REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA STATISTICAL REFERENCE BOOK 2017

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1 REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA NATIONAL STATISTICAL INSTITUTE STATISTICAL REFERENCE BOOK 2017

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3 REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA STATISTICAL REFERENCE BOOK 2017 SOFIA, 2017

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5 Dear users, In front of you is the latest edition of the Statistical Reference Book of the Republic of Bulgaria with data for the period The publication consists of up-to-date information about the demographic, social-economic and cultural development of the country at national and regional levels. Important fields of economics, environment, healthcare education, tourism, information society and other economic fields are covered. The information in the sections is structured in tables, graphs and short methodological notes. Source of data are the National Statistical Institute, the Bulgarian National Bank and the Bodies of Statistics. In its long history, Bulgarian official statistics has always tried to feed the public with relevant and reliable data on socioeconomic processes and trends in its development, to serve as a basis for making important management decisions in all areas of life. Today, the National Statistical Institute not only produces rich in volume statistical information in accordance with a methodology harmonized within the European Union, but also constantly improves the means for its dissemination through information and communication technologies. I believe that this year we will meet the needs of government institutions, non-governmental organisations, businesses, the academia, as well as individuals of a reliable and quality statistical information that meets European standards and is presented in an accessible and understandable way. Sergey Tsvetarsky President of the National Statistical Institute

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7 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Preface... 3 Abbreviation and symbols... 9 I. Geographical features and climate Territory and climate Rivers, lakes and mountains II. Population Population and demographic processes The population structure Fertility Mortality Marriages and divorces Population by district Natality and mortality by district Migration of the population III. Labour market Labour force Labour force by district Employment Employment by district Employees Unemployment Unemployment by district Average annual wages and salaries IV. Education Types of educational institutions Enrolled students Teachers by teaching levels Kindergartens General schools Vocational training - I level Vocational training - II level Vocational training - III level Vocational training - IV level Tertiary education Schools, teaching staff and students by district Participation rate of the population in the educational system and expenditure on education V. Culture and art Publishing Performing arts and cinemas Museums and community clubs Statistical Reference Book

8 Page Libraries Radio and television activities VI. Health Health establishments and medical personnel Medical personnel by district Registered cases of malignant neoplasms and active tuberculosis VII. Household income, expenditure and consumption Total household income Total household expenditure Consumption of main foods Purchasing power of household Poverty indicators VIII. Criminality and justice Crimes with penalty inflicted Persons convicted IX. National accounts Gross domestic product Gross value added Compensation of employees and gross operating surplus/gross mixed income Investments and consumption Labour productivity X. Finance Monetary aggregates Claims of the monetary financial institutions on government and non-government sectors Interest rates Deposits and loans of Households and NPISHs sector XI. Prices Consumer price indices - annual inflation Consumer price indices - annual average inflation Harmonized indices of consumer prices Industrial producer price indices on the domestic market Producer prices in agriculture Prices of goods and services, currently consumed in agriculture Price indices of goods and services contributing to agricultural investment Total index of goods and services in agriculture Statistical Reference Book 2017

9 Page XII. Exports and imports of goods Foreign trade turnover Exports by main trade partner countries Imports by main trade partner countries Exports and imports by commodities ХIII. Balance of payments Balance of payments Foreign direct investments XIV. Tangible fixed assets Expenditure on acquisition of tangible fixed assets Acquired tangible fixed assets XV. Domestic trade; Accommodation and food service activities Retail sales premises Retail sales Turnover in domestic trade, accommodation and food service activities XVI. Industry Production value of industrial enterprises Structure of the production value of industrial enterprises Production value indices of industrial enterprises Industrial products in kind XVII. Construction and housing fund Production of enterprises in construction Housing fund Permits issued for buildings construction and dwellings completed XVIII. Energy Overall energy balance sheet Final energy consumption Electricity and heat XIX. Transport Transport Goods and passengers carried and transport performance ХX. Tourism Accommodation establishments Nights spent Trips of Bulgarian residents abroad and arrivals of foreigners to Bulgaria Statistical Reference Book

10 Page XXI. Forestry Total forest area Management of the forests Wood Game XXII. Agriculture Utilized agricultural area and arable land Agricultural crops production Livestock Economic accounts for agriculture ХXIII. Environment Emissions of pollutants in the air Water use Noise Expenditure on protection and restoration of the environment Municipal waste Protected natural scenery XXIV. Research and development activity and innovation activity Research and development activity (R&D) Innovation activity Contact Information For information: Data for 2016 are preliminary. 8 Statistical Reference Book 2017

11 ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS BOP = Balance of Payments BGL = Bulgarian Lev BGN = Bulgarian New Lev BNB = Bulgarian National Bank CB = Commercial Bank CN = Combined Nomenclature CPI = Consumer Price Index COICOP = Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose CIF = cost, insurance, freight CIS = Community of Independent States cub. dm = cubic decimetre cub. m = cubic metre C = degree Celsius EC = European Community EFTA = European Free Trade Association EU = European Union ESA = European System of Accounts Eurostat = Statistical Office of the European Union excl. = excluding FISIM = Financial intermediation services indirectly measured FAO = Food and Agriculture Organization FOB = free on board FDI = Foreign Direct Investments FTE = Full-time equivalent g = gram GDP = Gross Domestic Product GDPR = Regional Gross Domestic Product GERD = Gross domestic expenditure on research and development кgrt = gross registered ton GVA = Gross Value Added HICP = Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices h.p. = horsepower ha = hectare HPa = Hecto Pascal Statistical Reference Book

12 ICT = Information and communication technologies ILO = International Labour Organization IMF = International Monetary Fund incl. = including ISCED = International Standard Classification of Education IW = Industrial waste kcal = kilocalorie kg = kilogram km = kilometre km/h = kilometre per hour kw = kilowatt kwa = kilowatt amper kwh = kilowatt-hour LFS = Labour force survey LFSC = Law for the Family Support for Children l = litre LIPD = Law of Integration of the People with Disabilities LPC = Law for Protection of the Child LSS = Law for Social Support m = metre mill. (mln.) = million mm = millimetre MMFs = Monetary Market Funds MOEW = Ministry of Environment and Water NSI = National Statistical Institute NUTS = Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics NACE.BG = National Classification of Economic Activities NIMH = National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology NPCA = National Product Classification by Activities NC = National currency NPI = Non-profit institution NPISHs = Non-profit Institutions serving household sector NPP = Nuclear Power Plant n.p.r.s. = not packaged for retail sale num. (n) = number 10 Statistical Reference Book 2017

13 OECD = Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development pkm = passenger-kilometre % = per cent PC = Personal computer PPPs = Purchasing power parities PRODCOM.BG = National Nomenclature of Industrial Production p.r.s. = packaged for retail sale RES = Renewable Energy Sources R&D = Research and development activity SAD = Single Administrative Document SITC = Standard International Trade Classification SIC = Social Insurance Code SNA = System of National Accounts sq. km = square kilometre sq. m = square metre t = metric ton tkm = ton-kilometre TJ = terajoule toe = tons oil equivalent UAA = utilized agricultural area UN = United Nations UNESCO = United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization UDC = Universal Decimal Classification USD = United States Dollar UWWTP = Urban waste water treatment plant VAT = Value Added Tax WHO = World Health Organization. = data not available.. = confidential data - = figures not applicable 0 = less than half of unit employed * = preliminary data x = category not applicable ( ) = due to a small figures in brackets are not reliable # = break in series Statistical Reference Book

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15 I. GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES AND CLIMATE Statistical Reference Book

16 Geographical features and climate Territory and climate The Republic of Bulgaria is situated on the Eastern Balkan Peninsula in Southeastern Europe, along the Black Sea. Total area is sq. km (excl. the aquatory of the Danube river and Black Sea). The climate of Bulgaria is temperate continental with a transition towards a subtropical climate in its Mediterranean version (in the southern parts of the country), with four seasons. 34% of the country s territory is covered with forests (nonconiferous and coniferous). The varied environment is a natural habitat for valuable animal species. Figure 1. Territory of Bulgaria 1 Total area Agricultural area Forestry Settlements and other urbanized areas Water flows and areas Territory for mining and quarrying raw materials Transport and infrastructure territory Sq. km Source: The Ministry of Agriculture and Food - Balance of the Agricultural land as of (Kilometres) Frontiers Total Land Rivers Coastal Total Northern - with Romania Eastern - with the Black Sea Southern - with Turkey with Greece Western - with Serbia with the former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia Source: The Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Agency at the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works. 14 Statistical Reference Book 2017

17 2. Meteorological data for Meteorological stations Geographical features and climate Annual average atmospheric pressure Annual average Air temperature Annual absolute maximum temperature Annual absolute minimum temperature hpa о C Date о C Date Vidin Pleven Veliko Tarnovo Dobrich Varna Burgas Haskovo Kazanluk Pazardzhik Sofia - NIMH Kyustendil Cherni Vruh Sandanski Meteorological data for (Continued and end) Meteorological stations Average annual relative humidity Maximum annual 24-hour precipitations Annual amount precipitations Average annual cloudiness % mm Date mm (0-10) Vidin Pleven Veliko Tarnovo Dobrich Varna Burgas Haskovo Kazanluk Pazardzhik Sofia - NIMH Kyustendil Cherni Vruh Sandanski Source: National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Statistical Reference Book

18 Geographical features and climate Rivers, lakes and mountains The rivers are comparatively short and low-water. The longest river in Bulgaria is Iskur km long, while the river with the highest flow is Maritsa. The main rivers of Bulgaria are the Danube (470 km bordering Romania), Vit, Osum, Yantra (tributaries of the Danube), Tundzha, Kamchiya, Arda, Mesta and Struma. 60% of the total area is covered with hills and mountains. The mountains are part of the Alpine-Himalayan mountain chain situated on two continents - Europe and Asia. The mountains are accessible throughout the year and offer unlimited opportunities for entertainment, sports and tourism. The highest mountain in Bulgaria and in the Balkan Peninsula is Rila with its highest peak Musala (2 925 m of altitude). 3. Main rivers 1 and natural lakes 2 within the territory of Bulgaria Rivers Length - km Lakes Surface - sq. km Iskur Burgasko 27.6 Tundzha Varnensko 17.4 Maritsa Atanasovsko 16.9 Osum Mandrensko 10.0 Struma Pomoriysko Yantra Beloslavsko 3.9 Kamchiya Arda Source: National Institute of Meteorolgy and Hidrology at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. 2 Source: The Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Agency at the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works. 3 Excl. salterns. 16 Statistical Reference Book 2017

19 Geographical features and climate 4. Mountains in Bulgaria, highest peaks and their altitude 1 Mountain Peak Altitude - m Rila Musala 2925 Pirin Vihren 2914 Stara planina Botev 2376 Vitosha Cherni vrah 2290 Osogovska planina Ruen 2251 Slavyanka Gotsev vrah 2212 Rodopi Golyam Perelik 2191 Belasitsa Radomir 2029 Vlahina Ogreyak 1924 Maleshevska planina Ilyov vrah 1803 Karvav Kamak Bilo 1737 Milevska planina Milevets 1733 Ruy Ruy 1706 Ograzhden Bilska chuka 1643 Sredna Gora Bogdan 1604 Lisets Vrashnik 1500 Chudinska planina Aramlia 1496 Konyavska planina Viden 1487 Erulska planina Golemi vrah 1481 Verila Golyam Debelets 1415 Lyubash Lyubash 1398 Strazha Strazha 1389 Plana Manastirishte 1338 Elovishka planina Plocha 1329 Zemenska planina Tichak 1295 Vidlich Vuchibaba 1294 Lyulin Dupevitsa 1256 Ezdimirska planina Golemi vrah 1219 Stargach Asenov vrah 1218 Losenska planina Popov del 1190 Penkyovska planina Konski vrah 1187 Zavalska planina Kitka 1181 Golo Bardo Vetrushka 1158 Rudini Banderata 1155 Cherna gora Tumba 1129 Sakar Vishegrad 856 Strandzha Gradishte Source: The Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Agency at the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works. Statistical Reference Book

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21 II. POPULATION Statistical Reference Book

22 Population Population and demographic processes Survey objects of demographic statistics are the population sets and demographic events. The population sets and its structures are calculated as of based on the number and structures of population of the previous year and the demographic events (live births, deaths, immigrants and emigrants) registered during the year. Demographic events include births, deaths, marriages, divorces and migration. They are registered at the moment of their occurrence during the reporting year. Data source for the natural population movement and its migration is the Unified System for Civil Registration and Administrative Services of the Population. The rate of natural decrease is -6.0 per in Figure 1. Marriage, birth and death rates and natural increase of the population Birth rate Death rate Marriage rate Natural increase 20 Statistical Reference Book 2017

23 Population 1. Main demographic indicators Population as of in thousands Population density per sq. km Gender ratio (women per men) Age dependency ratio - % Ageing index Share of urban population - % Crude birth rate Crude death rate Natural increase Crude marriage rate Infant mortality (per live births) Net fertility rate Total fertility rate Population by census year 1 Census year Total Male Female Share of urban population - % In thousands Up to resident population, since permanent population. Statistical Reference Book

24 Population The population structure The population age structure is represented by the distribution of the population by age groups. Population age is calculated in completed years as of of the respective year. The process of population ageing continues like in most European countries. In 2016 the share of population under 15 years is vastly low %, but the share of population over 65 years increases continuously and is 20.7%. The trend of population ageing leads to changes in the main population age structure - distribution of the population under, at and over working age. The share of the population over working age is increase. The population ageing is also expressed by an increase of the population mean age, increasing from 41.2 years in 2005 to 43.5 years in Figure 2. Age structure of the population by gender as of Age In thousands In thousands Male Female 22 Statistical Reference Book 2017

25 Population 3. Population by age and gender as of Age Total Male Female Share of urban population - % In numbers Total and over Structure of population by working age status and place of residence as of (Per cent) Total Under working age Working age Over working age Urban Under working age Working age Over working age Rural Under working age Working age Over working age Working age status according to the Pension Ordinance adopted by the Council of Ministers (Ordinance No. 30, State Gazette No. 21/ ). Statistical Reference Book

26 Fertility Population Births include the number of live-born and stillborn children, and not the cases of giving a birth where one, two or more children could be born. Children born during the previous years, but registered during the reporting one are included into the total number of births, but are distributed in the respective ages of population. There are births registered in 2016, of which (99.3%) - live births. The crude birth rate (number of live births per population) increases from 8.6 in 2001 to 9.1 in Total fertility rate (TFR) representing the average number of children that could be born by a woman during her fertile period is 1.54 children in Figure 3. Mean age of women at first marriage and first birth 29 Years Mean age of women at first marriage Mean age of women at first birth 24 Statistical Reference Book 2017

27 5. Live births by mother s age and place of residence Place of residence Age Population (Number) Total Up to and over Unknown Urban Total Up to and over Unknown Rural Total Под and over Unknown Statistical Reference Book

28 Mortality Population The number of deaths includes the dead persons registered during the year. Mortality level remains too high. Crude death rate (number of dead persons per population) is 15.1 in The infant mortality rate (number of children who die up to 1 year of age per live births) is 6.5 in 2016 or 0.1 lower than in The infant mortality in the last years is the lowest in the demographic development of the country, but continues to be higher than in other European countries. Life expectancy showing the life expectancy of the new-born under the hypothesis that the age-specific mortality observed during the respective year will remain the same. According to preliminary data for the period , the life expectancy is 71.2 years for males and 78.2 years for females. Figure 4. Crude death rate and infant mortality Crude death rate Infant mortality Figure 5. Life expectancy at birth Years Life expectancy at birth of males Life expectancy at birth of females 26 Statistical Reference Book 2017

29 Population 6. Deaths by age and place of residence (Number) Place of residence Age Total Up to and over Urban Total Up to and over Rural Total Up to and over Statistical Reference Book

30 Population Marriages and divorces In territorial aspect, the marriages and divorces are referred to the settlement where the husband s present address is or in case the present address of the husband is abroad - to the settlement where the wife s present address is. There is a tendency of decrease of the number of marriages during the last years due to increasing number of young people living in consensual union, without official marriage. Number of marriages in 2016 decreases compared to the previous year or 917 less than in The crude marriage rate (number of marriages per population) in 2016 is 3.8. The number of divorces in 2016 is or 120 more than in Figure 6. Marriages and divorces by districts in 2016 (Per of the population) Total Blagoevgrad Burgas Varna Veliko Tarnovo Vidin Vratsa Gabrovo Dobrich Kardzhali Kyustendil Lovech Montana Pazardzhik Pernik Pleven Plovdiv Razgrad Ruse Silistra Sliven Smolyan Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Stara Zagora Targovishte Haskovo Shumen Yambol Marriage rate Divorce rate 28 Statistical Reference Book 2017

31 Population 7. Marriages and divorces by statistical zone, statistical region and by district in 2016 Statistical zones, Marriages Divorces Marriages Divorces statistical regions and districts In numbers Per of the population Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Vidin Vratsa Lovech Montana Pleven Severen tsentralen Veliko Tarnovo Gabrovo Razgrad Ruse Silistra Severoiztochen Varna Dobrich Targovishte Shumen Yugoiztochen Burgas Sliven Stara Zagora Yambol Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Blagoevgrad Kyustendil Pernik Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Yuzhen tsentralen Kаrdzhali Pazardzhik Plovdiv Smolyan Haskovo Statistical Reference Book

32 Population Population by district Data on the population number and demographic events at territorial level are provided in accordance with the administrative-territorial division of the country as of The smallest district in terms of population is the district of Vidin where 1.3% of the country s population lives, and the biggest one - Sofia (stolitsa) %. The population in 16 districts is under 200 thousand persons. Six districts with a population between 200 and 300 thousand persons cover 20.3% of the country s population. There are six districts with a population over 300 thousand persons and more than one third (34.8%) of the country s population lives in three of them - Sofia (stolitsa), Plovdiv and Varna. Figure 7. Density of population per sq. km by district as of Silistra Vidin Ruse Montana Shumen Vratsa Veliko Tarnovo Lovech Sofia (stolitsa) Pernik Dobrich Razgrad Pleven Sofia Targovishte Varna Gabrovo Sliven Burgas Stara Zagora Kyustendil Yambol Plovdiv Pazardzhik Haskovo Blagoevgrad Smolyan Kardzhali Total for the country: (inhabitants per sq. km) Population density - inhabitants per sq. km < <500 Statistical Reference Book 2017

33 Population 8. Population by gender, place of residence, statistical zone, statistical region and by district as of (Number) Statistical zones, Total Of which: Urban statistical regions and districts Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Vidin Vratsa Lovech Montana Pleven Severen tsentralen Veliko Tarnovo Gabrovo Razgrad Ruse Silistra Severoiztochen Varna Dobrich Targovishte Shumen Yugoiztochen Burgas Sliven Stara Zagora Yambol Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Blagoevgrad Kyustendil Pernik Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Yuzhen tsentralen Kаrdzhali Pazardzhik Plovdiv Smolyan Haskovo Statistical Reference Book

34 Population Natality and mortality by district Highest is the crude birth rate in district Sliven, Sofia (stolitsa), Varna and Burgas each. Lowest is the crude birth rate in districts Gabrovo and Vidin. Vidin, Montana and Kyustendil are the districts with the highest crude death rate, while the lowest one is registered in districts Sofia (stolitsa), Kardzhali, Blagoevgrad and Varna. Figure 8. Crude birth rate by district in 2016 (Per of population) Total for the country Crude birth rate Figure 9. Crude death rate by district in 2016 (Per of population) Total for the country Crude death rate - 32 Statistical Reference Book 2017

35 Population 9. Live births, deaths and natural increase of the population by statistical zone, statistical region and by district in 2016 Statistical zones, statistical regions and districts Live births Deaths Natural increase In numbers Live Deaths Natural births increase Per of the population Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Vidin Vratsa Lovech Montana Pleven Severen tsentralen Veliko Tarnovo Gabrovo Razgrad Ruse Silistra Severoiztochen Varna Dobrich Targovishte Shumen Yugoiztochen Burgas Sliven Stara Zagora Yambol Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Blagoevgrad Kyustendil Pernik Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Yuzhen tsentralen Kаrdzhali Pazardzhik Plovdiv Smolyan Haskovo Statistical Reference Book

36 Population Migration of the population Migration of the population includes all persons who have declared change of their present address within the country, or change of address in the country with an address abroad or vice versa. Sofia (stolitsa) (4.4 ), Varna (2.8 ), Plovdiv (2.6 ), Burgas (0.8 ) and Kardzhali (0.1 ) are the districts with highest migration growth in Highest negative migration growth is registered in districts Smolyan (-11.8 ), Vidin (-9.4 ) and Vratsa (-9.0 ). Figure 10. Mechanical movement of the population by statistical regions in 2016 Severozapaden Severen tsentralen Severoiztochen Yugoiztochen Yugozapaden Yuzhen tsentralen In numbers Figure 11. Mechanical movement of the population by districts in 2016 Blagoevgrad Burgas Varna Veliko Tarnovo Vidin Vratsa Gabrovo Dobrich Kardzhali Kyustendil Lovech Montana Pazardzhik Pernik Pleven Plovdiv Razgrad Ruse Silistra Sliven Smolyan Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Stara Zagora Targovishte Haskovo Shumen Yambol Immigrants Emigrants Migration increase In numbers 34 Statistical Reference Book 2017

37 Statistical zones, statistical regions and districts Population 10. Migration of the population by statistical zone, statistical region and by district in (Number) Immigrants Emigrants Migration increase Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Vidin Vratsa Lovech Montana Pleven Severen tsentralen Veliko Tarnovo Gabrovo Razgrad Ruse Silistra Severoiztochen Varna Dobrich Targovishte Shumen Yugoiztochen Burgas Sliven Stara Zagora Yambol Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Blagoevgrad Kyustendil Pernik Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Yuzhen tsentralen Kаrdzhali Pazardzhik Plovdiv Smolyan Haskovo Immigrants and emigrants in/to districts include also the movement to/from Bulgaria. Statistical Reference Book

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39 III. LABOUR MARKET Statistical Reference Book

40 Labour force Labour market The labour force (the economically active population) consists of the persons aged 15 and over, who furnish the supply of labour for the production of goods and services. The labour force comprises the employed and the unemployed persons. The activity rate is the ratio between the economically active population and the total population of the same age. The source of the data is the Labour Force Survey. Figure 1. Structure of the labour force by age in % 2.0% 4.9% % % 27.7% and over Figure 2. Structure of the labour force by level of education in % 31.0% Higher Upper secondary Lower secondary or less 56.7% 38 Statistical Reference Book 2017

41 1. Labour force Labour market (Thousands) Total By place of residence Urban Rural By gender Male Female By age and over By level of education Higher Upper secondary of which: Vocational Lower secondary or less Activity rates (15-64 years of age) (Per cent) Total By place of residence Urban Rural By gender Male Female By age Statistical Reference Book

42 Labour market Labour force by district The labour force (the economically active population) aged and the activity rates for the same age group are presented by statistical regions in accordance with the Classification of Territorial Units for Statistical Purposes in Bulgaria in force since 14 February 2009, harmonized with the European Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), and by districts. Figure 3. Structure of the labour force (15-64 years of age) by statistical region in % 9.1% 11.1% Severozapaden Severen tsentralen Severoiztochen 13.6% Yugoiztochen Yugozapaden 32.4% 14.3% Yuzhen tsentralen 40 Statistical Reference Book 2017

43 Labour market 3. Labour force (15-64 years of age) and activity rates by statistical zone, statistical region and by district in 2016 Statistical zones, statistical regions and districts Labour force - in thousands Activity rates - % Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Vidin Vratsa Lovech Montana Pleven Severen tsentralen Veliko Tarnovo Gabrovo Razgrad Ruse Silistra Severoiztochen Varna Dobrich Targovishte Shumen Yugoiztochen Burgas Sliven Stara Zagora Yambol Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Blagoevgrad Kyustendil Pernik Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Yuzhen tsentralen Kаrdzhali Pazardzhik Plovdiv Smolyan Haskovo Statistical Reference Book

44 Employment Labour market Employed are the persons aged 15 and over, who during the reference period: performed some work for the production of goods or services for at least one hour, for pay in cash or in kind, or other income; did not work but had jobs from which they were temporarily absent due to annual leave, illness, full-paid maternity leave, parental leave, bad weather, strike or other labour dispute, and other reasons. Persons on unpaid leave initiated by the employer are considered employed if the duration of this leave does not exceed three months. Employers are the persons who by themselves or in co-operation with other people manage their own enterprise, business, farm, professional practice or perform independently other work, and employ at least one other person. Self-employed are the persons who by themselves or in cooperation with other people work in their own enterprise, business, farm, professional practice or perform independently other work, and do not employ any other person. Employees are the persons who work for a public or private employer and who receive a consideration in cash or in kind in the form of wages, salaries, fees, remuneration by civil contract, etc. Unpaid family workers are the persons who work without pay in a firm, enterprise or farm, owned and operated by a relative of the same household. The employment rate is the ratio between the employed population and the total population of the same age. The source of the data is the Labour Force Survey. Figure 4. Employment rates by age % Statistical Reference Book 2017

45 4. Employed persons Labour market (Thousands) Total By place of residence Urban Rural By gender Male Female By age and over By level of education Higher Upper secondary of which: Vocational Lower secondary or less By professional status Employers Self-employed without employees Employees in private sector Employees in public sector Unpaid family workers Employment rates (15-64 years of age) (Per cent) Total By place of residence Urban Rural By gender Male Female By age Statistical Reference Book

46 Labour market Employment by district The employed persons aged and the employment rates for the same age group are presented by statistical regions in accordance with the Classification of Territorial Units for Statistical Purposes in Bulgaria in force since 14 February 2009, harmonized with the European Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), and by districts. Figure 5. Employment rates (15-64 years of age) by district in 2016 Sofia (stolitsa) Gabrovo Yambol Varna Veliko Tarnovo Haskovo Kyustendil Blagoevgrad Smolyan Burgas Total Dobrich Ruse Plovdiv Pernik Shumen Stara Zagora Pazardzhik Kardzhali Pleven Sliven Sofia Vidin Razgrad Targovishte Montana Lovech Silistra Vratsa % Statistical Reference Book 2017

47 Labour market 6. Employed persons (15-64 years of age) and employment rates by statistical zone, statistical region and by district in 2016 Statistical zones, statistical regions and districts Employed - in thousands Employment rates - % Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Vidin Vratsa Lovech Montana Pleven Severen tsentralen Veliko Tarnovo Gabrovo Razgrad Ruse Silistra Severoiztochen Varna Dobrich Targovishte Shumen Yugoiztochen Burgas Sliven Stara Zagora Yambol Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Blagoevgrad Kyustendil Pernik Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Yuzhen tsentralen Kаrdzhali Pazardzhik Plovdiv Smolyan Haskovo Statistical Reference Book

48 Employees Labour market Employees are all persons who have a labour contract with their employer by virtue of the Labour Code or the Civil Servants Act and who receive remuneration in cash or in kind for certain quality and quantity of work done. The average annual number of employees under labour contract is the arithmetic mean value of the average monthly number of employees. The average monthly number of employees is the arithmetic mean value of the daily number of employees (sum of the daily number of employees divided by the number of days of the reference month). Figure 6. Average annual number of employees under labour contract by kind of ownership In Хиляди thousands Total Public sector Private sector 7. Employees under labour contract by economic activity groupings (Average annual number) Economic activity groupings Total Public sector Private sector Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco products Manufacture of textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products Manufacture of wood and paper products, and printing Manufacture of coke, and refined petroleum products Statistical Reference Book 2017

49 Labour market 7. Employees under labour contract by economic activity groupings (Continued and end) (Average annual number) Economic activity groupings Total Public sector Private sector Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products Manufacture of rubber and plastics products, and other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products, except machinery Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c Manufacture of transport equipment Other manufacturing, and repair and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and airconditioning supply Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation Construction Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transportation and storage Accommodation and food service activities Publishing, audiovisual and broadcasting activities Telecommunications IT and other information services Financial and insurance activities Real estate activities Legal, accounting, management, architecture and engineering and similar activities Scientific research and development Other professional, scientific and technical activities Administrative and support service activities Public administration and defence, compulsory social security x x Education Human health services Residential care and social work activities Arts, entertainment and recreation Other services Statistical Reference Book

50 Labour market Unemployment Unemployed are the persons aged from 15 to 74, who were: without work during the reference period; actively seeking work in the four week period ending with the reference week; available to start working before the end of the two weeks following the reference week. As unemployed are regarded also the persons who are not actively looking for work but have found a new job or business that is expected to start within 3 months following the reference period. The duration of unemployment is defined by the shorter of the following two periods: the duration of looking for a job; or the length of time passed since last employment. The source of the data (excluding data on registered unemployment) is the Labour Force Survey. The source of the data on the unemployed persons registered at the Labour Offices is the National Employment Agency. Figure 7. Structure of unemployed persons by age Figure 8. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment % In Хиляди thousands and over До 5 месеца Up to 5 months 6-11 месеца 6-11 months месеца 23 months 2 и 2 years повече and over години 48 Statistical Reference Book 2017

51 8. Unemployed persons Labour market (Thousands) Total By place of residence Urban Rural By gender Male Female By age and over By level of education Higher Upper secondary of which: Vocational Lower secondary or less By duration of unemployment Up to 5 months months months years and over Unemployed registered at the Labour offices as of Statistical Reference Book

52 Labour market Unemployment The unemployment rate is the ratio between the unemployed persons and the economically active population (the labour force). The long-term unemployment rate is the ratio between the number of the long-term unemployed persons (unemployed for one or more years) and the economically active population. Discouraged persons are the persons, who are not in the labour force (economically inactive population) and who want to work, but who do not actively look for a job, because they do not believe they will find one. In 2016 the unemployment rate decreased by 1.5 percentage points in comparison with the previous year and stood at 7.6%. The long-term unemployed (unemployed for one or more years) represented 59.1% of all unemployed persons. Figure 9. Unemployment rates and long-term unemployment rates 14 % Unemployment rate Long-term unemployment rate 50 Statistical Reference Book 2017

53 9. Unemployment rates Labour market (Per cent) Total By place of residence Urban Rural By gender Male Female By age and over Long-term unemployment rate Discouraged persons (Thousands) Total By place of residence Urban Rural By gender Male Female By age and over By level of education Higher Upper secondary of which: Vocational Lower secondary or less Statistical Reference Book

54 Labour market Unemployment by district The unemployed persons and the unemployment rates are presented by statistical regions in accordance with the Classification of Territorial Units for Statistical Purposes in Bulgaria, in force since 14 February 2009, harmonized with the European Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), and by districts. The source of the data on the unemployed persons registered at the Labour Offices is the National Employment Agency. Figure 10. Unemployment rates by statistical regions in 2016 Yugozapaden Yuzhen tsentralen Yugoiztochen Severen tsentralen Severoiztochen Severozapaden % 52 Statistical Reference Book 2017

55 Labour market 11. Unemployment by statistical zone, statistical region and by district in 2016 Statistical zones, statistical regions and districts Unemployed - in thousands Unemployment rates - % Unemployed registered at the Labour offices as of in thousands Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Vidin Vratsa Lovech (3.5) (7.8) 7.0 Montana (2.7) (5.6) 9.9 Pleven Severen tsentralen Veliko Tarnovo Gabrovo (3.2) (6.2) 2.5 Razgrad Ruse Silistra Severoiztochen Varna Dobrich Targovishte Shumen Yugoiztochen Burgas Sliven Stara Zagora Yambol Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Blagoevgrad Kyustendil Pernik Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Yuzhen tsentralen Kаrdzhali (1.1) (1.7) 7.0 Pazardzhik Plovdiv Smolyan Haskovo Statistical Reference Book

56 Labour market Average annual wages and salaries Gross annual wages and salaries are the remunerations paid regularly to the employees by the employers before the deduction of any tax and social security contributions payable by the employees and withheld by the employers. The average annual gross wages and salaries are calculated through dividing the total amount of wage and salary costs accrued during the reference year by the average annual number of employees under labour contract excluding those on maternity leave. Figure 11. Nominal and real wages and salaries (Percentage change to preceding year) % Real wages and salaries Nominal wages and salaries 12. Average annual wages and salaries by economic activity groupings (BGN) Economic activity Total Public sector Private sector groupings Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco products Manufacture of textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products Manufacture of wood and paper products, and printing Manufacture of coke, and refined petroleum products Statistical Reference Book 2017

57 Labour market 12. Average annual wages and salaries by economic activity groupings (Continued and end) (BGN) Economic activity groupings Total Public sector Private sector Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products Manufacture of rubber and plastics products, and other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products, except machinery Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c Manufacture of transport equipment Other manufacturing, and repair and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and airconditioning supply Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation Construction Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Transportation and storage Accommodation and food service activities Publishing, audiovisual and broadcasting activities Telecommunications IT and other information services Financial and insurance activities Real estate activities Legal, accounting, management, architecture and engineering and similar activities Scientific research and development Other professional, scientific and technical activities Administrative and support service activities Public administration and defence, compulsory social security x x Education Human health services Residential care and social work activities Arts, entertainment and recreation Other services Statistical Reference Book

58

59 IV. EDUCATION Statistical Reference Book

60 Education Types of educational institutions Educational institutions are those institutions, which directly perform training according to educational programmes with students in organized classes (groups) locally or through distance learning. Educational programs in those institutions include all educational stages and/or attainment of professional qualification level. Non-formal education and informal learning do not come into the scope of the educational system, according to used definitions of ISCED Types of educational institutions: Kindergartens; Schools (І - XІІ grade): primary (І - ІV grade), basic (І - VІІІ grade), lower secondary (V - VІІІ grade), secondary (ІX - XІІ or VІІІ - XІІ grade), secondary educational (І - XІІ grade), vocational (art schools, sport schools, vocational secondary schools providing training by programs for attainment of third and second level of professional qualification (including religious schools), vocational classes with programs for attainment of second and first level of professional qualification with admission after VIII grade, vocational classes with programs for attainment of first level of professional qualification with admission after VI and VII grades); Vocational training centres provide training to persons aged 16 and over in vocational programmes against payment for acquisition of professional qualification, according to the Law on Vocational Education and Training; Vocational colleges and vocational secondary schools carry out training by programs with admission after completed secondary education; Higher schools - colleges, universities and equivalent higher schools. The statistical survey of tertiary education covers all higher schools accredited according to the Law on Higher Education and the private spiritual higher schools, opened by virtue of the Law on Religion. Figure 1. Educational institutions by type In Брой numbers Kindergartens General and special schools Vocational schools / / / /2017 Vocational training centres Higher schools 58 Statistical Reference Book 2017

61 Education 1. Educational institutions by type 2013/ / / /2017 Of Of Of Of Total which: Total which: Total which: Total which: Private Private Private Private Total Kindergartens General and special schools Primary (I - IV grade) Basic (I - VIII grade) Lower secondary (V - VIII grade) Upper secondary (IX - XII grade) Secondary (I - XII grade) Vocational Art schools Sport schools Vocational gymnasiums Vocational colleges Vocational training centres Higher schools Universities and equivalent higher schools Colleges at universities and equivalent higher schools Independent colleges Includes universities and equivalent higher schools and independent colleges. Statistical Reference Book

62 Education Enrolled students The methodology of educational statistics is built on the basis of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), revision 2011, and the concomitant methodological guidelines: Pre-primary education in kindergartens (educational level ISCED - 0); Primary and lower secondary education, secondary education in all types of schools and vocational education after secondary education in vocational colleges (educational levels ISCED - 1, 2, 3 and 4); Vocational training against payment for acquisition of professional qualification in centres for vocational training, vocational gymnasiums, vocational colleges and vocational schools (educational levels ISCED - 2, 3 and 4); Tertiary education for acquiring the educational qualification degrees Professional bachelor, Bachelor and Master in colleges, universities and equivalent higher schools (educational level ISCED - 6 and 7); Tertiary education for acquiring the educational and scientific degree Doctor in universities, equivalent higher schools and scientific organizations (educational level ISCED - 8). Figure 2. Enrolments by level of education In Хиляди thousands / / / /2017 Pre-primary education Primary education (I - IV grade) Lower secondary education (V - VIII grade) Secondary education (IX - XII grade) Tertiary education 60 Statistical Reference Book 2017

63 Education 2. Pupils and students by level of International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011) 2013/ / / /2017 Of Of Of Total which: Total which: Total which: Total Private Private Private Of which: Private Total Pre-primary education (ISCED - 0) Primary education (I - IV grade, ISCED - 1) Lower secondary education (V - VIII grade, ISCED - 2) Vocational training for adults - first level professional qualification (ISCED - 2) Vocational training - first level professional qualification, after VIII grade (ISCED - 3) Upper secondary education (IX - XII grade, ISCED - 3) Vocational training for adults - second level professional qualification (ISCED - 3) Vocational training for adults - third level professional qualification (ISCED - 3) Post secondary non-tertiary education (ISCED - 4) Vocational training for adults - fourth level professional qualification (ISCED - 4) Tertiary education (ISCED - 6, 7, 8) Educational-qualification degree Professional bachelor (ISCED-6) Educational-qualification degree Bachelor (ISCED - 6) Educational-qualification degree Master (ISCED - 7) Educational and scientific degree Doctor (ISCED - 8) The number of students decreased significantly due to the conversion of three independent private colleges into universities and pass over the part of the students from educationalqualification degree Professional Bachelor into Bachelor degree. Statistical Reference Book

64 Education Teachers by teaching levels The teachers (academic staff) are official persons who directly conduct the training sessions according to the curricula irrespective of whether they are full-time or part-time employees. The management personnel include officials performing managerial functions at the level of the educational institution - principals, assistant principals with teaching responsibilities, rectors, deans and their assistants, head of departments. The number of the teaching staff includes teachers and management personnel with teaching activity. Teachers in primary and secondary education are grouped by levels of teaching and by programme orientation (general education or vocational). In the cases when a teacher teaches at different levels, he/she is classified at the level where he/she has more school hours. Figure 3. Structure of the teachers by teaching levels in 2016/ % 19.5% Pre-primary education Primary education 0.3% 22.3% 17.2% Lower secondary education Secondary education Vocational training after secondary education 19.1% Tertiary education 62 Statistical Reference Book 2017

65 Education 3. Teaching staff by level of International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 2011) 2013/ / / /2017 Total Pre-primary education (ISCED - 0) Primary education (I - IV grade, ISCED - 1) Lower secondary education (V - VIII grade, ISCED - 2) Upper secondary education (IX - XII grade, ISCED - 3) Post secondary non-tertiary (ISCED - 4) Tertiary education (ISCED - 6, 7) Colleges (ISCED - 6) Education in universities and equivalent higher schools (ISCED - 6, 7) Statistical Reference Book

66 Education Kindergartens The kindergartens are: all-day, half-day, as well as groups for children with special educational needs. The age of the children covered in kindergartens is 3-6 years. Pre-primary education in preparatory groups or in a preparatory grade before I grade is compulsory. In spite of the reduced number of kindergartens, a wider coverage of the children by these institutions has been achieved. The average number of children per one teacher for the country is 12 and per one group - 23 for the school year 2016/2017. Figure 4. Children in kindergartens In Хиляди thousands / / / / Statistical Reference Book 2017

67 Education 4. Kindergartens 2013/ / / /2017 Kindergartens Total Permanent All-day Half-day Seasonal Teaching staff Total of which: Teachers in kindergartens Permanent All-day Half-day Seasonal Children enrolled Total Permanent All-day Half-day Seasonal Statistical Reference Book

68 Education General schools General schools are non-profiled and profiled (foreign languages, natural sciences and mathematics, humanitarian and arts). The data about the number of students is provided by grade groups. Graduates are those students who have received a document for a completed level from a legitimate educational institution, containing all the necessary records and stamps according to the law. The students in vocational schools and in independent vocational classes with enrolment after VІ and VІІ grade are provided with general educational training for the acquisition of basic education and vocational training for the acquisition of first level of professional qualification. Graduates from programmes with enrolment after the VІ and VІІ grades obtain a certificate for completed basic education and a certificate for first level of professional qualification. Figure 5. General education school graduates In Брой numbers Basic education Secondary education 66 Statistical Reference Book 2017

69 Education 5. Students in general schools by groups of grades and mode of attendance 2013/ / / /2017 Total I - IV grade of which: Extra-mural training, evening courses, independent and remote courses V - VIII grade of which: Extra-mural training, evening courses, independent and remote courses IХ - ХII grade of which: Extra-mural training, evening courses, independent and remote courses Incl. VIII grade of foreign languages secondary schools and other specialized secondary schools with selection after VII grade. 6. Graduates from general schools Basic Upper secondary Statistical Reference Book

70 Education Vocational training - I level The students in vocational schools and classes with admission after VI, VII and VIII grades are trained in vocational programmes for acquiring first level of professional qualification. The number of graduates includes students who successfully passed the exams and received certificates for the first level of professional qualification. The distribution of students and graduates in programmes for acquiring all the levels of professional qualification by narrow fields of education is presented according to the Classification of the Fields of Education and Training approved by the president of NSI and published in State Gazette, No. 91/ Figure 6. Structure of the students by narrow fields of education in programmes with enrolment after the VIII grade for the attainment of a first level of professional qualification for the school year 2016/ % 1.4% 2.5% 0.7% 39.2% Business and administration Computing Engineering and engineering trades Manufacturing and processing Architecture and building Agriculture, forestry and fishery Personal services 22.0% 0.7% 7. Students in programmes with admission after VI and VII grade for attainment of a first level professional qualification by narrow fields Narrow fields 2013/ / / /2017 Total Computing Engineering and engineering trades Manufacturing and processing Architecture and building Agriculture, forestry and fishery Personal services Statistical Reference Book 2017

71 Education 8. Graduates from programmes with admission after VI and VII grade for attainment of a first level professional qualification by narrow fields Narrow fields Total Computing Engineering and engineering trades Manufacturing and processing Architecture and building Agriculture, forestry and fishery Personal services Students in programmes with admission after VIІI grade for attainment of a first level professional qualification by narrow fields Narrow fields 2013/ / / /2017 Total Business and administration Computing Engineering and engineering trades Manufacturing and processing Architecture and building Agriculture, forestry and fishery Personal services Graduates from programmes with admission after VIІI grade for attainment of a first level professional qualification by narrow fields Narrow fields Total Computing Engineering and engineering trades Manufacturing and processing Architecture and building Agriculture, forestry and fishery Personal services Statistical Reference Book

72 Education Vocational training - II level Training for acquiring second level of professional qualification is carried out in vocational gymnasiums and vocational schools and has duration of 4 years. Secondary education graduates and students having attained the second level of professional qualification in vocational gymnasiums and vocational schools are eligible to continue their education in tertiary schools or to start work in acquired occupation (specialty). Figure 7. Structure of the students by narrow fields of education in programmes for the attainment of a second level of professional qualification for the school year 2016/2017 Health Arts Transport services Computing Architecture and building Business and administration Manufacturing and processing Agriculture, forestry and fishery Personal services Engineering and engineering trades % Statistical Reference Book 2017

73 Education 11. Students in programmes for attainment of a second level professional qualification by narrow fields Narrow fields 2013/ / / /2017 Total Arts Business and administration Computing Engineering and engineering trades Manufacturing and processing Architecture and building Agriculture, forestry and fishery Health Personal services Transport services Graduates from programmes for attainment of a second level professional qualification by narrow fields Narrow fields Graduates in secondary education Attainments in vocational qualification Arts Business and administration Computing Engineering and engineering trades Manufacturing and processing Architecture and building Agriculture, forestry and fishery Personal services Statistical Reference Book

74 Education Vocational training - III level Vocational gymnasiums, art schools and sport schools provide vocational training for acquisition of third level of professional qualification with duration of four or five years. They enrol students with completed basic education or with completed VII grade. Secondary education graduates and students having attained third level of professional qualification in vocational gymnasiums, art schools and sport schools are eligible to continue their education in tertiary schools or to start work in the acquired occupation (specialty). Figure 8. Structure of the students by narrow fields of education in programmes for the attainment of a third level of professional qualification for the school year 2016/2017 Security services Journalism, mass communication and information Health Social services Humanities Environmental protection Veterinary Transport services Architecture and building Manufacturing and processing Arts Agriculture, forestry and fishery Computing Business and administration Personal services Engineering and engineering trades % Statistical Reference Book 2017

75 Education 13. Students in programmes for attainment of a third level professional qualification by narrow fields Narrow fields 2013/ / / /2017 Total Arts Humanities Journalism, mass communication and information Business and administration Physical and chemical sciences Computing Engineering and engineering trades Manufacturing and processing Architecture and building Agriculture, forestry and fishery Veterinary Health Social services Personal services Transport services Environmental protection Security services Graduates from programmes for attainment of a third level professional qualification by narrow fields Narrow fields Graduates in secondary education Attainments in vocational qualification Arts Humanities Journalism, mass communication and information Business and administration Physical and chemical sciences Computing Engineering and engineering trades Manufacturing and processing Architecture and building Agriculture, forestry and fishery Veterinary Social services Personal services Transport services Environmental protection Security services Statistical Reference Book

76 Education Vocational training - IV level The vocational colleges and vocational gymnasiums provide vocational training for acquisition of forth level of professional qualification with duration of up to two years. They enrol students with completed secondary education. Students having attained fourth level of professional qualification in vocational colleges and vocational gymnasiums can perform on the labour market with respect to the acquired occupation (specialty) and have the competency to undertake managerial responsibilities for the work of other people. Figure 9. Structure of the students by narrow fields of education in programmes for the attainment of a fourth level of professional qualification giving in the school year 2016/2017 Transport services и Healthе Artsа Engineering andи engineering trades и Personal servicesа Security services и т Business andи administrationя % Statistical Reference Book 2017

77 Education 15. Students in programmes for attainment of a fourth level professional qualification by narrow fields Narrow fields 2013/ / / /2017 Total Arts Humanities Business and administration Engineering and engineering trades Health Personal services Transport services Security services Graduates from programmes for attainment of a fourth level professional qualification by narrow fields Narrow fields Total Arts Humanities Business and administration Engineering and engineering trades Health Personal services Security services Statistical Reference Book

78 Education Tertiary education Students are persons enrolled in an educational program of formal tertiary education according to ISCED irrespective of the mode of attendance. Formal education includes the educational programmes implemented in the legitimate educational institutions created in compliance with the existing legal order. The NSI obtains annually the number of enrolled students by counting the students themselves and not by counting the number of enrolments. For example, according to the current national methodology, students are counted only once in the cases of simultaneous enrolment in two specialties within one university (or college). Double counting is not allowed except in the cases of illicit simultaneous study in two universities. Graduates with minimal duration of studies of 4 years according to the curriculum are awarded qualification degree Bachelor ; the Master qualification degree is awarded to graduates with minimal duration of studies of 5 years or at least one year of studies after the acquisition of Bachelor degree. The qualification degree Professional Bachelor is a degree of tertiary professional education. It is awarded after the completion of vocational training at college with minimal duration of studies of 3 years. The Doctor educational and scientific degree is awarded by the Scientific Jury, according to the Law on Development of Academic Staff in the Republic of Bulgaria after minimum 3 years of studies and the successful defence of a doctoral dissertation. Figure 10. Students in universities and equivalent higher schools In Хиляди thousands / / / / Statistical Reference Book 2017

79 Education 17. Students in higher schools 2013/ / / /2017 Total In universities and equivalent higher schools In colleges Graduates from higher education Total Educational-qualification degree Professional bachelor Educational-qualification degree Bachelor Educational-qualification degree Master Excl. graduates degree and scientific title Doctor. 19. PhD students in higher schools and scientific organisations 2013/ / / /2017 Students оf which: Regular training Graduates in educational and scientific degree Doctor оf which: Regular training Statistical Reference Book

80 Education Schools, teaching staff and students by district The district administrative and territorial units are presented in accordance with the Territorial Organization Act of the Republic of Bulgaria, which entered into force on 5 February 1999 (28 districts), while the territorial units for statistical purposes statistical zones and statistical regions are presented according to the Classification of Territorial Units for Statistical Purposes in Bulgaria. This classification complies with the NUTS classification of Eurostat and is approved with an Ordinance of the President of the NSI on the basis of Regulation (EC) No. 31/2011 of the Commission of 17 January 2011 on the amendment of Regulation 1059/2003, as well as on art. 9, p. 9 in conjunction with art. 7 (1), p. 6 and p. 15, art. 10 of the Law on Statistics (promulgated State Gazette, No. 13/08 February 2013, into force 12 February 2013). In a territorial aspect, the highest numbers of students are found in the Yugozapaden and the Yuzhen tsentralen regions, while the Severen tsentralen region has the smallest number of students. Figure 11. Students by statistical region in the school year 2016/2017 Yugozapaden Yuzhen tsentralen Yugoiztochen Severoiztochen Severozapaden Severen tsentralen In Брой numbers Statistical Reference Book 2017

81 Statistical zones, statistical regions and districts Schools Teaching staff Students Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Vidin Vratsa Lovech Montana Pleven Severen tsentralen Veliko Tarnovo Gabrovo Razgrad Ruse Silistra Severoiztochen Varna Dobrich Targovishte Shumen Yugoiztochen Burgas Sliven Stara Zagora Yambol Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Blagoevgrad Kyustendil Pernik Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Yuzhen tsentralen Kаrdzhali Pazardzhik Plovdiv Smolyan Haskovo Excl. higher schools. 2 Incl. the bulgarian schools abroad financed by state. Education 20. Schools, teaching staff and students by statistical zone, statistical region and by district in the school year 2016/ Statistical Reference Book

82 Education Participation rate of the population in the educational system and expenditure on education The internationally accepted indicator Participation rate of the population in the educational system (net enrolment rate) is calculated as the relative share of enrolled students from a certain age group in relation to the number of the constant population of the country in the same age group. The drop-out indicator for the educational system is calculated as the share of school drop-outs aged related to the total number of the population in the same age group. The drop-outs from the educational system are the individuals who have not completed secondary education and who do not participate in education and training during the reference period. Total expenditure on education (calculated according to the methodology of UNESCO, OECD and Eurostat) include governmental and municipal expenditure, private expenditure (those of private entities and households), as well as expenditure covered by international sources. In 2013, the ratios of public expenditure education on education to GDP for some European countries according to Eurostat data were: Sweden - 7.4%, Finland - 7.2%, Cyprus - 7.1%, Belgium - 6.7%, Netherlands - 6.1%, Ireland - 5.8%, Austria - 5.7%, Portugal - 5.3%, Slovenia - 5.2%, Poland - 5.0%, Estonia - 4.9%, Latvia and Germany - 4.8%, Italy - 4.3%, Spain and Czech Republic - 4.2%, Slovakia and Hungary - 4.1%, Romania - 2.7%. This ratio for Bulgaria in 2013 and 2014 was respectively 4.3% and 4.2%. Figure 12. Ratio of public expenditure on education to GDP 1 % The calculations are on the basis of the Eurostat methodology (UOE - finance tables). 80 Statistical Reference Book 2017

83 Education 21. Net enrolment rate of the population in the educational system 2013/ / / /2017 Group net enrolment rates 1 by levels of ISCED 2011 Pre-primary education (ISCED - 0) Primary education (I - IV grade, ISCED - 1) Lower secondary education (V - VIII grade, ISCED - 2) Upper secondary education (IX - XII grade ISCED - 3) Post secondary non-tertiary education (ISCED - 4) Education in colleges (ISCED - 6) Education in universities and equivalent higher schools (ISCED - 6, 7) Net enrolment rates 2 of the population in the educational system by age groups (Per cent) 3-6 years years years years years Group rates are calculated in per cents of number of enrolments by levels in age groups and years to number of population in the same age groups. 2 The rate is calculated in per cents of number of enrolments in corresponding age groups, independently of the educational level, to the number of population in the same age groups. Numbers of enrolments and population are calculated as of of the corresponding year. 22. Share of drop-outs from the population aged years by sex 1 (Per cent) Total Мale Female Source: NSI, Labour Force Survey - annual data. Statistical Reference Book

84

85 V. CULTURE AND ART Statistical Reference Book

86 Publishing Culture and art The national written cultural heritage is expressed in the books, pamphlets, newspapers, magazines, bulletins and periodical collections issued in the country. The statistical reporting for the issued products gives the public an idea of the number of titles and their circulation by different classification groups. Figure 1. Published titles In numbers Newspapers Magazines Books and pamphlets and bulletines Figure 2. Circulation In millions Newspapers Magazines Books and pamphlets and bulletines Statistical Reference Book 2017

87 Culture and art 1. Publishing Books and pamphlets Titles - in numbers Circulation - in millions Magazines and bulletins Titles - in numbers Annual circulation - in millions Newspapers Titles - in numbers Annual circulation - in millions Data are for the last three months of 2010 and for Book and pamphlet production by target group in 2015 Total Books Pamphlets Target group Titles - in Circulation - Titles - in Circulation - Titles - in Circulation - numbers in thousands numbers in thousands numbers in thousands Total Socio-political Scientific literature Popular literature for adults Scientific-popular for adults Professional literature Professional production Educational literature High schools, Colleges Professional schools and schools of arts General and special schools Educational methodic Fiction for adults Children s and juvenile literature Children s and juvenile fiction Children s and juvenile popular scientific literature Official documents Reference literature Statistical Reference Book

88 Culture and art Performing arts and cinemas The NSI observes the activities of the dramatic, opera and musical theatres, and of the music and dance formations (philharmonic orchestras, ensembles for folk songs and dances and orchestras), their audience capacity, attendance and number of performances. The number of visits in theatres in the last four years remains relatively constant. The number of ordinary cinemas in the country has increased from 40 in 2013 to 59 in In the latest years an increase of the number of the screens is observed as in 2016 it reached 210, which is a result of the creation of new modern cinemas, furnished with modern equipment. Figure 3. Attendances in the theatres In thousands Theatre attendance Of which: Dramatic Figure 4. Cinema attendances and film shows In numbers In thousands Film shows - in numbers Cinema attendances - in thousands 86 Statistical Reference Book 2017

89 Culture and art 3. Theatres Theatres - in numbers Capacity - in thousands Theatre performances - in thousands Theatre attendance - in millions Cinemas Cinemas - in numbers Film shows - in numbers Cinema attendances - in thousands Film production (Number) Films by kind Films produced of which: Television Full-length films Feature films Documentary films Others Short- and medium length films Feature films Documentary films Cartoon films Others Statistical Reference Book

90 Culture and art Museums and community clubs The museum is a cultural and scientific organisation which searches, examines, conserves and makes available for public viewing cultural and natural evidential material with cognitive, educational and aesthetical purposes. The NSI observes all museums open to visits: historical, natural, archaeological, ethnographic museums, art galleries and other exhibitions. For the last year the museum collections (movable cultural property) (incl. those in the main storage fund, as well as in the research and ancillary materials fund, and in the exchange fund) decreased by 2.4%, and the number of visitors increased by 9.8% compared to The Community clubs are traditional self-governing Bulgarian cultural and educational associations in urban and village areas, which perform public cultural and educational tasks (Art. 2 (1) of the Act on the community clubs). NSI conducts the survey on the activities of the community clubs every five years. Figure 5. Museums In thousands Figure 6. Community clubs and members In numbers Museum collections - in thousands Visits - in thousands Museums - in numbers In thousands In numbers Members - in thousands Community clubs - in numbers Statistical Reference Book 2017

91 Culture and art 6. Museums Museums - in numbers Stocks units - in thousands Electronic units - in thousands Visits - in thousands Visits in the day for free entrance - in thousands Personnel - in numbers of which: Professionals with an academic degree or academic title and curators Museums by statistical zone and statistical region in 2016 Statistical zones and statistical regions Personnel - in numbers Income - Expenditure - thousand thousand Of which: BGN BGN Total Staff pay roll schemes - in numbers Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Severen tsentralen Severoiztochen Yugoiztochen Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Yuzhen tsentralen Community clubs Community clubs - units In towns In villages Members - in thousands In towns In villages Statistical Reference Book

92 Libraries Culture and art Since 2002 the NSI has observed libraries with collection sizes above 200 thousand books. These are the biggest libraries in the country: the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library, the regional libraries, some larger community club libraries, specialized libraries and libraries at institutions of higher education. At the end of 2016, the 47 libraries had thousand library collections. The readers were 239 thousand. The books in libraries decreased by 1.7% compared to the previous year. During the period , an increase of the visits to these libraries is observed with 30.9% ( thousand, thousand). Figure 7. Libraries with collection above 200 thousands In thousands Collection - in thousands Loans to users - in thousands Of which: Books Of which: Books 90 Statistical Reference Book 2017

93 Culture and art 9. Libraries with collection above 200 thousands Libraries - in numbers Collection - in thousands of which: Books Loans to users - in thousands of which: Books Users - in thousands Libraries by category with collection over 200 thousands in 2016 Type of libraries Statistical zones and statistical regions Libraries - in numbers 11. Libraries with collection over 200 thousands by statistical zone and statistical region in 2016 Libraries - in numbers Collections - in thousands Users - in thousands Total Of which: Books Collections - in thousands Users - in thousands Visitors - in thousands Loans to users - in thousands Total Of which: Books Total National Library St. St. Cyril and Methodius Non-specialized Public libraries Libraries at institutions of higher education Special libraries Loans to users - in thousands Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Severen tsentralen Severoiztochen Yugoiztochen Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Yuzhen tsentralen Statistical Reference Book

94 Culture and art Radio and television activities During the period the number of radio stations in Bulgaria increased by 1 (from 83 in 2013 to 84 in 2016). In 2016 the share of broadcast advertisements was 5.7% of all broadcasts. The total duration of the broadcasts in 2016 increased by 7.1% compared to In 2016 the share of television advertising was 5.7% of all broadcasts. Figure 8. Structure of radio broadcasts % 11.6% 22.5% 12.2% 12.7% 12.0% 5.3% 2.1% 1.9% 4.9% 2.2% 1.8% 45.9% News Factual/Information Light entertainment Art and culture 44.5% Sport Music Other programmes Figure 9. Structure of television broadcasts % % 46.0% 27.2% 45.7% 24.2% 3.0% 4.2% News Fiction Music 12.8% 13.2% 1.6% 6.7% Sport Children s Other programmes 92 Statistical Reference Book 2017

95 Culture and art 12. Radio and television operators Radio operators - in numbers Programmes - in hours Television operators - in numbers Programmes - in hours Radio programmes by genre (Hоurs) Total News Factual/Information Infotainment Light entertainment Art and culture Education Science Religion Dramatic Sport Entertainment Music Serious music programmes (classical music) Light music programmes Other music programmes Children s-youth s Regional Advertising Presentation/Promotion Not classified elsewhere Statistical Reference Book

96 Culture and art 14. Television programmes by genre (Hours) Total News Information Live broadcast from Parliament Information/Entertainment Topical Human interest Art/Humanities/Sciences Education Religion Sport Fiction Cinematographic films Television or video works Entertainment Music Children s Youth s Documentary Regional Advertising Teleshopping Not classified elsewhere Statistical Reference Book 2017

97 VI. HEALTH Statistical Reference Book

98 Health Health establishments and medical personnel The health network includes in-patient and outpatient health establishments as well as other health establishments. Data are presented according to the status at the end of the year. Data on hospital beds include all de facto operating hospital beds as well as hospital beds temporary out of use for a period of less than six months. Hospital beds for temporary use are excluded. When analyzing the health network data the following has to be taken into account: the number of health establishments and hospital beds has changed not only as a result of the opening or closure of establishments, but also because of the reorganization or merging of establishments. At the end of 2016 there are beds in all types of health establishments available in the country. Health establishments for hospital aid are hospitals, dermato-venereological centres, complex oncological centres, mental health centres. At the end of 2016 the number of health establishments for hospital aid is 345 with beds. There are 781 beds available per 100 thousand of population in 2016 and 734 hospital beds per 100 thousand inhabitants. The number of medical personnel (individuals working under basic labour contract) includes persons practicing at healthcare establishments regardless of their ownership and subordination. Data on medical specialists working outside of the country as well as on medical specialists practicing outside of the health establishments (for example, doctors working for the pharmaceutical industry) are excluded. The indicators on the coverage of the population are calculated based on the population numbers at the end of year. At the end of 2016, there are practicing physicians and dentists. The number of physicians and dentists per 10 thousand of the population at the end of 2016 is 41.6 physicians and 11.3 dentists. Figure 1. Beds per of the population In numbers Beds in health establishments - total Of which: In health establishments for hospital aid 96 Statistical Reference Book 2017

99 1. Health establishments as of (Number) Establishments Beds Establishments Beds Establishments Beds Health establishments for hospital aid Hospitals Multi profile hospitals Specialized hospitals Dermato-venereological centres Complex oncological centres Mental health centres Out-patient health establishments Diagnostic and consulting centres Medical centres Dental centres Medical-dental centres Independent medical-diagnostical laboratories and medical-technical laboratories Other health establishments of which: Health Centres for urgent medical aid Haematological transfusion centres Hospices Homes for medical and social care for children Medical specialists in health establishments as of (Number) Physicians Per population Dentists Per population Medical specialists on Health cares Per population Of which: Nurses Per population Under basic labour contract. Statistical Reference Book

100 Health Medical personnel by district The peculiarities of healthcare services from a territorial point of view have to be taken into account during the analysis of data on health establishments and medical personnel. Depending on the specialization of medical activities, the health establishments serve the population of one or more municipalities, districts or of the entire country. Indicators on the number of population per one physician and per one dentist are calculated based on the number of population at the end of the year. Totally for the country, there are 240 persons per one physician in Compared to the country s average, this indicator is more favourable for the districts Pleven, Sofia (stolitsa), Plovdiv, Varna and Stara Zagora. The highest number of population served by one physician is registered for the districts of Razgrad (381 persons) and Dobrich (373). Figure 2. Population per physician by district at the end of 2016 Razgrad Dobrich Pernik Kardzhali Targovishte Yambol Haskovo Silistra Smolyan Blagoevgrad Shumen Veliko Tarnovo Burgas Sliven Pazardzhik Vidin Montana Kyustendil Ruse Vratsa Sofia Gabrovo Lovech Total Stara Zagora Varna Plovdiv Sofia (stolitsa) Pleven In numbers 98 Statistical Reference Book 2017

101 Health 3. Medical care of the population by statistical zone, statistical region and by district as of (Number) Statistical zones, Population per statistical regions Physician Dentist and districts Total Severna i Yugoiztochna Bulgaria Severozapaden Vidin Vratsa Lovech Montana Pleven Severen tsentralen Veliko Tarnovo Gabrovo Razgrad Ruse Silistra Severoiztochen Varna Dobrich Targovishte Shumen Yugoiztochen Burgas Sliven Stara Zagora Yambol Yugozapadna i Yuzhna tsentralna Bulgaria Yugozapaden Blagoevgrad Kyustendil Pernik Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Yuzhen tsentralen Kаrdzhali Pazardzhik Plovdiv Smolyan Haskovo Population per physician and per dentist generally for the country is calculated by taking the total number of physicians and dentists incl. those attached to other offices. Statistical Reference Book

102 Health Registered cases of malignant neoplasms and active tuberculosis The data on the registered cases of malignant neoplasms and active tuberculosis are collected on the basis of the annual statistical reports. The latter are produced according to the notifications issued by the specialized health establishments with respect to such cases. Two indicators are calculated - the prevalence rate and the incidence rate. The prevalence rate is the ratio between the total number of registered cases (incl. cases registered during previous years) and the average population for the respective year. The Incidence rate is the ratio between the newly registered cases and the average population for the same period. In 2016 the persistent upward trend of the prevalence rate for malignant neoplasms continued. The number of registered cases increases from in 2013 to in 2016 per 100 thousand of the population. The number of the newly registered cases is 401 per 100 thousand of the population. The prevalence rate for the malignant neoplasms for children up to 17 years of age is 103 registered cases per 100 thousand children. The incidence rate per 100 thousand children of the respective age group is 5. In 2016 the prevalence rate for active tuberculosis is 60 per 100 thousand of the population. The incidence rate is 22 per 100 thousand of the population. The prevalence rate for the children up to 17 and incidence rate is 31 and 13 per 100 thousand children. Figure 3. Registered and newly registered cases of malignant neoplasms (Per population) Total Amongst children up to 17 years of age In numbers Registered cases Newly registered cases In numbers Statistical Reference Book 2017

103 Health 4. Registered cases of diseases Malignant neoplasms In numbers Total Of which: New registered cases Of which: Children 0-17 years of age Total Of which: Newly registered Per population Total Of which: New registered cases Of which: Children 0-17 years of age 2 Total Of which: Newly registered Active tuberculosis In numbers Total Of which: New registered cases Of which: Children 0-17 years of age Total Of which: Newly registered Per population Total Of which: New registered cases Of which: Children 0-17 years of age 2 Total Of which: Newly registered Source: National Centre for Public Health and Analyses at the Ministry of Health. 2 Calculated with the number of the population in the corresponding age group. 3 Since 2015 incl. recurrence. Statistical Reference Book

104

105 VII. HOUSEHOLD INCOME, EXPENDITURE AND CONSUMPTION Statistical Reference Book

106 Household income, expenditure and consumption Total household income Total income, total expenditure, consumption of basic foods and purchasing power of the households are calculated on the basis a quarterly representative survey of a random (stochastic) sample of households held by NSI. Total income includes all monetary income as well as income in kind with a known value, irrespective of their source. Figure 1. Structure of total household income by source % Wages and salaries Other earnings Self-employment income Pensions Social benefits Regular transferts from other households Miscellaneous 104 Statistical Reference Book 2017

107 Household income, expenditure and consumption 1. Total household income by source Source Average per capita - BGN Total Total income Total gross income Wages and salaries Other earnings Self-employment income Property income Pensions Unemployment benefits Family allowances Other social benefits Regular transfers from other households Receipt sale Miscellaneous Drawn savings Loans and credits Structure - % Total income Total gross income Wages and salaries Other earnings Self-employment income Property income Pensions Unemployment benefits Family allowances Other social benefits Regular transfers from other households Receipt sale Miscellaneous Statistical Reference Book

108 Household income, expenditure and consumption Total household expenditure Total household expenditure includes all monetary expenditure on food and non-food goods and services as well as valued expenditure in kind according to the international Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP) adopted by Eurostat. Figure 2. Structure of total household expenditure % Foods and аlcoholic beverages and tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing Health Transport Communication Taxes Other expenditure 106 Statistical Reference Book 2017

109 Household income, expenditure and consumption 2. Total household expenditure by group Expenditure groups Average per capita - BGN Total Total expenditure Consumer total expenditure Foods and non-alcoholic beverages Alcoholic beverages and tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels Furnishing and maintenance of the house Health Transport Communication Recreation, culture and education Miscellaneous goods and services Taxes Social insurance contributions Regular transfers to other households Other expenditure Saving deposits Debt paid out and loan granted Structure - % Total expenditure Consumer total expenditure Foods and non-alcoholic beverages Alcoholic beverages and tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels Furnishing and maintenance of the house Health Transport Communication Recreation, culture and education Miscellaneous goods and services Taxes Social insurance contributions Regular transfers to other households Other expenditure Statistical Reference Book

110 Household income, expenditure and consumption Consumption of main foods The consumption of main food products covers foods consumed at home. Catering data are excluded. Figure 3. Average monthly consumption of main foods and beverages per capita in 2016 Bread and paste products - kg Flour - kg Rice - kg Bakery products - kg Meat - kg Meat products - kg Fish and fish products - kg Milk - litres Yoghurt - kg White cheese - kg Yellow cheese - kg Sunflower oil - litres Fruit - kg Compotes - kg Vegetables - kg Dry beans - kg Lentils - kg Canned vegetables - kg Pickled vegetables - kg Potatoes - kg Sugar - kg Non-alcoholic beverages - litres Alcoholic beverages - litres Statistical Reference Book 2017

111 Household income, expenditure and consumption 3. Household consumption of main foods and beverages average per capita Foods and beverages Bread and paste products - kg Flour - kg Rice - kg Other cereals - kg Other bakery products - kg Meat - kg Meat products - kg Fish and fish products - kg Milk - litres Yoghurt - kg White cheese - kg Yellow cheese - kg Eggs - in numbers Sunflower oil - litres Margarine - kg Butter - kg Fresh and frozen fruit - kg Compotes - kg Fresh and frozen vegetables - kg Dry beans - kg Lentils - kg Canned vegetables - kg Vegetable juices and nectars - litres Pickled vegetables - kg Potatoes - kg Sugar - kg Sugar products - kg Chocolate products - kg Salt - kg Vinegar - kg Non-alcoholic beverages - litres Alcoholic beverages - litres Cigarettes - in numbers Statistical Reference Book

112 Household income, expenditure and consumption Purchasing power of household The purchasing power is the quantity of a given kind of goods, which can be bought with the monetary annual household income average per capita if this income is used to buy only this kind of good. Figure 4. Average monthly household purchasing power per capita in 2016 Bread - kg 332 Rice - kg 180 Dry beans - kg 113 Potatoes - kg 478 Tomatoes - kg 229 Cucumbers - kg 235 Peppers - kg 273 Apples - kg 322 Grapes - kg 293 Milk - litres 300 Yoghurt - kg 210 White cheese - kg 67 Yellow cheese - kg 38 Pork - kg 62 Poultry meal - kg 93 Perishable sausages - kg Non-perishable sausages - kg Sugar - kg Butter - kg Statistical Reference Book 2017

113 Household income, expenditure and consumption 4. Household purchasing power average per capita Goods Foods White bread - kg Rice - kg Dry beans - kg Potatoes - kg Tomatoes - kg Cucumbers - kg Peppers - kg Apples - kg Grapes - kg Milk - litres Yoghurt - kg White cheese - kg Yellow cheese - kg Pork - kg Poultry meal - kg Perishable sausages - kg Non-perishable sausages - kg Eggs - in numbers Sugar - kg Butter - kg Non-foods Men s shoes - pair Women s shoes - pair Children s shoes - pair Men s suits - in numbers Women s suits - in numbers Coal - ton Television sets - in numbers Statistical Reference Book

114 Household income, expenditure and consumption Poverty indicators The survey on income and living conditions is considered as the main source of statistical data on incomes and social inclusion along with the common indicators. To calculate indicators of poverty and social inclusion total disposable net income per equivalent unit is used. Equivalent scales are used because of the different composition and number of persons in the households. The modified OECD scale is used according to which the first adult aged 14 and more receives weight 1.0, the second adult aged 14 and more receives weight 0.5 and every child aged less than 14 receives weight 0.3. The weights are assigned to every household member and then are summed up so that an equivalent size of the household is obtained. Total disposable net income for every household is divided by its equivalent size and thus a net total disposable income per equivalent unit is formed. Data on poverty level show the share of poor people under the poverty line. The last is defined as 60% of the median equivalent disposable income. Figure 5. At-risk-of-poverty rate by age 40 % Total Общо Less 0 - than 17 години 18 years Between and години 64 years years и повече and over години Figure 6. At-risk-of-poverty rate by most frequent activity status % Employment Заети Non Незаети employment Безработни Unemployment Пенсионери Retired Други Inactive неактивни population - Other 112 Statistical Reference Book 2017

115 Household income, expenditure and consumption 5. At-risk-of-poverty rate by age Age Total and over At-risk-of-poverty rate by household type Households type Total Households without dependent children One adult younger than 64 years One adult older than 65 years Single female Single male Two adults younger than 65 years Two adults, at least one aged 65 years and over Three or more adults Households with dependent children Single parent with dependent children Two adults with one dependent child Two adults with two dependent children Two adults with three or more dependent children Three or more adults with dependent children At-risk-of-poverty rate by most frequent activity status Activity status Employment Non employment Unemployment Retired Other inactive population Statistical Reference Book

116 Household income, expenditure and consumption 8. Inequality of income distribution S80/S Gini coefficient Figure 7. At-risk-of-poverty rate, before social transfers by age % % Total Less than 18 years Between 18 and 64 years 65 years and over Figure 8. In-work at-risk-of-poverty rate (By full-time/part-time work) Пълно Working работно full-time време Непълно Working работно part-time време Statistical Reference Book 2017

117 VIII. CRIMINALITY AND JUSTICE Statistical Reference Book

118 Criminality and justice Crimes with penalty inflicted Statistical data on punished criminality are based on the annual data received from the regional, district and martial courts. The number of crimes during a given reporting year includes those for which the sentences have come into force during the same year. Crimes with penalty inflicted include all crimes having led to convictions, regardless of whether they had been committed by one or more persons. In case of complicity, a crime is considered to have led to conviction even when only one of the defendants has been convicted or given a suspended sentence. When a number of persons commit one crime, data on the crime itself are reported only once. Crimes committed by Bulgarian citizens abroad are subject to the jurisdiction of the courts in the Republic of Bulgaria. According to the NSI s data the number of convicted crimes in 2016 is Sources of the data on crimes with penalty inflicted are the regular NSI statistical survey and Prosecutor s Office of the Republic of Bulgaria (National Investigative Services). Since 2012 data from Special Criminal Court have been included. Figure 1. Crimes with penalty inflicted and persons convicted In numbers Crimes with penalty inflicted Persons convicted 116 Statistical Reference Book 2017

119 1. Crimes with penalty inflicted and persons convicted 1 (Number) Crimes Persons Persons Persons Persons convicteteteted Crimes convic- Crimes convic- Crimes convic- Total of which: Crimes against the person of which: Homicide (committed and attempted) Bodily harm Depravity of which: Rape (committed and attempted) Crimes against marriage, family and youth Crimes against the property of which: Theft Robbery Misappropriation Crimes against the economy Crimes against the financial, tax and insurance system Crimes against the activity of state bodies, public organisations and persons performing public duties Documentary crimes Crimes against the order and the public peace of which: Hooliganism Generally dangerous crimes of which: Crimes against the transport and communications Theft of motor vehicle Drug - related crimes Military crimes According to the sentences into force. Criminality and justice Statistical Reference Book

120 Criminality and justice Persons convicted The number of persons convicted during a certain year includes those with sentence that have come into force during the same year. In case of conviction of a person for a number of crimes, data on the penalty inflicted on the person are provided for the most serious punishable offence, while the data concerning each individual crime are provided according to the respective type of crime. The number of convictions does not coincide with the number of convicted individuals, since during the reporting year a person may appear several times in the quality of a convicted person. The age of persons convicted is given in completed years. Persons, who have completed 14 years of age, but not 18 years, are considered juveniles. Persons who have completed 14 years of age are considered to be penalty responsible. In accordance with the NSI s regular annual survey the number of persons convicted in 2016 is Data on persons convicted are obtained on the basis of NSI statistical survey and from administrative source (Prosecutor s Office of the Republic of Bulgaria - National Investigative Services). Since 2012 data from Special Criminal Court have been included. Figure 2. Persons convicted by gender In numbers Male Figure 3. Persons convicted by age In numbers Female Statistical Reference Book 2017

121 Criminality and justice 2. Persons convicted by gender 1 Gender In numbers Total Мale Female Structure - % Total Мale Female Persons convicted by age 1 Age In numbers Total Structure - % Total According to the sentences into force. Statistical Reference Book

122

123 IX. NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Statistical Reference Book

124 National accounts Gross domestic product The national accounts of Bulgaria are compiled in accordance with the main methodological recommendations of the documents European System of Accounts, 2010 (ESA 2010) issued by Eurostat and the System of National Accounts, 2008 (SNA 2008), a joint issue of the UN, OECD, Eurostat, IMF and the World Bank. The main macroeconomic indicator of the System of National Accounts is Gross Domestic Product (GDP). GDP estimates are an indicator for the trends in the development of the respective economy and they can be treated as an indicator for the economic policies at the macroeconomic level. Gross domestic product represents a balanced estimate of the data performed by using the following three approaches: Production approach (output approach); Final expenditures approach; Income approach. Every approach is based on different economic aggregates, which, put together, represent a generalization of the logical interrelations within the system of national accounts. A fundamental requirement of the system is the independence of the three different estimates, i.e. every component of GDP calculated according to the different approaches should be estimated independently and on its own. Figure 1. Volume indices of GDP (Previous year = 100) % Bulgaria ЕU Statistical Reference Book 2017

125 National accounts 1. Gross domestic product per capita BGN Euro USD Exchange rate - USD/BGN Gross domestic product and gross value added by economic sector and economic activity groupings at current prices (Million BGN) Economic sector and economic activity groupings Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities Construction Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; transportation and storage; accommodation and food service activities Information and communication Financial and insurance activities Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities Public administration and defence; compulsory social security; education; human health and social work activities Arts, entertainment and recreation, repair of household goods and other services Cross value added at basic prices Adjustments (taxes less subsidies on products) Taxes on products Subsidies on products Gross Domestic Product Statistical Reference Book

126 National accounts Gross value added Gross domestic product (GDP) is calculated along the production approach as the sum of the gross value added at basic prices for the economy as a whole and of the adjustments, which include net taxes on products (taxes less subsidies), value added tax and import duties. On its own, the gross value added is a balancing item of the Output account and determines the result of the production process as the difference between gross output and the goods and services used in this process, that is, the intermediate consumption. Output (at basic prices) is the value of produced goods and services resulting from the production activity of resident units during the relevant period. Intermediate consumption includes the value of all goods and services, transformed or entirely used up in the production process during the corresponding period except for the consumption of fixed assets recorded as consumption of fixed capital (amortization). Figure 2. Structure of GVA by economic sector and economic activity groupings in 2016 Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 2.4% 4.4% 14.1% 6.3% 10.0% 7.2% 5.3% 22.2% 23.8% 4.2% Construction Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; transportation and storage; accommodation and food service activities Information and communication Financial and insurance activities Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities Public administration and defence; compulsory social security; education; human health and social work activities Arts, entertainment and recreation, repair of household goods and other services 124 Statistical Reference Book 2017

127 National accounts 3. Volume indices of GDP and GVA by economic sector and economic activity groupings (Preceding year = 100) Economic sector and economic activity groupings Agriculture, forestry and fishing Mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities Construction Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; transportation and storage; accommodation and food service activities Information and communication Financial and insurance activities Real estate activities Professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities Public administration and defence; compulsory social security; education; human health and social work activities Arts, entertainment and recreation, repair of household goods and other services Cross value added at basic prices Adjustments (taxes less subsidies on products) Gross Domestic Product Statistical Reference Book

128 National accounts Compensation of employees and gross operating surplus/gross mixed income The income approach is compiled simultaneously with the production approach for GDP estimation; it characterizes the activity in which the primary incomes of the participants in the production process originate. According to the income approach for GDP estimation, GDP consists of the compensation of the employees, of the net taxes on production and imports, and of the gross operating surplus/gross mixed income and adjustments. The compensation of the employees includes the total remuneration, in cash or in kind, paid by the employer to the employees in return for work done by the latter during the accounting period, including the social and health insurance contributions payable by the employer according to the national labour legislation. Other net taxes on production and imports (taxes minus subsidies) are included as a component of the value added by economic sectors and represent output related unrequited payments of the employers to the state budget less the production subsidies granted by the state budget to the economic units. Gross operating surplus/gross mixed income is a balancing item for the income approach. It is a measure of the results achieved by the production activities of the economic units. The gross operating surplus is calculated as the difference between the gross value added, the compensation of the employees, and the net taxes on production and imports. Figure 3. Structure of GVA by income approach in 2016 Gross operating surplus/gross mixed income 52.8 Other subsidies on production -1.8 Other taxes on production 1.0 Compensation of 48.0 employees % Statistical Reference Book 2017

129 National accounts 4. Gross domestic product by value added component at current prices (Million BGN) Compensation of employees Net taxes on production (other taxes minus subsidies) Operating surplus and mixed income, gross Consumption of fixed capital x Operating surplus and mixed income, net x Gross value added at basic prices Adjustments GDP at market prices Statistical Reference Book

130 National accounts Investments and consumption According to the final expenditure approach, GDP is calculated as a sum of individual consumption, collective consumption, gross fixed capital formation, changes in inventories and the net exports of goods and services. Individual household consumption consists of final household consumption expenditure, government final consumption expenditure for the provision of individual services to households and final consumption expenditure of the nonprofit institutions serving households. Collective consumption is measured by the final consumption expenditure of government on collective services provided to society as a whole. Gross fixed capital formation includes expenditure on acquisition of fixed non-financial assets, including the increase of uncompleted construction less revenues from sales of existing fixed assets. Changes in inventories include the change in materials and supplies, work-in-progress, finished goods and goods for resale in the enterprises, as well as the changes of households inventories resulting from their unincorporated activity. Net exports of goods and services (exports minus imports of goods and services) as a final use GDP component represents the difference between the values of the exports and imports of goods and services. Exports and imports are valued at F.O.B. prices. Figure 4. Structure of GDP by expenditure approach Imports of goods and services Exports of goods 63.6 and services 64.1 Physical changes inе 1.2 inventories е 0.2 Gross fixedа 19.1 capital formationл 21.0 Collective 7.8 consumption 8.0 Individualо 68.9 consumption е 70.6 % Statistical Reference Book 2017

131 National accounts 5. Gross domestic product by expenditure approach, current prices (Million BGN) Gross domestic product Final consumption Individual consumption Collective consumption Gross capital formation Gross fixed capital formation Changes in inventories Net exports Exports of goods and services Imports of goods and services Statistical discrepancy Volume indices of GDP by expenditure approach (Preceding year = 100) Gross domestic product Final consumption Individual consumption Collective consumption Gross capital formation.... Gross fixed capital formation Changes in inventories.... Net exports.... Exports of goods and services Imports of goods and services Statistical discrepancy.... Statistical Reference Book

132 National accounts Labour productivity Labour productivity is a compound economic indicator, which compares the accomplished result (the newly created product) with the labour input used in a given economic activity within a certain economic area during a specified period of time. The main components of labour productivity are indicators measuring the result of the performed productive activity (as a numerator), and indicators related to the labour input in the production process (as a denominator). For the purposes of international comparisons, GDP is the preferred measure for the labour productivity of the various national economies. Using GVA is appropriate for estimating labour productivity at the national level as well as at the production activity level. Figure 5. Volume indices of GDP per person employed and hour worked (Preceding year = 100) % * 2014* 2015* 2016* GDP per person employed GDP per hour worked 130 Statistical Reference Book 2017

133 National accounts 7. Gross domestic product per employed and hour worked at current prices 2013* 2014* 2015* 2016* GDP per employed GDP per hour worked (BGN) 8. Gross value added per employed and hour worked by economic sector at the same year prices 1 (BGN) Economic sectors Per employed Per hour worked 2014* 2015* 2016* 2014* 2015* 2016* Agriculture Industry Services Total of economy Volume indices of GVA per employed and hour worked by economic sector 1 (Preceding year = 100) Economic sectors Per employed Per hour worked 2014* 2015* 2016* 2014* 2015* 2016* Agriculture Industry Services Total of economy GVA of the imputed rent is not included in the estimation of labour productivity. Statistical Reference Book

134

135 X. FINANCE Statistical Reference Book

136 Finance Monetary aggregates Money supply comprises liabilities with money character of monetary financial institutions (MFIs) to the resident sectors with exception of the liabilities to the Central government sector and the Monetary financial institutions sector. It is measured using the following monetary aggregates: M1, M2 and M3. The monetary aggregate M1 - narrow money - includes the most liquid instruments used in settlements (currency outside the MFIs and overnight deposits in national and foreign currency). The Currency outside monetary financial institutions indicator represents currency in circulation less cash in BGN held by other monetary financial institutions. Overnight deposits include deposits without an agreed maturity, which are immediately convertible into currency or transferable on demand through banker s order or by cheque without significant restrictions or penalties. One-day deposits are also included. The monetary aggregate M2 includes monetary aggregate M1 and quasi-money. Quasi-money comprise deposits with agreed maturity of up to two years and deposits redeemable at notice (incl. savings deposits) up to three months. Deposits with agreed maturity are not immediately available as they have an agreed term prior to withdrawal. Received loans are also included under this category. Deposits redeemable at notice include savings deposits and other deposits redeemable at notice. The monetary aggregate M3 (broad money) includes monetary aggregate M2 and marketable instruments. Marketable instruments consist of repos, money market funds shares/units and debt securities issued up to two years. Figure 1. Monetary aggregate М3 Billion Млрд. левове BGN % Monetary aggregate М3 М3 (% from GDP) (Left-hand scale) (Right-hand scale) Statistical Reference Book 2017

137 1. Money supply as of ,2 Finance (Million BGN) Broad money M Money M Currency outside MFIs Overnight deposits Money M2 (M1 + quasi-money) Quasi-money Deposits with agreed maturity up to 2 years Deposits redeemable at notice up to 3 months Marketable instruments (debt securities issued up to 2 years + MMFs shares/units + repos) Source: BNB. 2 The definition of monetary aggregates is in accordance with the requirements of the ECB. Figure 2. Components of the monetary aggregate M3 Million Млн. левове BGN Currency outside MFIs Overnight deposits Deposits with agreed maturity of up to 2 years Deposits redeemable at notice up to 3 months Marketable instruments Statistical Reference Book

138 Finance Claims of the monetary financial institutions on government and non-government sectors Claims of the monetary financial institutions on government and non-government sectors represent domestic credit, which is part of net domestic assets included in the Monetary survey. It is part of the monthly monetary statistics published by the Bulgarian National Bank. Domestic credit covers credit to the consolidated general government sector (net claims on the central government sector, and gross claims on sectors local government and social security funds) and credit to the non-government sector (gross claims on non-financial corporations, financial corporations, households and NPISHs). Figure 3. Claims of the monetary financial institutions on government and non-government sectors Billion Млрд. BGN левове % Claims of the monetary Claims (% from GDP) financial institutions (Right-hand scale) (Left-hand scale) Statistical Reference Book 2017

139 Finance 2. Claims of MFIs on government and non-government sectors as of (Million BGN) Claims on General government Central government (net) Claims Government securities Repos Loans Less: liabilities (deposits and repos) Local government and Social security funds Securities other than shares Repos Loans Claims on non-government sector Non-financial corporations Repos Loans Securities other than shares Shares and other equity Financial corporations Repos Loans Securities other than shares Shares and other equity Households and NPISHs Repos Loans Source: Bulgarian National Bank. Statistical Reference Book

140 Finance Interest rates Interest rates refer to BGN denominated instruments. They are average weighted with the respective volumes except for the base interest rate and the long-term interest rate (LTIR) for convergence assessment purposes which are calculated as simple average values. Yield on long-term government securities is the average weighted effective yield to maturity on individual transactions in interestbearing government securities on the secondary market during the reporting period. The yield is calculated using the ISMA formula at ACT/365 day count convention. The securities are grouped by their original maturity. The long-term interest rate for convergence assessment purposes is determined on the basis of the secondary market yield to maturity of a long-term government bond (benchmark bond) issued by the Ministry of Finance and denominated in national currency. The annual effective interest rates are average weighted with the volumes of new business throughout the reporting period or the outstanding amounts as of the end of the reporting period. These are the interest rates applied by the banks on loans and deposits vis-a-vis resident Non-financial corporations and Households and NPISHs sectors. The annual percentage rate of charge comprises all interest payments on a loan, as well as all fees, commissions and other charges a client has to pay in order to obtain the loan. It is calculated for consumer loans and loans for house purchases only. Figure 4. Dynamics of the interest rates 8 % Base interest rate Long-term interest rate for convergence assessment purposes 138 Statistical Reference Book 2017

141 3. Interest rates 1,2 Finance (Per cent) Base interest rate Interbank money market Yield on long-term government securities Long-term interest rate for convergence assessment purposes New business 3 Deposits with agreed maturity Short-term loans, other than overdraft Long-term loans, other than overdraft Annual percentage rate of charge Outstanding amounts 3 Overnight deposits Deposits with agreed maturity Overdraft Short-term loans, other than overdraft Long-term loans, other than overdraft Source: BNB. 2 The interest rates are on BGN instruments. 3 The data for 2015 are preliminary. Effective annual rates applied by banks on loans and deposits vis-a-vis Non-financial corporations and Households and Non-profit institutions serving households (NPISHs) sectors. 4 The interest rates on new business and on outstanding amounts coincide. Statistical Reference Book

142 Finance Deposits and loans of Households and NPISHs sector Deposits are funds accepted by the monetary financial institutions, and can be payable at sight, without any notice, upon notice or under other previously agreed payment conditions. Deposits are accepted upon agreement between the parties concerning the terms and conditions for the keeping of the deposit accounts, interest rate, the time of repayment and the penalties for the parties in case of failure to perform their obligations. The deposits are liabilities of financial institutions. Deposits with agreed maturity are not immediately available as they have an agreed term prior to withdrawal. These deposits cannot be used for payments purposes and are not convertible into cash money without any significant restrictions or penalties. Received loans are also included under this category. Deposits redeemable at notice include savings deposits and other deposits redeemable at notice. Savings deposits are non-transferable deposits without specified maturity used for safekeeping the funds of households against issuance of a personal savings book or an analogous document. These include deposits on house purchase, children s deposits and other deposits. Other deposits redeemable at notice are nontransferable deposits without specified maturity which cannot be converted into currency without any notice. Their conversion into cash is not possible or they can be converted into cash prior to the term of the notice but by imposing a sanction. Non-transferable deposits with specified maturity which can be converted into cash prior to maturity only at notice are also included. Figure 5. Annual change of deposits and loans of Households and NPISHs sector Loans to Households and NPISHs sector Deposits of Households and NPISHs sector (overnight deposits, deposits with agreed maturity up to 2 years and deposits redeemable at notice up to 3 months) 140 Statistical Reference Book 2017

143 Finance Loans are financial assets created to provide the borrowers with funds, goods, or services. Terms and conditions of loans (fixed by the creditor or negotiated) are usually evidenced by nontransferable document. Loan is an unconditional debt which has to be repaid upon maturity and which generates income in the form of interest. Margin deposits made by the reporting agents are also included in the Financial corporations sector. Overdrafts represent debit balance on a current account. Repayment is automatic upon receipt of funds on the respective current account. Both overdrafts with pre-agreed interest terms and amounts and without pre-agreed terms are included. Consumer loans - loans granted for the purpose of purchase of goods and services for personal use of the households. Loans for house purchases - loans extended to households for the purpose of investing in housing for own use or rental, including building and home improvements. Other loans - all other loans extended to households, including loans for education and medical treatment. Loans for commercial or production purposes and loans to NPISHs are also included in the indicator. 4. Deposits and loans of Households and NPISHs sector as of ¹ (Million BGN) Deposits of Households and NPISHs sector In BGN Deposits with agreed maturity up to 2 years Deposits redeemable at notice up to 3 months Overnight deposits In foreign currency Loans to Households and NPISHs sector In BGN Overdraft Consumer loans Loans for house purchases Other loans In foreign currency Source: BNB. 2 The indicator includes data on overnight deposits, deposits with agreed maturity up to 2 years and deposits redeemable at notice up to 3 months. 3 The indicator includes data on overdraft, consumer loans, loans for house purchases and other loans. Statistical Reference Book

144

145 XI. PRICES Statistical Reference Book

146 Prices Consumer price indices - annual inflation The consumer price index (CPI) is an official measure of the inflation in the Republic of Bulgaria. It measures the total relative price change of goods and services used by households for private (non-production) consumption and it is calculated by applying the structure of the final monetary consumption expenditures of Bulgarian households. The main source if information concerning the expenditures is the Households budget survey in the country. CPI in year t is calculated with structure of expenditures for year t - 1. Since 1999 NSI has applied a methodology for constructing and calculating consumer price index, according to Eurostat and requirements and International Monetary Fund recommendations. For ensuring the comparable consumer price index series, monthly consumer price indices are revised for the period from January 1995 to December The chain consumer price indices measure the price change in current month compared to the previous month. The chain consumer price indices are used as a measure of monthly inflation. The 12-month consumer price indices measure the price change between the current month and the same month of the previous year. The 12-month consumer price indices are used as a measure of annual inflation. Consumer price indices over December of the previous year measure the accumulated changes in the prices of the current month with respect to December of the previous year. Consumer price indices over December of the previous year have been used as measures of the inflation since the beginning of the year. In December each year, the 12-month index is equal to the consumer price index over December of the previous year. Figure 1. Consumer prices indices by months in 2016 (Annual and monthly inflation rates) % I II II I IV V V I V II V III IХ X X I X II Annual inflation rate (corresponding month of 2015 = 100) Monthly inflation rate (previous month = 100) 144 Statistical Reference Book 2017

147 Prices 1. Annual consumer prices indices by main commodity groups (Annual inflation rates) (December of the current year compared to December of the preceding year) Commodity groups Total Food and non-alcoholic beverages Alcoholic beverages, tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels Furnishing, household equipment and routine maintenance of the house Health Transport Communication Recreation and culture Education Restaurants and hotels Miscellaneous goods and services Figure 2. Consumer prices indices by commodity groups (Annual inflation rates) Foods Non-foods Catering Services % Statistical Reference Book

148 Prices Consumer price indices - annual average inflation The annual average consumer price indices measure the average price change during the 12 months of the current year compared to the average price change during the 12 months of the previous year. The annual average consumer price indices are used as a measure of the annual average inflation. Figure 3. Consumer prices indices (Annual average inflation rates) % Figure 4. Consumer prices indices by commodity groups (Annual average inflation rates) Foods Non-foods Catering Services % Statistical Reference Book 2017

149 Prices 2. Annual average consumer prices indices (1995 = 100) All items Annual average consumer prices indices by main commodity groups (Annual average inflation rates) (Preceding year = 100) Commodity groups Total Food and non-alcoholic beverages Alcoholic beverages, tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels Furnishing, household equipment and routine maintenance of the house Health Transport Communication Recreation and culture Education Restaurants and hotels Miscellaneous goods and services Statistical Reference Book

150 Prices Harmonized index of consumer prices The Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) is the comparable measure of inflation across EU Member states. It is one of the criterions of price stability and for readiness of Bulgaria to join the euro-zone. HICP, just as CPI, measures the total relative price change of goods and services. Both indices are calculated using the same basket of goods and services, but differ with respect to the used weights. HICP is calculated through the use of weights, which reflect the individual and the collective consumption of all households (incl. institutional and foreign households) on the economic territory of the country. The main source of information for HICP weights is the national accounts data. HICP in year t is calculated with the weights of year t-2. In compliance with Regulation (EC) No. 2015/2010 since January 2016 the base year for HICP has been changed and the all indices have been calculated and published at 2015 as a base year. The time series have been recalculated according to the new base year and have been posted on the NSI website ( Figure 5. Harmonized indices of consumer prices by months in 2016 (Annual % and monthly inflation rates) I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Annual inflation rate (corresponding month of 2015 = 100) Monthly inflation rate (preceding month = 100) Figure 6. Harmonized indices of consumer prices (Annual average inflation rates) % Statistical Reference Book 2017

151 Prices 4. Annual average harmonized indices of consumer prices (2015 = 100) All items Annual average harmonized indices of consumer prices by main commodity groups (Annual average inflation rates) (Preceding year = 100) Commodity groups Total Food and non-alcoholic beverages Alcoholic beverages, tobacco Clothing and footwear Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels Furnishing, household equipment and routine maintenance of the house Health Transport Communication Recreation and culture Education Restaurants and hotels Miscellaneous goods and services Figure 7. Harmonized indices of consumer prices by selected commodity groups (Annual average inflation rates) Food and non-alcoholic bevarages Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels Transport Restaurants and hotels % Statistical Reference Book

152 Prices Industrial producer price indices on the domestic market The industrial producer price indices on the domestic market measure the average price changes of industrial products produced by industrial enterprises and sold on the domestic market, on the basis of a permanent sample of enterprises and products. Surveyed prices do not include VAT (value added tax), excises and subsidies. Information for calculation of PPI is received on the bases of monthly surveys on producer prices of industrial products, where the prices of specific products with equal quality in the two surveyed time periods are compared and also in the case of quality change of the surveyed specific products this quality change is taken into account. Price indexes are calculated at fixed base year, where indexes at different level of detail are calculated as weighted average though ascending weighing system, following the structure of Classification of Economic Activities (NACE.BG 2008). Figure 8. Producer price indices on the domestic market (2010 = 100) % Statistical Reference Book 2017

153 Prices 6. Producer price indices on the domestic market by economic activities = 100 Preceding year = 100 Total Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco products Manufacture of textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products Manufacture of wood and paper products, and printing Manufacture of coke, and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products Manufacture of rubber and plastics products, and other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c Manufacture of transport equipment Other manufacturing, and repair and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply Statistical Reference Book

154 Prices Producer prices in agriculture The survey of producer prices in agriculture is carried out in accordance with the main requirements of the Eurostat agricultural price statistics methodology (i.e., the Handbook of Agricultural Price Statistics). The survey is based on samples and is carried out quarterly. The object of the survey is the producer price of a defined specific product. This is the price of the largest purchase or sale, in terms of quantity, during the respective month of the reference period. In the case of daily purchases or sales, the price in the middle of the month is recorded. The producer s price is the output price of the agricultural farm, i.e., this price excludes expenditures for delivery, storage, transportation and the other expenditures arising from selling or purchasing agricultural products. This price does not include the product subsidies received (if such subsidies exist), VAT and other paid taxes. On the basis of the collected information on agricultural producer prices, the producer price indices are calculated, using as a base (100) the year 2010, as well as the preceding year. Figure 9. Producer price indices in agriculture in 2016 % = = 100 Total Crop output Animal output 152 Statistical Reference Book 2017

155 Prices 7. Producer price indices for agricultural products and live animals in as % to Total Crop output Cereals crops Industrial crops Forage plants Potatoes Vegetables Fruit Other crop products Animal output Animals Cattle Pigs Sheep and goats Poultry Animal products Milk Cow's milk Other milk types Eggs Other animal products Statistical Reference Book

156 Prices Prices of goods and services, currently consumed in agriculture The survey of the prices of goods and services, currently consumed in agriculture is carried out in accordance with the main requirements of the Eurostat agricultural price statistics methodology (The Handbook of Agricultural Price Statistics). Five surveys on prices of fertilizers, animal feeding stuffs, plant protection products, veterinary-medical products and seeds and planting stock are carried out. The surveys are based on samples and are carried out quarterly. The objects of the surveys are the purchasing prices of the surveyed goods and services, currently consumed in agriculture. The surveyed unit price is the price at the input of the agricultural farm, i.e., the price, which the purchaser has actually paid for the goods. This price includes taxes and levies and excludes subsidies and deductible VAT. Based on the information from the five surveys, as well as on the information from other surveys conducted by the NSI, common price index of the goods end services, currently used in agriculture is calculated using as a base (100) the year 2010, as well as the preceding year. Figure 10. Price indices of goods and services, currently used in agriculture in 2016 % 140 % = = 100 Total Plant protection products Seeds and planting stock Veterinary-medical products Energy, fuels and other Animal feeding stuffs Fertilizers 154 Statistical Reference Book 2017

157 Prices 8. Price indices of goods and services currentntly consumed in agriculture in as % to Total Seeds and planting stock Energy, fuels and other Fertilizers Straight fertilizers Nitrogenous fertilizers Phosphatic fertilizers Potassic fertilizers Compound fertilizers Plant protection products and pesticides Fungicides Insecticides Herbicides Veterinary-medical products Animal feeding stuffs Straight feeding stuffs Compound feeding stuffs Maintenance of materials Maintenance of buildings Other goods and services Statistical Reference Book

158 Prices Price indices of goods and services contributing to agricultural investment To calculate the price indices of goods and services contributing to agricultural investment using as a base (100) the year 2010, as well as the preceding year: Quarterly indices for import of agricultural machinery and transport equipment from the department Foreign trade statistics ; Monthly indices in building construction from the department Business trends and tourism. 156 Statistical Reference Book 2017

159 Prices 9. Price indices of goods and services contributing to agricultural investment in agriculture in as % to Total Materials Machinery and other equipment Transport equipment Buildings Statistical Reference Book

160 Prices Total index of goods and services in agriculture The total index is calculated based on the prices indices of goods and services currently consumed in agriculture and price indices of goods and services contributing to agricultural investment. 10. Price indices of goods and services in agriculture in as % to Total Statistical Reference Book 2017

161 XII. EXPORTS AND IMPORTS OF GOODS Statistical Reference Book

162 Exports and imports of goods Foreign trade turnover The indicators, which describe the foreign trade turnover of the Republic of Bulgaria are based on the following data: the Single Administrative Document (SAD) for exports and imports with third countries; the monthly Intrastat declarations of the providers of statistical information on the values of arrivals and dispatches for trade between EU Member States; the statistical adjustments for non-response and intra-community trade under the thresholds; additional statistical information from other administrative sources. The main trading partner of Bulgaria, during the recent years is EU - more than one-half of the country s foreign trade is carried out with the Member States. Figure 1. Exports and imports Million Млн. левове BGN Exports (FOB) Imports (CIF) Figure 2. Exports and imports by economic zones in 2016 Млн. Million левове BGN ОНД CIS 1 OECD ОИСР 2 ЕС EU ЕАСТ EFTA 3 Exports Imports 1 CIS includes: Azerbaijan; Armenia; Belarus; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyz Republic; Moldova, Republic of; Russian Federation; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan and Ukraine. 2 OECD includes: Australia; Virgin Islands (US); United States; Iceland; Canada; Mexico; New Zealand; Norway; Republic of Korea; Turkey; Switzerland; Japan; Israel and Chile. 3 EFTA includes: Norway; Switzerland; Iceland and Liechtenstein. 160 Statistical Reference Book 2017

163 1. Foreign trade turnover 3. Exports and imports by economic zones Turnover Exports (FOB) Imports (CIF) Number of countries, trade partners of Bulgaria Exports and imports of goods (Million BGN) Turnover Exports (FOB) Imports (CIF) (Million BGN) Exports of which: CIS OECD EU EFTA Imports of which: CIS OECD EU EFTA CIS includes: Azerbaijan; Armenia; Belarus; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyz Republic; Moldova, Republic of; Russian Federation; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan and Ukraine. 2 OECD includes: Australia; Virgin Islands (US); United States; Iceland; Canada; Mexico; New Zealand; Norway; Republic of Korea; Turkey; Switzerland; Japan; Israel and Chile. 3 EFTA includes: Norway; Switzerland; Iceland and Liechtenstein. Statistical Reference Book

164 Exports and imports of goods Exports by main trade partner countries The geographical distribution of the data on exports is presented according to the countries of destination of the goods. The graph shows exports to the top 10 Bulgarian trade partner countries. The distribution of exports according to the Standard International Trade classification shows the biggest share of machinery and transport equipment followed by manufactured goods classified chiefly by material. Figure 3. Exports to the top 10 Bulgarian trade partner countries in 2016 United Kingdom нено ство Netherlands дия Belgium лгия Spain ния France ция Greece ция Turkey ция Romania ния Italy лия Germany ния Million Млн. BGN левове Figure 4. Structure of exports by sections of SITC, rev. 4 in 2016 Food and live animals Beverages and tobacco 17.9% 0.3% 11.4% 1.7% 6.8% Crude materials, inedible (except fuel) Mineral fuel, lubricants and related materials Animals and vegetable oils, fats and waxes 9.3% Chemicals and related products n.e.c. 21.2% 20.3% 1.0% 10.1% Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material Machinery and transport equipment Miscellaneous manufactured articles Commodities and transactions n.e.c. 162 Statistical Reference Book 2017

165 4. Exports by countries main trade partners Country Total of which: Austria Algeria Belgium China Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Egypt France Georgia Germany Gibraltar Greece Hungary Izrael Italy Lebanon Libya Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Serbia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland The former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia Turkey Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Exports by sections of SITC, rev. 4 Exports and imports of goods (Million BGN) (Million BGN) Total Food and live animals Beverages and tobacco Crude materials, inedible (except fuel) Mineral fuel, lubricants and related materials Animals and vegetable oils, fats and waxes Chemicals and related products n.e.c Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material Machinery and transport equipment Miscellaneous manufactured articles Commodities and transactions n.e.c Statistical Reference Book

166 Exports and imports of goods Imports by main trade partner countries The geographical distribution of the data on imports is presented according to the countries of consignment of the goods. The graph shows imports from the top 10 partner countries. The distribution of imports according to the Standard International Trade classification shows the biggest share of machinery and transport equipment, followed by manufactured goods classified chiefly by material. Figure 5. Imports from the top 10 Bulgarian trade partner countries in 2016 Hungary Spain China Poland Greece Turkey Romania Italy Russian Fed. Germany Million Млн. левовеbgn Figure 6. Structure of imports by sections of SITC, rev. 4 in % 9.0% 0.6% 18.0% 8.1% 1.5% 7.1% 14.9% 12.4% 0.4% Food and live animals Beverages and tobacco Crude materials, inedible (except fuel) Mineral fuel, lubricants and related materials Animals and vegetable oils, fats and waxes Chemicals and related products n.e.c. Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material Machinery and transport equipment Miscellaneous manufactured articles Commodities and transactions n.e.c. 164 Statistical Reference Book 2017

167 6. Imports by countries main trade partners Exports and imports of goods (Million BGN) Country Total of which: Austria Belgium China Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Egypt France Germany Georgia Greece Hungary India Italy Ireland Japan Jordan Korea, Rep.of Netherlands Poland Romania Russian Federation Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Taiwan The former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom United States Imports by sections of SITC, rev. 4 (Million BGN) Total Food and live animals Beverages and tobacco Crude materials, inedible (except fuel) Mineral fuel, lubricants and related materials Animals and vegetable oils, fats and waxes Chemicals and related products n.e.c Manufactured goods classified chiefly by the material Machinery and transport equipment Miscellaneous manufactured articles Commodities and transactions n.e.c Statistical Reference Book

168 Exports and imports of goods Exports and imports by commodities The NSI applies the Special System of Trade for the reporting of foreign trade flows. The reporting of commodity flows by kind of commodity is done according to Combined Nomenclature. 8. Exports of selected commodities Commodities Meat of swine - fresh, chilled or frozen - thousand tons Poultry meat - fresh, chilled or frozen - thousand tons Cheese and yellow cheese - thousand tons Tomatoes, fresh or chilled - thousand tons Cucumbers and gherkins, fresh or chilled - thousand tons Maize - thousand tons Preserved tomatoes - thousand tons Other preserved vegetables - thousand tons Tobacco, unmanufactured - thousand tons Cigarettes - thousand tons Dentifrices - thousand tons New pneumatic tyres of rubber - thousand tons Men s or boys suits, jackets, trousers - million BGN Men s or boys shirts - million BGN Footwear upper of leather - thousand pairs Pumps for liquids - million BGN Lathes - thousand tons Electric accumulators - million BGN Furniture - million BGN Statistical Reference Book 2017

169 9. Imports of selected commodities Exports and imports of goods Commodities Bananas - thousand tons Oranges - thousand tons Lemons - thousand tons Grapefruit - thousand tons Olives - thousand tons Coffee beans - thousand tons Pepper (black and white) - tons Rice - thousand tons Margarine - thousand tons Chocolate - thousand tons Fruit and vegetable juices - thousand tons Sugar - thousand tons Soya groats - thousand tons Salt - thousand tons Coal (excl. anthracite) - thousand tons Anthracite - thousand tons Coke and semi-coke of coal - thousand tons Cellulose - thousand tons Newsprint - thousand tons Cigarette paper - thousand tons Cotton (incl. linter) - thousand tons Footwear upper of leather - thousand pairs Tubes of cast iron and steel - thousand tons Refrigerators - thousand items Washing machines thousand items Vacuum-cleaners - thousand items TV sets - thousand items Household sewing machines - thousand items Combines (corn) - in numbers Passenger cars - thousand items Trucks - thousand items Busses - in numbers Bicycles - thousand items Motorcycles - thousand items Tractors - thousand items Cultivators - in numbers Cameras - million BGN Clocks and watches - thousand items Statistical Reference Book

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171 XIII. BALANCE OF PAYMENTS Statistical Reference Book

172 Balance of payments Balance of payments The Balance of payments (standard presentation) is in accordance with the Sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (IMF, 2008) and the Guidelines of the European Central Bank. The components of the Balance of payments are classified in the following main categories: Current Account - comprises the acquisition and provision of goods and services, primary and secondary income between the country and the rest of the world. Capital Account - includes capital transfers and acquisition or disposal of non-produced, non-financial assets. Financial Account - comprises all transactions in the external financial assets and liabilities of an economy. Reserves and Related Items - include those external assets that are readily available for direct financing of balance of payments deficits. Net errors and omissions is an offsetting item. The Balance of payments is compiled by the Bulgarian National Bank. Figure 1. Current and financial account Млн. Million евро EUR % Current account Financial account Current account (% from GDP) (Left-hand scale) (Left-hand scale) (Right-hand scale) 170 Statistical Reference Book 2017

173 1. Balance of payments of Bulgaria 1,2 Balance of payments (Million EUR) Current and Capital Account Current Account Goods and Services - Net Goods - Net Services - Net Primary income - Net Secondary income - Net Capital Account 1, Gross acquisitions/disposals of non-produced non-financial assets - Net Capital transfers - Net Financial account - Net 1, Direct investment - Net Portfolio investment - Net Financial derivatives - Net Other investment - Net BNB Reserve assets Balancing Items: Current and Capital Account Balance Financial Account Balance Net errors and Omissions Standard presentation in accordance with IMF 6-th edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual. Preliminary data as of March 21, For preliminary NSI and BNB data. Data are compiled on a balance of payments basis. 3 A minus sign denotes a capital outflow (decrease in assets or liabilities) and a positive sign - a capital inflow (increase in assets or liabilities). 4 Preliminary data in accordance with the Asset/Liability presentation. Data are provided by direct investment companies reporting to BNB, Agency for Privatization, NSI, Central Depository, banks and others. The 2014 data include only banks data on reinvested earnings. 5 Banks, other nonbank financial institutions, insurance companies and pension funds data. 6 Excluding valuation changes due to the exchange rate or price changes, changes associated with the creation of reserve assets (monetarization/demonitarization of gold and the allocation or cancellation of SDRs) and reclassifications. A positive sign (+) denotes an increase in the reserves, a minus sign (-) - a decrease. 7 Net errors and omissions represent the difference between the Financial account balance and Current and Capital account balance. Statistical Reference Book

174 Balance of payments Foreign direct investments Foreign direct investment in the country is an international investment in which a direct investor, resident of a foreign economy, obtains a lasting interest in an enterprise resident of the Bulgarian economy (direct investment enterprise). The lasting interest of the direct investor in a long-term relationship with the direct investment enterprise implies a significant degree of influence by the direct investor on the management of the direct investment enterprise. For the purposes of international compatibility of the data of the separate countries, the Balance of Payments Manual has adopted the principle that the acquisition of 10 or more percents of the voting power in the management of an enterprise is considered an establishment of a direct investment relationship. The foreign direct investment comprises the initial transaction establishing the relationship between the direct investor and the direct investment enterprise, as well as all subsequent transactions between them. The transactions can be related to increase/decrease in the liabilities of the direct investment enterprise to its direct investor, as well as to increase/decrease in the claims of the direct investment enterprise on the direct investor. The foreign direct investments are reported in the balance of payments from the Bulgarian National Bank. Figure 2. Stock of FDI in Bulgaria, by country Austria Netherlands Germany Greece United Kingdom Cyprus Russian Fed. Luxembourg Switzerland United States Млн. Million евро EUR Others Statistical Reference Book 2017

175 2. FDI flows in Bulgaria, by economic activity groupings 1,2 Balance of payments (Million EUR) Economic activity groupings Total Administrative and support service activities Mining and quarrying Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities Other service activities Arts, entertainment and recreation Education Real estate activities Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply Professional, scientific and technical activities Agriculture, forestry and fishing Construction Information and communication Transportation and storage Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Financial and insurance activities Accommodation and food service activities Human health and social work activities Not allocated Source: Bulgarian National Bank. Preliminary data as of March 21, Preliminary data as of March 21, Statistical Reference Book

176

177 XIV. TANGIBLE FIXED ASSETS Statistical Reference Book

178 Tangible fixed assets Expenditure on acquisition of tangible fixed assets The expenditure on acquisition of tangible fixed assets include the actual expenditure on acquisition of tangible fixed assets of land, buildings and construction equipment, machines, equipment and means of transport, other expenditure made through construction and purchase, including used tangible fixed assets. The data about expenditure on acquisition of tangible fixed assets are shown at current prices. Figure 1. Expenditure on acquisition of tangible fixed assets Million BGN Statistical Reference Book 2017

179 Tangible fixed assets 1. Expenditure on acquisition of tangible fixed assets by kind (Thousand BGN) Total Land Buildings and construction equipments Machines, equipment and means of transport Other expenditure Expenditure on acquisition of tangible fixed assets by economic activity groupings (Thousand BGN) Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Manufacturing, mining and quarrying and other industry Construction Wholesale and retail trade, transportation and storage, accommodation and food service activities Information and communication Financial and insurance activities Real estate activities Professional, scientific, technical, administration and support service activities Public administration, defense, education, human health and social work activities Other services Statistical Reference Book

180 Tangible fixed assets Acquired tangible fixed assets The acquired tangible fixed assets include the value of all acquired tangible fixed assets, irrespective of the manner of their acquisition (construction or purchase). The tangible fixed assets acquired by construction are reported after their putting into operation according to Ordinance No. 2/ of the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works. The data about acquired tangible fixed assets are shown at current prices. Figure 2. Acquired tangible fixed assets Million BGN Statistical Reference Book 2017

181 3. Acquired tangible fixed assets by kind Tangible fixed assets (Thousand BGN) Total Land Buildings and construction equipments Machines, equipment and means of transport Other expenditure Acquired tangible fixed assets by economic activity groupings (Thousand BGN) Total Agriculture, forestry and fishing Manufacturing, mining and quarrying and other industry Construction Wholesale and retail trade, transportation and storage, accommodation and food service activities Information and communication Financial and insurance activities Real estate activities Professional, scientific, technical, administration and support service activities Public administration, defense, education, human health and social work activities Other services Statistical Reference Book

182

183 XV. DOMESTIC TRADE; ACCOMMODATION AND FOOD SERVICE ACTIVITIES Statistical Reference Book

184 Domestic trade; Accommodation and food service activities Retail sales premises The number of Shops comprises shops and pavilions of the stationary trade network with trade rooms for serving customers. The number of Petrol stations and Gas stations are not included in the number of shops. The retail sales shops are classified according to the predominant kind of goods offered. In 2015 a reduction in the total number of shops was registered. In comparison with 2010 the number of shops decreased as for Foods, beverages and tobacco as well as for Durable and other consumer goods by 11.7% and 10.4% respectively. The tendency of increasing the share of shops for Durable and other consumer goods was maintained, as their relative share in the structure of the shops rose by 0.4 points compared to 2010, reaching 62.8% in Figure 1. Structure of the retail sales shops % 37.2% 62.4% 62.8% Shops for foods, beverages and tobacco Shops for durable and other consumer goods 182 Statistical Reference Book 2017

185 Domestic trade; Accommodation and food service activities 1. Retail sales premises as of In numbers Change - % Kind of premises (Preceding year = 100) Shops For foods, beverages and tobacco of which: Unspecialized shops with different kinds of goods Fruit and vegetables Meat and meat products Fish and fish products Bread and bakery products Sugar and sugar confectionery Beverages For durable and other consumer goods of which: Unspecialized shops with different kinds of goods (mainly non-foods) Textiles Clothing Footwear and leather goods Furniture, lighting articles and household goods Household appliances, radio and TV sets Ironmongery, varnishes and glasses Books, newspapers and stationery Building and heating materials (incl. warehouses) Perfume and cosmetics shops Automobiles, motorcycles and spare parts Pharmacies, optical and sanitary shops Petrol stations Gas stations Statistical Reference Book

186 Retail sales Domestic trade; Accommodation and food service activities Retail sales in the country include the value of sold own production, goods and materials to the final consumer at prices of realization (including VAT and excises), excluding those in the catering. The retail sales are presented by commodity groups in accordance with the requirements of the COICOP classification (Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose) adopted by Eurostat. The retail sales indices reflect the short-term changes of the sales between two consecutive years at constant prices and are calculated on the base of 2010 average annual prices. They are chain-linked and comparable in coverage. The price impact is eliminated by deflation of the sales through use of the consumer price indices, regrouped according to the content of the respective commodity groups. In 2016, the retail sales in the country at constant prices increased by 4.9% compared to the previous year. The retail sales increased in two groups Food, beverages and tobacco and Durable and other consumer goods respectively by 13.1% and 0.7%. Figure 2. Retail sales indices (2010 = 100) % Total Foods, beverages Durable and other and tobacco consumer goods 184 Statistical Reference Book 2017

187 Domestic trade; Accommodation and food service activities 2. Retail sales indices Total Foods, beverages and tobacco Durable and other consumer goods Retail sales indices by group of goods (Preceding year = 100) (Preceding year = 100) Group of goods Foods, beverages and tobacco Fruit Vegetables Milk, dairy products and eggs Meat and meat products Fish and fish products, crustaceans and molluscs Bread and bakery products, grain mill products Sugar and sugar confectionery Edible oils and fats Alcoholic beverages Wine Beer Soft drinks Tobacco products Coffee, tea and cocoa Durable and other consumer goods Clothing and fur goods Footwear Furniture Carpets and other floor coverings Household appliances Household articles Pharmaceutical, medical and orthopaedic goods Automobiles Motorcycles and bicycles Spare parts and accessories for personal transport equipment Fuels and lubricants for personal transport equipment Communications Radio and television sets Optical and photographic articles Computer and office equipment Construction materials Statistical Reference Book

188 Turnover in domestic trade, accommodation and food service activities The indicator refers only to the economic subjects classified in accordance with the National Classification of Economic Activities (NACE.BG 2008) in section G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles and section I Accommodation and food service activities. The turnover includes all revenues invoiced during the reported period for delivery of products, goods or services, including the accrued excises. The turnover indices are calculated for all groups of trade activities as defined in Regulation (EC) No. 1893/2006 and reflect the turnover changes between two consecutive years constant prices. They are calculated on the base of 2010 average annual prices and are chainlinked and comparable in coverage. The price impact is eliminated by deflation of the turnover through use of the consumer prices indices and the producer prices indices, regrouped according to the content of the relevant activity groups. According to the preliminary data in 2016 the turnover in section Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles increased by 1.7% compared to the previous year. In Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles the general increase was 3.9%. In Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles the decrease of 1.0% determined the magnitude of the overall index, as the activity formed about 70% of the turnover volume in the trade sector. An increase was observed in Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles %. The turnover at constant prices in section Accommodation and food service activities in 2016 decreased by 12.5% compared to 2015, which was due principally to the turn-down in Food and beverage service activities %. In Accommodation an increase by 6.9% was observed. Figure 3. Turnover indices for the major trade activities (2010 = 100) % Domestic trade; Accommodation and food service activities Total Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles 186 Statistical Reference Book 2017

189 Domestic trade; Accommodation and food service activities 4. Turnover in section Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles and section Accommodation and food service activities (Million BGN) Economic activities Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles of which: Wholesale of agricultural raw materials and live animals Wholesale of food, beverages and tobacco Wholesale of household goods Wholesale of information and communication equipment Wholesale of other machinery, equipment and supplies Other specialised wholesale Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles of which: Retail sale of food, beverages and tobacco Other retail sale in non-specialised stores Retail sale of automotive fuel in specialised stores Dispensing chemist; retail sale of medical and orthopaedic goods, cosmetic and toilet articles in specialised stores Retail sale of textiles, clothing, footwear and leather goods in specialised stores Retail sale of audio and video equipment; hardware, paints and glass; electrical household appliances, etc. in specialised stores Retail sale of computers, peripheral units and software; telecommunications equipment, etc. in specialised stores Accommodation and food service activities Accommodation Food and beverage service activities Statistical Reference Book

190

191 XVI. INDUSTRY Statistical Reference Book

192 Industry Production value of industrial enterprises The Industry comprises the activity of industrial enterprises, classified in the mining and quarrying industry, manufacturing, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities. The indicator Production value of industrial enterprises refers to the entire of the industrial enterprises i.e., it includes receipts from their non-industrial activities. The production value comprises the following elements: receipts from sales of industrial production and services; expenditure on acquisition of tangible fixed assets on own account of the enterprises, other receipts, changes in stocks of finished goods and changes in stocks of work-in-progress. All data in value terms are published at current prices. Figure 1. Production value of industrial enterprises Million Млн. левове BGN Промишленост Total - Добивна Mining and Manufacturing Преработваща Производство Electricity, gas, и общо промишленост промишленост разпределение на quarrying steam and airconditioning топлоенергия supply и газ електрическа и Statistical Reference Book 2017

193 1. Production value of industrial enterprises Industry (Thousand BGN) Total Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation Production value of industrial enterprises by economic activitiеs (Thousand BGN) Economic activitiеs Total Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco products Manufacture of textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products Manufacture of wood and paper products, and printing Manufacture of coke, and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products Manufacture of rubber and plastics products, and other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c Manufacture of transport equipment Other manufacturing, and repair and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation Statistical Reference Book

194 Industry Structure of the production value of industrial enterprises The structures (relative shares) are calculated at current prices. А change in the contribution of the main industrial activities in the volume of production is observed. The shares of manufacture of rubber and plastic products, and other nonmetallic mineral products and the manufacture of transport equipment increased, while there was a decrease of the share of the electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply. Figure 2. Share of the production value in some economic activites Производство на хранителни Manufacture of food продук products, ти, beverages напитки and и тютюневи tobacco изделия products оизводство на текс тил, облекло, Manufacture обувки of textiles, и други wearing изделия apparel, от leather обработени and related products кожи изводство на Manufacture химични of продук chemicals ти and chemical products изводство на изделия от к аучук, Manufacture плас of тмаси rubber и and други plastics неметални products, and other non-metallic минерални mineral суровини products Manufacture Производс of тво basic на metals основни and fabricated метали metal products, и метални except machinery изделия, and без машини и оборудване equipment Производство на машини и Manufacture оборудване of machinery с общо и and специално equipment предназначение n.e.c. роизводство и разпределение на лектрическа Electricity, и топлинна gas, steam енергия and и на газообразни air-conditioning горива supply % Statistical Reference Book 2017

195 Industry 3. Structure of the production value of industrial enterprises by economic activitiеs (Per cent) Economic activitiеs Total Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco products Manufacture of textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products Manufacture of wood and paper products, and printing Manufacture of coke, and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products Manufacture of rubber and plastics products, and other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c Manufacture of transport equipment Other manufacturing, and repair and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation Statistical Reference Book

196 Industry Production value indices of industrial enterprises Industrial production value indices are calculated on the basis of their values at constant prices of the year For the calculation of production value at constant prices a total deflator is used calculated as weighted average of the producer price indexes on the domestic market and the producer price indexes on the non-domestic market. 4. Production value indices of industrial enterprises (Preceding year = 100) Total Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation Statistical Reference Book 2017

197 Industry 5. Production value indices of industrial enterprises by economic activitiеs (Preceding year = 100) Economic activitiеs Total Mining and quarrying Manufacturing Manufacture of food products, beverages and tobacco products Manufacture of textiles, wearing apparel, leather and related products Manufacture of wood and paper products, and printing Manufacture of coke, and refined petroleum products Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products Manufacture of rubber and plastics products, and other non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products Manufacture of electrical equipment Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c Manufacture of transport equipment Other manufacturing, and repair and installation of machinery and equipment Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning supply Water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation Statistical Reference Book

198 Industry Industrial products in kind The annual statistical survey on industrial products in kind is conducted on the basis of the National Nomenclature of Industrial Production (PRODCOM.BG), which is identical to the European Nomenclature of Industrial Products (PRODCOM List) and ensures comparability with EU industrial products. Information is collected according to the methodology of the statistical survey for all PRODCOM.BG headings for which it is known that production exists, on the basis of a representative sample of industrial enterprises and non-industrial ones whose secondary activity is industrial. The data on the output of industrial products in kind (Table 6) comprises total production in volume terms for the respective reference year, including industrial products manufactured on the subcontracting basis, and intermediate consumption of the enterprises (any production by the enterprise which is incorporated into the manufacture of other products). Figure 3. Cement Thousand Хил. тоновеtons Figure 4. Cigarettes Million Млн. броеве items Statistical Reference Book 2017

199 Industry 6. Output of basic industrial products Industrial products Copper ores and concentrates - thousand tons Lead, zinc and tin ores and concentrates - thousand tons Limestone flux, limestone and other calcareous stone used for the manufacture of lime or cement (excluding monumental calcareous stone and crushed stone of a kind used for concrete aggregates, for road metalling or for railway or other ballast) - thousand tons Natural sands - thousand tons Refined unwrought lead - thousand tons Pulley tackle and hoists powered by an electric motor (excluding of the kind used for raising vehicles) - in numbers Self-propelled works trucks fitted with lifting or handling equipment, powered by an electric motor, with a lifting height 1 m - in numbers Self-propelled works trucks fitted with lifting or handling equipment, non-powered by an electric motor - in numbers Non-numerically controlled horizontal lathes, for removing metal - in numbers Bicycles and other cycles (including delivery tricycles), non-motorised - in numbers Lead-acid accumulators for starting piston engines - thousand items Lifts and skip hoists - in numbers Electrical instantaneous or storage water heaters and immersion heaters - thousand items Electricity supply or production meters (incl. calibrated) - thousand items Paints and varnishes based on synthetic or modified natural polymers dispersed or dissolved in an aqueous medium - thousand tons Washing preparations and cleaning preparations, p.r.s. excluding those for use as soap and surface-active preparations - tons Tooth paste - thousand items Shampoos - tons Portland cement and similar hydraulic cements - thousand tons Quicklime, slaked lime and hydraulic lime - thousand tons Non-refractory clay building bricks - thousand cub. m Statistical Reference Book

200 Industry 6. Output of basic industrial products (Continued) Industrial products Bituminous mixtures based on natural asphalt, on natural bitumen, on petroleum bitumen, on mineral tar or on mineral tar pitch - thousand tons Corrugated paper and paperboard in rolls or sheets - thousand tons Toilet paper - thousand tons Cotton yarn, n.p.r.s. - thousand tons Wool yarn - thousand tons Cotton fabrics - million sq. m Woollen fabrics - million sq. m Silk fabrics - million sq. m Panty hose and tights - million items Stockings, socks and other hosiery, knitted or crocheted - million pairs Bed linen of cotton (excluding knitted or crocheted) - tons Footwear with leather uppers, with rubber, plastic or leather outer soles (including boots; excluding sports footwear, footwear with a protective metal toe-cap) - thousand pairs Meat (excl. edible offal) 1 - thousand tons Sausages - thousand tons Fish and fish products processed and preserved - thousand tons Vegetables processed and preserved 1 - thousand tons Fruit manufactured and preserved 1 - thousand tons Butter, fats and other cream based on milk 1 - thousand tons White cheese 1 - thousand tons Yellow cheese 1 - thousand tons Milk in liquid form 1 - thousand litres Yoghurt 1 - thousand tons Refined sunflower oil and its fractions (excluding chemically modified) - thousand tons Mayonnaise, other sauces and preparations therefor, mixed condiments and mixed seasonings - thousand tons Wheat or meslin flour - thousand tons Rice - thousand tons Prepared feeds for farm animals (excluding premixtures) - thousand tons Statistical Reference Book 2017

201 6. Output of basic industrial products (Continued and end) 1 Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Food. Industry Industrial products Uncooked pasta - tons Jams, marmalades, fruit jellies, fruit or nut purees and pastes (excluding of citrus fruit, homogenised preparations) - thousand tons Spirits obtained from distilled grape wine or grape marc - thousand litres alc 100% Wine and grape must with fermentation prevented or arrested by the addition of alcohol (excluding sparkling wine and wine Protected Designation of Origin ) - million litres Beer made from malt (excluding non-alcoholic beer, beer containing 0.5% by volume of alcohol) - million litres Cigarettes containing tobacco or mixtures of tobacco and tobacco substitutes - million items Statistical Reference Book

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203 XVII. CONSTRUCTION AND HOUSING FUND Statistical Reference Book

204 Construction and housing fund Production of enterprises in construction The data on the production of enterprises in the construction are shown at current prices. The enterprises are classified by economic activity grouping according to the Classification of Economic Activities (NACE.BG 2008), where they are divided as follows: Construction of buildings, Civil engineering and Specialized construction activities. Figure 1. Structure of production of construction enterprises % 29.2% 26.0% 34.6% 51.5% 39.4% Construction of buildings Civil engineering Specialized construction activities 202 Statistical Reference Book 2017

205 Construction and housing fund 1. Production of construction enterprises (Thousand BGN) Total Construction of buildings Civil engineering Specialized construction activities Statistical Reference Book

206 Housing fund Construction and housing fund Data about the housing fund as of the end of 2016 is calculated on the basis of the results of the Census of the housing fund as of 1 st February 2011, and accumulation of the number of new constructed residential buildings and deduction of the number of destroyed residential buildings during the period Residential buildings are the buildings which by initial building or after reconstruction are suitable for living by one or several households. In the coverage of the survey are included inhabited and uninhabited residential buildings, cook-houses (as separate buildings), hostels, boarding houses, cloisters and the homes for elderly people, where joint households live. Steel-concrete buildings are those of which the carrier and the floor constructions are built of steel-concrete and the walls are made of panels, brick masonry or other materials. Solid structures are those of which the carrier walls are of brick and stone masonry and the belts, the beams and the floor construction are made of steel-concrete but have no steelconcrete columns. The buildings of which the floor elements are precast reinforced concrete units also refers to the solid structures. In the group of other buildings are included the structures that are built of stones, sun-dried brick, wood and other materials. Figure 2. Dwellings In Хил. thousands броеве Total In towns In villages Figure 3. Structure of residential buildings by kind of construction in % 3.9% Steel-concrete Solid stuctures Others 79.6% 204 Statistical Reference Book 2017

207 Construction and housing fund 2. Housing fund Total Dwellings - thousand numbers Useful floor space - thousand sq. m of which: Living floor space In towns Dwellings - thousand numbers Useful floor space - thousand sq. m of which: Living floor space In villages Dwellings - thousand numbers Useful floor space - thousand sq. m of which: Living floor space Residential buildings by structure of building (Thousand numbers) Total Total Steel-concrete Solid structures Others In towns Total Steel-concrete Solid structures Others In villages Total Steel-concrete Solid structures Others Statistical Reference Book

208 Construction and housing fund Permits issued for buildings and dwellings completed Data about building permits issued for construction are collected from quarterly statistical surveys of NSI, which ensure information about building permits issued for construction of new buildings for the type of buildings and the gross building area by municipal authorities. Type of buildings is classified according to the Classification of types of construction (CC) and is divided into: Residential - buildings for which the useful floor area is mostly used for permanent residential habitation. Non-residential - buildings for various purpose, including: - administrative - offices and buildings for administrative work of departments and other organizations and associations (representative buildings - banks, post offices, government department offices, conference and congress centers, court-oflaw, municipal halls, etc.); - other buildings - buildings used for different activities: production, trade, transport, education, cultural purposes, sports, agriculture, health, recreation and facilities for short accommodation (hotels, motels, rest houses, huts and others). The gross building area is the sum of all floors areas according to their external dimensions. 206 Statistical Reference Book 2017

209 Construction and housing fund 4. Building permits issued for construction of new buildings Kind of buildings Residential buildings - in numbers Dwellings in residential buildings - in numbers Gross building area - thousand sq. m Administrative buildings - in numbers Gross building area - thousand sq. m Other buildings - in numbers Gross building area - thousand sq. m Dwellings completed Total Dwellings - in numbers Useful floor space - thousand sq. m of which: Living floor space In towns Dwellings - in numbers Useful floor space - thousand sq. m of which: Living floor space In villages Dwellings - in numbers Useful floor space - thousand sq. m of which: Living floor space Figure 4. Dwellings completed Брой In numbers Total In towns In villages Statistical Reference Book

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211 XVIII. ENERGY Statistical Reference Book

212 Overall energy balance sheet The Overall energy balance comprises/covers all primary and secondary energy sources, their transformation and final use by economic branches. It is developed in accordance with Eurostat methodology. Primary energy is the energy obtained from nature i.e. energy that has not been transformed, such as coal, crude oil, natural gas, firewood, nuclear energy, hydro power, geothermal energy, wind energy, solar energy. Stock change is the difference between the opening stock levels and closing stock levels for stocks held on national territory by producers, large import and export traders and consumers. A stock build is shown as a negative number, and a stock draw as a positive number. Marine bunkers are the quantities of fuels delivered to ships of all flags. Gross inland consumption is defined as Primary production + Recovered products + Imports Exports Marine bunkers + Stock changes. Transformation input includes the quantities of fuels and energy used for production of secondary energy commodities. Transformation output are the secondary commodity quantities shown as output from different transformation processes: production of electricity and heat, briquetting, coke and blast furnace, production of petroleum products. Consumption of the energy branch represents the quantities of energy commodities consumed within the energy enterprises supporting their main activities of extraction, transformation, transportation and distribution. Final non-energy consumption shows fossil fuels used as raw materials for the manufacture of non-fuel products. Final energy consumption - this indicator contains data for consumed energy commodities that are not transformed into others. It includes also fuels consumed by Auto-producers for non-sold heat, used in its main activities. Figure 1. Energy flows Thousand Хил. тонове tons нефтен of oil equivalent еквивалент Energy Primary production Imports Exports Gross inland consumption Transformation input Consumption of the energy branch Final non-energy consumption Final energy consumption 210 Statistical Reference Book 2017

213 1. Overall energy balance sheet for 2015 Total Coal Coal fuels Natural gas (Thousand tons of oil equivalent) Crude oil and Petroleum feedstocks products Primary energy production Recovered products Imports Stock change Exports Marine Bunkers Gross inland consumption Transformation input Transformation output Exchanges and transfers, returns Consumption of the energy branch Distribution losses Available for final consumption Final non-energy consumption Final energy consumption Statistical difference Overall energy balance sheet for 2015 (Continued and end) Renewable fuels and wastes Heat from RES Electricity from renewable sources Nuclear energy Heat Electricity Primary energy production Recovered products Imports Stock change Exports Marine Bunkers Gross inland consumption Transformation input Transformation output Exchanges and transfers, returns Consumption of the energy branch Distribution losses Available for final consumption Final non-energy consumption Final energy consumption Statistical difference Structure of primary energy production Energy (Thousand tons of oil equivalent) 1 Data have been made by assessment of the information from Bulletin on the state and development of the energy sector in the Republic of Bulgaria, 2016 of the Ministry of Energy. (Per cent) Total Coal Crude oil Natural gas Renewable fuels, wastes and other fuels Nuclear energy, electricity and heat from RES Statistical Reference Book

214 Energy Final energy consumption Final energy consumption is the consumption of energy commodities during which they are not transformed into other energy products. Final consumption divides by non-energy use and energy use. The quantities of fuel consumed for the production of non-sold heat by auto-producers are reported in the figures for the final consumption of fuels by relevant sectors of economic activity. The quantities of coke oven gas, blast furnace gas and electricity used in blast furnaces are included in Consumption of the energy branch. Final energy consumption comprises consumption in the sectors Industry, Transport and Others (incl. households, agriculture and forestry, trade, public organizations, financial institutions, governmental agencies, health services and others). Figure 2. Structure of final energy consumption by energy sources in % 3.4% 0.3% 12.4% Coal Coal fuels Natural gas Petroleum products Renewable fuels and wastes 8.7% 0.6% 12.6% 36.0% Heat from RES Heat Electricity 212 Statistical Reference Book 2017

215 Energy 3. Final energy consumption by sectors as % to toe 2014 Total Industry Extraction, excluding energy sources Foods, beverages and tobacco Textiles and apparel Leather, leather and fur clothes, footwear and products Wood and products of wood, and cork, plaiting materials, without furniture Pulp, paper and paper products; publishing Chemicals, chemical products and man-made fibres (incl. petrochemical industry) Rubber and plastic products Other non-metallic mineral products Ferrous/non-ferrous metallurgy and metal production, excl. equipment Equipment, without electric and optical Electric and optical equipment Transport equipment Manufacture industry not mentioned above Construction Transport Households, commerce, public authorities, etc of which: Households Agriculture and forestry Statistical Reference Book

216 Energy Electricity and heat Electricity generation is the gross electricity generation that is the sum of the electric energy produced by all generating sets concerned (incl. pumped storage) measured at the output terminals of the main generators. The gross electricity generation includes the electric energy absorbed by the power plants own generating auxiliaries and the losses in the main generator transformers. The consumption of electricity by economic activities does not include the power plants own use. Heat production covers gross heat production by the public plants and only heat production by auto-producers that is sold to third parties. The public plants (Main Activity Producers) report the gross heat produced by the installations. It includes the heat consumed by the installation s auxiliaries using a hot fluid (space heating, liquid fuel heating, etc.) and losses in the installation/network heat exchanges. Auto-producers report the heat sold to third parties only. The production of heat used by a company for its main activities is not included. The own use of heat by the public plants is included in sector Electricity, gas and water supply. Figure 3. Structure of electricity consumption by sectors % 18.6% Енергиен Energy sector, сектор, incl. Pumped вкл. ПАВЕЦ Hidro Индустрия Industry Транспорт Transport 23.4% 18.8% 0.7% Домакинства Households 0.6% Agriculture, forestry Селско, and fishing горско и 25.6% рибно стопанство 25.7% 31.2% Други Others 30.5% 0.8% 0.9% Figure 4. Structure of heat consumption by sectors % 0.8% 8.8% Energy Енергиен sector сектор 21.9% Industry Индустрия Households Домакинства Agriculture, forestry Селско, горско и and fishing рибно стопанство Others Други 41.7% 31.3% 0.3% 10.6% 21.9% 35.9% 214 Statistical Reference Book 2017

217 4. Balance of electricity Energy (GWh) Resources Generation Import Distribution Energy sector, incl. Pumped Hydro Industry Transport Households Agriculture, forestry and fishing Others Exports Distribution losses Statistical difference Balance of heat (GWh) Resources Production From chemical processes Distribution Energy sector Industry Households Agriculture, forestry and fishing Others Distribution losses Statistical difference Statistical Reference Book

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219 XIX. TRANSPORT Statistical Reference Book

220 Transport Transport Transport is a branch in the national economy which comprises transport enterprises that provide services for hire or reward. According to the National classification of economic activities, this section includes all kinds of transport (railway, road, sea, river, aviation, pipeline and urban electric transport). The section consists of basic data characterizing the conditions and the changes that occurred in the public and private sector. The total length of the railway lines includes current road and stations platforms. The current road contains the length of the railway lines between the stations axes and the distance between the border stations and the state borders. The length of the double and the electrified railway lines is measured in one direction. In the coach lines and international regular bus lines are included. The route length of the trolleybus lines, the tram network and the metro is a sum of the total one-way operational length of the lines. The length of the overlaying lines is reported only once. The data source of registered freight vehicles and buses is the General Directorate Security Police Service at the Ministry of Interior. The number of trolleybuses, trams and metro motorcars is related to the available vehicles owned by the urban electrical enterprises. 218 Statistical Reference Book 2017

221 Transport 1. Basic transport data Length of track, incl. sidings - km of which: Running track - km Share of electrified running track - % Coach lines - in numbers Total length of coach lines- thousand km Towns with trolleybus lines - in numbers Route length of trolleybus lines as of km Route length of tram lines as of km Route length of underground lines as of km Means of transport by kind as of Registered cargo vehicles - in numbers Lorries Special vehicles Road tractors Registered busses - in numbers Trolleybuses - in numbers Passenger seats - in numbers Trams - in numbers Passenger seats - in numbers Railcars for underground electrical transport - in numbers Passenger seats - in numbers Sea cargoships - in numbers Carrying capacity - thousand tons Sea passenger ships - in numbers Passenger seats/berths - in numbers Inland non-self-propelled cargoships - in numbers Carrying capacity - thousand tons Inland passenger boats - in numbers Seats/berths - in numbers Statistical Reference Book

222 Transport Goods and passengers carried and transport performance The main indicators characterizing transport activities are relevant to the realization of carriage of goods and passengers via land, sea, air and urban electrical transport. Land transport includes the transport activities by rail and road transport, as well as the carriage of goods by pipeline transport. Data on freight land transport include goods carried and the transport performance of railway, road and pipeline transport. The land passenger transport covers the number of passengers carried and the transport performance of railway and road transport. The data on urban electrical transport include passengers carried and transport performance of the trolleybus transport in the country, tramway transport and metro in Sofia (stolitsa). Figure 1. Goods carried by mode of transport Figure 3. Passengers carried by mode of transport Thousands Хиляди Freight transport Figure 2. Transport performance by mode of transport Thousand Хил. тонове tons Млн. Million ткм tkm Freight transport - total Land transport Water transport Air transport Passenger transport Figure 4. Transport performance by mode of transport Million Млн. пкм pkm Passenger transport - total Land transport Urban electrical transport Air transport Water transport 220 Statistical Reference Book 2017

223 Transport 3. Goods carried and transport performance by mode of transport Mode of transport Goods carried - thousand tons Total Land transport Water transport Air transport Transport performance - million tkm Total Land transport Water transport Air transport Railways, road and pipeline transport. 2 Maritime and inland waterway transport. 4. Passengers carried and transport performance by mode of transport Mode of transport Passengers carried - in thousands Total Land transport 1, Water transport Air transport Urban electrical transport Transport performance - million pkm Total Land transport 1, Water transport Air transport Urban electrical transport Excl. free of charge travels by railways and road transport. 2 Data on transported passengers in the urban carriages in Sofia (stolitsa) have been recalculated according to the new methodology of the Centre for urban mobility AD which has been in force since Maritime and inland waterway transport. Statistical Reference Book

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225 XX. TOURISM Statistical Reference Book

226 Tourism Accommodation establishments The methodology used in statistical surveys on tourism is in compliance with the Regulation 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning European statistics on tourism and Commission Regulation 1051/2011 implementing Regulation 692/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning European statistics on tourism, as regards the structure of the quality reports and the transmission of the data. Till the end of 2011 the Council Directive 95/57 EC on data collection in the field of tourism was in use. The object of the survey are all accommodation establishments in use with more than 10 bed-places - hotels, camping sites and other accommodation establishments (holiday settlements, hostels, guests houses, bungalows, rest houses, mountain chalets, private rooms and flats, and other). The observation of accommodation establishments collects various data by types of accommodation establishments, nights spent, arrivals in accommodation establishments, revenues from nights spent and others. In 2016, there were public and private accommodation establishments functioning in the country - hotels, motels, mountain chalets, camping sites and other establishments for short-term accommodation with more than 10 bed places. Figure 1. Accommodation establishments In numbers Statistical Reference Book 2017

227 Tourism 1. Accommodation establishments Accommodation establishments - in numbers Bed-places - in thousands Bed-nights - in thousands Using of bed-nights - % Nights spent - in thousands of which: By foreigners Revenues from nights spent - million BGN Hotels - in numbers Bed-places - in thousands Bed-nights - in thousands Using of bed-nights - % Nights spent - in thousands of which: By foreigners Revenues from nights spent - million BGN Camping sites - in numbers Bed-places - in thousands Bed-nights - in thousands Using of bed-nights - % Nights spent - in thousands of which: By foreigners Revenues from nights spent - million BGN Other accommodation establishments - in numbers Bed-places - in thousands Bed-nights - in thousands Using of bed-nights - % Nights spent - in thousands of which: By foreigners Revenues from nights spent - million BGN In use. Statistical Reference Book

228 Tourism Nights spent The total number of the nights spent in 2016 in all accommodation establishments increased by thousand (17.7%) to thousand as compared to The number of the nights spent by foreigners ( thousand) in all accommodation establishments increased by 21.0% in 2016 as compared to the previous year. Almost all foreigners %, preferred to spend the night in hotels while only 2.0% of them spent nights in other accommodation establishments (camping sites, mountain chalets and other establishments for short-time accommodation). The structure of the nights spent by foreigners in 2016 showed that the highest percentage of nights was spent in four-stars and five-stars accommodation establishments (66.2%), followed by those with three stars (25.1%) and those with one and two stars (8.7%). Figure 2. Structure of the nights spent in accommodation establishments by categories in 2016 Total By foreigners 19.7% 8.7% 25.1% 53.7% 26.6% 66.2% 1 and 2 stars 3 stars 4 and 5 stars 226 Statistical Reference Book 2017

229 Tourism 2. Nights spent by foreigners in accommodation establishments by country of origin and by categories in 2016 (Number) Country Total Categories of accommodation establishments 1 and 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars 5 stars Total EU Austria Belgium Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxemburg Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden United Kingdom Other European countries Norway Russian Federation Serbia Switzerland The former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia Turkey Ukraine Other countries Israel Japan United States Rest of the world Statistical Reference Book

230 Tourism Trips of Bulgarian residents abroad and arrivals of foreigners to Bulgaria The statistical data on travel of Bulgarian residents abroad and on visits by foreigners in Bulgaria are developed on the basis of the monthly information received from the Ministry of the Interior and from a sample survey of the National Statistical Institute among Bulgarian and foreign citizens passing the border crossing control points. Data on the number of trips of EU citizens of are estimated based on information received from the Ministry of the Interior and the airport authorities. Data on the number of third country citizens are obtained directly by the Ministry of the Interior. Data on the purposes of the trips are developed on the basis of the NSI s regular monthly sample survey of passing Bulgarian and foreign citizens through the country s border crossing control points. Figure 3. Structure of the trips of Bulgarian residents abroad by purpose of visit in % 46.6% Holiday and recreation Professional Others 23.0% Figure 4. Structure of arrivals of visitors to Bulgaria from abroad by purpose of visit in % 48.3% Holiday and recreation Professional Others 13.4% 228 Statistical Reference Book 2017

231 3. Trips of Bulgarian residents abroad and arrivals of foreigners to Bulgaria by country of origin (Number) Trips of Bulgarian Arrivals of foreigners to Country residents abroad Bulgaria by country of origin Total EU Austria Belgium Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden United Kingdom Other countries from EU Other European countries Norway Russian Federation Serbia Switzerland The former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia Turkey Ukraine Other countries Canada Israel United States Rest of the world Since EU member state. Tourism Statistical Reference Book

232

233 XXI. FORESTRY Statistical Reference Book

234 Forestry Total forest area The total forest area covers all wooded, non-wooded and nontimber producing areas. The deciduous high stemmed forests include trees of seedling origin, which are naturally and artificially established through afforestation by planting or seeding. The deciduous low stemmed forests include the same species as the deciduous high stemmed forests, but have shoots origin. The forests are managed through methods preserving their biological variety and shoots regeneration (including the stands of Robina pseudoacacia). Wooded forest area is a land under natural or planted stands of trees and bushes that covers natural plantings, sparse forests and crops. Data on afforstation are based on the inventory of forests. Afforestation in mature non-regenerated forest is defined as afforestation carried out in a mature forest (at age of main cutting) for which natural regeneration is insufficient. Afforestation of sparse forests is carried out on areas with small numbers of trees per unit of area. Reforestation of crops is afforestation in artificially established forest areas up to 3 years old for restoration of dry (lost) saplings. Growing of crops includes activities aiming at supporting the initial growth and the stability of the saplings up to 3 years old (cutting of shoots, digging, removing of competitive plants, etc.). Figure 1. Forest area by type 1 Хил. 000 хектари ha Coniferous Deciduous high stemmed Deciduous low stemmed Statistical Reference Book 2017

235 1. Forest area 1 Forestry (1 000 ha) Forest by type Coniferous Deciduous High-stemmed Low-stemmed Of which: Wooded forest area Coniferous Deciduous High-stemmed Low-stemmed Source: Executive Forest Agency. 2 Incl. area under Pinus mugo. 2. Afforestation 1 (Hectares) Preparation of area Afforestation New afforestation Mature non-regenerated forests Sparse forests Establishment of two-storeyed plantations Reforestation of artificial forests Growing of crops Source: Executive Forest Agency. Statistical Reference Book

236 Forestry Management of the forests Thinning and cleaning are regular cuttings in young and middle aged plantations in order to regulate their species structure and to improve the growing conditions and the quality of timber production. Sanitary logging is cutting of dead (lost) trees and bushes and trees damaged (broken) by storm and snow, in order to insure protection from calamities and diseases. Supporting of natural regeneration includes all activities to facilitate the forest s natural regeneration - from seeds and shoots. Figure 2. Management of the forests Hectares Хектари Thinnings and cleanings Selective logging Sanitary logging Figure 3. Supporting the natural reproduction of the forests Хектари Hectares Statistical Reference Book 2017

237 3. Management of the forests 1 Forestry (Hectares) Thinnings and cleanings Coniferous Deciduous high-stemmed Shoots Selective logging Coniferous Deciduous high-stemmed Shoots Sanitary logging Coniferous Deciduous high-stemmed Shoots Trimming Supporting the natural reproduction of which: Chisel shoots Blazed timber logging fund Coniferous Deciduous high-stemmed Shoots Production of forest seeds 1 (Kilograms) Pick of coniferous strobiles Gathered and yield of seeds Coniferous spaces Deciduous spaces of which: Oak acorn Source: Executive Forest Agency. Statistical Reference Book

238 Forestry Wood Data covers: total wood produced of industrial cuttings, firewood and loppings for the population, dead and fallen trees and wood, produced by sanitary logging, conducted in state and private forests. Figure 4. Wood 1 Хил. 000 плътни solid cubic кубически metres метри Fellings Industrial timber Fuelwood and loppings 236 Statistical Reference Book 2017

239 Forestry 5. Wood 1 (1 000 solid cubic metres) Total Fellings Removals Industrial timber Firewood and loppings Coniferous Fellings Removals Industrial timber Firewood and loppings Deciduous Fellings Removals Industrial timber Firewood and loppings High-stem beech Fellings Removals Industrial timber Firewood and loppings High-stem oak Fellings Removals Industrial timber Firewood and loppings Other deciduous high-stemmed Fellings Removals Industrial timber Firewood and loppings Coppice Fellings Removals Industrial timber Firewood and loppings Source: Executive Forest Agency. Statistical Reference Book

240 Forestry Game The number of game species in Bulgaria is determined on an annual basis through game counts carried out both in the state hunting areas and in the hunting areas, managed by the local hunting companies. The game counts consist in estimating the number of game by species, sex, age and number, settled on a certain territory, suitable for game breeding. The process of game counts is carried out through questionnaires, filled by the gamekeepers for the respective region. The Executive Forest Agency maintains a Register for the annual data on spring game counts on national level. Figure 5. Small game Thousand Хил. броеве numbers Hare Заек Pheasant Фазан Partridge Яребица Rock partridge Кеклик Figure 6. Predatory animals Thousand Хил. броеве numbers Woolf Вълк Jackal Чакал Лисица Fox Wandering Скитащи кучета dogs Statistical Reference Book 2017

241 Forestry 6. Game 1 (Number) Big game Red deer Fallow deer Deer Wild boar Wild goat Moufflon Bear Tibetan Yak Auroch Capercaille Small game Hare Pheasant Partridge Rock partridge Predatory animals Woolf Jackal Fox Wandering dogs Source: Executive Forest Agency. Statistical Reference Book

242

243 XXII. AGRICULTURE Statistical Reference Book

244 Agriculture Utilized agricultural area and arable land The data on the crop area and the data on the utilized agricultural area is obtained under the Survey on land use and land cover in Bulgaria based on territorial sample. The survey is carried out during the May - July period and is implemented over the entire territory of Bulgaria. The land cover and land use are observed at approximately points grouped in segments. The surveyors observe the same points and the same segments each year. Figure 1. Structure of the utilized agricultural area 100 % Wheat Potatoes Vineyards - pure culture Barley Fresh vegetables Permanent grassland Maize Fallow land Others Sunflower Orchards 242 Statistical Reference Book 2017

245 1. Arable land and used agricultural area 1,2,3 Agriculture (Hectares) Arable land Wheat Barley Rye and triticale Oats Maize Other cereals Sunflower Tobacco Other oleaginous crops Other industrial crops Potatoes Beans, peas, other pulses Fresh vegetables Annual fodder crops Grassland under legumes Grassland under cereals Fallow land Greenhouses Utilized agricultural area Kitchen gardens Orchards Vineyard - pure culture Mixed permanent crops Nurseries Total permanent crops Permanent grassland and meadows - orchards Agricultural area Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Food. 2 Data are obtained by the survey on land cover and land use of the territory of Bulgaria (BANCIK). 3 Since 2010 in accordance with Regulation (EC) 1166/2009 nurseries have been included under permanent crops. Statistical Reference Book

246 Agriculture Agricultural crops production Data on main agricultural crops production is obtained through the survey on the yield of main crops in The survey is carried out during the month of November through interview with the farmers. Total production of vegetables includes production from open areas and green houses. Figure 2. Structure of the production of main crop products by statistical regions in % Пшеница Wheat Barley Ечемик Царевица Grain Sunflower Слънчоглед Tomatoes Домати Краставици Cucumbers Pepper Пипер Картофи Potatoes Melons Дини и and maize and gherkins watermelons Severozapaden Severoiztochen Yugozapaden Severen tsentralen Yugoiztochen Yuzhen tsentralen 244 Statistical Reference Book 2017

247 Agriculture 2. Harvested area, production and yields of main crops 1 Harvested area - ha Production - thousand tons Yields - kg/ha Crops Wheat Barley Grain maize Sunflower Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Food. 3. Area, production and yields of vegetable crops, potatoes and melons and watermelons 1 Harvested Production 3 - Crops area 2 - ha tons Yields 4 - kg/ha Tomatoes Cucumbers and gherkins Pepper Potatoes Melons and watermelons Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Food. 2 Harvested area, excl. area under glass. 3 Incl. under glass production. 4 Average yields excl. production under glass. Statistical Reference Book

248 Livestock Agriculture Information on the number of livestock in Bulgaria is obtained by means of a special survey. Statistical data on the type, category and number of animals, milk production and sales by directions, sales of animals for slaughter, slaughtered animals in farms and main information for structure of livestock is collected. The questionnaire is filled by means of interviews with livestock farmers. Information on the number of poultry and eggs production is collected by a special survey. All the big farms are observed exhaustively. The results are supplemented with information from sample of small holdings raising poultry. Figure 3. Structure of main livestock by statistical regions as of % Cattle Говеда Pigs Свине Sheep Овце Goats Кози Severozapaden Severoiztochen Yugozapaden Severen tsentralen Yugoiztochen Yuzhen tsentralen 246 Statistical Reference Book 2017

249 4. Livestock by type as of Agriculture (Thousand numbers) Type of animals Cattle of which: Cows Buffaloes of which: Buffalo-cows Pigs of which: Sows Sheep of which: Ewes Goats of which: She-goats Poultry of which: Hens Farms and livestock by type as of Farms - in thousands Livestock In thousands Average per farm - in numbers Cattle of which: Cows Bovines less than 1 year old Buffaloes of which: Buffalo-cows Pigs of which: Sows Sheep of which: Ewes Goats of which: She-goats Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Food. Statistical Reference Book

250 Agriculture Economic accounts for agriculture The Economic accounts for Agriculture (NSI data) are a satellite account in the framework of National Accounts. Output of agriculture represents all goods and services produced over the accounting period by all the units, including households. Data refer to the final production, excluding internal turnover (goods and services produced and consumed for own during the accounting period). The information from 2007 onwards includes both subsidies from the national budget and the EU budget. The main purpose of the elaboration of the economic accounts is the calculation of the entrepreneurial income characterizing the state and development tendencies of agriculture. Figure 4. Structure of final output in agriculture at current prices % Crop output Livestock output Agricultural services output Non-agricultural secondary activities (inseparable) 248 Statistical Reference Book 2017

251 Agriculture 6. Economic accounts for agriculture - final output at current prices (Million BGN) Indicators Cereals Industrial crops Fodder Vegetables Potatoes Fruits Wine.... Other crop products Crop output Livestock Livestock products Livestock output Agricultural goods output Agricultural services output Agricultural output Non-agricultural secondary activities (inseparable) Output of agricultural activities Total intermediate consumption Gross value added at basic price Fixed capital consumption Net value added at basic prices Factor income Net operating surplus/mixed income Net entrepreneurial income Statistical Reference Book

252

253 XXIII. ENVIRONMENT Statistical Reference Book

254 Environment Emissions of pollutants in the air For collecting primary information and calculation of emissions of harmful substances, methods of NSI and Ministry of Environment and Water are used, harmonized with the CORINAIR methodology developed by the European Union. For the whole period since 1990 emissions have been recalculated according to the third update of the methodology. Emissions are estimated using a method of estimation based on the parameters: fuels consumed, sulphur content, calorific value, quantity of produced output and input of raw materials as well as emission factors applicable for the respective pollutants. The emissions into the air are a direct result of the economic activity within the country. The amount of the emitted harmful substances depends both on the quantity of used fuels and produced output and the level of technologies used. The most general characteristics of the economy - environment relationship is contained in the indicator Emission per unit of GDP. After 1999 there is a general trend to reduce sulphur emissions into the atmosphere, with the exception of 2007 and In 2015 emissions decreased and reached the lowest level for the period The decrease compared to 2014 is about 25%. The main reason is that the increase in captured sulfur oxides in the large thermal power plants outpaced the increase in electricity production. Figure 1. Emissions of Sulphur oxides and GDP 350 % Sulphur oxides GDP (1990 = 100) (1990 = 100) 252 Statistical Reference Book 2017

255 Methane Environment 1. Emissions of pollutants in the air 1,2 Sulphur oxides Nitrogen oxides Nonmethane volatile organic compounds Methane 2013 Carbon oxide dioxide Carbon Dinitrogen oxide (Thousand tons) Ammonia oxides Total Industrial heating processes Industrial processes Other sources Total Industrial heating processes Industrial processes Other sources Total Industrial heating processes Industrial processes Other sources Because of rounding some totals do not exceed or are less than the sums of their components. 2 Emissions are calculated in accordance with the latest edition of CORINAIR. New emission factors are used. 3 Data on emissions from transport, agriculture and households are included. Statistical Reference Book

256 Environment Water use The information is a result from statistical surveys covering comprehensively water suppliers (water supply operators and irrigation systems) and economic units which have used over 36 thousand m 3 of water annually. Enterprises below this criterion also submit data on a voluntary basis. Water use for hydropower production and water abstraction by physical entities is not included. Water supply is carried out by water suppliers and through self-supply. Main water users are: agriculture, industry and domestic sector (households and services). The level of water use in the country is mainly determined by water usage of the energy production, which requires significant volumes of water for cooling processes. For calculating consumption of drinking water in households (supplied by PWS partnerships, average per capita) was used the average annual population. After use, water is discharged into public sewerage network and water bodies. Two categories are distinguished - wastewater and water from cooling processes. Wastewater discharged into water bodies is formed by public sewerage network (incl. of non-point sources), economic units and households. Wastewater treatment is done locally or in urban wastewater treatment plants. The estimate on population supplied with services on wastewater discharge and treatment is based on information from PWSoperators and municipalities with organized discharge of water into urban wastewater treatment plant (UWWTP). It is possible that the share of this population to be overestimated due to settlements with partially built sewerage network. Population, whose waters are transported in tanks to the sewerage system or UWWTP, is not included. Figure 2. Basic indicators related to population and the water services % Население Population със СПСОВ with urban Население с Population обществена with канализация public wastewater treatment sewerage network 254 Statistical Reference Book 2017

257 2. Water abstraction, water use, wastewater Environment (Million m 3 /year) Gross fresh water abstraction Fresh surface water of which: From artificial reservoirs Fresh groundwater Gross non-fresh water abstraction Water use - total Agriculture, hunting and forestry (incl. fishing) of which: Irrigation Industry of which: For cooling in energy production Other activities (services) Households Wastewater discharged into water bodies - total of which: From WWTPs (urban and other) Cooling water discharged into water bodies Figure 3. Drinking water used by households, average per capita L/per Л/чов./ден. capita/day Statistical Reference Book

258 Environment Noise Source of data about noise levels is the National Center for Public Health and Analyses. 725 points of noise level measurement were surveyed in They are located in 36 settlements of this country. In 2016 continues the trend the measured noise level to exceed the admissible hygiene standards of decibels. With the most unfavorable acoustic environment during 2016 remained the large cities with a measured noise level of 68 to 77 db: Sofia (stolitsa), Burgas, Varna, Plovdiv, Pernik, Ruse, Stara Zagora and others. In 2016, noise levels above 77 decibels were recorded in district Haskovo. Figure 4. Surveyed points of noise registration In Брой numbers Statistical Reference Book 2017

259 Environment 3. Surveyed points of noise registration by district in 2016 (Number) Districts Total By registered noise level in decibels Under Total Blagoevgrad Burgas Varna Veliko Tarnovo Vidin Vratsa Gabrovo Dobrich Kardzhali Kyustendil Lovech Montana Pazardzhik Pernik Pleven Plovdiv Razgrad Ruse Silistra Sliven Smolyan Sofia Sofia (stolitsa) Stara Zagora Targovishte Haskovo Shumen Yambol Statistical Reference Book

260 Environment Expenditure on protection and restoration of the environment Need to protect the environment requires additional resources. Their effective use will contribute to reducing pollution, which is a consequence of socio-economic processes. In 2015, million BGN were spent on protection and restoration of the environment. The share of environmental expenditure in 2015 is 3.5 per cent of GDP. For 2015 the total expenditure on protection and restoration of the environment is allocated in the following areas: the largest is the share of expenditure on recovery and disposal of waste - 44% (46% in 2014); wastewater treatment - 40% (32% for 2014); preserving air quality - 8% (14% in 2014). Significantly lower is the share of expenditure on noise protection, biodiversity conservation, protected areas and sites, and others. Figure 5. Share of environmental expenditure in GDP % Figure 6. Structure of expenditure on protection and restoration of the environment by ecological use in % 6% 44% 40% Wastewater Air Waste Soil Others 8% 258 Statistical Reference Book 2017

261 4. Expenditure on protection and restoration of the environment Total - million BGN On acquisition of tangible and intangible fixed assets - Million BGN On maintenance of tangible fixed assets - Million BGN Share of environmental expenditure in GDP - % Revised data. Environment 5. Expenditure on protection and restoration of the environment by use 1 (Thousand BGN) Use Total Wastewater of which: End-of-pipe technology Integrated technology Circulating water supply Air End-of-pipe technology Integrated technology Protection and restoration of soil, groundwater and surface water End-of-pipe technology Integrated technology Forests Protection of biodiversity and natural scenery End-of-pipe technology Integrated technology Hunting and fishing projects Waste End-of-pipe technology Integrated technology Noise of which: End-of-pipe technology Integrated technology 23 - Scientific and research activity Educational and other activity Administrative activity Monitoring and control equipment Environmentant impact assessment Excl. expenditure on depreciation. 2 Revised data. Statistical Reference Book

262 Environment Municipal waste Municipal waste is the waste resulting from the activities of people at home, in administrative, social and public buildings. Included here is also the waste from commercial outlets, crafts, resort and entertainment facilities, which are non-hazardous, and at the same time, their quantity or composition will not prevent treatment together with the household waste. For 2015 used data are obtained both from the regular statistical survey on municipal waste, and the National information system for waste of the Executive Environmental Agency. In 2015, the total municipal waste generated was estimated at thousand tons. During the same year thousand tons of municipal waste were landfilled. Waste directly transmitted for recycling in 2015 is 154 thousand tons. Waste transmitted to facilities for secondary treatment amounted to thousand tons. The collected construction waste on municipal landfill sites amounts to 466 thousand tons in The quantity of municipal waste collected is assessed by means of direct measurement and in case of lack of weighing equipment - on the basis of transport documents. The regional landfills construction is still in process. At the same time landfills constructed in the past that do not respond to the ecological criteria are closed down. The number of municipal waste systems in 2015 is 151, of which 43 are regional. The organized waste collection systems implementation in new settlements in 2015 also led to an increase of the population served by organized waste collection systems (from 99.56% in 2014 to 99.58% in 2015). The number of settlements served in 2015 were At the same time the quantity of collected municipal waste per capita of served population for 2015 amounted to 420 kilograms. Figure 7. Share of population served by systems for organized waste collection % Statistical Reference Book 2017

263 Environment 6. Municipal waste Total generated municipal wastes 1 - thousand tons Generated municipal waste per capita - kg/year Settlements served by municipal waste collection systems - in numbers Share of population served by municipal waste collection systems - % Landfill sites for municipal waste - in numbers Municipal waste landfilled - thousand tons Delivered for recycling municipal waste 2 - thousand tons Submitted for preliminary treatment 2 - thousand tons Collected construction waste at landfill sites for municipal waste - thousand tons Data are resulting from statistical estimate. Calculation does not include the temporary stored municipal waste. Data from administrative sources on recycled waste are included. 2 Data from administrative source - Executive Environmental Agency. Figure 8. Collected municipal waste per capita of served population Kg/per 500 Кг/чов./г. capita/year Statistical Reference Book

264 Environment Protected natural scenery Data about protected natural scenery are provided by the Ministry of Environment and Water (MOEW). The protected natural sceneries are intended to protect the biological diversity in the ecosystems and natural processes therein, as well as typical or remarkable objects of the inanimate nature. Over the past few years the protection of the environment and biodiversity is one of the top priorities of Bulgaria. In 2016, the area of protected natural scenery in Bulgaria amounts to ha or 5.3% of the country s territory and compared to 2015 there is a decrease by 29 ha. At the end of 2016 in Bulgaria exist protected natural areas and retain the level of Figure 9. Area of protected natural scenery 5850 Кв. Kmкм Figure 10. Share of protected areas in the total country s territory % Statistical Reference Book 2017

265 Environment 7. Protected natural scenery in As of In numbers Included in 2016 Excluded in 2016 As of Area 2 - ha Included in 2016 Excluded in 2016 Protected natural areas Reserves Natural landmarks Protected areas National parks Natural parks Maintained reserves Protected plant species x x x Protected animal species x x x Protected venerable trees x x x 1 Source: Ministry of Environment and Water. 2 Because of rounding some totals do not exceed or are less than the sums of their components. 8. Protected natural areas 1 Years 1 Source: Ministry of Environment and Water. Area - ha Share of protected areas as % to the total country s territory Statistical Reference Book

266

267 XXIV. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY AND INNOVATION ACTIVITY Statistical Reference Book

268 Research and development activity and innovation activity Research and development activity (R&D) Research and development activity (R&D) comprises any creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the volume of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society, and the use of this knowledge to devise new applications. R&D activity covers basic research, applied research and experimental development. Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) comprises current costs and capital expenditure. R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP is an internationally comparable measure of the intensity of R&D. R&D personnel comprise two categories - researchers and other R&D personnel. The personnel employed on R&D can be measured both in full-time equivalent (FTE) on R&D and in headcounts. Personnel in FTE are calculated on the basis of working time spent on R&D activity during the reference year. GERD and R&D personnel are distributed in four institutional sectors: business enterprises sector, government sector, higher education sector and private non-profit sector. Figure 1. Structure of gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) by institutional sectors in % 0.5% 20.7% Business enterprises sector Government sector Higher education sector Private non-profit sector 73.4% 266 Statistical Reference Book 2017

269 Research and development activity and innovation activity 1. Gross domestic expenditure on research and development activity (GERD) by type of costs GERD - thousand BGN Current costs Capital expenditure R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP - % Personnel engaged in research and development activity (R&D) by category Categories Headcount Total Researchers Other R&D personnel Full-time equivalent Total Researchers Other R&D personnel Statistical Reference Book

270 Research and development activity and innovation activity Innovation activity An innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service) or process, a new marketing method, or a new organisational method in business practices, workplace organisation or external relations. Innovations are based on the results of new technological developments, new combinations of existing technology or the utilisation of other knowledge acquired by an enterprise. Innovations may be developed by the innovating enterprise or by another enterprise. The simple resale of new goods and services wholly produced and developed by other enterprises is not considered as innovation. Innovations should be new to the enterprise concerned. For product innovations they do not necessarily have to be new to the market and for process innovations the enterprise does not necessarily have to be the first one to have introduced the process. Enterprises with innovation activity include enterprises with product, process, organisational and marketing innovation. 268 Statistical Reference Book 2017

271 Research and development activity and innovation activity 3. Innovative enterprises as a share of all enterprises in (Per cent) Economic sectors Total 26.1 Industry 29.7 Mining and quarrying 21.9 Manufacturing 30.1 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 29.3 Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 22.3 Services 21.9 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles 20.8 Transportation and storage 10.8 Information and communication 36.8 Financial and insurance activities 31.2 Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis 22.5 Scientific research and development Advertising and market research Еnterprises that have new or significantly improved products new to the market as a share of all enterprises in (Per cent) Economic sectors Total 5.7 Industry 6.4 Mining and quarrying 3.9 Manufacturing 6.8 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply.. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities.. Services 4.9 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles 3.5 Transportation and storage 0.8 Information and communication 15.5 Financial and insurance activities 5.1 Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis 2.6 Scientific research and development 35.4 Advertising and market research The data refer to enterprises with 10 employees or more and cover economic activities pointed in table. Statistical Reference Book

272

273 Contact Information FOR CONTACTS National Statistical Institute 2, P. Volov, st., 1038 Sofia, Bulgaria NSI Head Office Multi-Domain Statistics and User Servises Directorate NSI Reception Desk Phone: (359 2) Publications Phone: (359 2) Library Phone: (359 2) (359 2) Press centre Phone: (359 2) Statistical Reference Book

274 ISSN NATIONAL STATISTICAL INSTITUTE STATISTICAL REFERENCE BOOK 2017 Responsible editor: A. Ilkova Authors: А. Dancheva, D. Dimitrova, E. Jordanova, E. Iakimova, G. Nikolova, M. Gergova, M. Kolev, P. Stoyanov, S. Kateliev, S. Filipovich, S. Kavgadzhiiska, S. Tsonev, T. Davidkov, V. Jeleva Pre-print processing and printing: Education and Science inc. Co. Format 105x215 Circulation 300

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276 STATISTICAL REFERENCE BOOK 201 w w w.nsi.bg

PROJECT STATISTICS ON FAMILY BUSINESSES IN BULGARIA MAIN RESULTS, 2015

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