Introduction to 2012 Census of Agriculture Data for Oklahoma

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1 Introduction to 2012 Census of Agriculture Data for Oklahoma Damona Doye Rainbolt Chair of Agricultural Finance Extension Economist and Regents Professor OSU Agricultural Economics Department

2 Number of Oklahoma Farmers Operators % change Principal 86,565 80, % Second 38,312 36, % Third 4,725 4, % All 129, , %

3 New OK Farmers (number of principal operators) % change On operation less than 10 years 25,686 19, % On operation less than 5 years 9,968 7, %

4 Distribution of Oklahoma Farms by County, 2012 N/A 366 to to to 1,247 1,248 to 1,541 1,542 to 1,835 1,836 to 2,121

5 Change in Number of Farms, 2007 to 2012 Extreme Increase (10% to 25%) Significant Increase (5% to 10%) Increase (0 to 5%) No change Decrease (0 to 5%) Significant Decrease ( 5% to 10%) Extreme Decrease ( 10% to 25%)

6 80,000 70,000 Oklahoma Farms by Legal Status, ,364 60,000 50,000 40,000 30,000 20,000 10,000 Family or Individual 3,605 1,931 1,345 Partnership Corporation Other

7 Average Age of Farm Operators (years) Operator % change Principal % Second % Third % All %

8 Average Age of Principal Operator in OK,

9 Average Age of Principal Farm Operator, 2012 Under and over

10 OK Farm Operator Age Distribution 21% 13% 1% 6% 11% 21% Under 25 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 54 years 55 to 64 years 65 to 74 years 75 years and over 25%

11 Oklahoma Farm Operator Distribution by Primary Occupation 0%2% 3% 14% 6% Farmer under 25 16% 15% 8% 0% 4% 10% 21% Farmer 25 to 34 Farmer 35 to 44 Farmer 45 to 54 Farmer 55 to 64 Farmer 65 and over Other under 25 Other 25 to 34 Other 35 to 44 Other 45 to 54 Other 55 to 64 Other 65 and over

12 Gender, Primary Occupation, and Years on Farm, 2012 Farm Operators Gender Primary Occupation Years on Farm (number) Male Female Farm Other < Principal 71,169 9,076 33,790 46,455 15,854 64,391 Second 8,190 27,916 11,229 24,877 10,095 26,011 Third 2,416 1,681 1,372 2,725 1,910 2,187 All 81,775 38,673 46,391 74,057 27,859 92,589 (percent) Principal 88.7% 11.3% 42.1% 57.9% 19.8% 80.2% Second 22.7% 77.3% 31.1% 68.9% 28.0% 72.0% Third 59.0% 41.0% 33.5% 66.5% 46.6% 53.4% All 67.9% 32.1% 38.5% 61.5% 23.1% 76.9% Years on farm are from "years operating any farm" Gender numbers do not include spouses

13 Farms with Principal Operators whose Primary Occupation is Not Farming, by County, 2012 NA 40 to 49% 50 to 54% 55 to 59% 60 to 64% 65 to 69%

14 Principal Operators by Age and Primary Occupation 65 and over 11,467 11,635 16,780 17, to 64 8,099 8,872 12,570 13, to 54 4,771 5,729 12,124 14, to 44 2,438 2,671 6,571 7, to 34 1,532 1,509 3,457 3,463 Under ,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 14,000 16,000 18, Other Occupation 2012 Farming 2007 Other Occupation 2007 Farming

15 Female and Male Farmers Female Operators % change Principal 10,849 9, % All 42,062 38, % Male Operators Principal 75,716 71, % All 87,540 81, %

16 Farms with Female Principal Operator, by County, 2012 NA <5% 5 9% 10 14% 15 19% 20 25%

17 Race of Principal Operators in Oklahoma More than 1 race 2,083 1,814 White Pacific Islander Black Asian American Indian or Alaska Native ,111 1, ,054 7,489 Number of Farms 76,058 69,

18 Minority Principal Operators, 2007 and 2012 Asian Black American Indian 1,111 1,337 7,054 7, Hispanic 784 1,173 number of principal operators

19 Value of Oklahoma Crop and Livestock Sales, ,000,000 5,000,000 4,000,000 $1,000 3,000,000 2,000,000 1,000,000 Crop Livesotck

20 100% Oklahoma Farms by Economic Class 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% $1 million or more $250,000 $999,999 $50,000 $249,000 Less than $50,000 20% 10% 0%

21 Distribution of Farms by Value of Sales

22 Sales Class Share of Farms and Farm Sales, by Sales Class, 2012 $1,000,000 or more $500,000 to $999,999 $250,000 to $499,999 $100,000 to $249,999 $50,000 to $99,999 $25,000 to $49,999 $10,000 to $24,999 $5,000 to $9,999 $2,500 to $4,999 $1,000 to $2,499 Less than $1,000 1% 1% 12% 2% 10% 5% 9% 5% 6% 4% 9% 3% 15% 1% 12% 0% 10% 0% 9% 0% Farms Sales 29% 55%

23 Top 10 Counties in Agricultural Sales Sales ($1,000) % of OK Total Texas 1,013, % Cimarron 376, % LeFlore 287, % Delaware 254, % Beaver 186, % Alfalfa 168, % Adair 164, % McCurtain 163, % Kingfisher 161, % Garfield 151, %

24 Ag Sales by County, ,000 to 25,000 26,000 to 50,000 51,000 to 75,000 76,000 to 100, ,000 to 125, ,000 to 150, ,000 and up

25 Top Livestock Commodities by Sales Value, 2007 and 2012 ($1,000) Milk from cows Hogs and pigs Poultry and eggs Cattle and calves $191,775 $164,341 $555,521 $656,407 $748,776 $961, $3,062,020 $3,402,919

26 Top Crop Commodities by Sales Value, 2007 and 2012 ($1,000) Cotton and cottonseed $68,169 $51,851 Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod Other crops and hay $204,020 $208,109 $173,699 $270, Grains, oiilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas $698,093 $1,283,997

27 Crop Sales as a Percent of Ag Sales, by County 0 10% 11 20% 21 30% 31 40% 41 55% 56 70% 71% and up

28 Value of Grains and Oilseeds as Percent of Total Value Sold, 2012 NA Less than 10% 10 19% 20 34% 35 49% 50 69% 70% or more

29 30000 Distribution of Oklahoma Farms by Acres Operated to 9 acres 10 to 49 acres 50 to 179 acres 180 to 499 acres 500 to 999 acres 1,000 to 1,999 acres 2,000 acres or more

30 Percent of Farms Share of Oklahoma Farms by Acreage Classification to 9 10 to to to to to to 219 Acreage Category 220 to to to 999 1,000 to 1,999 2,000+

31 Distribution of Oklahoma Farms by Acreage and Production Specialty 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000 2,000 Crop Horticulture Beef Other livestock

32 Oklahoma Farm Income and Expenses ($1,000) % change Agricultural sales 5,806,061 7,129, Government payments 209, , Farm related income 236, , Production expenses 5,223,365 6,682, Net cash farm income 1,028, ,

33 Income and Expenses, OK per farm average ($) % change Agricultural Sales 67,072 88, Govt. payments 7,754 8, Farm related income 13,705 11, Production expenses 60,340 83, Net cash farm income 11,885 11,

34 Agricultural Production Expenses ($1,000) % change Total 5,223,365 6,682, Feed 1,307,568 2,017, Livestock and poultry purchases 1,463,556 1,696, Fertilizer 286, , Hired labor 255, , Cash rent 167, , Seeds 78, , Supplies and repairs 350, , Gas, fuel, and oils 316, , Chemicals 90, , Other 258, ,

35 Principal Operators by Age Group, 2007 and years and over 10,698 10, to 74 years 17,988 17, to 64 years 22,333 20, to 54 years 35 to 44 years 10,173 9,009 19,759 16, to 34 years Under 25 years ,972 4,989 number of principal operators

36 Share of Farms by Sales Class for Race of Principal Operator, 2012 Annual All American Native More than sales Farms Indian Black Asian Hawaiian White one race Less than $1, % 25.4% 31.1% 20.4% 40.6% 22.2% 21.3% $1,000 to $2, % 11.2% 10.4% 6.7% 6.3% 9.9% 11.2% $2,500 to $4, % 12.7% 16.5% 14.0% 12.5% 11.2% 11.7% $5,000 to $9, % 14.5% 15.3% 10.2% 6.3% 12.9% 13.0% $10,000 to $24, % 17.9% 16.2% 4.2% 6.3% 16.1% 17.9% $25,000 to $49, % 8.4% 5.2% 5.6% 3.1% 9.2% 9.6% $50,000 or more 17.4% 9.9% 5.3% 38.9% 25.0% 18.4% 15.4% Total 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%

37 Internet Access, by Principal Operator, 2007 and 2012 Asian 35% 65% Black 38% 59% American Indian 57% 68% 2007 Hispanic 45% 61% 2012 Female 47% 64% All 0 53% 67% percent of group

38 Type of Internet of Access on Farms, 2012 Other Broadband Over Power Lines Fiber Optic Service 3.4% 2.4% 3.1% Dial Up Service Cable Modem Plan 10.1% 11.1% Mobile Broadband Plan 20.3% Satellite Service 25.5% DSL Service 35.8%

39 Selected Characteristics of Principal Operators 2012 % of Principal (Number) Operators % change since 2007 Agricultural sales under $50,000 67, % 10.5% Agricultural sales under $10,000 47, % 12.8% Lived on their farms 61, % 6.1% Less than 25% of household income from farming 61, % 7.5% Had internet access 53, % 16.7% Worked some days off the farm 52, % 7.8% Had a primary occupation other than farming 46, % 8.0% Had a positive net cash income for the operation 30, % 9.7%

40 Farmland as a Percent of Land Area, 2012 NA 20 49% 50 59% 60 69% 70 79% 80 89% 90% or more

41 Acres of Irrigated Land as Percent of Land in Farms, 2012 NA 0 0.5% % 1.5 3% 3% or more

42 Change in Land in Farms, 2007 to 2012 Larger Increase (10% to 25%) Significant Increase (5% to 10%) Increase (0 to 5%) No change Decrease (0 to 5%) Significant Decrease ( 5% to 10%) Larger Decrease ( 10% to 25%)

43 $74,212: Average value of machinery and equipment on an Oklahoma farm in 2012

44 Resources and Contact Info USDA Census of Agriculture /

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