 million TEUs of containers by the year FY17 Distribution of JNPT s container traffic for FY16 across its various terminals was a s follows : 10.9% 1.4% Jawaharlal Nehru Port Container Terminal (JNPCT): 1.53 million TEUs Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal (NSICT): 0.73 million TEUs APM Terminals: 1.79 million TEUs Container Liquid Others JNPT was developed to relieve the pressure of Mumbai port and was commissioned in % It serves most of North India and has good hinterland connectivity through road and rail networks JNPT, with a capacity of 4.5 million TEU, handles over 58 per cent of India s container traffic JNPT is a pioneer in involving private sector participation in major ports and operates under a landlord model; NSCIT is the 1st private terminal in the country Note: TEU Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit, MMT Million Metric Tonnes, MTPA Million Tonnes Per Annum Source: Ministry of Shipping, JNPT s website, Indian Association 33

34 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY GUJARAT: PORT HUB OF INDIA Gujarat is endowed with 1,215 kilo meters of coastline i.e. 1/6th of total Indian coastline The state has 42 ports of which 41 are non major, while Kandla is the sole major port During FY07 16, cargo traffic in Gujarat increased at a CAGR of per cent, with the cargo volume handled reaching 420 MMT in FY1 1. Favourable policies of the Gujarat government helped the state in gaining private investors interest in port related activities Kandla port handled million tonnes of cargo traffic, during April 2016 to January Overall India s cargo traffic increased by 7.14 per cent. Cargo handled at major and non-major ports of Gujarat (MMT) Major Minor 1 In FY17, Gujarat Maritime Board (GMB) handled MMT of cargo, with its capacity reaching 501 MMT in the same year. With seven ports under construction and 5 proposed ports, Gujarat has the highest number of privately operated greenfield ports in India In October 2016, Ministry of Shipping has sanctioned Capital Dredging Project for Ro Pax Ferry Services between Gogha and Dahej, in Gulf of Cambay in Gujarat. The total project cost is US$ million, of which 50 per cent will be funded by Centre Government under the Sagarmala programme In November 2016, Ministry of Shipping sanctioned sum of US$ 1.49 million to Gujarat Maritime Board for capacity building and safety training of workers involved in ship recycling activities under Sagarmala Note: 1 Data from April December 2016 Source: Ministry of Shipping Greenfield ports Port of Pipavav Mundra Port Dahej Port Hazira Port Developer GMB and Gujarat Pipavav Port Ltd Gujarat Adani Port Ltd Petronet LNG Ltd and GMB Shell Gas B.V. 34

35 IT and ITeS KEY INDUSTRY ORGANISATIONS

36 INDUSTRY ORGANISATIONS Indian Association (IPA) Indian Private and Terminals Association Address: 1st floor, South Tower, NBCC Place Bhishma Pitamah Marg, Lodi Road New Delhi Phone: , , Fax: Address: Darabshaw House, Level-1, N.M. Marg, Ballard Estate, Mumbai , India Tel. No: Fax. No:

37 USEFUL INFORMATION IT and ITeS

38 NOTES Major and non-major ports do not have a strict association with traffic volumes. The classification has more of an administrative significance Cargo traffic includes both loading (export) and unloading (imports) of goods Containerisation is the increased use of container for transporting non-bulk goods. It leads to increased efficiency (both time and money) Turnaround time is the total time spent by a ship from entry into port till departure Twenty Equivalent Units (TEU) is a standard measure of containers which are 20 feet in length and 8 feet in width; the height can vary Draft is the vertical distance between waterline and the bottom of the ship. It determines the depth of water a ship or boat can safely navigate. Higher capacity ships will need higher draft, hence ports with higher natural draft will attract bigger ships Waterfront availability is the length of the water line on the coast where ships can rest and the goods are unloaded. Longer waterfront lengths reduce waiting time and help raise capacity Terminals are certain sections of the ports where different types of cargo are unloaded Single Point Mooring (SPM) is a loading buoy anchored offshore that serves as a mooring point and interconnect for tankers loading or offloading gas or fluid product A dry dock is a narrow basin that can be flooded to allow a ship to be floated in, then drained to allow that ship to come to rest on a dry platform. Dry docks are used for construction, maintenance and repair of ships 38

39 GLOSSARY FY: Indian Financial Year (April to March) So FY11 implies April 2010 to March 2011 US$ : US Dollar FDI: Foreign Direct Investment IPA: Indian Association NMDP: National Maritime Development Programme POL: Petroleum, Oil and Lubricants SEZ: Special Economic Zone CAGR: Compounded Annual Growth Rate ICTT: International Container Transshipment Terminal TEU: Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit MMTPA: Million Metric Tonnes Per Annum MMT: Million Metric Tonnes GOI: Government of India NSICT: Nhava Sheva International Container Terminal, Mumbai OandM: Operation and Maintenance services LNG: Liquefied Natural Gas Wherever applicable, numbers have been rounded off to the nearest whole number 39

40 EXCHANGE RATES Exchange Rates (Fiscal Year) Exchange Rates (Calendar Year) Year INR INR Equivalent of one US$ Year INR Equivalent of one US$ Q Q H

41 DISCLAIMER India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF) engaged Aranca to prepare this presentation and the same has been prepared by Aranca in consultation with IBEF. All rights reserved. All copyright in this presentation and related works is solely and exclusively owned by IBEF. The same may not be reproduced, wholly or in part in any material form (including photocopying or storing it in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this presentation), modified or in any manner communicated to any third party except with the written approval of IBEF. This presentation is for information purposes only. While due care has been taken during the compilation of this presentation to ensure that the information is accurate to the best of Aranca and IBEF s knowledge and belief, the content is not to be construed in any manner whatsoever as a substitute for professional advice. Aranca and IBEF neither recommend nor endorse any specific products or services that may have been mentioned in this presentation and nor do they assume any liability or responsibility for the outcome of decisions taken as a result of any reliance placed on this presentation. Neither Aranca nor IBEF shall be liable for any direct or indirect damages that may arise due to any act or omission on the part of the user due to any reliance placed or guidance taken from any portion of this presentation. 41

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