High strain point glass substrate for photovoltaic solar cell

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1 Empowering solar efficiency Module material PV200 High strain point glass substrate for photovoltaic solar cell Much less deformation in the heating process than soda-lime glass. Small variations in thermal shrinkage after the heating process. Suits processes for large-size substrates. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Applications Back glass for thin film photovoltaic module (CIGS) Transformation of the glass in heat-treatment process (550 C-600 C) Burning direction <Normal Glass> Distortion point temperature 511 C Asymmetry transformation Shrinkage rate unevenness size <PV200> Distortion point temperature 570 C Symmetry transformation The shrinkage rate unevenness small ASAHI GLASS CO., LTD , Yurakucho,Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo JAPAN [Contact] https: //www.agc.co.jp/webentry/jsp/display/01_e.jsp Phone: +81-(0) Facsimile: +81-(0)

2 Characteristics of PV200 Item PV200 AS Soda-lime glass Thermal Properties Thermal Expansion Coefficient (50~350 Strain Point ( ) Softening Point ( ) Annealing Point ( ) Mechanical Properties Density ( ) Young s Moudulus Gpa Shear Modulus Gpa Poisson s Ratio Electrical Properties Bulk Resistivity at 150 log ( ) Dielectric Constant at 1MHz Optical Properties Refractive Index ND

3 EMPOWERING SOLAR EFFICIENCY SOLAR MIRRORS AGC SOLAR MIRROR THICK EXTRA CLEAR GLASS MIRROR FOR SOLAR TOWERS AND FRESNEL COLLECTORS AGC SOLAR MIRROR THICK is an extra clear high reflectivity glass mirror perfectly suited for use in solar tower or Fresnel collectors. Its composition (silver, copper, 3 paint layers) ensures a very high chemical and mechanical durability. AGC SOLAR MIRROR THICK conforms to EN1036. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Type Applications Extra clear glass mirror (silver, copper, 3 paint layers) Tower or Fresnel Glass Silver Copper Prime Coat Intermediate Coat Top Coat Solar Energy Development Center in Israel BrightSource Energy. AGC Solar has a long history as a key player in the solar glass business. As part of the world leader in glass production, it benefits from the latest glass technologies to make renewable energy a success. It offers glass solutions for photovoltaic modules, thermal collectors and concentrating solar mirrors. It aims for the highest production standards for increased performance and works through a worldwide network. 08/2012 Solar power plant in Israel AORA Solar Ltd.

4 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS * Energy reflectivity (%) 3mm: 94 ISO 9050 AM1.5 4mm: 93.6 ISO 9050 AM1.5 Specific weight (kg/m²) 3mm: 7.5kg 4mm: 10kg Typical length Up to 2550mm Typical width Up to 3210mm Other dimensions and thicknesses available on request. AGC can help evaluating these values according to other standards and/or to the specificities of the final application. DURABILITY TESTS * Humid chamber Passed EN1036 Neutral salt spray Passed ISO 9227 CASS Passed ISO 9227 Thermal cycling Passed From -20 C to +75 C, up to 100% RH Weather O Meter Passed Combination of light, temperature and water UV resistance Passed UVA 340 at 60 C, 39W/m² MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS * Mechanical strength (MPa) 45 Annealed Young modulus (GPa) 70 EN572 Poisson ratio 0.2 EN572 Hardness Moh (scratch hardness) 6 EN572 Knoop (identation hardness) 470 Indenter load 500g Density (kg/m³) 2500 EN572, at 18 C THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS * Hemispherical emissivity 0.84 Between -18 C and 66 C Expansion coefficient (10-6 1/K) 9 EN572, between 20 C and 300 C Specific heat (J/kg/K) 720 EN572 Thermal conductivity (W/m/K) 1 EN572 Softening point ( C) 722 Annealing point ( C) 552 Strain point ( C) 500 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION * Silicon dioxide (SiO2, %) 69 to 74 EN572 Sodium oxide (NaO, %) 12 to 16 EN572 Calcium oxide (CaO, %) 5 to 12 EN572 Magnesium oxide (MgO, %) 0 to 6 EN572 Aluminium oxide (AI2O3, %) 0 to 3 EN572 Trace elements (FeO, etc., %) <1 AGC is commited to environmental stewardship through the use of recyclable materials and sustainable process in the manufacturing and distribution of our state-of-the-art, energy efficient flat glass products. In North America, the product performs to the appropriate ASTM standards. *The information contained in this datasheet is intended to assist you in designing with AGC materials. It is not intended to and does not create any warranties, express or implied, including any warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. The user is responsible for determining the suitability of AGC materials for each applications. FOR MORE INFORMATION Worldwide: Europe: North America: Japan: China: Asia: India: AGC Solar is member of 08/2012

5 EMPOWERING SOLAR EFFICIENCY SOLAR MIRRORS AGC SOLAR MIRROR THIN EXTRA CLEAR EXTRA THIN GLASS MIRROR FOR PARABOLIC DISH, PARABOLIC TROUGH COLLECTOR, CSP and CPV AGC SOLAR MIRROR THIN is an extra clear extra thin high reflectivity mirror perfectly suited for lamination purposes and use in parabolic dish, parabolic trough collector, CSP or CPV. Once laminated with an appropriate adhesive onto a support material the mirror is perfectly well protected and shows a very high chemical and mechanical durability. AGC SOLAR MIRROR THIN conforms to EN1036. AGC can suggest you a set of qualified adhesives in function of your support structure. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Type Applications Extra clear extra thin glass mirror Parabolic dish, parabolic trough collector, CSP or CPV (laminated) Glass Silver Copper Prime Coat Top Coat AGC Solar has a long history as a key player in the solar glass business. As part of the world leader in glass production, it benefits from the latest glass technologies to make renewable energy a success. It offers glass solutions for photovoltaic modules, thermal collectors and concentrating solar mirrors. It aims for the highest production standards for increased performance and works through a worldwide network. 08/2012 Maricopa solar power plant in Arizona SES

6 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS * Energy reflectivity (%) 0.95mm: 95.5 ISO 9050 AM1.5 Minimum radius of curvature (m) 0.95mm: 3.5 Based on 10MPa as design stress Specific weight (kg/m²) 0.95mm: 2.4 Typical length From 150mm to 3210mm Typical width From 150mm to 1580mm Other dimensions and thicknesses available on request. AGC SOLAR MIRROR THIN can be cut to shape. AGC can help evaluating these values according to other standards and/or to the specificities of the final application. DURABILITY TESTS * Humid chamber Passed (not laminated) EN1036 Neutral salt spray Passed (not laminated) ISO 9227 CASS Passed (not laminated) ISO 9227 Thermal cycling Passed (not laminated) From -20 C to +75 C, up to 100% RH Weather O Meter Passed (not laminated) Combination of light, temperature and water UV resistance Passed (laminated) UVA 340 at 60 C, 39W/m² MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS - NOT LAMINATED * Mechanical strength (MPa) 45 Annealed Young modulus (GPa) 70 EN572 Poisson ratio 0.2 EN572 Hardness Moh (scratch hardness) 6 EN572 Knoop (identation hardness) 470 Indenter load 500g Density (kg/m³) 2500 EN572, at 18 C THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS * Hemispherical emissivity 0.84 Between -18 C and 66 C Expansion coefficient (10-6 1/K) 9 EN572, between 20 C and 300 C Specific heat (J/kg/K) 720 EN572 Thermal conductivity (W/m/K) 1 EN572 Softening point ( C) 722 Annealing point ( C) 552 Strain point ( C) 500 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION * Silicon dioxide (SiO2, %) 69 to 74 EN572 Sodium oxide (NaO, %) 12 to 16 EN572 Calcium oxide (CaO, %) 5 to 12 EN572 Magnesium oxide (MgO, %) 0 to 6 EN572 Aluminium oxide (AI2O3, %) 0 to 3 EN572 Trace elements (FeO, etc., %) <1 AGC is commited to environmental stewardship through the use of recyclable materials and sustainable process in the manufacturing and distribution of our state-of-the-art, energy efficient flat glass products. In North America, the product performs to the appropriate ASTM standards. *The information contained in this datasheet is intended to assist you in designing with AGC materials. It is not intended to and does not create any warranties, express or implied, including any warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. The user is responsible for determining the suitability of AGC materials for each applications. FOR MORE INFORMATION Worldwide: Europe: North America: Japan: China: Asia: India: AGC Solar is member of 08/2012

7 EMPOWERING SOLAR EFFICIENCY PATTERNED GLASS SOLITE EXTRA CLEAR PATTERNED GLASS FOR SOLAR APPLICATIONS SOLITE is an extra clear patterned glass formed with a diamond pattern on one face and a smooth pattern on the other face. This ensures the highest energy transmission over the whole solar spectrum. Combined with the excellent durability of glass, SOLITE is the product of choice for photovoltaic modules (crystalline and CIGS, where its pattern allows for an easy lamination) and for thermal collectors. Through its pattern, SOLITE also ensures non-blinding reflection and a better aesthetics to the solar modules. SOLITE conforms to EN572 and is delivered fully tempered as per EN It can be supplied with AGC Solar Plus Anti Reflective Coating (SPARC). PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Type Pattern Applications Extra clear patterned glass Diamond / Smooth Cover glass for photovoltaic modules (crystalline or CIGS) Cover glass for thermal collectors Clear Float SoliteTM Transmission curve Measured on 3.2mm glass samples Transmission (%) Wavelength (nm) AGC Solar has a long history as a key player in the solar glass business. As part of the world leader in glass production, it benefits from the latest glass technologies to make renewable energy a success. It offers glass solutions for photovoltaic modules, thermal collectors and concentrating solar mirrors. It aims for the highest production standards for increased performance and works through a worldwide network.

8 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS * Light Transmission (%) 3.2mm - 1/8 : 91.6 Illuminant D65 at 2 (acc. +/- 0.2%) 4mm - 5/32 : 91.5 Illuminant D65 at 2 (acc. +/- 0.2%) Energy Transmission (%) 3.2mm - 1/8 : 91.1 ISO 9050 AM1.5 (acc. +/- 0.2%) 4mm - 5/32 : 90.9 ISO 9050 AM1.5 (acc. +/- 0.2%) Typical length From 950 to 2150mm (from 37 to 85 ) Typical width From 650 to 1220mm (from 26 to 48 ) Other dimensions available on request. Specific weight (kg/m²) 3.2mm - 1/8 : 8 4mm - 5/32 : 10 Processing conditions Tempered, C-grinded EN12150 AGC can help evaluating these values according to other standards and/or to the specificities of the final application. MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS * Mechanical strength (MPa) 90 EN12150 Young modulus (GPa) 70 EN572 Poisson ratio 0.2 EN572 Hardness Moh (scratch hardness) 6 EN572 Knoop (identation hardness) 470 Indenter load 500g Density (kg/m³) 2500 EN572, at 18 C THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS * Hemispherical emissivity 0.84 Between -18 C and 66 C Expansion coefficient (10-6 1/K) 9 EN572, between 20 C and 300 C Specific heat (J/kg/K) 720 EN572 Thermal conductivity (W/m/K) 1 EN572 Softening point ( C) 722 Annealing point ( C) 552 Strain point ( C) 500 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION * Silicon dioxide (SiO2, %) 69 to 74 EN572 Sodium oxide (NaO, %) 12 to 16 EN572 Calcium oxide (CaO, %) 5 to 12 EN572 Magnesium oxide (MgO, %) 0 to 6 EN572 Aluminium oxide (AI2O3, %) 0 to 3 EN572 Trace elements (FeO, etc., %) <1 AGC is commited to environmental stewardship through the use of recyclable materials and sustainable process in the manufacturing and distribution of our state-of-the-art, energy efficient flat glass products. In North America, the product performs to the appropriate ASTM standards. *The information contained in this datasheet is intended to assist you in designing with AGC materials. It is not intended to and does not create any warranties, express or implied, including any warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. The user is responsible for determining the suitability of AGC materials for each applications. FOR MORE INFORMATION Worldwide: Europe: North America: Japan: China: Asia: India: Wagner & Co, Cölbe/ESTIF

9 EMPOWERING SOLAR EFFICIENCY COATED GLASS SPARC COATING SOLAR PLUS ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING (SPARC) SPARC is an anti-reflective coating especially developped for solar applications, and more particularly for photovoltaic applications. SPARC is a single-side coating deposited on extra clear patterned glasses Solite and Solatex during the tempering process. Being single-sided, SPARC minimizes the reflection at the glass/air interface without affecting the excellent adhesion between the glass and the interlayer used in laminating photovoltaic modules. Being deposited online with the tempering process, it also ensures an optimal durability and an excellent aesthetics. 4% 100% PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Type Applications 1.6% Clear Float Solite Solite Plus Without coating AR coating Crystalline silicon Transmission (%) 95 Anti-reflective coating (single side) Available as Solite Plus and Solatex Plus Cover glass for photovoltaic modules (crystalline or CIGS) Cover glass for thermal collectors Transmission curve Measured on 3.2mm glass samples Wavelength (nm) AGC Solar has a long history as a key player in the solar glass business. As part of the world leader in glass production, it benefits from the latest glass technologies to make renewable energy a success. It offers glass solutions for photovoltaic modules, thermal collectors and concentrating solar mirrors. It aims for the highest production standards for increased performance and works through a worldwide network.

10 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS * Transmission increase (%) Up to 2.4% At normal incidence Energy output increase (%) Up to 5% In actual conditions (kwh) Aesthetics Neutral reflectance Hydrophilic AGC can help evaluating these values according to other standards and/or to the specificities of the final application. DURABILITY TESTS* Damped heat Passed IEC Thermal cycle Passed IEC Climatic SO2 Passed EN (DIN 50018) Salt spray Passed EN (DIN 50021) Mechanical resistance Passed EN Transmission increase vs Energy output increase While SPARC increases the transmission by up to 2.4% at normal incidence, the anti-reflective property of SPARC (measured by comparing a coated and an uncoated glass) is significantly increased when the angle of incidence of the sunlight is increased (i.e. from high sun to low sun), as can be seen on the graph. When taking into account the angle of incidence of the sunlight over the days, months and years, this eventually translates into up to 5% of energy output increase in actual conditions. Light transmission versus incidence angle Sun light AR coating Glass Increased transmission (%) Sun angle of incidence ( ) AR coating Glass Sun light AGC is commited to environmental stewardship through the use of recyclable materials and sustainable process in the manufacturing and distribution of our state-of-the-art, energy efficient flat glass products. In North America, the product performs to the appropriate ASTM standards. *The information contained in this datasheet is intended to assist you in designing with AGC materials. It is not intended to and does not create any warranties, express or implied, including any warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. The user is responsible for determining the suitability of AGC materials for each applications. FOR MORE INFORMATION Worldwide: Europe: North America: Japan: China: Asia: India: Wagner & Co, Cölbe/ESTIF

11 EMPOWERING SOLAR EFFICIENCY TCO COATING AN10 TCO COATED GLASS FOR THIN FILM APPLICATION (a-si) AN10 is a clear float glass, coated with Transparent Conductive Oxide (TCO). The right balance between transmission, haze and conductibility of the TCO coating enables for improving the thin film cell efficiency. Indeed, when rightly deposited, the TCO has the potential to lower the reflection at the interface with the absorber; to increase the path of light into the absorber and; to trap the light into the absorber. Combined with the excellent durability of glass, AN10 is the product of choice for thin film photovoltaic modules (medium to high efficiency amorphous silicon). AN10 conforms to EN572. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Type TCO coated clear float glass Coating Barrier layer SiO2 based Conductive coating SnO2:F based Deposition CVD Applications Front glass for thin film photo voltaic modules (amorphous silicon) anti-reflection Sun light AN10 confinement scattering TCO coating Thin film silicon Back electrode Transmission (%) Transmission curve TCO Wavelength (nm) AGC Solar has a long history as a key player in the solar glass business. As part of the world leader in glass production, it benefits from the latest glass technologies to make renewable energy a success. It offers glass solutions for photovoltaic modules, thermal collectors and concentrating solar mirrors. It aims for the highest production standards for increased performance and works through a worldwide network.

12 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS * Transmission (%) 80 Average between 400 and 1000nm Transmission measured with index matching liquid CH2I2 (haze compensation) on 3.2mm (1/8 ) glass. AGC can help evaluating these values according to other standards and/or to the specificities of the final application. Resistivity (Ohms per square) 10 4-points method Haze (%) > 10 Hazeguard, illuminant C, 2 (Standard D ) Specific weight (kg/m²) 8 For 3.2mm (1/8 ) glass Delivery conditions Annealed EN12150 MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS * Mechanical strength (MPa) 40 Young modulus (GPa) 70 EN572 Poisson ratio 0.2 EN572 Hardness Moh (scratch hardness) 6 EN572 Knoop (identation hardness) 470 Indenter load 500g Density (kg/m³) 2500 EN572, at 18 C THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS * Hemispherical emissivity 0.84 Uncoated side Between -18 C and 66 C 0.17 Coated side Between -18 C and 66 C Expansion coefficient (10-6 1/K) 9 EN572, between 20 C and 300 C Specific heat (J/kg/K) 720 EN572 Thermal conductivity (W/m/K) 1 EN572 Softening point ( C) 722 Annealing point ( C) 552 Strain point ( C) 500 GLASS CHEMICAL COMPOSITION * Silicon dioxide (SiO2, %) 69 to 74 EN572 Sodium oxide (NaO, %) 12 to 16 EN572 Calcium oxide (CaO, %) 5 to 12 EN572 Magnesium oxide (MgO, %) 0 to 6 EN572 Aluminum oxide (Al2O3, %) 0 to 3 EN572 Trace elements (FeO, etc., %) <1 AGC is commited to environmental stewardship through the use of recyclable materials and sustainable process in the manufacturing and distribution of our state-of-the-art, energy efficient flat glass products. In North America, the product performs to the appropriate ASTM standards. *The information contained in this datasheet is intended to assist you in designing with AGC materials. It is not intended to and does not create any warranties, express or implied, including any warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. The user is responsible for determining the suitability of AGC materials for each applications. FOR MORE INFORMATION Worldwide: Europe: North America: Japan: China: Asia: India:

13 EMPOWERING SOLAR EFFICIENCY LOW IRON GLASS SUNMAX EXTRA CLEAR FLOAT GLASS FOR SOLAR APPLICATIONS SUNMAX is an extra clear float glass especially optimized for solar applications. Combined with the excellent durability of glass, SUNMAX is the product of choice for photovoltaic modules, thermal collectors and solar mirrors. SUNMAX conforms to EN572 and can be delivered fully tempered as per EN PRODUCT DESCRIPTION Type Applications Extra clear float glass Cover glass for photovoltaic modules (crystalline, CIGS) Cover glass for thermal collector Front glass for thin film Si and CdTe Substrate for solar mirrors 95 Clear Float Sunmax Transmission curve Measured on 3.2mm glass samples Transmission (%) Wavelength (nm) AGC Solar has a long history as a key player in the solar glass business. As part of the world leader in glass production, it benefits from the latest glass technologies to make renewable energy a success. It offers glass solutions for photovoltaic modules, thermal collectors and concentrating solar mirrors. It aims for the highest production standards for increased performance and works through a worldwide network.

14 MAIN CHARACTERISTICS * Light Transmission (%) 1mm - 1/25 : 91.7 Illuminant D65 at 2 (acc. +/- 0.2%) 3.2mm - 1/8 : 91.6 Illuminant D65 at 2 (acc. +/- 0.2%) 4mm - 5/32 : 91.5 Illuminant D65 at 2 (acc. +/- 0.2%) Energy Transmission (%) 1mm - 1/25 : 91.6 ISO9050 AM1.5 (acc. +/- 0.2%) 3.2mm - 1/8 : 90.7 ISO9050 AM1.5 (acc. +/- 0.2%) 4mm - 5/32 : 90.4 ISO9050 AM1.5 (acc. +/- 0.2%) 3.2mm - 1/8 : 91 SPF measurement, labelled U1 4mm - 5/32 : 90.7 SPF measurement, labelled U2 Specific weight (kg/m²) 1mm - 1/25 : mm - 1/8 : 8 4mm - 5/32 : 10 Processing conditions and dimensions depending on the applications. AGC can help evaluating these values according to other standards and/or to the specificities of the final application. MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS * Mechanical strength (MPa) 45 Annealed 70 Toughened 120 Tempered, EN12150 Young modulus (GPa) 70 EN572 Poisson ratio 0.2 EN572 Hardness Moh (scratch hardness) 6 EN572 Knoop (identation hardness) 470 Indenter load 500g Density (kg/m³) 2500 EN572, at 18 C THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS * Hemispherical emissivity 0.84 Between -18 C and 66 C Expansion coefficient (10-6 1/K) 9 EN572, between 20 C and 300 C Specific heat (J/kg/K) 720 EN572 Thermal conductivity (W/m/K) 1 EN572 Softening point ( C) 722 Annealing point ( C) 552 Strain point ( C) 500 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION * Silicon dioxide (SiO2, %) 69 to 74 EN572 Sodium oxide (NaO, %) 12 to 16 EN572 Calcium oxide (CaO, %) 5 to 12 EN572 Magnesium oxide (MgO, %) 0 to 6 EN572 Aluminum oxide (Al2O3, %) 0 to 3 EN572 Trace elements (FeO, etc., %) < 1 AGC is commited to environmental stewardship through the use of recyclable materials and sustainable process in the manufacturing and distribution of our state-of-the-art, energy efficient flat glass products. In North America, the product performs to the appropriate ASTM standards. *The information contained in this datasheet is intended to assist you in designing with AGC materials. It is not intended to and does not create any warranties, express or implied, including any warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. The user is responsible for determining the suitability of AGC materials for each applications. FOR MORE INFORMATION Worldwide: Europe: North America: Japan: China: Asia: India: Wagner & Co, Cölbe/ESTIF

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